Katherine MacPhereson CHEM 253 – 02 9/15/11 Experiment I - Introduction to The Analytical Balance and Volumetric Glassware Objective: To familiarize using

basic laboratory equipment and skills to make accurate and precise measurements. Introduction:

Procedure: In this lab, the first task was to weigh out samples of NaCl using an electronic analytical balance and Erlenmeyer flasks. The method in which to do this was first demonstrated by the TA, noting that it is important to handle the Erlenmeyer flasks using a dry and lint free piece of paper to avoid leaving finger prints or oils which could change the mass of the flask. The next task was to calibrate volumetric glassware to account for the variations in the glassware pieces we use. In quantitative analysis, measurements need to be precise so calibrating the glassware is essential. The glassware pieces that were calibrated included a 50 mL buret, pipets of 5, 10 and 25 mL in volume, along with 50 and 100 mL volumetric flasks. To calibrate the 50 mL buret, 10.00 mL of DI water was drained from it, five different times while recording the initial and final buret reading each time it was drained. The weight of the 10 mL of the drained DI water and its temperature was also recorded. Calibration for the 5, 10 and 25 mL pipets were done in the same manner as the buret, but this time only taking three separate measurements for each pipet. The 50 and 100 mL volumetric flasks were calibrated by first placing them on a top loading balance (at this time both volumetric flasks are empty) and then recording their weight. Next, DI water is added into the flask until the meniscus of the water hits the top mark of the neck of the flask. This is then reweighed on a top loading balance and repeated 3 times. Results and Discussion After each procedure was completed, sample masses were recorded and from this, we obtained a volume for each measurement by using the density of water at the room temperature (18.5˚C). Values of true volumes, delivered volumes, corrections, averages, and standard deviations were also calculated for each measurement. In general, the results looked acceptable, except for the measurements using the 25 mL pipet. There was difficulties in measuring with this particular pipet which resulted in a mean correction of -0.3058.

In particular. By measuring NaCl and DI water using several different instruments repeatedly. . By following these methods. proper measuring and handling skills were practiced. the method of handling glassware by using a dry piece of paper were heavily practiced in order to prevent leaving any finger prints or oils which could throw off the exact weight of the glassware. the results of the measurements came out to be very well.Conclusion The goal of this experiment was to become familiar with general/basic laboratory equipment and the skills need to make accurate and precise measurements using them.

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