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DetailingBIM

TellingtheBIMdesignstorymoreeffectively Thecombineduseof2D+3DviewsforDetailingenhancesthecommunicationofDesignIntentand allowsmoreefficientCoordination&willcontributetoanoverallbetter,moreefficientDocumention& Constructionprocess. The2D+3DconceptshereinarenotonlyaproposforDetails,theyarealsosuitableformostother typesofviews,suchasincreating2D+3DPlans,Sections&Elevations. ThereareseveralwaystodetailforBIMprojects&wewillfocusontheuseofRevit,thoughthese conceptsaresoftwareindifferent. Eachmethodortopologyofdetailingisbestusedtoreachspecificdocumentation,coordination& constructionneeds.

DetailTopologies
DetailscanbeintellectualizedashavingtwomainTypologies,namely2D&3D:combining corresponding2Dand3Dviewsonasheetcreatethedesired2D+3DBIMsolution. TherearethreemaintypesofTwo Dimensional(2D)details. TherearetwomaintypesofThree Dimensional(3D)details. 2DDetailTypes DT DraftingViewDetails DS DetailSections DH HybridDetails 3DDetailTypes 3M 3DModelViews 3T 3DDetails ThetwoletterprefixesaboveareView Nameprefixcodes,usedto differentiateViewTypesforeasyidentificationintheRevitProjectBrowser.

DetailMethodology:ThePlan
Thefirstkeystepsforanysuccessfulendeavorsareplanning:anddetailingaprojectisnoexception. Thequantity&types,status,etc.ofdetailsaretobeplannedforbeginningintheearlytomidSDphase withmorerefinementwhenapproachingthetransitionstotheDD&CDphases,aswellasthroughout thosephases. Thismanagementstyle,usedonallviews(notonlydetails)willallowatightintegrationoftheModel withtheDocumentationSetandtheoverallProjectDeliverySchedule.

ConceptsofDetailingBIMProjects

PartialViewListshowingtheorganizationofDetailsusingtheViewHeading1&2parametervalues,notetheallimportant DetailResponsibility,Status&DueDatefields.

Planning&managingviewsinRevitisbestaccomplishedusingaViewListschedule,withcustom parametervalues.Theseparametersareusedtomanagethestrategy&helpensurethatwhathasbeen plannedforisbeingaddressed,bywhom&whatthestatusis,atalltimes. AllparametervaluesMUSTBEkeptupwithortheentireplan&projectwillbreakdown. Planningdetails&otherViewscouldbedonebyexportingschedulestootherdatabasesoftware butthatisnotrecommendedformanyreasons,includingthefactthatdataoutsideoftheBIM Projectfilerequiresreworking,updating&leadstoinconsistencies,errorsandomissions.

DetailUseCases
Asdiscusseddetailmethodogiescanbebrokenoutforseveralusecases,including:TypicalDetails, ProjectSpecificDetails,HybridDetails,3DViews&3DDetails. 3Dviews&3DDetailswillbeusedinconjunctionwiththemorehistoricallycommonplace2Ddetails,to powerfullyaugmenttheAECprocessforBIMprojects,providingallpartiesagreaterunderstanding, bettercoordination&easiervisualization&executionoftheirscopeofwork.

3DDetailViewwithcorrespondingPartitionType(2D)Detail&PartitionSchedule

ConceptsofDetailingBIMProjects

2DDetailViews
DraftingViewsareusedfortypical,nonmodelspecificdetails. DraftingViews Theseareonlyusedfordetailswherethemodelitselfisnotnecessaryforthedetailtoexist& becorrect,suchasTypicalDetails. o TypicalDetails,includestandarddetailssuchaswaterproofingdetails,wheretheactual sizeofthemodelobjectsdonotaffectthedetailsprescriptivedirections. DetailComponentsfromwithinDraftingViewscanbecopiedintoHybrid DetailslendingefficiencytothecreationortransitionfromaTypicalto ProjectSpecificdetail. DetailSectionViews(SectionDetails)areusedforprojectspecificdetails&hybriddetails. Derivedfromthelivemodel,theseareusedforProjectSpecificDetails,aswellasHybridDetails. o ProjectSpecificDetailsshowacombinationoftheliveviewofthelivemodelwith2D DetailComponentsaddedovertop. o HybridDetailsarecreatedthesamewayasaProjectSpecificDetail,exceptthateach componentinthelivemodelviewhasa2DDetailComponentlaidontopofit,thenall modelcategoriesareturnedoff(exceptofcourseforDetailComponents). Theusesforthesehybridswouldbetoallowcomponentstobemovedoutof theway,toshowitemssuchaswaterproofing&vaporbarriersthattraditionally havezerothicknessesintheactualmodelsassemblies. Thesedetailsaretechnicallynottoscale(NTS);thereforedimensionsshould onlybeusedinlimitedcasesandneverfortheoverallsizeofanassembly.

3DViews&3DDetails
3DViewsareusedfortypical3Dvisualization&coordinationpurposes,aswellas3Ddetails. 3DView 3DDetail

3DViews Usedasisfortraditionalneeds&toaugmentthedetailpackage o 3Dviews,inregardstodetailingare bestusedasaccompanymentsto corresponding2Ddetails,toadd visualizationclarityandcoordination enhancements,perimagepage1. 3DDetails Usingasaved3DView&addingappropriate annotations.Seeimageright&AppendixA. o Itisnotsuggestedtoannotateevery aspectofa3Dviewfordetailing purposes,sobejudicious&usethem asaugmentationstothemore thorough2DDetail. ConceptsofDetailingBIMProjects

Timing

Nowtopulltheplan&BIMprojectalltogetherwemustdiscusstime.Oneoftheimportantaspectsto eachprojectistiming.Planningthecorrectamountoftimefortasksthroughtheoverallprojectis somethingthatmustalwaysbegivencomplete adherenceto. Withtheknowledgeofwhatistobedone,whenit IfDesign,DetailorProductionteams willbedone&bywhomwillitbedone,project areallowedtomeanderandnothold managementismademoreeffective,providingthe to tight & rigerous schedules (or if BIMteamwithanenvironmenttodothebest thereisanunrealisticschedule),then possiblejob:thatistheresultofgoodplanning& the project can expect to run into properscheduling&timing. disasterous results, errors, ommissionsandbudgetoverruns. Whensettingproductionschedules,productiontime fordetailing,likecreatinganyvieworanysheets BIMornoBIM. worthofviews,canbegintobethoughtofinsimple mathematicalterms. Ifapersoncancreate5Detailsaday(Thisisperhapsanaggressive#,mindyou)andthereare 100detailsidentifiedasneededthenitwilltake20workingdays:butthatisstrictlyfor producingthem...Rememberrevisions,etc. o ThatmeansPENCILSDOWNisrequiredforthedesignofdetails(atworst)nolessthan 25dayspriortosubmissionbutabettertimeframemaybe30workingdays,depending ontheteam,asthereneedstobeQA/QC&timeformarkups&revisions,etc. KeepingallnecessarydetailsconsistentwiththeBIMmodelisvital;thereforethetimingofthe detailingsdesignprocessmustfollowguidelinessimilartotheonesbelow.

Tasks,Projects&Production
WhenProjectorTaskbasedschedulesarecreatedtheymustbeinferredtoincludeeverypossible factor,beyondsimplytheindividualtaskitself.ThesefactorsincludetheProjectorTasksdeadline, Designtime*,QA/QC,Production&Transmission. Thesubsequentlistisanabstractedanalysisofwhattoschedulefor&thepotentialfactorsinvolved. Project=(Design+QA/QC)+(Production+QA/QC)+(Submission+Contingency) Design=(PhasespecificCompletionDatePencilsDown) Production=Modeling+QA/QC+Documentation+QA/QC *PencilsDown=CompletionDate(DesignQA/QC+FinalProduction+FinalQA/QC+Submission) QA/QC=(Review+Markup)+(Revision+ReReview) Contingencies=Estimated%ofProjecttimeforunforseendelays,etc.(judgementcall) Submission=CheckPrint+(FinalQA/QC+FinalQA/QCRevisions)+Printing+Transmittal ConceptsofDetailingBIMProjects

PencilsDown
Pencilsdownshouldbeconsideredoneof (ifnotthe)mosthonouredfactorsina project.Ifaprojectistobedeliveredas coordinated&complete,thenallowingproduction,revision&verificationtimeafterthedesignis finishedisvital(readas:VITAL). Onelarge&impactfulstumblingblocktobudgetiswhentheprojectisnotproperlyexecutedwithinthe schedule. Arecurringimpedimenttocompleted,coordinated &onbudgetprojectsinAECiswhenonepartofa Every submission of a project has teamdoesnotleaveenoughtimefornecessary, known items to be included and with futurework:suchasifaDesignteamisnot the appropriate planning accurate completedbytheendofDD.Remember:thatis performance & success can be whatDDisforDesignDevelopment. managed. Therearealwaysitemsthatneedtochangeafter theyareplannedforandalthoughthismayneedto happenonceinawhile,ifunplannedchangesaretoonumerous&isthestatusquothensuccesscan onlybetenuousatbest;anddefinitelynotthedesiredwaytorunabusiness. AnotherexampleofnegativeimpactstoaprojectisinthedesignofDetails.Thisisequallyimportanta partofaprojectthatneedstohaveapencilsdowndate(ordates). Detailsaretobedesignedprogressivelythroughoutaproject;buteachphasesdetailsneedaschedule thatallowsforbothcreation&production(includingalltheQA/QC&revisions,etc.). Thefirstpassdetailsarebestdesignedearlyoninaproject;beginningabout3050%SDand progressivelydevelopedthroughDDandoptimallyhavingadetaildesign,finalPencilsDownbefore75% CD. ThethirdexampleofnegativeimpactstoschedulesisTheMeanderingProductionTeam.Ifateamis allowedtoworkwithoutaconciseplanofattack,derivedfromthecomprehensiveprojectschedule& brokenoutintomore&moregranular,tasktodatesubplans;thentheprojectcanexpectsimilarly undesiredresults. ConceptsofDetailingBIMProjects

TheEfficiencyBottomLine
Createanenvironmentofefficiencytodeliversuccess. Creategoodplans&managethemcloselyforall aspectsoftheprocess:Design,Detail& Production;Coordination,&Submission... Executetheplans&makepeopleaccountable& empowered.Doexactlywhatisplanned,nomore &noless(unlesstheplanischanged). Keepteamsonpointbyeliminatingunnecessary meandering&overworking;ensurethattheteam holdstotight,rigerous&agreeduponmanaged timelines.

ConcludingThoughts
ThispaperfocusesonDetailingBIMprojectsbeingbrokenoutintoseveraloverarchingthemesthatall worktowardthebottomline:Efficiency.Thephilosophyofplanningthework&workingtheplan suggeststhatasbeingafundementalprincipletofollowforoverallprojectsuccess. Beingbuiltongoodplanning,teamworkandmanagement,communication&followthroughaBIM projectshouldrealizesuccessesfortheentireAECOteam. Themainideasdiscussedhavebeen: DetailTypologies DetailMethodologies:ThePlan DetailUseCases o 2DDetails o 3Ddetails o 2D+3DCombined Timing Task,Project&ProductionPlanning PencilsDown TheEfficiencyBottomLine

CreatingandfollowingarigerousplanwillalloweachcomponentoftheBIMprojectteamtocreate theirbestpossiblework&ultimatelybetterprojectstowardamoresustainablebusinessmodel.

ConceptsofDetailingBIMProjects

AppendixA
3DAnnotationsinRevit Therearepowerfulusesforannotating3DviewsofaBIMmodel.Whenusedinconjunctionwith2 DimensionalDetails,the3Dviews&3Ddetailsprovidegreaterprojectcoordination&communication. Revithasverygoodtoolstoannotate3DviewsandtheyarefoundontheAnnotateTaboftheribbon.

ConceptsofDetailingBIMProjects

TheactiveannotationtoolsinRevit2012s3Dviews: DimensionPanel Aligned,Angular,Radial&ArcLength o AlldimensionsmustbeplacedonaReferencePlane(RP),so itssuggestedtoplacetheSetWorkplanetoolonthe quickaccesstoolbar(QAT),sincetheRPwillwanttobe changedefficiently. SpotElevation SpotCoordinate SpotSlope DetailPanel CreateGroup TextPanel Text Spelling Find/Replace Tag*Panel TagAll TagbyCategory MultiCategory Keynote(Element,Material&User) 3Dviewsmustbe lockedtouseTagsor Keynotes UsetheHelpSystem& searchforAdding TagsandKeynotesin a3DViewtofind moreonlocking& annotating3DViews.