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01-2010

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Newsletters 2010

CONFUSABLE WORDS: Claim, pretend
If you claim that something is true, you say that it is true, although you may not be able to prove it or to make people believe you. He claimed that he found the money in a forest. He claimed to be a Scot but had a powerful Liverpool accent. If you pretend that something is true, you try to make people believe that it is true, although you know that it is not. The rest of us stood around for a while trying to pretend nothing had happened. He could pretend, perhaps, not to recognize them.

URLs Recomendados: PPTs más divertidos y herramientas
para la comunicación a distancia Como hacer una presentación en PPT sin aburrir + Tips http://www.materiabiz.com/mbz/estrategiaymarketing/nota.vsp?nid=28567 Más allá del email: herramientas tecnológicas para comunicarse en el trabajo a distancia http://www.materiabiz.com/mbz/ityoperaciones/nota.vsp?nid=41526

Vocabulary Exercise: Mercados extranjeros - Vocabulary
A. Fill in the blanks 1. Computer based technology ca be a powerful took in the ……... Political, economic and social risk. 2. Companies ca use direct foreign investment to ….. or …… certain markets. 3. …… models can be constructed to help analysts assign … to different categories of risk. 4. Attending fairs or trade shows provides an …. To determine the attractiveness of a particular export market.

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B. Multiple Choice 1. The different categories of business risk include: a. war b. price controls c. labor strife d. income / capita e. a, b & d only f. a,b & c only g. all the above 2. Environmental analysts make use of all the following forecasting methodologies, EXCEPT: a. Expert opinion b. trend extrapolation C .Cross impact d. multiple scenario e.Cross elasticity f. all are available 3 . To judge the financial viability of an export project a firm must consider all, EXCEPT: a. return on investment (ROI) b. working capital c. interest rates d. cash flow e. income C. Translate 1. Esta feria puede ser una manera excelente de penetrar en el mercado Europeo. 2. Este es el mercado que ellos desean conquistar. 3. ¿Qué sabe usted sobre la reglamentación administrativa en ese país? 4. Los analistas del riesgo usan técnicos computarizadas.
Answers: A. 1.forecasting 2.consolidate, penetrate 3.Mathematical, probabilities 4.opportunity B. 1. f 2. e 3. e C. 1. 2. 3. 4. This fair may be an excellent way of penetrating the European market. This is the market they with to capture. What do you know about the administrative regulations in that country? Risk analyst use computer-based techniques.

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Twitter Demystified for Business Users - By Nancy McCord (c) 2009
Twitter is the current top "hot property" on the Web, but its popularity and how to use it has mystified many business owners. Many people think that they want to, or should be using Twitter, but simply do not understand the platform, its use, or its place in building web exposure. This article will demystify Twitter and help you to learn how to use it in the workplace and to promote your business. First, I have to say that I had been confused on how to use Twitter to benefit my own business until I downloaded TweetDeck. TweetDeck is a desktop application that allows you to review and post status updates on Twitter and Facebook simultaneously. I consider it a "must have" application for anyone who wants to make sense of Twitter. TweetDeck allows you to sort the people you follow on Twitter into groups, allows you to limit the number of Tweets (Twitter micro posts) to be shown at any time, and also allows you to discard all Tweets you have seen with one click. Additionally, using TweetDeck, finally a Twitter search on a topic makes sense. Since using TweetDeck, I have had a much better Twitter experience. As a Twitter newbie, visiting your Twitter home page is intimidating; it consists of post after post from people who you are following, who you may not know much about, and it just seems like a huge volume of content. To get started effectively first group the people who actually have something interesting to say on TweetDeck and voila, you have a powerful tool that keeps you at the forefront of what is happening in your industry and on the Web. So how do you get started with Twitter? Well the first thing is to start on Twitter yourself to understand what you like to read, who you like to follow, and to clearly identify what you like about Twitter. For me, it boils down to this: I like to follow people in my industry who say something of value, who provide a link to a new application or point me to an interesting new article, video, or blog site that I should review but may have not found myself. Based on what I like, and the people who I find interesting to read, I now write my Twitter posts using this same formula to grow my own Twitter audience. What I also like about Twitter is that the people who I follow also know how to show their true personality in their Tweets. Yes, I do like to know what Danny Sullivan (famous search engine marketing guru) ate for lunch, but better yet is the link to the video he thought was funny. I love following Ashton Kutcher (movie star married to Demi Moore who just hit 1 million Twitter followers in April). Man, that guy is really funny and is having a ball with Twitter. His posts are great and he has just earned the
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status of the user with the most followers. This is why you can't hire someone to "Ghost Twitter" for you. It's about showing the real you - you can't fake that! So how can you use Twitter for business? Twitter is an excellent tool for linking and this is the real value for businesses. By using Twitter to point people to content on your website, articles you have written either on or off your website, or by linking to a service you want to highlight, you drive traffic. On top of that, Google actually indexes Twitter and so your Twitter page can appear in the organic search results so make sure your bio is well thought out. Don't waste time using Twitter to point to blog posts, use TwitterFeed to post your blog posts directly onto Twitter. If you have a blog or website, you'll get new Twitter followers by posting your TwitterFeed right onto your web pages. People who may not have known your Twitter ID can simply click the bottom "follow me link" and start following you on Twitter. What's important to be successful in using Twitter is to identify what you personally like about this new media and then deliver the same type of things that you like back to your followers - work to provide value not drivel! So you've got to play with Twitter and learn how to use it first before you can really become successful with it for your business. So how do you get followers? Well, I started by following everyone (who I found by doing a Twitter search) who had the last name McCord. Then I searched for web design, search engine optimization, and pay per click. Any site profile that looked good, I clicked to follow the writer. It was that easy. Many times people who you follow will choose to follow you. That's how you initially build up your Twitter base. Over time you will start to identify your "Twitter voice" and refine the type of Twitter presence you want to have by changing your content style and the things that you Tweet about. As you refine your presence, you will build a following. Another cool Twitter use is that you can reply to any of your followers by simply putting an @ in front of their Twitter ID. For example to send something to my attention use @mccordweb at the very front of your Twitter posting and click enter. Just remember that this post is seen by all followers on my site and on your Twitter site. If you need a more private exchange, go to the direct message link on the Twitter.com site and select a follower by Twitter ID name and send your message from there. This note will be private. If you are using TweetDeck, you can click on a follower's Twitter ID icon and then select to send a direct message or @reply to them. TweetDeck will automatically insert the correct syntax for you in the Tweet. For many businesses the ability for users to communicate with top management using Twitter is an invaluable resource. This one-to-one exchange allows a company principal to keep tabs on customer viewpoints,
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concerns, and interests. As a Twitter reply or direct maíl does not use email and does not require a response, this is a great way to tap into social networking to test new ideas and to ask for user feedback. For example, if you have a new software product, ask your Twitter followers for feedback on a specific feature, or provide a link to your beta version for their testing. How you use Twitter is all about your personal business needs. The best advice that I can provide you is that you need to use Twitter a bit yourself first to understand the medium and to find out what you like to read best using Twitter. Then, create your Twitter network sharing information that you find interesting and have some fun. Currently I am following 204 people and 183 people are following me on Twitter. Personally I find Twitter great fun and a very cool way to find out first what's happening in the world before you see it on TV, read it on the Web, or see it in the newspaper. That's the real power of Twitter; you share, you find out, and you know, all by a person-to-person exchange of information. For those of you clicking in from my e-newsletter the rest of the content on Twitter applications and uses follows. Below are some of the Twitter applications that I like and use regularly for my business. Twuffer - I love this one, it is a Twitter post scheduler. Some people feel that Twuffer defeats the immediacy of Twitter posts or Tweets, but I like it as I will schedule Tweets on days that I am not blogging to keep my followers advised of things I find important. It is easy to use, allows you to Tweet ahead, and lets you select a posting schedule by day and time. If you are pushing content on a service or product, this is an excellent tool to use. Set your Tweets up one week or one month at a time and feed your content to readers in addition to your regular Tweets. Make sure to use www.TinyUrl.com to change any long URLs you point to in the Tweet to a Twitter-friendly short version to save space. Twitter Feed - This is another one of my top favorites. TwitterFeed allows me to show my blog posts from "The Web Authority" directly onto Twitter. It also allows me to post my Tweets back on my blog (by installing a widget) in my blog template - very cool cross interaction! I pick up many Twitter followers with this technique. Readers come to visit my blog and then choose to follow me on Twitter. Twitter Grader - This one is a vanity application that allows you to see where you stack up against other Twitter users. Twitter Grader measures the power of a Twitter user based on followers, number of updates, and
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posting frequency. TweetBeep - With this application, you can manage your online Twitter reputation. Alerts will be emailed to you whenever a Twitter user Tweets about your business, name, or domain. You select the alert criteria and what to watch for using TweetBeep. This is great for a business that is concerned about branding and online identity. PR professionals should make sure to use this tool to watch for comments about their clients. Read the rest of Nancy's article "Twitter Demystified for Business Users" at: http://www.sitepronews.com/2009/05/10/twitter-demystified-for-businessusers/

02-2010 CONFUSABLE WORDS: Account, bill
When you have an account with a bank, you leave your money in the bank and take it out when you need it. The current account, sometimes called a cheque account, is the most widely used. When you have to pay for things like electricity or a meal in a restaurant, you get a bill. I’ll want a coy of the phone bill. Clive asked the waiter for the bill

URLs Recomendados: Maiden Voyage
http://www.maiden-voyage.com/Default.aspx Provides a secure place facilitated by the Internet which allows the female business traveller to network, meet like-minded women and source appropriate products and services to meet her specific needs

Vocabulary Exercise: Comercio Internacional – International
Trade Vocabulary 1. venture capital= risk capital: capital especulativo, capital de riesgo ( capital invertido en una empresa de creación reciente y muchas veces de tecnología de punta, lo que representa un riesgo). 2. buyout: copra de una sociedad, la mayoría de las veces por su personal de alto nivel ( management butyout). 3. merge: fusión
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4. joint venture: union de empresas 5. seed funds – capital – money: capital inicial, capital generador. 6. startup funds: fondos de arranque. 7. shakeout: 1. recensión , hundimiento del mercado como consecuencia de un periodo de inflación ( el cual atrajo a muchos inversionistas o empresarios). 2 . trastorno acompañado del cierre de empresas y despidos, 3. reorganización de una empresa después de haber sido comprada.
Se multiplicó en Brasil el interés por el español La cantidad de estudiantes creció cinco veces en tres años y se necesitan más profesores MADRID (EFE).- La enseñanza del español en Brasil atraviesa "el mejor momento de su historia". Frente al millón de estudiantes de esta lengua que había en 2006, hay ya cinco millones y lo probable es que se siga "avanzando a esa velocidad", aunque aún faltan unos 12.000 profesores para lograrlo. Los datos correspondientes a Brasil son sin duda los más llamativos del Anuario del Instituto Cervantes 2009 "El español en el mundo", que fue presentado ayer por la directora de la institución, Carmen Caffarel, y por su director académico, Francisco Moreno. El anuario comenzó a editarse en 1998 para impulsar las investigaciones sobre el español y su papel como lengua de comunicación internacional, y en esta nueva entrega se ofrecen también cifras sobre Rusia, donde hay al menos 20.000 estudiantes de esta lengua, y del Africa subsahariana, que cuenta con más de medio millón de personas que lo aprenden. Los datos de 2009 dan "muchas alegrías" sobre Brasil, dijo Caffarel. Tras la aprobación en 2005 de la ley que obliga a ofrecer la asignatura de español en los centros públicos de enseñanza media de ese país, varias estadísticas cifran en 2.400.000 los alumnos que estudian esta lengua en ese nivel educativo y estiman que, en la enseñanza primaria, esa cantidad puede ser superior, aunque no se dispone de datos exactos. Esas cifras del gran país americano "irán creciendo, según todas las previsiones", dijo la directora del Cervantes, institución que cuenta con 74 centros en 44 países. Si tras la aprobación de la mencionada ley se dijo que hacían falta en Brasil unos 200.000 profesores de esta lengua, la realidad se ha encargado de demostrar que esa cifra era exagerada porque, según el Anuario 2009,
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serían necesarios "unos 11.000 o 12.000" docentes, que se sumarían a los 7000 actuales. "Esa cantidad de profesores la puede afrontar el Ministerio de Educación brasileño", destacó Francisco Moreno, si bien los autores del estudio, Pedro Benítez y Alvaro Martínez-Cachero, señalan que las condiciones salariales y las dificultades presupuestarias "pueden ensombrecer" la incorporación de ese profesorado. También en Rusia En Rusia, apenas hay estadísticas oficiales, pero el anuario estima que hay "al menos 20.000 estudiantes de español pertenecientes a los distintos niveles educativos". La fuerza de España como destino turístico y "su atracción como potencia cultural" influyeron en que el número haya aumentado en los últimos años, pero sobre todo el hecho de que en la enseñanza secundaria sea obligatoria la oferta del inglés, alemán, francés y español influye en que esas perspectivas sean halagüeñas. "Creo que puede ocurrir algo similar a lo de Brasil", añadió Caffarel, para quien también es importante que el español ocupe ya el cuarto puesto como lengua extranjera, "en dura competencia" con el italiano y el chino, mientras que el francés y el alemán "retroceden en sus posiciones". La expansión del español puede recibir un fuerte impulso en Filipinas, ya que también se va a promulgar una ley similar a la de Brasil, indicó la directora. En Africa, los altos índices de emigración y las oportunidades laborales que da conocer otro idioma están detrás del interés por aprender español, dice

03-2010 CONFUSABLE WORDS: Back, rear
The part of a building or a vehicle that is furthest from the front can ve called either the back or the rear. Rear is often used in technical descriptions. For example, car manuals talk about the rear or a car. He decided to approach the house from the rear instead of going to the front door. . It is more usual to use back. For example, in ordinary conversation people talk about the back of a car, not the “rear”. … in the back of the dark cab, with the lights of the city streaking past.
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Lang and Colonel von Tempelhof sat in the back. Both words are also used as adjectives. There was a rear entrance into the post office. … a suitcase on the back seat. You use back to talk about the part of an object that is at the opposite end to the front. You do not use “rear”. He pulled his cap down more warmly over his ears and the back of his head. Mimi had Carter held by the back of his trousers. • • Your back is the part of your body that is behind you, from your neck to your bottom. Your rear is your bottom; this is a humorous use.

URLs Recomendados: 1er. Congreso de la Lengua Virtual
En la página electrónica del congreso, http://www.congresodelalengua.cl , se muestran las ponencias y discursos que los participantes tenían previsto exponer en la Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María, bajo el lema América en la lengua española.

Vocabulary Exercise: Comercio Internacional – International
Trade Vocabulary 8. to barter, to swap: hacer un intercambio, hacer un trueque, cambiar ( sth for sth, algo por algo), canjear. 9. arrangement: 1. arreglo, 2. ( pl.) disposiciones, medidas, 3. acuerdo, compromiso: to come to an arrangement with sb llegar a un acuerdo con alguien, 4. plan ( financiero). 10. to conclude a deal = to seal a deal: es frecuente que las sociedades exportadoras aumenten el precio de sus productos para cubrir el descuento que debe ser otorgado cuando venden mercancía proveniente de una transacción comercial por compensación. 11. to network: (v.t.) 1. recorrer (formando una red), 2. difundir ( a traves de una red), 3. (comp.) conectar en red, 4. ( v.i.) establer una red de contactos. Para poder transmitir información confidencial con rapidez a destinatarios específicos y muchas veces alejados, es necesario un trabajo en red. 5. to implement: cumplir ( un contrato), aplicar (la ley), poner en ejecución ( un plan), poner en practica ( una idea).

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Suspenden el V Congreso de la Lengua Española – La Nacion
El V Congreso Internacional de la Lengua Española (CILE), que se celebraría a partir del martes 2 en Valparaíso, fue suspendido debido al terremoto que sacudió Chile este sábado. El país andino estaba preparado para recibir, a partir de las próximas horas a los participantes del Congreso, entre ellos los reyes de España. El aeropuerto de Santiago fue cerrado durante al menos 72 horas y las carreteras han quedado en mal estado, lo que dificultaría la llegada de los visitantes. Será preciso conocer el alcance las consecuencias del sismo, tanto en vidas humanas como en daños en las vías de transporte para anunciar una decisión definitiva, dijeron fuentes gubernamentales. Hasta el momento, el movimiento telúrico ha causado 147 muertes. La cadena española Ser informó que García de la Concha está hospedado en el hotel Crowne Plaza, de Santiago, junto con directores de varias academias nacionales. De acuerdo con el programa del Congreso, el rey Juan Carlos I y la presidente chilena, Michele Bachelet, presidirían el martes la sesión inaugural del V CILE en Valparaíso, a 120 km de Santiago, en un acto en el que también estarían presentes los directores de la Real Academia Española y del Instituto Cervantes y los escritores Mario Vargas Llosa, Jorge Edwards y Emilio Lledó. El programa incluía la presentación de la versión manual, de 750 páginas, de la Nueva Gramática, así como dos ediciones conmemorativas de la obra de los poetas y premios Nobel chilenos Gabriela Mistral y Pablo Neruda. También se preveía la participación de polìticos, académicos y escritores como Felipe González, Ricardo Lagos, Ernesto Zedillo, Ángel Gabilondo, Antonio Skármeta, Juan Gelman, Nicanor Parra y Gonzalo Rojas. En Valparaíso, la ciudad donde iba a realizarse a partir del martes el Congreso de la Lengua, también se notó el terremoto, «aunque la situación está mejor». También se suspendió el Festival Internacional de Música que se iba a celebrar este sábado en Viña Del Mar. Se habían programado presenctaciones de la banda argentina Los Fabulosos Cadillacs, del solista chileno Beto Cuevas y de la banda Los Jaivas, así como otros espectáculos públicos. La decisión fue confirmada por el gobernador de Valparaíso, Iván de La Maza.

El Congreso de la Lengua, en Internet - La Nación
Después del terremoto que sufrió Chile el sábado pasado, los organizadores del V Congreso Internacional de la Lengua Española, que estaba previsto para esta semana en Valparaíso, decidieron celebrarlo por Internet y trasladar los discursos y conferencias a la Web. En el mismo sentido, el fallo del Premio Iberoamericano Planeta-Casa de América, previsto para mañana en la misma ciudad chilena, se pospuso sin fecha después del sismo.
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La decisión de transformarlo en un congreso virtual fue tomada en Santiago por la ministra de Cultura de Chile, Paulina Urrutia; la directora del Instituto Cervantes, Carmen Caffarel, y el director de la Real Academia Española, Víctor García de la Concha, según informó el Instituto Cervantes. «La magnitud de lo ocurrido sensibilizó completamente a la organización, por lo que todas las ponencias y discursos comprometidos serán publicados en Internet», agregó León. En la página electrónica del congreso, http://www.congresodelalengua.cl , se muestran las ponencias y discursos que los participantes tenían previsto exponer en la Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María, bajo el lema América en la lengua española. Su inauguración iba a ser el último acto público de la presidenta Michelle Bachelet, quien traspasará el mando el próximo 11 al electo Sebastián Piñera, y daba el puntapié de los actos del bicentenario chileno. El secretario ejecutivo del Congreso en Chile, Víctor León, aclaró que el sismo afectó principalmente el arribo de las cerca de 800 personas que participarían del encuentro. A pesar de la suspensión, el secretario ejecutivo afirmó que se evalúa mantener algunas actividades presenciales, como la presentación de algunos libros y las exposiciones programadas para la reunión. La ministra de Cultura de España, Angeles González, aseguró que «se aprovechará todo el material producido para el IV Congreso de la Lengua». Acompañada por el embajador Rafael Estrella, González aseveró que incluso las ediciones especiales con poemas de los premios Nobel chilenos Pablo Neruda y Gabriela Mistral «se distribuirán en bibliotecas públicas chilenas». Galardón en suspenso El fallo de la IV edición del premio Planeta-Casa de América, dotado con 200.000 dólares, formaba parte de las actividades paralelas al congreso. Un total de 468 originales participaban del certamen, la mayoría procedentes de la Argentina (118 obras) y de España (108). Colombia, con 54 títulos; México (37); Estados Unidos, (35) y Uruguay (34) se situaban a continuación. El jurado de la cuarta edición del certamen está formado por los escritores Angela Becerra, de Colombia; Guillermo Martínez, de la Argentina, y Alvaro Pombo, de España.

03-2010 CONFUSABLE WORDS: Parcel, package, packet.
A parcel is an object or group of objects wrapped in paper or a cardboard box. You often pack things in parcels when you want to send them by post. I waited for the postman today; I’d hoped he’d bring a new parcel of books. A package is the same as a parcel. In American English, a package cam be any size, but in British English package usually refers to a fairly small parcel.
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A package from Hilary evidently contained a book. A packet is usually a box made of thin cardboard, or a bag, envelope, or wrapper, in which a quantity of items are of a substance is sold. … a packet of cigarettes. … a cereal packet. … soup out of a packet. Sometimes a packet is a very small parcel that is usually flat. I’ve got a packet for you – from somewhere abroad.

URLs Recomendados: TED x Buenos Aires –

http://tedxbuenosaires.org/ http://portal.educ.ar/debates/eid/cultura/ted-x-buenos-aires-2010-la-rev.php

TED x Buenos Aires 2010, la revolución de la ideas.
¿Qué es TED? ¿Un oso de peluche? ¿Una nueva marca de cacao? ¿Alguna tecnología de avanzada? Ninguna de las opciones anteriores, TED es la sigla que combina Tecnología, Entretenimiento y Diseño en formato de conferencias innovadoras. La idea nació en California en 1984 y el primer evento TED Buenos Aires se realizará en La Rural, Predio Ferial de Buenos Aires, el 8 de abril de 2010. El TED porteño contará con 25 oradores del campo de las ideas, las iniciativas sociales, la tecnología, el diseño, las artes y las ciencias y más de 1300 participantes/asistentes. Entre los oradores figuran Adrián Paenza, Roberto Guareschi, Constanza Ceruti, Luis Moreno Ocampo, Rafael Spregelburd y Bea Pellizzari entre muchos otros. ¿Qué es TED? ¿Un oso de peluche? ¿Una nueva marca de cacao? ¿Alguna tecnología de avanzada? Ninguna de las opciones anteriores, TED es la sigla que combina Tecnología, Entretenimiento y Diseño en formato de conferencias innovadoras. Se trata de una organización sin fines de lucro dedicada a las “Ideas que vale la pena difundir”. Comenzó en 1984 como una conferencia que reunía personas de tres ámbitos diferentes: Tecnología, Entretenimiento y Diseño. Desde entonces, su alcance se ha expandido para incluir arte, ciencia, negocios, y problemáticas globales a las que se enfrenta el mundo hoy. La idea es que la inspiración contribuya a cambiar actitudes, vidas y, como resultado de eso, el mundo.

Las conferencias anuales en California y en Oxford reúnen a los pensadores y “hacedores” más fascinantes del mundo, que tienen el desafío de dar la charla más importante de sus vidas en tan sólo 18 minutos para difundir sus ideas. La conferencia TED que se lleva a cabo anualmente en California, continúa
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siendo el corazón de TED. Más de 1000 personas asisten anualmente a una conferencia de 4 días en la que 100 oradores exponen. No hay separación en grupos, todos comparten la misma experiencia. El primer evento de TEDxBuenosAires se realizará en La Rural, Predio Ferial de Buenos Aires, el 8 de abril de 2010. El TED porteño contará con 25 oradores del campo de las ideas, las iniciativas sociales, la tecnología, el diseño, las artes y las ciencias y más de 1300 participantes/asistentes. Entre los oradores figuran Adrián Paenza, Roberto Guareschi, Constanza Ceruti, Luis Moreno Ocampo, Rafael Spregelburd y Bea Pellizzari entre muchos otros. Para ver el listado completo y las semblanzas de todos los oradores acceder a este link. TEDxBuenos Aires es una maratón de conferencias sin fines de lucro durante un día completo. El espíritu del evento es difundir ideas y contenidos que impacten positivamente en la Argentina de hoy y del futuro. Cada conferencia dura aproximadamente 18 minutos y el desafío consiste en que cada orador/a pueda condensar de manera impactante y entretenida su exposición. Spot de presentación TEDxBuenosAires 2010 Alternativas para ver TEDxBuenosAires La tecnología va a permitir que nadie se pierda ni un minuto de TEDxBuenosAires. Para quienes no fueron acreditados en La Rural (las 1300 localidades gratuitas ya fueron asignadas) se habilitarán dos opciones para ver todas las presentaciones en vivo: por Simulcast o a través de Streaming. Opción Simulcast en el Aula Magna del Pabellón I de la Facultad de Ciencias Exactas de la UBA. El Simulcast es un evento que se realiza el mismo 8 de abril a partir de las 8:00 de la mañana en el aula magna del Pabellón I de la Facultad de Ciencias Exactas de la Universidad de Buenos Aires. En él, se podrán ver todas las presentaciones de TEDxBuenosAires en vivo, a través de una transmisión punto a punto. Esta presentación es de libre acceso, de acuerdo al orden de llegada y hasta agotar los espacios disponibles. No es necesario realizar ninguna inscripción previa. Los colectivos que llegan a Ciudad Universitaria son: 28, 33, 45, 37, 42, 107 y 160 o por tren línea Manuel Belgrano, estación Scalabrini Ortiz. Opción Streaming vía Internet El Streaming en vivo va a permitir ver todas las charlas a través de internet. No hay límite para el número de conexiones en paralelo ni para el número de personas por conexión, así que todos aquellos que tengan conexión a internet y estén interesados en ver las presentaciones van a poder hacerlo. Sólo tienen que entrar al blog de TEDxBuenos Aires e ir a la opción en vivo (lengüeta superior a la derecha) de la barra. El 8 de abril se podrán ver las presentaciones en vivo con audio del evento. En los días previos se mostrará un video de prueba para chequear que la conexión se haya realizado correctamente. Una vez abierto el link, la transmisión empezará de manera automática a los pocos
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segundos. En estos momentos cuenta con una señal de prueba. Puede ajustarse el volumen y puede seleccionarse la opción de pantalla completa. Les recomendamos que entren en el link antes del 8 de abril para asegurarse que pueden ver y oír el streaming de prueba sin problemas. El Simulcast y el Streaming permitirán seguir minuto a minuto todo lo que pase en TEDxBuenosAires el 8 de abril desde las 9:00 hasta las 20:00 horas aproximadamente. Por TWITTER: aquellas personas que quieran seguir el evento a través de Twitter podrán utilizar el hashtag #TEDxBA

Biografía de TED, todo lo que queríamos saber acerca de TED y no sabíamos a quién preguntar… TED en la web y en español es un artículo indispensable para comprender de qué se tratan las conferencias TED, cuándo y cómo comenzaron, cuáles son sus objetivos y de qué maneras exponen las nuevas ideas, investigaciones y líneas de trabajo innovadoras e “inspiradoras” en todo el mundo. Algunos temas que hicieron furor en TED Patti Maes presentó el último desarrollo del Media Lab del MIT sobre interfaces fluídas o líquidas denominadas "Sexto Sentido". La realidad se acerca al film Minority report que Steven Spielberg realizó en 2002. La investigadora mostró en el ciclo de conferencias TED 2009 el diseño tecnológico que incorpora una cámara de video, un proyector y una cámara digital dentro de un dispositivo móvil. Las interfaces de SixthSense además de ser multi touch son también de reconocimiento gestual. El prototipo actual del sistema tiene un costo aproximado de 350 dólares. Juan Enriquez, experto en genómica y economía de la Universidad de Harvard, hizo una presentación muy provocativa en TED (Edición 2009) hablando del Homo evolutis. Esta definición conceptual se refiere al nuevo ser humano que -dados los avances en genética, informática, uso de células madre, cultivo de tejidos, nanotecnología y robótica- será capaz de definir el futuro de su especie y su propio futuro tomando el control de la evolución. Ken Robinson analizó en TED 2006 la necesidad de repensar la creatividad en el sistema escolar y en su conferencia se preguntó: ¿Las escuelas matan la creatividad? Primera Parte y Segunda Parte.

TEDeducadores: docentes que utilizan el material de las charlas TED Si sos docente y te interesa pensar en cómo darle un uso educativo a las charlas TED sumate a este grupo.

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Los TEDeducadores crearon un espacio wiki en el cual un grupo de educadores compilan ideas sobre el uso de las charlas TED en la educación. Los TEDucadores pertenecen a todos los niveles educativos (Educación Básica, Media y Superior), y proponen alternativas basadas en su experiencia, para el uso del material publicado por TED.

VOCABULARY Exercise: Chocolate Is Good For Your Heart. A study carried (1) ____ in Germany has found that chocolate may be good for your heart. This is fantastic news for all chocolate lovers. The extensive research was conducted (2) ____ eight years. The research team followed the chocolate-eating habits and health of almost 20,000 people. They compared how much chocolate was in their (3) ____ to the number of heart attacks and strokes people had. Lead researcher Brian Buijsse said: "The good news is that chocolate is not as bad as we used to think, and may even (4) ____ the risk of heart disease and stroke.” Mr Buijsse said his team found that dark chocolate was the healthiest kind to eat: "Dark chocolate (5) ____ the greatest effects, milk chocolate (6) ____, and white chocolate no effects," he said. The German study showed that people who ate the most chocolate (at least one (7) ____ per week) reduced their risk of having a heart attack by 27 per cent. The risk of suffering a stroke was cut by as (8) ____ as 48 per cent. Nutrition experts believe that natural compounds in chocolate called flavonols are good for our heart. Flavonols also help reduce blood pressure. They are found in cocoa beans (9) ____ dark chocolate (which has more cocoa) contains more of them than milk chocolate (which has more fat). Buijsse warns people (10) ____ to suddenly eat lots of chocolate: "Eating higher amounts will most (11) ____ result in weight gain. If people start eating small amounts of chocolate, it should replace something else, (12) ____ other high-calorie sweets or snacks." Put the correct words from the table below in the above article. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) in under diet low exhibition fewer par (b) on (b) around (b) food (b) lower (b) exhibits (b) lower (b) ear (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) out above weight lowly exhibited least bar (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) up over nutrition lows exhibit last tar

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8. 9. 10. 11. 12. (a) (a) (a) (a) (a)

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(b) many (b) as (b) no (b) likely (b) preference (c) (c) (c) (c) (c)

Training & Translations most such not likelihood prefers (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) much should non likes preferably

more so now liked prefer

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article. 1. 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. found fantastic extensive risk exhibits reduced suffering compounds amounts preferably a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. chance experiencing cut volumes discovered wide-ranging mixtures wonderful if possible shows

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.) 1. chocolate may 2 This is fantastic news for 3. They compared how much chocolate 4. lower the risk 5. dark chocolate was the healthiest 6. at least one 7. The risk of suffering a 8. natural compounds in chocolate 9. Buijsse warns people not to suddenly 10. other high-calorie
Answers:

a. of heart disease b. called flavonols c. eat lots of chocolate d. be good for your heart e. stroke was cut f. sweets or snacks g. was in their diet h. kind to eat i. bar per week j. all chocolate lovers

GAP FILL: Chocolate is good for your heart A study carried out in Germany has found that chocolate may be good for your heart. This is fantastic news for all chocolate lovers. The extensive research was conducted over eight years. The research team followed the chocolate-eating habits and health of almost 20,000 people. They compared how much chocolate was in their diet to the number of heart attacks and strokes people had. Lead researcher Brian Buijsse said: "The good news is that chocolate is not as bad as we used to think, and may even lower the risk of heart disease and stroke.” Mr Buijsse said his team found that dark chocolate was the healthiest kind to Tuition ® Huergo 349 Piso 3 B– C1426BQE –Buenos Aires Tel.: 00-54-11- 4771-4386 / 4772-0769 / Contáctenos en: info@avtuition.com.ar
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eat: "Dark chocolate exhibits the greatest effects, milk chocolate fewer, and white chocolate no effects," he said. The German study showed that people who ate the most chocolate (at least one bar per week) reduced their risk of having a heart attack by 27 per cent. The risk of suffering a stroke was cut by as much as 48 per cent. Nutrition experts believe that natural compounds in chocolate called flavonols are good for our heart. Flavonols also help reduce blood pressure. They are found in cocoa beans so dark chocolate (which has more cocoa) contains more of them than milk chocolate (which has more fat). Buijsse warns people not to suddenly eat lots of chocolate: "Eating higher amounts will most likely result in weight gain. If people start eating small amounts of chocolate, it should replace something else, preferably other high-calorie sweets or snacks."

SYNONYM MATCH: 1. 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. found fantastic extensive risk exhibits reduced suffering compounds amounts preferably a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. discovered wonderful wide-ranging chance shows cut experiencing mixtures volumes if possible

PHRASE MATCH: 1. 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. chocolate may This is fantastic news for They compared how much chocolate lower the risk dark chocolate was the healthiest at least one The risk of suffering a natural compounds in chocolate Buijsse warns people not to suddenly other high-calorie a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. be good for your heart all chocolate lovers was in their diet of heart disease kind to eat bar per week stroke was cut called flavonols eat lots of chocolate sweets or snacks

CONFUSABLE WORDS: Pass, take, sit.
If you pass a test or examination, you are successful in it. To pass examinations your need to work effectively. Your object is to learn facts and retain them long enough to pass the examination. You do not use “pass” to say that you do a test or examination. You say that you take or sit a test or examination Whatever examinations you intend to take in the future you need to be numerate and literate. Pupils at the schools run by Trafford Council sat the exam in November.

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Book – back to basics!

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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iwPj0qgvfIs VOCABULARY: Call to use less salt. Food (1) ____ in the USA are asking the government to make new salt laws. America’s Institute of Medicine (IOM) wants the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to (2) ____ the amount of salt put in food. This would affect how food manufacturers and restaurants prepare their food. The institute believes America’s (3) ____ affair with salt must end. It says Americans consume (4) ____ too much salt, which is leading to too many health problems. The IOM says salt intake is the same as it was decades ago, despite many health (5) ____ to get people to use less. Its report says: “If you look at salt intake over a number of decades, it has not gone down despite a (6) ____ of efforts and it is still at a very high level.” Its main recommendation is to set standards for safe levels of salt in food. Not everyone is happy (7) ____ the IOM’s request. Lori Roman, head of America’s Salt Institute, said the IOM’s recommendations were “not scientifically (8) ____ ". Roman, added: "They're talking about some very drastic reductions. They could be (9) ____ people.” Gary Howard, a spokesman for the Campaign for Liberty group also agreed the IOM was going too (10) ____, saying: "It's another [attack] on people's personal freedom." Supporters of the bill say America’s health must come first. Lowering salt could reduce high blood pressure and improve the (11) ____-being of hundreds of thousands of people. High blood pressure affects a third of U.S. adults, or around 75 million people. It also increases the risks of having heart attacks, strokes and kidney (12) ____. Put the correct words from the table below in the above article. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) expertise limits love for speeds numerical with touch harmful for (b) expertly (b) limit (b) lovely (b) fur (b) brakes (b) number (b) of (b) taste (b) harming (b) future (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) expert limitation loving far drives numbered from sight harms farthest (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) experts limited lover fir accelerates numeral to sound harm far

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1. 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

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(b) best (b) fail (c) well (c) failed

Training & Translations (d) better (d) fails

11. (a) good 12. (a) failure

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article. experts limit amount drives recommendation head sound reductions well-being risk a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. cuts suggestion specialists boss chance campaigns health cap reliable volume

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.) 1. limit the amount 2 America’s love 3. salt intake is the same as 4. look at salt intake over 5. 6. 7. 8. set standards for safe Not everyone is happy They're talking about some very the IOM was going a. drastic reductions b. a number of decades c. come first d. with the IOM’s request e. of salt put in food f. affair with salt g. too far h. levels of salt in food i. having heart attacks j. it was decades ago

9. America’s health must 10. increases the risks of
Answers:

GAP FILL: Calls for Americans to use less salt Food experts in the USA are asking the government to make new salt laws. America’s Institute of Medicine (IOM) wants the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to limit the amount of salt put in food. This would affect how food manufacturers and restaurants prepare their food. The institute believes America’s love affair with salt must end. It says Americans consume far too much salt, which is leading

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to too many health problems. The IOM says salt intake is the same as it was decades ago, despite many health drives to get people to use less. Its report says: “If you look at salt intake over a number of decades, it has not gone down despite a number of efforts and it is still at a very high level.” Its main recommendation is to set standards for safe levels of salt in food. Not everyone is happy with the IOM’s request. Lori Roman, head of America’s Salt Institute, said the IOM’s recommendations were “not scientifically sound". Roman, added: "They're talking about some very drastic reductions. They could be harming people.” Gary Howard, a spokesman for the Campaign for Liberty group also agreed the IOM was going too far, saying: "It's another [attack] on people's personal freedom." Supporters of the bill say America’s health must come first. Lowering salt could reduce high blood pressure and improve the well-being of hundreds of thousands of people. High blood pressure affects a third of U.S. adults, or around 75 million people. It also increases the risks of having heart attacks, strokes and kidney failure. SYNONYM MATCH: 1. 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. experts limit amount drives recommendation head sound reductions well-being risk a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. specialists cap volume campaigns suggestion boss reliable cuts health chance

PHRASE MATCH: 1. 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. limit the amount America’s love salt intake is the same as look at salt intake over set standards for safe Not everyone is happy They're talking about some very the IOM was going America’s health must increases the risks of a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. of salt put in food affair with salt it was decades ago a number of decades levels of salt in food with the IOM’s request drastic reductions too far come first having heart attacks

06-2010 CONFUSABLE WORDS: complement, compliment.
You use complement to talk about making something complete, good, or effective. For example, if one food complements another, or complement each other, they have personalities that are suited to each other. As oregano comes from the Mediterranean, it is a perfect complement to aubergines and peppers. Her interests and my interests complement each other; there is no conflict. The “full complement” of a group, set, or amount is every item or person that is normally includes or should include. … a full complement of one thousand passengers and crew.

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If you compliment someone, or pay them a compliment , you praise them or say something that shows admiration. Thomas tried a smile, to compliment to you, show no reaction whatever. Frank took the incitation as a great compliment.

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Does the Internet Make You Smarter?

Amid the silly videos and spam are the roots of a new reading and writing culture, says Clay Shirky.
http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704025304575284973472694334.html

VOCABULARY: Internet Addiction – A Growing Problem.
The New York Times has reported on a problem that many of us have but are not aware of – Internet addiction. According to reporter Tara Parker-Pope, millions of us are addicted to being online. She says this is a growing problem that is making us more forgetful and impatient. Ms Parker-Pope writes about various reports highlighting how technology is changing people. In one, she quotes cyber-psychologist Dr. Elias Aboujaode who says: “More and more, life is resembling the chat room.” He said we are living in “virtual lifestyles” which is negatively affecting our real-life relationships. Nicki Dowling, a clinical psychologist from Melbourne University in Australia, concluded in a recent study that ten per cent of young people had what she called “Internet dependence”. Tara Parker-Pope quizzed experts in this field on what the signs are of being overly absorbed in technology. She came up with seven indicators of “tech overload”. The first is whether you check your e-mail before doing other things. Another telltale sign is if you always anticipate and look forward to your next online visit – a sure sign of dependence and addiction. The third point is if you say, "just a few more minutes" when someone wants you. Parker-Pope found your interaction with others also says a lot about how important the Internet is compared with family and friends; do you lie about how much time you spend online or choose to surf the Net instead of go out with others? Other giveaways include the “online lift” that stops you being unhappy, and when others complain about you always being online. Synonym Match: Match the following synonyms from the article. 1. 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. addiction forgetful various resembling affecting quizzed absorbed a. b. c. d. e. f. g. different expect impacting immersed obsession communication looking like

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Training & Translations h. i. j. absent-minded moan questioned

8. anticipate 9. interaction 10. complain

Phrase match: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.) 1. a problem that many of us have 2 millions of us are addicted 3. making us more forgetful 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. He said we are living in young people had what she being overly absorbed Another telltale a sure sign the “online lift” that stops others complain about you a. and impatient b. you being unhappy c. called “Internet dependence” d. always being online e. to being online f. sign g. of dependence h. but are not aware of i. “virtual lifestyles” j. in technology

Multiple choice The New York Times has reported on a problem that many of us have but are not (1) ____ of – Internet addiction. According to reporter Tara Parker-Pope, millions of us are addicted to being online. She says this is a growing problem that is making us more (2) ____ and impatient. Ms Parker-Pope writes about various reports highlighting how technology is changing people. In one, she quotes cyber-psychologist Dr. Elias Aboujaode who says: “More and more, life is (3) ____ the chat room.” He said we are living in “virtual lifestyles” which is (4) ____ affecting our real-life relationships. Nicki Dowling, a clinical psychologist from Melbourne University in Australia, (5) ____ in a recent study that ten per cent of young people had what she (6) ____ “Internet dependence”. Tara Parker-Pope (7) ____ experts in this field on what the signs are of being overly absorbed in technology. She came up with seven indicators of “tech overload”. The first is whether you check your e-mail before doing other things. Another (8) ____ sign is if you always anticipate and look forward to your next online visit – a (9) ____ sign of dependence and addiction. The third point is if you say, "just a few more minutes" when someone wants you. Parker-Pope found your interaction with others also (10) ____ a lot about how important the Internet is compared with family and friends; do you lie about how much time you spend online or choose to surf the Net instead of go out with others? Other (11) ____ include the “online (12) ____” that stops you being unhappy, and when others complain about you always being online. Put the correct words from the table below in the above article.
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1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a)

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(b) (b) (b) (b) (b) (b) (b) (b) (b) (b) (b) (b) awareness forgets resembling negativity concludes called interrogated telling tales sure whispers hideaways escalator (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c)

Training & Translations wary (d) forget (d) resemblance (d) negatively (d) concluded (d) calling (d) spoke (d) tales (d) surety (d) hears (d) giveaways (d) elevator (d) aware forgotten resembles negatives conclude callings quizzed tall tale sureness says anyways carry

beware forgetful resemble negative conclusion callers knowledge telltale surely writes takeaways lift

Answers: SYNONYM MATCH: 1. 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. addiction forgetful various resembling affecting quizzed absorbed anticipate interaction complain a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. obsession absent-minded different looking like impacting questioned immersed expect communication moan

PHRASE MATCH: 1. 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. a problem that many of us have millions of us are addicted making us more forgetful He said we are living in young people had what she being overly absorbed Another telltale a sure sign the “online lift” that stops others complain about you a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. but are not aware of to being online and impatient “virtual lifestyles” called “Internet dependence” in technology sign of dependence you being unhappy always being online

LANGUAGE WORK 1-d 2-a 3-b 4-c 5-c 6-b 7-d 8-a 9-b 10 - d 11 - c 12 - a

A Joke : Polish Divorce
A Polish man moved to the USA and married an American girl. Although his English was far from perfect, they got along very well until one day he rushed into a lawyer's office and asked him if he could arrange a divorce. Have you any grounds? Yes, an acre and a half, and a nice little home. No, I mean what is the foundation of this case? It is made of concrete.
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I don't think you understand. Does either of you have a grudge? No, we have a carport, and not need one. I mean, what are your relations like? All my relations still in Poland . Is there any infidelity in your marriage? We have hi-fidelity stereo and good DVD player. Does your wife beat you up? No, I always up before her. Is your wife a nagger? No, she white. Why do you want this divorce? She is going to kill me. What makes you think that? I got proof. What kind of proof? She is going to poison me. She bought a bottle at a drugstore and put it on shelf in bathroom. I can read, and it says 'Polish Remover'.

07-2010 CONFUSABLE WORDS: tired, tiring, tiresome.
If you are tired, you have little energy and want to rest. I can’t carry any more wood, said Eric. I’m tired. Do you mind if I sit down? I’m feeling very tired. A task or a journey that is tiring makes you feel tired. The nervous tension from caring for a new baby is tiring. You could, of course, drive down, I imagine – and I know that can be tiring. A person or thing that is tiresome make you feel annoyed, irritated, or bored. He was drumming on his knee in way which his solicitor found peculiarly tiresome. Mrs. Partridge spoke patiently, as to a tiresome child.

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VOCABULARY: China Aiming to ‘Breed’ Wimbledon Champ.

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China is attempting to become top in another sport by aiming for tennis. They already proved their strength as a sporting nation by topping the medals table at the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Their new target is to produce tennis players good enough to be Wimbledon champions. They would also happily settle for the Australian, French and U.S. Opens. The Sky News TV channel from Britain reported on the efforts the Chinese are making to become a tennis superpower. If countries like Sweden, and more recently Serbia, can produce champs, then China have a great chance. They have the facilities and the determination to achieve their dream. China already has a role model for the younger tennis starlets to look up to. She is Zheng Jie who reached the Wimbledon semi-finals in 2008. Sky News China correspondent Holly Williams visited the Xiannongtan School in Beijing. There, she saw children as young as six being trained to compete for sporting glory in the future. She spoke to the training manager Huang Hongjun about his training methods. Mr Hongjun said: "We pick the students by testing the quality of their bodies. It's important we get it right, because if we choose incorrectly then they won't turn out to be champions." One of the future hopefuls of the school is 11-year-old Hao Huatian. He trains six days a week, has no school holidays and only sees his parents once a week. Williams reported: “He has already won a national championship, and displays extraordinary focus for a player of his age.” His is definitely a name to watch for before the end of this decade. 2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article. 1. 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. attempting topping settle determination role model correspondent glory pick extraordinary definitely a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. fame example heading reporter unbelievable trying drive for sure accept select

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.) 1. China is attempting to become 2 proved their strength a. sporting glory b. starlets to look up

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Training & Translations to c. it right d. focus e. as a sporting nation f. to watch for g. top in another sport h. are making i. hopefuls j. to achieve their dream

3. the efforts the Chinese 4. the determination 5. a role model for the younger tennis 6. trained to compete for 7. It's important we get 8. One of the future 9. displays extraordinary 10. His is definitely a name

LANGUAGE – MULTIPLE CHOICE
China is attempting to become top in another sport (1) ____ aiming for tennis. They already proved their strength as a sporting nation by (2) ____ the medals table at the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Their new target is to produce tennis players good enough to be Wimbledon champions. They would also happily (3) ____ for the Australian, French and U.S. Opens. The Sky News TV channel from Britain reported on the (4) ____ the Chinese are making to become a tennis superpower. If countries like Sweden, and (5) ____ recently Serbia, can produce champs, then China have a great chance. They have the facilities and the determination to achieve their dream. China already has a role model for the younger tennis starlets to look (6) ____ to. She is Zheng Jie who reached the Wimbledon semi-finals in 2008. Sky News China correspondent Holly Williams visited the Xiannongtan School in Beijing. There, she saw children as young (7) ____ six being trained to compete for sporting glory in the future. She spoke to the training manager Huang Hongjun about his training methods. Mr Hongjun said: "We pick the students (8) ____ testing the quality of their bodies. It's important we get it right, because if we choose (9) ____ then they won't (10) ____ out to be champions." One of the future hopefuls of the school is 11-year-old Hao Huatian. He trains six days a week, has no school holidays and only sees his parents once a week. Williams reported: “He has already won a national championship, and (11) ____ extraordinary focus for a player of his age.” His is definitely a name to (12) ____ for before the end of this decade. Put the correct words from the table below in the above article.
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1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a)

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(b) with (b) stopping (b) settle (b) affects (b) many (b) up (b) was (b) at (b) incorrectly (b) twist (b) plays (b) vision (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c)

Training & Translations at tapping settles efforts more of is to rightly swivel displays look (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) by stripping settling offends moor on as with correctly turn rewinds see

for topping settled effects much at has by wrong spin replays watch

Answers: SYNONYM MATCH: 1. 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. attempting topping settle determination role model correspondent glory pick extraordinary definitely a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. trying heading accept drive example reporter fame select unbelievable for sure

PHRASE MATCH: 1. 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. China is attempting to become proved their strength the efforts the Chinese the determination a role model for the younger tennis trained to compete for It's important we get One of the future displays extraordinary a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. top in another sport as a sporting nation are making to achieve their dream starlets to look up to sporting glory it right hopefuls focus

LANGUAGE WORK 1-d 2-a 3-b 4-c 5-c 6-b 7-d 8-a 9-b 10 11 - c 12 - a

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La meditación puede cambiar el cerebro.
La ciencia comprobó que quien la practica tiene más materia gris. Tesy de Biase. Para LA NACION.
Desde que la meditación ingresó en el diccionario médico de la mano del Dalai Lama, la ciencia ha podido corroborar la eficacia terapéutica de esta práctica, de aspecto tan inocente que en la actualidad se aplica tanto para vencer el odio como para controlar un cuadro de ansiedad o de hipertensión arterial. El hallazgo más reciente sobre el poder de la meditación proviene del Laboratorio de Neuroimágenes de la Universidad de California, Estados Unidos. Allí, la investigadora Eileen Luders demostró que meditar no sólo produce cambios en el funcionamiento cerebral de los meditadores, sino que también los genera en la estructura misma del cerebro. "Los meditadores tienen más materia gris en las zonas del cerebro relacionadas con el control de las emociones", comentó a LA NACION la doctora Luders, que inaugura con sus palabras una plataforma común entre ciencia y meditación. Al hacerlo, facilita el salto hacia otro discurso. Por ejemplo, el que presentó en su visita a Buenos Aires el monje tibetano Khenpo Sangpo Bodh. Con su típico atuendo, este doctor en filosofía llegó a Buenos Aires proveniente del Instituto de Altos Estudios Budistas Khamgar Druk College Dharmakara, ubicado en la comunidad tibetana de Tashi Jong, en el norte de la India, para difundir el poder transformador de la meditación. Khenpo propone transmutar las emociones destructivas a través de la disciplina y el control de la mente. El resultado prometido: nada menos que la disolución de la violencia y ese efecto dominó que tan bien conocía Mahatma Gandhi, cuando conmovió al poderío colonial británico poniendo una y otra vez la otra mejilla. ¿De dónde proviene el poder para alcanzar semejante transformación? "De la meditación", sintetiza con certeza inconmovible. "Es una herramienta de autoconocimiento y el antídoto contra todas las emociones destructivas". Y cuando dice todas, el optimista lama piensa en las 84.000 (sí, ochenta y cuatro mil) emociones negativas que según las escrituras budistas se desprenden de las básicas: ira, apego (posesivo), orgullo, envidia e ignorancia (opacidad). Con tantos miles de enemigos, el camino hacia la felicidad parece arduo. Y lo es. No se trata de querer y poder, sin más, admite el maestro: hay que transitar un largo entrenamiento que conduce a la transformación interior.
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"Meditar permite liberarnos de las fuerzas negativas que nos hacen sufrir", sostiene. Y ofrece la receta de la transmutación emocional positiva para amateurs : "Hay que empezar por la a. El primer paso es reconocernos a nosotros mismos y observar el contenido de nuestra mente, preguntándonos a qué responden esas emociones negativas". Para ver con claridad Khenpo como lo llaman sus seguidores- sugiere algo tan sencillo como sentarse y relajarse, lo que parece sencillo, pero no lo es tanto. "Cuando la gente vive con intenso movimiento, tiene dificultades para encontrar calma, pero la mente es como el agua: si se mueve, no permite ver el reflejo de la luna y las estrellas en su superficie; en cambio, cuando está limpia y calma, en pocos minutos trasluce lo que hay en la profundidad y refleja todo. Cuando una persona está habituada al movimiento excesivo, ni siquiera sabe quién es. Yo les digo que se sienten en silencio y que miren en su mente." El siguiente movimiento responde a uno de los ciclos de las enseñanzas de Buda: rechazar las emociones negativas como si fueran un alimento envenenado. Sin contemplaciones, la propuesta apela a un acto firme de disciplina y voluntad, que se traduce en tolerancia cero con ese odio o envidia que carcomen la paz interior. El maestro budista lo describe como una purificación de los componentes tóxicos de la mente. Y el tercer momento es el de la transformación liberadora, una reconexión desde la calma, que tampoco se dirige hacia el exterior pero tiene efecto sobre él. La herramienta principal es la práctica de alguno de los distintos tipos de meditación que, básicamente, combinan relajación mental con ejercicios de respiración. La forma más reconocida es focalizar la mente en un objeto exterior, que pueden ser una luz o una imagen. Aunque el maestro recomienda seis prácticas diarias, reconoce que con una al levantarse, antes del desayuno, también se obtienen resultados pacificadores sobre la mente. "Cuando cambia la mente cambia todo, no solo porque se ve al mundo de otra manera sino porque el cambio de uno provoca cambios en los demás. Para terminar con el odio y las emociones destructivas no podemos usar el odio y las emociones destructivas. No podemos matar a una persona como medio para lograr que esa persona deje de matar. Por la fuerza no se alcanzan los cambios. Buda nunca usó armas. Tampoco Cristo ni Mahatma Gandhi ni la madre Teresa de Calcuta. La paz y la transformación de las emociones negativas se alcanza por medios pacíficos, como la meditación, que es un instrumento de transformación interior".
Source: Cobuild Collins – Confusable words. – Breaking News.

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8 - 2010

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CONFUSABLE WORDS: carefree, careless, careful
If your are carefree, you do not have any cares or worries and therefore feel happy, and able to enjoy life. Before her marriage she had been lively and alert and carefree. He was aware of a glorious carefree feeling of joy. If you are careless, you do something badly because you are not giving enough attention to it. … if your courier is careless and leaves the coach unlocked. He was careless and inefficient and drank too much. If you are careful, you do things properly and with a lot of attention. Careful is the opposite of careless. I showered slowly, being careful not to wet my sore face. He watched all this with the most careful attention.

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VOCABULARY: The Chicken Came Before the Egg
Which came first, the chicken or the egg? This is one of life’s oldest questions and everyone has their own opinion. Now scientists believe they have cracked it and have unscrambled this mystery. Researchers from Sheffield and Warwick Universities in England discovered the answer by mistake. They used a super computer to zoom in on the shell-making process while a new shell was forming. They said it all boils down to one protein called OC17 that is essential for forming eggshell. This is only found inside a chicken's ovaries, which is proof that the chicken came first. The team was originally looking at how animals and birds make eggshells but suddenly made their surprising discovery. The big question now is where chickens came from. The answer to that is from dinosaurs.
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The research team said eggshells are one of nature’s most amazing creations. Professor John Harding from Sheffield University told reporters: "Understanding how chickens make eggshells is fascinating in itself but can also give clues towards designing new materials and processes." Eggshells are very lightweight but incredibly strong. The most cutting-edge materials designed by the world’s top engineers cannot produce anything as brilliant as an eggshell. Professor Harding added that studying eggshells could help find new answers to bonehealing processes and materials used by the construction industry: "Nature has found innovative solutions that work for all kinds of problems in materials science and technology -- we can learn a lot from them," he said. 1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F). a. The question of whether the chicken or egg came first is a new one. b. Scientists have found a way to unscramble scrambled eggs. c. There is a single protein that is vital to make eggshells. d. The scientists were not looking at if the chicken or egg came first. e. The article says egg yolks are an amazing creation of nature. f. A professor says eggshells can teach us about materials design. g. The article says the cutting edge of an eggshell is razor sharp. h. Eggshells can teach scientists about how bones heal. T/F T/F T/F T/F T/F T/F T/F T/F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article. 1. 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. opinion unscrambled forming proof originally amazing fascinating clues cutting-edge solutions a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. modern evidence answers making interesting belief astonishing at first answered hints

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3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.) 1. This is one of life’s 2 Now scientists believe they 3. zoom in on the 4. it all boils down 5. suddenly made their 6. one of nature’s most 7. how chickens make eggshells 8. the most cutting-edge 9. find new answers to bone10. Nature has found innovative
ANSWERS TRUE / FALSE: a. F b. F c. T d. T e. F f. T g. F h. T

a. shell-making process b. solutions c. amazing creations d. have cracked it e. is fascinating f. materials g. oldest questions h. healing processes i. to one protein j. surprising discovery

SYNONYM MATCH: 1. 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. opinion unscrambled forming proof originally amazing fascinating clues cutting-edge solutions a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. belief answered making evidence at first astonishing interesting hints modern answers

PHRASE MATCH: 1. 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. This is one of life’s Now scientists believe they zoom in on the it all boils down suddenly made their one of nature’s most how chickens make eggshells the most cutting-edge find new answers to bonea. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. oldest questions have cracked it shell-making process to one protein surprising discovery amazing creations is fascinating materials healing processes

Law of the Garbage Truck

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One day I hopped in a taxi and we took off for the airport. We were driving in the right lane when suddenly a black car jumped out of a parking space right in front of us. My taxi driver slammed on his brakes, skidded, and missed the other car by just inches! The driver of the other car whipped his head around and started yelling at us.
My taxi driver just smiled and waved at the guy. And I mean, he was really friendly. So I asked, 'Why did you just do that? This guy almost ruined your car and sent us to the hospital!'

This is when my taxi driver taught me what I now call, 'The Law of the Garbage Truck.' He explained that many people are like garbage trucks. They run around full of garbage, full of frustration, full of anger, and full of disappointment. As their garbage piles up, they need a place to dump it and sometimes they'll dump it on you. Don't take it personally. Just smile, wave, wish them well, and move on. Don't take their garbage and spread it to other people at work, at home, or on the streets. The bottom line is that successful people do not let garbage trucks take over their day. Life's too short to wake up in the morning with regrets, so .. Love the people who treat you right.

Forget the ones who don't.
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9 – 2010

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Life is ten percent what you make it and ninety percent how you take it!

Confusable words:
CONFUSABLE WORDS: anger, fury, rage
Your feel anger when someone does something that is cruel or that frustrates you. Yu can feel anger about things kike insults or delays. Impatience is the firs reaction against a setback and can soon turn to anger if you are not careful. There was anger at the suffering inflicted by the bombing. If you feel fury or rage, you have intense feelings of anger whcich are hard to control and can be violent. You can also be “ in a fury” or “ in a rage”. I nearly smashed the phone in fury. In a rage I went to his desk, took all his books and hurled them out of the window.

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http://www.mijnwoordenboek.nl/EN/theme/JU/EN/ES/A/1 VOCABULARY: VOCABULARY: Ten-day Chinese Traffic Jam
Motorists in China are experiencing a traffic jam from hell. Thousands of drivers have been stuck in their cars for ten days on the BeijingTibet Expressway just outside the Chinese capital. The gridlock started on August 14th when roadworks began. The bad news is that the chaos will continue for another month. The tailbacks stretch back for 100km. The situation has been made worse by dozens of cars breaking down or overheating. Around 400 traffic police have been assigned to patrol the jam to make sure tensions don’t rise too far.
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The horrendous snarl-up is the result of the explosion in the number of cars on Chinese roads. As China becomes wealthier, more people are buying cars, thus causing more traffic problems. Drivers trapped in the traffic jam know they have to be patient and sit for long hours in their cars. There are no showers for them to use and if they need to use a toilet, they have to lock their car and wander off to the nearest café. There are many complaints of local people taking advantage of the stranded motorists by charging them more than double prices for drinks and snacks. People are keeping themselves busy by playing cards or board games. Some have reported feeling homesick. One truck driver Juang Shao expressed his frustration over the situation: “I’ve missed my daughter’s birthday and the food in my truck has probably turned into soup,” he said. He said he was worried his truck could be stuck in the traffic forever. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article. 1. 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. motorists gridlock chaos tensions wealthier patient wander complaints frustration a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. mayhem anger richer protests jam stroll nerves drivers until the cows come home calm

10. forever

PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.) 1. 2 3. 4. 5. a traffic jam the chaos will cars breaking down police have been assigned to the explosion in the or overheating stranded motorists feeling homesick patient and sit continue for another month f. from hell g. traffic forever h. number of cars i. themselves busy j. patrol the jam a. b. c. d. e.

6. they have to be 7. taking advantage of the 8. People are keeping 9. Some have reported 10. stuck in the

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LANGUAGE – MULTIPLE CHOICE
Motorists in China are experiencing a traffic jam from (1) ____. Thousands of drivers have been stuck (2) ____ their cars for ten days on the Beijing-Tibet Expressway just outside the Chinese capital. The gridlock started on August 14th when roadworks began. The bad news is that the (3) ____ will continue for another month. The tailbacks stretch back for 100km. The situation has been made worse by dozens of cars breaking down or (4) ____-heating. Around 400 traffic police have been assigned to patrol the jam to make sure (5) ____ don’t rise too far. The horrendous snarl-up is the result of the explosion in the number of cars on Chinese roads. (6) ____ China becomes wealthier, more people are buying cars, thus causing more traffic problems. Drivers trapped in the traffic jam know they have to be (7) ____ and sit for long hours in their cars. There are no showers for them to use and if they need to use a toilet, they have to lock their car and (8) ____ off to the nearest café. There are many complaints of local people taking advantage (9) ____ the stranded motorists by charging them more than double prices for drinks and snacks. People are keeping themselves busy (10) ____ playing cards or board games. Some have reported feeling homesick. One truck driver Juang Shao (11) ____ his frustration (12) ____ the situation: “I’ve missed my daughter’s birthday and the food in my truck has probably turned into soup,” he said. He said he was worried his truck could be stuck in the traffic forever. Put the correct words from the table below in the above article. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) hell on annoys under tense Was patience wander of at expression on (b) the desert (b) under (b) messy (b) over (b) tensed (b) Is (b) patient (b) wager (b) off (b) to (b) express (b) over (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) heaven (d) in (d) catastrophic(d) pre (d) tenses (d) As (d) patiently (d) wonder (d) by (d) by (d) expresses (d) under (d) highways on top of chaos boil tensions Has patent wind from so expressed as

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Answers: 1. 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

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SYNONYM MATCH: motorists gridlock chaos tensions wealthier patient wander complaints frustration forever a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. drivers jam mayhem nerves richer calm stroll protests anger until the cows come home

PHRASE MATCH: 1. 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. a traffic jam the chaos will cars breaking down police have been assigned to the explosion in the they have to be taking advantage of the People are keeping Some have reported stuck in the a. from hell b. continue for another month c. or overheating d. patrol the jam e. number of cars f. patient and sit g. stranded motorists h. themselves busy i. feeling homesick j. traffic forever

LANGUAGE WORK
1-a 2-c 3-d 4-b 5-d 6-c 7-b 8-a 9 -a 10 - c 11 - d 12 - b

THE MIRROR
Edmund Burke 1729-1797

I look in the mirror And what do I see? A strange looking person That cannot be me. For I am much younger
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And not nearly so fat As that face in the mirror I am looking at. Oh, where are the mirrors That I used to know Like the ones which were Made thirty years ago? Now all things have changed And I’m sure you’ll agree Mirrors are not as good As they used to be. So never be concerned If wrinkles appear For one thing I’ve learned Which is very clear. Should your complexion Be less than perfection It is really the mirror That needs correction !! 10 – 2010

CONFUSABLE WORDS: review, revue
A review of something such as a film or book is a discussion of it by a critic who gives an opinion about its quality. A review can be an article if a newspaper or magazines or part of a radio or TV programme. I collected $10 from an actor in the cast who had bet on good reviews for the lay. I held an exhibition of my own paintings at Cambridge. The critical reviews were memorable. ... a collection of his television reviews. A review can also be a magazine, or occasionally a programme on television or radio, which deals with the intellectual subjects, especially literature and the arts, and in which critics express their opinions. Some of the magazines have Review in their titles. He made occasional contributions to the arts sections of the weekly reviews. … the New yor Review of Books. In an article I the Quarterly Review he found the information he was looking for.

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A review can also be a study be experts of how something is done or managed. It is usually carried out in order to recommend changes and improvements. He initiated a comprehensive review of industrial policy. Nevertheless the review concluded against all the alternatives. On 1 April he announced a full public review of the project. A revue is an amusing entertainment produced in a theatre, with songs, dances, and comic sketches. Revues are often satirical. … a four-man stage revue called Beyond the Fringe. He had just finished writing a revue of Cochran called On With the Dance.

URLs Recomendados: The Empathic Civilization.
http://www.ted.com/talks/jeremy_rifkin_on_the_empathic_civilization.html?utm_ source=newsletter_weekly_2010-0831&utm_campaign=newsletter_weekly&utm_medium=email

VOCABULARY: Computers to Boot Up in Seconds, Not
Minutes. A big and welcome change could be coming to PCs. The time spent waiting for our computer to boot up could soon be cut to seconds instead of the minute or three we currently have to wait. This is good news for people who pull their hair out at the length of time it takes for a PC to start. How will this happen? There will be an update to one of the most basic pieces of start-up software – the Bios. This does all the groundwork and prepares the Operating System. It is an old piece of technology that has never caught up with the power and speed of today’s computers. Its replacement, the Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI), should be on most PCs by 2011. The UEFI is more flexible and much faster than the Bios. Mark Doran, head of the group overseeing the development of the UEFI, explained the benefits to the BBC: "At the moment it can be 25-30 seconds of boot time before you see the first bit of OS sign-on. With UEFI we're getting it under a handful of seconds," he said. Mr Doran said that the technology is developing very quickly, saying: "In terms of boot speed, we're not at ‘instant-on’ yet but it is already a lot better than the conventional Bios can manage and we're getting closer to that every day." The UEFI is expected to save companies
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around the world billions of dollars. When time is money, having to wait minutes to start work after turning a PC on costs industry a fortune. Home users will also say goodbye to tapping their fingers on their desk. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article. welcome boot up basic groundwork flexible overseeing handful conventional expected fortune a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. fundamental traditional hoped for encouraging a huge amount adaptable start a few preparation supervising

PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.) 1. A big and welcome 2 time spent waiting for our computer 3. the minute or three we currently 4. one of the most basic pieces 5. more flexible and 6. head of the group overseeing 7. we're getting it under a 8. we're getting closer to 9. costs industry 10. tapping their fingers a. of start-up software b. that every day c. to boot up d. a fortune e. change f. on their desk g. the development h. have to wait i. much faster j. handful of seconds

LANGUAGE – MULTIPLE CHOICE
A big and welcome change could be (1) ____ to PCs. The time spent waiting for our computer to boot up could soon be cut (2) ____ seconds instead of the minute or three we currently have to wait. This is good news for people who pull their (3) ____ out at the length of time it takes for a PC to start. How will this happen? There will be an update to one of the most basic pieces of start-up software – the Bios. This does all the (4) ____ and prepares the Operating System. It is an old piece of technology that has never caught up (5) ____ the power and speed of today’s computers. Its replacement, the Unified
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Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI), (6) ____ be on most PCs by 2011. The UEFI is more flexible and much faster than the Bios. Mark Doran, head of the group (7) ____ the development of the UEFI, explained the benefits to the BBC: "At the moment it can be 25-30 seconds of boot time before you see the first (8) ____ of OS sign-on. With UEFI we're getting it under a handful of seconds," he said. Mr Doran said that the technology is developing very quickly, saying: "In (9) ____ of boot speed, we're not at ‘instant-on’ yet but it is already a lot better than the conventional Bios can (10) ____ and we're getting closer to that every day." The UEFI is expected to save companies around the world billions of dollars. When time is money, (11) ____ to wait minutes to start work after turning a PC on costs industry a fortune. Home users will also (12) ____ goodbye to tapping their fingers on their desk. Put the correct words from the table below in the above article. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) comes at hair groundwork at have to overseeing byte termed charge have say (b) came (b) to (b) teeth (b) ground (b) by (b) should (b) overseer (b) bite (b) terms (b) cope (b) has (b) tell (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) come from eyes grounded with has oversee bitter terming guide having speak (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) (d) coming by fingernails grounds on ought oversees bit term manage had to voice

Answers SYNONYM MATCH: 1. 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. welcome boot up basic groundwork flexible overseeing handful conventional expected fortune a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. encouraging start fundamental preparation adaptable supervising a few traditional hoped for a huge amount

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1. 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

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PHRASE MATCH: A big and welcome time spent waiting for our computer the minute or three we currently one of the most basic pieces more flexible and head of the group overseeing we're getting it under a we're getting closer to costs industry tapping their fingers a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. change to boot up have to wait of start-up software much faster the development handful of seconds that every day a fortune on their desk

GAP FILL: A big and welcome change could be coming to PCs. The time spent waiting for our computer to boot up could soon be cut to seconds instead of the minute or three we currently have to wait. This is good news for people who pull their hair out at the length of time it takes for a PC to start. How will this happen? There will be an update to one of the most basic pieces of start-up software – the Bios. This does all the groundwork and prepares the Operating System. It is an old piece of technology that has never caught up with the power and speed of today’s computers. Its replacement, the Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI), should be on most PCs by 2011. The UEFI is more flexible and much faster than the Bios. Mark Doran, head of the group overseeing the development of the UEFI, explained the benefits to the BBC: "At the moment it can be 25-30 seconds of boot time before you see the first bit of OS sign-on. With UEFI we're getting it under a handful of seconds," he said. Mr Doran said that the technology is developing very quickly, saying: "In terms of boot speed, we're not at ‘instant-on’ yet but it is already a lot better than the conventional Bios can manage and we're getting closer to that every day." The UEFI is expected to save companies around the world billions of dollars. When time is money, having to wait minutes to start work after turning a PC on costs industry a fortune. Home users will also say goodbye to tapping their fingers on their desk.

News: When Insults Had Class
These glorious insults are from an era before the English language got boiled down to 4-letter words. The exchange between Churchill & Lady Astor: She said, "If you were my husband I'd give you poison." He said, "If you were my wife, I'd drink it." A member of Parliament to Disraeli: "Sir, you will either die on the gallows or of some unspeakable disease." "That depends, Sir," said Disraeli, "whether I embrace your policies or your mistress."

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"He has all the virtues I dislike and none of the vices I admire." - Winston Churchill "I have never killed a man, but I have read many obituaries with great pleasure." Clarence Darrow "He has never been known to use a word that might send a reader to the dictionary." - William Faulkner (about Ernest Hemingway). "Thank you for sending me a copy of your book; I'll waste no time reading it." - Moses Hadas "I didn't attend the funeral, but I sent a nice letter saying I approved of it." - Mark Twain "He has no enemies, but is intensely disliked by his friends.." - Oscar Wilde "I am enclosing two tickets to the first night of my new play; bring a friend.... if you have one." - George Bernard Shaw to Winston Churchill "Cannot possibly attend first night, will attend second.... if there is one." - Winston Churchill, in response. "I feel so miserable without you; it's almost like having you here." - Stephen Bishop "He is a self-made man and worships his creator." - John Bright "I've just learned about his illness. Let's hope it's nothing trivial." - Irvin S. Cobb "He is not only dull himself; he is the cause of dullness in others." - Samuel Johnson "He is simply a shiver looking for a spine to run up." - Paul Keating
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"In order to avoid being called a flirt, she always yielded easily." - Charles, Count Talleyrand "He loves nature in spite of what it did to him." - Forrest Tucker "Why do you sit there looking like an envelope without any address on it?" - Mark Twain "His mother should have thrown him away and kept the stork." - Mae West "Some cause happiness wherever they go; others, whenever they go.." - Oscar Wilde "He uses statistics as a drunken man uses lamp-posts... for support rather than illumination." - Andrew Lang (18441912) "He has Van Gogh's ear for music." - Billy Wilder "I've had a perfectly wonderful evening. But this wasn't it." Groucho Marx 11 - 2010

CONFUSABLE WORDS: cushion, pillow
A cushion is a fabric case filled with soft material, which you put on a seat to make it more comfortable. You an sit on it or use it to support your back or head. She overturned the chairs and hurled the cushions about. She tucked up her feet on a big divan covered with cushions. A pillow is a type of cushion, You put your head on it when you go to bed. She was lying on the bed, her head on the pillow. I heard the chambermaid thumping pillows as my bed was made up for me.

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URLs Recomendados: BNET – the CBS Interactive Business Network . Excellent site for business info and tips! Do not miss it! http://www.bnet.com

VOCABULARY: Practice your skills:
Practice your listening comprehension with BNet – Videos. http://www.bnet.com/videos?tag=mantle_skin;content

News: Be like the bamboo: 7 lessons from the Japanese
forest The forests that surround Nara, Japan, are filled with beautiful bamboo trees. In Japan, the symbolism of the bamboo plant runs deep and wide and offers practical lessons for life and for work. I summarized the lessons below with presentation and learning in mind, but as you read these seven lessons from bamboo, try think of practical implications for your own life and work. (1) Bend but don't break. Be flexible yet firmly rooted One of the most impressive things about the bamboo in the forest is how they sway with even the slightest breeze. This gentle swaying movement with the wind is a symbol of humility. Their bodies are hard and firm and yet sway gently in the breeze while their trunks stay rooted firmly in the ground below. Their foundation is solid even though they move and sway harmoniously with the wind, never fighting against it. In time, even the strongest wind tires itself out, but the bamboo remains standing tall and still. A bend-but-don'tbreak or go-with-the-natural-flow attitude is one of the secrets for success whether we're talking about bamboo trees, answering tough questions in a Q&A session, or just dealing with the everyday vagaries of life. (2) Remember: What looks weak is strong The body of a single bamboo tree is not large by any means when compared to the other much larger trees in the forest. It may not look impressive at first sight at all. But the plants endure cold winters
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and extremely hot summers and are sometimes the only trees left standing in the aftermath of a typhoon. They may not reach the heights of the other trees, but they are strong and stand tall in extreme weather. Bamboo is not as fragile as it may appear, not by a long shot. Remember the words of a great Jedi Master: "Size matters not. Look at me. Judge me by my size do you?" We must be careful not to underestimate others or ourselves based only on old notions of what is weak and what is strong. You may not be from the biggest company or the product of the most famous school, but like the bamboo, stand tall, believe in your own strengths, and know that you are as strong as you need to be. (3) Be always ready Unlike other types of wood which take a good deal of processing and finishing, bamboo needs little of that. As the great Aikido master Kensho Furuya says in Kodo: Ancient Ways, "The warrior, like bamboo, is ever ready for action." In presentation or other professional activities too, through training and practice, we can develop in our own way a state of being ever ready. (4) Unleash your power to spring back Bamboo is a symbol of good luck and one of the symbols of the New Year celebrations in Japan. The important image of snow-covered bamboo represents the ability to spring back after experiencing adversity. In winter the heavy snow bends the bamboo back and back until one day the snow becomes too heavy, begins to fall, and the bamboo snaps back up tall again, brushing aside all the snow. The bamboo endured the heavy burden of the snow, but in the end it had to power to spring back as if to say "I will not be defeated." (5) Find wisdom in emptiness It is said that in order to learn, the first step is to empty ourselves of our preconceived notions. One can not fill a cup which is already full. The hollow insides of the bamboo reminds us that we are often too full of ourselves and our own conclusions; we have no space for anything else. In order to receive knowledge and wisdom from both nature and people, we have to be open to that which is new and different. When you empty your mind of your prejudices and pride and fear, you become open to the possibilities. (6) Commit to (continuous) growth
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Bamboo trees are among the fastest-growing plants in the world. It does not matter who you are — or where you are — today, you have amazing potential for growth. We usually speak of Kaizen or continuous improvement that is more steady and incremental, where big leaps and bounds are not necessary. Yet even with a commitment to continuous learning and improvement, our growth — like the growth of the bamboo — can be quite remarkable when we look back at what or where we used to be. Even though the bamboo that is outside my window grows quite rapidly, I do not notice its growth from day to day. We too, even when we are making progress, may not notice our own improvement. How fast or how slow is not our main concern, only that we're moving forward. The bamboo grows fastest around the rainy season. You too may have "seasons" where growth accelerates, but is slower at other times. Yet with sustained effort, you are always growing. Do not be discouraged by what you perceive as your lack of growth or improvement. If you have not given up, then you are growing, you just may not see it until much later. (7) Express usefulness through simplicity Aikido master Kensho Furuya says that "The bamboo in its simplicity expresses its usefulness. Man should do the same." Indeed, we spend a lot of our time trying to show how smart we are, perhaps to convince others — and ourselves — that we are worthy of their attention and praise. Often we complicate the simple to impress and we fail to simplify the complex out of fear that others may know what we know. Life and work are complicated enough without our interjecting the superfluous. If we could lose our fear, perhaps we could be more creative and find simpler solutions to even complex problems that ultimately provide the greatest usefulness for our audiences, customers, patients, or students.

12 - 2010

CONFUSABLE WORDS: serviette, towel
In British English, a serviette is a square of cloth or paper that you use to protect your clothes while you are eating, and sometimes to wipe your fingers and mouth. He drew caricatures on the serviettes just as he had in Viennese cafes. The piece of cloth that you use for drying yourself after washing is called a towel.
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My hair is wrapped up in a towel, because I’d just washed it when you rang. I’ve hung up a towel behind the bathroom door for you, it you want a wash.

URLs Recomendados: Writing problems? Simple, clear help for your writing problems : http://www.writingproblems.net/

VOCABULARY: Practice your skills - listening
comprehension: Businessweek: http://www.businessweek.com/

News: El Power Point y los Gatitos.
http://trabajocolaborativoenred.wordpress.com/

En el twitter de G. Siemens: cada vez que usted utiliza un Powert Point Edward Tuft mata un gatito. Y si van a la página de referencia se complementa con un: Estoy seguro al 96% que esto no es verdad. Esta frase no dejaría de ser una tontería que recoge Siemens del autor sino fuera porque E. Tuft pasa hoy por ser uno de los mayores especialistas en representación grafica de la información y , ya en 2003, escribió un ensayo crítico “El estilo cognitivo de PowerPoint”. Una de sus tesis la resume de esta manera: la forma más eficaz de presentar la información tanto en un entorno técnico como un seminario académico o una reunión de expertos es distribuyendo un informe escrito breve que pueda ser leído por todos los participantes en los primeros 5 a 10 minutos de la reunión. Tufte considera que este es el método más eficaz de transferencia de conocimiento a la audiencia. El resto de la reunión se dedicará entonces a la discusión y el debate. Precisamente, y muy relacionado con esto , ha vuelto a salir el tema. Con motivo del estreno de este gran espacio formativo por parte del CEJFE, en la ciudad de la Justicia (capacidad para 400 personas) se ha planteado la idoneidad de usar unos formatos u otros en la búsqueda de la eficacia comunicativa. De este –productivo- debate resaltaré un par de puntos: Se constata que ya forma parte de la agenda de muchos profesionales de la formación dedicar tanto tiempo a escoger bien los contenidos que conforman la jornada/seminario, etc, como reflexionar sobre la formula más adecuada de de transmitirlos. Aunque aun quedan reductos de mal uso (esta semana pasada lo comprobé en un importante evento) progresivamente el Powert Point esta siendo utilizado como una herramienta más (no la principal). Por ejemplo el formato Prezzi cada dia tiene mas seguidores y la
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creo mas eficaz. Esta presentación sobre aprendizaje invisible de Cristobal Cobo me encanta. En fin, más allá de herramientas conviene reivindicar también la transmisión pura y dura en base a la palabra (hace ya varios años las reivindicaba en otro blog). Si se hace bien son muy eficaces. En enero lo pudimos comprobar con el juez Emilio Calatayud. Profesionales como él, del mundo jurídico, se resistieron en su dia pasarse a la ppt y ahora, paradoja, nos muestran que no estaban tan equivocados (más de tres millones de descargas). Por cierto, les recomiendo también a Jose Gutierrez Maldonado, autor de un articulo sobre Psicologia e Internet.

Source: Cobuild Collins – Confusable words. – Breaking News – WWW.

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