Scaffolds & Ladders com | Scaffolding | Engineering

Page 1 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY

2 1 REVISION

November 2005 May 2002 DATE

An independent document issued for implementation Chapter-15 of Safety Regulations (Scaffolds & Ladders) DESCRIPTION

Reference No.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015, Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005

Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices

Page 2 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY

SCAFFOLDS & LADDERS
SAFE WORK PRACTICES
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 PURPOSE AND SCOPE ..…………………………...…………………………………………… REFERENCES ……………………………………………………………………………………….. DEFINITIONS …………………………………………………………………………………….. SCAFFOLD MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS……………………………………………………. SCAFFOLD INSPECTION, TAGGING AND RECORDKEEPING ………………………. CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS COMMON TO ALL SCAFFOLDS………………. TYPES OF SCAFFOLD AND REQUIREMENTS 7.1 INDEPENDENT TIED SCAFFOLD ………………………………………………………. 7.2 TOWER SCAFFOLD …………………………………………………………………………. 7.3 CANTILEVER SCAFFOLD …………………………………………………………………. 7.4 SYSTEM SCAFFOLD ………………………………………………………………………… 7.5 FABRICATED TUBULAR FRAME SCAFFOLD ……………………………………….. 7.6 BRACKET SCAFFOLD ………………………………………………………………………. 7.7 SLUNG SCAFFOLD ………………………………………………………………………….. 7.8 ADJUSTABLE SUSPENSION SCAFFOLD …………………………………………….. 7.9 CRAWLING BOARD OR CHICKEN LADDER ………………………………………… 8.0 PORTABLE LADDERS 8.1 LADDER SELECTION ………………………………………………………………………. 8.2 USE OF LADDER …………………………………………………………………………….. 9.0 10.0 AERIAL WORK PLARFORM …………………………………………………………………….. AUDIT REQUIREMENTS …………………………………………………………………………. : MAXIMUM DISTRIBUTED LOADING ON SCAFFOLD PLATFORMS… : SCAFFOLD TAGS (RED & GREEN)………………………………………… : SCAFFOLD CHECKLIST………………………………………………………… 27 29 30 31 33 34 35 18 19 20 20 22 23 23 25 25 3 3 4 5 6 9

Appendix - A Appendix - B Appendix - C

Reference No.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015, Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005

Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices

Page 3 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY

1.0 PURPOSE AND SCOPE
Scaffolds are used in refineries and storage facilities as temporary work platforms to provide support for workmen, plant and materials used in maintenance, construction, and demolition work. The accidents to workers that are caused due to falls from height or collapse of scaffold show clearly the importance of properly constructed and maintained scaffolds. Accidents also occur due to; • • • • • • • Slipping of unsecured ladders Use of unsuitable scaffold or faulty materials Inadequately supported scaffold boards Inadequate or irregular platform widths Omission of guardrails or toeboards Failure to properly secure the scaffold to the building or to brace it adequately Overloading the scaffold platforms, etc.

This document is intended to provide a generic and non-exhaustive safety guideline on the use of various types of steel scaffolds. It also covers ladders used alone or in conjunction with scaffolds, step platform, and aerial work platforms. This document is not a design manual/reference. Users should refer to relevant British/European/OSHA Standards for detailed scaffold components’ specifications and other scaffold design criteria. Mandatory rules (or ‘MUST’) are characterized by the word ‘SHALL’ throughout the text. Advisory rules or recommendations are indicated by the word ‘SHOULD’.

2.0 REFERENCES
SN 1 2 3 4 5 Standard Organization OSHA OSHA OSHA OSHA OSHA Standard Number 1910.28 1926.451 1926.452 1926.453 1910.67 Title Safety Requirements for Scaffolding Scaffold General Requirements Additional Requirements Applicable to Specific Type of Scaffolds Aerial Lifts Vehicle Mounted Elevating and Rotating Work Platform
Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices

Reference No.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015, Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005

Reference No.means a horizontal transverse scaffold member (which may be supported by ledgers or runners) upon which the scaffold platform rests and which joins scaffold uprights. Coupler . erected to prevent employees from falling off a scaffold platform or walkway to lower levels. and similar members. waist.means a rigid connection that holds one scaffold member in a fixed position with respect to another member. toprails.means a vertical barrier. Cleats are also used to provide footing on sloped surfaces such as crawling boards. and posts. midrails. or to a building or structure.Page 4 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY SN 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Standard Organization BS EN BS EN BS BS NSC ANSI ANSI KPC Standard Number 12811-1: 2003 39: 2001 2482: 1981 2037: 1998 A10. Guardrail system .0 DEFINITIONS Bearer (putlog) .means a device for locking together the tubes of a tube and coupler scaffold. pelvis.8: 2001 A92. but not limited to. chest and shoulders. Safety harness .7: 2000 Document 50 Title Temporary Works Equipment Part-1: Scaffolds Performance Requirements and General Design Loose Steel Tube for Tube and Coupler Scaffolds Timber Scaffold Boards Aluminum Ladders and Steps Scaffold Safety Requirements Vehicle Mounted Elevating and Rotating Work Platforms Mobile Ladder Stands and Mobile Ladder Stand Platform Safety Belt and Fall Protection 3. Cleat . posts.means a single-point adjustable suspension scaffold consisting of a seat or sling designed to support one employee in a sitting position. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices . consisting of.means a structural block used at the end of a platform to prevent the platform from slipping off its supports. with means for attaching it to other components of a personal fall arrest system. Boatswains’ chair .means a design of straps which may be secured on the body of the employee in a manner to distribute the fall arrest forces over at least the thighs.2: 2001 A14.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015. Brace . poles.

4.0 SCAFFOLD MATERIALS REQUIREMENTS All scaffold components shall conform to the relevant British/European/OSHA Standard or equivalent.means the total load of all persons. Stair tower (Scaffold stairway/tower) . pits. To ensure sufficient stock of scaffold components are maintained and in good condition. deceleration device.means areas below the level where the employee is located and to which an employee can fall. floors. These towers are used to provide access to scaffold platforms and other elevated points such as floors and roofs. Platform . fabricated planks. Lifeline . water.means a work surface elevated above lower levels.means a component consisting of a flexible line that connects to an anchorage at one end to hang vertically (vertical lifeline). Maximum intended load . ramps. Personal fall arrest system . transmitted loads. tools.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015.means a portion of a scaffold platform used only for access and not as a work level.Page 5 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY Hoist . and equipment. and which serves as a means for connecting other components of a personal fall arrest system to the anchorage. connectors.means a system used to arrest an employee’s fall. tanks. or combinations of these. a body harness and may include a lanyard. and fabricated platforms. lifeline. fabricated decks. but are not limited to.means a manual or power-operated mechanical device to raise or lower a suspended scaffold. ground levels. materials. equipment. Walkway . a quarterly audit at Contractor’s scaffold storage yard shall be carried out by KNPC Safety Section and Sponsoring Division. and other loads reasonably anticipated to be applied to a scaffold or scaffold component at any one time. materials. excavations. or that connects to anchorages at both ends to stretch horizontally (horizontal lifeline). Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices . Landing . It consists of an anchorage. Lower levels . roofs.means a tower comprised of scaffold components and which contains internal stairway units and rest platforms. Such areas include. Damaged or Reference No. Platforms can be constructed using individual wood planks.means a platform at the end of a flight of stairs / ladders. runways.

Fittings should be regularly examined.3 mm outside diameter / 4. Hence timber boards shall not be used in running units or where they are in contact with hot lines or surfaces. Moving parts should be regularly lubricated for easy movement. subject to above conditions. not corroded and regularly inspected.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015. 5. surface flaws and other defects. or stenciled into a metal plate.3 mm outside diameter / 3. etc.adhesive material. The ‘green tag’ shall be an insert while the ‘red tag’ shall be a holder having an attachment port which Reference No.Page 6 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY deteriorated components shall be immediately discarded or tagged not to be used. tagging and recordkeeping activities and responsibilities. Timber Boards. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices . Scaffold components shall be uniquely marked / labeled to appropriately identify the owner.0 mm thick. Boards used for scaffolding decking shall be 50. Metallic boards shall be used in running units or where the boards are in contact with hot lines or surfaces. Timber boards should be avoided if the specific location is not free of hydrocarbons. Boards which are split. The tags shall be weatherproof and should have the Contractor’s name. 4. which could cause fire. 5. 4. use of a self. Boards shall not be painted or treated in any way that may conceal defects. Tubes and fittings shall be free of cracks.0 SCAFFOLD INSPECTION.8 mm (2 inches) thick and not less than 229 mm (9 inches) wide. decayed or warped shall not be used.1 TUBES & FITTINGS Type 3 and 4 steel tubes to BS EN 39:2001 is 48.1 The green and red scaffold tags (see Appendix-A) shall be used to inform / warn users about the condition or readiness of a scaffold. TAGGING AND RECORDKEEPING Figure-1 below provides an overview on the workflow for scaffold inspection. All tubes should be maintained in a good condition. Tubes shall be straight.2 mm thick 48. Since timber boards can be cut for the required length they may be used in small confined spaces. Markings or label should contain the Contractor’s name / emblem that shall be either painted into the material.2 BOARDS (PLANKS) Metal Boards. Timber boards are combustible and can get saturated with hydrocarbon.

shall be barred. Scaffold tag no. should be indicated in the work permit whenever an activity requires the use of scaffold.Page 7 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY can accommodate at least two inserts. whether it be during erection. 5. braced. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices .2 The ‘green tag’ shall be inserted into the holder only when scaffold is certified safe for use through the completion of the scaffold checklist.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015. tied. Barricade should be such that users would not accidentally step into the unfinished portion.5 No portion of the scaffold should be utilized unless that portion is fully decked.4 Executor shall prominently display the ‘Red Tag’ (DO NOT USE SCAFFOLD) when scaffolding is incomplete.1: SCAFFOLD INSPECTION.6 Scaffold supervisor and KNPC Supervisor (or his superior) shall inspect the scaffold after completion of erection and certify them using the checklist in Reference No. WORK PERMIT Request and Issuance RECORD LOGBOOK * Secure reference number * Data & Information entry ALTERATION * Withdraw Green Tag (Red Tag On) * Start Alteration ERECTION * Place Red Tag * Ensure compliance with the standard and requirements DISMANTLING * Withdraw Green Tag (Red Tag On) * Start Dismantling INSPECTION * Scaffold checklist shall be used used * Pre-inspection by Contractor * Joint Inspection by KNPC & Contractor NOT SAFE FOR USE * Specify deviation SCAFFOLD ALTERATION REQUIRED SAFE FOR USE *Certified safe for use * Install Green Tag * Information entry in the logbook SCAFFOLD DISMANTLING REQUIRED FIGURE . which are incomplete. The red tag (or holder) should be fixed into the scaffold component as ‘scaffold erection’ progresses. 5. demarcated and certified. Access to those parts. 5. dismantling or alteration. TAGGING AND RECORDKEEPING 5.3 Tags shall be displayed near access points at eye level. 5.

a sequential number depicting the unit area number) shall be assigned. Competent and authorized scaffold personnel are hereunder defined as Scaffold Engineer. no. whichever occurs earlier. recorded and closed out by Maintenance group. floor level. inspect and maintain scaffolding in KNPC premises.8 Maintenance should maintain a dedicated Scaffold Record Logbook in each unit area kept at the Maintenance site shelter. It shall be re-inspected at least every seven days or after modification/alteration and after weather is likely to have affected stability. A scaffold unique reference number (e. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices . etc.Page 8 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY Appendix-C. 5.g. Information that shall be maintained in the logbook should include (but not limited to) the following: Date erected and date dismantled Responsible Scaffold Engineer / Supervisor Exact location where the scaffold will be erected (e. 5. 5.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015. erect. KNPC signatory shall keep the original checklist and copy shall be filed with the permit issuer for checking the validity while issuing permits for users.9 Only authorized scaffold personnel can alter or modify a certified safe scaffold which must be carried out under a work permit requirement and condition. alter.) Brief description of Scaffold (e. 5.g.10 TRAINING AND AWARENESS KNPC Safety shall provide / arrange training of concerned KNPC Supervisors and Engineers on scaffold safety. Any alteration or modification done should be registered in the scaffold record logbook.. or (b) the employee is in position of a Reference No. etc. of span.11 COMPETENT AND AUTHORIZED SCAFFOLD PERSONNEL Only competent and authorized personnel shall be delegated the task to design. no. and how to fill the checklist/tags. modify. of working platform. dismantle.g.7 Duly signed ‘Green Tag’ (Use Scaffold) shall be displayed by inserting into the holder. Scaffold Supervisor. and Scaffolders The competency of scaffold personnel shall mean (a) declared competent by KNPC concerned Superintendent. A copy of the completed checklist shall be kept along with the scaffold record logbook that is being maintained at Maintenance Site shelter. inspection of scaffold.) Name of Contractor who erected the scaffold 5. equipment no.

6. Maintenance / Construction Planning shall indicate maximum intended load (light/medium/heavy duty as shown in Appendix-B) when requesting a scaffold. Additional certifications and experience specific to scaffold design. Reference No.11. training and experience. certificate or professional standing and possesses an extensive knowledge. erection and disassembly should be given preference.11.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015.2 Scaffold Supervisor Shall be a diploma holder in Engineering or Science graduate having five (5) years experience on scaffold erection.0 CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS COMMON TO ALL SCAFFOLDS 6. 5. The recommended maximum distributed loading of scaffold platform shall conform to the table in Appendix-B.1 GENERAL Figure-2 and 3 below show various scaffold components. modification and disassembly.3 Scaffold Erectors and Dismantlers Shall have a certified training on Scaffold Erection and Dismantling and have three (3) years experience in related field. Scaffolds (a) exceeding 38 m (125 ft) height. He should be capable to inspect scaffolds and scaffold components for visible defects or condition which could affect the structural integrity. (b) requiring special application and (c) those required for unusual heights or for use in abnormal circumstances shall be designed by a qualified engineer and approved by KNPC Civil Engineer (who is in-charge on structural design).11. 5. The following competency guideline should be utilized as a general reference: 5. Members shall support own weight and at least 4 times maximum intended load. Contractor or supplier shall show documentary proof on this aspect.Page 9 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY recognized degree.1 Scaffold Engineer Shall be a graduate Civil Engineer having a minimum of five (5) years experience on structural design and construction. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices .

rigid. BASE PLATES & SOLE PLATES The footing or anchorage for scaffolds should be sound. base plate may rest directly on the surface without a sole plate. made up ground or asphalted surface for most scaffold with four levels or less in height. If multiple levels will have live load simultaneously.2 FOUNDATIONS. Reference No. the scaffold engineer should ensure sole plates are capable of carrying intended load without settling or displacement.Page 10 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY FIGURE – 2 : SCAFFOLD FITTINGS 6. A good base is essential. Sole plates shall extend under at least two standards. so the ground or floor on which the scaffolding is going to stand should be carefully examined.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015. For Scaffolds resting on concrete surface or steel structure where there is no risk of displacing or sinking. Soil or made up ground will need consolidating. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices . and not heavily loaded. The use of at least 229 mm x 38 mm (9 inches x 1½ inches) cross section of wooden sole plates (or equivalent metal sole plates) are required to spread the load on earth. and on taller scaffolds. and capable of carrying intended load without settling or displacement.

3 STANDARDS (Vertical Tubes/Uprights/Columns/Posts) Standards shall be pitched on base plates and sole plates or timber pads. 6. which can have a hinged top handrail. FIGURE – 3: TUBE AND COUPLER SCAFFOLD • • This is a typical "Independent Tied Scaffold" which may be tied to a permanent structure such as a process vessel or a building. etc.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015. Reference No. All standards shall be vertical. Joints should be arranged so that they occur as near as possible to a ledger. Access ladder has a separate extended platform.Page 11 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY Base plates with screw jacks should be used to ensure proper scaffold leveling adjustments. Joints in standards should not occur in the same lift. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices .

Anchoring. or both. (3 feet). using guy wires. subsequent tie-ins must be secured to the building or structure at intervals not greater than 793 cm. joints in adjacent ledgers should not occur in the same bay. (26 feet) vertically. Longitudinal diagonal bracing shall be installed at an approximately 45 degree angle from near the base of the first outer post upward to the extreme top of the scaffold.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015. • Ties must be placed at both ends and every 915 cm (30 feet) horizontally and should be installed during the erection process.5 cm.e. and the cross braces shall be of such length as will automatically square and align vertical members so that the erected scaffold is always plumb. If joint pins are used they should be placed at about one-quarter to one-third the span between the standards. If guying is necessary. start a new Reference No. The first tie shall be secured at an elevation of four times the minimum base with the following two separate requirements for the next upward interval: • If the scaffold is wider than 91. 6.Page 12 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY 6. and rigid. i. All brace connections shall be made secure. If the scaffold is less than 91.4 LEDGERS (Horizontal Tubes/Runners) Ledgers shall be securely fixed to standards with double or universal loadbearing couplers and shall be horizontal. not at mid-span. square. the subsequent tie-ins must be at no greater than 610 cm. Ties shall not be removed until the scaffold is dismantled to that height.5 cm. Joints in ledgers should be staggered. (20 feet) maximum vertical intervals. It is desirable that these joints be made with sleeve couplers. (3 feet) wide.6 BRACING Scaffolds shall be properly braced by cross bracing or diagonal braces (see figure-5 below). the guying system and requirements shall be designed by the scaffold engineer. for securing vertical members together laterally. guying. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices .5 TIEING THE SCAFFOLD TO A STRUCTURE The scaffold must be secured to prevent it from tipping by means of tieing (as shown in figure-4 below) the scaffolding to an adjacent structure. tying off or bracing of scaffolds must be affixed to structurally sound components to ensure it can carry the tension and compression loads. 6. or increasing the base width. If the scaffold is more than five bays in length.

The alternate method which is the ‘zig-zag’. (12 inches) of the node point (intersection of horizontal and vertical).Page 13 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY diagonal brace every fifth post. Such bracing shall extend diagonally from the inner and outer runners upward to the next outer and inner runners. It shall be placed every fourth level up.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015. must be installed all the way up on every level and should be provided every third set of posts horizontally. Transverse (cross) bracing must be installed across the width of the scaffold. Diagonals should be attached within 48 mm. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices . FIGURE – 4: TIEING THE SCAFFOLD TO A STRUCTURE Reference No. and every third set of posts horizontally.

Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices .Page 14 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY TUBE AND COUPLER SCAFFOLD TYPICAL SINGLE AND MULTIPLE SECTION DIAGONAL BRACING FIGURE – 5 Longitudinal Diagonal Bracing Transverse (Cross) Bracing Alternate Method Transverse Diagonal Bracing Reference No.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015.

the boards (or planks) which would lay across the bearer at other than a right angle shall be laid first. each board resting evenly on at least three supports.8 mm (2 inches) but shall not oversail by more than four times their thickness. It also ensure that the bottom planks overlap the bearer. which lay at a right angle.) shall be spaced with due regard to the nature of the platform and the load it will bear Except on decking contiguous to the curved surface of a cylindrical or spherical structure.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015. Decking which has become slippery with oil. The result is end of the top planks form a straight line rather than saw-toothed.Page 15 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY 6. see figure-6 below. boards shall be laid flush wherever possible. FIGURE-6 Boards shall be laid with no openings more than 25. Nylon or other combustible material shall not be used. (1 inch) between adjacent boards or scaffold member. or other substance shall be immediately replaced. putlogs. rubbish and projecting nails. and reduces the tripping hazard. Boards shall oversail end supports by at least 50. Boards shall be secured from movement by clamps or a combination of clamps and # 9 gauge wire. Supports for scaffold boards (transoms. The planks.4 mm. Where the scaffold changes points of direction such as at a corner. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices .7 DECKING All decking shall be close-boarded. etc. Decking shall be kept free from unnecessary obstructions and from materials. are then laid on top. Reference No.

6. If guardrails and toe boards are to be removed for the movement of materials. tagging and recordkeeping.0 for scaffold inspection.9 MATERIAL GUARDS Where materials are to be stacked on a working platform or working place above the height of the toeboards. stairway-type ladders. the top handrail should be hinged or a hinged short bar provided at access point. integral prefabricated rungs in the frame. ramps. Toe boards should be 15. heat exchanger jobs). refer section 5.10 ACCESS A platform should not be installed on a scaffold without a safe and easy means of access.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015. Work Permit Executor shall coordinate with the authorized scaffolding personnel who shall restore the scaffold as soon as practicable (ex.2 cm. suitable barriers such as nets or metal sheets shall be positioned so as to prevent the fall of such material from the platform or place. Also. An access ladder or equivalent safe access must be provided for any platform more than 61 cm (2 feet) above lower level. portable ladders. Access ladders should be clamped into the scaffold structure. If this is not practical. walkways. or direct access from another structure. Midrail shall be provided. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices . Guardrails and toeboards shall be fitted to the inside of standards to prevent outward movement. (6 inches) high and secured in position by toe board clips/clamps or a combination of clips and gauge # 9 gauge wire. Access to a working platform is best achieved by providing a separate ladder tower or cantilevered access platform so as not to obstruct the platform and to minimize the possibility of persons falling through the gap in the guardrail or decking (See Figure 3). unless they are so designed and used as to prevent such movement. Reference No. stair towers.8 GUARDRAILS & TOEBOARDS Guardrails and toe boards shall be fitted at edges of decking from which persons or material could fall a distance exceeding 183 cm.Page 16 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY 6. Access may be provided by ladders specially made for scaffold access by scaffold manufacturers. (3 feet) and not more than 114 cm (45 inches) high. 6. (6 feet). Top guardrail shall be not less than 92 cm.

6. no component. stairways. Issuer and KNPC Safety shall jointly review the job if the wind speed exceeds 50 kmph. tipped or shot from heights. f) During dismantling. doors.11 above). b) Scaffolding couplers should be tightened with proper non-sparking tools. gin wheel or other suitable means. sustained winds more than 65 kmph (40 mph) . The procedure of dismantling shall be orderly and planned and should proceed generally from the top in horizontal sections. e) Extension or alteration of scaffold is not permitted on the approved part of scaffold being used at that time. Dismantled scaffold materials shall be lowered to the ground and not stored on the scaffold.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015.unless the scaffold or working level is indoors or otherwise unaffected by the weather conditions.11 GIN WHEELS Gin wheels (pulley & rope) can be used for lifting light loads (up to 50 kg) on to scaffolding if use of standard lifting appliances is not practical or safe. altered and dismantled only by competent and authorized scaffold personnel (see section 5. Anemometers should be available with ECCC (Emergency Communication Control Center). g) Components shall be raised or lowered hand to hand in an orderly fashion or handled by crane. etc. d) Scaffold shall not obstruct access to/from any fire fighting equipment / emergency equipment. Reference No.Page 17 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY 6. instruments and control panels. shall be removed. Executor shall ensure that pulley and rope are in good condition and of adequate capacity. storms or high winds. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices . ladders. thrown. 6. ECCC Public Address system can be used for announcing general alerts. c) Scaffolding materials and other objects shall not be dropped. Personnel shall not be on any scaffold or other temporary elevated work area during rainy season.13 OTHER PRECAUTIONS AND SAFE WORK PRACTICES a) Scaffolding shall be erected. Outdoor scaffolds or elevated work platforms shall not be used during thunderstorms or when there is likelihood of lightning. which endangers the stability of the remaining structure. Erection/dismantling directly above an approved scaffold platform shall not be allowed. stairways. operating area equipment. shift safety and executor / contractor. Drop area shall be barricaded.12 INCLEMENT WEATHER Executor.

etc. a. c. and be protected from sharp edges and abrasion. lifelines and anchorage points. Vertical lifelines shall not be attached to each other. When horizontal lifelines are used. Braces and ties are essential for its stability (see Figure 4 and 5 above). which may give way under the force of a fall.0 TYPES OF SCAFFOLD AND REQUIREMENTS 7. independent of the scaffold.Page 18 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY h) Personal fall arrest systems on scaffold erection and dismantling should have the scaffolder’s lanyards attached to either a vertical lifeline.1 INDEPENDENT TIED SCAFFOLD An independent tied scaffold is the most common form of access scaffolding and is divided into three groups (see table in Appendix-B). Reference No. b. horizontal lifeline. they must be fastened to a fixed safe point of anchorage. It shall be ensured that the snap hooks on the fall arrest systems are not engaged to any object which is incompatibly shaped or dimensioned in relation to the snap hooks.. Scaffolders shall wear safety harness with two lanyards at all times. 7. dee-rings. lanyards. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices . or stable scaffold structure member. snap hooks. Job engineer shall evaluate and ensure compatible personal fall arrest components are on-use. When vertical lifelines are used. vents. but not standpipes. electrical conduit. and should be particularly vigilant when components are manufactured by different entities and not sold as a complete system since such components are more likely to be incompatible for use together. Job engineer should review carefully the manufacturer’s instructions and warnings. or to the same point of anchorage. Safe points of anchorage include structural members of buildings. they should be secured to two or more structural members of the scaffold.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015. These components include harnesses. Light duty independent tied scaffold Medium duty independent tied scaffold Heavy duty independent tied scaffold Independent tied scaffold consists of a double row of standards connected together longitudinally with ledgers and with transoms at right angles to the ledgers. When changing positions they shall position one lanyard securely before unhooking and rehooking the other lanyard.

2. It has single working platform and is a common form of access scaffolding for painters and others who do work of a light nature and of short duration (see Figure-7 below). mounted on wheels. FIGURE – 7: MOBILE SCAFFOLD TOWERS Reference No. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices .3 meters (60 feet) and shall not exceed 4 times the minimum base dimension.1 Stationary tower scaffold height shall not exceed 18.2.2.3 Mobile tower scaffold height shall not exceed 12. They shall have positive wheel and swivel lock. 7.2.2 Mobile tower scaffold consists of four or more standards connected together longitudinally with ledgers and with transoms at right angle to the ledger. 7.Page 19 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY 7.2 meters (40 feet) and shall not exceed 3 times the minimum base dimension.7 cm (5 inches) diameter with rubber or similar resilient tyres. 7. If 1:4 ratio cannot be maintained.4 Castors shall be minimum 12.2 TOWER SCAFFOLD (STATIONARY & MOBILE) A tower scaffold is an independent scaffold. which is not tied to a permanent structure. Wheels shall be locked while in use. tower shall be stabilized by guying or other means. 7. forming a square or rectangular tower.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015.

Standard scaffold tubes and couplers may be used for bracing. All connections on a scaffold level shall be secured before assembling next level. No persons.Page 20 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY 7.37 meters (54 inches) above the floor level or base. Adjustable bases should be used with at least 1/3 threaded in. The angle of rakers shall be no greater than 35 degrees from the vertical (i. Force shall not be applied at a height greater than 1.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015. equipment or materials shall be on the working platform or elsewhere on the structure whilst it is in motion. horizontal span for a single raker is 1. Care should be taken that it is erected on a sound base with standards (or equivalent units) vertical and ledgers (or equivalent units) horizontal.2. Rakers (bottom diagonals.3 CANTILEVER SCAFFOLD (TRUSS OR JIB SCAFFOLD) A truss (also known as cantilever or jib) scaffold is cantilevered out from a building or structure and used where it is impracticable to erect standards bearing on the ground or other surface. System scaffold components of different manufacturers shall not be intermixed unless they are compatible. 7.e. It is a form of light independent tied scaffold.83 meters (6 feet). one for every standard) shall be secured to an outside ledger above the opening and to an inside ledger at a lower level.2 meters (40 feet) from truss to working platform.5 Mobile tower scaffolds shall only be moved by pushing or pulling at the base. Cantilever scaffold shall have only one working platform. Construction common to all scaffolds (section 6. Reference No. Diagonal bracing shall be used to provide rigidity. with maximum height of 12.4 SYSTEM SCAFFOLD System scaffolding is also known as unit or frame scaffolding and is composed wholly or partly of prefabricated section. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices . Rakers more than 3 meters (10 feet) in length shall be braced.0 above) is applicable to system scaffolds. which is entirely dependent upon the building or structure for support and stability (See Figure-8 below). There are many types of system scaffolding available which vary greatly in design and method of erection (see Figure-9 below). 7. It should be adequately braced and securely tied.

: SHE-TSSA-05-2015. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices .Page 21 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY FIGURE – 8: CANTILEVER SCAFFOLD Simple Truss or Cantilever Scaffold Truss Scaffold Supported From Inside a Building Reference No.

Page 22 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY 7. When brackets are used they shall not be bent or twisted from normal position. Diagonal bracing shall be used to secure vertical members. FIGURE – 9 Reference No.5 FABRICATED TUBULAR FRAME SCAFFOLD Members shall support own weight and at least 4 times maximum intended load. Frame scaffold components of different manufacturers shall not be intermixed unless they are compatible. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices . Typical frame scaffold is shown in Fig-10 below.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015.

The suspension is usually by scaffold tubes. which are not provided with the means of rising or lowering when in use but this type is not common in KNPC. Generally it is used for painting and other work of a light nature see Figure-12 below. Sample bracket scaffold is shown in Figure-11 below.7 SLUNG SCAFFOLD (SUSPENDED SCAFFOLD) A slung scaffold is suspended at a fixed height either below load bearing projecting brackets or beams or from the structural members of a roof or other overhead structure. Bracket strap welding shall be as per IC-25 Welding Manual and certified by KNPC Inspection and Corrosion Division. Brackets shall be vertical. Maximum 2 persons are allowed at a time between 2 brackets. etc. Suspension may also be by lifting gear and wire ropes. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices .5 meters.Page 23 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY FIGURE – 10 FABRICATED FRAME SCAFFOLD 7. Horizontal spacing of straps shall not exceed 2. 7.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015. Rigid guardrails or properly tightened wire ropes may be used.6 BRACKET SCAFFOLD This type of scaffold is used in Tank construction. Reference No. Metal brackets and straps shall be able to withstand own weight and 4 times the maximum weight.

Page 24 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY FIGURE – 11 BRACKET SCAFFOLD FIGURE – 12: SLUNG SCAFFOLD Reference No. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices .: SHE-TSSA-05-2015.

Guardrail and toe board shall be provided.7. Reference No.4 Wherever possible vertical suspension tubes should be in one length. Scaffold lashing must never be used as a means of suspension. which is independently attached to a fixed anchor. and 3 ft. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices .7. 7.1 A slung scaffold shall only have a single working platform. Supporting cable shall be protected from damage (ex.54 cm.81 cm. Executor shall ensure that certificate is available before use. platform width shall be between 61 cm.9 CRAWLING BOARD OR CHICKEN LADDERS Crawling boards are used by roof workers (figure-14 below). (24 inches). roof members or other structural members where scaffolding from below is impracticable. see Figure-13 below). The crawling board shall extend from the ridge pole to the eaves when used in connection with roof construction. the safe working load and date of checking are marked on the platform. Boatswain’s Chair is a type of single point suspension scaffold which can be manually propelled or powered and can be used only by a single person.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015.4 cm. The user shall wear safety harness. use of padding). 7. The cleats shall be equal in length to the width of the board and spaced at equal intervals not to exceed 61 cm. 7. Executor shall ensure that. Crawling boards shall be not less than 25. All hoists shall be provided with a primary brake and a secondary brake. In Two-Point Adjustable Suspension Scaffold (Sky Climber/Swing Stage. loading shall be as for light independent tied scaffold (see Appendix-B). and 92 cm. Adjustable Suspension Scaffolds can be suspended from a Single-Point or Two-Points. (10 inches) wide and 2.Page 25 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY 7. (1 inch) thick. or maintenance. having cleats 2.7.2 When slung scaffold is suspended by scaffold tubes from a roof. repair.8 ADJUSTABLE SUSPENSION SCAFFOLDS The scaffolding including hoists and wire ropes shall be tested and certified by KNPC Inspection and Corrosion Division or an approved third party. The wire rope used shall meet a safety factor of 6.7. (2 ft. Support tubes must be anchored to a fixed stable structure. 7.). Nails shall be driven through and clinched on the underside. Where joints are necessary the tubes should be single lapped using at least two couplers or may be butted and lapped with a short length of tube. 7.3 Check couplers (additional coupler) shall be employed at the top and bottom of suspension tubes.54 x 3. (1 x 1 1/2 inches).

FIGURE – 13 ADJUSTABLE SUSPENSION SCAFFOLD (SKY CLIMBER) Reference No. Crawling boards shall be secured to the roof by means of adequate ridge hooks or equivalent effective means.Page 26 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY A firmly fastened lifeline of at least three-quarter-inch rope shall be strung beside each crawling board for a handhold.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices .

8.1. 8. A ladder shall be of the proper length for the job to be done. 8. which must be able to sustain 3.1.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015. Fixed ladders as part of some building or plant structure are covered separately under KNPC Engineering Standard. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices .3 times the maximum intended load. If it is used as a means of access or as a working place it shall rise to a height of at least 1. figure 15-b below) portable ladders must be able to support at least four times the maximum intended load.1 Ladder should be industrial type.Page 27 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY FIGURE – 14 CRAWLING BOARD (CHICKEN LADDER) 8.1.07 meters (42 inches) above the landing place or above the highest rung to be reached by the feet of the person using the ladder. except extra-heavy-duty metal or plastic ladders. figure 15-a below) and non-selfsupporting (leaning into a wall/structure or vertically clamped into an scaffold.0 PORTABLE LADDERS This section deals with portable ladders used independently or as a means of access to a scaffold platform.1 Ladder Selection 8. Reference No.3 Foldout or stepladders must have a metal spreader or locking device to hold the front and back sections in an open position when in use.2 Self-supporting (foldout or stepladder.

Page 28 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY FIGURE – 15 PORTABLE LADDERS 15-a Self-Supporting Ladder (Fold-Out or Stepladder) 15-b Non-Self Supporting Ladder (Straight/Leaning/Vertical Ladder) 15-c Typical Straight Ladders Reference No.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices .

Rungs must be spaced between 25. bricks.3 – 45.6 Where extension ladders are used fully extended. 8. Both stiles of the ladder shall be evenly supported and securely lashed to prevent movement.12 inches) on the extension section. wooden ladders with metal reinforced stiles.2 Use of Ladders 8. and 15. 8.5 Attachable (straight) ladder to scaffold shall be vertically installed and clamped.7 Ladders shall be examined before use for cracked or split stiles. For extension trestle ladders. loose. (1 foot) out of each 122 cm.1.1. barrels. (10 and 14 inches) apart. 8.18 inches) for the base. etc.7 cm (8 .1.2.1. and uniformly spaced when the ladder is in position for use.6 Metal ladders.4 Independently used ladders shall be set 30. shall not be used as a means of support and under no circumstances shall wedges or other loose material be used as packing.4 and 35. 8.4 Ladder rungs.5 Wooden ladders shall not be used in running process unit areas or where they are in contact with hot lines or surfaces.5 cm. or steps must be parallel. If no swing gate is provided.1 Where a ladder is carried single-handed. Rungs must be so shaped that an employee's foot cannot slide off. missing. the front end should be kept high enough to clear person's heads and special care taken at corners and blind spots.2. Boxes.e. cleats. level.6 cm. the ladder should be extended above the top guard rail.. at an angle of 75 degrees to the horizontal. and ladders which are wet shall not be used near electrical equipment with exposed live conductors. 8. 8.5 cm (6 . Splicing or lashing ladders together to obtain an extension shall not be permitted. broken. 8. the minimum overlap of sections shall be four rungs. Defective ladder should be immediately discarded or tagged not to be used. the spacing must be 20. decayed or damaged rungs and splinters. 8.2. Reference No. (4 feet) of height. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices . i.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015. It should extend far enough above the deck to allow proper access.3 Ladders shall not be supported on their rungs and rungs shall not be used to support scaffold boards.2 The stiles of a ladder shall be equally supported on a firm level surface.3 – 30.2.2.Page 29 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY 8. and must be skid-resistant.2. Bottom of ladder shall rest on floor or platform. 8.

7 Where securing at the upper resting place is impossible. Similarly if a ladder is erected close to a door.8 Where there is a possibility of a ladder being struck by moving vehicles. 8. 8. This aerial work platform (AWP) includes certain vehicle-mounted elevating and rotating platforms. or it may consist of a ladder that is mounted that onto a base that rotates or swivels on a truck. provided they do not impair movement. and a combination of any of the above. If the work to be done necessitates the use of both hands. a safety harness with lanyards appropriately secured should be used. a person shall be stationed at the foot to control a ladder not more than 6 meters (20 feet) in height. aerial ladders. articulating boom platforms. and shall not sit or climb on the edge of the basket or use planks.11 A person working on or from a ladder must always have both feet on the rungs and a secure handhold. 8. or other devices for a work position.2.4 Employees shall always stand firmly on the floor of the basket.2 Only authorized persons shall operate a powered aerial work platforms. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices .Page 30 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY 8.0 AERIAL WORK PLATFORM Aerial Work Platform (AWP) as shown in figure-16 below maybe self propelled. extensible boom platforms. a man should be placed on guard or space at the base of the ladder fenced off.2. The following requirements and safe practices shall be meet and enforced: 9. the door should be locked shut or secured in the open position with a man on guard. 8.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015. Only one person should be on a ladder at a time. Reference No.9 Ladder landing places or platforms are required at every 6 meters (20 feet) of height and shall be provided with guardrails and toeboards.1 Powered aerial work platform shall have third party inspection certificate. 9.2. namely. 9.2. ladders.2. vertical towers. Holes in platforms through which ladders pass shall be as small as practicable. 9.10 Tools and materials should not be carried by persons ascending or descending ladders except that tools may be carried in pockets or special belts. supported on a boom that is mounted on a truck or mobile unit.

: SHE-TSSA-05-2015.10 An aerial lift truck shall not be moved when the boom is elevated in a working position with men in the basket.8 The insulated portion of an aerial work platform shall not be altered in any manner that might reduce its insulating value. Lower level controls shall not be operated unless permission has been obtained from the employee in the lift. 9.0 AUDIT REQUIREMENTS Compliance on the complete implementation of this guideline shall be regularly audited through the existing audit and inspection programs such as in the ‘Safety Performance Audit’ that is being carried out by various disciplines and Safety Engineer’s routine site safety inspections. 9. 10. • They shall have both platform (upper) and lower controls.6 Boom and basket load limits specified by the manufacturer shall not be exceeded. Lift controls shall be tested each day prior to use to determine that such controls are in safe working condition. they shall be positioned on pads or a solid surface. • Upper controls shall be in or beside the platform within easy reach of • • • • the operator.7 The brakes shall be set and when outriggers are used. Wheel chocks shall be installed before using an aerial lift on an incline provided they could be safely installed. 9. the boom(s) shall be inspected to see that it is properly cradled and outriggers are in stowed position. except in case of emergency. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices . except for equipment.9 Before moving an aerial lift for travel.12 Articulating boom and extensible boom platforms are primarily designed as personnel carriers. Reference No. Lower controls shall provide for overriding the upper controls. 9. 9.11 Ladder trucks and tower trucks: Aerial ladders shall be secured in the lower traveling position by the locking device on top of the truck cab and the manually operated device at the base of the ladder before the truck is moved. 9. Controls shall be plainly marked as to their function.5 A safety harness shall be worn with the lanyard attached to the boom or basket when working from an aerial work platform.Page 31 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY 9. which is specifically designed for this type of operation in accordance with the operation manual. 9.

Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices .16 AERIAL WORK PLATFORMS Reference No.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015.Page 32 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY FIGURE .

Built By: …………………………………………… (Name of Contractor) Reference No. Level :………… Reference No... Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices 20 cm 6 cm. .: SHE-TSSA-05-2015..:….. Built By: ……………………………………… (Name of Contractor) Light Medium Heavy Duty ………………………………………………... 9 cm. USE SCAFFOLD Date Checked Scaffold Supervisor KNPC Supervisor 20 cm DO NOT USE SCAFFOLD SCAFFOLD SUPERVISOR Name: Signature: VALID FOR 7 DAYS IF NOT ALTERED 8 cm.…....A SCAFFOLD TAGS (RED & GREEN) Level: ….:…. Dimension: ……………………………………...……………………. Reference No.. GREEN TAG RED TAG (HOLDER) Note: If your copy is black & white please visit the KNPC intranet to see original colors.…...Page 33 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY APPENDIX .………………………..

410 1440 lb (653. (1.8 m) 5 Boards 6 ft. Load Per Bay 270 lb (122. (2. (2. Load Per Bay ** 1 man. hand tools. mortar on spot board and 200 bricks 2 men.4 m) 5 Boards 32 ft2 (2. (2.8 m) 5 Boards Put log 1 8 ft.4m) 5 Boards 32 ft2 (2.9 kg) 2 heavy duty 2 light duty 2 hvy duty 2 light duty 2 heavy duty 2 light duty 1 6 ft.97 m2) 37 lb/ft2 (275 kg/m2) Notes: * Assumption made: Width of board = 9 inches. Weight of a man = 168 lbs.7 kg) 1036 lb (469.8 m) 5 Boards 6 ft. mortar on spot board and 130 bricks 2 men.22 m2) 60 lb/ft2 (290 kg/m2) 37 lb/ft2 (180 kg/m2) 56 lb/ft2 (275 kg/m2) 6 ft.97 m2) 24 ft2 (2.1m) 5 Boards Medium duty independent tied Heavy duty independent tied Heavy duty independent tied Heavy duty independent tied Put log 4 8 ft. paint or plaster 2 men. and 620 lb (280 kg) materials 1 man.7m) 9 ft.2 kg) ** Assumption made: Weight of spot board and mortar = 70 lbs.22 m2) 30 lb/ft2 (145 kg/m2) 60 lb/ft2 (290 kg/m2) 960 lb (653 kg) 435. (2.7 kg) 1344 lb (609. mortar on spot board and 180 bricks 1 man.B MAXIMUM DISTRIBUTED LOADING ON SCAFFOLD PLATFORMS Type Of Scaffold Light duty independent tied Light duty independent tied Medium duty independent tied No.0 kg) 1620 lb (734. Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices . paint or plaster 1 man. hand tools.7m) Width Of Platform* 3 Boards 4 Boards Area Per Bay 18 ft2 (1.7 kg) 888 lb (402. mortar on spot board and 160 bricks 4 7 ft. (1.6 m2) Permissible Loading 15 lb/ft2 73 kg/ m2) 15 lb/ft2 (73 kg/m2) 37 lb/ft2 (180 kg/m2) Max.7 kg) Weight of a brick = 6 lbs. (1.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015.5 m2) 28 ft2 (2.8 kg) Example Of Max. (76. (2. and 1280 lb (580 kg) materials 2 men and 550 Ib (250 kg) of materials 1 man. (1. (31.67 m2) 27 ft2 (2.5 kg) 1184 lb (536.72 kg) Reference No. (2.Page 34 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY Appendix .4 kg) 405 lb (183. Of Working Platforms In Use 1 1 Spacing Of Standards 9 ft.22 m2) 24 ft2 (2.5 m2) 24 ft2 (2.8 m) 5 Boards 27 ft2 (2.

Rev-2 Date of Issue: November 2005 Title: Scaffolds and Ladders Safe Work Practices .Const Contractor & KNPC shall carry out further periodic inspections every seven days.: SHE-TSSA-05-2015. LOCATION (UNIT / EQUIPT #) ______________________ Light TYPE OF SCAFFOLD (Duty / Allowable Load.) ____________ Item Base Plates Sole Plates Tubes Standards (Uprights) Checkpoint In place On loose ground Straight & free from defects Vertical Staggered joints Right spacing Not damaged Level Staggered joints Not loose Not damaged In place None missing Not loose Right fitting Not damaged Check couplers Not damaged Not loose Right support Proper angle Right length Properly secured Separate landing Right extension Top Rail Mid Rail None missing In place Condition Comments Action Ledgers Transoms Bracing Ties Fittings Boards (Planks) Ladders Guardrails Toe-boards Others General Comments Week 1 2 3 4 Date & Time Supervisor (or above) Signature/Emp. Above signatories must approve any change made to the scaffold after signing this checklist.C SCAFFOLD CHECKLIST Scaffold Reference Number: ……………………………………………………………………………….no Scaffold Contractor KNPC Maint. Reference No. kg / bay) Medium Heavy Duty _______ ERECTED BY (Contract Co.Page 35 of 35 KUWAIT NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY APPENDIX ./Proj.

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