LTspice Tutorial

http://denethor.wlu.ca/ltspice/

Tuesday, 20-Sep-2011 07:00:39 EDT

Pages created and updated by Terry Sturtevant Date Posted: June 9, 2011

LTspice Tutorial While LTspice is a Windows program, it runs on Linux under Wine as well. (LTspice is also called SwitcherCAD by its manufacturer, since they use it primarily for the design of switch mode power supplies (SMPS).) Note: Some of this was written using SwitcherCad III, and some was written using LTspice IV. The instructions should be the same.

I. Opening LTspice II. Drawing the circuit A. Making Sure You Have a GND B. Getting the Parts C. Placing the Parts D. Connecting the Circuit E. Changing the Name of the Part F. Changing the Value of the Part G. Using Net Labels H. Adding your own SPICE Models or Subcircuits I. Saving J. Printing III. Simulation A. Before you do the simulation B. Choosing a simulation C. Graphing D. Adding/Deleting Traces E. Doing Math F. Labelling G. Finding Points (aka Using Cursors) H. Saving I. Printing IV. Simulation Commands A. DC operating point B. Transient C. AC Analysis D. DC Sweep E. Noise F. Parametric G. Temperature H. Other types of analysis V. Types of Sources A. Voltage Sources 1. DC 2. PULSE 3. SINE 4. EXP 5. SFFM 6. PWL

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LTspice Tutorial

http://denethor.wlu.ca/ltspice/

7. PWL File B. Current Sources VI. References and Links I. Opening LTspice: Find LTspice on the C-Drive. Open LTspice IV (or SWCad III). The opening screen will look like this:

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wlu.ca/ltspice/ . Begin a new circuit from the file menu. Now you will see this: 3 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM .LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. or click on the "New Schematic" icon.

wlu. you can press the 'g' key. You cannot do any simulation on the circuit if you don't have a ground.LTspice Tutorial http://denethor.ca/ltspice/ . II. Adding a GND: This is very important. Drawing the circuit: A. or 4 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM . To place a ground.

C. . or pressing "F2". B. etc. or get it from the 'Edit' menu.any kind of power supply or battery Anything in [ ] is a library. (This is good for common components such as resistors." Once this box is open. right-click or press 'Esc'.capacitor ind .ca/ltspice/ use the ground icon..diode voltage .LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. and they will be automatically numbered. This can be done by clicking on the icon for a specific component. Placing the Parts: 5 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM .resistor cap . To rotate parts so that they will fit in your circuit nicely. press "Ctrl+R" before placing the part.inductor diode . Don't worry about putting it in exactly the right place. If you want to reflect (or 'Mirror') the part. click where you want them placed (somewhere on the grey page with the dots).wlu. Some common parts are: res . Getting the other Parts: The next thing that you have to do is get some or all of the parts you need. when you want to stop placing a particular type of part. Upon selecting your parts. place it near the bottom of the drawing.. . press "Ctrl+E".) clicking on the 'component' button. which contains many parts. it can always be moved later. or going to "Edit" and selecting "Component. Each type of part can be placed multiple times in succession. capacitors. This can be done by typing in the name or scrolling down the list until you find it. If you aren't sure where to put it. select a part that you want in your circuit.

Or you can go from the part to the wire. With the pencil looking pointer. where you can type in the name you want the part to have. (not the name). Type in the new value and press OK. You should see a square block when 3 or more wires connect at a point. E. Holding down CTRL while drawing lines allows you to make diagonal connections in the editor.) If you have any parts left over. click on one end of a part. D. or R1 or whatever your part is). click somewhere on the wire and then click to the part (or the other wire).LTspice Tutorial http://denethor.ca/ltspice/ You should have most of the parts that you need at this point. no box will appear. 6 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM . you can right click on the part. Use u for micro as in uF = microFarad. F. or "F3" or go to "Edit" and select "Draw Wire". you'll have to attach them with wires. you can rotate or reflect it as well. Go up to the tool bar and select the "Draw Wire" button . when you move your mouse around. click on the 'move' icon. and a box title by the part name (such as "Resistor") will appear. (When you have a part selected for a move. right click. The number of fields in the box will depend on the type of part it is.wlu. right click on the present name (C1. you should see crossed lines appear. Connecting the Circuit: Now that your parts are arranged well. Repeat this until your circuit is completely wired. just select them and press "Delete". To move parts.. all you do is put them in the places that make the most sense (usually a rectangle works well for simple circuits). Changing the Value of the Part: If you only want to change the value of the part (if you don't want all your resistors to be 1K ohms). then a box will pop up (Enter New Reference Designator). and then you may select parts and drag them where you want them. Please note that if you double click on the part or its value. especially if you didn't put the parts in the most logical order. To change the name. To get rid of the pencil. Changing the Name of the Part: You probably don't want to keep the names C1. Now. Attach the other end of your wire to the next part in the circuit. If you want to make a node (to make a wire go more then one place). C2 etc.

LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. where you can update your own libraries and use them again. Here are three different methods. a window will pop up where you assign the label you want to use for the net. Using Net Labels: These are important if you want to user your own identifiers for points in the network where you want to determine voltages rather than having to work with the node numbers that LTspice assigns.ca/ltspice/ G. 7 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM . When you do this. or click on the "Label Net" icon . press "F4".wlu. Adding your own SPICE Models or Subcircuits How to add a model to LTspice (SwitcherCad) This assumes you want to add a new model for a new device similar to one in the existing library. To add net labels. Method 1: Modifiy Libraries This method makes sense if you are working on your own computer. or select "Edit/Label Net" from the menu. H.

ca/ltspice/ 1.. Go to the directory lib\cmp 3.sp3 3.. In the text box. It should be pretty easy to figure out. Look under C:\Program Files\LTC\LTspiceIV (or C:\Program Files\LTC\SwCADIII ) 2. but where you may have several models in one file which you would like to be able to use in the future. or where edits will not be saved. Save the file which contains the model you want to use in a directory where you have write access. Method 2: Using an external library file This will work well if you are using a computer where you can't edit the built-in library files.dio standard..) 2. Now when you open LTSpice. I use c:\windows\temp. by using the icon. Look at the list of standard devices to figure out which kind you want.jft . Insert a SPICE directive from the edit menu. 1. such as: standard. for example . type . 8 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM . Change the name of the component in your schematic to match the exact name of the model in the library file.lib path to your library file so.wlu. Note you may have to adapt the model line to match the pattern in the file.LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. (For example. Add a line with the . 4. Each line in each of these files has a model for one device.. you should be able to pick the device you've added as though it was one of the existing models.lib c:\windows\temp\myfile. or by typing 'S'.bjt standard.model line for your device to the end of the appropriate file using a text editor.etc.

3.LIB and the model you want to use is a subcircuit called 1N5338B. Copy zener. by using the icon.include directive instead of the . (Suppose the file that contains the model you want to use is called 1N5338B.) change SYMATTR Value D to SYMATTR Value 1N5338B (This says that the name that will show up on the schematic is 1N5338B. Note: you can use the . For instance. Go to the directory lib\sym 4. Find a component similar to what you want. or where edits will not be saved.LIB (This says that the name of the file containing the subcircuit we're using is 1N5338B. your new device model should be used.) add a line SYMATTR ModelFile 1N5338B.LIB. That way you won't have to draw the symbol from scratch. Open file which contains the model you want to use. Change the name of the component in your schematic to match the exact name of the model in the model line.asy in a text editor. 3. 1.) 6. Insert a SPICE directive from the edit menu. In this case you can add add a subcircuit model for a device. and make the following changes: change SYMATTR Prefix D to SYMATTR Prefix X (This says that the model we're using is a . where you can update your own libraries and use them again. and use it like any of the ones that are built-in . (1N5338B will be the name of the new zener diode model I want to use.) Now when you open LTSpice. 1. paste the model from the clipboard.asy. Open 1N5338B. 5. You'll save a bit of time if the new device at least looks similar to one in the existing library. and copy the model into the clipboard. and that there is only a single model you want to use. 9 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM . this is completely portable between computers. Put the file 1N5338B.subckt. 2.ca/ltspice/ Now when you simulate. In the text box. How to add a subcircuit model to LTspice (SwitcherCad) Sometimes you need to add something which is more complicated than simply a model.wlu. or by typing 'S'. Note: Because you now have the model saved as part of your schematic. Method 3: Inserting the model directly into the drawing This will work well if you are using a computer where you can't edit the built-in library files. You can see this by looking at the first line of the file: . your new device model should be used.asy.asy to 1N5338B.LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. Now when you simulate. Otherwise you may have to draw a new symbol.SUBCKT 1n5338b 2 1 This tells the name of the subcircuit and that it has two pins. I see there's a component zener.lib directive if you wish. if I were adding a new zener diode.) Method 1: Modifiy Libraries This method makes sense if you are working on your own computer. Look under C:\Program Files\LTC\LTspiceIV (or C:\Program Files\LTC\SwCADIII ) 2. you should be able to find the component you have added.LIB in the subdirectory lib\sub .) add a line SYMATTR SpiceModel 1N5338B (This says that the name of the subcircuit we're using is 1N5338B.

wlu. Hold down CTRL-M while right-clicking on the component to bring up the dialog. or where edits will not be saved. 1. and edit the value of the device to match the subcircuit name exactly. Save the file which contains the subcircuit you want to use in a directory where you 10 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM .ca/ltspice/ Method 2 and Method 3: Setup This same procedure applies to both methods. After these steps. 1. 2. Change the prefix of the device to "X" to indicate you are using a subcircuit. This might happen if you are working on computers in public las.LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. for instance. go on to either Method 2 or Method 3. Method 2: Using an external library file This will work well if you are using a computer where you can't edit the built-in library files. These methods will be useful where you can't edit the library files. but where you may have several models in one file which you would like to be able to use in the future.

In the text box.ca/ltspice/ have write access. I use c:\windows\temp.wlu.) 2. Open file which contains the subcircuit you want to use.sp3 Method 3: Inserting the model directly into the drawing This will work well if you are using a computer where you can't edit the built-in library files. for example . 1. In the text box. or by typing 'S'. Insert a SPICE directive from the edit menu.lib path to your library file so. (For example. 11 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM .LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. and copy the subcircuit into the clipboard. type . 2. Insert a SPICE directive from the edit menu. by using the icon. by using the icon. or where edits will not be saved. and that there is only a single model you want to use.lib c:\windows\temp\myfile. paste the subcircuit from the clipboard. or by typing 'S'.

J. unattached devices). III.e.LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. You should make sure that all parts have the values that you want. There must not be any floating parts on your page (i. you may use the menu or the print icon as usual. 12 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM .ca/ltspice/ The subbcircuit itself may include model definitions. Simulation: A. Saving: To save the circuit.wlu. Printing: on the tool bar or any other method you To print. There are no extra wires. then you'll want to copy and paste the entire file contents. If the library file is only for that one device. I. use the save button would normally use to save files. so you may have to include several lines when you copy. Before you do the simulation: You have to have your circuit properly drawn and saved.

or to create mathematical expressions involving them. C. Adding/Deleting Traces: Use "Visible Traces" or on the toolbar to select all the traces you want. It will check to make sure you don't have any errors.LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. Graphing: Go to the "View" menu: D. 13 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM . Choosing a simulation: Click on the Simulate button on the tool bar Cmd" command.ca/ltspice/ It is essential that you have a ground in your circuit. The last one you choose is the one which will be done when you simulate. The add traces window allows you to choose varaious signals from the circuit. If you do have errors. Click on the Simulate button on the tool bar or use the "Simulate/Run" command. correct them.wlu. B. or use the "Simulate/Edit Simulation Enable whatever type(s) of anlysis you want using the Edit Simulation Command window.

LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. 14 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM . G. Labelling: Click on Text Label on top tool bar. If you want to know how to use them. Doing Math: In Visible Traces. Click OK You can move this around by single clicking and dragging. Select the signal(s) that you wish to have displayed.wlu. E. these will add/subtract (or whatever you chose) the lines together. you can use LTspice's Help Menu. showing information about the point currently selected. F. there are functions that can be performed. select its title on the graph and press "Delete". Type in what you want to write. There are many functions here that may or may not be useful.ca/ltspice/ To delete a trace. Finding Points: (aka Using Cursors) Click on the name of the trace you want to look at and then a cursor window will appear.

but incredibly useful analysis. B. you can choose to show two cursors. Note that if you right click on the trace name.LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. but it will indicate the DC voltages at all nodes and DC currents through all devices in the circuit. Simulation Commands A. H. You can also open previously saved plots from here as well. This then allows automatic math to be done. You can use the cursor keys to move back and forth through the data points. I.ca/ltspice/ . this will open up a menu which will allow you to name the probe file and choose where to save it. This is a simple. IV. Transient 15 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM . It will not give you anything to plot. such as to give the difference between them in both dimensions. Saving: To save your probe you need to go into the tools menu and click display. DC Operating Point . Printing: Select Print in Edit or on the toolbar Print as usual.wlu.

However. which allows you to specify your fundamental frequency and the number of harmonics you wish to see on the plot. You can set a step ceiling which will limit the size of each interval. thus increasing calculation speed.. LTspice defaults to the 9th harmonic unless you specify otherwise. AC Analysis 16 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM .LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. and taking extreme amounts of time for LTspice to calculate. Another handy feature is the Fourier analysis..later) The ratio of Stop Time: Maximum Timestep determines how many calculations LTspice must make to plot a wave form. but this still will allow you to decompose a square wave to see it's components with sufficient detail. It is incredibly important that you think about what timestep you should use before running the simulation. C. Time to Start Saving Data Maximum Timestep (various checkboxes. Two very important parameters in the transient analysis are: Stop Time. if you make the timestep too small the probe screen will be cluttered with unnecessary points making it hard to read.wlu..ca/ltspice/ The transient analysis is probably the most important analysis you can run in LTspice. LTspice always defaults the start time to zero seconds and going until it reaches the user defined final time. and it computes various values of your circuit over time. at the opposite side of that coin is the problem that if you set the timestep too high you might miss important phenomenon that are occurring over very short periods of time in the circuit. Therefore play with step time to see what works best for your circuit.

and what the start and end frequency will be.ca/ltspice/ The AC analysis allows you to plot magnitude and/or phase versus frequency for different inputs in your circuit. 100kHz..LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. if you choose decade then a sample of your X-axis might be 10Hz. For example. etc. Number of points Start Frequency Stop Frequency D. over what range of frequencies do you want to simulate your circuit. 10MHz. You now have to specify at how many points you want LTspice to calculate frequencies. Type of Sweep In the AC anlysis menu you have the choice of three types of analysis: Linear. These three choices describe the X-axis scaling which will be produced in probe.. DC Sweep 17 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM . Octave and Decade. That is. Therefore if you want to see how your circuit reacts over a very large range of frequencies choose the decade option.wlu. 1kHz..

Noise 18 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM . for example V1 or V2. E. A nested sweep allows you to run two simultaneous sweeps to see how changes in two different DC sources will affect your circuit.ca/ltspice/ The DC sweep allows you to do various different sweeps of your circuit to see how it responds to various conditions. you need to indicate to LTspice what component you wish to sweep. voltage. is the ability to do a nested sweep. For these two. but also you can indicate your own list of values. and the number of points you wish to calculate. Once you've filled in the main sweep menu.wlu. For all the possible sweeps. current you need to specify a start value. Octave or Decade. an end value. Another excellent feature of the DC sweep in LTspice. example: 1V 10V 20V. For example you can sweep your circuit over a voltage range from 0 to 12 volts. click on the nested sweep button and choose the second type of source to sweep and name it. (Note: In some versions of LTspice you need to click on enable nested sweep). DO NOT separate the values with commas. also specifying the start and end values. Again you can choose Linear.LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. The main two sweeps that will be most important to us at this stage are the voltage sweep and the current sweep.

Type of Sweep (same as for AC analysis) Number of points. (same as for AC analysis) Start Frequency (same as for AC analysis) Stop Frequency (same as for AC analysis) To use input noise you need to tell LTspice where you consider the 'input' in your circuit to be. for example.LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. F. if your voltage source is labelled 'V1'.wlu.ca/ltspice/ LTspice will simulate noise for you either on the output or the input of the circuit.. The two types of noise are: Output for noise on the outputs and Input for noise on the input source.. DC Transfer 19 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM . These noise calculations are performed at each frequency step and can be plotted in probe.

20 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM . inductor). First. Enter the name {R} (including the curly braces) in place of the component value. using the icon or the menu command Place the box anywhere on the schematic page. Now add a spice directive to the page. we will use a resistor. but any other standard part would work just as well (capacitor. right click the value resistor that is to be varied.wlu. Parametric Parametric analysis allows you to run another type of analysis (DC operating point. The best way to demonstrate this is with an example. by pressing the 's' key.LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. transient. sweeps) while using a range of component values. This indicates to LTspice that the value of the resistor is a global parameter called R.ca/ltspice/ G. Edit the directive. This will open a dialog box allowing you to set "Resistor Properties".

one for each value of the stepped parameter. and run the simulation. This brings up a dialogue 21 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM .ca/ltspice/ Directives always start with a period. even if it's a DC operating point analysis. If your did a non-graphical analysis. . In order to isolate one trace.STEP PARAM R 1k 10k 0. use the command to "Select Steps" from the trace menu. Choose an analysis as usual. If you did an analysis that is already graphical. you'll get a graph with a series of lines.LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. then you'll get a graphical output which has the stepped parameter as the horizontal axis.wlu. such as transient.1kΩ for every step of the outer simulation. You'll need to have one simulation command. such as a DC operating point.1k means to step the parameter R from 1kΩ to 10kΩ in steps of 0.

do a parametric analysis but instead of varying a component value. The options which show up in the window will change as the function selected changes. Other types of analysis There are other SPICE analyses possible. H. Right clicking on one will bring up the "Independent Voltage Source" window. Types of Sources A.STEP TEMP 0 100 1 means to step the temperature from 0°C to 100°C in steps of 1°C for every step of the outer simulation.ca/ltspice/ which allows you to choose which one(s) you want to show. including fourier V.LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. Temperature To do a temperature sweep.wlu. I. Eventually I might get them in here. Voltage Sources A voltage source can be configured in many possible ways. vary the temperature as follows: . 1. (none) 22 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM .

wlu.LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. PULSE 23 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM . 2.ca/ltspice/ This is your basic direct current voltage source that simulates a simple battery and allows you to specify the DC voltage value.

" Von is the value when the pulse is fully turned 'on'. 3.wlu. Tfall is the fall time in seconds of the pulse. (Obviously. SINE A few things to note about the alternating current source. and therefore your probe plot will give you inaccurate results. First. Tdelay is the time delay.) Again. the parameters are: AC Amplitude which is the peak value of the voltage. the units would be "amps" if this were a current pulse. Trise is the rise time of the pulse. For an ac analysis. For a pulsed current source. Tperiod is the period and is the total time in seconds of the pulse. The default units are seconds. there are two possible analyses which can be done and so there are two sets of parameters." So for a square wave. It should never be used in a frequency response study because LTspice assumes it is in the time domain. Vinitial is the value when the pulse is not "on. This can also be zero or negative. The default units are seconds. Ton is the pulse width.LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. AC Phase which is the phase angle of the voltage 24 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM . This is the time in seconds that the pulse is fully on. the units would be "amps" instead of "volts. Ncycles is the number of cycles of the pulse that should happen. V1 and V2 should not be equal. This can be zero or negative as required. but not negative. the value when the wave is 'low'. LTspice allows this value to be zero. The time delay may be zero. This is a very important source for us because we do a lot of work with the square wave on the wave generator to see how various components and circuits respond to it. Leave it as zero if you want ongoing pulses. but zero rise time may cause convergence problems in some transient analysis simulations.ca/ltspice/ PULSE is often used for a transient simulation of a circuit where we want to make it act like a square wave source.

. the parameters are: DC offset is the DC offset voltage. Set this to zero for the normal sinusoid. Set this to 90 if you need a cosine wave form. Theta is the damping factor. Freq is the frequency in Hz of the sinusoid. the peak value measured from zero no DC offset value. theta is the decay constant in 1/seconds. 5. Ncycles is the number of cycles of the pulse that should happen.. so if you want to simulate a cosine wave you need to add (or subtract) a 90° phase shift.wlu. This is used to apply an exponential decay to the sinusoid. LTspice takes it to be a sine source. SFFM 25 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM . Leave it as zero if you want ongoing pulses. Amplitude is the undamped amplitude of the sinusoid. It should be set to zero if you need a pure sinusoid. (Not the phase angle!) Also set this to zero for the normal sinusoid. EXP The EXP type of source is actually a Note that the normal usage of this source type is .. Tdelay is the time delay in seconds.e.ca/ltspice/ For a transient analysis. Note that the phase angle if left unspecified will be set by default to 0° 4.LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. For this analysis. PHI is the phase advance in degrees. i.

LTspice Tutorial http://denethor.ca/ltspice/ The SFFM (Single Frequency FM) type of source is actually a Note that the normal usage of this source type is .. PWL (Piece-Wise Linear) 26 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM .. 6.wlu..

There is one thing that should be mentioned. Therefore placing the current source in the circuit backwards with seemingly incorrect polarities will give the correct results. Current Sources For each of the previous discussed voltage sources.. there exists the exact same source except that it produces current. October 2005] This has useful information about how to add libraries and models. 27 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM .ca/ltspice/ The PWL source is a Piece Wise Linear function that you can use to create a wave form consisting of straight line segments drawn by linear interpolation between points that you define. including AC and DC. PWL File The PWL source is a Piece Wise Linear function that .LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. VI. 7. B. and the phase of your source at any point in the circuit. and the intervals between time values need not be regular. Petr Kropik] This has a good step-by-step guide. This applies to all current sources. For those current sources whose circuit symbol has an arrow. Since you can use as many points as you want. The syntax for this source type is flexible and has several optional parameters. The required parameters are two-dimensional points consisting of a time value and a voltage (or current) value. Introduction to SwitcherCAD (another name for LTspice) [PDF. Aalborg University. including information about files and SPICE directives. you have to point the arrow in the direction of conventionally flowing current. current sources in LTspice get a little confusing. There can be many of these data pairs.. B. An interesting little feature under the markers menu is the ability to add markers to your circuit so you can see where the current and voltage have imaginary values in the circuit. References and Links A. but the time values must be in ascending order.wlu. LTSpice introductory manual (adding components) [PDF. you can create a very complex wave form This source type can be a voltage source or a current source..

SWCADIII (Another LTspice tutorial) (very detailed) [PDF. Intro to LTspice (lots of screen shots) [PDF. Aalborg University] This starts off with a lot about Switch Mode Power Supplies. McGraw-Hill tutorial that includes a PowerPoint presentation and lots of circuit files. (Holding down CTRL while drawing lines allows you to make diagonal connections in the editor. i.ca/latex If you need to download Adobe Acrobat Reader go here If you need to update a browser. the information is very widely applicable. capacitor.yahoo. Other kinds of analysis (blog) [ Chris Cross] This includes an example of using WAV files for input and output of simulations. Information on this site which is produced by Terry Sturtevant is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2. so I created diagonal versions of the basic components. J. Other kinds of analysis (blog) [ Chris Cross] This includes an example of varying temperature for an analysis.com/designtools/software/switchercad. but there is a tutorial on using LaTeX to typeset technical documents at http://denethor.linear. didode) I think that sometimes it would be nice to be able to draw things like bridge circuits in the way they're normally shown. South Dakota School of Mines and Technology] Shorter than some of the others. (It's 257 pages long. but gets into lots of other stuff as well.com/group/LTspice/ **Most of the pictures and screen shots came from Linear Technology© LTspice version 4. Diagonal symbols (for common components. what Linear Technology designed it for. H.groups.jsp K. http://tech.ca/ltspice/ C. D. you might try Firefox which is free open source available for several platforms Since this page uses cascading style sheets for its layout. resistor.08o Not related to LTspice specifically. E.) I. There's a Yahoo! group which is quite active with discussions.5 Canada License. For the more obscure questions you might have go right to the source at Linear Technology© http://www. so there really is a lot of stuff there. rather than any particular version.wlu. Disclaimer 28 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM . rather than with all components either horizontal or vertical.LTspice Tutorial http://denethor. but lots of screen shots F. it will look best with a browser which supports the specifications as fully as possible. SPICE overview (lots of detail) [University of Pennsylvania] Since this is about SPICE itself.e. G. examples etc.wlu. inductor. such as PSpice or LTspice.

Ontario. Canada N2L Laurier Brantford 3C5 phone: (519) 884-1970 29 of 29 9/20/2011 4:27 PM . Waterloo.LTspice Tutorial http://denethor.ca/ltspice/ Return to Top of Page contact WLU site index disclaimer privacy office © 2011 Wilfrid Laurier University Wilfrid Laurier University 75 University Avenue West.wlu.

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