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Arrogance

Praise be to Allaah .

1.

Firstly:

Arrogance is a blameworthy characteristic which is the feature of Iblees and his cohorts in this world, those on whose hearts Allaah has placed a seal. The first one who showed arrogance towards Allaah and His creation was the accursed Iblees, when Allaah commanded him to prostrate to Adam and he refused and was arrogant, and said, I am better than him (Adam), You created me from fire, and him You created from clay. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): And surely, We created you (your father Adam) and then gave you shape (the noble shape of a human being); then We told the angels, Prostrate yourselves to Adam, and they prostrated themselves, except Iblees (Satan), he refused to be of those who prostrated themselves. (Allaah) said: What prevented you (O Iblees) that you did not prostrate yourself, when I commanded you? Iblees said: I am better than him (Adam), You created me from fire, and him You created from clay [al-Araaf 7:11-12] Arrogance is one of the characteristics of Iblees, so whoever wants to be arrogant should realize that he is acquiring a characteristic of the devils, and that he is not acquiring a characteristic of the noble angels who obeyed their Lord and fell down prostrate. Moreover, arrogance may be the cause of a person being deprived of Paradise and may mean that the Lord of Glory will not even look at him, as it says in the following two ahaadeeth: 1 It was narrated from Abd-Allaah ibn Masood that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: No one who has an atoms-weight of arrogance in his heart will enter Paradise. A man said, O Messenger of Allaah, what if a man likes his clothes and his shoes to look good? He said, Allaah is Beautiful and loves beauty. Arrogance means rejecting the truth and looking down on people. Narrated by Muslim, 91.

2 It was narrated that Abd-Allaah ibn Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Whoever lets his garment drag along the ground out of pride, Allaah will not look at him on the Day of Resurrection. Abu Bakr said: Sometimes my garment slips down on one side, unless I pay attention to it. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, You are not doing that out of pride. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3465 Secondly: Pride is an attribute that is not befitting for anyone except Allaah. Whoever seeks to compete with Allaah in that, Allaah will destroy him, wreak vengeance on him and make things difficult for him. It was narrated that Abu Saeed al-Khudri and Abu Hurayrah said: The Messenger of Allaah (S) said: Might is His garment and pride is His cloak; whoever seeks to compete with Me concerning them, I will punish him. Narrated by Muslim, 2620. Al-Nawawi said: This is how it is narrated in all texts. The pronoun in the words His garment and His cloak refers to Allaah, and there is something omitted; what is meant is Allaah says, whoever seeks to compete with Me concerning them, I will punish him. What is meant by seeks to compete with Me is seeking to acquire that characteristic in the sense of sharing in it. This is a stern warning against arrogance which clearly demonstrates that it is haraam. Sharh Muslim, 16/173. Everyone who tries to be arrogant and put himself above others, Allaah will bring him down among the lowest of the low, and will humiliate him, because he is going against reality, so Allaah will punish him by thwarting his aims; the punishment is to fit the crime. The one who is arrogant towards the people will be trampled beneath the feet of the people on the Day of Resurrection, as a punishment for his arrogance. It was narrated from Amr ibn Shuayb via his father and grandfather that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: On the Day of Resurrection, the arrogant will be gathered like ants in the form of men. Humiliation will overwhelm them from all sides. They will be driven to a prison in Hell called Bawlas, with the hottest fire rising over them, and they will be given to drink of the juice of the inhabitants of Hell, which is teenat al-khabaal. Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2492; classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, 2025.

Thirdly: Arrogance is of several types, including the following: 1 When a person does not accept the truth and produces false arguments against it, as we have mentioned in the hadeeth of Abd-Allaah ibn Masood, Arrogance means rejecting the truth and looking down on people. 2 When a person admires himself for his beauty or handsomeness, or the fineness of his food or clothing, so he feels proud and arrogant and feels superior to people. It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said (or Abul-Qaasim (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said): Whilst a man was walking, dragging his garment with pride, with his hair nicely combed, Allaah caused the earth to swallow him and he will go on sinking in it until the Day of Resurrection. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3297; Muslim, 2088 A similar case is the story of the friend of the man whose companion spoke to him arrogantly. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): And he had property (or fruit) and he said to his companion, in the course of mutual talk: I am more than you in wealth and stronger in respect of men [al-Kahf 18:34] It may be that he was boasting about his tribe and linage. Fourthly: One of the remedies for arrogance is to think of yourself as being just like other people and realize that they are like you, they were born from a mother and a father just as you were, and that taqwa (piety, fear of Allaah) is the true criterion of superiority. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): Verily, the most honourable of you with Allaah is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa [i.e. he is one of the Muttaqoon (the pious) [al-Hujuraat 49:13] The arrogant Muslim should realize that no matter what he achieves, he is still too weak to attain a stature like the mountains in height or rend nor penetrate the earth (cf. al-Isra 17:37), as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): And turn not your face away from men with pride, nor walk in insolence through the earth. Verily, Allaah likes not any arrogant boaster.

And be moderate (or show no insolence) in your walking, and lower your voice. Verily, the harshest of all voices is the braying of the asses [Luqmaan 31:18-19] Al-Qurtubi said: The phrase nor walk in insolence through the earth is a prohibition of arrogance and is enjoining humility. Marah (translated here as insolence) is excessive joy, or it was said that it means being arrogant in walking, or thinking too highly of oneself. Qutaadah said: it means showing off in walking; or it was said that it means vanity. All of these suggestions are close in meaning, but they may be divided into two categories: those which are blameworthy and those which are praiseworthy. Arrogance, vanity, showing off and thinking too highly of oneself are blameworthy; joy and energy are praiseworthy. Tafseer al-Qurtubi, 10/260. Another remedy for arrogance is for a person to realize that on the Day of Resurrection he will be gathered in a small form like an ant which will be trampled underfoot. Arrogant people are hated by other people just as they are hated by Allaah; people love humble, tolerant and gentle people, and they hate those who are harsh and cruel to people. Another remedy is to remember that he and urine came out of the same place; that he began as a despised drop of sperm and he will end up as a rotten corpse, and that in between he is a vessel for faeces. So what does he have to feel so proud and arrogant about?! We ask Allaah to rid us all of arrogance and make us humble. And Allaah knows best.

2.

The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) used to tell his companions: Dont exaggerate in praising me, as

Christians exceeded the limits in praising the Messiah son of Mary, for I am the slave and Messenger of Allah. He also used to declare: Whoever humbles himself to Allah, Allah will raise him (in respect) and He will not enter Paradise who has in his heart an atoms weight of arrogance. Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H.) said: You will not enter Paradise until you have faith, and you will not have faith until you love each other. Shall I direct you to something which if you fulfill you will love one another? Spread peace among yourselves. (It was reported by Muslim).

To avoid harming other Muslims by words or actions. As a matter of fact Islam forbids vain or evil talk. The Quran says: Those who turn away from vain talk. (3-23) The Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H.) said: The Muslim is he from whom people are safe from his tongue and hand (actions). One day, Aisha, the Prophets wife heard some Jews in Medina offending the Prophet by greeting him with the wish that poison would strike him. Getting angry at their offence she retorted: And upon you be poison and curse O you children of apes and swine. Hearing this the Prophet pacified her saying: You should have said only, same be upon you also. For the Muslim, he added is not an offender, nor a curser nor a mischief monger nor one who uses dirty language. To turn deaf ears to other peoples slandering of your brothers or sisters. This means the elimination of backbiting and slandering in the Muslim society. That is why the Messenger (P.B.U.H.) once passed by two graves. He stood in front of them and said: They (the dead ones) are punished due to minor sins. One of them used to spread calumny and slander among people. Thus Muslims are reminded that: He who slanders others in front of you will eventually slander you."

The biggest sin Iblis committed was not his disobedience to bow in front of Adam (as), but his arrogance which has kept him from doing so. Arrogance is filthy, and what is even worse than that? The inability to perform tawbah to Allah swt. Why? Because you don't want to admit that you are indeed wrong, and your ego had kept you from doing what is right! When prophet 'Isa (as) negotiated with Iblis - to get him back into Paradise and save humankind from the corruptions and evils of Shaytan, he asked Allah swt. what is Iblis to do? Allah swt. said He will accept Iblis back into Paradise only under one condition - having Iblis admit that he was wrong. 'Isa (as) happily asked " Is that it?" Thinking it were so easy, and Allah swt. answered "that's it!" So 'Isa (as) went very happy, to Iblis and told him that he could re-enter Paradise. Iblis was extremely relieved, but upon hearing the condition, Iblis angrily refused, and

allowed his ego to secure him a place in Jahannam! So is the filth of arrogance that is permeating our ummah today. Scholars who used to mop floors in humility during our prophets time, today want to be praised to the skies. Political leaders who would die for the ummah in the prophet's (pbuh) time, would rather have the ummah die for their individual selves today. It's wrong to make a fellow Muslim feel belittled or denigrated. And it happens far too often now a days. Keep in mind that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said for a Muslim to be hurt by another Muslim is a bigger sin to Allah, than someone demolishing the Holy Ka'ba! So before you go to bed tonight, or as you rise for another day tomorrow - wipe the slate clean humble yourselves. Remember to call someone dear, and let them know how special they are, or call someone you have not in so long and clear the misunderstandings you have harbored for all this time.