UNIVERSITY OF MALTA FACULTY OF SCIENCE DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS Mathematics for Engineers I - Problem Sheet 1

Functions and Limits

1. Evaluate the following limits: (i) (iii) x2 − 9 lim ; x→3 x2 + 6x + 9 x2 − 9 lim 2 ; x→∞ x + 6x + 9 (ii) (iv) x2 − 9 lim ; x→0 x2 + 6x + 9 sin 3x lim . x→0 x

(Hint: in (iii), divide numerator and denominator by x2 ; in (iv) use sin x lim = 1.) x→0 x 2. By finding the right-hand and left-hand limits lim |x| x and |x| x lim |x| x

x→0+

x→0−

show that
x→0

lim

does not exist. 3. Use L’Hospital’s Rule to evaluate the following limits: (i) sin2 x lim ; x→0 x (ii) ex − 1 − x . x→0 x2 lim

1

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