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Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until

8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, October 7, 2011

USDL-11-1441

Technical information:
Household data:
(202) 691-6378 • cpsinfo@bls.gov • www.bls.gov/cps
Establishment data: (202) 691-6555 • cesinfo@bls.gov • www.bls.gov/ces
Media contact:

(202) 691-5902 • PressOffice@bls.gov

THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION – SEPTEMBER 2011
Nonfarm payroll employment edged up by 103,000 in September, and the unemployment rate held at
9.1 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The increase in employment partially
reflected the return to payrolls of about 45,000 telecommunications workers who had been on strike in
August. In September, job gains occurred in professional and business services, health care, and
construction. Government employment continued to trend down.
Chart 1. Unemployment rate, seasonally adjusted,
September 2009 – September 2011

Chart 2. Nonfarm payroll employment over-the-month
change, seasonally adjusted, September 2009 –
September 2011

Percent

Thousands
600

11.0

400
10.0
200
0

9.0

-200
8.0
-400
-600

7.0
Sep-09 Dec-09 M ar-10 Jun-10

Sep-10 Dec-10

M ar-11 Jun-11

Sep-11

Sep-09 Dec-09 M ar-10 Jun-10

Sep-10 Dec-10 M ar-11 Jun-11 Sep-11

Household Survey Data
The number of unemployed persons, at 14.0 million, was essentially unchanged in September, and the
unemployment rate was 9.1 percent. Since April, the rate has held in a narrow range from 9.0 to 9.2
percent. (See table A-1.)
Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (8.8 percent), adult women
(8.1 percent), teenagers (24.6 percent), whites (8.0 percent), blacks (16.0 percent), and Hispanics (11.3
percent) showed little or no change in September. The jobless rate for Asians was 7.8 percent, not
seasonally adjusted. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks and over) was 6.2 million in
September. These individuals accounted for 44.6 percent of the unemployed. (See table A-12.)
Both the labor force and employment increased in September. However, the civilian labor force
participation rate, at 64.2 percent, and the employment-population ratio, at 58.3 percent, were little
changed. (See table A-1.)
The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as
involuntary part-time workers) rose to 9.3 million in September. These individuals were working part
time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See
table A-8.)
In September, about 2.5 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, about the same
as a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force,
wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They
were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the
survey. (See table A-16.)
Among the marginally attached, there were 1.0 million discouraged workers in September, down by
172,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not
currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.5
million persons marginally attached to the labor force in September had not searched for work in the 4
weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table
A-16.)
Establishment Survey Data
Total nonfarm payroll employment edged up by 103,000 in September. Since April, payroll
employment has increased by an average of 72,000 per month, compared with an average of 161,000 for
the prior 7 months. In September, job gains occurred in professional and business services, health care,
and construction. Government employment continued to trend down. (See table B-1.)
Employment in professional and business services increased by 48,000 over the month and has grown
by 897,000 since a recent low in September 2009. Employment in temporary help services edged up in
September; this industry has added 53,000 jobs over the past 3 months. In September, employment
growth continued in computer systems design and in management and technical consulting services.
Health care employment continued to expand in September, with an increase of 44,000. Within the
industry, job gains occurred in ambulatory health care services (+26,000) and in hospitals (+13,000).
Construction employment increased by 26,000 over the month, after showing little movement since
February. The over-the-month gain was due to employment increases in the nonresidential construction
industries, which includes heavy and civil construction. Mining employment continued to trend up in
September.
Employment in information was up by 34,000 over the month due to the return of about 45,000
telecommunications workers to payrolls after an August strike.

-2-

Manufacturing employment changed little in September (-13,000) and has been essentially flat for the
past 2 months.
Within retail trade, employment declined in electronic and appliance stores (-9,000) in September.
Employment in wholesale trade, transportation and warehousing, financial activities, and leisure
and hospitality changed little.
Government employment continued to trend down over the month (-34,000). The U.S. Postal Service
continued to lose jobs (-5,000). Local government employment declined by 35,000 and has fallen by
535,000 since September 2008.
The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged up by 0.1 hour over the
month to 34.3 hours following a decrease of 0.1 hour in August. The manufacturing workweek edged
down by 0.1 hour in September to 40.2 hours. Factory overtime increased by 0.1 hour to 3.2 hours. The
average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged
up by 0.1 hour to 33.6 hours in September. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)
In September, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls increased by 4
cents, or 0.2 percent, to $23.12. This increase followed a decline of 4 cents in August. Over the past 12
months, average hourly earnings have increased by 1.9 percent. In September, average hourly earnings
of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased by 3 cents, or 0.2 percent, to
$19.52. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)
The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for July was revised from +85,000 to +127,000, and
the change for August was revised from 0 to +57,000.

The Employment Situation for October is scheduled to be released on Friday, November 4, 2011,
at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).

-3-

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category

Sept.
2010

July
2011

Aug.
2011

Change from:
Aug. 2011Sept. 2011

Sept.
2011

Employment status
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force...... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...................... .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed................................................................... .
Employment-population ratio.......................................... .
Unemployed................................................................ .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

238,322
154,124
64.7
139,378
58.5
14,746
9.6
84,198

239,671
153,228
63.9
139,296
58.1
13,931
9.1
86,443

239,871
153,594
64.0
139,627
58.2
13,967
9.1
86,278

240,071
154,017
64.2
140,025
58.3
13,992
9.1
86,054

200
423
0.2
398
0.1
25
0.0
-224

Unemployment rates
Total, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adult men (20 years and over)............................................. .
Adult women (20 years and over). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Teenagers (16 to 19 years). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Asian (not seasonally adjusted)............................................ .
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........................ .

9.6
9.7
8.0
26.0
8.7
16.1
6.4
12.5

9.1
9.0
7.9
25.0
8.1
15.9
7.7
11.3

9.1
8.9
8.0
25.4
8.0
16.7
7.1
11.3

9.1
8.8
8.1
24.6
8.0
16.0
7.8
11.3

0.0
-0.1
0.1
-0.8
0.0
-0.7

0.0

Total, 25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Less than a high school diploma. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
High school graduates, no college. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Some college or associate degree. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelor’s degree and higher. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8.3
15.4
10.0
9.1
4.5

7.8
15.0
9.3
8.3
4.3

7.8
14.3
9.6
8.2
4.3

7.8
14.0
9.7
8.4
4.2

0.0
-0.3
0.1
0.2
-0.1

Reason for unemployment
Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Job leavers................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... .
Reentrants....................................................................... .
New entrants.................................................................... .

9,286
809
3,441
1,193

8,215
928
3,410
1,270

8,203
963
3,532
1,241

8,121
967
3,504
1,327

-82
4
-28
86

Duration of unemployment
Less than 5 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 to 14 weeks................................................................... .
15 to 26 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27 weeks and over........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2,872
3,329
2,364
6,153

2,689
3,088
1,965
6,185

2,755
3,050
2,239
6,034

2,772
2,904
2,086
6,242

17
-146
-153
208

Employed persons at work part time
Part time for economic reasons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slack work or business conditions......................................... .
Could only find part-time work. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part time for noneconomic reasons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

9,506
6,732
2,478
18,256

8,396
5,687
2,517
18,258

8,826
5,833
2,736
18,208

9,270
5,963
2,852
18,308

444
130
116
100

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)
Marginally attached to the labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Discouraged workers... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2,548
1,209

2,785
1,119

2,575
977

2,511
1,037


- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not
necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with
the release of January data.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2010

July
2011

Aug.
2011p

Sept.
2011p

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)
Total nonfarm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicles and parts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Temporary help services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Health care and social assistance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

-29
109
-6
6
-6
-6
3
-0.2
-9
115
1.5
17.7
8.3
-10
0
8
19.9
19
34.3
52
20
-138

127
173
53
9
10
34
25
8.3
9
120
0.3
28.5
-5.8
-5
-3
39
13.5
54
37.4
15
-3
-46

57
42
-9
2
-7
-4
-8
-6.4
4
51
2.8
-0.8
0.2
-51
5
38
20.3
38
34.1
10
8
15

103
137
18
5
26
-13
-8
0.3
-5
119
-5.9
13.6
-1.9
34
-8
48
19.4
45
40.8
-4
-3
-34

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES2
Total nonfarm women employees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total private women employees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total private production and nonsupervisory employees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

49.7
48.2
82.4

49.4
47.9
82.4

49.4
47.9
82.4

49.4
47.9
82.5

Category

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES
Total private
Average weekly hours. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Average hourly earnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Average weekly earnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Over-the-month percent change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Over-the-month percent change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

34.2
$ 22.70
$ 776.34
92.2
0.1
99.8
0.2

34.3
$ 23.12
$793.02
93.8
0.1
103.5
0.7

34.2
$ 23.08
$789.34
93.6
-0.2
103.0
-0.5

34.3
$ 23.12
$793.02
94.0
0.4
103.6
0.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
Total private
Average weekly hours. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Average hourly earnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Average weekly earnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Over-the-month percent change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Over-the-month percent change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

33.5
$ 19.14
$ 641.19
99.2
0.1
126.9
0.2

33.6
$ 19.49
$654.86
101.0
0.2
131.5
0.5

33.5
$ 19.49
$652.92
100.8
-0.2
131.2
-0.2

33.6
$ 19.52
$655.87
101.2
0.4
132.0
0.6

61.4
60.5

55.6
48.8

55.4
46.3

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)5
Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

51.9
49.4

1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.
2 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing
industries.
3 The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
4 The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average
aggregate weekly payrolls.
5 Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance
between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
p Preliminary

Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates
Why are there two monthly measures of employment?
The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates of employment
and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey employment series has a smaller
margin of error on the measurement of month-to-month change than the household survey because of
its much larger sample size. An over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically
significant in the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change in the
household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more expansive scope than
the establishment survey because it includes the self-employed, unpaid family workers, agricultural
workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household
survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?
It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However, neither the
establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal status of workers. Therefore, it
is not possible to determine how many are counted in either survey. The establishment survey does not
collect data on the legal status of workers. The household survey does include questions which identify
the foreign and native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign born.
Why does the establishment survey have revisions?
The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by incorporating
additional information that was not available at the time of the initial publication of the estimates.
The establishment survey revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding
2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated
seasonal adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.
On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that re-anchors
estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment insurance tax records.
The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors in the estimates. For more information
on the annual benchmark revision, please visit www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.
Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?
Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business establishments with
fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is designed to maximize the reliability of the
total nonfarm employment estimate; firms from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled
to achieve that goal.
Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?
Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for the net employment
change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment comes from an econometric model that
forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the
net impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The

establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because the survey is not
immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There is an unavoidable lag between the birth
of a new firm and its appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new
businesses to the survey twice a year.
Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment insurance
benefits?
No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households. All persons who
are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are included among the unemployed. (People
on temporary layoff are included even if they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or
question relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.
Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped looking for work?
Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who want a job, including
those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs are available (discouraged workers). In
addition, alternative measures of labor underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and
other groups not officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in The Employment
Situation news release.
How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?
In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes the 12th of the month.
Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid time during the pay period, including pay for
holidays, sick leave, or other time off. The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but
not always, results in a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off
work for part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers, such as
those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment, employees have to
be off work without pay for the entire pay period. About half of all employees in the payroll survey have
a 2-week, semi-monthly, or monthly pay period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay
period, even 1 hour, are counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the
effect of extreme weather on estimates of employment from the establishment survey.
In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that includes the 12th of the
month. Persons who miss the entire week’s work for weather-related events are counted as employed
whether or not they are paid for the time off. The household survey collects data on the number of
persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours, or had a job but were not at work the entire
week, due to bad weather. Current and historical data are available on the household survey’s most
requested statistics page at http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.

Technical Note
This news release presents statistics from two major
surveys, the Current Population Survey (household survey)
and the Current Employment Statistics survey (establishment survey). The household survey provides information on the labor force, employment, and unemployment
that appears in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD
DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics (BLS).
The establishment survey provides information on
employment, hours, and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables, marked
ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. The sample includes about
140,000 businesses and government agencies representing
approximately 440,000 worksites and is drawn from a sampling frame of roughly 9 million unemployment insurance
tax accounts. The active sample includes approximately
one-third of all nonfarm payroll employees.
For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a
particular week or pay period. In the household survey, the
reference period is generally the calendar week that
contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the
12th, which may or may not correspond directly to the
calendar week.

unemployed persons. Those not classified as employed or
unemployed are not in the labor force. The unemployment
rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the labor
force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force
as a percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the employed as a percent of the population.
Additional information about the household survey can be
found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.
Establishment survey. The sample establishments are
drawn from private nonfarm businesses such as factories,
offices, and stores, as well as from federal, state, and local
government entities. Employees on nonfarm payrolls are
those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are
counted in each job they hold. Hours and earnings data are
produced for the private sector for all employees and for
production and nonsupervisory employees. Production and
nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and
related employees in manufacturing and mining and
logging, construction workers in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.
Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal activity in accordance with the 2007
version of the North American Industry Classification
System. Additional information about the establishment
survey can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys
Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect
the entire civilian noninstitutional population. Based on
responses to a series of questions on work and job search
activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in
the labor force.
People are classified as employed if they did any work
at all as paid employees during the reference week; worked
in their own business, profession, or on their own farm; or
worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or
farm. People are also counted as employed if they were
temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad
weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.
People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of
the following criteria: they had no employment during the
reference week; they were available for work at that time;
and they made specific efforts to find employment
sometime during the 4-week period ending with the
reference week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting
recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The unemployment data derived from the
household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility for
or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.
The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and

Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological differences between
the household and establishment surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates derived from
the surveys. Among these are:

The household survey includes agricultural
workers, the self-employed, unpaid family
workers, and private household workers among the
employed. These groups are excluded from the
establishment survey.

The household survey includes people on unpaid
leave among the employed. The establishment
survey does not.

The household survey is limited to workers 16
years of age and older. The establishment survey is
not limited by age.

The household survey has no duplication of
individuals, because individuals are counted only
once, even if they hold more than one job. In the
establishment survey, employees working at more
than one job and thus appearing on more than one
payroll are counted separately for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment
Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor
force and the levels of employment and unemployment
undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These events may
result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays,
and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of such
seasonal variation can be very large.
Because these seasonal events follow a more or less
regular pattern each year, their influence on the level of a
series can be tempered by adjusting for regular seasonal
variation.
These
adjustments
make
nonseasonal
developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to
spot. For example, in the household survey, the large
number of youth entering the labor force each June is likely
to obscure any other changes that have taken place relative
to May, making it difficult to determine if the level of
economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the
establishment survey, payroll employment in education
declines by about 20 percent at the end of the spring term
and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because
seasonal employment changes at the end and beginning of
the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more
discernable. The seasonally adjusted figures provide a more
useful tool with which to analyze changes in month-tomonth economic activity.
Many seasonally adjusted series are independently
adjusted in both the household and establishment surveys.
However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most
major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are
computed by aggregating independently adjusted
component series. For example, total unemployment is
derived by summing the adjusted series for four major agesex components; this differs from the unemployment
estimate that would be obtained by directly adjusting the
total or by combining the duration, reasons, or more
detailed age categories.
For both the household and establishment surveys, a
concurrent seasonal adjustment methodology is used in
which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using
all relevant data, up to and including the data for the current
month. In the household survey, new seasonal factors are
used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are
used each month to adjust the three most recent monthly
estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated
seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year
revisions to historical data are made once a year.
Reliability of the estimates
Statistics based on the household and establishment
surveys are subject to both sampling and nonsampling
error. When a sample rather than the entire population is

surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may
differ from the "true" population values they represent. The
exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the
particular sample selected, and this variability is measured
by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate
based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard
errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90percent level of confidence.
For example, the confidence interval for the monthly
change in total nonfarm employment from the
establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus
100,000. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90percent confidence interval on the monthly change would
range from -50,000 to +150,000 (50,000 +/- 100,000).
These figures do not mean that the sample results are off by
these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies within
this interval. Since this range includes values of less than
zero, we could not say with confidence that nonfarm
employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however,
the reported nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then
all of the values within the 90-percent confidence interval
would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at least
a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact,
risen that month. At an unemployment rate of around 5.5
percent, the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly
change in unemployment as measured by the household
survey is about +/- 280,000, and for the monthly change in
the unemployment rate it is about +/- 0.19 percentage point.
In general, estimates involving many individuals or
establishments have lower standard errors (relative to the
size of the estimate) than estimates which are based on a
small number of observations. The precision of estimates
also is improved when the data are cumulated over time,
such as for quarterly and annual averages.
The household and establishment surveys are also
affected by nonsampling error, which can occur for many
reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all
respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of
respondents to provide correct information on a timely
basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in
the collection or processing of the data.
For example, in the establishment survey, estimates
for the most recent 2 months are based on incomplete
returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive
revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered
final.
Another major source of nonsampling error in the
establishment survey is the inability to capture, on a timely
basis, employment generated by new firms. To correct for
this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an
estimation procedure with two components is used to
account for business births. The first component excludes

employment losses from business deaths from samplebased estimation in order to offset the missing employment
gains from business births. This is incorporated into the
sample-based estimation procedure by simply not reflecting
sample units going out of business, but imputing to them
the same employment trend as the other firms in the
sample. This procedure accounts for most of the net
birth/death employment.
The second component is an ARIMA time series
model designed to estimate the residual net birth/death
employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA
model was derived from the unemployment insurance
universe micro-level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.
The sample-based estimates from the establishment
survey are adjusted once a year (on a lagged basis) to

universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance
program. The difference between the March sample-based
employment estimates and the March universe counts is
known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough
proxy for total survey error. The new benchmarks also
incorporate changes in the classification of industries. Over
the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total
nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a
range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.
Other information
Information in this release will be made available to
sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone:
(202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Seasonally adjusted1

Not seasonally adjusted
Employment status, sex, and age

Sept.
2010

Aug.
2011

Sept.
2011

Sept.
2010

May
2011

June
2011

July
2011

Aug.
2011

Sept.
2011

TOTAL
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Persons who currently want a job. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

238,322
153,854
64.6
139,715
58.6
14,140
9.2
84,468
5,949

239,871
154,344
64.3
140,335
58.5
14,008
9.1
85,528
6,493

240,071
154,022
64.2
140,502
58.5
13,520
8.8
86,049
5,929

238,322
154,124
64.7
139,378
58.5
14,746
9.6
84,198
6,236

239,313
153,693
64.2
139,779
58.4
13,914
9.1
85,620
6,227

239,489
153,421
64.1
139,334
58.2
14,087
9.2
86,069
6,537

239,671
153,228
63.9
139,296
58.1
13,931
9.1
86,443
6,575

239,871
153,594
64.0
139,627
58.2
13,967
9.1
86,278
6,493

240,071
154,017
64.2
140,025
58.3
13,992
9.1
86,054
6,241

Men, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

115,433
81,845
70.9
73,959
64.1
7,886
9.6
33,588

116,453
82,612
70.9
75,190
64.6
7,422
9.0
33,842

116,559
82,011
70.4
74,821
64.2
7,189
8.8
34,549

115,433
82,165
71.2
73,594
63.8
8,571
10.4
33,268

116,156
81,989
70.6
74,177
63.9
7,811
9.5
34,168

116,250
81,966
70.5
74,014
63.7
7,952
9.7
34,284

116,347
81,751
70.3
73,908
63.5
7,844
9.6
34,596

116,453
81,975
70.4
74,122
63.6
7,853
9.6
34,478

116,559
82,123
70.5
74,364
63.8
7,758
9.4
34,436

Men, 20 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

106,887
79,081
74.0
71,978
67.3
7,103
9.0
27,806

107,884
79,362
73.6
72,795
67.5
6,567
8.3
28,522

107,994
79,224
73.4
72,796
67.4
6,427
8.1
28,771

106,887
79,289
74.2
71,559
66.9
7,729
9.7
27,599

107,566
79,193
73.6
72,137
67.1
7,056
8.9
28,373

107,668
79,104
73.5
71,937
66.8
7,167
9.1
28,564

107,773
78,906
73.2
71,836
66.7
7,070
9.0
28,867

107,884
79,043
73.3
72,015
66.8
7,028
8.9
28,841

107,994
79,227
73.4
72,276
66.9
6,952
8.8
28,767

Women, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

122,889
72,009
58.6
65,755
53.5
6,254
8.7
50,880

123,418
71,732
58.1
65,145
52.8
6,587
9.2
51,686

123,512
72,011
58.3
65,680
53.2
6,331
8.8
51,501

122,889
71,959
58.6
65,784
53.5
6,175
8.6
50,930

123,157
71,704
58.2
65,602
53.3
6,102
8.5
51,453

123,239
71,455
58.0
65,320
53.0
6,134
8.6
51,784

123,324
71,476
58.0
65,388
53.0
6,088
8.5
51,847

123,418
71,619
58.0
65,505
53.1
6,114
8.5
51,800

123,512
71,894
58.2
65,661
53.2
6,233
8.7
51,618

Women, 20 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

114,596
69,269
60.4
63,653
55.5
5,616
8.1
45,327

115,238
68,617
59.5
62,746
54.4
5,870
8.6
46,622

115,338
69,266
60.1
63,529
55.1
5,737
8.3
46,072

114,596
69,082
60.3
63,562
55.5
5,520
8.0
45,514

114,954
68,908
59.9
63,402
55.2
5,505
8.0
46,047

115,045
68,618
59.6
63,098
54.8
5,520
8.0
46,427

115,138
68,666
59.6
63,216
54.9
5,450
7.9
46,472

115,238
68,771
59.7
63,300
54.9
5,472
8.0
46,467

115,338
69,019
59.8
63,398
55.0
5,622
8.1
46,318

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

16,839
5,504
32.7
4,084
24.3
1,421
25.8
11,334

16,749
6,365
38.0
4,794
28.6
1,571
24.7
10,384

16,739
5,532
33.1
4,177
25.0
1,356
24.5
11,206

16,839
5,754
34.2
4,256
25.3
1,497
26.0
11,085

16,792
5,592
33.3
4,240
25.2
1,352
24.2
11,201

16,776
5,698
34.0
4,299
25.6
1,399
24.5
11,078

16,760
5,656
33.7
4,244
25.3
1,412
25.0
11,104

16,749
5,779
34.5
4,312
25.7
1,467
25.4
10,970

16,739
5,770
34.5
4,352
26.0
1,418
24.6
10,969

1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Seasonally adjusted1

Not seasonally adjusted
Employment status, race, sex, and age

WHITE
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASIAN
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See footnotes at end of table.

Sept.
2010

Aug.
2011

Sept.
2011

Sept.
2010

May
2011

June
2011

July
2011

Aug.
2011

Sept.
2011

192,391
125,273
65.1
114,900
59.7
10,373
8.3
67,118

193,236
125,146
64.8
115,268
59.7
9,878
7.9
68,090

193,365
124,812
64.5
115,266
59.6
9,545
7.6
68,553

192,391
125,333
65.1
114,433
59.5
10,899
8.7
67,058

192,877
124,811
64.7
114,785
59.5
10,026
8.0
68,066

192,989
124,493
64.5
114,358
59.3
10,135
8.1
68,496

193,106
124,503
64.5
114,420
59.3
10,083
8.1
68,603

193,236
124,563
64.5
114,631
59.3
9,932
8.0
68,673

193,365
124,702
64.5
114,751
59.3
9,951
8.0
68,662

65,424
74.6
60,102
68.5
5,321
8.1

65,335
74.0
60,714
68.8
4,622
7.1

65,290
73.9
60,648
68.6
4,642
7.1

65,579
74.8
59,759
68.1
5,820
8.9

65,335
74.2
60,168
68.3
5,167
7.9

65,203
74.0
59,943
68.0
5,261
8.1

65,099
73.8
59,929
67.9
5,170
7.9

65,105
73.7
60,108
68.1
4,997
7.7

65,269
73.9
60,235
68.2
5,034
7.7

55,212
60.1
51,231
55.8
3,981
7.2

54,525
59.2
50,405
54.7
4,119
7.6

54,949
59.6
51,002
55.3
3,947
7.2

54,961
59.8
51,000
55.5
3,961
7.2

54,912
59.7
50,999
55.5
3,914
7.1

54,633
59.4
50,775
55.2
3,858
7.1

54,696
59.4
50,866
55.2
3,830
7.0

54,655
59.3
50,826
55.2
3,828
7.0

54,706
59.3
50,795
55.1
3,911
7.1

4,637
36.1
3,566
27.8
1,071
23.1

5,286
41.3
4,149
32.4
1,137
21.5

4,573
35.8
3,616
28.3
956
20.9

4,793
37.3
3,674
28.6
1,119
23.3

4,563
35.6
3,619
28.2
945
20.7

4,657
36.3
3,640
28.4
1,017
21.8

4,708
36.8
3,625
28.3
1,083
23.0

4,803
37.5
3,697
28.9
1,106
23.0

4,728
37.0
3,722
29.1
1,006
21.3

28,794
17,716
61.5
14,891
51.7
2,826
15.9
11,078

29,158
18,083
62.0
15,011
51.5
3,072
17.0
11,075

29,193
18,051
61.8
15,186
52.0
2,865
15.9
11,142

28,794
17,777
61.7
14,920
51.8
2,857
16.1
11,017

29,063
17,750
61.1
14,870
51.2
2,880
16.2
11,313

29,093
17,733
61.0
14,855
51.1
2,877
16.2
11,360

29,123
17,582
60.4
14,786
50.8
2,796
15.9
11,541

29,158
17,930
61.5
14,941
51.2
2,989
16.7
11,229

29,193
18,103
62.0
15,209
52.1
2,893
16.0
11,091

8,017
68.7
6,699
57.4
1,318
16.4

8,207
68.9
6,790
57.0
1,417
17.3

8,108
68.0
6,830
57.3
1,279
15.8

8,066
69.1
6,661
57.1
1,405
17.4

8,056
68.0
6,645
56.1
1,411
17.5

8,111
68.3
6,736
56.7
1,375
17.0

8,044
67.7
6,680
56.2
1,364
17.0

8,151
68.4
6,682
56.1
1,469
18.0

8,146
68.3
6,774
56.8
1,372
16.8

9,154
63.2
7,914
54.7
1,239
13.5

9,189
62.7
7,858
53.6
1,331
14.5

9,348
63.7
8,027
54.7
1,320
14.1

9,101
62.9
7,948
54.9
1,152
12.7

9,056
62.0
7,847
53.7
1,210
13.4

8,953
61.2
7,718
52.8
1,235
13.8

8,945
61.1
7,745
52.9
1,200
13.4

9,153
62.4
7,923
54.0
1,230
13.4

9,291
63.3
8,064
54.9
1,227
13.2

545
20.6
277
10.5
268
49.1

687
26.6
363
14.0
324
47.2

595
23.1
329
12.7
266
44.8

611
23.1
310
11.7
300
49.2

638
24.5
378
14.5
260
40.7

669
25.8
402
15.5
267
39.9

594
22.9
361
13.9
233
39.2

626
24.2
335
13.0
291
46.5

665
25.8
371
14.4
294
44.2

11,283

11,454

11,523

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age — Continued
[Numbers in thousands]
Seasonally adjusted1

Not seasonally adjusted
Employment status, race, sex, and age
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sept.
2010
7,197
63.8
6,734
59.7
463
6.4
4,087

Aug.
2011
7,305
63.8
6,788
59.3
517
7.1
4,149

Sept.
2011
7,360
63.9
6,784
58.9
577
7.8
4,162

Sept.
2010

May
2011






June
2011






July
2011






Aug.
2011






Sept.
2011












1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced
annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Seasonally adjusted1

Not seasonally adjusted
Employment status, sex, and age

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sept.
2010

Aug.
2011

Sept.
2011

Sept.
2010

May
2011

June
2011

July
2011

Aug.
2011

Sept.
2011

33,927
22,918
67.6
20,191
59.5
2,728
11.9
11,009

34,555
23,045
66.7
20,484
59.3
2,562
11.1
11,510

34,640
23,058
66.6
20,569
59.4
2,488
10.8
11,582

33,927
22,896
67.5
20,042
59.1
2,854
12.5
11,031

34,311
22,739
66.3
20,025
58.4
2,715
11.9
11,571

34,391
22,816
66.3
20,164
58.6
2,653
11.6
11,574

34,470
22,741
66.0
20,171
58.5
2,570
11.3
11,728

34,555
22,917
66.3
20,332
58.8
2,585
11.3
11,638

34,640
22,993
66.4
20,389
58.9
2,604
11.3
11,647

13,121
83.0
11,664
73.8
1,457
11.1

13,118
82.0
11,949
74.7
1,169
8.9

13,112
81.7
11,887
74.1
1,225
9.3































8,865
59.6
7,883
53.0
982
11.1

8,919
58.9
7,903
52.2
1,015
11.4

9,000
59.3
7,993
52.7
1,007
11.2































933
28.7
643
19.8
289
31.0

1,009
29.6
631
18.5
378
37.4

946
27.7
689
20.2
257
27.1































1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release
of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Educational attainment

Sept.
2010

Aug.
2011

Sept.
2011

Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2010

May
2011

June
2011

July
2011

Aug.
2011

Sept.
2011

Less than a high school diploma
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate................................... .
Employed................ . . . . . . . . . . ................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed........................................ .
Unemployment rate............................. .

11,834
46.7
10,143
40.0
1,691
14.3

11,662
46.7
10,115
40.5
1,547
13.3

11,840
46.9
10,303
40.8
1,536
13.0

11,828
46.7
10,003
39.5
1,824
15.4

11,442
45.1
9,757
38.5
1,685
14.7

11,392
45.0
9,768
38.6
1,624
14.3

11,704
46.9
9,952
39.9
1,752
15.0

11,664
46.7
10,002
40.0
1,663
14.3

11,738
46.5
10,092
40.0
1,646
14.0

High school graduates, no college1
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate................................... .
Employed................ . . . . . . . . . . ................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed........................................ .
Unemployment rate............................. .

37,982
61.6
34,460
55.9
3,521
9.3

36,862
59.9
33,536
54.5
3,327
9.0

37,210
60.4
33,841
54.9
3,369
9.1

38,151
61.9
34,331
55.7
3,820
10.0

37,653
60.4
34,072
54.6
3,581
9.5

37,612
60.6
33,836
54.5
3,775
10.0

37,505
60.6
34,006
54.9
3,499
9.3

36,956
60.0
33,425
54.3
3,531
9.6

37,319
60.5
33,686
54.7
3,632
9.7

Some college or associate degree
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate................................... .
Employed................ . . . . . . . . . . ................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed........................................ .
Unemployment rate............................. .

36,988
70.3
33,750
64.1
3,239
8.8

37,132
69.4
33,969
63.5
3,163
8.5

37,172
69.5
34,072
63.7
3,101
8.3

37,115
70.5
33,746
64.1
3,369
9.1

36,780
69.7
33,852
64.1
2,928
8.0

36,786
69.8
33,708
63.9
3,079
8.4

36,686
68.9
33,657
63.2
3,028
8.3

37,013
69.2
33,975
63.5
3,038
8.2

37,164
69.5
34,031
63.7
3,133
8.4

Bachelor’s degree and higher2
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate................................... .
Employed................ . . . . . . . . . . ................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed........................................ .
Unemployment rate............................. .

46,573
76.6
44,488
73.2
2,084
4.5

46,800
76.0
44,648
72.5
2,152
4.6

47,021
76.4
45,048
73.2
1,973
4.2

46,488
76.5
44,405
73.0
2,083
4.5

46,925
77.5
44,807
74.0
2,118
4.5

46,963
76.8
44,894
73.4
2,069
4.4

46,680
76.1
44,677
72.9
2,003
4.3

46,813
76.0
44,808
72.7
2,005
4.3

46,915
76.2
44,931
73.0
1,985
4.2

1 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
2 Includes persons with bachelor’s, master’s, professional, and doctoral degrees.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service,
and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Total
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service

Sept.
2010

Men
Sept.
2011

Sept.
2010

Women
Sept.
2011

Sept.
2010

Sept.
2011

VETERANS, 18 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

21,933
11,683
53.3
10,746
49.0
937
8.0
10,250

21,528
11,310
52.5
10,394
48.3
916
8.1
10,218

20,142
10,590
52.6
9,743
48.4
847
8.0
9,552

19,724
10,200
51.7
9,393
47.6
808
7.9
9,524

1,791
1,093
61.0
1,003
56.0
90
8.2
698

1,804
1,109
61.5
1,002
55.5
108
9.7
695

Gulf War-era II veterans
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2,228
1,857
83.3
1,666
74.8
190
10.2
371

2,451
2,017
82.3
1,781
72.7
235
11.7
434

1,828
1,575
86.1
1,411
77.1
164
10.4
254

2,042
1,712
83.8
1,521
74.5
191
11.1
330

399
282
70.6
256
64.1
26
9.2
117

409
305
74.7
260
63.7
45
14.7
104

Gulf War-era I veterans
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2,966
2,515
84.8
2,347
79.1
169
6.7
451

2,980
2,474
83.0
2,295
77.0
179
7.2
506

2,525
2,199
87.1
2,057
81.5
142
6.4
326

2,520
2,147
85.2
1,987
78.9
160
7.4
373

441
316
71.7
289
65.6
27
8.6
125

460
327
71.1
308
67.0
19
5.7
133

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10,911
3,984
36.5
3,649
33.4
336
8.4
6,927

10,346
3,491
33.7
3,256
31.5
235
6.7
6,855

10,547
3,870
36.7
3,545
33.6
325
8.4
6,677

10,016
3,405
34.0
3,177
31.7
229
6.7
6,610

364
115
31.5
104
28.6
10
9.1
250

331
86
26.0
79
23.9
7
8.0
245

Veterans of other service periods
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5,828
3,326
57.1
3,084
52.9
242
7.3
2,502

5,751
3,328
57.9
3,062
53.2
266
8.0
2,423

5,241
2,946
56.2
2,730
52.1
216
7.3
2,295

5,146
2,936
57.1
2,707
52.6
229
7.8
2,210

587
380
64.8
354
60.4
26
6.9
207

605
392
64.7
354
58.6
37
9.5
213

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

207,224
140,190
67.7
127,552
61.6
12,638
9.0
67,034

209,678
140,784
67.1
128,657
61.4
12,127
8.6
68,894

90,661
70,272
77.5
63,543
70.1
6,728
9.6
20,390

92,251
70,876
76.8
64,737
70.2
6,139
8.7
21,375

116,563
69,918
60.0
64,009
54.9
5,909
8.5
46,645

117,427
69,908
59.5
63,920
54.4
5,988
8.6
47,519

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S.
Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August
2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time
periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and
another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally
adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Persons with a disability
Employment status, sex, and age

Sept.
2010

Sept.
2011

Persons with no disability
Sept.
2010

Sept.
2011

TOTAL, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population...................................................... .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate..................................................................... .
Employed............................................................................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed.......................................................................... .
Unemployment rate............................................................... .
Not in labor force....................................................................... .

26,380
5,698
21.6
4,854
18.4
844
14.8
20,682

27,355
5,770
21.1
4,843
17.7
927
16.1
21,585

211,942
148,156
69.9
134,860
63.6
13,296
9.0
63,786

212,716
148,252
69.7
135,659
63.8
12,593
8.5
64,464

Men, 16 to 64 years
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate..................................................................... .
Employed............................................................................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed.......................................................................... .
Unemployment rate............................................................... .
Not in labor force....................................................................... .

2,591
35.7
2,198
30.3
393
15.2
4,671

2,614
34.7
2,135
28.3
479
18.3
4,926

75,484
82.7
68,236
74.7
7,247
9.6
15,840

75,322
82.4
68,879
75.3
6,443
8.6
16,097

Women, 16 to 64 years
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate..................................................................... .
Employed............................................................................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed.......................................................................... .
Unemployment rate............................................................... .
Not in labor force....................................................................... .

2,341
32.2
1,949
26.8
393
16.8
4,923

2,251
30.6
1,897
25.8
353
15.7
5,113

66,551
71.1
60,882
65.0
5,669
8.5
27,044

66,608
71.0
60,855
64.9
5,753
8.6
27,202

Both sexes, 65 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate..................................................................... .
Employed............................................................................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed.......................................................................... .
Unemployment rate............................................................... .
Not in labor force....................................................................... .

766
6.5
707
6.0
58
7.6
11,088

905
7.3
810
6.5
95
10.5
11,547

6,121
22.7
5,741
21.2
380
6.2
20,902

6,321
23.0
5,924
21.6
397
6.3
21,164

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing
even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition;
has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or
shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Total
Employment status and nativity

Sept.
2010

Men
Sept.
2011

Sept.
2010

Women
Sept.
2011

Sept.
2010

Sept.
2011

Foreign born, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

36,097
24,488
67.8
22,226
61.6
2,262
9.2
11,609

36,657
24,447
66.7
22,224
60.6
2,222
9.1
12,210

18,054
14,437
80.0
13,116
72.6
1,322
9.2
3,617

18,125
14,330
79.1
13,135
72.5
1,195
8.3
3,795

18,043
10,051
55.7
9,110
50.5
940
9.4
7,992

18,531
10,117
54.6
9,090
49.1
1,027
10.2
8,415

Native born, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

202,225
129,366
64.0
117,488
58.1
11,878
9.2
72,859

203,415
129,575
63.7
118,277
58.1
11,298
8.7
73,839

97,379
67,408
69.2
60,843
62.5
6,564
9.7
29,971

98,434
67,681
68.8
61,687
62.7
5,994
8.9
30,753

104,846
61,958
59.1
56,645
54.0
5,313
8.6
42,887

104,981
61,895
59.0
56,591
53.9
5,304
8.6
43,086

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or
one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the
United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated
population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Category

CLASS OF WORKER
Agriculture and related industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wage and salary workers1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Self-employed workers, unincorporated. . . . . . . . .
Unpaid family workers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonagricultural industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wage and salary workers1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private households........................... .
Other industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Self-employed workers, unincorporated. . . . . . . . .
Unpaid family workers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME2
All industries
Part time for economic reasons3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slack work or business conditions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Could only find part-time work. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part time for noneconomic reasons4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonagricultural industries
Part time for economic reasons3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slack work or business conditions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Could only find part-time work. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part time for noneconomic reasons4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Seasonally adjusted

Sept.
2010

Aug.
2011

Sept.
2011

Sept.
2010

May
2011

June
2011

July
2011

Aug.
2011

Sept.
2011

2,203
1,370
802
31
137,512
128,565
20,828
107,737
597
107,139
8,878
69

2,531
1,606
879
46
137,804
129,042
19,709
109,333
769
108,564
8,695
66

2,281
1,409
839
33
138,221
129,756
20,569
109,187
756
108,431
8,411
55

2,172
1,310
798

137,266
128,438
20,855
107,451

106,859
8,752

2,243
1,391
822

137,551
128,803
20,309
108,505

107,727
8,655

2,217
1,383
829

137,035
128,437
20,318
108,209

107,511
8,543

2,245
1,419
810

136,837
128,393
20,302
108,070

107,319
8,525

2,355
1,475
843

137,146
128,552
20,286
108,275

107,556
8,551

2,267
1,380
839

137,840
129,606
20,568
108,742

107,992
8,334

8,628
6,072
2,306
18,579

8,604
5,593
2,579
16,535

8,541
5,497
2,766
18,647

9,506
6,732
2,478
18,256

8,548
5,834
2,473
18,468

8,552
5,806
2,401
18,470

8,396
5,687
2,517
18,258

8,826
5,833
2,736
18,208

9,270
5,963
2,852
18,308

8,540
6,020
2,286
18,259

8,463
5,492
2,554
16,153

8,423
5,410
2,749
18,249

9,380
6,649
2,454
17,911

8,400
5,731
2,444
18,126

8,400
5,704
2,341
18,151

8,218
5,569
2,466
17,880

8,670
5,732
2,720
17,813

9,112
5,864
2,868
17,877

1 Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
2 Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the
entire week.
3 Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions,
inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
4 Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training,
retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during
the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of
the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Characteristic

Seasonally adjusted

Sept.
2010

Aug.
2011

Sept.
2011

Sept.
2010

May
2011

June
2011

July
2011

Aug.
2011

Sept.
2011

AGE AND SEX
Total, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 17 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

139,715
4,084
1,417
2,667
135,631
12,790
122,841
94,535
30,474
30,713
33,348
28,305

140,335
4,794
1,573
3,222
135,541
13,273
122,268
93,608
30,789
30,021
32,798
28,660

140,502
4,177
1,450
2,727
136,325
13,061
123,264
93,920
30,750
30,228
32,941
29,345

139,378
4,256
1,405
2,857
135,121
12,825
122,254
94,076
30,321
30,538
33,217
28,178

139,779
4,240
1,249
2,982
135,539
12,970
122,641
93,919
30,627
30,302
32,989
28,722

139,334
4,299
1,358
2,945
135,035
12,911
122,175
93,505
30,416
30,197
32,892
28,670

139,296
4,244
1,343
2,890
135,052
12,860
122,228
93,550
30,322
30,249
32,979
28,677

139,627
4,312
1,341
2,981
135,315
12,895
122,447
93,568
30,635
30,017
32,916
28,880

140,025
4,352
1,414
2,944
135,673
13,072
122,610
93,460
30,587
30,053
32,819
29,150

Men, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 17 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

73,959
1,981
673
1,308
71,978
6,536
65,442
50,641
16,590
16,659
17,392
14,802

75,190
2,395
760
1,635
72,795
7,053
65,742
50,480
16,917
16,342
17,221
15,261

74,821
2,025
692
1,334
72,796
6,874
65,923
50,373
16,852
16,395
17,127
15,549

73,594
2,035
662
1,371
71,559
6,533
65,005
50,306
16,436
16,547
17,324
14,699

74,177
2,040
594
1,446
72,137
6,756
65,448
50,358
16,747
16,421
17,189
15,090

74,014
2,077
646
1,451
71,937
6,754
65,193
50,096
16,607
16,365
17,124
15,097

73,908
2,072
652
1,429
71,836
6,711
65,163
50,018
16,481
16,371
17,167
15,146

74,122
2,107
629
1,492
72,015
6,747
65,289
50,019
16,674
16,226
17,118
15,271

74,364
2,089
674
1,418
72,276
6,858
65,429
50,022
16,686
16,277
17,059
15,407

Women, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 17 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

65,755
2,103
743
1,359
63,653
6,255
57,398
43,895
13,884
14,054
15,957
13,503

65,145
2,399
812
1,587
62,746
6,220
56,526
43,127
13,871
13,679
15,577
13,399

65,680
2,152
759
1,393
63,529
6,187
57,341
43,546
13,899
13,833
15,815
13,795

65,784
2,221
743
1,486
63,562
6,292
57,249
43,770
13,885
13,992
15,894
13,479

65,602
2,200
654
1,537
63,402
6,214
57,193
43,561
13,880
13,881
15,800
13,631

65,320
2,222
713
1,494
63,098
6,157
56,982
43,409
13,809
13,833
15,768
13,573

65,388
2,172
691
1,461
63,216
6,149
57,064
43,533
13,841
13,879
15,813
13,532

65,505
2,205
712
1,489
63,300
6,148
57,158
43,549
13,960
13,790
15,798
13,609

65,661
2,263
740
1,525
63,398
6,214
57,181
43,438
13,901
13,776
15,760
13,744

MARITAL STATUS
Married men, spouse present. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Married women, spouse present. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Women who maintain families. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

43,895
34,499
8,906

43,362
33,321
9,278

43,938
34,095
9,173

43,701
34,469

42,998
33,826

43,004
33,676

43,145
33,734

43,184
33,845

43,637
34,052

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS
Full-time workers1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part-time workers2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

112,385
27,330

114,286
26,050

112,980
27,522

111,710
27,649

112,342
27,418

111,907
27,631

111,859
27,606

112,330
27,407

112,357
27,704

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS
Total multiple jobholders. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Percent of total employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6,681
4.8

6,649
4.7

6,946
4.9

6,687
4.8

6,939
5.0

6,880
4.9

6,741
4.8

6,927
5.0

6,964
5.0

SELF-EMPLOYMENT
Self-employed workers, incorporated. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Self-employed workers, unincorporated. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5,036
9,680

5,101
9,575

4,950
9,249


9,550


9,477


9,372


9,335


9,394


9,173

1 Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
2 Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated
population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic

Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)

Unemployment rates

Sept.
2010

Aug.
2011

Sept.
2011

Sept.
2010

May
2011

June
2011

July
2011

Aug.
2011

Sept.
2011

AGE AND SEX
Total, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 17 years................................... .
18 to 19 years................................... .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years................................... .
25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55 years and over............................ .

14,746
1,497
604
869
13,249
2,237
11,028
8,920
3,379
2,779
2,762
2,176

13,967
1,467
564
966
12,500
2,231
10,297
8,226
3,210
2,498
2,519
2,053

13,992
1,418
511
893
12,573
2,249
10,339
8,284
3,287
2,443
2,554
2,106

9.6
26.0
30.0
23.3
8.9
14.9
8.3
8.7
10.0
8.3
7.7
7.2

9.1
24.2
29.4
21.9
8.5
14.7
7.8
8.1
9.3
7.7
7.3
6.8

9.2
24.5
28.2
22.8
8.6
14.5
8.0
8.2
9.6
7.8
7.3
7.0

9.1
25.0
28.7
23.1
8.5
14.6
7.8
8.0
9.7
7.1
7.3
6.9

9.1
25.4
29.6
24.5
8.5
14.8
7.8
8.1
9.5
7.7
7.1
6.6

9.1
24.6
26.5
23.3
8.5
14.7
7.8
8.1
9.7
7.5
7.2
6.7

Men, 16 years and over.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 17 years................................... .
18 to 19 years................................... .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years................................... .
25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55 years and over............................ .

8,571
841
331
487
7,729
1,344
6,438
5,174
2,000
1,548
1,626
1,264

7,853
825
252
607
7,028
1,329
5,761
4,618
1,816
1,428
1,374
1,144

7,758
807
257
533
6,952
1,286
5,712
4,572
1,817
1,354
1,401
1,139

10.4
29.3
33.3
26.2
9.7
17.1
9.0
9.3
10.8
8.6
8.6
7.9

9.5
27.0
31.3
25.2
8.9
15.7
8.1
8.4
9.7
7.5
8.0
7.0

9.7
27.4
30.7
25.7
9.1
15.5
8.4
8.6
10.0
8.1
7.7
7.9

9.6
27.2
29.9
25.6
9.0
15.7
8.2
8.4
10.2
7.5
7.7
7.4

9.6
28.1
28.6
28.9
8.9
16.5
8.1
8.5
9.8
8.1
7.4
7.0

9.4
27.9
27.6
27.3
8.8
15.8
8.0
8.4
9.8
7.7
7.6
6.9

Women, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 17 years................................... .
18 to 19 years................................... .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years................................... .
25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55 years and over1 .......................... .

6,175
656
273
382
5,520
893
4,590
3,747
1,380
1,231
1,136
922

6,114
642
312
359
5,472
902
4,536
3,608
1,394
1,070
1,144
1,018

6,233
612
254
360
5,622
963
4,628
3,712
1,470
1,088
1,153
978

8.6
22.8
26.8
20.4
8.0
12.4
7.4
7.9
9.0
8.1
6.7
6.4

8.5
21.3
27.5
18.6
8.0
13.6
7.4
7.6
8.8
7.8
6.5
6.0

8.6
21.6
25.9
19.7
8.0
13.4
7.4
7.8
9.1
7.4
6.9
6.3

8.5
22.7
27.5
20.6
7.9
13.2
7.3
7.5
9.1
6.7
6.8
7.3

8.5
22.6
30.5
19.4
8.0
12.8
7.4
7.7
9.1
7.2
6.8
7.1

8.7
21.3
25.5
19.1
8.1
13.4
7.5
7.9
9.6
7.3
6.8
6.6

MARITAL STATUS
Married men, spouse present. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Married women, spouse present. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Women who maintain families1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3,177
2,068
1,321

2,710
2,072
1,257

2,738
2,127
1,294

6.8
5.7
12.9

5.9
5.8
12.7

6.2
5.6
12.8

6.1
5.6
12.1

5.9
5.8
11.9

5.9
5.9
12.4

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS
Full-time workers2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part-time workers3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

13,002
1,782

12,077
1,904

12,240
1,774

10.4
6.1

9.7
6.3

9.8
6.7

9.8
6.1

9.7
6.5

9.8
6.0

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
3 Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time
jobs.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of
the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Reason

Sept.
2010

Aug.
2011

Seasonally adjusted

Sept.
2011

Sept.
2010

May
2011

June
2011

July
2011

Aug.
2011

Sept.
2011

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED
Job losers and persons who completed
temporary jobs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
On temporary layoff. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not on temporary layoff........................... .
Permanent job losers........................... .
Persons who completed temporary jobs. . . . . .
Job leavers............................................ .
Reentrants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
New entrants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8,651
910
7,741
6,271
1,471
880
3,428
1,180

7,897
1,136
6,762
5,399
1,362
1,056
3,644
1,411

7,636
813
6,823
5,383
1,440
1,064
3,500
1,320

9,286
1,340
7,947
6,467
1,479
809
3,441
1,193

8,274
1,214
7,060
5,653
1,407
908
3,433
1,231

8,261
1,251
7,010
5,606
1,405
965
3,430
1,222

8,215
1,268
6,947
5,567
1,380
928
3,410
1,270

8,203
1,247
6,956
5,545
1,411
963
3,532
1,241

8,121
1,196
6,925
5,500
1,426
967
3,504
1,327

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION
Job losers and persons who completed
temporary jobs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
On temporary layoff. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not on temporary layoff........................... .
Job leavers............................................ .
Reentrants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
New entrants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

61.2
6.4
54.7
6.2
24.2
8.3

56.4
8.1
48.3
7.5
26.0
10.1

56.5
6.0
50.5
7.9
25.9
9.8

63.0
9.1
54.0
5.5
23.4
8.1

59.8
8.8
51.0
6.6
24.8
8.9

59.5
9.0
50.5
7.0
24.7
8.8

59.4
9.2
50.3
6.7
24.7
9.2

58.8
8.9
49.9
6.9
25.3
8.9

58.3
8.6
49.8
6.9
25.2
9.5

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE
Job losers and persons who completed
temporary jobs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Job leavers............................................ .
Reentrants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
New entrants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5.6
0.6
2.2
0.8

5.1
0.7
2.4
0.9

5.0
0.7
2.3
0.9

6.0
0.5
2.2
0.8

5.4
0.6
2.2
0.8

5.4
0.6
2.2
0.8

5.4
0.6
2.2
0.8

5.3
0.6
2.3
0.8

5.3
0.6
2.3
0.9

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Duration

Sept.
2010

Aug.
2011

Sept.
2011

Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2010

May
2011

June
2011

July
2011

Aug.
2011

Sept.
2011

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED
Less than 5 weeks.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 to 14 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15 weeks and over................................... .
15 to 26 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27 weeks and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2,830
3,127
8,183
2,075
6,108

2,635
3,377
7,997
1,958
6,038

2,760
2,726
8,034
1,816
6,217

2,872
3,329
8,517
2,364
6,153

2,664
2,892
8,184
1,984
6,200

3,076
2,972
8,125
1,836
6,289

2,689
3,088
8,150
1,965
6,185

2,755
3,050
8,273
2,239
6,034

2,772
2,904
8,328
2,086
6,242

Average (mean) duration, in weeks1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Median duration, in weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

34.1
20.5

39.7
20.6

41.0
22.2

33.4
20.5

39.7
22.0

39.9
22.5

40.4
21.2

40.3
21.8

40.5
22.2

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION
Less than 5 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 to 14 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15 weeks and over................................... .
15 to 26 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27 weeks and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

20.0
22.1
57.9
14.7
43.2

18.8
24.1
57.1
14.0
43.1

20.4
20.2
59.4
13.4
46.0

19.5
22.6
57.9
16.1
41.8

19.4
21.0
59.6
14.4
45.1

21.7
21.0
57.3
13.0
44.4

19.3
22.2
58.5
14.1
44.4

19.6
21.7
58.8
15.9
42.9

19.8
20.7
59.5
14.9
44.6

1 Beginning in January 2011, this series reflects a change to the collection of data on unemployment duration. For more information, see
www.bls.gov/cps/duration.htm.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employed
Occupation

Total, 16 years and over1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Management, professional, and related occupations. . . . . . . . . . . .
Management, business, and financial operations
occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and related occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Service occupations................................................. .
Sales and office occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sales and related occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Office and administrative support occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance
occupations........................................................ .
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction and extraction occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations............ .
Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations........................................................ .
Production occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and material moving occupations............. .

Unemployed

Unemployment
rates

Sept.
2010

Sept.
2011

Sept.
2010

Sept.
2011

Sept.
2010

Sept.
2011

139,715
51,757

140,502
52,665

14,140
2,381

13,520
2,450

9.2
4.4

8.8
4.4

21,038
30,719
24,660
33,331
15,319
18,012

21,587
31,078
25,347
32,735
15,064
17,672

956
1,425
2,867
3,386
1,584
1,803

1,035
1,415
2,828
3,246
1,554
1,692

4.3
4.4
10.4
9.2
9.4
9.1

4.6
4.4
10.0
9.0
9.4
8.7

13,273
1,051
7,186
5,036

13,387
1,038
7,316
5,033

2,195
142
1,536
517

1,675
131
1,137
407

14.2
11.9
17.6
9.3

11.1
11.2
13.4
7.5

16,693
8,187
8,506

16,368
8,128
8,239

2,085
1,123
962

1,951
944
1,008

11.1
12.1
10.2

10.7
10.4
10.9

1 Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2011 data, occupations reflect the
introduction of the 2010 Census occupational classification system into the Current Population Survey, or household survey. This classification system is
derived from the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data for 2011 are not strictly comparable with
earlier years.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted

Industry and class of worker

Total, 16 years and over1 ............................................................... .
Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction.................................... .
Construction.......................................................................... .
Manufacturing........................................................................ .
Durable goods..................................................................... .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale and retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............ .
Professional and business services............................................... .
Education and health services..................................................... .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............... .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers......................... .
Government workers................................................................... .
Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers. . . . . . . . . . . . .

Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)

Unemployment
rates

Sept.
2010

Sept.
2011

Sept.
2010

Sept.
2011

14,140
11,127
66
1,464
1,471
937
534
1,962
418
330
568
1,426
1,352
1,536
534
164
1,089
580

13,520
10,375
55
1,110
1,306
821
484
1,882
458
209
501
1,509
1,241
1,492
613
169
1,013
643

9.2
9.4
8.2
17.2
9.6
9.7
9.3
9.6
7.1
10.8
6.3
9.9
6.3
11.4
8.5
11.1
5.0
5.6

8.8
8.7
6.2
13.3
8.4
8.4
8.4
9.2
7.8
7.4
5.5
10.1
5.7
11.3
9.4
11.1
4.7
6.4

1 Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Not seasonally adjusted
Measure

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as
a percent of the civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U-2 Job losers and persons who completed
temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian
labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the
civilian labor force (official unemployment
rate). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers,
as a percent of the civilian labor force plus
discouraged workers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers,
plus all other persons marginally attached to
the labor force, as a percent of the civilian
labor force plus all persons marginally attached
to the labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons
marginally attached to the labor force, plus
total employed part time for economic reasons,
as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all
persons marginally attached to the labor
force................................................. .

Seasonally adjusted

Sept.
2010

Aug.
2011

Sept.
2011

Sept.
2010

May
2011

June
2011

July
2011

Aug.
2011

Sept.
2011

5.3

5.2

5.2

5.5

5.3

5.3

5.3

5.4

5.4

5.6

5.1

5.0

6.0

5.4

5.4

5.4

5.3

5.3

9.2

9.1

8.8

9.6

9.1

9.2

9.1

9.1

9.1

9.9

9.6

9.4

10.3

9.5

9.8

9.8

9.7

9.7

10.7

10.6

10.2

11.0

10.3

10.7

10.7

10.6

10.5

16.2

16.1

15.7

17.1

15.8

16.2

16.1

16.2

16.5

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are
available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a
job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for
full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Total
Category

Sept.
2010

Men
Sept.
2011

Sept.
2010

Women
Sept.
2011

Sept.
2010

Sept.
2011

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE
Total not in the labor force............................................ .
Persons who currently want a job. . . . ............................. .
Marginally attached to the labor force1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Discouraged workers2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other persons marginally attached to the labor force3 . . . .

84,468
5,949
2,548
1,209
1,340

86,049
5,929
2,511
1,037
1,474

33,588
2,772
1,354
730
624

34,549
2,792
1,319
585
734

50,880
3,177
1,194
478
716

51,501
3,137
1,192
452
740

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS
Total multiple jobholders4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Percent of total employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary job full time, secondary job part time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary and secondary jobs both part time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary and secondary jobs both full time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hours vary on primary or secondary job. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6,681
4.8
3,515
1,717
265
1,144

6,946
4.9
3,778
1,730
193
1,214

3,140
4.2
1,852
563
164
541

3,427
4.6
2,039
597
118
655

3,540
5.4
1,663
1,154
101
603

3,519
5.4
1,739
1,132
74
559

1 Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week,
but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
2 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling
or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
3 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation
problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
4 Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Industry

Total nonfarm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Seasonally adjusted

Sept.
2010

July
2011

Aug.
2011p

Sept.
2011p

Sept.
2010

July
2011

Aug.
2011p

Sept.
2011p

130,090
108,004
18,105

130,821
110,061
18,425

131,033
110,179
18,508

131,552
109,793
18,435

129,844
107,570
17,784

131,174
109,170
18,088

131,231
109,212
18,079

131,334
109,349
18,097

Change
from:
Aug.2011 Sept.2011p
103
137
18

Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oil and gas extraction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining, except oil and gas1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coal mining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Support activities for mining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

733
51.5
681.3
159.9
210.2
81.8
311.2

812
49.3
763.1
177.9
220.0
85.9
365.2

814
49.4
764.5
178.6
222.0
87.0
363.9

818
49.4
768.3
179.4
218.8
86.3
370.1

725
49.5
675.0
160.9
205.2
81.8
308.9

798
47.7
749.9
175.5
212.7
85.6
361.7

800
47.1
752.8
177.2
213.9
86.5
361.7

805
47.2
758.2
179.9
213.1
86.3
365.2

5
0.1
5.4
2.7
-0.8
-0.2
3.5

Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction of buildings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Residential building. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonresidential building. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Heavy and civil engineering construction. . . . . . .
Specialty trade contractors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Residential specialty trade contractors. . . . . . .
Nonresidential specialty trade contractors. . . .

5,744
1,262.4
584.0
678.4
904.8
3,576.6
1,514.8
2,061.8

5,805
1,263.8
581.9
681.9
904.1
3,636.7
1,538.0
2,098.7

5,834
1,274.2
581.0
693.2
910.9
3,649.0
1,534.0
2,115.0

5,794
1,277.0
575.0
702.0
917.3
3,599.8
1,510.4
2,089.4

5,514
1,223.0
564.2
658.8
841.4
3,449.4
1,447.4
2,002.0

5,532
1,222.0
557.8
664.2
844.9
3,464.7
1,451.5
2,013.2

5,525
1,221.8
555.0
666.8
844.9
3,458.1
1,448.1
2,010.0

5,551
1,236.8
556.8
680.0
851.1
3,463.2
1,442.5
2,020.7

26
15.0
1.8
13.2
6.2
5.1
-5.6
10.7

Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

11,628

11,808

11,860

11,823

11,545

11,758

11,754

11,741

-13

Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wood products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonmetallic mineral products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary metals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabricated metal products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Machinery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computer and electronic products1 . . . . . . . . . .
Computer and peripheral equipment. . . . . . .
Communication equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Semiconductors and electronic
components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic instruments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical equipment and appliances. . . . . . . . .
Transportation equipment1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicles and parts2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Furniture and related products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Miscellaneous manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7,134
344.0
382.5
366.8
1,310.0
997.7
1,102.7
162.7
118.9

7,324
336.0
382.8
386.3
1,369.4
1,053.7
1,131.7
172.9
117.3

7,355
339.3
381.5
387.9
1,371.8
1,057.0
1,133.2
173.4
117.0

7,334
334.4
377.6
390.5
1,367.5
1,056.0
1,129.4
172.9
116.4

7,095
337.7
372.5
365.2
1,299.9
998.4
1,103.0
162.2
119.3

7,313
328.4
371.2
387.3
1,366.1
1,049.1
1,128.7
172.6
117.4

7,305
330.3
369.8
387.5
1,360.0
1,053.6
1,129.6
173.0
116.8

7,297
329.4
368.2
388.9
1,357.1
1,056.4
1,130.2
172.7
116.5

-8
-0.9
-1.6
1.4
-2.9
2.8
0.6
-0.3
-0.3

372.5
405.4
364.6
1,340.9
683.2
357.9
567.2

387.9
404.8
373.8
1,355.9
685.0
357.5
577.3

390.0
403.8
374.9
1,373.1
699.7
357.0
579.4

388.9
402.0
372.0
1,381.2
707.1
350.2
574.9

372.0
405.8
363.9
1,332.5
675.5
355.7
566.3

386.8
403.4
371.8
1,378.4
707.0
354.1
578.3

388.1
402.8
372.1
1,373.1
700.6
351.0
577.8

388.8
402.6
370.7
1,374.1
700.9
347.4
574.8

0.7
-0.2
-1.4
1.0
0.3
-3.6
-3.0

Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Food manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Beverages and tobacco products. . . . . . . . . . . .
Textile mills. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Textile product mills. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Apparel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leather and allied products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper and paper products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing and related support activities. . . . . . . .
Petroleum and coal products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chemicals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastics and rubber products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4,494
1,477.5
187.3
118.9
118.7
157.1
28.4
397.2
484.2
116.1
780.1
628.2

4,484
1,470.7
191.4
122.9
116.6
153.2
29.4
399.9
467.7
115.7
784.1
632.3

4,505
1,478.5
194.9
122.5
116.0
155.7
29.2
401.0
470.3
114.2
785.8
637.0

4,489
1,471.5
193.8
121.3
113.6
156.8
30.0
401.1
466.1
114.4
784.5
636.0

4,450
1,445.2
183.2
118.8
118.5
155.0
28.0
396.8
483.0
114.0
781.8
625.4

4,445
1,448.1
186.2
123.0
115.7
153.3
30.0
398.1
467.5
111.7
780.3
631.3

4,449
1,442.6
189.6
121.9
115.9
154.4
29.0
399.2
468.9
111.1
783.5
632.6

4,444
1,441.7
187.8
121.2
113.7
154.7
29.6
399.7
464.7
111.9
784.9
634.0

-5
-0.9
-1.8
-0.7
-2.2
0.3
0.6
0.5
-4.2
0.8
1.4
1.4

Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

89,899

91,636

91,671

91,358

89,786

91,082

91,133

91,252

119

Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

24,565

24,959

24,953

24,886

24,627

24,942

24,945

24,952

7

Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic markets and agents and brokers.. .

5,465.0
2,725.0
1,932.2
807.8

5,574.7
2,790.3
1,962.7
821.7

5,573.6
2,791.2
1,961.6
820.8

5,547.9
2,774.4
1,955.5
818.0

5,456.0
2,722.4
1,928.7
804.9

5,543.0
2,774.4
1,950.3
818.3

5,545.8
2,776.1
1,952.2
817.5

5,539.9
2,772.2
1,952.1
815.6

-5.9
-3.9
-0.1
-1.9

Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicle and parts dealers1 . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automobile dealers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Furniture and home furnishings stores. . . . . . .

14,311.7
1,641.7
1,014.4
429.5

14,599.4
1,695.9
1,049.0
431.4

14,589.5
1,696.7
1,051.3
430.1

14,481.3
1,692.6
1,050.8
430.9

14,430.3
1,627.3
1,007.0
436.0

14,579.1
1,676.2
1,041.6
436.5

14,578.3
1,677.2
1,042.9
435.7

14,591.9
1,678.6
1,043.8
436.2

13.6
1.4
0.9
0.5

See footnotes at end of table.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
— Continued
[In thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted

Seasonally adjusted

Sept.
2010

July
2011

Aug.
2011p

Sept.
2011p

Sept.
2010

July
2011

Aug.
2011p

Sept.
2011p

Change
from:
Aug.2011 Sept.2011p

Electronics and appliance stores. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Building material and garden supply stores.. .
Food and beverage stores. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Health and personal care stores. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gasoline stations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clothing and clothing accessories stores. . . . .
Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music
stores. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General merchandise stores1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Department stores. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Miscellaneous store retailers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonstore retailers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

492.5
1,106.8
2,803.5
969.2
822.1
1,350.8

493.8
1,148.3
2,858.5
975.2
833.0
1,422.4

486.0
1,128.1
2,854.6
977.1
835.9
1,435.7

475.7
1,107.3
2,841.0
975.7
823.4
1,409.9

500.8
1,115.1
2,812.4
976.3
816.0
1,388.0

501.3
1,119.0
2,837.1
976.9
820.6
1,431.1

492.8
1,119.5
2,840.6
977.5
821.1
1,440.4

483.9
1,118.9
2,847.6
981.7
817.5
1,449.4

-8.9
-0.6
7.0
4.2
-3.6
9.0

595.3
2,927.2
1,453.7
755.3
417.8

583.5
2,971.5
1,479.6
780.7
405.2

595.7
2,966.8
1,478.4
770.8
412.0

599.3
2,941.3
1,460.1
767.2
417.0

597.8
2,986.1
1,495.8
756.6
417.9

600.4
2,989.4
1,499.8
774.0
416.6

599.2
2,988.4
1,498.2
766.8
419.1

601.3
2,993.6
1,499.6
767.8
415.4

2.1
5.2
1.4
1.0
-3.7

Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rail transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Water transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Truck transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transit and ground passenger
transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pipeline transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Scenic and sightseeing transportation. . . . . . . .
Support activities for transportation. . . . . . . . . . .
Couriers and messengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warehousing and storage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4,240.8
464.9
218.4
63.9
1,271.1

4,228.9
481.2
225.2
65.0
1,300.0

4,235.0
480.0
226.9
65.8
1,305.0

4,303.2
475.2
226.8
64.7
1,306.4

4,192.4
463.4
217.6
62.8
1,248.5

4,267.8
478.8
224.7
63.1
1,283.0

4,268.0
475.9
226.4
63.5
1,281.7

4,266.1
474.8
225.4
63.8
1,284.3

-1.9
-1.1
-1.0
0.3
2.6

453.2
41.9
33.0
542.9
520.2
631.3

379.7
43.6
37.8
556.5
510.1
629.8

376.8
43.0
36.9
558.0
513.5
629.1

448.5
43.3
34.0
556.7
516.7
630.9

438.6
41.9
27.6
542.3
521.0
628.7

440.3
43.3
28.5
555.0
521.1
630.0

442.8
43.0
28.6
555.3
521.7
629.1

439.2
43.3
28.3
555.7
522.5
628.8

-3.6
0.3
-0.3
0.4
0.8
-0.3

Utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

547.4

555.6

554.6

553.2

548.6

552.1

552.6

553.8

1.2

Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Publishing industries, except Internet. . . . . . . . . . .
Motion picture and sound recording
industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Broadcasting, except Internet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Telecommunications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data processing, hosting and related
services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other information services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2,693
758.6

2,679
758.4

2,637
756.2

2,651
753.4

2,701
759.4

2,677
756.0

2,626
754.8

2,660
754.0

34
-0.8

370.4
295.7
885.8

368.2
294.3
857.2

376.9
293.6
808.3

357.9
296.1
842.0

373.3
296.1
887.7

366.1
295.0
859.1

367.3
294.5
807.5

361.9
296.2
845.1

-5.4
1.7
37.6

239.4
143.3

238.6
162.7

238.3
163.2

238.3
163.4

240.5
143.5

239.7
160.6

240.0
161.9

239.4
163.4

-0.6
1.5

Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finance and insurance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monetary authorities - central bank. . . . . . . . . . .
Credit intermediation and related
activities1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Depository credit intermediation1 . . . . . . . . . .
Commercial banking. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Securities, commodity contracts,
investments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Insurance carriers and related activities. . . . . .
Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles. . .
Real estate and rental and leasing. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Real estate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rental and leasing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets. . . . .

7,618
5,674.9
20.8

7,672
5,688.9
21.7

7,659
5,680.2
22.0

7,607
5,650.6
21.8

7,616
5,686.7
20.7

7,606
5,667.0
21.5

7,611
5,669.5
21.8

7,603
5,660.7
21.8

-8
-8.8
0.0

2,538.8
1,730.5
1,307.2

2,552.5
1,766.3
1,331.8

2,545.9
1,764.1
1,330.0

2,532.7
1,751.3
1,320.7

2,547.2
1,735.8
1,310.8

2,542.8
1,756.5
1,324.9

2,541.7
1,757.3
1,325.5

2,539.0
1,756.3
1,323.7

-2.7
-1.0
-1.8

803.7
2,225.1
86.5
1,943.0
1,397.7
520.5
24.8

813.7
2,213.1
87.9
1,983.2
1,426.9
530.5
25.8

814.6
2,211.0
86.7
1,978.7
1,423.3
529.5
25.9

807.4
2,202.3
86.4
1,956.1
1,402.6
527.7
25.8

805.5
2,226.6
86.7
1,928.9
1,389.8
514.3
24.8

811.0
2,204.3
87.4
1,938.8
1,401.9
511.4
25.5

812.5
2,206.9
86.6
1,941.5
1,401.3
514.5
25.7

809.1
2,204.1
86.7
1,942.7
1,395.8
521.1
25.8

-3.4
-2.8
0.1
1.2
-5.5
6.6
0.1

16,801
7,327.2
1,112.7
799.0
1,276.7

17,257
7,618.1
1,125.0
851.6
1,317.1

17,362
7,622.5
1,118.3
850.2
1,319.7

17,350
7,594.6
1,109.5
847.5
1,308.1

16,719
7,414.1
1,115.7
875.6
1,273.7

17,194
7,642.4
1,113.8
924.2
1,297.5

17,232
7,659.4
1,113.5
923.3
1,301.8

17,280
7,683.5
1,112.2
926.6
1,304.5

48
24.1
-1.3
3.3
2.7

1,443.0

1,514.6

1,524.5

1,520.8

1,447.1

1,511.4

1,519.1

1,525.1

6.0

986.8
1,871.5
7,602.3

1,050.0
1,894.7
7,744.5

1,054.2
1,895.4
7,844.3

1,053.4
1,889.9
7,865.7

991.5
1,870.6
7,434.6

1,045.4
1,885.4
7,666.2

1,052.4
1,885.2
7,687.1

1,057.9
1,887.0
7,709.6

5.5
1.8
22.5

Industry

Retail trade - Continued

Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and technical services1 . . . . . . . . . . .
Legal services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accounting and bookkeeping services. . . . . . .
Architectural and engineering services. . . . . . .
Computer systems design and related
services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Management and technical consulting
services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Management of companies and enterprises. . . .
Administrative and waste services. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See footnotes at end of table.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
— Continued
[In thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted

Seasonally adjusted

Sept.
2010

July
2011

Aug.
2011p

Sept.
2011p

Sept.
2010

July
2011

Aug.
2011p

Sept.
2011p

Change
from:
Aug.2011 Sept.2011p

Administrative and support services1 . . . . . . . .
Employment services1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Temporary help services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Business support services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services to buildings and dwellings. . . . . . . .
Waste management and remediation
services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7,238.2
2,833.9
2,180.5
797.3
1,815.2

7,370.1
2,875.4
2,207.2
790.2
1,878.5

7,469.4
2,981.8
2,294.6
791.6
1,868.1

7,494.3
3,040.1
2,351.1
794.2
1,836.3

7,074.1
2,745.7
2,110.1
807.6
1,747.2

7,301.4
2,917.4
2,247.7
803.3
1,763.8

7,321.3
2,938.4
2,268.0
802.3
1,766.1

7,343.0
2,962.2
2,287.4
803.2
1,768.8

21.7
23.8
19.4
0.9
2.7

364.1

374.4

374.9

371.4

360.5

364.8

365.8

366.6

0.8

Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Educational services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Health care and social assistance. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Health care3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ambulatory health care services1 . . . . . . . . .
Offices of physicians. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Outpatient care centers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Home health care services. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hospitals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nursing and residential care facilities1 . . . .
Nursing care facilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Social assistance1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Child day care services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

19,545
3,094.4
16,450.1
13,822.0
5,995.2
2,314.0
602.7
1,089.6
4,687.7
3,139.1
1,665.4
2,628.1
853.1

19,666
2,922.0
16,744.1
14,130.9
6,160.2
2,366.7
619.1
1,126.5
4,768.9
3,201.8
1,688.1
2,613.2
790.0

19,697
2,908.5
16,788.4
14,163.8
6,189.1
2,373.0
623.0
1,134.1
4,770.3
3,204.4
1,686.7
2,624.6
802.2

19,994
3,173.6
16,820.7
14,164.1
6,194.9
2,378.0
624.5
1,138.6
4,773.1
3,196.1
1,681.3
2,656.6
840.2

19,631
3,145.1
16,485.5
13,844.9
6,013.5
2,322.2
604.5
1,091.7
4,690.5
3,140.9
1,664.6
2,640.6
855.4

19,998
3,219.3
16,778.2
14,104.1
6,157.8
2,365.2
619.6
1,127.7
4,754.0
3,192.3
1,684.5
2,674.1
852.0

20,036
3,223.9
16,812.3
14,136.6
6,180.5
2,371.0
622.2
1,134.4
4,761.5
3,194.6
1,682.5
2,675.7
850.7

20,081
3,227.8
16,853.1
14,180.4
6,206.5
2,383.2
626.0
1,139.4
4,774.8
3,199.1
1,682.5
2,672.7
845.8

45
3.9
40.8
43.8
26.0
12.2
3.8
5.0
13.3
4.5
0.0
-3.0
-4.9

Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Arts, entertainment, and recreation. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Performing arts and spectator sports. . . . . . . . .
Museums, historical sites, zoos, and parks. . .
Amusements, gambling, and recreation. . . . . .
Accommodation and food services. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accommodation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Food services and drinking places. . . . . . . . . . .

13,304
2,013.1
452.4
129.6
1,431.1
11,290.4
1,809.6
9,480.8

13,887
2,204.2
431.4
146.6
1,626.2
11,682.4
1,961.7
9,720.7

13,862
2,160.3
431.3
144.1
1,584.9
11,702.1
1,953.5
9,748.6

13,430
1,966.0
417.7
132.7
1,415.6
11,464.2
1,843.5
9,620.7

13,103
1,933.3
429.7
126.8
1,376.8
11,169.7
1,772.7
9,397.0

13,217
1,897.3
401.0
130.8
1,365.5
11,320.1
1,811.0
9,509.1

13,227
1,895.0
400.2
131.5
1,363.3
11,331.7
1,810.4
9,521.3

13,223
1,885.4
396.3
130.5
1,358.6
11,337.5
1,804.2
9,533.3

-4
-9.6
-3.9
-1.0
-4.7
5.8
-6.2
12.0

Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Repair and maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal and laundry services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Membership associations and organizations. . . .

5,373
1,142.8
1,259.6
2,971.0

5,516
1,159.7
1,293.5
3,063.2

5,501
1,158.3
1,294.4
3,048.0

5,440
1,153.4
1,287.8
2,998.7

5,389
1,141.2
1,263.3
2,984.0

5,448
1,152.0
1,286.4
3,010.0

5,456
1,151.4
1,288.1
3,016.3

5,453
1,151.7
1,290.2
3,011.3

-3
0.3
2.1
-5.0

Government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Federal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Federal, except U.S. Postal Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. Postal Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
State government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
State government education. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
State government, excluding education. . . . . . . . . . .
Local government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Local government education. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Local government, excluding education. . . . . . . . . . .

22,086
2,863.0
2,215.8
647.2
5,146.0
2,394.6
2,750.9
14,077.0
7,736.5
6,340.1

20,760
2,854.0
2,223.3
630.6
4,772.0
2,079.4
2,692.7
13,134.0
6,652.4
6,481.7

20,854
2,837.0
2,219.8
617.1
4,809.0
2,108.4
2,701.0
13,208.0
6,768.3
6,439.5

21,759
2,827.0
2,215.8
610.7
5,098.0
2,407.9
2,689.9
13,834.0
7,586.4
6,247.8

22,274
2,850.0
2,200.6
648.9
5,138.0
2,383.7
2,753.9
14,286.0
7,948.6
6,337.3

22,004
2,824.0
2,199.3
624.5
5,076.0
2,394.3
2,681.7
14,104.0
7,846.4
6,257.8

22,019
2,821.0
2,201.1
620.0
5,087.0
2,399.0
2,688.2
14,111.0
7,858.2
6,252.3

21,985
2,820.0
2,205.1
614.7
5,089.0
2,397.6
2,691.5
14,076.0
7,833.8
6,241.7

-34
-1.0
4.0
-5.3
2.0
-1.4
3.3
-35.0
-24.4
-10.6

Industry

Administrative and waste services - Continued

1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.
2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
3 Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
p Preliminary

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry
sector, seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2010

July
2011

Aug.
2011p

Sept.
2011p

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
Total private............................................................................. .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ................................................. .
Nondurable goods.............................................................. .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade...................................................................... .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities........................................................................... .
Information......................................................................... .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services..................................................................... .

34.2
39.7
43.7
38.0
40.3
40.5
39.9
33.1
34.3
38.4
31.3
38.3
41.3
36.7
37.1
35.6
32.8
25.8
31.8

34.3
39.8
44.1
38.2
40.3
40.6
39.7
33.3
34.4
38.6
31.4
38.5
41.6
36.5
37.4
35.8
32.9
25.9
31.7

34.2
39.8
44.1
38.2
40.3
40.6
39.8
33.1
34.3
38.5
31.3
38.4
41.5
36.4
37.1
35.7
32.7
25.8
31.5

34.3
39.9
44.0
38.5
40.2
40.6
39.6
33.2
34.5
38.8
31.4
38.4
42.3
36.5
37.4
35.8
32.7
25.9
31.6

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS
Manufacturing........................................................................... .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods................................................................... .

3.1
2.9
3.3

3.1
3.1
3.2

3.1
3.1
3.2

3.2
3.2
3.1

Industry

p Preliminary

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry
sector, seasonally adjusted
Average hourly earnings

Average weekly earnings

Industry

Sept.
2010

July
2011

Aug.
2011p

Sept.
2011p

Total private................................................ .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade......................................... .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities.............. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ................. .
Information............................................ .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services........................................ .

$22.70
24.15
27.89
25.19
23.43
24.91
21.04
22.36
19.76
26.23
15.61
21.14
32.75
30.84
27.29
27.41
23.06
13.10
20.22

$23.12
24.45
27.96
25.40
23.77
25.31
21.17
22.80
20.09
26.33
15.90
21.73
33.63
31.41
27.74
27.98
23.67
13.24
20.50

$23.08
24.43
28.06
25.48
23.69
25.24
21.10
22.76
20.03
26.27
15.76
21.90
33.70
31.54
27.79
27.85
23.64
13.25
20.52

$23.12
24.46
28.35
25.48
23.71
25.24
21.13
22.80
20.06
26.25
15.80
21.86
34.00
31.57
27.85
27.90
23.66
13.28
20.54

p Preliminary

Sept.
2010

July
2011

Aug.
2011p

Sept.
2011p

$ 776.34 $ 793.02 $ 789.34 $ 793.02
958.76
973.11
972.31
975.95
1,218.79 1,233.04 1,237.45 1,247.40
957.22
970.28
973.34
980.98
944.23
957.93
954.71
953.14
1,008.86 1,027.59 1,024.74 1,024.74
839.50
840.45
839.78
836.75
740.12
759.24
753.36
756.96
677.77
691.10
687.03
692.07
1,007.23 1,016.34 1,011.40 1,018.50
488.59
499.26
493.29
496.12
809.66
836.61
840.96
839.42
1,352.58 1,399.01 1,398.55 1,438.20
1,131.83 1,146.47 1,148.06 1,152.31
1,012.46 1,037.48 1,031.01 1,041.59
975.80 1,001.68
994.25
998.82
756.37
778.74
773.03
773.68
337.98
342.92
341.85
343.95
643.00
649.85
646.38
649.06

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by
industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Index of aggregate weekly hours1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls2

Industry

Sept.
2010

July
2011

Aug.
2011p

Sept.
2011p

Percent
change
from:
Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011p

Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction................................. .
Manufacturing............................... .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade.......................... .
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . .
Utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services...... .
Education and health services. . . . ........ .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

92.2
80.4
99.6
72.2
83.7
80.9
88.6
95.4
91.8
91.4
91.7
91.9
98.0
90.5
93.1
93.6
104.8
96.5
94.9

93.8
82.0
110.6
72.8
85.2
83.6
88.1
97.4
93.2
93.4
93.0
94.0
99.3
89.2
93.7
96.8
107.1
97.7
95.7

93.6
82.0
110.9
72.7
85.2
83.5
88.4
96.9
93.0
93.2
92.7
93.8
99.2
87.3
93.0
96.8
106.6
97.4
95.2

94.0
82.3
111.3
73.7
84.9
83.4
87.8
97.3
93.6
93.8
93.0
93.8
101.3
88.7
93.7
97.3
106.9
97.7
95.5

0.4
0.4
0.4
1.4
-0.4
-0.1
-0.7
0.4
0.6
0.6
0.3
0.0
2.1
1.6
0.8
0.5
0.3
0.3
0.3

Sept.
2010

July
2011

Aug.
2011p

Sept.
2011p

Percent
change
from:
Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011p

99.8
87.8
111.5
79.0
91.2
89.5
94.6
103.4
97.6
100.1
94.7
98.6
106.0
99.4
99.2
104.0
113.2
101.9
109.0

103.5
90.6
124.1
80.4
94.2
94.0
94.6
107.6
100.8
102.6
97.7
103.7
110.4
99.8
101.5
109.7
118.7
104.3
111.3

103.0
90.5
124.9
80.5
93.9
93.6
94.6
106.8
100.2
102.1
96.6
104.2
110.5
98.0
100.9
109.2
118.1
104.1
110.9

103.6
90.9
126.7
81.5
93.6
93.5
94.2
107.5
101.0
102.7
97.2
104.0
113.8
99.7
101.9
110.0
118.5
104.7
111.3

0.6
0.4
1.4
1.2
-0.3
-0.1
-0.4
0.7
0.8
0.6
0.6
-0.2
3.0
1.7
1.0
0.7
0.3
0.6
0.4

1 The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual
average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
2 The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding
2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly
hours, and employment.
p Preliminary

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Women employees (in thousands)

Percent of all employees

Industry

Sept.
2010

July
2011

Aug.
2011p

Sept.
2011p

Sept.
2010

July
2011

Aug.
2011p

Sept.
2011p

Total nonfarm.............. . . . . . . . . . . . ..................... .
Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing..................................... .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing...................................... .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities................................. .
Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality............................ .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

64,553
51,892
4,071
99
713
3,259
1,722
1,537
47,821
9,991
1,637.5
7,212.4
1,003.9
136.7
1,097
4,474
7,437
15,134
6,837
2,851
12,661

64,816
52,314
4,061
105
710
3,246
1,722
1,524
48,253
9,995
1,669.8
7,188.4
1,001.8
134.6
1,088
4,441
7,625
15,346
6,883
2,875
12,502

64,867
52,350
4,055
106
711
3,238
1,716
1,522
48,295
9,995
1,671.5
7,186.3
1,003.2
134.4
1,075
4,441
7,647
15,371
6,883
2,883
12,517

64,871
52,382
4,056
107
715
3,234
1,713
1,521
48,326
9,973
1,672.7
7,175.9
989.8
134.8
1,079
4,426
7,663
15,404
6,901
2,880
12,489

49.7
48.2
22.9
13.7
12.9
28.2
24.3
34.5
53.3
40.6
30.0
50.0
23.9
24.9
40.6
58.7
44.5
77.1
52.2
52.9
56.8

49.4
47.9
22.5
13.2
12.8
27.6
23.5
34.3
53.0
40.1
30.1
49.3
23.5
24.4
40.6
58.4
44.3
76.7
52.1
52.8
56.8

49.4
47.9
22.4
13.3
12.9
27.5
23.5
34.2
53.0
40.1
30.1
49.3
23.5
24.3
40.9
58.3
44.4
76.7
52.0
52.8
56.8

49.4
47.9
22.4
13.3
12.9
27.5
23.5
34.2
53.0
40.0
30.2
49.2
23.2
24.3
40.6
58.2
44.3
76.7
52.2
52.8
56.8

p Preliminary

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry
sector, seasonally adjusted1
[In thousands]
Industry

Sept.
2010

July
2011

Aug.
2011p

Sept.
2011p

Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing....... . . . . . . . . . . . ..................................................... .
Mining and logging.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction.......................................................................... .
Manufacturing........................................................................ .
Durable goods..................................................................... .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities................................................. .
Wholesale trade................................................................... .
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing................................................ .
Utilities.............................................................................. .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............ .
Professional and business services............................................... .
Education and health services..................................................... .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............... .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

88,673
12,794
541
4,170
8,083
4,852
3,231
75,879
20,849
4,369.5
12,418.6
3,621.5
439.8
2,170
5,866
13,691
17,221
11,573
4,509

89,972
13,034
599
4,186
8,249
5,012
3,237
76,938
21,101
4,441.3
12,544.8
3,673.6
440.8
2,148
5,821
14,145
17,520
11,648
4,555

90,017
13,024
601
4,175
8,248
5,009
3,239
76,993
21,119
4,444.1
12,552.7
3,680.9
441.4
2,099
5,822
14,182
17,544
11,664
4,563

90,183
13,056
605
4,202
8,249
5,010
3,239
77,127
21,143
4,439.5
12,577.5
3,684.6
441.3
2,134
5,815
14,220
17,581
11,672
4,562

1 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees
in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
p Preliminary

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private
nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted1
Sept.
2010

July
2011

Aug.
2011p

Sept.
2011p

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
Total private............................................................................. .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ................................................. .
Nondurable goods.............................................................. .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade...................................................................... .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities........................................................................... .
Information......................................................................... .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services..................................................................... .

33.5
40.7
44.6
39.0
41.3
41.4
41.0
32.3
33.3
38.2
30.1
37.2
42.1
36.1
36.3
35.2
32.2
24.8
30.8

33.6
40.9
46.3
39.1
41.4
41.8
40.8
32.4
33.7
38.5
30.5
37.7
41.9
36.2
36.4
35.1
32.4
24.8
30.7

33.5
40.8
46.3
39.0
41.3
41.7
40.6
32.3
33.5
38.3
30.3
37.7
41.8
35.9
36.3
35.1
32.3
24.7
30.7

33.6
40.8
46.3
39.1
41.3
41.7
40.6
32.3
33.6
38.6
30.3
37.6
42.1
36.0
36.4
35.2
32.3
24.7
30.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS
Manufacturing........................................................................... .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods................................................................... .

3.9
3.9
3.9

4.1
4.2
4.0

4.1
4.2
4.0

4.0
4.1
3.9

Industry

1 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees
in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
p Preliminary

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private
nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted1
Average hourly earnings

Average weekly earnings

Industry

Sept.
2010

July
2011

Aug.
2011p

Sept.
2011p

Total private................................................ .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade......................................... .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities.............. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ................. .
Information............................................ .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services........................................ .

$19.14
20.33
24.10
23.21
18.65
19.81
16.89
18.88
16.90
21.64
13.29
19.18
30.28
26.01
21.45
22.94
20.24
11.27
17.13

$19.49
20.69
24.60
23.65
18.96
20.14
17.08
19.24
17.20
22.13
13.48
19.53
30.96
26.48
21.78
23.24
20.79
11.49
17.25

$19.49
20.71
24.57
23.81
18.92
20.07
17.09
19.22
17.17
22.03
13.46
19.55
30.92
26.52
21.75
23.16
20.84
11.49
17.24

$19.52
20.71
24.61
23.76
18.92
20.08
17.07
19.26
17.23
22.08
13.49
19.66
31.21
26.66
21.82
23.15
20.86
11.47
17.26

Sept.
2010

July
2011

Aug.
2011p

Sept.
2011p

$ 641.19 $ 654.86 $ 652.92 $ 655.87
827.43
846.22
844.97
844.97
1,074.86 1,138.98 1,137.59 1,139.44
905.19
924.72
928.59
929.02
770.25
784.94
781.40
781.40
820.13
841.85
836.92
837.34
692.49
696.86
693.85
693.04
609.82
623.38
620.81
622.10
562.77
579.64
575.20
578.93
826.65
852.01
843.75
852.29
400.03
411.14
407.84
408.75
713.50
736.28
737.04
739.22
1,274.79 1,297.22 1,292.46 1,313.94
938.96
958.58
952.07
959.76
778.64
792.79
789.53
794.25
807.49
815.72
812.92
814.88
651.73
673.60
673.13
673.78
279.50
284.95
283.80
283.31
527.60
529.58
529.27
529.88

1 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees
in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
p Preliminary

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on
private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted1
[2002=100]
Index of aggregate weekly hours2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls3

Industry

Sept.
2010

July
2011

Aug.
2011p

Sept.
2011p

Percent
change
from:
Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011p

Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction................................. .
Manufacturing............................... .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade.......................... .
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . .
Utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services...... .
Education and health services. . . . ........ .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

99.2
79.6
128.2
81.4
76.6
75.5
78.1
104.8
96.8
98.3
94.6
101.4
94.7
89.4
101.9
108.0
119.6
105.2
97.4

101.0
81.5
147.4
82.0
78.4
78.7
77.8
106.6
99.1
100.7
96.9
104.3
94.5
88.8
101.4
111.3
122.5
105.9
98.1

100.8
81.2
147.9
81.5
78.2
78.5
77.5
106.3
98.6
100.2
96.3
104.5
94.4
86.0
101.1
111.6
122.2
105.6
98.3

101.2
81.4
148.9
82.3
78.2
78.5
77.5
106.5
99.0
100.9
96.5
104.3
95.0
87.7
101.3
112.2
122.5
105.7
98.2

0.4
0.2
0.7
1.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.7
0.2
-0.2
0.6
2.0
0.2
0.5
0.2
0.1
-0.1

Sept.
2010

July
2011

Aug.
2011p

Sept.
2011p

Percent
change
from:
Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011p

126.9
99.1
179.7
102.1
93.4
93.3
93.2
135.7
116.7
125.3
107.8
123.4
119.7
115.2
135.1
147.4
159.2
134.6
121.6

131.5
103.2
210.9
104.7
97.2
99.0
93.9
140.6
121.6
131.3
111.9
129.2
122.1
116.4
136.5
153.9
167.4
138.2
123.3

131.2
103.0
211.3
104.8
96.7
98.3
93.6
140.1
120.8
130.1
111.1
129.6
121.8
112.9
136.0
153.7
167.5
137.8
123.4

132.0
103.2
213.1
105.5
96.7
98.4
93.5
140.7
121.7
131.3
111.5
130.1
123.8
115.8
136.7
154.5
168.0
137.6
123.6

0.6
0.2
0.9
0.7
0.0
0.1
-0.1
0.4
0.7
0.9
0.4
0.4
1.6
2.6
0.5
0.5
0.3
-0.1
0.2

1 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees
in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
2 The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual
average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
3 The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding
2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly
hours, and employment.
p Preliminary