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Introduction : Objectives :
Railway Reservation System can perform all the basic operations of a Reservation System like Reservation, Cancellation, Flight & Sector Management etc.
• Creating a system to automate the services offered by the Railway, which would be more flexible than their earlier system. This would be done in the Railway Services Module. • Building an online customer information system for the customer to avail the services of the Railway through the Internet. This would be done in the Web Interface Module.
Project Category :
The project is based on three tier architecture. The three tier architecture where the application is divided into three logical constituents- User Services – Provide services such as user interface. ¬(VB 6.0 application in this case). Business services – Implement ¬business rules (ActiveX DLL in this case). Data Services – Provide handling and validation of data. (MS SQL Server in this case) ¬Disadvantages of the two tier architecture. It puts extra load on the ¬server. ¬It increases the network traffic. Difficult to implement ¬incremental improvements. Applications are bound to the data source.
Secure Login, User Management
Validation Checks :
At the culmination of integration testing, software is completely assembled as a package, interfacing errors have been uncovered and corrected, and a final series of software test - Validation Testing - may begin. Validation can be defined in many ways, but a simple is that validation succeeds when software functions in a manner that can be reasonably expected by the customer. Validation is an important characteristic of a good project because many times it has been seen that running project may come to a halt stage or just because of ignorance of validation invalid or insufficient data may get enter in the database. In this project I adopted many level of validations like in any entry form user is not supposed to leave any field blank. As there is a form for customer details there are some fields which are mandatory like address, citizenship etc. and some fields are optional because it might be possible that customer does not have any middle name mean to say any unessential field which is not required in data storage. Then in the second level of validation I check individual fields like the Name can not be numeric, Phone number should not contain any alphabet, if by mistake any alphabets are entered then the message appears that phone number should be in Digits and in the same context I applied the third level of validation that the phone number should be between 7 to 10 digits and if user entered data in the number form but not between in this range then the message splash that the number should between 7 to 10 digits. Similarly in the Age field it has been checked that it should not contain any alphabets. Other fields have also been validated which can be found out in the coding.
? Passenger list of the day for each flight ? The daily collection summary report ? Monthly transactions ? Detailed report on the passengers traveling in each flight
Language : VB Backend : SQL Server 2000 Synopsis Status : Ready Program Status : Ready Document Status : Ready Level : BCA University : IGNOU Synopsis Cost : INR 1500.00 Project Cost : INR 3000.00
ndian Railway Reservations
Journey by rail has its own charm and glitz. And, railway reservation in India is no more a hassle. You can go by online train reservation services or any outlet for that matter. Despite the coming up of cheap fairs in domestic airlines market, a substantial number of passengers and visitors yet journey by train. However, a train travel is both safe & comfortable and cheap. Indian people like to travel by train. A journey by train takes you to unearth the otherwise unexplored sites and mysteries of Mother India. As far as the railway reservation in India is concerned, there are myriad options at ones disposal. You can go by online train reservation system or any railway reservation booking outlet scattered everywhere. However, Indian railway ticket reservation is no more a hasslesome job. Just lay your hands on any railway reservation booking outlet around you and make your way to the differing journey. With the onset of online railway reservation system things got much simpler for the passengers to book railway tickets online. Indian railway is working incessantly to endow simply the best services to the passengers in India. Anyone with a system can have rail reservation instantly with no hassle. However, there are also systems of making railway reservation enquiry from virtually any place with your computer. This is how the whole system of booking railway tickets got easier in terms of accessibility and affordability. You are no longer required to sweat and fret over train ticket reservation in India. For any inquiry or for that matter any info you require regarding railway reservations just log onto the official site of Indian railways and you will have it.
Sitting at your home in front of a computer can give you all the relevant information on booking tickets in Indian railways. Booking any train on Indian Railways computerized passenger reservation system (PRS) network from any originating station or train passing through system station to any destination is that much easy nowadays. Be it about booking tickets, reservation enquiry, internet tickets (i-tickets), electronic tickets (e-tickets) or cancellation of tickets, things are just in place for the convenience of passengers.
ADVANTAGES OF THE SYSTEM 42 9.BIBLIOGRAPHY 45 INTRODUCTION .DATA FLOW DIAGRAM 40 8.SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT 4.TESTING LIFE CYCLE 37• WHITE BOX TESTING BLACK BOX TESTING 6.http://www.SOURCE CODE 5.CODE COMPLETENESS EVALUATION 39 7.com/doc/19701759/Project-Report-on-RailwayReservation-System-by-Amit-Mittal TERM PAPER OF OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING COURSE CODE: CSE 202 RAILWAY RESERVATION SYSTEM 1 CONTENTS PAGE NO: 1.scribd.HARDWARE/SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS 43 2 10.INTRODUCTION 2.PROPOSED SYSTEM 3.
Our online train software system can be integrated into an existing web site to provide online booking facilities for customers. Allmost all the header files have been used in this project. Our train booking system also provides online internet bookings for direct/ indirect customers. Railway reservation can easily accompanied with the help of this. Please send us a Online-Demo with your product system specification to customize the product as per your need. Our train reservation software system is a low-cost. Thos project is well versed with the programming .This project introduces railway reservation system . Our system can also work with your existing website and allows visitors to check availability and make a ticket reservation over the Internet. The System Boundary Document serves as an important reference document to support the Information Technology Project Request (ITPR) process. The ITPR must be approved by the State CIO before the project can move forward. agents and trade partners. Online reservation is the easiest and reliable mode of booking tickets. It explains how reservation is being done in Indian Railways . highly advanced and yet easy to handle for all travel operators. Our reservation system is a secure online reservation system designed for railway. Our representative will contact you within a working day after receiving your request. This enables travel agents to make online reservations with the major rail operators worldwide. Customers will be able to book and pay for tickets through via website. Proper comments have been given at desired locations to make the project user friendly. This project is developed in c ++ language . . Various functions and structures are used to make a complete use of this language. The solution enabled direct customers search the train arrival and departure schedule and for different available tickets or passes to book online for their travel plan by train. Airlines have initially had the edge over railways in terms of online reservation and ticket booking systems which can be globally utilized by any agencies or travel agents but due to advent of new technology now the rail have the chance to catch up. The step by step procedure is explained .
design. initial project activities might be designated as request.Proposed System Today one cannot afford to rely on the fallible human beings of be really wants to stand against today’s merciless competition where not to wise saying “to err is human” no longer valid. The work becomes fully automated and any information regarding the organization can be obtained by clicking the button. System Development Life Cycle: The systems development life cycle is a project management technique that divides complex projects into smaller. development. Moreover. implementation. Software development projects typically include initiation. Data management initially had to maintain a lot of ledgers and a lot of paper work has to be done but now software product on this organization has made their work faster and easier. For example. and planning phases. End users of the system under development should be involved in reviewing the output of each phase to ensure the system is being built to deliver the needed functionality. the phases may be divided differently depending on the organization involved. now it’s an age of computers of and automating such an organization gives the better look. testing. Now only this software has to be loaded on the computer and work can be done. requirements-definition. One has to use the data management software. to keep pace with time. Segmenting projects allows managers to verify the successful completion of project phases before allocating resources to subsequent phases. and maintenance phases. planning. Software has been an ascent in atomization various organizations. more easily managed segments or phases. Many software products working are now in markets. to bring about the best result without malfunctioning and greater efficiency so to replace the unending heaps of flies with a much sophisticated hard disk of the computer. However. concept-development. . which have helped in making the organizations work easier and efficiently. or initiation. and planning phases. So. it’s outdated to rationalize your mistake. This prevents a lot of time and money.
will a change in the business process offer a solution? • Assure executive business and executive technical sponsorship..e. Identify significant assumptions and constraints on solutions to that need. i.PICTORIAL REPRESENTATION OF SDLC:11 Phases of System Development life cycle: The Initiation Phase begins when a business sponsor identifies a need or an opportunity. • The Sponsor designates a Project Manager and the business need is documented in a Concept Proposal. • Recommend the exploration of alternative concepts and methods to satisfy the need including questioning the need for technology. The purpose of the Initiation Phase is to: • Identify and validate an opportunity to improve business accomplishments of the organization or a deficiency related to a business need. .
Careful oversight is required to ensure projects support strategic business objectives and resources are effectively implemented into an organization's enterprise architecture. and performance measures. identify expected benefits. • Identify system interfaces. A successful Concept Proposal results in a Project Management Charter which outlines the authority of the project manager to begin the project. or correct a system is identified and formally requested through the presentation of a business case. at a minimum. and network requirements as possible. The initiation phase begins when an opportunity to add. The business case should.The Concept Proposal includes information about the business process and the relationship to the Agency/Organization Infrastructure and the Strategic Plan. improve. data odels. System Concept: The System Concept Development Phase begins after a business need or opportunity is validated by the Agency/Organization Program Leadership and the Agency/Organization CIO. The purpose of the System Concept Development Phase is to: • Determine the feasibility and appropriateness of the alternatives. functional. critical success factors. process models. • Evaluate costs and benefits of alternative approaches to satisfy the basic functional requirements Assess project risks • Identify and initiate risk mitigation actions. and a concept of operations. . and • Develop high-level technical architecture. • Identify basic functional and data requirements to satisfy the business need. objectives. describe a proposal’s purpose. • Establish system boundaries. identify goals. and explain how the proposed system supports one of the organization’s business strategies. The business case should also identify alternative solutions and detail as many informational.
The depth and formality of project plans should The planning phase is the most critical step in completing development. acquisition. or the decision to use an incremental delivery versus a complete. Pictorial representation of SDLC Planning Phase 12 The planning phase is the most critical step in completing development. particularly in the early stages of a project. one. and maintenance projects.This phase explore potential technical solutions within the context of the business need. It may include several trade-off decisions such as the decision to use COTS software products as opposed to developing custom software or reusing software components. is necessary to coordinate activities and manage project risks effectively. Construction of executable prototypes is encouraged to evaluate technology to support the business process.time deployment. . Careful planning. acquisition. The System Boundary Document serves as an important reference document to support the Information Technology Project Request (ITPR) process. and maintenance projects. The ITPR must be approved by the State CIO before the project can move forward.
system performance. and target dates are established. They need to be measurable. and maintainability requirements for the system. It also delineates the requirements in terms of data. System Concept. and systems engineering management planning. and user input. security. configuration management planning. • Complete business process reengineering of the functions to be supported (i. who generates it. The requirements are defined in this phase to a level of detail sufficient for systems design to proceed. quality assurance planning. A Project Management Plan is created with components related to acquisition planning. resources. system security. costs. audit. verification and validation. and network requirements as possible. security. Requirement Analysis Phase: This phase formally defines the detailed functional user requirements using high-level requirements identified in the Initiation.e. tasks. tools. and relate to the business need or opportunity identified in the Initiation Phase. a plan is developed that documents the approach to be used and includes a discussion of methods. The purposes of this phase are to: • Further define and refine the functional and data requirements and document them in the Requirements Document. development. A critical part of a project manager’s job is to coordinate discussions between user.. testable. concept of operations. where does the . and Planning phases. design. verify what information drives the business process. what information is generated. During this phase. project schedules. The requirements that will be used to determine acceptance of the system are captured in the Test and Evaluation Master Plan. project schedule. security. Personnel assignments.Project plans refine the information gathered during the initiation phase by further identifying the specific activities and resources required to complete a project. and network personnel to identify and document as many functional.
Since problems in the design phase could be very expensive to solve in the later stage of the software development. During this phase. and system architectures. • Develop detailed data and process models (system inputs. and quality assurance personnel should be involved in the review and approval process. a variety of elements are considered in the design to mitigate risk. End users. Contemporary design techniques often use prototyping tools that build mock-up designs of items such as application screens.information go. Design Phase: The design phase involves converting the informational. designers first identify and link major rogram components and interfaces. These include: Identifying potential risks and defining mitigating design features. outputs. Using a top-down approach. and network requirements identified during the initiation and planning phases into unified design specifications that developers use to script programs during the development phase. then expand design layouts as they identify and link maller subsystems and connections. and the process. • Determining the operating environment. then expand design layouts as they identify and link larger systems and connections. designers first identify and link minor program components and interfaces. • Developing a conversion plan to migrate current data to the new system. • Performing a security risk assessment. and network administrators should review and refine the prototyped designs in an iterative process until they agree on an acceptable design. Audit. and who processes it). Using a bottom-up approach. database managers. designers. developers. security. • Defining major subsystems and their inputs and outputs. the system is designed to satisfy the functional requirements identified in the previous phase. • Allocating processes to resources. database layouts. • Develop the test and evaluation requirements that will be used to determine acceptable system performance. functional. . Program designs are constructed in various ways.
the Agency Project Manager begins development of the Implementation Plan. • Preparing for integration and testing of the IT system. Procedural programming involves the line-by-line scripting of logical instructions that are combined to form a program.• Preparing detailed logic specifications for each software module. Programmers use various techniques to develop computer programs. This document receives a rigorous review by Agency technical and functional representatives to ensure that it satisfies the business requirements. Effective development standards include requirements that programmers and other project participants discuss design specifications before programming begins. The large transaction-oriented programs associated with financial institutions have traditionally been developed using procedural programming techniques. Operations and Maintenance Manual. Everything requiring user input or approval is documented and reviewed by the user. Once these documents have been approved by the Agency CIO and Business Sponsor. The procedures help ensure programmers clearly understand program designs and functional requirements. the final System Design Document is created to serve as the Critical/Detailed Design for the system. The result is a draft System Design Document which captures the preliminary design for the system. The Development phase consists of: Translating the detailed requirements and design into system components. and the Training Plan. Development Phase: The development phase involves converting design specifications into executable programs. Concurrent with the development of the system design. • Testing individual elements (units) for usability. Effective completion of the previous stages is a key factor in the success of the Development phase. Integration and Test Phase: .
the system is installed to support the intended business functions. Operations continue as long as the system can be effectively adapted to respond to the organization’s needs. • Implementation Phase: This phase is initiated after the system has been tested and accepted by the user. security. The system is monitored for continued performance in accordance with user requirements and needed system modifications are incorporated. including: Testing at the development facility by the contractor and possibly supported by end users • Testing as a deployed system with end users working together with contract personnel • Operational testing by the end user alone performing all functions. System performance is compared to performance objectives established during the planning phase.Subsystem integration. system. The user. validates that the functional requirements. and user acceptance testing is conducted during the integration and test phase. a final Independent Verification & Validation evaluation is performed and all documentation is reviewed and accepted prior to acceptance of the system. Multiple levels of testing are performed. installation of software onto production computers. In this phase. This phase continues until the system is operating in production in accordance with the defined user requirements. and integration of the system into daily work processes. are satisfied by the developed or modified system. as defined in the functional requirements document. user training. installation of hardware. with those responsible for quality assurance. Operations and Maintenance Phase: The system operation is ongoing. Requirements are traced throughout testing. OIT Security staff assess the system security and issue a security certification and accreditation prior to installation/implementation. Implementation includes user notification. When .
• Checkout below (I think not necessary). replaced. or retired. 20 16 Careful . • Certify that the system can process sensitive information. and enhance the system. the system may reenter the planning phase. • Determine when the system needs to be modernized. The purpose of this phase is to: Operate.modifications or changes are identified. maintain. • Conduct periodic assessments of the system to ensure the functional requirements continue to be satisfied.
audit. is necessary to coordinate activities and manage project risks effectively. and network requirements as . development.planning. A critical part of a project manager’s job is to coordinate discussions between user. security. design. be commensurate with the characteristics and risks of a given project. Project plans refine the information gathered during the initiation phase by further identifying the specific activities and resources required to complete a project. security. The depth and formality of project plans should be commensurate with the characteristics and risks of a given project. particularly in the early stages of a project. and network personnel to identify and document as many functional.
Personnel assignments. A Project Management Plan is created with components related to acquisition planning. and who processes it). and user input. • Develop the test and evaluation requirements that will be used to determine acceptable system performance. outputs. system security. and systems engineering management planning.possible. project schedule. Design Phase The design phase involves converting the . • Develop detailed data and process models (system inputs. quality assurance planning. and the process. resources. concept of operations. configuration management planning. verification and validation. and target dates are established. a plan is developed that documents the approach to be used and includes a discussion of methods. tools. tasks. where does the information go. costs. who generates it. During this phase. project schedules.
security. and network requirements identified during the initiation and planning phases into unified design specifications that developers use to script programs during the development phase. and system architectures. database managers. Contemporary design techniques often use prototyping tools that build mock-up designs of items such as application screens. designers. Program designs are c onstructed in various ways. and network administrators should review and refine the prototyped designs in an iterative process until they agree on an acceptable design. Audit. a variety of elements are considered in the design to mitigate risk. the system is designed to satisfy the functional requirements identified in the previous phase. • . and quality assurance personnel should be involved in the review and approval process.informational. During this phase. Using a bottom-up approach. developers. functional. End users. Using a top-down approach. Since problems in the design phase could be very expensive to solve in the later stage of the software development. then expand design layouts as they identify and link smaller subsystems and connections. then expand design layouts as they identify and link larger systems and 16 connections. designers first identify and link major program components and interfaces. database layouts. These include: Identifying potential risks and defining mitigating design features. designers first identify and link minor program components and interfaces.
as defined in the functional requirements document. system. are satisfied by the developed or modified system. • Defining major subsystems and their inputs and outputs. and user acceptance testing is conducted during the integration and test phase. security.Performing a security risk assessment. • Developing a conversion plan to migrate current data to the new system. with those responsible for quality assurance. • Allocating processes to resources. • Determining the operating environment. validates that the functional requirements. • 17 Integration and Test Phase Subsystem integration. OIT Security staff assess the system security and issue a . • Preparing detailed logic specifications for each software module. The user.
Implementation Phase This phase is initiated after the system has been tested and accepted by the user. the system is installed to support the intended . In this phase. including: Testing at the development facility by the contractor and possibly supported by end users • Testing as a deployed system with end users working together with contract personnel • Operational testing by the end user alone performing all functions.security certification and accreditation prior to installation/implementation. Multiple levels of testing are performed. Requirements are traced throughout testing. a final Independent Verification & Validation evaluation is performed and all documentation is reviewed • 20 and accepted prior to acceptance of the system.
and integration of the system into daily work processes. System performance is compared to performance objectives established during the planning phase. user training. Operations continue as long as the system can be effectively adapted to respond to the organization’s needs. The system is monitored for continued performance in accordance with user requirements and needed system modifications are incorporated. When modifications or changes are identified.business functions. 21 Operations and Maintenance Phase The system operation is ongoing. The purpose of this phase is to: . the system may reenter the planning phase. installation of software onto production computers. Implementation includes user notification. This phase continues until the system is operating in production in accordance with the defined user requirements. installation of hardware.
maintain. . or etired. Conduct periodic assessments of the system to ensure the functional requirements continue to be satisfied.Operate. and enhance the system. • Certify that the system can process sensitive information. replaced. • Determine when the system needs to be modernized.
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