Computer Make the World Smaller and Smarter

The ability of tiny computing devices to control complex operations has transformed the way many tasks are performed, ranging from scientific research to producing consumer products. Tiny ‘computers on a chip’ are used in medical equipment, home appliances, cars and toys. Workers use handheld computing devices to collect data at a customer site, to generate forms, to control inventory, and to serve as desktop organizer. Not only is computing equipment getting smaller, it is getting more sophisticated. Computers are part of many machines and devices that once required continual human supervision and control. Today, computers in security system result in safer environments, computers in cars improve energy efficiency, and computers in phones provide features such as call forwarding, call monitoring, and call answering. These smart machines are designed to take over some of basic tasks previously performed by people; by so doing, they make life a little more pleasant. Smart cards store vital information such as health records, drivers’ licenses, bank balances, and so on. Smart phones, cars and appliances with built in computers can be programmed to better meet individual needs. A smart house has a built in monitoring system that can turn lights on and off, open and close windows, operate the oven, and more. With small computing devices available for performing smart tasks like cooking dinner, programming the VCR, and controlling the flow of information in an organization, people are able to speed more time doing what they often do best – being creative. Computers can help people work creatively. Multimedia systems are known for their educational and entertainment value, which we call ‘edutainment’. Multimedia combines text with sound, video, animation, and graphics, which greatly enhances the interaction between user and machine and can make information more interesting and appealing to people. Expert system software enables computers to ‘think’ like experts. Medical diagnosis expert system, for example, can help doctors pinpoint a patient’s illness, suggest further tests, and prescribe appropriate drugs. Connectivity enables computers and software that might otherwise be incompatible to communicate and to share resources. Now that computers are proliferating in many areas and networks are available for people to access data and communicate with others, personal computers are becoming interpersonal PCs. They have the potential to significantly improve the way we relate to each other. Many people today telecommute-that is, use their computers to stay in touch with the office while they are working at home. With the proper tools, hospital staff can get a diagnosis from a medical expert hundreds or thousands of miles away. Similarly, the disabled can communicate more effectively with others using computers. Distance learning and videoconferencing are concept made possible with the use of an electronic classroom or boardroom accessible to people in remote locations. Vast databases of information are currently available to users of the internet, all of whom can send mail messages to each other. The information superhighway is designed to significantly expand this interactive connectivity so that people all over the world will have free access to all these resources. People power is critical to ensuring that hardware, software, and connectivity are effectively integrated in a socially responsible way. People – computer users and computer professionals – are the ones who will decide which hardware, software, and networks endure and how great an impact they will have on our lives. Ultimately people power must be exercised to ensure that computers are used not only efficiently but in a socially responsible way. A. Find the answers to these questions in the following text. 1. Name some types of devices that use ‘computers on a chip’. 2. What uses of handled computers are mentioned in the text? 3. What are the benefits of using computers with the following items? a. Security system. b. Cars c. Phones

Match the terms in Table A with the statement in Table B. b. Networking is a way of allowing otherwise incompatible system to communicate and share resources. Expert System d. The use of computers prevents people from being creative. Fill in the blanks.What aspects of computing can people power determine? B. Use computers to stay in touch with the office while working at home iii. Multimedia materials with a combination of educational and entertainment content v. How can computers help the disabled? 9. … c. d. producibility … information … … … … … improvable … communicative accessible … . access g. a. A combination of text with sound. and graphics 2. Edutainment b. perform b. Re-read the text to find the answers to these questions: 1.4. Software that enables computers to 'think' like expert ii. Telecommute e. 3. … e. What can medical expert systems do? 8. Computers are sometimes used to monitor system that previously needed human supervision. Information superhighway Table B i. Desktop organizers are programs that require desktop computers. interactive access to vast resources for people all over the world iv. Multimedia c. What smart devices are mentioned in the text? 5. Internet system designed to provide free. video animation. Computer users do not have much influence over the way that computing develops. decide … producer. Mark the following statements as True or False: a. e. Table A a. … d. What types of computing systems are made available to people in remote locations using electronic classrooms or boardrooms? 10. c. What are the advantages of multimedia? 7. communicate f. What are smart cards used for? 6.

There was a terrible accident on a busy downtown street yesterday. 1. It most frequently (affect) … the skin of the cheeks. In my country. He (tell) … that he was being relieved of his duties because of his age. ears. Use either active or passive. not) … on Mars. where he encountered a ferocious dog. New species (discover) … every year. Right now Roberto is in the hospital. We now know that the lines are not really canals. One day a professor gave him an arithmetic problem. While the thief (chase) … by the police. so the total increases continually. fingers. Yesterday a purse-snatcher (catch) … by a dog. Giovanni Schiaparelli. nose. a network of lines (discover) … on the surface of Mars by an Italian astronomer. Several years ago.” As a result. such as the price of medical supplies. (control) … by the government. 6. in any appropriate tense.STRUCTURE: ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE A.” but when the Italian word (translate) … into English. 3. some people thought the lines were waterways that (build) … by some unknown creatures. 5. It (take) … him only eight seconds to solve the problem. Other prices (determine) … by how much consumers are willing to pay for a product. who (interview) … by the police. certain prices. In 1877. and toes. The Amazon valley is extremely important to the ecology of the earth. Anderson (inform) … by his superior at an aircraft corporation that he could no longer be a test pilot. including my friend. etc). 8. How could he do it so quickly? Can you do it quickly? . chin. when he was 52.000 kinds of fish (name) … and (describe) … by scientists. he (jump) … over the fence into someone’s yard. Anderson took the corporation to court for age discrimination. Dozens of people (see) … it. 11. The game (win. They’re a lot better than we are. The first fish (appear) … on the earth about 500 million years ago. 10. 7. for the verbs in parentheses. Up to now. 4. more than 20. 2. Canals (exist. Carl (ask) … to add up all the numbers from 1 to 100 (1+2+3+4+5. Forty percent of the world’s oxygen (produce) …there. He (treat) … for a bad burn on his hand and arm. Frostbite may occur when the skin (expose) … to extreme cold. probably) … by the other team tomorrow. The astronomer (call) … these lines “channels. Richard Anderson is a former astronaut. 9. Carl Gauss (recognize) … as a mathematical genius when he was ten. The dog (keep) … the thief from escaping. it became “canals.

Her interest in singing (encourage) … 8. Some UFO sightings (explain.She is very lazy. 13. Hansen (elect) … because she is honest.In my opinion. So he (multiply) … 50 times 101 and (come) … up with the answer: 5. will be announced 6. All of the sentences are passive. They are inexplicable. In my opinion. Use the verb in parentheses with the modal or phrasal that sounds best to you. Five of the committee members will be unable to attend the next meeting. Create dialogues that include one (or more) of the given verb phrases. Present your dialogues to the class. He (marry) … 3. and so on to 50 plus 51 – equaled 101. 2. 7. B. Use other passive modals if you can. What? You tripped over a chair at the party and dropped your plate of food into a woman’s lap? You (embarrass) … 11.Carl could do it quickly because he (know) … that each pair of numbers – 1 plus 100. and competent. 5. A new hospital (build) … years ago. If you don’t some of your words (misunderstand) … 9. not) … everything he or she wants. The entire valley (see) … from their mountain home. He won’t accept papers written in pencil. He is wearing a gold band on his fourth finger. she (push) … 12. 4. 3 plus 98. should have been changed 2. Ms. all of our compositions (write) … in ink. must be submitted 3. 10.We can’t wait any longer! Something (do) … immediately! 15. not) … easily. is/are supposed to be worn 10. the meeting (postpone) … 6.Blue whales and other endangered species (save) … from extinction. can’t be estimated . Your daughter has a good voice. 2 plus 99. had better be sent 9. ought to have been told 4. If you want her to do anything. could have been damaged 5. According to our teacher. I found this book on my desk when I came to class. A child (give. may be required 7. must have been surprised 8.The hospital in that small town is very old and can no longer serve the needs of the community. knowledgeable. 1. Do you agree? 14. C.050. Try to speak slowly when you give your speech. 1. It (leave) … by one of the students in the earlier class.

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