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LAB REPORT MARKING SCHEME AND FORMAT Department of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, University of Malaya

PROGRAMME COURSE COURSE CODE SEMESTER SESSION : Bachelor of Engineering (Mechanical) : Mechanical Engineering Lab : KMEM 1170/2172/3175 :1 : 2011/ 2012

Students are advised to follow the format below when preparing for your laboratory reports. LAB-WRITING FORMAT: Main text: For the main text, please use font size of 11-point, Times New Roman with single-line spacing. Headings: Headings should be aligned to the left. The font sizes are given in Table 1. Table 1. Font sizes of headings. Heading level 1st-level heading 2nd-level heading Example 1 INTRODUCTION (UPPERCASE letter) 2.1 Printing Area (capitalize letter) Font size and style 12 point, bold 11 point, bold

Tables: Tables are printed within the body of the text at the centre of the frame, using font size 10 point. The label should be placed above the table itself and has the following format: Table 1 : Title 1 Table 2: Title 2 Figures: Figures, like tables are printed within the body of the text at the centre of the frame, using font size 10 point and are numbered sequentially: Figure 1, Figure 2, .... Page Numbering All page numbers should be printed 1.0 cm from the bottom margin and placed at the right hand side without any punctuation. Font size 8 recommended for numbers. Number of Pages The report should be written concisely within the recommended 10 pages, excluding Front Cover and Initial Report.

This section should be included in the beginning of the report. The simplicity of the devices and that the system Marks (%) 10 Abstract Introduction/ Theoretical Background 25 . and improve overall system dynamic (Tzou. for example viscoelastic damper. to provide extra damping. The function of these elements is simply to react passively in opposition to the accelerations. dynamic absorber. as well as the Internet sources provided that you have to rephrase each sentence from the original sources with the citation at the end of the sentence. This section includes the theoretical background related to the experiment. It is the summary of the experiment and should be written in one paragraph and contain no more than 300 words. The most serious breach of ethical standards in writing report/dissertation/thesis is the offence of plagiarism: the expropriation of the intellectual property of another. how the equation involved in calculation is derived and defined. and even applications of the principles employed in the experiment. alleviate mechanical vibration. journals. Passive vibration control consists of mounting passive material on the vibrating structure in order to change its dynamic characteristics such as stiffness and damping coefficient (Jnifene. For citations in the text please use round brackets with author’s surname and year of publication inside. which is efficient at high frequencies but expensive and bulky at low frequencies (Hossain and Tokhi. You can search the information from the books. matric number. shock absorber. 1997).LAB REPORT MARKING SCHEME: Item Front Cover Description A sheet provided by the lab technician for you to fill in your details such as name. 2007). 1998). The device for passive control usually is an energy absorption or dissipation device. passive and active control. They require no external assistance to oppose the vibration response except their immediate passive neighbours or structural components which interact with them (Mead. conference proceedings. 1988). An example of introduction with acknowledgement or citation should be made as below: There are two ways of reducing or suppressing the vibration. Plagiarism is defined as the use of original work. ideas or actual texts created by others. without acknowledging the original source. title of experiment. etc. deflection or velocities imposed upon them by vibration.

Objective(s) Results and Discussion Conclusions References The introduction should be written within 1000 . Finite Elements in Analysis and Design. (3). J. A. Hossain. Passive vibration control. The above references are as below: 1. Name of the conference. England. In the discussion. Fast convergence strategy for particle swarm optimization using spreading factor. and Kim. page number. and Tokhi. Dynamic analysis and passive control of viscoelastically damped nonlinear dynamic contacts. Proceedings of the IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation.1500 words. (2007). S. H. O. 2693- 5 35 10 10 . Mech. you can include whether your results agree with the theory. References used such as books. 5. 3. 183-193. (5). (1998). K. 183-193. Trondheim. Part I. Tzou. Inst. volume number. conference date. possible reasons and errors for the discrepancies and inconsistencies. 4. John Wiley & Sons. and possible suggestions to improve the results. Calculations and experimental data are presented in this section. Part I. conference venue. Example: Hossain. (1997). The purpose of the experiment should be written in bullet form. Norway. Mech. M. D. Mead. and Tokhi. 209-224. Wang. articles (journals/proceedings). Number the references alphabetically. It should be written in one paragraph and contain no more than 150 words. 211. S. M. Eng. O. (1997). Name of the journal. and Tokhi. Example: Abd Latif. 18-21 May 2009. tables. Systems and Control Letters. Title of the article. M. 421-430. (1991). Results can be presented in graphs. Evolutionary adaptive active vibration control. Y. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing. I. (3). O. 211. 56. Eng. Journals: Author(s) (Year of publication). Active vibration control of flexible structures using delayed position feedback. M. (3). (2009). since it is a fixed design. However. M. A. Evolutionary adaptive active vibration control. there is no way that the damping can be optimal under all operating conditions (Wang and Kim. and Internet sources should be written according to the given format. etc. (issue number – if available). Title of the article. Semi-active vibration control of structures via variable damping elements. The conclusions should correspond to the objectives of the experiment. Proc. (1988). 1991). 4. page number. A. (3). 5. Conference proceedings: Author(s) (Year of publication). 215-222. 2. Proc. W. Jnifene.will always be stable are the advantages of this approach. Inst.

Please submit your lab report before the due date. Please do not copy and paste your friends or your seniors’ lab reports. You will get zero marks for the respective experiment if you are absent. Do not retype the raw data in the results table in Results and Discussion. USA. Location: Publisher. Internet sources: Author(s) (Date of publication). Ant colony optimization. Title of document. Retrieved 2 May 2006. . Retrieved day. which is two weeks after each experiment (Semester break included). If you are not able to attend your lab session. Marks will be shared among you and your friends if you do so. Title of the book. T.2700. group number. Example: Dorigo.com/articles/cite living Initial report This is basically the sheet of paper in which you write your name. from http://www. year. and Stützle. M. date of experiment. from http://Web address. title of experiment and results table. (2002). 5 TOTAL MARKS DISTRIBUTION OF MARKS: Lab reports : 100% 100 GENERAL INFORMATION: 1. Lab can only start when each and every member of your group are there except unforeseen circumstances. Books: Author(s) (Year of publication). 3.alistapart. The lab demonstrator will sign and stamp on your initial report. Please do not hesitate to contact your lab coordinator if there are any questions. matric number. please inform the lab coordinator (tutor) to reschedule for a replacement time. 4. Marks will be deducted for the late submissions. (2004). Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Please be punctual during your lab sessions. M. 2. Example: Bernstein. month. A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites. It should be submitted together with your lab report.

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