E5

Taylor

10.3.11

Aim: Who is Arthur Miller, and what were the Salem Witch trials of 1692? Assessment Type: Observation, Collected classwork, circulation D/N: 5 min -We live in a democracy. What is a democracy, and why do/ don’t you like living in one? What would be different if you lived in a different type of government? Whole class: 1 min -Three or five students share out their responses. Bridge: 2 min Luckily for us, we live in a democracy, but you all know that there are other forms of order. Look at a few others that you may be familiar with from Global 1. Theocracy: The rule of a state by God or a god. Democracy: Government by the people. Autocracy: A government with one person as the supreme power over the people. Puritanism: Practices of the Puritans; extreme or excessive strictness in matters of morals and religion. Mini Lesson: 10 min -It is important that you all have basic background knowledge when reading anything that is set in a time period that you are unfamiliar with. That’s why we had to review the definitions of words like theocracy, democracy, autocracy, and puritanism. The time period from 1946 to 1955, during which Senator Joseph McCarthy led a movement to find and prosecute suspected communists, is often compared to the Salem witch trials. This was known as McCarthayism.
-All of this random stuff is not so random, as it has a lot to do with The Crucible” by Arthur

Miller which we will be starting tomorrow. -Listen to the following biography about Arthur Miller, and jot down 3 interesting things (Teacher reads aloud and students share out) (5 min) -Listen to a very short article about “The witch trials” so you have an idea of what was happening back then. (2 min)

They are invited to ask any questions. Once the hysteria started. 3. Nineteen “witches” were hung on Gallows Hill.” When they were pressured by ministers and townspeople to explain their behavior. A number of young girls began acting “peculiar. (2 min) Independent Practice: 20 min -Students will complete the “Anticipation/ Reaction Guide” stating whether they agree or disagree with the 10 statements. people were scared of demons and witches because they lived isolated in the New World. Worldliness Ignorance vs. the activities became witch hunts in the sense that people were accused of things they did not do because of how scared people were at the time. In Salem. The Crucible was written in 1952 and the play was performed in 1953. For instance. Others are accused of being witches and the process snowballs. Miller wrote the play in response to Senator McCarthy and the House Un-American Activities Committee's crusade against communist sympathizers. 5. BELOW ARE THE ANSWERS TO THE HW QUESTIONS 1. Retribution and revenge Godliness vs. Soon people accused those they didn’t like and there was also speculation that some gained farm land and property by accusing others of witchcraft. 7. 6. The women are arrested and Tituba. and the directions are read aloud. 4. Bringing it back: 5 min -Three-five students will be selected to share their responses to part 2 Homework: 2 min -Students are given the homework assignment. they should pick one of the statements and construct a “Deep thoughts response” where they provide details and examples to back up their opinions.-Some of the themes that we will come across while reading “The Crucible” are:        Human cruelty in the name of righteousness The Individual and the Community Justice vs. the affair between John Proctor and Abigail William was highly unlikely because he was in his sixties and Williams was around the age of eleven. Sarah Good and Sarah Osborne. 2. Miller took many liberties while writing the play. People tried to avoid being accused of being a witch by accusing others or confessing to avoid death and saying they had accomplices. . they blamed Tituba. The trials began in early1692 and last into the first part of 1693. The Crucible is a fictionalized version of the Salem Witch Trial. Individual Freedom Tomorrow you will receive a graphic organizer so you can track different events under their perceived theme and use this for the project or writing activities later down the line. says Good and Osborne are her accomplices. Afterwards. to save herself. In both instances. Three died in prison and one was crushed by rocks. Wisdom The Puritan Myth Order vs. it took awhile for it to calm down.

took up this bright thread of our history and followed it to the only place it can possibly lead in our time-the heart and spirit of the average man." Dealing as it did with highly charged current events. which he directed at the People's Art Theatre in Beijing in 1983. and opposition to it with diabolical malevolence. A modern tragedian. People elsewhere tend to accept. received the Drama Critics' Circle Award. Miller says he looks to the Greeks for inspiration. His 1949 Death . but it also deals in an allegorical manner with the House Un-American Activities Committee." The Crucible. the underlying struggle is that of the individual attempting to gain his 'rightful' position in his society." For nearly six decades." In Miller's more than thirty plays. After graduating from high school.ARTHUR MILLER BIO "The American Dream is the largely unacknowledged screen in front of which all American writing plays itself out. "I think the tragic feeling is evoked in us when we are in the presence of a character who is ready to lay down his life. He once said he thought theater could "change the world. which premiered in 1953. is a fictionalization of the Salem witch-hunts of 1692." Death of a Salesman. he puts in question "death and betrayal and injustice and how we are to account for this little life of ours. his anguish and his family relationships. who are without kings. The Man Who Had All the Luck." Arthur Miller has said. In a note to the play. The fear of being displaced or having our image of what and who we are destroyed is best known to the common man. an aging salesman who makes his way "on a smile and a shoeshine. which opened in 1949. to a far greater degree anyway. the son of a women's clothing company owner. His first Broadway play." Miller lifts Willy's illusions and failures. tells the story of Willy Loman. which have won him a Pulitzer Prize and multiple Tony Awards. "Whoever is writing in the United States is using the American Dream as an ironical pole of his story. In his writing and in his role in public life. Miller began writing plays as a student at the University of Michigan. was born in 1915 in New York City. and the twin poles of guilt and hope. Death of a Salesman went on to become Miller's most celebrated and most produced play. to secure one thing-his sense of personal dignity. Miller articulates his profound political and moral convictions. particularly Sophocles. the repercussions of past actions. "A political policy is equated with moral right. that the conditions of life are hostile to man's pretensions. His father lost his business in the Depression and the family was forced to move to a smaller home in Brooklyn. Miller worked jobs ranging from radio singer to truck driver to clerk in an automobile-parts warehouse. Medea to Macbeth. joining the Federal Theater Project in New York City after he received his degree. All My Sons. the play received unfavorable reviews and Miller was cold-shouldered by many colleagues. Miller writes. Miller has been creating characters that wrestle with power conflicts. opened in 1944 and his next play. to the scale of a tragic hero." Arthur Asher Miller." Miller considers the common man "as apt a subject for tragedy in its highest sense as kings were. "From Orestes to Hamlet. "It is time that we. When the political situation shifted." Miller writes. Miller believes. personal and social responsibility. if need be.

and you're responsible to it. Several adolescent girls in Salem Village began to exhibit strange and alarming symptoms that some of their parents quickly came to interpret as the result of witchcraft. an Obie. the girls first named several of their neighbors in Salem Village and then gradually widened the circle of those accused to include hundreds of people in Salem town and other Massachusetts Bay communities. In 1959 the National Institute of Arts and Letters awarded him the Gold Medal for Drama. as it was elsewhere in early modern Europe." --Rachel Galvin Witchcraft in Salem Village: Intersections of Religion and Society 1691. Peters' Connections. Rebecca. The American Clock. "He is one of the audience who happens to know how to speak." Miller's work is infused with his sense of responsibility to humanity and to his audience. Miller was subpoenaed by the House Un-American Activities Committee and was convicted of contempt of Congress for his refusal to identify writers believed to hold Communist sympathies. Broken Glass. including the Pulitzer Prize. By the spring of 1692 the jails were crowded with suspects. The following year. Incident at Vichy. the United States Court of Appeals overturned the conviction. In 1956 and 1957. two Drama Critics Circle Awards. "Once and for all you must know that there's a universe of people outside. seven Tony Awards. Mr. an Olivier. As Chris Keller says to his mother in All My Sons. with whom he lives in Connecticut. Miller has remained socially engaged and has written with conscience. He holds honorary doctorate degrees from Oxford University and Harvard University. The Misfits. Miller's writing has earned him a lifetime of honors. Marilyn Monroe in 1956. this notorious episode in the history of early New England began to unfold in a small rural neighborhood on the outskirts of Salem town. the John F. his autobiography. "The playwright is nothing without his audience. Among his works are A View from the Bridge. and photographer Inge Morath in 1962. After the Fall. Throughout his life and work. and Timebends. He and Inge have a daughter. Miller has been married three times: to Mary Grace Slattery in 1940. The Price. . When urged by those adults to identify who had bewitched them. and the Dorothy and Lillian Gish prize. clarity. and compassion." he writes. then the second-largest seaport in Massachusetts Bay Colony.of a Salesman won the Pulitzer Prize. and before the hysteria at last subsided at the end of that year. twenty people had been executed for witchcraft—which was treated as a capital crime in seventeenth-century New England. Kennedy Lifetime Achievement Award.

and why do/ don’t you like living in one? What would be different if you lived in a different type of government? Do Now: Consider the following and answer the questions on the back of this slip of paper. What is a democracy. and why do/ don’t you like living in one? What would be different if you lived in a different type of government? Do Now: Consider the following and answer the questions on the back of this slip of paper. We live in a democracy. We live in a democracy. and why do/ don’t you like living in one? What would be different if you lived in a different type of government? Do Now: Consider the following and answer the questions on the back of this slip of paper. What is a democracy. We live in a democracy. What is a democracy. and why do/ don’t you like living in one? What would be different if you lived in a different type of government? Do Now: Consider the following and answer the questions on the back of this slip of paper. and why do/ don’t you like living in one? What would be different if you lived in a different type of government? Do Now: Consider the following and answer the questions on the back of this slip of paper. What is a democracy. We live in a democracy. We live in a democracy. What is a democracy. and why do/ don’t you like living in one? What would be different if you lived in a different type of government .Do Now: Consider the following and answer the questions on the back of this slip of paper. What is a democracy. We live in a democracy. We live in a democracy. and why do/ don’t you like living in one? What would be different if you lived in a different type of government? Do Now: Consider the following and answer the questions on the back of this slip of paper. What is a democracy.

How do you think the two trials (the witch trials and McCarthy trials) compare? Finish your editorial pieces and bring them in completed tomorrow. Taylor at: TTaylormoody2@schools.gov . When did the Salem Witch Trial begin and how long did they last? How did the witch trials begin? What caused the witch trials to continue? How many people died because of the witch trials? When was the The Crucible written? When Senator McCarthy was in office. 2011 Using a computer. 2. your highest possible grade would be an 80%. You will lose 10% off of your grade each day that it is late. yours’. your parents’ or your friend’s phone. 6. October 3rd. 4.E5 Homework for Monday. 5. You may email your editorial to Ms. conduct a miniresearch to answer the following questions: 1. If you don’t turn it in on 10/4.nyc. it is considered late. and they will not be accepted after Thursday. at which point. what important trials were going on at the time Miller wrote The Crucible? 7. 3.

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