Problems on Hydrogen Atom and Atomic Orbitals

What is the Schrödinger equation for hydrogen atom? Write out energy of the Hydrogen atom. Write out energy of the Hydrogen atom in the unit of hartree. What is the potential energy of the hydrogen atom? What is the meaning of the negative energy? What is the minumun energy ro remove electron from a hydrogen atom? Write out relation between quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum, magnetic moment, spin quantum numbers). 8. Is energy of the Hydrogen atom quantized? 9. Is angular momentum of hydrogen atom quantized? 10. What is the degeneracy of a given H-atom energy level? For orbitals sharing the same energy, how many share the same angular momentum? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Answer: The degeneracy of the energy level is have the same angular momentum . For orbitals with the same energy,

11. How many different wave function exist for an electron in hydrogen atom, for n=3. 12. What is the meaning of symbolic letters of spectoscopic notation and write down corresponding values of angular momentum quantum number ? 13. What is the magnitude of the angular momentum of an electron in the hydrogen atom? 14. What is the magnitude of the magnetic moment of an electron in the hydrogen atom? 15. What is the magnitude of the spin of an electron in the hydrogen atom? 16. Assume that each circular Bohr orbit for an electron in a hydrogen atom contains an integer number of de Broglie wavelenghts n=1,2,3 etc. Show that the orbital angular momentum must then be quantized. Bohr’s Formula for t he hydrogen energy levels follows from this. 17. What linear combination of orbitals give rise to the and orbitals? 18. A Hydrogen atom is in its state. The atom decays to a lower state by emitting a photon. Find the possible photon energies that may be observed. Give your answers in eV. Answer The

state can decay into states with

. The energies of the states are

The photon energy is given by the energy difference between the states.

Substitute 19. Using the Answer The states are

. We obtain notation, list all the

respectively. hydrogen states.

. 20. An electron in the Coulomb field of a proton is in the state described by the wave function

Find the expected value of the Energy, . 21. How can you construct orbitals in cartesian coordinate?

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