socialur mecnierebaTa seria

Tvisebrivi meTodebi socialur kvlevaSi
momzadebulia socialur mecnierebaTa centris akademiuri stipendiis safuZvelze

saleqcio kursi socialuri mecnierebebis magistraturisaTvis

TinaTin zurabiSvili

Tbilisi

2006

socialur mecnierebaTa seria mTavari redaqtori: enobrivi redaqtori: marine CitaSvili lia kaWarava

dakabadoneba, ydis dizaini: giorgi bagrationi

© socialur mecnierebaTa centri, 2006 © Center for Social Sciences, 2006
q. Tbilisi, 0108, T. WoveliZis q. # 10 el. fosta: contact@ucss.ge internet gverdi: www.ucss.ge

wigni momzadebulia da gamocemulia `socialur mecnierebaTa centris” (Center for Social Sciences) mier, fondis OSI – Zug, budapeStis Ria sazogadoebis institutis umaRlesi ganaTlebis mxardaWeris programis (HESP) finansuri xelSewyobiT

The book has been published by the Center for Social Sciences, sponsored by the OSI-Zug Foundation and the Higher Education Support Program (HESP) of the Open Society Institute-Budapest.

ISBN: 99940 - 871 - 9 - 3

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winaTqma
Tema 1.
Tema 2. magaliTi #1.
Tema 3. magaliTi #2.
magaliTi #3.

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Tvisebrivi meTodebi socialur kvlevaSi: Sesavali da saerTo mimoxilva
siRrmiseuli interviu axalgazrduli umuSevrobis problema saqarTveloSi. sadiskusio gegma
fokus-jgufi Rvinis moxmarebis kultura Tanamedrove saqarTveloSi. sadiskusio gegma korufcia saqarTveloSi da misi Sefaseba sxvadasxva profesiuli jgufis warmomadgenlebis mier.

fokus-jgufebis angariSi
Tema 4.
Tema 5.
Tema 6. magaliTi #4.
danarTi #1.
danarTi #2.

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dakvirveba
monografiuli gamokvleva
socialuri kvlevis eTika gamokiTxvam uCvena, rom didi britaneTis mosaxleobaSi izrdeba emigraciis survili
korufcia saqarTveloSi.

fokus-jgufis transkripti
Tvisebrivi kvlevis meTodikis terminologiis ganmartebiTi leqsikoni
QUALITATIVE METHODS IN SOCIAL RESEARCH

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yvela Temis dasasruls moyvanilia praqtikuli davalebebi. am saleqcio kursSi ver moxerxda socialuri kvlevis yvela Tvisebrivi meTodis ganxilva. samwuxarod. socialur mecnierebaTa centrs da akademiuri stipendiebis programas (AFP). Cemi azriT. yoveli Temis bolos moyvanilia Sesabamisi meTodisadmi miZRvnili sakvanZo literaturis sia. sadac Ria sazogadoebis institutis FDFP programis farglebSi vimyofebodi. garda amisa. aleqsei levinsons.winaTqma winamdebare saleqcio kursze muSaoba daviwye Telavis saxelmwifo universitetSi. amitom yuradReba gamaxvilebulia im meTodebze. yvelaze metad daexmareba studentebs sakuTari kvlevebis CatarebaSi. romlis farglebSic vaswavlidi am kurss socialur mecnierebaTa centrSi. upirveles yovlisa. da Cems studentebs. aseve didi madloba Ria sazogadoebis institutis FDFP programas. minda didi madloba gadavuxado Cems kolegebs moskovis levada-centridan da. gamefarTovebina da magistraturis studentebisTvis gadamemuSavebina am saleqcio kursis is nawili. romlis farglebSic saSualeba momeca davswrebodi wamyvani Tvisebrivi mkvlevrebis kursebs kaliforniis universitetSi los-anjelesSi (UCLA). kursze muSaoba davasrule kaliforniis universitetSi losanjelesSi. TiTqmis yvela meTodTan dakavSirebiT saleqcio kursSi moyvanilia Sesabamisi kvleviTi instrumentebis magaliTebi. ramdenadac kvlevis meTodebis Seswavla warmoudgenelia mxolod literaturis Seswavlis meSveobiT. swored am kvleviT centrSi muSaobis periodSi davinteresdi kvlevis Tvisebrivi meTodebiT da ramdenime Zalze saintereso kvlevaSi miviRe monawileoba. romlebic yvelaze farTod gamoiyeneba Tanamedrove praqtikaSi da romlebic. Tavdapirvelad is warmoadgenda saleqcio kursis “sociologiuri kvlevis meTodebi” erT-erT nawils. socialur mecnierebaTa centris akademiuri stipendiis farglebSi saSualeba momeca. romelic kerZod Tvisebriv meTodebis eZRvneba. 4 . romelic Tamar zurabiSvilTan erTad SevimuSave. romlebmac mniSvnelovani roli iTamaSes am saleqcio kursis SeqmnaSi.

sazogadoebrivi cxovrebis ama Tu im aspeqtis Seswavlis mizniT. SeiZleba iTqvas.” epoqa 2: 76-84. rom es kvlevebi kompetenturad iyos Catarebuli da miRebuli iqnes sando Sedegebi. sazogadoebrivi cxovrebis sxvadasxva sferos Sesaxeb arsebuli codnis gaRrmavebasa da saxelmwifo marTvis optimizaciaSi. romelTa dacviTac unda Catardes socialuri kvleva. zogjer ki — Zveli Teoriis uaryofas da axali Teoriis warmoSobas.1 siRaribis es forma klasikuri Teoriebis yuradRebis miRma iyo darCenili. magram XX saukunis 60-ian wlebSi aSS-Si siRaribis specifikuri formebis empiriuli Seswavlis Sedegad moxda am Teoriebis gadasinjva da Seiqmna “qveklasis” Teoria. siRaribis mizezebi.w. The “Underclass” Debate: Views from History. aramed praqtikul donezec. empiriuli socialuri kvlevis meTodika. reklamis efeqturobis detaluri Seswavla. aranaklebi roli eniWeba empiriul kvlevebs samomxmareblo bazris SeswavlaSi — e. socialuri kvlevis meTodika2 Seiswavlis empiriuli socialuri kvlevis ganxorcielebis konkretul gzebs. Princeton. swored sabazro kvlevebis damsaxurebaa. xolo Catarebuli kvlevebis Sedegebi xSirad mniSvnelovan gavlenas axdens sazogadoebaze. socialur TeoriasTan SedarebiT gvian Camoyalibda da Tumca ufro praqtikul xasiaTs atarebs. Katz.Tema 1. procentebs — 1 2 ix. Michael B. rogorc sistematuri codnis dargi. empiriuli socialuri kvlevebi mniSvnelovan rols TamaSobs ara mxolod Teoriuli codnis gamdidrebis TvalsazrisiT. anu meTodebis erTobliobas da im eTikur principebs. socialuri kvlevis meTodebi or did jgufad iyofa: raodenobriv da Tvisebriv meTodebad. amitom Zalze mniSvnelovania. NJ: Princeton University Press. kontent-analizi) iSveliebs raodenobriv maCveneblebs — qulebs. ganixilavs informaciis Segrovebis mecnieruli saSualebebis. 2002. Tvisebrivi meTodebi socialur kvlevaSi: Sesavali da saerTo mimoxilva socialuri mecnierebebisaTvis damaxasiaTebelia mWidro kavSiri Teoriasa da empiriul kvlevebs Soris. araformaluri urTierTobebi formalur organizaciebSi. aseT SemTxvevebSi saubaria e. romlebic Seiswavlis sazogadoebrivi cxovrebis iseT aspeqtebs rogorebicaa. hipoTezebis damtkicebis an uaryofis mizniT. gamoyenebiTi kvlevebis Sesaxeb. 5 . magaliTad. sityvebi “meTodi”. gamoyenebiTi socialuri kvlevebis Sedegebi SeiZleba gaxdes gadawyvetilebebis miRebis safuZveli saxelmwifo marTvis an arasamTavrobo TviTmmarTvelobis doneze. TinaTin zurabiSvili. xolo reklama sul ufro efeqturi xdeba. Tumca am ori jgufis meTodebs Soris aris mniSvnelovani gansxvavebebi. 1993. erTaderTi mizania Cveni codnis gamdidreba socialuri samyaros Sesaxeb. marketinguli (sabazro) kvlevebis meSveobiT mimdinareobs momxmarebelTa motivaciis. maT erTi uaRresad mniSvnelovani garemoeba aerTianebs: maTi mTavari da. rac SeiZleba iTargmnos rogorc “Seswavlis gzebi”. am kvlevebis Sedegebi xSirad iwvevs arsebuli Teoriebis gadasinjvas da daxvewas.w. raTa Seamowmon esa Tu is Teoriuli mosazreba. “‘qveklasis’ Teoria da misi gamoyenebis SesaZlebloba saqarTveloSi. mecnierebi regularulad atareben empiriul kvlevebs. korufciis gavrcelebis xelisSemwyobi faqtorebi. ed. rom wamyvani kompaniebis mier warmoebuli produqcia maqsimalurad iTvaliswinebs momxmarebelTa moTxovnebs da survilebs. da sxva. magaliTad. socialuri sinamdvilis sul ufro da ufro meti mxare Seiswavleba empiriuli kvlevebis meSveobiT. “meTodika” warmoiSva berZnuli sityvisgan methodos. xSirad gamoiyeneba Teoriuli problemebis Semowmebis. ama Tu im produqtis SeZenis survilis. am kvlevebis Sedegad Seiqmna siRaribis klasikuri Teoriebi. socialuri mkvlevrebi jer kidev XIX-XX saukuneebis mijnaze Seiswavlidnen siRaribes da mis gamomwvev mizezebs. kvlevis raodenobrivi meTodebi (rogorebicaa masobrivi gamokiTxva.

fsiqologiaSi. Tvisebrivi meTodebi interdisciplinarulia da farTod gamoiyeneba TiTqmis yvela socialur mecnierebaSi: sociologiaSi. axsnan.4 Tvisebrivi meTodebis meSveobiT Cven ufro Rrma codnas viRebT im xalxis Sesaxeb. 4 ix. P. 2004. 3 Tumca raodenobrivi meTodebis farglebSi intensiurad Seiswavleba respondentebis mier dafiqsirebuli mosazrebebi da/an Sefasebebi mniSnvelovan socialur problemebTan dakavSirebiT. xSir SemTxvevaSi es Seswavla xdeba ara mkvlevris ofisSi an sxva xelovnurad Seqmnil garemoSi. socialuri kvlevis meTodebis meore jgufi. am meTods safuZvlad udevs ori daSveba: (1) rom mosaxleobis mier socialuri movlenebis Sefasebebis gavrceleba garkveul statistikur kanonebs emorCileba. vis cxovrebas an vis mosazrebebsac SeviswavliT. Tu procentulad rogoraa gavrcelebuli sazogadoebaSi esa Tu is azri. Belmont. romelic warmoadgens misi msgavsi pirovnebebis azrs da gvawvdis informacias CvenTvis saintereso socialuri fenomenis an misi Sefasebis Sesaxeb. sasurvelia. da sxva). rogorc wesi. samagierod. biografiul mecnierebaSi. aramed rogorc ama Tu im socialuri erTobis (jgufis) nawili. respondentebis reprezentatuli SerCeva mecnierulad amarTlebs gamokiTxvis Sedegebis gavrcobas generalur erTobliobaze. rogorc wesi. raodenobrivi kvlevis Sedegebis erT-erT umTavres Rirsebas am Sedegebis reprezentatuloba warmoadgens. iq. es meTodebi ganxilulia saleqcio kursSi: Tamar zurabiSvili. socilogiuri kvlevis meTodika. anTropologiaSi. 281. es meTodebi. meTodebis es jgufi uaRresad formalizebulia. Tbilisi: “samoqalaqo ganaTlebis proeqti”. sadac realurad viTardeba urTierToba adamianebs Soris — iqneba es saklaso oTaxi. daafiqsiron da axsnan adamianebis qcevis iseTi niuansebi. Tvisebrivi meTodebis gamoyenebis Sedegad mkvlevrebs eZlevaT saSualeba. SeniSnon. respondentTa mier gamoTqmuli azri generaluri erTobliobis warmomadgenlebis azrad CavTvaloT. Earl Babbie. am meTodebs aklia maTematikuri sizuste. ris gamoc isini “mkacri” meTodebis saxeliTaa cnobili. raodenobrivi meTodebis mecnierulobas da am meTodebis meSveobiT miRebuli Sedegebis sandoobas statistikuri kanonzomierebebi uzrunvelyofs. respondentebs ar eZlevaT saSualeba. ver dagvexmareba respondenTa mier gamoTqmuli azrebis motivaciis SeswavlaSi.da miznad isaxavs daadginos ama Tu im socialuri fenomenis gamovlenis sixSire. Tvisebrivi meTodebi SeiZleba davaxasiaToT rogorc meTodebi. The Basics of Social Research. iSviaTi an sulac unikaluri movlenebis Seswavla. fsiqiatriaSi. eTnografiaSi. istoriaSi. da sxv. rac gulisxmobs. rom kvlevis procesSi gamokiTxuli adamianebi (respondentebi) proporciulad warmoadgenen mTel mosaxleobas. soflis maRazia. da (2) rom msgavsi socialuri mdgomareobis mqone pirovnebebi. raodenobriv meTodebs Soris msoflio praqtikaSi yvelaze gavrcelebulia masobrivi gamokiTxva — xalxis azris Seswavla ama Tu im problemasTan dakavSirebiT. 6 . TinaTin zurabiSvili. an mosaxleobis im nawils. Tu ratom fiqroben ase. raodenobrivi meTodebi. masobrivi gamokiTxvis dros yoveli respondenti ganixileba ara rogorc unikaluri pirovneba mdidari da ganumeorebeli Sida samyaroTi. ris Sedegadac saSualeba gveZleva. romlebic SeiZleba SeumCneveli darCes raodenobrivi meTodebis gamoyenebisas. aseTi midgomidan gamomdinare iTvleba. Cven ara mxolod 3 Tumca es ar aris aucilebeli piroba am saleqcio kursis SemswavlelTaTvis. maTi meSveobiT Cven ver miviRebT informacias imis Sesaxeb. romelTa meSveobiT mopovebuli monacemebic sxvadasxva mizezis gamo ver daeqvemdebareba raodenobriv analizs (es mizezebi SeiZleba iyos dakvirvebaTa mcire ricxvi. aramed “bunebriv” pirobebSi. romelic ganisazRvreba yoveli konkretuli kvlevis amocanebidan gamomdinare). Tvisebrivi meTodebi siRrmiseulad Seiswavlis socialur cxovrebas. analogiurad afaseben movlenebs. rom studentebs hqondeT Tudnac sawyisi warmodgena socialuri kvlevis raodenobrivi meTodebis Sesaxeb. CA: Wadsworth Thomson Learning. zogadad. romlis Seswavlac dagegmilia kvlevis procesSi (anu generalur erTobliobas. gazeTis redaqcia Tu sxva. 2002. da ara sxvagvarad. rom analogiuri socialuri mdgomareobis mqone individebi kvlevis procesSi “urTierTSemcvlelni” arian. araformalizebuli midgoma calkeuli SemTxvevebis Seswavlisadmi.

fokus-jgufi da jgufuri interviu. Tbilisi: “samoqalaqo ganaTlebis proeqti”. agreTve saSualebas vaZlevT. rom maTi meSveobiT SesaZlebelia sando monacemebis miReba socialuri samyaros Sesaxeb. rac mkvlevars saSualebas aZlevs. aramed. rogorc wesi. esenia.5 Tvisebrivi meTodebi mraval kvleviT teqnikas aerTianebs. gagviWirdeba imis mecnierulad damtkiceba. axsnan Tavisi pozicia. es meTodebi xSirad “interpretaciuli sociologiis” farglebSi ganixileba. vupasuxoT ara kiTxvebs “ra?”. sxvadasxva kuTxiT Seiswavlos misTvis saintereso fenomeni. am saleqcio kursis farglebSi Cven davrwmundebiT. vinaidan Tvisebrivi meTodebiT muSaobisas mkvlevris mizania individualuri saqcielis gageba. werilebis. miT umetes — rom Catarebuli kvleva pasuxobs reprezentatulobis moTxovnebs. dakvirveba. rom es arc aris Tvisebrivi kvlevis mizani — Tvisebrivi meTodebi Seiswavlis imas. es meTodebi ganxilulia saleqcio kursSi: Tamar zurabiSvili.vafiqsirebT maT mier gamoTqmul azrebs azrebs. amitom pirveli SexedviT Tvisebrivi mkvlevris muSaoba Zalian hgavs Cveulebrivi adamianis yoveldRiur saqmianobas. xSirad Tvisebriv meTodebze damyarebuli kvleva moiTxovs erTdroulad ramdenime kvleviTi teqnikis gamoyenebas. “ramdeni?” (am or kiTxvas raodenobrivi meTodebis meSveobiT vupasuxebT). 5 Tumca es ar aris aucilebeli piroba am saleqcio kursis SemswavlelTaTvis. monografiuli gamokvleva (“SemTxvevis Seswavla”). raodenobrivi meTodebi. magram mniSvnelovania aRiniSnos. Tu rogor xsnis adamiani socialur samyaros da Tavis adgils masSi. TinaTin zurabiSvili. rogorebicaa araformaluri interviu da dakvirveba. “rogor?” Tvisebrivi meTodebis erT-erTi umTavresi Rirseba isaa. magram Tvisebriv meTodebTan dakavSirebiT erTi seriozuli sirTule arsebobs: gamokvlevis Sedegebis damuSavebisas problemuri xdeba individualuri donidan saerTo kanonzomierebebze gadasvla. aramed kiTxvebs “ratom?”. Tvisebrivi meTodebi intensiurad iyenebs informaciis Segrovebis iseT saSualebebs. rom Tvisebrivi meTodebiT warmarTuli kvlevis Sedegebi ar SeiZleba ganvazogadoT da movaxdinoT maTi eqstrapolacia generalur erTobliobaze. sasurvelia. Tvisebrivi meTodebis kompleqsuri gamoyeneba yvelaze xSirad monografiuli gamokvlevis (“SemTxvevis Seswavlis”) farglebSi xdeba. rom srulad SeviswavleT esa Tu is fenomeni. Tqvan. “cxovrebis istoria”. rom studentebs hqondeT Tudnac sawyisi warmodgena socialuri kvlevis raodenobrivi meTodebis Sesaxeb. socilogiuri kvlevis meTodika. ra faqtorebma iqonia gavlena maT cxovrebaze da rogor afaseben yoveli am faqtoris rols Tavis cxovrebaSi. magaliTad: • • • • • • • • siRrmiseuli interviu. Tvisebrivi meTodebis gamoyenebisas Cven. da rom Cvens mier miRebuli Sedegebi obieqturi da sandoa. Tvisebrivi Sedegebi arasodes ar aris reprezentatuli. davinaxoT da aRvweroT samyaro kvlevis obieqtebis TvaliT. biografiuli interviu. Tumca. 2004. rac imas niSnavs. ris gamoc socialur mecnierTa nawils eWvi Seaqvs am meTodebis mecnierulobaSi (am sityvis pozitivisturi gagebiT) anu imaSi. rogorc fiqroben. kvlevis mxolod es meTodebi gvaZlevs saSualebas. 7 . rom es meTodebi saSualebas gvaZlevs. zepiri istoria. SeviswavloT ama Tu im movlenis mizezebi. Tu ratom fiqroben ise. rom es msgavseba zedapiruli da moCvenebiTia. piradi dRiurebis da sxva werilobiTi dokumentebis Tvisebrivi Seswavla.

Rinehart and Winston. “gadawyvetilebis miRebisas Tqven unda ixelmZRvaneloT meTodologiuri da eTikuri mosazrebebiT. “moqnil” meTodebsac uwodeben. is TiTqmis yovelTvis iTvaliswinebs kvlevis obieqtebis individualur Tvisebebs. rogorc gansxvavebuli meTodebi. gamodis ara mxolod gamokvlevis ideis avtoris. eTnografia niSnavs [gansxvavebuli] kulturis aRweras. babi9. 3. Rachel I. xSir SemTxvevaSi. aramed inglisurenovan qveynebSic. dRemde ar aris Camoyalibebuli Tvisebriv meTodebTan dakavSirebuli unificirebuli terminologia. “CarTuli dakvirveba”. iseve rogorc mTel rig specialur unarCvevebs. Tumca zog naSromSi isini ganixileba. 1995. sadac warmoiSva socialuri kvlevis Tvisebrivi meTodebi. Tvisebrivi mkvlevris profesionalizmi unda gamoixatebodes. yvelaze ufro xSirad. 9 Earl Babbie. rogorc es wesebi Tavad am kulturis warmomadgenlebs esmiT7. Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes. Ethnographic Interview. da misi ZiriTadi mizania cxovrebis gansxvavebuli wesebis gageba ise. 1991. 8 . eTnografia ufro farTo cnebaa. 7 Spradley. Zalze xSirad terminebs “Tvisebrivi meTodebi”. “SemTxvevis Seswavla” xmaroben rogorc sinonimebs. rogoricaa mkvlevris gamocdileba da ostatoba. romlebic savele muSaobis dros 6 ix. amitom maT “rbil”. rodesac arsebobs konkretuli instruqciebi imasTan dakavSirebiT. Rinehart and Winston. — afrTxilebs momaval mkvlevrebs e. romelTa umravlesobac mxolod kvlevis Catarebis procesSi SeiZleba iqnes Camoyalibebuli. cit. romelic araCveulebriv koncentrirebas da Sromisunarianobas moiTxovs. misi Teoriuli nawilisa da problematikis SemmuSaveblis. rom gamokvlevis procesSi mkvlevari Zalauneburad axdens gavlenas Sesaswavl socialur jgufebze da urTierTobebze. Tvisebrivi meTodebi gaigivebulia eTnografiasTan. rom ara marto saqarTveloSi. Spradley.6 Tumca. magaliTad: James P.8 Tvisebrivi meTodebi naklebadaa formalizebuli. vinaidan isini xSirad upirispirdeba erTmaneTs. Shaw. misi srulad gamoricxva SeuZlebelia. is garemoeba. amgvari eTnografiuli Seswavla ki SeiZleba ramdenime Tvisebrivi meTodis gamoyenebiT moxdes. 8 am saleqcio kursis farglebSi yoveli meTodis ganxilvisas moyvanili iqneba qarTulenovan literaturaSi gamoyenebuli yvela Sesabamisi termini da moSveliebuli iqneba misi inglisurenovani Sesatyvis(eb)i. iSviaTia SemTxvevebi. gadawyvetilebis miReba Zalze rTuli iqneba”. aramed aseve empiriuli informaciis Semgroveblis. James P. Op. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. vis cxovrebasac Seiswavlis. Tvisebrivi meTodebis gamoyeneba individualuria.mniSvnelovania aRvniSnoT. Cveni azriT.. es Zalian rTuli da Sromatevadi saqmea. vidre raodenobrivi mkvlevrisa. rogorc wesi. ramdenadac Tvisebrivi meTodebis gamoyenebis SemTxvevaSi Zalze mcirea im aucilebel moTxovnaTa sia. 1979. The Ethnographic Interview. Tvisebrivi kvlevis procesSi mkvlevari. rogorc j. mas uwevs gadawyvetilebis miReba Seqmnili viTarebidan gamomdinare. P. 1979. Michael Burawoy et al. Tvisebrivi mkvlevris individualuri pasuxismgebloba kvlevis msvlelobazec da miRebul Sedegebzec ufro didia. axlo da xangrZliv urTierTobebs amyarebs im xalxTan. rom Tvisebrivi kvlevis Catareba iolia — piriqiT. Robert M. New York: Holt. isini did Tavisuflebas aniWeben mkvlevars. vidre nebismieri Tvisebrivi meTodi. rogorc wesi. Tu rogor unda moiqces mkvlevari ama Tu im situaciaSi — rogorc wesi. rom Tvisebrivi mkvlevari ar unda emorCilebodes mkacr instruqciebs. ar niSnavs. “eTnografia”. Fretz. aseTi kvlevis warmateba didadaa damokidebuli iseT subieqtur faqtorze. New York: Holt. Berkeley: University of California Press. P. Tumca garkveulwilad SesaZleblia am gavlenis minimizacia. and Linda L. interviueris da/an damkvirveblis rolSic. Ethnography Unbound: Power and Resistance in the Modern Metropolis. romelTac kvleva unda akmayofilebdes. romelic. sargeblobs maTi ndobiT. agreTve im garemoebis gacnobierebaSi. 285.spradli aRniSnavs. Tvisebrivi meTodebis umravlesobis warmatebiT gamoyeneba SeuZlebelia respondentebis aqtiuri daxmarebis gareSe. Emerson.

romelsac isini am sagnebSi xedaven. vidre raodenobrivi kvlevis SemTxvevaSi. 50. romelic maTi samyaros nawilia. es sami principi Tvisebrivi kvlevis principebadac SegviZlia miviCnioT. saqciels da Sexedulebebs. am Teoriis fuZemdeblis. herbert blumeris Tanaxmad. vinaidan Tvisebrivi mkvlevrebi sruliad gansxvavebul kvleviT instrumentebze dayrdnobiT muSaoben. agreTve samedicino praqtikam.: Prentice-Hall. maT damkvidrebaSi garkveuli roli iTamaSa. rogorc es Tavad moqmed pirs. mniSvnelovania. rogorc wesi. kerZod: gvaqvs Tu ra moraluri ufleba. iseve rogorc monacemTa damuSaveba. amitom am midgomas xSirad “subieqturi sociologiis”. Tumca arsebobs kompiuteruli programebi. raodenobriv meTodebTan SedarebiT. 4) sagnebis mniSvneloba icvleba aqtorebis mier samyaros interpretaciis procesSi.mkvlevris “informantebis” rols kisruloben da exmarebian mas “SeaRwios” Sesaswavl jgufSi.i. Tvisebrivi Sedegebis analizis sakvanZo etapebi dRemde kompiuteris gareSe xorcieldeba. aseve koleqtiuri socialuri moqmedeba damokidebulia aqtorebis mier socialuri situaciis interpretaciis form(eb)ze. 2) sagnebis mniSvneloba yalibdeba socialuri interaqciis procesSi.J. rogorc wesi. Tvisebrivi meTodologia simboluri interaqcionizmis principebs iziarebs. Sesabamisad. kultura adamianebs Soris sagnebis damkvidrebuli mniSvnelobebis urTierTgaziarebaa. Tu raodenobrivi meTodebi pozitivistur ideebs emyareba da gulisxmobs. Tvisebriv da raodenobriv meTodebs sxvadaxva “filosofia” udevs safuZvlad. Sesabamisad. rogorc ukve aRvniSneT. aramed im mniSvnelobis mimarT. Tvisebrivi meTodebis gamoyenebisas ufro mwvaved dgeba kvlevasTan dakavSirebuli eTikuri normebis dacvis sakiTxi. Tu raodenobrivi meTodebis farglebSi respondenti ganixileba. socialuri mecnierebebis humanizaciis periods ukavSireben. Symbolic Interactionism: Perspective and Method. romelsac adamianebi ukavSireben sagnebs. Tvisebriv meTodebze damyarebuli gamokvlevis savele etapi. romlebic specialurad Tvisebrivi meTodebiT miRebuli Sedegebis damuSavebisTvisaa Seqmnili. gamovlenili da aRwerili 10 Herbert Blumer. simboluri interaqcionizmis mizania SevecadoT gavigoT adamianis saqcieli ise. ufro farTod. rom masa da kvlevis obieqtebs Soris arsebuli ndoba kvlevis damTavrebis da Sedegebis gamoqveynebis Semdegac iqnes SenarCunebuli. Cveni kvleviTi miznebis misaRwevad gamoviyenoT adamianis Cvendami ndoba da gulaxdiloba. Tvisebrivi meTodebi humanitarul sferosa da xelovnebasTanaa kavSirSi. grZnobebis. Tvisebriv kvlevaSi yoveli respondenti sainteresoa rogorc pirovneba. Sefasebebis irgvlivaa koncentrirebuli. romelic yvela pacientisadmi individualur midgomas da calkeuli samedicino SemTxvevebis. Englewood Cliffs. adamianebi moqmedeben ara sagnebis. saaSkaraoze gamovitanoT misi piradi cxovreba? Tvisebriv mkvlevars gansakuTrebuli eTikuri pasuxismgebloba akisria. ufro met dros moiTxovs. an mikrosociologiis farglebSi ganixilaven. adamianebisadmi gamovlenili Rrma interesis gamo mkvlevrebi Tvisebrivi meTodebis rolis gazrdas XX saukunis meore naxevarSi sociologiis da. 9 . simboluri interaqcionizmis oTxi ZiriTadi principi SemdegSi mdgomareobs:10 1) adamianebis qceva ganpirobebulia im mniSvnelobiT. daavadebebis Rrma da safuZvlian Seswavlas moiTxovs. 3) rogorc individualuri. rom xalxi srulad acnobierebs Tavis grZnobebs. 1998 [1969]. anu aqtors esmis. Tvisebrivi meTodebis mizania. Tvisebrivi meTodebi calkeuli pirovnebis an pirovnebaTa patara jgufis gamocdilebis. Tvisebrivi kvlevis Sedegad yvelaze xSirad viRebT sakvlevi obieqtis Sida struqturis analizs da/an kvlevis sakiTxis adekvatur tipologias. e. Teoriuli winamZRvrebi Tu raodenobrivi meTodebis ganviTareba socialuri kvlevis praqtikaSi sabunebismetyvelo mecnierebebis miRwevebs ukavSirdeba. rogorc ama Tu im socialuri jgufis warmomadgeneli. P. N.

kolumbiis skolis warmomadgenelTa azriT. 1935 wels maT mier daarsebuli iqna axali mecnieruli Jurnali American Sociological Review. Tvisebriv meTodebs kolumbiis skolis warmomadgenlebi aramecnierulad miiCnevdnen da maTi damkvidrebis winaaRmdeg gamodiodnen. “WeSmariti” mecnierebebi. kerZod. “cxovrebis istoriebis” Seswavlas. amisaTvis ki saWiroa. Sidajgufuri urTierTobebis Seswavlis dros. pirveli sociologiuri Jurnali. kerZod. SeuZlebeli iyo imis uaryofa. ra Tqma unda. masobrivi gamokiTxvis meTodi mxolod XX saukunis 30-ani wlebis dasawyisidan damkvidrda aSS-Si adgilobrivi gazeTebisa da politikuri partiebis iniciativiT da materialuri mxardaWeriT. isini miiCnevdnen. rom sociologiaSi da. 10 . arc Tvisebrivi kvlevis Sedegebis generalizacia iyo SesaZlebeli. maTi Canawerebis (piradi dRiurebi da sxv. American Journal of Sociology.iqnes is mniSvneloba. Tvisebrivi meTodebis momxreebi xazs usvamdnen im garemoebas. am dapirispirebaSi sufTa meToduri kamaTis garda igrZnoboda. romelsac moqmedi pirebi Tavad ukavSireben ama Tu im moqmedebas. raodenobrivi meTodebi da. agreTve minimalurad iyo formalizebuli da Zalze mwvaved svamda mkvlevaris obieqturobis sakiTxs. rom sociologia ar unda acxadebdes Tavs namdvil mecnierebad.) srulad emyareba Tvisebriv meTodebs. swored sabunebismetyvelo mecnierebebi iyo. Cikagos sociologiuri skolis pirveli yvelaze cnobili gamokvleva. kolumbiis da Cikagos skolebis dapirispireba. XX saukunis dasawyisSi aSS-s socialur mecnierebebSi da. rom es meTodebi maTTvis Sesaferis adgilas iyos gamoyenebuli da ar iqnes Sefasebuli raodenobrivi kriteriumebiT. romlebmac ganaviTares “CarTuli dakvirvebis” meTodi afrikisa da aziis primitiuli sazogadoebebis Seswavlis mizniT. xdeba problemuri situaciis sruli da yovelmxrivi Seswavla. rom es meTodebi dagvexmareba iq. rogorc wesi. da ara — daadginon ama Tu im azris gavrcelebis sixSire. Tvisebrivi meTodebi aseve sasargebloa adamianTa Sinagani samyaros. upirveles yovlisa. romelic. rom arc erTi Tvisebrivi meTodi ar pasuxobda statistikuri reprezentatulobis moTxovnebs. socialur mecnierebebSi empiriuli monacemebis utyuarobis dasabuTeba mxolod maSinaa SesaZlebeli. amis sapirispirod. garkveul sirTuleebs warmoadgenda Tvisebrivi kvlevis Sedegebis analizis strategiac. rodesac kvleva raodenobrivi meTodebiT. agreTve im droisaTvis wamyvani amerikuli universitetebis ori meToduri skolis. uiliam Tomasisa da florian znaneckis “poloneli glexi evropasa da amerikaSi” (1918 w. 1930-iani wlebis dasawyisisaTvis “meTodebis konfliqtSi” droebiTi gamarjveba moipoves kolumbiis universitetis warmomadgenlebma. Tu mas ar SeuZlia miRebuli empiriuli monacemebis utyuarobis dasabuTeba sabunebismetyvelo mecnierebebis analogiurad. romelic raodenobrivi da Tvisebrivi meTodebis momxre mecnierTa dapirispirebaSi gamoixata. sadac yvela raodenobrivi meTodi uZluria. maTi meSveobiT. istoriuli mimoxilva Tvisebrivi meTodebis ganviTarebaSi gansakuTrebuli wvlili Seitanes evropelma anTropologebma. zogadad. rom am meTodebiT SesaZlebelia rTuli da naklebad gavrcelebuli fenomenebis siRrmiseuli Seswavla.w. amerikaSi gadasaxlebuli poloneli glexebis mier gamogzavnili werilebis.11 Review-s 11 manamde. kolumbiis universitetis mecnierebi raodenobrivi meTodebis momxreni iyvnen da miiCnevdnen. Tu Cikagos skolis waromadgenlebi did yuradRebas uTmobdnen Tvisebriv meTodebs da mniSvnelovani roli iTamaSes maT ganviTarebaSi. sociologiaSi ganviTarda “meTodebis konfliqti”. Tvisebrivi meTodebis mxardamWerni xazs usvamdnen im garemoebas. upirveles yovlisa — respondentTa reprezentatuli SerCevis safuZvelze tardeba. aRiarebdnen ra am sirTuleebs. rom aseT kvlevebs ZaluZT mniSvnelovnad gaamdidron Cveni codna socialuri samyaros Sesaxeb.) da e. Cikagos universitetis sociologiis fakultetze iqna daarsebuli albion smolis mier. da ara misi calkeuli gamovlinebebis dafiqsireba. jer kidev 1895 wels.

11 . rogorc wesi. damnaSaveTa samyaros Sida struqturas da/an damnaSaveTa pirovnul Tvisebebs. gamomdinare iqidan. magaliTad. am meTodebis meSveobiT Seswavlili problemebi moicavs. raodenobrivi meTodebis gamoyeneba iqneba gamarTlebuli. Tu ra sakiTxis Seswavlas vapirebT da ra kvleviT kiTxvebze veZebT pasuxs. romlebmac Tavisi wigni Tvisebrivi da raodenobrivi meTodebis Tanaarsebobisa da TanamSromlobis gzebs miuZRvnes. romelime masobrivi informaciis saSualebis auditoris demografiul Tvisebebs. pol lazarsfeldis da hans caizelis mier Catarebuli gamokvleva. romlebic am ori jgufis meTodebis Serwymis TvalsazrisiTaa gansakuTrebiT saintereso. romelTa gadawyvetac Tvisebrivi meTodebis meSveobiTaa yvelaze mizanSewonili. iseve rogorc aris amocanebi. magram es gamarjveba ar iyo xangrZlivi — meore msoflio omis Semdeg ganaxlda da Semdgom TandaTan gaizarda mkvlevrebis interesi Tvisebrivi meTodebis mimarT. migracias da emigrantebis cxovrebas axal garemoSi. yvela meTods aqvs Tavisi Zlieri da susti mxareebi. “meTodebis konfliqti” dRes Tumca raodenobrivi da Tvisebrivi meTodebi mniSvnelovnad gansxvavdeba erTmaneTisagan. Tu romeli meTodis gamoyeneba mogvcems ukeTes Sedegs ama Tu im problemis Seswavlisas. Tu ramdeni dro gvaqvs gamokvlevis Casatareblad da ramdeni Tanxaa gamoyofili amisaTvis. 13 Marie Jahoda. sociologiis istoriaSi cnobilia ramdenime kvleva. da amasTan — Zalian ZviradRirebuli. romelic Seiswavlida e. ar arsebobs erTazrovani pasuxi kiTxvaze. xolo saukeTeso Sedegs. yvela SeiZleba kargi da saWiro iyos Tavis adgilas. romelTa gadaWrasac ukeT SeZlebs raodenobrivi meTodebi. rom maTi Catareba Zalze rTulia. rom “meTodebis konfliqtis” gadaWris yvelaze mizanSewonili gza iqneba raodenobrivi da Tvisebrivi meTodebis erToblivi gamoyeneba.furclebze ver gamoinaxa adgili verc Tvisebrivi meTodebisaTvis da verc Cikagos sociologiuri skolis warmomadgenlebisaTvis.. ama Tu im politikuri partiis mxardaWeris perspeqtivebs. Tvisebrivi da raodenobrivi meTodebis gaerTianebisas.] Marienthal: The Sociography of an Unemployed Community. mocekvaveebis) cxovrebis aRweras da sxv.13 ukanasknel wlebSi Catarebuli kvlevebidan aRsaniSnavia ielis universitetis mier 2000-2001 wlebSi Catarebuli gamokvleva aRmosavleT evropis 7 qveyanaSi. Tu SeviswavliT sazogadoebaSi arsebul stratifikaciul sistemas. rac saSualebas mogvcems. Tu romelia am meTodebidan “ukeTesi” da romeli — “uaresi”. romelsac SeviswavliT. Paul F. an romels unda mivaniWoT upiratesoba. [1971. amerikeli mkvlevrebi isador niumani da kerolain benci.14 aseTi kvlevebi adasturebs.w. musikosebis. aseTi kompleqsuri gamokvlevebi SedarebiT iSviaTad tardeba.12 rogorc ukve aRvniSneT. ufro srulad davinaxoT is problema an sakiTxi. maTi paraleluri gamoyenebisas miviRebT. “eTnikuri siRaribis” problemas. romlis Temac umuSevroba da masTan dakavSirebuli problemebi iyo. kvlevis meTodis SerCeva konkretuli kvleviTi amocanidan gamomdinare unda moxdes — aris amocanebi da kiTxvebi. im ubralo mizezis gamo. sxva mxriv. socialuri situaciis siRrmiseulad Seswavlis mizniT. aucileblad unda gaviTvaliswinoT is garemoebac. rom warmoudgenelia misi Seswavla mxolod erTi meTodis saSualebiT. gansxvavebuli yofis mqone adamianTa (mag. xazs usvamen am meTodebis dapirispirebis xelovnurobas da. Tvisebrivi meTodebi gamoiyeneba ama Tu im problemis. amis 12 raTa miviRoT gadawyvetileba imasTan dakavSirebiT. Lazarsfeld and Hans Zeisel. Chicago: Aldine-Atherton. Cven yovelTvis gvaqvs arCevani mraval midgomas Soris. amasTan. romlebic dRes sul ufro da ufro myar adgils ikaveben socialur gamokvlevebSi. da sxv. 14 am kvlevis Sedegebi jer ar gamoqveynebula. socialuri sinamdvile imdenad rTulia. Zalauflebis ganawilebas mcire socialur jgufebSi. maT Soris erTerTi yvelaze adrindelia 1930-ian wlebSi avstriis sofel marientalSi maria iahodas.

15 ix. socialuri problemis aRwerasTan erTad is miznad isaxavs misi mamoZravebeli Zalebis. Tanamimdevrulad xorcieldeba. piriqiT. yvelze xSirad dazverviTi gamokvleva ama Tu im problemis Seswavlis pirveli etapia. am dokumentSi Camoyalibebuli iqneba SerCeuli meTodis gamoyenebis marTebuloba. arsebobs Tu ara raime kavSiri am problemis sxvadasxva elements Soris. maTi rwmeniT. socialuri gamokvlevis sami ZiriTadi tipi arsebobs: dazverviTi. 1998. gamokvlevis programa empiriuli socialuri gamokvlevis Catareba arasodes ar aris TviTmizani — is miznad isaxavs axali codnis miRebas socialuri sinamdvilis ama Tu im aspeqtis Sesaxeb. aucilebelia. “dazveros” misi mdgomareoba. Tvisebrivi da raodenobrivi meTodebis “kontimuumze” laparaki socialuri kvlevis mimarT axlebur midgomas warmoadgens. romlebsac is emsaxureba. miT umetes — romelime erTi meTodiT. aRweriTi gamokvleva sruli kvleviTi programis SemuSavebas moiTxovs. gamokvlevis tipis SerCeva damokidebulia imazec. rogorc wesi. mkvlevarma SeiZleba daiwyos muSaoba am “kontiniumis” nebismier wertilSi. savele etapi. laparakoben maT Soris arsebuli “interaqtiuli kontiniumis” Sesaxeb. iseve rogorc raodenobrivi kvlevis Catarebis SemTxvevaSi. rogorc wesi. rom Tvisebrivi kvleva naklebad formalizebulia. kerZo biznesis. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press. Isadore Newman. rogorc wesi. romlis drosac xdeba informaciis Segroveba. Tvisebrivi da raodenobrivi meTodebi unda ganixilebodes rogorc urTierTSemavsebeli da urTierTgamamdidrebeli. Tu ramdenad iqna Seswavlili esa Tu is problema adrindeli gamokvlevebis Sedegad. kvlevis angariSis momzadeba da publikacia. rac kvlevis sworad warmarTvis pirobebSi ar Seamcirebs am kvlevis xarisxsa da mecnierul faseulobas15. amasTan. paralelurad gamoiyeneba informaciis Segrovebis ramdenime gansxvavebuli meTodi. programis Sedgena aucilebelia gamokvlevis miznebis. gamoxatulia gamokvlevis programaSi. kvlevis daniSnuleba da is interesebi. ara aqvs gamokveTili sawyisi da bolo wertili — kvleviTi amocanidan gamomdinare.sapirispirod. amocanebisa da problemebis Camoyalibebis mizniT. sworad Catarebuli analitikuri gamokvleva movlenebis ganviTarebis prognozirebis saSualebasac iZleva. mTavrobis. analitikuri gamokvleva yvelaze ufro rTulia. informaciis damuSaveba. romelsac. Seagrovos pirveladi monacemebi ama Tu im problemis irgvliv. emsaxureba akademiuri samyaros. romelic SemdegSi saSualebas miscems mkvlvrebs daadginon. Qualitative-Quantitative Research Methodology. and Carolyn R. 12 . aseT gamokvlevas. Zalian martiv programaze dayrdnobiT da mxolod erTi meTodis gamoyenebiT atareben. yvela tipis kvleva ramdenime etapisagan Sedgeba. esenia: gamokvlevis programis SemuSaveba. Exploring the Interactive Continuum. misi mizania garkveuli problemis an adamianTa jgufis Sesaxeb vrceli informaciis miReba. dazverviTi gamokvleva kvlevis yvelaze martivi tipia — misi mizania. aRweriTi da analitikuri. aRweriTi gamokvleva ufro rTulia. miRebuli Sedegebis analizi. Tu farTo sazogadoebis interesebs. mizezebis gamoaSkaravebas. Benz. analitikur gamokvlevaSi. miuxedavad imisa. romlebic. Tanamedrove etapze mkvlevari ar unda Semoifarglos meTodebis mxolod erTi jgufiT. gamokvlevis programebi gansxvavdeba kvlevis tipidan gamomdinare. misi Catarebisas. rac ufro mravali kuTxidan SevecdebiT Cvens winaSe mdgari amocanis Seswavlas. rom Sedgenili iqnes gamokvlevis programa. miT ufro mniSvnelovan da faseul Sedegebs miviRebT.

yvela kvleva tardeba ama Tu im socialuri problemis Seswavlis mizniT. magram isini yovelTvis xalxis erToblivi cxovrebiT. maSinac ki. agreTve mniSvnelovania am problemisadmi miZRvnili wina kvlevebis Sedegebis moZieba. romelic Teoriuli xasiaTisaa. romelic. 2. aucilebelia misi Sedgenis dros maqsimalurad davasabuToT Cveni miznebi da amocanebi. programis procedurul (meTodur) nawilSi saWiroa (1) Sesaswavli erTeulis (jgufis) gamoyofa da (2) informaciis Segrovebis meTodebis aRwera da daxasiaTeba. ar aris mizanSewonili erTi gamokvlevis farglebSi ramdenime socialuri problemis Seswavla — aseTi kvlevis praqtikuli ganxorcieleba Zalian Znelia. asaxaven interesebis sxvadasxvaobas da mosaxleobis farTo fenebisTvisaa mniSvnelovani. gamokvlevis miznis (an miznebis) da amocanebis dasaxva da (4) gamokvlevis hipoTezis Camoyalibeba. magram mas SeuZlia. ramdenadac. gamokvlevis programis mTavari mizania gamokvlevis problemis gansazRvra. misi aqtualobis dasabuTeba da am problemis SeswavlisaTvis SerCeuli gzebis marTebulobis damtkiceba. unda gamoiyos konkretuli sakiTxebis jgufi. gamokvlevis TemaSi gamo16 qvemoT moyvanili moTxovnebi ar aris SemuSavebuli specifikurad Tvisebrivi kvlevisaTvis.nebismieri kvleva programis SedgeniT iwyeba. programis meTodologiur nawilSi. Tu am dokumentis Sedgenas saTanado yuradRebis gareSe movepyrobiT. aseve raodenobriv kvlevas. xSirad ki SeuZlebelic. gamokvlevis programa. sazogadoebaSi arsebuli socialuri problemebi SeiZleba exebodes cxovrebis sxvadasxva sferos. gamokvlevis Temisa da obieqtis gansazRvra. gamokvlevis programa yvela tipis gamokvlevisTvis unda iqnes SemuSavebuli. agreTve “gamokvlevis koncefciis” saxeliTaa cnobili. dazverviTi gamokvlevis programis Sesaxeb vsaubrobT. gamokvlevis problemis ukeT Camoyalibebisa da misi aqtualobis dasabuTebis mizniT aucilebelia Seswavlili iqnes arsebuli literatura am problemasTan dakavSirebiT. rodesac yvelaze martivi. ganvixiloT moTxovnebi gamokvlevis programis orive nawilisadmi. rogorc wesi. gaamdidros Cveni codna maT Sesaxeb da daexmaros sazogadoebas arsebuli problemebis gadaWraSi. xdeba (1) socialuri problemis Camoyalibeba da misi aqtualobis dasabuTeba. SeiZleba mTeli gamokvleva CaiSalos. romelic mkvlevris ZiriTadi interesia. ra Tqma unda. literaturis mimoxilvaSi xdeba moZiebuli literaturis ganxilva da dagegmili kvlevis adgilis gansazRvra arsebul samecniero wyaroebs Soris. rogorc aRvniSneT. problemis Camoyalibeba. es moTxovnebi SeiZleba wavuyenoT rogorc Tvisebriv. 13 . gamokvleva am problemebs ver gadaWris.16 programis meTodologiuri nawili 1. (3) dasmuli problemidan gamomdinare. (2) gamokvlevis obieqtisa da Temis gansazRvra. gamokvlevis programis es nawili mizanSewonilia davasruloT Cveni uSualo kvleviTi kiTxvis CamoyalibebiT. programa unda pasuxobdes kvleviTi kiTxvebis logikur Tanamimdevrobas: o ra unda SeviswavloT? o ra miznebis misaRwevad unda SeviswavloT? o sad da ra pirobebSi unda SeviswavloT? o kvlevis ra saSualebebis gamoyenebiT unda SeviswavloT? am kiTxvebze pasuxebis Camoyalibeba gamokvlevis ukeT momzadebasa da CatarebaSi gvexmareba. ori nawilisagan Sedgeba: meTodologiuri da proceduruli. SeuZlebelia socialuri gamokvlevis Catareba “saerTod” — mas aucileblad unda hqondes fokusi. urTierTqmedebiT da/an maTi socialur institutebTan urTierTobiTaa gamowveuli.

ara aqvs azri. raa misi warmoSobis mizezebi da rogori SeiZleba iyos misi gadaWris gzebi. gamokvlevis hipoTezis Camoyalibeba. romlebic raime praqtikuli miznis misaRwevad tardeba. misi amocanebi SeiZleba iyos gvalvis gamo yvelaze metad dazaralebuli glexebisaTvis daxmarebis SesaZlo gzebis SemuSaveba. romelsac araviTari kavSiri ara aqvs soflis meurneobasTan an glexebi. romelic gvalvam mosaxleobas miayena. romlis Seswavlacaa dagegmili. Sesaswavli jgufis gamoyofa eyrdnoba gamokvlevis obieqtis gansazRvras. uaryofili hopiTezac SeiZleba kargi kvleviTi kiTxvebis dasmaSi dagvexmaros da swori mimarTuleba misces gamokvlevas. Tu gamokvlevis mizani mkvlevris farTo interess gamoxatavs. gamokvlevis obieqti Seswavlis uSualo sagania. rogorc wesi. Tu gamokvlevis mizani kaxeTSi gvalvis Sedegebis Sefasebaa. rogor SeiZleba aixsnas Sesaswavli procesebi. magaliTad. Tu Telavis saxelmwifo universitetis studentebis azris Seswavlas visaxavT miznad. raTa gaumklavdes zarals. socialuri problemebi Zalian rTulia. programis proceduruli nawili 1. romlebic im specifikuri socialur-demografiuli Tvisebebis matareblebi arian. gamokvlevis obieqtis gansazRvris Sedegad Cven vayalibebT generalur erTobliobas. ama Tu im sferoSi arsebuli problemebis gadaWris gzebis dasaxva da a. gamovkiTxoT Tbilisis mosaxleoba. sxva magaliTebi: Tu Cveni mizania saqarTvelos mosaxleobis azris Seswavla umaRlesi ganaTlebis reformasTan dakavSirebiT. xalxis cxovrebis donis Sefaseba. am SemTxvevaSi mas mxolod SemecnebiTi mizani eqneba — garkveuli problemis an sazogadoebrivi jgufis Sesaxeb monacemebis Segroveba. anu yvela im adamianis erTobliobas.w. gamokvlevis Temis gamoyofa aucilebelia imisTvis. gamokvleva SeiZleba atarebdes sufTa mecnierul xasiaTs. 3. romelic aqvs mosaxleobas. magaliTad. socialur gamokvlevebSi aucilebelia Sesaswavli erTeulebis SerCeva.kveTilia socialuri problemis is aspeqtebi. Tu ra bunebis problemasTan gvaqvs saqme. arsebobs. gamokvlevis miznisa da amocanebis dasaxva. (g) sxvadasxva saxis saxelmwifo an saerTaSoriso daxmarebis efeqturobis Sefaseba da sxv. 4. gamokvlevis Catarebis Sedegad hipoTeza an dadasturdeba. gamokvlevis Temis gamoyofa problemis gansazRvris Semdeg xdeba da mis yvelaze mniSvnelovan maxasiaTeblebs ukavSirdeba. hipoTeza mecnierulad dasabuTebuli varaudia imis Sesaxeb. an uaryofili iqneba. romelTa Seswavlac kvlevis mizans warmoadgens. romlebic imereTSi an aWaraSi cxovroben. nebismieri socialuri gamokvlevis Catarebas win uswrebs met-naklebad Camoyalibebuli mosazreba imis Sesaxeb. amocanebi am miznis dakonkretebis Sedegia. gamoyenebiTi kvlevebi. gamokvlevis obieqtis gansazRvra advilia gamomdinare im Temidan. magaliTad. rom kvleva mimarTuli iyos problemis swored im mxareebze. generalur erToblioba iqneba am universitetis yvela studentebi. esaa mosaxleoba (an misi romelime nawili) an sabuTebi. radgan praqtikulad SeuZlebelia gamokvlevis obieqtSi gansazRvruli yvela erTeulis 14 . socialur gamokvlevebSi. kargi hipoTeza iseT hipoTezas ar niSnavs. (b) resursebi. generalur erToblioba saqarTveloSi mcxovrebi yvela qalia. romelTa Seswavlac kvlevis mizans warmoadgens. codnis gaRrmaveba an Teoriuli mosazrebebis Semowmeba. agreTve e. romelTa uSualo Seswavlacaa dagegmili. Tu SeviswavliT kaxeTSi gvalvis gamo warmoqmnil problemebs.S. romlis Sedegadac gamoiyofa im mosaxleobis Tu sabuTebis raodenoba da konkretuli maxasiaTeblebi. romelic aucileblad dadasturdeba. rogorc wesi. Tu SeviswavliT qarTveli qalebis damokidebulebas ama Tu im problemisadmi. Tu rogori pasuxia mosalodneli mkvlevaris mier dasmul kiTxvebze. es SeiZleba iyos romelime azris gavrcelebis an sareklamo kampaniis efeqturobis Sefaseba. generalur erToblioba iqneba saqarTvelos yvela srulwlovani moqalaqe. gvalvis gavlenis Seswavlisas gamokvlevis uSualo Tema SeiZleba iyos (a) zaralis odenoba. romlebic uSualod unda iqnes Seswavlili.

9. instruqciebi da sxva). Sesaswavli jgufis gamoyofas sxvadasxva mniSvneloba aqvs raodenobrivi da Tvisebrivi meTodebis gamoyenebisas. 8. Spradley. 2. В. moifiqreT 5 socialuri problema. 363-401 (Chapter 13. Englewood Cliffs. Emerson. Perspectives and Formulations. kaxeTSi mcxovreb yvela glexs. 2004. Rinehart and Winston. Fifth edition. “The Extended Case Method. Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. 1998. Isadore Newman and Carolyn R. 2.” Pp. es arc aris saWiro. “konkretuli sociologiuri kvlevis meTodologia. 6. 15 . 1-60. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. Pp. Basics of Qualitative Research. Pp. N. garda amisa. 1998. 1-26. gv. С. 10. W.” Pp. aq aRiniSneba. da ratom. 2. Belmont. Howard S. rekomendebuli literatura: 1. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. dagegmeT am fenomenis Seswavla romelime Tvisebrivi meTodis gamoyenebiT. “Field Research”). Herbert Blumer. 1998. davalebebi: 1. informaciis Segrovebis meTodebi aRwerili unda iyos programis daskvniT nawilSi. Социологическое исследование: методология. Pp. 2003. Ill. mkvlevarTa jgufi ver gaesaubreba SezRuduli droisa da finansuri resursebis gamo. 5. программа. raodenobrivi meTodebiT muSaoba moiTxovs SerCevis reprezentatulobis uzrunvelyofas. anu ramdenime aTeul aTas adamians. 316 (Chapter 1. da misi amorCeva gansakuTrebul kanonzomierebebs eyrdnoba. 271-287 in: Michael Burawoy et al.J. Tu Cveni gamokvlevis generalur erTobliobas kaxeTis glexebi warmoadgenen. Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory. 4. Ядов. Prospect Heights. “Qualitative Filed Research”). Becker. iago kaWkaWiSvili. romelTa Seswavlac mizanSewonilad migaCniaT Tvisebrivi meTodebis meSveobiT. Anselm Strauss and Juliet Corbin. Pp. romelic sworad unda iyos SerCeuli. 1979. “The Epistemology of Qualitative Research. SeadgineT gamokvlevis programa TqvenTvis saintereso socialuri fenomenis empiriulad Seswavlis mizniT. Lawrence Neuman. 1995. Изд-во «Самарский университет». Michael Burawoy. Earl Babbie. Contemporary Field Research. 2001. 1991. “Ethnography and Culture”). Benz. Exploring the Interactive Continuum. CA: Thomson/Wadsworth.: Waveland Press. 3.” // sociologiuri kvlevis meTodebi. James P. mizanSewonilia specialur danarTSi moyvanili iqnes yvela is kvleviTi instrumenti (kiTxvebi. 3-14 (Chapter 1. aucilebelia mxolod glexebis nawilis Seswavla. magaliTad. Second Edition.anu generaluri erTobliobis yvela warmomadgenlis Seswavla. Power and Resistance in the Modern Metropolis. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press. Ethnographic Interview. Berkley: University of California Press. maSin rodesac Tvisebrivi meTodebiT muSaobisas aseTi moTxovna ar arsebobs. 42-80. generaluri erTobliobis am nawils SerCeviTi erToblioba hqvia. 1991. kvlevis romel meTodebs aniWeben upiratesobas gamokvlevis organizatorebi. “Introduction”). Pp. ed. Symbolic Interactionism: Perspective and Method. 7. Tbilisi: Tbilisis universitetis gamomcemloba. Second Edition. Ethnography Unbound. методы. Pp. New York: Holt. romlebic gamoyenebuli iqneba gamokvlevis Catarebisas. Qualitative-Quantitative Research Methodology. 22-44. 10th Edition. rogorc ukve aRvniSneT. The Practice of Social Research.: Prentice-Hall. 281-311 (Chapter 10. 1998 [1969]. 317-330 in: Robert M.

preintervius mTavari mizania kontaqtis damyareba respondentTan. by Jaber F. 210. siRrmiseuli interviu rogorc cnobilia. aramed. siRrmiseuli interviu. interviu informaciis Segrovebis erT-erTi yvelaze farTod gavrcelebuli saSualebaa. boigrafiul mecnierebaSi. Learning from Strangers. agreTve. anu ikavebs Sualedur pozicias struqturirebul da arastruqturirebul interviuebs Soris.. Holstein. 208.18 Tavad vaisi am meTods “Tvisebriv intervius” uwodebs. kvlevis sawyis etapze. P. romlis safuZvelzec SesaZlebeli gaxdeba garkveuli sazogadoebrivi kanonzomierebebis dadgena. Weiss. gamoiyeneba arastruqturirebuli interviuebi.” pp. New York: Free Press. “biografiuli interviu” da sxv. Rrma da Tanamimdevruli informaciis miRebas maTi cxovrebiseuli gamocdilebis Sesaxeb. magaliTad: Jaber F. P. arsebobs intervius mravali saxeoba. is jer kidev ar aris saTanadod damkvidrebuli socialuri kvlevebis samyaroSi. romelic kiTxvarze dayrdnobiT warimarTeba da saSualebas gvaZlevs.Tema 2. Gubrium and James A. gansxvavebuli midgomebis miuxedavad. nawilobriv struqturirebuli interviuebis ricxvs ganekuTvneba. “fokusirebuli interviu”. romelTa Sorisaa: “Tavisufali interviu”. marketingSi da sxv.w. siRrmiseul intervius mravali saxeliT moixsenieben. romlebic exmareba mkvlevars. gansakuTrebiT. romlebic mniSvnelovnad gansxvavdeba erTmaneTisagan. Tu rogori tipis interviusTan gvaqvs saqme: satelefono intervius xangrZlivoba SeiZleba 5 wuTs ar aRematebodes. Ed. mraval monaTesave dargSi: JurnalistikaSi. 16 .20 xSirad gamoiyofa siRrmiseuli intervius Semdegi fazebi: preinterviu. “From Individual Interview to the Interview Society. zog SemTxvevaSi ki — saerTo xasiaTis daskvnebis gakeTeba. maqsimalurad formalizebulad warvmarToT ramdenime aTasi interviu. Tavisi struqturisa da kiTxvebis tipidan gamomdinare. Tu rogor iqna arCeuli respondentad konkretulad es pirovneba. yvela am SemTxvevaSi am meTods aerTianebs is garemoeba. Gubrium. masobrivi gamokiTxvis Catarebisas gamoiyeneba struqturirebuli interviu. da es mxolod socialur mecnierebebTan dakavSirebiT rodia swori. interviuersa da respondents Soris urTierTobis formis safuZvelze gamoiyofa pirispiri. rom is miznad isaxavs respondentebisagan detaluri.an 17 ix. maT Soris gvxvdeba iseTebi. intervius orive am saxeobasTan SedarebiT. 18 zogi qarTveli mkvlevari am meTods “CaRrmavebul intervius” uwodebs. rom erTi saxeliT moixseniebodes”19. Seiqmnas saerTo warmodgena kvlevis obieqtebis Sesaxeb. nawilobriv struqturirebuli da arastruqturirebuli. davarwmunoT igi intervius anonimurobaSi da aucileblad vTxovoT nebarTva. CaviweroT interviu audio. Tumca Tvisebrivi interviu sxvaTa azris Seswavlis “bunebrivi saSualebaa. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. misi azriT. eTnografiuli kvlevis Catarebisas.w. intervius xangrZlivoba mniSvnelovnadaa damokidebuli imaze. Zalze gansxvavebul tips warmoadgens da e. “cxovrebis istoria” SeiZleba ramdenime dRes gagrZeldes. interviu SeiZleba iyos struqturirebuli. kerZod interviu da postinterviu. 19 Robert S. 2002. siRrmiseuli interviu da misi nairsaxeobebi gamoiyeneba ara mxolod socialur mecnierebebSi. 20 Ibid. “naratiuli interviu”. sayovelTao aRwerac da Jurnalisturi preskonferenciac intervius nairsaxeobebia. The Art and Method of Qualitative Interview Studies. romelic Tvisebrivi kvlevis erT-erTi “savizito baraTia”. Tanamedrove dasavlur sazogadoebas rigi mkvlevrebisa “intervius sazogadoebas” uwodebs17 — mosaxleobis interviuirebis sxvadasxva forma imdenadaa gavrcelebuli. 3-32 in: Handbook of Interview Research: Context and Method. kriminalistikaSi. xolo e. rom interviu yoveldRiuri cxovrebis nawilad iqca. 1994. swored preintervius dros unda avuxsnaT mas gamokvlevis mizani da is. yovel maTgans Tavisi funqcia aqvs. satelefono da safosto interviu. rogorc am meTodis erT-erTi wamyvani specialisti robert vaisi aRniSnavs.

Op cit. aramed. mniSvnelovania”22. “Tqven agebT pasuxs imaze. P. kerZod interviu warmoadgens kiTxva-pasuxis gacvlis process interviuersa da respondents Soris. da bolos. H. mis mier CvenTvis saintereso movlenebis Sefaseba. rogorc h. mxolod ukanasknel SemTxvevaSi SeuZlia interviuers. Walnut Creek. misi azriT. mniSvnelovania aRvniSnoT. amitom “rogor?” da "ratom?" kiTxvebi yvelaze xSiri da sasargebloa am tipis interviuSi. Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. magram amasTan rig damatebiT funqciasac asrulebs. gavigoT respondentebis maqsimalurad detaluri mosazrebebi Sesaswavl sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT. niSnavs icode. es ase ar aris. P. atarebs ara daqiravebuli interviueri. qvemoT detalurad visaubrebT interivus am nawilis Sesaxeb. CA: AltaMira Press. romelic muSaobda gamokvlevis programis Sedgenaze. daexmaro respondents mogvces es inforamcia”24. magram saSualebas aZlevT respondents. 66. Tu ra saxis informaciaa saWiro kvlevisaTvis da Segwevdes unari. agreTve Tvisebrivi interviuebis Catarebis mizniT. romelSi daxelovnebac mxolod misi gamoyenebis procesSia SesaZlebeli. rom saubari fokusirebuli iyos [kvlevis Temaze].23 “iyo kargi interviueri. erTi SexedviT. rogorc wesi. amitom interviueri arasodes ar unda Seecados. 23 es yovelTvis ase ar aris dasavleTis qveynebis Tanamedrove kvleviT praqtikaSi. da warmatebuli intervius Catarebas mTeli rigi profesiuli unar-Cvevebis daufleba da sakmaod mdidari praqtikuli gamocdileba ganapirobebs — es aris meTodi. da am leqciaSi terminebi “mkvlevari” da “interviueri” ixmareba rogorc sinonimebi. metic. siRrmiseuli intervius mizania.r. miuxedavad amisa. P. 2002. — aRniSnavs robert vaisi. romlic drosac orive monawiles erTi mizani amoZravebs — esaa axali informaciis warmoeba kvlevis TemasTan dakavSirebiT. valdebulia uzrunvelyos. gansazRvros saubris Sinaarsi. 17 . 21 22 Ibid. misi reaqcia am SemTxvevasTan dakavSirebiT. Russel Bernard. siRrmiseuli interviu waagavs Tavisufal saubars mkvlevarsa da respondents Soris. am saleqcio kursSis farglebSi Cven ufro mizanSewonilad migvaCnia. romlis saSualebiTac respondenti mogviTxrobs Tavis ambavs”21. meTodis daxasiaTeba Tumca. mieciT mas ufleba. Tu gamokvlevis programa aseT Sexvedras iTvaliswinebs. romelic. misi TqmiT. rom saubarma ar gadauxvios kvlevis Temas. am TanamSromlobaSi interviueri “is instrumentia.videofirze. Tumca man es rbilad unda gaakeTos. Tumca. ra Tqma unda. Third edition. dawvrilebiT agviRweros esa Tu is SemTxveva Tavisi cxovrebidan da misi STabeWdilebebi. Reseach Methods in Anthropology. Tu es winaswar iyo molaparakebuli. rac SeiZleba meti ilaparakos Tavisi cxovrebis Sesaxeb. rom siRrmiseul intervius. robert vaisi ganixilavs siRrmiseul intervius rogorc interviuersa da respondents Soris TanamSromlobis process. rom siRrmiseuli interviu Tavad mkvlevarma Caataros. Weiss. romelsac interviu exeba.bernardi aRniSnavs. da sxv. mogawodoT informacia. romelsac ara aqvs miRebuli monawileoba kvlevis dagegmvis procesSi. sadac miRebulia interviuerebis daqiraveba ara mxolod raodenobrivi. 209. man unda misces respondents saSualeba. swored postintervius dros SeiZleba molaparakebuli iqnes Semdgomi Sexvedris SesaZlebloba. postinterviu respondentisa da interviueris damSvidobebis procesia. misi damokidebuleba garkveuli xalxis an movlenebisadmi. srulad akontrolos intervius msvlelobis procesi — piriqiT. aramed Tavad mkvlevari. gamoiyenos Tavisi Zalaufleba da Seitanos cvlileba intervius msvlelobaSi. romlis msvlelobaSic mkvlevari iRebs misTvis saWiro informacias. 65. 24 Robert S. ara nakleb xSirad aqvs adgili Txovnas respondentisadmi. gadaeces respondents saCuqari an fuladi anazRaureba gamokvlevaSi monawileobisaTvis. winaswar Seiswavla socialuri problema.

26 Robert S. kiTxvebis formulirebisa da Tanamimdevrobis Secvla Zalian xSiri da/an radikaluri iyos. siRrmiseuli intervius dros mizanSewonilia. da am Temebisa da sakiTxebis ufro Rrmad Seswavlis saSualebas gvaZlevs. romlebic SedarebiT naklebadaa Seswavlili. rom. rom aseTi kiTxvebi gansakuTrebiT mizanSewonilia iseTi Temebis Seswavlis mizniT. miT ufro meti masala gveqneba dasamuSaveblad da miT ufro metia imis albaToba. saubari usasrulod gagrZeldes. rom is saSualebas gvaZlevs rogorc Cven. rom winaswar SemuSavebuli gegmisagan gadaxveva. magram Zalian zogadad ganixilavs mas. Tu gvinda miviRoT sando Tvisebrivi monacemebi. magaliTad. zedmiwevniT zustad davicvaT iq dasmuli kiTxvebis formulireba da Tanamimdevroba. uSualod intervius procesSi wamoWrili axali Temebis ganviTareba SesaZlebeli xdeba. miT ukeTesi iqneba. siRrmiseuli interviu nawilobriv struqturirebuli interviuebis ricxvs ganekuTvneba. rac SemdgomSi saSualebas mogvcems. SeiZleba dausvas aseTi kiTxva: “rogor ganviTarda bolo aseTi SemTxveva?” an “rodis moxda es ambavi bolos?”26 rac ufro vrcel informacias viRebT respondentis gamocdilebis Sesaxeb. aseTi inforamciis miRebaSi mas xSirad exmareba moTxovna. sadiskusio gegma mkvlevris samuSao instrumentia. 74-76. Tu respondenti yveba Tavisi gamocdilebis Sesaxeb. sirRmiseuli interviu warmatebulia maSin. amitom iTvleba. mainc. siRrmiseuli intervius mTavari Rirseba isaa. Tumca dasaSvebia garkveuli variaciebi. anu iseT kiTxvebze. ar aris sasurveli. rac met informacias miviRebT misgan. rac ufro uwyvetia respondentis Txroba. droulad “gamoicnos” is pasuxebi da gadaxvevebi. interviueri aucileblad unda Caeros saubarSi da sTxovos mas. Pp. cit. magram praqtikaSi SeuZlebelia. romelic emyareba intervius procesSi gansaxilveli Temebisa da sakiTxebis winaswar Seswavlas. intervius mizania respondentisgan informaciis miReba da. romlebic aqtualuria gamokvlevisaTvis. interviuerma Zalian cota ilaparakos. miT ufro warmatebulia interviu. magram sxvadasxva mizezis gamo ar iqna winaswar gaTvaliswinebuli kvlevis dagegmvis etapze. SevadaroT sxvadasxva intervius Sedegad miRebuli informacia. Op. Weiss. ramdenadac sadiskusio gegma ar moiTxovs. siRrmiseuli intervius xangrZlivoba damokidebulia gamokvlevis tipze da/an Temaze. am monaxazs sadiskusio gegma ewodeba. siRrmiseuli interviu ZiriTadad “Ria” kiTxvebze dayrdnobiT warimarTeba. Teoriulad. aramed garkveul Tavisuflebas gvaniWebs. rodesac mkvlevarma miiRo mdidari da detaluri informacia sakvlev sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT.5 saaTs grZeldeba da iSviaTad grZeldeba 3 saaTze mets.25 sadiskusio gegmis momzadeba aucilebelia. romlebic 25 am leqciis Semdeg (magaliTi #1) moyvanilia siRrmiseuli intervius sadiskusio gegmis magaliTi. rom kvleva warmatebuli iqneba. TiTqmis ar gvxvdeba siRrmiseul interviuSi. rogorc zemoT aRvniSneT. aseve respondentebs uSualod intervius msvlelobisas wamovwioT an ganvaviTaroT axali Temebi. ar gamovtovoT mniSvnelovani sakiTxebi da maqsimaluri informacia miviRoT respondentisgan CvenTvis saintereso sakiTxebis Sesaxeb. romlebic ar sTavazoben respondentebs pasuxis SesaZlo variantebs. rogorc wesi. mkvlevari aranairad ar “ubiZgebs” maT garkveuli kategoriis pasuxebisaken. gansaxilveli Temebis Tanamimdevroba intervius dros sasurvelia ucvleli iyos. amitom mkvlevris profesionalizmis erT-erTi umniSvnelovanesi maCvenebelia. 18 . mkvlevrebs. amave mizniT. romelic gvexmareba vakontroloT intervius procesi. romlebic Zalian gavrcelebulia raodenobriv kvlevebSi. daakonkretebinos respondents misi pasuxebi. daakonkretos esa Tu is detali. mkvlevari ar amzadebs struqturirebul kiTxvars — magram mas yovelTvis aqvs Sedgenili savaraudo kiTxvebis da maTi sasurveli Tanamimdevrobis werilobiTi monaxazi. swored es garemoeba ganapirobebs imas. “daxuruli” kiTxvebi. ra Tqma unda.siRrmiseuli intervius Catarebis mizniT. magram nebismier SemTxvevaSi is sul cota 1 — 1. aseT kiTxvebze pasuxis gacemisas respondentebs sruli Tavisufleba eniWebaT sakuTari azris gamoxatvisas.

magram nu daviviwyebT. unda davukavSirdeT warmatebul biznesmenebs. rom misi gamoyenebis manZilze SemuSavebuli iqna misi ramdenime nairsaxeoba. siRrmiseuli interviu tardeba pirispir mkvlevarsa da respondents Soris. aseTi interviu arasodes ar tardeba quCaSi an sazogadoebrivi TavSeyris adgilebSi. vinaidan yvela respondenti. 29 ix. iTvleba. masobrivi gamokiTxvis dros gamokiTxul aTasobiT respondentTan SedarebiT es ricxvi SeiZleba Zalian mcired mogveCvenos. siRrmiseuli intervius specipikuri saxeobebi siRrmiseuli interviu Tvisebrivi kvlevis Zalze gavrcelebuli meTodia. siRrmiseuli interviuebis Catarebis dros aseTi ram SedarebiT iSviaTad xdeba. Znelia CamovayaliboT zusti wesebi. rom yoveli aseTi intervius dros Cawerili saubris qaRaldze gadatanas (“gaSifvras”) sul cota 68 saaTi dasWirdeba. axali informacia umniSvnelo da periferiuli xasiaTisaa da aRar amdidrebs Cvens codnas Sesaswavli sakiTxis Sesaxeb. biografiul-naratiuli interviu da “cxovrebis istoria”. aseve eTikuri TvalsazrisiTac (respondentebis konfidencialobis dacva).29 siRrmiseuli intervius Catareba yovelTvis winaswar SeTanxmebulia respondentTan da tardeba aseve winaswar SeTanxmebul adgilas — es SeiZleba iyos respondentis saxli. da SerCevis erT-erTi moTxovna swored maTi lingvistikuri komunikaciis maRali donea. rogorc wesi. siRrmiseuli intervius Catareba ufro mizanSewonilia mkvlevris ofisSi. an xalxTan. rodesac axali interviuebis msvlelobaSi miRebuli informacia meordeba. vinaidan respondentebs Soris SeiZleba Segvxvdes adamianebi. 28 Robert S. ris Sedegadac miviRebT 20-ze meti gverdis moculobis teqsts (“transkripts”). im moTxovnebis gaTvaliswinebiT. 21. Weiss. P. iseve 27 SesaZloa. misi samsaxuri an mkvlevris ofisi. es moTxovna damatebiT pasuxismgeblobas akisrebs mkvlevars rogorc teqnikuri TvalsazrisiT (teqnikuri aRWurvilobis momzadeba. da a. da iswavlos respondentis Tavazianad gaCumeba da saubris msvlelobis Secvla saWiro mimarTulebiT. rogorebicaa kafe. iseve rogorc saerTod Tvisebrivi meTodebiT muSaobisas. Tumca. misi gamarTulad muSaobis uzrunvelyofa). 19 . damatebiTi interviuebis Catareba aRar aris gamarTlebuli28. unda moviwvioT studentebi da/an profesor-maswavleblebi. raTa miRebuli iqnes sakmarisi da sando empiriuli monacemebi. Weiss. rom siRrmiseuli intervius meTodiT ganxorcielebuli erTi gamokvlevis farglebSi sakmarisia 20-30-dan 50-60-mde siRrmiseuli intervius Catareba27. siRrmiseuli intervius diqtofonze Cawera aucilebelia misi Semdgomi analizis mizniT. cit. Tu SeviswavliT warmatebul biznes-karieras. yvela am intervius damuSaveba ver moxerxdes. Cveulebriv saqme gvaqvs erTi da igive socialuri jgufis warmomadgenlebTan. romlebic ver moaxerxeben Tavisi azris sakmaod vrclad Camoyalibebas. maSin kvlevaSi monawileoba axalgazrda mSoblebma unda miiRon. unda CavataroT interviu migrantebTan. Tu gamokvlevis Temaa migracia. es Zalze Sromatevadi samuSaoa. romelTa Tanaxmadac xdeba respondentebis SerCeva siRrmiseuli interviusaTvis. cit.S. vinaidan amis miRweva sakmaod Znelia respondentis ojaxSi. Tu gamokvlevis Temaa bavSvebis aRzrdasTan dakavSirebuli saerTo problemebi. Op. sadac daculi iqneba simSvide da intervius CatarebisaTvis xelsayreli sxva pirobebi. Op. sxva pirTa daswreba akrZalulia. respondentebis SerCeva xdeba gamokvlevis miznidan gamomdinare. romlebsac mkvlevars gamokvlevis amocana karnaxobs. Tu gamokvleva umaRlesi saswavleblebis problemebs exeba. da gasakviri ar aris. individualurad aris xolme SerCeuli. aq arasodes ara gvaqvs saqme reprezentatul SerCevasTan. saerTo rCeva interviuebis raodenobasTan dakavSirebiT aseTia: interviuebis Catareba unda Sewydes maSin. biblioTeka da sxv. Robert S. Sesabamisad.zedmeti an usargebloa am konkretuli gamokvlevis problemis Seswavlis TvalsazrisiT. yvela interviu damuSavebuli da gaanalizebuli unda iqnes. romlebsac miRebuli aqvs garkveuli gamocdileba — magaliTad.

“cxovrebis istoriis” gamoyenebisadmi ori midgoma gamoirCeva: tradiciuli. da sxv. germaneli) mkvlevrebis mier. 1998. “cxovrebis istoriis” meTodis erT-erTi umniSvnelovanesi upiratesoba gamoixateba sxvadasxva pirovnebebis istoriebis Sedarebis da garkveuli socialuri kanonzomierebebis Ziebis SesaZleblobaSi. amerikul sociologiaSi es meTodi saTaves iRebs Cikagos skolis warmomadgenlebis uiliam Tomasis da florian znaneckis klasikuri gamokvlevidan “poloneli glexi evropasa da amerikaSi” (1918) da kliford r. SedarebiT axali midgoma miznad isaxavs respondentis cxovrebiseuli gzis interpretacias da/an aseTi interpretaciis SesaZlo gzebis Seswavlas. fotosuraTebi da sxv. migraciis gavlena adamianis cxovrebaze da axal kulturul garemoSi adaptaciis sirTuleebi. ra Tqma unda. ra gavlena iqonies maT Cveulebrivi adamianis cxovrebaze. es meTodi TiTqos respondentis mTeli cxovrebis momcvelia. rogorc wesi. vinaidan rTuli ekonomikuri pirobebi qalebs xSirad ubiZgebda aralegaluri abortebi gaekeTebinaT. romelic miznad isaxavs respondentis cxovrebis obieqtur aRweras da gamoirCeva interesiT imisadmi. dRiurebi.rogorc fokus-jgufi. socialur mecnierebebSi gamoiyeneba “cxovrebis istoriis” ramdenime saxeoba. Zalauneburad SerCeviTia. amitom es meTodi farTod gamoiyeneba sociologiaSi. samive es meTodi Tavisi ZiriTadi maxasiaTeblebiT siRrmiseuli intervius analogiuria. kriminalistikaSi. saubari mTeli dRe ar mimdinareobs. am politikas tragikuli Sedegebi hqonda qalebis janmrTelobisa da TviT sicocxlisTvisac ki.30 30 ix. intervius msvlelobaSi miRebuli informaciis gamdidrebis mizniT mkvlevarma SeiZleba gamoiyenos piradi dokumentebi. “cxovrebis istoria” iTvaliswinebs respondentis cxovrebis dawvrilebiT aRweras. raTa Sevsebuli da gamdidrebuli iqnes mkvlevrebis xelT arsebuli statistikuri masala. aseT SemTxvevaSic ki interviu Zalian xangrZlivia da SeiZleba ramenime dRis ganmavlobaSi gagrZeldes (aseT SemTxvevebSi. SeiZleba ganvixiloT rogorc siRrmiseuli intervius nairsaxeobebi — Tumca maT sakmaod specifikuri Tvisebebi gaaCnia. Berkley: University of California Press. siRrmiseuli interviusagan gansxvavebiT. fsiqiatriaSi. The Politics of Duplicity. rodesac eris gamavlebis iZulebiTi politika tardeboda. amerikelma sociologma geil kligmanma (Gail Kligman) “cxovrebis istoriis” gamoyenebiT Seiswavla rumineli qalebis reproduqciuli janmrTelobis problemebi CauSeskus reJimis dros. es ase ar aris. romelsac kvlevis procesSi SeviswavliT. 1930iani wlebidan interesi am meTodisadmi Sesustda. Gail Kligman. romelic farTod gamoiyeneba evropeli (upirveles yovlisa. romlebic arakvalificiurad keTdeboda. “cxovrebis istoriis” meSveobiT SeiZleba Seswavlili iqnes. cxovrebis periodi. amerikuri kvleviTi tradiciisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli “cxovrebis istoria” da biografiul-naratiuli interviu. mxolod Txrobis fokusirebis an qronologiis dacvis mizniT xdeba. da misi Semdgomi Careva Txrobis procesSi Zalian umniSvneloa. es aris arastruqturirebuli interviu. am konteqstSi es meTodi xSirad gamoiyeneba axali socialuri fenomenebis Seswavlis mizniT. SevafasoT socialuri cvlilebebis mniSvneloba. Controlling Reproduction in Ceausescu's Romania. magram ramdenime dRis manZilze mkvlevari da interviueri ramdenime saaTs saubroben). magaliTad. 20 . Sous “jek roleris” cxovrebis aRweraSi (1930). fsiqologiaSi. SeviswavloT socialuri procesebis subieqturi Sefasebebi. kerZod. romlis Sesaxebac Semdeg leqciaze visaubrebT. aseTi midgoma gvexmareba. Tu ra asaxva pova mis cxovrebaSi farTo socialurma procesebma. ris gamoc maT mravali qalis sicocxle Seewira. romelic ar moiTxovs sadiskusio gegmis SemuSavebas da romlis Catarebis procesSic mkvlevris roli xSirad mxolod msmenelis rols utoldeba — is sTxovs respondents. rogorebicaa werilebi. ris Sedegadac es midgoma fsiqologias uaxlovdeba. Tumca misi saxeliT Tu vimsjelebT. mouyves mas Tavisi cxovrebis Sesaxeb. gavamaxviloT yuradReba socialur procesebsa da individualur cxovrebas Soris arsebul kavSirze. magram 1960-anebSi kvlav gaZlierda.

es meTodika gansakuTrebiT mgrZnobiare. Emigrazione. amasTan. didia imis albaToba. rodesac respondentebs euxerxulebaT saubari an ar undaT. saSualebas gvaZlevs gansakuTrebulad Rrmad SeviswavloT am procesebis roli adamianis cxovrebaSi. esec arastruqturirebuli interviua. amitom gadawyvets. rom aseT situaciaSi respondenti Tavs uxerxulad grZnobs. vidre is Tavidan apirebda gaemJRavnebina CvenTvis. mniSvnelovania. araSefasebiTi damokidebuleba misi gamocdilebis an misi azrebisadmi da misi unari daarwmunos respondenti. rom biografiul-naratiul interviuSi ufro meti yuradReba eTmoba Tavad respondentis Sefasebebis Seswavlas mis cxovrebaSi mimdinare procesebTan dakavSirebiT. romelic ar iwvevs intervius mimarTulebis Secvlas. gaagrZelos siCume Tu droulad gadavides morig kiTxvaze. daxurul Temebze saubrisas gamoiyeneba. rodesac respondentma daasrula pasuxi raime kiTxvaze. arsebobs specialuri profesiuli meTodikebi. Sesabamisad. maTi meSveobiT Cven vubiZgebT respondents. 2000. 1) siCume. vidre Tavidan apirebda. Halle/Saale: Hallescher Verlag. es meTodikebi xSirad moixsenieba rogorc “zondirebis” saSualebebi (“probing”). romelic bolomde ar ganumartavs. Fra realtà locale e processi globali. mkvlevari arafers ambobs. an agvixsnas is. amasTan. rom intervius Sedegad miRebuli informacia mxolod kvleviTi amocanebisTvis iqneba gamoyenebuli. magram mkvlevari ar aris maincdamainc kmayofili miRebuli pasuxiT. rogorc am meTodis Teoretikosebi varaudoben. droulad auRos alRo situacias da gadawyvitos. rodesac respondentebi aRiqvamen gamokvlevis Temas rogorc Zalze rTuls an saTuTs. aseTi urTierTobis winapirobaa mkvlevris WeSmariti interesi respondentis cxovrebisadmi. rom saubris dros warmoqmnili pauzis dros mkvlevarma morigi kiTxva dasvas. rom am meTodikis warmatebiT gamoyeneba Zalze rTulia. da amis gamo SeiZleba Tavi Seikavon detaluri da gulwrfeli pasuxebisagan. Tan ambobs mets. rac am sakiTxTanaa dakavSirebuli. mas SeuZlia ubralod nela gaimeoros respondentis mier naTqvami bolo sityva an fraza. raime gavlena iqonios respondentis pasuxze. romelic respondentis gulwrfelobas gamoiwvevs. vinaidan aq ar SeiZleba gadaWarbeba — SeiZleba isec moxdes. am intervius ZiriTadi gansxvaveba “cxovrebis istoriisagan” imaSi gamoixateba. rac. rom is neitraluria.“cxovrebis istoriis” analogiurad. qvemoT ganvixilavT respondentebis gulaxdilobis gamomwvev ramdenime meTodikas — “siCumes”. es meTodika Zalian misasalmebelia im TvalsazrisiTac. is agrZelebs Cumad jdomas. mkvlevars unda Seswevdes unari. ar svams damatebiT kiTxvebs. xSirad xdeba. imis magivrad. zondireba gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania iseT SemTxvevebSi. rom respondenti daubrundeba Sewyvetil Temas da ufro srul informacias mogvawvdis. Tavad Seavsos siCume. 3) ganacxadi. aRsaniSnavia. da Tavisuflad saubrobs respondentTan “daxuruli” an “akrZa31 Gabriele Cappai. daasrulos azri. im SemTxvevaSi. aseT SemTxvevaSi Camovardnili siCume SeiZleba uxerxuli gaxdes.31 respondentTa gulaxdilobis gamomwvevi meTodikebi siRrmiseuli intervius warmatebis upirveles sawindars warmoadgens interviuersa da respondents Soris iseTi urTierTobis damyareba. vinaidan am tipis intervius erT-erTi mTavari mizani Txrobis spontanurobis uzrunvelyofaa. rasac mxolod gakvriT Seexo. “eqos” da “ganacxads”. TiTqos man ukve icis yvelaferi. ar axdens gavlenas respondentebis pasuxebze. Sesabamisad. rom respondenti aRar apirebs arafris Tqmas. gamoviwvioT respondentis meti gulwrfeloba da miviRoT misgan meti informacia. romlis msvlelobaSic interviueri minimalurad ereva saubarSi. ganacxadis teqnikis gamoyenebisas mkvlevari iqceva ise. 2) eqo Zalze neitraluri da nakleb sarisko meTodikaa. associanismo ed identità nelle società multikulturali. gamoricxulia. agrZelebs saubars. 21 . rom maTi gamoyenebis dros interviueri ar ereva saubarSi. biografiul-naratiuli interviuc respondentis cxovrebiseuli gamocdilebis Seswavlas isaxavs miznad. raime jgufuri saidumlo “gascen”. romlebic gvexmareba.

H.belanovskis mohyavs sruli zondirebis aseTi magaliTi: interviueri: Tavis tkivilis ra wamlebi iciT? respondenti: aspirini.. isini erTmaneTSi meSleba xolme. veRarafers vixseneb. respondenti: kidev. vinaidan rac ufro gaTviTcnobierebuli miaCnia mkvlevari am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT. mosalodnelia gacilebiT meti gviTxras. cit. kerZod.. Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. analizi pirveli intervius dasrulebisTanave unda daiwyos. ukeT SevarCioT kiTxvebi Semdeg interviuebisaTvis.34 amis sapirispirod. SesaZloa. rom iseve rogorc nebismieri Tvisebrivi monacemebis SemTxvevaSi. da. miT ufro uadvildeba laparaki. amboben. magram saxeli ar maxsovs. spazgani. rac ufro gulaxdilia respondenti CvenTan saubrisas. interviueri: (siCume. 26. siRrmiseuli intervius (da misi nebismieri nairsaxeobis) Sedegebis damuSaveba ar aris kvlevis izolirebuli safexuri. Tu rogor iqneba gamoyenebuli intervius msvlelobaSi miRebuli informacia. ramdenadac Catarebuli intervius Sedegebis gaanalizeba dagvexmareba. Russel Bernard. P. imaze. maqsigani. Белановский. 1979. rom es meTodika SeiZleba Zalze efeqturi iyos. masze garkveul gavlenas 32 damatebiT aseTi meTodikebis Sesaxeb ix. New York: Holt. raRac wamali. aramed monacemTa analizi savele etapis dros. analgini.33 sruli zondireba mTavrdeba maSin. jeims spradlis Tanaxmad. Метод фокус-групп. da citramoni. interviuebis Catarebis paralelurad iwyeba. rom araviTari saidumlo ar gaucia — mkvlevarma isedac icoda yvelaferi. 151. interviueri: hm. miT metia Cveni pasuxismgebloba imasTan dakavSirebiT. amis Sedegad respondents uCndeba grZnoba. ukve apirebda. swored Cven varT pasuxismgeblebi. Pp. rodesac ukeTesic aris.32 “zondireba” SeiZleba iyos arasruli an sruli. am TemasTan dakavSirebiT aRaraferia dasamali. ris Tqmasac is. Rinehart and Winston. misi gamoyenebis SemTxvevaSi yovelTvis unda vifiqroT respondentis interesebze da ar davarRvioT eTikis elementaruli normebi.: Никколо М. interviueri: aRaraferi? respondenti: diax. 2001. miuxedavad imisa. da is ufro gulaxdili xdeba. piramidoni. vidre sxva SemTxvevaSi ityoda. 2002. Op. agreTve. vinaidan Tvlis. interviueri: kidev? respondenti: sxva araferi maxsendeba.. С. interviueri: kidev? respondenti: Svils panadols vaZlev xolme. 33 С.luli” detalebis Sesaxeb. aris SemTxvevebi. ramdenadac TviTon es meTodebi araa formalizebuli. robert vaisi miiCnevs. reklamaa xolme televiziiT. Weiss. avtorebis umravlesoba xazs usvams. zog SemTxvevaSi ki SeuZlebeli amocanaa.) respondenti: kidev. interviueri: baralgini. rom naadrevia analizis dawyeba savele etapis damTavrebamde. Ethnographic Interview.35 ar SeiZleba ar vaRiaroT. rom Tvisebrivi analizi bevradaa damokidebuli mkvlevris individualur midgomaze. 210-217. respondenti: a. P. rom mogvianebiT man ar inanos. 35 Robert S. SevaCeroT respondenti da ar vaTqmevinoT is. is gabedulad grZnobs Tavs. is usafrTxoao. rom yvelaferi isedac cnobilia. 22 . Spradley. rom respondents aRaraferi aqvs saTqmeli am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT. gamaxsenda — kidev baralgini. 92. Research Methods in Anthropology. Tu ar vcdebi. romelsac ormagi moqmedeba aqvs. maTi Sedegebis damuSavebis formalizaciac Zalian rTuli. rom dagvTanxmda interviuze. rodesac interviueri darwmundeba. zog SemTxvevaSi. siRrmiseuli intervius Sedegebis damuSavebis SesaZleblobebi ar arsebobs unificirebuli midgoma Tvisebrivi Sedegebis damuSavebisadmi.. 34 James P. М. s.

Tqveni azriT. 3. davalebebi: 1. kategoriebi an kanonzomierebebi. Pp. ra sirTuleebs grZnobdiT intervius Catarebis procesSi da rogor gadalaxeT es sirTuleebi). diskursuli analizi. Tu adre kodireba “xeliT” xdeboda da mkvlevari yuradRebiT kiTxulobda yvela intervius transkripts. sadac Zalze farTod gamoiyeneba citatebi Catarebuli interviuebidan. rogorc wesi. ra reaqcia hqonda respondents Tqvens SekiTxvebze. romelsac SeuZlia intervius transkriptebis kodireba37. am SemTxvevaSi Sedegebi gamoixateba ara ama Tu im maCveneblis gavrcelebis an misi gamovlenis sixSiris SefasebaSi. iseve rogorc yvela misi nairsaxeobis gamoyenebiT Catarebuli gamokvlevis Sedegad Cven ver davTvliT Sedegebs procentulad. amJamad arsebobs ramdenime kompiuteruli programa. 449-488.bernards.r. esenia. es analizis sawyisi etapia. siRrmiseuli intervius. 36 37 H. magaliTad. ramdenadac gamoyofili tipebi. siRrmiseuli intervius da misi analogiuri meTodebis gamoyenebiT Catarebuli kvlevebis Sedegebis warmodgena xdeba angariSis saxiT. romlebic adasturebs mkvlevris mier gakeTebul daskvnebs. agreTve interviuebis Sedegad Segrovebuli masalis specifika. amave dros. Op. cit. kontent-analizi. interpretaciuli analizi. Tumca mkvlevrebis axali Taoba xSirad kompiuterul programebs aniWebs upiratesobas. rigi Tvisebrivi mkvlevrebisa mainc “xeliT” muSaobas amjobinebs. kanonzomierebebis.IST. SesaZlebelia gamovyoT ramdenime ZiriTadi midgoma Tvisebrivi teqsturi informaciis analizisadmi.ti da NUD. an misi romelime aspeqtis tipologizacia. yvelaze ufro gavrcelebuli mosazrebis Tanaxmad. 23 . romelic. magaliTad: naratiuli analizi. gadalaxvis gzebis Sesaxeb informaciis miRebaSi. hermenevtikuli analizi. miuxedavad amisa. CaatareT 3 siRrmiseuli interviu (SeZlebisdagvarad — sxvadasxva socialuri da demografiuli maxasiaTeblebis mqone respondentebTan) Tqvens mier Sedgenili sadiskusio gegmis safuZvelze.36 teqstis Tvisebrivi analizis TiTqmis yvela saxeoba moiTxovs informaciis kodirebas anu mniSvnelovani Tematuri blokebis an elementebis gamoyofas respondentis monaTxrobSi. mkvlevris analitikuri unaris gamoyenebiT. aseTi programebia. bunebrivia. mizezebis. swored kodirebis dros xdeba. aramed garkveuli socialuri problemis Sefasebebis. “dafuZnebuli Teoria” (grounded theory). Tu rogor warimarTa es interviuebi (SesaZlebeli iyo Tu ara intervius etapebis gamoyofa. gaSifreT Tqvens mier Catarebuli erT-erTi intervius audioCanaweri. SeadgineT siRrmiseuli saintereso Temaze. intervius sadiskusio gegma TqvenTvis 2. ATLAS. dawereT dawvrilebiTi angariSi imis Sesaxeb.axdens. yvela es analitikuri strategia kargad aqvs ganxiluli h. yvelaze warmatebulad warimarTa. Teoriuli abstraqciis Sedegia. miuxedavad amisa. rogorc wesi. Tvisebrivi monacemebis analizis saboloo mizania miRebuli Sedegebis safuZvelze Sesaswavli fenomenis. anu socialurad mniSvnelovani tipebis garkveuli klasifikaciis Seqmna. es xdeba respondentTa naambobze daydnobiT da. samive interviu CawereT audiokasetaze. sawyisi Teoriuli konstruqtebis gamoyofa. Russel Bernard. raTa aRmoeCina mniSvnelovani Temebi.

5. New York: Free Press. 1995. Gabriele Cappai. Ethnographic Interview. 78-89. Gubrium. The Active Interview. 148-205 (“Bitter Memories: The Politics of Reproduction in Everyday Life”). CA: AltaMira Press. John Lofland and Lyn Lofland. Pp. Fra realtà locale e processi globali. 7.rekomendebuli literatura: 1. Rinehart and Winston. Глубокое интервью. Emigrazione. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. H. Pp. 2000. Reseach Methods in Anthropology. 2002. associanismo ed identità nelle società multikulturali. The Art and Method of Qualitative Interview Studies. Walnut Creek. Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. James A. Russel Bernard. 2. 6. James P. 4. Robert S. С. Calif. 8. Белановский. Spradley. 3. 2000. М. 206-220 (“Unstructured Interviewing”) and 449-488 (“Some Traditions of Text Analysis”). Controlling Reproduction in Ceausescu’s Romania. Weiss. 24 . Analyzing Social Settings: A Guide to Qualitative Observation and Analysis. Halle/Saale: Hallescher Verlag. Holstein and Jaber F. Belmont. 1995. Berkley: University of California Press. Learning from Strangers. Pp. The Politics of Duplicity. New York: Holt. Gail Kligman.: Никколо М. 1994.: Wadsworth. Third edition. 1998. 1979.

magram ver Caabara. moniSnos. savsebiT dasaSvebia da mosalodnelic aris. ojaxi. sxva] ratom airCieT es specialoba? [nanobs?] romelime sxva specialobaze Tu fiqrobdiT? dRes rom irCevdeT specialobas. Tu ra damatebiT codnas miiRebs interviueri Sesaswavl sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT.] vin brZandebiT? gTxovT mokled momiyveT Tqveni Tavis Sesaxeb. garda amisa. [SesavalSi gaacaniT respondents intervius mizani. sadiskusio gegma SeiZleba Seicavdes pasuxis mosalodnel variantebs — aq yvelaze xSirad gvxvdeba variantebi. 25 . Tu interviueri amas saWirod miiCnevs. mas SeuZlia Seitanos sadiskusio gegmaSi garkveuli cvlilebebi. [asaki. arc ucdia. ra kiTxva miaCnia yvelaze mizanSewonilad ama Tu im informaciis miRebis mizniT. amocanebi. imis mixedviT. skolis damTavrebis Semdeg gasuli mTeli drois manZilze] ra ganaTleba gaqvT miRebuli? sad swavlobdiT? rodis daamTavreT swavla? [Tu respondenti ar swavlobs da arc uswavlia skolis Semdeg:] ratom ar swavlobT? [abarebda. rom sadiskusio gegmam cvlilebebi ganicados interviuebis Catarebis Sedegad. rogor gaagrZelos diskusia ama Tu im pasuxis miRebis SemTxvevaSi. daarwmuneT misi pasuxebis anonimurobaSi.magaliTi #1 axalgazrduli umuSevrobis problema saqarTveloSi sadiskusio gegma38 SeniSvnebi: rogorc es sadiskusio gegma gviCvenebs. romlebic mniSvnelovania kvleviTi amocanebidan gamomdinare. kiTxvebis formulireba ar aris mkacri. ras airCevdiT? igives Tu sxvas? ratom? ramdenad kmayofili xarT miRebuli ganaTlebiT? ratom? rogor swavlobdiT? rogor daamTavreT umaRlesi saswavlebeli? ras saqmianobT amJamad? [rac SeiZleba dawvrilebiT] ramdenad gadgebaT miRebuli ganaTleba? visTan erTad cxovrobT amJamad? [ojaxuri mdgomareoba] vin muSaobs ojaxSi? rogor SeafasebdiT Tqveni ojaxis mdgomareobas? vin arCens ojaxs ZiriTadad? 38 materialur es sadiskusio gegma Sedgenili iqna Tesau sociologiis specialobis me-2 kursis studentebis mier 2003 wels da gamoyenebuli iqna saswavlo siRrmiseuli intervius Catarebisas. aramed SesaZlebelia gvqondes erTi da igive SekiTxvis ramdenime versia. pirveladi identifikacia] ras saqmianobdiT skolis damTavrebis Semdeg? [rac SeiZleba dawvrilebiT.

dasaqmebis sferoSi? risken iswrafviT.] rogor gesaxebaT Tqveni cxovreba 10 wlis Semdeg? kerZod. ramdenad kmayofilia. “saxlidan gasvla”. sayvareli saqmis keTeba da sxv. risi imedi gaqvT? 26 . ra adgils daikavebs es samsaxuri Tqvens cxovrebaSi? [Semosavlis wyaro.S. sad. vis gaumarTla yvelaze metad samsaxuris mxriv? [mogviyevs dawvrilebiT — rogori samsaxuri aqvs am adamians. ra pirobebi Seuwyobs xels imas. romelzec TviTon TqviT uari? ra mizeziT? rogori variantebi iyo es?] Tqveni azriT. da a.eZebT Tu ara samsaxurs amJamad? [ara:] ratom ara? [diax:] rogor eZebT? rogor samsaxurs eZebT? [specialobiT Tu nebismiers. rom Tqven amJamad samsaxuri daiwyoT? romeli specialobaa dRes yvelaze perspeqtiuli? visTan gaqvT urTierToba yvelaze xSirad? [megobrebi — megobrebis dasaqmeba] Tqvens megobrebs/axloblebs Soris.] ratom ver moaxerxeT samsaxuris Sovna dRemde? [iyo Tu ara variantebi? iyo Tu ara iseTi varianti. rogori anazRaurebiT] rogor fiqrobT. rogor iSova es samsaxuri.

rom formalizebuli meTodebi mniSvnelovnad zRudavdnen rogorc respondentebis. rom amJamad fokus-jgufebi farTod gamoiyeneba empiriul 39 Robert K.39 maT ar SeumuSavebiaT am terminis mkacri ganmarteba. aseve mkvlevrebis Tavisuflebas. Tumca 1940-ian wlebSi socialuri kvlevebis sivrceSi raodenobirivi meTodebi dominirebda. rom 1956 wels mertonma Tavis kolegebTan. vinc skeptikur damokidebulebas gamoTqvamda struqturirebuli da mkacrad formalizebuli meTodebis mimarT. rac respondentis met siTamames iwvevs da TviTdajerebulobas matebs mas. garda amisa. 27 . miuxedavad imisa. romelsac Tavidan fsiqologebi mimarTavdnen. am meTodis meSveobiT isini ikvlevdnen faSisturi germaniis samxedro propagandis gavlenas jariskacebze. magram aq respondenti marto aRar aris — mis gverdiT sxedan sxva respondentebi. rac. da misi gulaxdiloba. magram mertonis fokusirebuli interviu SeiZleba yofiliyo rogorc jgufuri. siRrmiseuli intervius Catarebis procesSi gansakuTrebiT TvalSi sacemia interviuersa da respondents Soris arsebuli socialuri distancia. A Manual of Problems and Procedures. empiriul socialur mecnierebebSi fokus-jgufebis Tanamedrove saxe Camoyalibda jgufebTan eqsperimentaluri muSaobis gamocdilebis safuZvelze.Tema 3. Tanamedrove fokus-jgufebis uSualo winamorbedad socialur mecnierebebSi amerikeli sociologis robert mertonis da misi kolegebis mier meore msoflio omis dros SemuSavebuli “fokusirebuli intervius” meTodi iTvleba. fiskesa da p. zogis azriT. zogierTi mkvlevari fokus-jgufs “jgufur siRrmiseul intervius” uwodebs. rogorc wesi. amitom TandaTanobiT sul ufro meti popularobiT sargeblobdnen naklebad formalizebuli meTodebi. m. rom fokusjgufis dros erTdroulad ramdenime respondents vesaubrebiT (yvelze ufro xSirad maTi raodenoba 8-dan 10-mde meryeobs). xeli SevuwyoT maT Soris azrTa gacvlas (aqedan gamomdinareobs am meTodis kidev erTi dasaxeleba — “jgufuri diskusia”). uaryofiT gavlenas axdenda miRebuli informaciis sandoobaze. romelmac. da Cveni mizania. jgufis sxva wevrebis gulaxdilobasac iwvevs. romelic sxvebTan SedarebiT ufro gulaxdilia. and Patricia L. fokus-jgufs is upiratesoba aqvs. SesaZloa. Merton. Kendall. Ill. damTrgunvelad imoqmedos respondentze. aseve individualuri. rom ramdenime adamianisagan Semdgar jgufSi yovelTvis aRmoCndeba xolme adamiani. romlebic. The Focused Interview. siRrmiseul interviusTan SedarebiT. 1956. fokus-jgufSi es socialuri distancia ar qreba. miuxedavad imisa. da garkveuli drois manZilze es meTodi daviwyebas mieca. vinaidan. romlis msvlelobac garkveul wesebs emorCileba da romelsac specifikuri miznebi axasiaTebs. rogorc wesi. rogorc wina leqciaSi aRvniSneT. Marjorie Fiske. kendalTan erTad gamosca am meTodisadmi miZRvnili wigni “fokusirebuli interviu”. imave socialuri fenis warmomadgenlebi arian da romlebic missave mdgomareobaSi arian. moTxovnebi respondentTa SerCevisadmi da mkvlevarsa da respondentebs Soris urTierTobis formebi. omis damTavrebis Semdeg mertonma Sewyvita muSaoba am mimarTulebiT.: Free Press. mkacr CarCoebSi aqcevdnen kvlevas. magram am or meTods Soris aris seriozuli gansxvavebebic. fokus-jgufi fokus-jgufi jgufuri intervius saxeobaa. am skepticizmis ZiriTadi mizezi is iyo. fokus-jgufsa da siRrmiseul intervius saerTo Tvisebebi axasiaTebs. sanam 1970-ian wlebSi mis Sesaxeb ar gaixsenes marketinguli kvlevebis Catarebis mizniT. Glencoe. am periodSi amerikul socialur mecnierebs Soris iyvnen iseTebi. romelTa Soris yvelaze mniSvnelovani isaa. aseve gansxvavebulia fokus-jgufis Catarebis procesSi gamoyenebuli meTodikebi. sadac Ria kiTxvebi da araformalizebuli interviuebi dominirebda.

fokusjgufebis gamoyeneba efeqturia momavali reklamis efeqturobis gansazRvis mizniT.40 respondentTa raodenobis mkacri SezRudva imitomaa aucilebeli. an potenciuri momxmareblebi). aramed SeviqmnaT naTeli warmodgena am sakiTxis irgvliv sazogadoebaSi arsebuli azrTa mravalferovnebis Sesaxeb. rogorc ukve aRvniSneT. col-qmruli urTierTobebi. bazarze axali saqonlisaTvis Sesaferisi adgilis Seswavlis mizniT Catarebul kvlevebSi iZleva. gaaumjobeson saqonlis xarisxi. rogorc wesi. romlebic xSirad arc aris Segnebulad gaTviTcnobierebuli respondentebis mier. xolo maqsimaluri — 12. magram rig SemTxvevaSi (magaliTad. ara mxolod Zalian Rrmad SeviswavloT esa Tu is rTuli sakiTxi. meTodis daxasiaTeba rogorc mkvlevarTa didi nawili Tvlis. iTvleba. Tumca zog SemTxvevaSi respondentTa minimaluri raodenoba SeiZleba 5-6 iyos. rogorc am eqsperimentma daadastura. es meTodi farTod gamoiyeneba politikur kvlevebSi. fokusjgufis meTodi aseve naklebefeqturia respondentebis Semosavlis da saerTod. visac cxovrebaSi pirvelad da ukanasknelad xedaven. maTi fsiqologiuri ganwyobebi da emociuri Sefasebebi. romelsac fokus-jgufi eZRvneba (marketinguli kvlevebis SemTxvevaSi — unda iyvnen ama Tu im saqonlis momxmareblebi. intimuri xasiaTis sakiTxebi. davadginoT am saqonlis moxmarebis formebi da. aseve politikuri situaciebis da socialuri problemebis Seswavlisas. patara TemebSi muSaobisas) am moTxovnis dakmayofileba Zalze rTulia. fokus-jgufis monawileTa raodenoba 8-dan 10-mde meryeobs. fokus-jgufebi saSualebas gvaZlevs. es kriteriumebi ki gamokvlevis amocanebiTaa ganpirobebuli. Tu es piroba ar sruleba. romlebsac ar icnoben. am jgufebis araformaluri xasiaTis xazgasmis mizniT isini erT-erTi respondentis binaSi Catarda. maTi finansuri mdgomareobis Sesaxeb kvlevis Catarebisas. saerTo rekomendaciis Tanaxmad. fokus-jgufebi socialuri xasiaTis kvlevebSic gamoiyeneba. upirveles yovlisa. fokus-jgufis monawileebi ar unda icobnden erTmaneTs da jgufis wamyvans. rom cnobilia SemTxvevebi. 28 . magram es ar aris mizanSewonili. “Tanamgzavris efeqti” gaCndes. rac ara nakleb mniSvnelovania. es informacia SemdgomSi exmareba mwarmoeblebs. Teoriuli TvalsazrisiT jerac ar aris Seswavlili Tu ra tipis gamokvlevebSia es meTodi yvelaze ufro mizanSewonili. aris Temebi. iTvleba. es meTodi yvelaze ukeT gvexmareba gavigoT respondentebis azri ama Tu im saqonlis Sesaxeb. rom isini unda iyvnen gaTviTcnobierebulni im sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT. Secvalon sareklamo strategia da sxv.kvlevebSi da maT sayovelTao aRiareba poves rogorc marketingSi. rom ucxo adamianebs Soris jgufis msvlelobisas SeiZleba e. xSirad — rogorc problemis winaswari Seswavlis saSualeba an raime socialuri programis efeqturobis Sefasebis mizniT.w. rom fokus-jgufis msvlelobaSi mis yvela monawiles unda mieces Tavisi azris Tavisuflad da srulad gamoTqmis saSualeba. sadac yvela respondenti icnobda erTmaneTs. politikuri partiebis an calkeuli politikosebis imijis da maTi saarCevno Sansebis Sefasebisa da gaumjobesebis mizniT. rodesac Catarebuli iqna fokus-jgufebis seria. amasTan dakavSirebiT unda aRiniSnos. romelTa Seswavlisas mizanSewonili ar iqneba fokusjgufebis gamoyeneba. Ralati ojaxSi. fokus-jgufis monawileebs specialuri kriteriumebis safuZvelze arCeven. arCevanis gakeTebis motivebi. rodesac fokus-jgufis wevrebis raodenoba 15-s aRwevs. fokus-jgufi ver aRwevs Tavis mizans. da respondentebi met gulaxdilobas gamoiCenen im adamianebis gverdiT. aseve. rom fokus-jgufebis gamoyeneba saukeTeso Sedegebs sabazro situaciis. amasTan. aseT pirobebSi 40 aris SemTxvevebi. fokus-jgufis dros warmoqmnili diskusiebis Sedegad ukeT vlindeba respondentebis damokidebuleba garkveuli socialuri problemebisadmi. marketingis garda. upirvelesi moTxovna monawileTa SerCevisadmi isaa. esenia. maT Soris — piradi higiena.

mis qcevaSi ar unda iyos araferi. 1997. moderatori kargi msmeneli unda iyos. gaCumdes. misi CrdilSi gasvla. an Tavs gaubedavad grZnobs. jgufis msvlelobaSi respondentebis urTierToba erTmaneTTan xSirad saSualebas aZlevs moderators. didi yuradRebiT usminos gamarTul saubars da rodesac saWirod CaTvlis. saqme gvaqvs gamocdil moderatorTan. rodesac es saWiroa da sasargebloa jgufis msvlelobisaTvis. romlis daniSnulebac mxolod fokus-jgufis Catarebaa. zogjer moderatoris Careva arc aris xolme aucilebeli. idealur SemTxvevaSi. aseve. rac ueWvelad Seuwyobs xels diskusiis warmatebas. Sesabamisad — naklebad moaxdinos gavlena respondentebis azrebze Tavisi SekiTxvebiT da komentarebiT. azusteben ra kiTxvis Sinaarss. vinc ar aris aqtiuri. saerTod. ra Tqma unda.42 misi mTavari daniSnulebaa. ganmuxtos situacia. ukanasknel SemTxvevaSi. saintereso unda iyos maTTvis. rom maTi azri ainteresebT. ra Tqma unda. fokus-jgufis warmatebas didwilad gansazRvravs jgufis wamyvanis. rac SeboWavs respondentebs. rom respondentebma sworad gaigon dasmuli kiTxvebi. Second Edition. vinaidan mis msvlelobaSi Tavs iCens daZabuloba. romelic sakiTxis winaswari Seswavlis da gamokvlevis programis safuZvelze iqna SemuSavebuli. orientirebulia ramdenime respondentze. gauZRves diskusias im sadiskusio gegmis safuZvelze. imdenad aqtiurad. romelmac ver gaigo kiTxva. mTeli rigi emociuri aspeqtebi. iseve rogorc Tvisebrivi meTodebis nebismieri saxeoba. moderatoris mier fokus-jgufis Catarebis stili SeiZleba iyos rogorc mkacri. fokus-jgufSi erTi da imave socialuri mdgomareobis mqone pirebi unda iRebdnen monawileobas. rom siRrmiseuli intervius da fokus-jgufis sadiskusio gegmebs Soris raime principuli gansxvavebebi iyos. es garemoebac fokus-jgufebis Zalze mniSvnelovan upiratesobad iTvleba. amasTan. fsiqologebisTvis kargadaa cnobili. romlebic respondentTa yuradRebis gafantvas iwvevs. romelic uSualod muSaobs gamokvlevis Catarebaze da monacemTa damuSavebaze. moderatoris movaleobaa. rodesac is amis saWiroebas dainaxavs. 29 . mis maRal profesiul ostatobaze mowmobs. P. ar SeiZleba imis Tqma. fokus-jgufis msvlelobaSi Seqmnili atmosfero mis monawileebs siamovnebas unda aniWebdes. rom man unda gamoiwvios jgufis monawileebis gulaxdiloba. ra Tqma unda. maT Soris maTi. Focus Groups as Qualitative Research.41 mizanSewonilia. fokus-jgufebis meTodi garkveul Tavisuflebas aniWebs mkvlevars am meTodis gamoyenebis konkretul formebTan dakavSirebiT. aseve liberaluri. rom rodesac respondentebi xedaven. Tu jgufis msvlelobaSi raime mizezis gamo viTareba daiZabeba. rogorc wesi. rac. rom maT yuradRebiT usmenen. mniSnvelovnad amcirebs respondentebis pasuxebis reaqtiulobas. vinaidan 41 42 David L. moderatorma unda gauadvilos respondentebs diskusiaSi monawileoba. CrdilSi darCes. ramdenadac es saWiro iqneba. Thousand Oaks. 19. uzrunvelyos yvela respondentis monawileoba diskusiaSi. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi jgufis warmatebis perspeqtivebi mcirea. moderatori SeiZleba iyos rogorc kvleviTi gundis warmomadgeneli. fokus-jgufis Catarebisas aqtualobas kargavs masobrivi gamokiTxvebisTvis Zalze mniSvnelovani sakiTxi imis Taobaze. raTa respondentebma Tavad warmarTon diskusia. isini iolad da siamovnebiT Tanxmdebian TanamSromlobaze. swored moderatorzea damokidebuli jgufSi megobruli da Ria atmosferos Seqmna. an respondentebs Soris raime gaugebroba moxdeba. rom jgufis Semadgenloba homogenuri iyos asakobrivi da sqesobrivi TvalsazrisiT. es.savsebiT SesaZlebelia fokus-jgufebis warmatebiT Catareba. Tumca fokus-jgufis sadiskusio gegma. Tu ramdenad adekvaturad esmiT respondentebs dasmuli kiTxvebi —moderatoris erT-erT movaloebas swored imis uzrunvelyofa warmoadgens. ar niSnavs. anu moderatoris xelovneba. vinaidan saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi jgufis sxva wevrebi Tavad exmarebian im respondents. aseve mowveuli piri. rom moderatori nakleb yuradRebas aqcevs jgufis msvlelobisas gamarTul diskusias — piriqiT. moderatori kvlav CaerTveba jgufis wayvanis procesSi. Morgan. moderatoris ostatoba imaSi gamoixateba. CA: Sage Publications.

ukanasknel SemTxvevaSi. Focus Groups: A Practical Guide for Applied Research. fokus-jgufebis msvlelobisas miRebuli informacia mdidar da sasargeblo masalas iZleva masobrivi gamokiTxvis kiTxvaris Sesadgenad. Calif. 1994. aRmoaCinos axali Temebi da wamoWras axali hipoTezebi44. arc Tu iSviaTia SemTxvevebi. teritorialur/regionalur WrilSi. magram fokus-jgufis. Senoba. fokus-jgufebi kargad uTavsdeba kvlevis sxva meTodebs. fokus-jgufebis erT-erT umniSvnelovanes Rirsebas warmoadgens am meTodis unari. 30 . fokus-jgufebis Sedegad miRebuli Tvisebrivi informacia. sadac fokus-jgufi tardeba. specialur oTaxSi. amdidrebs raodenobriv Sedegebs. specialur moTxovnebs unda pasuxobdes. rac. rodesac jgufebi sxvadasxva qalaqSi. da Sedegebis Sedarebis SesaZlebloba eZleva asakobriv. cit. cit. rogorc wesi. fokus-jgufebi tardeba mkvlevaris ofisSi. Op. respondentebma ar ician am sarkis da meore oTaxis arsebobis Sesaxeb. rogorc wesi. am SemTxvevaSic uzrunvelyofili unda iqnes maTi konfidencialoba. rogorc naklebad cnobili problemis Seswavlis pirveli nabiji. 8. agreTve.: Sage Publications. fokus-jgufis msvlelobisas respondentebs. rogorc devid morgani Tvlis. romlebic. maTi azrovnebis modelebi. iseve rogorc siRrmiseuli intervius Sedegad mkvlevari mxolod respondentebis verbalur informaciaze dayrdnobiT akeTebs daskvnebs. amitom xSirad gamoiyeneba farTomasStabian proeqtebSi sxva meTodebTan. romelic gvexmareba saerTo hipoTezebis formulirebaSi. rogorc wesi. es unda iyos sada oTaxi. ris Sesaxebac respondentebi winaswar unda iyvnen gafrTxilebulni. P. umaspinZldebian gamargilebeli sasmelebiT. P. ra Tqma unda. rogorc fiqrobs43. ra Tqma unda. misi mniSvnelovani aspeqtebis gamoyofas. yovelTvis xdeba fokus-jgufis dros gamarTuli saubris audio. 44 David L. ara nakleb mniSvnelovania is. kiTxvebis Camoyalibebisa da maTi “daxurvis” daxvewis mizniT. amitom. mamakacebi. amasTan. SesaZloa. Morgan. romlis erTi kedelzec calmxirivi sarkea. ramdenime fokus-jgufi tardeba. yvela aseT SemTxvevaSi mkvlevari gacilebiT ufro mdidar informacias iRebs. 3. 21. rogorc wesi. garda amisa. Thousand Oaks. romelic saSualebas aZlevs mkvlevarTa gunds an damkveTebs Tvali adevnon diskusias ise. erTi kvleviTi proeqtis farglebSi. ar gamoaSkaravebuliyo formalizebuli intervius dros. rac gulisxmobs Temis winaswar Seswavlas. rogorc wesi. garkveulad amcirebs Sedegebis sandoobas. romelic daculia gare xmaurisagan. man mainc unda akontrolos diskusiis msvleloba da unda miiRos pasuxebi dasmul kvleviT kiTxvebze. rom masobriv gamokiTxvebTan SedarebiT fokus43 Richard A. Kruger. sqesobriv. imitom rom es informacia yovelTvis ar Seesabameba sinamdviles. 45 David L. Op.respondentebis moCvenebiTi Tavisuflebis miuxedavad. arcTu iSviaTad fokus-jgufebi gamoiyeneba kvlevis dazverviT etapze. fokus-jgufis xangrZlivoba. rom fokus-jgufis Catareba xSirad xels uwyobs ama Tu im sakiTxis axali TvaliT danaxvas. romlebic xSirad gansxvavdeba monawileTa maCveneblebis mixedviT (qalebi. Tu ratom fiqrobs xalxi ise. SevecadoT davadginoT. agreTve isic. Second Edition. kerZod. maT Soris masobriv gamokiTxvasTan erTad. da amasTan. Tvali vadevnoT azrebis Camoyalibebis process. fokus-jgufi araviTar SemTxvevaSi ar isaxavs miznad raime gadawyvetilebis miRebas — misi mTavari daniSnulebaa. rom es meTodi saSualebas gvaZlevs.da/an videoCawera. Sesvenebis gakeTeba fokus-jgufis mimdinareobis dros ar aris mizanSewonili. an sulac sxvadasxva qveyanaSi tardeba. fokus-jgufis erT-erTi udidesi upiratesoba isaa. sxvadasxva asakobrivi an profesiuli jgufi). jgufis Catarebis teqnikuri mxareebis uzrunvelyofas.45 fokus-jgufis Catareba seriozul momzadebas moiTxovs. es xdeba jgufis monawileebs Soris azrTa gacvlis dros. P. yvela respondents Tavisi azris gamoTqmis saSualeba misces. saaTnaxevridan or saaTamdea. Morgan. aRsaniSnavia. vinaidan fokus-jgufebis msvlelobaSi kargad vlindeba respondentebis “leqsikoni”. rom xeli ar SeuSalon mis msvlelobas. gamokvlevis programis da sadiskusio gegmis SemuSavebas.

mas aucileblad anonimuri xasiaTi unda hqondes. anu Cveni verbaluri komunikaciis saSualebis arasrulyofili xasiaTi. arian . aseTi “savarjiSo”. advilad esmiT. kerZod. misi gamoyenebis SemTxvevaSi respondentebs. proeqciuli teqnikebis aucileblobas aqvs rogorc fsiqologiuri. mkvlevrebi gamoiyeneben proeqciuli teqnikebis mraval saxeobas. rom nebismieri teqnikis werilobiTi gamoyeneba dasaSvebia mxolod sakmaod maRali ganaTlebis donis mqone respondentebTan muSaobisas. maTi sityvaTa maragis Sesaxeb da agreTve. fsiqologiuri TvalsazrisiT. rodesac gesmiT sityva “. romlebic wina leqciaSi ganxiluli zondirebis saSualebebis ganviTarebis Sedegs warmoadgens. aseve werilobiTi saxiT. saSualebas gvaZlevs. es teqnika SeiZleba gamoviyenoT rogorc zepiri. sityvieri asociaciebi magaliTi: “ra azri gebadebaT. gaverkveT ama Tu im produqtis an socialuri situaciis Sefasebis variaciebSi. adamianis qcevis motivebi xSirad qvecnobierebaSi arsebuli mizezebiT da motivebiT aixsneba. Tu ra gvinda maTgan. es meTodikebi mWidro kavSirSia fsiqologebis mier SemuSavebul testebTan. Tu romeli teqnika gamoiyenos ama Tu im gamokvlevis farglebSi. rogor unda gamoviyenoT SerCeuli teqnika? 3. Tu is fokus-jgufis an siRrmiseuli intervius dasawyisSi gamoiyeneba.47 1. is gvexmareba. amitom zog SemTxvevaSi adamians ar SeuZlia sakuTari saqcielis an poziciis axsna verbaluri saSualebebis gamoyenebiT.”?” es meTodika Zalze martivia. proeqciuli teqnikebi46.” “idealuri qorwineba — esaa qorwineba. ~proecireba~. es proeqciuli teqnikebi gamoyofilia sruliad ruseTis sazogadoebrivi azris kvlevis centris (amJamad — levada-centris) Tvisebrivi kvlevebis ganyofilebis mier 1996-1998 wlebSi. winadadebebis damTavreba magaliTebi: “isini. 31 . vidre sxva tipis kvlevis Catareba. . . . fokus-jgufebSi farTod gamoiyeneba e. gamovaaSkaravoT respondentebis faseulobebi. amasTan. romelic . amas emateba lingvisturi gamarTleba — enis. da fsiqologiis mraval miRwevas iyeneben. .” es meTodikac Zalze iolia. proeqciuli teqnikebi Tvisebriv meTodebSi da. swrafad da mkafiod CamovayalibebinoT repondentebs maTi damokidebuleba CvenTvis mniSvnelovani sakiTxebisadmi. da amasTan — uaRresad efeqturi. 46 47 termini nawarmoebia sityvebisgan ~proeqcia~.jgufebis Catareba nakleb dros moiTxovs da damkveTs gacilebiT ufro iafi ujdeba. rogor unda davamuSavoT miRebuli Sedegebi? qvemoT moyvanilia aTi yvelaze gavrcelebuli proeqciuli teqnikis mokle aRwera. ukanasknel SemTxvevaSi. swored proeqciuli teqnikebi dagvexmareba am ori SezRudvis gadalaxvaSi. . SeviqmnaT warmodgena respondentebis “leqsikonis”. 2.w. . man sam kiTxvas unda gasces pasuxi: 1. rogorc wesi. vidre mkvlevari gadawyvetilebas miiRebdes imasTan dakavSirebiT. cxovrebiseuli orientaciebi da interesebi. aseve lingvisturi gamarTleba. proeqciuli teqnikebis mizania adamianis Sinagani samyaros ufro Rrma Seswavla. romeli teqnika dagvexmareba yvelaze ukeT Cvens winaSe mdgari miznis misaRwevad? 2. vinc mxolod xsnad yavas svams. magram mniSvnelovania gvaxsovdes. misi gamoyeneba saSualebas gvaZlevs.

“RrubelSi” am adamianis azri Caweron. misi meSveobiT Cven vigebT respondentebis reaqcias suraTze asaxul socialur situaciasTan dakavSirebiT ise. romlebsac yoveldRiurad moixmars romelime hipoTeturi ojaxi. aseve misi “tipiuri momxmareblis” warmomadgenlebis Taobaze. es meTodika SedarebiT ufro rTulia. naTeli da ubralo. 6. romelic gvainteresebs. 32 . rom Cven mas ar vubiZgebT. SekiTxvebi “mesame pirSi” magaliTebi: “ratomaa. magram. sworad gamoyenebis SemTxvevaSi es meTodika Zalze mdidar informacias mogvcems rogorc raime saqonlis imijis Sesaxeb. rogorc wesi. am meTodikis gamoyenebisas didi yuradRebiT unda movekidoT Sesabamisi naxatebis SerCevas. da sTxoven. am naxatSi respondenti dainaxavs mxolod imas. da SeZlebisdagvarad karg mxatvrebs unda SevukveToT isini. is saSualebas gvaZlevs.3. 5. personifikacia magaliTebi: “warmoidgineT. konkretulad romel cxovels gagonebT is?” xdeba xolme. masTan dakavSirebul faseulobebze. romelic simbolurad misi azris Casawer adgils warmoadgens. tipiuria. ris dasanaxadac is ukve momzadebulia Tavisi socialuri Tu kulturuli mdgomareobidan gamomdinare. Seadginon im produqtebis sia. is gacilebiT ufro Tavisufali xdeba. naxati unda iyos sada. rom rodesac adamiani sakuTari Tavis Sesaxeb laparakobs. magram rodesac Cven mas vTxovT sxvebis Sesaxeb (anu “mesame pirSi”) ilaparakos. is imyofeba sakmaod Zlieri socialuri gavlenis qveS. vTxovoT respondentebs. romlebic. am meTodikis gamoyeneba sapirispiro formiTac SeiZleba: aRvweroT ojaxis tipi da vTxovoT respondentebs. respondentTa azriT. da sxva. 4. romelic zRudavs mas Tavisi azrebisa da Sefasebebis gamoxatvaSi da xels uSlis misi azrebis gulaxdil gamoxatvas. SemdgomSi isini gatacebiT umateben maT mier Seqmnil saxes axal-axal detalebs. rom axali markis BMW-s avtomobili adamiania. romelzec aRbeWdilia raime socialuri situacia da erT-erTi mTavari moqmedi piris gverdiT daxatulia carieli “Rrubeli”. rom zogi diasaxlisi iSviaTad wmends macivars?” “rogorc fiqrobT. xolo respondentis mier “RrubelSi” Cawerili azri naTlad gviCvenebs mis damokidebulebas im problemisadmi. ratom ar uyvars xalxs zangebi?” cnobilia. aRweron es ojaxi. stereotipebi magaliTi: respondentebs sTavazoben produqtebis sias. rom es organizacia raime cxovelia. “Rrubliani” naxatebi magaliTi: vuCvenoT respondentebs naxati an fotosuraTi. da ufro gulwrfelad gviziarebs Tavis mosazrebebs. es meTodika personifikaciis meTodikis Tavisebur gagrZelebadac SeiZleba CaiTvalos. romlebsac es ojaxi yoveldRiurad moixmars. 7. reklamis gavlenaze. rolebis gaTamaSeba magaliTi: respondentebs vTxovT. rom Tavidan respondentebs uWirT am meTodikis gamoyeneba. ubralod naxats vuCvenebT. rogori adamiania is? SegiZliaT amiRweroT?” “warmoidgineT. gamovyoT momxmarebelTa jgufebi. raime tipis daskvna gaakeTos — Cven saerTod ar aRvwerT arafers. rolebSi gaiTamaSon raime situacia.

kolaJi magaliTi: Jurnalebidan gamoWrili suraTebis didi raodenobidan respondentebs sTavazoben SearCion iseTebi.i. is moiTxovs moderatoris gansakuTrebul ostatobas. uWirT Sedegebis interpretacia. da mogvcems iseT informacias. e. ramdenime jgufad dayon konkurenti firmebis mier damzadebuli msgavsi saqoneli. am meTodikis gamoyenebis SemTxvevaSi unda gaviTvaliswinoT. Tumca aq xatvis xarixs ara aqvs gadamwyveti mniSvneloba. aseTi naxatebis meSveobiT SesaZlebloba gveZleva SevamowmoT. rac “Seqmnes”. Tu rogor xedavs bazars TviTon momxmarebeli. jer kidev aris axali markis saqonlis SemoRwevis SesaZlebloba. is saSualebas gvaZlevs. amasTan. is gvaZlevs Zalze Rirebul informacias imasTan dakavSirebiT. piriqiT.magaliTad. Tu ramdenad daaxsovdaT respondentebs ama Tu im saqonlis SefuTva. Tavad daxaton naxati raime aseTi naxatebi saSualebas gvaZlevs. aramed mkvlevarebisTvisac. romlebic. romlis verbalurad gamoxatvac repondentebs gauWirdebaT. amitom es meTodika yvelaze xSirad bavSvebTan muSaobisas gamoiyeneba. es meTodika saSualebas gvaZlevs. romlebsac. isini xangrZlivi drois manZilze Segnebulad moixmaren ama Tu im saqonels. rogorc wesi. rom Tu respondentebma Tavi gaarTves am amocanas. rom is sakmaod did dros moiTxovs da misi CatarebisTvis saWiroa damxmare “TvalsaCino masalis” gamoyeneba. amitom am teqnikis gamoyenebisas uaRresad mniSvnelovania. 9. ra Tqma unda. amasTan. SevafasoT respondentebis mier ama Tu im saqonlis aRqma. Tu ra adgils ikavebs esa Tu is saqoneli respondentebis yofaSi. mivceT respondentebs saSualeba. samarko niSani. 8. 10. kartografireba (Brand mapping) magaliTi: respondentebs vTxovoT. rom kolaJis teqnika mniSvnelovan sirTuleebs Seicavs ara marto respondentebisTvis. maTi azriT. icvleba Tu ara momxmareblis warmodgena arsebuli saqonlebis Sesaxeb reklamis gavlenis qveS. amitom iTvleba. rom xatva ar icis. ramdenad “savsea” bazari Tu. situaciasTan dakavSirebiT. kolaJis Sedgena sakmaod Znelia. romlis gamoyenebasac Zalian didi dro sWirdeba da amasTan. gavigoT. is saSualebas gvaZlevs. rogorc wesi. am meTodikis daxmarebiT SeiZleba davinaxoT. es sakmaod rTuli meTodikaa. naxatebi da “fsiqonaxatebi” magaliTi: vTxovoT respondentebs. da maT cnobierebaSi ukve Camoyalibebulia myari warmodgena mis Sesaxeb. unda aRiniSnos. yvelaze metad Seesabameba romelime saqonlis an adamianis imijs. agreTve davinaxoT. ramdenadac bevri respondenti ukan daixevs im mizezis gamo. proeqciuli teqnikebis gamoyenebisas aucilebelia Semdegi moTxovnebis dacva: 33 . gamovaaSkaravoT respondentebis damokidebuleba ama Tu im saqonlis mimarT. da sxva. gamovacocxloT jgufis msvleloba. es meTodika sakmaod farTod gamoiyeneba marketinguli xasiaTis fokusjgufebSi. ganasaxieron sxvadasxva firmis mier warmoebuli analogiuri saqoneli. amitom isini Zalian xSirad gamoiyeneba satelevizio sareklamo rgolebis efeqturobisadmi miZRvnil fokus-jgufebSi. amasTan. aseTi meTodikis gamoyenebis SesaZleblobebi SezRudulia. Tavad agvixsnan Tavisi arCevani da agviRweron is. is saSualebas gvaZlevs.

ukeT Camoayalibon Tavisi azrebi. rom aRar gaamaxvilos amaze yuradReba. kerZod: siCume. fokus-jgufis angariSi analitikuri dokumentia. rom ar dairRves respondentebis interesebi da ar CavayenoT isini uxerxul mdgomareobaSi. romlebic SeiZleba davyoT “motivis” (“ratom?”) da “interesis” (“rogor?/rogori?/rogor moxda?”) kiTxvebad. Tvalebis moZraobas. Tu is didi xniT daacqerdeba jgufis romelime monawiles. yvela es aris jgufis gaZRolis araverbaluri xerxebi. gadavtvirToT jgufi proeqciuli teqnikebiT — erTi jgufisTvis savsebiT sakmarisia 1-2 aseTi meTodikis gamoyeneba (erTi meTodikis gamoyeneba saSualod 20 wuTs ikavebs). da Tu meTodika ar “amuSavda” (rac xdeba xolme). • araa mizanSewonili. TiTqos isini raRac gamocdas abareben. “zondirebis”. • aucilebelia Seiqmnas garemo. misi saxis gamometyvelebas. 34 . rogorc ukve viciT. mimikas. • mkvlevarma unda SearCios is meTodika. Jestebis ena.• maTi gamoyeneba dasaSvebia mxolod im SemTxvevaSi. pirdapiri kiTxvebis meSveobiT). fokus-jgufis Catarebis romel etapze ufro mizanSewonilia SerCeuli teqnikis gamoyeneba. • yvelaze ufro mniSvnelovani am meTodikebis gamoyenebaSi maTi Sedegebis Semdgomi interpretaciaa. kerZod. ris Sedegadac iqmneba saubris transkripti (fokusjgufis transkriptis magaliTi ix. xmis intonacias. iseve rogorc mkvlevris daskvnebs da. Tu SeuZlebelia CvenTvis saWiro informaciis miReba sxva gziT (kerZod. “ratom?”-kiTxvebis gamoyeneba. neitraluri da amasTan efeqturi meTodi. yvelanairad unda vecadoT. Tavis daqnevas. fokus-jgufebis Sedegebis damuSavebis SesaZleblobebi fokus-jgufis Catarebis Semdeg xdeba mis msvlelobaSi Cawerili saubris qaRaldze srulad gadatana. am transkriptis safuZvelze mkvlevari an mkvlevarTa jgufi SemdgomSi amzadebs angariSs. diqcias da sxv. moderatori pirdapir uyurebdes Tavis Tanamosaubres. gamoTqmuli azris gameoreba. Tu ra gvinda maTgan. monawileTa Segnebuli “dapirispireba”. magram amasTan ar iTvleba sworad. xmis intonaciebs. mizanSewonilia. romelic Cveulebriv Seicavs citatebs respondentTa saubridan. kvlevis miznebis Tanaxmad. danarTSi #1). romelTa Sorisaa: dasmuli kiTxvebis “gadagzavna” jgufis sxva wevrebisTvis. • moderatoris saqcieli maqsimalurad moqnili unda iyos. jgufuri urTierTobis marTva SesaZlebelia ramdenime teqnikis meSveobiT. fokus-jgufebSi farTod gamoiyeneba. es aris erT-erTi yvelaze ubralo. man unda moaxerxos jgufTan muSaobis gagrZeleba ise. rogoria “TamaSis wesebi”. agreTve zondirebis saSualebebi. da sxv. praqtikul rekomendaciebs. iseve rogorc proeqciuli teqnikebis gamoyenebisas yvelanairad unda vizrunoT imaze. • respondentebs gasagebad unda avuxsnaT. Seicavs pasuxebs gamokvlevis programaSi dasmul kiTxvebze. • aucilebelia winaswar ganvsazRvroT. proeqciuli teqnikebis gverdiT. xSirad. da amitom is Zalian xSirad gamoiyeneba. sadac respondentebi ar igrZnoben Tavs ise. romelic. jgufis msvlelobisas Zalze didi mniSvneloba aqvs moderatoris araverbalur saqciels. romelic yvelaze metad Seesabameba mis winaSe mdgar amocanebs. informaciis arasrulad gageba an respondentTa mier gamoTqmuli azris Segnebulad damaxinjeba moderatoris mier aiZulebs respondentebs. pirveladi interpretacia TviT respondentebma mogvcen.

fokus-jgufis Sedegebis analizisas ganuyofelia analizis da angariSis weris etapebi. Morgan. siRrmiseuli intervius SemTxvevaSi am kiTxvaze pasuxi TavisTavad cxadia — aq analizis done SeiZleba mxolod respondenti iyos. Tu ra doneze unda ganxorcieldes analizi. romelic homogenuri iyo profesiuli statusis mixedviT (mag. romlebic yvelze mizanSewonilad migaCiaT kvlevis Temidan gamomdinare. studentTa jgufebi asakis mixedviTac sakmaod homogenurebi iyo). profesormaswavleblebi. is eyrdnoba kvlevas. Tumca zog SemTxvevaSi es SeiZleba dasaSvebad CaiTvalos — Tu Catarebuli iqna sakmaod bevri fokus-jgufi. magram ara sqesisa da asakis mixedviT (Tumca. romlebic warmoadgens pasuxs gamokvlevis programaSi dasmul kiTxvebze. fokus-jgufebis Sedegebis damuSaveba damatebiT moiTxovs gadawyvetilebis miRebas imasTan dakavSirebiT. Tu gaviTvaliswinebT. kvleva Catarebuli unda iyos fokus-jguf(eb)is gamoyenebiT. d. erTi mxriv. yvela jgufi respondentebisgan Sedgeba da swored individualuri respondentebi ayalibeben jgufis msvlelobaSi gamoTqmul azrebs. siRrmiseuli interviuebis Sedegad mopovebuli informaciis damuSavebisagan gansxvavebiT. iseve rogorc saerTod Tvisebriv kvlevaSi. aseve jgufi (rogorc erTeuli). saxelmwifo moxeleebi. fokus-jgufis Sedegebis analizi aucileblad unda iTvaliswinebdes am or dones Soris arsebul urTierTobebebs. SeadgineT gamokvlevis programa Temaze “korufciis gavrcelebis mizezebi saqarTvelos umaRlesi ganaTlebis sistemaSi”. policielebi. 60. gamoiyeneT is proeqciuli teqnikebi. korufciis gamomwvevi mizezebis ganxilvas da korufciis daZlevis SesaZlo gzebis dasaxvas. magaliTi #3). miT umetes. davalebebi: 1. am ori meTodis gamoyenebis Sedegad mopovebuli informaciis damuSavebis analogiuri SesaZleblobebi arsebobs. analizis pirvel etapze xdeba informaciis kodireba. am leqciis bolos moyvanilia fokus-jgufebis Sedegebis swored aRweriTi analizis magaliTi (ix. cit. kvleva mieZRvna sxvadasxva profesiul jgufSi korufciis gavrcelebis Sefasebas.48 ramdenadac fokus-jgufebi xSirad gamoiyeneba raime problemis winaswari Seswavlis mizniT. analizis saboloo safexurze mkvlevari akeTebs daskvnebs. Semdeg ki — Sedegebis interpretacia. rom jgufis dinamika gavlenas axdens calkeul respondentebze. udavoa. gaecaniT fokus-jgufis sadiskusio gegmas “Rvinis moxmarebis kultura Tanamedrove saqarTveloSi” (magaliTi 2). Tumca. maTi Sedegebis analizi xSirad aRweriTi xasiaTisaa. romlebSic monawileoba miiRes sxvadasxva socialur-demografiuli jgufis da teritoriuli erTeulis warmomadgenelma respondentebma. 35 . jgufuri. magram fokusjgufebis SemTxvevaSi es SeiZleba iyos rogorc respondenti. gadawyvetilebis miReba analizis donis Taobaze Zalze mniSvnelovania. Op. 3.. studentebi). P. ra Tqma unda. romeli proeqciuli teqnikebis gamoyenebaa dagegmili am sadiskusio gegmis safuZvelze Catarebul fokusjgufSi? 2.morganis azriT. TiToeul jgufSi monawileobas iRebda respondentTa jgufi.ramdenadac fokus-jgufi axlosaa siRrmiseul interviusTan. anu arsebobs agreTve analizis meore SesaZlo done. romelic Catarda Tavisuflebis institutis mier saqarTvelos sxvadasxva qalaqSi 2004 wlis zafxulSi. rom erTi kvlevis farglebSi ramdenime fokus-jgufi tardeba. 48 David L. SeadgineT sadiskusio gegma TqvenTvis saintereso Temaze fokusjgufis Catarebis mizniT. amitom. fokus-jgufebis Catarebis Sedegad miRebuli Sedegebis generalizacia ar aris gamarTlebuli.

: Sage Publications. Calif. С. Thousand Oaks. Second Edition. М. Telavi: “samoqalaqo ganaTlebis proeqti”. Calif. David L. Krueger. 4. Метод фокус-групп. Morgan. Белановский. Richard A. 2. 2001.” // sociologia saqarTveloSi: Tanamedrove mdgomareoba da perspeqtivebi. 2000. Focus Groups as Qualitative Research. “narkomania: problemis Sefaseba axalgazrdebis mier. Focus Groups: A Practical Guide for Applied Research. Third edition. 2001. Thousand Oaks. maia araviaSvili.rekomendebuli literatura: 1. 3. Tamar zurabiSvili. 1997. 36 .: Никколо М.: Sage Publications.

sxva ? daaxloebiT ramden litr Rvinos moixmarT weliwadSi? (kerZod.yoveldRiurad . ramdeni litri Rvino moixmareT Tqven/Tqvenma ojaxma SarSan?) arCevani piradad Tqven. mas SeuZlia Seitanos sadiskusio gegmaSi pasuxebis mosalodneli variantebi da moniSnos. aqve aRvniSnavT. rom sadiskusio gegma xSirad individualuri dokumentia da moderatoris gamocdilebasa da mis profesiul midgomas asaxavs.) . Tu rogor gaagrZelos diskusia ama Tu im pasuxis miRebis SemTxvevaSi. Tu moderatori amas saWirod miiCnevs.qarxnuli boTlis. . vin aniWebs upiratesobas glexur Rvinos? (aRwereT es xalxi.) ratom irCeven isini aseT Rvinos? 49 es sadiskusio gegma Sedgenili iqna Tesau sociologiis specialobis II kursis studentebis mier 2003 wels da gamoyenebuli iqna 2 saswavlo fokus-jgufis Catarebisas.magaliTi #2 Rvinis moxmarebis kultura Tanamedrove saqarTveloSi sadiskusio gegma49 SeniSvna: rogorc fokus-jgufis es sadiskusio gegma gviCvenebs. sadiskusio gegma SeiZleba Seicavdes ramdenime kiTxvas erTsa da imave Temaze.S.qorwili. saerTo SekiTxvebi: ra SemTxvevebSi svamT Rvinos? . Tu maT gauWirdebaT kiTxvaze pasuxis gacema. da ganlagebuli iyos ise. rom moderators gauadvildes muSaoba. ra gansxvavebaa am tipebis Rvinoebs Soris: . dazustebebs.glexuri. rogor Rvinos aniWebT upiratesobas? TeTrs Tu wiTels? glexurs Tu qarxnuls? ratom? Tqveni nacnobebis umravlesoba rogor Rvinos aniWebs upiratesobas? rogor fiqrobT. garda amisa. axali weli da a.qarxnuli Camosasxmeli. qelexi . rogor Rvinoze ufro didi moTxovna arsebobs dRes saqarTveloSi? TeTrs Tu wiTels? glexurs Tu qarxnuls? ratom? Tqveni azriT. . rogor Rvinos aniWebs upiratesobas axalgazrdebis umravlesoba saqarTveloSi? ratom? rogor Rvinos aniWebs upiratesobas asakovani xalxi? ratom? rogor fiqrobT.dResaswaulebze (dabadebis dRe. romelTa mizania respondentebis daxmareba im SemTxvevaSi. 37 . kiTxvebi SeiZleba dajgufebuli iyos Tematurad.

dalevs Tu ara glexi qarxnul Rvinos? (Tu ara — ratom?) ra SemTxvevaSi dalevs? Tqveni azriT. . . romlebic axasiaTebs Rvinis smis wesebs da masTan dakavSirebul tradiciebs saqarTveloSi? kaxeTSi? rogori iyo Rvinis smis kultura saqarTveloSi daaxloebiT 100 wlis win? Seicvala Tu ara bolo 10-15 wlis manZilze Rvinis smis kultura saqarTveloSi / TelavSi / TbilisSi? rogoria Rvinis smis kultura axla? ra mogwonT amaSi da ra — ara? 38 . glexuri da qarxnis) Rvinis smis kultura rogor gesmiT fraza: “Rvinis smis kultura”? ra iciT Rvinis smis kulturis Sesaxeb sazRvargareT? aris Tu ara raime gansakuTrebuli im wesebSi da tradiciebSi. dRes saqarTveloSi yvelaze did mowonebas romeli tipis Rvino imsaxurebs? ratom? daasruleT fraza: “is.vin aniWebs upiratesobas qarxnul Rvinos? (aRwereT es xalxi) ratom irCeven isini aseT Rvinos? rogor fiqrobT.” ra Tvisebebi aqvs xarisxian Rvinos? (naturaluri Rvino?) Tu SegiZliaT dagvisaxeloT romelime xarisxiani Rvino? fasi sad yidulobT xomle Rvinos yvelaze xSirad? saSualod ra fasSi yidulobT xomle Rvinos? ra gavlenas axdens Tqvens arCevanze Rvinis fasi? Rvinis xarisxi? Tqveni arCevani Rvinis xarisxze ufroa damokidebuli Tu mis fasze? ra unda Rirdes Rvino? unda gansxvavdebodes Tu ara Rvinis fasi misi saxeobis mixedviT (wiTeli da TeTri. vinc svams mxolod boTlSi Camosxmul Rvinos. aris .

korufciuli da arakorufciuli qmedebebis gamijvna ama Tu im profesiis warmomadgenlebis TvalSi. seqtemberi.magaliTi #3 korufcia saqarTveloSi da misi Sefaseba sxvadasxva profesiuli jgufis warmomadgenlebis mier fokus-jgufebis angariSi Tavisuflebis institutis mier 2004 wlis ivnisSi Catarebuli iqna fokusjgufebi saqarTvelos ramdenime qalaqSi (axalcixe. ivnisi. farTod ganmartaven korufcias: (policielebi. fokus-jgufebis mTavari mizani iyo am profesiuli jgufebis warmomadgenlebis mier korufciuli qmedebebis Sefaseba da korufciis formebis Seswavla profesiuli saqmianobis Sesabamis sferoebSi. saxelmwifo moxeleebi. quTaisi) 39 policiis TanamSromlebi ufro “korufcia pirvel rigSi sisxlis samarTlis danaSaulia. 2004 w. Tbilisi) “adamianTa mier saxelmwifo qonebis xelyofa” (profesor-maswavleblebi. ivnisi. policielebi. ivnisi. 1. kanonis darRvevaa” . rodesac garkveuli Tanamdeboba aqvs pirovnebas da am TanamdebobiT sargeblobs Tavis raRac gadaWarbebuli ambiciebiT da gZalavs fuls arakanonierad” (maswavleblebi da mSoblebi. 2004 w. quTaisi) sxva respondentebisagan gansxvavebiT. Tbilisi. Telavi. quTaisi) “adamiani rom nebismier Tanamdebobaze borotad iyenebs Tavis Tanamdebobas sakuTari interesebidan gamomdinare” (profesor-maswavleblebi. quTaisi). studentebi. 2004 w. Telavi) “korufcia es aris kanons gareT momxdari garigeba” (studentebi. angariSi eyrdnoba Semdegi fokus-jgufebis masalebs: profesiuli jgufi saxelmwifo moxeleebi studentebi maswavleblebi da mSoblebi profesor-maswavleblebi studentebi policielebi qalaqi axalcixe axalcixe Tbilisi Telavi Telavi quTaisi Catarebis TariRi ivnisi. mZRolebi. agreTve. korufciis gamomwvevi mizezebis Seswavla. ra aris korufcia da ra ar aris korufcia fokus-jgufebis TiTqmis yvela monawilem daaxloebiT erTnairad ganmarta korufcia. sagzao policiis TanamSromeli rom mZRols fuls arTmevs. rogorc: “Tanamdebobrivi ufleba-movaleobebis gadameteba angarebis mizniT” (policielebi. 2004 w. 2004 w. ivnisi. esec korufciaa” (policielebi. 2004 w. Telavi) “[korufcia] qrTamis garda sxva saxiTac arsebobs: gadasaxadebis damalva. Telavi) “korufcia aris. jgufebi Catarda sxvadasxva profesiuli jgufis warmomadgenlebTan: profesormaswavleblebi.

im wamlisTvis. respondentebi aigiveben korufcias da meqrTameobas. sasaxleebisTvis. amitom korufcia ar SeiZleba iyos kargi” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi.“movaleobas pasuxismgeblobiT rom ar Seasruleb. ZiriTadi ganmasxvavebeli niSani korufciasa da pativiscemas Soris is aris. magram misi zneobrivi mxare sul gadawonis im dadebiTs. Telavi) “. “pativiscema”. Tumca zogjer isini aRniSnaven. axalcixe) “korufcia TavisTavad ar SeiZleba iyos kargi. sindisis da kanonis ukmarisoba” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi. Telavi) respondentebi yvelaze ufro xSirad Tvlian. im gaWirvebisTvis [iRebs qrTams] da zogi — fufunebisTvis. Telavi) “is. axalcixe) xSir SemTxvevaSi. an ar aris. megobroba. quTaisi) SedarebiT iSviaTad gvaqvs saqme korufciis ganmartebasTan moralur WrilSi: “korufcia aris fulis. qrTami sxvaa” (studentebi. es ar aris korufcia. axalcixe) amasTan. bavSvi yvavils rom miutans maswavlebels skolaSi. Telavi) respondentebi ganixilaven korufcias. SedarebiT iSviaTad iqna gaigivebuli korufciasTan nepotizmi: “naTesauri kavSirebi. maTi azriT. magaliTad. isic korufciaa” (policielebi. Cemi azriT” (profesor-maswavleblebi. ubralod. vinaidan is moicavs. korufcia sikeTes moutans konkretul pirovnebas da mis ojaxs” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi. Tumca es pozicia erTsulovani ar iyo: “nemsis qurdi da aqlemis qurdi erTiao” (profesor-maswavleblebi. madlobis Tqmis meSveobiT. “qrTams ver daarqmev-Tqo pativiscemas. iqneba es saCuqris Tu. vinc 5 maneTs aiRebs. rom korufcia meqrTameobasTan SedarebiT ufro farTo cnebaa. quTaisi) “meqrTameoba universitetSi pirvel rigSi xels aZlevs students” (studentebi. rom pirveli gamoZalvasTanaa dakavSirebuli. SeiZleba korufcias raRac dadebiTi Sedegebi gaaCndes. gamomdinare im garemoebidan. imas Tu saSualeba miecema. ise ar arsebobs nawilobrivi [korumpirebuloba]. es pativiscemaa. qveyanam miiRos rame kargi. romlebic saerTod Sesaferisi ar arian im Tanamdebobis” (policielebi. Tanamdebobaze iseTi adamianebi SeiZleba dainiSnon. aq gansxvaveba unda iyos. rom korufcia erTnairad gasakicxia imis miuxedavad. rom is gamoxatavs rogorc qrTamis amRebis. korufciad ar 40 . isic” (policielebi. aseve qrTamis mimcemis interesebs: “vinc aZlevs [qrTams]. quTaisi) yvela jgufSi respondentebi eTanxmebian azrs.rogorc ar arsebobs nawilobrivi orsuloba. rogorc erTmniSvnelovnad uaryofiT movlenas. mersedesebisTvis.ara! zogi. qarTvel respondentebs uWirT erTmaneTisagan gamijnon korufcia da e. raime dadebiTi Sedegi mohyves da raime gamarTleba hqondes: “korufciiT ara mgonia. davuSvaT. isic kmayofilia da vinc iRebs. nacnoboba korufciaa. rom saqarTveloSi tradiciulad pativs scemen sxva adamianebs. agreTve arafuladi saxis garigebebs. magaliTad. milionsac Tavisuflad aiRebs” (profesor-maswavleblebi. . pativiscema sxvaa. romelsac ar SeuZlia. Telavi) “yvelafers korufcias ver davarqmev. rom korufcia saqarTveloSi farTodaa gavrcelebuli da aRniSnaven. Tu ra TanxiT gamoixateba aRebuli an micemuli qrTami. an aris. “be-em-ve”ebisTvis.w. xolo meore — nebayoflobiTia.

Cemi azriT. TviTonac Zalian Seuracxyofilia. rig SemTxvevaSi ki moiTxovs. Zlieria rwmena. Zalian Znelia. namdvilad ar unda aRiqmebodes qrTamad da korufciad” (maswavleblebi da mSoblebi. vinaidan isini sxva gamosavals ver xedaven. da mizanSewonilad miiCnevs. ufro lamazad unda hqondes Tma davarcxnili” (maswavleblebi da mSoblebi. is korumpirebulebi. rom pirovneba. sainteresoa. me mgoni. igi ar Caigdebs Tavs aseT saCoTiro situaciaSi” (maswavleblebi da mSoblebi. patrioti. aucilebel saarsebo minimumad TveSi daaxloebiT 500 lars asaxeleben. es. Tu isic korufciad CaTvales.miviCnev. saerTo azris Tanaxmad. rom maRali xelfasi TavisTavad yovelTvis ar iqneba aucilebeli da sakmarisi garantia imisa. Tbilisi) bevri respondentis azriT. Tbilisi) “me. ar aris qrTami. me namdvilad ar davimcireb Tavs da ara mgonia. amasTan. rom is ar daiWiron an me ar damiWiron. ase vTqvaT. Tbilisi) 2. quTaisi) “roca Tanamdebobis piri xar. radgan sakuTari surviliT Cuqnis” (policielebi. Tu iqneba normaluri xelfasebi. merwmuneT. am sferoSi xelfasebis mniSvnelovan gazrdas. mamakacebi iseve rogorc qalebi. imitom. rom aRar izrunos SeTavsebaze. fokus-jgufebis msvlelobis procesSi gamoikveTa azri. rodesac me viRacis pativiscema minda da SemeSindes. rom ar gaxde [korumpirebuli] — magram miuxedavad amisa. gasagebi mizezebis gamo. da roca mas kargi xelfasi eqneba. gansakuTrebul aqcents akeTebs Tavisi profesiuli sferos did mniSvnelobaze sazogadoebriv cxovrebaSi. yvela profesiuli jgufi. Zalian mewyineba. raRac zewola moaxdinos masze. araferic ar Seicvleba” (maswavleblebi da mSoblebi. quTaisi) “[Tu] me miCndeba survili. vinc arian — isini iReben kidec [qrTams] da ekonomiuri mdgomareobac Zlieri aqvT. xelfasebis gazrda gadaWris korufciis problemas. korumpirebuli ar unda dauZaxon” (profesor-maswavleblebi. es SeiZleba iyos sunamo. maSin. rom imas pativi vce. Tbilisi) rodesac aseT iZulebiT SemTxvevebTan gvaqvs saqme. vinc aseT saubars warmarTavs. axalcixe) “maswavlebels imdeni xelfasi unda hqondes. “xelfasi minimumze minimumia” (policielebi. rom TiTqmis yvela sferos warmomadgenlebi. Tbilisi) “Tu xelfasebi ar gaizrdeba. roca eqims sakuTari surviliT pacienti rames aCuqebs. rom sxvaganac aiRos saaTebi” (maswavleblebi da mSoblebi. magaliTad. “banbanerka” an sulac erTi fila Sokoladi. pativiscema sxva aris. me amas qrTams ar veZaxi. cduneba Zalian didia” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi. magram TviTon ar unda moiTxovon” (maswavleblebi da mSoblebi. korumpirebuli pirebis nawili iZulebiT iRebs qrTams. korufciis mizezebi saqarTveloSi korufciis ZiriTad mizezad respondentebi TiTqmis erTxmad asaxeleben dabal xelfasebs sajaro samsaxuris yvela sferoSi. arc erTma maswavlebelma daimciros Tavi da gamarTos mSobelTan raRac uxerxuli saubari. 41 . magram visac araviTari saSualeba ara aqvs — iman rom patara raRaca gaakeTos. Tbilisi) “maswavlebels ar unda ecvas moswavleze cudad. es maTTvis Tavis an ojaxebis rCenis erTaderTi realuri gzaa. var Cemi saqmis profesionali da. rom im adamians pativi vce. rom es xalxi Zalze ganicdis aseT mdgomareobas: “ekonomikuri mdgomareoba unda Seiqmnas imisTana. Telavi) “me rodesac maqvs kargi xelfasi. rom mere iman “pativi sces” — isevdaisev.

axalcixe) “marto gadarCenisTvis xom ar aris es korufcia? mTlad ise. korufciis gavrceleba garkveuli Sidasauwyebo zewolis Sedegadac SeiZleba moxdes. romlebic saqarTveloSi xels uwyobs korufciis gavrcelebas. mniSvnelovnad Seuwyobs xels korufciis masStabebis Semcirebas. axalcixe) Tumca. xelfasebis gazrda sajaro samsaxurebis moxeleebisTvis (gansakuTrebiT im SemTxvevaSi. Telavi) “zogierT maswavlebels rom misce 1000 lari. anu. Tu qrTams ar gadauxdidi. mere isev aq [universitetSi] fuliT moawyos. gaiZulebs TviTon situacia” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi. rom ver imuSavebdi.w. magram korufciis gzas agrZelebs” (profesormaswavleblebi. rom “vardebis revoluciis” Semdeg xelisuflebis Secvlis Sedegad es situacia Seicvala: “adre iyo is. da mere isev gaaubeduros da ase gagrZeldes mudmivad?” (studentebi. xSirad saxeldeba parlamenti. magram Seqmnilia rgoli da gaiZulebs. ar davasaxeleb Tanxas. da Zalian bevri vici. axalcixe) respondentebi im garemoebas usvamen xazs. quTaisi) 42 . romelic ar aris korumpirebuli. is mainc aiRebs qrTams” (maswavleblebi da mSoblebi. romelic ar gvyofnis elementarul. rac respondentTa aseT mosazrebebs iwvevs: “me Tu ar aviRe. ris Sesaxebac. rom is bavSvebi isev daaClungos. korufciis gavrcelebas garkveulwilad xels uwyobs Tavad is garemoeba. radgan fuli unda gekeTebina da yofiliyavi korumpirebuli. miT ufro meti unda” (studentebi. rom gaakeTo [qrTami aiRo]. rom korufcia xSirad sakuTari Tavis kvlavwarmoebas uwyobs xels: “ar aris korufcia. aseTi fiqric xdeba” (policielebi. rom am umaRles damTavrebul Clungs Sen 500 dolars arTmev da maswavleblad iReb [skolaSi]. rom samsaxuri ar dakargo. rom dRevandel saqarTveloSi korufcia Zalze farTodaa gavrcelebuli. sigaretze” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi. Tu es dakavSirebuli iqneba pasuxismgelobis amaRlebasTan da dausjelobis sindromis aRmofxvrasTan). korufcia yvelaze seriozul formebs xelisuflebis yvelaze maRal safexurebze iRebs. ramdenadac korufciis gavrcelebaSi dabal xelfasebTan erTad sxva faqtorebic TamaSoben mniSvnelovan rols. da respondentebis mier xSirad iqna gamoTqmuli eWvi axlandeli xelisuflebis moqmedebebis marTebulebaSi. “adamians rac ufro meti aqvs. sxva mainc aiRebs. dausjelobis sindromi korufciis gavrcelebis kidev erTi mniSvnelovani mizezia. rom Cven vzivarT moWril konkretul xelfasze. amave fokus-jgufis erT-erTi respondenti imasac aRniSnavs. rom gadarCes — esec ar mimaCnia sworad. saerTo rwmeniT. kerZod. vinaidan mas sxva mizezebic aqvs: (a) sixarbe da (b) tradiciuli kulturuli normebi. rom ukve ‘gadarCenilia’. es kidev erTxel adasturebs azrs. kerZod. ra Tqma unda. saxelmwifo moxeleebi saubrobdnen: “SeiZleba ar gindodes. imitom rom Zalian bevri adamiani vici me. e. maTi azriT. Tumca. dRes me vityvi xmamaRla Cemi saxeliT da Cemi TanamSromlebis saxeliT. Telavi) garda amisa. magaliTad. “qarTuli mentaliteti”. rom TavisTavad xelfasebis gazrda ar gadawyvets korufciis problemas saqarTveloSi.rom korufcia aRar iqneba. es xalxi seriozulad unda daisajos. vTqvaT — adamiani iRebs qrTams. rogorc respondentebi moixsenieben. rodesac xdeba arakanonieri gzebiT mopovebuli qonebis patronebis gaTavisufleba winaswari patimrobidan mniSvnelovani jarimis gadaxdis Semdeg. Tbilisi) bevri respondentis azriT.

sadac mimdinareobs [korufciuli] procesi. Telavi) “ase Tu ise. saboloo jamSi yvela sferodan Tanxa erT xelSi iyris Tavs — kancelariasa da parlamentSi. magram Tu zemoT ar moiTxoven fuls. udevT raRac CaTvlis wignakSi. Telavi) 3. quTaisi) “rodesac saxelmwifo winaswar uSvebs korufcias. ase iyo me-8 semestrSi. rac warmoSobs dausjelobis sindroms.“arian iseTi [studentebi]. anu es procesi rom SeCerdes. imas veranairad ver mosTxov. rom imas awyobs.1. “rodesac esa Tu is urTierToba ar regulirdeba kanoniT. ar uzrunvelyobs “kanonierebis kulturis” damkvidrebas. axalcixe) “saxelmwifos midgomaa aseTi. visac aqvs fuli da sTavazobs” (studentebi. ramdenadac is xSir SemTxvevaSi ganixileba rogorc Tavis gadarCenis erT-erTi xelmisawvdomi strategia im pirobebSi. da ar zrunavs iseTi kanonebis miRebaze. me TviTon gamomerTva?” (profesor-maswavleblebi. korufcia iyos” (profesor-maswavleblebi. Sesabamisad. rom pasuxismgebloba korufciis gavrcelebaze srulad ekisreba saxelmwifos da mis “pirvel moxeleebs”. Telavi) amas garda. romelic ver asrulebs Tavis funqciebs. “susti saxelmwifo”. da arasrulyofili sakanonmdeblo baza: ucodinroba. da “qarTveloba/qarTuli mentaliteti”. dabali xelfasebi ganixileba rogorc korufciis ZiriTadi mizezi saqarTveloSi. rodesac adamians sxva araferi gamosvali aRar darCenia. rogorc zemoT aRvniSneT. [me isini] gavabrune — ase iyo me-6 semestrSi. fokus-jgufebis msvlelobis procesSi gamoikveTa korufciis kidev ori SesaZlo gamarTleba qarTveli respondentebis mxridan: “susti saxelmwifo”. quTaisi) saxelmwifosadmi wayenebuli ZiriTadi pretenziebi aseTia: is ar zrunavs moqalaqeTa keTildReobaze. rom ase iyos. da saxelmwifo gamocdaze wamomisves win. korufciis masStabebi Semcirdeba” (policielebi. me mgoni. axla: ara sjobda. rom ar aiRos fuli viRac debilisgan. es [sakanonmdeblo] vakuumi unda moispos aucileblad” (studentebi. aq yovelTvis iqmneba raRac SezRuduli wre. romlebic SedarebiT ufro TviTkritikulebi arian da xedaven rigiTi moqalaqeebis pasuxismgeblobas korufciis gavrcelebas dakavSirebiT. am poziciisgan gansxvavdeba studentebis Sefasebebi. is ukve geubneba — midi da iSoveo” (profesor-maswavleblebi. ase iyo me-7 semestrSi. rom marTla modian. korufciis mizezebad dasaxelda kanonebis gaunaTlebloba. ra uwyobs xels korufcias miuxedavad yovelive zemoT Tqmulisa. imitom rom xelfass aZlevs amdagvars. zemodan modis” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi. rogorc korufciis institucionaluri gamarTleba repondentTa umravlesoba “patara kacis” poziciidan uyurebs korufciis problemas qveyanaSi da miiCnevs. respondentebi miiCneven usaxsrobas korufciis erT-erT umTavres gamarTlebad: “16 lari rodesac aqvs leqtors xelfasi da mas Semosavlis sxva wyaro ara aqvs. korufciis saerTod moSla gamoricxulia. rodesac is ganwirulia saxelmwifos mier. Telavi) “korufciis Tavi da Tavi mainc. korufcia yvela sferoSia. “yvelaferi mainc saxelmwifos meTauridan da mTavrobidan iwyeba da mTavrdeba” (policielebi. 3. romlebic ukeT imuSavebs Cvens qveyanaSi da mZime tvirTad ar 43 . korufcia respondentebSi garkveul gagebas iwvevs imdenad. Telavi) garda amisa.

100-dan 70-s hgonia. an sxva moqalaqeebis winaSe. sakuTari saxsrebiT unda iyido an Seikero. es ianusia. daaxloebiT 50dan 100 laramde gWirdeba. axalcixe) “mSier adamians ver mosTxov kanonis dacvas” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi. es aris naZirlebis dawerili kanoni” (profesor-maswavleblebi. kerZod — qrTamis amRebs. sawvavi Sen unda Caasxa.. sad aris. “vinc aZlevs. sazogadoebaSi Rrmadaa fesvgadgmuli rwmena. romelic. aravin ar gaZlevs mas. rodesac Tavad xalxi ase Tu ise xels uwyobs korufcias daufiqreblobis. axalcixe) “saxelmwifom unda uzrunvelyos materialuri keTildReoba da iseTi garemo. . amasTan. “pagonebi” 10 lari Rirs. “qurdobaze [Tu] daiWire vinme. quTaisi) “kacs rom 30 lars aZlev da imas mere cixeSi Casvam — imis moraluri ufleba ara gaqvs!” (profesor-maswavleblebi. furceli ginda. “vfiqrob. respondentebi iSviaTad afiqsireben SemTxvevebs. yvelaze ufro xSirad saxelmwifo moxelea. quTaisi) fokus-jgufebis msvlelobaSi SedarebiT iSviaTad gaiJRera mosazrebam. ra kanonzea laparaki? es aris saxelmwifosgan dadgenili oficialuri yaCaRoba. rom xelfasebi gaizardos. benzini — am yvelafers aravin afinansebs. rac mosaxleobas sakuTari udanaSaulobis grZnobas umtkicebs da Sesabamisad. forma gWirdeba. amcirebs samoqalaqo pasuxismgeblobis grZnobas. amitom ara gvaqvs xelfasi. amitomac. rac kidev ufro amcirebs saxelmwifos am xalxis TvalSi. TiTis miSvera mxolod imisken [vinc 44 . pirvel rigSi” (profesor-maswavleblebi. eqsperti. rom qrTami aris saukeTeso gamosavali. Telavi) saxelmwifo ar uqmnis Tavis moxeleebs normalurad muSaobisaTvis saWiro elementarul pirobebs. ra Tqma unda. aseve qrTamis mimcemi — rogorc wesi. forma 100 laramde gijdeba. formis perangi 18 lari.. quTaisi) vinaidan saxelmwifo ar arsrulebs Tavis funqciebs. unda iyos iseTi loialuri. xdeba korufciaze pasuxismgeblobis srulad “gadatana” saxelmwifoze an Tundac mis calkeul maRalCinosnebze. sawarmoebi amuSavdes. rom maRali rangis saxelmwifo moxeleebi yvelaze ufro korumpirebulTa Soris arian saqarTveloSi. qseroqsi. korufcias uwyobs xels” (policielebi. yvelafer amisTvis Tanxa moipovos” (policielebi. axalcixe) “Sroma moenatra yvelas! aucilebelia imuSaon. SeiniSneba tendencia. gulgrilobis an sxva raime mizezis Sedegad: “yvelafers mTavrobas ver davabraleb. rac spobs mosaxleobaSi pasuxismgeblobis grZnobas am saxelmwifo moxeleebis. Telavi) “sagadasaxado kanoni. Telavi) “Cveni [universitetis] Semosavali rom aris. igivea. rom korufciaSi met-naklebad Tanabrad ageben pasuxs rogorc qrTamis amRebi. aseT pirobebSi korufciisagan Tavs ver daizRvev” (policielebi. rom saxlSi mSieri bavSvi ar melodebodes da am saxlSi misvla ar meSinodes” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi. 50 lari — Sarvali. policieli cdilobs. xom SeiZleba moqalaqem pasporti moiTxovos erTi TviT adre da ara bolo wuTSi? moqalaqe. orsaxovani. quTaisi) “Tavidan muSaobas rom iwyeb. arafriT masze ukeTesi ar aris. amRebic da mimcemic orive erTia. sadac adamians kanondarRvevis SemTxvevaSi SeeSindeba dasjis” (policielebi. romelic erT kviraSi iTxovs pasportis damzadebas. magaliTad. tyviebi Sen unda iyido.daawveba mosaxleobas. saxelmwifom unda ifiqros imaze. mTeli pasuxismgebloba korufciuli garigebis mxolod erT mxares daekisros. adamianebis mentaliteti unda Seicvalos. fasianebidan — 60% mihqonda saxelmwifos aramwarmoebeli sferodan. saqme Ziebamde rom miiyvano. rom adamiani gaiqces gadasaxadis gadasaxdelad” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi.

“iciT ra aris — qarTvel kacs mentalitetSi aqvs raRacis Cuqeba. rom ki. rom fokus-jgufebis msvlelobaSi mTavrobis mimarT zogadad uaRresad uaryofiTi damokidebuleba dafiqsirda. rodesac qrTams aZlev. magram unda. Tu ramden xans gastans es ndobis krediti. yvela fiqrobs.qrTams iRebs] es aris uzneoba” (profesor-maswavleblebi. gamoxaton Tavisi madliereba saCuqrebis meSveobiT. an ufro ukeTesad moemsaxuros. romelic raime TxovniT mimarTavs [Tanamdebobis pirs]. situaciis gamosworebis imeds badebs. niSnisTvis ki ar miaqvT es. rom am situaciaSi yvela iqceodes kanonierad TviTon mis garda. Telavi) 45 . amasTan. brZola mTavrobidan unda daiwyos” (policielebi. quTaisi) Tavad respondentebi.. rogorc korufciis kulturuli gamarTleba “qarTveloba”. romlebTanac hqoniaT Sexeba. rom. dRes cota Tamami var” (profesor-maswavleblebi. rom korufciis winaaRmdeg brZola calkeuli pirovnebebis doneze SeuZlebelia: “pirovneba ver aRudgeba korufcias. sanam qveyanaSi socialuri mdgomareoba ar amaRldeba” (policielebi. Telavi) “yvela adamians saqarTveloSi rom hkiTxo. romelic moxda maT damokidebulebaSi bolo Tveebis manZilze: “axla me ukve SemiZlia [xmis amaRleba]. es mentalobidanac gamomdinareobs” (studentebi. amas respondentebi miiCneven misaReb movlenad da ar Tvlian. me Tu guSin cota mSiSara viyavi. Tumca jerjerobiT es imedi araviTar realur cvlilebebze ar aris damyarebuli.” (studentebi. “pativi scen” sxvebs. qarTvelebs sCveviaT. Telavi) “rogorc wesi. agreTve is garemoeba. quTaisi) “korufciasTan brZolaSi moqalaqe uZluria. SesaZloa. moqalaqe. Sen codvili xar. vinaidan arCies. respondentebma rig SemTxvevaSi daafiqsires is cvlilebebi. anu. axal mTavrobas mainc aqvs garkveuli ndobis krediti. rom codvili is ki ar aris. unda yvelaferi iyos kanonierad. raime momsaxurebis SemTxvevaSi. vinc aiRo es” (studentebi. “qarTuli mentaliteti”. Telavi) “bibliidan moviyvan. aramed mxolod dapirebebsa da imedebze. magram. korufciis winaaRmdeg mebrZoli agentebi respondnetebi yvelaze ufro xSirad miiCneven. saqarTveloSi qrTamSi igulisxmeba rogorc saCuqari.2. qrTami da me Cems Tavs ufro vTvli am SemTxvevaSi damnaSaved. respondentebis SefasebiT. rogorc wesi. rodesac adamiani madlierebis niSnad uxdida adamians raRacas. kanoni unda kanonobdes. me maqvs micemuli.” (profesor-maswavleblebi. xolo TviTon isev Zveleburad agrZelebdes. rom amis winaaRmdeg saWiroa brZola.. cdilobs rame gadauxados. vTqvaT. respondentTa umravlesoba imediT uyurebs mTavrobis Secvlas da axali saxeebis gamoCenas. damnaSave unda daisajos. “qarTveloba”. agreTve xSirad ganixileba rogorc korufciis Taviseburi gamarTleba. vidre imas.. xels Seuwyobs dausjelobis sindromis aRmofxvras. ra Tqma unda. TiTqos mgonia. Telavi) miuxedavad imisa. 3. rom is daayenos pirvel rigSi. ar SebrZolebian korufciul faqtebs. vinc qrTams iRebs. romelsac aseTi brZola gamoiwvevda. romelic. rogorc zemoT ukve aRvniSneT. amitom Znelia imis Tqma. TandaTan mkvidrdeba SiSis faqtori. Telavi) 4. moridebodnen dapirispirebas..

rom korufcia moispos. Cven mas SeniSvnas ar mivcemT. raRac situaciebze. da rogorc Tanamdebobis pirma unda gaiTvaliswinos sakuTari movaleoba. moqalaqeebi ufro aqtiuri unda gaxdnen. vidre is — Sen [unda] daexmaro im adamians im resursiT. dausjelobis sindromis aRmofxvra.. es Cemi saqme ar ariso. gamoixateba saxelmwifos valdebulebebSi” (studentebi. me gulaxdilad vityvi. iciT? me ukve vicodi. romelsac. imitom rom misi uflebebi. axalcixe) “sazogadoebam is unda gaakeTos pirvel rigSi.. rogorc wesi. Tundac Sen ufro mebrZoli xar. Telavi) “kanoni unda vicodeT” (studentebi. romelic mxars momcemda” (profesor-maswavleblebi. rom zurgi ukve cota magari meqneboda. Zalian delikaturad. rom saxelmwifos mSenebloba TiToeul maTganzea damokidebuli. razec vCumdebodi me yovelTvis. fulis gareSe. rac Sen gaqvs” (studentebi. razec vCumdebodi. daisjebi. sxva jgufebTan SedarebiT studentebi yvelaze xSirad gamoTqvemen konstruqciul mosazrebebs imasTan dakavSirebiT. ukve vicodi. rom im Cems zurgs ukan ukve SeiZleba damdgariyo adamiani. unda gavacnoT sxva adamianebic am uflebebs” (studentebi. quTaisi) “saxelmwifom unda akontrolos xalxi. respondentTa azriT. rac Sen ici da [sxva adamianma] ar icis — Tundac uflebebi. Telavi) “saxelmwifoSi moqalaqem ar icis Tavisi valdebulebebi. ise unda daifaro” (studentebi. daisaja. an qrTamis gareSe. rogor asrulebs kanons. da ukve rogor aris. Telavi) SedarebiT iSviaTad saubroben respodnentebi Tavad moqalaqeTa rolis Sesaxeb korufciis winaaRmdeg brZolaSi: “aq aris mTavari sakuTari uflebebis da movaleobebis gacnobiereba. axalcixe) 46 . es ukanaskneli SeiZleba. yovelTvis. Seswevs Zala SeebrZolos korufcias. rac mTavaria.> magram me ukve ratom ar gavCumdi. ra movaleobebi akisria saxelmwifos winaSe da. me ar gavCumdi erTi Tvis win. axalcixe) aqac. Telavi) “sabani sadamdec gagwvdeba. unda agebinon pasuxi” (studentebi. rom Tu me xmas amoviRebdi da Tu amas vityodi. aris saxelmwifo. aRar unda ifiqron. mas es SeuZlia gaakeTos Semdegi RonisZiebebis gatarebis meSveobiT: xelfasebis gazrda da kanonierebis kulturis damkvidreba. rom Caagdos qaRaldi urnaSi” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi. axalcixe) “is. ra uflebebi aqvs. Sesabamisad. sxvac aRar gaakeTebs” (studentebi.“imaze. unda gaacnobieron. Tu [kanoni] ar Sesruldeba. viRaca rom dainaxavs. mentalitetis Secvlas albaT dro dasWirdeba” (policielebi. magaliTad: quCaSi mimavalma axlagazrdam daagdo Zirs nayinis qaRaldi. rom amis gareSe ar xdeba. ar icis. Telavi) “Tu xalxs ar endomeba. iciT? mcdeloba aRar aris” (studentebi. <. Telavi) mainc. ase unda iyos gacnobierebuli kanonis uzenaesoba” (saxelmwifo moxeleebi. is ar moispoba” (studentebi. rom unda SeveCvioT SeniSvnis micemas. ai. axalcixe) “axlandeli axalgazrdobac uwyobs amas [korufcias] efeqturad xels. Tu rogori SeiZleba iyos rigiTi moqalaqeebis roli korufciis winaaRmdeg brZolaSi: “Cvens uflebebs unda gavecnoT. axalcixe) “saxelmwifom unda daanaxos xalxs. ZiriTadi agenti. gakeTdes mosaxleobis samarTlebrivi ganaTlebis meSveobiT: “saxelmwifom unda izrunos sakuTari moqalaqeebis samarTlebrivi ganaTlebisaTvis. aseve saxelmwifom nebismieri moqalaqisadmi unda gaacnobieros [Tavisi] uflebamovaleoba. rom kanons Tu ar Seasruleb. imitom rom ukve ici. kerZod.

yvelaze ufro konstruqciulia pozicia. 2004 w. romlis Tanaxmadac brZola korufciis winaaRmdeg unda xdebodes erToblivad. saxelmwifom problemebi unda moagvaros” (policielebi. rogorc saxelmwifos. aseve calkeuli moqalaqeebis Zalebis gaerTianebis Sedegad: “moqalaqeebi ufro aqtiuri unda iyvnen. saxelmwifom ki socialuri pirobebi unda mouwesrigos Tavis moqalaqeebs” (policielebi. rom korufciis winaaRmdeg brZola ioli ar aris: “xan aris. rom isea gamartivebuli qrTamis aRebis procedura. quTaisi) oqtomberi. Tbilisi) SesaZloa.respondnetebi acnobiereben im garemoebas. rom Zalian Znelia vinme konkretulze xelis dadeba” (maswavleblebi da mSoblebi. socialuri 47 . quTaisi) “sazogadoeba kanonmorCili unda gaxdes.

48 . rom isini Cveni yoveldRiuri cxovrebis nawilia da miCveulebi varT maT. Tu sxva. rodis. Tu vin Sexvdeba mkvlevars quCaSi an kafeSi. romlebic mraval kiTxvas warmoSoben. romelic mniSvnelovani cvlilebebis gareSe meordeba dRidan dRemde. rodesac mas mSobliur kulturaSi uwevs dakvirvebis ganxorcieleba. rom adamianebi ar arian sakuTari qcevis kargi aRmwerebi. rom is bunebriv garemoSi xorcieldeba. Sromis ganawileba. magram adamianTa cxovrebaSi ara naklebi mniSvneloba aqvs moqmedebebs. romelTa sityvierad aRwera da gadmocema respondents SeiZleba gauWirdes. amitom intervius dros ver ixseneben maT. es SeiZleba iyos rogorc sxva. amis mizezi ki isaa. The Art and Method of Qualitative Interview Studies. dakvirvebis meTodi Zalze farTod gamoiyeneba socialur mecnierebebSi. da ver gvawvdian sando informacias mis Sesaxeb.r. es amocana mniSvnelovnad rTuldeba. es SeiZleba iyos moqmedebebi. saswavlo procesi (skolSi. es gansakuTrebiT sworia dakvirvebis SemTxvevaSi. mivmarToT dakvirvebas Cvensave qalaqebSi mcxovrebi xalxis subkulturis Seswavlis mizniT. Tu rogor ganviTarda movlenebi. Learning from Strangers. bazris cxovreba an maRaziaSi myidvelebis 50 Robert S. romelTa mniSvnelobac socialuri cxovrebis analizisaTvis Zalze didia. rom damkvirveblis amocana gacilebiT iolia misTvis ucxo kulturaSi muSaobis dros. mecxvareebis) da maTi cxovrebis Sinagani wesebis dadgena. 236. qcevebs. Weiss.bernardi. romlis umTavresi Rirseba isaa.Tema 4.50 situaciebSi. dakvirveba intervius nebismier saxeobas (maT Soris siRrmiseul intervius da fokusjgufs) informaciis Segrovebis verbaluri saSualebebi udevs safuZvlad. umaRles saswavlebelSi). SedarebiT mcirericxovani da naklebad cnobili socialuri jgufis kultura (magaliTad. da am moqmedebebs Soris aris iseTebi. da aq sityva “kultura” Zalze farTo gagebiT ixmareba. rogoricaa mkvlevris ofisi. yvelaze xSirad am meTods antropologebi da eTnografebi mimarTaven gansxvavebuli kulturis warmomadgenelebis cxovrebis Seswavlis mizniT. socialuri mecnierebisTvis kargadaa cnobili. h. Taobebs Soris urTierToba. ra movlenebis momswre gaxdeba dRis manZilze. dakvirvebis meTodis Teoretikosebi. im ubralo mizezis gamo. ra pirobebSi da ra Temaze mouwevs intervius Catareba. aseve antropologiuri gamokvlevebi — naklebad cnobili tomis an eris cxovreba an am cxovrebis romelime aspeqti. ukanasknel SemTxvevaSi kvleva Soreul qveynebSi xorcieldeba. rom mSobliur kulturaSi Cven “bunebrivad” aRviqvamT da Cveulebrivad gveCveneba moqmedebebisa da reaqciebis umravlesoba. arada. rodesac intervius verc erT saxeobas ver gamoviyenebT. zogierTi mniSvnelovani elementi ki SeiZleba saerTod yuradRebis gareSe dagvrCes. P. iqneba es maTi religiuri wes-Cveulebebi. dakvirveba erT-erT umniSvnelovanes Tvisebriv meTods warmoadgens. an ubralod ar CaTvalos laparakis Rirsad. rok-musikosebis. da ara “laboratoriul” pirobebSi. sadac realurad mimdinareobs cxovreba. CvenTvis saWiro informaciis mopovebaSi dakvirveba dagvexmareba. es SeiZleba iyos urTierToba TanamSromlebs Soris samuSao saaTebSi. damaxinjebulad gadmogvces isini. rom Tvisebrivi meTodebi gamoirCeva Tavisi araformaluri xasiaTiT. iq. damnaSaveebis. rom dakvirvebis warmoebis yvelaze mizanSewonili obieqtia yoveldRiuri saqmianoba. Tu maT miukerZoebeli TvaliT SevxedavT. zog SemTxvevaSi respondentebi ar aqceven yuradRebas sakuTari qcevis garkveul detalebs. magram Tanamedrove kvleviT praqtikaSi savsebiT miRebulia. New York: Free Press. iTvleba. rodesac SeuZlebelia imis winaswarmetyveleba. urTierTobas. kerZod. SedarebiT naklebad Seswavlil kunZulebze. sxva SemTxvevaSi ki isini arasworad ixsomeben imas. swored es garemoeba ganapirobebs am meTodis specifikas da masTan dakavSirebul gansakuTrebul sirTuleebs. Tavisufali drois organizacia ojaxSi an megobarTa wreSi. Tumca Cven ukve aRvniSneT. xazs usvamen im garemoebas.

romelSic aqtorebi monawileoben. upirveles yovlisa — gasaubrebas Sesaswavli jgufis warmomadgenlebTan da eqspertebTan. romlebsac is Seiswavlis. rodesac Sesaswavli obieqti ver igrZnobs damkvirveblis arsebobas — erT-erTi aseTi magaliTia dakvirveba xalxmraval adgilebSi. adamianebi gansakuTrebul yuradRebas aqceven imas. an “ubralo” dakvirveba. dakvirveba Sesaswavli erTeulis gamoyofiT iwyeba. am intensiurobidan gamomdinare. rogorc vTqviT. socialur gamokvlevebSi dakvirvebis meTodi iSviaTad gvxvdeba rogorc kvlevis erTaderTi meTodi. iSviaTad gamoiyeneba. SeiZleba sxvadasxva intnsiurobiT moxdes. misi CarTva im procesebSi. New York: Holt. mklevris uSualo interesi SeiZleba iyos xalxis Cacmuloba ama Tu im situaciaSi. romlis msvlelobaSic mkvlevari ar amyarebs urTierTobas aqtorebTan. rac davafiqsireT dakvirvebis dros. aseTi Seswavla ki SeuZlebelia mxolod dakvirvebis meSveobiT — is aucileblad iTvaliswinebs sxva meTodebis gamoyenebasac. magram dakvirvebis warmoebisas Zalze seriozul problemas warmoadgens. romlebis irgvliv an romelTa gamoyenebiTac xdeba moqmedeba. misi srulad gadalaxva faqtiurad SeuZlebelia. Tu rogor iqcevian. es gavlena cnobilia rogorc reaqtiuloba — ician ra. es SeiZleba iyos: o o o o adgili. sadac xdeba moqmedeba. es imiT aixsneba. gv. an mosaxleobis quCaSi moZraobis siCqare. Participant Observation. Tumca arsebobs misi Semcirebis SesaZleblobebi.qceva. anu “aqtorebi” (ingl. amitom “sufTa”. site). romelSic isini arian CarTulni. da sxva. romlebsac is Seiswavlis. kvlevis procesSi damkvirvebeli Zalauneburad axdens gavlenas moqmed pirebze da socialur situaciebze. Spradley. mkvlevris monawileoba socialur situaciaSi. adamianebi. 49 . rom. isini ase ar moiqceodnen. da am meTodiT muSaobisas mkvlevari Zalauneburad erTveba socialur situaciaSi. TviTon moqmedeba an saqmianoba (scenebi). romlebsac uSualod vakvirdebiT. nacnobebTan gamosaubrebis mizniT SeCerebis sixSire da am SeCerebebis xangrZlivoba. da saboloo jamSi maTi saqcieli bunebrivi aRar aris. mkvlevris arseboba rom ara. gamoiyofa CarTvis Semdegi tipebi:52 CarTvis intensiuroba maRali CarTvis tipi sruli (“CarTuli dakvirveba”) aqtiuri saSualo mokrZalebuli dabali pasiuri mkvlevari ar iRebs monawileobas ar aris “CarTva” socialur situaciaSi (“ubralo dakvirveba”) 51 aseT SemTxvevad SeiZleba CavTvaloT situacia. interviusTan erTad. romlebic CarTulni arian CvenTvis saintereso saqmianobaSi da vis moqmedebebsac vakvirdebiT. dakvirveba yvelaze xSirad gamoiyeneba gansxvavebuli kulturis warmomadgenlebis cxovrebis wesis Seswavlis mizniT. 58. vinaidan amaxinjebs Sedegebs. 52 ix. romlebic dagvexmarebian sworad avxsnaT is. intervius erT-erTi saxeobaa. da nivTebi. dakvirvebis meTodi ixmareba kompleqsurad sxva meTodebTan — upirveles yovlisa. rom maT moqmedebas akvirdebian. James P. gasaubreba ki. specialur literaturaSi es adgili moxsenieba rogorc “saiti” (ingl. iSviaTi SemTxvevebis garda51. movlenebi. ras da rogor amboben. 1980. romelTa Sesaxebac qvemoT visaubrebT. rogor epyrobian sxva adamianebs. Rhinehart and Winston. actor). ra Tqma unda. meTodis daxasiaTeba iseve rogorc nebismieri sxva tipis gamokvleva. situaciebi. rogorc wesi. reaqtiuloba adamianebis bunebrivi reaqciaa.

magram informantebis gacnobis Semdeg Tveebia saWiro imisaTvis. Tu ra mniSvnelobebs aniWeben sxvadasxva socialuri Tu kulturuli jgufis warmomadgenlebi TavianT cxovrebas. biblioTekebSi. mkvlevari awarmoebs araformalur gasaubrebebs aqtorebTan an srulfasovan interviuebs atarebs maTTan. da TandaTan icnobs xalxs. is ubralod midis kafeebSi. amis sapirispirod. vinaidan erTi SexedviT martiv socialur situaciebSic ki xSirad Rrma da rTuli kulturuli azria Caqsovili. danarCenebs ki mxolod zedapiruli yuradReba davuTmoT. es monawileoba gamoixateba aqtorebTan erTad maT yoveldRiur saqmianobasa Tu zeimebSi monawileobis miRebaSi. da is iZulebuli xdeba. Russel Bernard. Tu gamokvlevis savele periods ramdenime weliwads davuTmobT. — ambobs bernardi. rom am meTodis Seswavlis saukeTeso xerxi misi praqtikuli gamoyenebaa. vinaidan misTvis ucxoa am situaciaSi moqmedi wesebi da normebi. CarTul dakvirvebaSi. 55 H. xSirad mkvlevari iwyebs muSaobas garemoSi. “quCaSi dgomis” strategia Zalian efeqturia.53 CarTuli dakvirvebis meTodisadmi miZRvnil klasikur saxelmZRvanelod iTvleba jeims spradlis “CarTuli dakvirveba”. maTi kulturuli normebi da/an simboloebi. iseve rogorc ar arsebobs dakvirvebis saitis SerCevasTan dakavSirebuli rekomendaciebi. Participant Observation.r. didi droa saWiro. sadac aravis ar icnobs. Spradley. misi azriT. h. dadis SerCeuli “saitis” quCebSi. romlebic dakvirvebis ZiriTad fokuss warmoadgenen da romlebsac dawvrilebiT SeviswavliT. amasTan. Research Methods in Anthropology. visTanac is muSaobs. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publishers. ucnob socialur situaciaSi moxvedrili nebismieri adamiani CarTuli damkvirvebeli xdeba. rogor aRiqvamen sxvadasxva movlenebs da ra mniSvnelobas aniWeben maT. romlebic iq viTardeba. 2nd Edition. iyaviT Tanamimdevruli da nu ilaparakebT zedmets. 1994. aramed srul monawileobas iRebs im socialur situaciebSi. rom mkvlevarma daimkvidros adgili Sesaswavl jgufSi da moipovos xalxis ndoba. vidre is sinamdvileSia.54 spradlis Tanaxmad. imisaTvis. miuxedavad am meTodikis simartivisa. is zis kafeSi da mxolod akvirdeba im movlenebs. maSinac ki. am gadawyvetilebebis miReba yovelTvis konkretuli situaciidan gamomdinare xdeba. srulfasovani gamokvleva ki sul cota erTi wlis manZilze grZeldeba. “sakuTari Tavis wardgenis wesebi Zalze martivia. socialur situaciaSi sruli CarTva Seesabameba CarTul dakvirvebas (participant observation). CarTuli dakvirvebaa is meTodi. xSirad literaturaSi terminebi “eTnografia”. is ver miaRwevs warmatebas”55. Rhinehart and Winston. rodesac mkvlevari saerTod ar iRebs monawileobas socialur situaciaSi — magaliTad. amis Seswavlas sakmaod bevri dro sWirdeba. eswreba ama Tu im Temis mier organizebul RonisZiebebs. Tu mkvlevari Seecdeba SecdomaSi Seiyvanos is xalxi. P. romlebsac Seiswavlis. 50 . romlis drosac mkvlevari ar rCeba gare damkvirveblad.bernardi Tvlis. damatebiT. socialuri mecnierebebis farglebSi CarTuli dakvirveba warmoadgens mcdelobas gavigoT. New York: Holt. Tu mkvlevari Seecdeba warmoadginos Tavi sxva adamianad. overt). — ilaparakeT simarTle. 1980. SeuZlebelia am meTodis warmatebiT gamoyeneba. romelic xSirad gaigivebulia Tavad Tvisebriv meTodebTan da/an eTnografiasTan. gamoikvlios da Seiswavlos isini xalxTan urTierTobis meSveobiT.“ubralo” dakvirveba Seesabameba situacias. iZulebulebi viqnebiT. ar arsebobs CarTuli dakvirvebis warmoebis sayovelTao wesebi. rom kargad SeviswavloT ucxo kulturis warmomadgenlebi. romlebic droTa ganmavlobaSi misi informaciis wyaroebi gaxdebian. 54 James P. 144. CarTuli dakvirvebis ori tipi arsebobs — gamJRavnebuli. 53 qarTulad CarTuli dakvirveba zog SemTxvevaSi moixsenieba rogorc “monawile dakvirveba” rac Sesabamisi inglisuri terminis ufro zusti Targmania. CarTuli dakvirvebis minimalur xangrZlivobad ramdenime Tve iTvleba. “eTnografiuli kvleva” da “CarTuli dakvirveba” ixmareba rogorc sinonimebi. SevarCioT cxovrebis konkretuli aspeqtebi. anu aqtorebi. (ingl.

fokusis SerCevaSi SeiZleba mniSvnelovani roli iTamaSos socialuri situaciis monawileebTan gasaubrebis Sedegad miRebulma informaciam. dakvirvebis fokusireba Zalauneburad iwvevs socialuri situaciis im elementebis ignorirebas. maSin is iZulebulia. romlebic saerTo xasiaTis informaciis miRebas isaxavs miznad. rom gaumJRavnebeli dakvrivebis warmoebas Tavisi upiratesobebi aqvs (upirveles yovlisa. 33-34. imitom rom Tu is Seatyobinebs policias aseT informacias. romeli saqmeebi iwvevs yvelaze did interess da a. aRweriT dakvirvebas ar SeuZlia met-naklebad mniSvnelovani Sedegebi mogvces — misi erTaderTi mizania. James Spradley. 82-83). arcTu iSviaTad. Tumca. monawileoba miiRos am jgufis kanonsawinaaRmdego qmedebebSi. Op. mkvlevari ase Seiswavlis daxurul jgufebs. rodesac kvlevis erTaderT saSualebas gaumJRavnebeli CarTuli dakvirveba warmoadgens. mkvlevari mudam “gamomJRavnebis” saSiSroebis winaSea — yovelTvis aris imis SesaZlebloba. ra tipis saqmeebis ganxilva mimdinareobs. miuxedavad imisa. da gaumJRavnebeli (ingl. maSin damnaSaveTa Tanamonawile xdeba. aRweriTi dakvirveba dakvirvebis pirveli.56 mkvlevari axorcielebs aRweriT dakvirvebas (descriptive observation) kvlevis sawyis etapze. romlis drosac aqtorebisTvis ucnobia. romlis msvlelobaSic mkvlevari cdilobs. Pp. Op. sacdeli etapia.rodesac mkvlevari Tavidanve acnobs aqtorebs Tavis vinaobas da miznebs. rodesac mas jer ara aqvs gadawyvetili. dagvexmaros dakvirvebis fokusis dadgenaSi — xSirad es xdeba eqspertebTan da/an Sesaswavli kulturis warmomadgenlebTan konsultaciebis meSveobiT. Tu “ra xdeba aq”. amasTan. aRar gvaqvs saqme reaqtiulobis problemasTan). 56 57 James P. maTma komentarebma. mas eqneba informacia dagegmili qurdobis/Zarcvis/yaCaRobis Sesaxeb. maT Soris — kriminalur dajgufebebs. vinaidan misi warmoebis dros Segnebulad xdeba aqtorebis SecdomaSi Seyvana.S. fokusirebuli da SerCeviTi dakvirveba. cit. magram Tu mkvlevari kriminaluri dajgufebis wevri xdeba kvlevis Catarebis mizniT da ar miaCnia mizanSewonilad Tavisi namdvili vinaobis gamJRavneba. Tu rogor xdeba garkveuli tipis saqmeebis warmoeba. rodesac mkvlevars ukve gamokveTili aqvs Seswavlis konkretuli erTeulebi. rom saqme aqvT mkvlevarTan — isini mas aRiqvamen. CarTuli dakvirvebis sami etapi gamoiyofa — aRweriTi. Pp. amitom am etapze is “yvelafers akvirdeba”. cit. dakvirvebis fokusis SerCeva da misi Semdgomi dazusteba. rom es esaa daviwyeT dakvirvebis Catareba sasamarTloSi da gvsurs SeviswavloT. rodesac SeuZlebelia ama Tu im jgufis Seswavla sxvagvarad. Spradley. is Zalze seriozul eTikur problemebTanaa dakavSirebuli. Tu rogor iqceva sasamrTlo darbazSi xalxi. aRweriTi dakvirvebis meSveobiT SesaZlebelia pasuxi gavceT mkvlevaris winaSe mdgar aRweriT kiTxvebze57. rogor unda moiqces is aseT SemTxvevebSi? am sakiTxis gadawyveta Zalian rTulia. ra Temebs exeboda Cvens mier mosmenili saubrebi. socialuri realobis konkretulad romel aspeqtebze gaamaxvilebs yuradRebas. romlebic eyrdnoba aRweriTi dakvirvebis dros Segrovil masalas. covert). warmovidginoT. rom romelime aqtori Seityobs mis namdvil vinaobas. romelic Cveni Seswavlis “fokusSi” moeqceva. ra Tqma unda. yovelTvis konkretuli gamokvlevis miznebidan da amocanebidan gamomdinareobs. gaumJRavnebeli dakvirveba yvelaze xSirad gamoiyeneba maSin. maSin iZulebuli gaxdeba Sewyvitos kvleva. jeims spradlis mohyavs aRweriTi kiTxvebis yvela SesaZlo tipis cxrili (ix. rogorc socialuri situaciis rigiT monawiles. gaerkves arsebul socialur situaciaSi da Seiqmnas saerTo warmodgena imis Sesaxeb. garda amisa. romlebic ar warmoadgens Seswavlis uSualo interess. an vinmes xelSi Cauvardeba mis mier kvlevasTan dakavSirebiT gakeTebuli Canawerebi. dakvirvebis aRweriT etapze Cven SevZlebT mxolod Zalian saerTo doneze aRvweroT. fokusirebuli dakvirveba (focused observation) dakvirvebis meore etapia. xolo Tu Tavs Seikavebs am informaciis gamxelisagan. anu saboloo jamSi im situaciis SerCeva. yvelafris dakvirveba sinamdvileSi SeuZlebelia. 51 .

maSin rodesac am kulturis wamomadgenlebis TvalSi mas garkveuli mniSvneloba aqvs. es interviu Zalze waagavs siRrmiseul intervius da tardeba winaswar SemuSavebuli gegmis (sadiskusio 52 . fokusirebuli dakvirvebis etapze is Zalauneburad amJRavnebs Tavs rogorc mkvlevari. romlebic SeiZleba Zalze mniSvnelovani iyos Cveni gamokvlevisTvis. intervius sxvadasxva saxeobis gamoynebis gareSe. fokusirebuli dakvirvebis etapze gamoyofili Seswavlis erTeulebis ama Tu im damaxasiaTebeli niSnebis Seswavlas. zog SemTxvevaSi — SevcvaloT kvlevis fokusi. CarTuli dakvirvebis procesSi SeiZleba gamovyoT intervius ori ZiriTadi saxeoba: formalizebuli da araformalizebuli. magram. SerCeviTi dakvirveba aucileblad moiTxovs interviuebis Catarebas Sesaswavli kulturis warmomadgenlebTan maTi Sexedulebebis da komentarebis miRebis mizniT. raTa SevZloT ama Tu im movlenebis axsna TviT am kulturis warmomadgenelTa TvaliT. sanam is aRweriTi dakvirvebidan SerCeviTamde miva. romlebis gagebac mxolod am xerxiTaa SesaZlebeli. an uazro da SemTxveviTi gveCvenos. kerZod. araa winaswar SeTanxmebuli da dagegmili — isini Cveulebriv gasaubrebas ufro hgavs da maTi Cawera diqtofonze yovelTvis ar xdeba. erTi gamokvlevis farglebSi ganxorcielebuli Tanamimdevruli etapebia. an Tu dakvirveba gamoiyeneba rogorc damxmare meTodi kompleqsuri kvlevis farglebSi. rodesac mkvlevari jer ar aris darwmunebuli. CavrToT es Temebi Cveni muSaobis procesSi. xolo am xerxebis SedarebiTi efeqturobis dadgena — SerCveviTi dakvirvebis sagani. Tu restoranSi oficiantebis saqcielis Seswavla aRweriTi dakvirvebis sagania. CarTuli dakvirvebis dros aqtorebTan urTierTobis damyarebis an ganmtkicebis procesSi. rom Tumca damkvirvebelma SeiZleba CaTvalos. araformalizebulia yvela is interviu. Tu sakiTxis sawyis SeswavlasTan gvaqvs saqme. araformalizebuli interviuebi informaciis Zalze mniSvnelovani wyaroa. gansakuTrebiT ki dakvirvebis SemTxvevaSi. amasTan. magaliTad. daxmareba menius SerCevaSi. rom adamianebi racionalurad moqmedeben. dakvirvebis SerCeviTi etapis yvelaze mniSvnelovan damaxasiaTebel niSnad iTvleba mkvlevris mier kontrastruli Sedarebebis da kontrastuli SekiTxvebis gamoyeneba. CarTuli dakvirveba warmoudgenelia mkvlevaris mier damatebiTi kvleviTi teqnikebis. Cven ar unda gagvikvirdes.) SeiZleba gaxdes fokusirebuli dakvirvebis sagani. dakvirvebis samive etapi. maT mier klientebisagan damatebiTi gasamrjelos miRebis xerxebi (magidis SerCeva klientisaTvis. rodesac damkvirvebeli grZnobs. Tu muSaobis procesSi gamoCndeba axali Temebi. yvelaze xSirad es im SemTxvevaSi xdeba. miuxedavad maTi “moumzadeblobisa”. aseTi interviuebis Sedegad miRebuli komentarebis gareSe zogi moqmedeba SeiZleba Cveni yuradRebis miRma darCes. nebismieri Tvisebrivi meTodis gamoyenebisas. Tu ra iqneba misi kvlevis sagani da problema. vinaidan am etapze misi mizania kulturul situaciaSi arsebuli gansxvavebebis gamomJRavneba. aseTi interviuebi tardeba winaswar daTqmul drosa da adgilas da xdeba maTi Cawera audiokasetaze. raTa daskvnebis gamotanisas ar iqnes ugulebelyofili mniSvnelovani niuansebi. aseTi interviuebi araa struqturirebuli da. Tumca SesaZloa. ar unda daviviwyoT. rom misTvis araa srulad gasagebi im movlenebis mniSvneloba. rogorc wesi. xolo SerCeviTi dakvirvebis etapze is ukve am situaciis monawile xdeba. da sxv. romelic tardeba moumzadeblad. romlebsac is akvirdeba.warmatebuli fokusirebuli dakvirveba moiTxovs gasaubrebas Sesaswavli kulturis warmomadgenlebTan. SerCeviTi dakvirveba (selective observation) dakvirvebis bolo etapia da moiTxovs damkvirveblis yuradRebis sferos kidev ufro dazustebas da SezRudvas. es yovelTvis ase ar xdeba. anu mklevaris interesi garkveulwilad viwrovdeba. rogorc wesi. formalizebuli interviu mkvlevarsa da aqtors Soris winaswari molaparakebis da SeTanxmebis Sedegia. da mzad unda viyoT. an aqtorebisagan damatebiTi informaciis mopovebis mizniT. Tu aRweriTi dakvirvebis etapze mkvlevari SeiZleba sakuTari miznebis gamJRavnebis gareSe muSaobdes. rom kvleva mxolod aRweriTi dakvirvebiT Semoifarglos. Tumca mis msvlelobaSi damkvirvebelma SesaZloa (da sasurvelicaa) gaakeTos Canawerebi.

da ara samecniero kategoriebis gamoyenebiT. adamiani. ufro izrdeba imis saSiSroeba. mas unda hqondes survili. amitom mniSvnelovania ganvasxvavoT ama Tu im socialuri situaciis Cveulebrivi monawilis da CarTuli damkvirveblis rolebi. anu Sesaswavli jgufis warmomadgeneli. CarTuli dakvirvebis procesSi saWiroa erTi Temisadmi miZRvnili mTeli rigi formaluri interviuebis Catareba. misi brmad ndoba ar SeiZleba — rogorc am kulturis warmomadgenels. sasurvelia. mTavari (key informant) da “damatebiTi” informantebi. ormagi cxovrebiT cxovrobs — erTi mxriv. magram amave dros is regularulad awarmoebs Canawerebs am cxovrebis Sesaxeb. raTa Seiswavlos misi wesebi. vis azrsac gadamwyveti mniSvneloba unda mivaniWoT — Tu es moxdeba. rom karg informants Seswevs Zala. romelic mas miaCnia mniSvnelovnad. bevri mkvlevari Tvlis. garkveulwilad. rogorc wesi. amasTanave. rac unda kargi iyos informanti. vinc Seecdeba mecnieruli terminebiT agvixsnas mimdinare movlenebi — Cven gvWirdeba Cveulebrivi adamiani. is unda iyos Sesaswavli kulturis warmomadgeneli. Tu is garkveuli avtoritetiTac sargeblobs. romelic CarTul dakvirvebas awarmoebs. amitom. yovel SemTxvevaSi arasatrabaxod. aq SeiZleba gamovyoT 6 ZiriTadi gansxvaveba58: 1.gegmis) mixedviT. informantis roli gacilebiT ufro mniSvnelovani xdeba maSin. informanti. informantebis SerCeva ioli ar aris. romelTa Sorisac arian ZiriTadi. aramed Segnebulad da 58 es klasifikacia moyvanilia Semdegi gamocemis mixedviT: James P. rom daexmaros mkvlevars. an. da misi gavlena miRebul Sedegebze erTiorad izrdeba. an ar gamoitanos saaSkaraoze cxovrebis is elementebi. interviuebis gamoyenebasTan erTad. Tumca garegnulad mkvlevari. informantebis gareSe Cven gagviWirdeba SeviswavloT movlenebi. rom is “gafiltravs” aqtorebis naTqvams da mxolod im informacias gadaTargmnis. magram man Tavisive eniT unda agvixsnas yvelaferi. CarTuli dakvirvebis erT-erTi umniSvnelovanesi damaxasiaTebeli niSania mkvlevrebis mWidro TanamSromloba informantebTan. damkvirvebels ormagi mizani aqvs: Cveulebrivi monawilisagan gansxvavebiT. rogorc wesi. swored is uadvilebs mkvlevars jgufSi SeRwevas. Sesaswavli jgufis rigiTi wevri. 1980. yoveldRiuri cxovrebis eniT. cit. informantebis SerCeva. xSirad arafriT ar gansxvavdeba sxva aqtorebisgan. Cveni “maswavlebeli” gaxdes CvenTvis ucxo kulturis Seswavlis saqmeSi. am SemTxvevaSi informanti. Tu informanti Tarjimnis rolsac TamaSobs. informanti ar unda gaxdes erTaderTi pirovneba. 53-58. raTa Seiswavlos. es iyos komunikabeluri pirovneba. romelic kargad icnobs sakuTar kulturas. sinamdvileSi mas sruliad gansxvavebeli roli aqvs da. mas SeiZleba gauCndes survili. rac mTavaria. ukeTesia. SesaZloa. is cxovrobs. sasurvelia. pirvel rigSi. acnobs xalxs. Pp. vinc dainteresdeba gamokvleviT da mTeli gulisyuriT CaerTveba masSi. xolo im SemTxvevaSi. ra Tqma unda. garda amisa. erTi gamokvlevis CatarebisTvis mkvlevars ramdenime informanti sWirdeba xolme. Tarjimnis funqciebsac kisrulobs xolme. romlebic miaCnia samarcxvinod. magram araviTar SemTxvevaSi ara mecnieri. Op. met-naklebed Sealamazos faqtebi. maSin kvlevas seriozuli safrTxe daemuqreba. vinaidan kargi informanti mTel rig moTxovnebs unda akmayofilebdes. romlis warmomadgenelTa enac man ar icis. is ara marto monawileobs socialur situaciaSi. ver iqneba da arc unda iyos reprezentatuli. romelzec mas uwevs kvlevis Catareba. exmareba mkvlevars ama Tu im jgufis warmomadgenlebis cxovrebis wesis SeswavlaSi da jgufSi arsebuli wesebisa da normebis gagebaSi. is Cveulebriv monawileobs aqtorebis yoveldRiur cxovrebaSi. rodesac mkvlevari misTvis ucxo kulturaSi muSaobs. mas dadebiTad unda uyurebdnen Sesaswavl jgufSi. Spradley. sxvebze ufro xalisiani da gonebagaxsnili. 53 . rogorc aRvniSneT. magram informanti araviTar SemTxvevaSi ar unda iyos socialur mecnierebaTa specialisti. Cven gvesaWiroeba misi daxmareba. rom mkvlevarma rac SeiZleba male moaxerxos im enis Seswavla. romelTa mowmeebic vxdebiT. rogorc wesi.

da Cven ganvixilavT moTxovnebs maTi warmarTvisadmi. savele muSaobis Semdeg. miuxedavad amisa. rodesac mkvlevris mizania. rodesac man unda gaaanalizos mis mier Segrovebuli informacia. raTa SemdgomSi Tavis CanawerebSi aRweros movlenebi da maTSi monawile pirebi. ara nakleb mniSvnelovani etapi. kidev erTi. aseTi dRiurebi mimarTulia individis piradi grZnobebis da gamocdilebebis aRsawerad da amiT gansxvavdeba savele Canawerebisgan. anu erTsa da imave dros is aris am socialuri situaciis monawilec da Semswavlelic. CarTuli damkvirveblis mizani unda iyos. rasac socialuri situaciis nebismieri sxva. xalxs. rigiTi monawile arasdros ar akeTebs — Tu ar gaviTvaliswinebT im adamianebs. maT saqmianobas. rogorc Sesaswavl obieqts. aramed. mas akisria garkveuli movaleobebi: daakvirdes. mkvlevari aTviTcnobierebs. 54 . erTsa da imave dros profesiuli damkvirveblebi arian situaciis monawileebic da gareSe pirebic. maT Soris — Tavisi sakuTari moqmedebebi. ar ramdenime wlis ganmavlobaSi iziarebs maTi cxovrebis wess. ese igi. SeZlebisdagvarad araferi dagvrCes yuradRebis gareSe (ra Tqma unda. umniSvnelovanesi gansxvaveba movlenebis rigiT monawilesa da damkvirvebels Soris isaa. rom damkvirvebeli. Seiswavlos socialuri jgufis kulturuli normebi. iwyeba kvlevis meore. rogorc wesi. 2. amasTan. romelic maTTvis sruliad ucxo adamiania. CarTuli dakvirvebisas Cveni mizani unda iyos. agreTve informacias aqtorebisTvis mgZnobiare Temebze. Cveulebrivi adamianisgan gansxvavebiT. romelic Tveebis. CarTuli dakvirvebis procesSi mkvlevari Tavad aris Tavisi kvlevis instrumenti — mas ar “exmareba” arc kiTxvari. da bolos. da am drois manZilze mkvlevari da aqtorebi Zalauneburad sakmaod axlos icnoben erTmaneTs. maqsimalurad gavzardoT dakvirvebuli elementebis raodenoba). es exeba ara marto saerTo informacias. romelic ganixilavs situacias. damkvirvebeli awarmoebs Tavisi dakvirvebis Sedegebis dawvrilebiT Caweras — esaa iseTi ram. is Tavad iziarebs maTi cxovrebis wess sakmaod xangrZlivi drois manZilze. didxans grZeldeba. 3. arc sadiskusio gegma an raime sxva instrumenti. CarTuli dakvirvebis umTavresi upiratesoba ubralo dakvirvebasTan SedarebiT isaa. romlebic araa gamotanili saaSkaraoze. rigiT interviuers. rac xdeba. 4. romlebsac Cveulebriv pirobebSi yuradRebas ar vaqcevT. movlenaTa rac SeiZleba farTo speqtri moaqcios Tavisi dakvirvebis sferoSi. imasTan erTad. nanaxi da gagonili. rogorc wesi. vidre damkvirvebels. cxovrebaSi yvelas gviwevs garkveuli dakvirvebebis Catareba. Cveni mizani unda iyos. yovel saRamos. es garkveul momzadebas moiTxovs. dakvirvebis Sedegebis Cawerasac saTanado codna da gamocdileba sWirdeba. ndobis mopoveba ki garkveuli pirovnuli urTierTobebis damyarebas gulisxmobs. damkvirvebelma gaaskecebuli yuradReba unda gamoiCinos mis garSemo mimdinare movlenebisadmi. rogorc zemoT aRvniSneT. aseT introspeqcias yoveldRiurad mimdinareobs da is didad amdidrebs CarTuli dakvirvebis procesSi mopovebul faqtologiur masalas. metic. magram. romlebic am situacias akvirdebian. Tu mkvlevarma ar moipova aqtorebis ndoba. ra Tqma unda. da mkafiod ganasxvavebs Tavisi moqmedebebis “monawileobiT” da “SemecnebiT” mxareebs. respondentebi gacilebiT naklebi gulaxdilobiT esaubrebian. rom aris movlenebis monawile. 5. grZnobebi. CainiSnos da/an daixsomos yvelaferi. dakvirvebis meTodiT Catarebuli gamokvleva. aseTi cxovrebiseuli dakvirvebebisagan gansxvavebiT. 6. Cveulebrivi adamiani ar eweva Tavisi moqmedebebis da grZnobebis aseT sistematur da Rrma analizs. Tu rogor viTardeba movlenebi. raTa SeniSnos da daixsomos iseTi detalebic ki. uyurebs am movlenebs gareSe mowmis — “ucxos” — TvaliT. rom is ormag rols TamaSobs. vinc regularulad awarmoebs pirad dRiurs. SesaZloa.mizanmimarTulad akvirdeba movlenaTa ganviTarebas. yvelafris SeniSvna SeuZlebelia. es miT ufro mniSvnelovani xdeba maSin. warmatebuli dakvirvebis ganxorcieleba SeuZlebelia. rom aqtorebTan xangrZlivi da mWirdo urTierTobis Sedegad mkvlevari Zalze mdidar informacias iRebs maTi cxovrebis Sesaxeb. da azrebi. magram bolo SemTxvevaSi. reaqciebi.

visTanac man yvelaze mWidro urTierTobebi daamyara. da muSaobis dasruleba da “saitis” datoveba. romelsac mkvlevari uZRvnis cxovrebis mniSvnelovan periods. 2002. “mkvlevari arasodes tovebs saits” — sulierad is iq rCeba. Tundac imis gamo. romelic mis informantebs cudad daaxasiaTebs? miuxedavad amisa. mkvlevari mainc “ucxod” rCeba im sazogadoebaSi. rom is yovelTvis. daqancva. garkveul etapze is gadaiRleba. xSirad mkvlevari rTuli eTikuri dilemis winaSe dgeba — aRweros Tu ara moqmedeba.59 SemTxveviTi ar aris. da a. Third Edition. rogor gamogviva” — es aris saqme. monaTla maTi Svilebi. ramdenad mniSvnelovania is misi kvlevisTvis. meore Sesveneba da gaSmagebuli saqmianoba. bernardi gamoyofs CarTuli dakvirvebis ganxorcilebis procesSi mkvlevaris mier gancdili fsiqologiuri mdgomareobebis Tanamimdevrobas: • • • • • • • pirveli kontaqti. SeuZlebelia informatebis mimarT gulgrili damokidebulebis SenarCuneba da bevri informanti saboloo jamSi mkvlevris namdvili megobari xdeba. 356-362. rom mkvlevars eufleba Soki. rom garkveuli TvalsazrisiT. rogoricaa “saitis” datoveba — CarTuli dakvirvebis damTavreba da “saitidan” wasvla cxovrebis mniSvnelovani periodis damTavrebas niSnavs. mniSnvelovnad miaCnia Tavisi kvlevisTvis. romlis Seswavlasac cdilobs. Rirs Tu ara masze yuradRebis gamaxvileba da CaniSvna. dasaxuli miznis misaRwevad CarTuli dakvirveba mkvlevrisagan srul CarTvas moiTxovs. da is xSirad mtkivneulia rogorc mkvlevrisTvis. 59 H. Russell Bernard. Walnut Creek: AltaMira Press. obieqturi iyos Tavisi informatebis mimarT. es ar aris romelime rigiTi meTodi. 55 . rac aSkaraa. eTnografiuli kvlevis Sedegad mkvlevrebi xSirad resocializaciis process gadian. rodesac damkvirvebeli daumegobrda aqtorebs. Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. kulturuli Soki. aRmoCena imisa. gamokvlevis damTavrebis Semdegac grZeldeba. romelic SeiZleba “vcadoT.S. CarTuli dakvirvebis Sedegad mopovebuli informacia ufro sando xdeba. xSir SemTxvevaSi mkvlevarma SeiZleba imitom miiRos monawileoba ama Tu im RonisZiebaSi. Sesabamisad. amis srulad miRweva SeuZlebelia. fokusireba. mkvlevarsa da aqtorebs Soris damyarebuli urTierTobebi. amitomaa. CarTuli dakvirveba saboloo jamSi Zalze piradi xasiaTis ganumeorebeli gamocdilebaa. aris SemTxvevebi. rac ar unda ecados mkvlevari. rom rac ar unda ecados mkvlevari. aqedan gamomdinareobs is.ara nakleb mniSvnelovania. CarTuli dakvirvebis ganxorcieleba yovelTvis moqmedebs mkvlevaris emociur mdgomareobaze. bolos. rom mas gadwyvetili aqvs mis Sesaxeb daweros. rogorc wesi. rom gamokvlevis manZilze aqtorebi eCvevian maT gverdiT damkvirveblis yofnas. Pp. Research Methods in Anthropology. anu eCvevian aqtorebis TvaliT uyuron movlenebs. arc iseTi etapis gamoyofaa SemTxveviTi.iseve im aqtorebisaTvis. ufro metic. srulad “Seerwyas” Sesaswavls jgufs. rac ar unda ecados is. ris Sedegadac mcirdeba maTi qcevis da maTi saubrebis reaqtiuloba. nebismieri movlenis dros imaze fiqrobs. rom bernardi Tvlis. Sesveneba. misTvis es SesaZlebeli gaxdeba mxolod im SemTxvevaSi. da sxv. Tu is xels aiRebs Tavis kvlevaze. gauCndeba Sesvenebis aucilebloba.

adre mkvlevrebi ar aqcevdnen yuradRebas imas. 56 . raTa Semdgom Caiweros dakvirvebis Sedegebi. Tu ra mniSvnelobas aniWebenen ama Tu im gamocdilebas. 1989. Beverly Hills. meore midgomis Tanaxmad ki savele Canawerebis warmoeba iseTive warmatebiT SeiZleba aswavlo adamians. aseve araformalizebuli interviuebis Catarebisas. kargi msmeneli. savele CanawerebSi warmoCenili unda iyos is socialuri realoba. dakvirvebis Sedegad gakeTebuli savele Canawerebis umravlesoba warmoadgens TxrobiT Canawerebs. Calif. savele Canawerebi masobrivi gamokiTxvis dros Sevsebuli kiTxvarebis analogiuri informaciis wyaroa. 107. rasac SeniSnavs dakvirvebis procesSi. amitom maTi Sedgena da momzadeba guldasmiT unda moxdes.Fetterman. Cawerilia mosmenili dialogebi an calkeuli frazebi. amitomaa. sadac aRwerilia damkvirveblis mier danaxuli socialuri situaciebi. eTnografiuli kvlevis farglebSi xdeba individebis da socialuri jgufebis yoveldRiuri cxovrebis aRwera maTi kulturuli normebis Seswavlis mizniT. iseve rogorc zogadad weris niWi. romelic daexmareba daimaxsovros is. xolo am Canawerebis da SemdgomSi dakvirvebis angariSis momzadebisaTvis mas moeTxoveba sxvadasxva tipis teqstebis Seqmnis unari — dawyebuli savele CanawerebiT da damTavrebuli Semajamebeli angariSiT. rom jer kidev XIX saukunidan moyolebuli maT yvela eTnografi iyenebda Tavis muSaobaSi. Tu adamiani dRidan dRemde awarmoebs Canawerebs da kritikuli TvaliT afasebs maT. devid m. P. savele Canawerebis warmoebis unari. romelTa yofasac Cven SeviswavliT. kulturuli normebis da socialuri organizaciis formebis aRwera detaluri dakvirvevebis doneze. savele Canawerebis mimarT ori ZiriTadi damokidebuleba arsebobs. amasTan. cxovrebis wessa Tu kulturul normas is adamianebi. rom savsebiT SesaZlebelia am unar-Cvevis daufleba Seswavlis da praqtikuli saqmianobis procesSi. romelTa mowmec gaxda kvlevis procesSi. fetermanis azriT. aramed ama Tu im Sesaswavli jgufis Tu individisaTvis damaxasiaTebel bunebriv pirobebSi. yoveldRiurad aRweros rogorc mniSvnelovani. CainiSnos yvela detali da SemdgomSi es detalebi ufro farTo konteqstSi moaTavsos. Cvenc am azrs viziarebT da gvjera. CarTuli dakvirvebis Catareba mkvlevrisagan mTeli rigi unar-Cvevebs daxvewas moiTxovs — is unda iyos yuradRebiani damkvirvebeli. erTis Tanaxmad. Tandayolilia da misi swavleba SeuZlebelia — is an aqvs adamians. eTnografiuli kvlevis Catarebis ZiriTadi mizania imis gageba. romelic SemdgomSi umniSvnelovanes rols TamaSobs dakvirvebis Sedgebis Seswavlasa da analizSi — saboloo jamSi. mas aucileblad gamoumuSavdeba maTi ukeT warmoebis unari. savele Canawerebi is masalaa. mas unda hqondes Zalian kargi mexsiereba. meTodologiuri ganxilvis sagani savele Canawerebi sul raRac bolo 15-20 wlis win gaxda. Ethnography: Step by Step. savele Canawerebi “eTnografiuli struqturis aguri da cementia”60. kvlevis procesSi yoveldRiuri savele Canawerebis (fieldnotes) warmoebis wesebis Seswavla CarTuli dakvirvebis meTodis Seswavlis mniSvnelovani nawilia Tanamedrove eTnografiaSi. an ara. sadac is cdilobs CainiSnos yvela is wvrilmani Tu mniSvnelovani movlena. mkvlevars unda Seswevdes unari. mas unda SeeZlos miiRos gadawyvetilebebi gamokvlevis fokusis dadgenisa da gamokvlevis dros wamoWrili axali sakiTxebis integrirebis an uaryofis Taobaze. rom kvleviT unar-CvevebTan erTad. CarTuli dakvirvebis meTodis gamoyenebiT kvlevis Catarebis erT-erTi ZiriTadi ganmasxvavebeli Tviseba isaa. kvalificiuri interviueri rogorc formalizebuli. romelic xSirad monografiis safuZveli xdeba. rogorc nebismieri sxva unar-Cveva.savele Canawerebi rogorc ukve aRvniSneT. maTSi xdeba arsebuli cxovrebis wesis. aseTi kvleva moiTxovs gamarTulad da sainteresod weris unars. romlis momswrec gaxda. aseve umniSvnelo movlenebi. rom dResdReobiT jer kidev ar 60 David M. rac TavisTavad gulisxmobs savele muSaobis Catarebas ara eqsperimentalur pirobebSi. miuxedavad imisa. Tu rogor unda warmoebuliyo savele Canawerebi. mkvlevris mier ganxorcielebuli dakvirvebis dokumentacia savele Canawerebis meSveobiT xdeba.: Sage Publications. romelsac mkvlevari Seiswavlis. rogorc robert emersoni aRniSnavs.

robert emersonis msgavsad. savele Canawerebi ar unda ganvixiloT rogor ama Tu im movlenis ubralo aRwera. Tumca zogierTi mkvlevari Tvlis. es moTxovna. rac xels uwyobs kvlevis warmatebulad Catarebas. magram. rom ramdenime mkvlevris mier erTi da igive movlenis Sesaxeb gakeTebuli savele Canawerebi SeiZleba absoluturad gansxvavdebodes erTmaneTisgan iqidan gamomdinare. romelsac mkvlevarma unda gasces pasuxi savele Canawerebis warmoebisas. Sesaswavli jgufis ena (profesiuli leqsika. socialuri mecnierebis ena). vinaidan mainc arsebobs ramdenime enis gamoyenebis SesaZlebloba: • • • yoveldRiuri. Tu romel enaze unda awarmoos es Canawerebi? ra Tqma unda. aris is. detalebze. Seaqvs Tavisi SeniSvnebi gamokvlevis msvlelobasTan dakavSirebiT. amrigad. 57 . sadac mkvlevari SeZlebisdagvarad miukerZoeblad aRwers savele pirobebSi gakeTebuli dakvirvebis Sedegebs. savele Canawerebis auditoria mxolod erTi adamiania — Tavad mkvlevari. Rachel I. raTa rac SeiZleba zustad moxdes ganxorcielebuli dakvirvebis asaxva. rogor unda gaukeTdes organizacia am Canawerebs? pirveli kiTxva. es arc Tu iSviaTad xdeba movlenebis kulturuli mniSvnelobis damaxinjebis mizezi. romelzec Zalian did gavlenas axdens mkvlevris pirovnuli Tvisebebi.Fretz. romelTa momswrec is gaxda. yvelaze xSirad 61 Robert M. maTSi is Tavis pirad mosazrebebs da STabeWdilebebs iniSnavs. rom savele Canawerebia savele muSaobisas gakeTebuli yvela Canaweri. faqtebze gaamaxviles maT yuradReba. es sakiTxi ar kargavs Tavis aqtualobas. Tu romel aqtorebze. da aucileblad miuTiTos Tavis CanawerebSi yvela frazis avtoris vinaoba. saerTod. rom arsebobs gansxvaveba savele Canawerebsa da dRiurebs Soris. xolo dRiurebi ganixileba rogorc warmoebuli dakvirvebis “subieqturi” STabeWdilebebis asaxva. aseTi dayofis SemTxvevaSi xelovnurad xdeba dakvirvebisaTvis “obieqturobis” miniWebis mcdeloba. spradlis azriT. aramed rogorc warmatebuli eTnografiuli kvlevis umniSvnelovanesi nawili. movlenebze. salaparako ena. magram maSinac ki. uari Tqvas Sefasebebsa da ganzogadoebebze savele Canawerebis gakeTebis dros. daSvebuli Secdomebi. ra enazec mimdinareobda saubarebi. savele Canawerad unda miviCnioT mxolod da mxolod is Canaweri. Emerson. rogorc emersoni aRniSnavs.viii-x. maTi waramoebis procesi eTnografiuli kvlevis erT-erTi ZiriTadi komponentia.). problemebi. romlebic ucxo qveynebSi muSaoben da kvlevis savele etapi ucxo enaze xorcieldeba. Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes. savele Canawerebi uaRresad individualuri dokumentia. Shaw. xSirad swored savele Canawerebis gakeTebis dros uCndeba mkvlevars esa Tu is kiTxva. Tavisi molodini. 1995. magram swored savele Canawerebis gakeTebiT iwyeba monacemTa analizi. miRebuli gamocdileba. es procesi exmareba mkvlevars gaaanalizos movlenebi. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. upirveles yovlisa. da. ramdenad marTebulia savele Canawerebis sxvadasxva tipebad dayofa61. ramdenadac savele Canawerebi (am terminis viwro gagebiT) momxdaris obieqtur asaxvad iTvleba. rac Seexeba dRiurs an Jurnals. gaamartivos mis winaSe mdgari amocana da ukve savele Canawerebis warmoebis procesSi mecnierul enaze Targmnos is. ramdenad unda ganvasxvavoT maTgan “dRiurebi” an “Junalebi”. rodesac mklevari aqtorebis naTqvams gadmoscems. misi mizani unda iyos. Pp. mkvlevari ar unda ahyves survils. es naTqvami sityvasityviT CainiSnos.aris miRweuli konsensusi imasTan dakavSirebiT. jeims spradli urCevs yvela mkvlevars. mecnieruli ena (ufro konkretulad. Tu konkretulad ra saxis Canawerebs unda ewodos “savele Canawerebi”. es kiTxva exeba im mkvlevrebs. and Linda L. rodesac mkvlevari Tavis mSobliur qveyanaSi muSaobs. SeZlebisdagvarad gaakeTos Canawerebi imave enaze. Jargoni da sxv. Cven vTvliT. romlebic uCndeba muSaobis procesSi. savele Canawerebi unda ganvixiloT ara mxolod rogorc instrumenti. eWvs gareSea. wamoiWreba kvlevis axali mimarTulebebi. rasac akvirdeba. maTi azriT.

rom maTi wakiTxvis Semdeg mkvlevarma SeZlos ama Tu im movlenis mexsierebaSi aRdgena da detalurad aRwera. sakvanZo frazebi. romelic pirveli SexedviT mas. rom CainiSnos raime detali Tu movlena. rogorebicaa “roli”. rom swored mravalgzis ganmeorebuli dakvirvebebis aRweris Sedegad axerxebs mkvlevari Cawvdes socialuri situaciis mTel sirTules. Op. vidre mokle “Sejamebebi”. maT Tavs gadamxdari ambebi. “socializacia” da sxv. da gacilebiT met dros moiTxovs. detaluri da konkretuli aRwera imisa. magram es unda moxdes mas Semdeg. es termini Seesabameba situacias. CanawerebSi araa mizanSewonili. sanam maT SevudgebodeT. garemo. movlenebi dawvrilebiT aRwereT. rom mkvlevars ar daaviwydes mniSvnelovani movlenebi. Jestebi da sxva. mokled da “Taviseburad” gaukeTos Tqmuls perefrazireba. cit. Rachel I. spradlis mesame rCeva aseTia: dakvirvebis Sedegebis Cawerisas. SeiZleba. aseTi Canawerebi xSir SemTxvevaSi ucxo pirebs SesaZloa sityvebis uazro nakrebi eCvenos. Shaw. SesaZloa. risi mowmeebic Cven gavxdiT dakvirvebis dros. mizanSewonilia mokle angariSis dawera uSualod dakvirvebis damTavrebis Semdeg. ganxorcielebuli dakvirvebis aRwera savele CanawerebSi yoveldRiurad unda xdebodes uSualod dakvirvebis dasrulebis Semdeg — winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi Cven SeiZleba dagvaviwydes detalebi da davkargoT bevri faseuli informacia. and Linda L. imisaTvis. vinaidan damkvirvebelisTvis ufro advilia. isini isev da isev unda iqnes aRwerili. qvemoT moyvanilia aseTi Canwerebis magaliTi: jorji=magidasTan aravin ar gamacno exla marto espanurad saubrobs saerTo saubari — vin ukravs “isini ar arian Zalian magrebi” — bodiSi62 62 Robert M. SemdgomSi es mniSvnelovnad dagvexmareba ucxo kulturis SecnobaSi. P. rom gadmogvces ama Tu im movlenis informantiseuli axsna-ganmartebebi. da Tu is ar SevinarCuneT. magram saboloo jamSi swored detalebia. detaluri savele Canawerebis regularuli gakeTeba zog SemTxvevaSi SeuZlebelia. “socialuri situacia”. Emerson. rameTu aqtorebis mier gamoynebuli ena maTi kulturis erT-erTi yvelaze mniSvnelovani gamoxatulebaa. an jotting notes. rodesac mkvlevari iyenebs mxolod misTvis gasageb Semoklebebs. es rTulia. ra Tqma unda. vrcel angariSSi damkvirvebels ar unda eSinodes xSiri ganmeorebebis — piriqiT. mklvevari unda ecados. rac yvelaze metad dagvexmareba monacemebis analizis dros. dakvirvebis angariSis dawera SeiZleba or etapad moxdes: uSualod dakvirvebis damTavrebisas iwereba mokle angariSi. amasTan. “interaqcia”. iyaviT rac SeiZleba zusti da konkretuli. an raime sakvanZo detalis mokled CaniSvna. iolic ki eCvena. Semdeg ki — vrceli. “kulturuli strategia”. dagvexmareba davicvaT Tavi winaswari (da xSirad mcdari) Sejamebebisa da Sefasebebisagan. arsebobs aseTi termini — jottings. rac ukve SevagrovebT faqtebs. spradli darwmunebulia. rodesac Tqveni STabeWdilebebisa da grZnobebis Sesaxeb laparakobT. 30. es SeiZleba ar iyos gamarTuli da Camoyalibebuli winadadebebi — sakmarisia sakvanZo fraza. ganzogadoebebi saWiro iqneba Cveni Semdgomi muSaobisas. SemdgomSi es mravali Secdomis mizezi xdeba. magram vinaidan aseTi angariSebis Caweris dasrulebisTvis meti droa saWiro. rac mokle Canaweris gakTebas niSavs. Tu movlenebi xSirad meordeba. maSinac ki. sxvadasxva istoriebi — savele etapis Catarebis procesSi aqtorebis yuradrebiT mosmenis unari erT-erTi yvelaze mniSvnelovania. vixmaroT iseTi mecnieruli terminebi. magram mexsierebis srulad ndoba ar SeiZleba.Fretz.irRveva. figurebs an sqemebs imisaTvis. vrceli angariSis dawerac ar unda gadavdoT Soreuli momavlisaTvis. maSin garkveul kulturul elementebsac davkargavT. amitom eTnografisTvis aucilebelia kargi mexsierebis qona. 58 . mas unda SeeZlos daimaxsovros adamianebis garegnoba. man aucileblad unda ramenairad CainiSnos isini.

aseve stilisturad. sadac jgufi ver ukravs saTanado doneze. magram maTi analizisa da gadamuSavebis Sedegad iqmneba saboloo naSromi. gzad SevekiTxe. aseve iribi naTqvami. aseTi Canawerebi informaciis mdidari wyaroa. Tu rogor ukravs es jgufi — “isini ar arian Zalian magrebi”. gavlena iqonies miRebul Sedegebze. me-10 aRmosavleTis quCa — Tamazi zustad wuTi-wuTze movida (saRamos 5 saaTze). ecva TeTri perangi da lurji jinsebi. pirveli dRidan. savele CanawerebSi informantis zusti naTqvami brWyalebSi unda movaTavsoT. mocemulia garemos da Tavad informantis aRwera. daaxlovebiT 1. da mkvlevari aRniSnavs. miT ukeTesi. 63 Tamar zurabiSvilis mier Catarebuli kvlevis savele Canawerebidan. Cven vigebT. kacebi vcxovrobT yvelani”. imis gamo. aqtorebis konfidencialobis dacvis mizniT. kvlevis savele etapis damTavrebis Semdeg is exmareba mkvlevars aRadginos grZnobebi da ganwyobebi. maTSi SeiZleba aqtorebis da informantebis namdvili saxelebis xmareba. gamotyda Tamazi da kari SeaRo. zogi dRisiT muSaobs da zogi RamiT. romelTa momswrec xdeba. monawileTa raodenoba. adgili. agreTve SevcvaloT an saerTod ar davasaxeloT dasaxlebuli punqti. Tamazi maRali. aucilebelia. rom jorji magidasTan zis. romelsac ori Sesasvleli qonda. “iseTi daRlili movdivar xandaxan samsaxuridan rom Zilis garda arafris Tavi ara maqvs xolme. SesaZloa. ramdenadac savele Canawerebi mxolod mkvlevrisTvisaa gankuTvnili. Cven marcxena SesasvlelSi SevediT — “ar SegeSindeT. 59 . romlebmac. tyavis fexsacmeli. rac SeiZleba dawvrilebiT gadmosces Tavis CanawerebSi is garemo da dialogebi. radgan isini calkeuli dakvirvebebis aRweras warmoadgens. perefrazi. mkvlevari unda ecados. “sul aq cxovrobdiT Tu sxva binac gqondaT naqiravebi?” — “sul aq. Cven mivesalmeT da movikiTxeT erTmaneTi da is gamiZRva Tavisi sacxovrebeli binisken. erT-erTi damswreTagani — ara mkvlevari — akeTebs komentars imasTan dakavSirebiT.es Canaweri gakeTda espaurenovani rok-musikis erT-erT klubSi. magidasTan saerTo saubari mimdinareobs. romelic gamarTulia rogorc Sinaarsobrivad. rogorc aRmoCnda. es SeiZleba iyos pirdapiri naTqvami. ganvixiloT Semdegi magaliTi: 2004 wlis . romlis drosac viRacam ikiTxa. an organizacia. Sexvedraze — metros gaCereba braiton biCi. ai. Cven gaviareT 3 kvartali aRmosaleTiT da aRmovCndiT TeTrad SeRebili orsarTuliani binis win.. ramdeni welia. niu-iorki. rom Tavidan is inglisurad saubrobda da raRac momentSi gadavida espanurze. zog SemTxvevaSi. magram rodesac kvlevis angariSs vamzadebT. vinc magidasTan ijda. ufro swored ki im binisken. rac saxlamde mivdiodiT. ivnisi.. rom SeuZlebeli gaxdes aqtoris identifikacia. sadac vawarmoebdiT dakvirvebas. rac Camovedi. movediT kidec”. mniSvnelovania. aqa var”. sadac kvleva Catarda. rac meti detalia. mainc. savele Canawerebi sakmaod fragmentul xasiaTs atarebs. rom es SeniSvna garkveulwilad bodiSis moxdas niSnavs. sadac is sawoladgils qiraobda. maTi daxasiaTeba — rogorc eTnografebi amboben. sasurvelia aseve.80 sm. romeli jgufi ukravs am dros scenaze. im drois manZilze. perangis jibeSi uCanda Camel-is kolofi da sanTebela. cota dasalagebelia aqauroba.63 am magaliTSi gamoyenebulia rogorc pirdapiri. rodesac esa Tu is dakvirveba ganxorcielda. rac niu-iorkSi cxovrobda da aRmoCnda. rom savele CanawerebSi daTariRebuli iyos yoveli Canaweri. win patara kibeebiT. yvela saxeli unda Seicvalos ise. rom ukve meeqvse weli iyo. da 32-34 wlisaa. perefrazirebuli sityvebi ki brWyalebis gareSe davweroT. masTan erT oTaxSi kidev 3 adamiani cxovrobs. perefrazireba an iribi naTqvami. miTiTebuli iyos zusti saaTi. jorjma ar gaacno mkvlevari aravis. rom is iseT klubSi moiyvanes.

Street Corner Society: The Social Structure of an Italian Slum. maTi analizis saboloo Sedegi. dakvirvebis dasrulebisTanave gaakeTeT detaluri Canawerebi. Tu rogor moxda kvlevis fokusis gamoyofa. New York: Holt. 1995. aramed. Tu isini Seicaven informacias im movlenis Sesaxeb. sadac ganxilulia kvlevis savele etapi da moyvanilia miRebuli daskvnebi. rogorc analitikuri strategiis magaliTi. Rachel I. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. gaakeTos daskvnebi Seswavlili socialuri urTierTobebis specifikisa da aRmoCenili kanonzomierebebis Sesaxeb. ra aris am jgufis lideris avtoritetis safuZvels. 1988. Tales of the Field. Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. AltaMira Press. Ethnography: Step by Step. Rhinehart and Winston. Emerson. 1993. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Roger Sanjek. monacemTa analizis saboloo mizani unda iyos kvleviT kiTxvebze pasuxis gacema. The Making of Anthropology.Fretz. Forth edition. David M. SeukveTeT wignebi da daakvirdiT iq myof/misul adamianebs da situaciebs 3 saaTis manZilze. rom gamarTulad weris unari saWiro da aucilebelia ara mxolod savele muSaobis yvela etapze. 2002. John Van Maanen. ed. 1989. Robert M. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. rom adreuli Canawerebi am miznisTvis SedarebiT naklebad gamosadegi iqneba. analizis procesSi mkvlevarma Zalian vrceli masala unda Seiswavlos — am masalis umravlesoba mis mieraa Segrovebuli xangrZlivi savele muSaobis procesSi. Participant Observation. Tu rogoria erT-erTi amerikuli qalaqis italiur ubanSi arsebuli dajgufebis Sida struqtura. garkveuli mimarTulebiT waremarTa kvleva. Shaw.monacemTa analizi CarTuli dakvirvebis Sedegebis damuSaveba eyrdnoba savele Canawerebs da kvlevis procesSi Catarebuli interviuebis Sedegad Segrovebul informacias. Russel Bernard. James P. 60 64 .: Sage Publications. Fieldnotes. rogorc wesi. bunebrivia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Spradley. aris monografia. 323-364 (“Participant Observation”). William Foote White. On Writing Ethnography. William Foote White. aRsaniSnavia. rekomendebuli literatura: o o o o o o o H. Calif. romlebic mniSvnelovania Sesaswavl sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT da cdilobs. Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes. romelmac ubiZga mkvlevars. davaleba: wadiT sajaro biblioTekaSi. sainteresoa uiliam f. 1990. Research Methods in Anthropology. 1993. Sualeduri Tu daskvniTi angariSis/monografiis daweris mizniT. 1980. Third edition. zog SemTxvevaSi ki — transkriptebs. Forth edition.Fetterman. Beverly Hills. Pp. faqtebs da citatebs. sakuTari savele Canawerebis Seswavlis dros mkvlevari gamoyofs im detalebs. zog SemTxvevaSi mkvlevari eydnoba intervius Sedegad xeliT gakeTebul Canawerebs. agreTve miRebuli Sedegebis analizis dros. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. uaiTis mier gakeTebuli analizi imisa.64 CarTuli dakvirvebis Sedegebis Sejameba. magram ramdenadac xSir SemTxvevaSi kvleviTi kiTxvebis saboloo dazusteba savele muSaobis Catarebis procesSi xdeba. Street Corner Society: The Social Structure of an Italian Slum. vinaidan CarTuli dakvirvebis manZilze Catarebuli yvela intervius audioCawera ar xerxdeba. and Linda L. magram es Canawerebi SeiZleba gamodges imis asaRwerad. SemTxvevebs.

meTodis aRwera monografiuli gamokvleva65 calkeuli SemTxevis. monografiuli gamokvleva iseve rogorc Tvisebrivi meTodebis umaravlesoba.). iziarebs misi wevrebis yofas da saSualeba eZleva. rogorebicaa dakvirveba. romelTa Soris umniSnvelovanesia CarTuli dakvirveba. saerTod. romelic erT-erT pirvel socialur gamokvlevad iTvleba msoflioSi da ara aqvs kavSiri antropologiasTan. erTerTi pirveli mkvlevari. maTi TvaliT Sexedos samyaros. respondentebTan erTad icxovros da gaiziaros maTi yofis yvela elementi. miuxedavad amisa. muSaobis warmateba didad aris damokidebuli kargi informantebis povnaze. le pleis da mis mimdevarTa naSromebSi yvelaze xSirad gamoiyeneboda informaciis Segrovebis iseTi meTodebi. mkvlevari imyofebodes “saitze” sakmoad xangrZlivi drois manZilze. agreTve moipovos maTi ndoba. garkveulwilad SeiZleba monografiul gamokvlevad miviCnioT agreTve 1890-iani wlebis bolos londonSi Carlz butis mier Catarebuli siRaribis cnobili gamokvleva. aseT gamokvlevebSi. ra Tqma unda. vidre CarTuli dakvirvebis Catarebis dros. monografiuli gamokvlevis farglebSi mkvlevaris xelT kvlevis Catarebis ufro mdidari da mravalferovani saSualebebia. sadac yvelaze aSkarad gamoikveTeba am sazogadoebis damaxasiaTebeli Tvisebebi. sociologiaSi swored maT daamkvidres mkvlevris xangrZlivi droiT dasaxlebis tradicia aqtorebis gverdiT. mkvlevris muSaoba iwyeba misi “saitSi” CasvliT da pirveli kontaqtebis damyarebiT Sesaswavli jgufis warmomadgenlebTan. Temis an socialuri jgufis siRrmiseuli da yovelmxrivi Seswavlaa mkvlevarTa xelT arsebuli yvela saSualebis meSveobiT. miiCnevda ra. mkvlevari Seiswavlis ama Tu im socialur erTobas masSi “CaZirvis” meSveobiT. monografiuli gamokvlevis mTavar upiratesobad iTvleba mis mier problemis siRrmisulad da mravalmxriv Seswavlis unari. Zalian mniSvnelovania CarTuli dakvirvebis roli.Tema 5. da maTTvis saintereso fenomenis mravalmxrivi siRrmiseuli Seswavla. iseve rogorc saerTod Tvisebriv meTodebs. monografiuli gamokvlevac Tavdapirvelad antropologebis mier iqna SemuSavebuli da maTi gamocdilebis gaTvaliswinebis Sedegad damkvidrda socialur mecnierebebSi. monografiuli gamokvlevis ganviTarebaSi didi roli iTamaSes Cikagos sociologiuri skolis warmomadgenlebma. savele muSaobis dros aucilebeli moTxovnaa. rom sazogadoebis Seswavlis mizniT saWiroa misi sakvanZo elementis SerCeva. interviu da samTavrobo organoebis mier Segrovebul monacemTa Seswavla. ara marto uSualo urTierToba daamyaros aqtorebTan da ufro Rrmad Seiswavlos maTi cxovreba. Tumca. Tumca es ukanasknelic kvlevis umniSvnelovanesi elementia. am “CaZirvis” Sedegad mkvlevari ukeT ecnoba Sesaswavli jgufis cxovrebas. romelic miznad isaxavs socialuri agentebis moqmedebaTa sazrisSi Cawvdomas. 65 qarTul enaze jer ar aris damkvidrebuli inglisuri “case-study”-s Sesabamisi termini. monografiuli gamokvlevis Sesaxeb tradiciuli warmodgenis Tanaxmad. mis qarTul Sesatyvisad Cven vxmarobT termins “monografiuli gamokvleva”. le pleim sazogadoebebis Seswavla muSaTa ojaxebis Seswavlis meSveobiT gadawyvita. iyo cnobili britaneli antropologi bronoslav malinovski (1884-1942 ww. Tumca misi zusti Targmani “SemTxvevis Seswavla” iqneba. 61 . romelmac es meTodi gamoiyena. am meTods. CarTul dakvirvebasa da monografiul gamokvlevas Soris imdeni saerTo elementia. rom zogjer isini gaigivebulicaa erTmaneTTan. safuZvlad udevs maqs veberis saxelTan dakavSirebuli “interpretaciuli sociologiis” principebi. es saSualebas aZlevs mkvlevars. aramed. monografiuli gamokvleva sakmaod ganviTarebuli iyo frangul mecnierebaSic. sadac is klod levi-strosis da frederik le pleis saxels ukavSirdeba.

pirveli SexedviT Cveulebrivi yoveldRiuri cxovrebisgan. muSaobs maT gverdiT. ojaxuri cxovrebis. maTi Txroba ukve mimdinareobda. Sesaswavli Temis Sesaxeb sruli informaciis miRebis mizniT mkvlevrebi mimarTaven mosaxleobis aRweras an gamokiTxvas ama Tu im sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT. rogorebicaa raodenobrivi monacemebis Segroveba da situaciaSi “CarTva”. monografiuli gamokvleva SeiZleba Caataros rogorc erTma mkvlevarma. aseTi mravalmeToduri midgoma axasiTebda jer kidev 1930-ian wlebSi avstriis sofel marientalSi maria iahodas. aramed ramdenime urTierTSemavsebel meTodikas gamoiyenebs. cxovrebis istoriebi: Cven CaviwereT 32 mamakacis da 30 qalis detaluri cxovrebis istoria. rac Zalze mniSvnelovania Tvisebrivi meTodebiT Catarebuli yvela gamokvlevisaTvis. dokumentebis analizi.66 es gamokvleva Catarda sofelSi. agreTve saarqivo sabuTebis Seswavla.xangrZlivi savele muSaoba Sedgeba. da sxva. rodesac mkvlevari marto muSaobs. eswreba maT Sexverdebs. am gamokvlevis Sesaxeb gamoqveynebuli angariSis dasawyisSive mkvlevrebs moyavT Tavisi infomaciis wyaroebis sruli sia: “saojaxo dosie: marientalSi mcxovrebi 478-ve ojaxis yvela wevris Sesaxeb Segrovebuli iqna detaluri da vrceli informacia: maTi piradi monacemebi. esenia. maTTvis ufro ioli iyo umuSevrobis gamocdilebis aRwera. erTi mxriv. saubrobs maTTan. am istoriebis mniSvneloba pirvel rigSi ganpirobebulia imiT. damatebiT. romlis TiTqmis mTeli mosaxleoba struqturuli cvlilebebis Sedegad umuSevari darCa. Lazarsfeld. aseve — fotosuraTebi da sxv. [1971. Cven rom pirdapir maTi axlandeli mdgomareobis Sesaxeb dagvesva kiTxvebi. Chicago: Aldine . gansakuTrebiT maSin.S. romlebic Sesaswavli problemis gansxvavebul mxareebs gamoavlenen. xolo meore mxriv — yoveldRiuri angariSebis Sedgenisgan. 66 Marie Jahoda.S. yvela ojaxSi Cveni TxovniT avsebdnen saojaxo dRiurs. romlis Temac umuSevroba da masTan dakavSirebuli problemebi iyo. fokus-jgufi. romelSic aRweres. da miRebuli iqnes Sedegebi. rom isini adamianis mTel cxovrebas asaxaven. romelsac mkvlevari aqtorebTan erTad iziarebs. vinaidan am droisaTvis maT ukve moyolili hqondaT Tavisi cxovrebis wina periodis Sesaxeb.] Marienthal: The Sociography of an Unemployed Community. romelic maTTvis Sedarebebis safuZvels warmoadgenda. dakvirveba da sxvadasxva saxis interviu. romelTa Sedarebac SemdgomSi SesaZlebeli iqneba. drois grafikebi: 80 adamianma Seavso kiTxvari.Atherton. mkvlevarTa mizani mosaxleobaze umuSevrobis gavlenis Seswavla iyo. rodesac am adamianebma umuSevrobis Sesaxeb daiwyes laparaki. monografiuli gamokvlevis Catarebis procesSi mkvlevari arasodes yabuldeba informaciis Segrovebis mxolod erT meTods. pol lazarsfeldis da hans caizelis mier Catarebul gamokvlevas. ojaxSi Sromis ganawilebis Sesaxeb da a. Tu rogor gaatares Tavisi cxovrebis erTi dRe. and Hans Zeisel. saWiroa gamokvlevis Zalian maRal doneze organizeba. dosie Seicavda agreTve srul informacias sacxovrebeli pirobebis. upirveles yovlisa. ukanasknel SemTxvevaSi. es kvleviTi midgoma erTi mkvlevris mier iqnes gamoyenebuli. piradi werilebi da/an dRiurebi. umuSevrobis Semweobis saxeoba. es SeiZleba iyos. aseve mkvlevarTa jgufma. sakuTari Tavis moqmedebebis kontrols da drois optimalurad ganawilebis unars moiTxvos. rasac mkvlevari akvirdeboda da rac man Seityo dRis manZilze.. Sedegad SeiZleba moridebuli siCume an arafrismTqmeli saerTo frazebi migveRo. isvenebs maTTan erTad da a. rac maT iseTi gansxvavebuli midgomebis gamoyenebiT ganaxorcieles. arcTu iSviaTad. angariSebi da Civilebi: Cven SeviswavleT ukanaskneli ramdenime wlis manZilze venis noiStatis olqis samrewvelo komisiaSi wardgenili angariSebi da Civilebi (marientali am olqSi Sedis). sxvadasxva meTodis gamoyeneba uzrunvelyofs gamokvlevis Sedegebis sandoobis gazrdas. sadac rac SeiZleba dawvrilebiTaa gadmocemuli yovelive is. Tavdapirvelad monografiuli gamokvlevebi individualur kvleviT proeqtebs warmoadgenda. Paul F. yovelive es Zalian mkacr TviTdisciplinas. raTa kvleviTi jgufis wevrebi marTlac erTsa da imave sakiTxze muSaobdnen. da dRemde SeimCneva tendencia. 62 .

Cikagos skolis warmomadgenlebs Soris gansakuTrebuli popularobiT sargeblobda aseTi gamokvlevebSi piradi xasiaTis dokumentebis (werilebis. [1971. eklesiis da sxvaTa mier warmoebuli saqvelmoqmedo saqmianobis Sesaxeb. kvlevis manZize sofelSi ganxorcielebuli iqna ramdenime socialuri progarma (e. samedicino analizebi. 4-5. saxelmwifo organoebis. monografiul gamokvlevas ewodos 67 68 Marie Jahoda. isini Tvlidnen. konsultaciebi mSoblebisaTvis da sxv. romelsac rigi mkvlevari svams: kerZod. statistikuri monacemebi: am tipis monacemebs warmoadgenda kooperatiuli maRaziis saangariSo wignebi. aseve Catarebuli interviuebis fragmentebi. Tu ras Wamdnen. arCevnebis Sedegebi. eqspertebis Sefasebebi. gamokvlevis saboloo angariSic ise iyo moyolili.w. yasabTan. kvebis angariSebi: erTi kviris manZilze 40 ojaxi iwerda. am programebis msvlelobaSi. Lazarsfeld and Hans Zeisel. 1966. monografiuli gamokvlevis farglebSi gamoyenebuli meTodebis mravalferovneba aqtualurs xdis SekiTxvas. iyo: (1) Sesaswavli dasaxlebuli punqtis socialuri istoria.saskolo eseebi: skolis damwyebi da saSualo klasebis ramdenime moswavlem dawera naSromebi Semdeg Temebze: “ra minda yvelaze metad”. Pp. ra sagzals atandnen skolaSi bavSvebs Semweobis miRebis wina dRes da Semweobis miRebis Semdgom dRes. informaciis wyaroebis aseTi mdidari sia Tanamedrove monografiuli gamokvlevebisTvisac STambeWdavad gamoiyureba.: Clifford R.). agreTve. rig SemTxvevebSi. “vin minda viyo” da “ra saCuqari minda saSobaod”. romlebic eqimis sakonsultacio kabinetSi moviZieT). romlebsac mSoblebi Svilebis aRzrdisas awydebian (im Canawerebis safuZvelze. “mravalmeTodur midgomas” (multimethod approach) monografiuli gamokvlevis farglebSi. sajaro biblioTekidan gatanili wignebis Sesaxeb gakeTebuli Canawerebi. romlis gamarjvebulisTvisac dawesebuli iyo jildo: ramdenime mozardma dawera naSromi Temaze: “rogor mesaxeba Cemi momavali”. konditerTan daxarjuli Tanxebis Sesaxeb. samedicino momsaxurebis proeqti. sqemebiT an fotosuraTebiT. dRiurebis) gamoyeneba. ufro gamarTlebuli xom ar iqneboda.] Op. sxvadasxva politikuri klubis Tu sxva organizaciebis mier mowodebuli informacia. The Jack-Roller: A Delinquent Boy’s Own Story. qarxnis. mkeravTan. rogorc mTavar aqtorTa cxovrebis istoria68. rogorebicaa Semosavlebi da xarjebi. oTxi ZiriTadi meTodi. Sobadobis. eseebis konkursi. mosaxleobis mobiloba. am angariSebSic Tavis asaxvas poulobs kvlevis dros ramdenime meTodis gamoyeneba. qorwinebebis da migraciis maCveneblebi. romlebsac isini iyenebdnen. Shaw. duqanSi. miwis zoma. (2) ama Tu im maCveneblebis gavrcelebis amsaxveli grafikuli masalebi. klubebis wevrebis raodenoba. sikvdilianobis. da (4) iseTi raodenobrivi monacemebis statistikuri analizi. maswavleblebisgan miRebuli informacia maTi moswavleebis warmatebebis Sesaxeb. magram teqnikuri sirTuleebis gamo man mxolod ramdenime ojaxis monacemebis Segroveba moaxerxa. agreTve. im sirTuleebis Taobaze. Paul F. dalaqTan. barebSi saubris Temebisa da saqmianobis Sesaxeb. (3) sxvadasxva kulturuli jgufis an urTierTobis modelebis aRwera. iseve rogorc gansakuTrebuli yuradRebis daTmoba respondentebis cxovrebis istoriebisadmi. informacia gazeTebis gamoweris Sesaxeb. asakobrivi ganawilebis. fexacmlis SemkeTebelTan.”67 garda amisa. agreTve Segrovebuli iqna damatebiTi informacia. da sxv. tansacmlis proeqti. 63 . ramdenadac aq moyvanilia rogorc dakvirvebis Sedegebi.w. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. mag. Wra-kervis kursebi. sxvadasxva saxis informacia: Cven SevagroveT informacia 80 patara bavSvis mier miRebuli saSobao saCuqrebis Sesaxeb. rom amis meSveobiT informaciis maqsimalurad farTo speqtris Segroveba iyo SesaZlebeli. saojaxo statistika: marientalSi Camovida savaWro palatis oficialuri warmomadgeneli specialuri mizniT: raTa Seegrovebina saojaxo statistika. cit. romlebic arc Tu iSviaTad ilustrirebulia rukebiT. Cikagos skolis warmomadgenlebic intensiurad iyenebdnen e.

Fourth Edition. rac ufro mets igebT. xazgasmiT unda aRiniSnos isic. 16. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. aseve ramdenime weli. Tu rodis unda damTavrdes savele samuSaoebi. iTvleba. 1994. P. rac. rogorc am meTodis Teoretikosebi miiCneven. “ori midgomis Tanamoqmedeba ueWvelad yvelaze nayofieri iqneba”69. Tumca. “paradoqsaluria. rac mkvlevarma daiwyo savele samuSaoebi. amitom praqtikaSi es meTodi yvelaze xSirad aRweriT fuqncias asrulebs. Ill. rom monografiuli gamokvleva yvelaze efeqturia rogorc romelime socialuri problemis winaswar Seswavlis. The Chicago School of Sociology. Tumca. aRsaniSnavia. amitom kvlevis dawyebamde mis mier kargad unda iyos gaTviTcnobierebuli mis winaSe mdgari sirTuleebi. 1928. am kiTxvas dadebiTad unda vupasuxoT. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press. am meTodisadmi miZRvnili pirveli saxelmZRvanelos72 avtori (es saxelmRvanelo 1928 wels gamovida).uaiTi aRiarebs. robert iini gamoyofs monografiuli gamokvlevebis or gansxvavebul saxeobas — romlebic aRweren socialur sinamdviles da romlebic xsnian mas. miRebul Sedegebs gansxvavebuli TvaliT SevxedoT. cit. misi pirveladi aRweris saSualeba. mravali meTodis gamoyenebisas moulodneli ar unda yofiliyo gansxvavebuli. Institutionalization. “raodenobrivi” mkvlevrebisagan gansxvavebiT. monografiuli gamokvlevis CatarebaSi Zalian didia mkvlevris roli da Zalian bevria damokidebuli am ukanasknelis profesiulobaze. Znelia imis dadgena. kerZod. 72 Viven M. P. raime logikuri dasasruli hqondes. Tu rogor gansazRvravs is gamokvlvevis xangrZlivobas — is SeiZleba gagrZeldes rogorc ramdenime Tve. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press. Yin. romelic yovelTvis Tan axlavs CarTul dakvirvebas. ra Tqma unda. 70 Robert K Yin. ZiriTadad mkvlevarzea damokidebuli. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. 71 William F. 64 . aramed. amis Sedegad monografiuli gamokvleva gansakuTrebuli moqnilobiT gamoirCeva. The Social Structure of an Italian Slum. Palmer. miT ufro rTuli gansaxorcielebelia is praqtikulad”70. ara marto aRweros.73 monografiuli gamokvlevis Sedegebi vrceli angariSis. rom am meTods savsebiT Seswevs Zala. rogorc wesi. amitom TviTon gamokvleva iwyeba.kvleviTi midgoma (romelic meTodebis vrcel arsenals aerTianebs). gamokvlevis saerTo Temis gansazRvriT. monografiuli gamokvlevis Catarebis dros mkvlevari ar aris daculi emociuri stresisagan. ernest berjesis TqmiT. isini xSirad mdidrdeboda statistikuri da raodenobrivi monacemebiT. rogorc u. zogjer — sawinaaRmdego Sedegebis miReba. metic.: The University of Chicago Press. P. sadac avtori cdilobs. da ara romelime erTi calkeuli meTodi? vfiqrobT. 162. 73 Robert K.f. da ara konkretuli hipoTezebis SemuSavebiT. and the Rise of Sociological Research. 1984. Tumca Tanamedrove mkvlevrebi sul ufro da ufro xSirad Tvlian. aramed rogorc kidev erT SesaZleblobas. Tvisebrivi meTodebis momxreebi amas ar aRiqvamen rogorc saSiSroebas. SesTavazos mkiTxvels Sesaswavli jgufis wevrebis Rirebulebebis da normebis Taviseburi inter69 citirebulia Semdegi gamocemis mixedviT: Martin Bulmer. 324-325. Tu ra dagrCaT kidev Sesaswavli”71. Chicago. 2nd Ed. 1993. saboloo jamSi. rom monografiul gamokvlevaSi gamoyenebuli meTodebi savsebiT ar Semoifargleboda mxolod Tvisebrivi meTodebiT — piriqiT. miT ukeT gesmiT. sruli da yovelmxrivi suraTis daxatvaSi unda dagvexmaros. magram rac ufro “rbilia” kvleviTi strategia. xSirad ki — wignis saxiT xdeba xolme cnobili. kvleviTi amocanebis dasaxva monografiuli gamokvlevis SemTxvevaSi SesaZlebelia mxolod mas Semdeg. “romelime Temis an organizaciis Seswavlas ar SeiZleba. rogorc robert iini aRniSnavs. Op. agreTve axsnas esa Tu is socialuri situacia. Whyte. rom aseve xedavda am meTodis rols Cikagos skolis warmomadgeneli vivien palmeri. Street Corner Society. Field Studies in Sociology: A Student’s Manual. Cikagos skolis erTerTi lideris. Diversity.

iseve rogorc XX saukunis dasawyisSi. eTnikuri da rasobrivi problemebi da sxv. 65 . maTi mcire zoma da mosaxleobis mcire raodenoba aseT Seswavlas SesaZlebels xdida erTi adamianis ZalebiTac ki. es wigni am meTodis gamoyenebis erT-erT saukeTeso nimuSad iTvleba. “SIDEWALK”: monografiuli gamokvlevis erTi magaliTi Tanamedrove monografiuli gamokvlevis erT-erTi yvelaze saintereso magaliTia mitCel dunieris wigni “Sidewalk” (“trotuari”)74. suraTebi aqtorebis nebarTviT iqna gadaRebuli). inteleqtualuri TanamSromloba mkvlevarsa da informantebis Soris. romlis magidazec man Tavisi wigni dainaxa. Sesaxeb. hakim hasani Tavis universitetSi da masTan erTad uZRveboda seminars bakalavrebisaTvis “Savi amerikis quCis cxovreba da gonebrivi cxovreba” (“The Life of the Street and the Life of Mind in Black America”). raTa SesaZlebeli iyos mkvlevris uSualo kontaqti Sesaswavli jgufis wevrebTan. monografiuli gamokvlevebi SedarebiT mcire Temebis an organizaciebis SeswavliT Semoifargleba. sruliad SemTxveviT daiwyo. Sesabamisad. rom am meTodis Camoyalibebis periodSi. mkiTxvels saSualeba eZleva sakuTari TvaliT naxos is adamianebi. dainaxos is garemo. garda imisa. ufro metic. romlebic “Cikago tribiun”-is fotokorespondentma ovi karterma gadauRo dunieris TxovniT aqtorebs da im garemos. Tumca. rodesac jer ar arsebobda Teoriuli literatura mis Sesaxeb. ra Tqma unda.S. sadac maT uwevdaT cxovreba da muSaoba (da. erTi mxriv. Los Angeles Time Book Prize da The C. amitom mkvlevars naratiuli niWi unda hqondes. romlis mixedviTac mis informantebs wignis gayidvidan Semosuli mogebis garkveuli procenti unda mieRoT. Tanamedrove mkvlevrebi monografiuli gamokvlevis meSveobiT Seiswavlian iseT mravalferovan sakiTxebs. razec hasans uari ar uTqvams. New York: Farrar. saboloo jamSi. garda amisa. dunierma miiwvia Tavisi ZiriTadi informanti. dunieris kvleva. am mxriv sainteresoa.Wright Mills Award. socialuri daxmarebis programebis efeqturoba. ekiTxaT romanebi da avtobiografiuli Txzulebebi. Tavdapirvelad monografiuli gamokvlevis CatarebisTvis yvelaze mizanSewonil “saitebad” iTvleboda did qalaqebs da sxva dasaxlebebs mowyvetili patara soflebi da mcire izolirebuli tomebi. Tanamedrove samrewvelo organizaciebis struqtura. 2001.pretacia. maTi mosaxleobis kulturuli da eTnikuri erTianoba SesaZlebels xdida. Cikagos universitetis studentebs urCevdnen. rom es saintereso da SemecnebiTi kvlevaa. gacnobodnen wignis xelnawers da TavianTi SeniSvnebi gamoeTqvaT. romlebic wignis mTavari gmirebi arian. rom man gamomcemlobasTan gaaforma kontraqti. xolo meore mxriv. niu-iorkSi myofi dunieris yuradReba miipyro wignebis erT-erTma quCis movaWrem — hakim hasanma. aseTi dasaxlebebi ganxiluli yofiliyo rogorc kulturuli erToba. Strauss and Giroux. Sidewalk. dunierma saSualeba misca informantebs. sadac isini cxovroben da muSaoben. romlis procesSic ganviTarda gansakuTrebiT mWidro urTierToba da. romelmac ramdenime premiac ki miiRo75. monografiuli gamokvlevis mizania aRweros Sesaswavli jgufis cxovreba da gaaanalizos am cxovrebis damaxasiaTebeli Tvisebebi. is amave dros inovaciurisaa rogorc savele samuSaoebis Catarebis. urTierTobaTa specifikis da a. iseve rogorc bevri sxva monografiuli gamokvleva. SeZlebisdagvarad — gaakeTos mecnieruli daskvnebi jgufSi arsebuli ierarqiis. SeiZleba iTqvas. misi wignis blosityvaobis avtori yofiliyo. vinaidan. aseve Sedegebis warmodgenis TvalsazrisiT — is uxvadaa ilustrirebuli fotosuraTebiT. dunieris kvleva imiTac gamoirCeva. 74 75 Mitchel Dunier. romlebic Tanamimdevrulad asaxaven adamianis an jgufis cxovrebas da amdenad garkveulwilad avsebdnen arsebul sicarieles. dunierma. dunieris kvleva erT-erTi im kvlevaTagania. agreTve SesTavaza hakim hasans. rogorebicaa saskolo ganaTlebis xarisxi.

1998 wlis zafxulSi regularulad midioda xolme “saitze” dReSi ramdneime saaTiT. New School University. 21. misi kvleva sezonur xasiaTs atarebda. zogi narkomani. romlis garegnobac da aqcentiT maSinve gamoyofda mas quCis movaWreebs Soris. sadac uamravi mxatvari. garkveulwilad bohemur raionad iTvleba. me Cemi arxebi aqvs. ise rom. da es erT-erTi Tavisi yofili kurselis meSveobiT moaxerxa. maSin rodesac quCaSi muSaoba TavisTavad ar iyo usafrTxo saqmianoba. miuxedavad amisa. xom ar momcemdiT Tqvens misamarTs da telefonis nomers. rodesac misi kvleva TiTqmis ukve dasrulebuli iyo. Tu SeiZleba iTqvas. romelsac. moparuli xom ar arismeTqi. P. Tavis kvlevaSi Jurnalebis gamyidvlebic CaerTo. — vupasuxe. Ibid. 66 . sqesobrivi umciresobebis warmoamdgeneli cxovrobs. ise rom am ubanSi bevri studenti da profesori cxovrobs. P. miT umetes ki dunierisTvis — ebrauli warmoSobis TeTrkaniani profesorisTvis. es saTauri garkveulwilad dunieris pirveli wignis saTauris — “Slim’s Table” — gamoZaxili iyo). — marTlac rom gasakviri iyo. maTi 76 77 Mitchel Dunier. rogorc wesi. romelTa umravlesobasac afroamerikeli mamakacebi Seadgendnen. Tavdapirvelad dunieri mxolod hasans da mis saqmianobas akvirdeboda. Tavad dakvirvebis adgili (Greenwhich Village) niu-iorkis erT-erT yvelaze Tavisufal. romelic saerTo jamSi TiTqmis 7 wels gagrZelda — radgan is sxva qalaqSi aswavlida universitetSi. dunieri cdilobda. aqvea ramdenime umaRlesi saswavlebeli — niu-iorkis universiteti (NYU). Op. yidulobda da yidda saqonels. dunieri mxolod ardadegebis periodSi axerxebda dakvirvebis ganxorcielebas. dunierma hakimi 1992 wels gaicno da nel-nela dauaxlovda mas. romelic faqtiurad mTeli dRis manZilze CarTuli iyo. Semdgom ki 1997 wlis zafxulSi da Semodgomaze man Jurnalebis gamyidvlad imuSava. Tu ra rols TamaSoben es adamianebi — romelTa didi nawilic usaxlkaroa. 1996 wlis zafxulSi. man urCia duniers. rom hakims hqonda rolodeqsi — misamarTebis da telefonebis Casaweri specialuri mowyobiloba. merseris quCaze. 11. da swored am ukanasknelma CaTvala. quCis kuTxeSi.“— saidan gaqvT es wigni? — vkiTxe mas. wignis pirveli variantic mxolod hasans exeboda — mas “hasanis magida” erqva (“Hassan’s Table”. mohqonda yava. mwerali. yvelaferi Caewera —gamyidvlebis saubrebi erTmaneTs Soris. hakimma is sxva quCis movaWreebs gaacno da dunierma daiwyo muSaoba maT damxmared — is Tvals adevnebda movaWreebis magidebs. romelic hasanis wignebis xSiri myidveli aRmoCnda. Cems rolodeqsSi rom Sevitano?”76 swored hakimis am bolo frazam gamoiwvia dunieris daintereseba: quCis gamyidvlebis umravlesoba iqve quCaSi cxovrobda da is faqti. — mipasuxa hakimma. amasTan. es xels aZlevs quCis gamyidvlebs — am ubnis mosaxleoba maT Zveli wignebiT da JurnalebiT amaragebs. kidev 2 kviris manZilze imuSava sruli datvirTviT rogorc quCis movaWrem77. — gainteresebT es wigni? es wigni me davwere. mitCels daebada idea. dunierma es varianti hasans waakiTxa. kvlevis Catarebis procesSi dunieris ZiriTad “iaraRs” warmoadgnenda magnitofoni. rodesac isini sxvagan midiodnen. mitCeli Seecada daaxloveboda da damegobreboda hasans. rom kvleva usamarTlod iyo fokusirebuli mxolod masze. zogic cixidan axali gamosuli — qalaqis am ubnis cxovrebaSi. cit. gamyidvlebi Tavad eZeben gadasayrelad gamzadebul nivTebSi wignebs da Jurnalebs. dunieri TandaTan Caeba dakvirvebaSi. marTla? aq axlomaxlo cxovrobT? diax. rom dunieris gegma iTvaliswinebda Savakniani quCis movaWreebis gverdiT muSaobas. dakvirveba daewyo wignebiT da JurnalebiT quCis movaWreebis saqmianobaze da Seeswavla. xolo 1999 wlis martSi. rogorc dunieri aRniSnavs. saqmiani adamianebi xmaroben. 2001. Tavidan hasani Zalian skeptikurad Sexvda mis ideas — pirvel rigSi imitom. Tan gamefiqra.

magram maT moaxerxes daemyarebinaT imdenad kargi urTierToba ubanSi mcxovreb xalxTan. aseTi keTilmosurne damokidebuleba radikalurad gansxvavdeba im damokidebulebisgan. rac. vinc dawera kanoni quCaSi beWvdiTi produqciiT vaWrobis Sesaxeb. is. 78 Ibid. Tavi aarido zogierT Temas da ar iyo zedmetad gulaxdili. zog maTgans sakmaod gamomwvevad uWiravs Tavi. rom rac SeiZleba sruli informacia Seekriba. rodesac erTi kulturis an rasis warmomadgneli ikvlevs sxva kulturis da rasis warmoadgenlebs. imisaTvis. akontrolo sakuTari saubari. dunieri maqsimalurad cdilobda gaekeTebina im dialogebis mokle Canawerebi (jotted notes). gaicno da interviu CamoarTva im adamians. amasTan. ramdenime kvartalis moSorebiT momuSave naZvis xeebiT movaWreTa TeTrkanian ojaxze. rom Tu romelime ubnis binebSi Camtvreulia fanjrebi da quCebSi matulobs nagavi. rasac mosaxleoba iCens wignebiT da JurnalebiT quCis movaWreebis mimarT. es Teoria amtkicebs. amas SeiZleba ramdenime axsna hqondes — is. Cawerili dialogebis Seswavlis mizniT dunierma saubris specialur analizs mimarTa (conversational analysis). isini TeTrkanianebi arian. 67 . rom magnitofons SesaZloa garkveuli zegavlena moexdina informantebze — rodesac ici. rom naZvis xeebiT movaWreebi TeTrkanianebi da saSualo klasis warmomadgenlebi arian. isini noembris bolos Camodian niu-iorkSi da Sobamde rCebian. rac yvelaze mTavari iyo — trotuarze mimdinare cxovrebis dafiqsireba. raTa gamoekveTa urTierTobis garkveuli strategiebi. mTeli am periodis manZilze maT manqanis misabmelSi uwevT cxovreba. amasTan. Zalauneburad ibadeba kiTxva. P. ra Tqma unda. Tu ra azris arian quCis movaWreebis Sesaxeb maT maxloblad momuSave adamianebi. romlebis momswrec is xdeboda. es gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania iseT viTarebaSi. romlebic qalaqis raionebis keTilmowyobisaTvis ibrZvian da zRudaven usaxlkaroebs (da usaxlkaro quCis movaWreebs) TaviaanTi raionebis teritoriebze. rom yuradReba daeTmos sityvebisa da winadadebebis. maTi abazanebiT isargeblon. maTi Tanamimdevrobis SerCevas”78. dunierma. raTa daedgina. dunieri Tvlis. ekonomikuri da rasobrivi maxasiaTeblebidan gamomdinare. dunierma aseve Caatara interviuebi axlomdebare kafeebisa da maRaziebis mepatroneebTan. rogorc Tavad dunieri aRniSnavs.saubrebi myidvelebTan. sxva mizezebi SeiZleba ukavSirdebodes im garemoebas. imis saCveneblad. an narkomani/yofili narkomani. Tu ramdenad gansxvavebuli SeiZleba iyos damokidebuleba quCaSi momuSave adamianebis mimarT maTi socialuri. sadac arc abazanaa da arc tualeti. yovelive amasTan erTad. dunieris azriT. romelic cnobilia rogorc “Camtvreuli fanjrebis Teoria”. rom isini bavSvebTan erTad arian Camosulebi. bavSvebi ki yovelTvis met TanagrZnobas iwveven. rom jeims vilsonis da jorj kelingis Teoria. rac afrTxobs mosaxleobas. dunierma Caatara interviuebi ZiriTad informantebTan. ar iwvevs mosaxleobis simpaTiebs. saboloo jamSi es yvelaferi iwvevs kriminogenuli mdgomareobis gauaresebas da ubanSi cxovrebis donis dacemas. rom aravis ar adardebs da aravis ar ainteresebs. dunieris TqmiT. Tu ratom xdeba ase. mosaxleoba cdilobs sxva ubnebSi gadavides sacxovreblad. gaesaubra wignebisa da Jurnalebis myidvelebs. am ubanSi matulobs danaSauli. rom Seni saTiTao sityva fiqsirdeba. 339. Sesabamisad. rom bevri quCis movaWre an nasamarTlevia. es naZvis xeebi yovel zamTars Camoaqvs niu-iorkSi erT ojaxs vermontis Statidan. Tu ra xdeba am ubanSi. “kulturis mniSvneloba garkveulwilad enaSia Caqsovili. mosaxleobas eqmneba STabeWdileba. da SeuZlebelia kulturis gageba sxva kulturis warmomadgenlis mier imis gareSe. binis gasaRebsac ki utoveben naZvis xeebiT movaWreebs. magram. magnitofonma SeZlo is. xolo rodesac qalaqgareT midian. quCaSi momuSave wignebisa da Jurnalebis gamyidvlebTan dakavSirebiT ar marTldeba. agreTve Caatara Taviseburi sakontrolo dakvirveba iqve maxloblad. rom isini maT uflebas aZleven. Sen Zalauneburad cdilob. dunieri aRniSnavs. moinaxula da interviuebi Caatara niu-iorkis im organizaciebis xelmZRvanelebTan.

rodesac monacemTa didi raodenoba moipoveba. quCaSi muSaoba socialuri reabilitaciis funqcias asrulebs. isini yuradRebas aqceven maT maxloblad gaCerebul manqanebs.S. kvlevis sawyis etapze mas ar hqonia Teoria. aq arian “adgilis damkaveblebi”.> misi mTavari kvalifikacia isaa. Semdeg ki “yidian” mas 20-50 dolarad. P. amgvarad xdeba axali ambebis gavrceleba. rac trotuaris mizania”80. romlebsac “Tvali uWiravT quCaze”. rogor xdeboda saqonlis moZieba. “sazogadiebrivi figurebis” koncefcia cnobil socialur mecniers. 2001. 340-341. rogori urTierToba iyo gamyidvlebsa da myidvelebs. rac sociologiaSia miRebuli. erTi SexedviT erTmaneTis msgavs quCis gamyidvlebs Soris sakmaod mkacri ierarqia arsebobs. da a. jein jeikobsi sajaro figurebad miiCnevs maRaziis gamyidvlebs. miT umetes. aseTi midgomis farglebSi policia quCis movaWreebic wesrigis damrRvevebad aRiqvams da yvelanairad cdilobs maTi saqmianobis SezRudvas. xulignebisadmi da a.S.. jein jeikobss (Jane Jacobs) ekuTvnis. aq arian “momtanebi” — adamianebi. me sxvanairi Sexeduleba maqvs. “rodesac me davbrundi me-6 avenueze. sadac is grinviC vilijis ubanSi ganxorcielebuli dakvirvebebis safuZvelze saubrobs Tanamedrove qalquri cxovrebis Sesaxeb: “trotuaris socialuri cxovreba bevrad aris damokidebuli maTze. 68 . amitom is cdilobda yuradReba gaemaxvilebina quCaSi mimdinare koleqtiur saqmianobaze. xSirad socialur mecnierebebSi. gamyidvlebsa da policielebs Soris. rom quCis movaWreebi “sajaro figurebi” (public character) arian. me jer kidev ar mqonda Camoyalibebuli zusti kvleviTi SekiTxva”81. <. romlebsac moaqvT Senaxuli saqoneli sawyobebidan da amisaTvis garkveul gasamrjelos iReben. romlebic xSirad iqve axlos mdgomi maTxovrebi an sxva gamyidvlebi arian.. 79 kanonis Tanaxmad. cit.S. rom sakuTari Tavi sajaro figurad warmoaCinos. rogorc dunierma kvlevis Sedegad daadgina. romelmac jer kidev 1961 wels gamosca wigni “didi amerikuli qalaqebis sikvdili da sicocxle” (“Death and Life of Great American Cities”). visac xSiri kontaqti aqvs mraval adamianTan da vinc sakmarisad aris dainteresebuli imiT. 6. raTa memuSava rogorc Jurnalebis gamyidvels. da a. visac SeiZleba TviTdaniSnuli sajaro figurebi vuwodoT. Op. raTa Tavisi funqciebi Seasrulos — Tumca mas xSirad aqvs es Tvisebebi. romlebic awesrigeben cxovrebas da sazogadoebrivi kontrolis funqciasac asruleben. kvlevis dizaini monacemebis Segrovebis Semdeg gamoikveTeba xolme. — ambobs dunieri. swored aseT funqcias asruleben wignebiT da JurnalebiT quCis movaWreebi — maT utoveben sagazeTo jixurSi motanil gazeTebs. dunieri cdilobs daamtkicos. dunieri ki cdilobs daamtkicos. rom quCis gamyidvlebis magaliTma bevr cixidan gamosuls uCvena. policies ufleba aqvs im magidis konfiskacia moaxdinos. sajaro figura aris nebismieri adamiani. gansakuTrebiT ki Tvisebrivi kvlevis dros. “is. rom me ar mqonda gakrveuli kvleviTi SekiTxva Cemi kvlevis dawyebisas. 80 Mitchel Dunier. raTa policiam misi konfiskacia ar moaxdinos79. mTvralebisadmi. anu adamianebi. romlebic yvelaze adre modian da ikaveben savaWro adgils. dunieris azriT. sajaro figuras ar unda hqondes raime gansakuTrebuli niWi an sibrZne. mcire biznesis mepatroneebs. SeiZleba ewinaaRmdegebodes imas. romlis Semowmebasac apirebda.S. 81 Ibid. rom SeiZleboda fulis patiosnad Sovna — anu. rom is aris sajaro. da a. rom is esaubreba bevr sxvadasxvanair adamians. isini esaubrebian ubnis macxovreblebs. Tvali uWiravT ama Tu im saqmeze wasuli gamyidvlis magidaze. Tavis kvlevis meTods mitCel dunieri “diagnostikur eTnografias” uwodebs. romelic upatronod dgas trotuarze. miuxedavad amisa. maT Soris ganawilebulia rolebi da funqciebi.am Teoriis gavlenis Sedegad aSS-s policiam gaamkacra damokidebuleba naklebad seriozuli sazogadoebrivi wesrigis danaSaulebebisadmi — maTxovrebisadmi. P. “magidaze Tvalis damWerebs”.

magram Cemi mxridan gulubryvilo iqneboda mefiqra. rom mkvlevars hqondes dakvirvebis saSualeba.S. 84 Mitchel Dunier. Tu romelime dawesebulebaSi farTodaa gavrcelebuli korufcia. dunieris informantebi. P. Tu ras vxedavdi da ra mesmoda quCaSi”82. adamianebi ficis qveSac ityuebian. Soba dRes. rom informanti mas srul WeSmaritebas etyvis. romlebic aRar meordeba da romlebsac SeiZleba gadamwyveti mniSvneloba hqondes kvlevis warmatebisTvis. rogorc CarTul damkvirvebels. rodesac maT masTan TanamSromlobaze Tanxmoba ganacxades: “zogierT gamyidvels . rodesac dunieri ar apirebda kvlevis Catarebas. 69 . magaliTad. 2001. raTa ubralod mewarmoebina dakvirveba da gamekeTebina Canawerebi.<. magram TviT aseTi faqtis sixSiremac SeiZleba miuTiTos imaze. rasac ar unda niSnavdes es”85. rom daweriliyo wigni am ubnis da maT Sesaxeb. rom imisaTvis. dunierma gadaamowma misi informantebis biografiis faqtebi (marTla hqonda Tu ara hasans damTavrebuli rutgersis universiteti? marTla miatova Tu ara ronma Tavisi sacxovrebeli bina. rom iq vyofiliyavi rogorc cotaodeni xurdis da sesxebis wyaro. kasetebis mosmenisas is afiqsirebda iseT momentebs. kidev ramodenimem ki CemTan saqmis daWera imitom gadawyvita. didia imis albaToba. P. 85 Ibid. kvlevis warmoebis procesSi dunieri im daskvnamde mivida. metic — imis wyalobiT.)..) Camvlel qalebs... miuxedavad amisa. rom CemTvis amis neba daerToT”84. miT umetes mkvlevars ara aqvs aranairi garantia. cit. da me vTxovdi im adamianebs. an “Tavisianad” mTvlidnen. is aRiarebs. rac ufro mniSvnelovania. rom dunieris kvlevisTvis damaxasiaTebelia mokvleuli masalis gadamowmebis mcdeloba — yovelTvis. rom aqtorebma is “Tavisianad” miiCnion — sakmarisia. magaliTad. ubralod undoda. rom isini mendobodnen. Op. me ar SemeZlo meTqva marvinisTvis da ronisTvis83. Tumca is bolomde ar iyo darwmunebuli. rodesac umuSevari darCa? marTla zrunavda Tu ara merdiki Tavis SviliSvilze da a. Tu ojaxSi damokidebuleba meuRleebs Soris arc Tu idealuria. CarTuli dakvirvebis Catarebisas mainc sasurvelia. magaliTad. rodesac jein jeikobsi werda Tavis wigns. P. 341. Tu ras fiqrobdnen isini. . rom erT-erT 82 83 Ibid. raTa kinoSi wasuliyvnen. rom quCis movaWreebs sxvadasxva motivi amoZravebdaT. imitom rom me ar vicodi. me viyavi iq. anda. rom es sakiTxi wamoiWreboda. rodesac es SesaZlebeli iyo. romlebic sxvebs umniSvnelod eCveneboda. dunierma es nebarTva miiRo. radgan arsebobs unikaluri SemTxvevebic. 338-339. amitomaa.> Cemi ideebi Camoyalibda imis safuZvelze. Tu ramdenadaa gamwvavebuli urTierTobebi. duniers unda SeemCnia da yuradReba gaemaxvilebina iseT movlenebze. rom Cven aucileblad SeveswrebiT aseT faqts. man gauara hakims. sadac meordeba garkveuli moqmedebebi da situaciebi. rodesac es SesaZlebeli iyo. raTa mkvlevarma warmatebuli kvleva Caataros. sruliad SemTxveviT iqna Segrovebuli. da a. romelic dunieris kvlevis erT-erT umniSvnelovanes Tavs daedo safuZvlad (“Soba me-6 avenueze”). iyenebda mraval mowmes. me srulebiT ar vicodi. Tu damainteresebda dRevandeli trotuaris cxovrebis Sedareba im periodTan. “CarTuli dakvirvebis dros kvleviTi SekiTxvebi savele samuSaoebis Catarebisas ibadeba.. Tu rogor esaubreba ramodenime mamakaci (romelic quCaSi vaWrobs — T. romlebic gamorCa anda ar CaTvala mniSvnelovnad uSualod dakvirvebis dros. romlebic quCaSi muSaobdnen. aRmoCnda. 335.z.. rom mkvlevari maqsimalurad iyos “saitze”. ar aris aucilebeli. rom mas TiTqmis mTeli dRis ganmavlobaSi CarTuli hqonda magnitofoni. magaliTad. vidre maT Soris Cxubis wina SemTxvevam. rom me vicodi. Seiswavla quCaSi beWvdviTi produqciiT vaWrobis kanonis evolucia. aseve.. rom quCis movaWreebi endobodnen da “Tavisianad” miiCnevdnen mas. es konkretuli Cxubi SeiZleba sul sxva ramis gamo iyos gamowveuli da sul sxva formebi miiRos. rom mainteresebda imis Seswavla. masala.S. is unda akvirdebodes iseT socialur struqturas. droTa ganmavlobaSi Cven aucileblad gavxdebiT Cxubis an usiamovnebis mowmeni — ra Tqma unda.

rekomendebuli literatura: 1. iman ganapiroba. swored dunieris dakvirvebis arasistematurobam ganapiroba is. Second edition. moesmina sxvebisTvis87. Tumca maTTan erTad wignebiT da JurnalebiT vaWrobasTan dakavSirebul sxvadasxva saqmianobaSi monawileobda — magaliTad. hasanis azriT. Semdeg ki gaaanalia. Chicago: Aldine . 2. — ambobs hakim hasani. Lazarsfeld. policia mis mimarTac iseTive zomebs mimarTavda Tu ara. Yin. rom dunieris midgoma kvlevisadmi ar gamomdinareobda paradigmidan “mecnierma yvelaze ukveT icis”. Applications of Case Study Research. P. Metropolitan College of New York). “quCa mainc quCaa. Sage Publications. 3.quCaSi policiam ubrZana movaWres. Strauss and Giroux. amasTan. 70 . is maT weliwadSi ramdenime Tvis manZilze xedavda. dunieris kvleva warmatebulad unda CaiTvalos. mas Tavad am adamianis axsna ainteresebda. es warmateba. mainc. Robert K. [1971. mas ar ucdia moeCvenebina Tavi sxva adamianad. 325 Ibid. aramed cdilobda gaerkvia. kritikosebi dunieris kvlevis erT-erT mTavar naklad miiCnevdnen imas. rogorc wesi. hasani ambobs.S. ukve ramdenime welia. xvdeboda diliT da Sordeboda saRamoTi. Tu ra gavlenas axdens rasa da socialuri mgomareoba imaze. da a. aramed mas axasiaTebda socialuri mecnieris mondomeba. rac hakim hasani quCaSi aRar vaWrobs — is niu iorkis erT-erT saxelmwifo universitetSi muSaobs (Director of the Metropolitan Institute at MCNY. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi mas konfiskaciiT daemuqrnen. rodesac policielebma magidebis aReba moiTxoves.Atherton. — es ar unda dagaviwydeT. 327. rogorc is iqceoda. 2002. man gaSala magida imave adgilas da daeloda policiis gamoCenas — sabednierod. P. Paul F.] Marienthal: The Sociography of an Unemployed Community. romelic cdilobda Caswvdomoda Cveni cxovrebis azrs”86. Tu rogor eqceva policia adamianebs. mas Tan hqonda Tavisi magnitofoni da SeZlo Caewera policiasTan saubari. 24 saaTis manZilze dakvirveboda Tavisi informantebis cxovrebas da saqmianobas. 2001. rom mitCels mosmenis unari hqonda — is ar axvevda Tavis azrs Tanamosaubreebs. mitCi amas maSinve mixvda. Sidewalk. rom mas ar hqonda SesaZlebloba. metic. Mitchel Dunier. 86 87 Ibid. and Hans Zeisel. aelagebina Tavisi saqoneli. rom aseTi xangrZlivi savele muSaobis miuxedavad. New York: Farrar. gahyva Tavis informantebs gadasayrelad gamzadebuli nivTebidan gasayidad gamosadegi wignebis da Jurnalebis amosarCevad. vidre is sinamdvileSi iyo: adamiani da sociologi. dunierma gadawyvita Seemowmebina. Marie Jahoda. mouwia saqmeebis garkveva policiasTan. Tu ratom iqceoda esa Tu is adamiani ise.

rogorebicaa: profesiuli kompetenturoba. dRes ukve danamdvilebiT SeiZleba imis Tqma. American Sociological Association.esomar. eTikis kodeqsi profesiuli saqmianobis principebis krebulia. eTikis kodeqsis mizania. amasTan. rom kvleva tardeba keTilsindisierad. saerTo principebs. obieqturad. 1999. 71 . socialuri kvlevis eTika socialuri kvleva yovelTvis respondentebis. gaTvaliswinebuli unda iqnes. eTikis kodeqsebi xSirad ganixileba rogorc qveyanaSi arsebuli samarTlebrivi normebis gavrcoba ama Tu im profesiuli saqmianobis gaTvaliswinebiT. rom socialuri kvlevis eTikuri standartebi sayovelTaod aRiarebuli normebisagan Sedgeba. rogorc wesi. dRes es gaerTianebebi xSir SemTxvevaSi transnacionalur xasiaTs atarebs da sxvadasxva qveynis warmomadgenel mkvlevrebs aerTianeben. maT rwmenaze. 1995. sazogadoebrivi interesebis dacviT da rom daculi iqneba respondentTa konfidencialoba. anu Cveulebrivi moqalaqeebis monawileobiT tardeba. gaaZlieros ndoba am tipis saqmianobis mimarT da misi warmarTvisaTvis maqsimalurad xelsayreli pirobebi Seqmnas. kodeqsis naxva SeiZleba agreTve ESOMAR-is veb-gverdze: www. 88 89 ICC/ESOMAR International Code of Marketing and Social Research Practice.org. romlebic respondentTa da farTo sazogadoebis uflebebsa da interesebs icavs da romlebic profesiuli eTikis kodeqsebSia gaerTianebuli.nl. yvela profesiuli kodeqsi Seicavs e. patiosneba.asanet. romelic ama Tu im profesiis zneobriv Rirebulebebs gamoxatavs. amitom socialuri mecnierebis yvela dargis warmomadgeneli profesiuli organizaciebis erT-erTi umTavresi moTxovnaa gamokvlevebis warmarTvisas mTeli rigi eTikuri principebis dacva. profesiuli eTikis moTxovnebi maT internalizebuli aqvT profesiuli momzadebis Sedegad. Code of Ethics and Policies and Procedures of the ASA Committee on Professional Ethics. socialur mecnierebebSi eTikuri standartebis sistematuri SemuSaveba XX saukunis 50-ian wlebSi daiwyes sxvadasxva qveynis profesiulma gaerTianebebma. eTikuri normebis SemuSaveba da maTi SeZlebisdagvarad farTod danergva socialuri mecnierebis profesiuli gaerTianebebis erT-erTi umniSvnelovanesi misiaa. aSkaraa. yvela aseT asociaciaSi gaerTianebis aucilebel pirobas warmoadgens kandidatis mier asociaciis eTikuri kodeqsis normebis aRiareba da miReba. kodeqsi SegiZliaT ixiloT agreTve amerikis sociologiuri asociaciis veb-gverdze: www. vidre iuridiuli dokumentebi. rom nebismieri socialuri kvlevis warmateba damokidebulia sazogadoebis keTilganwyobaze mkvlevrebis mimarT. romelTa dacvasac yvela mkvlevari Tavis movaleobad miiCnevs. mniSvnelovania. ICC/ESOMAR. aamaRlos socialuri kvlevebis sazogadoebrivi prestiJi. SesaZlo situaciebis sruli speqtri moicvas.w. profesiuli moralis normebis SemuSaveba ama Tu im profesiuli jgufis warmomadgenlebis mier maTi sazogadoebrivi pasuxismgeblobis gacnobierebisa da aRiarebis Sedegia. rom vercerTi profesiuli kodeqsi ver SeZlebs. vinaidan isini afaseben am profesiul gaerTianebaSi wevrobas.Tema 6. is asaxavs idealur warmodgenebs ama Tu im profesiis Sesaxeb. saerTo azris Tanaxmad. socialuri mecnierebis profesiuli kodeqsis normebis Seswavlis mizniT Cven dawvrilebiT ganvixilavT or aseT dokuments — saerTaSoriso savaWro palatis (ICC) da sazogadoebrivi azrisa da sabazro kvlevis evropuli kavSiris (ESOMAR) sabazro da socialuri kvlevis praqtikis erTobliv kodeqss88 da amerikis sociologiuri asociaciis (ASA) eTikis kodeqss89. respondentebis ndobaze interviuerebisa da gamokvlevis organizatorebisadmi. Tumca Tavad eTikis kodeqsebi samarTlebriv dokumentebs ar warmoadgenen — isini ufro farTo xasiaTisa da Sinaarsisaa. misi Sedegebi ki arcTu iSviaTad mniSvnelovan gavlenas axdens sazogadoebriv cxovrebaze. rom profesiuli eTikis normebis aRiareba am profesiis warmomadgenlebis mier xdeba nebayoflobiT.

da Cveni upirvelesi valdebuleba unda iyos uzrunvelvyoT. amisaTvis aseve calke nebarTva gvWirdeba respondentebisgan. Tu romeli socialuri jgufis interesebis dacvis mizniTaa SemuSavebuli eTikuri moTxovnebis esa Tu is jgufi. raTa kvlevam respondentebs raime vneba ar miayenos. iseve rogorc yvela sxva SemTxvevaSi. vidre administraciuli 72 . uzrunvelyon. zog SemTxvevaSi. politikuri Tu sxva SekveTebis Sesasruleblad tardeba. respondentTa uflebebi eTikis kodeqsebi gansakuTrebul yuradRebas uTmoben respondentTa uflebebis dacvas. pasuxismgebloba sazogadoebis winaSe. rogorc wesi. xSirad respondentebi mxolod im pirobiT iZlevian Tanxmobas CvenTan saubarze. mkvlevarisa da damkveTis urTierTobebi gansakuTrebuli xasiaTisaa imdenad. magaliTad. ramdenadac profesiuli eTikis kodeqsis garda maTi regulireba xdeba agreTve or mxares Soris dadebuli xelSekrulebis safuZvelze. rom Cven maT konfidencialobas davicavT. a. profesiuli normebis dayofa mizanSewonilia ramdenime jgufad. damkveTebis uflebebi empiriuli gamokvlevebis mniSvnelovani nawili komerciuli xasiaTisaa da sabazro. maTi monawileoba kvlevaSi damokidebulia maT keTil nebaze. gansazRvros mkvlevarTa pasuxismgebloba am sami jgufis mimarT. gamoiyofa eTikuri normebi. masobrivi gamokiTxvis SemTxvevaSi — statistikuri damuSavebis Semdeg. b. rom Camweri mowyobilobebis gamoyenebis miuxedavad maTi konfidencialoba daculi iqneba. da sxv. erTaderTi stabiluri mosazreba. Zalze rTulia maTi darwmuneba. sadac Cveulebriv mravali adamiani iyris Tavs. cnobilia respondentis vinaoba. respondentebis monawileoba gamokvlevaSi nebayoflobiTi unda iyos. mkvlevarebs ara naklebi pasuxismgebloba akisriaT damkveTebTan urTierTobisas. maTi konfidencialobis dacvaa. isaa.respondentebis uflebebisa da Rirsebis pativiscema. aramed. ra Tqma unda. da sakmaod relativisturi xasiaTisaa. gamomdinare iqidan. mkvlevarma SeZlebisdagvarad unda miawodos mas sruli informacia gamokvlevis miznebisa da amocanebis Sesaxeb. davarwmunoT respondentebi. eTikis kodeqsebis moTxovnebis Tanaxmad. Tu dakvirvebas xalxmraval adgilas vatarebT. agreTve yvela is informacia. eTikis normebi garkveulwilad specifikur xasiaTs iZens. eTikis moTxovnebi ufro farTo xasiaTisaa. rodesac xorcieldeba gaumJRavnebeli dakvirveba. mniSvnelovania. rom isini kvlevis obieqtebi arian. profesiuli kodeqsebis erT-erTi mTavari daniSnulebaa.an videofirze. rom miRebuli unda iqnes yvela zoma. rom TiToeuli gamokvleva damkveTis mier dasmuli problemebis gadaWris gzebis povnas isaxavdes miznad da yvelaze ufro optimalur gzebs sTavazobdes damkveTs gamokvlevis gansaxorcieleblad. amitom CarTuli dakvirvebis Catarebisas. am TvalsazrisiT. magram. Cven unda davarwmunoT respondentebi. es gasagebicaa — respondentebi kvlevis umTavres obieqts warmoadgenen. respondentTa uflebebis dacvis erT-erTi umniSvnelovanesi valdebuleba. magram rogorc ukve aRvniSneT. gansakuTrebiT rTulia respondentTa uflebebis dacva maSin. Cven. da aqac. romelsac mkvlevrebi kisruloben. romliTac mkvlevari unda xelmZRvanelobdes. rom es mxolod gamokvlevis saTanado xarisxiT Catarebis uzrunvelsayofad xdeba da rom Sedegebis damuSavebis Semdeg maTi pasuxebi mxolod anonimurad iqneba gamoyenebuli. romlebic icavs (a) respondentebis. romlis mixedviTac SesaZlebeli iqneba adamianis identificireba. (b) damkveTebis da (g) farTo sazogadoebis interesebs. ver gavafrTxilebT yvela adamians. rom isini ar dazaraldnen kvlevaSi monawileobis miRebis Sedegad. Tu maTi vinaoba ar iqneba gamJRavnebuli. kvlevis angariSidan amoRebuli iyos ara mxolod respondentTa saxelebi da gvarebi. da maTi movaleobaa. socialuri gamokvlevis zogierTi saxeoba moiTxovs interviuebis Caweras audio. vinaidan mkvlevrebisTvis. masobrivi gamokiTxvis Catarebisas ki interviuerebis muSaobis kontrolis uzrunvelsayofad yovelTvis xdeba TiToeuli respondentis saxelisa da misamarTis Cawera.

romelic eTikis normebis darRvevis faqtebs ganixilavs. es komiteti uflebamosilia ASA-s wevrebis mier. maT mier gaTvaliswinebuli sanqciebic Taviseburi xasiaTisaa. 4-5. gamokvlevis Catarebisas isini miznad isaxaven rogorc sociologiuri mecnierebis ganviTarebas. sociologebi acnobiereben maT profesiul da mecnierul pasuxismgeblobas im sazogadoebis winaSe. rogorc wesi. eTikis kodeqsis normebis damyareba mxolod mkvlevarTa keTilganwyobaze da maT mier am normebis didi mniSvnelobis gacnobierebaze yovelTvis sakmarisi ar aris. aseve sazogadoebrivi keTildReobis xelSewyobas. sazogadoebrivi interesebis gaTvaliswineba sociologebis moRvaweobis Zalze mniSvnelovan sferos warmoadgens. 73 . eTikuri kodeqsebis specifikuri bunebidan gamomdinare. sadac isini cxovroben da muSaoben. farTo sazogadoebriobis interesebis dacva ramdenadac socialuri mecnierebis pasuxismgebloba farTo sazogadoebis winaSe iuridiuli regulirebis obieqts ar warmoadgens. am organizaciis farglebSi muSaobs profesiuli eTikis komiteti. isic SeiZleba werilis saxiT iyos. amitom. amdenad eTikis kodeqsebi aregulirebs mkvlevrisa da damkveTis urTierTobebis im sferoebs. P.da samarTlebrivi dokumentebi. rom nebismieri faqti mxolod im SemTxvevaSi ganixileba rogorc profesiuli eTikis normebis darRveva. g. Tu darRveva SedarebiT msubuqi iyo da ar gamouwvevia seriozuli piradi an profesiuli ziani. isini did yuradRebas aqcevs eTikuri normebis darRvevis SemTxvevebis gaxmaurebas profesiul wreSi da aseTi faqtebis dagmobas kolegebis mier. amitom am privilegiebis CamorTmeva sakmaod seriozul sasjels warmoadgens. miuxedavad amisa. is mTlianad eqceva profesiuli eTikis farglebSi. rom profesiuli eTikis darRvevis SemTxvevebma SeumCnevlad ar Caiaros da SeZlebisdagvarad Zvirad daujdes am normebis damrRvevs. eTikis normebis damrRvevi SeiZleba ar iqnes daSvebuli am asociaciis mier mowyobil RonisZiebebze. ar iqnes Seyvanili saredaqcio kolegiebSi. maRali profesiuli standartebis dacvisaken mouwodebs orive mxares. profesiuli eTikis normebis damrRvevTa winaaRmdeg Zalze seriozuli sanqciebi iqna SemuSavebuli amerikis sociologiuri asociaciis (ASA) mier. aekrZalos monawileobis miReba asociaciis sxvadasxva komitetebSi 90 Code of Ethics and Policies and Procedures of the ASA Committee on Professional Ethics. g) privilegiebis CamorTmeva. American Sociological Association. nebismieri sociologiuri asociaciis (maT Soris ASA-s) wevroba ara mxolod sakmaod maRali statusis niSania. raTa xeli Seuwyon sazogadoebriv keTildReobas. romlebic xelSekrulebebis miRma rCeba da urTierTpatiosnebisa da urTierTgagebisken. piradi gafrTxileba. 1999. socialuri mecnierebis sazogadoebriv reputacias. vinaidan yoveli aseTi darRvevis SemTxvevaSi laqa ecxoba yvela mkvlevars. profesiuli sazogadoebebi zrunaven imaze. aramed wevrebisaTvis garkveul profesiul da materialur privilegiebTanaa dakavSirebuli. mniSvnelovania imis aRniSvna. arada. es SedarebiT rbili sanqcia gamoiyeneba im SemTxvevaSi. werilis saxiT egzavneba eTikis normebis damrRvevs. magram es werili qveyndeba Sesabamis sainformacio saSualebebSi.90 sanqciebi ramdenadac profesiuli eTikis kodeqsebi iuridiuli dokumentebi ar aris. amasTan. maTi normebis damrRvevTa winaaRmdeg ver iqneba gamoyenebuli samarTlebrivi sanqciebi. rogorc amerikis sociologiuri asociaciis eTikis kodeqsSia xazgasmuli. Tu darRveva seriozul xasiaTs atarebda. Semdegi saxis sanqciebi gamoiyenos damnaSaveTa mimarT: a) piradi gafrTxileba. isini iyeneben Tavis codnas. iqamde ki yvelas mimarT Taviseburi “udanaSaulobis prezumfcia” moqmedebs. kerZod. b) sajaro gafrTxilebas im SemTxvevaSi mimarTaven. Tu es damtkicebuli iqna.

o dasmuli kiTxvebis tipi (Ria.S. kvlevis Sedegebis publikacia profesiuli normebis specifikuri jgufia moTxovnebi kvlevis Sedegebis gamoqveynebisadmi masobrivi informaciis saSualebebSi.R.arCevnebSi. am problemis gadaWris mizniT 1983 wels sazogadoebrivi azrisa da sabazro kvlevis evropulma kavSirma (ESOMAR) SeimuSava “sazogadoebrivi azris gamokiTxvebis gzamkvlevi”91. ar iqnes ganxiluli misi kandidatura asociaciis wevrebisaTvis gankuTvnili kvleviTi stipendiebis ganawilebis procesSi da a. xSirad sakmaod uxeS Secdomebs uSvebdnen masobrivi gamokiTxvebis an sxva tipis kvlevebis Sedegebis gamoqveynebisas. o SerCeviTi erTobliobis raodenoba.M. rom Jurnalistebi. kerZod. gansakuTrebuli yuradReba am kodeqsSi masobrivi gamokiTxvis Sedegebis publikacias eZRvneba. daxuruli Tu naxevraddaxuruli) da maTi zusti formulireba. E. es ki arasaxarbielo gavlenas axdenda am kvlevebis Sefasebaze sazogadoebis mier. satelefono. ESOMAR-is rCeviT. yvela publikacias. rac TavisTavad ara mxolod samarcxvinoa. Tu. 91 Guide to Opinion Polls. o SerCevis reprezentatuloba. aramed abrkolebs garicxulis Semdgom profesiul saqmianobas. romelSic ganxiluli iqneba maT Soris TanamSromlobis pirobebi. dadon xelSekruleba. safosto Tu sxva).. garda amisa. romeli privilegiebi CamoerTmeva eTikis normebis damrRvevs. d) asociaciaSi wevrobis Sewyveta ASA-s profesiuli eTikis komitetis yvelaze seriozuli sanqciaa. profesiuli eTikis komiteti yoveli konkretuli SemTxvevidan gamomdinare gadawyvets. aqac. am moTxovnebis SemuSaveba araprofesiuli publikaciebis momravlebis Sedegad gaxda aucilebeli. Tu ramdeni xniT unda moxdes ama Tu im sociologis wevrobis Sewyveta ASA-Si da ra pirobiTaa SesaZlebeli am wevrobis ganaxleba momavalSi. mkvlevrebi sul ufro da ufro xSirad rwmundebodnen. kerZod: o romelma kvleviTma organizaciam Caatara gamokiTxva. romelic masobrivi gamokiTxvebis Sedegebs iyenebs. xels uSlis mas mniSvnelovani SekveTebis mozidvaSi. romlebic yvelaze ufro xSirad Suqdeba masobrivi informaciis saSualebebis mier. sasjelis yvelaze mZime formaa profesiuli sazogadoebis wevrTa rigebidan garicxva. aq warmodginelia praqtikuli rekomendaciebi kvlevis Sedegebze damyarebuli publikaciebis momzadebasTan dakavSirebiT. komiteti yvela konkretul SemTxvevaSi wyvets. ESOMAR-i urCevs kvleviT organizacias da masobrivi informaciis organos. am Secdomebs ki Semdeg maTi mkiTxvelebi imeorebdnen. 74 .O. im sakiTxs. romlebsac ara aqvT Sesabamisi codna. socialuri kvlevis Sedegad miRebuli informaciis gamoqveynebisas aucilebelia mkafiod gaimijnos miRebuli Sedegebi da am Sedegebis safuZvelze Jurnalistebis mier gakeTebuli komentari. o gamokiTxvis Catarebis meTodika (piradi. arcTu iSviaTad Jurnalistur masalebSi daSvebuli Secdomebis gamo kvlevis Sedegebi Sefasebuli iyo rogorc araswori. o gamokiTxvis Catarebis TariRebi. garda imisa.A. romlis mizansac presaSi socialuri gamokvlevebis Sedegebis gamoqveynebisas daSvebuli Secdomebis Semcireba iyo. 1993.S. rom es kodeqsi ganixilavs gamokiTxvebis Sedegebis mniSvnelobas demokratiuli sazogadoebebisaTvis da Jurnalistebisa da socialuri mecnierebebis profesiuli TanamSromlobis Taviseburebebs. aucileblad unda axldes meToduri informacia Catarebuli gamokiTxvis Sesaxeb.

43-73 (“Ethical Issues”).asanet.org/members/enforce. romlebic am masalaSia miTiTebuli) da SeadareT isini erTmaneTs maTi detalurobis TvalsazrisiT. Bruce L. American Sociological Association. 1997. ipoveT internetSi socialuri kvlevis eTikis ramdenime kodeqsi (garda im kodeqsebisa.esomar.asanet. http://www. American Sociological Association Committee on Professional Ethics. “Ethical Concerns in Participant Observation/Ethnography.org/members/ ecoderev.org/esomar/show/id=65961 and Social Research Practice. Berg. 2. Pp. 1998. Code of Ethics. rogor SeafasebdiT kvlevis Sedegebis gaSuqebis xarisxs? rekomendebuli literatura: 1. ICC/ESOMAR International Code of Marketing http://www. Arnould. http://www. Fifth edition. Policies and Procedures. 4. rom didi britaneTis mosaxleobaSi izrdeba emigraciis survili” (magaliTi #4). 3. 2. gaecaniT publikacias “gamokiTxvam uCvena. Boston: Pearson. 1997. Eric J.davalebebi: 1.html 75 .” in Advances in Consumer Research 25: 72-74. Qualitative Research Methods for the Social Sciences.html 5.

aris cxovrebis siZvire da SesaZleblobebis nakleboba. ris gamoc mosaxleobas didi britaneTidan gamgzavreba surs. 1975 wels ki es raodenoba 40 procentamde Semcirda. romelic gazeT «deili telegrafis» SekveTiT Caatara demoskopiurma sazogadoebam YouGov. romelTa gamoc britaneTis moqalaqeebis umravlesobas surs sazRvargareT gamgzavreba — iq. dabali fasebi da gemrieli samzareuloa. megobrebi. sadac maT ar dasWirdebaT enobrivi barieris gadalaxva. (evrogaerTianebaSi britanelebi yvelaze naklebad floben ucxo enebs).magaliTi #4. ingliselebis mxolod 25 procentma ganacxada. gamokiTxvam uCvena. rom didi britaneTis mosaxleobaSi izrdeba emigraciis survili CNN Italia. romelsac gamokiTxulebi xSirad asaxelebdnen. londoni (CNN) — isini veRar itanen amindis kaprizebs da cxovrebis siZvires. romelic uSualod meore msoflio omis damTavrebis Semdeg Catarda. SesaZlebloba rom hqondeT isini siamovnebiT gaemgzavrebodnen sazRvargareT sacxovreblad. sadac ufro rbili hava. 26 agvisto. umTavresi. sxva mxriv. maSin espaneTs da safrangeTs arCevdnen. rac maT Sin darCnis survils uZlierebs. 2002 w. msgavsi gamokiTxvis Sedegad. rogorc gamokiTxulTa 54 procentma ganacxada. gairkva. ojaxi. rom axali sacxovrebeli adgilebis Zebnis mTavari mizezia maTi ukmayofileba erovnuli samzareuloTi. 76 . amaze mowmobs gamokiTxvis Sedegebi. havis cvalebadoba kidev erTi mizezia. rom aseTi survili mosaxleobis 42 procents hqonda. da erovnuli istoriiT gamowveuli siamayis grZnobaa. ukanaskneli wlebis manZilze britaneTis mosaxleobaSi gaizarda qveynidan gamgzavrebis survili. swored esaa ZiriTadi mizezebi. zogi — samzareulosac ki. maTTvis yvelze sasurveli qveynebia SeerTebuli Statebi da avstralia. umTavresi motivi. rom ara es barieri.

. 77 .. fokus-jgufis respondentebis kategoria: studentebi. fokus-jgufis msvlelobaSi gamarTuli diskusiis gaSifvris Sedegad srulad xdeba respondentTa stilis dacva. ra aris korufcia? am cnebis Teoriuli ganmarteba Tu gaqvT vinmes? ... respondentebs pirobiTi saxelebiT moixsenieben xolme.. agraruli universiteti. ... dauSvebelia saubris stilisturi redaqtireba..... Cemi azriT. .. 92 fokus-jgufi Catarda Tavisuflebis institutis proeqtis farglebSi “korufcia saqarTveloSi da misi Sefaseba sxvadasxva profesiuli jgufis warmomadgenlebis mier”. jer SevecadoT cota akademiurad mivudgeT am sakiTxs — Tqveni azriT.an videokasetis detaluri gaSifvris Sedegia.igulisxmeba. 2004 w. . ucxo enebi94. fokus-jgufis Catrebis adgili: q. Telavi.. ucxo enebi... rodesac respondenti Cumad laparakobs da misi sityvebis garCeva ver xerxdeba — maSin transkriptSi Sesabamisi miniSneba unda iyos gakeTebuli.. orive igulisxmeba. . . saubris procesSi kidev davakonkretebT im sakiTxebs. aseT SemTxvevebSi gamoyenebuli kvadratuli frCxilebi. ...danarTi #1 korufcia saqarTveloSi92 fokus-jgufis transkripti fokus-jgufis Catrebis TariRi: 29 ivnisi. 94 Tumca es ar iyo moderatoris moTxovna.. iseT SenobaSi vimyofebiT. biosamedicino.93 studenti. korufciaSi ras vgulisxmobT — es aris marto fulis micema. . rogor SeiZleba ganvmartoT. rom akademiurad midgoma. aris SemTxvevebi. ramdenime respondentma miuTiTa fakulteti.... namcxvari.95 samecniero doneze. zogjer transkripSi miTiTebulia. . am magaliTSi..gaaCnia. 95 fokus-jgufi Catarda Telavis saxelmwifo universitetis SenobaSi. studenti... Tu saCuqaric igulisxmeba.. Cveni saubris Temaa korufcia. SeniSvna: transkripti fokus-jgufis dros gamarTuli diskusiis dros Cawerili audio.. albaT. aq moyvanil magaliTSi moyvanilia mxolod jgufis msvlelobaSi gamoTqmuli azrebi.. avtoris miTiTebis gareSe. 93 respondentTa saxelebi gamotovebulia maTi anonimurobis dacvis mizniT. romlebic SeZlebisdagvarad sityvasityviT unda iyos gadatanili qaRaldze. sanam konkretul magaliTebze da konkretul SemTxvevebze gadavalT.. iuridiuli. romlebsac dRes ganvixilavT.. magram Tavdapirvelad gTxovT yvelam warvadginoT Tavi. masSi unda aisaxos fokus-jgufis msvlelobaSi gamoTqmuli yvela azri.. ufro saWiro iqneba. Tu romel respondents ekuTvnis yoveli gamoTqmuli azri.. sadac swavlobdnen.. gamoyofilia mxolod moderatoris sityvebi. vinaidan fokus-jgufis respondentebis vinaobis gamJRavneba arasodes ar xdeba. gasarkvevia.. .

vTqvaT. visac Txoven [fuls].korufcia es aris kanonis gareT momxdari garigeba.. Tundac formalurad.Seavso.ki. ufro kargi Sefasebis mqone adamiani darCes gareT. xom? moqalaqe. . madlierebis niSnad.ara. imitom rom is mainc akeTebs amas da arasamarTlebrivad xdeba im mxriv.erTia. . rom is daayenos pirvel rigSi. igulisxmeba saqarTveloSi qrTami rogorc saCuqari.Cemi azriT. me Tu mkiTxavT. magram dRes qrTamis micemisas igive movaleobas asrulebs is. codna an raRac. sinamdvileSi rac ar gaqvs. . identuri ar aris. anu es SeiZleba ar iyos saxelmwifo moxele. maSin es ukve saCuqaria.mainc korufciasTan aris gadajaWvuli. es korufcia? . rom miitano. vTqvaT. magram amave dros ase Tu ise akmayofilebs. ese igi. imitom rom qrTams iReb.esec korufciaa. magram korufciis yvelaze ganmasxvavebeli niSani swored is aris.Cemi azriT.. .ara. am SemTxvevaSi ver mivalT korufciamde. korufciaze rodesac vsaubrobT. . codnis mxriv arsebul moTxovnebs — am SemTxvevaSi rasTan gvaqvs saqme? . TviTon im moxelis mimarT. rac sinamdvileSi saWiroa.dRes-dReobiT. aramed imis safuZvelze. Tu vis ras miscem — im SemTxvevaSi. mgoni. korufciasTan. vinc iRebs fuls. xolo meore. ara.Tu nebayoflobiTia. romelmac ginda rom samsaxurSi migiRos. 78 . Cemi azriT. da ara is.ki. . . kisrulobs raime ukanono qmedebis Sesrulebas am piris sasargeblod. qrTamic igivenairad xdeba — eg SeiZleba adre iyo mase. .Tu am gansazRvrebas gamoviyenebT.. vTqvaT.. rom Sen gTxoven im qrTams. . es aris uSualod saxelmwifo samsaxurSi momxdari movlena. . . gansakuTrebiT. rom SeiZleba ufro kargi kriteriumebis. . albaT. Tu viRaca gaiZulebs raRaca misce samsaxurSi miRebisaTvis. me mgoni.raRacas ukanonod akeTeb am SemTxvevaSi...magram amas ar SeiZleba davarqvaT. imitom rom meqrTameoba SeiZleba gamoixatos nebismier pirTan mimarTebaSi. cdilobs rom rame gadauxados. xolo qrTamis SemTxvevaSi meqrTame TviTon aris SemTavazebeli. gWirdeba gasamrjelo. . an ufro ukeTesad moemsaxuros. im kriteriumebs Sen ver akmayofileb da amis safasurad Sen unda gadaixado raRac. magram dRes-dReobiT aRar aris. korufcia. romelic raime TxovniT mimarTavs. rom miitano. xolo qrTami SeiZleba gamoixatos kerZo seqtorSic. raime momsaxurebis SemTxvevaSi. rom saxelmwifo moxele TviTon iTxovs “aucilebel” gadasaxads.cxadia. rodesac orive mxare raRac valdebulebas kisrulobs. vTqvaT. . aseT SemTxvevaSi TviTon im adamianis uflebac irRveva. korufcia aris. erTi mxare kisrulobs raime Tanxis gaRebas. imitom rom. es mentalobidanac gamomdinareobs. daaxloebiT ase vfiqrob. Sen xdebi korumpirebuli. Seni azriT. vTqvaT. rodesac adamiani madlierebis niSnad uxdida adamians raRacas.. nebayoflobiTi.mec.. adre SeiZleba nebayoflobiTi iyo.-m rom moiyvana magaliTi — rodesac samsaxurSi iReben ara codnis safuZvelze. magram mTlianobaSi identuri cnebebi ar aris. da ZiriTadad saxelmwifo moxeleze unda gvqondes aq saubari. anu raime valdebulebis Sesruleba. notariusebTan mimarTebaSi. rodesac romelime adgilze mosaxvedrad Tu raRac. Cemi azriT. .da ar aris. ra Tqma unda. raRac moqmedebas asruleben. arasamTavrobo organizaciaSic. ki. korufciis erT-erTi Semadgeneli nawilia. .korufcia aris.qrTami pirdapir kavSirSia.. . korufcia da meqrTameoba erTi da igivea Tu ara? . . rogorc wesi. da qrTami miutano kerZo pirs.

pativiscema sxvaa. fuls ar gamovarTmev. magram raRac damatebiTi isini unda gaimarTos — Sen atyob.ara. Tu amas sxva formebic aqvs? ..Cemi azriT. .sxva formebic aqvs. vTqvaT. vTqvaT. anu saCuqarSi igulisxmeba Tanxac da igulisxmeba nivTic. visac ucxo xalxis TandaswrebiT jer ar ulaparakia imis Sesaxeb. xolo korufciis SemTxvevaSi iniciativa modis im mxridan. magram ukve ici. miiRe monawileoba da geubnebian. es ra iqneba. am SemTxvevaSi Sen raRacis safasurad ukeTeb amas. Tu raRacas momitan.raRac ar mgonia. rom sajaro pirebs ar SeuZliaT miiRon saCuqari. rom ai. . aris aq vinme. magram qvecnobierad.amas kanonic aregulirebs. .ki. vinc dRes pirvelad gaigo sityva “korufcia”? . igive rogorc samsaxurTan dakavSirebiT Camovarda laparaki. farulad miganiSnebs..ara! mainc korufciaa. SesarCevi. parketis dageba undodes an sul sxva raRacis [SekeTeba]. da Tavisuflad SeuZlia rom cal-calke aiRos. . rom giWianureben saqmes.am SemTxvevaSi maSin is moiTxovs sam 400-larians. . namdvilad.. Tu ra aris korufcia da ar gamouTqvia Tavisi azri? . ra Tqma unda. rom Sen arasamarTlebrivad im adamians.eg vTqvi weRan. . kargi iqneboda.madlierebis niSnad. . rodesac pativs gcemen da Sen pativs scem adamians.qrTami aris korufciis gamomxatveli meTodi. qrTami sxvaa. rom ara mgonia.1000 lari. romeliRac samsaxurSi gamocxadda raRac konkursi.Sedegebze gvilaparakia. SeiZleba xmamaRla ar iyos naTqvami.imdenad xSirad ismis dRes-dReobiT.qrTamis SemTxvevaSi iniciativa modis Seni mxridan.eg iyo istoriuli winamZRvari qrTamisa.. romlis fasic aRemateba [800] lars. saqarTveloSi.anda. aris aq vinme. qrTams ver daarqmev-Tqo pativiscemas. kargi. rom. romeli qveynebia. .qrTami me mainc sul cudi gagebiT maxsovs.sityvaze. Tumca korufciis xarisxi da 79 . ra”. imiT ki ara. maSin sxva kiTxva — korufcia SeiZleba aRviqvaT rogorc raRac fuladi Tanxis an saCuqris miReba.ara. . . . ar gawyoben — iZulebuli xdebi rom SesTavazo raRac. vTqvaT.. . nacnobia. magas xom qrTams ver daarqmev? . ...da bankSi ver Seitan. uxeSad geubnebi. da mniSvneloba ara aqvs. kargi gagebiT verc ityvi. TanamSromlad iyvan da nebismieri — amas SeiZleba. . “pativs gcem. sadac korufcia Zalian aris . Sen raRac momitane. gavrcelebuli? Tqveni azriT. ki. ra Tqma unda! . . rom is daimsaxura an raRaca — sxvas toveb TamaSgareT. .kargi gagebaa. . rom ai. rom eqimTan midixar da “banbanerka” migaqvs. rom saCuqari Sen unda “ikisro”. kanonSi aris. rom ai. pativs scem adamians elementarulad adamianuri motiviT da ara imitom.elementarulad ai.es aris ZiriTadad ganviTarebadi qveynebi.korufcias aqvs yvelanairi forma — swored is aris. .eg ukve tradiciuli momentia.korufcias imas ver davarqmevT. imitom rom gawyobs im wuTas Sen am adamianis SemoTavazebuli winadadeba. magram korufcia ar gangvimartavs rogorc aseTi. ai “qrTami misca” da. akmayofileb amas. ... Tu sworad maxsovs — aris konkretuli Tanxa miRebuli. rom is samarTlebrivad sworia. .

naklebad. yofili sabWoTa samyaro. kanonis simkacre imdenad ar gansazRvravs kanonis dacvas.gacilebiT naklebad.korufcia aris yvela qveyanaSi. gind evropaSi.. an SedarebiT naklebad aris gavrcelebuli? . imitom rom ician.eg cxadia.da xalxis donea ufro SeiZleba dabali. ufro maRal donezea. .dausjeloba akeTebs amas.es aris civilizebuli qveynebi. ras niSnavs saxelmwifoSi cxovreba. SeiZleba. saxelmwifo moxeleebic ver acnobiereben. . albaT.me amerikas davasaxelebdi. . igive momentia — raRacas Caiden. rom kriminogenuli situacia CvenTan da im qveynebSi [sadac korufcia gavrcelebulia] Zalian dabal donezea. . anu prevencia am SemTxvevaSi.kanoni ar kanonobs.Zalian did pativs scemen sazRvargareT saerTod. da iq.ara.damokidebulia azrisa da sityvis TavisuflebasTan. ratom aris am qveynebSi SedarebiT metad gavrcelebuli? . . TviTon saxelmwifo institutebis Camoyalibebis procesi ar aris iq dasrulebuli. meorec. romlebic uSualod xels uwyoben korufciis gaRvivebas.ho. . [sadac korufcia ar aris gavrcelebuli. . 80 .martiv magaliTs moviyvan — amerikis nebismier universitetSi ratom ar aris korufciis didi masStabi? elementarulad.korufciis masStabi — aq yvela sferoSi midis korufcia. modiT davasaxeloT qveynebi. . iq ki. aqedan gamomdinare. qveynebi.] me vfiqrob. da ra aris imis mizezi.indoeTi mgonia me. rom. me mgoni. rodesac atyoben. . .dausjelobis sindromia saqarTveloSi. TviTon sazogadoebac da.naklebad.sasomxeTi. nebismier ganviTarebul qveyanaSi. aq yvelaferi dauregulirebelia. albaT.aseve CamorCenili qveynebi.isic ar dagvaviwydes. Tqveni azriT. da iq xdeba korufciuli garigeba. azerbaijani.amerika. anu is ukanono imaSi ar eqceva. . fuls miitan da morCa. kanonebs da eSiniaT. ician. rom marTla daisjebian.evropis TiTqmis yvela qveyana.ruseTi. ukraina. TviTon korufciis sistemazec aris aq saubari. xSir SemTxvevaSi.sasomxeTic aseve. . .. rom iseT qveynebSi arsebobs iseTi kanonebi. rac CvenTanac iyo didi problema. . da aq es kultura ar aris xSir SemTxvevaSi. daisjeba is adamiani. rom Tu es moxdeba. sasomxeTSi an ruseTSi. . sadac korufcia ar aris. ramdenadac TviTon sasjelis aucilebloba. rom am qveynebSi korufcia naklebadaa gavrcelebuli? . yvela gadasaxadi iq aris kanonizirebuli. . . . cdiloben es gadmoitanon sakanonmdeblo regulirebis sferoSi. .ufro metad gavrcelebuli ar aris.ganviTarebulia. . raRacas rom daaSaveben. da CvenTan ukve aravis eSinia arafris gakeTebis. magram sadac marTlaa gavrcelebuli — indoeTSi. kargiT. .iq aris sakanonmdeblo regulireba. vTqvaT. rasac hqvia “ganviTarebadi”. nu davajgufebT. .ara. vTqvaT. . . . ginda amerikaSi. kanoni ar kanonobs.weRan damaviwyda meTqva.imitom. ician. ruseTi. . rom raRac sfero eqceva maqsimarulad CrdilSi. kanoni kanonobs.moicavs im qveynebs. da romelia. .

Tqveni azriT? . . . da mesame — damexmareT. . . .rogorc yovelTvis. . Telavis raionSi igive sami sferoa. qarTvelma SeiZleba oTxjer meti ifiqros marcxena mxridan mogvarebaze.da sazRvargareT aravin gadaixdis fuls uswavlelobisTvis. rom uswavleloba ufro Zviri ujdebaT da ufro cudia qveynisTvis ekonomikuradac da saerTodac. rom dabrkolebas gana gadalaxavs. fulis gareSe. TelavSi korufcia metad aris gavrcelebuli..ganaTleba. erTi daasaxeleT. me mgoni. mgoni. rom adamiani. Tu aq raime specifikuri situaciaa? .igives vityodi mec.cudi kidev is aris. isic ukanonod gadaaxdevinebs. . .. . anu ukan amoiRebs.unda meTqva is.es im doneze. samarTaldamcavi organoebi. vTqvaT. im dRes erTma amerikelma Tqva. sakmaod Tu Zalian? . .da sabolood ver xvdebian. rodesac Tanamdebobas daikavebs. .samarTaldamcavebi. rom erTia aseTi sfero — ki. saqarTveloSi korufcia ramdenad aris gavrcelebuli.. maSin igive sami sferoa. da ukve rogor aris.adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis doneze Tu gadmovitanT xelisuflebis situacias. . .ganaTleba. imitom rom ukve rom ici. xelisuflebaSi modis da. igive sami gvaqvs. iciT? mcdeloba aRar aris. rom qarTvelebis Cvevaao rom dawyebul saqmes bolomde ar amTavrebeno — da daaxloebiT hgaqvs..Zalian.saxelisuflo struqturebSi. Cvens qveyanas davubrundeT.igive. . batono. romelic profesias korufciuli xerxebiT eufleba. . . saSualod saqarTvelos dones Tu SevadarebT. naklebad Tu igivea? . mere.ra Tqma unda! .saganmanaTleblo. . an qrTamis gareSe. 81 . saganmanaTleblo da.me vityodi. ganaTlebis sistemaSi. .ara. . is fiqrobs.ho... gamonaklisebi iqneba.es SeiZleba Sevides saxelmwifo struqturebSi. anu romelic. katastrofuli masStabiT. amas. rom modi axla ukve fuls mivcem. . iqidanve ixdis ukanonod. sadac korufcia yvelaze Zalian aris gavrcelebuli? an Tu TvliT. mainc moZebnis raRacas.Zalian. magram ZiriTadad igive. .Zalian. SegiZliaT daasaxeloT sami sfero.jaWviviT modis.sakmaod. .marcxena gzas gamonaxaven. rom yvelas TvalSia. . me vfiqrob. . axla ukve daviRale.faqtiurad sfero ar arsebobs. rogorc Cven vakeTebT. . sadac korufcia ar aris.igivea. vakuumia sakanonmdeblo.Zalian gavrcelebulia. rom amis gareSe ar xdeba.kanons gareSea..mgoni.Cvenc vuwyobT xels raRac momentSi. ra Tqma unda.samarTaldamcav organoebSi.. . rom axlandeli axalgazrdobac uwyobs amas efeqturad xels. ukuRma varT niWierebi — nebismieri sxva SeiZleba fiqrobdes problemis gadaWraze.

. . rodesac SemovdivarT universitetSi.gaunaTlebloba. Cven praqtikulad aranair. rom ar mqonia.mesame faqtoria umTavresi. sajaro moxeles ar SeuZlia 16 larian xelfasze cxovreba.. es vakuumebi Zalian bevria. samarTlebrivi is rom irRveva. .igivea. piradad Tqven Tu gqoniaT Sexeba korufciasTan? . Cemi azriT. magram Zalian [gavrcelebulia]. ra vici. hoda Tanabrad aris procentulad Tu aviRebT.. verafers ver vigoneb. . . ganaTlebis sistemaSi konkretulad ra vakuumebia? ... erTi faqtori SeiZleba es gamovyoT. rom iman SeiZleba — uxeSad ar gamigo — lari aiRos. .erTic ara. aqedanac gamomdinareobs. wesdebiT aris gansazRvruli. . . mesame faqtoric SeiZleba arsebobdes am SemTxvevaSi. magram iman xom mainc safasurad gagikeTa! am wuTas korufciazea laparaki. rodesac esa Tu is urTierToba ar regulirdeba kanoniT. zogadi socialuri foni. zogadad saxelmwifoSi ukve sakanonmdeblo vakuumi. ase vTqvaT. Tqvens pirad gamocdilebas davubrundebiT.SeiZleba sadRac naklebi Tanxaa gadasaxdeli. anu es procesi rom SeCerdes..vTqvaT. magram manamde — ra aris korufciis gavrcelebis mizezi saqarTveloSi. am SemTxvevaSi . axla mec vfiqrob. . ganaTlebis sistemaSi. . . . ra iwvevs korufcias? .eg aris mTavari.. magram sainteresoa. vidre aq — patara qalaqia.erTi procenti. formalurad Tu iuridiulad ar xdeba gamijvna. Tamamad SemiZlia vTqva. ramdeni icnobs am wesdebas. Tu korufcia ra donezea? is aris mTavari. naklebia.es SeiZleba iyos erTi kompleqsi. TviTon moqalaqis samarTlebrivi ganaTlebis zedmetad dabali done. rom.met-naklebad.iqidan gamomdinare. es vakuumi unda moispos aucileblad. raSic Cven vcxovrobT. Tu aris es wesdeba da Tqven mas ar icnobT. rac dRes-dReobiT xdeba: ukanonoba. xom? . ..qrTami ar mimicia. maSin iqneb sxva problemasTan 82 . ramdens ixdi..ho. .albaT.es valdebulebebi wesdebiT aris gansazRvruli. igivea.SedarebiT naklebi SeiZleba iyos. . sadac mimdinareobs es procesi. . . ra valdebulebebi aqvs universitets Cvens mimarT... igive ar aris gansazRvruli studentis da universitetis valdebulebebi.samarTlebrivi. . magram Semosavalic naklebia.Cemi azriT. rom arasodes ar mqonia.ara. meore faqtori. Tanabrad. rom Telavi saqarTvelosTan SedarebiT Zalian pataraa. .mainc araferi ar Seicvleba. . is saSinelebebi. aq yovelTvis iqmneba raRac SezRuduli wre. TbilisSi ufro. aqac sakmaod irRveva.Cemi azriT. . Tu ra donezea? is xom mainc iRebs am SemTxvevaSi? korufcia is aris.ho.nu. magram vici..arsebuli mdgomareoba.aranairad naklebad. .. rodesac igive dabali xelfasi aqvT saxelmwifo samsaxurSi da bunebrivia. igive universitetSi.me SemiZlia vTqva. me vityodi piriqiT.procentulad Tu aiRebT.kanonis ucodinroba. yvelas hqonia met-naklebad. . ucodinroba. socialuri foni.ki. . .

. is getyvis uxeSad: me unda gaswavlo.es yvelaferi modis.anu Tu gainteresebs Seni uflebebi.ki. magram TelavSi. fuli gadamixadeo. . iyo periodi. marTla gareT rCebodi. martivad imitom.. rogorc weRan vTqvi. rodesac qrTams aZlev. vinc qrTams iRebs. es SeiZleba imis bralic aris. TviTon universitets. bibliidan moviyvan. amas aucileblad unda gavusvaT xazi. gadalaxavs im raRac problemebs. Sen codvili xar. .me vfiqrob. rac isini amorCeulebi arian.meti aqvs. sxva mosazrebebi? .magram me ras viZaxi — TviTon kanoni ukve ar avaldebulebs universitets. me ase mgonia. .Cemi azriT. rom Tu ar iswavli. uxeSad rom SevadaroT.gasagebia. .ara. rom [studentis] Semosvlis Tanave. elementarulad. igive Cvens dRevandel mdgomareobaSi.gvaqvs saqme? . . magram Cven kargad viciT. is arc imas getyvis. meqrTameoba ufro adre gaCnda Tu TviTon meqrTame? imdenad gadajaWvulia es yvelaferi erTmaneTze. anu Cven. mTavroba — me vfiqrob. rom codvili is ki ar aris.. . romelic unda 83 . rom Tu adamians unda swavla da raRacis miRweva. igive situaciaa. universitetSi rom Semodis studenti. roca arc codna. rom xalxi arc cdilobs imis gamosworebas. am qveyanaze Tu . magram raRac momentSi isini . .eg marTalia. vinc aiRo es. axla laparakia am Senobaze. mTavroba laparakobs sul sxva enaze.. rom Cveni mTavroba da xalxi erTmaneTTan kavSirSi saerTod ar aris. .sxvaTaSoris.? . . amis bralic. ver Sexval. igive Cvens universitetze rom aviRoT. da sakmaod rTulad mosapovebeli dokumentia dRemde.. yovel SemTxvevaSi.ukve raRas sasikeTo Zvrebi iqneba. sxva mizezebi.dabali politikuri kulturac aris amomrCevlisa. debulebaSi wlebis ganmavlobaSi iyo Cadebuli. am qalaqze. vTqvaT. iq unda xdebodes piradi gasaubreba da uflebebis ganmarteba.me ise mgonia. rom mxolod im adamianebs hqondaT es debuleba wakiTxuli.irCevs. adamiani laparakobs sul sxva enaze. im doneze midis ukve aqcenti. odnav mainc rom gaitanos Tavisi simarTle. magram kidev viZaxi. yvela CvenTaganis bralic.adamianebis azrs isini aRar aqceven yuradRebas imis Semdeg. rom mTavroba. magram ar xdeba.ki.formalurad irCevs. ZiriTadad populisti [politikosebi]. vinc es miiRo. Cven vuwyobT amas xels da Cveni isic aris. rom 40% vTqvaT fasiani seqtoridan Semosuli Tanxebis unda moxmarebodaT studentebs. mTavrobas xalxi ar irCevs? . araferi marTla ar fasdeboda. magram mcodnes xmis amoRebis unari da saSualeba eqneba. gindac codna gqondes. Tavisive iniciativiT.. orjer CaWra..am Senobazec. asea. Cemi azriT. imitom rom saganmanaTleblo sistema Zalian dabal donezea.. marTla katastrofa iyo. Tu raRac gadasaxadi ar Seitane universitetSi. ver Sexval. qaTami ufro adre gaCnda Tu kvercxi. Cvens problemebze ar laparakoben. samjer CaWra — es ukve xdeboda raRac katastrofulad. ukve raRac testireba. axla SeiZleba ase iyos. Sen unda iswavlo. qrTami da me Cems Tavs ufro vTvli am SemTxvevaSi damnaSaved. . axla mase aRar aris? . SeiZleba cota xmamaRali naTqvami iyos Cemi mxridan. . mainc saboloo jamSi imas vfiqrob. materialurteqikuri bazis saxiT. rac xdeba. vidre imas. vTqvaT.. xolo 60% leqtorebs xelfasebis saxiT — ar xmardeboda. da am SemTxvevaSi — me maqvs micemuli. .erTi faqti SemiZlia — dResdReobiT imasac davoben. rom. misaReb gamocdebze erTxel CaWra... . . am qalaqzec da am qveyanazec.

qarTveli xalxis Cvevaa.saerTod.ki magram. rom yvela ase iqceodes. . mgoni. unda yvelaferi iyos kanonierad. kanoni unda kanonobdes.survili rom ara yofiliyo raRacis Secvlisa da keTildReobisken. miliardi. rom xalxs raRac undoda da Secvales kidec. amave dros. imitom rom igive es Cveni ori revolucia imis damadasturebelia.eg marTalia. rom im wuTas me damiWiron. maSin ise gamodis. .. . anu daayeno aseTi moTxovna. magram. . imitom rom gaqvs amis ufleba. TviTon saxelmwifoebriv doneze Tu vityviT. . yvela fiqrobs.. . “iman gadawyvitos” — es momenti Zalian aris. unda rom Secvalos.rogor aris.. rogorc patara ToTo bavSvi. damnaSave unda daisajos. .. da gakaveben. zogadad.. rac aris. xom weria xolme. . rom kargi iqneboda. rogorc iuristi dagicavs — maSin Cveni profesia saerTod ar gaxdeboda saWiro. ver moTxov amas. rom gqoniaT Sexeba korufciasTan. iqnebi daculi” — vici kanoni — rom. saxelmwifoSi moqalaqem ar icis Tavisi valdebulebebi. ra movaleobebi akisria saxelmwifos winaSe. Tundac igive saproceso moqmedebebze roca vsaubrobT. magram ver icavs im kanons! . magram am dros TviTonve fiqrobs. ra uflebebi aqvs. me ase mgonia. vTqvaT. garkveulwilad aferxebs korufcias.revolucia moxda. ra Tqma unda..masas.. Sen cudad gamige — gana ar unda Secvla. — vici. magram unda. rasac realurad studentoba mimarTavs: elodeba axal reqtors.. Tu ra xdeba? . xolo TviTon isev Zveleburad agrZelebdes. da meore varianti. mainc gWirdeba damcveli.nu. . ori ramis Sejereba minda. rom is ar aris sabuTi imisa. ... .Tan qarTvelebis fsiqologia ufro sxvanairia.arc aqvT moTxovnileba. . kanoni icis im adamianma. iciT? yvela adamians saqarTveloSi rom hkiTxo. Sen SegiZlia moiTxovo es.ubralod. Tu SevadarebT mdgomareobas revoluciamde da revoluciis Semdeg.verc daicavs. . Tqven daiwyeT laparaki. gamoixateba saxelmwifos valdebulebebSi.ki. Cemi azriT. rogorc wesi. Tu ar cdiloben. magram jer imdeni araferi ar momxdara. ara? . . magram me mainc privilegirebuli unda viyo.me vityvi. mTavrobac ukve ise mieCvia sazRvargareTidan daxmarebas. yvelaferze advokati ara. .ar moswonT. mgoni umetesobas arc unda rom icodes. “icode kanoni. rom arc cdiloben im situaciis Secvlas.gind icode. eg ar aris imis dasabuTeba. rom mieCvivnen.da ra uflebebi aqvs.. Tqven yvelam — TiTqmis yvelam — TqviT. Sen ise ver daicav kanons. arc is ar icis. romelic SeiZleba 10 wlis Semdeg movides. Tqven axseneT revolucia. imitom rom misi uflebebi..ara. ori miliardi — rogora varT ici. es momenti namdvilad aris. martivad vityvi: Sen rogorc ar unda icode kanoni. vTqvaT. . . rom is elodeba viRacisgan Svelas — ki unda. situacia 84 . rom ar unda qarTvel xalxs raRac Secvalos. rom Seicvalos.Cemi azriT kidev. ar icis.elementarul imeebze. ar unda gamCxrikon orderis gareSe.. axla martivad rom aviRoT: Tu universitetis biblioTekaSi ar aris wigni. rom ki.iyos misaReb gamocdebze. rom moswonT is situacia. yvelaferze advokati xom ar geyoleba.ara. da. magram dRes-dReobiTac sakmaod efeqturad mimdinareobs es. me ubralod ise mgonia. arc moxdeboda revolucia.meore momentic aris. magram TviTon mainc ar akeTebs. . anu.. rom xalxs arc undao arafris Secvla.. . magram.. rom sul Wamaze da sul TxovniT TvaliT vuyurebT.. . da rac mTavaria. .. rom am situaciaSi yvela iqceodes kanonierad TviTon mis garda. ukve gamogvimuSaves aseTi Tviseba.

imitom rom valdebuli ar aris. korufcias vgulisxmob. TiTqmis yvela jgufSi. . axla.arian leqtorebi. magram arian leqtorebi. rogor gekadrebaT”. marwyvs yididnen da ixdidnen. gvqonda. xom SeiZleba saxelebis da 85 .SeiZleba ufro gaCumda da ar ismis. raRacnairad gaZvres. veTanxmebi. . . ise aRar aris aSkarad.diplomiani siZe unda iyos.. . rom gadaixados. moswrebaze arian.axla dameTanxmebiT. is fuli jibeSi udevs. fuli momikrifeT jgufmao. leqtori aiRebs fuls. Tu xalxs ar endomeba..ki. im students awyobs. magram mainc. . imitom rom Cairicxnen fuliT.. imis laparaki.da kidev ra situaciaa — rom CaTvlaSi 7 lari ar kmara da 10 lari unda moitano da aseTi raRaceebi. iseT situacias giqmnian. rom aviRoT. saxelmwifo gamocdaze moikrifa isev fuli. .magram me vfiqrob. an: “mokrefili gaqvT? dekans mieciT?” — “ara.. Tu SeiZleba momismineT.ara. bolos mase aSkarad aRar aris. . dekani udga gverdze — konkretuli faqti vici. . . . . aravis ar miutanoT”.. ar ainteresebT codna. .imedi geqneba..jerjerobiT. magram jerjerobiT. is ar moispoba. es meqrTameoba universitetSi. me rasTanac mqonda Sexeba.Tqvens cxovrebaSi korufciasTan dakavSirebiT Seicvala Tu ar Seicvala? ..da Semdeg gamocdebzec leqtorebs aZleven fuls.ara.ki. sami Tvea Tu oTxi Tvea.centridan iwyeba korufciis winaaRmdeg brZola da mere regionebSi cota ufro sustdeba.. studenti iZaxis. es dekanic iZaxis. imitom rom situacia marTla Seicvala. romlebic nebayoflobiT iZaxian uars. . universitetSi ixdidnen fuls. da 100 kaci viyaviT Tu ufro metni. mSoblebs aqvT aseTi is. sjobia.. magram jerjerobiT. SemiZlia davasaxelo kidec es leqtorebi.erTi rame minda vTqva. gamocdebze axlac yvelani aZleven fuls. rom axla korufcia isevea.jerjerobiT me amas ver vxedav. imitom rom eswavlaT. leqtorebTan mimarTebaSi. .. rac me gadamxda. arada. rom “Cems Svils aucileblad unda hqondes diplomi” da ar uyureben imas. rom mowyobiliyvnen samsaxurSi da is fuli amoeRoT. niSnavs Tu ara es. vinc vabarebdiT erTad. igive universitetis sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT. iq ar Secvlila situacia. modiT konkretul faqtebze davideT. ase vTqvaT. rom vTqvaT momavali wlidan [ar ician.. midis reqtori da eubneba: “es fuli daabruneT ukan. azri ara aqvs”. rac avirCieT Cveni prezidenti — sam TveSi da oTx TveSi aseTi didi problemis mogvareba ar SeiZleba.ara. rom ucodinar bavSvs ise dauweros niSani. rogorc iyo revoluciamde? .Cvens SemTxvevaSi ar Secvlila. magram .. ra moxdeba].ki. iqidan codna hqonda erTi xuT-aT kacs. . da “ara.ki. kaco. . . rom valdebuli xar. rom imaT Svils ar unda swavla. xels aZlevs students. . rom korufcia moispos. arada.ki.ubralo magaliTs moviyvan. piriqiT. movida axali reqtori — rac Cemi TvaliT maqvs danaxuli. magram situacia nel-nela win midis — gaumjobesebisaken. . am bolo sesiaze aZleven fuls? . me roca vabarebdi aq universitetSi. kargi. . axlac asea.gamocdebTan dakavSirebiT.“seilebi” ar aris. rom ar Secvlila situacia.araferi ar Secvlila.ki. jerjerobiT mainc. pirvel rigSi. SeiZleba nela. imedi unda iyos. rom ar eswavlaT. mere imaSi ixdidnen. ufro Cumad. . da es Zalian kargia. im dRes erTma Tqva. romlebic. mere imaSi ixdidnen. danarCeni abarebda fuliT. . . cota mgoni ararealuri meCveneba. . mgoni. diplomiani rZali unda iyos.gavaldebuleben. ai axla.

mere ratom ar uTxari. vinc aiRo. ara? . daicao. jibeSi midevs Cveulebrivi radio... araTu niSnis daweras. man diplomi ar unda gasces ucodinarze — da es daiwyeba dReidan Tu xvalidan. anu Tu unda winsvlis pretenzia hqondes. imitom rom ar aris fizikurad da axla mSobiare qali rogor Camogiyvano Casabareblad? 25 lari momecio. Rirsia da ar imsaxurebs. . cota. . rom is pirovnebebi. iqneb ramiT mogvexmaroT. ar geyo im fulis gadaxda? dajeqi is erTi weli. davanaxe. rom cota seriozuloba Semateboda am faqts. . ki. magram [mase] saqme ar gakeTdeba. ara? ese igi.ki. . Cemi meuRle wayvanili myavda TbilisSi samSobiarod da darCenili hqonda gamocda germanulSi. dawera oTxiani.ara. am SemTxvevaSi vicrue. universitets Tu unda ramis pretenzia hqondes.da am SemTxvevaSi Sen sTxov gadavadebas. me vuTxari. marto is ar aris. mixvda. vinc Tavidanve fuliT miiRes.qrTams rom aZlev Sen.ki.. magram im moswavles. Tan xuTianio — mase ara xdebao. hoda unda garbeino-meTqi magrad. Cemi azriT. es xdeba reqtoris arCevnebamde. gadamivade.-sTan.. is gvikeTebia. rogor. rom. rom viRaca igre ar viyavi — Tavidan miTxra.magram axla uyure — ver dageTanxmebi. . mivedi am qalTan da veubnebi. . . xan isa. kargi ra! yvelaferi misaRebi gamocdebidan iwyeba. korumpirebuli. vTqvaT. imitom rom me ara mqonia is kaseta. nakleb ar iqneba-meTqi? arao. da yvelaferi kargad iqnebao. vfiqrob rom ararealuria. mere iman etyoba gaikiTxa. aqtiuri studentebi varT. es gvikeTebia da iqneba gagviwioT angariSi.. 25 lari momeci da mogcem-Tqo? da is 25 lari iqna gadaxdili Tu ara? . kaco. rom is ar iyo Cawerili. . magram oTxi wliT ukan dros ver davabrunebT. iq viRacasTan mivida da Tqva. reqtorobis orive kandidats vuTxari me es yvelaferi. ese igi aZlevdnen leqtorebs fuls. . axlac. . .nu. qalbaton m. Cemi azriT. vuxsni. vfiqrob. me vuTxari. xan esa.. grantebi gikeTebiao da geqnebao fuli. . . axla SeiZleba leqtorma. rom viTom diqtofonze mqonda es Cawerili. mere ukve vTqvi.. vici es qali vinc aris. vTqvaT. niSani ki Tavisi surviliT dawera. Senc xar korumpirebuli. uTxres.ki. SantaJi ar momixdenia. mesame kursze xar. rom cota saxumaro Tema ar aris egao. Camovedi. mere daiwyo aqeT-iqiT sirbili..gasagebia. . g. iswavle ra! 86 .minda vTqva saxelmwifo gamocdebze.Rirsia ratom. ai-meTqi diqtofoni. . isev fuliT unda isa qnan. veTanxmebi.iZulebiT. da orive Cavayene saqmis kursSi. imaT rom mosTxovo saxelmwifo gamocdebze codna. kaseta momecio. rac ginda isa qenio da mere. etyoba. . nu. egre xom ara xdeba? kargi-meTqi maSin — amoviRe es radio. rom iqneba an gadavavadoT.gvarebis dasaxeleba.ara.SantaJireba moaxdine. rom Tan gundSi mReris. an raRaca. ki! . xan isa qenio. marTali giTxraT.. fuli aRar aiRos da saxelmwifo gamocdazec fuli aRar gTxovon. morCa. sadac ginda iq miCivle.. xan vin damireka. romelsac oTxi wlis ganmavlobaSi fuls arTmevdnen. studentis gamoCenis gareSe? . mTeli oTxi wlis ganmavlobaSi codna ar miuRiaT.ki. sami weli rom fuli ixade.piradad CemTvis es didi xarji iqneba. romelic Tavisi swavlis periodSi ixdida da axla aRmoCnda am situaciaSi. gamoikiTxa.. eg miTxari! pirdapir 25 lars rom majaxeb. Cemi azriT.. an raRaca — kargi.maseTi arc unda miiRo.kaco. imitom rom axla Tu. . rac aris — rasac metyoda vicodi.imitom rom .is pirovneba.

me gadavixade. 96 97 saqarTvelos agraruli universitetis Telavis filiali. viRaca rom mogiyves. . amas ara aqvs mniSvneloba.. da is leqtoric — “ra kargi bavSvi xar.axlobels hqonda erTi gverdi saswavli — leqtorma uTxra. sam-sami sakiTxi iswavleTo — aq ar iyo laparaki yvela sakiTxis momzadebaze. ver vnaxe. vinc amTavrebs axla.arc me gadamixdia. zustad magas vambob. axla CaTvlagamocdebis periodi xom modis — es kaci Camodis erTi dRiT..ho. sxvebze fuls iReben da isa. sami furceli ver unda iswavlo? . .da aseTi kaci aris profesori? profesori aris Zalian bevri. agrarulSi96 xom vswavlob — aris aseTi pirovneba. aiRos. leqcias atarebs..ar vici. me Tu mkiTxav. romelic aris Tbiliseli profesori. magram axla saxelmwifo gamocdebze ici ra moxda? exvewebodnen leqtorebi. . me vuTxari. Camodis CvenTan universitetSi. es iTxovs — darekavs. . kinaRam ara vceme. dro aRar dakargos. . magram viRacam viRacas uTxra da movewye universitetSi. Tavis sagans vinc kiTxulobs.. rom profesoria da sazogadoebaSi Cans. hoda. imas daimaxsovreb amxela kaci! . Telavis saxelmwifo universitetSi 87 . me vambob axlandel mdgomareobaze. . rom ra vici. midis. leqcias ra. .bodiSs vixdi. imis magivrad atarebs viRac qali — im sagans. eg aris Tu ara korufcia? . meoTxe kurselebi. magram am adamianis sagani xom maqvs me. aq ufro metia. rom Camova.. rom profesoria.ho.ara. ra — da es erTi gverdis swavla ver moaxerxa... bolo semestrSi iyo erTxel Camosuli — da is leqcia ratomRac gavacdine me. .ara. rom waikiTxo. ise rom am semestrSi ar minaxia es pirovneba. da es kaci Camodis — am semestrSi.imdenad aqvT tvini gayinuli. rom amdeni momikrifos jgufma. C.urCeviaT fuli gadaixadon da. rogor ar aris.. samians dagiwer da wadi.aseTi momenti xom ar SeiZleba. da leqtori gaiZulebs. iZulebuli xar misce. g.CvenTan. nu davikavebT iseT pozicias. aseTi profesorebi ki ar unda daiWiro. magram elementarulad ar atokeben tvins. ara? Camodis — iZulebuli xar rom misce fuli. unda raRac. . rom Tbilisidan. Camovida.ara. rogor.sami ki ara. Torem aq xom ar aris ase.hoda aris profesori aseTi kaci da is kaci amayobs.. etyvis imas.. . . leqtoria. xom? oTxi weli es studenti iZulebulia misces leqtors fuli.unda xarisxi CamoarTva da gauSva. erTi sakiTxi.es ukve aris TviTon im pirovnebis brali. am universitetSi97 xom ar aris aseTi situacia rom erTi profesori Camodis da magitom. . imitom rom. aseTi situaciaa. .erT welSi ver iswavlis is. erTi wuTi — axla. Caidos jibeSi da wavides — xels ki moawers. .arc me gadamixdia. gadaixada 15 lari.. ..me 15 larad Cavabare.. magaliTad. .. . . vswavlob. mainc iqidan cdiloben gaZvrenas.me marTla ar gadamixdia.ara. . . rogorc aris generali Zalian bevri. Sen xar imisi studenti. dajeqi ra. rom ver iswavles is sami sakiTxi — ver iswavles Tu ar iswavles. magram me minda isev TavSi davbrunde.. Tan aris saSineli mkacri. es erTi gverdi iswavle da dagiwer ra niSans. . da im erT dReSi warmoidgine Sen rom vin Caabarebs..profesori ar aris. ai dagiwer Sen xuTians” da mere rom saxelmwifo gamocdebze sTxov codnas. rom Cven yvelani ise movediT am universitetSi da ai “sxvebi”. magas arc aravin ar ambobs.

- ki, ra Tqma unda. - ra Tqma unda, aris. - erTi wuTi, davamTavreb Tu SeiZleba. is viRacis Svilia, is viRacis naTesavia, moewyo. nawili aris fuliT mowyobili, imitom rom imas ara hyavs naTesavi da unda swavla — iyvnen, Cemi kurselebic iyvnen, brwyinvaled daamTavres, magram fuli hqondaT gadaxdili. Cemma meuRlem 800 dolari gadaixada inglisurze rom mowyobiliyo, magram oTxi weliwadi da saxelmwifo gamocdebze ise gavida, rom arc erT imaSi kapiki ar gadauxdia. - Zalian kargi! - iZuleba ara yofila, magram survili radgan hqonda swavlisa, gadaixada, imitom rom meti gza ara hqonda. - aravin ar moawyobda. - ki, ra Tqma unda, sabednierod maseTebic arian jer kidev.

Tu saidumlo ar aris, kidev vin Caabara aq ise, rom fuli ar gadauxdia?
- me. - me Cavabare. - mec. - me — arc fuli, arc... - me Cavabare, magram axla raSia saqme, viRacam viRacas uTxrao — me ubralod ar damikarges Cemi codna, imitom rom ver damikargavdnen, amitom ar vTvli me amas garigebad. - bevrs daukarges. ai Cems dros bevrs daukarges. - pirovnulad Cemze ver damikargavdnen, ra, imitom rom… - bevri vici iseTi, rom hqondaT conda da daarekines ubralod, hyavdaT is naTesavi an axlobeli, ise rom am bavSvs codna aqvs da ar daukargoT.

rom ar daerekinebinaT ra moxdeboda?
- daukargavdnen! - ki, ar miiRebdnen! - dakargavdnen, imitom rom — magaliTs moviyvan, Cemi meuRle rom mowyobiliyo, erT-erT umaRles pirTan reqtoratSi rom mividnen da gasaubreba iyo, Tu Tanxaze iyo laparaki, Tu rac iyo, maSin eubnebodnen, rom ai, momzadebulia da raRaca — maSin uTxres, “Cven am etapze codna ar gvainteresebs”. - ki, eg... - “Cven am etapze codna ar gvainteresebs”. ar minda davasaxelo saxeli da gvari. - arc gWideba, yvela mixvda! - gavagrZeleb. inglisuri icio, ekiTxeba — kio, kargad vicio. mere rad gindao? inglisurze rad ginda rom iswavloo, aq mainc verafers ver iswavlio. anu prestiJi aris nulze dacemuli. TiTqmis yvela fakultetze, garda sociologiurisa, ar aris imis prestiJi dacemuli. - ara, Cvenebi ki fiqrobdnen imas, rom, sityvaze, cudi momentia, rom Svilma ver Caabaros, da iZulebuli gaxdebi mag SemTxvevaSi, rom gadaixado, xom? rom ar darCes Svili gareT — magram me vuTxari, rom axla, sityvaze, viRacas daarekinoT — iqneb vabareb, hoda ratom unda viyo imis madlieri, Tu SevZeli, rom me CemiT Cavabaro. is fuli gadavixado — ar iyo is fuli gadasaxdeli da xom ar isesxebTmeTqi? Tu raRaca, RmerTma daifaros, moxda ise, rom ver da raRaca — mere an vinmes [daurekeT] an raRaca, magram gavedi Cveulebriv, uSpargalkod Sevedi, Cveulebriv davjeqi, davwere, gamovedi, damiweres 7 qula. - erTaderTi viyavi, vinc Tavisufali Tema dawera qarTulSi. - mec Tavisufali Tema davwere. - meore dRes [maTematikaSi] mqonda testireba, 10-quliani sistemiT iyo da miviRe 7 damiweres, magram aRar vidave, imitom rom gasuli viyavi. - magram Cems gverdze ra moxda, vTqvaT — Zalian kargad momzadebuli bavSvi, romelic ar iyo Telaveli — brwyinvaled abarebda istorias, magram ar uwerdnen am bavSvs im niSans! sanam aman mere panika ar daiwyo da viRac ar ipova. - iyo “posleze” mowyoba.
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- ki. - [anu] moewyobi, da pirvel sesiamde Tu ar dafarav am gadasaxads, gagricxaven. - me xom ar viyavi fuliT mowyobili da cxonebuli g. a. <...> — me xom ar viyavi fuliT mowyobili, da es xom icoda iman, iyo proreqtori, da Tu vinme raRacas akeTebda fuliT, midioda magasTan, da is mere reqtorTan iyofda. me rom ar viyavi fuliT mowyobili, pirveli kvira araferi da meore kviras biWebma dalies sasmeli da kursze viyaviT sami kaci fxizlebi, ra — atyda mTeli ambavi, dagvibares xuTi kaci, ori CemTan erTad sxva, vinc ufulod moewyo da ori kidev fuliT mowyobilebi, magram imaT Zalian cudi raRaceebi gaakeTes simTvraleSi. me ise iZulebuli gamxades, rom meRiarebina, rom ar gavegde, rom mec davlie, gesmis? - eg ukve dabali donea raRac, sxva sakiTxze gadavdivarT. axla me minda prestiJs Sevexo — ese igi, nulzea dacemuli universitetis prestiJi, azri ara aqvs, wiTels aiReb, mwvanes aiReb, cisfers aiReb, mniSvneloba ara aqvs aranairi. - da me mindoda gamemaxvelebina yuradReba TviTon leqtorebis doneze — piradad me ucxo enebze vswavlob, magram me Tu ar movemzade da me Tu ar viswavle kerZo maswavlebelTan... - eg skolaSia eg problema da magazec vilaparakebT. - ... kerZo maswavlebeli Tu ar meyoleba, me vinc maswavlis — nu movkvdebi, me mgoni, namdvilad. - is ver gaswavlis. - xandaxan, magaliTad — jek londonis istoria movuyeviT, magram sinamdvileSi sul sxva rame movuyeviT da ubralod saxelebi SevcvaleT da qali — cota nela moyeviTo, rom cota SeesworebinasaviT; me ar movyevi, Cemma kurselma gaakeTa, da Tavisi sakurso miutana TviTon, ese igi gadaaqseroqsa Cumad da miutana, nu qali ver mixvda. - anu kvalifikacia aris Zalian dabali. - ki. - bodiSi, erTi wami, Tundac CvenTan, iuristebTan rac xdeba — am universitetSi romc gadawyvitos vinmem, rom iswavlos im programiT, rac aris dRes — verasodes ver gaxdeba normaluri iuristi, Tu TviTon ar aris aqtiuri pirovneba. - eg mindoda [meTqva], TviTon aqtiuroba Zalian [mniSvnelovania]. - ki, jer marto masalebi — ganaTlebis sistemaSi marTla reforma unda gatardes, imdenad moZvelebul raRaceebs vswavlobT, ubralod... - SeiZleba vinmem iswavlos, vTqvaT, 60-ian wlebSi gamocemuli wignidan, magram iuristisTvis es aris dauSvebeli. - ki, zustad! - davamateb, ra, Tu SeiZleba — ai is patiosani leqtorebic, romlebic Zalian cotaa am universitetSi, isinic garkveulwilad xels uwyoben korufcias, da ratom. magaliTad, sociologiurze mowyoba pirvel weliwads Rirda 400 dolari. mere, rodesac prestiJi aiwia, ramodenime leqtorma daxvewa jgufi da Zalian kargad gamoiyvana, igive konferenciebze waiyvana da raRacaSi CarTo — mere gaZvirda es, faqtia ra, 800 dolaramde iyo SarSan, saSualod. - ara, meti. - SeiZleba. anu, ese igi, ginda Tu ar ginda, mainc xels uwyob korufcias, ra! - korufciul sistemaSi yvelaferi... - albaT, prestiJis xarjze Rirs raRac, albaT...

axla minda Sevecado Zalian mokled SevajamoT is, rac ukve vTqviT, da mere gadavideT sxva Temaze. ese igi, Tqvens studentur cxovrebaSi yvelas gvxdebaT raRac korufciuli faqtebi da yvelas erTxel mainc, Soridan mainc daginaxavT is, rac xdeba arakanonierad. es exeba (a) universitetSi Cabarebas, (b) sesiebs da (g) saxelmwifo gamocdebs. amis garda, Tu aris kidev rame korufciuli SemTxvevebi Tqvens studentur cxovrebaSi?
- sxva raRa darCa?

Tu SegiZliaT damisaxeloT korufciis raime faqti, romelsac, Tqveni
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azriT, aqvs raime gamarTleba?
- araviTari. - gaaCnia visTvis? - ara, gamarTleba aqvs. magaliTad, 16 lari rodesac aqvs leqtors xelfasi da mas Semosavlis sxva wyaro ara aqvs, imas veranairad ver mosTxov, rom ar aiRos fuli viRac debilisgan, visac aqvs fuli da sTavazobs. codoa. - magram erTi ramea oRond — is bavSvi ar aris codo, rom niSans ar uwers? - ar aris codo, is aris debili... - mcodnesac rom ar ar uwers niSans, mainc awvalebs? - ara, eg... - ara, ki, aseTi faqtebi aris, rom gawvaleben. - Cven erTi rame gamogvrCa. dRes, Cems kursels — dRes moxda es ambavi — romelic pirvelia Tavis kursze da romelsac hyavs yvelgan “xuTi” — yvelaferi icoda, mesamed daibara qalma da mainc “oTxi” dauwera, im imediT, rom “xuTianisTvis” fuls miutanda. es ar aris gawameba? - ara, me magaze ar viZaxi. - “oTxi” damiwereo, Tqva am bavSvma, “xuTi” ar mindao. ukve itira kidec. - ar aris ganaTleba. unda icodes, rom SeuZlia man moiwvios komisia... - ukve ra aris, ici? is imedi da isa — yvela iseTi xom ver iqneba, ara? - magas viZaxi — samoqalaqo sazogadoeba ar aris kargad Camoyalibebuli, brZolisunariani. - me magaze ar viZaxi. - axla sxva Temaze gadavediT, Cven xom... - ara, sxva Tema ar aris, am qals uWirs am SemTxvevaSi, ityvi, rom 16 lari aqvs xelfasi. - ara, es aris ubralod gamamarTlebeli sabuTi. - me raze vbrazdebi, iciT — Cemi azriT, dauSvebelia students aqvs stipendia 17 lari da leqtorebs, profesorebs aqvT sadRac 50 laramde, ra, dedaCems aqvs sadRac 31 Tu raRaca, imdenad sasaciloa es yvelaferi! - 45 lari dekans aqvs. - erTi Zalian uxeSi Sedareba unda moviyvano, bodiSs vixdi winaswar. es aris realoba. aiRebs qrTams, maS ras izavs! axla warmoidgineT: erTi leqciis Catareba Rirda 15 TeTri. da samoqalaqo tualetSi rom Sexvide, Rirs 20 TeTri. ar aiRebs qrTams? aiRebs! - Zalian kargi Sedarebaa, magram... - roca bavSvi Clungia da ar swavlobs, mag SemTxvevaSi ver gaamtyuneb. - ukacravad, magram Cemi 3 Tvis disSvils Clungma eqimma dauniSna gentamicini — sinamdvileSi araferze! axla, dedaCemi ki azrovnebs da ar gaukeTa, magram Sen rom dauniSnav bavSvs da — imitom aris, dayruvdao da is mouvida da es mouvida — Sen ase nu uyureb, rom Clungia da morCa, gavida [universitetidan] da arafers ar gaakeTebs, imaze (vTqvaT, ucxo enebze ara) — aTi da aTasi adamianis sicocxlea damokidebuli da aTi da aTasi adamianis ganaTlebaa damokidebuli. - ra Tqma unda! - cxadia.

axla warmovidginoT Telavis saxelmwifo universiteti korufciis gareSe.
- sami studentiRa darCeba! - ver warmomidgenia! - me ver warmomidgenia. - Zalian sasiamovno iqneba, magram Zalian mcire raodenobiT darCeba — me gaviricxebi, magram mirCevia meored Caviricxo, magram axla gaviricxo, me amas Tamamad vityvi. - me Zalian gamixardeba! - me, magaliTad, vityvi — mirCevia, am universitetSi sul 5 kaci dadiodes da iyos iseTi, rogoric unda iyos wesiT, vidre aq iaros 3 aTasma... - universiteti ver iarsebebs maSin, Tu xuTi kaci ivlis. - maSin ar unda arsebobdes, es aris sircxvili amis arseboba!
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ese igi. . meore is.n. . rom Seni saqme ar aris. rom 60 lars iRebs niSanSi! .skolaSi iwyeba korufcia da mere grZeldeba universitetSi. rom is bavSvebi isev daaClungos. . es aris — maSin ar unda arsebobdes.ise marTali xar. rom siCumes vusmino! . .skolidan modis.vin aris? . sad ufro metia — skolaSi Tu universitetSi? . iq fuli ar aris. . .ki. iZulebiT rom arTmevs im fuls.ar aris korufcia. romlebic bavSvebs ukiTxaven — vTqvaT. magram SevavsoT. rom skolidanve bavSvi unda wamovides codniT. rZal-dedamTilis urTierTobebze midis saubari. bazari daiketebao. . .ara. iman RanZili iyida.ara.aris leqcia. TviTon leqtorebis done unda iyos normaluri.rogor ar aris! pirvel skolaSi vici maswavlebeli. RanZili iyida. skolidan unda daiwyos maswavleblebisa da sistemis gadaxaliseba.skolaSi iafi.universitetSi. . rodesac erT-erTma leqtorma — aseTi faqti arsebobs.SemCneulebi vinc arian ise ki ara.ki. rom Tan “ar ginda” da Tan jibes uwevs.skolaSi gamoxatvis forma sxva aris. skolaSi. skolebSi korufcias aqvs adgili? . . ginda Tu ara. niSans ar dauwer? .Tavi daanebe pirvel skolas! . .bavSvebsac awyobdaT. xom. . aucileblad.Caketili wrea. me Tu mkiTxavT. marTalia. da isev im leqciaSi moaswro. Seni uflebebis dacva araferi ar aris — aq universitetSi rom amodis da is rom fuls sZalavs — iman ar icis.. . .ra Tqma unda! . an. da Tu SenTan ar moemzadeba. TavSi rom urtyav. eg aris pirveli.. Cumad jdoma? .ki. aseTi leqtorebic unda gavidnen.da ucodinroba. . rom Sen bavSvs Zalas atan. . .ar aris korufcia. universitetSi Zviri. eseni unda moSordnen.ginda dagisaxelo? . rom komisia unda moiwvios da viRacasTan erTad 91 .studenti modis skolidan. rom saerTod es kvalifikacia gadaisinjos profesor-maswavleblebis.da emzadebian? . ra SemTxvevaSi ar iqneba universitetSi korufcia.universitetSi. me vfiqrob. mere isev aq fuliT moawyos. rom xelfasi unda moematos profesor-maswavleblebs. Cemi azriT — SeiZleba srulad ver vTqva. mesame is. .eg modis skolidan.adre ise ar iyo. SenTan moemzados. .rogor ar awyobdaT! mageTi leqtoris Catarebul leqcias naRdad mirCevia. ra — datova bavSvebi auditoriaSi da uTxra: Cumad iyaviTo. erTi is.CamovTvaloT. rom mere kadri wamovides normaluri. sagani uweria “ekonomiqsi” magram es ver gaurCevia politikuri ekonomikisgan. amovida da gauSva is bavSvebi. rom. T.eg marTalia. da mere isev gaaubeduros da ase gagrZeldes mudmivad? . isini Cumad isxdnen.. . rom eubnebi.da iseTi leqtorebi. RanZili maqvs sayidelio. . rom am umaRles damTavrebul Clungs Sen 500 dolars arTmev da maswavleblad iReb. [aramed] Zalian-Zalian rom aqvT am korufciaSi gadgmuli fexebi. taqsiT gaiqca.ki.

ra Tqma unda. da.. 355 aTasi lari iyo gamoyofili xelfasebisa da socanaricxebis garda.. <. bolos leqtorma mohkra yuri da eubneba — saidan unda daiwyo qristianoba. amis saSualeba. magaliTad. warmoidgine — meo suliT pedagogi varo.miT umetes. ar aris prestiJis dacema? . magram meore momentic aris. me unda vuTxra. ese igi. goka gabaSvilma rom Tqva. merxebi unda iyos. Sexvda qristianoba. albaT. imitom rom aranairi Sedegi vera vnaxe — ai veranairi.Caabaros. xom? . . erTi statia davwere erTi sami Tvis win — ese igi. sul yvelaferi unda iyos — ar aris arsad! midixar buRalteriaSi. . “vinc luarsabis saxeSi Tavis Tavs icnobs” da a.TviTon skolaSi maswavleblebis done aris Zalian dabali. es xom skolis prestiJia!” ra skolis prestiJia. da axla ver viwyeb isev Tavidan. vino? axla. kaco!” — “Sen gagikeTebia aseTi rame?” — “ara!” .ara. maSin kargi aRmavlobis periodi mqonda. da elementaruli. statia exeboda skolis problemebs. rogor iyo gamoyofili: yvela skolaSi saxuravi unda iyos gakeTebuli. skolas unda hqondes erTi avtobusi.axla. magram veRar moaxerxa imis “gadaxarSva”. ara. da im SemTxvevaSi iRebs. rom is bavSvebi. universitetSia eg faqtori.ai. romelic eubneba. . yovelTvis ukmayofilebis SegrZneba hqonda da Suaze mawyvetinebda an roca xels viwevdi. rom pirvel skolaSi iSviaTia. an Tu iRebs. rodesac aq adamiani modis. arc gvarebi — modiodnen da.S. da rogor unda makadros adamianmao. . 90% maswavleblebisa ori xeliT mwyevlida. fasadi unda iyos gakeTebuli. Cemze?” yvela kargad xvdeboda. . igive pirvel skolas. rom gadagvexeda.. vekiTxebi: “icani Seni Tavi?” — “ara. rom faqtebi dazepirebuli ki hqonda. erT leqtorTan vemzadebodi.> mere mivida sxva skolebSi. vinc cxovroben Telavs gareT. axla gavige — skola valdebulia es bavSvebi waiyvanos saxlSi da Semdeg diliT wamoiyvanos. ekiTxeba: es fuli Camogividao? — Camomividao. meWoraveboda uxeSad rom vTqvaT. axla ar gamagiJoo! . goka. skolis wesdebaSi weria. ignorirebas mikeTebda — es imitom.ai.ai ra informacias vflob: 2003 welSi skolebSi.. 92 .eg aris diskriminacia sacxovrebeli adgilis mixedviT.. ..yofili ganaTlebis ganyofilebis gamge mibarebs — axla mibarebs.. iq wamZRvarebuli maqvs ilia WavWavaZis “kacia-adamianSi” romaa. rogorc sazRvargareT aris. saidan daviwyo qristianobao. da Turme es bavSvebi — me ar vicodi. waRebuli aqvTo [fuli]. erTi gadacema gavakeTeo da sul nacvalsaxelebiT vlaparakobdio — da yvelam damirekao. rom unda daxarjuliyo. rom davanebe am leqtorTan momzadebas Tavi. .. wamoiReTo? — arao.. . maxsovs.ra sisulelea! . es ukve diskriminaciaa sacxovrebeli adgilis mixedviT. hqondes avtobusi. rom meTqva rom “ara” — Semdeg misi mSoblebis binis pirdapir daviwye momzadeba da amis gamo ignorirebas mikeTebda kursze. rom momzadebaze — skola maxsendeba xolme magaze. xom? am saqmes edga a. proeqtis farglebSi. daCagrulia.“maS ra ginda?” — “ara. skamebi unda iyos. Tu ar vcdebi.. mivida buRalterTan. g.mkalaviSvilidan-Tqo. da Semdeg ukve.aseTi faqtebi skolaSi xSiria xolme.an fuli unda hqondes da gadaixados. rasac hqvia. arc saxelebi damisaxelebia. aba maCveneo qviTrebio. .. is midis isev buRalterTan. dafebi. “Sen is ratom dawere?”. naxevari saaTi vsaubrobdiT. maSin im bavSvs saxlSi manqana unda hyavdes. hqondes yoveldRiurad benzini. imis gamo. da rom vuyvebodi seminars. da siTamamec ar myofnida. rom masTan aRar vemzadebodi. miReba-Cabarebis raRaca — eg kontrolis palatis saqmeao. dameTanxmebiT. .amaSi geTanxmebi. rom skolas ara aqvs. ciliswamebaze miCivlos da marbeninos giJiviT. es rom xdeba. Cven visxediT CaTvlaze.. Caaqro mTlianad CemSi eg. . . . da naxevari saaTi mekiTxeboda. imitom rom is Zalian Zlieri survili mqonda. vin ra gaakeTa. minimaluri azrovnebis donec ara aqvs. direqtori ar iRebs saerTod soflidan bavSvebs. rom skolaSi fuliT awyoben xalxso? saxeli da gvari miTxari. esec korufciaa. “ratom Tqvi. imitom. gaigeT? mere is wavides..

xom — amiT igive Seni xelisufleba geubneba.. . .ra doneze qreboda fuli.viRa iyidis. mcodneebi. xom — igives gaagrZelebs aq da aravis ar unda gaukvirdes es. rom sasikvdilod xar ganwiruli da Seni Tavis gadasarCenad rac ginda is qenio. an saxelmwifo. . da im gagiJebul bavSvs rom dadgeba da wivil-kivils dauwyebs: “modi gakveTili Camabare!”.ara.yvelas ara aqvs imis saSualeba. ra. rom minimaluri xelfasi qveyanaSi unda iyos 14 lari. praqtikebze rom viyaviT [skolebSi] — bavSvebs.. im avtobusebze. xom? . raRaceebs. . qarTulma saxelmwifom yvelanairi moraluri ufleba dakarga.. reformiT SeiZleba iseTi rame moxdes. . . is modis skolidan da is skolaSi Tu mieCvia meqrTameobas. rom miusajos. maswavlebeli rom wivis. romelsac Sia da raRacas iparavs. .amis mizezi ra aris. . ratomac. kacma ver miagno. da igive parlamenti adgens.ver dadgeba da papiross ver gayidis quCaSi! .ara. aqedan gamomdinare. kedelze gartymevinebdi-Tqo Tavs. . da maswavlebels rom eubnebian. magram rodesac Sen amas akeTeb.me vfiqrob. kerZo biznesi wamoiwyos. ar vartymevinebdi.ese igi. .. . umaRles saswavlebelSi saerTod gauqmdes gamocdebi da skolaSi miRebuli raRac Sefasebebis mixedviT ganawildes. Tundac im adamians. . Tu ufro meti sWirdeba adamians. erTi wlis winandeli faqti. aba. . skolidan. yvelam rom papirosi gayidos? .meoTxe skolaSi maswavlebelma marilze daayena muxlebiT bavSvi. samwuxarod.adre ara.magedan modis. gibiZgebs Sen! . magram verc erTi maswavlebeli ver bedavda xeli daedo CemTvis... . magram dRes-dReobiT universitetis korufcia ufro damRupvelia. dawyeba eg aris.isic sakiTxavia. iciT? weRan rom viZaxdiT. an raRacnairi monitoringi ar ganxorcielda. gaiyideba! oRond.nu. axla piriqiT xdeba. vinmes rame mosTxovos. . Tu direqtori ar Seicvala. wadio — ar iZleva! azri ara aqvs. . ra aris — erTi rame. Tu monitoringi an sazogadoebrivi. . — skolas ara aqvs fuli da iZulebuli xdeba. ra! meoTxeklaseli lawirakebi! . saqarTvelos parlamentma rodesac daadgina.maswavlebeli rom yviris. rom saarsebo minimumi unda iyos 115 lari. .raRac momentSi ki ara.profesoria! . .. wixliT rom Semodis. me rom Seni maswavlebeli viyo. da martivad vityvi.Sevedi skolaSi da guli gamiskda — telefonze TamaSobs naxevari klasi. me rad minda!”. yvelas ara aqvs imis saSualeba. bavSvi unda moamzados. da plius. imitom rom adre ar iyo. raRac momentSi saxelmwifo gvibiZgebs korufciisken. yvelanair moralur valdebulebas mosamarTle kargavs. swavla ar undaT! es aris kidev yvelaze didi. iZulebuli xdeba.Sen vina gkiTxavs.ki. fulis micemas. ara.Cems periodSic iyo.iq sxva situaciaa. Zalian aris axla yuradReba misaqcevi da dasafiqrebeli — rogorc viciT. ai eg maswavlebeli unda miartya kedelze! 93 . minimumi aris marTla is 115 lari. im fasadis SekeTebaze da a. SeiZleba iTqvas. marto rom ipranWebian da bolos veRar Sevikave Tavi. aris usaSinlesi mdgomareoba. JurnalSi yofaqcevis magivrad saganSi “erTians” rom dauwers — ar iswavlis da ver gaamtyuneb. Sen swavla ar ginda-meTqi? da — “me rad minda swavla. Tu sistema ar Seicvala..rogor ara. es aris absurdi — aq ixsneba korufcia da midis skolaSi. xalxo! . magram im wuTas.. rom Semodis da ar icis.. studenti rom modis universitetSi. arian adamianebi.S. gamomdinarea skolidan. universitetidan gadaiRo skolis struqturam.eg adre iyo. rom Sesavali unda gaakeTos.anu saxelmwifom dRes.ara. erTi rame kidev da skolasTan dakavSirebiT xmas aRar amoviReb. “ki-Wa!” mere vubnebi.eg yvelaferi maRlidan modis.

da danarCenebma ar unda 94 . ojaxidan mainc xom gamodioda.da es aris marTali.ho. imitom rom azri ar eqneba. . aravis ar misceT. imedi aris. ai amaT unda Caabarono. rom mcdeloba iqneba. ra gaakeTes. . 12 maisidan aris reqtori.Cemi azriT. davinaxe.ar SeiZleba.] . damtkicda 1 ivniss.ki. rom gakeTdeba. imas.ki. sanam reqtoris arCevnebi iqneboda. axla me vnaxe. rom imas unda Caebarebina.ara. . Seni arasamTavrobo organizacia ara marto misaRebze daeswroT. aiRo sxvam.kargi iqneba! danarCenebis azri mainteresebs — kidev ra unda gakeTdes imisaTvis. magaliTad. Tavidanve ise hqonda saqme. eg ar vici. . ar mokrifoT. . magram ramdenad ganaxorcielebs. romlebzec es kaci dagvTanxmda. ukve aris raRac sasikeTo Zvrebi. da iq iyo sxvadasxva sakiTxebi. . . me vfiqrob. ra unda Seesrulebina mas studnetebisTvis.mere mirbodnen saCivlelad. erT-erTi bavSvis SeyvaniT.unda gaezardoT. imitom rom mainc gamodis is fuli.a.unda akontrolon misaRebi gamocdebi. .me SemiZlia faqtebiT vilaparako. rogorc es-es-es. 300 dolarzea aq saubari. me. axali reqtori ras Secvlis? ramdenad TvliT. saxelmwifo gamocdebze da aseve sesiaze? .ar vici. . Torem saxelmwifo ar gazrdis Tavisi iniciativiT. meore. imitom rom me vici erTi magaliTi. rom leqtorebs gauzardo xelfasi. rom fasian seqtorze gazrdilia gadasaxadebi. da [sjobs] wavides ise. me ara mgonia axali cocxis faqtori. rom ar gadaixadoT araferi. aramed. romlebic gvjera. . da marTla CaiWrnen is fulgadaxdilebi. movida viRac qistio. ara? da midioda marcxena jibeSi. maS fuli raRas gamogvarTveso? karg dros mirbodnen! es erTi. rom universitetSi situacia gamoswordes korufciis TvalsazrisiT? . .is fuli. dekans ar misceT. vinc ginda mogTxovoT. kargi mxriv unda akontrolon. . TviTon universitetis xelmZRvanelobam. vidre is “marcxniv” wavides. anu. da jerjerobiT midis sworad yvelaferi. dedaCemma [Tqva]. vTqvaT. . me viZaxi. erT-erTma moxelem es fuli da Seiyvana reqtorTan rogorc uniWieresi bavSvi. erT wels iyo mimReb komisiaSi Tavmjdomared. . . . axla raSia saqme — saxelmwifo gamocdebze am kacma Semoiara absoluturad yvela auditoria da uTxra. da amaze dagvTanxmda. Tavidanve momceso sia. . . erTi Zalian mokle SekiTxva universitetTan dakavSirebiT — rogor fiqrobT. studentebis garkveulma nawilma movagroveT 600 xelmowera [erT-erTi kandidatis] mxardasaWerad — magram es ar iyo raRaca Tavis moqonvis principi.axali reqtori ecdeba.da Semdeg leqtorebis atestacia unda moxdes. rac ukve faqtia da me piradad Cemi arasamTavrobo organizaciis saxeliT mivmarTav da me davakvirdebi misaReb gamocdebs Telavis saxelmwifo universitetSi axla.ki. Tu ar vcdebi. iq iyo: biujetis gamWvirvaloba. ra Tqma unda.eg dekanebis da studentebis [saqmea].ukan daubrunes fuli? . romlebzec visaubreT. .axali cocxis faqtori mgonia jerjerobiT. Cems Tavze gamovcade. aiRo sxvam is fuli.[fasiani seqtoris gadasaxadebis gamoyenebiT ufro kargia maTi xelfasebis gazrda.axla skolis Tema davxuroT. ai. sinamdvileSi fuli iqna aRebuli. misaRebi gamocdebis gamWvirvaloba. rom reqtoris Secvla moitans sasurvel cvlilebebs korufciis dargSi? sxva dargebs jerjerobiT nu SevexebiT. mosawyobi fuli. Cven mas warvudgineT Cveni programa.ho. pirvel rigSi leqtorebs xelfasi unda gaezardoT. rom moatyues reqtori.

da ara vinmes yvirilma. risi geSiniao. 75 wlis. ar icoda. moixsna saTvale — ras hqvia araferi ar vicio. . ukve CvenTvis moZvelebulia. arc CaWran. SeiZleba vazis miwaSi miwis Txili Cayaro. razec aris moTxovna kaxeTSi. araferi — Cemi azriT. ukve daanaxebs Tavis saxes reqtoratsac da leqtorebsac da ukve esec erT-erTi is iqneba. anu gadamzaddessaviT. iseTi fakultetebi. romliTac swavlobdnen 10 wlis win. mubnebodnen. xalxma daanaxa. Tu rac aris [gaiaron]. ra. xalxma daanaxa. imitom. aqvs xalxs amis saSualeba. magram profesional kadrs.. Cemi azriT. axla me veubnebio. magram vapireb — Cemi azriT. energia da CveniT unda gavakeToT es.kidev erTs davamatebdi.. me rogorc vici.. da imas garantirebuli eqneba samsaxuri. da rac mTavaria. ver gaigeb. erTi qalia kaxeTSi.. ar viciT sad mivdivarT — diploms ki viRebT. rom TviTon ara var mondomebuli.me vfirqob.. iq 70 kacze meti zis auditoriaSi. sanam saxelmwifoSi ar Seicvleba situacia. mixvdebian.am yvela problemis mogvarebasTan erTad unda aiwios universitetis prestiJi.. . . mTavari problemebi ukve Tqves: is. me mgoni.maraa. romlebic 4 wlis ganmavlobaSi fuls aZlevdnen universitets. da Semdeg. da erT-erTi sakiTxi hqonda [erekle]. ukacravad.araswori midgomaa. is. es iqneba. kaco. .saxlis Senebas iwyeben. 95 .Caabarono. magram ruseTSi ar varT da ratom unda gamogcado rusulad? am dros is unda mieRoT. raSi gamoixateba: unda daematos iseTi sagnebi. da Semdeg Tu is Tavis uflebebs gaecnoba. leqtorebis kadri unda gadaxalisdes. da igive samsaxurSi roca miva is. rac ici is moyevio da — araferi ar vicio. Tan icis. rom is studentebi CaWran.anu. [gamomcdeli] eubneba axla. da literaturac unda gaZlierdes. yovelTvis ase iyo. me ar vici qisturio da rusuli me ki vicio. rom avtomaturad aqac sxvanairi situacia Seiqmneba. Taobebia gaWedili. momavali wlidan gakeTdeba. da mec amis msxverpli var.. universitetSic ar Seicvleba. gauSvan is studentebi. . imitom. rom igive saxelmwifo gamocdebze is.is qali rom mokvdes.movidao viRac qisti. uxerxul mdgomareobaSi nu magdebo. rodesac 4 weli aZlev fuls. kaxeTSi ra miwaSi ra Cayaro. qvevidan SevcvaloT. da ava is nel-nela zeviT. saZirkvlidan.saerTod es aris Zalian daStampuli. rom maRali xelfasia. rom mas ara aqvs codna.marto erTi qali? . rom korufcia aRmoifxvras mTlianad. . rom leqtoris done iyos maRali. . romlebic kaxeTs sWirdeba. roca saxelmwifoSi Seicvleba. igive. da es aucileblad unda gakeTdes da es reqtoris Zalian didi survilia da. gadamwyveti. vinc akeTebs miwis analizs. saxelmwifo gamocdebze. magram sul sxvagan vfiqrob vimuSavo.weRanac vTqvi me es azri da axlac gavimeoreb. oRond es unda iyos Zalian prestiJuli fakulteti.Cemi azriT. albaT.. . . rom viRaca magis mere unda CaWras — moyevio rame! araferi ar vicio. gagiJda. vinmes rame xom ar darCa saTqmeli? . . amdeni pedagogi weliwadSi kaxeTs ara sWirdeba. axla Cven rom mivdivarT.rame treningebisaviT. istorias rom vabarebdi — ra Tqma unda. romelmac ar icoda qarTuli. imtom rom Tu is bavSvi swavlobs. . Tu is Tavisi uflebebisaTvis daiwyebs brZolas. bavSvebis mondomeba swavlisadmi. axla. modiT. sanam movrCebiT universitetis Sesaxeb saubars. anu. qvebSi Cayaro RanZili. . piriqiT. me rom gamocdebi mqonda.Cems win gogo gadioda. . aRar unda aiRon fuli da pirdapir gauSvan isini. me vfiqrob. .ho. zevidan qveviT. unda gakeTdes mevenaxeobameRvineobis fakulteti. rom am revoluciazec. anu ra unda gaakeTo.. me mgoni. me vfiqrob. rom leqtorebma unda atestacia. . Torem is literatura. Tundac weliwadSi uSvebdes xuTs. ar ici. da morCa. mwvane ginTia.

ras gamomarTvio fuli? ..unda CaWran! . ras ambob? . imas.ubralod normalurad unda iswavlebodes. vTqvaT. .. rom iswavleba skolaSi.. isini arc arasdros ar iswavlian. pirveli semestris bolos. rogor aris? rom ar gTxoven.me minda kidev erTi davamato. . aucileblad unda gadaxalisdes saswavlo programebi.ver garicxav.Cemi azriT. imas ar miiReben samsaxurSi. akademiur doneze icode saqarTvelos istoria.ZiriTadi yvelaferi iTqva. dade da waikiTxe — erT saaTs gaZleven. ver iZaxian! maS ar unda CaWra egeTebi? . Tundac Cems fakultetze. . fuls miscems da miiReben.e-e. vTqvaT. Sen ar swavlob. ar gamowordeba! . wigni Semoitane. me vlaparakob. wavidnen. igive qarTuli ena. rasac gavdivarT. profesiuli sagnebis xarjze farTovdeba is sagnebi. viqnebi srulyofili da kargi specialisti da isev bavSvi fiqrobs. .. Seivsos is codna — roca man es codna unda miiRos universitetSi.kargi. marTalia. romlebic aris Zalian moZvelebuli. romelic mas ar sWirdeba? . . yovelTviuri an yovelkvireuli gamokiTxva rodesac ar aris. vTqvaT. . da gaadvildeba studentis saqme. yoveli Tvis bolos. erT wels da ar unda gadadiodes sam welze. da. konspeqti Semoitane.meti raRa pativi unda ecaT [saxelmwifo gamocdebze]. erTi Tvis Semdeg. ucxo enebze.ara. yoveli Tvis bolos.wavidnen da adamians wamali dauniSnon. mTeli biblioTeka amoitane. Cemi azriT. imitom rom. adamiani xar da gimuSavdeba erTi momenti. . .. . meore semestris bolos. .unda CaWran! axla ratom — . ver gavige — geubnebian. . roca gamoswordeba situacia. ar aris saWiro. gaberili da xSir SemTxvevaSi. ukve iTqva da veTanxmebi.da testi unda iyos. da sjobia testi.unda sacerSi gatardes yvela. Tu Sen igives gaakeTeb. rom TiTqmis aravin ar icis normalurad aq. imitom rom ici. absoluturad gawelili. Cemi azriT. Cemi azriT. imitom rom roca fuliT gyavs miRebuli. jer erTi. Cemi azriT. ra! 96 .ki.ar SeiZleba! ... unda gauSva eseTebi.Cemi azria! unda gauSvan. is wava da giCivlebs. es aucilebelia. da gamocdebis [win] amxela wignebs ixli TavSi da ra Zali medga. aramed. . or sityvaze samians giwerT. rom Seicvalos saswavlo programebi. jer erTi CaTvlagamocdebs miaqvs uazrod didi dro. Cemi azriT.jerjerobiT xom.sjobia profesiuls daeTmos meti dro da ara piriqiT. rom vabarebdi.Tu maSin. aseTi erTi erTze Secvla leqtorTan yovelTvis iwvevs korufciul moments.. anu. CaTvla-gamocdebis arsebuli sistema unda Seicvalos testirebiT. imitom rom aCvena gamokiTxvebma... wavidnen ra! . qarTuli ena aucilebelia.ki. . vTqvaT. meorec.davamateb — testebi iyos ara marto. aranairad ara varT kmayofili im swavliT meTodebiT. ar unda CaWran! . da me ara var darwmunebuli.raRaca sistemis cvlas mohyveba xolme viRacis. rogorc wesi. . da yvelanairad unda iyos dakmayofilebuli.hoda unda gauSva. rom sxva gzebiT miiRos. uazro sagnebis swavleba.ho.ara..Tu ar abareb istoriulze.. erT-erTi mniSvnelovania. rom rodesac davamTavreb. is dokumentic aris.sad giCivlebs? . Tu oTx sityvas gvetyvi. elementarulad. romlebic.ras giCivlebs. Cemi azriT. . es unda Seicvalos. magram mainc es ar unda aRematebodes. .. . ori sityva gviTxari! oTxians giwerT.getyvis. saqarTvelos istoria igulisxmeba. . roca ar eqneba codna.

Sen gaqvs uflebebi. . rogorc ginda kargi xelisufleba iyos.da. me ar viZaxi. xanSi Sesuli kadri. am dros me mikiTxavs qali leqcias. umjobesi xom ar iqneba. . ar gaakeTeb... romelmac marTla xuTebze daamTavra — “me xuTosnebi ar mainteresebso”.egeTi SemTxvevebi. unda gamoicvalon leqtorebi. . magram Senc unda iyo aqtiuri.marTalia. . amasTan is axalgazrda gogo. ver ityvi.movaleobas ixdi. pirvel rigSi. . Tqveni azriT. xuTianze damTavrebuli studenti. revoluciam erTi ra SeiZleba cudi moitanos — xalxs amdeni wlis dagrovili energia im ramdenime kviraSi daaxarjvina da axla aRar ainteresebs im xalxs jer-jerobiT. .. .skolaSic da universitetSic asaks ratomRac abaven Rvawlmosilebas — es ase aRar aris. Zalian brwyinvaledac icoda. mgoni. .axla iseTi gadaRlili var gamocdebis mere. Cven kargi mTavroba gvyavs da axla isini gviSvelian.ara. . rom axalgazrdebi unda Semoiyvano. .erTi momentic aris. unda movides kargi mTavrobao. . axla xalxi uaresad gazarmacda da iZaxis.. romlebic pirvel rigSi Sen unda daicva. is yovelTvis Tavxeddeba xelisuflebiT.Semoyvanaze.marTalia.. ukve imedi aqvT. Cemi axlobeli movida SarSan... mikiTxavda kaci.jerjerobiT ar SegviZlia. anu.. arian ukve Zalian bebrebi bevrni. . . romelsac SeiZleba sapensio asaki aqvs.axali kadri unda movides. . arian aq moxucebi.araviTar SemTxvevaSi.sapensio asaki. romelsac kbilebi daaviwyda saxlSi da meubneba..marTalia! . SeiZleba. ratom aqvs am xalxs aseTi. SeiZleba Tu ara axla vilaparakoT warmatebuli brZolis Sesaxeb korufciis winaaRmdeg zogadad saqarTveloSi? .. Sen rogorc ki xuWav Tvalebs. 97 .marTalia! . analogiurad iqneba.iTxove da mogecemao — raRac unda iTxovo da. .ar gamigia maseTi naTqvami. da auditoriis damorCilebis done — nuli. ki ar ainteresebs.Tu ar Segawuxe. ver vazrovneb. . kbilebi momitaneo”.jer ara.Cemi azriT. . [magram] misi xmis tembri iyo CurCuli.aucileblad! adamiani var da ase iqneba! .aqedan gamomdinare. ai mere ukve daiwyebs isev. xelisuflebas — aravis ar hqondes iluzia.ara. rom weRan rogorc vTqvi — rom gadaxalisdes.ara. . rom raRacas gamocvlian.me Tu mkiTxavT. maSin reqtoratSi uTxres.. igive revoluciam erTi Zalian cudi raRac moaxdina — xalxi adre xom iZaxda. .. albaT. “wadi Svilo. eg iwvevs ukve. imitom rom brwinvalea. Cven verafers ver SevcliT. . es ase xdeba gamonaklisebis gareSe.Sen xom axla amas iZaxi — Sen rom moxvide xelisuflebaSi. albaT. .ra? yvela mase iZaxis! ... magram imas ver Secvli. magram. . . universitetis situacia.. . ver gaxsovdeba.. . sxvaTaSoris. imedi SeiZleba gqondes.es aqsiomaa: Sen xar moqalaqe. vinc ufro.ara. safuZvlianad ganvixileT. keTili nebiT es ar iqneba..asaksac gaaCnia. erTi-ori xanSi Sesuli namdvilad kargia oRond. axalgazrdebi unda SemoviyvanoT — unda SemoviyvanoT iseTebi.. raRaca Tu ar gaiZule. undoda rom leqtorad imuSavos.. marTla kargi studenti.

maS axla aravin ar unda ifiqros imaze. . da sinamdvileSi saqme saqmeze rom midges.Zalian bevri! .ki! .me davinaxe cvlileba.eg kerZo struqturebSi..ara. me vfiqrob. . Cemi azriT. daiWiron anzor burjanaZe da davijereb rom asea. magram erTi SemTxveva moxda — sagadasaxados TanamSromlebs hqondaT 400 lari xelfasi.. [formalurad. raRac patara wvlils SevitanT korufciis winaaRmdeg. atestacia gavlilebi. rogori done Semovida da rogori azrovneba? rom Tu ar geyoleba samsaxurSi profesionali. . precedentebi iqmneba. kidev ra SeiZleba gakeTdes? . . magram mTavrobisgan unda modiodes keTili neba. yvelaze didi Secdoma ra aris — iWeren. me rac ginda viyviro. rom sul rom gvqondes magis imedi.kanoni ikanonebs da xelfasebi gaizrdeba. 40 lari — nuli mouWres. rogor ara.. . axla wadi da nu moaparineb imas! . ase vTqvaT. aramed Cveni saqmiTac.ra Tqma unda! ra SemTvevaSi iqneba brZola saqarTveloSi warmatebuli? korufciis winaaRmdeg dRevandel . axla saCvenebel daWerebze nu damiwyebT laparaks. vinc ixlarTeba raRaceebSi.Tu ara marto sityviT. karg donezea. ucxoeTidan moyvanili eqspertebi. unda gaakontrolon. es ar unda iyos. Tu qvevidan ar wamovida. samjer gamocdebi Caabarebines.. TbilisSi elementarulad: “inglisuri ici? kompiuteri ici?” atestacias gadixar da giReben samsaxurSi.da unda Sedges es antikorufciuli sabWo da unda gaakontrolon igive Cveni universiteti da ase mivaRwevT Sedegs. . ra! . magram Cumad mainc xdeba.. magram ar iWeren Tavisebs. . . .Zalian kargia.ara. .] . magram am SemTxvevaSi TviTon Cveni codniT.yvelam. erTma gogom sami ena icis. kidev. . ukve iciT. weRan rogorc vTqvi..jerjerobiT mainc Zalian Znelad moxdeba es. saqmiT verafers ver gaakeTeben. yvela Tavis profesiaSi. sinamdvileSi ai gamodian revoluciis dros. . axla saqarTveloSi korufciis winaaRmdeg? .oRond. unda Seiqmnas (da mgoni ukve Seqmnilic aris) antikorufciuli komisiasaviT raRaca. kerZoSia. da sxvaTaSoris oTxidan samma ukve samsaxuri naxa. axla daaWres da 30 lari dautoves. is zemodan namdvilad ar iqneba.Cemi azriT.. sadac iqnebian arasamTavrobo organizaciebis wevrebi. ukve rom midixar. axla meoTxed Caabarebines da 30 larze dasves. . vici rom 30 — Zmakacis deda 400 lars iRebda.ki.seriozuli brZola da seriozuli cvlilebebi moitana am revoluciam. dRes-dReobiT myavs axalgazrda axloblebi TbilisSi. magram imedi ar unda daikargos.Tu kanoni ikanonebs. romlebic samsaxurs eZebdnen da sakmaod kargi codna aqvT. .wavidnen. . . adre iRebda 400 lars. ra! vin unda ibrZodes.ara. 98 .xalxi.. ra.Cumad ki ar xdeba. iWeren. rom rame seriozuli brZola daiwyos korufciis winaaRmdeg? .yvela. aqamde Zalian wvalobdnen. rom korumpirebulebs iWeren. Tqveni azriT.yvela absoluturad.imitom.aba ra aris seriozuli cvlileba? .

angariSis nomeri ici. romelic SeiZleba ver moipova.erTi. Ramis skolaSi vswavlobdi.Tundac.konkretulad ra SeiZleba gavakeToT Cven? . . vidre is) — Sen daexmaro im adamians im resursiT. rom Seitano? .albaT marTla.. ubralod gancxadebis Setana. Tundac Sen ufro mebrZoli xar. damiwere [qviTari] da 24 lari unda mogce. ra moxdao”. bevri rame SeiZleba! . magram aqeT sidedri medga. rom ar CavdgaT fexi iq. Senaxuli maqvs dRemde. rom dadis. . .ara. intriganiao. meti saSualeba SeiZleba gqondes.veubnebi. ese igi 90 lari. polisis funqcia ver gavige. ara? fasianze vswavlobdi.pasporti. ar dagiwero. 120 lariani gadasaxadi momitanes. magram dRes-dReobiT me amas ar gavakeTeb.marTali xar. Tu piradobis mowmoba? . sadac. zogadad interesi unda gaviRviZoT imisa. kaco. . istoriebi ara aqvT. Zlivs vikavebdi Tavs.. intrigani var? . rac Sen gaqvs. es iyo Cemi erT-erTi Setanili wvlili am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT.Cveni cxovreba xom marto gamocdebi da CaTvlebi ar aris? . damiwereT-meTqi qviTari — damiweres. anda qmediTi daxmareba aRmouCino.ar aris eg korufcia? . me vfiqrob. gadavixadoT. . rac Sen ici da iman ar icis (Tundac uflebebi.pasporti. dedisac da bavSvisac.arc arsad. gahyve imas. eg giJiao. TavisTavad. iqiT dedaCemi — “kargi. elementarulad is informacia.ara. . . veubnebi — sxvaTaSoris. ar gaigo. pirveli — Seni piradi magaliTiT misce magaliTi sxvas. maqvs saSualeba. bunebrivia.eg aris kidev — mSoblebis faqtori Zalian is aris. gavCumdi. ukanono gadasaxads — magaliTad. Tu raime organizaciis wevri xar.. da meore momenti — is. me vuTxari. meores. SeiZleba ar undoda. 6 lari Tu 12 lari momTxoves. pasportis aReba mindoda. maqvs polisi. me vuTxari. da 5 lari kidev wamlebi mogvces raRac da imaSi gadagvaxdevines. imitom rom namdvilad problemebiT var savse. Sevitane gancxadeba. maSin vicrue da Tavisuflebis institutis saxeli gamoviyene. 10 lari xom gadavixade. risTvis — eg RmerTma icis. anu igive. TveSi 10 lari unda gadamexada. aq mivitane — rveuli xom mivitane. miT umetes. da ramdenime dRis win aRricxvaze aviyvane bavSvTa poliklinikaSi. rom moviTxove es qviTari — ratom moiTxoveo. Zalian cud mdgomareobaSi var.Tundac.6 lari Zalian iafia pasportisTvis. Cems das Sehqonda pasportze 10 lari rom mosTxoves. ra! didi madloba! 99 .me vfiqrob. es ar niSnavs.da is sadazRvevo polisi raRa iyo? . igive informaciis gamoTxovebis momentSi. .Cvens uflebebs unda gavecnoT. . mere gamovdivar da yvirian. bavSvi myavs. es aris erTi momenti. analogiurad. rom aRar gadavixadoT gamocdebSi da CaTvlebSi fuli. ratom ar damiwer. diplomis fuli minda. .me. yvelam xom ar icis? egec Setanili wvlilia. magaliTad. . unda gavacnoT sxva adamianebic am uflebebs. magram Tu xar rigiTi pirovneba.. 9 Tve xom vswavlob.jer skolidanve. dagvWirdeba”. rom bankSi Sevitano — ar aris aranairi gza! . direqtori iZaxis. me sami gamocda gadavitane da vapireb swavlas. . kargi. rom ar SegiZlia — Tundac kerZo saubarSi Sens megobars uTxra. TbilisSi samSobiaroSi 100 dolari moaWra polisma. me vuTxari: “damiwere qviTari da vixdi”. TavisTvis laparakobso. ar gadavixdiT-meTqi.hoda. rom mivce fuli leqtors da raRac CavTvalo. gaCumdi! eqimebia. . imitom rom me bevrad mirCevia. da deidaCemma: “sircxvilia.

ix. romelic miznad isaxavs respondentis cxovrebis (biografiis) qronologiur rekonstruqcias. aRweriTi gamokvleva — socialuri gamokvleva. aq Camoyalibebulia gamokvlevis strategia. Tvisebrivi kvlevis meTodikis terminologiis ganmartebiTi leqsikoni analitikuri gamokvleva — socialuri gamokvlevis yvelaze rTuli saxeoba. agreTve: interviu. agreTve misi mamoZravebeli Zalebis. romelTa Seswavlac mkvlevris mizans warmoadgens. Cveni generaluri erToblioba am universitetis studentebi iqnebian. romelic tardeba ama Tu im socialuri problemis SeZlebisdagvarad sruli aRweris mizniT. romelic aucilebelia empiriuli socialuri gamokvlevis Casatareblad. ix. ix. romlis moqmedebac mkvlevris dakvirvebis da Seswavlis sagania. anketireba — masobrivi gamokiTxvis saxeoba. “ubralo” da “CarTul” (“monawile”) dakvirvebas. Tu SeviswavliT qarTveli qalebis damokidebulebas ama Tu im problemisadmi.danarTi #2. dasabuTebulia gamokvlevis problemis mniSvneloba da aqtualuroba da mis Sesaswavlad SerCeuli gzebis (meTodebis) gamoyenebis marTebuloba. Tumca pirveli gansakuTrebiT farTod gamoiyeneba evropaSi. gamokvlevis programa — sabuTi. generaluri erToblioba SeiZleba sxvadasxva iyos. Tumca wminda gamoyenebiTi gamokvlevebis SemTxvevaSi misi SemuSaveba SeiZleba ar moxdes. dazverviTi gamokvleva — socialuri gamokvlevis yvelaze ubralo tipi. termini gamoiyeneba ZiriTadad CarTuli dakvirvebis Sesaxeb saubrisas. romlis drosac mkvlevari akvirdeba aqtor(eb)is moqmedebas. xolo meore SemTxvevaSi is xSirad 100 . xSirad — raTa gamovlenili iqnes. gamokvlevis programis safuZvliani damuSaveba xels uwyobs xarisxiani gamokvlevis Catarebas da sando Sedegebis miRebas. magaliTad. aramed. agreTve: dazverviTi gamokvleva da aRweriTi gamokvleva. agreTve: cxovrebis istoria. agreTve: aRweriTi gamokvleva da analitikuri gamokvleva. raTa Seswavlil iqnes ama Tu im socialuri problemis gavlena individis cxovrebaze. mkvlevari aranairad ar ereva im movlenebSi. gamokvlevis programa kvlevis dawyebamde unda SemuSavdes. Tu Cveni mizania saqarTvelos mosaxleobis azris Seswavla. Tu Telavis saxelmwifo universitetis studentebis azris Seswavlas visaxavT miznad. agreTve: dazverviTi gamokvleva da analitikuri gamokvleva. misi mdgomareobis “dazverva”.w. romlis mizanicaa ama Tu im problemis winaswari Seswavla. ix. generaluri erTobliobaa saqarTveloSi mcxovrebi qalebi. arsebobs Tu ara kavSiri am problemis Semadgenel elementebs Soris. romlebic mis azrs Seesabameba. erTmaneTisagan ganasxvaveben e. biografiul interviusa da “cxovrebis istorias” Soris bevria saerTo. gamokvlevis obieqtidan gamomdinare. kerZod — germaniaSi. romelic kiTxvaris gamoyenebiT warimarTeba. mizezebis gamoaSkaravebas. romelic miznad isaxavs ara marto socialuri problemis aRweras. biografiuli interviu — siRmiseuli intervius nairsaxeoba. mis mier ama Tu im movlenebis gaazreba da Sefaseba. anketirebis dros respondenti TviTon kiTxulobs kiTxvaris kiTxvebs da Tavadve aRniSnavs pasuxebs. visac axasiaTebs is socialur-demografiuli Tvisebebi. generaluri erTobliobis gansazRvra SerCevis Sedgenis safuZvelia. antropologiaSi da sociologiaSi). aqtori (Tvisebriv kvlevaSi) — pirovneba. pirvel SemTxvevaSi. dakvirveba — informaciis Segrovebis meTodi (ZiriTadad gamoiyeneba eTnografiaSi. romlebsac akvirdeba. da sxv. xolo meore — aSS-Si. generaluri erToblioba — yvela im adamianTa erToblioba. ix. generalur erTobliobas warmoadgens saqarTvelos yvela srulwlovani moqalaqe.

an sxvadasxva Tematuri blokisagan Sedgebodes. agreTve: Tvisebrivi meTodebi da raodenobrivi meTodebi. fokus-jgufi. interviu verbaluri informaciis miRebis yvelaze ufro gavrcelebuli saSualebaa socialur kvlevebSi. ganixilavs mis asakobriv. rogorebicaa siRrmiseuli interviu. romlebsac Tan axlavs pasuxis SesaZlo variantebis sia. gamokiTxvis tipidan gamomdinare. gamokiTxva xdeba formalizebuli kiTxvaris safuZvelze. interviueri ZiriTadad masobrivi gamokiTxvis procesSi gamoiyeneba. monawileobas saqmianobaSi. meTodi — ama Tu im saqmianobis praqtikuli ganxorcielebis konkretuli xerxi. mosaxleobis azris Seswavla ama Tu im problemasTan dakavSirebiT misi reprezentatuli nawilis (SerCevis) gamokiTxvis safuZvelze. mimarTavs mas kiTxvaris kiTxvebiT da iniSnavs miRebul pasuxebs. ramdenad struqturirebulia interviu: struqturirebuli. iRebs maT daxuruli kiTxvebi — kiTxvebis saxeoba sociologiur kiTxvarSi. is SeiZleba iyos rogorc raodenobrivi. ix. misgan informaciis miRebis procesi. eTnografiis ZiriTadi mizania cxovrebis gansxvavebuli wesebis gageba ise. romelic aerTianebs iseT meTodebs. raTa ukeT Seiswavlos maTi cxovreba. Sobadobis. eTika — profesiuli saqmianobis ganmsazRvreli principebis da normebis erToblioba. termini iTargmneba qarTul enaze rogorc “Sinaarsis analizi”. masobrivi gamokiTxva — sociologiuri kvlevis yvelaze farTod gavrcelebuli raodenobrivi meTodi. socialuri kvlevis meTodika — pirveladi informaciis Segrovebis. romelic uSualod esaubreba respondents. Tvisebrivi meTodebi — socialuri kvlevis meTodebis jgufi. esaubreba maT. romelic ama Tu im profesiis zneobriv Rirebulebebs gamoxatavs. sikvdilianobis. specialuri wesebis Tanaxmad SerCeul respondentebTan. migraciis analizs. aramed mis siRrmiseul Seswavlas. romlis meSveobiTac Seiswavleba sxvadasxva tipis dokumentebi maTSi ama Tu im maCveneblebis gamovlenis sixSiris dafiqsirebis mizniT. dakvirveba. interviu — respondentis gamokiTxvis. 101 . romelTac respondentebi pasuxoben masobrivi gamokiTxvis dros. kiTxvari — specialuri wesebis Tanaxmad Sedgenili kiTxvebis erToblioba. nawilobriv struqturirebuli da arastruqturirebuli. kontent-analizi — sociologiuri kvlevis meTodi. demografiuli informaciis Segrovebis umTavresi wyaroa regularuli aRwera. monografiuli gamokvleva. sqesobriv Tanafardobas da am maCveneblebis cvlilebebs.srulad iziarebs dakvirvebis obieqtTa yofas. romelic awarmoebs mosaxleobis raodenobis zrdisa da Semcirebis. socialur kvlevaSi — pirveladi informaciis Segrovebis saSualeba. romelic exmareba mkvlevars am kulturis SeswavlaSi. sicocxlis xangrZlivobis. eTnografia — gansxvavebuli kulturis Seswavla da aRwera. aseve Tvisebrivi. demografia — mosaxleobis struqturis mecnieruli Seswavla. eTikuri normebi Tavmoyrilia eTikis kodeqsebSi. “cxovrebis istoria”. Sesaswavli kulturis warmomadgeneli. romelic ZiriTadad Tvisebrivi meTodebis gamoyenebiT xdeba. rogorc es wesebi am kulturis warmomadgenlebs esmiT. interviueri — kvleviTi jgufis wevri. misi ramdenime ZiriTadi tipi gamoirCeva. es meTodebi cnobilia rogorc “moqnili” meTodebi da raodenobrivi meTodebisagan gansxvavebiT miznad isaxavs ara Sesaswavli fenomenis raodenobrivi gavrcelebis suraTis dadgenas. informanti — CarTuli dakvirvebis dros mkvlevaris informaciis erT-erTi ZiriTadi wyaro. agreTve. da sxv. kiTxvari SeiZleba miZRvnili iyos mxolod erTi Temisadmi. gamomdinare iqidan. romelic yvela saxelmwifoSi saSualod 10 weliwadSi erTxel tardeba.

respondentis binaze tardeba. warmoadgens ra mis “mikromodels”. Tu rogor iqcevian. rom mkvlevari Seiswavlis maT. reaqtiuloba adamianebis bunebrivi reaqciaa. romelic tele102 . rom SerCeva proporciulad asaxavs generaluri erTobliobis ZiriTad maCveneblebs. rogor epyrobian sxva adamianebs. cnobilia. romelTa gamoyenebac statistikur kanonzomierebebs emyareba da romlebic miznad isaxavs gamoavlinos ama Tu im socialuri fenomenis gavrceleba. reaqtiuloba — mkvlevris an kvleviTi situaciis gavlena aqtorebis saqcielsa da naTqvamze. misi xanrgZlivoba SeiZleba meryeobdes 20 wuTidan 60 wuTamde. ukavSirdeba mis problemur monaxazs da Tavis gamoxatulebas poulobs gamokvlevis programaSi. monografiuli gamokvleva — kvleviTi midgoma socialur mecnierebebSi. romelic ar iqna (an ver iqna) gaTvaliswinebuli gamokiTxvis organizatorebis mier. socialur kvlevaSi meTodologia ganixileba rogorc kvlevis Teoriuli safuZveli. intervius sxva saxeobebia satelefono da safosto interviu. ician ra. gamokiTxuli. isini ase ar moiqceodnen. rogorc wesi. pirispir interviu. savele samuSaoebi ki Zalian didi xnis manZilze grZeldeba. romelic gamoiyeneba siRrmiseuli intervius da fokus-jgufebis struqturirebis mizniT. mkvlevris arseboba rom ara. sadiskusio gegma ZiriTadad “Ria” kiTxvebisgan Sedgeba. sadac respondentebs saSualeba eZlevaT. ras da rogor amboben. magram. da saboloo jamSi maTi saqcieli bunebrivi aRar aris. aseve mowveuli piri. romelic kvlevis Catarebis dros informaciis uSualo wyaroa. rogorc masobrivi gamokiTxva. kvlevis obieqtebis reaqcia im garemoebaze. es midgoma upirveles yovlisa gamoirCeva imiT. rom mis farglebSi mravali meTodi gamoiyeneba (upirveles yovlisa — CarTuli dakvirveba). reprezentatuloba gulisxmobs. Tumca yvelaze xSirad monografiuli gamokvleva Tvisebriv meTodebTan asocideba. moderatori — fokus-jgufis wamyvani. rom maT moqmedebas akvirdebian. romelic erTian sistemaSi aerTianebs mis principebs. respondenti — adamiani. agreTve mocemulia damatebiTi varianti “sxva”. romelic ramdenime meTods aerTianebs.damuSavebis da gamoyenebis meTodebis erToblioba. magram dakvirvebis warmoebisas es Zalze seriozuli problemaa. satelefono gamokiTxva — masobrivi gamokiTxvis saxeoba. misi gamovlenis sixSire. raodenobrivi meTodebi — socialuri kvlevis formalizebuli meTodebi. esaa intervius savaraudo kiTxvebis sia. adamianebi gansakuTrebul yuradRebas aqceven imas. socialuri kvlevis meTodologia — samecniero kvlevis logika. romlis drosac interviueri pirispir esaubreba respondents da kiTxvarSi iniSnavs mis mier gacemul pasuxebs. mis farglebSi raodenobrivi meTodebic gamoiyeneba. romlisganac mkvlevrebi iReben maTTvis saWiro informacias. savele samuSaoebi — termini. pirispir interviu — intervius yvelaze gavrcelebuli saxeoba. agreTve “SemTxvevis Seswavlis” saxeliT. gansakuTrebiT vlindeba CarTuli dakvirvebis warmoebis procesSi. daafiqsiron gansxvavebuli azri. reprezentatuloba — mTavari moTxovna respondentTa SerCevisadmi masobrivi gamokiTxvis Catarebis dros. es iseTi meTodebia. kontent-analizi. sadiskusio gegma — kvlevis instrumenti. romlebsac Tan erTvis pasuxis SesaZlo variantebis sia. romliTac moixsenieba kvlevis Catrebisas pirveladi informaciis Segrovebis procesi. naxevrad daxuruli kiTxvebi — kiTxvebis saxeoba sociologiur kiTxvarSi. vinaidan amaxinjebs miRebul Sedegebs. wesebsa da meTodebs. romelic SeiZleba iyos rogorc Tavad mkvlevari.

agreTve: biografiuli interviu. rogorc wesi. Tu rogori pasuxia mosalodneli mkvlevris mier dasaxul kvleviT kiTxvebze. romelic farTod gamoiyeneba Tvisebriv meTodebSi. satelefono gamokiTxvis Catarebisas gansakuTrebiT Znelia reprezentatulobis dacva. am tipis kiTxvebi Zalian mizanSewonilia imdenad. moderatoris mier. rogorc wesi. hipoTeza gamokvlevis programis aucilebeli nawilia. fokus-jgufi — Tvisebrivi kvlevis erT-erTi yvelaze popularuli meTodi. 103 . Tvisebriv kvlevaSi SerCevis SedgenasTan dakavSirebiT naklebi moTxovna arsebobs. Seityos respondentis ara mxolod damokidebuleba da pozicia. romelTa Tanaxmadac unda moxdes respondentTa SerCeva generaluri erTobliobis wevrebisagan. sadac SerCeva reprezentatuli unda iyos. romelic sadiskusio gegmis safuZvelze warimarTeba da miznad isaxavs. “cxovrebis istoria” — siRrmiseuli intervius nairsaxeoba. is warimarTeba sadiskusio gegmis safuZvelze specialuri kvalifikaciis mqone wamyvanis. transkripti — intervius an fokus-jgufis audio-Canaweris qaRaldze gadatanis (“gaSifvris”) Sedegad miRebuli teqsti. satelefono interviuebi. am process gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba aqvs masobrivi gamokiTxvis Catarebis dros. fokusjgufSi 6-dan 12-mde respondenti iRebs monawileobas. “Ria” kiTxva — kiTxvis saxeoba. SerCeva — wesebi. esaa nawilobriv struqturirebuli interviu. romelTa damuSavebac xdeba kvlevis Sedegebis analizis mizniT. Tvisebriv kvlevaSi xSirad swored transkriptis saxiT viRebT pirvelad (“nedl”) monacemebs. romelic ar sTavazobs respondentebs pasuxis SesaZlo variantebs. romelsac Cven viRebT SerCevis Sedegad da romlebsac uSualod gamovkiTxavT. siRrmiseuli interviu — intervius saxeoba. aramed motivaciebi. magram maTi statistikuri damuSaveba Zalian Sromatevadia. romelic miznad isaxavs ama Tu im problemis Seswavlas respondentis cxovrebaSi am problemis adgilis. romelic aseve cnobilia “jgufuri diskusiis” saxeliT. SerCeviTi erToblioba generaluri erTobliobis reprezentatuli iqneba. amitom Ria kiTxvebi ufro farTodaa gavrcelebuli. misi gavlenis dadgenis meSveobiT. Tu SerCeva sworad ganxorcielda. ramdenadac isini minimalur gavlenas axdens respondnetTa pasuxebze. ix. da ufro damaxasiaTebelia Tvisebrivi kvlevisTvis.fonis meSveobiT tardeba. SerCeviTi erToblioba — respondentTa jgufi. hipoTeza — mecnierulad dasabuTebuli varaudi imis Sesaxeb. 10-15 wuTze met xans ar grZeldeba.

Qualitative Methods in Social Research: Introduction and Historical Overview. 271-287 in: Michael Burawoy et al. discussion. does not mean that they are less scientific. Lecture. 1-12 (“Qualitative-Quantitative Research: A False Dichotomy”). 288-298 (“Some Qualitative Filed Research Paradigms”). and (b) learn how to conduct various types of qualitative research which are most frequently used in the contemporary social research practice. On the other hand. this leads to higher responsibility of the researcher. 10th Edition. 1991. and a discussion of theoretical paradigms that lay behind qualitative and quantitative research methods At the end of the lecture. 1998. Major issues in the discussion of the nature of qualitative and quantitative research methods are connected with the idea that qualitative and quantitative methods of social research are of different. we discuss research design and the ways to develop it. Qualitative-Quantitative Research Methodology.Tinatin Zurabishvili QUALITATIVE METHODS IN SOCIAL RESEARCH Course outline As stated in the course syllabus. Berkley: University of California Press. we will have discussion and/or Q&A session. but not of opposite nature. Detailed analyses of components of research design are presented. Power and Resistance in the Modern Metropolis. they should be used appropriately in order to achieve reliable results.” Pp. We start with discussion of the nature and distinctive features of qualitative research methods. although they can not be generalized and claimed that their results are representative for the population under study. At the end of the class. The Practice of Social Research.: Thomson/Wadsworth. which. Isadore Newman and Carolyn R. Michael Burawoy. Ethnography Unbound. Pp. such as surveys. and poses specific ethnical issues. which stresses the idea that the two groups of methods can mutually enrich the research. which will be covered more in detail later on. 3 hours. Week 1. Main topics covered in the course are outlined below. 104 . they provide deeper understanding of the social world than the quantitative methods do. in order to make the students familiar with the ways of thinking about new research projects and getting prepared to start one. 1991 “The Extended Case Method. the students will: (a) get familiar with the theory and history of qualitative research methods in social sciences. unlike quantitative research method results. The model of “qualitative – quantitative interactive continuum” developed by Isadore Newman and Carolyn R. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press. Pp. Exploring the Interactive Continuum. 2004. which are compared with quantitative methods. Belmont. Benz (1998) is introduced. First lecture also offers a historical analysis of development of qualitative research methods. the main objectives of this 8-week course are two-fold: as a result of attending this course. 1 hour The first lecture offers introduction to qualitative research methods in social sciences. We stress that. qualitative data are not representative. Calif. however. Qualitative research methods offer more flexibility to the researcher while doing field work. Benz. Required readings for this week are: Earl Babbie.

22-44.” Pp. such as selection and preparation of the setting. Pp. Pp. Ядов.: Wadsworth. 2 hours The first method that is covered in detail in terms of this course is in-depth interview. 1995. Becker. Belmont. We also discuss technical aspects of conducting in-depth interviews. Perspectives and Formulations. Изд-во «Самарский университет». echo. often – without interviewer’s injection in respondent’s narrative. Analyzing Social Settings: A Guide to Qualitative Observation and Analysis. namely. “The Epistemology of Qualitative Research. Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Fifth edition. where both theoretical and practical aspects of the proposed research will be considered. Calif. В. and b) Come up with a research design of their own. which can be directed by the questions of the interviewer. iago kaWkaWiSvili. 1998. Pp. 10th Edition. 317-330 in: Robert M. we first distinguish between structured. С.” // sociologiuri kvlevis meTodebi. 2004. Belmont. life histories and biographic narrative interviews (Gail Kligman’s and Gabriele Cappai’s works are used to get better understanding of these types of in-depth interview).John Lofland and Lyn Lofland. Prospect Heights. provided that they are of interest to the study. Ill. After Robert S. Weiss. 2 hours. The Practice of Social Research. In-depth interview is an example of semi-structured interviews which are conducted based on a discussion guide as a major research instrument. Recommended readings: Earl Babbie. We also discuss several probing techniques (silence. ed. Tbilisi: Tbilisis universitetis gamomcemloba. is not directive. программа. we consider in-depth interviewing as a process of collaboration between researcher and respondent. методы. Emerson. The lection finishes with the discussion of possibilities of analyzing in-depth interviews. students are required to prepare two assignments to be submitted two days prior the next class: a) Think of and bring a list of 5 issues which are suitable for qualitative research. Социологическое исследование: методология. 42-80 («Методология»). Calif. we offer an example of how a Discussion Guide of an in-depth interview can look like. semi-structured and non-structured interviews. Use of open-ended questions stimulates development of the respondent’s narrative. which. After the first lecture. 2003.: Thomson/Wadsworth. however. Howard S. and allows both researcher/interviewer and respondent to develop new issues not mentioned in the guide. 101-122 (“Thinking Topics”). In the end. recording equipment. While introducing this method. In-Depth Interview Lecture. Homework assignments for this week are: 1) to prepare a discussion guide which could be used to conduct a series of in-depth 105 . “konkretuli sociologiuri kvlevis meTodologia. 1995. 363-381 (“Field Research”). selection of respondents.: Waveland Press. In addition to general discussion about in-depth interview as qualitative research method in the social sciences. we consider two variations of in-depth interviewing. 1998. discussion. Lawrence Newman. W. baiting) that can help us get more information. with a short review which emphasizes its major features. Week 2. 282-268 (“Qualitative Filed Research”). gv. research proposals submitted by the students will be discussed during the next seminar. Contemporary Field Research. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. 2001.

The Art and Method of Qualitative Interview Studies. Gail Kligman. selection of participants. associanismo ed identità nelle società multikulturali. 121-150 (“Issues in Interviewing”). these are the areas where focus groups proved to be most effective. 2 hours We discuss focus group as a “group in-depth interview. Required readings for this week are: Robert S. marketing research. Pp. Pp. Focus Groups Lecture. 2 hours. 449-488 (“Some Traditions of Text Analysis”).g. Walnut Creek. and advises regarding how to conduct them. 3) the students are also required to transcribe one of these interviews – the one they think was the most successful. namely. Merton’s and his colleagues’ work in this field.” (Targmani wignidan: Gabriele Cappai. 61-120 (“Interviewing”). technical aspects of their preparation. 1994. The Art and Method of Qualitative Interview Studies. Weiss. gabriele kapai. Major areas of use of focus groups in contemporary research practice are reviewed. 1998. Research Methods in Anthropology. social and political research. income. Fra realtà locale e processi globali. H. In the section devoted to the main features of this method. which are determined. 2002. discussion. Learning from Strangers. An example of a discussion guide is presented in the appendix. 2002. Russel Bernard. Week 3. Third edition. has several specific features. Learning from Strangers. New York: Free Press. The greatest advantage of focus groups as a qualitative research method is that it gives the researchers the possibility to observe the process of forming group judgments and/or decisions... CA: AltaMira Press. specifically focusing on the difficulties they encounter. first of all. The Politics of Duplicity. personal relationships. Walnut Creek. Halle/Saale: Hallescher Verlag). Weiss. New York: Free Press. С.: Никколо М. 2000. CA: AltaMira Press. 2000. The most important and/or typical experiences reported by the students will be discussed during next meeting. by the fact that up to a dozen of respondents participate in a single focus group discussion. H. Third edition. specifically focusing on the role and functions of the 106 . Controlling Reproduction in Ceausescu’s Romania. Research Methods in Anthropology. 2000. 2000. A short review of the historical development of the focus groups in the social sciences focuses on Robert K. 206-220 (“Unstructured Interviewing”).interviews. which can help students to work on their own guide. Emigrazione. Pp. we discuss distinctiveness of focus groups. 148-205 (“Bitter Memories: The Politics of Reproduction in Everyday Life”). М. Белановский. and to discuss the process of conducting these. Pp. Глубокое интервью. “biografiul-naratiuli interviu: Teoriuli winamZRvrebi da gamoyenebis xerxebi. Berkley: University of California Press. Pp. however. 2) to conduct 3 in-depth interviews based on this guide.” which. 1994. while there are some areas where it is not usually recommended to use focus groups – e. Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Russel Bernard. Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Recommended readings: Robert S.

Two examples are offered in the end of this lecture. 2. Next section is devoted to the 10 most frequently used projective techniques that facilitate focus group discussions. Analysis of focus group results is quite similar to the analysis of in-depth interview data. Thousand Oaks. although there are several specific considerations. brand mapping. Participant Observation Lecture. discussion. Thousand Oaks.: Никколо М. Required readings for this week are: David L. Calif. stereotypes. where the students are required to use projective techniques they find suitable for the topic they choose. with all necessary equipment. To find out which projective techniques are used in the Discussion Guide presented in the Example 2. If possible. “narkomania: problemis Sefaseba axalgazrdebis mier. which presents additional challenges to the researcher. 2001. etc. Third edition. Second Edition. 107 . 2000. observation is obviously the first method to be introduced. Homework assignments for this week are: 1. Pp. 2001. 31-65. Our discussion classes will be based on the analysis of the students’ homework assignments. 1 hour As we move towards non-verbal techniques of data collection. Calif. Krueger. Focus Groups: A Practical Guide for Applied Research. where the causes of corruption in Georgian higher education are discussed. Week 4. In contrast with the interview techniques discussed during the previous weeks. Метод фокус-групп. Pp. М. Telavi: “samoqalaqo ganaTlebis proeqti”. we’ll watch a tape of a focus-group discussion and evaluate how it was conducted. These techniques are: verbal associations. although both individual and group level can be justified. 3. 39-68. To write a Project Proposal on a given topic (“Causes of Corruption in the Georgian Higher Educational Institutions”). To prepare a discussion guide which could be used to conduct a series of focusgroup discussions. we will focus on the latter. Last section discusses the possibilities of analysis of the data obtained through focus group discussions.: Sage Publications. our advise is to base analysis on the interplay of the two levels of analysis (Morgan 1997: 60). the project should be conducted using focus groups. finishing sentences.: Sage Publications. 97-124. Белановский. observation takes place in the natural environment. Tamar zurabiSvili. one of which is a possible discussion guide. besides. collages. Focus Groups as Qualitative Research.moderator. 1997. Richard A. Morgan. Appendix 1 offers a transcript of a focus group conducted with students of one of Georgian universities. personification. Recommended readings: С. I’ll try to arrange a visit to a research center where the students will have an opportunity to see a room designed for focus group discussions. Although a distinction will be made between nonparticipant and participant observation.” // sociologia saqarTveloSi: Tanamedrove mdgomareoba da perspeqtivebi. first of all – the level of analysis should be determined. maia araviaSvili. and the other – a descriptive report of a research project based exclusively on focus groups. 3 hours. In addition. which is one of the most popular qualitative research methods.

in particular – how to write fieldnotes during the fieldwork. because in the latter case the researcher can not approach his/her own culture as a complete stranger. 2002. 1 hour. Pp. Research Methods in Anthropology.White’s classical analysis of group structure in the Street Corner Society will be presented. 323-364 (“Participant Observation”). Characteristics of good informants are also discussed during the lecture. Paradoxically. Russel Bernard. 53-62. establishing contact with the actors. As an example of possible analytic strategy used by participant observers. but not to share any observations with each other. instead. Week 5. and (b) readings from White’s Street Corner Society. finding informants. 1997. During the fieldwork. Required readings for this week are: James P. we continue to learn participant observation. 108 . to be further discussed during next week’s class. New York: Holt. and how to transform them into the research report. Rhinehart and Winston. can be applied in modern as well as in non-modern societies. starting with descriptive stage of observation and eventually arriving to selective observation. participant observation was first developed by anthropologists and ethnographers. separately) fieldnotes based on what they’ve observed. 73-84. 122-129. we will focus of detailed discussion of (a) fieldnotes submitted by the students as a result of observations they made. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Participant Observation. William Foote White. 100-111. 1993. Recommended readings: H. Relatively little new material will be delivered during this week. its major aim as well as its major advantage is the possibility to study a distinctive (sub)culture and explain its meanings as they are understood and interpreted by its members. Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. and was considered as a means to learn about distinctive culture. so these discussions will be particularly helpful at this stage. 3 hours During our fifth week. and submit them. the students have to make final decisions regarding their course projects. Third edition. they have to write (again. as a way to document how the fieldwork proceeds. By next week. There is only one homework assignments for this week: The students are required to go to a public library in pairs. Pp. Contemporary participant observation as it is practiced by most social sciences. Participant observation is always a long-time commitment and usually takes years to collect the data. the researcher defines the exact focus of observations. 279-373. It starts with entering the field. take different seats and observe what’s going on in the library for 3 hours. Forth edition. AltaMira Press. Pp.Historically. 3-51. Participant Observation (continued) Lecture. 94-110.F. it is considered that studying unfamiliar cultures is usually more effective than researchers’ own culture. They are required to take notes during the observation. Spradley. Street Corner Society: The Social Structure of an Italian Slum. Immediately after the observation. discussion. W. Fieldnotes are discussed in detail.

discussion. In the second part of the class. 2001. Week 7. Pp. Sidewalk. As a multi-method approach. 17-42. which is distinctive in a number of ways. Spradley. Rinehart and Winston. 1979. his relationships with the informants. Experience of the Chicago School and their role in establishing this method are also discussed. Case Study (continued) Discussion. 2002. We discuss several aspects of this study: the research question and how it was formulated. focusing on the specific ways of conducting fieldwork and building relationships with informants. and (c) methodology they use to conduct the fieldwork. surveys). New York: Farrar. 55-68 (“Interviewing an Informant”). Since there is no single way to conduct case study research. Pp. As in the case of participant observation. So. New York: Holt. we will first discuss readings from the Sidewalk. the students will present their research projects focusing on (a) their research questions. As an example of early case study research. Rinehart and Winston. which was introduced in the social sciences based on the experience of anthropologists. 2 hours. Second edition. Yin. Recommended readings: Robert K. what is particularly specific with case studies. use of many various techniques of data collection which are discussed in detail by the authors. This study is very interesting for us mainly from the methodological perspective. we will discuss a study of the 1930s conducted by Paul Lazarsfeld and his colleagues in the Austrian village of Marienthal. the methods used can be both qualitative and quantitative (e. Case studies are a lot in common with participant observation. The Ethnographic Interview. 25-39 (“Informants”). Pp. and there are no clear guidelines regarding site selection and data analysis. Sage Publications. (b) sites. but we consider the former as an even broader research approach.. 1 hour Case study is the final method considered in terms of this course. case studies employ a number of research techniques that help the researchers to collect the data. use of photography in presenting the findings. 2 hours This week is focused on discussions.Week 6. 231289. methodology used by Dunier and. New York: Holt. First we will focus on the history of this method. The Ethnographic Interview. specifically. James P. rather than a single method of collecting the data. During the class. its theoretical context and how Dunier fit his study into the particular one.g. Case Study Lecture. James P. Spradley. 3 hours. This will be our final discussion of students’ research projects before they finish and submit them. one of the best ways to learn about this method is to introduce more examples. we will discuss this method during two week. 109 . Strauss and Giroux. the second study we will discuss in detail in this class is Mitchel Dunier’s Sidewalk. Required readings for this week are: Mitchel Dunier. Applications of Case Study Research. students’ presentations. 1979.

and to compare these Codes.esomar. ICC/ESOMAR International Code of Marketing and Social Research Practice. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. and from mutual responsibilities outlined in the contracts signed between the researchers and clients. 1997. discussion. Lawrence Newman. Required readings for this week are: W. 2 hours.asanet. 306-307 (“Research Ethics in Qualitative Field Research”). the students are required to find on the web codes of ethics of several professional organizations whose members are involved in social research. http://www.org/members/ecoderev.html 110 . Earl Babbie. Belmont. to be discussed during the seminar. 2003.html 1997. 1999). Two Codes of Ethics we are focusing on in this class are ICC/ESOMAR International Code of Marketing and Social Research Practice (ICC/ESOMAR. in order to avoid misinformation and deception of public. Homework assignments for this week are: 1. Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Codes of ethics should be distinguished from the legal requirements. most of the professional association are international. Pp. Code of Ethics. Policies and Procedures. Arnould) discusses ethical dilemmas he faced while doing fieldwork in Chad. we will focus on the responsibility of the researcher while doing fieldwork and the requirements of professional communities towards their members. one is a CNN publication where survey results are presented.Week 8. (b) Rights of the clients who commission research. We will also discuss special rules that try to regulate publications of research results in the media. Assess the quality of presentation of the finding in the CNN publication distributed in class. We focus on: (a) Rights of the respondents.: Thomson/Wadsworth. Ethics of Qualitative Research Lecture. Sanctions against those who violate ethical norms are discussed based on the hierarchy of sanctions in the ASA Code of Ethics. Arnould.asanet. Fifth edition.org/members/enforce.” in Advances in Consumer Research 25: 72-74. and (c) responsibility towards the society in general. 1998. 396-398 (“Ethical Dilemmas of Field Research”). we discuss the specific character of ethical norms. and the second is a paper where an ethnographer (Eric J. 2. 10th Edition. Discuss the case study concerning ethical dilemmas that Eric J. American Sociological Association Committee on Professional Ethics. http://www. Two case studies are presented during the class. Calif. Nowadays. The Practice of Social Research. Pp. 2 hours It’s hard to overestimate significance of ethical issues while doing fieldwork. Eric J. Arnould faced during his fieldwork and provide their own assessment of the situation and best ways to deal with it. During our last class. 3. “Ethical Concerns in Participant Observation/Ethnography. 1995) and Code of Ethics and Policies and Procedures of the ASA Committee on Professional Ethics (American Sociological Association. during the class. which leads to unification of ethical standards of the respective professional activity over the state boarders. Codes of ethics have been elaborated in a systematic way after the Second World War by professional associations of the social scientists in Europe and North America.org/esomar/show/id=65961 American Sociological Association. http://www. other countries joined them later. 2004.

is not the only one the students will be using. and few of the terms used in this course are already established in Georgian (some are not fully established even in English). focus group. ethnography. a Short Glossary of the terms used in qualitative research practice is presented.In the Appendix 1.g. content analysis. ethics. I hope this will be helpful for the students. given that some of them may not be familiar with any vocabulary connected with research practice. fieldwork. This Glossary. quantitative methods. 111 . research design. biographic interview. life history. close-ended questions.: actor. case-study. openended questions. transcript. however. In the Appendix 2. Over 40 terms are defined in this glossary. observation. This is a concise reference for the students. where only terms covered in terms of this particular course are explained. Nevertheless. e. moderator. hypothesis. et al. respondent. in-depth interview. a transcript of a focus group interview is presented. they will be encouraged to consult academic social science dictionaries. The terms and in (Georgian) alphabetical sequence. qualitative methods. discussion guide.

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