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Test 1: Weight 10 lbs

Rotation
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Horizontal
Reading
0.000
0.004
0.120
0.212
0.292
0.368
0.416
0.445
0.470
0.480
0.490

1) Calibration Constant k=

Name: Hekmatullah Sharifi


Horizontal
Force (N)

Horizontal
Movement

0.00
1.61
48.19
85.13
117.26
147.78
167.06
178.70
188.74
192.76
196.77

0.00
0.20
0.40
0.60
0.80
1.00
1.20
1.40
1.60
1.80
2.00

Shear Stress
(N/mm)

Vertical
Reading

0.000
0.000
0.013
0.024
0.033
0.041
0.046
0.050
0.052
0.054
0.055

10.31
10.31
10.31
10.31
10.31
10.31
10.32
10.32
10.33
10.33
10.33

= 1.02 / 0.00254 = 401.57 N

- Horizontal Force = Horizontal Reading x Calibration Con k (1.02N / 0.00254)

a force of 1.02N used to produce a Deformation of 0.0001inch or 0.00254mm


- Horizontal Movement 1Rotation = 0.2 mm
- Area = 60x60 = 3600 mm
- Shear Stress Horizontal = Horizontal Force / Area (Mpa)
- Vertical load (Stress) applied = (15 kg + 10 x 10lb or 4.54342 kgs) x 10 (N) = 603.59N
- Normal Stress Vertical = Vertical Force / Area

Vertical Load
(N)
603.59
603.59
603.59
603.59
603.59
603.59
603.59
603.59
603.59
603.59
603.59

Vertical (normal)
Stress (N/mm)

0.168
0.168
0.168
0.168
0.168
0.168
0.168
0.168
0.168
0.168
0.168

Vertical Movement
(mm)

0.000
0.005
0.000
0.001
0.002
0.001
0.006
0.004
0.006
0.000
0.000

Com' Vertical
Movement (mm)

0.000
0.005
0.005
0.006
0.008
0.009
0.015
0.019
0.025
0.025
0.025

Test 2: Weight 20 lbs


Rotation

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

Horizontal
Reading
0.000
0.058
0.170
0.275
0.368
0.479
0.544
0.602
0.653
0.694
0.722
0.747
0.768
0.781

1) Calibration Constant k=

Name: Hekmatullah Sharifi


Horizontal
Force (N)

Horizontal Shear Stress


Movement
(N/mm)

0.00
23.29
68.27
110.43
147.78
192.35
218.46
241.75
262.23
278.69
289.94
299.98
308.41
313.63

0.00
0.20
0.40
0.60
0.80
1.00
1.20
1.40
1.60
1.80
2.00
2.20
2.40
2.60

Vertical
Reading

0.000
0.006
0.019
0.031
0.041
0.053
0.061
0.067
0.073
0.077
0.081
0.083
0.086
0.087

= 1.02N / 0.00254 = 401.57 N

- Horizontal Force = Horizontal Reading x Calibration Con k (1.02N / 0.00254)


a force of 1.02N used to produce a Deformation of 0.0001inch or 0.00254mm
- Horizontal Movement 1Rotation = 0.2 mm
- Area = 60x60 = 3600 mm
- Shear Stress Horizontal = Horizontal Force / Area
- Vertical load applied = (15 kg + 10 x 20lb or 4.54342 kgs) x 10 (N) = 1057.18 N
- Normal Stress Vertical = Vertical Force / Area

11.77
11.75
11.73
11.71
11.69
11.68
11.67
11.67
11.67
11.68
11.69
11.70
11.71
11.73

Vertical
Load (N)
1057.18
1057.18
1057.18
1057.18
1057.18
1057.18
1057.18
1057.18
1057.18
1057.18
1057.18
1057.18
1057.18
1057.18

Vertical (normal)
Stress (N/mm)

0.294
0.294
0.294
0.294
0.294
0.294
0.294
0.294
0.294
0.294
0.294
0.294
0.294
0.294

Vertical
Movement
(mm)

0.000
-0.020
-0.020
-0.020
-0.020
-0.010
-0.010
0.000
0.000
0.010
0.010
0.010
0.010
0.020

Com' Vertical
Movement (mm)

0.000
-0.020
-0.040
-0.060
-0.080
-0.090
-0.100
-0.100
-0.100
-0.090
-0.080
-0.070
-0.060
-0.040

Test 3: Weight 40 lbs

Name: Hekmatullah Sharifi

Rotation Horizontal Horizontal Horizontal


Reading
Force (N) Movement

Vertical
Shear
Vertical Vertical Vertical
(normal)
Movement
Stress
Reading Load (N)
Stress
(mm)
(N/mm)
(N/mm)

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

0.000
0.119
0.280
0.438
0.584
0.719
0.834
0.954
1.045
1.143
1.222
1.297
1.373
1.425
1.479
1.522
1.558
1.572
1.577
1.586
1.602
1.603

0.00
47.79
112.44
175.89
234.52
288.73
334.91
383.10
419.65
459.00
490.72
520.84
551.36
572.24
593.93
611.20
625.65
631.28
633.28
636.90
643.32
643.72

0.00
0.20
0.40
0.60
0.80
1.00
1.20
1.40
1.60
1.80
2.00
2.20
2.40
2.60
2.80
3.00
3.20
3.40
3.60
3.80
4.00
4.20

0.000
0.013
0.031
0.049
0.065
0.080
0.093
0.106
0.117
0.128
0.136
0.145
0.153
0.159
0.165
0.170
0.174
0.175
0.176
0.177
0.179
0.179

8.91
8.91
8.91
8.90
8.89
8.88
8.87
8.86
8.85
8.84
8.83
8.82
8.82
8.82
8.82
8.82
8.82
8.82
8.83
8.83
8.83
8.83

1964.37
1964.37
1964.37
1964.37
1964.37
1964.37
1964.37
1964.37
1964.37
1964.37
1964.37
1964.37
1964.37
1964.37
1964.37
1964.37
1964.37
1964.37
1964.37
1964.37
1964.37
1964.37

Calibration Constant k= = 1.02N / 0.00254 = 401.57

Horizontal Force = Horizontal Reading x Calibration Con k (1.02N / 0.00254)


a force of 1.02N used to produce a Deformation of 0.0001inch or 0.00254mm
Horizontal Movement 1Rotation = 0.2 mm
Area = 60x60 = 3600 mm
Shear Stress Horizontal = Horizontal Force / Area
Vertical load applied = (15 kg + 40 x 10lb or 4.54342 kgs) x 10 (N) = 1964.37 N
Normal Stress Vertical = Vertical Force / Area

0.546
0.546
0.546
0.546
0.546
0.546
0.546
0.546
0.546
0.546
0.546
0.546
0.546
0.546
0.546
0.546
0.546
0.546
0.546
0.546
0.546
0.546

0.000
0.000
0.000
-0.010
-0.010
-0.010
-0.010
-0.010
-0.010
-0.010
-0.010
-0.010
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.010
0.000
0.000
0.000

kmatullah Sharifi
Com'
Vertical
Movement
(mm)

0.000
0.000
0.000
-0.010
-0.020
-0.030
-0.040
-0.050
-0.060
-0.070
-0.080
-0.090
-0.090
-0.090
-0.090
-0.090
-0.090
-0.090
-0.080
-0.080
-0.080
-0.080

Hekmatullah Sharifi

Vertical Movement Vs Horizontal Movments


Vertical Deformation (mm)

0.040
0.020

0.000
-0.020

0.00

0.50

1.00

1.50

2.00

2.50

3.00

3.50

4.00

-0.040
-0.060
-0.080
-0.100
-0.120

10 lbs
20 lbs
40 lbs

Horizontal Movment (mm)

Shear Stress Vs Horizontal Movements


0.200
0.180
0.160
0.140
0.120
0.100
0.080

0.060
0.040
0.020
0.000
-0.020 0.00

0.50

1.00

1.50

2.00

2.50

3.00

3.50

4.00

4.50

10 lbs
20 lbs
40 lbs

Horizontal Movement (mm)

Shear Stress Vs Normal Stress

10lbs
20lbs
40lbs

168
294
546

Shear
Stress
(kPa)
55
87
180

y = 0.3348x - 5.3095

200
Shear Stress kPa

Normal
Weight Stress
(kPa)

150
100
50
0
0

100

200

300
Normal Stress kPa

Cohesion C = 0 and the angle of Friction f = 20

400

500

600

ah Sharifi