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# EXPERIMENT

SAFETY INSTRUCTION: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. DO NOT PRESSURIZED BOTH THE VESSELS UP TO BAR. DO NOT ALLOW THE PRESSURE DROPS BELOW -0.5 BAR WHEN USING THE VACUUM PUMP DO NOT HEAT BOTH OF THE VESSELS UP TO 50C. BEFORE RUN THE EXPERIMENT,ENSURE ALL THE VALVES ARE CLOSED DO NOT OPERATE THIS APPARATUS WITHOUT THE SAFETY COVERS THAT CAVERING THE VALVES DO NOT ATTEMPT TO CHANGE THE SETTING OF THE PRESSURE METER AND TEMPERATURE METER. 7. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO REGULATE THE PRESSURE REGULATORS. 8. SWITCH OFF THE COMPRESSOR ONCE THE AIR IS FULLY COMPRESSED.

VAIVE DESCRIPTION: VALVE OF COMPRESSOR V1 V2 V3 V4 V5 V6 =compressed air from compressor =ON/OFF valve from compressor = ON/OFF valve from compressor to tank 1 = ON/OFF valve from compressor to tank 2 = ON/OFF valve to vacuum pump = ON/OFF valve from tank 1 to vacumm pump = ON/OFF valve from tank 2 to vacumm pump

OBJECTIVE: 1. Understanding of the relationship between pressure and

12. Switch OFF the compressor when the compressor tank is full 10.2. Open V1 and slightly open the valve.25bar increment till 1 bar(caution:do not allow the pressure in the vessels exceed 1.5bar) 16.evacuate the air the in vessel by pulling the pressure relief valve. Ensure all the meters(pressure and temperature)are working properly.1. Plot the graph of pressure versus temperature 17.switch ON the power supply. 5. Observe the change of pressure and temperature from the meter. . 14.-0. Repeat step 11 with 0.3).PROCEDURE: 1. Ensure all the valve(v1-v6) are CLOSED.(caution:do not allow the pressure drop below -0. Repeat the experiment with the tank 2 15.6bar) 13.else regulate the pressure to 2 bar. Switch ON the compressor. Plug the 3 pin plug of the trainer to the main 240VAC single phase main power supply. 6. Before switch ON the power for this apparatus.3 and -0. Pull the relief valve which is located at the T-fitting with the pressure guage. 2. 11. 4.V2. ensure the pressure reading at the air filter /regulator is 2 bar.allow all the air in the vessels is evacuated. 9. Allow the air in the compressor to be compressed.state down the value in the table provided. Also plot the graph of pressure versus the tank volume. The compressor will shut down itself once the air is fully compressed. Switch ON the main on power supply at the control panel. Close the V2 valve. 3.-0. Repeat the experiment using vacuum pump(run with -0.and allow the air ti fill in to tank 1. State down the intial value of the temperature and pressure from the temperature meter and pressure meter. 7. 8.

4 0.25 29.5 -0.4 1 30.75 30.6 -0.8 0.3 26.9 1 31.1 -0.0 .1 27.4 26.8 0.6 VESSEL COMPRESS AIR PRESSURE(BAR) TEMPERATURE( C) 0 28.2 TANK 1 VACUUM AIR PRESSURE(BAR) TEMPERATURE( C) 0 27.2 27.7 TANK 2 VACUUM AIR PRESSURE(BAR) TEMPERATURE( C) 0 28.25 29.5 30.3 27.4 27.0 -0.RESULT: VESSEL COMPRESS AIR PRESSURE(BAR) TEMPERATURE( C) 0 27.2 -0.3 0.6 -0.0 0.2 0.75 30.2 27.1 28.7 -0.1 -0.5 29.

059 0. Pull the ring of relief valve on tank 1 to make sure there is no pressure (compress and vacuum) inside the tank.EXPERIMENT PROCEDURE: 1. From the recorded value. 6.046 0.tare it to ZERO by pressing the UP button. To cool down the hot air inside the tank.connect thehose from lab water tab to the cool water inlet port and connect the hose from cool water outlet port to drain. 4. TANK TEMPERATURE( C) 33 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 PRESSURE(BAR) 0.078 .the heater will switch OFF.turn on the water supply and let the water flow through the cooling coil. If there is any reading show on the pressure meter.then switch on the heater.075 0.069 0. Put all the reading to the table below 10.the air inside the tank will be heated up by using the heater. 12. Close all the valve(V1-V6) 3. ensur that the tank is full with air(8bar) 2.063 0.\ 11. 7. For this experiment the air inside the tank will not be compress and vacuum. Record down the initial temperature reading of tank 1 5. When the temperature inside the tank reach the setting value(sv). Set the heater(sv) to 50 C pressing the button. Record down the changes in pressure for every 1 C increment 9. Check the compressor pressure gauge.037 0. 8.use the formula provided to calculate the pressure and temperature value(theoretical) and compare to the experimental value.053 0.000 0.024 0.

In addition. To create a cheerful atmosphere of the workshop so that students do not easily get bored and tired. CONCLUSION The conclusion that I can say here is that I can understand the procedures of the work I do. 2.This can be achieved objectives.SUGGESTION: 1. . Troubleshooting of equipment has been damaged so as to provide opportunities forevery student to do practical. and umderstanding of the relationship between pressure and temperature. I also dapt learn how to read the unit properly. Ensure that the lecturer to monitor when the machine is opened or closed so that themachine is not quickly broken and accidents can be avoided 3.

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