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IQ vs. EQ There are ways to measure one’s height, weight and other physical attributes but how do you measure mental attributes like intelligence and emotional behavior. Well, scientists have developed quotients as tools to measure the intelligence of a person which are known as IQ (intelligence quotient) and EQ (emotional quotient). While most of us are aware of IQ, not many know about EQ. Though there are similarities between the two, the two are also different in many ways and these differences will be highlighted in this article. What is IQ? Also known as intellectual quotient, IQ is a number that measures mathematical and logical abilities of an individual. This is a relative intelligence of a person that is a ratio multiplied by 100 of the mental age as reported on a standardized test to the chronological age. IQ is a measure of the person’s ability to learn or understand new things, his ability to deal with new situations and to manipulate one’s environment or to think abstractly. What is EQ? It is a measure of a person’s emotional intelligence and tells the ability of a person to use both his emotions as well as cognitive abilities. The attributes that are measured in this quotient include but are not limited to empathy, intuition, integrity, authenticity, intrapersonal skills and interpersonal skills. Comparison of IQ and EQ

There are some administrators who feel that neither IQ nor EQ have the ability to represent a human being in totality. IQ tests are therefore not very popular these days and employers prefer to make their employees go through EQ tests as they believe the scores will help in screening employees on their ability to cope in stressful conditions.Charles Darwin Apparent in many aspects of human interaction is the notion of "survival of the fittest. nor the most intelligent. In other words. math skills and logical reasoning. "It is not the strongest of the species that survives. it falls short when it comes to creative skills and emotional abilities of a person." In business. In fact it has been shown that some of the people scoring very heavily on the IQ test are not particularly adept in managing personal relationships and are at best socially awkward. science." . government. but the one most responsive to change. we find that while IQ can measure concepts like word power. and even personal relationships. "smarter" individuals were bound to triumph over those less intelligent. IQ tests have failed miserably with kids suffering from autism giving them high scores whereas it is well known that such children find it difficult to cope in real life situations with others. A good indicator of success in the past has been the level of one's intelligence. It was assumed that the relationship between one's IQ and one's success would be positively correlated. once world chess champion who had an amazing IQ of 230 but was a social misfit. This is why it was felt necessary to develop other tests that were a true reflection of a person’s cognitive as well as mental abilities. None can forget Bobby Fisher. the competition for that which is scarce drives humans to find an "edge" over their adversaries.If we try to compare IQ with EQ. This was how EQ came into existence. They feel that these tests oversimplify human behavior but it is much more complex than these standardized tests suggest. .

and thoughts without becoming antagonistic and uncooperative towards others) * Independence (ability to be self-directed and self-controlled in ones thinking and actions and to be free of emotional dependency) * Self Actualization (ability to realizes one's potential) 2. Interpersonal Skills (people skills) * Empathy (understanding the feelings of others. Significant others. family member. whether it be as a lover. contributing. which allows us to manage them and make better decisions. take note) * Social Responsibility (being a cooperative. beliefs.The Components of EQ Emotional intelligence is measured using 5-major components and 15-subcomponents: 1. It is important to be positive even when challenged because it results in more focused thinking) * Assertiveness (ability to express feelings. Intrapersonal Skills (ability to understand and apply personal emotions) * Self Regard (ability to accept oneself as basically good) * Emotional Self Awareness (ability to recognize one's own feelings. and constructive member of various social groups) * Interpersonal Relationships (ability to establish and maintain mutually beneficial relationships noted for their intimacy and by the giving & receiving of affection. which enables us to respond appropriately to changes in the emotional climate of others. or loyal employee) . friend.

controlling the need for "instant gratification") 4. drive. or temptation to act. and efficiently to change) * Reality Testing (ability to assess the correspondence between what is experienced and what objectively exists. and behaviors to changing situations and conditions) * Problem Solving (ability to identify and define problems as well as to generate and implement potentially effective solutions) What is the Difference Between EQ and IQ? Emotional Quotient or EQ is one of the ways to measure a person’s ability to be successful in life. EQ is often tied directly to the degree of success one may have in the workplace and in personal relationships. knowing what you want to do vs. Alfred Binet developed the first modern IQ test in the early 20th century. Adaptability (Ability to react quickly. Stress Management (ability to handle challenges) * Stress Tolerance (Ability to handle difficult situations without ‘falling apart') * Impulse Control (ability to resist or delay an impulse. what you actually can do) * Flexibility (ability to adjust one's emotions. Currently an IQ test . The phrase was first developed in the 1980s and asserts that emotional quotient or emotional intelligence is as valuable as intellectual quotient (IQ). Some companies offer services to test the emotional quotient of employees. many modifications on intelligence quotient testing have been made. According to theories of brain function. appropriately. thoughts. a high emotional quotient means someone is self-confident. Intelligence quotient measuring has existed for much longer than EQ measuring. self-aware. and able to navigate through trying emotional times. Since then.3.

. many feel it is not adequate in measuring creative abilities or emotional abilities. Thus other tests may be administered to evaluate such a child’s ability according to other standardized testing methods. While an IQ test may have one definitive answer for each question. yet it is well known that these children are burdened by their inability to communicate in other forums. some with high IQs do not seem to be particularly adept at maintaining relationships or seem socially awkward at best. people may not truthfully answer questions about their behaviors. that may be just as important. Short EQ tests may also fail because people realize they are being tested on their emotional capabilities. Some educators and psychologists feel that neither EQ nor IQ testing presents the full picture of a human being. So results may be skewed by what people believe they would like employers to know. Intelligence quotient testing is now not administered very frequently. they are too general to really sum up a person’s potential. standardized testing may oversimplify emotional intelligence and response. Emotional quotient testing is becoming more popular in the workplace since some employers feel it will help predict how well potential employees might do in stressful circumstances. since some feel it merely measures how well people do on IQ tests.involves a set of standardized questions for which one receives a score. Most agree that while emotional and intelligence quotient tests may be able to make some statements about an individual. rather than true responses to questions. according to critics. In fact. While the IQ can measure concepts like logical reasoning. There are other types of intelligence. As well. word knowledge and math skills. For example IQ measurements on most children with autism are typically very high.

discourage employers from using emotional quotient tests to make decisions regarding potential new hires to their companies.This does not. . however.