THE 373rd IN COMBAT

THE 373rdIN COMBAT
Printed by Karl Scharr, Worner &Mayer, StLlttgart-Vaihingen, Germany
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I C e n t i m e t r ~ = 30 Kilometres
FOREWORD
During the more than six months the 373rd Field Artillery Batta-
lion was in combat, Major Edward L. Hill, its able Executive Officer,
faithfully recorded in the Official History a day-by-day account
of its more important activities. Since the Official History is closely
followed by this unofficial publication, Major Hill is due the credit
for most of the information contained herein, although indebtedness
to Lt. Herbert Church, whose entertainingly-written S-2 Bulletin has
likewise contributed much, is alsD hereby acknowledged.
Since this record is much more general than the refreshing book,
"Battery Adjust", published by the Battalion's Fire Direction Center,
and is an account of the Battalion as a unit rather than of a parti-
cular section or selected group of individuals, the plan of the Official
History to omit the mention of individuals by name has been adopted.
A complete roster of the members of the Battalion during the combat
period is included in the back of the book to make up for this deficiency.
The scope of this account has been limited to combat except for
a very brief summary of the pre-combat days of the Battalion taken
from the Official History and placed at the very beginning of the
book. This limitation has been made in the interest of accuracy (suffi-
cient records are not presently available), and because it is believed
that the training period is of small interest as compared with the
days of combat. Post-combat experience has been omitted, partly
because of the great change in personnel, and partly for the reason
that the occupational duties of the Battalion have been relatively of
little interest.
Although we are not here concerned with the exploits of indivi-
duals, it is only fitting that tribute be paid to the following leaders
who in such great measure were responsible for the success of the
Battalion in combat: Major General Withers A. Burress, the Com-
manding General of the 100th Infantry Division from activation
throughout the combat period; Brigadier General Theodore E. Buech-
ler, Division Artillery Commander from activation until the autumn
of 1943; Brigadier General John B. Murphy, who succeeded General
Buechler and commanded the Division Artillery throughout combat;
Colonel Walter H. Delange, who commanded the Battalion from
activation until the spring of 1944; and Lt. Col. Thomas G. Keithly,
who succeeded Col. Delange and who so capably led the Battalion
through combat in France and Germany.
While there are many others, men as well as officers, who were
outstanding in their contributions to the Battalion, it was the response
of the average soldier and the teamwork of all that turned the trick,
and it is to the unit as a whole that the real credit is due.
I! is hoped that this rapid retracing of the Battalion's tread marks
and muzzleblasts on the soil of France and Germany will be of value
to its men and officers in helping them to recall their experiences in
combat ;l little better than they could without it.
Stuttgart-Vaihingen, Germany, September 27, 1945.
Chas. L. Cornelius, jr.
The 373rd Field Artillery Battalion was activated
15 November 1942 as the medium battalion of the 100th Infantry
Division Artillery, at Fort jackson, South Carolina. Its cadre came
from the 76th Division, while the bulk of the enlisted personnel came
from New England, New York and New jersey. The Unit Training
Program was completed on the 28th of November, 1943. Army Ground
Force Tests were taken in june, 1943 and again in March, 1944.
The Battalion participated in Tennessee Maneuvers from 17 November
1943 to 17 january 1944, and was afterwards stationed at Fort Bragg,
North Carolina, where it became tractorized and received new M-l.
155 mm Howitzers. Inspector General inspections were passed in Sep-
tember, 1944, and on the 29th of September of the same year, 'the
Battalion left Fort Bragg by train for Camp Kilmer, New jersey, where
it was staged for overseas shipment.
On the 6th of October, 1944, the Battalion sailed on the M 0 r -
mac moo n from Staten Island, New York in an eleven-ship con-
voy which included the other units of the 100th Infantry Division
and certain additional troops. At the time of embarkation no one in
the Battalion knew its destination or what its mission was to be.
Rumors, as usual, included most of the possibilities. The Far East,
7
OCTOBER/NOV EMBER
Greece, Haly, North Africa, France, and England were all mentioned.
Some guessed that the Division would become a part of an Army of
Occupation and one skeptic even yelled "Dry Run", but at least it
was certain to most that the Battalion was "on the way".
After a 14 day voyage characterized by exceedingly rough seas,
crowded and foul-smelling quarters, many cases of seasickness, a
training schedule made practically impossible of fulfillment by the
behavior of the ship, monotonous announcements of black-out regu-
lations each evening, French classes, and a marked and welcome
absence of enemy submarines and aircraft, the Battalion arrived at
Marseilles, France.
On October the 20th, the day of arrival, the Battalion disem-
barked and made a long uphill march under the burden of full field
equipment to Septemes, a suburb of Marseilles, where it commenced
a ,ten day bivouac in pyramidal and pup tents pitched in a large
and muddy field. During this ten day period, the Battalion com-
pleted jts staging and on November 1st commenced its movement
north toward the front. The tractors, howitzers, and 180 men and
officers went by rail, but the majority of the unit made the march
by motor, bivouacing near Valence on the first night, at Dijon on
the second, and closing into a forward assembly area near Fremi-
fontaine all the evening of the 3 rd of November. Here at Fremi-
fontaine, for the first time, the sound of enemy guns was heard.
At the time the Battalion reached Fremifontaine, the 100th
Infantry Division flad already been assigned to the VI Corps of
the Seventh Army (Sixth Army Group), and part of the Division was
then engaged in combat alongside .elements of the veteran 45 th
Infantry Division. The 100th's first mission was to relieve the 45th.
The 373 rd's first mission was to reinforce the fires of the l89th
8
NOVEMBER
rickl Artillery Battalion, the medium battalion of the 45th Divi-
sion, and on November 4th, upon assignment of this mission, the
Battalion was placed under the tactical control of the 45th Division
Artillery.
Also, all November 4th the tractors and howitzers of the Battalion
were unloaded at the railhead at Chatel, and battery positions near
St. Benoit were reconnoitered and prepared for occupation on the
sLlcceeding clay. By 1100 on November 5th, the Battalion had closed
into its first firing position. Able, Baker, and Charlie batteries were
north of St. Benoit. Headquarters Battery and the Battalion CP
were to the west of the town in some wrecked houses and Service
Battery was at Bru, a shell-torn village about 2 kilometers to the
rear. The Battalion Personnel Section was at Rambervillers with the
Division Rear Echelon.
On the afternoon of November 5th, the Number I Howitzer of
Baker Battery fired the Battalion's first round in combat. The mis-
sion was a base point registration on a steeple in Raon L'E/ape.
During the firing of this mission a e1irect hit On the target was
obtained with the resLllt, according to reports later received from
the Division Artillery Commander, that an enemy observation post was
destroyed. It was not until the next night, however, that the Batta-
lion fired its first mission on a known enemy target. This mission
was ill the form of a Battalion Concentration, TOT, and was fired
on a German artillery position.
On the 6th of November, in accordance with orders from higher
headquarters, a reconnaissance was made of positions much farther
forward and on into the Vosges Mountains. The positions assigned
and reconnoitered were located at a farm settlement known as Neuf-
Etang. They were in a valley and in the sale clearing in a huge wooded
9
NOVEMBER
area which covered most of this mountain region, a circumstance
that made it relatively easy for the enemy to recognize the location
as a probable artillery position. At the time the reconnaissance was
made the front lines were only a few hundred yards in front of
Neuf-Etang, and it was not until the 8th that the lines had moved
far enough forward for occupation of the positions with relative
safety. In the meantime, mine removal parties and digging parties
were at work making preparations for occupation, and a single gun
was sent forward for the purpose of registering.
On the 8th when many of the enemy were commencing to with-
draw across the Meurth River, Headquarters and the firing batteries
moved to Neuf-Etang. Service Battery remained at Bru and the
Personnel Section at Rambervillers.
On November 9th control of the Battalion reverted to the
100th Division Artillery and it was given the mission of general
support of the Division (its nOrmaI III ission)) with the additional
mission of reinforcing the fires of the 375th Field Artillery Batta-
lion. Most of the time during this day, which was rainy like all of
the days since the 5th, was spent in improving the organization
of battery positions and, especially, in providing overhead cover
against possible enemy shelling.
It was on the 9th that the Battalion suffered its first two casual-
ties, both of whom were from the Battalion Medical Detachment.
The two men were on their way to the Clearing Station, and had
reached a point several hundred yards from the Battalion area when
they saw an infantryman, walking in file along the side of the paved
road, blown up by a Schu mine. They immediately went to the aid
of the injured man and, in doing so, were themselves wounded when
one of them stepped on a second mine. The area in which these men
10
NOVEMBER
were injured was one of (the most heavily mined areas ncar the
Battalion at any time during combat and accounted for a number
of other casualties (though not within the Battalion) in addition to
those just mentioned.
On the 10th the weather was very bad and visibility at the
two Battalion OPs, established on the previous day, was very poor.
Only occasionally could the observers see Raon L'Etape. As a result
little firing was done on this day and, indeed, there was little acti-
vity of any type within the sector. On the II th, however, this situa-
tion was completely reversed. The Battalion not only" fired l2 mis-
sions of its own, but was the ungrateful recipient of a number of
missions fired by the enemy.
The shelling received on "The II th" will long be remembered
by all the surviving members of the Battalion. A total of 104 rounds
were received within the Battalion position between the hours of
1126 and 2116. They were fired in varying from
3 to 30 rounds of estimated 75mm or 105mm caliber. Their net
result in casualties was one killed and six wounded. All of the
casualties were sustained on surprise initial rounds.
The amazing accuracy of the enemy fire, which shifted from
one battery to another with apparent ease, Jed to the suspicion that
it was observed. Particularly subject to suspicion was a Hasan plane
observed overhead on the occasion of some of the shellings, but a
complete check revealed that all the planes in the air on each occa-
sion were accounted for. A search by the infantry of the surroun-
cling wooeled hills also failed to reveal the presence of an observer.
Azimuths of shell craters were measured and shell reports were
sent through to the Corps Counterbattery Section which directed
fire on several suspected enemy battery positions, but on the 12th
11
NOVI:MBER
at to16 the enemy again put a concentration in the area, a total of
9 rounds of the same caliber as those received on the previous clay.
One man was killed on the first round, but no other casualties resul-
ted. More azimuths were measured and another shell "rep" was
sent to Corps who arranged for a 72-roulld TOT to be fired on
the suspected enemy battery. No further shelling was received after
this TOT \\ias fired.
Although hampered by intermittent rain, the Battalion fired a
number of missions on the 12th and 13th, many of which were
requested by forward observers of the 375th who reported the fire
in each case to be extremely effective in eliminating mortar posi-
tions and other strong points that were holding up the advance of
the infantry.
On the 14th a sniper with a machine pistol fired on a Battalion
guard post on two different occasions, but without inflicting casual-
tis. On the sallie day a reconnaissance was made of positions north
of Neuf-Etang, but riO plans for movement were formulated. There
was little firing on the 14th, but on the 15th Battalion took part in a
preparation fired in support of the renewal of the Division's attack
and, later, on that day, effective fires were placed on enemy mor-
tars, a command post, a factory strong ·point, and concentrations
of infantry. Also, on the 15th a new Battalion OP was established,
this time at St. Remy.
On the 16th the positions to the north of Neuf-Etang were further
reconnoitered following the receipt of orders to displace. At the
same time the Battalion's mission was changed to general support
with the additional mission of direct support of the 2nd Battalion
of the 398th Infantry Regiment which was holding a long line
running through the immense wooded area 011 the southwest bank
12

NOVEMBER
of the Meurth River, across from Raon L'Etape. The basic plan of
attack was now clear. While a relatively small force held the line
southwest of the river, the real strength of the Division was being
shifted to the north, and a flanking attack to the south and southeast
from Baccarat was being made on Raon L'Etape.
Orders were received on the 16th instructing the Battalion to
take over an observation post of the 375th, which was located in
the area held by the 2nd Battalion of the 398th. When this OP
was taken over on the 17th, it was discovered that all of the 2nd
Battalion except Company E had received orders during the night
to shift to the north. E Company had been attached to the 15th In-
fantry Regiment of the 3rd Infantry Division, which was then on
the 100th's right flank. This meant that only Company E and a
patrol from the 100th Reconnaissance Troop were along the 6000
yard front separating the 373rd from the enemy. However, this situa-
tion was not serious since rapid progress was being made south and.
east of Baccarat on the east side of the Meurth and the 3rd Division
on the right had driven all the way to the river. Nevertheless, the
already strong local security measures were further strengthened.
In accordance with the change in the organization of the infantry
ill front, the Battalion's mission was changed to general support
with the additional mission of direct support of Company E of the
3981h, an unusual arrangement dictated by the nature of the tactical
situation.
A registering howitzer from Baker was sent to the new position
north of Neuf-Etang, and a registration waS! obtained from that
position on the 17th. Later, after the registratio'n, the remainder of
Baker Battery displaced, followed on the next morning by Able,
Ch:lrlie, Headquarters, and the attached Anti-Aircraft Section (1st
13
...
NOVI:MBER
Platoon, Battery A, 898th AA 3n, attached at Neuf-Etang). The
positions occupied were in a narrow valley about 2000 yards SOllth-
west of Raon L'Etape which afforded practically no flash defilade
and only barely provided concealment from observation on the enemy-
held hills surrounding the town. In the occupation of the positions
a 21;2 Ton truck of the 898th struck an S-Mine, but no serious
casualties resulted. After occupation of position, Baker Battery had
onc man injured by a Schu mine.
Service Battery remained at Bru and the Personnel Section at
Rambcrvillers.
The 19th was 8 day marked by the firing of a preparation for
the infantry jump-off in the morning, followed by interdiction fires,
and later by a number of observed missions. On the 20th, as the
Division pushed on, the observation post taken over from the 375th
became extremely valuable and the observers there were able to
locate and direct fire on a number of profitable targets, particularly
in and around Moyenmoutier.
By the 20th, Raon L'Etape was securely in the hands of the
Division and the enemy had begun a headlong retreat up the Rabo-
cleat! River valley toward Senones. The German "winter line" in
the Vosges had been succeSSfully broken and the task then was to
exploit the victory to the fullest. With the 117th Cavalry on the
left and the 3rd Division on the right, the J OOth pushed on in hot
pursuit.
On the 21st the Battalion's howitzers were approaching the limit
of their range and, hence, a reconnaissance of positions farther for-
ward was made. The positions reconnoitered were \in thc area
between St. Blaise and Moyenmoutier and were adjacent to posi-
tions selected by the 938th Field Artillery Battalion, a Corps unit
14
NOVEMBER
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attached to Division Artillery, whose reconnaissance party accom-
panied the 373rd's. On the same day the Battalion OP overlooking
Moyenmoutier became valueless as a result of the enemy with-
drawal, and its abandonment was ordered. In the process of leaving
the OP, two of the party that had been serving there and the ~ Ton
vehicle ill which they were riding were blown up by a German "R"
(Regal) mine. One of the men was killed instantly, the other only
very slightly injured. The Jeep was demolished.
On the 22nd the Battalion displaced, the firing batteries going
into the positions selected between St. Blaise and Moyenmoutier
and Headquarters into St. Blaise proper. Service Battery was ordered
to reconnoiter a new position for forward displacement of its instal-
lations. C Battery registered from its new position, but there was
no other firing since the advance of the "doughs" was now so rapid
that the howitzers were out of range again shortly after the new
positions were occupied.
The 23rd of November was Thanksgiving Day, memorable for
its Turkey Dinner and bad weather. On this day a reconnaissance
was made of positions near Le Puid, but, because of the rapidity
of movement of the infantry, these positions were never occupied.
On the 24th, a reconnaissance was made of positions still farther
forward, and, upon the final selection of such positions, the Batta-
~ i o l l Commander radioed the Executive Officer to bring the Battalion
iorward. The new positions of the firing batteries were betwcen
LeSaulcy and Belva\. Headquarters was located at LeSaulcy and Ser-
vice moved to Senones. At all of these just-liberated villages thc
French people extended the Battalion the warmest possiOle welcomc.
At LeSaulcy and Belval the Battalion once again found the
"No Fire Line" too far out in front for firing and, consequently,
15
NOVEMBER
early on the morning of the 25th, a reconnaissance party pushed
on farther to the east through a Iluge gap in the mountains and
selected positions near Diesbach in Alsace. Displacement of the
Battalion took place on the same day over the high Hantz Pass
and through the prepared, but never occupied, German defensive
positions in the mountains. The Battalion CP on this occasion was
located at Fouuay On the road that leads north and northeast to
Strassbourg.
The "ratrace" continued, and as a result the Battalion fired no
missions on the 25th. On the 26th a reconnaissance (oward Lutzel-
haus was made to bring the Battalion within range again, and dis-
placement was scheduled for JOJ 5. Orders were changed, however,
and the information was received that the Division would not con-
tinue the pursuit to the north. Later, orders to move to the rear
came down, and in the afternoon the Battalion marched back to
La Petite Raon. All of the Batteries were quartered here except
Service which remained at Senones..
At Petite Raon it was learned that the Division had been pulled
out of action for transfer to the north, to another sector.
About 0230 on the 27th the Battalion received orders concer-
ning the Divisions's movement north to Sarrebourg and at 0630
quartering parties left for Raon L'Etape where they met a represen-
tative oj" the Division. At 1625 the Battalion hit the lP (initial point)
and the march to the Sarrebourg area was completed without acci-
dent or casualties, although the crowded condition of the roads,
clogged with French rej"ugees as well as with military traffic of all
types, did cause many halts and delays. Before the Battalion finally
closed into its new area, night had fallen and the long column had
to move under black-out conditions. Headquarters, Able, Baker, and
[6
NOVEMBER/DECEMBER
Service Batteries went into Hesse, a village south of Sarrebourg,
while Charlie Battery went into nearby (mling.
Except for the 397-374 Combat Team which was almost imme-
diately attached to the 45th Division and committed to action, the
JDOth Division, then assigned to the 15th Corps, remained in Corps
Reserve in the Sarrebourg area until December 1st. During this
reriod the Battalion spent most of the time on maintenance, cleaning
up, and resting. On the 28th Service Battery moved to Reiding, a
village east of Sarrebourg, where an Ammunition Supply Point was
established and to which, with the aiel of 22 Quartermaster trucks,
the more than 3100 rounds of ammunition left at Senones were
Slll!ttled.
On the 1st of December, instructions were issued by Division
Artillery that the Battalion would move to a forward assembly area
on the next morning, but a shod time later such instructions were
rescinded, and the Battalion Commander was advised that the Battalion
was being attached to the 208th Field Artillery Group - for op.era-
tions only. The 208th Group was a medium artillery group of the
XV Corps, which had been given the mission of reinforcing the
fires of the Division Artillery, anel which had been attached to the
Division for that purpose.
On the 2nd at December, in accordance with orders received
from Group Headquarters on the previous day, a reconnaissance
was made for firing positions in the vicinity of Lohr. While the
reconnaissance was being made, the Battalion commenced its march
to the north in accordance with the Division March Schedule,
following guides_ which the Battalion Commander had left along the
route taken by the reconnaissance party. firing battery positions
WCre occupied near Lahr, and Headquarters went into Schaenburg.
17
DECEMBER
Service Battery remained at Reiding. The Personnel Section was still
at Rambervil1ers, but moved the next day to Sarrebourg.
Reconnaissance for observation failed to reveal suitable OPs, but
registrations were obtained by the use of air observers and during
the night five interdicting missions were fired. Just before midnight
on the 2nd about 15 enemy shells of light caliber landed very near
Baker and Charlie Batteries and about 40 additional rounds landed
some 400 yards to the northwest, but no casualties were sustained.
As the Division attack started - on the 3rd of December -
few missions were fired due to Jack of observation, bad weather,
and the uncertainty of the front linc situation. A reconnaissance in
the vicinity of Puberg was made, but the only orders received con-
cerning displacement were countermanded almost immediately after
their receipt.
At dawll on the 4th the Battalion displaced forward, following
advance parties which had left an hour before daylight. Able Bat-
tery had two guns stuck in the deep mud at its position and Baker
had one gUll temporarily immobilized by a broken spade-lock pin,
but the delays occasioned were slight in each case. The firing bat-
teries went into position south of Puberg, and Headquarters went
into La Petite Pierre. Service Battery remained at. Reiding.
Registrations were obtained after occupation of the new position
on the 4th of December, and 12 missions, mostly interdiction and
counterbattery, were fired. The next day was a day of even more
active firing and a total of 45 missions, exclusive ot registrations,
were fired. Many of these missions were adjusted by light battalion
forward observers, but the majority of them consisted of "road-
runners" and night interdiction missions. Fire Direction Center and
the howitzer sections were busy throughout the night.
18

DECEMBER
The Battalion's mission on December 5th continued to be general
support, but in addition it was given the mission of reinforcing the
fires of the 925th Field Artillery Battalion and, a Hason party was
sent to the 925(h in iccordance with SOP.
On the 6th the 208th Group ordered a forward reconnaissance
for positions in the vicinity of Sarreinsberg and adequate positions
were finally located, although the large number of artillery reconnais-
sance parties working in the same area made the task of selecting
positions a relatively difficult one. During the day and night of the
6th, the Battalion fired 26 missions, most of them interdiction fires
on Group order.
On the 7th the Battalion took part in a preparation for the con-
tinuation of the Division attack toward Bitche, while advance par-
ties went forward to the new positions to prepare them for occupa-
tion. Shortly before noon, the Battalion was alerted by the 208th
Group to displace as soon as road clearance could be obtained.
Clearance was obtained within an hour and at 1300 the Battalion
displaced in the order Hq, C, A, B with Baker having considerable
difficutty in extricating several of its howitzers from the heavy mud
On the steep slope of its po.sition. After an uneventful march, the
three firing batteries went into position south of Sarreinsburg. while
Headquarters Battery established the Battalion Command Post in
nearby Althorn. Service Battery displaced from Reiding to La Petite
Pierre, occupying the CP just vacated by Headquarters.
December 8th was a day of great activity. As the Division moved
ahead to probe the outer defenses of the Maginot Une. the Batta-
lion participated in several scheduled preparations, a number of ob-
served missions by light battalion forward observers, and 30 inter-
uiction missions on the the enemy's lines of communication.
19
DECEMBER
One ot the chief problems confronting the Battalion at this time
was that of observation. The enemy in withdrawing was able to
choose his terrain and accordingly took advantage of the high ground
that offered the best observation. On the other -hand, the Battalion,
left with inferior terrain, was unable to locate suitable OPs and was
compelled to rely upon light battalion observers and, especially,
upon air observers for registratiolls. In an effort to improve the
situatioll, a short base was established which permitted registration
by high burst methods up to about 7500 yards, but bad weather
and the resulting poor visibility made registration by any method
difficult.
The night of the 8th was a night of alarms, most of them for-
tunately false. A report was received at the Battalion CP (arter
having passed through several hands) that Charlie Battery was
being shelled. Immediate checks by telephone proved that only one
shell had fallen, and that one at a considerable distance from the
Battery. Able and Baker Batteries both 'reported that an enemy flare
had been set off within 150 yards of their positions, but upon inve-
stigation, the "flare" proved to be an enemy white phosphorous shell
which landed just over the hill from !he Battery positions. Other
"flares" reported by adjacent units proved to be of a similar
character.
Almost immediately after the report of "flares", the Battalion
was notified by Division Artillery that another artillery battalion a
little larther forward than the 373rd had received $mall arms fire.
About the same time, the guard in Headquarters Battery's motor
park telephoned in a report that small arms fire from a nearby
wooded area had come into the motor park. However, since the
local security set-up in the area was !'trengthencd by the presence
20
DECEMBER
of a number of friendly tanks, little alarm was felt and the remainder
of the night was quiet except for the usual and reassuring night-
long blasts of friendly guns.
December 9th was another day of preparations, interdictions, and
observed missions. High burst registrations were obtained, but poor
visibility prevented the air observers from obtaining the long range
registrations necessary for accurate unobserved firing on the strong
fortifications of the Maginot Line. As a result of one of the observed
missions in which the Battalion took part - a TOT on the objec-
tive of an Infantry Battalion tilat was having trouble - the Infantry
Battalion Commander concerned personally 'telephoned the Division
Artillery COlllmander to thank him for the splendid support given,
stating that it had enabled his battalion simpry to walk up on its
objective.
The Division having taken its intermediate objectives on the 9th,
the infantry on the 10th was reorganizing, and consequently not
very many missions were fired On the 10th by the Battalion.
Tile Battalion's mission continuee! to be general support, but
its reinforcing mission was changed from the 925th to the 375th.
This change was occasioned by a change in the role of tile infantry
regiments of the Division. The 3981h Infantry Regiment, directly
supported by the 375th, was to bear the burden of continuing the
attack and, accordingly, was given priority on the fires of the
l3a t tal iOll.
With the continuation of the Division's attack on the 11 th, artil-
lery suprort was again greatly in demand and a number of missions
were fired. The most interesting mission of the clay was fired for
the Company Commander of Company L, 398th Infantry, who suc-
cessfully adjusted the Battalion on enemy flak gUlls and machine
21
DECEMBER
pistol groups that were inflicting c a s u ~ l t j c s on his company. The
Company Commander had become separated from his artillery ob-
server in the confusion, anel undertook the adjustment himself only
because of the exigencies of the situation. The enemy was effecti-
vely silenced by the Battalion's fire, and the company was able to
continue its advance.
On the 12th of December, th.e Battalion participated in several
small preparations for attacks to secure jump-off 'positions against
the Maginot Line and in several counterbattery missions. Also, wire
was laid to a Battalion OP that had been established on the pre-
ceding day.
On the 13th as"the Division continued its steady progress through
the rough terrain leading up to the Maginot Line at Bitche, the
question arose as to when and to what positions the Battalion would
displace forward. The problem was complicated by the lack of
suitable ground for positions and by the great number of artillery
uhits that had to be moved into the same general area,. Finally,
orders were received to displace to either of two sets of positions
near Lemberg. The positions were then occupied by the 925th and
by the 250th F. A, Battalions, and the 373rd's displacement was
made conditional upon the vacation of such positions by either or
both of the units just mentioned. Neither the 925th nor the 250tIJ
had any plans for immediate movement and, hence, the Battalion
stayed put, firing but a few missions, and enabling the howitzer
sections, the battery executives, and the fire direction personnel, who
had been fIring day and night, to get a little rest.
Reconnaissance was made of forward positions on the morning
of the 14th, but no orders were received concerning displacement,
since the 925th and 250th showed no signs of moving out. In the
22
DECEM BER
afternoon, the 208th Group ordered the Battalion to remain in the
position it then occupied in order to take part in the preparation
scheduled for the next morning's attack on the Maginot Line. The
night of the 14th was one of very active firing.
The attack on the Maginot scheduled for the 15th did not take
place, and, therefore, the planned preparation was not fired, lnstead,
the Battalion displaced to new positions south of Lemberg. Able
and Charlie Batteries were located in the open, and Baker in the
edge of some woods in an old French artillery position, The Battalion
CP was located in Lemberg, but because of the croweled condition
of the town, the remainder of Headquarters went into a nearby val-
ley. Service Battery remained in La Petite Pierre until the 16th,
when it. moved to Wingen.
While all battery positions were swept of mines, S-mines were
discovered between Baker and Charlie Batteries when three signal-
men from another unit were injured. Baker Battery removed a num-
ber of Stapf plastic mines from its position.
Again on the 16th, a scheduled attack on the Maginot Line was
callee! off. More fire plans were received, more ammunition brought
up, the Battalion OP alerted, and again the Battalion was ready,
but once more the attack was postponed.
Finally, on the 17th, after a night of extremely intense firing,
tile Division launched its attack and the Battalion had the greatest
day of firing that it had all e1uring combat. More than 500 rounds
were expended in less than three hours during the preparation pre-
ceding the infantry's jump-off. After the preparation was over, TOTs,
air and other observed missions, and counterbattery fires brought the
total number of rounds fired in the 24 hour period of this day up to
1123. Sixty-one 11l issiol1s in all were fi red.
23
DECEMBER
One of the interesting developments in connection with the firing
on the Maginot Line was the lack of effect of medium and even of
heavy artillery on the strong concrete fortifications. The 155mm pro-
jectiles of the Battalion's howitzers simply bounced off and even
8-inch howitzer shells did little damage. It was readily apparent
that the Maginot forts could not simply be blown apart by artillery.
On the 18th the Battalion continued its firing on the Maginot forts,
particularly on fort Schiesseck, and on a number of enemy batteries.
It was an active day, though the firing was not as heavy as it had
been on the previous day. The next day was very much the same,
as the infantry continued its costly way through the Line, fort by fort.
Finally, on the 20th it looked as though the Division was just about
through the main part of the line, and a coordinated attack being plan-
ned was expected to result in a break-through. The Battalion at this
time was giving its utmost in the way of support to the infantry,
firing everything from large-scale preparations to few-round harass-
ing missions, and hope was high that the Battle of the Maginot
would soon be won.
On the 20th the Division Artillery Executive visited the Batta-
lion CP and, in addition to discussing plans for the immediate
future, gave further news of the big enemy offensive in the 1st Army
Sector. On the 21st of December, shortly before 0100 the Battalion
Commander was notified to attend a Unit Commander's Call at 0600.
At this conference he was informed that the Division was to relieve
the 44th Division which was on the 100th's Jeft, as well as to hold
most of its own line, and was to take lip a strong defensive posi-
tioll. The Battalion was released from attachment to the 208th Group,
and as of 1200 on tile 21st reverted to Division Artillery control with
the mission of general support.
24
DECEMBER
In accordance with orders from Division Artillery, a reconnais-
sance was made for positions in the vicinity of Rohrbach, and a
registration was obtained by the single howitzer sent forward for that
purpose. However, as it was late and the roads were jammed with
heavy traffic, Charlie Battery displaced to the new positions, arri-
ving there after dark and being temporarily attached to the 374th Field
Artillery Battalion which was in the area. Despite the plans made
for movement and the complete change in the situation as a result
of the enemy's Ardennes offensive, the Battalion's activity 011 the 21st
followed the pattern of the preceding busy days and many success-
ful missions were fired.
At 0200 on the 22nd, Division Artillery ordered the Battalion not
to displace the other batteries to the positions near Rohrbach, but
to select other positions near IMaierJing. Accordingly reconnais-
sance parties feft at daybreak and located positions in what had
been part of the 44th Division's sector, in bare treeless country,
quite unlike the wooded terrain to which the Battalion had become
accustomed. As soon as roael clearance could be obtained, Able,
Baker, and Headquarters displaced, and when Able and Baker
were laid and ready to fire, Charlie Battery reverted to Battalion
control and was ordered to move to the new area. The Battalion CP
was located in Guisberg, and Service Battery moved from Wingen
to Butten. Personnel was still at Sarrebourg with Division Rear.
The 23rd, a day of moderate firing, was spent chiefly in organi-
zing tile new positions and in reconnoitering for OPs. That night
Division Artillery directed that a reconnaissance be made for new
howitzer positions nearer Guisberg ancl, on the next morning, new
positions were selected. However, just as the firing batteries were
about to disprace, Division Artillery ordered that the movement be
25
o [ C HI BER
called off Jlld that positions a little farther to till' rear, IIL'ar Mont-
bronn, Iw recollllOitered. Baker and Charlie Balteries moved near
Montl)rolln upon selection of positions, but Able, due to a lack of
gl)()d positions in tile Montbronn area was located ncar Guisberg.
I ieal.iquarters planned to move to MOlltbronn, but because of the
crowded condition of tile town postponed its diplacel11ent until the
:l<:Xt day. In the meantime, the 375th Battalion Headquarters, which
was to take over the GuislJerg CP upon the 373r(I's displacement,
ilIoved in with the Battalion for the night.
At 0001 on Christmas Day the Battalion greeted the enemy by
participating in Division Artillery and Corps TOT's on all known
110stile battery positions. The next Illorning tIle Battalion was begin-
ning to settle clown in its new positions when Qrclers were received
that a reconnaissance would be made southwest of MontlJronn for
Ilew positions. New positions were selected, but plans for displace-
mellt to them were called off when orders came down requiring still
<lnotller reconnaissance, in the Enchenberg area, where more posi-
tions were finally located. However, no movemcnt was made by
Headquarters or the firing batteries 011 Christmas, and tile llarried
reconnaissance parties were eventually able to enjoy tile turkey pro-
vided for Cilristmas dinncr. During the day the 375th CP was moved
back to its former location ancl the 373r(l's Service Battery, ordered
by Division to move Ollt of Butten to make room for the 398th in-
fantry, displaced to Weisslingen. Seventeen missions were fired by
the Battalion 011 Christmas Day.
On tile morning of tile 26til, Baker and Charlie movecl closer to
Able, into positions near Encilenberg, aIIII once again the Battalion
was all together in the same area. During the clay organization of
positions was pressecl and reconnaissance for OPs was made. The
26
D E C E ~ I B r R
Battalion's attaclled AA Platoon was alerted for possibll' ;-lir attacks.
And, presumably to take care of the threat from enemy parachutists
and saboteurs reported in the Division Area, orders were issued by
Division Artillery to establish road blocks on all main road within
the sector
On the 27th two OPs were located, but, due to a shortage of
wlire, a line could be laicl to only one of them. The other had to
depend on radio for communications. Firing during the day was light,
and there were only five missions, all harassing. The night was quiet
except for the occasional presence of enemy reconnaissance planes
overhead.
The 28th was a day of increased, though still not great, activity.
One mission achieved direct hits on two pillboxes occupied by enemy
personnel, and another knocked out a machine gun position. During
the afternoon, there was intense air activity with many flights of
American heavy bombers passing overhead en route to Germany.
One of them, apparently crippled by flak beyond the frontier, retur-
ned, anel, flying at a low altitude over Baker Battery's position jetti-
soned some of its bomb load not far from the howitzer positions.
Fortunately, however, no one in the battery was injured. The plane
crashed a few miles farther to the rear.
On the 29th, as a result of increased enemy air activity, much
emphasis was placed on improving the camouflage of the Battalion.
In addition, several missions were fired, one of them ending with tlle
destruction of an enemy tank and another successfully wreaking
havoc Oil what appeared to be an enemy chow line.
The 30th, a clay of little activity, was marked by renewed alert-
ness to enemy aircraft, the result of strafing witnessed near the Batta-
lion area by what appeared to be P-47s. Intelligence reports received
27
DECEMBER/JANUARY
on the next day revealed Ihal Ihe planes were Al1lerica-n P-47s which
had been captured by the enemy, that some of the planes bore
American 1l1arkings and others German.
The last day of the year was quiet, but the enemy commenced
the New Year witll a strong attack, one of the attacks designed to
withdraw pressure from the Ardennes Sector where the First and
Third American Armies were gathering strength. As the infantry
wif'hdrew, a considerable amount of small arms fire could be heard
110t too far from tile Battalion position, and the ohserving party at
the OP was ordered to return. III the morning eight enemy shells lan-
ded in Baker Battery's position, and in tile afternoon both Able and
Baker were strafed by a P-47, presumably enemy-operated. During
[he strafing, the Battalion's machine gunners and the attached AA Pla-
toon opened-up on the attacking plane, but without apparent success.
Late in the afternoon, the Battalion Commander reported to Divi-
sion Artillery Headquarters. There he was told that the situation
was seriolls, that while the Division had beaten off all attacks frol11
the front, the cavalry unit protecting the Division and Corps right
flank had been severely mauled and had been pusheel back so far
that the entire flank of the Division was exposed. The Battalion was
instructed to prepare for a movement to previously reconnoi1erccl
rear-positions. Preparations for such a movement were made and
efforts to obtain 5-2 information were greatly increased.
On the 2nd, personnel from the Battalion 5-2 Section went on a
"milk-run", as their information-gathering jaunts from one installa-
tion to another were called, and found that the enemy's progress
on the rigllt was continuing. The enemy had now driven a deep
salient into the section of the line to the right of the Division, and
the Battalion was ordered to displace by battery to positions near
28
JANUARY
Montbronn. The displacement was made under the extreme diffi-
culty caused by the presence of snow Jnd ice on the roads. Also,
Able Battery was strafed by a P-47 with American markings, and
Baker was forced to locate another position when it found a battery
of a separate battalion in the position it intended to occupy. Never-
theless, the Battalion kept two batteries firing at all times and the
clear weather enabled the air observers to make the enemy pay a
staggering price in men and material for every foot of groLlnd gained.
By the 3rd, a combat team of the 36th Division had arrived to
reinforce the Division, but the disintegration of the cavalry unit all
the Division's right flank had left a huge gap between the lOath Divi-
sion, and the 45th Division, the left flank Division of the VI Corps. The
45th at this time was making an effort to close the gap, but their pro-
g r ~ s s in the face of strong resistance was exceedingly slow.
The 3rd of January was a day of active firing for the Battalion.
One mission received through two radios and one switchboard was
fired for a lone observer of the harel-hit 117th Reconnaissance Squa-
dron. He and the isolated group of men with him had sighted a
column of enemy tanks advancing up a draw toward them and were
most direly in need of help. The Battalion's first volley was the
answer to their prayers. The lead tank was destroyed and the others
were dispersed in confusion. Later, during the night the Battalion
routed two additional enemy attacks, besides firing a number of
usual interdiction and harassing missions.
As day broke on the 4th, the situation still left much to be
desired. In addition to maintaining pressure on the Division's right
flank, the enemy had penetrated fairly deeply into the positions held
by the 44th Division on the left flank. The lOath, however, merely
rounded off its flanks and held firm, declining to withdraw. It was at
29
JANUARY
this time that the small, but fierce, battle of Rimling took place.
A "milk-run" on the 4th by the Assistant 5-2 of the Battalion
discovered that the enemy had cut the road on which he had travel-
led the previous day and that they were then in possession of Win-
gen, thereby seriously menacing the Division's rear. This vitally
important information was promptly sent to Division Artillery and
Division t leadquarters, where it was received with incredulity since
there had been no previous reports to indicate that the enemy had
taken this ground.
Later, it was learned that the enemy had also taken the high
ground near Meisenthal which looked down on Able Battery's posi-
tion. Able accordingly moved to an alternate position providing
concealment and flash defilade.
With the news that the entire 36th Division was being b r o u ~ h t
forward to reinforce the line and that a Combat Command of the
2nd French Armored Division would bolster the 44th, the situation
began to look more hopeful. The Battalion all during this period
was firing night and day. Its mission was general support with the
additional mission of reinforcing the fires of the 131 st field Artillery
Battalion, part of the first combat team of the 36th Division to arrive
in the sector.
Early on the morning of the 5th instructions were received that
the Battalion was to move back to its original positions near Guis-
berg. Apparently, the 100th Division was making room for the 36th
to attack east and seal off the hostile force that had penetrated so
deeply on the right. Able Battery was ready to displace at dawn,
but was delayed because of a reported tank threat. When A did move
at 0800 a great deal of trouble was caused by the icy roads. The
tractors proved to have practically no side-wise stability and conse-
30
JANUARY
quently skidded and slipped allover the road. The march, which
under ordinary circumstances would have taken less than a half-
hour, took almost four hours. As a result of Able's difficulty, the
other 1iring batteries were routed over a more level, though tacti-
cally more dangerous, road.
Headquarters went into Guisberg which was also occupied by
the 399th Regimental Headquarters.
January 5th and 6th were quiet days and little firing was done.
On the 7th, however, the Battalion fired a number of missions and,
in addition, received from the enemy some 60 rounds of estimated.
I05mm shells with a center of impact within 150 yards of Baker
Battery's howitzer positions. Luckily, all personnel were well pro-
tected in their dug-outs anel no casualties resulted.
When the 36th Division came into the line, the left boundary
of the 100th was changed. This made it necessary for the Battalion's
Service Batlery to move from Weisslingen. The move was made to
Harskirchen, a village a few kilometers west of Sarre-Union and
more than an hour's drive from Ouisberg .
The 8th was relatively a quiet day, but the 9tl1 saw an appre-
ciable increase in activity, consisting for the most part of unobserved
fires. During tile early part of the night the Germans presented
A Battery with 12 unwelcome rounds of medium and heavy artillery,
later identified as 1551111ll and 170111m, fired- from two different direc-
tions. The fire was thought to be the result of sound and/or flash
ranging and was extremely accurate. Again, the Battalion was for-
tunate in having no casualties.
On the 10th shortly before the noon meal, the enemy placed 55
rounds of 170rnm within the Battalion area without inflicting casual-
ties or doing any damage other than cratering the hard-frozen ground
31
JANUARY
-----.-.. _---
with shell holes averaging 12 feet across and 5 feet in depth. Reports
passed down later from Higher Headquarters indicated that the
] 70m111 guns responsible for the firing were in position about 30,000
yards away, out of range of any friendly artillery pieces Oll the Corps
hont. The plan, according to the report received, was to have the Air
Corps attack the suspected position.
At about 2100 on the 11 th of January Headquarters Battery was
the recipient of some 49.rounds oi J0511l1ll enemy shell-fire with a
center oi impact about 200 yards from the Battery and Battalion CPs.
Luckily, again, there were no casualties, although a pyramidal tent
vacated for the shelter of a fox hole by machine gun security post
personnel was cut to shreds by the fragments of iuze-quick projec-
tiles. During the night 21 more rounds came in, but still no great
damage was done.
The Battalion's firing on the 10th had been moderately heavy,
but on the 11 th it decreased considerably, and on the next few
succeeding days it was comparatively light. The Division was still
On the defensive and was digging in, and apparently the enemy WctS
doing the same. In preparing defensive positions it was necess3.ry
for all the troops in the area to use dynamite charges to blast holes
in the frozen ground, so despite the lull in firing there was still
plenty of explosive noise in the sector and, sometimes, an abundance
of debris flying through the air.
On the 14th experiment's which had been carried on ior several
days to determine the best method of camouflaging gun positions
were concluded. After tests with normal nets, white-garnished nets,
ane! a system without nets all observed irorn the air, it was decided
that the system without nets in which the pieces were covered Witll
tied-down white muslin was the best. The only suggestion made
32
"
JANUAjl.Y
W(lS that the other section installations, in addition to the howitzer
itseli, be covered with either white cloth or snow,
On the 15th ill conjunction with the 399th Infantry in Guisberg,
tile Battalion held a rehearsal of defensive measures to be put into
effect in the event of enemy infiltration. Only a few fire missions
were fired on the 14th and 15th.
On the 1(Sth the Battalion and Battery Commanders and their
parties spent most of the day on reconnaissance for positions to be
occupied in the event the Division was compelled to withdraw to
certain prepared defensive lines. Positions were selected north of Rah-
ling and Lorentzen. OP locations were also chosen.
About 2100 on the 16th Baker Battery received a concentration
of about 60 rounds of 105mm fire. Telephone lines in the Battery
position were cut in several places, but most of the personnel were
sheltered in their deep dugouts at the time and were not injured as
a result of the fire. There was no damage other than the quickly-
repaired wire lines. In accordance with established procedure in such
cases, a shell report was sent in and a short time afterwards Corps
placed a TOT on the suspected enemy l)atlcry position with the
373rd participaling.
It snowed hard all during the day on the 171h and there was
lillIe firing. However, further reconnaissance was made to the rear for
additional positions to be occupied in the event of the Division's with-
drawal, and survey operations in the selected rear-positions were
commenced.
Baker Battery on the 18th displaced to positions close to Mont-
bronn as soon as the 155th Field Artillery Battalion of the 36th Divi-
sion vacatecl them. The 36th Division, complete, was then in the
process of being transferred to the hard-pressed Haguenau sector.
33
JANUARY
After Baker had moved, additional orders were received from Divi-
sion Artillery requiring the movement of the remainder of the Batta-
lion to the Montbronn area on the next morning.
On the 19th the Battalion was settled with all of its batteries in
the general vicinity of Montbronn except Service which remained at
Harskirchen. Headquarters and the Battalion CP were set up in an
olel group of warehouses in a wooded area southwest of the town, a
position occupied for most of the next two months.
The snow already on the ground was increased in depth by addi-
tional snows On the 19th and 20th, both quirt days insofar as firing
and enemy activity were concerned. On the 20th, however quite a
bit of excitement was created by a crippled B-17 which noisely
circled the area several times before nosing into a dive and crashing
a short distance away. The incident was reported in the S-2 Bulletin,
daily prepared by the Assistant S-2, as follows:
"The fortress, flying very low, first circled over the area, leav-
ing a long string of open parachutes behind. The ninth chute in
the string opened over ,B' Battery, and the great plane, evidently
out of control, roared around in a great arc and disappeared into
the hill above ,e Battery, a tremendous cloud of smoke marking
its grave.
"The pilot landed in a tree near ,B' Battery, and was taken
to the Battery CP, where a few drinks turned him into a very
cheerful individual. On the way back to Division Headquarters,
he told the story of his flight.
"The B-17 had left England at 0930, along with many others,
and had dropped its bombs at a bridge across the Rhine. There
hard luck set in. They had to run the ack-ack three times, because,
the target was hard to see. When they left, both inboard engines
34
o
JANUARY
were dead. Most instruments went with them, because they were
driven by their power. Snow on the windshield made it impossible
to see. The plane lost altitude steadily. Near Petit Rederching,
the pilot ordered the crew to jump, while he circled. All jumped.
Then he went out, and the plane crashed.
"It was the pilot's first mission, His biggest surprise: that he
was so close to the front lines when he landed. His biggest worry;
that he would have to pay for the plane. Even with Air Forces
pay that would take quite some time."
The 21 st of January was another day marked by bad weather,
and most of the time during the day was spent in digging-in the
howitzers, preparing ammunition pits, and constructing dugouts
rather than in firing. Between J725 and 1820, 22 rounds of light
amI heavy caliber enemy shells fell in the vicinity of Charlie Bat-
lery, some of them within the battery position. One dud of 170 mm
caliber bounced off the parapet of the Number 2 Howitzer and kicked
up enough of the hard-frozen earth to injure a cannoneer. About
the same time another man was scratched by a fragment from a bur-
sting shell, but was not thereby prevented from carrying on his
duties. No additional casualties were sustained.
At about 0230 on the 22nd C Battery received more hostile
shell-fire, five rounds of 170mm, but again no damage was done.
Although the 22nd was cold, visibility was much improved and the
liason planes adjusted the Battalion effectively on several profitable
targets. Numerous infantry in the open were put out of action and
two enemy tanks were destroyed by direct hits.
Snow fell intermittently from the 23rd through the 26th and
there was lilte firing and little activity of any sort. However, on
35

JANU ARY/FEBRUARY
the 25th direct hits were obtained on two buildings suspected of
housing enemy CPs. and unobserved fires were placed on Bitche and
the surrounding road net. On the 26th, the Germans put 20 rOllnds
of heavy artillery in the Battalion area, but without the desired results.
The days from the 28th to the 31 st of January inclusive were
all relatively quiet. Except on the 29th almost all of the missions
were unobserved because of the poor visibility incident to the pre-
vailing bad weather. On the 29th, several missions were fired all
ellemy vehicles and troops by the air observers with good effect.
Also, a reported enemy rest area consisting of a number of houses
was fired on with white phosphorous and five of the buildings were
left burning. Shortly after noon on the 29th the area adjacent to tIle
Battalion was strafed by several ME 109s accompanied by two P-5Is.
One of the enemy planes was brought down.
Toward the end of January an unseasonable thaw took place,
and by the 1st of February Charlie Battery was forced by the mud
• and water to move from its valley position to higher ground. As the
thaw continued, the entire Montbronn area developed into what
amounted to a sea of mud. Fortunately, during this time there were
no tactical moves to be made and the muddy roads and fields were
more a matter of inconvenience than anything else.
From the I st of February through the II th of March the Batta-
lion remained in the Montbronn area, except for a week's stay at
Harskirchen with Service Battery in the case of each of the fjring
batteries. This was a period memorable chiefly for its inactivity.
During most of this time, the Battalion was limited to firing 15 rounds
per gUll per day, and sometimes not even this small allotment was
fired. The Division's front-line infantry, still chargcLl with a defen-
sive mission, made little effort to change the lines that had become
36
FEBRUARY
so well established during the first part of January, and the enemy,
likewise, was content to let things remain as they were. The chief
struggle was with the mud and the cold, with bad weather rather
than with the enemy.
Occasionally the German artillery would place a few rounds in the
area, although the average number of rounds falling in the entire Divi-
sion sector during the period was considerably less than the [ow
number of 50 rounds per day. On the 7th of february, 36 rounds
. .
were dropped into Montbronn, but no casualties resulted. Most of
the enemy fire throughout the time in question was of an harrassing
nature, as the enemy lacked the ammunition (according to the best
0-2 reports) required for tme counterbattery and destruction mis-
sions. While rounds sometimes fell in artillery positions, including
the Battalion's, more frequently enemy fire was directed at cross-
roads and at the front-line elements.
Since poor visibility as a result of bad weather was the rule,
and also because the terrain did not afford, adequate observation,
most of the missions fired were unobserved. Many missions were
fired time and time again. Bitche with its Citadel, Bismark Barracks,
and College; Camp de Bitche; Reyersviller; and Mouterhouse, to
mention a few, were targets that were fired on regularly and became
known to everyone.
From time to time, as the weather permitted, fighter-bombers
also attacked Bitche and other front-line localities. On such occa-
sions the Battalion, together with the other units of Division Artil-
lery, customarily placed fire on known enemy anti-aircraft positions,
thus making it extra-hazardous for the personnel charged with
bringing down the planes to perform tlleir mission. Tn addition, the
light battalions frequently fired red smoke shells to guide the bom-
37



fEBRUARY /MARCH
bers onto their targets. On onc occasion, following a careful study
of the locations of enemy flak installations, red smoke was fired into
the surrounding area as though in preparation for an air-attack, and
then, after sufficient time had passed to insure that the enemy had
come into the open to man the flak gUliS, heavy concentrations were
placed on them.
Some oi the missions fired eluring this period are worth men-
tioning. Most of them are more or less typical of the sort of firing
elone by the Battalion throughout combat. On February 10th, two
houses in ReyersviJler suspected of being enemy CPs were set ablaze
by direct hits with White Phosphorous, and on the 22ml, in the
same locality, three target hits were obtained on a house containing
enemy troops. On the 24th, an enemy-occupied pillbox was COIll-
pletely destroyed in a 12-round mission that included 6 direct hits.
On the 28th, one of the few days clear enough for the planes to fly,
a German flak gun fired On one of the artillery [jason planes, some-
thing that German AA gunners were generally wise enough not to do.
The result was that the plane adjusted the Battalion on the flak instal-
lation and effectively silenced the gun.
On March 3rd, 9 direct hits were obtained in 20 rounds fired on
an enemy CP in Schwangerbach, an outstanding example of the Bat-
t.:lIion's superior accuracy in firing.
Able Battery stayed at Harskirchen cleaning and maintaining
equipment from February 19th to the 25th, Charlie from the 26th to
March 4th, and Baker from March 5th to the II tho Able and Charlie
occupied new positions On their return, Baker went back to its old
location.
It was while the Battalion was at Montbronn that the pass system
was put into effect and the Battalion was given quotas for "rest"
38
MARCH
trips to Paris, Nancy, and Brussels. Movies were shown nightly at
the schoolhouse in Montbronn, and a portable shower was made
available to tile Battalion. Church services were held regularly at
Division Artillery Headquarters. These things, and the knowledge
that a push would probably be stJgecl when the weather permitted,
tended to make the long inactive days more bearable.
Also, during this period, new sights were placed on carbines and
a range was established for zeroing them in. "Artificial moonlight",
an aid to infantry action at night, was being experimented with on
the front Jines and accounted for the weird glow sornetimes observed
in the cloudy skies over the front. The light battalions were having
some slight success in obtaining the surrender of enemy troops by
firing propaganda leaflets into the hostile lines. The radar-principled
posit fuze, with its "automatic" height of burst and with no powder
train time-limit to cut down the range at which air bursts could be
obtained, made its appearance in the Battalion ammunition pits and
was frequently used. Prisoner of war reports indicated that the new
fuze was most effective.
The enemy, too, was trying some new things. Heavy rocket pro-
jecUes, from 210mm to 380mm in caliber, occasionally fell in the
forward part of the Division sector to which their short range limi-
ted thelll. Occasionally, overhead, fhe long vapor-trail of a German
jet-propelled could be seen.
In addition to the things just mentioned, everyone will long
remember the beautiful vapor-streaked formations of highflying f o r ~
tresses and Liberators which on clear days, could be observed pas-
sing overhead, the frequent "early bursts" from posit fuzes which
could be heard nightly over Montbronn, the huge glass factory at
MARCH
nearby Sf. Louis, and many other particularities that came to be
associated with the Montbronn area.
On the 9th of March, the Corps Commander, the Division Com-
mander, and the Division Artillery Commander all visited Able Bat-
tery's position, and were most lavish in their praise of it. Able did
have an ideal set-up. All of the pieces were cleverly concealed and
camouflaged so as to blend with the surrounding terrain and with
the combination farm-mill buildings to which they were adjacent.
Since it was impossible to dig and maintain dry foxholes and dugouts
in the water-soaked ground, strong log parapets were construc-
ted for the protection of personnel at the position. The steep hills
rising above the location provided excellent defilade.
Early in March the rumors concerning a push by the Seventh Army
became stronger, and by the 10th. in accordance with orders frol\\
Division Artillery, a reconnaissance was made by the Batfalion of
position areas closer to the front lines, and on the 11 th orders were
received to move 2000 rounds immediately into a dump to be estab-
lished in the Montbronn region, a job that Service Battery com-
menced at once. Then, on March 12 the Battalion Commander was
told to report to Division Artillery Headquarters with a small
IlJissance party. Following the receipt of instructions there, positions
were selected in the vicinity of Enchenberg, and the Battalion was
alerted for a move on the next day.
Also, on the 12th, elements of the 7(st Infantry Division part of
whose advance party had visited the Battalion on the 21 st of Fe-·
bruary, began to move into the area in order to take over the right
flJ.llk of the extended line. The Battalion played host to cer-
tain key personnel of the 564th Field Artillery Battalion and tried
to give this unit, entering combat for the first time, the benefit of its
40
MARCH
prior combat experience. The Battalion's Fire Direction Center, in
particular, was of valuable service to the 564th and obtained regi-
strations for them.
Early on the morning of the 13th, Charlie Battery displaced to
its new position near Enchenberg, followed later in the 'day by Head-
quarters, Able, and Baker. Although, the short march was made
without incident, a great deal of excitement was caused shortly after
arrival when all of the anti-aircraft weapons in the area opened-up
on several P-47s that dove out of the clouds in attack formation.
On the 14th the long awaited Division 01 (Operations Instruc-
tions) setting forth the plan for the attack to be launched on the
Maginot Forts and on Bitche was received. Here is the entry for the
14th in the Official Battalion History:
"At last today, by Division Operations orders, we received the
news for which we've been waiting so eagerly through three
wearisome defensive months - that .on 0 day the Division is to
resume its assault on Bitche, Camp de Bitche, and its surrounding
maze of Maginot fortifications. Bitche - the concrete and steel
core of the Maginot Line, which is itself modern man's strongest
and most ingenious system of fortification. How formidable they
are we well know, from our experience with them last December.
As we expect 0 day to be soon, all personnel are laboring under
pressure to complete the organization and protection of positions.
We don't want casualties from hostile counterbattery fires. Ser-
vice displaced forward and took over Headquarter's Battery CP
at Montbronn. Charlie Battery fired at a tank near Bitche, destroy-
ing it with precision fire. The howitzer firing the mission put out
6 rounds in 58 seconds in ,fire for effect' , during which it secu-
red two target hits. At 2100 a message was received that D day
41
l-IARCH
and H hour were to be 0500 tomorrow. Morale of all personnel
is extremely high. Our mission is general support of the Division,"
The entry in tile Official History on the 15th, the day the attack
was started, is also interesting:
"Today we hac! a field day. Matters began when at 0100 we
fired all extensive Corps counter-battery program to break tip
hostile artillery resistance. There was no regular artillery prepa-
ration before the attack. Our infantry jumped off at 0500, and
the artillery support began at that hour. We fired every kind of
mission in the Battalion, including many observed fires on targets
of opportunity. Knocked out a tank with two target hits, plastered
enemy troops, shot up hostile mortar and rocket positions,
destroyed dugouts, marked Bitche for some bombing by fighter-
bombers of the ! 2th T.A.C., neutralized enemy batteries, harassed
enemy assembly areas and interdicted their routes of communi-
cation. The furious activity in Our Fire Direction Center made it
resemble nothing so much as a 3-ring circus conducted in a mad-
hOllse. At one time fDC was simultaneously adjusting two diffe-
rent batteries on two separate targets by observation plane, while
at the same time the third battery was firing a scheduled mission
on a third target. But this racing activity was coaly controlled
-- as was the flashing activity of the sweating gun squads -
and our fires were speedy, heavy, accurate. By evening the Divi-
sion's attack had broken through the forts, had halhvay enveloped
the objective, and was progreSSing 1110st favorably."
The 16tIJ was another day of heavy firing. Early in the morning
an intense preparation "vas fired on Bitche and Fort Otterbiel, which
42
MARCH
later in the day fell to the advancing infantry. Withering fire was pla-
ccd on cnemy troops withdrawing from Bitche by the observation
planes which were in the air throughout the aay. Ahout noon recon-
naissance parties went forward and, after considerable searching
through heavify-Illined terrain, selected positions in the edge of the
completely ruined and uninhabited village of Schorbach. The Batta-
lion CP was located in Hottviller, another wreck of a village in the
same general area.
On the morning of the 17th the Battalion displaced and occupied
the new positions. Some difficulty was encountered in registering
hecause of the communications situation. Radio would not work be-
twecn the deep valleys and the long wire Jincs laid along the heavily-
mined roads were constantly being cut by the steady tank and vehicular
traffic moving toward the front. Finally, however, registrations were
obtained and during the day many interdiction missions on hostilp
escape routes and a number of target-marking missions for the Air
Corps were fired. Baker Battery's Number 2 Section fired the Batta-
lion's first round into G('nnany from its position at Schorbach.
Since on the 17th the Division's progress to the north was con-
tinuing almost without interruption, the Battalion was ordered j()
make a reconnaissance for positions farther forward, and on the 18th
Headquarters, Baker, and Charlie moved to Bousseviller, a small vil-
lage a few miles north of Bitche. Able Battery remained behind, tem-
porarily attached to the 375th Field Artillery Battalion which was
also located in the Schorbach area and which was in direct support
of the 398th, the regiment that had been given the mission of holding
the Division's right flank. Though not many missions were fired during
the day, those that were fired were extremely· costly to the fleeing
43
MARCH
enemy who in several instances were caught in traffic jams on the
crowded roads behind the German frontier.
Able Battery rejoined the Battalion on the J 9th, but on Division
Artillery orders, went into bivouac rather than into firing position.
About noon on the 19th, word was received that the 71 st Infantry
Division was to relieve certain elements of the 100th Division, and,
soon afterward, the Battalion was instructed that in addition to its
mission of general support it would have the mission of reinforcing
the fires of the 564th Field Artillery Battalion (the medium Battalion
of the 71 st Division), which was moving into position near BOllsse-
viller. Firing, however, was light all during the day and, it was anti-
cipated that a move would be made soon. The best guess at the time
was that the Division would follow the 6th Armored Division through
a gap that was being opened in the Siegfried by the 3rd Infantry
Division, which had passed through the 44th Division and was then
on the 100th's left.
Early on the 20th, Service Battery, in 'preparation for a possible
sudden and extensive move, displaced to a bivouac in Bousseviller.
About noon one of the observation planes spotted hostile gun flashes
from positions behind the Siegfried Line, near Pirmasens, and adju-
sted the Battalion 011 several batteries with excellent results. A rocket
launcher in the same enemy sector was also a victim of the Batta-
lion's Mt's.
About 1630 on the 20th, as the 71 st Division's relief of the 100th
was nearing completion, the Battalion was ordered to take Baker and
Charlie Batteries out of action and prepare for movement on short
notice. The Batt.alion spent the next day, an uneventful one, in a state
of readiness and anticipation, but no orders for movement were
received.
44
MARCH
---------.-----------------------
On the morning of the 22nd in accordance with orders from Divi-
sion Artillery, an assembly area was chosen by the Battalion for the
802nd F. A_ Bn. which had just been attached to Division Artillery,
and guides were sent out to show the 802nd's advance party the spot
selected. And then, the news was received that the Division would
move through the gap in the Siegfried Line, turn east and head for the
Rhine. A reconnaissance was ordered to be made and reconnaissance
parties pushed on across the German border, through the Siegfried,
up the dusty road to Zweibrucken, and from there east to a point near
13urgalber, where positions were selected.
At 0700 the next morTling the Battalion commenced its march into
Germany, crossing the frontier at 0840. Plans at that time still called
for occupation of the positions chosen on the evening before, but
shortly thereafter, when the advance party reached Thaleischweiler
where Division Artillery was located, it was learned that there had
been a change and that the entire column was to proceed on to the
Rhine valley. A "goose-egg" near Mutterstadt was given the Batta-
lion Commander as the area in which to select positions. Word of the
orders to continue the march was passed on to the main body of the
Battalion lead by the Battalion Executive, and the 373rd joined the
"Race to the Rhine".
The march over the heavily-wooded Hardt Mountains to posi-
tions near Schauernheim, which had been chosen by the reconnais-'
sallce elements that went ahead, is one of the never-to-be-forgotten
events in the Battalion's history. More than 75 miles of unknown
terrain on roads laden with displaced persons, deserting enemy troops,
and liberated prisoners, was tra.versed with scarcely a delay and
without an accident. Little information concerning the situation was
available. While it was known that the ellemy west of the Rhine had
45
MARCH
been c1ealt a crushing blow, the exact location of many desperately
resisting PQckets of enemy troops was not known. However, despite
the fact tllat (as was later learned) the Battalion by-passed a consi-
derable number uf enemy troops, no hostile action of any sort was
encountered on the long march. Both Service Battery, which made
the march, stopping at Mussbach, and Able Battery captured several
prisoners, the Battalion's first. Service turned in nine, Able four. Local
security during the first night in Germany was greatly emphasized.
Almost no firing was clone ami it appeared that the Division's mission
would be more one of mopping up than anything else.
On the 24th, with the infantry working through Ludwigshafen and
along the bank of the Rhine south from Ludwigshafen, there was
again little firing and most of this misty day was spent in digging-in
to protect against possible counterbattery fire. The flat plains of the
Rhine valley offered nothing in the way of flash defilade allCl made it
relatively easy for the enemy, in possession of much higher ground
east of the Rhine, to locate battery positions. Fortunately, however,
at this time the enemy was thoroughly disorganized aIll! short of
allllnunition, :lnd no hostile artillery fire was received in these
positions.
The 10Jlowing entry in the 0 f f i cia I His tor y reflects the
st.1te of affairs on the 25th:
"At noon toelay the Division passed under the control of the
VI Corps. Baker Battery joined Charlie, displacing to a new posi-
tion in the vicintiy of Limburgerhof, while Able, in turn, displa-
ced to an old German AA position near Mutterstadt. We fired
several missions on enemy troops and batteries across the Rhine,
and completely blew up a large ammunition or gasoline ware-
!louse. The surrounding countryside is still infested wih enemy
46
MARCH
snipers, deserters (lnl! by-passed combatants trying to regain their
own lines, C Hattery this atternoolJ received SI1l<lll arllls fire in its
position, immediately follo'vving which a man jumped out of the
grJss auout 500 yards to their front, ran to it parked vehicle, ;lnd
IlliHle off. Unable to Ilit tlilll with our own l11Jchine guns without
endJllgerillg friendly troops who appJrenlly had not seen the inci-
dent, the L3attery g<lve ciiase in 1)11(' of their OWIl vehicles, but were
ullaulc to catch him before he'd disappeared into the nc'arest town.
Service Battery is situated in Mussbach, ncar the foothills to fhe
West of the valley. Today with binoculars, they observed a number
of figur<:s in hostile uniform moving up ill these hills. The Gatlery,
tlierdore at once emplaced several of tl1eir 50 caliber machine
guns adv<ll)tagcollsly, openl'd fire and sprayed the hills gene-
IOllsly. They followed t1lis barrage with a hattery adv;1tlce into the
area, returning with 16 prisoners"
During the night of the 25th three Sll<ldowy figures were observed
approaching Saker Battery's position, and were proillptly cl1ililengeel
by the 'ller! sentinel on dLlty at the time. When tile three unknown
individuals failed (0 respond to a second challenge and just as the
One in the lead IC3ped lorwarcl to attack, the sentinel commenced
firing. The result was tllat one man, later identified as a German
Field Artillery Lieutenant, was killed, and the other two dispersed,
!\1)parcn[Jy, the trio, all of whom were armed, had been following
the battery wire line thJt Ieel to the ammunition clump.
Oil tile 26th \vorcl was rL'ceived that the 3rt! and 45th Divisiuns
of tile XV Corps, despite IH:avy resistance, hac! made successful cross-
ings of the Riline and were raridly building up strong bridgeheads.
It \V.iS illSt) !e;Hl1ell that the 71 st Division was SOOI1 to relieve the
47

MARCH
lOOth, which upon completion of the relief was to go into VI Corps
Reserve.
Although Service Battery collected another 28 prisoners, and the
Battalion fired several effective missions into Mannheim and vicinity,
the 26th was a relatively quiet day. The Personnel Section moved
with Division Rear from Sarrebourg to Hassloch. On the. 27th acti-
vity was reduced still further, and late in the afternoon orders were
received to ta ke the howitzers out of action.
On the 28th the three firing batteries moved into Schauernhcim,
occupying dwellings that had previously been vacated by civilians
ordered out by the Battalion. Service Battery was also scheduled to
move to Schauernheim, but was forced to remain in Mussbach when
the Division called for seven of its trucks for transporting infantry-
men. Charlie Battery discovered a German Lieutenant and an enlisted
man in the cellar of one of the buildings which they had taken over,
and, later, a search of every house in the entire town netted the
Battalion two more prisoners.
For the next two days, cleaning up, maintenance, administration,
and rest took the place of normal combat <Juties, and temporarily,
at least, the subjects of looting, fraternization, and AMG regulations
became more important than tactical considerations.
At 0330 on the 3\ st of March the Battalion 5-3 returned from
Division Artillery with orders relative to the Rhine crossing to be
made by the Division over the pontoon bridge from Ludwigshafcll
to Mannheim, and at 0430 a Battalion reconnaissance party left to
select battery positions near Grenzhof, a small village not far from
Heidelberg. Early tn the morning Service Battery joined the rest of
the Battalion in Schauernheim, and at 1040 the Battalion moved out
to take its place in the long Division column.
48
MARCH/APRIL
The crossing was successfully made, and the march to the posi-
tions selected ncar Grenzhof was completed without incident. Later,
the Division Artillery Commander reported that the 0-3 of the
VI Corps, who watched the Division column go by, remarked that
the 373rd had the best march discipline of any unit he had ever
observed.
Shortly after early morning Easter Services held in the pretty
park-like area ;n the center of the small village of Orenzhof, orders
were received to displace to the vicinity of Oftersheim. As soon as
positions in that area had been selected, Headquarters and the firing
batteries displaced, Headquarters going into a large schoolhouse in
Oftersheim and the firing batteries into position south of the town.
Practically no firing was done on the 31st of March, Or the 1st
and 2nd of April. The Division's mission at the time was to protect
the right flank of the Corps and of the Army, and, eventually, to
maintain contact with the french First Army which had just made
a Rhine crossing near Speyer.
On the 3rd of April the Battalion moved to positions near Diihren,
but no missions were fired from such positions due to the rapid pro-
gress of the Division to the east. Again, on the 4th the Baftalion
moved forward, this time to positions near Kirchhausen, about 10,000
yards northwest of Heilbronn. In the case of both of the moves just
mentioned the Battalion main body moved upon receipt of radio
orders from the Battalion Commander after selection of positions.
While both marches were made without unusual difficulty, the march
from Dlihren to Kirchhausen by the reconnaissance parties, in parti-
cular, was greatly delayed by mined roads and the heavy traffic.
Service Battery moved from Edingen to Reihen.
49
APRIL
Almost immediately after the firing batteries occupied their posi-
tions, they commenced receiving missions of practically every type,
including two defensive barrages against enemy counterattacks. From
the very beginning it was apparent that the enemy intended to
defend Heilbronn with all his strength - the fanatical nature of the
resistance and the character of the terrain from a defensive stand-
point made that certain. The Neckar River was broad enough and
deep enough to constitute a most effective obstacle, and the long
high ridge rising abruptly behind the town on the east side of the
river afforded almost perfect observation. There was no doubt that
the enemy had chosen his ground and chosen it well.
The following entries in the 0 f fie i a I His tor y clearly show
what the situation was at Heilbronn:
5 April 1945
"The Division is in for a stiff fight. The enemy are defending Heil-
bronn fanatically, with plenty of troops, tanks, artillery, and excel-
lent defensive positions and observation. We've ferried troops across
the river under cover of smoke and darkness, but every time our
engineers even attempt to put pontoons down for a bridge, enemy
artillery blows them out of the water. The approaches to our selec-
ted crossing area are under accurate and steady artillery and even
t!lortar fire. Having 110 bridge, it is difficult to get heavy weapons or
tanks across to help support the infantry we were able to ferry or
swim across. However" these latter are fighting furiously, and we're
clearing out those parts of the town on this side of the river. This
Battalion has been firing in support almost constantly and effecti-
vely. Besides counterb-attery and sniping on hidden encmy self-pro-
50
APRIL
pelled guns, smoke missions, and harassing fires, we've burned out
one enemy tank, damaged and stopped another, and demolished and
set on fire numerous houses used by the enemy as strong points for
holding up our infantry. This afternoon we established a good obser-
vation pas!."
6 April 1945
"Fierce fighting continues in Heilbronn. The enemy have counter-
attacked strongly twice today, and we've fired hard in helping the in-
fantry in the bridgeless bridgehead to beat them off. Our doughs have
about cleared the part of the city that is on this side of the river.
The Battalion has fired heavily all day, at a variety of targets. We
silenced two enemy batteries that were firing on our attempts to con-
struct a pontoon bridge, destroyed several strong-point houses, and
in conjunction with a Battalion of 8-inch howitzers knocked (lut two
tanks and got two additional probables. We also established a new
and additional OP, from which we hope to spot targets by means
of a short-base with our original OP. Hidden enemy guns are still
destroying every effort to keep in a bridge."
7 April 1945
"We continued to have a shooting field day. Stubborn house to
house fighting continued in Heilbronn. The Battalion's efforts at sup-
port included, among other accomplishments, the destruction of two
mare hostile tanks by direct hits, and a third probable; the destruc-
tion of a concrete enemy observation tower with seven direct hits;
and the leveling of more enemy house strong-points. We also fired
a number of smoke missions to blind enemy observation, and harass-
ing fires at night. Due to the smoke from the burning town, plus the
51
APRIL
protective smoke by our would-be bridge, our short-base was unable
to pick up profitable targets. The bridge was shot out again today,
just when it was almost across."
8 April 1945
"More heavy firing. The grim step-by-step, house-by-house fight-
ing continues in the city, without any spectacular progress. The enemy
again shot up our bridging attempts today, so wer're still trying to
expand a bridgehead with only a dangerous ferry service. Almost
impossible to get tanks and tank destroyers over to help the infantry,
yet they need them badly. However, this Battalion again wiped out
an enemy tank today, with two direct hits; and fired numerous accu-
rate supporting and counterbattery missions. Targets are getting har-
der to find. We're reconnoitering for another OP farther to the south.
We con.tinue to smoke the enemy's observation."
9 April 1945
"The struggle in Heilbronn goes on. It's obvious that the days of
Kraut retreating are over - this is part of a thoroughly organized,
well-planned defensive line, with plenty. of fanatical SS troops and
loads of eqUipment and ammunition to burn - not to speak of all
the advantages of position. We've tried to flank it, but haven't had
enough strength. So we're forced to slug straight ahead. The Batta-
lion continues its heavy firing, and has been complimented by the
Division Artillery Commander for its speed, accuracy, and effecti-
veness. The enemy is losing a lot in prisoners and casualties, we
know. The Battalion has had great difficulty getting enough ammuni-
tion to continue our heavy firing. Seventh Army is just new beginning
t.) get ammunition up to the vicinity of the fighting, and has at last
52
,-

APRIL
started to establish dumps on this side of the Rhine. Meanwhile, our
SCI "ice Battery has had to k'eep our ammunition train on the road
almost constantly for several days making 200 and 300 mile rounet
trips to bring us the shells and powder to keep us in action,"
While the 100th was thus engaged at Heilbronn. the 63rd Divi-
sion on the left was also meeting fanatical resistance north and north-
west of Heilbronn. The 10th Armored which had been spearheading
the VI Corps drive east of the Rhine was also having its troubles,
especially in keeping the supply routes to its Task Forces open, but
was working toward making a wide sweeping movement to the south,
some thirty to forty kilometers east of the Neckar, which would flank
the entire region in which Heilbronn is located. The French on the
right had pushed forward to the west bank of the Neckar, south of
the 100th, and considerably north of Stuttgart, but were not attemp-
ting to make any crossings, While progress was slow on every hand,
Heilbronn was the principal focal point of resistance.
The following comments in the S-2 Bulletin add to the informa-
tion already given concerning the battle for Heilbronn:
(Tuesday, April 10, 1945)
"T h c Sit u a t i 0 11 :
General Burress, in a memorandum to the men of the Divi-
sion, has this to say: ,The 100th Division is now engaged in
what is probably the severest fighting on the Western Front. A
fanatical enemy is doing everything in his means to hold the
pivotal position around Heilbronn, The fighting is some of the
toughest yet experienced by the Division, but the courageous and
intelligent manner in which the fight is being conducted, espe-
53
APRIL
dally by front-line units, makes it inevitable that the pressure
mList surely crack the enemy before long. You are doing a fine
job and a big job!'
"That's about the story. Men can work no harder than our
doughs, inching forward, block by block; than our engineers,
determined to keep a bridge across the Neckar come what may;
no harder than our artillerymen, who are pumping out the greatest
shell concentrations since Bitche. But the fact remains that Heil-
bronn is a perfect spot to defend, and that the Krauts have orders
to defend it to the end.
"Yesterday was a quiet day, if hell can be described as quiet.
The ]erries destroyed the third ponton bridge into Heilbronn,
and determined Yank engineers, under cover of a dense smoke
screen, went right back to work constructing a fourth. Inside
the towIl, the infantry enlarged their positions a bit, while Ameri-
can artillery lancled on everything that moved. But still Kraut
machine gun fire clipped through the empty streets at every boy
who stuck his nose out, and still rounds from cleverly concealed
Kraut artillery screamed in. Progress is being made, but it is
painful and slow.
"We are not alone in our troubles, although Heilbronn is hitt-
ing the headlines. Resistance is heavy all over the West. We have
drawn out Our supply Jines very far, and are no longer capable
of as powerful an attack as we might have made around Bitche,
if we had needed to ..."
(Wednesday, April 11, 1945)
"T h e Sit u a t ion:
"The battle still goes on, and the Krauts are still firmly entren-
ched in and around Heilbronn. Jerry artillery has moderated some-
54
APRIL
what, but the efforts of our doughboys to move forward are
cOUJ1tered with plenty of small anns fire..The fourth attempt to
briJge the Ncckar was unsuccessful, as the Krauts found the
bridge with their artillery. Shrouded in dense smoke, Our engi-
neers are grimly building a fifth bridge, this time in a different
location. But as long a ~ enemy observers can look down on our
men irom their OP's in the hills it will be rough to keep stuff
moving over ,the river, and to drive the observers out will mean
attacking those hills, which will be heavy going for the doughs.
"We have suffered many casualties in Heilbronn, but at least
we know that the Krauts are losing a lot of men, also. PW's
already number well over 500, and there are a goodly number of
,good Nazis' out there. We of the 373rd have accounted for a lot
of them ourselves. Heilbronn is just factory town, now virtually
destroyed, and of little value in itself. But because it is an easy
city to defend fhe Krauts have turned it into what is now proba-
bly tile most savage battleground on the Western Front.
"W e S h a a t for E v f' I' Y bod y :
"A lot of C3nnOnneers are probably wondering, these days
when we arc shooting a lot, who tells us when and where to shoot,
Right now a whole lot of people do. The battalion has 2 OP's of
its own, about 2000 yards behind the front, which pick up Krauts
doings now and then ancl shoot at them. Another source of fire
missions is the Air OP, which can pick up activity where no
ground observer can see. Much of Our night shooting comes from
Div Arty, and is designed to keep the Jerries from resting, and,
if possible, to kill a few. Probably our most effective missions
come from the light battalion's FO's. They are close enough, some-
55
APRIL
times, to see the color of the hair on the Krauts they're shooting
at. When they adjust us we know we've got a target that's bother-
ing the doughs."
Enemy resistance under the constant and heavy pressure of infan-
try and artillery began to weaken slightly on the 10th, and progress
within the town became steady and rapid on the II th and 12th.
Hostile artillery fire continued almost up until the time Heilbronn
fell, but at the end it was relatively light. On the other hand; the
Division's artillery, including the Battalion's twelve howitzers, fired
al most incessantly throughout the 12th.
As the enemy withdrew, a new OP, looking to the south, was
established at Bockingen and a number of profitable targets were
fired on by the party located there. Also, a reconnaissance was made
in the vicinity of Frankenbach for firing positions a little closer to
the enemy, and plans were being made to move forward to such
positions when word was received that Heilbronn had been taken.
The Personnel Section moved from Hassloch to Schweigern on
April 11 tho
On the 13th with the enemy out of Heilbronn and driven beyond
the hills that tower above it, the Battalion was alerted for movement
across the Neckar as soon as the Engineers completed the pontoon
bridge (the fifth) on which they were then working. At 1738, eight
minutes after the smoke-concealed bridge, located between Bockingen
and Heilbronn, was opened to traffic, the Battalion reconnaissance par-
ties crossed over it into the ruins of Heilbronn. Shortly afterwards the
main body of the Battalion also made a successful crossing, and con-
tinued on to Weinsberg, where the advance party had selected posi-
tions. The firing batteries were located west of the town, Head-
quarters in its western edge. At the time the Battalion arrived, the
56
APRIL
------_._---.- ._-_... _-- -_._--_. ---_._--_.. -
heart of Weinsberg was a mass of rubble and flame, its populace
still dazed, as a result of a bombing by the Air Corps on the evening
before.
On the 14th Service Battery moved from Reihen to the eastern
outskirts of Herlbronn. With the Division turning southeast and with
tile strongest opposition on the right in the area south of Heilbronn,
an OP was established al Unter Gruppenbach, in a picturesque castle
that stands on a hill above the town. There was little firing on the
14th, and most of the day was spent in organizing positions.
The J 5th was another day of inactivity, relatively speaking, but
011 the (6th with the Division pushing steadify ahead despite its
40,000 yard front, increasing resistance was met and business for
the firing batteries picked up. On the 16th, Able, Baker, and Charlie
moved southeast a few thousand yardS to positions just outside
Lehrensteinfeld, a village to which Headquarters moved on the next
day, and for two days thereafter continued their frequent firing. On
the 18th near nightfall an air observer adjusted the Battalion effec-
tively on a long column of retreating enemy.
Heading almost due south, the Division continued to make pro-
gress on the 19-th. On this clay the 44th completed its relief of the
63rd Division, which had been on the 100th's left frank all during the
Heilbronn operation, and took over the sector of one infantry regi-
ment from the IOOtll, thus substantially reducing the Division's front.
About the same time, the 117th Reconnaissance Squadron was placed
between the 100th and the Neckar River, next to the French who were
still holding the ground on the west bank of that stream, thus reliev-
ing the Division of still more of its frontage. Later, on April 22nd,
the 103rd Division was to come in on the left, between the 44th and
the lOath. The 10th Armored was still out in front, spearheading the
57
APRIL
attack for the Corps, and was making excellent progress to the south
toward Goppingen and Kirchheim. At the same time southern ele-
ments of the First French Army were pushing toward the Neckar
south of Stuttgart in a move that would eventually link them up' with
forces of the Seventh Army and complete the encirclement. of the
entire Stuttgart area.
On the 20th of April, the firing batteries moved to positions near-
Jettenbach, Headquarters to nearby Billensbach, and Service from
Heilbrof1l1 to Breitenau, a small settlement south of Willsbach. Prac-
tically no firing was done by the Battalion on the 20th.
In the darkness of early morning on the 21 st orders were received
that ,positions would be selected near Backnang, and that the Batta-
lion would be moved as soon as possible. At daybreak reconnaissance
parties. left and were reconnoitering south of Backnang when a change
in orders was received. The change necessitated continuing on to
Winnenden where further reconnaissance was made and near which
positions were selected. The Battalion main body which was on the
rOCld before the reconnaissance was complete, crossed the single
bridge over the Murr River at Backnang at 1300, in accordance with
the Division Schedule, and made an uneventful march to the new
area. The firing batteries went into position south of Winnenden, and
Headquqrlers went into nearby Hafen. Few missions were fired.
At 0130' on April 220rclers were received to make a reconnais-
sance in the vicinity of Stettin, and again parties set out at dawn to
locate new positions. Later in the day the Battalion moved forward
again and occupied positions in the SttLmlpfelbach-Endersbach area.
Headquarters Battery went into Endcrsbach. Service Battery moved
from Breitenau to Heiningen.
58
APRIL
Meanwhile the news was received that the Stuttgart pocket had
been closed with elements of the American Seventh Army meeting
elements of the First French Army southeast of Stuttgart. Accord.:.
ingly, the 22nd was designated "Prisoner-Taking-Day" by the Divi-
sion, and all units were ordered to organize patrols and join in the
mopping up operation in which the infantry was then engaged.
While the batteries were organizing patrols and preparing to
"liberate" some of the small towns in the region, the Battalion was
ordered to make a reconnaissance in the vicinity of Bunzwangen.
The Battalion Commander and a small party went to Bunzwangen
where they promptly ran into a small group of Ger.man soldiers
whom they proceeded to caplIre. The successful surrender of thjs small
group led to the appearance of a considerable number of additional
troops with similar desires, and soon the streets were filled with can-
didates for a PWE. All in all 58 war-weary Jerries joined the column
of prisoners which the Battalion Commander and his party marched
to a point at which they could be released to the l03rd Division.
On the 23rd the Battalion headed for Bunzwangen, stopping en
-route to pick up the 2nd Battalion of the 397th Infantry which it was
to transport there, and was well on its way to the new area when
orders were received to return to the former position. The advance
party was notified and all personnel returned to the Endcrsbach-
Strumpfelbach vicinity, where it was learned that the Division, having
been pinched-out of action, was being placed in Army Reserve.
011 April 24 Personnel moved to Bad Cannstatt.
With .the howitzers out of action - for good, though it wasn't
known at the time - the days of the 24th and 25th were days of
rest and recuperation. While it was known that the Division would
probahly move into the Stuttgart-Ludwigsburg area as soon as it
59
APRIL/MAY
was vacated by the French, it was not known when the french would
leave. Finally, at 2330 on the 25th of April the Battalion was ordered
to move to Ludwigsburg.
At 0800 on the 25th the Battalion commenced the march toward
Ludwigsburg, arriving there about two hours later. It was found that,
although the French troops had moved out of the town, the French
Military Government was still in control. Liason was formed with
the French representatives and billets obtained in a former German
Army Kaserne which provided enough srace for the entire Battalion.
At Ludwigshurg check posts and security patrols were organized,
and guards, .who were later removed, placed on certain installations
designated by the French. The 28th and 29th were uneventful days,
but the Battalion was busy cleaning up 'its equipment and attempt-
ing to achieve some semblance of "garrison" standards.
At 0230 a billeting party from the Battalion left to meet repre-
~ e n t a t i v e s of the Division in Stuttgart, and with the Division detail
made a reconnaissance of the Goppingen area to which the Batta-
lion moved later in the day. The three firing batteries went into the
village of Jebenhausen, Service into Faurndau, and Headquarters into
the southwestern outskirts of the sizeable town of G6ppingen. For
the next ten days the Battalion, comfortably situated in residences
from which all civilians had been moved, "sweated out" the end of
the war, hoping that each hroadcast or call from Higher Head-
quarters would bring the news that Germany had surrendered.
Finally, on May 7th it was officially learned that the next day would
be that long-awaited, greatly hoped-for event: VE Day - and, finally,
though at the time the prospects of a journey to the Pacific loomed
large, the combat days of the 373rd Field Artillery Battalion in
World War 1I were happily at an end.
60
BATTALION
ROSTER
OFFICERS
OFFICERS
NAME
Behlen, William E
BookbinJe.r, Sanlllel
Bridges, Shelton 5
Chu rch, Herberl)r
Cornelius, Charle, L. Jr
England, Marshall H
fenwick, Walliam)
Fierle, Leonud E'
Foppiano, Charles E
FrankfalL'f, Samuel
Galperin, leon
Hill, Edward L
Hix, Edwin C
Hoagland, William K
Humphry, James III
Keithly, 1'homas G
Kenney, Charles W
Kn;luff, Edgu Jr
Leet, Gerald D
Mc QuillOn, John Q
Mc Soley, George F
Miller, Raymond A
Morgan, William L
Moskill, Arthur
Nyberg, Henry E
Owens, Flo}'J E
Powell, Edgar
Prince, Kennelh C
Roemmcle, Henry F
Shelhorn, Robert H
Smith, Joseph W
Spe('r, James M
Timmons, Clyde [
GRADE
2nd Lt
1st 1.t
Capt
1st Lt
Capt
Major
2nd LI
1st Lt
1st Lr
WOJG
Capt
Major
lSI Lt
2nd it
Capt
LtCol
CWO
Capt
Capt
lSI Lt
It Lt
1st it
2nJ 1t
CapI
Capt
1st it
Is11t
Capt
1st it
1st Lt
Capt
Capt
Capt
ASN
02007151
01172765
0393632
0536928
01171102
0405415
02025610
01185402
01t80897
W21278l5
01171153
0272564
01184230
02007150
037'14876
0244118
W2109526
0117t229
0418860
01169645
Oll83928
01172552
0554455
Otl84119
0538549
01177125
01165935
0476490
01179595
0523405
04·10160
01171373
0516671
HOME ADDRESS
H4.16 91st Ave., Richmond Hill, N.Y.
Mt Holly Rd., Burlington, N.].
1110 West Washingtun Sl. Quincy, Fla.
Spring Mill Rd., Villa Nova, Pa.
1110 Th, rd National Bank Bldg.,
Nashville, Tenn.
Warrensburg, Jil.
310 Fourth St., McDonald, Pa.
Versailles Road, Lakeview, N.Y.
1808 Tyler Parkway, Louisville, KJ'.
1250 Grand Concourse, Bronx, New
York, N.Y.
444 ]amjca Avenue, Bklyn, New York,
N.Y.
760 North Crescent Ave., Cinn. Ohio
101 South 33rd St., Omaha, Nebraska
128 South Maple Ave., Ridgewood, N.J.
476 Fifth Ave., New York. N.Y.
940 South Waller Avenue, Springfield,
Mo.
Middletown, N.Y.
2110 Belmont Ave., Ballimore, Md.
210 So. FOSler Ave., Lansing, M,ch',£Jl1
Bux 184, Milton, Fla.
91 WIsdom Ave., Providence, R.I
Constableville, N.Y.
411 W. Market St., .Bluffton, I n d i ~ n a
2122 Kelton Ave., Los Angeles 2 ~ , Cal.
RFD 1, Philipps, Nebraska
General Delivery, Wilton )et, Iowa
Darlington Heights, Va.
6024 Henderson Ave., Shreveport, Lt.
1411 J/o Camp Ave., Wanamassa, N.J.
1031 E. 541h St., Indianapolis, Indian.\
lOll Franklin Road, Roanoke, Va.
Booneville, North Carolina
316 L\st El'n St., Hoopeston, Ill.
63
OFFICERS
NAME
Thomas, Leslie B.
Tvedt, Irwin L
Vanderbeck, Alfred G
Wilds, Rolxrt H
Yehl, Addison R
Zimniewicz, Walter R
G4
GRADE
1st Lt
Capt
1st Lt
1st Lt
Capt
2nd l.r
ASN
01182281
01171399
01171402
O'H619
0446894
020071'2
HOME ADDRESS
310}l, Spring St., Fayetteville, N.C.
Newfolden, Minnesota
~ 4 0 State Rd., Bala-Cynnyd, Pa.
41 ~ West Cheves St., Florence, S.c.
l20S Washington St., Olean, NY.
422Yo Warren St., Hudson, N.Y.
HEADQU ARTERS BATTER Y
HEADqUARTERS BATTERY
NAME GRADE ASN HOME ADDRESS
Almquist Carl A Pic 33191207 1365 Columbia Rd., N.W. Washington,
D.C.
Barth, Max Tee 4 32451234 46 Carroll St., BrookJ\'n, N.Y.
Beck, Theodore R. Pk 18107001 208 Coogress Sf., Brad{ord, Pa.
Behmann, Robert l.
Sst
32681136 1372 Ogden Ave., Bronx, N.Y.
Benson, Roland L. S/Sgt 36827849 Box 35, Drummond, Wise.
Blais, Vincent R. Tec 5 31166690 16 Central Ave., Hyde Park, Mass.
Bobrowsky, Stanley W. PEe 32682736 326 E. 155th St., N.Y., N.Y.
Boykin. lynch D. Jr. PEe 34382586 Boykin, S.c.
Boyle, Robert L Cpl 35625675 411 E. 51., Hillsboro, Ohio
Campbell, Raymond A. I/Sgt 37040125 Cerro Gordo, Rockwell, Iowa
Caton, Howard J. Tee 5 32598604 548 Jackson Ave.• Jersey City, N.].
Cole. Hannibal 1. Jr. Pic 332013)5 Rt. 1, Germantown, Md.
Cooperman" Witliam Tee 4 32655526 752 Trinity Ave., Bronx, N.Y.
Corbell, John E.
S/Sgr 34050387 220 SW 17th Courr, Miami, Fla.
DeAth, Harold L. Tee 3 35360682 404 Main St., Veedersburg, Ind.
Crenshaw, Otis F.
P{c
34581450 501 Denson St., Fairfax, Ala.
DeFeo, John ].
P{c
31256449 J24 Primrose St., Haverhill, Mass.
DeMarco, Edward E. T/5 32654459 23J W 16th St., N.Y., N.Y.
DeMasi, Carl F. Tee 5 32650146 1863 Eastern Pkwy., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Dickerson, Jessie R.
Cpl 34515194 206 Donnybrook Ave., Sen Sauci,
Greenville, S.c.
Dickson, Harald B. Tec 5 35331508 425 2 St., N.W. Canton, Ohio
DuPont, Ernest J. Tt:c 5 31178697 95 Pine St., N.H.
Edwards, Ninian M. l/Sgt t7080881 1413 So. Cheyenne, Tulsa 5, Okla.
'Emanuel, Eugene Cpl 37684356 c/o C. E. Havner, Stockport, Iowa
Eng, JeeW.
Pfc 33826803 40 S. 6 St., Reading, Pa.
Festa, Joseph J. Tee 5 31255816 254 Shrewsbury St., Worcester, Mass.
Finch, John E. S/Sgt 34572933 129 Pic Nona Ave., Macon, Ga.
Folliard. Frank H. PEc 32650420 75·16 6'1 Pbce, Glendale, N.Y.
Domingo, Francisco Tec4 32655951 142 W. 83 St., N.Y., N.Y.
Gennaro, Richard A. T/5 32597136 51 Albany Ave., Nutley, N.].
Gonzales, Arthur J. Tec4 31237170 145 Pearl St., Maldeo, Mass.
Grattan, Charles L T/Sgt 32349069 314 E. 41 St., N.Y., N.Y.
Guralnick, Irving M. Tec4 32652129 2S Jackson St., N.Y., N.Y.
Harris, Orville R. Tt:c 5 34495896 Rt. No.2, Columbia. Tenn.
Hartley, John J. Tee 5 32597716 28 6 Ave., Westwood, N,J.
65
HEADQUARTERS BATTERY
NAME
Hazen, Bernard L.
Hebert, Elwin C.
Henderson, William O.
Heslop, Dermont D.
Hoffmann, Eric K.
Hopper, James P.
Ingersoll, Alvah E.
Jacobs, Ben
Johnson, Ernest
Kelly, David G.
Kissmann, John H.
Klein, Arthur J.
Kostoff, Seymour A.
Lampiasi, Jerry L.
LaPorle, Harvey A.
Leach, Eugene R.
Leicht, Walter G.
Lemlin, Thomas F.
Liebermann, Seymour
Mahoney, William
McCormick, William F.
Meade, Raymond F.
Mendoza, Joseph Jr.
Moran, James V.
Myers, George M.
Nash, Clyde /lJ.
Normandeau, Louis H.
O'Gorm:w, Michael J.
O'Neill, Patrick H.
Piacc, Howard Z.
Podlaski, Edmund E.
Potz, Gerhardt
Price, Charles H.
Hay, Aaron
Reese, Claude V.
Renn,John L.
Riley, Walter N.
66
GRADE
S/Sgt
T/Sgt
M/Sgt
S/Sgt
Pfc
prc
Pfc
Cpl
pfe
S/Sgt
pfe
T/5
PEc
Tec 5
S/Sgt
Tee 5
T/Sgt
Tec 4
Tee 4
Cpl
Cpl
1'/5
Cpl
Cpl
Tee 5
S/Sgt
Tee 4
Pvt
Tee ·1
Tee 4
SISgt
Tee 5
M/Sgt
Tee 4
Cpl
Tee 4
Tec·j
ASN
31200467
7000627
32306911
31067125
32598329
34495519
32648013
34574455
31047308
52680700
3 L251779
32598122
34240931
32598295
31252301
42005554
3[214535
31245632
32683235
31237498
32483465
"
312,,>61·11
31236281
38529875
312[7319
31199294
32657071
32(,51711
42001639
32593822
31251683
6709121
32649224
33046293
.no12679
31252692
HOME ADDRESS
14 Macble Ave., Burlington, VI.
Gen Del., Lacassine, La.
98 W. Kinney St., Newark, N..I-
1941 Fairview Ave., N. Seattle, W",h.
-' lU 13 St., Union City, .J.
505 Ethridge St., Dresden, Tenn.
1043 Wykoff Ave., Bklyn., N.Y.
Rt. 2, Fairbury, Ga.
34 Rogers St., Branford, Conn.
3201 K Authority Terrace, Phila, Pa.
G19 E. Middle Turnpike, Manchester,
Conn.
507 Garden St., Hoboken, N.).
1707 So W. 15 St., Miami, Fla.
424 44 St., Union City, N..I-
17 Frederick St., Hartford, Conn.
149 Oakwood Ave., No. Haledon, N.J.
Jug End Rd, Egremont, Mass.
1 Mi II St., Cranston, R.T.
1276 E. 21 St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
33 Clinton .Ave., Brockton, Mass.
Central Ave., Plaza Park, Burlington, N.].
38 Spare St., Draeourt, Mass.
33 Bay Village, New Bedford, Mass.
15 Wyman Terrace, Arlington, Mass.
1102 No. L\mar Ave., Denison, Texas
Box 22, Green, Maine
I St. Paul Street, Burlington, VI.
309 W. 53 St., N.Y., N.Y.
',S·2l 29 St., clo Currie, LLC.
Waverly PI. Montvale, N.].
29 N. Fulton SI., Wilksbarre, Pa.
84 Gridley St., Bristol, Conn.
PO Box 486, Sackets Harbor, N.Y.
629 Vermont St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
904 Central Ave., Salc-m, Va.
Rt. No.2, Pittsburg, Kansas
29 BalJcok St., Hartford, Conn.
NAME
R,so, Juliu.s J
Rivers, Edward E.
Rose, Charles J.
Rotho!att, Albert
Sampson, Harold L
Scafidi, DominIck A.
ScaurJ, Pnmo J
Schreiber, Edward J
Sears, William G.
Shaffer, Benjamin
Shaw, John F. Jr.
Silkonis, Anthony J.
Silva. George V.
SIlver, Joseph
Silvestro, Salvatore F.
Splaine, William ].
Starnes, Walter A.
StifRer, Eugene
Straub, George 1.
Sweeney, Raymond A.
Tomlinson, Perry L.
Turner, Eugene
\Valtman, Robert G.
Watson, 8urt J.
Wilkinson, Leon F.
Williams, Under\\'(>oJ
Winegar, Charle R.
York, Charles E.
GRADE
Pre
Tee 5
Tee 4
T/Sgt
S/Sgt
Tee 5
SiSgr
Tee ..j
Tee 4
PEe
Tee 5
(pi
Tee 4
Sgt
Tee 4
Tee ..j
Tee -I
Tee 5
Pfe
Tee 4
Tee 5
PEe
Tee 5
Tee 3
Pfc
T/Sgt
(pJ
pfe
ASN
32653')·i6
31200605
32598997
32652190
31282063
32652901
,2683248
32651455
34572356
3123697,1
31445012
31256500
31236202
32644584
32649893
31237675
34493722
33251940
32597130
32657989
3449
7
342
14036400
16157520
13143117
34582390
3458127·1
31252838
39297050
HEADQUARTERS BATTERY
HOME ADDRES
)')B4 E. 1St., Bklyn., N.Y.
RFD No.1, Island Pond. VI.
117 PeersaJl Ave., Jersey CIty, N.].
SOl Driggs Ave., Bklyn., N.Y.
P'Hkmall Rd., Sangerville, Maine
19l5 Ave. M., Bklyn., N.Y.
3(0 E. 61 Sc., N.Y., N.Y.
551 Wales Ave., Bronx, N.Y.
nl. r--:o 1, OakwoJod, Ga.
805 Blue Hili Ave., Dorchester, Mas.s.
~ 1 leonitrd Ave., E. Providence, R L
~ SudbulY Court, Maynard, Mass.
40 Cedar St., Somerville, Ma".
4417 14 Ave., Bklyn., NY.
330 Vermont St., Brooklyn, NY.
24 Clyde St,. Bdmont, Mass.
.\107 4 Ave., Chaltnnooga, Tenn.
10 1 Plank Rd. St., Holidaysburg, Pa.
7710 5 Ave., North Bergen, N.].
70 Vitn Dyke St., Brooklyn, NY.
"05 E. High St., Lebanon, Tenn.
1708 19 St., Bessemer, Ala.
927 E. Eldorado 51.. Appleton, Wise.
332 ESt., N.E. Washington, D.C.
609 Stevens Ave., Huntsville, Ala.
Star Route, Manchester, Ab.
310 Highland Ave., Torrongton, Conn.
:;os 6 Ave., Venice, ell.
67
BATTERY "A"
BATTERY "All
NAME
Aht:lfll, Co rnel HIS • r.
Allen, Karl M.
Allayill.1, Frank
Barthau, Fred H.
Bassetl, W'dliarn C.
Bell, Robert W'.
Bellina, DanJel W'.
Berlly, Morris
Bodenheimer, Charles A
Bogart, Chri,topher S.
Bradley, Clyde
Brown, Roland M.
Calvin, Cha des J.
Card, Harold R.
Carmack, Robert E.
CiscewskJ, Ilenj;llnill
Coleman, Jay
Cotler, Simofl
Cunniffe, Hubert G.
DiMaggio, Ch:lrks
Oilton, Thomas E.
Duncan, leo W.
Franco, Joaeph A.
Frankel, David
Gargia, John P.
Gorallck, Bernard
Greer, Clinton
Handzlik, Joseph [.
Hershkowitz, Leo
lmrek, Kalman Jr.
Jovenilt;, Floyd G.
Kaiser, Jacob M. Jr.
KC'Jley, John W.
Kelly, Raymond J.
Kuenig, Sidnty
Krakowski, John K.
Lackey, Huber! L
G8
GRADE
S/Sgt
S/Sgt
Pfc
Cpl
T/'l
Ti5
T/5
Cpl
Cpl
T!5
S/Sgt
i/4
S:Sgl
Pfc
Pfc
T/5
Cpl
Cpl
pfc
Cpl
pfe
Pk
Sgt
Pfe
pfe
pfc
Pfe
TI4
T/S
Pic
Cpl
T/5
Cpl
rfc
1/5/=.t
Pfe
C:pl
ASN
3265'1722
35900816
32681910
32916--173
t t t 12310

32776577
.,2659273

32597675
3·120s;l.J55
U13700R
3235.'}) 1
3266,206
35796065
312519S0


312}7632
31342131
31272999

326'19551
32652331
39724299
>12067833
.,.:1581829
33147838
32598.l8.j
-420·101 ';7
H 1','227
1 ll03553
.> 5
31380171
,2658]60
:>2596824
3 1·j973 10
HOME ADDRESS
,09 W'. 241h St., N.Y., N.Y.
2518 />.hlll St., Elwood, Ind.
243 EII<'ry St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
,Poi 5. 16th .'le, Newuk, N.).
B2B N. WI. 29th A_c., Mialni,
Gen. Del., Studlc)', Kansas
529·$0. 18th Sr., New.lrk, N.J.
133 Pl.tce, Brom, N.Y.
Manning, S.c.
85 Gordon St., Ridgtlitld Pk., N.].
T:t1lava>t, Fla.
Ow.ngs i\flll, Md.
85 School 5t, Roxbury, Mas,.
24 Broad St., N.Y.
137 E. 6th St., Franklin, Ohio
58 Florence St., E. Hortford, Conn.
<\2 (herry St., Lanett, Ala.
239 Slitter Ave., N.Y., N.Y.
142 Welles Ave., Dorchester, t-Jas,.
'\3 Linden Ave., New London, CuM'.
West Van Ky.
268 $. W. ht St., Apt. I, Miami, Fl.!.
223 Sherid'ln Ave., Brooklyn, [\;.Y.
1201 Gilbelt PI .. N.Y., N.Y.
1004 W. 12th 51, Pomona, Cal.
788 Arnow Ave., Bran" N.Y.
RI. 2, Box 57, Tue-scmlla, Ala.
804 Penn St. Sharpsburg, Pa.
129 Paine Ave IrVIngton. N J.
.154 E. 65th St .. NY, N.Y.
200 Blame Aye., Jehnsonourg. Pa.
\'V'est 51 .. Cromwell, Conn.
19 Lucy Sl., Providence, R.l.
109 Main St., Mousup, Conn.
1113 Grant Ave., N.Y., N.Y.
78 !'-'orwooJ Ave., Lodl, N J.
Re Ii. l.C+l,lnoo, Tenn.
BATTr:RY 'A'
- ---
NAME GRADE ASN HOME ADDRESS
R()berl J. Cpl 32653670 569 Academy St., N.Y., N.Y
Leska, John P. Sgt 312729H'2 2 KaecneJe PI., Bridgeport, Conn,
Manea, James P, 1'/5 33601244 6204 M.lrket St., Phi ladelphia, Pa.
Ma rsanlCO, Anlhonl' J..JI' S£I 12653(\0" 288·39 35th St., Lf, City, N.Y.
Materniak, Walter E. Sgt 32482082 146 Randall Ave., Trenton, N.).
Mayfield, Raymond A. Pic 34768035 786 East Ave" NE., Atbnta, Ga.
McGowan, John J. Sst 32683272 42-68 Hunter St., 1. 1. City, N,Y.
Medolag0, Albert Pic 31252592 10 Ne,viield St., Middletown, Conn.
Meyer, Walter t:. Ti5 32597492 8·03
Plaza Rd., Fairlawn, N.J,
Niehtern, WJlI,am F. TiS 32680,43 789 Elton Ave., Bronx N.V.
Oakky, Robert S. Pfc 32646598 132·17 1I4th Ave., Ozone Pk., N.Y.
O' Brien, Jphn E. Pic 37553337 524 N. landowne Ave., Drexel Hill, Pa.
Orensteill, Henry PEe 39041717 1170 Brjgthon Beach Ave., NY., N.Y.
Robillard, Robert F. Tis 31216418 10 Union St., South Windham, Main
Renton, Archie T/5 3264733/; 216 Stan Hope St., Brooklyn, NY.
Rhodt·", Prest OIl H. Sgt 33191246 7726 N. 41h. Ave., Miami, Fla.
Richardson, Williarn E. Cpl 34573787 P,l)'nC Cotton Mills, Ma.con, Ga.
Julius SISgt 32655239 3031\
Coney Island Ave., Bklyn., N.Y.
Smothers, D. TI4 3-1590742 137 Paisley St., Greensboro, N.C.
Stanchfield. Earl J.
pfe
391\19312 1724 East Minnehaha Ave" St. Pau, M1I1L\,
Stanford, Kenneth G. Pic 326665l <) Divisjon St., KeeserviJle, N.Y.
Strater, Herman F. Pfe 42190995 320 H;gh St., Westville, N.].
Roy' E. S/Sgl 32650640 Small Lane, Port Washington, N.Y.
Tobehn'lll. James C. Cpl 52 Stanley Rd., Soulh Orange, N.).
Tomaino, Joseph B. TIS 32593925 187 Ri"C'r St., Red Bank, N.J.
Toth, WiJilam A. T/4 32683395 205 E. 77th St., N.Y., NY.
Wager, A- Pic 42166035 RFD I, MaiJius, NY.
Walls, Clyde B. Cpl 34889244 Box 26, Oliver Springs, Tenn.
Westphal, Rnbert 1. Pic 32652424 1546 r::. 38th St., Bkl)'n .. N.Y.
Wilklow, Albert W. T/5 31371936 2)3 East Main St., Torrington, Conn.
Windheim, Alfred G. pre
12188913 Rd. 1, Falls, Dutchese, N.Y.
WooJ)', James N. T/5 345908R3 Rt. <I, Marion, N.C.
ZdliJrski, Edward ]. Cpl 32597969 202 Bay St., Jersey City, N.J,
69
BATTERY"B"
.- -- .,. ------
BA TTER Y I ~ "
NAME
Abraitis, John F.
Adams, Daniel G.
Alexander, John D.
Andros, Frank G.
Arnold, Arthur A.
Austin, Lester W.
Balint, James G.
Bandy, Harley B.
Blowers, Leonard B.
Braverman, Albert
Broderick, John J.
Burden, Wiljiam F.
Busser, Milton C.
Callas, William
Capek, William E.
Cardinal, Laurence E.
Catena, Salvatore J.
Champion, Ted C.
CoJJier, Richard C.
uetli, Emil S.
Decker, Doss
Doering, Herbert L.
Douglas, Arch A.
Duane, James X.
DuckJoe, Howard W.
Dutton, Arthur L.
Fascia, Amerigo
• Fields, Frank R.
Fisher, Samuel A.
Fistler, Charles M., Jr.
Fox, James L.
Franklin, Charles V.
FuseaJdo, Pasqua (a ].
Galica, Eugeneiusz A.
70
RANK
PEe
Tee 5
PCe
Tec 4
S/Sgt
PCe
Tee 5
Tec 5
Tec 5
Tee 4
Cpl
PEe
S8t
I/Sgt
Nc
Cpl
Pic
Cpl
PEe
Cpl
PCe
S/Sgt
Tee 5
S/Sgt
pfc
Cpl
pfc
58!
pvl
Cpl
PEe
Cpl
Tec 5
Tec 5
ASN
16063278
34591359
39707916
32666706
33024734
32483039
35927385
14166785
32666594
32349399
32598830
31282092
32269283
32654710
32087458
31365894
32655524
34173982
3-1464450
35925889
6669466
32354769
34515888
32655403
33369880
3451'1785
325'92876
31252329
42093485
31252332
34572404
J4037374
31272069
31350731
HOME ADDRESS
268 Lynn St., Saginaw, Mich.
Rt 2, Pilot Mt., N.C.
1555 Henry Road, Napa, Cal.
Kirchner Ave., Hyde Park, N.Y.
PO Box 13 [, Ma rke! St., Frccmans-
burg, Pa.
33 No. Connecticut Ave., Atlantic City,
N.].
RFD 1, West Farmington, Ohio
Rt I, TrioD, Georgia
222 New York Ave., Mechanicvjlle,N.Y.
327 Buckingham Rd., Cedarhurst, L I.,
N.Y.
6 Bergen Ave., Jersey City, N.].
RFD 3, Presque Isle, Maine
107 Collings Ave., Collingswood, N.].
159 West 74th St., NYC, N.Y.
RFD 4, Box 177, New Brunswick, N.].
South Wellileet, Mass.
696 Melrose Ave., NYC, NY.
RFD I, Hudson, N.C.
PO Box 81, Louisburg, N.C.
303 East Tusc Ave., Barberton, Ohio
Leitchfield, Ky.
117·09 16Sth St., Jamaica, N.Y.
Box 14, Pineville, N.C.
J 362 Greenwich Ave., Apponaug, R.1.
Portland, Pa.
1203 Woodside Ave., Greenville, S.c.
312 N. 2nd St., Harrison, N.].
8 Middreton Ave., Wethersfield, Conn.
RD 3, BradEord, Pa.
121 Bushnell St., Hartford, Conn.
Rt J, Oakwood, Ga.
Jooas Ridge, N.C.
47 Cos Cob Ave., Cos Cob, Conn.
131 Austin St., Chicopee, Mass.
i
I
I
I'
BATTERY"B"
- ----._----- ---- --
._-- -----------.
NAME GRADE ASN HOME ADDRESS
Garbatzky, David Pfc 32896719 614 W. I St., .Y. 31, N.Y.
Gizzi, Vincent A. S/Sgl 32307317 613 North St., Newark, N.].
Goode, Francis J. Pvt
31235279 80 Call St., Jamaica Plain, Mass.
Greene, John W, Cpl 32641389 )19 RaEitanAve" DonganHills,S.l., N.Y.
Habura, Leon J. Pfc 5010 2657 W. Hirsch St., Chicago, Ill.
Hall, Arthur W,
PFc 15323273 1243 Lake Drive, Zanesville, Ohio
Harrod, Sanford N., Jr.
Tee 5 208 South Grant St., Kendallville, Ind.
Harl, James C.
Pfc 35705504 Summit, Ky
Hart, John M.
Tee 4 32592516
41 Duke St., Kearny, N,].
Hartkopf, William
Sgt 3259850Q 5 Elmwood Terrace, Irvington, N,J.
Hazeldine, Joseph pvt
32595895 1944 Bond St., Rahwal', N.).
Hill, Richard W,
Cpl 42102638 Squawbrook Rd., North Haledon, N.]
Hoffmann, Rudolf W.
Cpl 32597.346 154 Fern Ave., Lyndhurst, N.].
Hujber, Frank N. Pfc 32483737 Titusville, N.].
Ivers, Louis G.
SlSgt 6956542 RI 4, Box 848, Oklahoma City, Okla·
homa
Jackson, Ovid J. C. <:'pl 34495659 2400 Clark St., CoJumbJa, S.c.
Joseph, Joseph R. Pfc 32954943 18 Hamilton Ave., Trenton, N,].
Juster, Sanford Pfc 326%412 1425 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, N.Y.
Karlocks, Charles I/Sgt R·I06597 5906 . 5th Ave., Brooklyn, N,Y.
Kochan, Adam W,
pfe
32168000 243 Gates Ave., Jersey City, N,].
Langelier, Victor E. Cpl 32666546 31 Albert St., Amsterdam, N,Y.
Lanpher, Gerald R. Pfc 31200Y78 86 Summers St., Bristol, Conn.
Lallmer, Jay W.
pfe
13197133 Fenimore St., Vineland, N.J.
Liming, Lewis P. Cpl 32349396 37·06 69th St., Woodside, NYC, N.Y.
linthicum, RU5sell E. Tec 5 32483627 . III N. 8th Sr., N.].
loner, Robert G., Jr. Hc 34514255 5 East Fleming St., Ware Shoals, S.c.
Lucini, Robert ]. T/5 3124497 38 Olive St., Pawtucket, R.r.
Mandel, leo $.
pfe
32681202 Kelly St., Bronx, N,Y.
March, Ralph J. Tee 5 31272997 752 Iranistan Ave., Bridgeport, Conn.
Mazzola, John J.
pfe
32654750 331 . 9th Ave., NYC, N.Y.
McGrath, Joseph T. Tee 5 34729494 543 Olive St., Memphis, Tenn.
Melville, Paul J. Cpl 32596166 256 McKinley St., Dumont, N.].
Merson, Joseph P.
pfe
31235465 16 Elmore St., Roxbury, Mass.
Joseph F. Tee) 12193583 37 Ave. "T", Brooklyn, N.Y,
Morris, Grady F.
pfe
34574172 III Alabama St" Grifflll, Ga.
Nelson, Francis 1. Tee 4 33272124 917 West 27th St., Erie, Pa.
Orio, Dominic]. Cpl 32483519 131 Bridgeboro St., fuverside, N.].
Petronaei, Anthony P. cpr 32597628 223 Westville Ave., Caldwell, N.].
71
JJATTERY "n"
NAME
Phimistel, John C. Jr.
Pickens, Sherman V.
POIler, Benjamin W.
Powell, Glenn E.
Proctor, Harol1i P.
Raffetto, Eugene F.
Rasera, LouIs A.
Reilly, Peler H.
Robinson., Herman E.
R0cco, Domenic
Sanders, Walter
Schulman, Norman
Sink, John f.
Smith, Davis O.
Smith, Homer M.
Smith, Raymond A.
Snroker, Louis H.
Spaiser, Ben
Thomas, james R.
Tourangeau, Rob. F.
Tularzko, Victor J.
Vally, john O.
Wahall,john
Walter, Stanley S.
Warlick, Sidney H.
Weigler, Charles D.
WensJey, Orville W.
Westlake, Bernard P.
\'<foodward, Richard P.
Wool healer, War"en J.
Wyman, Stanley C.
Younker, William F.
Zakrzewski, J.
Zdrodnwski, Joseph V.
72
GRADE
PIc
ric
Tec 5
S/S!'t
ric
S/S.':l
Cpl
Pfc
Sgt
PIc
PIc
Cpl
Tee 4
Tec 5
Pic
Pic
PIc
Cpl
Tec 5
Tee -1
PIc
Pfc
Tee 5
Cpl
Cpl
Tec 5
pvl
PIc
Ph
pq
S/Sgt
Cpl
PIc
Cpt
ASN
32680500

31256117
14770G
31217768
326-18·133

')2919559
38275216
33 779156
3451·1·197
32825785
33046535
34515519
38481178
3124495:1
32650011
32652777
34705068
31251054
32655946
] 2203716
32657136
32684006
6391752
37531767
36726-198
36341280
37547337
37441730
31178896
15044586
31252536
31273132
IJOIl! E ADDRESS
101 Gihson Ave., White Plains, N.Y.
Rl t, Ecru, Miss.
n Newahll Sc., Lynn, Mass.
807 N.W. A Sr., Richmond, Ind.
RFD 2, So. Paris. Maine
88·20 lO)rd Ave., Owne Puk, N. Y.
P"mona Ave., Albany, N.Y.
640 Fulton St., Elizabeth, N.].
Cen Delivcf)', Binger, Okla.
717 Watkins St., Ph,(aclclphia, P,l.
Clmclen, S.c.
82 North Colc Ave., Spring Valley. N.Y.
Wiru, Va.
Re 3, Columbia, S.c.
Rt 5. Palesl,ne, Texas
70 Richmond St., Central Falls. It!.
26 Chester Sr., Brooklyn, N.Y.
60 Seamal\ Ave., NYC, N.Y.
Rt 1, Deatsville, Ala.
632 tbldwin SI., Waterbury, Conn.
766 Forest Ave., Bronx, N.Y.
First St., RFD 2, Dover, N ..J.
1780 Davidson Ave., Bronx, N.Y.
Cinnabar Ranch, RFD 2, Peekskill,
N.Y.
227 Harrison St., Charlotte, N.C.
Rl I, 40th & Pacinc St., SI. Joseph, Mo.
308 Sourlh Albert St., Mt. PlC)Spect, 1/1.
3 West Walton St., Chicago, !II.
802 4th St. Sf, Minneapolis. M,nn.
1505 Pershing Ave.) Davenporl, low,\.
126 Eastern Ave., Kenne, N.H.
507 E. Main St., Boonville, Indiana
1064 Broad Sr., Hartford. Conn.
307 Cottage St.) Bridgeport, Conn.
BATTERY"C"
BATTERY lIe
ll
NAME
Alexander, Herbert W.
Anthis, John I.
Barnhart, Paul L.
Bartlett, Frank
Bates, Arthur H.
Baker, Guy
Basilica, Robert
Be3sley, Eli J.
necker, Charles R.
Bersani, Joseph
Besoer, T:rnesr J.
Bloxom, Woodrow W.
Blumenthal, Beroard
Brock, £dwJ.fd A.
Burch, Ralph A.
BullS, joseph D.
Carlisle, Gilman T.
Carr, Robert A.
CholJkis, John
Coogan. Thomas J.
Cooper, Wdliam H.
Crosley, Cornelius C.
CUlnmings, james C.
Deitch, Alex
De Santis, Edward H.
Dutchak, Paul A.
Eeken rode, Ray L.
Eichstedt, Kenneth W.
Emanuelson, louis F.
ferro, Olto W.
Finch, Hal'ley L.
Finley, Roger H.
F,sher, jack L.
Fizz, Earl R.
Fogel, joseph
Fontana, Thomas J.
GRADe
Pfc
Tee 5
Tee -l
Nc
Cpl
Cpl
Cpl
, Cpl
pfe
S/Sgr
Cpl
pfe
PEe
Tec-l
Tee 5
Tee 5
Tee 5
Pfc
PEe
Pfc
S/Sgt
Pfe
Pfe
Pfc
Sgt
Cpl
PEe
Tee 5
Pfc
Pfc
1st Sst
Tee 5
Cpl
5iSgt
Pfe
Tee 5
ASN
31237142
39086218
13187079
. ~ 1208229
;1255471
34580955
32654021
34655899
32998834
32353846
32658152
33853132
32793843
12203766
32665356
32666667
34496947
31235582
326-16491
32652810
32664252
32680039
35869657
31272515
32654032
312730£1
33347056
31214489
3[273165
32901519
6974519
32597717
37477378
33232674
33317052
32599035
BOME ADDRESS
325 S. Elm St., West I'lridgew3ter, Mass.
W,nters, Texas
RFD 2, Elizabethtown, Pa.
201 Brook St., Medford, Mass.
West Brookfield, Mass.
Rt. I, Dadeville, Alabama
2349 24th St., Astoria, L.r., N.Y.
Box 215, W insboro, S.c.
1200 Hoc Ave., Bronx, N.Y.
1838 Unionport Rd, Bronx, N.Y.
5]8 Front St., Warrior Run, Pa.
2819 Parkwood Ave., Baltimore, Md.
l464 44th St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Linden, N.C.
Warrensburg, N.Y.
Wassic, N.Y.
Rt. 6, Franklin, Tenn.
117 C h ~ t n u t St., Franklin, Mass.
102.28 Blv'd, Rockaway Be:lch, N.Y.
426 E. 153rd St., Bronx, N.Y.
\'(/esf Exeter, NY.
736 W. 173rd St, N.Y.. NY.
Cole Branch Height._, Charleston, W. Va.
4 Pleasant St., Colchester, Conn.
2114 Ave., T, Brooklyn, N.Y.
329 Melrose St., Keiser, Pa.
310 New Hancock St, Wilkes-Barre, Pa.
205 Railroad Ave., Great Barrington,
Mass.
14 Jetland Pl., Bridgeporl, Conn.
25-40 37th St., Astoria, N.Y.
13 Harry L Drive, johnson CilY, N.Y.
130 Wykoff Ave., Pamsey, N.].
Meadow Grove, Nebraska
l521 Mulberry St, Reading, Pa.
1317 Kerper St., Phi ladelphia, Pa.
386 Tremont Ave., Orange, N.j.
73
ASN
32925896
36591760
1308644,\
32651721
32680945
32659249
34636000
32483600
39270261
.,6424892
326,;0513
35483090
,.2646751
32680501
33437683
.\458/180
1219264."\
32653456
32666623
33107885
35174989
32353658
3.\041862
.14591117
.)',8.\2562

31252553
32353137
32652270
34514057
31218191
14049946
31217521

35805452
I •
BATTERY "e"
NAME
Fralllch, Murry].
Fmby, Robert H.
Goltz, William T.
Goldberg, Nathan
Goldbeck, Frederick A,
Greenspan, Morton
Gullick, James fl.
Hall, Albert
Hallner, Lester
Handloser, Robert C.
Hannigan, Harold R,
Hawkins, Ray J.
Helder, Wdliam
Herzog, John C.
Huntlngton, Chades
Ingle, Paul
IzzelJo, Domenico J.
Janus, Joseph F.
Jones, Ral ph C.
Keefer, Orpheus N.
Kerr, Glenn A.
Kimker, Otto ].
l"ng, Joseph R.
Kiser, John R. Jr.
Krout, Chauncey J.
Kruger, David L.
Leahy, Joseph M.
LIttlefield, Chester ].
!'.tarron, Thomas G.
McElveen, William T.
Mclntryre, Gordon M.
Melnl yre, Jim
Miller, Leamon L.
Miller. Warren T.
Molyneaux, Roger S.
Moore, Glenn E,
74
GRADE
Tee 5
pre
Sgt
Tec 5
Tee 5
Cpl
P(e
Tee 5
Tee 5
Pfc
Pfe
Cpl
Pfr
Tee 5
Cpl
Sgt
Cpl
Cpl
Cpl
S/Sgt
Cpl
Tec 4
S/Sgt
S/Sgt
Pfc
Pfc
Tec 5
S/Sgt
Cpt
Tel' 5
Pfc
Pfc
Cpl
Pfe
Tee 5
Tec
HOME ADDRESS
-171 Lanza Ave., Garfield, N.].
6422 Heyden St.. Detro,t, Michigan
121 Mellon St., Duquesne, Pa.
271 E. Broadway, N.Y.
Buekhill Falls, Pa.
1560 Grand Concourse, Bronx, N.Y.
Thaxton, Miss.
2302 Stuyvesant Ave., Trenton, N.].
,488 E. 4th St., Los Angeles, Calif.
/109 Sheldon St., Jackson, MIchigan
I 59Webber Ave., NorthTarrytown,N.Y.
215 E. Rose St., Harrtsburg, Ill.
9818 Albert Rd, Ozone PJrk, N.Y.
6536 Admiral Ave., Mlddlevillagt,
LI, N.Y.
Rt. 1, Beaver Falls, Pa.
Rt. 1, Box 45, Alabam'l.
3339 Hull Ave., NYC.
2/5 Ave. A, N Y.c.
261 S. Main St., Mechanicville, NY.
Box 155, Boston, Pa.
(,27 \V. Boston Ave, YC1ungstowfl, Ohio
134th St. S. Ozone Park, N.Y.
Seveon, Va.
I J3 S Union St., COll(ord, N.C
208 S. 5th St., North Wales, Pa.
2802 Ohllville Ave" Bwnx, N.Y.
31 Orange St., Hartford, Conn.
13 Wight St, Belfast, Maine
1675 E. 52nd St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
lynchburg. S.C
24 Heard St., Chelsea, Mass.
Rt. 1, Wln,ton Salem, N.C.
118 Brackett 5t. Portland, Maine
260 Livingston Ave, lindhurst, N].
Rt. 3, Box 59 West Fork Rd,
CinCInnati, 0
6661828 Grayville, 111.
NAME
Murphy, Rcrnard L
N'lpolilano, Joseph A.
Nickerson, Charles L.
Nodine. DOllald C.
Ols,an, George
O'Neal, Galveston
Peterson, Sigurd R.
p)'C, Allen R.
Reynolds, Dean
Segit, John F.
Shioe, Arthur J.
Shum, John].
Slatich, Mario
Spink, John H.
Steinert, Phillip 1.
Sullivan, Daniel B.
Tomaiuolo, Patrick G.
Treece, Bueley F.
Tyrrell, Thomas A.
\'<licker, Charles F.
Warona, John
Wlsoiewski, Frank C.
W,szoeeski, Stephan R.
Williams, William W.
William,on, Kenneth E.
Wolff, Allan E.
Wright, Omar C.
Wrede, Walter H.
Young, Britton D.
Youngblood, John H.
Zeiser, George C.
LOIlg, Edgar A.
GRADE
PEe
Tee 5
S/Sgt
Tee 5
Ne
PEe
Cpl
Tee 5
Sgt
Pk
Tee 4
pfe
Pfc
S/5gt
Sgt
Tee 5
Tee 4
Pfe
Tee 5
Pfc
p,·t
PEe
Sgl
Tee ..1
Pfe
S!Sgt
S/Sgt
pfc
Pfc
PEe
Tee 5
1st Sgt
ASN
37125340
325987.B
31237190
121')4661
12134186
3449'i604
11108066
31252542
345147R7
42024852
3t235608
32665931
32651823
31245652
32108690
323068RI
31252311

31244976
14t)}9706
31680166
31238201
)2i164391
H000732
.\8232)18
37021939
31317251
32597641

3'1495584
326'i996l
32269224
BATTER Y "C"
HOME ADDRESS
Tecumseh, Nebraska
97 Stone St., Newark, N.].
115 Calc St., Roxbury, Mass.
244-,10 90th Ave., Belberose, L.l., N.Y.
66 Comeree St., Perth Amhoy, N.J.
Adolphus, Ky.
14 Chestnut Ave., Auburn, Mass.
8 Goshen St., Hartford, Conn.
Ltme.\lone Mill, Gaffney, S.c.
17 Strauss Ave., Buffalo, N.Y.
3·1 Circuit 51., Roxhury, Mass.
79 S. Main 51., Castleton, N.Y.
4D E. 91h St.. NYC.
221 War,,'iekneck Ave., W3rw,ckneck,
R.I.
192 51. Nicholas Ave., Ridgewood,
Brooklyn
46 Central Ave., Leonia, N.J.
2 Pleasanl 51., H,wford, Conll.
Rt. 3, Box 245-A, Salisbury, N.C.
93 Rosemere Rd, Pawtucket, R.1.
471 Tlldnn St., ew Albany,
'>892 Third A,-c., Bron" N.Y.
26 Chestnut St., Chelsea, MiISS.
U33 Seymour Ave., Utica, N.Y.
ChaCIng Cmss. Baltimore, ,M,L
1409 J2th St., Witchita Falll\ Texas
Box l55, Butcer/jeld, Minn.
10 Limeswne 51., Caribou, Maint
III LinJen Aw:., Verona. N.J.
64 W. Main St., Norwalk, Ohio
Rr. 8, Greeneville, Tenn.
7112 69th PI, Glendale, Ll., N.Y.
214 Clifton Ave., Mt. Holly. N.).
75
S[R v [C EllA1'1' 1'R Y
SERVICE BATTERY
NAME
Sam
Anselmo, Joseph J.
Baei no, Peler
Barnell, Franklin P.
Barrett, James .M.
Barta, Julius].
Barlock, John ].
Bennetl, BeraalJ) E.
Bennett. H.uold F.
Budra<vjch, Frank R.
Bosco, Eugene G.
Calise, V,to G.
Camp, Laurence A.
Chateau, Edw:rrd ].
Crun)!', John H.
Derasmt1, \Xfdliam J.
Docrrl,\mm, Alfred A.
E''senman, Tommie F.
Ford, Daniel
Foster, Harold S.
GlJld,lrving H.
Goldstein, Sydney
Grahan', James M.
H<lig. Robert J.
Jsenberger, [I wood C.
Karpuk, George
Kay, Harold
Kilgore, \l(faltu S.
Kohlmeyer, Harry
lake, Gordon F.
J..ake, Huell f.
Lauber, Arthur G.
LeGronI', Howard B.
Marandola, Raymond J.
McKee, Edward
76
GRADr:
Pfc
1'/5
M/Sgt
1'15
Sgt

(1'1
PIc
1'15
SIS}!,!
S;Sgl
T/,j
T/Sf:t
rl,
1'15
TiS
1),1
Pfe
J/Sgl
S/Sgl
TIS

SfSgl
1'/5
I.lSgr
1'/4
PIc
TIS
MISSI
S/Sgt
TIS
Cpl
1'/·1
TIS
1'.15
ASN
32597377
32649411
32483503
34581023
3603S0 II
,Rll3H5
33017525

35n6187
.133L706?
32651736
31
32483831
6690277
345738\9
326ROO·13
32650·j 19
6953480
'H238338
34573638
32652'J12
31237808
32650029

6667363
32482776
31262338
34050R88
3303'1·10·1
3610981\1
7080011
32597897
345812)-1
3U20596
32647503
HOME ADDRESS
352 Copeland Ave., Lyndhmsl, N.J.
1S95 P,ne St., Brouklyn, N.Y.
129 Brodgeboro Sr, Riverside, N.J.
802 Tenth St., Sylacauga, Ala.
HfD I, HIlmI', III.
</0 A. A. Krause, Rt. I, YOJkUOl,
2305 Lovell Ave., 8arnesboro, Pa.
'>03 Park Ave., TOI,inglon, Conn.
.\06 W. TusyearalVU St., Canlon, Oh,o
1625 N. Rlh St., Philadelphia, Pa.
39-20 lOlh St., Corona, L.T., N.Y.
89 Babcock St., Providence, R.I.
Maine St., Haleyville, N.].
623 Bure St., Ogdemburg, N.Y.
Rt. I, Mershom, Ga.
1304 St. Laurence Ave., Bronx, N.Y.
58-19 Cooper Ave., Queens, N.Y.
Rt. 1, l\'!inco, Okla.
30 lincoln St.. (h:1,le510wl1, Mass.
CanliJla, Ga.
755 Soutbern BI-d., Bronx, NY.
16 County Rd., Everett, Mass.
299 Eldert St., N.Y.
61-05 Gater A"e., nl'Ooklyn, N.Y.
516 Kling Drive, Ohio
RfD 1, Willialnsto\\'n, N.).
1'1 Shedd St.. Lowel J,
210 W. Maine St., Leesburg, Fb.
727 Ensign St.) Pittsburgh, Pa.
11;0 Markham Ave., Flrn!, MICh.
RFD 2, Dublin, Ga.
40'> 50th St., West New Ynrk, N.J.
Coaling, Ala.
31 Harrisflf1 St., Providence, R.J,
115·46 Suiter Ave., So. Ozone Pk.,
1.I., N.Y.
NAME
Migneeo, DomInick A.
Mullikin, Edgar J.
Nash, Truman H.
Nosal, Louis S.
Olson, Conrad E. W.
Onofrio, Benjamin A.
Opulente, Salvator, A.
Pastore, Anthony S.
Pedersen, Neil J.
Peterson, Patrick J.
Pet recca, Gerald P.
Pocci.l, Anthony R.
Putnam, Richard B.
Rtmiszewski, Stanley P.
Repb, Alfred P.
Risi, Albert S.
Rousseau, Gerard T.
Sanford, Gordon S.
Schwartz, Louis
Schweeppe, Edwin R.
Senior, John R.
Smallwood, EJmel R.
Stankiewicz, The0dore A
SI Louis, Edward O.
Taylor, Joseph T.
Templeton, John f.
Thielemann, John K
Toman. Thomas P.
Travis, Llord D.
Van VegheJ, Don'llJ G.
Weintraub. Ben S.
Wilson, William J
Winton, James R.
GRADE
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32R198:>6
63,j9942
34496795
31271903
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SF.RVICE BATTERY
HOME ADDRESS
Henry St., New York, N.Y.
2926 PrcSslll.1n 51., Md.
Rr. 2, G>1llalin, Tenn.
H,gganum, Conn.
17 Windsor 51., \'\Iorcester, Mass.
-'12 Chlrles 51., Hartford, Conn.
325 Clinlon 5r., Brooklyn, N.Y.
246 Dahlgren PI., Brooklyn, N.Y.
2'12 S. frner St., Kankakee, III.
210 Bergen St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
88 !I·fatlboro SI., Hamden, Conn.
807 Eleanor PI., Utica, N.Y.
60 Devans St, Marlboro, Mass.
Old Farm Road, Bradstreet, Mass.
Swan, Rd., Ltncasrer, N.Y.
1153 Rogers AI'c., Brooklyn, N.Y.
379 E. 162nd Sr., Bronx, N.Y.
RfD 2, Box \61 H, Freehold, N.].
61 E. 57lh St., Brooklyn, N.Y.
320 N. 6<h St" Rock Pore, Ind.
21 Bridge St., Bellevdle, N.].
920 Cortland 5t., FalfmouOl, W. Va.
2409 Cl,lrendon Rd., Brooklyn, N.Y.
420 Fon·Clair St., Johnstown, N.Y.
Rl. I, li,ella,
212 Ml. View Ave., Greenvdle, S.c.
2103 Collax St., Evanston, Ill.
\52 Grant Ave., East Newark, N.].
Rt. 2, Box 52, Magnolia, Miss.
1954 S. 8tst 51., West A/iss, Wis.
146 Westbourne Pkwy., HrHtford, Conn.
.'>0·64 50th St., Woodside, 1.1., N.Y.
193 Elm Sr., Albany, N.Y.
77
MEDICAL DETACHMENT
MEDICAL DETACHMENT
NAME
Bernstein. R01:tnJ P
GRADE

ASN HOME ADDRESS
3'569752 309 E.l.st Thi,J St., Duluth,
Brooks. Gilbert
Carr, Grover E.
Cooke. Grovel ill.
DeFalco. Nicholas V.
Delaney, Leonh.lrd J.
Elrod, V;ln H.
Esslinger, John j
Foley, Marion
FE-alherly. Marion
Greenberger, Sylvan V.
Hauser, Clarence f,
Infelise, Phidele H.
I"-'11n, Edward L.
lao, Michael G.
Kramer, joseph H.
Leardo, joseph j,
Magyr, Frank A.
Obal, Alex
It,ce, Robert 1..
Schlossberg, Harry
Stelmach, John
Slrumpf, Herbert
Wright, Jesse C.
.78
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98-25 651h Rd, Foresl Hills, ]\j.y,
.f765 Linwln Ave., Chicago. til.
260 Bay St., Concord, N.C
12·1 Pnmrose 51., HaverhIll, Mass.
Buffum St., Salem, Mas>.
Route 7, Sparta, Tenn
476 So Cleveland J\ve., St. Palll 5.
MlO(I.
40 Pn nee St." Jamaica Plai 11<
East Flal Rock, N.c.
2619 Crescent St., Astorin Lf, N.Y.
1534 W. Trade St.. Charlotte, N.C.
835 So Ashlan BI,·d., Chicago 7, Ill.
815 Elton Ave., Bronx, N.Y.
58 Oak St, Port Chester, N.Y.
855 Fox St., Bronx, N.V.
l38 Kimball Ave.. Revere, Mass.
276 River Rd. EJg<:w:1trr. N.].
Maple St., Toylor, Penna.
25 B,rdall St., Norwich, Conn.
257 Floys St., BrookkJyn 6, N.Y.
2631 S. 4il th Court, Cicero, Ill.
Elmwood Hall, Grassl'1nds Hop"
Valhalla, N.Y.
RI I, CenterVille. Tenn.
\------ -
I
Bishop, Henry C
Pvt 31200593
Grandby, Vt
Knobeloch, Frank W
S/Sgt 33066049
20 N Lucerne Ave
Baltimore, Md
Simon, Murray M
Cpl 32B50i30
1785 Bryant Ave
Bronx, NY
MAP No.3
BUSWEILER TO SCHAUERNHEIM AREA
Kill11111'1 _\
MAP No.4
MANNHEIM TO HEILBRONN AREA
..
Scale 1 : 250000
1 Inch ~ 3,95 Mlles
1 Centimetre = 2.5 Kilometres
·
MAP No.5
STUTTGART AREA
Scale 1 : 250 000
1 rnch = 3,95 M; les
J Centimetre =

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