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SUNDAY, APRIL 18, 2010


Abhaydevsuriji has earned immense fame by composing Sanskrit commentaries on 9 of the Jain agams (Jain canonical literature). These commentaries provide a key to the innermost deep meaning of Jain agam literature. Besides being brief and well-worded, these commentaries depict and discuss many topics. Thus his name ranks at the top of those Acharyas who have written books with a view to immortalising the pure tradition of Jinagam. Acharya Abhaydevsuri was born in a Vaishya (merchant) family in A. D. 1015. Born to Mahidhar Sheth and Dhandevi in the famous city of Dhara of Malavdesh, the child was named Abhaykumar. Once Shri Jineshwarsuri and Shri Buddhisagarsuri had come to Dhara. Having listened to their religious discourses, he felt an inclination for renunciation. With the permission of his parents he accepted intiation from Jineshwarsuri. He began his studies of Agam literature at a very young age and in course of time he was honoured with the title of Acharya (head of a mendicant group). It is so said that one night when Acharya Abhaydevsuri was engrossed in meditation, the Shasandevi (the guardian Goddess) revealed herself before him and said that the commentaries of two agamas namely, Acharang and Sutrakrutang, were well-preserved but other commentaries were lost and destroyed with the passage of time. The goddess then asked him to make efforts to remedy that deficiency so as to serve the interests of Shrisangh (congregation). Enlarge this Picture 07-10-2011


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Acharya Abhaydevsuri accepted this enormous task. He commenced the writing

of commentary by performing ayambil tap, type of religions austerity. After a prolonged and labourious efforts he wrote volumes of commentaries on angaagam (canonical text, one of the twelve). Because of constant penance of Ayambil and working for many nights together, he developed a leucoderma-like disease. Consequently his opponents spread the rumour that the mother-goddess had cursed him with this disease as a penalty for having wrongly interpreted the scriptures. Acharya Abhaydevsuri invoked Shasanrakshak Dev (the guardian God) Dharanedra at night and as the god appeared before him, Acharya said, "O Lord ! I am least afraid of my death but I can't endure the false charges and malafide criticism that the slandering people level against me since I am afflicted with the disease. Hence I have decided to undertake fast till I die." Shasanrakshak Dev Dharanendra assured him that he was quite innocent and provided him necessary guidance. As guided by Dharanendra, Abhaydevsuri, together with the shravak sangh, came at the banks of river Sedhi in Stambhangram. Acharyashri discovered the place where a cow was yielding milk automatically; soon he composed a stotra of 32 shlokas entitled Jayatihuan. As the stotra was composed, a very ancient and bejewelled idol of Shri Stambhan Parshwanath emerged from under the ground. Shrisangh performed all the rituals of bathing and as soon as the holy water was applied to the body of Abhaydevsuriji, he was cured of the disease. Acharyashri regained his usual health. Presently the same idol is installed at the temple in Cambay. Then Acharyashri completed the task of writing Navangi commentary, and he expired at Kapadvanja in Gujarat and the samadhi, the memorial structure, exists there in Tapagachchha upashraya.

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Magadh King Shrenik Bimbisar set out for forest-outing riding a horse. As he entered Mandikuli garden, he saw a saintly person in meditation under a tree. He was surprised at the sight of such a pleasant face with glowing forehead and was impressed by the monk. The king wondered as to what heart-rending and shocking experiences of worldly life might have led him to forsake joys and pleasures of youthful life and resort to a saintly way of life dedicated to penance. The king bowed before the monk and asked politely, " I request you kindly to set at rest the doubt agitating my mind. What has compelled you to take diksha i.e., way of life full of penance and abdication by abjuring worldly joys and pleasures, in the prime of your life ? As I look at the unusual beauty of your body and face as also your youthful age I am prompted to ask as to what has compelled you to forsake your family, wealth and dear-ones at such a young age." In a loving tone the monk said, "O king, I was absolutely lonesome and a helpless being in this world. There was neither any protector, nor friend. I abjured the worldly life because of such helplessness." 07-10-2011


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King Shrenik laughed loudly and said, "O monk, if you feel so insecure and unprotected (anath), I shall be your protector (nath). Moreover a person like me as your protector will make all the difference and there shall be no problem in having sincere friends, near-ones and dear-ones and the whole retinue in your attendance. In their company you shall be able to enjoy all the pleasures like wealth, power and peace. You won't miss any of the worldly pleasures. I am your protector now. Renounce this sainthood accepted in youthful age and come with me to my grand pleasure-palace." To this the monk said, "O king of Magadh, how shall you be my protector when you yourself are unprotected ? I also possessed invaluable wealth and riches, as you do. But once when I had severe pain in my eyes and burning sensation in my limbs none could help me - neither the riches of my father nor any medical help nor the sweet love of my mother. My devoted wife renounced all the ornaments and my brothers and sisters wept and wailed helplessly. I was helpless. They were helpless too. With a view to avoiding such helplessness, I decided to go for initiation (diksha) which, I thought, was an unfailing remedy to all my pains. I made up my mind to renounce the world if during that night my pain subsided. To my utter surprise it started subsiding immediately. By the time the day dawned, the pain vanished completely. I was perfectly healthy. As per my decision of the earlier night, I took diksha and thus one totally unprotected (a-nath) found his protector (nath) in Lord Mahavir. Deeply impressed by the preachings of Anathi Muni, king Shrenik decided to seek refuge of Lord Mahavir; Anathi Muni went his own way. The character-sketch of Anathi Muni shows that a person suffering from worldly pains and tortures, despite his numerous near-ones and dear-ones and immense riches, can feel unprotected and helpless too. A person having his soul awakened is indeed a sanath - a protected person forever. Scriptures say that having attained the ultimate state of spiritual bliss, Anathi Muni achieved siddhi pad, the ever-lasting state of being sanath.

Anupama was Tejpal's wife. Her complexion was dark and even her body was not that beautiful but she possessed extraordinary intelligence.
She showed uncommon common-sense in solving complicated problems not only of the family but those of others' as well. Tejpal and Anupamadevi both were devoted to religion and as such, the ascetics were ever worshipped with great respect by them. Once Anupamadevi was giving alms to the Jain monks; meanwhile the vessel of alms slipped from the hands of one of the Yatis and Anupamadevi' s clothes became fully soaked with ghee from that vessel. Tejpal, the minister, was standing nearby and as he saw this, he was just on the verge of losing his 07-10-2011

. 07-10-2011 . With a view to keeping them healthy and fit/she had hired men for massage. they were rewarded with more unique as she was . Chidambaram Temple – Facts you will not get to rea. Namaste Many of us know about Great Scholar. Nandishvar Jinprasad was constructed with the help of Vamdev Salat.... the greedy person meets his hell.. 1008 NOMBRES DE GAYATRI GENTILEZA BIBLIOTECA GAY.. VASHI KARAN MANTRAS (1) Vashi Karan Mantra(Use . they found to their surprise a vessel containing gold-coins. By burrying the wealth underground. He became enraged as he suspected that something ill-auspicious would happen as a result of spilling of ghee. SLOKASKAPITTHA JAMBOO PHALA SAARABHAKSHI. They were also puzzled as to what to do with that immense wealth which was not earned by their own labour. D.. suddenly they thought that in the Sorath region irt Saurashtra even the great and mighty were looted at the hands of the dacoits. the two brothers set out on a pilgrimage of Shatrunjaya Tirth and Girnar Tirth. had I been born to a ghee-dealer ? But I feel fortunate today since I have secured the most desired though rare ablution of ghee from the vessel of the guru. Hence they decided to hide one third of their wealth somewhere in the forest. one can attain heaven. Tejpal' s temper cooled down. The Minister's family had left for the pilgrimage with whatever wealth they had..... They consulted Anupamadevi and she advised them that instead of hiding the wealth under the ground..... She paid adequate money to all of them. They had serious reflections as to while they had intended to hide the wealth under the ground. "O ! What would have been my position. During the construction work. Anupamadevi looked after the sculptors with motherly love and feeling.. In A. Prana and Pranayama Prana 'Prana burns as fi. At the great pilgrim-place of Shri Shatrunjaya.. On their way both the brothers rosted near the village Hadala. a lake and poshala were also constructed. Scriptures of Sanatana Dharma Compiled by . Sun Worship: Suryopanishad By T N Sethumadhavan . Vastupalliked Anupamadevi's suggestion and Tejpal was very happy that she was such an unselfish woman. at the time of celebrating the great penance called Panchami. Jinalaya.. if the same wealth be used for the renovation of the pilgrim-places like Shatrunjaya and Girnar.blogspot..manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 4 of 133 SLOKASKAPITTHA JAMBOO PHALA SAARABHAKSHI.. Abu was erected a huge..... Abhaydevsuri Abhaydevsuriji has earned immense . She suggested that some wealth be spent for the Jain temples atop the mountain peaks.. MUSIC AND SOCIETY MUSIC AND MUSIC THOUGH IN INDI. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad... temper. VASHI KARAN MANTRAS (1) Vashi Karan Mantra(Use ." As he listened to Anupamadevi. At the fall of the night as both the brothers were digging the earth so as to hide their wealth.. Once Vastupal and Tejpal.'(1) . She added that therein would lie the true dignity of human beings and the wealth itself. it should be placed atop a peak. Chanakya's Education Rishi Canak named his son as . All her painstaking efforts made the Jain temples at Abu a unique creation . 'Asana is a comfortable and steady pose. A unique lake was also built at the holy place. Atop Mt. they arranged the construction of 25 holy assemblies and also managed to construct 32 vadis at the foot-hills of Shatrunjaya and 16 vadis at the foot-hills of Girnar. attractive and beautiful edifice named 'Lunigavasahi' for Neminath Bhagwan.Anupam.. But Anupamadevi handled the situation very skillfully and said.

Shrimati was spinning at that time. But he returned to the same place after twelve years. Shrimati also happened to come there while playing the game of hide and seek... "I will stay here for twelve more years and live like a householder. Nichiren Buddhism and Mahayana Buddhism Shokei. His wife was King Shrenik sent valuable gifts to king Ardra. Her son said." The child. Abhaydevsuri Abhaydevsuriji has earned immense .. Prince Ardrak did as was bid by Abhaykumar and on seeing the idol. However Ardrak felt that it was not the ideal place for a man like him to live in. Gajaanana he shubaanana . You are my husband and now if you refuse me. This knowledge of his previous life prompted Ardrakkumar to seek his father's approval for diksha (renunciation) but his father refused permission."So saying the son tied his father's feet with cotton threads spun by his mother. 07-10-2011 . He found Shrimati waiting for him there and she said. and his wife was born as Shrimati. Mter a gap of twelve years. in all innocence. 1. He engaged himself in debates with Goshalak.. Title of the Paper: Globalization. ARDRAKKUMAR There were ties of friendship between king Ardra of Ardrapur and king Shrenik of Rajgruhi. he once again felt the desire to renounce the world. INTRODUCTORY MANTRAS Aum Gam Ganapataye Namah. "1 will tie him down so that he cannot escape. sent an idol of Bhagwan Adinath in a box with an express instruction to open it in a pious and calm place.. 'Shri Sutrakritang'. On the completion of those years he again left the place and decided to have a glimpse of Mahavir. Shree Gurubyoh Namah Pujya Sri Mahaswamy Div. he could remember his past. Ardrakkumar was overwhelmed by the child's love. said. he was a householder in Vasantpur in the kingdom of Magadh." Shrimati's father too reasoned with Ardrak and he married her and lived with her at her abode. In the third incarnation before the present one. the son of king Shrenik. He. in Adrak's heart. atmadwaitwadi. Pleased with the gifts. On his way he met followers of different sects. love for Jain religion.. She said to her companions : "Mentally I am married to this man. "Why do you engage yourself in such an ordinary type of work ?" To which she replied." At that time gods from heaven showered gems blessing the couple. NeelSole Bhajan Gayatri Mantra O. He immediately left the place.. Ardrakkumar dressed himself in the robes of a Sadhu (ascetic) and set out for Vasantpur quietly. By chance. king Ardra's son sent gifts to Abhaykumar. Buddhists. the daughter of a gentleman of Vasantpur. an http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Abhaykumar thought of sending such gifts as would inspire. Cultu. "I will count the number of threads tied round my feet. She was blindfolded and got hold of Ardrak thinking that she was holding onto a pillar... He came to a temple and sat there in meditation. Later as a result of his karma (one's good or bad deeds during one's life-time). he was born as a prince of a nonAryan kingdom. Mangala.blogspot. To further strengthen the bonds of friendship and love.. Kindergarten 1.. Religion.. Brahmins well-versed in the Vedas. I will immolate myself in fire. Thereupon.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 5 of 133 MARS DOSHA AND REMEDIES Kuja Dosha .. "Lord ! I had vowed to marry you when I saw you in the temple twelve years back but you deserted me. Then she realised that the inanimate pillar was in fact a living human being. "Your father is going to renounce the world and I will need some occupation to earn a living. hasti tapas and others and demolished their points of view and beliefs. He said.." He counted them and there were twelve threads. He said.".. therefore...

He thought to test her character and chastity. Ardrakkumar took refuge at the feet of Mahavir and five hundred followers were and five hundreds followers were initiated into the fold by him. he learnt that Bakuladevi had been waiting for him and that her character was as spotless as ever. Gujarat and Malwa had been at war for a long time. King of Gujarat Bhimdev came to know about Bakuladevi and her sterling qualities and spotless character despite being a courtesan's daughter. Like a contains his logical arguments and also tells us how he dispelled the myths related to Bhagwan Mahavir. she lived a pious life and guarded her chastity zealously. People thought that it was difficult for an alluringly lovely woman like Bakuladevi to protect her chastity. She took all precaution to guard her chastity and waited patiently for Bhimdev to return. virtuous and righteous woman. He. on the other hand spread http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. he returned after his victory over Bhoj.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 6 of 133 agam. she had vowed not to wear expensive robes or ornaments. BAKULADEVI Bakuladevi ! An exceptional woman whose name shines like a bright star in the history of Gujarat. Bhimdev was determined to inflict defeat on Bhoj. especially in an environment in which she lived. then. But Bakuladevi was made of different stuff. to her which was accepted by Bakuladevi. People. which remains unaffected by the mud around. instead of solemnizing the marriage. She had been pining for him and had grown frail and emaciated. From the moment Bhimdev had sent the marriage proposal.. Though the daughter of a courtesan. in the midst of luxuries and lust. decided to marry her. He sent a marriage proposal. Bhimdev.. Bhimdev was convinced of Bakuladevi' s devotion to him and her spotless character. she had accepted him as her spouse. During the period the king was away fighting the battle. she was the daughter of a courtesan. Blessed with incomparable beauty. was diverted to the warfare and decided to invade his arch enemy king Bhoj of Malwa. 07-10-2011 . It was not that she was blessed only with external beauty. She wanted to lead the married life of a woman born in a high family. but her inner beauty also shone brightly. having abandoned good food and all luxuries. The war lasted for two long years with the decisive victory of Bhimdev. she grew up. When . to be a highly pious.blogspot.

His mother said. Very often quite contrary is the case. Bhimdev married her and made her the queen of Gujarat. both performed the pooja and offered the diamonds they had brought.. To his astonishment. howsoever foul environment he happened to have born in or lived in. scholarship and religious devotion of its people.. he found diamonds in the inside of the hollow legs of the cot. A person with evil thoughts inhabiting sacred environment has to be judged as of a lower species. 07-10-2011 . the city known for valour." People realised their folly in condemning such a virtuous woman and her esteem grew in their eye. Devprasad's son was Tribhovanpal and his son was the mighty Kumarpal. Kshemraj's son was Devprasad." Balasha did as bade. Balasha and his mother joined the devotees on their way to Shatrunjaya and after some days arrived in Shatrunjaya. She. He knew that his mother slept on floor and therefore he bought a cot for her to sleep on. born of such a woman. then. Once he went to Ujjain. BALASHAMATA Balasha was a young. It was a windfall for the two but their lifestyle did not change. righteous woman. How shall we take this cot in ?" This made Balasha think. But they continued to live a simple life as before. then. was denied the first chance to http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. by her thoughts and her noble character and history indeed has judged her as such. Bakuladevi was a woman to be judged by her deeds. Kshemraj. She knew that worshipping the Bhagwan there or installing his idol or building a temple and protecting it would be an act piety and earn great punya (auspicious karma). "Ours is a small house and so is the entrance. His mother was pleased to see the cot and also at Balasha's boundless love for her. "We do not know who she is and her family too is not an honourable one ! How can a son.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 7 of 133 all types of rumours. next day. devout man who lived in a hamlet near Ujjain. Balasha was devoted to his mother.blogspot. Balasha returned home with the cot. "Forget that she is the daughter of a courtesan. A person must be judged by his noble motives and sentiments. she laughed and said. Samarasha who had organised the pilgrimage. Early in the morning. He saw many big shops selling a variety of But. "Unscrew its four legs and then we will be able to take it in. inherit the throne of Gujarat ? He will not have royal blood flowing in his veins. learnt that a pilgrimage to Shatrunjaya was to be undertaken by Samarasha." Bhimdev ignored such malicious gossip. Balasha's mother had an intense desire to undertake a pilgrimage to Shatrunjaya and to have the darshan (glimpse) of Bhagwan Adinath. was born to her. A son. It is said that good and noble sentiments bloom in the hearts of people only if there is congenial environment. He used to help his mother in the household work and would also accompany her on pilgrimages. He said. They could have built a palatial house and lived lavishly. They said. Her character is clean and she is a pious.

and 3. the parents handed him over to the religious master on his request. from time to time the king subjected Bappabhattisuri to some sort of acid test to confirm his scholarship and his celibacy. the boy was named Bappabhatti. He built a grand tunk named after him.blogspot. The king was also extremely impressed by the poetic composition of Bappabhattisuri. 743 in village Duva in Banaskantha. However. decided to fast that day. A mother with an exemplary character can beget a son like Balasha and Balashamata was such a mother! BAPPABHATTISURI Bappabhattisuri was versatile in interpretation of scriptures and a model of celibacy. He was born in A. therefore." Samarasha broke his fast at her hands and performed the pooja the next day. he was reminded of the previous night's dream. The same story repeated the second day and Samarsha fasted for the second day too. "Samarasha is highly devout and pious. 07-10-2011 . Keeping in view the youthfulness of young Suriji... but Bappabhattisuri acquainted the king with the concept of non-possessive vow of a Jain monk. He also built an impressive jinalay of Bhagwan Adishwar there. the boy acquired intensive knowledge of books of reasoning and logic as also of 72 arts. D. She said. After his initiation. the king sent to him a young courtesan in a male's dress with a view to test his celibacy. She went to the sleeping Suriji and began to attend to him. 2. As a child he was known as Surpal. Once when Acharya Siddhasensuri had a stay in Modhera. 458 metal idols and in all there are thirteen small temples. A true shravak would not think of using money for his own pleasures but use it for religious or noble purposes. Balasha and his mother learnt about his fasts and were deeply pained. But as soon as Bappabhattisuri felt the soft touch of a feminine hand. soon he called Surpal's father named Bappa and mother named Wealth or money is used by people in three ways: 1. He must get the chance to perform the pooja first in the morning. some use it for charitable or philanthropic purposes. he was soon awakened and was very much http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Balasha had wealth and riches. some just hoard it. The tunk today consists of 270 stone idols. Due to their regard for their son's brilliance and determination. Balasha was very wealthy and he used it not for his personal comforts or pleasures but for the religion which was so dear to his heart! Balasha proved to be a worthy son o~ a worthy mother. some use it for their own personal comforts and happiness. King Aam of Kanyakubja acquired instruction from Bappabhattisuri and as a reward the king wanted to hand over half of his kingdom to him. Next morning when he went to the Jain temple and saw a bright-looking and dignified young boy. He. he happened to have a dream of a young lion leaping over a place of worship. As a token of their fond memory. which is the best use of one's money.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 8 of 133 perform the pooja as he would not offer as much as Balasha and his mother did.

Over the years. He was also a patron of artists and he arranged for the payment of one lakh 'taka' to an artist for his painting. He died at the age of 76 years and with him the tradition of Shrutkevali came to an end. extensive knowledge and deep-seated religious faith had greatly impressed the ruler and the ruled at large. About this time.blogspot. BHADRABAHUSWAMI Shrutkevali (knower of all the canonical literature) Shri Bhadrabahu Swami was the seventh in the line of pattadhars (chief disciple) of Lord Mahavir. the learned scholar representing Dharmaraja.. For over 14 years he ably managed the affairs of Jinshasan (Jain order) and added honour and glory to the post.. However. the king accepted initiation in the last years of his life. He and his brother Varahmihir both were expert scholars of 4 vedas and 14 vidyas. Suriraj explained both of them the significance of forgiveness and brought about a reconciliation. At the age of 45 years he accepted the life of penance and restraint. He was as much competent in theological debating as he was in composing spiritual literature. This decision irritated and enraged Varahmihir who ultimately renounced his initiation. in the presence of Acharya Sambhut Vijayji he was designated as acharya (head of a mendicant group). She bowed to the Suriji as he had conquered the cupid. as he came to know about the dignified behaviour of his spiritual teacher (Guru) during the strange ordeal. The king Aam. the Guru considered Bhadrabahu as a more deserving candidate for the learning of 14 purvas as also the acharyapad and so the Guru appointed him as his Once at the instance and invitation of Dharmaraja a scriptural debate was organised between Bappabhatti representing king Aam and Vardhan Kunjar. Under the impact of Suriraj's preachings.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 9 of 133 shocked. He also inspired the people at large for the construction of numerous Jain temples. Bappabhattisuri had greatly influenced Vakpati. He requested the courtesan to go back. In this battle of scholarship Bappabhattisuri came out victorious and as such he was honoured with the title of Vadikunjar Kesari but Suriraj turned this victory in a battle of arts and an occasion of harmony and dialogue. became overjoyed. His strong character. there existed severe enmity between king Aam and Dharmaraja. he had the knowledge of 14 purvas (early canons). an ascetic from Mathura. a child was born to the king and Varahmihir made a forecast that the boy would live for one hundred years. 07-10-2011 . http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Shri Bhadrabahuswami was born in Pratishthanpur. Reputed Acharya Yashobhadra's disciple as he was. Immediately Suriji realized the intention of the king to tempt and to make him deviate by providing the company of a beautiful young woman in the darkness of the night. Shri Bappabhattisuri is a great Acharya of the Jain religion. Bappibhattisuri had composed 52 books of which Chaturvinshati and Sarasvati Stotra are available even now. Their meeting with Shrutkevali Shri Yashobhadrashri resulted in their initiation.

Bhadrabahuswami went to the king to convey his consolation.. He then managed for the spread of plague amongst the Shreesangh as a result of which a number of people began to die suddenly and instantly. Shreesangh requested Bhadrabahuswami to do something and by the sheer force of his shrutgyan (scriptural knowledge) he could correctly assess the entire situation and with a view to getting rid of the nuisance he composed Uvasaggahar Stotra. But as destined. and thus he managed to preserve the great heritage from perishing. Bhim Kundaliya's life symbolises selfless devotion and love. The impact of this great stotra (devotional song) was so great that the strength of Vyanter got immensely diminished. BHIM KUNDALIYO God wants utter devotion from a devotee.blogspot. 1157. It is also believed that he wrote Niryukti on 10 sutras. he said that he knew that on the seventh day the boy was to die because of a cat and so he had decided to call on the king to console him. Bhadrabahuswami is respected as the fifth and final shrutkevali in both the shwetambar and digambar traditions. A man who donates a huge sum but ha..sno true devotion or love for the people does so out of either vanity or ego. Seizing this opportunity Varahmihir instigated the king and the people against Bhadrabahuswami. 07-10-2011 . Though he had full faith in the forecast of Varahmihir. D. the well-known centre of pilgrimage. Greatly moved by this gesture. Acharyashri Bhadrabahuswami also composed 'Paryushan Kalpasutra' which is popularly known as 'Kalpasutra'. The child was kept under strict surveilance. the king took all precautions and arranged to catch and drive away all the cats out of the town in the forest area.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 10 of 133 Incidentally. the wooden bar at the door with a cat's figure on it fell on the child's head. He attained the unique achievement of intense meditation of Mahapran dhyan constantly for 12 years. He composed 4 Chhed sutras (a law book dealing with monastic offences) and wrote monumental works like 'Bhadrabahu Samhita' and 'Vasudevcharit' containing one lakh and twenty five thousand pads (verses). The second one is better as it is not the sum that is important but the sentiment. Thereby he imparted invaluable knowledge of the purvas (early canons) to Arya Sthulbhadra. sanghnayak (leader of a congregation) Bhadrabahuswami staying in the same city did not go to the palace to bless the child and to congratulate the On this shocking and sorrowful occasion. In A. When Bhadrabahuswami came to know all this. On the other handJ another person donates a very small amount but does it with no ulterior motives except sincere devotion. killing him instantly. mahamatya Vahad undertook the restoration of original jinalay in Shatrunjaya Tirth. the bhav attached to it. Celebrations http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Varahmihir was born as 'Vyanterdev' (a class of lower god) in his next birth and by means of knowledge he came to recall his earlier birth and soon became jealous of the Jain Sangh. Varahmihir had failed in his plan and steeped in his own anger and enmity. the king offered him unusual honour.

He had earned about rupees two.. At night Yaksha (demi . We must spend the money for the restoration work in Shatrunjaya. You are a devotee and so am I. went home. She had found them while digging up the land." Vahad gave three silk robes and a certain amount to Bhim but he refused to accept the clothes and money. his love for religion! Mahamatya Vahad highly appreciated Bhim's gesture and told the people gathered th¢re. Atthat time. then. Bhim. then. He was a trader selling ghee (purified butter). I cannot indulge in this deception. This is selfless devotion. He is not worried about what he will eat tomorrow. he was too poor to go near him.Whatever~. "The mon.him which he refused to accept. next day. He was apprehensive about his wife who was a tart-tongued woman.small amount with himbut he contributed every penny \1e had and felt happy. You had pleased the god by offering flowers from your meagre earning." ."Bhim. desired to have a glimpse ofmahamatya Vahad. "This is what I call secrifice. Bhim.hehad earned. good deeds) for what you offer me. Bhim had a very. It was a gesture of utter quarrelsome by nature. out of which he spent a rupee in buying flowers to perfoqn the pooja (worship). Vahad. "Bhim we are fellow-travellers. You will be prosperous forever ~ow." Next day he met Vahad and offered the gold coins to. Poverty stricken Jain Bhim of Timana Village/in tattered clothes. Bhim told him everything about his life and his present state. he spent on buying flowers for worship and the remaining money he donated. Keep it and use it for your own well-being as well as for god's worship. Bhim exclaimed. "Mahamatya. He said. But he found her very happy as she told him about her disc()very offour thousand gold coins." Bhim felt overwhelmed at these words of Vahad. after performing the pooja.. but was hesistant.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 11 of 133 were on. the administrators of the restoration project came to Bhim and asked for his contribution.. said. Bhim of Kundaliya vi! lllge built a Bhimknnd (water-tank) in Shatrunjaya Tirth. 07-10-2011 .eybelongs to you. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. performed the pooja of god Rishabhdev with flowers and precious jewels.. I cannot part with my accumunlated punya in exchange for these worldly possessions. Vahad could see devotion writ large on his face and seated him beside him. This pleased Vahad much and honoured him by offering him a betel leaf as was the custom. "How wonderful! It is the reward for what I did for the god. was also there to take part in the celebrations . Let me know if there is anything that I can do for you. I cannot barter mypunya (noble. god) kapardi appeared to him and said.


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Bhimji Sanghpati was a true devotee, a staunch adherent of truth. King Harishchandra,
who is known as the truth-loving king in Indian mythology, was one such man who would uphold truth at any cost. Bhimji was a businessman of Cambay and renowned for his business acumen. Bhimji Sanghpati observed scrupulously the vow of refraining from lying. It was the vow of not telling lies about animals and about land. This vow included refraining from misappropriating the deposits, bearing false witness in or out of court, and forging fake documents. The observer of the vow had specifically to bear in mind that if he practised treachery and fraud in business and, under tem.ptation, indulged in boasting aIid spreading rumours, he put his religion to shame and made it an object of ridicule and mockery. He was not to forget that breach of confidence or trust and giving wrong advice were great sins. In short, he was to understand that the secret of earning wealth was through honesty and morality. And in morality lay one's own happiness, peace, mental health and also of others' welfare. Acharya Devendrasuri arrived in Gujarat from Malwa. Bhimji met him and said, "What vow should I observe so that I receive God's grace ?" The Acharya said, "Decide never to tell a lie. Adhere to truth at any cost, and you will be happy." Bhimji did as bade by the Acharya and vowed to speak the truth always. Once a robber, Pallipati Bhil, waylaid him on the bank of the river Mahi and demanded to know how much money he had. Bhimji honestly said, "Four thousand rupees." Pallipati Bhil hide Bhimji in a secret hideout and demanded a ransom of four thousand rupees for his father's release. Bhimji's son sent counterfeit coins to Bhil Pallipati. Pallipati realised a rat on seeing the coins that they were not genuine. He showed them to Bhimji. Bhimji said that they w~:re not genuine. Pallipati was surprised to hear these words. He thought, "How truthful this man is ! he is a captive and will be realesed only if his son sent genuine coins. But he has the courage to call his son a cheat, and did not lie to secure his release." Bhimji's truthfulness struck him deeply and he thought that any harm caused to such a person would be a grievous sin. He, then, released him. In A. D. 1271 Acharya Devendrasuriji died in Malwa in Rajasthan. His disciple Vidyanandsuri also died six months thereafter. Bhimji, being a staunch devotee of Devendrasuri, felt sad at the death of his Gurus, and for twelve years he did not eat anything. Those who observed celibacy, the fifth vrat were given a silk sari and five expensive pieces of clothes by Bhimji. There were four vratas before the birth of Mahavir - nonviolence, truth, non-stealing and non-possession. The religion comprising these four came to be known as the religion of Parshvanath. Mahavir added the fifth vrat i.e. celibacy - 07-10-2011


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brahmacharya - which was given the prim.e importance. All our woes, he said, could be traced to carnal desires. Bhimji Sanghapati emphasised the importance of restraint and self-control. It should be selfimposed and Sanghapati Bhimji always loved and respected all those who exercised restraint. The mantri (secretary) of Mandavgadh Pethadshah and his wifePadmini were also given these robes. Thirty-two year oldPethadshah and his wife decided to' observe the vow of celibacy ; and performed pooja wearing the robes given by Bhimji. Bhimji Sanghpati is remembered today for his adherence to truth, supreme devotion to his gurus and unshakable faith in the vows.

Bhimdev was the king of Gujarat. He was so kind that people often cheated him. Very often some people would poison his ears
against others and get their work done. Abhad Vasa lived in Patan. He sacked his accountant as he was very dishonest and used to temper with the accounts and misappropriate money. The accountant wanted to avenge his dismissal and thought of a plan. He went to the king al)d said, "See, Abhad is very rich but he does not contribute even ten paise to the state's coffers. His wealth remains intact, you must do something so that the wealth is spent for the good of the people." The king did not know that the crafty accountant was up to some mischief to entrap Abhad. He liked the idea. As per the accountant's advice the king sent his maid to Abhad. Bhimdev's maid came to him with a plateful of meat. Abhad was busy in pooja (worship). The maid said, "Festivities are going on in the kingdom and the king has sent the prasad (food offered to deity and taken by devotees after worship) for you." Abhad's daughter Chaampalde took the plate and when she removed the cover, she found, to her horror, meat in it. She was a widow and lived with his father. She was highly religious but a very intelligent woman. She thought, "Why should the king indulge in such an indecent, crude gesture? There is something deeper than what meets the eye." She, at once, realized that the king must have acted on the advice of the dismissed accountant. She sent with the maid a very precious necklace for the king and gifted a chain to the maid. She then told her father. "The king is acting on the advice of the dishonest accountant and they have an evil eye on Our property and wealth. We must be careful. The king wants to grab our wealth but we must turn him into the protector of our wealth." Abhad then made an inventory of his property and went to see the king. The king had thought that his act of sending 'special' prasad will enrage 07-10-2011


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Abhad and he would rebel against the king. It will be then easier for him to appropriate his wealth for rebelling against the state. But that did not happen; instead, Abhad was standing in front of him, with no trace of anger. The king realised his folly that it was the accountant who had instigated him to spite Abhad. He called the accountant and reprimanded him severely. He said, "You should not be jealous of Abhad's wealth. Now touch his feet and ask for forgiveness for your evil designs."_The accountant did as bade by the king. Chaampalde's cleverness helped the father to retain his wealth which he used for the welfare of the people and he and Chaampalde went to heaven 'after their deaths. Jain Shravikas occupy an important place in Jain religion. They often display sterling qualities, character of a high order and an uncanny insight when in difficult situations. Such Shravikas are the true pillars of the religious edifice. Jain religion, therefore, equates shravaks and shravikas with sadhus and sadhvis. There are many shravaks and shravikas who possessed virtues and qualities which one would normally find in sadhus and sadhvis and Chaampalde was one such character whose life is a beacon to other mortals.

People of the country were extremely terrified by the oppression of the emperors of Delhi during the last three hundred years. But as the
emperor Akbar occupied the throne of Delhi, there was a great sigh of relief and there was a new ray of hope among the people. Akbar was keen to know about various religions. Knowing their fundamental principles, he respected and honored all the religions. He tried to mitigate animosity between the Hindus and the Muslims. He made sincere efforts to temper religious fanaticism. Once Akbar, the emperor, was standing in a balcony of his grand royal palace and had his eyes set on the highway when he saw a procession in which a shravika (a Jain laywoman) in a chariot was bowing to people all around and intermittently was making offerings to the people. She was preceded by a band and all the people in the procession sang auspicious songs. Akbar was greatly surprised at the sight and asked the royal servants about the procession. Having inquired about it, the royal servants informed him that the shravika being a follower of the Jain religion, had undertaken fasts for six months and the Jain Sangh of Agra had organised that procession in honour of the prolonged penance of Champa, the name by which she was known. Akbar was astonished at the fact that one could survive without food for as many as six months; since he knew too well as to how extremely difficult 07-10-2011

became interested and wanted to have detailed knowledge about the Jain religion. the gods and the guru. The poor fellow is compelled to marry though he has the least desire to get married. Old and angry Shri Chandarudracharya was staying at the upashraya. wanted to play some joke on this elderly saint. If you be kind enough to him and grant him initiation. out of mischief. After Bhagwan Mahavir. it shall end all his miseries and it shall be a great obligation of yours. Akbar praised and complimented her. Champa shravika was invited to the court with utmost respect.all this was the result of the most extraordinary penance of Champa 07-10-2011 . As a result he abolished the poll-tax levied on the Jain pilgrims. In all humbleness he requested Acharyashri Hirvijaysuriji to come to the palace for the purpose. On expiry of the time limit. You are merciful. it was Champa shravika who had performed such a rare penance by undergoing six months' fast. the other youths said in a jocular tone to the monk. Akbar told her that it was impossible that anybody could undertake such fasts. He had banned killing of any living creature for the days for which Champa shravika had gone on fast. These youths. Akbar wanted to know about her fasts and he was told that she had not taken any food either during the day or at night.blogspot. arrived at the upashraya (a place for Jain monks and nuns to stay) of Muni Chandarudracharya. These fasts created great reverence in Akbar's mind for the Jain religion. The royal servants added to Akbar's astonishment as they said that the shravika named Champa had never taken a meal either during the day or at night for six long months. some youths who had set out for fun and frolic. He acquainted himself with the significance of nonviolence from Acharyashri Hirvijaysuriji . One of the mischievous youths was to be married soon and his marriage was fixed. the emperor.. Champa shravika replied that the strength of religion would make everything possible. Pointing at this young boy. She stayed at the palace with full respect and honour and guards were posted outside the palace. Champa shravika said politely that it was possible because of the impact of the religion.. Akbar. hence he decided to test its veracity. Champa shravika agreed to the proposal. the Jain Acharyas and the Jain shravaks and shravikas. Akbar added that he would believe Champa shravika if she would undergo fast in the palace under the watch of his guards. CHANDARUDRACHARYA In the evening time." http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 15 of 133 it was to observe 'roja' (a fast) for a month despite the permission for a meal at every night. "O monk ! Save this boy. Akbar thought it to be impossible. Akbar's surprise was genuine.

It would be better if we start on a journey (vihar) before they all arrive. The disciple was in an extremely difficult and pitiable condition. the old monk lost his temper and addressed the about to-be. "That is the power of knowledge (kevalajyan). They again requested the monk to redeem the youth from the worldly ties. Shri Chandarudracharya was known for his extremely angry temperament. Consequent upon his deep repentence." The youth was still in a jocular mood. Meanwhile the disciple's feet faltered as a result of a deep pit on their way and the Guru too lost his balance. the other youths ran away. Chandarudracharya had already entrusted all the responsibilities of the gachchha (a chapter of monks) to a disciple. The Guru said. I want to leave the worldly way of life and accept the path of penance. he gave a heavy blow with his thick stick on the disciple's head. How is that ? How do you find your way in such thick darkness ?" The disciple said. 07-10-2011 .married youth. As a result of excessive joking. The" Shri Chandarudracharya's temper burst out. please grant me initiation. scolded him constantly. the old Guru's temper would soon burst out. disciple's thinking was purified and soon he attained pure and absolute knowledge. his marriage proposal to http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. the king of Magadh. but that youth did not budge an inch. On seeing this. "Previously you did not walk properly but now you walk so smoothly and steadily." As soon as he heard these utterances. Her life was one of ups and downs. through a messenger. King Shrenik had heard that Chelana's elder sister Sujyeshtha was very attractive and sent. "Muniraj. CHELANA RANI It was Chelana Rani who inculcated noble sentiments and love for religion in Shrenik. (spiritual teacher) riding on his shoulder. I shall grant you that. It was a very difficult and uneven path strewn with thorns all the way. He said to Shri Chandarudracharya. How could such a Muni undertake a journey (vihar) ? The youth carried the old monk on his shoulders and started the journey. He caught hold of the youth and seizing his head he soon began to pluck his hair (loch). soon my relatives would arrive here. He said." Due to his old-age. "So you want to have initiation ? OK.. He had confined himself to self-attainment. Full of repentence as he was by now. The disciple's feet were bruised with blisters and stained with blood. only then would you realise what it is to live as an initiated. "Yes. Whenever the disciple's foot would falter giving the old monk a jerk. yet he thought it was his fault that the Guru had to undergo all such hardships and harassment. At any cost. True to his name. That was enough ! It was the undoing of the disciple. the Guru jumped off the disciple's shoulder. the Guru too attained pure knowledge. He apologised to the disciple who had now attained pure knowledge.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 16 of 133 Initially the elderly monk ignored the joke. But his silence provoked the youths further. As the volcano of Guru's anger erupted.

Shrenik built a palace. O lord." Shrenik was stunned. Sujyeshtha returned to find that king Shrenik had already left with Chelana. She went into the palace and at that very moment king Shrenik arrived to abduct her. They were ready to depart when Sujyestha suddenly remembered that she had forgotten her ornament-box in the palace. In the morning he summoned his minister Abhaykumar and said : "Someone has committed an impious act and the palace be burnt with all inside it.blogspot. He suspected Chelan a' s chastity. Both returned to the palace happy." Bhagwan said." Then he set out for Mahavir's darshan. saw a monk completely naked. She muttered in sleep: "Oh! what would he be experiencing?" King Shrenik heard the words and thought the queen was referring to a person whom she had promised to meet. "Tell me. She was now eager to marry him. then. Sujyeshtha. She felt terrible pain and remembered the monk performing penance in the cold. She would make a garland of fragrant flowers plucked from the garden and offer it to the god. "Yes. Both got off from the chariot and bowed to the monk. Abhaykumar said. He went to Mahavir and said. His minister Abhaykumar promised him that he would... queen Chelana's hand hung out of the quilt and became stiff due to severe cold. then. she is. while returning. Chelana was sad that she was going to lose her sister. performing penance in bitter cold. Sujyeshtha suggested that she should accompany her to Magadh. Chelan a married king Shrenik. king Shrenik drove away with Chelana. manage to accomplish the impossible.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 17 of 133 king Chetak. Abhaykumar called king Shrenik to the city of Vaishali and a plan was prepared to abduct Sujyeshtha. He hurried to the palace and called Abhaykumar to know whether the palace was burnt down or not. resting on one pillar for Chelana to perform religious rituals. his mind plagued by suspicion. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. He was now in a state of shock at the thought of Chelana having been reduced to ashes. Once they both went for Mahavir' s darshan and. saw Shrenik's picture and felt instant attraction for him. 07-10-2011 . through deception. Bhagwan was seated in Samavasarana. In deep slumber at night. On seeing the king's soldiers. "I have set only the elephant house on fire and the antahpur (women's portion of the palace). whether my wife is chaste or not." Shrenik heaved a sigh of relief and queen Chelana's chastity was proved beyond a shadow of doubt. Chetak declined the offer which hurt Shrenik's pride. Chelana sat in the chariot and waited for Sujyeshtha for awhile for her to return. King Shrenik was uneasy. He could not sleep the whole night. lost all interest in the worldly affairs and became a sadhvi. is still intact.

DEVARDHIGANI KSHAMASHRAMAN In A. king Shrenik wanted to kill her but her piety saved her. three unprecedented religious tasks were undertaken which turned out to be landmarks in the history of Jain religion. A woman's character is often tested but she never loses courage and faces the challenge with equanimity. under the leadership of Acharyadev Shrimad Devardhigani.blogspot. The earth under his feet seemed to http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. The task was daunting and in the beginning Devardhigani sat with shramans and listened to the texts of agam and he memorised them all and scripted them systemetically. Acharya Kalak-IV was represented by Nagarjuniya text. he was faced by a roaring lion and behind him he saw a deep ditch. When Devardhigani was in the state of embryo in the womb of his mother Kalavati. "Harinaigmeshi transferred me during my state of embryo from the womb of Devananda to the womb of Trishala and after 1000 years of my nirvan (emencipation) he would live again by the name of Devardhigani and he would be the final authority on the twelfth anga of Darshtivad (a title of twelfth anga work). Devardhigani noted the Nagarjuniya text as a variation. he was very fond of hunting. a more systematic compilation of the texts and conversion of those texts into written script. Once when he had gone for hunting. This type of variations in the two texts had created a situation leading to division of the Jain sangh itself. whereas Skandili text was represented by Acharya Shri Devardhigani. D. There was no trace of bitterness and she was willing to pardon one and all.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 18 of 133 In the Jain traditional literature.. Many efforts were made to divert him from this sport. she saw the lord of Ruddhi and she named her son Devardhigani. The prime urgency was about agamlekhan and reading of texts made the simultaneous writing of agam possible. she did not show any ill-will towards Shrenik. As a gesture of nobility. " Chelana Rani was one such woman. Skandili and Nagarjuniya. When she learnt the truth. In his youthful days. These tasks were preservation of shrut jnan (scriptural knowledge). the emphasis has been on spotless character.. As regards his life. Once Bhagwan Mahavir had told Saudharmendra in a holy assembly in Rajgruhi city. In this task full co-operation was made available by Acharya Kalak. There were two texts. Owing to a famine some years ago many shrutdhar shramans (ascetic) had died and this had made the collection and compilation of the shrut jnan inevitable. Such was the greatness of Chelana Rani. numerous anecdotes are available. Devarshi was a Kshatriya of Kashyapa gotra (family lineage) and he was known by the two names of kshamashraman and Merely on a suspicion. Both the agam (Jain canonical literature) texts had variations because Arya Skandil and Arya Nagarjun had never met. At this time Vachanacharya Devardhigani Kshamashraman invited the shraman sangh in Vallabhi to consider the issue of preservation of the scriptures. 07-10-2011 . moreover he was surrounded on either side by wild animals with elephant-like tusks. 453 in the city of Vallabhi.

The whole family was highly religious. desired to build a temple in the shape of the aircraft nalinigulm. About 2500 workers toiled for fifty years but the work was not complete. His father was Kurpal and mother was Kamalde. He was disappointed. He lived a life of an ascetic and sculpture was not a means to earn livelihood for him. Terror-struck Devardhi heard a voice. In A. It is said that goddess Chakreshwari once appeared in his dream and gave him a glimpse of nalinigulm. Devardhi became Muni. About fifty sculptors were consulted and were supplied the details about the aircraft. DHARANASHAH Sheth Dharanashah. The problem was to find a sculptor who could carve out the temple in the shape of the aircraft nalinigulm.. a form of worship. a heavenly aircraft.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 19 of 133 move and it was raining heavily. had settled in Malgadh." The Lord saved him and sent him to Acharya Lohityasuri and having sincerely listened to the sermons of Lohityasuri. He had undertaken a pilgrimage to Shatrunjaya Tirth and observed the vow of celibacy. which he had seen in his dream. He. By acquiring the knowledge of one dashangi (a knower of ten anga works) and one purva (early canon) he became 'acharya'." In a tone of utmost helplessness. Each prepared a blueprint but it did not satisfy Dharanashah. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. He prepared the blueprint from the details supplied by Dharanashah and Dharanashah was highly pleased by what he saw. otherwise your death awaits you. "Do whatever you can but kindly save me. of Nandiya in Rajasthan.. They were asked to prepare a blueprint. then. 473 he passed away and with his death the tradition of 'shrutjnan'(scriptural knowledge) came to an end. devout. It was accomplished in the presence of both Dharanashah and Acharya Somsundersuri. he said. Depa accepted the assignment for he knew Dharanashah to be a devout and charitable person. Depa was a sculptor residing in Mundara. He met Acharya Somchandrasuriji and gave details of what he had seen in the dream. Dharanashah had a strong desire to build a magnificent temple of Bhagwan Rishabhdev. D. 07-10-2011 . generous and charitable. Acharya Somsundersuri was also getting older and it was decided to perform the installation ceremony. Dharanasha used to spend his wealth on charities. "You still have the time to realize your condition of helplessness. Then began the construction of the temple. In his view it was sadhana.blogspot. In the meanwhile Dharanashah's health deteriorated. I am ready to do whatever you want me to do. He built a few Jain temples and repaired the old ones. a small village. Depa's sculptures were Kumbha Rana was impressed by Dharanashah's intellectual brilliance and had appointed him a minister. A highly contented man. 'ganacharya' and 'vachanacharya'.

Thus. They face the idol of the god and are shown performing chaityavandana(worship of Tirthankars). supported on 1444 pillars. In his home town of Vijapur. The pillars are so constructed and the temple so designed that one can have glimpse of the idol standing near any of the pillars. money can be spent on noble deeds. But with the power of his incantation. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. and the status of The erection of such a magnificent temple owes a great deal to the piety and devoutness of Dharanashah. Both of them were sons of Sheth Jinchandra. Pallival.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 20 of 133 The Jain temple of Ranakpur in Rajasthan is known as dhar(lnvihar and also as trailokyadipak. 1246 in Vijapur in North Gujarat. installed later. In the entrance one finds an elephant and above it are the figures of Dharanashah and his wife and Ratnashah and his wife. Dharanashah's desire was to build a summit of seven floors but realizing that his days were numbered. is situated between the river Meghai on the one side and the Aravalli mountains on the other. The construction of this impressive temple shows that.. The four idols of Bhagwan Adishwar are installed in sanctum sanctorum. there was kesarvrushti (showering of blessings from heaven). D. This idol must have been. are extant today in the form of two niches. Virdhaval accepted initiation from Devendrasuriji . Dharmaghoshsuri achieved victory over the wicked and the vicious. The temple. In the sanctum sanctorum of the temples is a small idol of Dharanashah. if one wishes. When Virdhaval was very busy with worldly life. Suddenly a huge tide brought a huge heap of jewels ashore at the feet of Dharmaghoshsuri and then receded. At the time of granting the status of a perceptor. some of the women had used some conjuration against him so as to destroy the impact of his religious discourse. some external cause inspired him to go for renunciation. DHARMAGHOSHSURI AryaShri Dharmaghoshsuriji's life is full of miracles. On Shrisangh's request Dharmaghoshsuri composed Samudrastotra.blogspot. only when those women confessed and apologized were they set free by the Acharyashri.. given he came to be known as Acharyashri Dharmaghoshsuri. When he heard Dharmaghoshsuri's sermon. he adopted white dress as a token of renunciation. Once he recited it at the seashore in Saurashtra and a miracle took place. At that time Kapardi yaksha (demigod) had become a nuisance. the darkness of his ignorance disappeared and the light of understanding changed his course of life. 07-10-2011 . The two floors which could not be constructed. he constructed five floors only. Just at a moment when Virdhaval was getting married. it appears. With his brother Bhimdev. in A. Acharyashri made those women motionless.

He was the guru of Pethadsha. a gem amongst the Jains. She was extremely poor and eked out her living by collecting small logs in the forest and selling them.. All the rulers honoured Acharyashri as their 'Gurudev'. has to be selfless. Maheshvari Vaishya and Kshatriyas and propagated nonviolence amongst them and thereby made them the followers of the Jain religion. and http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. and also had a mastery of the philosophical system of Nyay (logic). One fort was meant for the parking of vehicles of gods and goddesses. Once when Acharya Dharmaghoshsuri arrived in Ujjain. He rushed to the upashraya and apologised to the Acharya. became a follower of the Jain religion and he had banned animal killing in his state on the eleventh day (agiyaras) and some other specific days of the month. Acharyashri had a penetrating knowledge of grammar. Impressed by his preachings. the king of Ajmer. 07-10-2011 . scorpions and ants in the upashraya at night. He imparted sermons to different castes like Brahmins. began to recite prayers. Acharya Dharmaghoshsuriji composed many volumes and established libraries as storehouses of knowledge. Even Indra also eagerly await Samavasarana. the yogi would so harass him using some charm that the latter would have torun away from the city. emperors.blogspot. He could memorise 500 shlokas within six seconds.. Once she learnt about the arrival of Bhagwan Mahavir in a park in Kakandipur city.all made their way to the park to listen to the discourse of Bhagwan Mahavir in Samavasarana (holy assembly of the Jina) ! A unique occasion. All roads led to the park. Everybody contributed to the erection of Samavasarana. gods and common people . Soon the yogi felt burning pain of stings of a lakh of scorpions. Vigrahraj (Vishaldev). Kings. Suriji took an earthen pot covered with cloth and putting his hand over it. His memory was extraordinary.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 21 of 133 One yogi in Ujjain was engaged in harassment. He could competently speak on Sutra- artha (meaning of canonical texts). If by chance any Jain monk happened to enter the city. Everyone looked forward to it eagerly. one reserved for birds and animals. Any religious act. Durgatanari was Mahavir's contemporary and her life symbolize utter selfless devotion. the yogi invoked the fury of thousands of serpants. There were three forts with four gates. He was so envious of Jain monks that he would always block the entry of Jain monks in the city. DURGATANARI Jain religion believes that even a small good deed can annihilate karma and pave the way for soul's liberation.

He said. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. not your caste. Gangama. Mohiniba etc.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 22 of 133 the third was meant for· gods and human beings to sit and listen to Mahavir's discourse. Karma is the determining factor.. Her dream could not be realised. "This god. 07-10-2011 . emaciated woman! Her heart was filled with devotion and indescribable joy and was eager to have a glimpse of Mahavir. selflessness. were other names respected in society for their sterling qualities and they all belonged to the respectable family of Sheth Shantidas. She looked around and saw a wild plant with a flower on it . A god present there was Durgatanari in the previous birth and Mahavir pointed at him. and yet there was no trace of hypocrisy in her character. Durgatanari had all that the Jain religion advocates and she was an ideal devotee. he is a true devotee or a worshipper only if his heart is 'pure and full of devotion. An old.blogspot. Mahavir would enter Samavasarana and begin his discourse and all present would listen with rapt attention. She was all humility and love! She neither craved for praise nor for any recognition. She was so poor that she did not have anything to offer to Mahavir. But destiny had willed it otherwise. She didn't have enough money to buy even flowers for Bhagwan's worship. She was poor but devout and her piety and devotion helped her to attain liberation. That is why Jain religion recognizes no distinctions of caste and class. high or low in status. Jain religion lays emphasis on selfless service and devotion. She was A person who does any noble deed without expecting any reward or recognition is the one dearer to god and that was precisely why Bhagwan Mahavir made a special reference to Durgatanari. her selfless devotion had ensured her a place in devlok (heaven). will be free from the cycle of birth and death and will attain moksha (liberation). Harkunvar. A worshipper may be : rich or poor. She plucked the flower and made her way to Samavasarana. Before she could reach the place. status or economic condition. she collapsed and died." Durgatanari personified virtues like piety. Durgatanari also had a strong desire to listen to the soothing voice of Mahavir. highly religious nagarsheth. utter devotion and simplicity. GANGAMA The tradition of nagarsheth (a respectable citizen of a city) is a glorious chapter of ]inshasan. Bhagwan Mahavir alluded to Durgatanari's intense devotion and said that though her dream could not be realised.. Sheth Shantidas was a generous. in his eighth birth. What god expects of a devotee is sincere devotion and the desire to do a good turn to others without any expectation of rewards.a plant which grew in barren land.

Dalpatbhai had undertaken a pilgrimage to Shatrunjaya. was a highly religious lady. He. His speech set Gangama thinking. Venerable Mulchandraji Maharaj was a member of the group of pilgrims. Vriddhichandraji Maharaj had arrived from Palitana. 07-10-2011 .. Gangama disapproved of the idea. If you are to remain passive. In A. then wear these bangles and give me your authority. in his inimitable style. Sheth Shantidas had fought the Aurangzeb." These angry words of his mother inspired Lalbhai to do something. 1865.blogspot. D. In A. She symbolised love. at her instance. she placed bangles in the plate. D. She began praying Bhagwan Parshwanath. Shri Ratnavijayji composed a work to commemorate this memorable event. exhorted people not to spare any effort to protect the pilgrim centres. the religious fanatic. She would always set high standards of personal rectitude and piety . He launched a fight against the British government and prevented it from building the guest house on Sametshikhar. a pilgrimage to Ahmedabad. When Gangama's son Lalbhai brought meal for her. She was determined to do something to prevent the sacred land from becoming profane. She was compared to Anupamadevi who had built temples on Abu. "Acharya Nemisurishwarji is worried about the protection of pilgrim "Why this assault on the sacred land of tirthankars. A place of pilgrimage can inspire one to scale spiritual heights. compassion and service. At that time the British were building a guest house on the mountain of Sametshikhar for tourists and for those who visited the place for the purpose of hunting.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 23 of 133 Gangaben. Gangama said. Gangama held Sadhu-Sadhvi in high esteem and would see to it that they observed the five mahavrata (vows) scrupulously. She also remembered the illustrious line of her ancestors.a staunch protector of religion as she was! http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. She was a true mother to one and all-caring and loving. 1911. the wife of Sheth Dalpatbhai. four Sanghs had undertaken. I will fight and sacrifice my life. Gangama was a truly devoted soul and her devot!6n to religion inspired her son to do something for the protection of centres of pilgrimage andthus for the protection of religion ·itself. Gangama adored ]inshasan and had profound attachment for the places of pilgrimage. and you have not given even a thought to it.. to protect the pilgrim-centres. Once Gangama was absorbed listening to a discourse by Acharya Shri Nemisurishwaraji. Gangama spent almost a fortune in the service of Sadhu-Sadhvi and Shravak-Shravika. You are a nagarsheth. a land for merry making and drinking bouts. Lalbhai was baffled. munis and pious souls?" she wondered.

. Once upon a time. a great author with powerful personality. while he was passing by Dharmagar in a palanquin. acute critical faculty and mastery of language have earned for him a distinguished place in the history of Indian literature. he happened to listen to a gatha (verse) being sung in a tranquil and melodious voice. In Kali age he thought himself to be the only scholar with the perfect knowledge of scriptures and in his great arrogance had taken a vow that if anyone defeated him he would become a disciple of that scholar. he possessed thorough knowledge in 14 faculties of studies. because if hunger struck. Besides being an authority on Vedshastra (Vedas of Hindus) and Darshanshastra (Jain Philosophy). He felt small and his pride in being knowledgeable began to melt. He had mastered four' http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 24 of 133 HARIBHADRASURI Acharya Shri Haribhadrasuriji. whereupon Haribhatt became his disciple and in course of time Pandit Haribhatt came to be known as Acharya Haribhadrasuri. In his own times. had written many books in Sanskrit and Prakrit. Sadhvi Mahattara Yakini requested him to come the next day in the presence of her Guru who would explain the meaning of the gatha. Uncommon and extraordinary was his life.blogspot. His varsatile scholarship. He was the family priest of king Jitari of Chittor. Pandit Haribhatt made numerous efforts to interpret its meaning but he failed to understand it. Now he disliked to be known by the epithet of Kalikalsarvagna (omniscient in the Kali age). there was nobody in the entire country to challenge and defeat him in debate and discussions.a person having very little knowledge. Accordingly. Having looked at the idol of Jina he had also joked saying 'your body itself is an evidence of your having relished sweet dishes. Ironically enough the very Haribhatt had to seek a shelter in a Jain temple to save himself from a mad elephant. he went to the Sadhviji and requested her to interpret the 'gatha' for him. a tree it would not be fresh and green for ever. he concluded every book that he wrote with an invariable expression of deep gratitude to Sadhvi Yakini Mahattara and introduced himself as Dharmaputra of Yakini Mahattara. In all humility. The 1444 books deemed to have been written by him are regarded as the most valuable treasure of knowledge of the Jain religion. Because of his hatred for the Jain religion Haribhatt used to say that it would be better to die by being crushed under the feet of a mad elephant than to seek shelter in a Jain Temple. Since Sadhvi Yakini Mahattara had done an unusual obligation by way of exposing new horizons in the pursuit of knowledge. all the Upnishads and eighteen Purans as also all the branches of knowledge and yet he failed to make out the meaning of the verses. Acharya Jindattasuri arrived there the next day and offered an interpretation. unmatched knowledge. 07-10-2011 . As he acquired a deep understanding and knowledge of Jain scriptures.. he called himself alpamati . Haribhadrasuri regarded her as his mother. He was the first commentator of Agmik (Jain canonical literature) literature and through his books he blazed a new trail in meditation.

Shri Devchandrasuri told Pahini. HEMCHANDRACHARYA Kalikalsarvagna Hemchandracharya made extraordinary contribution for a long spell of seven decades to varied fields like poetry and grammar. During the last 1000 years. 07-10-2011 . Since then no scholar has written such a grammar in this 800 years. Within a year Hemchandracharya wrote an exhaustive volume of grammar entitled 'Siddhahemcha-ndrashabdanushasan' containing one lakh and twentyfive thousand shlokas covering the grammar of Prakrit and Apabhramsha languages as well.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 25 of 133 But strange are the ways of Nature. D. requested Somchandra Muni to come to his residence for alms (gochari). history and puran. Thereupon Dhanad Sheth requested his Gurudev to name Somchandra Muni as Acharya Hemchandra. This son of Chachdev and Pahini of Dhandhuka in Saurashtra. Briefly known as 'Siddhhem'. There is a legend about his being named Acharya Hemchandra. lexicon and poetics. the mother along with her 5 year old son Chang came there to offer their respects. In course of time. renunciation and penance. Acharya Shri Devchandrasuri. the book of grammar was read in the court and besides India. Siddharaj requested him to write a grammar superior to that of Bhoj. At this time Shri Devchandrasuriji had gone to a temple for worship. gave indications of his brilliance from his very early childhood. his son to the Guru. "This son of yours shall become a prominent saint in future and shall devote himself to public welfare. As Shri Devchandrasuri returned from the temple he saw this sight. the copies were sent to Nepal.blogspot. Pahini. It was for the first time in Gujarat that 'learning' had been honoured on such a grand scale. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. yoga and spiritual knowledge. there is no other personality that can match his saintliness and literary output. Dhanad Sheth managed to get Somchandra Muni seated on the heap of carbonblack gold coins and they acquired golden lustre. Hemchandra's reputation had reached to the court of Siddharaj.. His lifetime is supposed to be from A. Since then no scholar has written such a grammar in these 800 years. Iran and such other far-off countries. he himself came to realize the significance and greatness of the Jain religion and the Jain temple and subsequently he modified his thoughts and words. 700 to 770. came to Pahini's house." Devchandrasuri along with the prominent persons of the sangh. He was named Muni Somchandra. Pahini was extemely happy at this great fortune and handed over Chang. Shree Lanka. a prominent merchant of Patan.. Dhanad Sheth. Siddharaj had no progeny and Hemchandracharya had made a profesy A copy of this grammar was placed on an elephant and a procession was carried out through the city of Patan with great pomp. the king of Gujarat. Seeing his unperturbed facial expression and innate aptitude. Of his own accord Chang went up and occupied a seat. self-restraint and self-discipline and the state welfare and popular welfare. scholar of many scriptures and author of numerous books happened to have his stay in Dhandhuka. It is so said that he used to write books at night in the light of a gem given to him by Lallig Sheth.

He travelled far and wide in Gujarat.. he wrote numerous books. he expressed his desire to accept a monk's way of life. He formulated new rules and regulations. In accordance with the desire of his Guru. 64 yoginis. Marvad and as far as Sindh and inspired about 5 lakh people to be followers of Jain religion. As a result. saintliness and nobility had a great impact on Jain religion for a long time.blogspot. 52 viras and 5 other viras used to be in his constant attendance. he worshipped goddess Ambika and having been pleased by his sincere devotion the Goddess inscribed some letters in his palm which would not be legible to an ordinary eye. Brilliant as he was. He was established as Acharya by Shri Devbhadracharya in Chitor in A. After a very long life of 84 years. Ultimately he was initiated by Upadhyay Dharmadev in A. He abolished many malpractices prevailing all around and he inspired 500 shravaks and 700 shravikas for initiation. This won many laurels for the Acharyashri and he was honoured as yugpradhan. D. The auspicious marks on child's body were indicative of bright future for him. Since his early childhood his mother Vahaddevi used to take him to religious discourses and by listening to the most inspiring religious tales. He created the khartargachchha sect. the world lost a great scholar. he also acquired the knowledge of mantravidya and he proved his supremacy in religious discourses and debates with the most learned scholars of his time. Hemchandracharya passed away in Patan in A. D. His learning. Mevad. D. Nagdev went to Jindattasuri and by applying vasakshepa (fragrant powder) Acharyashri could read those letters. 07-10-2011 .manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 26 of 133 Kumarpal will succeed Siddharaj. he thought of renunciation. With a view to satisfying his curiosity. 1173. The Goddess told him that one that would read those letters would be the yugprabhavak (a spiritual leader having great influence on the community in a particular age) the one he was looking for. Saurashtra. Once Kumarpal went in cognito to see Hemchandracharya in Cambay (Khambhat) and as the soldiers arrived Hemchandracharya managed to hide him to save his 1085 and was named Muni Somchandra. In his passing away. 1113 and was named Jindattasuri. His energy and self-discipline were profound.. scholarship. JINDATTASURI Shri Jindattasuri is renowned as a great and leading acharya having profound impact on Jain religion. One of the shravaks named Nagdev was curious to know as to which of the monks of his time had the most powerful impact. as many as 700 scribes used to prepare copies thereof which were sent throughout the country. So also with a view to consoling a Muslim teacher on the death of his son and providing some instruction. But Siddaraj had great enmity against Kumarpal. Muniraj studied the Jain theology deeply. Acharyashri made the dead son alive by the power of http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad.

manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 27 of 133 his incantation.. I want you to be my queen and roll in wealth. "0 beautiful damsel. Once Indra praised the character of Jyestha. by the sheer force of his incantation. She said. Offer wealth or riches and he/she can easily be subjugated. He said that it was difficult to make her deviate from her chosen path. the members of the Muslim community became his followers.s religious discourses and had undertaken to observe twelve vrata (vows). Consider my offer or else wild animals will kill you. At the same time. It was from this time that the tradition of applying the prefix 'jin' to the name of an Acharya started in Khartargachchha." Jyestha spurned the offer and refused to listen to what the king was saying. 07-10-2011 . One of the gods. then. He.blogspot. It includes 150 poetic compositions. I will not be tempted nor will I deviate from the path I have chosen. She learnt her first lessons in the royal family itself and was an accomplished woman. On another event in Ajmer. historical data and material about the Gandhar (chief disciple). I am fascinated by your beauty. Greatly impressed by this feat. He became famous by the title of dada. I will take http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. In A. not convinced. "A mortal is a timid "Even if the god from the heaven descends. Finally the god said. a word denoting highest respect. Then he disguised himself as a powerful and rich king and approached her with a big army comprising elephants and horses. D. She was deeply influenced by Bhagwan Mahavir'. JYESTHA Jyestha. she was a woman of spotless character. Very steadfast in their observance. 1155 in Bikaner. said." The god. the wife of Bhagwan Mahavir's loving brother Nandivardhan and the daughter of king Cheda of Vaishali. I promise to protect you if you accept my offer. Jyestha's beauty was the talk of the town. "If you do not come with me. Acharya Jindattasuri composed the best of his works in Prakrit and Apabramsha language of which the Prakrit book now available is entitled Gandhar sardha shatak containing hymns of 35 Acharyas. he covered the lightening with a wooden vessel and protected the entire gathering." But Jyestha refused to budge. "You are an obstinate woman. she would not succumb to any temptation. He also has other 11 titles to his credit. arrogant that he was. a wish-yielding tree. Nandivardhan and Jyestha had a deep faith in the family tradition of Shri Parshvanath. I can easily make her break vows she has decided to observe. abducted Jyestha and abandoned her in a forest. Fear makes him / her seek refuge. In Rajasthan Acharya Jindattasuri was known as kalpavriksha. Acharya Jindattasuri appointed Acharya Jinachandra as his successor.. Acharyashri prevented sudden lightening during the course of pratikraman (penitential retreat). was strikingly beautiful. I am a devoted wife and will remain so~" The god said. said.

Accept this small gift of kundal (ear-rings).. mind and soul. After Junagadh and Pavagadh. drink and pleasure. the king of Junagadh and forced him to embrace Islam. Possession of impeccable character can help one to strengthen body. 07-10-2011 . Who would protect Shatrunjaya against the marauding army of Begado ? About a hundred Barots (name of a caste) risked their lives to protect Shatrunjaya Tirth and sacrificed their lives fighting the infidels. It is difficult. 1467 to 1469 and defeated Ra' Mandlik. was returned to Nandivardhan and was crowned mahasati . Shri Shatrunjaya Tirth is rightly considered the chief among all the centres of pilgrimage.. The first Tirthankar of Jain religion." Jyestha. at that time. Jyestha's life. He had nursed an ambition to conquer Shatrunjaya Tirth and wanted to flatten it completely. then. The god was convinced that she was a woman of sterling character and nothing can make her deviate from the path of righteousness. It is also said that after listening to the discourses of Bhagwan Mahavir. appeared before her as god and said. "Jyestha.blogspot. he set his eye on Shatrunjaya Tirth. Spotless character is an invaluable ornament. During 1483-84. symbolises sterling character and supreme control and austerity. A person with a spotless character can only hope to develop mentally and spiritually. Bhagwan Rushabhdev. then.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 28 of 133 you away she obtained Nandivardhan's cnnsent and accepted diksha from Mahavir and became a nun. if not impossible. He invaded Junagadh three times during A. you are a pious woman and I was trying to test you but you have passed the test. Moreover. He. Jain religion has figures with such character and' qualities which can hold candle to mortals like us. not of the body. A person with such a character and certain qualities can hope to attain spiritual heights. He indulged in forced conversions of the defeated populace." Jyestha responded by saying that in that case she would commit suicide. He invaded it with a huge army and the carnage began. D. ruled Gujarat. He ascended the throne at the age of thirteen and began annexing one state after another to the state of Gujarat. the mountain has been sanctified by http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad.a truly great pious woman. Those who refused to convert to Islam were ruthlessly killed. to strive to keep character spotless. restraining desires and possessing abstemious habits in regard to food. The victorious Begado was now arrogance incarnate. but of the soul. the ruler of Pavagadh. thus. He had thought it would be a cakewalk for him and he would conquer Shatrunjaya and demolish the temples in a jiffy. Nandivardhan and Jyestha performed all the functions of a householder and also observed twelve vrata of shravak. KABHAI BAROT Sultan Mohmmad Begado. chaste. Its attainment involves qualities such as self-control. had sent out the message of non violence to the world from here. It is but natural thatmahasatis (women with piety and impeccable character) are remembered early in the morning and one such figure is Jyestha. he invaded Pavagadh and defeated Jaysinh Raval.

Then Begado came forward and said. "You are mere hundred and my army is vast . Once they had gone for a horse-ride. nor was it constructed with the help provided by any king or by hiring the labourers to work for it. One thing that strikes most in his life is his constant insistence on performance of duty. experienced Kabhai Barot came forward and shouted: "Do not move an inch. After a long spell of time. Both of them. It is difficult to find anywhere in the world such beautifullycarved idols and temples in such a large number as are found here. True to her name. Old. His mother's name was Sursundari and sister's name was Saraswati. It is not meant to be profaned with your Suddenly Kabhai unsheathed his dagger and thrust it into his chest. If you fight." Mohmmad Begado laughed mockingly and said.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 29 of 133 twenty three Tirthankars. The tirth (centre of pilgrimage) was not founded by anyone king. we will shed our blood and you will have to walk over hundred corpses. His lifeless body fell on the dare you challenge me ? You are all unarmed and have the cheek to challenge me? Don't cross our path or else you will be crushed to death. he returned without conquering Shatrunjaya Tirth. He had a revolutionary outlook and approach. KALAKACHARYA In the history of Jain religion Acharyashri Kalaksuri-II had a penetrating insight with regard to the religious scriptures. Mohmmad Begado has seen valour on the battle field but never has he seen an act of sacrifice of such a magnitude. Acharya-turned Kalak Muni was on a visit to http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. during which they happened to listen to the religious discourse of Acharya Gunakar. Such a unique place was threatened with external aggression and the very foundation of religion was challenged. And hence its importance." Ashamed. Saraswati was the treasure-house of learning and beauty par excellence. The army stood motionless and everyone felt shocked and stunned.. He refused to budge an inch and said. both of them felt intense feelings of renunciation and with their parents' consent both accepted initiation. their hearts full of devotion with only one mission to protect Shatrunjaya from falling into Begado's hands.. the brother and the sister. "Sultan ! Retreat at once. Begado was leading the army marching towards Shatrunjaya. My powerful army has been rendered powerless. Without expecting any assistance from any quarters." The king Begado ordered his army to march. sacrifice and values so dear to all Jains. loved each other immensely. It is a symbol of the religious sentiment of the people which resulted in its creation. The one hundred Barots stood in the way. The other Barots too followed suit and each one sacrificed his life. Acharyashri Kalaksuri was born to the king Virsinha of Dharavas. We will not allow you to conquer Shatrunjaya. "0 Barots! Today I stand defeated. The sight of each dying was so gruesome that Mohmmad Begado was moved. he incessantly struggled to achieve his goal. It's a symbol of faith. 07-10-2011 . As they listened to the sermons of the Acharya." Kabhai was undeterred.blogspot. Everyone let out a painful cry.

King Gardabhilla created many hurdles in their way but Acharya Kalak defeated all his manoeuvres. He was a serious thinker and a philosopher. consequently he used to make vihar alone. abstaining from love and hatred. For a purely spiritual he had impressed the kings there with the power of his knowledge and learning and had brought them to Saurashtra. Sometimes he felt that living together with impolite disciples might enhance the karmic bondage. his sister of the pre-initiation life. As soon as the mouth of Gardabhi opened. a highly religious-minded and devoted soul. Whenever one thinks of brotherly love or of justice. When he had been to Iran. he enumerated eight virtues to be essential. Shri Kalkacharya had a wide following of disciples but was not attached to them. In the front row of the battlefield.blogspot. Because of her unparalleled charm and beauty. leading intelligentsia and neighbouring kings went to the king to persuade him but he paid heed to nobody. truth. viz.. Thus Acharya Kalak earned immortal fame in the history as a promotor of a superior religion . http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. the revered name of Arya Kalak comes to mind. Despite the cries of "O brother ! Please help me". refusal to steal. these marksmen filled his mouth with thousands of arrows with the result that no sound could come out and ultimately king Gardabhilla was defeated.. 07-10-2011 . he could initiate a change in the political situation. A resident of Champanagari. Sadhvi Saraswati. At last Acharya Kalak. Acharya Kalak positioned a troup of very accurate and unfailing marksmen.saddharma. The story of his life is full of many astonishing incidents. Subsequently Shreesangh (congregation). KAMDEV SHRAVAK In the ancient volumes of Dvadashangi (a group of twelve anga works) is the life story of Kamdev Shravak. the lustful king Gardabhilla of Ujjayini arranged to abduct Saraswati. One morning he renounced the world and sat in meditation. Such was his unique detachment. King Gardabhilla was very proud of his Gardabhi vidya (a form of black magic). the incarnation of strength and power. He reached Iran via Punjab. non-violence. had come to Ujjayini to pay respect to her brother. Because of his strong will-power and very impressive personality. Then he thought of renouncing everything and spending the rest of his life as an ascetic observing the twelve vows of a shravak (a jain layman).manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 30 of 133 Ujjayini city. non-possession. He undertook the task single-handedly. With the power of this Gardabhi black magic he could make such a loud sound that all those that would hear it would die instantly. Saraswati was abducated. Saraswati was freed from the palace and was restored to her previous status of Sadhvi (nun) with honour and dignity. Acharya Kalak marched from there with a massive army of 'shaks' together with 97 'shak' chieftains. came out to oppose the king. Acharya Kalak went out of the town and became avyaktalingi. celibacy. religious meditation and the purest meditation. the affluent Kamdev spent fourteen years in the service of religion.

com/2010/04/abhaydevsuri-abhayde. He told them." But Kamdev was unperturbed. He appeared before him and roared." But Kamdev was his usual self. Who can harm the staunch devotee of Bhagwan Mahavir ? The god failed in frightening Kamdev and in setting him off course from the path he had chosen." So saying the god pounced upon him but Kamdev was calm and composed. Bhagwan. at last. praised Kamdev for his deep involvement in matters religious. then? You are all out to conquer the vices that beset the mankind and a lot is expected of you." The god was furious on being challenged and gave a resounding blow of the dagger but nothing happened to Kamdev. calm.blogspot. wealth or a beautiful damsel ?" asked a god. then. not to the soul. but he did not utter a word. I have the bulwark of my religion to protect me. said. "Give up your meditation. bowed to Shravak Kamdev and said. He was serenity incarnate. "Forgive me. "A shravak suffers so much. You cannot harm me." Thus saying. praised the steadfastness of Kamdev." Take refuge at my feet and give up religion. I am as steadfast as a rock in my resolution. My pride has melted. Else I will bite you at thousand places and the lethal poison will spread through your body. then. unperturbed..manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 31 of 133 Once Saudharmendra. Forget your fake religion and be a householder again. You will die a miserable death. He was in deep meditation. He." The disciples got the message and were all praise for Kamdev's devotion. O Kamdev. At last the god assumed the form of a poisonous. or else this dagger will cut you into two. and realised his folly. in the presence of his disciples. with no fear writ on the face. then. my Guru. It was. Kamdev said: "Don't threaten me. He. he again bowed to Kamdev and left for his heavenly abode. Then the god assumed the form of an elephant. Kamdev. O hypocrite! I will trample you under my feet and crush your bones to powder.. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Nothing happened to him. You are a staunch devotee of Bhagwan Mahavir. assumed hideous form to frighten Kamdev. hooded serpent and entwined round Kamdev's body. 07-10-2011 . When the god again tried to frighten him and threaten him with dire consequences. "Will it waver in the face of fear. during the course of his address before the religious congregation. Save yourself from an untimely death. He thought the pain was to the body. The god finally conceded defeat. But a doubt was raised about his commitment to religion. The serpent entwined itself round his body and began to bite him. thinking of Bhagwan Mahavir. became a realised soul. With this intention in mind Saudharmendra then. went to see Bhagwan Mahavir. He said. therefore decided to test Kamdev's commitment. I accept you as my Acharya. You are like a sandalwood tree spreading its fragrance everywhere and bestowing coolness on one and all. What about you. The poison caused him intolerable pain. Kamdev.

he had desired to have one crore gold-coins. 07-10-2011 . At the time when Kapil was deeply engrossed in such thoughts. She exclaimed : "Alas. "You may ask whatever you want. (memory of past birth) Attired as a Monk.. son of the state minister Kashyap of Kaushambi city. as if an ocean was offered to him when he had asked for a few drops." This was an unexpected surprise. That led him to demand one crore gold-coins. was brought up in indulgence and had therefore remained totally unlettered.. but suspecting him to be a thief. Reflecting still furhter he thought. "What would I do even with two masa of gold ? I should be content with what I have. Meanwhile a worn out leaf fell from the tree and that led him to think that whereas his actual need was that of two masa of gold. How ungrateful he was ! Driven by strong inducement he was about to deprive the very king of his kingdom who had wished to give him something ! He felt that even a thousand gold-coins were of no use to him. the monetary stress became all the more acute. On seeing the palanquin of the learned state minister. the town-police arrested him. I shall surely grant it. Thus with a view to reaching the palace first early in the morning Kapil left his house by midnight.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 32 of 133 KAPIL KEVALI Jain philosophy very specifically mentions that human desires are as infinite as the sky itself. The other day Kapil narrated his experience in the court and the king said. As the time of his wife's delivery approached. Kapil. who had replaced Kapil's father Kashyap. Abandoning studies. The king of the city used to give two masa (a unit of weight) of gold to a person who came to him first in the morning to give him blessings. Kapil had gone to the king who offered Kapil numerous and varied temptations http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Actually he needed two masa of gold. Kapil therefore decided to reveal his mind the next morning. Sitting on a stone-seat in Ashokvatika Kapil thought 100 gold-coins would be better than two masa goldcoins. her son Kapil was unlettered !" Mother's tears inspired Kapil to go for after careful consideration of the issue. have has no limits ! A worn out leaf provided Kapil a very striking reminder of the transient nature of life and world. he got busy with the problem of livelihood as he had got married. tears rolled down Shridevi's eyes. In contentment lies the real happiness. Desires are unending." Insatiety is what the mind inhales and it exhales dissatisfaction.blogspot. One who goes begging loses all considerations of propriety. Greed has a slippery way and yet mind is tempted to go that way. he had the realisation of jatismaran-gyan. He went to Shravasti for studies but there he fell in love with the maid-servant of Shalibhadra. Muni Shri Kapil Kevali's life is one such rare instance of unique divine light that dawns on a person who abandons worldly life full of infinite desires.

he came to Ahmedabad to pay a courtesy call.. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Prince Bahadursha had come and stayed with Tolasha for some days and this had resulted in close friendship between Bahadursha and Karmashah. The Sultan welcomed him with great respect and repaid Rupees one lakh that he had borrowed from him. KARMA SHAH Tolashah of Chittod had immense agony. At that time Upadhyay Vinaymandan was frequently giving sermons to Karmashah about the Shatrunjaya Once while Muni Kapil was on his way to Chorpalli in the vicinity of Shravasti city. he became restless. Moreover he inquired if there was anything that he could do for him. And it so happened that Acharya Ratnasinhsuri told Tolashah to forget his agony about the Shatrunjaya Tirth because his son was to fulfill that task. Tolashah's sixth and the youngest son Karmashah was a witness to his father's agony and he also began to contemplate as to when would he be able to undertake renovation of the place of pilgrimage and restore its holy sanctity. Bahadursha was made the Sultan of Gujarat. 07-10-2011 . Prior to becoming the emperor of Gujarat. It is said that the famous Bhadreshvar tirtha in Kutch (Gujarat state) was founded at the hands of such a great Kapil Muni. since he was greatly obliged of Karmashah. In the meantime. This Muniraj Kapil Kevali attained nirvan (emancipation). They underwent initiation under the guidance of Kapil Kevali. Bahadursha had enjoyed Tolashah's hospitality. son of Mohmmad Begado had damaged and destroyed' derasar' and other idols of Shatrunjaya Tirth. Balbhadra-chieftain of the robbers-asked him to sing a song. The glory and sanctity of the Shri Shatrunjaya Tirth that he used to worship everyday in the morning was being defiled at the hands of the foreigners. In 1583.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 33 of 133 but despite all the offers he succeeded in remaining as firm as the Meru mountain. Kapil Muni sang the stories of the eighth adhyay (chapter) of Shri Uttaradhyan Sutra in such a touching tone and appealing tune of drupad rag that it cleansed the wickedness of all the 500 thieves and they all became averse to worldly desires and pleasures. he asked for some money to meet the expenses on way and Karmashah gave him rupees one lakh unconditionally.. The moment Tolashah came to know that Ahmmad Sikandar. On having a small quarrel with his father. While going to Gujarat from Chittod. His deep religious faith prompted him eagerly to remove such severe impurity in the great pilgrim-place. As Karmashah came to know about Bahadursha's installation as the Sultan of Gujarat. Acharya Shri Vijaydansuriji arrived at Chittod and he also inspired Karmashah for this great task.

All the graneries in the state are empty. Thus they are superior even to the emperor. Karmashah led the shreesangh to Palitana.. KHEMO DEDRANI The Jain community has always rendered help to one and all in limes of crises. simultaneously the mammani stone that was retained by chief minister Vastupal was dug out and an idol of Tirthankar Bhagwan Rushabhdev was carved out of that special stone. A grand function was organised for the anjanshalaka (idol installation ceremony) of the jin pratima which was deformed by Ahmmad Sikandar in past. while in the case of the emperor (badshah) it comes at the end. I want your shahs to provide foodgrains to the people for one year. The shahs (philanthropic Jains) would render all possible help during difficult times when even the Emperors would feel helpless. He called a member of the Jain community from Champaner and said. All their wealth and riches are spent to alleviate the suffering of the people and are second to none in providing support to the needy and those in dire state. The poor and the needy would have a free access to their graneries and godowns and therefore the title Shah has been appended to their names. Karmashah alongwith chha'Ri sangh (a congregation on pilgrimage practising six special vows) came to Palitana. The stories of the relief operations undertaken by the Jains have been written in letters of gold. The bards used to say that the tag' shah' is put before the name of the Jain.. especially in times of famines when the population suffered from acute scarcity of food grains and women and children died of hunger. Khan Mazadkhan. This was the sixteenth grand renovation function of Shri Shatrunjaya Tirth. This was replaced by the installation of the new idol of Bhagwan Rushabhadev." http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad.blogspot. It was attended by about 10 acharyas including Acharya Somajaya. The emperor of Gujarat was Mohmmad Begado. If they fail to do so the title shah will be withdrawn and you shall be beheaded. The Sultan issued an order to that effect. 07-10-2011 . in that connection he requested for the royal Upadhyay Vinaymandanji came to Palitana together with an assemblage of monks and nuns. "There is famine in Gujarat and people are dying.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 34 of 133 Karmashah told that it was his strong desire to install an idol of his Lord at the Shri Shatrunjaya Tirth. From Ahmedabad Karmashah left for Cambay (Khambhat) and informed Upadhyay Shri Vinaymandanji about the incident and requested him to come to the Shatrunjaya Tirth. the suba (governor ofa province) of Sorath was unwilling that glory of Shri Shatrunjaya Tirth should be re-established but his displeasure did not prevail against the order of the Sultan. The work of renovation of the originaljinprasad (Jain temple) was carried out.

His wife prepared sumptuous meal and they all had good time at his place. alongwith three other monks.. "Why not give me an opportunity to show that I care for the suffering people? I will meet the entire expenditure of one year. thanks to the philanthropy of Khemo Dedrani. He was. he abdicated the title mahamatya and decided to renounce the world. After obtaining his father's consent. began to reach the emperor's godowns. accompained by Khemo. Now they had to plan for the remaining period. Mahajan. as a result of a undertake penance and observe austerities. He bowed to the members of the mahajan (the business community). the court dancer of Patliputra. then. in the anthill of a snake and near a well surrounded by women coming to fetch water. was alluringly lovely and highly accomplished in fine arts. came to the emperor's court and informed him about the offer. They all agreed to provide grains and clothes for one year to the people of Gujarat. he said. "I did my duty and the Jinshasan (Jain order) has triumphed. Khemo only said. The grains were distributed to the starving people and Gujarat could face the crisis posed by the famine. They could collect sufficient amount to last for about 190 days. They thought. The elder son of mahamatya Shaktal was Sthulbhadra. "Do you want anything?" Khemo said that he did not want anything but he wanted them to come to his house to enjoy his hospitality. The three monks decided to spent four months respectively in a lion's den. After the death of his father. Khemo came to know about their mission. Sthulbhadra asked for http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. They approached the shahs in towns and cities and started collecting money. He lived with courtesan Kosha in her house. 07-10-2011 .blogspot. After sometime bullock carts loaded with bags of grains. The initiation (diksha) took place in the presence of Acharya Sambhutvijayji. One of them said." All those present were stunned.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 35 of 133 The bhojak of Champaner collected the members of the business community and reported to them what the emperor had said. Khemo Dedrani was an ordinary villager." KOSHA Kosha. When the Emperor praised Khemo Dedrani. He was on his way to the well with his buffalo. "How can an ordinary man have the money to meet the expenses for one full year ?" To their surprise they discovered that the ordinary looking Khemo was fabulously rich and he could feed people not for one year but for twelve years. The emperor was also wonderstruck. The emperor was pleased and the title shah was permanently affixed to the Jains. asked to stay at one place. She loved him passionately. Hadala is a small village on way to Dhandhuka..

was far superior to the physical one. exists in Jain folklore. He praised the efforts of Sthulbhadra to triumph over the temptations posed by Kosha. "What Sthulbhadra had accomplished was very easy. Kosha fed him delicious food and dressed herself so attractively that the monk fell for her. Kosha. "O Muni ! you are worried to see your blanket being s~llied but you are not worried at the fact that you have sullied your character. he said. cooked delicious food and offered it to him. The monks were naturally not pleased and said. Acharya Sambhutvijayji was highly pleased and said. then. He also explained to her how worship would make her experience inner happiness which no luxuries could offer. She was all agog to receive her pa'ramour and the past memories began to crowd her mind. "You have attained the impossible !" The three other monks spent four months in different places in difficult conditions. Kosha wiped her feet with it and threw it into a puddle of dirty water.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 36 of 133 Acharya Sambhutvijayji's consent to stay in Kosha's dancing hall whose walls were covered with attractive pictures inflaming passions. asked him to go to Nepal and bring for her the expensive blanket studded with jewels. The monk went to Nepal and borrowed from the king of Nepal the blanket and gave it to Kosha. Acharya said' difficult' but he had uttered the word 'difficult' three times on listening to Sthulbhadra's tale. in the form of stories.. She. his heart full of devotion and Kosha's beauty held no attraction for him.. then. He was deep in meditation. became a shravika. KSHULLAK MUNI http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. The consent was granted.the three monks and Sthulbhadra. Kosha then showed her skill by dancing on a lotus placed on a needle tip. The monk was naturally angry as he had borrowed the blanket from the king of Nepal.blogspot. 07-10-2011 . Kosha realised her folly and asked for his forgiveness. novels etc. Kosha said. She would dance gracefully and play on the veena (lute) and the whole palace would reverberate but Sthulbhadra was immune to what was happening around him. Quite a rich literature. Rathakar (charioteer and political advisor) of King Nand showed his skill and managed to bring a bunch of mangoes to where he and Kosha were sitting. On hearing their tale of how they survived the ordeal. She.. What it meant was that what he had accomplished was far more difficult than what the three monks had faced and accomplished. Muni Sthulbhadra discoursed on the inner beauty of the soul which." Listening to these words of Kosha. about the lives of Kosha and Sthulbhadra. The idea behind this arrangement was to test the selfcontrol of each ." So saying one of them went to see then. the monk realised his folly and returned to the Acharya. Kosha's joy knew no bounds when she learnt that Sthulbhadra was to spend four months in her luxurious palace.


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Kshullakkumar had listened to the preachings of his mother and other monks for years together but the concepts of restraint, renunciation or detachment did not appeal or move him at all. His mother had granted him initiation at a very early age of eight but because of long-standing delusion of mind, his lustful desires did not vanish. In accordance with the promise given to his mother, he had listened to the inspiring sermons of Jineshwar Prabhu (venerable Jina) from her but that too could not move him. After listening to his mother thus for long twelve years when Kshullakkumar bid farewell to his mother she insisted that he should also see the Guru before leaving. The Guru, instead of giving him permission to leave, preached him for twelve more years. Thereafter Upadhyay (spiritual leader) and Gachchhadhipati (a leader of a group of monks) also gave him sermons for twelve years each. But all were in vain. After forty eight years of initiation when he finally left his mother, she gave him the ratnakambal (shawl studded with diamonds) and a ring from her previous worldly life. Shri Kshullak Muni found it difficult to go from house to house for alms. He stopped the practice of going for alms. He thought that as a result of sleeping on a grass-bed on the ground, his joints were severly aching. He told his guru that it would be better to have a cot. Similarly, he asked permission for having a bath with hot water. In the course of time, he could not bear the loch ceremony of removing hair, so he secured permission from the guru for shaving with a razor. A monk's way of life proved to be an ordeal for Kshullak Muni; his penance and renunciation were too hard for him to follow for ascetic way of a monk's life calls for severe penance. It became impossible for Shri Kshullak Muni to abide by the monk's way of life and finally Kshullakkumar renounced all the formalities of life of restraint and reached the court of Saketpur by evening. When he reached there, he found the court reverberating to the steps of the dancers. It was an unusual sight for him and was spellbound. Diamond-studded shining throne, lovely paintings on the wall, and dazzling light of the golden lamps amidst this unusual atmosphere there were the sounds of loud appreciation by the lustful spectators. Kshullak got lost in this atmosphere of worldly joy and excitement. When it was dawn, the dancer's feet began to falter because of fatigue; soon her mother, Akka, warned her conveying the message in musical tune in the words"Much of the night is gone and very little time remains. Do not be lethargic any more." No sooner did Kshullakkumar hear these words his conscience awakened. He had an inspiring message in those words. He gifted the ratnakambal to the dancer. Kshullakkumar began to ponder : "So many of my years have passed and now it is not desirable to be lethargic for the remaining life". What numerous sermons and preachings of the spiritual teacher could not achieve, a single utterance of Akka could. It succeded in awakening his sense of penance and restraint. Kshullak showed his mother's signet-ring to king Pundarik and said, "The name on this signet-ring would tell you that I am the son of your younger brother 07-10-2011


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Kundarik." The king, on recognising the ring, wanted to hand over his kingdom to Kshullakkumar but he refused it. Finally the king and all others accepted initiation under Kshullakkumar and at last they all attained the bliss.

Kundaliyo Shravak was a merchant by profession selling ghee (purified butter) but he was a deep scholar of religious philosophy. Once he had gone to the town for sellingghee; meanwhile he saw that Acharyasuri Ratnakarsuriji, seated in a palanquin, was going towards the royal palace. Alongwith the palanquin, numerous scholars were walking on foot and many armed soldiers were walking ahead and they were followed by the royal servants. Kundaliyo Shravak got engrossed in thought at this sight. He was well aware that Acharya Ratnakarsuriji was a versatile scholar of religious philosophy, logic, grammar, literature, prosody and many other branches of knowledge. No scholar would introduce himself as scholar before him because they knew full well that as compared to the versatile scholarship of Acharyashri their scholarship was quite negligible. Shri Ratnakarsuriji had the unusual ability of providing many consistent interpretations of a single pad (a form of poem), since he possessed profound intellect and mastery of many sciences. Because of this ability, the king himself had honoured him with the title of 'Anekarthvadi' (one capable of interpreting given sentence in several ways). As a token of their respect and honour for him, the king as well as the people had requested him to come to the royal court in a palanquin rather than by walking. Ultimately this led to a slow but regular laxity in his characteristic qualities. One error leads to a thousand. In course of time Acharyashuri began to relish the tastiest and sweetest food meant for the king and the chieftains and he also began to use their costliest clothes and in course of time he was accustomed to accepting pearls and rubies by way of gifts. Kundaliyo Shravak was surprised to see that the Acharya having so great an impact on Jain religion should sit and move in a palanquin and accept valuable gifts and put on costly dress. He wondered if this was fair for a monk committed to a vow of non-possession! But Kundaliyo Shravak bowed to him and paid his respects. The other day he went to attend the lecture of Ratnakarsuriji and at the conclusion of the lecture, he quoted a gatha (verse) from Updeshmala and requested the Acharyashri to tell its meaning. It meant that money is regarded as the root cause of all evils and it has been renounced by all past sages. If some Acharya keeps with him such evil-causing money and riches, it is needless and useless for him to undergo renunciation and penance. 07-10-2011


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with scholarly wisdom, provided various meanings other than the standard one. Kundaliyo Shravak said politely, /I Acharyashri ! You have provided wonderful meanings of the' gatha' but I request you kindly to oblige me by providing its original and essential meaning." So saying Kundaliyo bowed down and went out to sell his ghee. He returned the other day. Acharyashri offered almost a new definition and when Kundaliyo went to him the third day he offered a totally new meaning which was never heard before. Thus six months passed in interpreting the gatha.
Kundaliyo came after six months and said, " Acharyashri ! All the money that I had earned by the sale of ghee is exhausted today. I shall have to return to my village for some urgent work. I repent only one thing that I have not been able to grasp the original meaning of the gatha." Next day, Acharyashri explained to him the original and correct meaning of the gatha, and Kundaliyo Shravak went home very delighted. It was a moment of awakening for the Acharya and he recited a prayer at Shatrunjaya Tirtha which came to be known as Ratnakar Pachhisi..

Anekarthvadi Acharyashri,

Kurgadu Muni's name is associated with the humane quality of forbearance. Kur means cooked rice and gadua means a kind of vessel. It means that Munishri Kurgadu required a large vesselful of cooked rice in the morning and only then would he feel fit. This habit of his rice eating in the morning had become an object of mockery among other monks. But he could not go hungry, he had to eat a large quantity of food. Because of his excessive eating, some monks called him a glutton. Four of these sadhus of his gachchha were mahatapasvi (great practioner of austerity). One of these monks observed fast for one month, the second one for two months, the third one for three months and the fourth one for four months. Ignoring the jocular remarks of these sadhus, Muni Kurgadu continued performing all his personal attendance to them. He never envied the severe penance of other monks; on the contrary he always supported and praised them for their penance. As he was aware of his own limitations, he used to be ever-willing and ever-ready to perform such selfless service to all the monks that were engaged in penance. He had formed the habit to use all such slander and censure as a method of selfanalysis and self-introspection. Thus, his way of life was that of constant forbearance. Once on the occasion of samavatsari (annual ceremony of public confession) Kurgadu Muni returned after collecting the alms (gochari). He put his alms before the monks and politely requested them to have something from the alms if they so desired. As the monks heard his words, they got furious and scolded him hard for eating even on a religious day and offering them the food so shamelessly 07-10-2011

It is indeed shameful for me that I am unable to perform the penance on a day of parvas. Whose guest are you ?" Udaji was touched by her sweet words. They were all treated well and offered http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Lacchidevi is a shining example of devotion to religion. attended by her retinue of servants.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 40 of 133 on such a day of parva. While coming out of the shrine. 07-10-2011 . Sincere repentence becomes instrumental in revealing the truth. Outside the beautiful jinalaya. so Kurgadu Muni realized what was wrong with him and he could understand his own weakness and sadhu maharajs nobility. forgive and suffer. I do not know anybody here except you for you are kind enough to talk to me. on the contrary he was embarrassed and puzzled. Kurgadu Muni was not enraged. was on her way to the temple. sitting on the steps. dirty clothes. Kurgadu Muni began to repent." Lacchi said. I have been instrumental in enraging them. Kurgadu Muni was lost in purest meditation and ultimately attained absolute knowledge. "I have come to this place for the first time. This occasion of his attaining absolute knowledge proved to be a festival for divine celebration. with a carved turret. His sincere request for service had become a cause of anger. Lacchi Chhipan (Laxmi Bhavsar). Lacchi. It is said very truly that only a large-hearted and noble person can forget. therefore. LACCHIDEVI Bhakti (devotion) is something which is more valuable than any other possession one will like to have. your guest. For the Muniraj this proved to be an occasion for self-probing and self-reproach. However. in tattered. in a soft." Udaji went to Lacchi's house with his wife Suhadevi and two sons. I am fortunate to have a guest like you. You are welcome with your family. Chahad and Bahad. How shameful !" And. "Welcome to my house. The five kartavya (commandments) of Paryushan and the annual eleven kartavya of a shravak also emphasise the importance of bhakti. wife of Tribhuvansinh of Karnavati. Indeed as a muni. she saw In this mood of self-censure and gloom. In their view this was shocking and scornful. I am. on the bank of the Sabarmati. He said. "Instead of serving these four monks. thus. affectionate tone asked : "You look like a stranger to Karnavati. sat Udaji of Marwad for darshan of the deity.. "Oh ! What an idleness of mind on my part ! A sadhu is supposed never to be idle for a second whereas I am not able to perform even a single minor penance. The furious sadhus spat on his food. I have committed many blunders of serious consequences..blogspot. His mind was agitated and he thought. I deserve to be hated !" His thoughts continued.

"Why do you spow such affection and love to me ?" Lacchi replied." Everyone agreed and a temple was constructed. It was called Udayan Vihar. Bakuladevi was a woman to be judged by her deeds. The matter was referred to king Karnadev. However we do have exceptions. He was very honest in his dealings and sold pure. LAKSHMIPATI There lived. happened to be in Dhara. These pots are.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 41 of 133 sumptuous food. He would listen to his customers' complaints and would behave courteously with them. a rich Shravak Lakshmipati." Lacchi gave a house to Uda and his family to live in. It is said that good and noble sentiments bloom in the hearts of people only if there is right enviornment. He went to Lacchi and said.. A person must be judged by his thoughts and deeds and not by his family. by her thoughts and her noble character and history indeed has judged her as such. yours. Lakshmipati was a philanthropist and whosoever came to his house. Udaji became nagarsheth. She would go out of her way to help people. Once Shridhar and Shripati. "You are a co-religionist and it is the sacred duty of a Jain to love a co-religionist. I bought your house but the land is yours. He set up a small shop and started selling ghee. A highly religious person. then.. sons of a pandit (scholar) Krishnagupta of Benaras. would not return emptyhanded. He was a successful businessman. "These are yours. Uda became very happy now that he had a house to live in." Lacchi replied. therefore. "Since the house is yours. Udaji. It was her innate goodness and nobility which shone through her acts of charity and generosity. "Let's offer it to god. unadulterated ghee. At last Udaji said." Udo was adamant and refused even to touch the pots. During their stay in the city Shridhar and Shripati often visited http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad.blogspot. When they came to the house of Lakshmipati. They had set out on a pilgrimage. asked. What was the way out. he warmly welcomed them and offered alms. A person with evil thoughts inhabiting sacred enviorns has to be judged as ola lower species. One day Udaji was digging up land to construct a new house when he found pots of then? The king rejected the proposal of depositing the money in the court's coffers. the land also now belongs to you. 07-10-2011 . They had a retentive memory and had studied all the Vedas (the oldest sacred books of the Hindus). then a minister to king Siddharaj and lastly chief of the city of Cambay but remained beholden to Lacchi till the end of his life. in the city of Dhara in Malwa. He became a popular man and came to be known as Uda Gheewala. The two were highly intelligent and well-versed in all branches of knowledge. Queen Minaldevi wanted the wealth equally divided between Udaji and Lacchi but that also was not acceptable to both.

those things whose understanding is absolutely necessary for the attainment of liberation are here considered to be reals. 07-10-2011 . His gloom disappeared and he thanked the two brothers. Liberation being the ultimate goal to be achieved by living beings. They studied the scriptures and with the passage of time they came to be known as Acharya Jineshwarsuriji and Acharya Buddhisagarsuriji. Poor Lakshmipati had become a pauper overnight and he did not know what to do. Lakshmipati thought how much benefit would accrue to his religion if such knowledgeable persons embraced Jainism and became monks to propagate the message of Jain religion. Lakshmipati did not maintain accounts books. they had remembered each and every detail. Religion is a matter of heart and not of what lies outside one' sown being. They saw the house reduced to ashes in an instant and the enormous loss suffered by Lakshmipati. Once a big fire broke out in Lakshmipati's house and his furniture and all his belongings were reduced to ashes. The brothers told him that they could tell him every detail of the accounts they had read on the walls.blogspot. From the spiritual standpoint seven more reals are derived from these two. when the two brothers came for alms. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. They are known by the common term' substance' .. The Acharya's scholarship and detachment touched the two brothers and they became his disciples. Acharya Vardhamansuriji said. It is a way of life that enlightens the lives of the people. There is no third fundamenta~ real besides these two. and with their retentive memory. A smile flickered on Lakshmipati's face and he began writing the accounts as dictated by the two brothers from their memory. "How many reals (tattvas-regarded as objects of faith for a Jaina) are there in the world? There are two fundamental reals . He did not know as to how much did the people owed to him. They exhaust the entire universe. So the Jain thinkers have exhaustively explained these nine reals. The walls had turned black and now it was difficult to read the accounts written on them. Since their memory was sharp. Acharya Vardhmansuriji explained the significance of Jain religion. thus making the total of nine reals (nav tattvas). The walls of his palace were literally his accounts books for all the accounts were written out on these walls. He was instrumental in the making of many a great Acharya and his service to the cause of religion is legendary. He sat helplessly cursing his Shridhar and Shripati happened to read the accounts during their visits.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 42 of 133 Lakshmipati's house for alms. He took them to Acharya Vardhamansuriji. The life of Laxmipati reflects his devotion to ]ainshasan Gain order).. remembered all facts and figures.the sentient and the insentient.

was a ruler and an army commander. "Whatever wealth that we have. for their honesty and loyalty. They must be used for her protection and it is our duty to use the money and wealth for that purpose. as the maker of Mewar.. Bhamasha. He was chased by the Mughal Army. Jains also occupied top positions in the army as commanders. Once he saw his young daughter crying for milk and he felt very sad at the sight." Bhamasha was wonder stuck. He decided to leave Mewar and settle somewhere else. "How do you want me to fight for? I have neither soldiers nor money. Religion is a way of life and it should be woven inextricably into one's life. We are the children of Mewar and our wealth and riches. Rana Udaisinh had made him the ruler of Gaudvad province.Tarachand. belongs to Ranaji and tell him that we do not want even a penny to be repaid. Bhamasha." Bhamasha went home and told his wife Laxmi about his determination to fight for the motherland's independence.blogspot. The rulers and kings of the age held the Jain munis. officers etc . belong to her. we pay unto him what we have gained from the motherland. a war-veteran. resolved to fight. Rana said.. The businessmen excelled in their chosen field and Jains were preferred for the responsible posts such as ministers. Laxmi continued. In 1567Chittod was captured by Akbar. thus. Rana Pratap was defeated in a battle in Haladighati but he refused to surrender and . dewan etc. a staunch supporter of Rana Pratap and a patriot to the core. Rana Sang and Bharmal founded the city of Udaipur and made it a capital city. How do I put up a fight against Akbar so severely handicapped that I am?" Bhamasha said "I offer you my entire wealth. 07-10-2011 .. He was durgpal (Administrator) of Ranthambhore and also of another State. "See. therefore. Similarly.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 43 of 133 He firmly believed that any help for a religious cause would lead one to the path of well-being. She gave the bunch of keys to Bhamasha and said. Laxmi too was a patriot and was ready to sacrifice everything for the sake of motherland. treasurers. must spring eternally in human heart. another son of Bharmal. Bhamasha is known in the glorious history of Rajasthan. in fact. Jains. His father Bharmal was the friend of Rana Sang. had a brave father and an intelligent brother and was a minister in the state. You will be able to wage a battle for longtime. He persuaded Rana Pratap not to leave Mewar and to continue to fight to regain freedom from the Mughals. Devotion to religion." These words of Laxmi inspired Bhamasha and paid tribute http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. learnt about his decision and was very much saddened. Yatis and scholars in high esteem. LAXMI The history of Rajput era in Rajasthan is replete with the outstanding works of Jains.

One of the chief devotees of Bhagwan Mahavir was Shrenik Bimbisar. 07-10-2011 . Once father Bimbisar challenged his son Abhaykumar to retrieve a ring from an empty well without descending into it. Abhaykumar found out the cause of his failure. he established the supremacy of a teacher. swelled to the rim and thus the ring was He said. in the account books worshipped dUring the festival of Deepawali.blogspot. "How noble!" Bhamasha. The minister to king Shrenik. Once the king wanted to learn the skill of mesmerism in order to attract people towards him from a person of low caste. "Here's a woman who is so self-sacrificing that she has no desire to keep even a part of the wealth for the old age or for any emergency that may arise. His keen intellect had helped to solve many a thorny problem. Rana Pratap. went to Rana Pratap and lay at his feet everything that he had with which he could fight for twelve years with an army of twenty-five thousand soldiers. "You can not learn any skill or art sitting on your throne." Thus. Abhaykumar. resolved to fight. The cake. loving and an ideal minister. According to available historical evidence Bhamasha had not only offered money but had fought against Akbar along with Rana Pratap and had showed great courage on the battlefield. What a unique specimen of ideal conjugal relationship! MAHAMANTRI ABHAYKUMAR The message of Bhagwan Mahavir had spread far and wide and the impact was felt by the common people as well as the kings and the emperors. he had helped the king to nab the thief stealing mangoes from the garden.. with the ring in it. He thought. religiosity and detachment.. he filled the well with water. The ring stuck to the dung cake and now. just. Instal the person of low caste in a high seat as your teacher and then only the goddess of knowledge will be pleased with you. and also in the ancient Buddha agam majzimanikay. the king of Magadh. His son Abhaykumar was also Mahavir's chief devotee and there are historical references about him in the records of the Swetambara and Digambara tradition. became customary to write the words may we be blessed with the intellect of Abhaykumar. It is also believed that Abhaykumar had once met and honoured Gautam Buddha. was an embodiment of supreme intelligence. It. Abhaykumar threw cowdung into the well and allowed it to dry. touched by Bhamasha's gesture. then. This reflects his reverence for other religions and his catholicity. The pages of history are filled with incidents showing Bhamasha's philanthropy but the inspiring force behind him was his wife Laxmi and her willingness to make supreme sacrifices. He and Laxmi valued freedom and were prepared to make all sacrifices to protect it. then. But he could not. Similarly. Abhaykumar was renowned as a highly intelligent. her patriotic fervour and love for the motherland.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 44 of 133 to her sense of sacrifice. He used to learn about people's problem travelling in cognito http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad.

. In A. influenced by the preachings ofMahavir. He was the head of a fleet of five thousand horses during the reign of King Bhimdev. The members of his family tried in vain to dissuade him. proved himself a competent. He visited a region known as Parasya in those days. Abhaykumar had sent a golden idol to him. All the princes of Shrenik Bimbisar Abhaykumar Meghkumar. Abhaykumar symbolises an ideal blend of intellect. besides his devotion to religion.1094. at the request of Adrak. Shantu once undertook a pilgrimage to Shatrunjaya Tirtha. It is said that. The darshan of the idol caused the desire for vairag(renunciation) in Adrak and he set out on a journey to ancient India. met Bhagwan Mahavir and surrendered himself to him. and known now as Iran. Me had to face internal as well as external threats to his rule. Mahamatya Shantu assumed the leadership of the army and. and in Tharad and installed idols in ]inalayas on Mt.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 45 of 133 and this helped him to defeat conspiracies against his kingdom.He saw a man engrossed in penance but could not recognise him. He.. Nandisen and Varisen . He facilitated the entry of devotees from one village·to the other so as to enable them to perform pooja (worship) in different shrines. Abhaykumar travelled far and wide and spread the message of Mahavir. D. courteous and self-abnegating. He was also generous. with the consent of all.led a life of J renunciation though born into afflunce and luxuries. When the king Shrenik thought of appointing him his successor. Under the spell of Bhagwan Mahavir's influence. MAHAMANTRI SHANTU The Solanki era was the golden period in the history of Gujarat. He renounced the worldly pleasures and chose the difficult path of penance. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Two huge Jain temple Were also constructed in the two villages of Vanka and Nihana. he.blogspot. they gave up everything and walked on the difficult path of penance and spirituality. He was renowned for his bravery and patriotism. instead became a disciple of Bhagwan Mahavir. Being a religiousminded person. Abu and Shantuvasahi in Ashaval. He bowed to him and asked him his guru's name. He then rose to become chief minister and chief whip in the kingdom. The prince of Parasya was Abhaykumar's friend. then. There are many such instances to prove his razor-sharp intellect and ingenuity and Jain literature is replete with stories testifying to his qualities. Abhaykumar. The man said his guru was Mahamatya Shantu. In the Jain tradition.. The name of Shantu shone like a bright star during the era. 07-10-2011 . devotion and sacrifice. intelligent minister and also a highly devoted monk. King Siddharaj ascended the throne of Pat an. The prince. suppressed the rebellion. had also become his disciple later. he consructed temple inPatan.

had come to Shantuvasahi to get a glimpse of the god. He realised his folly and sent a word to Shantu to return home. but how can I·forgetguru Shantu who showed me the right path ?" Thisincident strengthened Shantu's faith in religion. On the.. Idonot want tobea traitor. a Acharyas began climbing each flOor but maintained a studied silence Shantu was baffled and asked Y as to why they had' not uttered a word." At that very mOment Shantu declared that this palatial residence would now be an upashraya. When Shantu left. Shantu insta~ left the place and settled in Malwa in Rajasthan. explaining. Shantu 1returned to Gujarat and was accorded a hero's welcome. astride an elephant. is composed by Mandevsuri for the well-being of the Shatrunjaya. he felt an inclination for renunciation. Laghushanti Stava always sung by the Jain community. In. I would rather die than to be a traitor. he felt remorse and decide to abdicate all worldly possessions and get rid of all desires.. It so happened once that king Siddhraj was angry with Shantu for no apparent reason. "Once Shantu. "Your residence is a symbol of your affluence.blogspot. other hand the kingof Malwa tried· to tempt Shantu and win. ButShanturefused to succumb to temptations. The ascetic then.arajemployed spies to keep a "atch on Shantuto find out if Shantu indulged in any suspicious activities. Having listened to the sermons of Pradhyotansuriji.deference to his master's wishes. one of the twelve) and chhedsutra (a law book dealing with http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. He said. He made a deep and intensive study of the scriptures in a very short time and mastered 11 angas (Jain canonical text.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 46 of 133 This came asa bolt from the blue f()r Shantu and asked him to explain what he meant. How do you expect us to praise it ? We would have certainly don~ so if it had been an upashraya. Acharya Shri Manekchandrasuriji said. At thattime a yati stood there with one of his arms around a prostitute's shoulder. He. dismounted and bowed to yati.said." King Siddharaj learnt about Shantu's intense love for hismotherlahd and felt ashamed of himself for being instrumental in Shantu's departure from Gujarat. Shantu stopped the elephant. Gujarat is my motherland and I cannot think of betraying her. "I haveembraced Jain religion. Twelve years have passed since then. thought that Shantu. was an embodiment of devotion and courtesy while he was treading the path of sin. and have accepted Acharya Devsuriji as my guru and king Siddharaj as my master. He attained his diksha (initiation) from Acharya Hemchandrasuriand began· penance. He bowed again and then the yati felt ashamed of himself for becoming a slave to lust. MANDEVSURI A monk's way of life leads to upliftment and well-being of the self and the society. over him to his side. Shantu spent eighty-four thousand guineas on the construction of a palatialresidenceand invited Acharyas to visit it. Siddh. 07-10-2011 .

Then Virchand repented very much and the Acharya set him free as a gesture of forgiveness. Mandevsuri. While guru Pradyotansuri honoured Mandevsuri with the title of Acharya (head of a mendicant group). They always came to bow and pay their respects to Mandevsuriji. Vijaya. 204 on Shri Girnar Tirtha in Saurashtra by undertaking fasts. As guru Pradyotansuri watched this sight.. 07-10-2011 . Virchand. He passed away in A. Goddess Lakshmi and Goddess Sarasvati were seen seated on either shoulders of Mandevsuri. would be able to stick to Niratichar (nontransgression) code of conduct or would it cast a slur on his character. as he saw the Goddesses near the Acharya. an astonishing happening was witnessed. Unexpectedly. the four goddesses viz. As a result of this vow Shri Mandevsuriji's penance achieved a dignified status. came to Acharya Mandevsuri with a letter of request from the Shreesangh. he became worried if Mandevsuri having earned the great title of Jainacharya. Consequent upon his disrepect to Acharya. he wondered as to why women should be sitting near the Acharya. Because of his celibacy and excellent knowledge. the Jain community made urgent efforts to find out a solution. It was through his sermons that Sandha Rajputs came to the fold of Jain religion.blogspot. Acharya Mandevsuri composed Tijay Pahutta for the eradication of calamity. They all invoked the guardian Goddess (Shasandevi) and she told them to approach Acharya Mandevsuri and after washing his feet to sprinkle the same water in the city so as to eradicate the terrifying epidemic. Under the impact of these doubts he took his seat without bowing before the Acharya. could appreciate the mental agony of his guru and at that very moment he took a vow that henceforth he would not accept alms from his devotees and that he would stick to the vow taken till the very end. Virchand arrived at Takshashila with this stotra and as instructed by Acharya Mandevsuri he chanted the stotra and sprinkled the holy water invested with the charm of stotra (devotional song) all around and the epidemic was eradicated. This earned him immense reputation everywhere. the city happened to suffer from the terror of an epidemic and people started dying.. Being greatly worried. the Goddesses tied him in a tight bondage. Now Virchand presented the letter of request from Shreesangh of Takshashila and Acharyashri told Virchand. At this time Takshashila town abounded in riches and wealth of the Jains and it had 500 Jain temples. Jaya. obedient disciple as he was." He composed Shantistava Stotra and asked him to chant the same and then sprinkle the holy water which would eradicate the epidemic. Aparajita and Padma resided by his side. One of the Jains of Takshashila. "I shall perform the task entrusted by Shreesangh from over here. The entire city became a dumping ground of thousands of dead bodies.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 47 of 133 monastic offences) and consequently he was bestowed Acharyapad. Subsequently. MAHARAJ KUMARPAL http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad.

He proclaimed : "The people at large are violent and are at one another's throat. Profuse details about Kumarpal are available in Dwayashray of Hemchandracharya. recitation of Vitrag stotra and Yogshastra. Born in a noble family. Hemchandracharya had been kind to him and helped him many a time. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. symbolising bravery. was a powerful monarch. separation from family. The compassion for all living organism that one finds in Gujarat is the result of sustained campaign launched by Kumarpal at the instance of Hemchandracharya. but violence to living organism is the worst of all sins. justice and compassion and it is a glorious chapter in the saga of J ainism. in the play Moharajparajay by Yashpal and Kumarpalpratibodh of Somprabhacharya.blogspot.. at the age of fifty. D. 1143. thirst and starvation and had to beg and roam in forests. Kumarpal ascended the throne of Gujarat. therefore. Kumarpal. Siddhraj had no issue and hence Kumarpal was to succeed him to the throne. His life was a blend of grievous calamities and glorious achievements. he suffered king's ire. It was a life fit to be a subject of an epic. The offering of animals to goddess kantakeshwari was also prohibited. Kumarpal was married to Bhopaldevi." He instructed his officials to give severe punishment to those who indulged in violence. he had carved out a niche for himself not only in the history of Gujarat but of India and his life was full of some extraordinary events. 1093. an ap9stle of non-violence. He. I ordain that no one should profit from violence. They prohibited any form of violence committed for the sake of religion or livelihood. Those who practise violence should give it up and they will be fed at the king's kitchen for three years if they have no means of subsistence. His routine included waking up to the chanting of devotional songs. At the instance of kalikalsarvagna (all knowing) scholar Hemchandracharya.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 48 of 133 The life of Rajarshi (king with the attributes of a sage) Kumarpal. He was made to accept the twelve vows 9f samyaktva and grihastha and Hemchandracharya then conferred on him the title Rajshri (best among the kings). He closed down slaughter houses at the instance of Hemchandracharya. Such a detailed history of no other king is available in India! Born in A. Kumarpal's devotion to non violence inspired the kings in the neighbouring countries too to practise non-violence. Lying is a sin and illicit relationship with a woman is a worse sin. 07-10-2011 . D. He wished that Kumarpal died and then was reborn as his son to become the king of Gujarat. A man of exceptional talents. Known as Parmahart Shravak. the new king banned gambling in the kingdom.. a blend of joys and sorrows. He also freed Kumarpal from divine curse. In A. tried to kill Kumarpal but didn't succeed. Finally he defeated his enemy. got back his kingdom and embraced religion to die a coveted However Siddharaj did not want Kumarpal to inherit the throne of Gujarat.

1174. proceeded to catch up with the retinue. He performed pratikraman with full devotion in· his heart and asked for forgiveness for the sinful acts. He is remembered in the history as an ideal king of exceptional talents. MAHANSINH The life of Mahansinh of Delhi symbolised staunch adherence to vows and the power of pratikraman (ritualized confession). Firozshah felt proud of having a person like Mahansinh in his kingdom. D.blogspot. He did not hide even a penny. Once he honoured a large contingent of Sadhw-Sanyasi Gain and Hindu monks) at considerable expense. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. breathed his last and Kumarpal the disciple of the great master. Hemchandracharya. A few minutes before sun-set. monks and their families. an act which reflected his love for religion and. thought the king. which was a gesture symbolising the esteem in which he held them. lighting of a lamp. undertook seven pilgrimages. Somebody poisoned the ears of Delhi's emperor Firozshah Tugl1laq againstMahansinh. singing of psalms and reflecting on the lives of great beings before going to bed. In A. He. 07-10-2011 . effected friendship treaties with fourte~n countries. Not finding Mahansinh the emperor had become worried. During the period of fourteen years of his rule he donated gold worth crores of rupees. aged eighty-four. He also honoured the . respect for the religious leaders. Philanthropic Mahansinh's act of charity aroused jealousy in others. constructed 1444 shrines. He appeared before the emperor who sternly said.. 1173. Mahansinh was summoned by the emperor. He sent his soldiers in different directions to search for him. Mahansinh stopped by the wayside since it was time for his daily pratikraman. and renovated 1600 shrines. very honestly.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 49 of 133 partaking of food only after offering it to the gods. of the wealth he possessed. The next day Mahansinh informed the emperor. "How much wealth do you have ?" Mahansinh replied politely that he would have to estimate first and would let the king know the next day. D. He was a devotee of Acharya Devsundersuri and Acharya Somsundersuri.. His honesty pleased the emperor so much that he offered him some money from his own coffers to make him a This fabulously rich man's wealth must be seized. then. died at the age of eighty in A. His fame asa truthful person and pious devout had spread beyond the frontiers of Delhi. The emperor once set out on a journey and he included Mahansinh in his retinue. commissoned writing of twenty-one volumes.

he chose not to open his mouth. It is risky. "But you know we are surrounded by enemies. in utter humility. She was proud of her beauty and believed that she could ensnare any man. and she also wanted to avenge her defeat. Mahansinh waS seen approaching andthe emperor heaved a sigh of . it was the evening and as usual I had to perform my pratikraman. She caused bruises over her body with her nails and alleged that Sudarshan had tried to violate her chastity. Whatever the place I invariably perform pratikraman when the time is due. Mahansinh ?" Mahansinh said. It is not safe for you to sit alone in a forest to perform any religious act. He was produced before the king. He knew that if he told http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. relief. Queen Abhaya was the consort of king Dadhivahan of Champapuri city of a country called Ang. it was easier for her to make an ordinary man like Sudarshan deviate from his righteous path. Kapila. "Where have you been. Abhaya had not been successful in leading him astray and her pride was wounded." Mahansinh. the highest honour he could confer ! MANORAMA Sudarshan Sheth was a man of sterling character and was put to test very often. She even tried to caress his body but Sudarshan was determined to protect his character.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 50 of 133 Suddenly. When asked about the queen's allegation of rape. when he saw servants of queen Abhaya approaching him. When it was time for pratikraman Mahansinh said to the Jail warder." The warder removed his chains and Mahansinh performed pratikraman. replied. He was bound and brought to her court." Mahansinh's devotion to religion so pleased the emperor that he ordered that a hundred soldiers should stand in guard when he performed his pratikraman.. He decided to be in a state of Kayotsarg (meditation posture) and not to eat anything till the ordeal was over. Once the emperor decided to test Mahansinh's steadfastness. 07-10-2011 . Once Sudarshan had just finished his had also made overtures to Sheth Sudarshan but he did not fall into the trap. I have been doing it for years and would not have liked to miss it even for a day. "My lord. If apsaras (nymphs) could ensnare rishis (sages) who practised severe penance. "I will give you two gold coins if you remove my chains so as to enable me to perform pratikraman. She tried different tricks to bewitch him but failed. King Dadhivahan knew that Sudarshan had a spotless character.blogspot. wife of the purohit. He chained his hands and feet and imprisoned him. He said. I am not afraid of death. The emperor was so much pleased by Mahansinh's utter devotion to religion that he made him his treasurer. then. "I appreciate your concern for me but I hold religion dear to my heart. I will prefer to die-than to abandon doing my religious chores.." Thereupon the emperor said.

not to say anything and suffer the consequences himself. she thought. She blessed her and said that Sudharshan's life would be spared. With the beating of broken drums. The king ordered Sudarshan to be hanged. Shasandevi was pleased by her sincere prayer. The only way out of an adverse situation was prayer. came through the ordeal unscathed. Ideal mother as she was. have to suffer. Virtuous people. So http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. The people's faith in his spotless character had been rudely shaken but his wife was unperturbed having unshakeable faith in his incorruptible character. He was seated on a donkey with garlands of exotic flowers. It was the triumph of their righteousness.Ajityash. The courtiers were busy announcing the impending death of Sudarshan for his alleged misdeed. Sudarshan and Manorama.blogspot. His face was smeared with black and the body was coloured red. Sudarshan was deep in meditation. the queen would be in trouble. The Buddha king declared Acharya Jinanandsuri a defeated participant.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 51 of 133 the truth. The same held' true for Sudarshan and Manorama. devotion and faith in her husband's character. She thought that the cause of her husband's predicament was some evil deeds committed in the previous birth. Yaksha and Malla. At that time. Sudarshan's character and Manorama's religious faith were tested. Manorama prayed and vowed to observe fasts till Sudarshan's innocence was proved. It was better. a great ideological debate was going on between Jainism and Buddhism. and began to pray. The only course open to her was to pray to tide over the crisis.. Acharya Jinanandsuri participated in this debate wherein it was laid down that the defeated participant would have to face exile from Gujarat. In a holy town like this. he was taken round the village. MALLAVADISURI This episode dates back to the golden period of Vallabhi in Saurashtra with the unusual prosperity of Jain Sangh. she had inculcated religious culture in accordance with the Jain religion in her sons and had accepted initiation alongwith her three sons from Acharya Jinanandsuri. Sudarshan was taken to the gallows but the rope broke and in its place people saw a thrQne. 07-10-2011 . At last both. She and the king asked for forgiveness and mahasati Manorama and Sheth Sudarshan stood vindicated. Durlabhdevi gave birth to three sons . He was to be publicly have to face ordeals. almost as a rule. he thought. her brother. Manorama never doubted Sudharshan's character and she thought that the allegation against him was the result of past karma.. Sudarshan too was deep in meditation. People burst into applause and queen Abhaya stood exposed.

child Malla. The youngest son of Durlabhdevi. the mother consented to their initiation. MANTUNGSURI Bhaktamar stotra composed by Acharyashri Mantangsuriji. The young Muni conveyed to the king Shiladitya that he was prepared to face a theological debate in his http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. was determined that he would acquire thorough knowledge of the religious books and would be victorious in the debate assembly. As a wheel has twelve spokes. Previously Acharya Siddhasen Diwakar had written a great book on Nyayshastra (science of logic) entitled Sanmati Tarka. To fulfill his aim. is the most beautiful high peak of stotra literature of India. Thus all the three sons of the great mother served the Jain religion in a unique way by means of sainthood. Acharya Shri Mallasuri composed this book elucidating the principles of Nyaya (science of logic) and Anekant Darshan (the doctrine of manifold aspects) in Sanskrit. Goddess Saraswati granted him a boon in the form of his excellent ability in the exposition of a gatha (verses). While Acharyashri was in agony. it is being popularly sung for more than 1300 years. Gifted thus by the Goddess.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 52 of 133 Acharyashri had to leave Gujarat and he came to Vallabhi.. 07-10-2011 . Consequently he became famous as Shri Mallavadisuri Kshamashraman.blogspot. the young Mallamuni resorted to severe penance on a mountain and on conclusion of his fast he would sustain his body by accepting whatever little was offered to him in a nearby village. He wrote a commentary entitled 'Sanmati Tarka' and 'Padmacharitra' (Jain Ramayan) containing 24 thousand shlokas (verses). hence he was called 'the best logician' by Shri Hemchandracharya. They vied with each other to go for initiation. literary contribution and theological philosophy.His elder brother Muni Ajityash wrote a book entitled Praman (valid cognition) and his other brother Yaksh Muni composed a samhita called 'Ashtang Nimitt Bodhini'. Muni Malla invoked goddess Sarasvati. To the surprise of everybody king Shiladitya's court became a debating forum for as many as six months. this classical darshanik (philosophical) volume contains twelve chapters. he composed a unique book entitled Dwadashar Nayachakra. Shri Mallavadisuri was proficient in debate and discussion. It was written in Sanskrit and it reviews the various systems of contemporary philosophy. It was an amazing challenge as it was offered by a young Monk to the versatile and mature scholars. With tears of joy in her eyes. Durlabhdevi talked to her three sons and all of them were ready to take up this task. Composed with intense devotion and spiritual approach. his sister Durlabhdevi told him she would give him one of her three sons and he would be able to remove Acharya's agony and anxiety. His book entitled Dwadashar Naychakra is regarded the best book on the philosophical system called Nyay (logic). Pleased by his penance. Ultimately Acharya Mallasuri won this theological battle and greatly impressed by his performance the king honoured him with the title of 'vadi' (great debater).

Once king Bhoj extended to him the most respectful invitation to visit Dharanagari.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 53 of 133 Composed in Vasanttilaka meter in melodious and moving tunes... Moreover the annotations. he did intensive study of agam shastra. his guru installed him as an 'acharya'. At the gate a number of scholars and men of learning came to welcome him. the locks and chains began to break one after the other. The 44 verses thus composed by Acharyashri Mantungsuriji are now known as Bhaktamar Stotra (In the Digambar and Sthanakvasi tradition the full text consists of 48 'gathas'). Many stories that relate to its genesis are indicative of its impact. On hearing such allegation. Shri Mantungacharya took up the challenge just to prove the power of religion. Extremely impressed by the miracle. This was achieved with the divine help of Goddess Chakreshwari. Mantungsuriji was born in a deeply religious family and having accepted initiation. One gets lost and a quiet mood of devotion pervades while reading this stotra. Suriji picked a piece of straw from the ground and thrust it into the pot quietly. 07-10-2011 . and that's why they had to rely on such miracles of Mayur. There were two scholars in Varanasi. In such a state of imprisonment.king Harshadev willingly listened to the sermons on Jain religion with great the presiding deity of Bhagwan Rushabhdev. Its yantras (mystical diagrams) explain the method of its aradhana (religious rituals). http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Mayur was capable of miracles. named Ban and Mayur who were jealous of each other. commentaries and prose renderings that are available provide a deep insight into its purport. Acharya Mantungsuriji became deeply engrossed in the prayer of Tirthankara and began to compose shloka (verse) after shloka full of devotion and as he began to sing the shloka with deep yearning. By presenting the pot filled with ghee the scholars of the town had tried to convey to the incoming scholar that the town was already crowded with scholars. In view of his knowledge and felicity in meditation.blogspot. The king later on carried out many noble tasks and he himself accepted the fold of Jain religion. Acharyashri Mantungsuri came to the royal court and announced dharmalabha (increase in righteousness) to Harshadev. Hence antagonists of Jain religion spread the rumour that there was almost no scholar in Jain religion capable of working miracles by means of poetic composition. He was locked in a room and all over his body an iron-chain was fastened with as many as 44 locks. Right at the gate the scholars of the town welcomed him in a meaningful way by presenting him a pot filled with ghee to the brim. king of Varanasi. this stotra (devotional song) is being recited daily by thousand of devotees with great devotion. Thus freed by the Goddess herself. Where was the space for him ? By thrusting the piece of straw in the pot Suriji answered them that he would be able to create his space in his unique way.

. You must have noticed that though the glasses are different in shapes and colours the content is the same. Modi. it has occupied a unique place among all other 'stotras' addressed to Jineshwar Bhagwan (venerable Jina). Modi's wife continued: "O king! Man is born of a woman and therefore any other woman should be treated as mother by him. Lust made him blind and he lost his reason. and so he began to taste from each glass. sublimity of feelings and sincerity of experience. The king thought that the content would taste differently. is constituted as other women are. brought the plate in which were placed glasses of different shapes and colours with dudhpak ( You know that this woman. He sent her husband. pays obeisance. boiled milk with spices) in them. The king was hypnotised by her matchless beauty and thought of ways to possess her." In the history of Jain order." The king was listening with rapt attention. She acceded to the king's request and made preparations for his welcome. She continued: "One whose mind is fickle will entertain dirty thoughts of possessing another woman. We look upon you as our father. Their spotless character and innate qualities would deter even the wicked and the evil-minded. But. to name a few. and Laxmi. She. the wife of Modi is such a character. he discovered that the dudhpak tasted alike. whose soul is pure and is adorned with sheel (spotless character). "Why have you served the dudhpak in different containers when there is no difference in taste ?" Modi's wife replied.blogspot. Brahmi and Sundari. The king arrived and she extended a cordial welcome." The king was lost in deep thought. deep meaning. Modi's wife was shrewd enough to know the king's designs. Because of the melody of its words. A son sacrifices his life to protect his mother and a man's prime concern should be a woman's http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. whom you crave for. It is rightly said: "To one. Rajimati. Similarly.. They are remembered for their sterling character and for their piety and devoutness. even gods become slaves. MODI'S CONSORT There are some outstanding women whose names are written in letters of gold _ Chandanbala. though all women may be different essentially they are all women. one after the other. away on some mission and sent a word to his wife that he would like to be her guest on a particular day. He said. then. "O king! You are our protector and we are your children. 07-10-2011 . to his surprise.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 54 of 133 This stotra is so named because it starts with the word Bhaktamar and it contains the prayer to first Tirthankar Rushabhdev. the goddess of wealth.

" As he heard this. Modi's wife further said. But with the death of his elder brother there was no restraining influence on him. She ca-me to know that the Muni was anxious to abdicate his renunciation. Bhavdev spent some of his days in renunciation but when he happened to be lonely he used to remember his bride Nagila's loving face. Now Bhavdev thought that only Nagila could console. "O mother ! I have received an invitation for a meal in the village. where Nagila way staying in the village. "You are like my father as you are the king. Bhavdev asked that woman. "My elder brother's desire is the last word for me. after eating and getting my dakshina. In There would be some dakshina (money) also after the meal. I urge you to protect my chastity and give up the evil path. So I want to vomit out the milk that I have drunk." So saying Bhavdev became a disciple of Susthit Acharya along with his elder brother. Nagila did not want to that to happen and hence she called an old shravika and explained her the entire plan. 07-10-2011 . the newly married Nagila was richly decorated with clothes and ornaments." Hearing these words. At that time. Later on." http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Bhavdev told her. In course of time. the king's lust melted away and his heart was purified. Muni Bhavdev came to his village Sugram and he stayed there in a temple. One who persecutes her or exploits her does not deserve to be called god's creation. I shall lick back the milk that I have vomited. A child was also trained with some prompting. He was purged of his evil thoughts and repentance could be read on his face.blogspot. Soon she was engrossed in deep serious thoughts.. He that escapes from his own religion shall be regarded a coward. NAGILA Bhavdev. "0 dear child! What a silly talk? Would you lick back the milk that you have vomited ? It is very disgusting.. the younger brother. Muni Bhavdev burst into laughter and said.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 55 of 133 protection. Anxious to meet Nagila. She had the aged Shravika with her." The words of Modi's wife had a salutary effect on the king. For a man every other woman should be treated as mother and therefore I look upon you as my son. He asked for her forgiveness and felt a sense of reverence towards Modi's wife for her innate qualities. When Bhavdev was alive he could not go to Nagila. also joined his elder brother Bhavdatta on the path of penance. he felt her presence in everything around him. Mahamuni Bhavdatta passed away. As was pre-arranged a boy came there just at that time and addressed Nagila. After as mahy as twelve years. Nagila came to know about Muni Bhavdev's arrival. Early in the morning Nagila came to the temple where Bhavdev was putting up. So henceforth I shall live a saintly life rather than of a worldly one.his heart that had been weeping all these days in loneliness.

Once he had gone for collecting alms (gochari).com/2010/04/abhaydevsuri-abhayde. Fullachandra. Muni Bhavdev went to his guru. I earnestly request you kindly to go back to your 'guru' and stick to your path of renunciation. newly married beautiful woman had offered alms to him. Moreover I am glad to let you know that I have also accepted shilvrat from my guru." Having listened to such a sincere and appealing sermon from Nagila.blogspot. the serpant. Sametshikhar and Mathura and only then would he accept water and food. 07-10-2011 . Meghkumar and Dhanna Sheth to the ultimate salvation? Why can't you control your mind which behaves like a mad elephant? You know very well that this is the only way to ensure liberation from the cycle of birth and death. Moreover. Nagila said. The boy was named Nagendra. since at the time of his birth the mother had a dream of nag. Girnar. Are you again anxious and willing to accept the worldly life that you have already renounced? One rarely gets a horse for riding as you have got. the Guru was enraged at the disciple and said. namely Jivajivotpati Prabhrut.. Siddha Prabhrut and Nimit Prabhrut. the Guru blessed him . "Be kind enough to add one more 'v' (a) sound and make me 'paalit' S5fL.tF. It is the path that led Shalibhadra.Itmej .tm'L.5fnL. his mother was a beautiful and virtuous woman. his father was a rich businessman of the town and Pratima. he became the last Jambuswami having achieved absolute knowledge in avsarpini era.tF from 'palit' S5L. in a shloka composed by him. yet why do you want to ride a donkey? Why do you want to abdicate the path of renunciation that you have been following. He had also acquired four other siddha vidyas (firmly acquired supernatural power). Muni Nagendra was quick-witted and he requested the Guru in a polite tone. It was because of Pratima's penance and worship that she had acquired the gem of a son. On listening to such amorous description of a woman. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. From the very childhood Nagendra was brought up in a religious family.5L. At a very young age of eight he had his initiation under Acharya Naghasti and he came to be known as Muni Nagendra. "Muniraj ! Nagila is myself. Having performed the usual rituals on returning to upashraya (a place for the stay of Jain monks and nuns) he told his Guru. It meant 'kindly initiate me into the padlipt knowledge so that I shall be able to fly in the sky and be known as padlipta. By the strength of this power. " (you have fallen). "You are burning with the fire of passion . Ashtapada.May you be pidlipta ! Since then Muni Nagendra is known as 5fnL. In course of time. Vidya Prabhrut. He also acquired the miraculous power of flying by applying ointment at the bottom of his feet.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 56 of 133 To this remark of Bhavdev. PADLIPTASURI Acharyashri Padliptasuriji's life is an illustrious example of rare combination of miracles achieved through unusual power and books composed with the sheer strength of imagination.It. how a young.. everyday he used to make a pilgrimage to the five tirth Shatrunjay. He was born in Ayodhya situated on the banks of Saryu and Ganga." Greatly impressed by the unusual intelligence of Muni Nagendra. he was fortunate enough to have guidance and patronage of efficient guru like Naghasti.

'Kalgyan'.blogspot. Once Panchakhya and the five hundred labourers were entering the town heavily loaded. Consequently Nagarjun's pride dissipated and he came to stay with Padliptasuri from whom he acquired the akashgamini (flying in the sky) knowledge. but what about the load of these Jain monks. chariots or carts. he could carry huge load on his head. 07-10-2011 . Nagarjun requested Acharyashri to ask him to do something. He established a town named Padliptapur at the foot of Shri Shatrunjay Mahatirtha." Thereupon Nagarjun became angry. non-possession. but all bore great respect for him. PANCHAKHYA BHARVAHAK Out of the five hundred labourers. horse. followed by his troupe of five hundred labourers. commentary on 'Jyotish Karandak'. He called him once and said. Even when you face me on the path. Nobody dared to cross his path. A man of extraordinary strength..manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 57 of 133 Once a siddha yogi named Nagarjun sent him a vessel containing Kotived ras which could make gold out of stone or iron." The king also said that anyone violating his order would be severely Labourer Panchakhya was highly pleased at the honour done to him. He resorted to fasting for 32 days on Shri Shatrunjay Tirtha and died a glorious death. Nagarjun constructed a temple on the hill and besides installing many Jain idols at the hands of Acharyashri Padliptasuriji. 'Taranglila-katha' and 'Virstuti'. truth. "The load on my head is physical. This is an unique example of a town being named after any Jain Acharya. He was also the leader of the group of labourers. Now it is known as Palitana. he installed an idol of Acharyashri himself.. 'Prashnaprakh'. "For a sadhu gold and stone are of equal worth. the most strongest was Panchakhya. He himself had five heavy pots on his head. I don't need this Ras. "You strive for the wellbeing of your soul by following Jain religion for the rest of your life. non-stealing. everyone would move aside making way for him and his companions. be it an army. elephant. He also composed books like 'Nirvankalika'. who transported heavy loads. They observe the vows of non-violence. celibacy and the accumulated load of these five vows is far greater than the http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. The king was proud of him. however Padliptasuri turned things into gold by touching and by urinating. Acharya Padliptasuri said. It so happened that some monks were coming his way. He said to himself. Not only nobody ever thought of violating the king's order. "When you lead the team of your labourers and walk along the road. I hold you in the highest esteem as you symbolise dignity of labour. you must continue to walk along without moving aside and making way for me." Nagarjun obeyed him. Thereupon Padliptacharya said. you must not move aside and give way to others. Panchakhya always walked along the road holding his head high. Acharyashri wrote an epic in Prakrit named 'Tarangvati' which holds a unique place in the fiction of the world.

" Panchakhya Bharvahak said that the monkobserved five mahavrat (the five great vows of a mendicant) and each one of the vratas served to purify life continuously. Panchakhya. the rulers of Rajasthan also respected the practice of the Jain religion to show mercy and kindness towards the animals they also used to undertake renovation of Jain temples and attend to the religious discourses of the Jain monk. valour and truthfulness. Since the monks' load was heavier than mine. himself did not become a Jain monk but succeeded in making others. and therefore I gave them way. "0 king! these monks carry far more greater load than I do. Some of them did not approve· of Panchakhya's gesture and To carry such a heavy load was really difficult. "Very strange! These people do not carry the kind of load you carry. I gave way to them.non-violence.. thus." In response Panchakhya said. Once I did try for diksha (renunciation) but the load of five vows was difficult for me to carry. powerful Jains who had earned reputation as dewan (prime minister of the king) of the state by their integrity. decided to renounce the world to observe the five mahavrat. to follow the path of renunciation. truth. Panchakhya himself earned for himself a great reputation. there are many examples of illustrious." Panchakhya replied." The king was astounded to hear this and said. bow to them and give way to them. 07-10-2011 . In the company of the Jain dewans. "On the contrary they· carry far greater load than I do. "It is difficult to give up love of gold. "Why did you do it? You have violated the king's command. therefore. PATPADE In the history of Rajasthan. -on hearing these words. I must. non-stealing and non-possession? These can be easily observed. I am a sinner. celibacy." The king came to know about it and Panchakhya was summoned to appear before him and explain his conduct. women and throne and lead a life of restraint and self-denia1. Not only that each vrat was accompanied by five bhavana (five deep reflection) and thus the monks carried the load of twenty five bhavana." The king. By following an ethical code. I find it easier to carry the load of five pots on my head but not that of five vows. moved aside and so did his five hundred laborers.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 58 of 133 load I carry." He.blogspot. I commit violence and my sins accumulate and from which I see no liberation. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. They observe the five difficult vows and observe them scrupulously. including the king. then. Panchakhya said. The king asked Panchakhya : "Why did you give up the five mahavrat .

were submerged under the water.blogspot. The subsequent monsoon was very heavy one but the walls of the lake were not Because of the tact of Dewan Dayalshah the temple could be saved but that episode made Rana very uneasy. Rana Rajsinh thought that if a religious and pious woman like Patpade would lay the foundation of the construction work of the surrounding walls. She was extremely happy as the Jain temple was saved but she was greatly unhappy at the fact that the auspicious occasion of the installation of idol in the temple was delayed. he thought under the pretext of this jinprasad. Just at that time the Rana was engaged in constructing the wall surrounding the lake Raj Sagar. Dewan also explained to the emperor Aurangzeb that the Jain temple had only two floors but as it was having a very high peak. D. Dayalshah was the state 'dewan'. His bigotry became all the more pronounced. 1 crore. Rana Kumbha had carried out renovation of a Jain temple and had banned fishing in Pichhola lake and Uday Sagar of Udaipur. it might work. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. But this grand fort-like jinprasad (temple of Jina) was an eye-sore for the Moghul emperor Aurangzeb. As the Rana was extremely happy at the event. he was convinced that truly religious person can have a great impact. it seemed to him that the temple was unusually high.. son of Rana Jagatsinh. the Rana might be planning to defy him and become independent. The Rana could not disregard or reject the feelings of such a religious-minded woman. Patpade laid the foundation of the walls and the construction was over within a short time. The lake used to be flooded with monsoon waters and as a result of which it used to overflow and the nearby houses etc.. i. Every time. Dewan Dayalshah's wife Patpade was extremely religious and chaste. At last Dewan Dayashah and his wife Patpade could witness the most auspicious day of their life. he might have to lose the kingdom. as soon as the new walls surrounding the lake were constructed.e. He thought that in his keenness to save the jinprasad. some enemy might be constructing a huge fort. Rana was extremely happy. Aurangzeb undertook an invasion with a huge army. He constructed a temple having nine floors and 52 deris (small temple) at a cost of Rs. The Rana himself did not grant permission for installing image of a Jina in the temple. Dewan Dindayal led the army on behalf of the Rana. He was not in the least prepared to invite the wrath of the Emperor. By constructing a grand fort. Patpade requested him to grant them the permission to construct achaturmukh jinprasad (a Jain temple with fourface Jina) as also to install therein the idol of the god. 07-10-2011 . 1674. In A. the month covering his birthdate. water rushed into the lake from somewhere breaking the walls. During the times of Rajsinh.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 59 of 133 Rana Jagatsinh had banned animal killing in the month of Bhadrapad. Suspicious as he was.


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The Jain idols were installed on the seventh day of Vaishakh Sud in V. S. 1675 at the hands of Acharya Vinaysagarsuri.

Pethadsha was very devout and built eighty-four temples, many upashrayas, a library· and undertook extensive construction· activity; but after the death of his father Dedasha, Pethadsha was reduced to poverty and his prosperous life came to an end. He approached Acharya Dharmaghoshsuri and expressed a desire for parigraha - pariman vrat (vow of limiting one's possessions). The guru foresaw a bright future for Pethadsha and granted what he desired. Pethadsha engaged himself in. the business of selling ghee and his financial condition slowly improved. Sanghpati Bhimji of Cambay (Khambhat) used to distribute clothes to those taking the vow of celibacy. He sent one pair to Pethadsha also. Pethadsha and his wife wore the clothes sent by Bhimji and took the vow of celibacy. The vow proved to be a great source of power and energy for the couple. It is said that once the queen, who was suffering from some poisonious fever, wore the clothes worn by Pethadsha and the fever disappeared in no time. The king's mad elephant quietened the . moment the clothes were thrown on him. At- the instance of Pethadsha, the king had also vowed to observe non-violence. Pethadsha also took out a sanghyatra (a congregation on pilgrimage) of about seven lakh people to spread the message of nonviolence. Pethadsha was a man of foresight. At the end of the thirteenth century and the beginning of the fourteenth century ofVikram Samvat, Allauddin Khilji was the ruler and his oppressive rule caused untold suffering to the people. Temples and shrines were demolished. Scriptures and a host of religious literature and books were destroyed in a devastating fire. Idols of gods were intentionally and systematically destroyed. At that time Pethadsha, a minister of Mandavgadh, constructed forts and protective walls and kept the granaries full. Mandavgadh was considered to be powerful, prosperous and safe. Pethadsha enjoyed undisputed power, enormous wealth, and had earned fame as a highly devout and religious person. It was believed that his religious fervour and devotion had protected him and his people against the external threats. His wealth was spent on religious activities which were dearer to his heart. Devgiri (Dolatabad) in south India was a well-known city at that time, but it was also a seat of religious discords. Jainism had failed to take roots in the soil. Pethadsha saw the need of at least one Jain temple in the city. It was his sacred duty, he thought, to construct one but it was not easy. 07-10-2011


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Foresighted that he was, he setup a donation camp in Omkarpur near Devgiri in the name of Hem, a minister in Devgiri administration. People received charities at the camp and the news spread far and wide. Minister Hem learnt that itwas Pethadsha who was spending large sums of money from his· own resources but the fame accrued to him. This, he thought, was something rare.
Hem sent a word to Pethadsha to come and meef him. Pethadsha met Hem and convinced him of the need of building a shrine of the presiding deity in Devgiri. He said he had money but wanted a piece of land in Devgiri. Hem promised to help him and persuaded king Ramdev to donate a piece ofland. A magnificient shrine came up inpevgiri which was unique in its architectural beauty and beautiful carvings. The idol of Bhagwan Mahavir was installed in A. D.1279. "Amulikvihar" stands today in Devgiri, a symbol of Pethadsha's devoutness and piety.

Once in Vitbhay city of Sindh a mysterious box was kept in the plaza, brought by a sailor. The sailor said, "The box contains an idol of Bhagwan. He who would be able to open it, would be a very fortunate man. He would get all happiness desired by one and all." Many saints, businessmen, artisans and others tried to open it but without any success. King Udayan was worried as did not know how to open the box. Queen Prabhavati could read the anxiety written on his face and said, "What's the matter? You seem to have lost your interest in food and are always lost in thought." King Udayan said, "In the entire kingdom there is hardly a person who can open the box. Is my kingdom devoid of good and pious people? Are there only sinners? I am eager to have a glimpse of the idol kept in the box." Queen Prabhavati decide to try to open the box. She offered milk and water and performed the pooja (worship) with full devotion. She remembered Arihant (destroyers of karma) and said, "O Arihant ! I am eager to have a glimpse of you. Do not disappoint me." She then tried to open the box and, 10 and behold, the box opened. A miracle had happened and people were jubilant. And the king built a jinalay and the idol was installed in it. The fame of Prabhavati spread far and wide. Prabhavati, once, asked a maid to bring apiece of white cloth for pooja. She saw a blood stain on it and was furious. She, in a fit of anger, gave a blow to the maid and, ill-luck would have it, she instantly died of shock. Queen examined the cloth and discovered that it was no blood stain. She repented profusely and cursed herself for having killed the maid. Prabhavati was performing pooja and the king saw her headless shadow. It was an omen of approaching death. The queen was unperturbed on knowing the truth and continued her worship as if nothing was to happen. 07-10-2011


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She expressed a desire to attain diksha (renunciation) and the king granted her wish. Prabhavati undertook severe penance and remained in the company of nuns. She, then, began to fast to exercise utmost control over body and attained the status of a sati (extremely pious women). She earned for herself a place in the pantheon of those who were a symbol of steadfast devotion and absolute piety. King Udayan and the people of the city of Vitbhay, taking a cue from her life, began to follow Jainism. It is customary to remember and chant the names of Tirthankars and Sadhus who enlighten the lives of the ordinary people. Similarly, sixteen satis are also remembered early in the morning and revered by one and all for their piety and devotion. Those who renounce the worldly pleasures and joys and become Sadhus and Sadhvis are naturally revered in Jain religion. But on the other hand, those Shravaks and Shravikas who, without renouncing the world, display qualities of Sadhu and Sadhvis are also revered. Religion has four pillars: Sadhu, Sadhvi, Shravak and Shravika and the religious edifice stands erect on these four pillars. The lives of some of the Shravikas reflect the best that is there in Jain religion and their lives and character have proved to be an inspirational force. Prabhavati was one such woman and is rightly revered as a Sati.

Once Lord Mahavir arrived in the city of Rajgruhi. He was accompained by the royal sage (Rajarshi) Prasannachandra. Rajarshi Muni used to perform severe penance by staring at the fire-emitting Sun, with his one leg up and both arms raised straight. Magadh king Shrenik was deeply impressed by such severe penance and politely asked Lord Mahavir, "O Lord, suppose this monk performing severe penance, dies this moment, what state would he achieve after his death ?" Lord Mahavir said, "He is Prasannachandra Rajarshi. In case he dies at this very moment, he would have the state of the seventh hell (narak)." The gathering was shocked to hear this. King Shrenik was puzzled; he thought that a saint's soul could never go to hell. How was it then that Lord Mahavir forecast such a 'narak' for Muni Prasannachandra ? Thinking that perhaps he had not listened to the Lord's utterance properly, king Shrenik asked again, "O Lord ! In case this sage Prasannachandra dies at this moment, what state his soul would attain ?" Lord Mahavir said, "He would attain the liberation." Equally puzzled by these utterances of Lord Mahavir, king Shrenik said, "Lord, in the first instance you said that he would attain the state of narak and now within 07-10-2011

Having critically reviewed his serious lapse. the monk had just heard Durmukh saying that king Dadhivahan of Champanagari had attacked and had laid a siege to the city of king Prasannachandra. It is simply a state of mind. Had he died in such a violent state of mind. I almost performed cruel sinful deeds. the monk once again concentrated on quiet meditation. PUNIY SHRAVAK Puniya Shravak symbolised ideal worship and devotion. monk Prasannachandra felt repentent. Being a truly devoted soul. "He has attained 'kevalgyan' . "Though I am engaged in saintly penance. As he touched his completely shaven Why such contradictory statements?" Lord said. fighting a battle in his mind. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. I did indulge in violent thoughts.blogspot. touched his head to ensure that he had his helmet on before making a fatal attack on the enemy king. Soon he began to think.the ultimate liberation. Gods rejoice at this moment of his attaining pure knowledge. On listening this Monk Prasannachandra's mind was occupied by the thought of his kingdom and child and soon his mind had become a battlefield of violent and aggressive thoughts. He would be happy and contented with what he earned from making cotton threads. everyday. one of them and feed him with love and affection. he attained pure and absolute knowledge.. Hence when king Shrenik asked Lord Mahavir the second time. By this time divine music surrounded Prasannachandra Muni. Prasannachandra. He embraced poverty willingly and gave away all the wealth he had inherited from his father.pure and absolute knowledge. he was awakened to the reality. Lord Mahavir said.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 63 of 133 just a few seconds you say that he would attain the moksha state . he came under the spell of Mahavir's discourses and began to practise aparigraha (abandonment of worldly possessions).. "When you asked the first time. the monk had already become worthy of the state of liberation. which would have sent him to seventh hell. he would surely have gone to hell. He was a devotee whose devotion was praised by Bhagwan Mahavir himself. He believed that contentment had nothing to do with possessions. A resident of Rajgruhi. Awakened to such a realization. What a wonderfully vigilant soul ! One who would be awakened to self-realization by just touching the shaven head ! His repentence being that of an awakened soul. As a result. he held co-religionists in high esteem and would invite. he was entangled in such namkarma (karma that determines destinies and body type) like gati-jati etc. with wealth or acquisitiveness. He practised samayik (maintaining equinimity for a set period of time) with a heart full of devotion." Monk Prasannachandra's character-sketch acquaints us with a self-vigilant monk. 07-10-2011 . His ministers had betrayed Prasannachandra and had conspired to deprive him of the kingdom by killing the child-king.

This set her thinking." Puniya shravak said. 1 brought them home. "One goes to buy a horse and the price of a leash for the horse will be equal to the total value of money in king Shrenik's coffers.blogspot." The king wanted to know what he should do to avoid such a fate. After a long pause. He said. had turned his rival. "To hell.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 64 of 133 Once he could not worship with his usual concentration and was disturbed. once Mahavir's disciple. Go and deposit them back where you found them. Bhagwan said that it was difficult to set any value to his samayik as it was invaluable. Shravak asked him to find out from Mahavir the real worth (value) of a samayik.. arrived in sakoshtak park on the outskirts of village Medhiya in Shravasti. He tried to set him afire and shot tejoleshya (beam of fire) at him but it could do no great harm to Bhagwan. Only one samayik performed with a pure heart and devotion can put one on the path of liberation and help to ward off evils. "1 found in my way a few cakes of dung and since they belonged to no one." The king approached him with the request. A slight aberration. self-denial and non-possessiveness. "You did not do the right thing." Shrenik realised that his entire wealth would not be able to buy even one samayik of Puniya. "You can avoid going to hell provided you get the punya (good deeds) acquiring from one samayik of Puniya Shravak. Bhagwan Mahavir explained it differently. Scriptures say that if one donates gold everyday and the other performs samayik. He asked his wife to find out the reason. Mahavir replied. 07-10-2011 .. the one who donates gold cannot stand in comparison to the other who performs samavik. REVATI Bhagwan Mahavir. If no one had claimed those cakes. How great must be the one who was praised by Bhagwan Mahavir himself ! The importance of samayik manifested itself in the life of Puniya." It was then that his conscience stopped pricking him. After seven days. The value of one Samayik of Puniya Shravak was worth the value of piles of money as tall as the Meru. and he would be disturbed. Puniya's life was a life of renunciation. Goshalak http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. But the price of the horse will be worth the value of one samayik. Once king Shrenik asked Tirthankar Bhagwan Mahavir about the state of his soul after death -where would it go ? Thereupon Mahavir replied. He felt the highest reverence for his devotion. Goshalak. the life of a true shravak. they must belong to the state. she said. Meru is the tallest mountain.

I do not need the one made of pumpkin but the other made of bijora can cure me of my ailment. When he arrived. Anagar returned with the medicine and gave it to Mahavir. but Bhagwan suffered from some aftereffects of tejoleshya and had bouts of dysentery. occupy an important place in the history of humankind. Revati was adept at preparing a variety of herbal medicines which would cure even intractable diseases. then. He was his radiant self. Anagar came to Revati and. Jain religion shows utter reverence to women. The disciples were. She always kept the medicines ready and this helped her to cure disease-stricken people at once and therefore her fame had spread far and wide. with tears in the eyes.. "Do not worry and do not dread the worst.medicines." Anagar." Revati was surprised to know that Bhagwan knew all about her . told her all about the omniscient Bhagwan. 07-10-2011 . Revati got herself freed from the cycle of birth and death and secured for herself the status of a tirthankar. an expert in making herbal medicines. Revati's is an outstanding figure. Revati. the two daughters of the first Tirthankar Bhagwan Rishabhdev. though Bhagwan himself was indifferent to pain. Revati used to keep a variety of herbal medicines for the use of the villagers. set out to the village to get the special preparation made by Revati. Omniscient Mahavir asked another disciple to bring Anagar to him. turns an enemy into a friend. said. Everyone felt relieved and praised Revati. Sinh Anagar. Sundari was supposed to be accomplished in eighty four arts. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. The news of his suffering spread far and wide. "Bhagwan is in agony. Bhagwan said. He lost weight and looked emaciated.blogspot. "I see your body getting weaker. Revati gave bijorapaak (jelly made of birjora) to Anagar. naturally worried. Similarly. Nothing will happen to me and I will live on this planet for fifteen years. Brahmi was a great scholar and therefore the script used in those days came to be known as Brahmi Script. According to the Jain belief Revati would be the seventeenth tirthankar in the next' chovisi'." Sinh Anagar said..manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 65 of 133 died. Another of his disciple 'sinh' Anagar of Kutch had undertaken severe penance and was greatly disturbed when he heard about Bhagwan's suffering. has been preparing two types of jelly-from pumpkin and bijora (a type of vegetable). Brahmi and Sundari. He was cured of his ailment. Many sadhus and parivrajaks (mendicant monks) had used her medicines and were cured of their ailments. He doesn't need the jelly made of pumpkin but the one made of bijora will cure him of his burning sensation. He was so moved that he began to weep. She would feel very happy if her medicines were used to cure a monk or a nun. begets fame. Is there any cure or not ?" Bhagwan replied. "In Medhipangev village. Hers was an act of great charity! Charity. they then.

. He said to himself. He sat down and tried to pluck the thorn out. ROHINIYA Bhagwan Mahavir would cast a magic spell on whoever heard his sermon." Rohiniya heard these words and was greatly upset for the promise he had given to his father had broken.espically when he is discoursing sitting in samavasaran (holy assembly of the Jina). when he had to go to Rajgruhiforrobbery." I will Rohiniya was a terror and was proving to be a great nuisance. Once he was on his way to Rajgruhi and a thorI} got stuck into his foot. His words would dispel darkness from the hearts of people and show them the true path. whose ga'rland of flowers does not wither and one whose body neither perspires nor is dusty. 07-10-2011 . and which shone like the brightest star in the firmament.blogspot. is God. But very often. He called his son and said. Such was the power of his words that they brought about change of heartofa thief. He had bequeathed the art of stealing and robbing to his son Rohiniya.. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad.Vaibhargiri on theotltskirts of Rajgruhi. At that time he would plug his ears with his hands soasnotto hear Mahavir's words. Lohkhur died and his son would be always on guard not to cross Mahavir' s path. "One whose feet do not touch the earth.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 66 of 133 A special quality of Revati's character was the fact that she never thought of making a living out of serving the sick and the diseased for she always thought of alleviating the suffering of people and never of her personal gains. See that not a word should fall onyour ears. had to pass by Mahavir's Samavasaran.hisson and minister.. He said." Lohkhur believed that Bhagwan Mahavir would convert the whole race of Shudras (low caste ) and thereby they would lose their means. Lohkhur was a hardened thief who lived in a cave in. Rohiniya. He became a bandit and was a synonym for terror. Such was the selfless character of Revati. "I want one promise from you. to arrest Rohiniya. Lohkhur was· now about to die. He then asked Abhaykumar. "What if Iheard Mahavir's words? dismiss them from my mind soon and forget all about it. King Shrenik wanted him to be arrested and put behind bars but his chief of the protection force failed to nab him. Nevel' go to listel1to the discourses of Bhagwan Mahavir. He had taken his fingures off the ears and the words of Mahavir fell on them. Mahavir was discoursing on devyoni(a class of celestial being). He did not know what to of livelihood: Mahavir' s message of love was anathema to him. whose eyes do not wink. a character worth emulating.he.

after thirty-five years of married life. then. Bansala was a sensible girl. he was put ina • palace which resembled heaven.blogspot.. At that time he remembered the words of Bhagwan Mahavir that God's eyes would never wink and that they did not cast shadows. he was astounded at what he saw. SADHVI BANSALA The ruler of Pruthvipur Jaisinh and his consort maharani Jaysena. The thief wasagaill arrested and was. The prince was named as Mukansinh. Jaysena conceived and a prince was born to her. She then started for her groom's house.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 67 of 133 Abhaykumar succeeded in nabbing him but no stolen goods could be recovered from him and consequently he had to be set free. He said. Vishnu Bhatt said. The entire kingdom went delirious and king Jaisinh's joy knew no bounds. Bansala's father king Makardhwaj was very angry when he learnt about the deception. Bansala calmed him and cursed her fate. He was told thathe was in the devlok (land of gods) and would be able to live there permanently if he confessed his sins. The child suddenly began to cry and Bansala was confused. drugged. 07-10-2011 . He ran away from there but then he thought. "I had heard the words of Mahavir by chance and they helped me to set myself free from the trap. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. He wanted the astrologer to alter Mukansinh's life-line. the daughter of king Makardhwaj of Karnavati. Certainly Mahavir must be a great lord. "Only his marriage with a twelve -year old girl and her piety alone can prolong his life. She thought that what had happened was the result of her previous karma and it was of no use blaming anyone." The king was shocked to hear the prophecy." But who would be ready to marry his daughter to an infant? The king very cleverly contrived Mukunsinh's marriage with Bansala. as good luck would have it. Bansala married Makansinh." He. though extremely rich were not happy as they were childless. Here he found that the god's eyes were winking and he could see their shadows too. At night Bansala discovered the truth when she read the letter tied to the child's neck. He realised that he was in no devlok. Abhaykumar then set a Then. He confessed his sins and returned the stolen goods. in a state of drunkenness. He may fall off the peak of a mountain and die. But.. He attained his diksha (initiation) and spent the rest of his life seeking spiritual upliftment. The citizens were also worried as to who would inherit the throne. The court astrologer Pandit Vishnu Bhatt was summoned to read his horoscope. "Mukansinh will survive for not more than six months. wenLto Mahavir and fell at his feet. Dancing-girls performed dances and when Rohiniyawoke up. The king had asked for forgiveness and had stated his compulsions for such a marriage between the two.

the younger queen of king Manichud of Kanchanpur happened to see the child. With the death of his father after some time. King Manichud. ~ukansinh and Bansala both renounced the world. She began to live in a hut under a tree in the forest with the deer.blogspot. she explained the $equence of events and the goddess bore testimony to what Bansala had said. 07-10-2011 . It was found by Nand. he could not help loving the son. After a fortnight. then. SADHVI BHADRAMA Having listened to the inspiring spiritual discourse of Bhagwan Mahavir. Bansala learnt that Ranjitsinh was her husband Mukansinh. Arnik's parent accepted initiation and afterwards the father gave initiation to the son Arnik. Gangasinh grew into an impressive boy. Bansala. Nand and his wife. She will suckle the child Mukansinh. She was childless and liked the child. monk Arnik was required to perform all the routine functions like bringing alms etc. The elder queen of Manichud leaked the news that Ranjitsinh was the stolen child. Since the child was found from the river Ganga. was Bansala but he had no knowledge of it. She would bathe the child and perform all other tasks expected of a mother. then. Though the child Arnik became a monk.. She stole the child and brought him to the court. appeared before him and told him the truth. "I will give you a female-deer that has just become a mother. Once during a summer-day.. thereupon. followed by the other nine queens who also obtained diksha. so the monk stood under a balcony of a haveli (mansion) and he was thinking about the ordeal of a http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Despite the fact that the father had renounced the worldly life. The news spread that a child was born to the younger queen and a grand celebration took place. Gangasinh. put the child in a wooden box and the box was placed in the water of the Ganga to be carried away. His first and tenth wife. He wanted to have some rest. a childless but rich shepherd. Bansala remained firm and with the help of a goddess. by himself and he realized the hardships of a Muni's way of life. The child was called Ranjitsinh. dismissed it as absolute nonsense. A goddess heard her prayer. She appeared before her and said. Mukansinh ruled for a long time. Gangasinh 'was wonderstruck. The young Gangasinh married nine women at different monk Arnik was walking bare-foot in excessive heat. Once Bansala told him of her desire to obtain initiation (diksha)." Bansala felt relieved. He felt proud of Bansala and her chastity and piety. his daily functions like making a grass-bed and bringing alms were performed by the father himself. Bansala kept herself informed about his progress. it was christened Gangasinh.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 68 of 133 She began reciting navkar mantra.

Now there was pleasure and enjoyment all around and Arnik was totally engrossed in his new life-style and enjoyment of sensual pleasure. an old nun. viz. and she agreed to the son's condition.blogspot. Arnik was prepared to accept initiation but he laid down one condition that after accepting initiation he would prefer to die by abjuring food and water. She went from place to place in search of her son. He accepted initiation once again and finally gave up his life by renouncing food and water. this was a painful thought. she was infatuated by his attractive body. He gave up the path of renunciation and became a worldly man. Meanwhile. he heard the appealing and loud voice and utterances of her mother. Sadhvi Bhadra explained to him that it was the only way to get rid of the cycle of births and she urged him to accept initiation once again and live happily through a saintly way of life. She. He was thinking that he would not be able to bear the burden of austere way of life that he had Once when Arnik was standing in the balcony. Arnik's mother came to know about this news. It seemed that the invitation was just timely. a woman from the house of a great and rich merchant came and stood in the balcony.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 69 of 133 monk's life. As Sadhvi Bhadra. 07-10-2011 . As she saw the monk. She offered him the sweet dish made with plenty of ghee. Finally he attained pure absolute knowledge (kevalajnana) and the ultimate salvation (moksha). He accepted the invitation from that beautiful lady. she was extremely shocked. was regarded as a mad woman by people who never missed to tease her. Arnik behaved according to the promise given to the mother. Arnik said that the path of strict penance was too difficult for him and added that he was unable to stick to disciplined and devoted way of life. crying loudly for her son and blaming the woman who had tempted her. For a mother. He also doubted his ability to live such a difficult life of a monk. The monk was enslaved. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. lustrous face and his well-built physique. and trapped thus he preferred to stay in her residence only. 'modak'.. Monk Arnik was very tired and severe heat of the sun was burning his body. However a willing sacrifice of life was less harmful than deliberate abjuring of initiation.. she thought. She asked him as to who had tempted him to the worldly way of life. he came rushing down in the street and bowed to her mother's feet. Her young age prompted her to enjoy the company of the young monk. She called her maid-servant and conveyed her request to him to purify her residence by his presence and accepting some food like modak (sweet ball).

King Shrenik came to the residence of Bhadramata in search of the jewelstudded blankets.blogspot. Muni Shalibhadra came to Bhagwan Mahavir and having obtained his permission. all having the qualities of beauty. Thus the arrival of the king convinced Shalibhadra of his utter dependance and he decided to take the path of renunciation all alone. Once a merchant from Nepal had come to Rajgruhi to sell jewel-studded blankets but king Shrenik could not buy even one of those precious blankets.. When Bhagwan Mahavir arrived at Rajgruhi. The blankets were so made that they would provide warmth in winter :and coolness in summer but as the daughters-in-law found them very rough and uneven. they used them as doormats. The news about Bhagwan Mahavir's arrival had made the entire city extremely eager to have his darshan. Bhadramata and Shalibhadra's wives used to live a disciplined life devoted to religion. With the combination of business acumen of his mother and divine assistanc~ of his father. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. While they were returning. It was then that Shalibhadra realized that Shrenik was regarded as their master (nath). Bhagwan Mahavir narrated all the incidents relating to Shalibhadra's alms to his sallekhana (ritual death by fasting) to Bhadramata and her family that had come to his holy assembly.she could not recognise the lean and lanky Shalibhadra who had come to her doors for alms. In order to save the pride and prestige of Rajgruhi. with the result that Shalibhadra had to go away without having any food. Bhadramata purchased sixteen such jewel-studded blankets and made two pieces of each of the valuable blankets and gave those pieces to 32 daughters-in law. Shalibhadra and his brother-in-law Dhanya Sheth accepted initiation. He was married to 32 young girls. Without paying any heed to the Muni's. virtue and chastity. a milk-:maid offered some curd to Shalibhadra and thereby he was made to break his fast. he went to a huge mountain near Rajgruhi and resorted to sallekhanavrat (ritual death by fasting). Bhadramata went away hurriedly. She was in such a haste that in the hurry to get Bhagwan Mahavir' s darshan. Shalibhadra enjoyed abundant riches..manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 70 of 133 SADHVI BHADRAMATA Bhadra was the wife of a rich merchant of Rajgruhi named Gobhadra and she had a son named Shalibhadra and a daughter named This moment of realisation was a moment of total helplessness for Shalibhadra because till then he had thought that he was the sale master. 07-10-2011 . Bhadramata too was very eager to have darshan.

had been initiated into the religious order (diksha) Hemchandracharya had helped king Kumarpal to hide himself among the piles of books in an upashraya and saved his life. "This little girl. It was as if she was struck by lightening." http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad.the more tragic it was because they were none else but her own son Shalibhadra and son-in-law Dhanya Sheth. Shri Somsundarsuriji and other acharyas (head of a medicant group). her son had become extremely weak. he had no false pride and his heart was full of devotion. SADHVI DHARMALAXMI Cambay (Khambhat). He would first go to jinalaya (temple of jina) and then pay his respects to the Acharya. your grand-daughter. King Shrenik who happened to be there at that time consoled her. B~adramata had a look at her own life and having renounced everything. On seeing that due to severe penance and exclusive meditation. accepted the path of penance. He said to the rich shravak. She realized the great mistake she had committed in ignoring the monks she had seen at her door . It is said that in those days of prosperity. Numerous religious and charitable activities were undertaken under the guidance of]agadguru (title of universal preceptor) Shri Hirvijaysuriji.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 71 of 133 Bhadramata was extremely shocked at what she learnt from Bhagwan Mahavir. Tejpal Sanghavi and others had earned fame as philanthropists. as was his routine. Though a millionaire. 07-10-2011 . she was so moved that she became unconscious. The inhabitants were all devout and the town could boast of 85 temples and 45 upashraya (home for monks and nuns).]inshashan will be proud to have her as a sadhvi. Eight-year-old Dharmalaxmi bowed to the Acharya. The Acharya looked at her and felt that she was no ordinary girl. there were about one hundred millionaires in that town. Her motherly love felt unbearable remorse and instantly she ran towards the mountain for her son's darshan.. Acharya Dharmamurti stayed in Cambay and a millionaire Jain layman (Shravak) used to visit him daily for his darshan. she alongwithher daughters-in-law. used to be a renowned port. It was in Cambay that the poet Rishabhdas had composed his volume on raas (a popular folk form) and businessmen Rajiya-Vajiya. is no ordinary girl. having trade links with a number of cities and towns in the country and outside. It was in Cambay tl)at omniscient Hemchandracharya. a truly enlightened soul. He was accompanied by his grand daughter Dharmalaxmi. once upon a time. She will hold aloft the banner of] inshashan (Jain order). he went to the Acharya to pay his respects. One day. I ask you to give her to me to be a nun.blogspot.

At that time a girl was also engrossed in watching the fair and unwittingly she put her hand on the king's hand. a devotee par excellence. Spirituality is beyond age. while they were also trying to assess opinion of the people . She continued her pursuit of knowledge and practised severe penance. Abhaykumar arranged their wedding ceremony. King Shrenik was attracted towards that beautiful girl and promised her to make her his queen. In memory of his promise the king gave her his ring as a token. Such an extraordinary being is born after long. she mastered them all. Once king Shrenik and his minister Abhaykumar were enjoying the gaiety ofa fair in disguise. Bhagwan Mahavir had said: "True devotion is very rare. SADHVI DURGANDHARINI Lie-sketch of Sadhvi Durgandharani reveals the transience of worldly pleasures and the glory of life dedicated to penance. Dharmalaxmi began her austere life as a sadhvi at the age of eight. and became sadhvi The idol of Dharmalaxmi is found in the jinalaya in Matar in Gujarat. He said. At the age of eleven.. Let her grow into a pillar of religion. a pillar of religion and spirituality.blogspot. In a short time." The Shravak felt relieved at the Acharya's words and his misgivings were dispelled. Sadhvi Dharmlaxmi was. Dharmalaxmi (Padmalaxmi) was given to the Acharya to be a sadhvi par excellence. sense. she was appointed pravartini of seven hundred sadhvis. It so happened that once king Shrenik was going to attend the holy assembly of Bhagwan Mahavir and he was told by the soldiers that a http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. The prediction made by Bhagwan Mahavir regarding king Shrenik thus came to be true. Her Sadhana (sustained devotion to a cause) ensured for her an important place in the history of Jainism. At the age of twenty eight Dharmalaxmi left for heavenly abode." It is only true devotion and faith that leads to attainment of spiritual heights. She was endowed with an acute mind and began the study of scriptures. long years.. This is the only instance of an idol of a sadhvi and of one who attained a very high status at such a young age. "How would an eight-year old girl withstand the rigours of the life of a sadhvi?".manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 72 of 133 The grandfather was stunned to hear the words of the Acharya. "Don't worry. the minister. With the power of his sharp intelligence. in the true. she became an ornament of her religion. could read through the meaning of this episode and in accordance with the desire of the king. 07-10-2011 . True to her name. gender or caste. Abhaykumar. The Acharya saw that the grandfather was a worried man.. he thought.

Queen Durgandha thought seriously over the happenings of her previous birth and made a firm determination to go the righteous way.blogspot. Then she thought that all the tenets of the Jain religion were of high category but it would have been yet better if only it would have permitted the monks to have a bath ! Because of having expressed disgust at the stinking clothes of the monk. King Shrenik was defeated by her in the game of shatranj and the queen that he had met in the fair mounted on his back. At the time of her marriage. The things happened exactly as predicted by Bhagwan Mahavir.. With the passage of time. king Shrenik expressed his desire to know about the past and the present of that young girl. Bhagwan Mahavir told king Shrenik that with the mitigation of her evil karmas. It was very difficult to get even a http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. while other queens would be merely watching with the ends of their' saris' in their she accepted initiation with the concurrence of king Shrenik. The family of Jindatt Sheth (a wealthy merchant) of Soparak was also caught in the grip of severe drought. the king would accept her as his chief queen. a possessionless monk came there for alms. Durgandha came to realize about her karmic bondage of the previous birth and with a view to ensuring liberation therefrom. Dhanmitra welcomed him with utmost respect and asked his daughter Dhanshri to offer him the alms. Predicting her future. Queen Durgandha became a nun and joined the congregation (sangh) of Acharya Chandana. 07-10-2011 . She did it accordingly.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 73 of 133 young girl ~as lying under a nearby tree and her body was stinking so badly that the passers-by usecl to turn their back upon her. Sadhvi Durgandha's life reveals that even a single evil thought can entangle a person in strange karmic bondage. she incurred the karmic bondage and it was because of that bondage that she became the daughter of a courtesan in her present birth. At the holy assembly of Bhagwan Mahavir. SADHVI ISHVARI Once there was severe famine not for a year or two but successively for twelve years. She was named Durgandha as bad odour emanated from her body. Taking a lesson from the previous birth she made good of her present life and preferred the difficult path of spiritual growth. being celebrated like a festival. She would be Durgandha of her previous birth and her only identity would be that he would be defeated by her in a game of shatranj (chess) and she would ride on his back.. The courtesan had deserted her in the forest. Bhagwan said that in her previous birth the young girl was the daughter of Dhanmitra of Shaligram and her name was Dhanshri.

he asked her the reason. it would mean that the scarcity of food consequent upon the drought would disappear the very next day. Overwhelmed and choked by emotions. there would have been a very unfortunate some food was required. Acharya Vajrasen told Ishvari that there was no need to mix poison in the food and eat it and that by the next day. his wife Ishvari and the entire family should die together by taking poisonous food. That night ships full of foodgrains landed at the port of Soparak and from early morning all the people received the foodgrains they needed. Ishvari cooked the food and just as she was going to mix the lethal poison in the food. everyone would get the food they needed. The shadows of terrible crisis were dispelled. 07-10-2011 . Nivrutti and Vidyadhar accepted initiation from Acharya Vajrasen by rejecting infinite wealth and all the worldly pleasures and happiness. Ishvari bowed to the Acharya respectfully. Even to mix poison with the food. As Acharyashri saw the poison in the hands of Ishvari. Finally it was decided that Jindatt. Ishvari knew full well that Acharyashri spoke nothing but the truth and that his utterances would never fail. Jindatt's wife Ishvari was engaged in deep reflection regarding this incident. At last Jindatt could procure two fistful of rice by paying one lakh gold-coins.. Now they should secure from him the gift of restraint ('sanyamdan') so as to get rid of the miseries of the cycle of births. Ishvari narrated the fact and having heard Ishvari's statement. Thus the episode relating to poisonous food turned out to be a blessing. Alongwith Ishvari. she heard the sweet and soothing voice of Acharya Vajrasensuri who said aloud 'dharmalabh' (increase in righteousness). http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Jindatt also got the foodgrains and the family satiated their hunger. She thought that had Acharyashri been a little late.. The guru had told him that when he would find a Jain laywoman of a house ready to mix poison in the food bought at a cost of one lac gold coins. She regarded such a darshan of a sadhu at the critical moment of death as a great reward of her meritorious deeds. it was a great blessing that at the time of their taking poison the great Acharya had given them darshan.blogspot. All the members of the family felt that Ishvari was right. Acharya Vajrasen was reminded of his guru's forecast. On hearing this Ishvari thought that eventhough life had been as bitter as poison.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 74 of 133 mouthful of food. Jindatt and their four sons named Nagendra. As they would have died unnatural death. Acharya Maharaj had arrived in the nick of time and saved them all from miserable and sinful death. their souls would have gone to hell. Chandra. Ishvari told her husband and all the four sons that Muniraj had gifted them each with a new life ('jivandan').

Once as part of rejoicing over her being pregnant. And her left hand was cut off by the butcher on her request who ultimately presented himself before the king and produced both the hands of the queen. Suspicion and fear know no limits.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 75 of 133 The four sons of Sadhvi Ishvari are now regarded and respected as great saints. He thought that it would be better to arrange to cut off her hands wearing those shining bangles. Innocent Kalavati rode the chariot. SADHVI KALAVATI Kalavali was the queen of Shankhraja. Incidentally the ascetic happened to be a friend of Kalavati's father. her brother sent a boxful of ornaments. How heartless was he in ordering the butcher to cut off her hands! So deep and moving was his remorse that the king decided to die on a pyre of sandalwood. All of a sudden. alongwith the bangles. the ascetic became extremely furious and for once he thought of creating great calamity in the reign of Shankhraja who had proved to be a tyrant. Even the king himself was puzzled as from to where had Kalavati obtained her bangles. When the butcher stopped the chariot in a desolate place. He was stung by remorse that he had doubted her chastity. They instigated the king and said that the king had discriminated against all other queens. next to her sat the butcher. a thick. On the other hand. the dry river began to flow with plenty of water in it. The life of Ishvari provides inspiration to all those who intend to follow the path of spiritual welfare. namely. green forest bloomed in that desolate place. His subjects made many efforts to prevent the king from taking such an extreme step. On this happy occasion. Nagendrakul. Nivrutikul and Vidyadharkul after the names of the four sons. At that time an ascetic came there and he saw that Kalavati was alone without any companion there. Chandragachchha.. But Kalavati requested the ascetic http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Having heard about her sufferings. Kalavati's hands were restored with her bangles as they used to be previously. She herself cut off her right hand. This made other queens envious of her. Kalavati was deeply shocked on learning the truth. she told him that it was not the way to her parental home: Thereupon the butcher revealed the truth to her. The king lied to pregnant Kalavati that she was being sent to her parental home. In the swetambara tradition four gachchha (a chapter of monk) became famous. Thinking that there was nobody to take care of the child in that desolate place. great festivity took place in the He thought that the bangles might have been sent by her previous lover. she delivered a baby-boy. On reading the name of Kalavati's brother on the bangles. Kalavati began to weep loudly. He doubted the chastity of Kalavati. The story of queen Kalavali's life is an illustration of a life lived with chaste character. the king of Ujjain. at the time Kalavati's hand was cut off by the butcher. 07-10-2011 . the king realized the grave sin he had committed and he became unconscious. Kalavati put on jewelstudded bangles which used to give out light in the dark.

A wood-cutter who happened to pass through the forest had seen this and he rushed to the king to narrate the episode. Madanrekha explicitly told him that it did not befit him to think of his younger brother's wife thus. the king Manirath had a snake-bite and he died. with the sheer power of his learning.adevlok as a god.blogspot. Once Yugbahu was fast asleep in the Kadaligruha near Vasantpur and all of a sudden Manirath came there and attacked him with a sword. SADHVI MADANREKHA Yugbahu was the younger brother of king Manirath of Sudarshanpur. Listening to an inspiring and spiritual discourse Yugbahu passed away and ultimately took birth in the Brahry. but thinking that he had been successful in killing his brother.. Thus Manirath escaped his death. Once a learned sadhu came to Kalavati and she told him about all her sufferings. As the king now came to know the whereabouts of the queen. he was in a happy mood. Ultimately. the ascetic created a residence for Kalavati and her child right there. While Yugbahu was breathing his last. he went there to bring Kalavati back. his son Chandrayatha came there. Having known about their previous births and the pattern of their karma (action) the king and the queen both wholeheartedly accepted the path of penance and followed spiritual path. That bird was the king in the present Manirath was infatuated by Madanrekha's beauty and by sending to her some precious ornaments. Back there in the kingdom the minister had succeeded in persuading the king to postpone for a month is self-immolation. The sadhu explained that in the previous birth Kalavati was a princess and she had cut off the wings of a bird with one of her arrows. Madanrekha chanted to her dying husband prayers. Yet strange are the ways of fate and karma. and suffered self- http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Madanrekha became extremely distressed as she felt that she had been the cause of her husband's death. On the other hand. 07-10-2011 . But Manirath's infatuation became more and more intense. His wife Madanrekha was extremely beautiful.. clothes and fragrant flowers he conveyed his desire for copulation with her. The minister had promised the king to bring back the queen within that period. King Manirath decided to get Madanrekha by any means and he planned to kill his younger brother Yugbahu.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 76 of 133 not to be so furious. However Yugbahu was forebearing and asked his warriors not to kill his elder brother because whatever happened was the result of his previous birth. On listening the screams of frightened Madanrekha. brave warriors arrived there and caught hold of the king Manirath. after all the ascetic was as good as her own father. Infatuation of a lustful man destroys his sense of discretion. While he was passing through the forest.

assumed female form and frustrated Kanakvati's designs.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 77 of 133 mortification. marked with Yugbahu's name. Mahabal with the help of some secret formula. She secured the permission of her guruni (female spiritual teacher) and went to the battle-field to prevent the large-scale destuction and loss resulting from a war. Malaysundari was the daughter of king Virdhaval and queen Champakmala of Prithvisthanpur. Calamity never comes alone. Vidyadhar whQ happened to pass through the sky protected her.. they come in a battalion. Mahabalkumar was the son of king Surpal. She put a ring. She felt that her child would die crying in her absence. Having accepted initiation Madanrekha was known as Suvrata Sadhvi. a water-elephant rolled her up in his trunk and waved her vigorously in the air. The reason for the war was only this that a white elephant that had escaped from king Namiraj was forcibly detained by king Chandrayatha. While as a mother Madanrekha was extremely anxious about her new-born child. was also infatuated by her beauty. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Her saviour Vidyadhar. on the young child's finger and having placed the new-born child under a tree.blogspot. His discourse made Vidyadhar accept her as his sister. Instead of heavy destruction of a war. too. Malaysundari's step-mother Kanakvati had tried to create a rift between the two for Mahabal had spurned her amorous advances. As Vidyadhar was infatuated by Madanrekha's beauty. She preferred to stay in a lonesome place in a forest with concealed identity. 07-10-2011 . Hence she requested Vidyadhar to bring her child to her or to take her to the place where the child was. he asked her to accept him as a husband first of all and then he would do everything as per her desire. It was so steadfast a bond between the two that they could weather many a storm before and after their marriage. While Madanrekha was having her bath in the pond. SADHVI MALAYSUNDARI It was love at first sight between Malaysundari and Mahabalkumar. in a jewel-studded blanket. On the battle-field Madanrekha delivered a spiritual discourse and she led both the kings aside and told them details about their previous life and both of them embraced each other as they happened to be brothers. They both met muniraj Manchur while on a pilgrimage to Nandishvar Dwipa. When Madanrekha arrived at Mithila she came to know that king Chandrayatha of Sudarshanpur and King Namikumar of Mithila were engaged in a war.. There she gave birth to her second son. the battle field became a joyous meeting-place of two she went for a bath in a pond.

decided to end their lives. Mahabal then appeared there and informed them that Malaysundari was alive. in the semiconscious state. and prophesied that she would materialise from a wooden pillar. but then she and Mahabal decided to http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Malaysundari pleaded innocence and the king decided to find out the truth. She was asked to take it out with her hand. He got hold ofthe python and tore it from its mouth into two. then.. He. 07-10-2011 . If innocent. She fell into the mouth of a python. He said. at once ordered that she should be thrown into a well.blogspot. in the garb of a man. Malaysundari prayed and put her hand into the pot and took the three feet long. The snake put round her neck a garland and wiped out the tilak from her forehead. black snake out. The frustrated princes drew their swords and attacked Mahabal who showed extraordinary courage and subdued them. She suffered too for having slighted a jain muni. Then Mahahal and Malaysundari tied the nuptial knot and went to a temple to offer prayers. Suddenly he heard a woman crying and went to her rescue. She was taken to a temple of a Yaksha (a celestial being) called Dhananjay. The python half swallowed her and slowly came out of the well. chasing a demon. He also asked them to organise swayamvar (assembly of prospective grooms).manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 78 of 133 Kanakvati instigated the king against Malaysundari and he. therefore. happened to see the python and saw a human being in its mouth. He appeared at the spot as a veena (musical instrument) player. Malaysundari." The king learnt about his second wife's design to deprive him of his daughter. A day passed but he did not return. "You will assume your original form only when the dot is erased by me. The king and the people were surprised at the turn of ev:mts. Malaysundari appeared there and garlanded him to indicate that she had chosen him as her husband.e. The news about the disappearance of Mahabal had reached Prithvisthanpur and a hunt was launched to find him. was discovered and earings and turban of Mahabal were found on her person. Malaysundari soon assumed her original form. He also saw a man menacingly advancing towards them. Many such miraculous events took place in the life of Malaysundari. the snake would not harm her. disguised as man.. She was unscathed. stumbled out of the python's mouth and she uttered the word 'Mahabalkumar'. when A woman. changed Malaysundari into a man. recognised her as Malaysundari. It was about to girdle round a huge tree. Kanakvati's mother. applied a tilak (dot) on her forehead and she turned into a man. He and his first queen i. Malaysundari. He took out from his hair a magic tablet. King Virdhaval organised the swayamvar as bid by Mahabal. It was a deserted place and Mahabal. A poisonous snake was kept in a pot. returned to Prithvisthanpur.

manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 79 of 133 exercise restraint and wore white clothes. She stopped to listen to the narration of love-sports in spring and of intoxicating tales of love full of shringar rasa (amorous). The Acharya." The Acharya knew what she meant. She enjoyed all conceivable material comforts. Once Manorama was being carried in a palanquin and she heard a youth's sweet. At that time Acharya Abhaydevsuriji was preaching his disciples. It struck a responsive chord in her heart and she felt happy. making everyone feel inner peace and harmony. hypnotised as she mellifluous voice.. I've found someone interesting. She thought: "I am beautiful." Manorama enjoyed life to the hilt. Then act the way you want to. She approached the Acharya and said. the love-god. You and I would make a unique blend and it would be heaven on earth. Princess Manorama http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Cupid. In no time sadhvi Malaysundari became mahattara. lost herself in the Acharya's eloquence.blogspot. narrated how even goddesses made their way to the supreme god. had struck his arrows and she became love-lorn. Listen to it and you will experience bliss. I will get betrothed to such a man. rich and happy. She exclaimed. She ordered the palanquin bearers to go in search of that man who had caused such a commotion in her heart. The feeling of physical attraction and of physical love melted away giving way to the feeling ofvairagya (renunciation).. And then he also gave a description of the Supreme Being. then. He read her mind and knew what her feelings were. Many a prince had expressed a desire to tie the nuptial knot with her but Manorama found them all uninteresting and all the proposals were spurned." Acharya's voice rang out shringar rasa (sentiment of am or) slowly turned into shanta rasa (sentiment of quietism). SADHVI MANORAMA Princess Manorama was young and wallowing in luxuries. To top it all. Princess Manorama. "0 princess! the song that you heard and in whose trail you came here is not yet complete. She herself arrived at an upashraya in search of the man whose voice had hypnotised her. "Ah. I want my husband also to be equally rich and handsome. The disciples were absorbed in listening to what the guru was saying. He lovingly said. He expounded on the significance of the beauty of soul which is far superior to the physical one. she was alluringly lovely. Self-abnegation and sacrifice are far more important than accumulation of wealth or possessions. "O prince! Accept me." Her amorous passions were aroused and felt an instant desire to see him and accept him as her mate. 07-10-2011 .

Only the determined souls can attain the ultimate vairagya or freedom from passion and attachment. While he was painting. Indeed human beings chase the corporeal joys and pleasures but such joys are finite. the king arranged to show him a face of an ugly maid-servant and asked him to paint a full figure and the artist did it successfully. Thinking that the artist might have abused her chastity. The artist wiped it off immediately but it happened again while he was applying the colours. Other artists told the king that the artist had a divine skill to draw a full-fledged painting of a human figure on the basis of a glimpse of one limb only. On the basis of these details. By chance. The artist was greatly shocked and he decided to avenge it. the king imprisoned the artist immediately. attachment turned into detachment and she accepted the robes of a nun. the artist thought that there might be a blot on her thigh and he allowed it to be there. He sent the painting to Ujjain's king Chandapradyot who had fatal attraction for women. He had the divine blessing of painting a full human figure only by seeing one of the limbs of the person. This painting happened to be that of queen Mrugavati and as the king saw the blot on the thigh. The remarkable change in the life of Manorama is illustrative of a great phenomenon of transformation of life-style. she happened to possess immense skill in state affairs and administration. Chandrapradyot tried http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. brought up as she was in the palatial atmosphere.blogspot. Her passions and desires were completely purged. desires and attachments that are associated with the body are as well destructible. Besides having all the virtues. Thereby one can genuinely devote one's self to the pursuit of Tirthankar.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 80 of 133 was now a transformed this skilled artist prepared a full-fledged painting of the female figure. the artist happened to have a look at the royal palace. Once an artist came to the court of Kaushambi. he became furious. A beautiful and young looking body is subjected to old age and death. there he saw a toe of a female figure. To test his skill. 07-10-2011 .. so he drew a very tempting painting of Mrugavati who was the most beautiful woman of the time. The king realized the skill of the artist. she used to have family relations with prince Vardhaman. Life-sketch of Sadhvi Manorama reveals the fact that unlike the body. the spirit or the Atma (soul) is of utmost significance. When it happened the third time. however he ordered that the artist's right thumb should be cut off. a drop of soot fell on the thigh of the painted young lady. SADHVI MRUGAVATI Mrugavati was the daughter of Vaishali's king Chetak and the queen of Kaushambi's king Shatanik. passions. the incarnate vitrag.

SADHVI NARMADASUNDARI Narmadasundari. holder of 64 feminine arts. ones who are considered worth worshipping early in the morning (Pratahsmaraniya). Mrugavati begged to be forgiven but Acharya Chandana felt great remorse and this expiation led to lofty spiritual feelings in Mrugavati.Hindu. The monk said. Narmadasundari was standing in a balcony and she spat the chewed betel leaf which fell on the head of a monk who happened to pass along the street. The monk looked up and told her that for having shown disrespect to a monk. With the annihilation of harmful karmas (actions)... I have acquired divine knowledge. Mrugavati pointed to the serpent hidden in a dark corner. 07-10-2011 . One finds her story in the literature of all the three religions . Bauddha and Jain. Acharya Chandana awoke all of a sudden and on being asked. Thereupon Acharya Chandana asked her. how could you detect the serpent ?" Mrugavati said. she would suffer separation from her husband. was married to Maheshvardalta. she accepted initiation and Chandapradyot promised to look after Mrugavati's son and her kingdom. she came running down she bowed to the monk and earnestly requested the saint not to curse her. she acquired absolute knowledge. whereupon Acharya Chandana reprimanded With the power of her divine sight. It is only the karma that make you suffer.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 81 of 133 to possess Mrugavati but ultimately under the impact of Mahavir' s sermon. Consequently she became late in returning to the upashraya (a place for the stay of Jain monks & nuns). she greatly impressed her in-laws by her strict pursuit of Jain religion. Mrugavati occupies a special place among 16 distinguistedsatis of Jain reli~on. "Because of your kind blessings. After her marriage.blogspot." http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Having realized her mistake." Sadhvi Chandana bowed before Mrugavati with utmost respect and as there was manifestation of lofty feelings in the heart of Chandana. "A Jain monk would never curse. Once a poisonous serpent was passing by the santhara (bed of sacred grass darbh) of Sadhvi Chandana. As a result of touching of somebody's hand. "While it is impossible to see even the palm of a hand in this thick darkness of the night. she too acquired divine knowledge. she could see the poisonous serpent and immediately lifted Chandana's hand lying in its way. Once upon a time. Once Sadhvi Mrugavati had gone to attend a gathering of Bhagwan Mahavir and she was engrossed in listening to his sermon so much that she hardly realised that it was almost evening time.

Once when she asked Suhastisuriji about her previous "You are not at fault in this matter. Maheshvardatta left her asleep and returned to the ship and told others that his wife was killedby a monster in the form of a tiger. Finally Narmadasundari arrived at her parents' home and passed her days peacefully. When the courtesan died. "Indeed the singer is expert in singing. melodious music was heard from an island whereupon Maheshvardatta said that the singer must be very expert in the art of music. Maheshvardatta informed Narmadasundari's parents about the death of Narmadasundari and performed all the obsequial rites. Having known about her previous birth. 07-10-2011 . There she was tortured and beaten heavily but she did not budge a little. The ship made a halt at Rakshasa Dwipa. He wondered as to how could she have such a detailed information about a third person. In anger he decided to abdicate her. Maheshvardatta earned a lot of money in Yavan Dwipa. Every soul has to suffer according to the karmas that it has performed." Maheshvardatta also accepted initiation and both attained salvation on the banks of the Narmada. Just by listening to the voice. He is a young man of thirty-two with a broad chaste. she fell prey to a courtesan." Narmadasundari's detailed description of the singer raised many doubts in the mind of her husband. Hence Narmadasundari said. SADHVI PADMAVATI (CHITRASEN) http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. while Narmadasundari was sleeping under the shade of a tree. Once she was on a tour when Maheshvardatta came to Sadhvi Narmadasundari to offer his respects. the king called her to the court to take the place of the dead courtesan.. she had harassed the monks residing on the bank. On returning to the home-town. she accepted initiation and after severe penance she acquired clairvoyance. Her uncle Virdas came there and accompanied her back but on the way. When she was awakened..manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 82 of 133 For some business. In order to protect and save her character. his hands are muscular and hair rough. This was the time when everything was explained and Maheshvardatta repented greatly for his behaviour. Maheshvardatta was going to a foreign land and along with his wife he went for a cruise. Thereafter. he said that as a ruling goddess of the river Narmada in the previous birth. she began to pass her days taking recourse to religion. People thought that she was either a mad woman or a witch and let her go. but he is black.blogspot. she jumped into a ditch and behaved like a mad woman. she could make a lifelike description of the singer. One night. Narmadasundari had also studied the science of voice. Sadhviji told him. Narmadasundari had to face many difficulties and began to weep loudly. Besides the art of music.

Ratnasar was in a dilemma. There king Virsen and Chitrasen's step mother tried to kill Chitrasen three times but both failed in their efforts. Her beauty is carved by a sculptor named Sagar but since Padmavati hates men. together with her little ones. The monk told the tale of the couple's previous birth and then he suggested a remedy. Ratnasar tried to wipe those blood-stains with his scarf. her hatred for manfolk would disappear as the ice gets melted in heat and she would be ready for the marriage. The female swan was unable to flyaway together with her little ones. As the maleswan returned he saw that his mate and little ones had died in the fire and under the impact of the severe shock he too jumped into the fire and was burnt alive. He also told the prince that a tragic event of Padmavati's earlier birth had made her hate manfolk. the female swan thought that males are faithless and heartless and they betray the females. Chitrasen's doubts would be confirmed. In the previous birth.. Ratnasar once heard the prediction from the Yaksha that one night a cobra would bite the prince and if saved from. Alongwith Padmavati and Ratnasar he left for Vasantpur. If Chitrasen would show Padmavati the pictures of the previous birth. Padmavati. died in the fire. Thinking that the blood-stains of the poisonous serpant would be fatal to the queen. he doubted the integrity of Ratnasar. he would rule Kalinga for years to corne. Ratnasar. Once there was a wild fire in the forest and the male swan went to fetch water. a pair of swans together with their little ones. kindly let us know if there is such a princess like the one in a As time passed.. At last Ratnasar told the truth and he was transformed into a stone. the daughter of Queen Padmashri and king Padmarath of Padmapur. If ever she knew that males to be so selfish she would not have lived with her mate at all. Just at that moment. "With the immense power of your knowledge. Chitrasen became uneasy with all the memories of Vasantpur. did get married to Chitrasen. As the lake was far away. lived happily. 07-10-2011 ." This disappointed Chitrasen but the monk consoled him. met Kevali Muni and said. the Prince's friend. she has remained unmarried so far. This male-hating female swan. If he told everything that had happened he would be transformed into a black stone as per the forecast by the Yaksha and if he did not tell the truth." Muni said. As the swan did not return. "This stone statue is a copy of princess Padmavati. Indeed it happened likewise. the king awoke all of a sudden and having seen the sight.blogspot. he was delayed in returning.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 83 of 133 Prince Chitrasen was attracted by the statue of a very beautiful woman and decided to find that woman at any cost. That night Ratnasar killed the cobra with a sword in the bed-room of Chitrasen but the drops of blood fell on the thigh of queen Padmavati. Chitrasen seriously considered the doubts he http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. daughter of king Padmarath.

along with his newly born son. since she regarded sadhuta (the ascetic way of life) as the ultimate achievement in life. He was full of compassion and mercy. One night Pahini dreamt that somebody was prompting her to accept the divine jewel named Chintamani. she gave birth to a baby-boy. He enhanced the glory of the Jain religion. The parents named him Changdevj 'chang' meaning the best. Pahini thought that as gurudev Devchandrasuriji was in the town at that time. Having been pleased with such a friendship.blogspot. 1089. He had undertaken five vows in his life and he had controlled his senses and it was exemplary for others. would touch Ratnasar he would corne alive. Acharya Devchandrasuri told her that she would give birth to a child who would be a jewel among men and in his later age he shall become a great guru. She accepted the jewel in her dream and dedicated that jewel to her guru. the Yaksha manifested himself and said. She had tears of joy in her eyes and just at that time her eyes opened. The mother who had given birth to such a great personality had also followed in the footsteps of her Ratnasar carne to life again at her touch. His parents were present on the occasion and so greatly were they inspired that together with the son the mother also accepted the path of penance and became a sadhvij Pahini was given the title of Pravartini (head of the order of nuns). In A. D. His impact was felt by the commonest man to the kings. "If an absolutely chaste woman. It was but natural for a mother to desire that her son should achieve the highest attainment in life. SADHVI PAHINIMATA Pahini was the wife of Sheth Sachig of Dhandhuka and was a sister of the renowned merchant Neminath.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 84 of 133 entertained about Ratnasar and the sacrifice latter had made for him and he decided to die with such a loyal friend on his funeral pyre. The little Changdev once sat on a pat (cot) of the Acharya. Changdev was named Soma chandra and in course of time he was conferred the title of Acharya and was named Hemchandrasuri. The words of the guru gave her immense joy. Pahini had immense faith in her guru.. it was better to consult him regarding the interpretation of her dream." In due course a son was born to queen Padmavati and she being a chaste woman.. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. He provided guidance to the rulers of Gujarat like Jaysinha Siddharaj and Kumarpal. Later they all renounced the world and attained salvation. 07-10-2011 . 'Kalikalsarvagna' (omniscient in the Kali age) Hemchandracharya was a treasure-house of knowledge and he wrote many books on numerous and varied subjects. Changdev's parents gave him permission for the initiation.

. When Pravartini Pahini passed away at last. the Jains spent rupees three crore for the philanthropic activities. for their safest voyage in the ocean of worldly life. It is not that only women from the royal families. courtesans and the down-trodden women have also accepted initiation for personal growth. Acharya Hemchandracharya happened to arrive at Patan. The Sanskrit version of ~he Prakrut word q1~uft is 'Potini'. have joined this fold but even maid-servants.. Sadhviji was bed-ridden and the group of nuns around her was busy with the religious worship. the town in which lived Pravartini Pahini who had renounced food and water. In the heart of her hearts. All of them paid high respects to Sadhvi Pahini who as a mother had dedicated her young son to the cause of religion.blogspot. Arya Poyani had helped many religious people. They too have ultimately become respected personalities in the community and the religious culture. creeds and classes have been admitted to it for spiritual pursuit. The son who had renounced everything in the wprld had the unique contribution of three lakh shlokas (verses) in memory of her great mother who had firm faith in religion. exemplary character and severe penance. Many devotees used to come for her darshan. Sadhvi Poyani is one of the sixteensatis (chaste and virtuous wives) whom people bow down even today and whose names are remembered alongwith the names of the Tirthankars (builders of the ford).com/2010/04/abhaydevsuri-abhayde. Shri Hemchandracharya also took utmost care of his mother whom he greatly adored. the Jain nuns also awakened spiritual consciousness among the people at large by http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. without any narrow minded considerations. A look at the order of Jain nuns would give an idea that women from all castes. purity of conduct and quality of leadership. it has also accorded a respectable place to nuns. These Jain nuns have made significant contribution as authors and have shown their power of memory. which means a woman having a fleet of ships. The life of Arya Poyani illustrates the fact that in the manner of Jain monks. Even the mighty kings and the most leading citizens used to leave their seats and bow down before the sacred nuns.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 85 of 133 Sadhvi Pahini was constantly engrossed in the pursuit of knowledge and meditation. Sadhvi Pahini now was engrossed in penance and meditation. In the course of his journey on foot. 07-10-2011 . having abundant wealth.the path of learning and knowledge. Arya Poyani enjoys a unique place in the Jain religion because of her versatility. she felt extreme joy at the extraordinary knowledge and wisdom of her son Hemchandrasuri as also by his unusual yogsiddhi and great religious impact. with the help of her ship of jnana-marg . All such women have become epitome of knowledge. SADHVI POYANI It is an outstanding feature of the Jain religion that alongwith the monks.

Pushyamitra again resorted to atrocities. Kharvel invaded Pataliputra. he signed a treaty. king Kharvel enjoys a unique place as a Jain ruler having unparallel chivalry. Sadhvi Poyani was scholarly. extraordinary spirit of adventure. As they grew. An eventful incident relating to jain history took place during the times of Kaling Chakravarti Mahameghvahan Kharvel. She devoted herself to severe penance and attained goddesshood of the divine world. Pushyamitra surrendered himself and having pledged not to persecute the Jains in future. This incident caused a great commotion and pain in the mind of the queen Pushpavati.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 86 of 133 travelling on foot armed with utmost faith. After considering all the facts the king decided to get them married to each other with great hesitation. SADHVI PUSHPACHULA Sadvi Pushpachula's life-sketch is a unique example of devotion to guru (spiritual teacher). the king started thinking about their marriage. The boy was named Pushpachul and the girl was named Pushpachula. Queen Pushpavati. But in course of time. created a desire for renunciation. As Arya Poyani was an authority on the Agam literature.. she made a decisive contribution in determining the text of the Agams. devoted to sacred precepts and efficient in the management of the Sangh. full of attachment and affection. In the annals of Indian history. Thereafter he invited the four sects of the sangh on the Kumargiri mountain and organised the secondAgamvachana conference with a view to systematically compiling and thus protecting the Agam (Jain canonical literature) 300 learned sadhvis participated in this conference under the leadership of Arya Poyani. intense devotion to religion and matchless compassion for co-religionists. Hence after four years. By undertaking journey on foot. Arya Poyani was the head of the order of nuns (Sadhvi-Pramukha) in the times of preceptor (Vachanacharya) Balissahji.. The King's decision was based on his conviction that both of them were the best suitable partners for each other. she used to create spiritual awakening among the people and she also assisted the sangh in propagating the religion. King Kharvel came to know that Pushyamitra. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. gave birth to twins . the wife of Pushpaketu. There was great love between the brother and the sister so much so that they could not stay apart even for a second. Such a life. the king of Pruthvipur. the king of Pataliputra was persecuting the Jains. But he was worried as to how his twin children would bear their separation which was inevitable in the event of their marriage. 07-10-2011 . Kharvel invaded Pataliputra with a large army and he became victorious. devotion and a spirit of adventure.blogspot.a baby-girl and a baby-boy.

their mother now as a goddess in the divine world.blogspot. while it serves as an enemy to one who performs evil deeds. The preachings of Acharya Arnikaputra dispelled and removed her ignorance and infatuation. 07-10-2011 . Her lifesketch illustrates the fact that noble actions yield good rewards and evil actions yield bitter fruits. Acharyashri said that the soul is friendly to a person who does good deeds. With her power of clairvoyance. His wife Rudrasoma .manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 87 of 133 In course of time. Moreover. He granted the permission but he put the condition that after her initiation she would take alms only from his place. Consequently. Sadhvi Pushpachula thought that it was her great fortune that a saintly guru like him had shown a very noble gesture to her. Such humility only makes one great and noble.. she acquired kevalajnana (absolute knowledge). the quality of humility inherelLt in the Jain religion is also reflected in the apologetic behaviour of Sadhu Aranikaputra. His wife Rudrasoma was held in high respect by the common people because http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. There upon queen Pushpachula asked Acharya Arnikaputra about the meaning of those dreams. The goddess was greatly distressed and she so contrived the things that queen Pushpachula had the dreams of heaven and hell. so he sent his disciples to far away regions. Acharya Arnikaputra could foresee a severe famine. With his power of scriptural knowledge.0 a brilliant child named Aryarakshit. Besides. Sadhvi Pushpachula lived during the time of Bhagwan Mahavir. watched the heinous deeds of her daughter and the son. Pushpachul and Pushpachula became the king and the queen respectively of Pruthvipur. whereas her mother led her to a righteous path.. Somdev was immensely loved both by the king and the people. Once she returned with alms from outside in heavy rain. Thereupon theguru realized that Pushpachula had attained absolute knowledge. Sadhvi Pushpachula concentrated all her efforts on the care and service of her guru. Soon queen Pushpachula felt immense She asked her husband's permission for living an ascetic's life. Acharya Arnikputra questioned her about it and she justified her action of bringing food in the rains. it was because of her devoted service to the guru that she acquired pure and absolute knowledge. SADHVI RUDRASOMA Somdev was a royal priest to the king of Dashpur. he was compelled to stay in the same place.ave birth . An authority on Vedas (the oldest sacred books of the Hindus) and a learned man. Her evil karmas led her to a wrong path. Unfolding the meaning of those dreams. With unfailing faith. The guru therefore begged her apology for taking service from her though she was a kevali (the isolated one separated from karmas). But because of his extreme old age.

Acharyashri told him that Drashtivad could only be taught to a saint who had accepted initiation as a possessionless shraman (Jain ascetic). Then the mother merely cast a loving glance at her son who had anticipated that her mother would express boundless joy and love on his arrival. Even the birds and animals were able to meet the needs of their belly. When Aryarakshit's brother Falgurakshit came there to escort him back home. he would get great honour. was puzzled by the attitude of his mother. his mother said that as a result of the scholarship he had got. Rakshit. After being well-versed in all the branches of learning Rakshit returned from Pataliputra to Dashpur and his entry into the city was celebrated both by the king and the people with enthusiasm at a grand function. Acharya Toshaliputra conferred upon him the title of Ganacharya (a leader of a group of monks). As he found his mother practising fame and money but it would not serve any meaning as regards the spiritual well-being or uplift of his own self or that of others. 07-10-2011 . and was honoured too. he too was inspired to accept initiation by the impact of the preachings of Aryarakshit.blogspot. and should acquaint himself with the spiritual path and acquire genuine self-realization. Early in the morning he paid his respects to his mother and went to Acharya Toshaliputra and requested him to teach him Drashtivad. Rakshit determined to fulfill the desire of his mother. Aryarakshit ran down to his mother to pay his respects and to bow down to her but he found that his mother was engaged in practising equanimity. love and affection incarnate anq. he was choked with emotions and bowed down. He knew too well that his mother was simplicity. On being asked by Rakshit the reason for her passivity. Such a learning had no meaning in her view.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 88 of 133 of her intense love for the Jain religion. only he could provide the desired learning. Aryarakshit passed the night in a disturbed state. the scholar. She added that her innermost desire was that her son should study Drashtivad (a title of twelfth anga work). Their mother had tears of joy in her eyes on http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. So keen was his desire for the pursuit of knowledge that Aryarakshit approached Vajraswami. Aryarakshit unhesitatingly accepted the initiation and immediately started the study of Ekadashangi (the eleven angas). In Patliputra he studied six angas (Jain canonical literature) and the vedas. Having listened to this. She told him that Acharya Toshaliputra was camping outside the town.. In view of the adequacy of his learning. the greatest authority of his time and studied nine purvas (early canons) under him intensively. was never disturbed and yet she was not at all happy on such a glorious event. Both the brothers came to the town of Dashpur. Somdev sent his son Aryarakshit to Pataliputra for further studies.

07-10-2011 . she would immolate herself on the pyre. he would surely marry Rukmini renouncing his saintliness instantly.blogspot. the only child of Pataliputra's richest merchant. Do you think one would http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Acharya Rakshitsuriji compiled the agams in four anuyoga (a group of post canonical texts). Along with the name of Acharya Rakshitsuriji. In fact she was determined to marry him and she conveyed this to her parents also and added that if the marriage would not take place. sadhu Rakshit was known as Yugpradhan (the formost spiritual leader in the age) Acharya Rakshitsuriji. Somdev. the mother and the entire family accepted initiation. Unmoved as he was. Strange are the ways of the mind. In due course of time. Alongwith his daughter bedecked with costly clothes and valuable ornaments and 100 crore mudras (coins). Rukmini. Rudrasoma. calm and collected and was glowing with the lustre of celibacy. Dhan Shreshti went to Arya Vajra and requested him to accept Rukmini as his wife since she had already regarded him as her husband. Dhan bowed to Arya Vajra and looked expectantly for a suitable answer. "0 Great merchant! By temperament you are very simple and innocent.the young and the old . Rukmini was attracted and infatuated by the physical beauty of Arya intense was her infatuation! Rukmini's father Dhan Shresthi (great merchant) was a money-minded man and considered everything in terms of money. But Arya Vajra was firm as regards his path of renunciation and he was not at all moved by the tempting offer. Having made the tempting proposal of wife and wealth. It was unbearable for her to live without him in seperation . Rukmini began to cherish sweet dreams of her future married life. Unlike the multitude.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 89 of 133 seeing the spiritual awareness and keenness of her sons. You intend to entangle me in all the bondages that I have already He thought that if he gave inexhaustible wealth to Arya Vajra. All of them .were engrossed in the heavenly delight of the religious discourse of Arya Vajra who was cool. had also gone to the garden with her friends. thinking of Arya Vajra as her husband. He also added that with the 100 crore mudras Arya Vajra would be able to enjoy all the worldly pleasures of life. SADHVI RUKMINI A great personality and a great saint Arya Vajra had arrived at Pataliputra and was staying near the garden outside the city. In view of the needs of the future generation. Almost the entire city had been out for his darshan. Sadhvi Rudrasoma's name also became immortal. the royal priest.. he said very calmly.

samyak darshan (enlightened world view) and samyak charitra (enlightened conduct). she should accept and follow the great vows accepted by me. Some years later king Harishen happened to listen to the sermon of Maharshi Vishvabhuti and he decided to abdicate his kingdom and the world and to go for penance. royal servants and guards. alongwith his ministers.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 90 of 133 let go the desire-fulfilling-tree (Kalpvruksha) for a small blade of grass ? Would one barter one's swan for a crow ? You are trying to tempt me by worldly. But. The more she listened to him. the more enlightened she felt and all her doubts. had a snake-bite and it was king Harishen who removed her poison.blogspot. Kanakkumar. He used to remove poison of many persons with the help of that medicine.. Rushi Harishen told him that once he was famous as king Harishen of Tambavati and he had with him a medicine to remove poison given to him by an ascetic. If your daughter really intends to follow me. Since Harishen had given her new life. daughter of king Prithvipati of Manglavati. sensual pleasures and enjoyment and thereby you intend to deprive me of my penance and renunciation that are worthy of ensuring me desired bliss. was passing throuli1jh the jungle. Prithvipati got princess Pritimati married to Harishen." Such a sweetly convincing speech of Arya Vajra dispelled the infatuation of 07-10-2011 .. now he was a godly figure and Arya Vajra led her on to a righteous path of spiritual bliss. Pritimati passed away and Rushi Harishen acted as the bereaved girl's father and named her as Rushidatta. Pritimati was pregnant and she delivered a daughter after she became a nun. fell in love with the girl as soon as he saw her. SADHVI RUSHIDATTA Dressed as a bride-groom. Queen Pritimati also became a nun to achieve fulfilment in life. Pritimati. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. On the ninth day of the delivery. son of king Hemrath. Simultaneously he was surprised as to who would be that beautiful girl standing near a rushi (saint with miraculous power) who was having on his body royal signs. ignorance and attachment were dispelled. She should be prepared and get ready to tread the path of spiritual upliftment by accepting my way of life of austere discipline and devotion. On his way he saw that an aged ascetic was performing penance on a stone-seat and nearby him a beautiful girl was standing. prince Kanak. namely samyak jnana (enlightened knowledge). She was now inspired by the preachings of a person whom she had regarded as her husband.

she decided to have her revenge on Rushidatta and with the help of yogini (female meditator with black magic) Sulasa.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 91 of 133 Rushi Harishen put a proposal to prince Kanakkumar to accept Rushidatta in marriage. She was extremely happy to have a husband like Kanakkumar. King Hemrath ordered that since Rushidatta was a witch she should be taken to the forest and should be burnt alive on a pyre with wet woods. As the forecasts of young Rushi came to be true. With the aid of first type of knowledge she could have the desired form and with the power of the other form she could regain her original form. Yogini Sulasa was active in killing humans every night in the city but she told the king that Rushidatta was a witch and man-eater.. his wealth continued to increase constantly. He was betrothed to Rukimini who felt insulted and being enraged. Later Rushidatta came to know from Muni Dharmavijayji. Shiyalvati thought that this would cause a very long separation. Intoxicated with pride. Prince Kanakkumar became so furious that he rushed to behead her but soon he was prevented by that young Rushi. Hence Rushidatta decided to accept initiation and with severe penance she attained absolute knowledge and ultimately. he ordered his minister Ajitsen to join him in the war. hence she garlanded him and added. Rushi Harishen had attained svargalok (heaven) by his death in deep meditation and with his divine knowledge he saw that Rushidattq. Rukmini told Kanakkumar that it was at her instance that Sulasa yogini had indulged in human killing and it was she who had proved Rushidatta as a man-eater. so that she may die with utmost pain. was in great trouble. SADHVI SHIYALVATI Ajitsen. He added that those who kill others mercilessly should die like this. When the marriage of Kanakkumar was arranged with Rukmini. His wife Shiyalvati possessed profound knowledge of the science of omens (sukan-shastra) and as Ajitsen used to carry out his business at auspicious moment as per her advice.. Rushidatta assumed a divine form of a young Rushi. his daughter of his previous birth. Once the king of Nandannagar attacked some other kingdom. 07-10-2011 . that whatever she suffered was the result of actions of her earlier birth. was highly intelligent.blogspot. who was in the city at that time. Kanakkumar insisted that the Rushi should stay with him. Rushidatta did not suffer any injury. The young Rushi then regained his original form and became Rushidatta. Hence he gave Rushidatta two types of knowledge with which she could change her form. she managed to place a piece of mutton in Rushidatta's bedroom and also to apply blood on her lips. minister to the king of N andannagar. salvation. The pyre was lit in the forest but as there was heavy rain all around and total darkness in the forest.

Minister Ashok went to the flower-girl (' malan') and told her to go to Shiyalvati and tell her that some handsome person wanted to meet her. The royal courtiers told the king about Shiyalvati's fidelity to her husband. The minister hurriedly rushed into the dark room and just as he went ahead to sit on the cot he fell in the pit. Once on listening the barking of a jackal she left for the thick forest in the darkness of the night with a pitcher on her head. came there in a jovial mood. Shiyalvati told the flower-girl to give her half a lakh coins so as to execute the task." A few days after another they came at an interval of a month with malicious intention of defiling her chastity. Everyone had heavily grown bread. As conveyed by the crow. The king greatly respected Shiyalvati for her chastity and tactfulness.. they found http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 92 of 133 "So long as the flowers of the garland don't wither you should be assured that my chastity is well-protected and intact. The ministers described the miserable plight they had to suffer and their utter failure in the mission.blogspot. Shiyalvati decided to teach a lesson to the capricious minister who had planned to mock and defile the chastity of somebody' s wife. the king saw a garland of fresh flowers around Ajitsen's neck. The flower-girl went to Lalitang and the fourth one named Ratikeli . The king gave the minister one and a half lakh dramm (kind of ancient coin) for putting her chastity to test. The king ultimately realized that the four ghostly persons were his own ministers. her maid-servant told the minister to give her the money he had brought and to wait and sit on the cot. Shiyalvati told her father-in-law that there were pitchers containing money under the tree. he was followed by the third minister. Shiyalvati took money from all of them and threw them into the pit. looking horrible. The flowergirl asked half a lakh coins for that task. When the boxes were opened by the king. four ghostly men came out of the boxes. he became anxious to know the secret behind such a garland in a battlefield. another minister named Kamankur came to her. Surprised as he was. On digging under the tree. he was surprised to see Shiyalvati talking to a crow. In due course of time. On her husband's return Shiyalvati presented four huge boxes to the king. According to Shiyalvati's instructions. Their eyes had sunk very deep and they had become lean and feeble. Sinhraja returned to the city. Meanwhile a minister named Ashok made a mockery of chastity. moustache and hair.. On his way. As the minister Ashok did not return. Her father-in-law doubted her chastity and with a view to sending her to her parent's home. Ashok. Shiyalvati arranged to dig a very deep pit in her house and put upon it a cot without strings and covered it with a bed-spread. having been victorious. the minister. 07-10-2011 . he followed her. Shiyalvati knew the language of the birds and animals.

Her incomparable beauty attracted the sight of many lustful men. Great and glorious is the path of penance. Shiyalvati and her husband accepted initiation and after their death they attained the fifth devlok (celestial world) and ultimately attained salvation. whereas deterioration and downfall are easy and quick. She decided to transform her outward physical beauty to inner elegance by means of renunciation and penance. The path of renunciation and penance is difficult like that of a high-rising mountain. Impelled by compassion. The incessant and unobstructed journey of penance came to its climax and consequent upon her penance. After some time. But even the white robe of a sadhvi could not disguise her alluring beauty.. Leaving behind the luxury and pleasures of royal life. Meanwhile a Sarthvah (leader of a caravan) was passing through the forest with his goods-loaded caravan. Princess Sukumalika became sadhvi (nun) Sukumalika. Sukumalika woke up and she had a new life. Sadhvi Sukumalika abjured food and water and resorted to severe penance and both her brothers were guarding her constantly during the course of her penance. as the result of cool breeze in the forest. They could not recognise Sukumalika http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. princess Sukumalika preferred the path of Once two monks came to this city and by chance they happened to arrive at Sarthvah's residence for alms. hence they left her body behind and returned to the town. Shiyalvati's father-in-law begged her apology. Her own beauty caused infatuation and lust among men. sadhvi Sukumalika fell on the earth. Penance is like spring season wherein the inner elegance blooms at its best and is never followed by any autumn.blogspot. Both her brothers had accepted initiation from the Jainacharya and their faces too glowed with the lustre of sainthood. Close acquaintance generated affection between them and Sukumalika became Sarthvah's wife and started looking after the domestic affairs.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 93 of 133 four pitchers containing gold. 07-10-2011 . She looked all around but did not find her brothers and was terrified with the thought as to what would happen to her in the deep and dense forest. SADHVI SUKUMAUKA Princess Sukumalika was extremely beautiful. Both her brothers thought that their sister had died. he took her to his home and attended upon her with selfless love and innocence. The princess also desired to follow the path of her brothers. It destroyes the karmic bondage and leads to the path of salvation. he saw this sadhvi crying lonely in the forest. Sadhvi Sukumalika realised that the entire world was mad after outward physical beauty.

Sadhvi Sunanda added that if guruni would permit her to go to Vidhya Dwip. she had acquired clairvoyance. she could emancipate Rupsen who was then born as an elephant. If people happened to see him from a far. "0 Rupsen ! When you had a birth as a human being. Both of them were shocked to see their sister. Sadhvi Sunanda boldly went near the elephant despite people's warnings. "How long do you intend to suffer for your infatuation ? You have wasted as many as six births and you are just on the verge of wasting this seventh birth too. Sukumalika remembered her glorious past and the immense joy she had attained by severe penance.. After a while they too recognised their sister as a married woman. The monks preached her the worthlessness and vanity of worldly life and great significance of salvation. he cooled down and stood quietly. arrived at Sugram for a rainy was crushed to death under his feet.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 94 of 133 who was dressed like a worldly woman but Sukumalika immediately recognised her brothers both of whom had thought that their sister had died in the forest. people avoided to go to the outskirts of the town. Because of his terror. As she knew about her previous births. Having been a Sadhvi. as if remembering his love for her in the previous birth. They came to know about everything that had happened. She said. once she told her guruni (female spiritual teacher) that she wanted to give sermon to a person named Rupsen who was entangled in the cycle of births because of his infatuatiqn for her. Whoever happened to cross his way. she made her present birth full of dignity and worthy. As Sadhvi Sunanda dauntlessly went forward. alongwith four other sadhvis. Sadhvi Sunanda. you lost your senses out of your infatuation for me and instead of getting me. SADHVI SUNANDA (RUPSEN) The life-sketches of Sunanda and Rupsen show the unusual way in which the theory of karma operates. Sadhvi Sunanda came to know that having been born as an elephant Rupsen had become a threat to the civic life. 07-10-2011 . Sadhvi Sunanda told him. With a view to imparting sermon to this elephant. thus transformed into a worldly being. Having been permitted by guruni. She then repented the change in her life.. Sukumalika once again resorted to the strenous path of penance. Sunanda had imbibed the virtue of renunciation." Sadhvi Sunanda told the elephant about his previous births.blogspot. Having attained spiritual growth. She abjured food and water. you were crushed to http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. As a result of her penance. they used to run helter-skelter. the screaming elephant came rushing towards her but as his eyes met with those of the Sadhviji's.

In her youthful days. a crow excreted and flew away. In course of time. you came to me as an embryo but at that time I was an unmarried woman. in the company of the king Pruthvivallabhai you were sitting nearby as a swan. you did not go away. she remembered her previous birth. In her previous birth. and the embryo was destroyed skillfully. but as you happened to have great attachment for me. That time I happened to be the queen of king Pruthvivallabha and you chased me and finally my husband Pruthvivallabha killed you. In the fourth birth you were born a crow.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 95 of 133 death under a Your next and the fifth birth was that of a swan. 07-10-2011 . So also. As she saw the bird. as also the results of infatuation. The king tried to drive you away. you created nuisance by your disturbing crowing. with the redemption of her karmas. Having seen her peerless beauty. In·your next birth. hence the king ordered his men to kill you. Out of your sheer joy you were singing sweetly... While I was enjoying a music party. SADHVI TARANVATI Sadhvi Tarangvali had gone to seek for alms in the region ruled by king Kunik.blogspot. the wife of a rich merchant became curious to know as to what might have compelled this extremely beautiful woman to renounce the worldly life. Driven by your attachment for me. In the subsequent sixth birth you were born a deer. with thick foliage." Having listened to the stories of his six previous births. I accepted initiation for the redemption of my sins. Your dreams remained unfulfilled. Sadhvi Sunanda acquired absolute knowledge and immortal status. both of them were happy enjoying their love-game. As she repeatedly asked and requested her to let her know the secret of such a renunciation. The excretion of the crow fell on the king and believing that it was the swan's doing he became so angry that he killed the swan. Once I was sitting under a tree. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Then sheldrake that was moving joyously along the river-banks was killed by a hunter. on the banks of the river Ganga. sadhvi Tarangvati ultimately told her about her previous life. you were born to a female-serpent living in a garden of king Pruthvivallabha of Kshitipratishthit town. The deer was killed and was cooked for our meali when I was having my meal with the king just at that time a muni told me the story of our previous births. the ascetic-like elephant died in deep meditation and acquired the status of a god of the eighth 10k. he attained salvation. As the separation became unbearable. Having come to know about the unfailing operation of karma. Just at that time. Tarangvati and her friends had gone for an excursion in the forest. alongwith my husband king Pruthvivallabha. the female-sheldrake also died. Tarangini had lived happily as a female-sheldrake in the company of a male sheldrake. there she saw a sheldrake.

As TarangVati came to know about the unending suffering of life. He had hated himself for his cruel action and had suffered immense repentance. But strange are the ways of destiny and and with that started their life of wandering again. Tarangvati's father rejected the offer to get his daughter married to Padmadev. After many years. But their life had yet to seek its perfection. Knowing this Tarangvati began to weep loudly and the gang-leader was deeply moved by her sobs and wails and set them free. son of a Jain merchant. The monk happened to be the hunter who had killed the male sheldrake in the previous birth. Tarangavati became anxious to know about the lover of her previous birth. Acharyashri decided to kill http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 96 of 133 But simultaneously with the remembrance of her previous life. but they had yet to face a new problem.blogspot. She thought that if some suggestion can be conveyed to the lover of her previous birth. she accepted the path of discipline and penance. With the marriage of Tarangvati and Padmadev. was reminded of his previous birth. Acharyashri suffered great mental commotion. Hans and Paramhans were killed at the hands of followers of other religion. Consequently. Once they were arrested by a gang of thieves and they decided to kill them for human sacrifice before the goddess Katyayani.. 07-10-2011 . Padmadev's economic condition being ordinary. namely. She painted the entire episode of her previous birth and placed it at the cross-road of Kaushambi during the Kaumudi festival. Having come to know about the sufferings of his daughter and having realized the integrity of their love. He had realized his mistake when he had seen female sheldrake giving up her own life in the wake of sheldrake's death. Their love found a sort of fulfillment. one chapter of their life was over. On viewing the painting Padmadev. they came to Kaushambi. One night both of them eloped in a boat and wandered from place to place for many days. SADHVI YAKINI MAHA'ITARA Two disciples of Acharya Haribhadrasuriji. The shock of the killing of his loving disciples caused a sense of revenge in him. But Padmadev and Tarangvati's love was too intense to be controlled by anybody. their reunion might be possible. Tarangini's father arranged for their wedding in a grand manner. One evening they happened to meet a monk on the banks of the river Ganga. Tarangvati sadhvi became a disciple of sadhvi Chandanbala and devoted her life to spiritual attainment. The episode regarding cycle of births relating to her life came to a close as she accepted initiation and became a nun. Moreover he rectified the 'karma' of his previous life by setting Padmadev and Tarangini free as a leader of the gangsters in the present birth .. the two lovers who were seperated in the previous birth found their re-union in the present birth.

" Yakini Mahattara very respectfully accepted the atonement but politely added. Acharyashri closed the doors of the upashraya (a place for the stay of Jain monks & nuns) and boiled oil in a huge vessel on a furnace. he ultimately had accepted initiation from Jindattasuriji. "I need you urgently. Acharya Haribhadrasuri raised his voice and said. With a view to executing his malicious plan. She wanted to have atonement because if her life were to end without the sin being duly atoned for. the learned scholar introduced himself as the son of Yakini Mahattara because previously he had been uncl-ble to understand a shloka (verse) of Yakini Mahattara and his pride of scholarship had suffered a great set-back. With the sheer power of incantation. Yakini Mahattara came to know about this malicious plan of the Acharya and soon she came rushing to the upashraya. As an atonement for his malicious plan. Actually the infuriated Acharyashri planned and intended to call the students and the lecturers one by one and fry them alive in the boiling oil. he composed 1444 books elucidating human virtues like http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Acharyashri called all the students and lecturers and made them stand in the sky. Yakini Mahattara told that while she had been walking a frog was unknowingly crushed under her feet.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 97 of 133 1444 students and lecturers of Bauddha Vihar by roasting them alive in boiling oil." The doors were opened and Yakini Mahattara paid her respects to Acharyashri and then she said that she had come for atonement. Hence Shri Haribhadrasuri became anxious as to what sin such a motherly nun would have done that necessiated atonement.blogspot. Acharya Haribhadrasuri." In a firm voice she said. Please come after some time. "I am engaged in some rites. her life would be that of a violator. The lecturers and students who were called by his sheer power of incantation were sent back. he regarded her as his own mother. 07-10-2011 . Anger and revenge leave no place for discretion. "Oh ! You couldn't care about a living being! You must make atonement for it. Her soul was suffering great torment because of such violence committed by her.. Kindly open the " I have secured atonement for a sub-human being like a frog unknowingly killed by me. What would be the atonement for this killing?" These words of Yakini Mahattara dispelled the anger and fury of Acharyashri Haribhadra.. The doors were closed and Acharya Haribhadrasuri told Yakini Mahattara whom he regarded as his own mother. Having been defeated in learning. As Yakini Mahattara had led the Acharya to the righteous path. But you are engaged in a deliberate violence by way of killing 1444 human beings.

during the times of the kings of Nand dynasty. Sadhvi Yaksha explained to her brother Shriyak the significance of discipline and penance and added that it would only be by the fire of penance that his karmas would be destroyed. his wife Lanchhandevi was a religious teacher. Sena. But at night he was tortured by thirst and hunger. Shaktal ordered his younger son to slay him in the presence of the king and his family. In sheer over-enthusiasm. But his arrogance melted before the power of memory of the seven sisters in the King's court. Inspired by his elder sister. he had found the royal road of Jainism that liberated himself from the cycle of births. Bhutdatta. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. With a view to proving the truth. As Sadhvi Yaksha came to know about muni Shriyak's death. so Sadhvi Yaksha suggested him to observe fast. Pataliputra's Nandraja Mahapadma's chief minister Shaktal was an ascetic's votary. Animosity gave way to learning and scholarship.blogspot. Consequently. 07-10-2011 . she suffered extreme distress.. his son Sthulbhadra and the seven learned sisters accepted initiation from Acharya Shri Sambhutivijayji. muni Shriyak took an oath to observe ekasanu. Shriyak muni decided to keep fast for that day.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 98 of 133 forebearance. namely Yaksha. tolerance etc. She also added that in case he could not observe a fast on such an auspicious day. Bhuta. In the wake of Shaktal's death. Till mid-day he passed his time very easily. The daughters were immensely shocked and moved by the unparalleled sacrifice. Yakshdatta. SADHVI YAKSHA In the annals of Indian history. They realized the transience of wealth. In the court of Nandraja Mahapadma there was an arrogant poet named Vararuchi. he should perform atleast ekasanu (taking food only once a day). Shriyak slayed his own father in the royal court in accordance with his father's order. also accepted sadhu's way of life but he was unable to keep a fast. muni Shriyak lost his life. intense repentance and excessive self-disgust. Once on the occasion of the paryushan holy festival.. Perhaps because of excessive thirst. the Jain religion had a widespread following and propagation. They had two sons Sthulbhadra and Shriyak and also seven daughters. Hence all the seven sisters decided to accept the path of renunciation. All of them had inherited the religious qualities and virtues of their parents. the younger brother. power and worldly happiness. Shriyak. the poet Vararuchi plotted against Shaktal. By means of such a small but sincere beginning he would be able to proceed on the path of penance. Acharya Haribhadrasuri always respected Sadhvi Yakini Mahattara and he used to accept the fact that thanks to Sadhviji. Vena and All the seven daughters had wonderful power of memory.

the king of Kaushambi attacked Champa and Chandanbala was sold as a dasi (a female slave). 07-10-2011 . he had made secret resolutions regarding food-stuff i. renunciation and religious faith. Her life-sketch conveys the message that virtue is greater than caste or creed. Shreesangh became extremely distressed. and as usual she went to him to wash his feet. Knowing her mind and intentions full well. Once Dhanvah Sheth happened to return from a tour. Mula Shethani. she devoted herself to the cause of spiritual welfare and service of the Jain order (Jinshasan). As a result of such grooming. When Dhanvah Sheth returned he sensed the situation and decided to call a blacksmith. Dhanvah Sheth's wife happened to see this sight and she became immensely jealous. virtuous and devoted to penance. in a winnowing basket. Then together with her sisters. kept there for the cattle. Dhanvah Sheth lifted it up with the good intention. SADHVI CHANDANBALA Mhasati (female ascetic) Chandanbala occupies a unique place among the leading 16 satis of Jain relegious history. Sadhvi Yaksha reached the holy assembly of Shri Simandharswami who knew everything by intuition. she became the first sadhvi (nun) of the sadhvi sangh (order of nuns) founded by Bhagwan Mahavir and thereafter she enjoyed the honour of being the first sadhvi-president (head of the order of nuns) of 35000sadhvis. But Dhanvah Sheth paid adequate money and saved Chandanbala from becoming a courtesan. Once when Dhanvah Sheth was away from the town. her parents allowed her very willingly to remain firm in her vow. It so happened that Bhagwan Mahavir arrived in this Kaushambi city.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 99 of 133 Shreesangh told her repeatedly that she was not at fault in this matter but for days together she did not take any food or water. Shatanik. Meanwhile. in order to save her loose hair from falling into the dirty water. Sadhvi Yaksha said that she would accept food and water only if some person with absolute and pure knowledge would say that she was innocent. She had to go without food and water for three full meanwhile. As per the Jain tradition. she desired spiritual growth and she decided not to marry.. It was from her mother that she had imbibed the virtues of tolerance. Shree Simandharswami said that Sadhvi Yaksha was innocent and by way of repentence for her. Meanwhile he gave her some boiled unsplit black beans. then her feet were chained and she was driven into a cellar. Dhanvah Sheth had treated her as his own daughter. She was the daughter of King Dadhivahan of Champa and queen Dharini and was also known as Vasumati. to accept only boiled un http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad.e.. Besides being learned. Shreesangh invoked the guardian goddess and with the help of that goddess. Sadhvi Yaksha told the four C'dhyays verbatim before the Shreesangh and they were compiled as Acharang Sutra and Dashvaikalik Sutra by the Shreesangh. he addressed four adhyays (chapters) to her which Sadhvi Yaksha committed to her memory. Mula Shethani took the opportunity and cut off Chandanbala's hair.

Devananda's motherly love became so abundantthat it found its way by means of overflow of motherly milk. All the while. Bya divine will and arrangement. was extremely surprised. The feelings that her body has expressed is the result of her motherly love for her son. Devananda ? In the previous birth Devananda and Trishala were sisters-in-law. It was as if her body was unable to contain her immense joy. Devananda was incessantly staring at Bhagwan Mahavir. her feet should be chained. Everyone realized the truth. accepted alms from Chandanbala after five months and twentyfive days. SADHVI DEVANANDA Bhagwan Mahavir had his fourteenth 'rainy' residence (Chaturmasa) in the Bahusa! garden near Brahman K~nd. Having heard the news of his arrival. "Gautam ! Devananda is my mother and I am her son. Devananda had hidden a jewel-studded box of ornaments belonging to Trishala which caused Trishala great anguish. there was divine shower of flowers. having all the http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. eyes be full of the soul of Bhagwan Mahavir became an embryo in the womb of Devananda on the sixth day of the first fortnight of the Month of Ashadh. Chandanbala became the first disciple of BhagwanMahavir and being a torchbearer for the mankind.. Gautam. had already passed. she should have undertaken aththam (continuous three days fasting) penance and should be a holy sati. As regards the place. She regained her beautiful hair. the intimate disciple. head be fully shaven. Brahman Rishabhadatta and his wife Devanand~ arrived in a chariot to Bahusal garden. She had to pay the penalty of such an evil deed. King Shatanik and Mula Shethani begged to be forgiven for all their misdeeds.blogspot. he had resolved that such food be accepted only if the time for accepting alms." What is the secret about Bhagwan Mahavir being the son of Trishala instead of. Anxiously he asked Bhagwan Mahavir. Devananda saw the famous fourteen dreams. As regards the time. it was so resolved that she should be a princess subjected to slavery. the resolution was to the effect that such black beans be accepted only from a person having one foot inside a threshold and the other one out of it. Her chains broke miraculously. 07-10-2011 . Her husband Rushabhdatta told her that her dream meant that an illustrious son.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 100 of 133 split black beans and that too if they were lying at the corner of a winnowing basket. "Bhagwan ! How is it that this Brahmin woman Devananda has been so thrilled on seeing you? How is it that her eyes are filled with tears of joy and that she has an overflow of motherly milk ?" Bhagwan Mahavir replied. As regards bhav (sentiment) element. she ultimately attained divine knowledge (kevaljnana). He had resolved that food be accepted only if such a woman offered alms: Bhagwan Mahavir. that is the lunchtime.. While looking at Bhagwan Mahavir. Having witnessed this sight. In that previous birth. As soon as Bhagwan Mahavir accepted alms from her. thus. They paid their respects and bowed to him and thereafter they listened to his preaching. Devananda rejected all the requests of Trishala. Such a misdeed resulted in labhantray karma (gains obstructing karma).

mother Devananda and father Rushabhdatta. He chanced to see Acharya Suhastisuri passing by and instinctively felt that he had known him for years. the grandson of Emperor Ashok. and considering their keen desire for initiation. Bhagwan Mahavir preached his parents. Under the guidance of Sadhvi Chandanbala. but he had been handling the administrative duties long before.and http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. A strange incident took place whereby the embryo of Bhagwan Mahavir was lost after 82 days. became a monk . they knew everything about good and sinful deeds as also about jeev (sentient) and ajeeva (insentient) and they had immense faith in Parshwanath tradition.. She performed penance and vows for many years and thereby she achieved mitigation of her karmas and ultimately she attained liberation. SAMPRATI MAHARAJ Emperor Samprati.ce this feeling of having known me.. The shravaks (a jain layman) offered whatever they had to the monks." Then the Acharya transported Samprati into past and narrated the sequence of events.C. Devananda lived a life of great restraint and studied the eleven angas deeply. "You were my disciple. Sangat and Yigatashok. Known as Indrapalit. This transplantation was to be done in such a manner that both the mothers need not feel any pain about it. "I feel that I have known you for a long time. On the Acharya's arrival. In fact it was because of the family-pride in the third birth of Marichi that the embryo of Bhagwan Ma~avir had come to the womb of Devananda. Samprati at that time was a beggar but did not get even a piece of bread for he was not a monk. was to be born to She had the strange feeling that somebody was stealing away the embryo she had previously seen. Emperor Ashok and his grandson Samprati endeavoured to propagate Indian culture throughout the world. Once the city of Kausambi was in the grip of a severe famine. Having come to know about the tragic events of her previous birth. King Samprati was once sitting in the balcony of his palace. Samprati said. As ordered by Devraj Indra. I do not know why. in the previous birth. guided them to a saintly path. 07-10-2011 . He sent a word to the Acharya to come into the palace. occupied a place of pride among the contemporary emperors.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 101 of 133 virtues. and hen. He began remembering his past and memories of his past life began to crowd his mind. Harinegmaishi did exchange the embryo from one womb to the other. Though Rushabdatta and Devananda were Brahmins." Acharya Suhastisuri replied. Emperor Samprati was enthroned in 230 B. Devraj (Lord of Gods) Indra happened to see this incident and he summoned God Harinegmaishi and told him to do an impossible task of transplanting the embryo from Devananda's womb to that of Trishala and vice versa. Devananda renounced the world. Samprati got himself initiated..

the most able and powerful king died. The loss was huge and in no time the rich businessman turned a pauper. then offered food: When on death bed. besides being a staunch votary of nonviolence.C. offered his kingdom to Acharya Suhastisuri but the Acharya would not take it. In 190 B. "Your expansionist designs have resulted in the massacre of innocent lives.. Samprati. There was an air of elation and joy but king Samprati's mother appeared sad and dejected. affectionate and brave king. 07-10-2011 . Acharya taught him the basic tenets of Jainism and the king became a true follower and propagator of Jainism. He did not know what to do. and 'Prabhavakcharita'. constructed about one lakh. are found which bear testimony to Samrat Samprati's love for all living organisms. Like the proverbial rats leaving the sinking then. He built shelter-houses and eating-houses to feed the poor and the needy. According to available evidence Samprati ruled for a period of fifty years. According to renowned historian Vincent Smith king Samprati had established centres of Jain culture in Iran and in Arab countries. He had inherited some outstanding qualities from father Kunal and mother Kanchanmala. It was a grievous blow to Savchand. steeped in Jaini'sm and followed its principles as bid by Acharya Suhastisuri. and it was said that his promissory-note would never bounce. his guru recited navkar mantra and then he breathed his last.. There are descriptions of celebrations of religious festivals which again prove his love for religion. It transcended the limits of his own state and had spread overseas. waS.But all is not lost for ever for good people. like his grandfather Ashok.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 102 of 133 was.. WhenSamprati asked the reason. Agra and Ahmedabad he had tremendous goodwill. Emperor Samprati. Ancient inscriptions. in the high seas. all deserted him in his adverse condition. prohibiting killing of living organisms. He spent his life as a king. she said. 'Parishistaparva'." The king.blogspot. It would have pleased me if you had built jinalayas (Temple of Jina) or renovated the dilapidated ones. SAVA SOMA Savachand Sheth of Saurashtra had a flourishing business.. He propagated it beyond the frontiers of India and sent Jain monks i1. twenty-five thousand jinalayas in deference to the wishes of his mother. The creditors demanded their money back and Savchand was in dire state. Once he lost about twelve ships laden with precious goods. a peace-loving. Once the king returned home after a victory in a battle. on hearing this account of his past life. Every black http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad.1 non-Aryan countries to spread the message of Jainism. In the business world in Delhi. But his contribution consists in his efforts to make Jainism a world religion. The glorious saga of king Samprati's life is to be found in 'Sampratikatha'.

As good luck would have it. He gave the note to Thakbre Surajmalji and bade him goodbye. 07-10-2011 ." He instructed his secretary to hand over the sum of rupees one lakh to the bearer of the note. Similarly. At last a solution was hammered out with the help of the wise people of the town. It said. up all his accounts books but nowhere did he find the name of Savchand . Here is an opportunity for me to use my wealth for a right cause and I must not miss it. The legend goes that saint Narsinh Mehta had written a promissory-note addressed to Sheth Shamalsha. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. but not three lakh in any case.. He has written his note with full trust in me and I must not betray that trust. That explained the whole story. "give one lakh cash to Thakore (owner of village) Surajmalji on presenting this hundi (promissory-note). returned safely. There is always a good Samaritan who comes to the rescue of one in distress. He asked the secretary to He arrived in Ahmedabad and reached the house of Somchand. The secretary was surprised but obeyed the master's order. For three days Somchand and his staff searched in vain for Savchand's name in their books.blogspot. a mute testimony to the charity. Savchand." Savchand had n.making and helping the poor. He said to himself. Sheth Savchand of Vanthali in Saurastra wrote a promissory note addressed to Sheth Somchand of Ahmedabad. to be charitable and to extend the helping hand to one who needs help. though Savchand Sheth's name was nowhere to be found in the accounts books.ever met Sheth Somchand and was skeptical about the acceptance of the note and getting the money. They all reached Shatrunjaya Mahatirth and began the project of temple . Theirs is a story to inspire people to be good Samaritans. caused by the tear drops. The temples bear the names 'Sava-Soma'.. He again read the note minutely and saw two spots. Savchand pleaded with him saying that it was he who had extended the helping hand when he was in dire strait. Thakore Surajmalji returned with the money and Savchand's joy knews no bounds. supposed to be lost. It was decided to undertake a pilgrimage and spend the money to help the poor and the needy.. accompanied by Thakore Surajmalji. But Somchand did not budge and the debate continued.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 103 of 133 cloud has a silvery lining. The secretary looked. "These tears are of a man in distress. philanthropy and humanity of the two. on the note. arrived at the house of Somchand to repay the amount. Somchand read the note but the name of Savchand did not sourtd familiar to him. the ships. He handed a bag containing rupees three lakh to Somchand Sheth who refused to take it saying he had lent only one lakh and with interest it would corne to a little more. Two drops of tear fell on the note from Savchand's eyes.

I also was worried. "My vow of non-violence is a personal thing. sat on an elephant and began his pratikraman ceremony. once in the morning and then in the evening. The army would be dispirited in the absence of its leader. then. " and these words were heard by a soldier. who was recently appointed on the post. She was worried too but was helpless. For her (motherland's) protection I would not hesitate to commit violence. Moreover the army personnel were not in adequate number nor were they fully equipped to fight the invaders. with renewed vigour. He planned out the strategy to checkmate the enemy. a Jain Rajput. the capital of Gujarat. the army chief. 07-10-2011 . the last king of the Solanki "Look at our chief! What a non-violent act on the battlefield in the midst of killings! We fight and kill and he is busy muttering some words proclaiming non-violence. launched a fierce attack on the enemy formations. Where could he find a lonely spot for his Pratikraman ? It was not prudent to leave the field too. he was not in a position to provide leadership to the army. Abhu was in a dilemma .. "When the soldiers saw you performing pratikraman. The chief of the army was Abhu. a matter related to my soul. She called Abhu and commanded him to lead the army into war and fight the enemy. Abhu gathered his men and inspired them to fight. was deeply religious and performed pratikraman (ritualized confession) twice a day. He spoke the words: "If I have done some violence to some living organism . But the soul within me belongs to me and I would try to keep my soul and mind http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. The queen.. on the other duty towards the people. King Bhimdev II. Abhu. The people and the administrators of the state were naturally worried. but your unprecedented courage surprised us all" Abhu replied.blogspot. then. Abhu. It was evening and Abhu was worried. as the Muslim army was advancing towards the capital.on the one hand was the religious duty.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 104 of 133 SENAPATI ABHU The huge Muslim army invaded Anhilpur Patan. Heavy casualties were inflicted upon the enemy and finally it had to surrender. He said to another soldier. How can we expect such a weakling to show even an iota of bravery?" These words of the soldier reached the queen's ears. The next day in the morning.. said to Abhu. Protection of my state is my primary duty. was away and people were worried as to who would protect them. The next day morning the fight began.. Abhu was victorious and the queen welcomed the victorious chief of the army. Being new to the post.. the battle began. He. they were disappointed and felt dispirited. The queen understood the problem and decided to act. My body belongs to the nation and it must be used for that purpose.

are meant for self-purification. That is how I observe my vow of non-violence. Sir Prabhashanker Patni. He managed to get the cruel practice of animal-sacrifice. as regards the court case pertaining to Shri Girnar tirtha with the Nawab of Junagadh. With a view to solving the difficult problem pertaining to various tirthas like Shri Sametshikharji. his son and the successor dewan. he showed discretion. The same applies to knowledge and action.. bare-footed. His other aim was to evolve a tradition of knowledgeable and virtuous disciples. Munivars and a trained and devoted band of learned scholars which was a remarkable contribution to the Jain order. Moreover. Consequently. Pratikraman is a process of self-purification or purification of the soul. It was at his instance and inspiration that the publication of Jain literature was undertaken for the first time by the Jain community. Pratikraman is an important part of the life of a Jain layman. Right at the beginning of his saintly life Acharyashri had identified aims of his life. untainted can only harbour true devotion and religious discontinued and revived the scheme of the animal-shelter-house. SHASANSAMRAT SHRI VIJAYNEMISURI Aharyashri Vijaynemisurishwarji had earned the title of the most competent Suri Chakravarti of the twentieth century. "When you http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Success comes one's way when both combine. the then political dewan (prime-minister to the king) of Bhavnagar had told Anantrai Patni. he took extreme pains for the protection of the tirtha. One whose soul is pure. Devotion to religion and religious practices should go hand in hand. fishermen of Datha village in Bhavnagar district set fire to thousands of fishingnets and abandoned fishing for life-time. book-writing and publishing. Senapati Abhu's life reflects his strict observance of religion and pursuance of the path of true religion.blogspot. he could groom Acharya.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 105 of 133 away from violence. He undertook a journey. The rituals. It is all about one's behaviour in daily life.. 07-10-2011 . in front of gods and goddesses." Everyone admired Abhu's patriotism and deep devotion to religion. deep understanding and when necessary he infused spirit of daring in the community. Ranakpur. first of which was enhancement of knowledge. Once as a result of his touching sermon. Shri Taranga. Matar. he also provided useful guidance regarding systematic maintenance of libraries with invaluable religious books. Shri Antrikshji etc. Cambay (Khambhat) and in many villages he managed to undertake and carry out repairs and renovations of very old Jain temples. for purging one'self of undesirable elements. if properly followed. At Kadambgiri. of thousands of miles ignoring the hazards to his life and gave a very moving sermon to the violently tempered fishermen and people of other communities. Besides preservation of scriptures. His other aim was the amelioration of places of pilgrimage and he was greatly devoted to tirtha (holy place of pilgrimage). Sherisa. It shows the path of knowing one's weaknesses or faults and getting rid of them.

He was born in Mahuva on the 1st day of Kartak Sud in v: S. But the main problem was how to initiate him into Jain religion. 2006 (A. He left for the heavenly abode at the same place . 1873). went out in search of those two monks. was worried about his successor as he was getting old. Under Prabhavswami he acquired the knowledge of fourteen purvas (early canons) and became the second http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad.e. Despite such immense fame he was extremely modest and introvert. Acharya Prabhavswami sent two of his munis to him. 07-10-2011 . His 8 chief disciples were versatile and learned scholars of various disciplines of knowledge. 20 'ghadi' and 12 'pal'. He holds a position in the first rank as an Acharya to have made invaluable contribution to the restoration of spiritual and moral values. i. monarchs and leading merchants were greatly impressed by his style of discourse and his impressive personality. severe religious discipline and foresight. He knew too well that Jain monk would not utter falsehood. Shayyambhav being truly desirous to know and learn everything. very impressive style of discourse. D. a great disciple of Jambuswami. Finally Shayyambhav became a sadhu at the age of twenty eight by renouncing everything .e. There was terrible violence of animal killing in the yagnamandap. "Who would know about the tattva.. Saturday. He had been a very respected personality among the Jains and non-Jains because of his deep knowledge of the scriptures. the real and genuine truth in the midst of terrible violence being performed in the name of religion ?". SHAYYAMBHAVACHARYA Shri Prabhavswami. Shayyambhav Bhatt was engaged in performing the pasumegh yagna.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 106 of 133 feel that some particular work is complicated and difficult to be executed. Even kings. you just approach my bearded guruji of Kadambgiri and seek his blessings. At that time. D. felt fortunate in having an opportunity of religious discourse with him.e. 1950).i. in Mahuva on the New Year day in v: S. 1929 (A. another reputed scholar of the they shouted. Shri Madanmohan Malviyaji.blogspot.." The "bearded" guru meant Shasansamrat Shri Vijaynemisuriswarji. Acharyashri Prabhavswami himself had taken over the Acharyapad (head of a medicant group) at a very old age of ninety four so he was anxiously looking for some deserving person to whom the responsibilities of Shrisangh (congregation) could be entrusted. social life and the pregnant wife. Finally his search ended with the learned and devoted brahmin Shayyambhav Bhatt of Rajgruhi. 77 years long spell of his career is full of such actions and achievements that the entire period is known as 'Shashansamrat Nemisuri age'.the yagna. Consequently. The two munis shouted so loudly that it might be heard by Shayyambhav who was busy with the yagna (sacrificial rite). That ultimately led him to Acharya Prabhavswami who finally explained to him the original form of yagna as also the ultimate truth of darshan (philosophy) from a spiritual aspect. Shocked as he was by the utterances of the monks. born and passed away on the same day and at the same time _ i. Shayyambhav got lost in thoughts.

Jagadusha brought 106 buffaloes the next day and he himself stood on the first step and made his adopted son stand on the second. C. He brought immense glory to the religion of enlightenment. It was believed that if the eye of a particular goddess fell on the ship. She was pleased and J agdusha implored her to stop the destruction of ships. it would be burnt to ashes. who was about eight years old. became sympathetic to the principles of Jain religion. which are supposed to have been compiled and composed by about B. Apprehensive of the deity's curse. Deeply impressed by his preachings. Jagdusha went to the temple and observed fast for three days to propitiate the goddess.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 107 of 133 Shrutkevali in the Shrutadhar (knower of all the canonical literature) tradition. which was towards the south. C. Manak asked his mother about his father. She ordered that the face of the temple.blogspot. Today. Manak accepted initiation. Shayyambhav's son Manak. This composition of Acharya Shayyambhav aimed at the spiritual well-being of the son who had turned muni. SHETH JAGDUSHA Jagdusha was a well-known philanthropist and was a staunch practitioner of non violence. whereupon his mother narrated the entire event as to how Shayyambhav became the Jain monk. 445. Acharya Shayyambhavsuri preached from yugpradhanpad (the foremost spiritual leader) for 23 years and died at the age of 62 years. As the legend goes. Manak became more anxious to have a glimpse of his father. had a keen desire to see his father as he was constantly ridiculed by his fellow-students. Consequently it was not possible for him to study all the scriptures. they resorted to animal-sacrifice. be turned to the north and the destruction would stop. Many of who believed in the Brahmin way of But Acharya Shayyambhav could foresee that the boy had a very short life-span of only six months. 452. centuries after this incident. So he arranged for the consolidated study of Dashvaikalik sutras. It so happened that once his ship got stuck in the sea near the Saurashtra coastline in the south. He was about to cut his head off with a sword when his hand was held back by some unseen power. 07-10-2011 . people still worship the goddess and http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. This Dashvaikalik sutra has now been recognised for primary study for monks in all the sects of Jain religion. Acharyashri Shayyambhavsuri explained to them the spiritual significance of yajna. He realized that during the ritual of yajna of that community. Shayyambhavsuri recognised him as soon as he saw Manak but the child asked him about the whereabouts of his father... Jagdusha's love for living organisms and his courage pleased the goddess. the deity ordered him to sacrifice a buffalo each on the 108 steps of the temple. Acharya Prabhavswami bestowed on him the seat of Acharya in B. Moreover he had the experience of Brahmin community in his previous birth. Shayyambhav introduced himself as a close friend of the boy's father and arranged for the child's stay with him.

He undertook pilgrimage to Shatrunjaya and Girnar Tirth. He opened 115 community kitchens to feed about five lakh people. Think of the monks. Jagdusha. The godowns were full with grains and the words inscribed pn them were: "These grains are for the poor . then.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 108 of 133 Jagdusha and his son in the temple situated in the mountains in Koyala in Saurashtra. began storing grains from all corners. Jagdusha found some two hundred blankets in the god own and distributed them among the monks. 07-10-2011 . Grains in huge quantities were distributed free and he spent about Rs. Delhi and Kandhar. 1255. who were half clothed." Jagdusha.. He also built many temples and a mosque for the visiting muslims. 4 crore. "Father. In A. D. Sindh. Jagdusha is justly known as a great philanthropist. as bid by the Acharya.blogspot. D. "You will face the true test of your philanthropy shortly. He said. you and I feel cold despite the three woollen clothings in which we have wrapped ourselves. It was winter and some monks came to the shop and asked for some blankets. SHETH JAVADSHA The ancient city Madhumati in Saurashtra is the present port Mahuva. He was given the title of 'Saviour of mankind' by kings and emperors. built a fort. Malwa. Seize this opportunity to serve the people. your gesture has pleased me but I don't think you did the right thing in distributing all the two hundred blankets. A gallant warrior he http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Store as much grains as you can so that the lives of the populace be saved." There were three successive famines in A. Bhimdev's grip over the kingdom had loosened and king Pithadev of Tharparkar invaded Bhadreshwar.Jagdusha. Once his father asked him to look after the shop as he had to go out for an important piece of work. The generosity of Jagdusha surprised everyone including his father. "Jagdusha. 1258 and 1259. Jagdusha despatched grains to the kings of Gujarat. Jagdusha inherited the business. Jagdusha once went to listen to a discourse by Acharya Paramdevsuri on charity. Kashi.. At the end of the discourse. Javadsha ruled over twelve villages of Mahuva. for Bhadreshwar' s protection." Jagdusha. 1257. There is going to be famine for three successive years. And we have so much wealth in our coffers !" The father was very happy. Bhadreshwar at the time was under the tutelage of Gujarat which was ruled over by Bhimdev. very politely said. After the death of his father. Jagdusha's father Solshah migrated from Kutch and settled in Bhadreshwar. the Acharya called Jagdusha aside and said.

blogspot. Javadsha. Then Javadsha won the heart of the ruler and was allowed to return to the motherland. She felt infatuation for him and tried all the tricks to bewitch him but Javdasha could not be moved. Vajraswami felt relieved. but the young wife of the old ruler took fancy to Javadsha. they were unhappy for they were captives and had no freedom. had terrorised the people of Shatrunjaya. After years. fight a tiger unarmed. It was quite some time when it was found that Javadsha and Sushiladevi had not returned. Javadsha often remembered his homeland and felt sad. Though they were rolling in wealth and luxuries. at that time. He hankered to go back to Madhumati and smear his forehead with her dust. through deception. Javadsha and his wife were allowed all liberties except returning to their homeland. Brave Javadsha's wife was Sushiladevi. They were defeated. in front of the Tirthankar. and to reconstruct the whole town. he vowed to free Shatrunjaya Tirth from his clutches. pilgrims undertook a pilgrimage to Shatrunjaya. Jawadsha's bravery helped to get rid of the anti social and evil elements which had taken possession of Shatrunjaya Tirth. Some members of the Sangh (congregation on pilgrimage) went up to inquire and to their astonishment they found them http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. with heads bowed. He had profaned it through meat-eating and consumption of liquor.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 109 of 133 could. Once a powerful enemy invaded the land where Javadsha was kept a prisoner. They continued to stand there for a long time while the other pilgrims began descending. His irreligious acts had caused immense pain to the by the Muslim soldiers ahd were taken to their country and treated as slaves. The restoration of the pilgrim centre was accomplished and people from far off places gathered on the auspicious occasion. Javadsha was chosen for the duel and he became victorious and thus saved the honour of the country. Now that he had been got rid of. being'away from the motherland. His valour inspired devotion in many a heart and for which he would be always remembered in the history of Jainism. WhenJavadsha came to know about the terrorism of Kapardi. Kapardi had to surrender and the people heaved a sigh of relief. In order to avoid bloodshed. the chief of all pilgrim centres. it was said. Sushiladevi and their son Jagnath were under house arrest on an alien soil. Demon Kapardi. He preached her the gospel of religion and her infatuation melted away. Javadsha was endowed with half the kingdom and a princess to marry. 07-10-2011 . Joys could be seen writ on the faces of Javadsha and Sushiladevi. a pilgrim centre.. Acharya Vajraswami had been trying for many years to salvage the glory of Shatrunjaya Tirth but the demon Kapardi was an obstacle. the invaders suggested a duel to decide the victorious side. After a prolonged war of attrition. They both went up the hill and stood.

saying: "God's will be done. O. A man of enterprise and business acumen. A huge ship. Unfortunately.. of Bhagwan Rishabhdev. their souls had left for the heavenly abode. Motisha called the renowned architect Ramji. slowly. especially those which can not defend for themselves and have become useless for any work. Motisha met the governor and persuaded him to put an end to cruelty to dogs. 1782. was born in A. a fleet of forty ships operating from China to Baherin. He was worried about its safe passage but then he stopped worrying. at the time. one inevitably remembers the name of Sheth He bought land in Bhaikhalain Mumbai and. In. 07-10-2011 . a deep recess between two mountains. Finally the imposing structure began to take shape and Sheth Motisha was highly pleased. thus. bullocks. very often. was on its way to China. 1100 artisans and 3000 workers were employed in the construction work. He. He repaid his father's debts and within five years became a millionaire. SHETH MOTISHA Jain religion cares not only for human beings but also for mute animals. Sheth Motisha realized that it was a difficult undertaking but he remained undeterred. He selected a site. His reputation spread to Arab countries. Motichand. He spent.blogspot. On seeing the site. he had flourishing business. Cattle homes are set up for such animals where they are provided fodder and are looked after. as much as he earned. felt the need to provide protection homes for animals. on charities and on philanthropic activities. He was supported in his mission by other communities too and the foundation stone for such a cattle home was laid. loaded with goods worth lakhs. son of Sheth Amichand of Cambay." Luckily the ship returned safely. for the benefit of pilgrims from Mumbai. China and Sri Lanka. He acquired. He. He worked out the arrangements to provide shelter to cows. undertook pilgrimage to Shatrunjaya Tirth. sheep. to Java-Sumatra.Mumbai. his health began to fail and Sheth Motisha started hurrying the construction of the temple. dogs were cruelly killed and the British Government would not heed the painful cries of the dying dogs. He." He prayed for the ship's safe return and said. When one thinks of such cattle-homes. But before he could see his dream http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. He bought ships for overseas business and his business ventures spread far and wide. After performing the pious act of restoring Shatrunjay to its pristine glory and eminence.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 110 of 133 immobile in standing postures of praying. "From the profit that would accrue I will build a grand structure in Shatrunjaya Tirth. pigeons and many other birds and animals.. White marble from Makrana in Rajasthan was brought and a lake within the site for the temple was filled to prepare even ground to lay the foundation. broke the monopoly of the British and became a shipping magnate. Water had to be brought from the far river Shatrunji as it did not rain. built a temple.

He requested Nemsagargani and Muktisagargani to bless him with a child. big and small. 07-10-2011 . Jehangir. A dharmashala (inn) was built at the cost of Rs.000. Sadhvis and Shravak-Shravikas. compassion.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 111 of 133 fulfilled.ction at which Shri Muktisagarji. 1680. Muradbux and Aurangzeb. It was he who secured protection of the centres of pilgrimage from all the four powerful Mugal monarchs. SHETH SHANTIDAS Nagarheth (chief. He became the nagarsheth (an important person of the town). He had traveled extensively for business but religion had remained an integral part of his life. Such was the influence he wielded over them! Once Aurangzeb had demolished a temple built by Shantidas Jhaveri but the same Aurangzab later chose him as his messenger of peace. Six months passed but Shantidas JhaveriofSurat did not come butShantidas Jhaveri of Ahmedabad came and paid his respects to the monks. Motisha's popularity grew to such an extent that even today the leader of a Sangh.1836 during the days of holy festival paryushan.000 Sadhus. he breathed his last at the age of fifty four in A. thinking that he was from Surat. At the end of six months. He used his good offices with the emperor Shah ]ehan to restore to Chintamani Parshvanath temple of Ahmedabad its pristine glory and dignity. He wastaken into the celler. religious and cultural causes. Kshatriya (warrior caste) by caste. His wife Oiwaliben was equally devout and carried on Motisha's unfinished task.. charity. Shantidas Jhaveri of Surat was also a very wealthy jeweler. He moved through the length and breadth of India to propagate the message of Jainism and worked tirelessly for the upliftment of Jain community. He enjoyed the trust of the emperor and was allowed to enter the harems as the official jeweler. visiting Shatrunjaya Tirth. The monks said that had he stuck his tongue out to touch the snake's tongue. Dharanendra appeared as a snake but Shantidas was so frightened that he could not stick his tongue out. but now he would only be a respectable citizen. 86. 0. faced by the society. he took out a sangh (a congregation on pilgrimage) consisting of more than 15. Similarly. Then only Dharanendra would grant a boon to the devotee. Both began reciting Shri Chintamani mantra (hymn) in a cellar which would produce result after six months. Motisha's name has become a byword for philanthropy. Dharanendra would appear in the form of a snake and the fearless devotee would have to make his tongue touch the snake's. was conferred the title of Acharya. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. he helped in arranging a fun. respectable person in a city) Shantidas Jhaveri was a devout person who espoused many a social.. Shah Jahan. Shantidas was the son of Sahasrakiran and had forged close ties with Mugal emperors such as Akbar. a feat never achieved by any other person.D. Dharanendra then disappeared without blessing him. and endeavored to solve the problems. is applied a tilak (a forehead mark) in the name of Sheth In A. devotion and selfless service. he would have become a king. who had helped him in achieving the desired goal through chintamani mantra.blogspot.

D. On the 13th day of Jyeshta month of A. Whereupon Suriji said that only householders would read horoscopes and make predictions as they were required to earn a livelihood. On seeing the Suriji arriving. 1582 Shri Hirvijaysuriji left the Gandhar Sheth Shantidas Jhaveri had endeared himself to one and alL Shantidas attributed his success in life to the following of religious path and the blessings of dev-guru (God and spiritual teacher). As Akbar came to know that Suriji had made the journey of so many miles on foot. Thereupon Suriji said that he would not accept anything. Akbar ordered the carpets to be removed and indeed there were many ants and insects underneath. To Jahangir he was an uncle and was given the title of nagarsheth of Ahmedabad and made asuba (administrator). In the course of his journey he gave religious discourses to an outlaw named Arjun Thakore and made him abjure his wicked ways. He donated grains and clothes during the year of famine and was a torch-bearer of mahajan tradition. Shri Hirvijaysuriji reached Fatehpur. he was greatly surprised. by way of deference to Suriji. wherein at the centre a Jain laywoman (shravika) named Champa sat in splendour and attired in expensive clothes. Akbar wanted to know about his horoscope and future life. On inquiry. He also contributed generously to the construction of Jain temples. requested him to accept some gold and silver. SHRI HIRVIJAY SURI 1!JLce Emperor Akbar was looking towards the main road from the balcony of his royal palace in Fatehpur Sikri. during famines. very costly carpets were laid inthe royal palace but Suriji refused to walk on them. clothes etc. the emperor came to know that the shravika had undertaken fast for 6 months during which she had taken only boiled water from sun-rise to sun-set and no other food.blogspot. in the renovation of those in dilapidated conditions and to other philanthropic activities such as distribution of grains. Akbar descended from the throne and went to him and bowed to him. Hirvijaysuriji explained that Jain saints were forbidden to walk on land covered with cloth because that might kill the ants and other insects moving under the cloth. With a serene demeanour. decided to devote his life to religion and to the service of dev-guru. He used to be a special invitee to the court on important occasions.. D. He constructed a huge fort around the temples in Shatrunjaya Tirth and a step well at the foothill. Akbar was surprised. In ho~our of Suriji's arrival. He. 1583. Akbar.. The subedar of Ahmedabad and other Jain laymen (shravaks) requested Shri Hirvijaysuri to pay a visit to Akbar in the interest of Jain religion. 07-10-2011 . sweet tongue and courteous behaviour. He did everything for the protection of Shatrunjaya Tirth. In A. Saints like him simply aspired for knowledge and ultimate bliss. Suriji added that if he was keen to offer http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. therefore. The Emperor was greatly surprised and on asking the shravika he 'came to know that it was possible because of the blessings of religious saint like Guru Hirvijaysuri.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 112 of 133 At the age of twenty-five Sheth Shantidas Jhaveri was appointed a jeweller to emperor Akbar. Meanwhile he saw a huge procession passing by. His three princes also bowed and paid their respects.

thousands of Hindus and Muslims gave up non-vegetarianism and alcoholism. Taranga. At that time there was a practice of charging toll-tax from every pilgrim at the Shatrunjaya Mahatirth. Akbar provided 100 bigha land for his funeral rites. Abu. Gwalior and other places and propagated Jain religion. After preaching Akbar. Born in A. He has written poetic compositions. Emperor Akbar issued orders to abolish the tax. Padmanandi. The reason is that the Jain community in the South India was isolated from its counterpart in Magadh and other parts where Jainism was more popular. Endowed with sharp intelligence and unusual power of memory. However. he felt a strong inclination for renunciation and finally he accepted initiation. D. Suriji also added that he should prohibit large-scale fishing in the huge pond named Dabar and should also issue a mandate to stop violence of any kind by anybody during the festivals of Paryushan. he came to be known as Kundkundacharya as he was the resident of Kondkundpur. The mandate was also conveyed throughout his empire including Gujarat. Kundkund. Elacharya and Grudhrapichchha. Kesariyaji. Some of the volumes contain a very few gathas. The Emperor also issued a mandate not to indulge in any sort of animal-killing in the vicinity of pilgrim places like Girnar.e. All his books are focused on the theme of the spirit and the soul. Shatrunjaya. His father's name was Karmandu and his mother's name was Shrimati. Rajgruhi and Sametshikharji. preceptor). According to the tradition Shri Kundakundacharya had composed 84 pahud volumes. Delhi.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 113 of 133 anything. Moreover Akbar added 4 days on his own accord to the 8 days of Paryushan festival and ordered to stop the killing of animals for a total of 12 days. and as a result of his blessings they had a son. Suriji passed away in village Una (Saurashtra) in A. 07-10-2011 . Asa re'sult of his efforts. D. Vakragriva. hence the http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. But this much is certain that his name was Padmanandi but true to the Dravid tradition. there prevails a difference of opinion regarding the authenticity of these names. he studied numerous books. he should order to set free the birds and animals kept in the cages. Ajmer. At the instance of Suriji. Both of them were generous and charitable. he began his journey ('vihar') at the age of 60. Suriji toured Agra. Once they gave alms to an ascetic. It is said that many miraculous incidents happened during his life as a muni. 1554. From his early youth. Subseque~tly.. Shri Kundkundacharya is very famous for his books relating to theology. D. The couple did not have a child for a long time. mostly in Shaurseni Prakrut language. Lahore and far upto Multan.blogspot. SHRI KUNDKUNDACHARYA Kundkundacharya was born in Kondkunde village during the first half of the first century A. Akbar issued orders as was desired by Suriji. Fatehpur. Kundkund was very brilliant.D. From the very early age. He is known by five other names i. 1596. 1527 in Oshwal family in Palanpur Shri Hirvijaysuriji became Acharya in A. In Vikram Samvat 1640 Suriji was honoured with the title of ]agadguru (universal.

What it signaled was that he was now a member of the family and http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. these gathas containing his self-experiences were composed when he enjoyed the seventh gunasthanak position. His son Vanraj was given shelter by sadhu Sheelgunsuri and was brought up in an .com/2010/04/abhaydevsuri-abhayde. fell into a pot filled with curd. Pravachansar and popularity like Upnishad. She would find a way out of a seemingly difficult situation and no adversity would scare her. once. upashraya. Jyotiprasad Jain believes that he might have flourished between 8 B. King Jayshikhari of Panchasar fought very bravely but died in the battle.. he had been able to reach Mahavidehkshetra once and had acquired the knowledge from Simandhar Swami. Mostly he used to stay in the caves of Nandi mountain. According to the Digambar opinion. Of all his volumes the best one is Samaysar. It is popularly said about him that with the sheer strength of his ability. Of the 84 pahud volumes. this great Acharya provided immensely useful guidance by way of knowledge and philosophy which is a subject of eternal interest. Vanraj thought for a while. In the company of his uncle Surpal. He entered the house and peeped into the cellar to look for hidden treasures. 07-10-2011 . the Digambar community reveres him greatly.blogspot. went to Kakar to rob a rich businessman. Vanraj. In her one finds a combination of insight and a streak of adventure. D. He had toured the whole of India for the purpose of propagating religion.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 114 of 133 community in Southern India required its scriptures to be compiled systematically for observance of religious conduct. to 44 A. He robbed people and kings passing through the forest so as to buy arms and raise an army. Vanraj turned a robber. Along with Bhagwan Mahavir and Gautam Swami. C. essentially deals with the doctrines of Jainism. Brahmasutra and Shrimad Bhagvad Gita amongst the Vaidic darshans. He had devoted himself to meditation and penance in the caves in the mountain range in Karnatak. very few have survived. King Bhuvad invaded Panchasar on the outskirts of the Ran of Kutch. Shridevi blazed a trail and carved out a niche in the history of Gujarat. He has equated a pure or a holy soul with Time. He resolved to get back the lost kingdom of his father. Scholars like Dr. Samaysar.. His preaching are mainly addressed to Jain ascetic. instead of a pot of gold. His other volume is entitled 'Pravachansar'. His hand. The treatment and elucidation of spiritualism is unique in the entire Jain literature. The third volume known as 'Panchastikay'. Far away in the South. Niyamsar enjoy SHRIDEVI Born in Kakar village.

Vanraj was installed as king and Shridevi was present to apply the rajtilak (anointing). How strange! Who that man could he? She was eager to find him and know from him his compulsions for indulging in stealing and robbing. On seeing Shridevi. In this debate against Vruddhavadisuriji. "How could this happen ?". Once.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 115 of 133 how could he think of robbing the same family. she was puzzled that. Next morning the businessman woke up to find that his house was in a disarray and things were lying scattered all over. a nomad. The character ofShridevi is an inspiring one. as her brother. a man who had come to rob the house. who ultimately became a king. SIDDHASEN DIWAKARSURI Highly learned scholar Siddhasen of the court of king Vikramaditya of Ujjayini was proud and arrogant about his being undefeated in scriptural discussion and debate everywhere with many a versatile scholar. "From today. in the meanwhile. It was a mystery unresolved when Shridevi's eyes suddenly fell on the pot of curd. he felt brotherly affection towards her. had raised an army. He came to her house at night in cognito. She accepted Vanraj. I would want you to apply rajtilak. He founded Anhilpur Patan onthe banks of the river Saraswati on Monday in the month of Vaishakh in Vikram Samvat 802. He. He challenged the logician to a debate. From the fingerprints she inferred that they were those of a great and powerful personality. He found peace and love in her house after wandering for days together. but she did not entertain any thought of getting any reward from him. Meanwhile he happened to hear about a reputed logician Vruddhavadisuriji. 07-10-2011 . went away without stealing anything.." A thief must have entered the house at night. love for him was aroused once more.blogspot. Shridevi fed him with sisterly affection and behaved as a sister would towards her brother." Years passed and Shridevi got married and settled in Patan. Thus. At the same time. Siddhasen was defeated and as per the precondition he accepted initiation from http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. They began to look for valuables and to their surprise they found that nothing was stolen. He fought and defeated king Bhuvad and regained his lost kingdom. Let's find out what things have been stolen". Vanraj also came to know that Shridevi was eager to meet him. returned empty handed. they wondered. devoid of any trace of selfishness. while she was passing through the forest. therefore. you are my sister and if I became king. Vanraj. Vanraj she met Vanraj and her sisterly.. She discovered fingerprints and that set her thinking. she is a shining example of pure sisterly love and affection. The businessman called his sister Shridevi and said. Siddhasen used to say that he would be a lifelong disciple of any person who would defeat him in such a debate.

manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 116 of 133 Vruddhavadiji and was named Muni Kumudchandra. The royal servants were whipping a yogi sleeping in the Shiv temple but it so happened that the whipping-marks were seen on the bodies of the queens in the palace. a strange thing happened. After a lapse of 12 years. tap (penance). His books reveal exhaustive analysis of Nayvad (theory of partial truth) for the first time. The Guru. Hearing that there was somebody amongst the palanquin-raisers who could find fault with the language of a scholar like him. He possessed the miraculous power of producing gold as also of raising an army of soldiers by means of spells. the Prakrit language because that would amount to disrespect to the Tirthankars. king Vikramaditya came down to the Shiv temple and on his arrival the yogi stood up and composed the 'Kalyan Mandir Stotra' whose influence was so powerful that an idol of Avanti Parshwanath was manifested itself from right under the 'shivling'. Greatly surprised by this miracle. Siddhasensuri realised his mistake and in order to repent he practised penance for 12 years in a secluded place. sheel (purity of character) and bhaav (good intention). Aged Vruddhavadisuriji also supported this palanquin but because of his old age he lost his balance. Vruddhavadisuriji came to Karmar village despite his old it would lead to many evils. In course of time. Once Diwakarsuri found some scholars ridiculing the sutras(the canonical scriptures) of Jain religion written in Prakrit language so he made up his mind to translate them in Sanskrit. SONAL There are four steps to practise true religion: daan (charity). sheel is considered an ornament of soul. He saw that Siddhasensuri used to mount the palanquin and crowds of people followed him applauding his achievements and making a stampede to win his favour. who was lifting the that brings light in the darkness. Jainism stresses the importance of sheel http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. pointed to a verbal fallacy in the sentence.blogspot. His 'Nyayavtar' laid the foundation of Nyayshastra (science of logic). it would minimise the significance of restraint and renunciation. Out of these. Diwakarsuri came down from the palanquin and found that it was Gurudev himself ! He felt terrible remorse and he asked for Guru's appology. Whereupon Diwakarsuri uttered a sentence in Sanskrit. So with a view to making his disciple realize the truth.. His spiritual teacher (Guru) Acharya Vruddhavadisuriji came to know about this and thought that if other monks would follow the example of Siddhasen Diwakar. The king never allowed him to go on foot and he always insisted that he should ride an elephant or use the palanquin. Moreover if monks would become acquisitive. Besides 'Batris-Batrisi' his lasting fame depends on his other books like 'Nyayavtar'. 07-10-2011 . etc. He asked his Guru's permission for this but the Guru advised him not to find faults with the language of the Tirthankars (builders of the ford) viz. so he provided assistance to king Devpal of Karmar village and thereby frustrated king Vijayvarma's agression. King Vikramaditya recognised Siddhasen Diwakar. This won him immense praise both from the people and the king and he was called Diwakar . 'Sanmatitark'.. he was designated as acharya (head of a mendicant group) and based on his original name he was renamed Siddhasensuri.

Champraj Handa. then. 07-10-2011 . "What I said has been proved right. Akbar said.. Damyanti. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. "Sonal! you lost your chastity. a woman of pure character. and said.. he would reward her handsomely. "My wife Sonal is such a woman. once noticed a mole on Sonal's thigh while she was bathing. They represent the best that is there in Indian civilization. Sonal said that she would like him to listen to her story." He. Rajimati. then. told Sonal' s husband about the mole on Sonal' s thigh and also showed him the handkerchief and the dagger. He wanted her to ask for a boon. The names of men and women of sterling character and almost superhuman qualities are inscribed in the letters of gold. While leaving Sonal's house. find a proof proving violation of Sonal's chastity.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 117 of 133 not only for Sadhus but even for the householders. The prostitute gave these two things to Sherkhan and also told him about the mole on Sonal's thigh. If anyone can prove to the contrary." Sherkhan accepted the challenge and said he would prove that Sonal was not what her husband claimed her to be. tried various ways and means to make Sonal deviate from the virtuous path. She was very happy. Such women.blogspot. I will chop off my head. have become rare. Show me one such woman." Sonal. Stories about women holding aloft the high ideals were narrated. Enticements and temptations proved futile. She danced for awhile and Akbar was pleased. then. She. He thundered. at once. was stunned and prepared to cut off his He called a prostitute and asked her to impersonate as Sonal's distant aunt. Champraj Handa. who have purity of character and who have innate qualities. his wife. I have in my possession proofs to prove that Sonal' s chastity had been violated. disguised as an aunt. He proudly said. if at all she exists. Sherkhan. "Times have changed. now I will lose my head. Once in the court of Akbar the focus of discussion was on women's dignity. "My wife Sonal is a sati. she took her leave with a heavy heart. told him of Sherkhan's deception and Sherkhan stood exposed. then. She. she stole a handkerchief and a dagger. went to Sonal's house and stayed there for some days. It is said that Emperer Akbar was impressed by the impeccable character (sheel) of Sonal. was very happy and Sherkhan was exiled. the wife of one of his courtiers. Seeta. He went to Sonal." Akbar's guard Sherkhan laughed derisively at this and Handa was furious. a courtier Champraj Handa stood up and said. Hearing these words of Akbar. Sonal's husband. After hearing these stories. If she could. Next day Sherkhan was in Akbar's court. The prostitute. who can be called sati. realised what had happened and set out for Akbar's court in the guise of a dancer. Sherkhan realised that Sonal was made of different stuff and so he decided to try devious means. After few days.

she would live in a stage of kausagga (meditation in a standing posture). She alleged that Subhadra had an affair with the The queen herself and many other women sprinkled water and tried their utmost but of no avail. Subhadra told her mother-in-law. Once one ascetic monk having performed a month's fast. Subhadra was the daughter of Jindas. The gates of royal palace got closed and nobody could open the gates despite numerous efforts and contrivances." At this the mother-in law lost her temper and said. Subhadra thus had a blot on her name. Sonal was also one such woman whose chastity was suspected but who. "You have already brought disgrace to the family by your infatuation for the monk. It so happened that in so doing the pigment mark (bindi) on her forehead got stuck on the monk's forehead. and a real sati. a minister of king Jitshatru of Vasantpur. he might get blind. Aren't you satisfied with that? Still you want to bring bad name to us publicly in the whole state? Shame on you !" http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. SUBHADRA SATI Subhadra was having deep and intense religious devotion and unfailing fidelity to her husband but suddenly there was an unexpected calamity in her life. came to collect alms at Subhadra's residence and she saw that there was a small blade of grass in his eye and if that was not removed. a non-Jain. An incident took place which brought a blot on her pure virtuous name. was attracted by her beauty and desired to marry her. Subhadra was married to Buddhadas who had deceived her by pretending to be a Jain. Even her husband began to doubt her chastity and started neglecting Subhadra.. "If you permit me. When everyone deserted her. With a view to getting married to Subhadra. The mother-in-law was always in search of something to defame her daughter in-law and now an opportunity on had come her way. I may try. accepted the challenge and proved that she was a chaste woman. then only they would open. Though innocent. 07-10-2011 . in the end. he studied Jain religion and he used to observe all the rituals and ceremonies of Jain religion. cultured and religious minded.. At this time a strange incident took place in the town of Champanagari. Buddhadas.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 118 of 133 Chandanbala and other women of outstanding qualities and impeccable character are the ones who are remembered by one and all.blogspot. She made up her mind that unless the ruling goddess would manifest herself and remove the blot. Then there was a divine oracle (in the sky) saying that if a chaste and virtuous woman would fetch water from a well with the help of an unprocessed yarn and if the same water was sprinkled on the gates. her innate honesty and virtuosity stood by her and saw her through the greatest test of life. so she removed it from the monk's eyes with her tongue. She was wise.

com/2010/04/abhaydevsuri-abhayde. despite such heart-rending and bitter words of her motherin-law. She fetched water from the well with the aid of unprocessed yarn and sprinkled it on the gates of the royal palace. Politely she said. During that time one ship -owner came to his munim (chief accountant) and requested him to get his ship worth rupees thirty lac insured for that amount. This advice was recorded by the father on the first page of the book of accounts. Once Pramodrai happened to go out of the town. Many a woman tried but the gate did not open. He was greatly distressed and disturbed on discovering that the munim had incurred a risk exceeding rupees twenty lac and the shock was so severe that he became unconscious.. People all around realized the greatness and impact of Jain religion. the experienced munim also realized his mistake. 07-10-2011 .blogspot. The other day Pramodrai received a telegram that the sea-faring ship was not traceable. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad.. Subhadra's mother-in-law and husband asked to be forgiven and adopted jain religion. they would have to pay a huge amount of rupees thirty lac which was a difficult task. The munim wrote the name of the ship-owner. The king and the people at large were greatly impressed by Subhadra's religious devotion. SUBHADRA SHETHANI The leader of the Surat Mahajan (association of merchants) advised his son Pramodrai that he should stick to good moral conduct. In course of time Subhadra accepted initiation and having achieved absolute knowledge. should keep good company. till today it remains closed. attained liberation.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 119 of 133 Subhadra kept quiet. Sheth's wife Subhadra was extremely religious minded. should be sweet in his tongue and should carry out his trading within a limit of rupees twenty lac1 their assets being of that amount. assessed the goods therein and insured it for rupees thirty lac. In case the ship drowned. Once Pramodrai was awakened by the heavy storm at midnight and he realized that he was sure to face a similar cyclone of calamity in his life now. Soon the three gates opened one after another but for the fourth gate the ruling goddess said that the fourth gate would open if there be any other chaste and virtuous woman. "O mother! You are right that if I failed I would be a disgraced daughter-in law of the family but I shall ask a question to the sky and if there be an answer 'open the gates' you would let me go.'open the gates'." Facing the sky Subhadra asked the same question and there was a divine utterance . Now Subhadra felt reassured of all the protection and help from the ruling goddess. Manilal. It was also stated to keep rupees thirty lac ready as the shipowner was to came to collect the money the next morning. Pramodrai Sheth returned on the third day.

." So saying he left behind the bag containing gold and cash and soon went away. "For once let me pray and request ]ineshvar Bhagwan (venerable Jina) since in His regime no righteous person is subjected to suffering. Then he assumed the form of Brahma and the entire city gathered for his worship but Sulsa was her http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. she found that it was the prince of Bhavanipur and as his father had died he was worried that the Government agent might take over the property and had come with his share of the amount and ornaments to the Sheth. Then Subhadra Shethani made an earnest samayik (attaining equanimity) with complete devotion.blogspot. 07-10-2011 . I am thoroughly aware of your righteousness. the munlm. She counted the amount and threw away the opium. Under the spell of the melodious stavan (devotional song) Pramodrai went to sleep. "On reaching Rajgruhi. When it was morning Sheth asked her to have the dose of opium. Please have some mercy on my innocent children and please keep this amount safely in the house..manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 120 of 133 This was indeed a lightening-like calamity for Pramodrai. Pramodrai and Subhadra kept two cups of opium ready for the morning. When he did so. He thought of testing her devoutness and assumed the from of Yati and asked for sachitta (living matter). Thereupon Subhadra Shethani told him everything that had happened during the night. we shall take the opium together. At very late in the night. "Kindly keep this amount. ability and religious devotion of Subhadra Shethani. He said. If need be. Pramodrai Sheth was very happy and had all the praise for the insight. He stopped him and said. SULSA Bhagwan Mahavir was once giving his discourses in Champanagari and he saw Ambad parivrajak (wandering monk) proceeding towards Rajgruhi. Shethani opened the door and a person with a partially covered face entered the room with a bag in his hands. Subhadra said. tell Shravika Sulsa that Mahavir has wished her dharmalabh" (increase in righteousness). told him that because of the seastorm the ship had gone away towards a different port and now it was located as being safe and secure. When the Sheth went to his shop Manilal. I don't want any interest somebody knocked at the door. Ambad parivrajak started thinking about Sulsa and her piety and devoutness since Bhagwan Mahavir also held her in high esteem. Subhadra Shethani asked the person to remove his cover on the face and be fearless. He thought that it would be better to face death than to lose his reputation in the market. but Sulsa remained uperturbed. Being religious minded.

The entire population of the city turned up for the darshan except Sulsa. undisturbed. once arrived at Sulsa's house. nothing of the sort has happened. then. Salsa's sons were well-versed in religion. Sulsa was a virtuous. therefore. She brought four pots and each was broken by the god. Bhagwan himself remembers you and wishes you dharmalabh. her composure and above all her devotion. In the case of this impostor. utter devoutness. "You are example worth emulation! SURACHARYA Suracharya also occupies a position among the first rank of versatile Acharyas (head of a medicant group) of the Solanki period in Gujarat. the fifteenth Tirthankar in next 'chovisi'. the entire world comes to know about it. disguised as a monk. realised that Sulsa was no ordinary woman. He blessed her and she begot many sons. Ambad. nobility and equanimity . but Sulsa was neither angry nor perturbed." Ambad. at.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 121 of 133 usual self. ethics and even arts. Abhaykumar consoled her and her husband Nag. He met her and said.blogspot. dropped the pot and the oil spilled over the ground. He. She was calm and composed. scriptures. When tirthankar arrives. Sulsa's life is a shining example of steadfastness. But. Sulsa was thrilled and overjoyed. She could not beget a child and had asked her husband Nag to remarry but he declined to do so. but Harinaigmeshi dev decided to test her steadfast devotion. and asked for lakshapak oil. and on third and fourth day he was Vishnu and Tirthankar (builders of the ford) incarnate. 07-10-2011 . Then she began severe penance and it pleased Indra so much that he praised her devotion before the assembly of gods. The god was pleased with her behaviour. they all died fighting king Chetak. She was to be born Nirmam. His scholarship was http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Sulsa brought a pot of oil but the God. unfortunately. Sulsa's devoutness and piety touched Ambad's heart. He went to her." On hearing these words. Sulsa was drowned in grief. He thought that Sulsa would at least come for the tirthankar's darshan but she didn't. Sulsa spent the remaining years as a shravika and died while in meditation and went to heaven. peace-loving woman and her heart was filled with devotion. Tirthankar is worshipped by sixty four Indras and the parivrajak assumed the form of twenty fifth saying grief results in formation of karma. deliberately.. Next day parivrajak was Shiva incarnate. sent an invitation saying that it was strange that one who was so devout did not care to come for tirthankar's darshan! Sulsa replied to the messenger: "Gentleman! the man who claims to be twenty fifth tirthankar is no tirthankar but an impostor. On the contrary it is he who has to invite people for his darshan. She lay prostrate on the ground in the direction of where Bhagwan was seated and began worshipping him. severe penance..

Guru's words. King Bhoj was extremely happy and satisfied by the unique poetic competence of Suracharya but the court pundits took another opportunity to test his capability. Bhimdev was lost in deep thoughts and he informed the learned scholars of his court about the challenge by way of a puzzle and all the state ministers as also the scholars were of opinion that only Suracharya was competent for that task. In case any of his pupils made mistakes in his lesson. Suracharya could easily make out that the child was not a learned person and exposed the trick perpetrated by the pundits. greatly delighted as he was by the poetic personality of his own disciple." These utterances of the Guru removed Suracharya's harshness. As the poetic message was read before king Bhoj's court. the entire assembly was astonished more so because nobody had imagined that a man having such an unparallaled poetic creativity in Gujarat could be a sadhu ! This paved the way for exchange of poetic compositions between Gujarat and Malva. It doesn't befit a Sadhu who is committed to fearlessness. The entire court was extremely pleased by his learning and creativity. When Acharya Shri Suracharya reached Patan. the then capital of the Solanki period. recently At last the pundits themselves arranged a debate with Suracharya who ultimately defeated all of them.. he restrained Suracharya from doing so and in a scolding tone he said. the Guru himself came to honour him. like a parrot. were still ringing in the ears of Suracharya. A child was trained. At the court of Malwa. the God of Death and a symbol of terror. In his teaching he never allowed or tolerated any short-coming or lethargy. "If you are so much proud of your knowledge. However. in matters of learning and court pundits of king Bhoj invited Suracharya to have a religious debate with the child .scholar. Enraged by the defeat.blogspot. he was beaten with a wooden stick of the broom. Just on arrival Suracharya composed a poetic message that contained a solution of the puzzle sent by king Bhoj. as the stick would break because of frequent beating he decided to have an ironrod.. king Bhimdev and the citizens of Patan honoured him in a grand manner. it would be worthwhile to prove yourself victorious in the learned assembly of versatile scholars of king Bhoj of Malava. It was a strange coincidence that king Bhoj had sent a meaningful puzzle by way of a shloka (verse) that was meant to test the scholarship and knowledge of the learned assembly of king Bhimdev of Gujarat. King Bhoj respectfully invited Suracharya to the court and told him about the answer to be sent for the puzzle he had sent. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. A great scholar as he was. Suracharya's scholarship earned immense reputation. the pundits planned to attack Suracharya but with the help of great poet Dhanpal. As his Guru came to know about it. 07-10-2011 . Thus the trick of the court pundits of king Bhoj was exposed.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 122 of 133 profound while his poetic power was matchless. Suracharya could reach Gujarat. The iron-rod that you intend to have is like a weapon of Yamraj.

Before the day dawned. Subhadra was fascinated by the beauty of one of Sushila's friends.. was a Jain who observed twelve vows. The only intention in Sushila's mind was that she did not want her husband's vow to be broken. He wrote an epic named Nemicharita in prose and in verse. Being of a noble family. "Please leave all your worries and be assured that I shall fulfill your desires. he was engaged in amorous actions. Subhadra would not look into her eyes. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. His heart was tormented by remorse. The entire bed-room was decorated with flowers. her father got her married to Subhadra. Considering Sushila's religiousity. there was turmoil in Subhadra's mind regarding his slavery to sexual enjoyment. Moreover my friend also would not ignore my proposal. SUSHlLA Subhadra. Subhadra agreed to act accordingly.. She entered with the same gait as that of her friend. clever woman as she was. Having observed the state of his mind. When it was morning. she hoped that since he was a god-fearing person. he could be led on the path of religion. Subhadraa." Lustful as he was. Subhadra was sitting near the bed temptingly decorated with rich and scented materials. Subhadraa did not utter a word in this regard but his weak body betrayed the disturbed state of his mind. He thought that he had totally ignored Jineshvar Bhagwan's preaching about virtuous character. In the darkness of night Sushila called her friend under some pretext and both of them talked in a cheerful mood. It was strange and ironical that a man who was observing 12 vows should have a keen desire for a woman other than his own wife. He felt as if he was a criminal.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 123 of 133 He wrote a poetic compisition by the way of a biography of Bhagvan Rushabhdev and Bhagvan Neminath. One incident that took place in the beginning of their married life created a rift between them. 07-10-2011 . This assured Subhadra that his keen desire would be fulfilled that night. a leading merchant of Pruthvipur. Subhadra put out the lamp and having drawn her to the bed. comes to your bed-room you shall put out the lamps so that she may not feel unduly My only condition is that when my friend. in her best dress.blogspot. Once upon a time he had to visit Rajpur for trading purpose and he happened to stay at Sheth Jindas's home. Jindas's daughter was known as Sushila because of her good character. told her husband. Sushila. Sushila thought that still there was modesty and bashfulness in her husband. Whenever he happened to face Sushila. saying she wanted to go home. He began to hate himself for the sin that he had committed. the woman left the bed and went away.

King Munj and king Bhoj of Dhara held poet Dhanpal in high esteem for Dhanpal was a very learned man. Sushila was prepared to accept her husband and she was very happy that all ended well as desired by her. He explained to his elder brother the basic tenets of Jainism and their importance and converted him." The king.. Bhoj suggested some alternations and said that he should add some words of praise about his love for religion. he looked gloomy and became lean day by day. Munj considered him as his son and had conferred on him the title 'kurchal Saraswati' (goddess Saraswati with a beard and moustache). Hot words were also exchanged between the two. on a wintry night. Dhanpal informed her daughter that his labour of years had turned to ashes. Subhadra unburdened his heart by narrating the incident of that night. Dhanpalloved her very much and she was equally accomplished.. She made sure that her husband overheard what she read. His daughter Tilakmanjari wanted to know the cause of his sadne. Tilakmanjari consoled her father and said. Finally she told him everything and made him realize that it was not her friend but she herself who had spent the night with him. Consequently. Dhanpal had. "It would mean I am not true to myself. Thus converted he. Subhadra was pleased with his wife's religious devotion and was all praise for her good intention. out of spite for the Jain religion. once. But he constantly suffered pain and torture due to his breach of vow. King Bhoj had conferred the title kavishvar (best among the poets) and siddha Saraswati (an accomplished scholar). "Grieve not. I am sorry but I cannot act against my conscience. father.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 124 of 133 While performing her samayika (practicing equanimity). TlLAKMANJARI The learned are worshipped" http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. Dhanpal read out his work to king Bhoj. hearing these words was furious and threw the book into fire. Having attained absolute knowledge. both of them attained salvation. Ultimately on the insistence of Sushila. Dhanpal refused to do so saying. and a poet of a high order. compelled the king to ban the Jains monks' travel in Malwa. Once. She would read the works of her father with great interest. . He was restless. Subhadra thanked his wife whose extraordinary faith in religion had saved him. Poet Dhanpal was sad when he returned home. However his own younger brother had renounced the world and was known as Shobhanacharya. I remember every word of what you had written in the volume. Sushila read aloud the words regarding the damage and loss suffered by a person consequent upon his breach of a vow.blogspot. composed a work in praise of tirthankar Rishabhdev. 07-10-2011 .

" The embryo in mother Trishala's womb was worried about the pain its movements caused to the mother. naturally born. 07-10-2011 . All entertainments in the place came to a Rishabh with white teeth. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. This made Trishala extremely unhappy. His/Her creations are unforced. She described these auspicious dreams to her husband Siddharth. the lost work of Dhanpal was salvaged and retrieved.. Her motherhood has been a source of inspiration to millions throughout the world and writers have delineated her life very vividly. He chose to suffer humiliation than to bend his wishes to the king's. recomposed. Thanks to his daughter Tilakmanjari.powerful king or a propagator and protector of religion.blogspot. been a venerable lady. He entitled the work Tilakmanjari in appreaciation of his daughter's help . a garland of fresh flowers. "What would have happened to the work if Tilakmanjari was not there to help him ?". and asked them what the dreams stood for. It. a brave and fearless son. Queen Trishala had. stirred in the womb and a smile flickered across Trishaladevi's face. The king summoned some scholars. and kshirsagar (ocean). The foetus.a tribute to her memory which made the impossible possible. TRISHALAMATA It was Trishalamata who gave birth to an illustrious son Vardhaman who turned out to be mankind's saviour. "0 King. The scholars interpreted the dreams and said. Once Trishaladevi fainted and the foetus inside Trishaladevi's womb blamed itself for causing pain to the mother rather than joy. This happened in Vikram Samvat 1084 and the work. The god Harinaigmeshi implanted eighty-two day embryo into Trishaladevi's womb. therefore. bright moon. precious jewels. A true creator is always faithful to his/her vocation. became very quiet and stopped all movements. She began to dictate to him and Dhanpal began to write.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 125 of 133 These words of Tilakmanjari lifted his drooping spirit. well-versed in the interpretation of dreams. Her condition made the king worried too. Poet Dhanpal was one such poet. while in deep slumber. will be born to you. seen a white elephant resembling king Indra's Airavat. goddess Laxmi. He/She will never use the pen to indulge in false praise or 'sell' it to make a living out of it.. thus. therefore. One night. He was proud of his daughter and her retentive memory. wondered Dhanpal. in her dreams. a lion. exemplifying the nine ras (sentiments) was. She has. divine aircraft. She became suspicious whether somebody had stolen the embryo or whether it had dissipated. And lo and behold! Within no time the book was ready. a fluttering flag. fiery sun. she saw fourteen dreams. with divine powers. He will either be a . lake padma. silver pot. and smokeless fire. then. She was the queen of king Siddharth and the sister of king Chetak of Vaishali.

He thought. would partake of the devotional feast. Vardhaman and Yashoda would exchange pleasantries when they got together. She confessed her sins. "I must not cause any pain to my loving parents and I will not. He lived in a palace surrounded by comforts but he kept himself aloof from them. Shri Udayratnaji Maharaj and all the members of the sangh took an oath that they would not accept food and water without having a glimpse of Shankheshwar Parshwanath Bhagwan. the Thakor of the http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. The Kheda sangh was delayed in reaching Shankheshwar and as ordered by the Thakor the temple-in-charge refused to open the doors of the temple. Trishaladevi. On the thirteenth day of Chaitra Sud. 07-10-2011 . Love abounded in the family and king Siddharth. Bhagwan Mahavir. followed by devotional music. Vardhaman. Before his birth. In V:S. UPADHYAY SHRI UDAYRATNAJI There are numerous tales and anecdotes about the holy power of Shri Udayratnaji a well-knit unit." He.blogspot. Shri Udayratnaji Maharaj and the entire sangh stood near the door of the temple and soon a very moving prayer flowed out from his heart. Bhagwan Mahavir's first sermon was on devotion to mother. in the year 543 before Vikram Samvat. heralding the birth of a unique child. then. Trishaladevi thought that marriage would definitely succeed in holding back prince Vardhaman from his desire to take renunciation. Fifty six virgins performed dances to welcome his birth. the Chha'ri sangh (a congregation on pilgrimage practising six special vows) had undertaken a journey from Kheda to Shankheshwar at his inspiration and under his guidance. then. 1750. When she was in a state of bliss. The ruling Nagraj was moved and pleased by the prayer and surprisingly the doors of the Jain temple opened automatically. As a result of this incident. The entire family.. decided not to renounce the world so long as the parents were living. But destiny had some other designs in store. The ruling Thakor of Shankheshwar at that time used to collect tax of one guinea from the pilgrims and allow them to have a glimpse of the idol. There was brilliance all around. would discuss religion and its different facets. and his wife ]yestha. Young Vardhaman was engaged to Yashoda. at midnight. realised that her end was approaching. Mother Trishala. elder brother Nandivardhan. This made mother Trishala extremely happy.. prince Vardhaman was born. She was the mother not of an ordinary child but one who was a seer and one the last Tirthankar.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 126 of 133 Vardhaman inside too felt happy thinking about the bond of love between the mother and the child. whom even god Indra was always eager to propitiate. Vardhaman was a householder but he had lost interest in worldly affairs. There existed a strong bond of love between elder brother Nandivardhan and Siddharth. he uttered a request to open the door with the words Pragat tha pasji. gave up taking food and breathed her last. At the end of the prayer.

D. As Shri Bhadrabahuswami was known as antim shrutkevali so also Upadhyayji can be regarded as antim shrutpargami (last knower of all Jain canonical scriptures). barmasa. Prakrut and Gujarati. Besides writing the books that were theoretical and academic. he has written 'stavans'. as a result of which all the Bhavsar families of Kheda joined the fold of the Jain religion. There were 500 houses of Bhavsar community in the village Kheda and all of them got the advantage of his preachings. He practised severe penance and it is said that he stood in kausagga meditation for four months in three towns in Kheda near Ahmedabad in Gujarat. In the tradition of Vijayrajsuri of Since his time.omniscient). Sudarshan. As a result of his inspiration numerous people joined the fold of Jain religion. He will be remembered for his saintliness and religious service. His contemporary monks regarded him as the sarvajna (omniscient) in matters of the scriptures and also as shrutkevali (scripture . In 1739 A. Shri Udayratnaji was an author of wide and varied literature and he had co'mposed the 'rasa' having in view the lives of different personalities like Jambuswami. Author of more than 100 books in Sanskrit. stavan. D.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 127 of 133 village came there and bowed to the Muniraj and handed over the idol of Shri Shankheshwar Parshwanath to the Shrisangh. 07-10-2011 . He was born in a small village Kanoda in North Gujarat. whereas his stavans and 'sajjhays' are remarkable for the depiction of different feelings and attitudes. Narayan was his father and Saubhagyadevi was his mother. So also many of the residents of the village Sojitra became the followers of the Jain religion under his inspiration. Sthulibhadra. 'sajjhays'. There are numerous compositions written by him from A. 'So says Upadhyayji' is regarded as the final word and ultimate authority in scriptural matters. 'chovisi'. chovishi etc. Saubhagyadevi was so deeply religious that she would not have her food without listening to the recitation of Bhaktamar http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. UPADHYAY SHRI YASHOVIJAYJI Someone utters the word upadhyayji it would mean Shrimad Yashovijayji Upadhyay. Shri Udayratnaji was more famous for his rasa. His poetic creativity is unique both in short compositions like stuti or stavan as well as in long narratives like rasa. stuti. sajjhayo. chhanda. 1693 to 1743. consequently the place resembled a small island.blogspot. and valuable documentary material. 'stutis'. 'rasa'. 'barmasa'. Malaysundari etc. preachings. he composed poems that were immensely popular.. there has been no other scholar as learned and competent as him. He was a resident of Kheda. Bahubali and minister like Vimalshah. His poetic ability is best expressed in 'barmasa' compositions based on the episode of Neminath and Rajimati. he also earned the titles of Tattvavisharad and Kurchalsharda. It is also said that Shri Udayratnaji possessed some miraculous power and he could conjure up lifelike scenes which the holy assembly (samavasaran) and other people were able to see. 'shaloko' and 'chhand'. saloko. a poet named Ratna had written a poetic composition in which he had addressed Upadhyay Shri Udayratnaji as his 'guru'. They contain thematic content relating to tirthankars like Sankheswar Parshwanath and Shri Neminath as also regarding the sons of Rushabhdev namely Bharat. In terms of literary forms.

The religious parents dedicated such a bright child to the service of the religion. Though Dhangiri and Sunanda of Tumbavan city were married. Because of his rich and diverse literary creations. He studied the subject of Nyay (logic) and impressed by his deep knowledge even the non-Jain scholars conferred the titles of 'Nyayacharya' and 'Nyayavisharad' on Shri Yashovijayji. was a unique combination of penance. he went for renunciation of worldly life and he lived as a devoted ascetic upto the age of eighty. Prakrit and Gujarati. Jashvant. The personality of Shri Yashovijayji had an aura about it. Thus failing to listen to the recitation of the 'stotra' from the nun she had to do without food and water. He passed away after a very devoted life of 55 years.. because of heavy rains. the guru of Shri Yashovijayji. is known as 'Laghu Haribhadraji' or dwitiya (the second) Hemchandracharya. who had composed works on logic. Thus Jashvant. was also very happy with the pursuit of knowledge of his disciple.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 128 of 133 statra. Yashovijayji got the blessings of goddess Sarasvati. the latter was surprised by Yashovijayji's power of concentration and memory.. He thought that such a brilliant monk could achieve eminence if he could be sent to the learned scholars of Varanasi. From the day he was born. Upadhyay Shri Yashovijayji. On the banks of river Ganga in Varanasi. born yogi and the tenth and the last purvadhar. In A. D. she could not go to upashraya. came to be loved by all in the village. As he exhibited eighteen types of concentration (avadhan) before the suba (administrator) of Ahmedabad. 1687 he had his last chaturmas (four months' of stay during monsoon at one place) on the sacred land of Dabhoi. Upadhyay Yashovijayji can be recognised as 'antim shrutpargami' just as Shri Bhadrabahuswami is known as the 'antim shrutkevali' in]ainism. came to know about it and he told her mother that as he had been accompanying her to the upashraya and had been listening to the recitation of the statra he knew it verbatim. Once Jashvant joined the monk in expiatory recitals (pratikraman-penitential retreat) and he had learnt all the sutras that he heard only he should be given the privilege of sharing the responsibility of looking after the arrangements for Yashovijayji's stay at Varanasi. At this juncture a Jain layman named Dhanji Sura requested the monk that in case Yashovijayji was allowed by the guru to go to Varanasi for further studies. the darling son of the mother. The most outstanding feature of his life is that he acquired the knowledge of jati-smaran (memory of past birth) as soon as he was born. Dhangiri told her that soon she will have a http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. 07-10-2011 . the son. Pujya Shri Nayvijayji. the boy recited the entire Bhaktamar statra. As Sunanda had a felicitous garbhasuchak dream. VAJRASWAMI Life of Shri Vajraswami. accomplishment and religious pursuit. About five years of age. grammar and meditation and spiritual philosophy in Sanskrit. Once. Sunanda was well aware about her husband's keen yearning for spiritual advancement.blogspot.

the Vajjishakha was established after his death.. he acquired jatismaran knowledge of his earlier birth. he should accept the rajoharan so as to do away with the bondage of karma. went to the Monk and sat in his lap and picking up the rajoharan began to fan him. No flowers were available there so he managed to supply 20 lakh flowers by means of a viman (celestial ariel car). the gods granted him the vaikriya labdhi (supernatural power of assuming any bodily form) and the knowledge to fly in the sky. After a lapse of three years. she let him go his way. said that it was heavy like a thunderbolt. Sunanda delivered a baby boy in B. The matter was ultimately referred to the king's court and it was finally decided that the boy would belong to the person with whom he felt attached. Vajra. C. Many Jain saints. Sunanda tried to win over the boy with toys. Then the boy's father Dhangiri lifted his rajoharan (a whiskbroom) and asked the child if he knew the ultimate truth and if he was anxious to go for life of restraint. D. Thereupon. Sunanda was so harassed and tormented by the child's crying day and night for over six months that out of sheer frustration she left the child in the sag of monk Dhangiri and surprisingly enough the child ceased crying as soon as he was put in the sag. With a view to making his inspiring memory everlasting. 57.blogspot. lest he should get caught up in the worldly entanglement of motherly love.her husband. Monk Dhangiri came to his Guru Aryasinhgiri carrying the sag. As the Guru opened the sag. The entire royal court was amazed and Sunanda was lost in deep thoughts . brave soldiers and a host of eminent personalities lived during his reign.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 129 of 133 support in her new-born son. Instantly he started crying. he found a child in it and he named him vajra who was ultimately brought up by nuns and a Jain laywoman (Shravika). http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. As soon as the newly born child overheard this remark.. Being an ideal Indian woman. having looked at the heavy sag. VANRAJ CHAVDA Vanraj Chavda. and if she would permit he would pursue spiritual well-being by accepting initiation. the founder of the Chavda empire. Before Monk Dhavalgiri could complete his sentence. sweets and loving gestures but the boy did not budge an inch. Vajraswami sent the entire sangh to Maheshwari Puri with the power of this 'akashgamini' brother and son all had accepted initiation. The gods tried twice to tempt the young Muni Vajraswami by offering him food by means of creating illusion in the forest but with the sheer power of his intelligence he could see through the divine illusion and refused the food. The Guru. 31 and there was great rejoicing in the family. He passed away in A. the child. Soon she decided to follow into their foot-steps. 07-10-2011 . Sunanda was overcome by her motherly love and she asked for her son. Thus he was a noble and worthy symbol of strength and sainthood. was a powerful ruler of Gujarat. Once when there was very acute famine in Northern India.

on whom he had conferred sisterhood. while child Vanraj was sleeping in a cradle hung between trunks of two trees. Jain Acharya Sheelgunsuri happened to pass through the forest. he offered his kingdom to Sheelgunsuri which he declined to accept. It was a land supposed to harbour only the brave souls. leaving behind the stolen goods. Vanraj brought from Panchasar the idol of Shri Parshwanath Bhagwan and got it installed in Vanraj-vihar. hid herself in a forest. With the passage of time. accompanied by brother Surpal. it is said. The kind-hearted Jain saint gave shelter to the queen and her child. a war against the enemy. Once.blogspot. He began collecting wealth. While stealing things from his house. soldiers and weapons to wq. True to his promise. The king of Kanoj also did not offer any resistance to him and Vanraj thought the time had come for him to seize power. Vanraj was born and brought up in the forest.. Vanraj was looked after by the Jain monk and this helped in the inculcation of many virtues in the infant Vanraj.D. She invited him to her house for a meal. The new capital was christened Anahillpur Patan in A. was defeated by king Bhuvad in a battle and his pregnant wife queen Roopsundari. He thought. A very determined man. his hand happened to fall into a pot of curd. It is said that it was on this land that once a rabbit attacked a fierce dog. He learnt the art of warfare from his uncle Surpal and decided to take back the empire lost by his father. he would assume the role of a king. Once Vanraj committed a theft at the house of a businessman in the neighbouring village. 745. on inquiry. Vanraj waylaid Bhuvad and looted silver and one thousand horses. He was a true Kshatriya (a warrior-caste) and while playing with children. Vanraj grew into a brave man and showed his powers very often. His innate bravery did not remain dormant and he became the king of the forest. Vanraj promised her that she would be called to apply tilak (forehead Mark) on his installation as king. to apply tilak on his forehead. So I am their guest.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 130 of 133 Jaishikhari. he summoned Shridevi. On being advised by the Acharya. 07-10-2011 . he would never retrace a step once taken. being an ascetic. At the age of fifty. The temple of Shri Panchasara Parshwanath still exists in Patau in north Gujarat with the idols of King Vanraj and Acharya Sheelgunsuri too. He founded his empire in a forest on land inhabited by a shepherd Anahill. he ascended the throne and. Next day the villager's sister Shridevi that it was Vanraj who had left behind the stolen goods. His gaze fell on the sleeping child and prophesied that the child would carve out a niche for himself as a powerful ruler. Vanaraj's father. How can I steal things from his house ?" Vanraj left the place.. "My hand is smeared with curd and it means I have eaten in the house of this man.

and he tried to remove the blot. His son Yograj too was pained on being branded robbers and their kingdom as 'Kingdom of robbers'. endeared him to emperor Mohmed Adilshah. He became an ace jeweller and simultaneously reached the highest post in the army. Even Abul Fazal admits that he managed the affairs of state with rare ability and success. Adilshah was killed in an encounter with the Pathans.and the mantle to rule·fellon Hemu. His expertise in matters of military and his honesty. He was a gallant fighter. became the dewan (Prime minister of the king) of Delhi. 07-10-2011 . His enemies and opponents called him the wizard of the battlefield for the way he planned and executed his strategies to defeat the enemy.blogspot. They would all try to please the king and get afew concessionsin return. He defeated all those who opposed him and was firmly in the saddle as the ruler of Delhi. he started as an ordinary merchant but reached the pinnacle by dint of hard work and daring spirit. he earned the title of 'God of war'. ButHemraj was made of different stuff. He. and was known as Vikramaditya (one who was triumphant). The son of a Jain layman of Mandovar. His experience in warfare. In those days courtly patronage was sought after by religious leaders of alL denominations.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 131 of 133 Vanraj became the king of Gujarat and his subjects were all happy.. To atone for his sin. He was one of the greatest men of his day and among Akbar's http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad. After king Prithviraj. adventurous and a fine strategist. Vikramaditya Hemu became the most famous Hindu ruler of Delhi. his mastery of statecraft and expertise in the art of fighting earned for him great renown.. Historians like Badauni and Abul Fazal have praised the reign of Vikramaditya Hemu who ruled Delhi for six months. His elephant called hava would also strike terror in the hearts of enemies. He expanded the state and suppressed the rebellion in Chunara and Bengal. Originally a petty shopkeeper of Rewari of Mewat. He stood by Shershah who was his friend and who had undertaken many people-oriented projects. The three sons of Yograj looted the ships anchored in the sea near Somnath Patan. but often he was referred to as a robber. then... He writes: "Hemu a consummate general and statesman who displayed organizing capacity and valour of a high order. His presence would send shivers down the spine of his opponents. The story of his life is like an oasis in the Mugal history. Well-known historian Vincent Smith praised his competence as a ruler and his insight into administration. Yograj gave up taking food and water and committed self immolation by setting himself afire. VlKAAMADITYA HEMU Vikramaditya Hemu is renowned in history as a powerful warrior and an adept strategist. .com/2010/04/abhaydevsuri-abhayde. For his matchless prowess.

There are stray references about him in the works of English.manra-Ommantras-slokas-upanishad Page 132 of 133 opponent through out Hindustan there was none who could excel him in vaIour. But an arrow pierced through Hemu's eye and he lost the battle. Hemu's reign as anemperot of Delhi for six months forms a glorious chapter in the history of India. Akbar refused to behead him but Behramkhan's sword cut him into two.In A. 07-10-2011 . who belonged to the sixteenth century. Akbar had never encountered such stiff resistance as he did from Hemu's army.blogspot. enterprise and courage.. Not much literature is available about Vikramaditya Hemu. Arabic and Persian writers. He had earned himself unique military distinction by winning 22 pitched battles. wrote a novel which vividly resuscitates the life and times of Vikramaditya Late Shri Jaybhikkhu. author of about 300 volumes.D. popularly known as God of war. 1556 a fierce battle broke out in Panipat between the Mugal Army and the army of Vikramaditya Hemu. Akbar had launched his expedition to capture Delhi and Agra. http://mantra-ommantras-slokas-upanishad.." Vikramaditya Hemu nurtured many dreams but not all his dreams were realised.

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