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214445: Communication Language Laboratory

S.E. (Information Technology) 2008 Course Semester I

Teaching Scheme:Practical:-2 hrs/week

Examination Scheme: Term Work: 50 Marks

LABORATORY MANUAL

V 3.1

DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SINHGAD COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, PUNE 2010-2011

Document Control
Reference Code Version No Compliance Status Revision Date Security Classification Document Status Review Period SCOE-IT / Lab Manual Procedures 3.1 Complete 12th July 2010 Department Specific Definitive Yearly Author Signature Authorizer

Name Designation Document History Revision No. 3.0 3.1 Revision Date 10.7.09 12.7.10

Mrs. Y. A. Jakhade Lecturer

A. W. Rohankar Professor

Reason For Change University syllabus modification - course 2008 Addition of practice assignments.

Summary of Changes to the Communication Languagel Laboratory Manual Procedures Lab Manual Procedures Ver 3.1 Section No In all Assignments Changes Addition of practice assignments. Change type

PREFACE The aim of communication language Lab is to focus on all round development of students through various activities and skills development sessions. The students are exposed to right attitudinal and behavioral aspects, to build the same through various activities. Students are encouraged to take part in various group activities and presentation which will help them to harness their skills and abilities. The focus is on to develop student’s leadership skills, inter personal skills, verbal and written skills, personality development, stress management and relaxation techniques which will make them competitive in today’s cut throat competition. The coverage of soft skills that help develop a student as a team member, leader, all round professional in the long run have been identified and listed here for reference. As the time allotment for the soft kills laboratory is small and the fact that these skills are nurtured over years, students are encouraged to follow up on these skills as self-study and self driven process.

Page No. No TITLE Vocabulary Building & Phonetics Exercise Grammar Exercise Self Assessment and Self Development Exercises Verbal Communication Exercises Non Verbal (Written) Communication Exercises Social Skills development Exercises Leadership Skills and Interpersonal Communications Exercises. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 1 4 7 11 19 25 26 Time and Stress Management Techniques Memory Building Techniques General Knowledge and Aptitude Development Exercises Meeting Procedures 27 31 32 43 .INDEX Sr.

Time and Stress Management Techniques Memory Building Techniques General Knowledge and Aptitude Development Exercises Meeting Procedures Final submission No.4 5.SCHEDULE Sr.16 0 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Title Vocabulary Building & Phonetics Exercise Grammar Exercise Self Assessment and Self Development Exercises Verbal Communication Exercises Non Verbal (Written) Communication Exercises Partial submission Social Skills development Exercises Leadership Skills and Interpersonal Communications Exercises. 2 2 4 4 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 4 Week 1 2 3. Of Hrs.6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15. No.

THEORY:A usually alphabetized and explained collection of words e.d • • • • • E.. or prepared for a specific purpose.g. This structure contains a list of variables and related words. Words in one vocabulary may not access to word in other vocabularies thus allowing data hiding. Likely ………………… Picture………………. The collection of words a person knows and uses. twosome………………. collection………………... Stone ………………… Faultless……………….g. Forgive………………. Vocabulary Building & Phonetics Exercise AIM: To Build vocabulary and Develop knowledge of Phonetics in the students OBJECTIVES:1. pronunciation practice PRACTISE ASSIGNMENTS / EXERCISE / MODIFICATIONS: Sample exercise #1 • Write 20 words starting with any 1 alphabet eg.. Students should add up to their existing vocabulary & learn more 2. 3. 1 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT ..1. which includes the following:1... Annoy……………… Location……………… Inactive………………. suppose one chooses alphabet ‘B’ Business blank Browse break Borrower brisk Barrier bookworm etc Sample exercise #2 • Write synonyms starting with letter ‘p’ for the following:• • • • • Bucket ……………….b. vocabulary creates a new vocabulary. Words & Phrases used in professional context Business Expressions Abbreviations & business Idioms vowels . 2. The words of a language collectively.c.. often for learning.. of a particular field. business expressions words. 4. castle ………………… Separate……………… Good looking………….. Used as a command. suffering……………. Students should learn new phrases.word stress. The stock of words used in a particular field. idioms. a. May be……………….. Artist…………………… Sheet…………………..

.. ophthalmologist Eyes f.. gynecologist Nervous system b.rough……………………bride…………………….here……………………. psychiatrist Child birth h. dermatologist Female reproductive organs e.... orthopedist Heart g..little……………………… Take………………. Sample exercise #3 • • • • • • • Go…………………… Dish…………………… Write antonyms starting with letter ‘g’ for the following:Lose……………….. Vocabulary Building & Phonetics Exercise • Choose ………………. pediatrician Infants d. cardiologist 2 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT .ripe…………………….....lady……………………. obstetrician Skin c... neurologist Skeleton system i. Sample exercise #4 • • • • • • • • • • • Adding new words with meanings to the vocabulary An egoist = Me first An egotist = The height of conceit An altruist =Let me help you An introvert = Leave me alone An extrovert = Lets do it together An ambivert = Neither extreme A misanthrope =one who hates people A misogynist = one who hates women A misogamist = one who hates marriage Sample exercise #5 Match the pair to the field • • • • • • • • • Mental & emotional disturbances a.special…………………… Awkward………….1. Ugly…………………….generous………………… Happy………………unprotected……………...scarcity…………………. fear…………………. Experienced………. Sad………………….plain…………………….... Unappreciative…….

Vocabulary Building & Phonetics Exercise Sample exercise #6 Pronunciation practice • • • • • • • • • • Fill Lid Mill Slip Live Pot Let Sell Pen Trend feel lead meal sleep leave port late sale pain trained hill pull pick ship shot fed met edge fell men heal pool peak sheep short fade mate age fail main 3 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT .1.

3. 2. place.)  1. 4. 5. 6. 5.  Rule No. or an action. Syntax (how single units of meaning are combined to form words. 6.2 consonants before “y” change –y to i and add –es 4 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . Grammar Exercises.2. AIM: To Learn grammar OBJECTIVES:Students should learn functional grammar 1. 2. 1 (Add –s to the end of noun) cup cups student students  Rule No. Phonology (set of sounds/ symbols) 2. Nouns Definition Proper / common Singular / plural (annex) Count / non-count /abstract (how much –how many) Collectible (group nouns) Units of measurement  Nouns – words used to name a person. Morphology (combinations of sounds that carry single units of meaning) 3. phrases and sentences. 4. concept. thing. object. Functional grammar Tenses Active /passive voices Formation of correct sentences Auxiliary verbs Reported Speech & its use in spoken communication THEORY:Definition The grammar of a language is a complex of systems that may be analyzed and studied on these three levels: 1. idea. 3. quality.

Party. (Provided list) (Baby. City. Lady. x. etc. I like to go to _______. 4 (–f and –fe endings) change the –f or –fe to v and –es life –lives wife –wives thief –thieves  Rule No. groups. boys. I visited many _______ last year. Key.)  Group B Final –s is pronounced /s/ after voiceless sounds (books. Grammar Exercises city -cities party. Women give birth to _______. faces) after “z” sounds (sizes. roses. Dictionary. desks. Country. Tray. Madrid and Paris are beautiful _______. Boy. horses. days.3 boy –boys  Rule No. noises) after “sh” sounds (dishes. es is pronounced /ez/ after “s” sounds (classes. We must bring ______ to the English class. cowboy)           They have one girl and two ______. students.2.parties lady-ladies vowels before “y” add –s key –keys day –days  Rule No. 5 (sh. ss endings) add –es bush –bushes match –matches box -boxes kiss -kisses  Rule No. cups. dogs. cats.)  Group C Final –s. 6 (consonant + o) add –es (vowel +o) –s tomato –tomatoes radio radios PRACTICE EXERCISE:Use the plural form to fill in the blanks. Good evening _____ and gentleman. She lost the _____ of the car and the house! _____ rides horses in Texas. boxes. trees. beds. years. balls. etc. bushes) 5 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . ch. On Saturday nights. People carry their food on _____ at the cafeteria Pronunciation of plurals (s / es)  Group A Final –s is pronounced /z/ after voiced sounds (taxicabs.

It is said that he was jealous of her. PASSIVE VOICE SAMPLE #3 With advise/beg/order/recommend/urge + Indirect Object + Infinitive + Object. <1>Active: S + V + O1 + to-infinitive + O2 Passive: S + To Be + PP + to-infinitive + O2 SAMPLE # 4 EX: He urged the Council to reduce the tax.m. Perfect Infinitive: if the time in the infinitive passive is earlier than that of the main active verb. SAMPLE #2 The Future Progressive I will be teaching ESL 40 at 10 a. They will be moving their furniture out of the house by the time you arrive tomorrow. we have two ways of making the passive voice. Grammar Exercises after “ch” sounds (matches.2. sandwiches) after “ge/dge” sounds (pages. ages. <1>Active: S1 + V1 + that + S2 + V2 + (O) Passive: It + To Be + PP + that + S2 + V2 + (O) EX: People say that he was jealous of her. bridges. edges) TENSES SAMPLE #1 The Past Perfect The Titanic had received many warnings before it hit the iceberg. The Council was urged to reduce the tax. 6 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . I had already eaten when my friend stopped by to visit. tomorrow.

A strong resume is carefully planned and developed (not quickly typed up) in an appropriate format (style) designed to showcase your experience and accomplishments in direct relation to a specific position. Self-Esteem. or reasons for leaving. If you spell out the state in your address. and your name and “Page 2” at the top of page two. Use an Arial or Times New Roman font (or similar). Building of Self Confidence. unless you are an actor/actress or model. Students should learn about Perceptions and Attitude.FORMATTING RULES            Bold and enlarge your name at the top. Two-page resume: be sure to fill the second page at least halfway down the page." company street addresses. Self Assessment And Development Exercises. They should learn to set Personal Goal 3. Keep the sections lined up and consistent. and unrelated hobbies. and combination 7 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . AIM : Self-Assessment. Leave out personal data. Self-Awareness OBJECTIVE:1. salary. THEORY:How To Write A Personal Essay & Resume:PURPOSE OF A RESUME A resume is a personal marketing document that communicates your career objective and value to a hiring company. such as New York. BASIC RESUME WRITING TIPs . the following illustrates the same resume in chronological. 2. photos. and proof again! To help you understand the main differences between various resume styles. spell out the states for your jobs. Place “Continued” at the bottom of page one. Do not include pronouns such as "I. Use graphics sparingly unless you are in a creative field.3. except for your Name and Headings. Proof. Font size shouldn't be smaller than 11pt or larger than 12pt. functional. It is safe to use a border and shading. Career Planning. proof.

not only what you want from them) Resume does not support Objective (be sure to make a connection) Lacks accomplishments / career achievements (sell it. If you unsure. Because it leaves little to the imagination and makes it difficult to hide employment gaps."I. the chronological resume is the most preferred format of employers and recruiters. text should be no smaller than 11. He. have a friend proofread it!) Unrelated jobs go back too far in years (keep it to 7-10 years in most cases) Includes too much unrelated information (stay on track. no larger than 12) Needs an Objective or Title Heading (make it clear to the reader what position you are seeking. unclear. She. DO'S & DON'TS                        Name and/or address is too small / too big (headings and name should be at least font size 14 to 16. inexperienced) Uses the full address for employers (list only the town and state) Uses full employment dates such as 12/11/01 (list only the month and year) 8 SCOEIT Communication Language Lab . statements are too simple (use action verbs and a thesaurus) Same information repeated too many times (use a functional/combination format) Too many typos and grammatical errors (read it backwards. Her" (not necessary or is understood) Style is outdated looking (headings are underlined and followed by colons ":". Also provided below is a comprehensive list of common mistakes to avoid and useful tips to help your resume to compete in today's competitive workplace: CHRONOLOGICAL This is the most commonly used resume format. keep the position in mind) Does not include enough related information (show how well rounded you are) Uses pronouns . the word "duties" is used.COMMON MISTAKES. Experience and accomplishments are listed in reverse chronological order.only a third down or less (condense/combine) Second page does not include your name (what if the second page is misplaced?) Too much or not enough white space (looks empty. cliché. address 11 or 12) Font size for entire resume is too small / too big / all caps (not counting the headings. consider career counseling or purchase/rent a book on career choices) Could use a Summary or Profile statement (show your career overview) Objective is weak. and easily traces a candidate's career path and progression in a given field.3. with the most recent job positioned first. or vague (State what you can do for the employer. It is straightforward. His. don't tell it!) Lacks industry-specific terminology / Keywords ("speak" the reader's language) Jobs are not in the proper order-see below for more on resume tips and formats Sentences are too choppy-five words per bullet (expand. Self Assessment And Development Exercises formats. RESUME WRITING TIPS . make it interesting) Wording is weak. and uses "responsibilities:" as subheadings) Second page is too short .

music. I also scored well in my MH-CET. My most dreaded subjects in my entire school life were history and geography. It is unrelated to the position. Then I got science stream in 11th standard in my school as I was mentally prepared to become an engineer by that time. but not necessary. But during my engineering entrance exams I cleared Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT) exam and had got IT there. Even though I studied hard but my fate was never with me or I didn’t study properly. Now I became a better person day by day during that year and every one recognized me as ‘a force to recon with’. rather a roller coaster ride.   3. I became a bit sharper in studies as well in sports. If the employer wants references. My school life was not a very smooth one. I had studied very hard for my board exams but luck was not on my side. knitting. then I got my admission in Sinhgad college of engineering in IT branch. Earlier I came in top 10 students of the class but afterwards I was in first in top 20 and then in top 25 in the class of 45 students. I was not preparing that thoroughly for my engineering entrance exams as I was concentrating more on my class 12. I was made the prefect of my school and became a cool student who studies as well as does a whole lot of fun at school. This standard step up my foundation of the most crucial years of my life. When I first came to 9 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT .e. I scored 82% in my ICSE exams which were well below my expectations. My rank in class declined like anything. travel. I used to hate them like anything.” And I am from the other half. they will ask for them) Includes a cover letter / salary information on the resume (use separate sheets) Includes unrelated personal interests and hobbies such as "enjoy reading. I scored a 88% in my class 12th exams and came 29th in my whole batch of 170 odd students. I became even more sharp and nice in studies. They were just like a torture to me. Self Assessment And Development Exercises    Lists reason for leaving or explains situation (if you must. Then came my 10th standard. homeowner. Remember. For the initial part of my school life i. After all the downs in the three years finally came my 9th standard which changed my life completely. who live their lives according to others terms and wishes and one who make their own terms and live their life. 11th came and went nothing happened that year and I was wondering how I managed to pass that year with above average marks!!!! But as the saying goes ‘there’s not always darkness at God’s doorstep’ and my fate changed in class 12th. I managed to pass all my classes. and puzzles" (include interests ONLY if it is related to your career Objective) Includes personal information such as married. long walks. upto class 4 I was pretty decent in studies and I don’t know how what happened to me. and risks possible discrimination) SAMPLE PERSONAL ESSAY All about me Like a very famous movie dialogue “there are 2 types of people in this world one. this is not an option. two children (Leave off. save it for the letter) Includes a Professional References Available Upon Request statement at the bottom of the resume (not wrong. From 5th standard I declined in studies. I am passionate about computers so I had opted for that branch.

My mother is a home maker. aims and objectives in life etc. But I am a bit shy and underestimate myself which I feel is bad. Personal Essay (Should include everything about yourself. Though I can write many more things but I guess that’s it for now…. traveling. I have a sister whose name is Amrita Tandon. I have got many compliments from others that’s why I am writing this. That was all I guess about me. Strengths and weaknesses (how to tackle them) (SWOT analysis). Anup Tandon (father). meeting new people and hanging around with my friends. Self Assessment And Development Exercises college and lived in the hostel I was very worried that that how I will be able to manage all the daily things. Personal short-term goals. 10 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . Resume Writing 4. I am a bit more fair than normal boys but I think I am ‘smart’.3. I am a very simple kind of a person. I want to MBA from a good institute in India or study from abroad. I am basically that kind of a person who likes to mix around with people and have a blast. I have taken information technology as my subject in engineering cause I love computers and want to leave a mark in this field. I always want to see my family happy. My hobbies are playing any sport. My family has lot of hopes on me so I will definitely want to fulfill them.my father is a business man and deals in clothes.e. I know it and I am trying to change my habit. I have got light brown eyes and blackish brown hair. long-term goals and action plan to achieve them. 2. In my first year semester exams I scored 70% about which I am satisfied and now second semester results will be out in 2 weeks from now and lets see what will happen…. Now talking about my goals and what I want to achieve in my life is very simple and straight forward. After my engineering I want to study further and complete my masters in management i. PRACTICE ASSIGNMENTS:1. This is all about my academic life and now my family and all. In my house I used to live with my parents. We have a shop in Aminabad in Lucknow. But the hostel life life has taught me a lot. sister and grand parents. I was born to Mrs.) 3. Every man on this earth want to earn big bucks and I am no different but from my own hard work and my own efforts.now I am in 2nd year about which I am very happy and excited about it. your family. She is studying in 10th standard. I love my family very much and can do anything to give them happiness. I have made really good friends out here. I love new clothes so I have loads of them. I can never go on a wrong path for earning money and I know I will never do that. and 68kg heavy. Deepa Tandon (mother) and Mr.. I am 5 feet 8 inc. I WANT TO BE THE BEST IN WHAT EVER FIELD I CHOOSE TO OPT FOR.

Quality is a myth in India. Is India moving away from a secularist state? 4.Is there a correlation? 12. Indian villages . The Age of Information 7.) 1. 2. prepare. Do we need a global policeman? 14.4. deliver and assess activities OBJECTIVE:Public speaking ( debates/elocution/ extempore). Success is all about human relations 9. Is Philosophy just an armchair theory? 8. Education in India . Is coalition politics here to stay? 2. What ails Indian sports? 6. Borderless worlds . THEORY : PRACTICE ASSIGNMENTS:1.or the lack of it 5. Agrarian Economy in India .our strength or our weakness? 15. Mock interviews Group discussions Listening and Observation skills Body language Study of Communication barriers.boon or bane 11 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT .Dream or reality? 10. Does India need a dictator? 3. We don't learn from history. General / technical Presentation skills using presentation graphics and aids. 11. Group Discussion : Groups will be formed of students and they will be provided with a topic for discussion among themselves . we repeat it 13. (Topic is preferably on current issues. Education and success . Verbal Communication Exercises AIM : Students should be able to plan. Elocution : Students will be given a topic and he / she is expected to speak on it for 3 min .

foundation strengths or colonial hangovers? 29. Should doctors be tried in Consumer Courts 47. 6. 4.. All the world is a stage.Have we sold our souls to the Devil? 39. if there were no armies in the world. The relevance of Gandhism today 50.com" companies . 37.The rise and rise of feminist power . The role of NGOs in economics and politics 21. US war on iraq-justified or not.. baby .are we in a time warp? 18. If Patel were our first Prime Minister. the whole is less than the parts . Cultural Invasion through the air waves 46. Generation X . 3....Is it morally right for society 48. 41. if I were to choose my person of the millennium.....4.Will man be ever replaced by machines? 34. 38. Are we unfit for Democracy? 43. liquor industry etc. Repeated elections ... 5.. Role of ethics in tobacco industry..". Role of women in development 24.has it killed education 45.. Kids today are not what they used to be 25. 17. Is E-Commerce the best thing for India ? 1..Is it necessary to succeed in business 20.A pipe dream 26. Is China better than India in software.. 2. Environment MAnagement. You've come a long way.. NGOs . Artificial Intelligence . In India.Do we lack in team spirit? 30. 40. Are beauty pageants necessary? 49. Did India handle the hijack issue properly? 52.Do they serve peoples interests or are they pressure groups? 22. Abortion and Euthanasia . Casteless India . Should gambling be legalized in India? 42. Position of Women in India compared to other nations..Drivers of our future or are they our lost souls? 31...Should taxpayers pay for it? 28. Is nature paying the price ? 19...Is there room for everyone? 33... Do we need a cut in the defense budget? 32. Should SONIA gandhi be made the PM 12 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . "Dot. Verbal Communication Exercises 16. 35. "How green was my valley.. Role of UN in peacekeeping. Examinations . India and the WTO 51. Indian bureaucracy . Survival tools for the new millennium 44. Materialism . Indian customs . Should Trade Unionism be banned in India 27. 36. Death of Socialism 23. when managers become Hamlets. Management Education .

War on Iraq 25. Govt contribution to IT 9.Advantages of Co-education. 26. Will punch lines rule the Advt 10.Role of UN in Peace keeping 24. 30. While small groups may not be good for… What Should Happen During a Group Discussion What Should Happen During a Group Discussion In most cases. What is the effect of movies on youth. the goal of a group discussion is to come up with ideas which will allow the group to solve specific problems 13 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . india or west . water resources should be nationalised 14."UN's peace activities" and "America's war on Iraq".Is China a threat to the indian software industry.How To Prepare For Group Discussions How To Prepare For Group Discussions If you are participating in a group discussion. 22. 21. 31. Verbal Communication Exercises 7.Love marriage/Arranged marriage. Education in India compared to Foreign nations 17. is china a threat to indian industry 12."BALANCE BETWEEN PROFESSIONALISM AND FAMILY" 15. Your career and status within your field can improve if you learn some guidelines and tactics that refine your group discussion skills. BPOs in INDIA 8. Is it necessary to ban COCOCOLA in India. Effect of cinema on Youth 16."Environment-Whose Responisibility".(is it good or bad) 19. 23. 20. Are studies more benifitial in India or in Abroad.4. which is the land of opportunities 13. premaritial sex 11. 28. Group Discussions Tips As a professional in the working world. Group Discussion .IS CHINA A THREAT TO INDIA 29. This section offers helpful articles analyzing the rules for success in group discussions. there will be times when you will be required to participate in group discussions.Cricket shud be banned or not.Present state of Indian Cricket team. it is important to make sure you’re prepared before the discussion begins.Can america occupy iraq 27. 18.About Hockey being the primary game in India.

In most cases. By following the guidelines that are presented in this article. Verbal Communication Exercises or learn a skill. Group discussions are a great way to help members learn to express… How To Encourage Members During Group Discussions How To Encourage Members During Group Discussions There are a number of methods you can use to encourage those that participate in group discussions. The members must be able to summarize the primary points of the information they read. experiences. In fact. it is important to avoid problems that will stop the group from achieving its goals. the members of the group will have one of two… How To Avoid Problems During Group Discussions How To Avoid Problems During Group Discussions When you are participating in a group discussion. these people will be working towards the same goal. there are a number of things you will want to pay attention to. it important to realize that the other members may not share the same views as you. One technique is to 14 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . If you are the leader or planner. How To Work With Group Members How To Work With Group Members When you participate in group discussions.4. you will be able to actively participate in group discussions and help the team achieve a specific goal. they may come from a different cultural or ethnic background. there are a number of challenges you will have to face.… Successful Group Discussion Techniques Successful Group Discussion Techniques There are a number of things you can do to help your group become successful. Generally. Selecting Topics for a Discussion Selecting Topics for a Discussion A group discussion can be defined as a group of people who get together to exchange information. Group Discussion Challenges Group Discussion Challenges If you are the leader of a group discussion. Being able to successfully overcome these challenges will mean the difference between the success and failure of your group. or their opinions.

The selection committee conducts GD to gauge whether the candidate has certain personality traits and/or skills that it desires in its members. The members can read the question. there is no such thing a “too much planning. it is likely that you will do well… Group Discussion is a very important round in any selection process.” The planning that you put into a group discussion will often be a reflection of the results. This is especially important when we get together in groups. say for example § Ability to work in a team § Communication skills § Leadership skills § Reasoning ability § Initiativeness § Assertiveness § Creatibility § Flexibility § Ability to think and act independently 15 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . The goal can be simple. or it can be complex. The first thing that the group will need to have is a goal. the speech you use can have a powerful impact on the way your message is received by those… Tips For Running a Successful Group Discussion Tips For Running a Successful Group Discussion When it comes to a group discussion. campus recruitment or for any graduate/post graduate degree.Verbal Communication Exercises ask a single question and make a request for all the members to discuss it. Group Discussion Etiquette Group Discussion Etiquette Many of the problems that arise in group discussion result from members who do not have discussion skills. If you have a lot of experience with discussions. During group discussions.4. be it for an MBA course. Being able to properly participate in a discussion group is similar to reading. it is important for all members to know how to discuss a topic. and they can tell … How To Speak Properly During Group Discussions How To Speak Properly During Group Discussions Speech plays an important role in our ability to communicate as humans. Some of the things that you will want to pay attention to are recruitment is… How To Discuss In a Group How To Discuss In a Group In order for a group discussion to be successful.

There is nothing more unacceptable in a GD than keeping one's mouth shut or just murmuring things which are inaudible. The fact is that in no group discussion will you get a chance to speak. The second most essential thing is that your contribution to the group should be meaningful. For that you need to have a good knowledge base. · Most importantly. You should be able to think logically and hence put forth you ideas cohesively. It doesn’t help if you shout at the top of your voice and speak at great length. · You must ensure that the group hears you. This shows your ability to work in a team. A panel will observe the proceedings and evaluate the members of the group. The group may be given a topic and asked to discuss on the same.Verbal Communication Exercises Normally groups of 8-10 candidates are formed into a leaderless group. once it gets stuck to something. Merely making a meaningful contribution and helping the group arrive at a consensus is not enough. your ability to adjust yourself in new surroundings and help others in your team to reach a definite conclusion amidst difference of opinions. If the group hears you. The group may be given a Case Study and asked to come out with a solution for a problem. · You need to be assertive. one should keep in mind the following basic mantras: 16 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . The quality of what you said is more valuable than the quantity. and are given a specific situation to analyse and discuss within a given time limit. so will the evaluator. you have to make your chances. One needs to know what one's objective in the group is---.4. After all this is what all Group Discussions aim at: To be able to discuss and arrive at a consensus. This gives you the chance to showcase your leadership skills.to be noticed by the panel and to contribute meaningfully in an attempt to help the group reach the right consensus. Let’s discuss some few relevant points which one should remember while appearing for a GD. The first thing is that the panel should notice you. To be able to meet the above requirements during a Group Discussion. what matters most is what you speak and how it creates an impact on the group as well as the evaluators. Many group discussion participants often complain that they did not get a chance to speak. It depends on you how you steer the group in the right direction. The last most important thing is that you must be clearly seen to be attempting to build a consensus.

Work out various strategies to help you make an entry: initiate the discussion or agree with someone else's point and then move onto express your views. h) Show your leadership skills. Be as natural as possible and don’t try to be someone you are not. Be yourself. so always look at your group members while you are speaking. Motivate the other members of the team to speak. You are in a Group Discussion and you are expected to discuss among group members. Don't start speaking until you have clearly understood and analyzed the subject. b) Take time to organize your thoughts. Practice makes man perfect!!!!!       Be as natural as possible. Don’t suddenly jump to any conclusion. Be assertive. Take time to organize your thoughts. Seek clarification if you have any doubts regarding the subject. speak yourself and let others speak as well.your gestures and mannerisms are more likely to reflect your attitude than what you say. d) Seek clarifications if you have any doubts regarding the subject. opening the discussion is not the only way of gaining attention and recognition. Remember. Don’t be disheartened if you did not do well in your First Group Discussion. c) Don’t make the mistake of looking at the panel while you are speaking. The evaluator wants to hear you speak.4. 17 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT .Verbal Communication Exercises a) Be Yourself. f) Never try to show your dominance. e) Your body language says a lot about you . A group discussion is your chance to be more vocal. If you do not give valuable insights during the discussion. Instead try to learn from your past mistakes. before the discussion commences. The key is to stay objective: Don't take the discussion personally. all your efforts of initiating the discussion will be in vain. i) Remember. Think before you speak so that you don’t speak anything irrelevant to the topic being discussed. Think of what you are going to say. Do not try and be someone you are not. Be receptive to others' opinions and do not be abrasive or aggressive. g) Don’t lose your cool if anyone says anything you object to.

10 mins. 18 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . The review should be oral and should consist of the following points:    About the book. Your body language says a lot about you . 4.your gestures and mannerisms are more likely to reflect your attitude than what you say. Presentation : Students should prepare a presentation either in the general or technical category making use of different multimedia tools and present it orally for approx. all your efforts of initiating the discussion will be in vain. try to maintain a balanced tone in your discussion and analysis. If you do not give valuable insights during the discussion. Don't lose your cool if anyone says anything you object to. Language skills are important only to the effect as to how you get your points across clearly and fluently. The key is to stay objective: Don't take the discussion personally. About the author. Instead try phrases like: `I would like to share my views on…' or `One difference between your point and mine…' or "I beg to differ with you" 3.4. Book Review: Students should review a book which they have read and liked. Always be polite: Try to avoid using extreme phrases like: `I strongly object' or `I disagree'.Verbal Communication Exercises       Opening the discussion is not the only way of gaining attention and recognition. Be assertive not dominating. What did you like or not like about the book.

technical articles. For purposes of this handout. Application letters When writing an application letter. so try to make it thorough.5. identify qualifications. Application letters and cover letters Many people believe that application letters and cover letters are essentially the same. though. Event Reporting. 19 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . and platitudes. these kinds of letters are different. attributes. It identifies an item being sent.or field-specific concepts or terminology that are relevant to the task at hand. the advertisement of a job opening. remember that you probably have competition. or answers that match the requirements you have just listed. use them in a manner that will convey your competence and experience. and knowledge. If there are industry. ambiguity. Avoid any language that your audience may not understand.Official / business correspondence: Business Letters. THEORY:How to write Business letters: Reread the description of your task (for example. Your audience is a professional who screens and hires job applicants—someone who may look through dozens or even hundreds of other applications on the day she receives yours. Your ultimate goal is to obtain an interview. on the other hand. Strive to be exact and specific. the person to whom it is being sent. Next. objectives. newsletters. and provides a permanent record of the transmittal for both the writer and the reader. A cover letter. List these requirements. or assignment prompt for a course). and the reason for its being sent. Think about your purpose and what requirements are mentioned or implied in the description of the task. Minutes of Meeting. The immediate objective of your application letter and accompanying resume is to attract this person's attention. Vocabulary and tools for conducting the following activities effectively : Technical writing: technical reports. The letter of application is a sales letter in which you market your skills. instructions for a proposal submission. avoiding vagueness. Grammar. Non-Verbal (Written) Communication Exercises AIM:. Progress Reports. Your finished piece of writing should indicate how you meet the requirements you've listed and answer any questions raised in the description or prompt. abilities. is primarily a document of transmittal. This list can serve as an outline to govern your writing and help you stay focused.To Learn Non Verbal Communication Skills OBJECTIVE : Students should understand the Use of Style.

activities that show your leadership skills. To save your reader time and to call attention to your strengths as a candidate.5. application letters and cover letters are not the same. Summarize your qualifications for the job. or express the hope that the material will fulfill its purpose. A cover letter provides a permanent record of the transmittal for both the writer and the reader. a professor. The following are examples of cover letters. might point out sections in the proposal that might be of particular interest to the reader. Application letter checklist:      Identify the job by title and let the recipient know how you heard about it. 20 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . The second letter (Sample #2) is slightly more detailed because it touches on the manner in which the information was gathered. offer additional assistance. A cover letter identifies an item being sent. Cover letters As mentioned previously. the person to whom it is being sent. mention that before stating your job objective. for example. If your prospective employer is located in another city and you plan to visit the area. Refer the reader to your enclosed resume. Your opening should explain what you are sending and why. The closing paragraph should contain acknowledgements. stating where you can be reached and when you will be available. The letter could then go on to present a key point or two explaining why the writer's firm is the best one for the job. In such a management position. and the reason for its being sent. convince the reader that you are a qualified candidate for the job. In an optional second paragraph. I can use my master's degree in information systems and my experience as a programmer/analyst to address business challenges in data processing. In a cover letter. If you have been referred to a company by one of its employees. and your educational background. and request an interview. be sure you complete three tasks: catch the reader's attention favorably. A letter accompanying a proposal. keep your remarks brief. mention the dates for your trip. The first letter (Sample #1) is brief and to the point.Non-Verbal (Written) Communication Exercises As you write your application letter. state your objective directly at the beginning of the letter. you might include a summary of the information you are sending. specifically your work experience. Ask for an interview. or someone else. a career counselor. Example: I am seeking a position as a manager in your Data Center.

If you choose to include it. which we send with Eastern's Permission. 2005 Brian Eno. For example: June 11. Sender's Address Including the address of the sender is optional. use the American date format. as it is included 21 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . Please call me collect (ext. NC 27708 Dear Mr. either left justify the date or center it horizontally. Do not write the sender's name or title. However. ) Write out the month.5. Depending which format you are using for your letter. Chief Engineer Carolina Chemical Products 3434 Pond View Lane Durham. Nora Cassidy Technical Services Manager ncassidy@company. day and year two inches from the top of the page. place the address one line below the date.Non-Verbal (Written) Communication Exercises Sample #1 Your Company Logo and Contact Information January 11. 2001. if your letter is completed over a number of days. 1206) or email me at the address below if I can answer any questions. use the date it was finished in the date line.com Enclosure: Report Writing the Basic Business Letter Parts of a Business Letter Date The date line is used to indicate the date the letter was written. When writing to companies within the United States. (The United States-based convention for formatting a date places the month before the day. Sincerely. Eno: Enclosed is the final report on our installment of pollution control equipment at Eastern Chemical Company.

Another option is to include the sender's address directly after the closing signature.S. however. If you know the person and typically address them by their first name.. in some cases. For international addresses. or Dr. you might write Dear Chris Harmon: if you were unsure of Chris's gender. or has some other title. The next paragraph should begin justifying the importance of the main point.Non-Verbal (Written) Communication Exercises in the letter's closing. Leave a blank line between each paragraph. If you do not have the person's name. In all other cases. it is acceptable to use only the first name in the salutation (for example: Dear Lucy:).. single space and left justify each paragraph within the body of the letter. Inside Address The inside address is the recipient's address. For example.. no matter which format you are using. consider a friendly opening and then a statement of the main point. Leave one line blank after the salutation. request some type of action. Follow a woman's preference in being addressed as Miss." It is also acceptable to use the full name in a salutation if you cannot determine gender. do some research by calling the company or speaking with employees from the company. continue justification with background information and supporting details. In the next few paragraphs. type the name of the country in all-capital letters on the last line. or Ms. It is always best to write to a specific individual at the firm to which you are writing. 22 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . such as "To Whom it May Concern. city and zip code.. use that title. Mrs. It should be left justified. In the first paragraph. use Ms. The closing paragraph should restate the purpose of the letter and. Mr. Usually. If there is a possibility that the person to whom you are writing is a Dr. Body For block and modified block formats. The inside address begins one line below the sender's address or one inch below the date. To write the address. be careful to remember that conciseness is very important. use a nonsexist salutation. Post Office Format. If you don't know a reader's gender. Include a personal title such as Ms. Salutation Use the same name as the inside address. use the U. Mrs. If you are unsure of a woman's preference in being addressed. Include only the street address. use the personal title and full name followed by a colon.5. people will not mind being addressed by a higher title than they actually possess. When writing a business letter. including the personal title.

you must pay special attention to the format and font used. Our examples are merely guides. If a colon follows the salutation. To access the Letter 23 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . the body of the letter is left justified and single-spaced. For instance. While the examples provided by the OWL contain common elements for the basic business letter (genre expectations). The final.Non-Verbal (Written) Communication Exercises Closing The closing begins at the same horizontal point as your date and one line after the last body paragraph. the format of your business letter may need to be flexible to reflect variables like letterheads and templates. In this type. Enclosures If you have enclosed any documents along with the letter. it may be a good idea to list the names. otherwise. Capitalize the first word only (for example: Thank you) and leave four lines between the closing and the sender's name for a signature. style is semi-block. the date and closing are in alignment in the center of the page. Keep in mind that different organizations have different format requirements for their professional communication. such as a resume. Typist initials Typist initials are used to indicate the person who typed the letter. if you have included many documents and need to ensure that the recipient is aware of each document. If your computer is equipped with Microsoft Office 2000. However. If you typed the letter yourself. Using this format. As an option. the Letter Wizard can be used to take much of the guesswork out of formatting business letters. a comma should follow the closing. omit the typist initials. It is much like the modified block style except that each paragraph is indented instead of left justified. you indicate this simply by typing Enclosures one line below the closing. Another widely utilized format is known as modified block format. there is no punctuation after the closing. the entire letter is left justified and single spaced except for a double space between paragraphs. you may list the name of each document you are including in the envelope. A Note About Format and Font When writing business letters. and least used.5. The most common layout of a business letter is known as block format.

Another important factor in the readability of a letter is the chosen font. The Wizard will present the three styles mentioned here and input the date. If you are writing to a conservative company. The generally accepted font is Times New Roman. if you are writing to a more liberal company. Therefore. you may want to use Times New Roman. in which punctuation is excluded after the salutation and the closing. the standard is to use a colon after the salutation (never a comma) and a comma after the closing. Its templates are not applicable in every setting. affiliation and contact details  Date  Version number  Abstract.Non-Verbal (Written) Communication Exercises Wizard.5. However. sender address and recipient address into the selected format. When choosing a font. There is also a less accepted format. you should consult a business writing handbook if you have any questions or doubt the accuracy of the Letter Wizard. As far as punctuation after the salutation and closing is concerned. What is Technical Writing? Taking complicated subject matter and transforming it into easy-to-understand information for the reader. you have a little more freedom when choosing fonts. known as open punctuation. always consider your audience. Letter Wizard should only be used if you have a basic understand of how to write a business letter. this is essentially an executive summary  Page numbers  Table of contents  Conclusions 24 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . click on the Tools menu and then choose Letter Wizard. size 12. Tech Writers create      Technical Reports User’s manuals On-line help Training manuals Quick-reference guides Technical Report: Content of report:  Title  Author name(s). although other fonts such as Arial may be used.

unless you are producing a draft that you want somebody to annotate. One of the simplest ways to make your report attractive is by sticking to the following principles about fonts. Using a font like Times New Roman with the spacing set as single in MS Word looks fine (that is how this document is set up). In MS Word it is easy to generate the number corresponding to total number of pages automatically – just insert the field “NUMPAGES” (click on Insert/Field menu and then just select NUMPAGES).Non-Verbal (Written) Communication Exercises The first four items above must appear on the front page. doublespacing throughout is overkill.    25 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . General layout You should obviously try to make your report attractive to look at. providing that they are genuinely helpful in clarifying your argument or better still if they are used instead of a long-winded textual description.25in is good). The abstract can appear on the front page or before the table of contents. Spacing: It is good to have plenty of white space on a page. what is crucial is that you should always leave spaces between paragraphs Margins: Leave wide margins (1. You should also break the report up with sections and headings. In Microsoft Word the menu option InsertIndexes and Tables brings you to the required functionality. Technical Writing Assuming you are using a word-processing system you should generate the table of contents automatically. spacing and margins:  Fonts: Apart from headings and caption labels. Page numbers should appear preferably in the form “Page n/m” where m is total number of pages. Z. and version number. However. which actually detract from your message. title. The Times New Roman font at 11pt or 12pt is a good choice. The footer should contain the date and page number. Figures and tables are excellent for breaking up text. this does not mean adding meaningless frills such as decorative borders or unnecessary graphics. However.5. For formal reports it is also best to use the ‘right justify’. Ideally. An automatically generated table of contents will pick up headings that you have nominated as sections and subsections etc. you should generally use the same font and font size throughout. The header should contain the author. each page should have a header and a footer (in Microsoft Word you create headers and footers from the View menu). However.

1.). Each section should have a proper heading that accurately reflects the material contained within it.. Technical Writing   Long subsections should be broken up into sub subsections which should be numbered n. m is the subsection number. Where a subsection is broken into sub subsections the text immediately before the first sub subsection should be an introduction and overview of the entire subsection. No need for introduction as it has no subsections.m.1. 2. This introductory text should say what is contained in each of the components. Where a section has more than one section it is also useful to include a summary at the end that reminds readers of the main points. where n is the section number. Whatever numbering convention you use you must be consistent.2. n. In other words.m.5. In other words. Where a section is broken into subsections the text immediately before the first subsection should be an introduction and overview of the entire section. which should be numbered n. each main section is structured as follows: 26 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . The crucial role of ‘introductions’ and summaries The following rules explain the nature of ‘introductions’ at different levels of decomposition:   The first section of any report should be an introduction and overview of the entire report.2. It should end by giving a walkthrough of the subsequent sub subsections. etc.Non-Verbal (Written) Communication Exercises Sections and section numbering Any report longer than four pages should be broken up into sections using the following principles:    Sections should be numbered (preferably using numerals.  Section 3 The text for section 3 goes here. etc where n is the section number. preceding the first main component at that level there should be an introduction and overview of the set of components at that level. Z. Long sections should be broken up into subsections. at each level of decomposition.1. 3. It should end by giving a walkthrough of the subsequent subsections. n. It should end by giving a walkthrough of the subsequent sections. .

Non-Verbal (Written) Communication Exercises 1. because the first section of the report is the introduction to the whole report and the final section is the report summary. leave letters etc.5. 3. 5. 6. The same is true at the top level. Figures and tables It is good to include figures and tables in your document because they break up the text and make it more readable. 7. 2. 27 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . Tell them it. When using figures and tables you should stick to the following the rules:  Every figure and table in your document should be numbered and labeled   Every reference to a figure or table should use the number of the figure or table Every figure or table that appears in a technical document must be cited at some point in the document PRACTISE ASSIGNMENTS / EXERCISE / MODIFICATIONS: 1. Tell them what you have told them. Technical newsletters. Tell readers what you are going to tell them. Technical articles Minutes of meeting. Business letters (applications. 3.) Event Reporting. Work progress report. Technical reports. 4. 2.

and social 28 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . PRACTICE ASSIGNMENTS: Make the students perform a social activity like visiting orphanages. OBJECTIVE: Students should understand Ethics . old age homes. environmental activities like coastal clean up etc. etiquettes responsibilities as a professional and as a human being.Social Skills Development Exercises AIM:-To Develop Social Skills .6.

Leaders see a problem that needs to be fixed or a goal that needs to be achieved. Problem solving and conflict management. What is a leader? A leader is a person who has a vision. the leader always has a clear target in mind. giving support THEORY: Leadership: Leadership. Organizing and conducting meetings. it is the focus of the leader’s attention and they attack it with a single-minded determination. a drive and a commitment to achieve that vision. Whatever it is. Vision. a critical management skill. develop a product that will solve a certain problem. 29 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . Empowering and delegation. decision making. AIM:-To Learn & Develop the Leadership Skills and Interpersonal Communications OBJECTIVE :  Understand the importance of leadership  Learning a leader’s vision  Understand implementation and execution of ideas Students should understand the following Leaders: Their skills. team building. and the skills to make it happen. Leadership Skills and Interpersonal Communications Exercises. roles. It may be something that no one else sees or simply something that no one else wants to tackle.7. and responsibilities. organizational skills. The Leader's Vision: A leader has a vision. is the ability to motivate a group of people toward a common goal. Whether the goal is to double the company's annual sales. Let's look at each of those in detail. motivating others. or start a company that can achieve the leader's dream. interpersonal skills.

or a dozen other excuses. an inner sense of drive. They take the steps to achieve their vision. What makes leaders different is that they act. Bottom Line 30 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT .a leader has to be able to motivate everyone to contribute. Trait and Skills a Leader Must Have There are things that set leaders apart from other people. The true leader perseveres and moves forward. Leadership Skills Beyond the personal traits of a leader. it is the strength that lets leaders move their vision forward despite all the obstacles. not just because you are ego driven. or some sense of commitment? Whatever it is. Some people are born with these characteristics.it's more than just being able to speak and write. Each of us has different "buttons". things that should be fixed. They are things you can do and be if you want to be a leader. Traits of a Leader There are as many traits of a leader as there are lists of what makes a leader.  Effective communication . but rather uses a high level plan to keep everyone moving together toward the goal. there are specific skills someone must master if they want to be a leader. A leader's communication must move people to work toward the goal the leader has chosen. it's too costly.  Is positive. Understands the differences that make people unique and is able to use those individual skills to achieve the goal.  Motivation . People have to believe that you are pursuing your dream because it's the right thing to do. that's what managers are for.  Is a people person. He/she doesn't get too bogged down in the details. Is it a passion for the idea.  Planning . we tried that before. despite all the people saying it can't be done. These are not magic bullets. Here are the fundamental traits of a leader from my perspective:  Has integrity. great step forward that could be taken.the leader has a plan to achieve the goal. Lots of people see things that should be done. A leader is not a negative person and doesn't waste time and effort telling everyone what they're doing wrong.7. A leader encourages and rewards people and makes you want to do it and do it right. Others develop them as they improve as leaders. Leadership Skills and Interpersonal Communications Exercises. The Drive to See It Through It is not enough to just have a vision. A leader knows how to push the right buttons on everyone to make them really want to do their best to achieve the leader's goal.

1) Split the group into teams. The answers to these questions will reflect their skills of contingency planning as well. Leadership Skills and Interpersonal Communications Exercises. The person's answers will also reflect the type of leader he/she is. the thought process behind each of the questions as also the answers obtained from each of the participants can serve as a means to identify leadership. These judgments can give an idea about the way they think about each other. The questions of this type require quick decision-making and logical thinking. This leadership activity helps the people in the group assess each other. Leaders dream dreams. This leadership activity will require you to split the group into teams of two. but unrelenting. 31 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . You will be . Design tricky questions that can help you find a leader in the crowd. Ask them to imagine that day as the last day of their life. It is sure to exhibit the feelings borne by the team members for each other. Let the both in the pair take their chances of putting forth questions. but insistent. Ask them to list down the things they would do then! Frame such hypothetical scenarios and find how they would react to them. The constantly and consistently drive forward toward their goal. They are realistic. You can see how well they judge their fellow mates. They are polite. 2) Inviting each member to define leadership in his/her own way or ask each member. Ask the participants to imagine they are caught in a storm and ask them to state what would they do to reach home. You can be a leader. Understanding people's reactions to situations is sure to bring forward their personalities. Now ask each member of the team to chose one person from the opposite team and say what should be changed about that person. "Which leader inspires you and why?" The answers to these questions would make explicit each one's ideas about leadership. See that any two people who know each other fairly well are in opposite teams. They refuse to let anyone or anything get in the way of achieving those dreams.when it matters enough to you.7. Each one's way of framing the questions. Ask one of the participants in each pair to frame interview-like questions for his/her partner. PRACTISE ASSIGNMENTS / EXERCISE / MODIFICATIONS:  Conduct Leadership activities for group Leadership Activities for Groups One of the best activities for finding and fostering leadership skills is of giving the participants a questionnaire. The answers will represent the type of decision-making practices they would follow if given leadership.

(Allow for participants to take their places. without force. opposite another person.” How does this apply to our workplace and team? How does our ego sometimes get in the way of our success? How can we work together to ensure greater collaboration? What can you do personally to increase the collaboration on our team? How will this help our team? Materials Required Masking tape Group Size Any size Comments This is a very simple activity.7.) You have 15 seconds to convince the person opposite you.) Discussion Questions How many of you got the other person to cross the line? How did you do it? What did you try that didn’t work? How many of you offered to cross the line if the other person crosses—if you cross. Team Building Games 1) Who Will Cross the Line First? Objectives This short on-your-feet activity helps team members realize that they’ll be more successful working together toward the same objectives rather than standing apart letting their egos get in the way. (Announce that time is up after about 15 seconds. Preparation Place masking tape on the floor to divide the room in half Say Everyone please stand on one side of the line. so will I? That way who wins? (Both people). to cross the line. 32 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . Leadership Skills and Interpersonal Communications Exercises. How do you feel about the following statement: “Together we’ll be considerably more successful reaching for the same objectives rather than standing apart concerned about who will be first. but don’t let that fool you – it can stimulate a great discussion about what it takes to get the most collaboration from team members.  Conduct Team building games for students for team building. Begin.

flip chart paper. ask each person to bring two or three old magazines with them to the meeting. and glue sticks. glue sticks. Preparation Gather several magazines you don’t want back. With your team members. scissors.7. Even better. Approximate Time 5 – 10 minutes. scissors. Glue them to the flipchart paper. Leadership Skills and Interpersonal Communications Exercises. and in about 15 minutes I’ll ask you to sign your masterpieces and hold them up for everyone to see. up to about 50 people Approximate Time 20 – 45 minutes. depending on discussion time 2) A Vision is Worth A Thousand Words Objectives This fun activity helps team members release their creative juices while developing a clear collective vision for becoming a stellar team. markers. Say It’s generally believed that we gravitate toward what we think about most and what we visualize. Let’s spend some time creating a vision of what we want our team and workplace to look like in order to function at peak performance. please cut images and words from the magazines to create the vision you have for our team. markers Group Size Teams of 4 – 6. Discussion Questions How did you first feel when I said we’d be working with scissors and glue? How did you feel as we got into the activity? How does that relate to trying other “unusual” things? How much does your collage differ from our current reality? How can we work together to achieve your vision? What can you do personally to achieve this vision? What are the first specific action steps? How can we ensure that we stay on-track? How can we monitor and reward our progress? Materials Required Several magazines (about two – three per person). depending on the number of teams and discussion time 33 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . a bunch of magazines. Preparation Form teams and give each group a sheet of flipchart paper.

up to about 100 people 34 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT .) If I gave you a few minutes to discuss a strategy with your team members. the tallest freestanding card castle you can. You have four minutes to build the tallest castle and strive for the height goal you set using only the new deck of cards. (Distribute a second deck of cards to each group. please set a height goal and do not touch any of the cards. I’ll award a prize for the tallest castle. delegation. Begin. do you think you could achieve measurably better results using a new deck of cards? I’m going to give you three minutes to discuss how you can achieve measurable better results in Round Two using a new deck. communication.Building Castles in The Air Objectives This fast-paced activity helps teams learn to achieve measurably better results through improved planning. measure each card castle. 3. It’s best for this deck to be a different color than the first deck. a measuring tape Group Size Teams of 3 – 6. You have four minutes. Procedure Form teams and provide each with a deck of playing cards. Begin! (Announce when time is up. measure each card castle. (Announce when three minutes has elapsed. and learning from their successes and failures.). You have three minutes to plan. Begin! (Announce when time is up. During your planning session.7.) Take down your first castle. you will be required to take down your first castle. At the conclusion of the planning session. and award a prize to the team with the tallest castle. Leadership Skills and Interpersonal Communications Exercises. Say Using one deck of cards per team and no other materials. and award a prize to the team with the tallest castle.) Discussion Questions How many teams got measurably better results in Round Two? What enabled you to do this? What was the impact of more planning time? How did having a specific goal help? Why didn’t you combine resources and join the teams together? How does this activity relate to our team and our workplace? How can we together to achieve measurable better results? What one or two things can you do personally to achieve measurably better results? Materials Required Two packs of different color playing cards per team. build from your tabletop up.

Approximate Time 15 – 25 minutes.7. Leadership Skills and Interpersonal Communications Exercises. depending on discussion time 35 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT .

In case the Schedule doesn't work out there Must be a backup plan.Stop When Day/Week Is Full Step 4 . THEORY: Time Management • • • • Step 1 . Sleeping.8. Different Time Management Techniques and Planning of activities.. Eating).To Learn How To Manage Time & Stress OBJECTIVE:. Stress Analysis and Management Techniques.Friday at 6!: This is the way to be relaxed Task not Time Management • • Time .If Tasks Remain.Time and Stress Management Exercises AIM : .Students should understand Managing Time & Stress 1. writing job which needs to be finished etc. Stress Management • Happy Hour . Backup schedule:. 2.List Your Tasks. Remove Time From Nonessential Tasks (i.e. for example : making time table. TIME MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUE • • • • • • Scheduling your work Dividing your Time in such a way so that each Job has Ample Time for its Completion.Constant or Variable? Managing Time a Problem of Estimation – Difficult to Estimate Variable Tasks – Difficult to Account For Sources of Noise Better to Manage Around Tasks • 36 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . Step 2 . Go To Step 2.Fill In Schedule Step 3 .

15 min) Making Them Useful – Planning (At least 10 minutes a day) – Cleaning / Organization Chores – Communication . Flight or Fight Mechanisms (Adrenaline) Problems with Modern Life Survival Still Threatened Manifestations of Stress • Sources – Personal Pressure to Succeed – Financial Problems 37 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT .Email.Time and Stress Management Exercises Heuristics for Organizing Tasks • • • • Priority Order Task Duration Category Order Traveling Salesman Using Small Bits • • Optimize for Large Chunks – Small Bits are Unavoidable (5.8. What is Stress? • • • • In the Good Old Days on the Serengeti…. 10. Phone Call – Creativity / Brainstorming – Small Tasks The Art of Procrastination • • Art of Delaying the Inevitable Where can you lose time? – Worrying about finishing on time. Partly the Environment or too many commitments.It’s still impossible to get everything done. – Worrying about the final outcome. – Doing “unimportant” things first. This can lead to stress. – Distractions. Some Days Are Impossible • • • In spite of best efforts .

Anxiety.Claude Debussy Creating Empty Spaces in Life is Essential. Sleeping. it’ll become second nature.Netscape Calendar. Exercise.) Eliminate or Reduce the Sources of Stress – Most things aren’t THAT important. Palm Pilot Pad of Paper . A Watch Developing The Habit • • Takes Discipline and Practice to Have Good Time Management Skills Develop Skills Incrementally – Start by developing a realistic schedule – Build in reward system for finishing things Over time. – Seek help / advice from others.8. Active Inactivity • • “Music is the Space Between Notes” . place for unloading. 38 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . Variable Appetite Long Term Stress • • • • Being in Panic Mode all the time Learned Helplessness Can lead to numerous health problems Can lead to Burnout Managing Stress Redirect it into your work. Keep a Regular Schedule (Eating. Flexible Scheduling Automated Schedulers .Running to-do list. Outlook. etc. Sleeplessness. • The Big Picture • • Important to know when you’ve done all that you can. Microsoft Schedule. • • • • Artifacts for Staying on Track • • • • • 10 Minutes a day for planning. Don’t schedule more than is humanly possible.Time and Stress Management Exercises – Relationship Problems – Holidays • Manifestations – Increased Heart Rate.

for example : listening to music. Healthy Diet Having a Healthy and Balanced Diet to Nourish you Physically and to Enhance your Mental Stamina. reading etc. (The PhD) FOR DESTRESSING: Mental Exercises Exercising properly in order to Refresh your Mind and Soul and Distress it. Hobbies Pursuing your Hobbies to Divert your Attention to Other Activities.8. Sleep: sleep is a natural distresses so have a good and ample sleep. Meditation. playing.Time and Stress Management Exercises • • Don’t stress about things that you can’t control. Keep the long term goals in mind. For example : Yoga. 39 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT .

and a way of separating one mnemonic from another.9. Memory Building Techniques AIM: To understand memory building techniques and application of same OBJECTIVE:  Understand the different memory building techniques  Using creative techniques for memory building  Improving memory using the learnt skills THEORY: Mnemonics: Mnemonic is another word for a memory tool. Mnemonics are techniques for remembering information that is otherwise quite difficult to recall. and is very easy to understand and use.  Association: this is the method by which you link a thing to be remembered to a way of remembering it. smell. the more effectively it will stick in your mind for later recall. And because the images are vivid.  Wrapping them around each other.  Linking them using the same color. Fundamental principles of mnemonics are:  Imagination: Your imagination is what you use to create mnemonics that are potent for you. shape. The idea behind using mnemonics is to encode difficult-to-remember information in a way that is much easier to remember. you can reliably code both information and the structure of information. or feeling  Location: gives you two things: a coherent context into which you can place information so that it hangs together.  Rotating them around each other or having them dancing together. The more strongly you imagine and visualize a situation. Designing Mnemonics: The key idea is that by coding information using vivid mental images. It works by coding information to be remembered into images and then linking these images together 40 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . Various memory improvement techniques are:  The Link Method and Story Method – Remembering a Simple List The Link Method is probably the most basic memory technique. they are easy to recall when you need them. You can create associations by:  Placing things on top of each other.

the route to visit your parents. It combines the narrative flow of the Link Method and the structure and order of the Peg Systems into one very powerful system. 41 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT    . but more sophisticated than. Unfortunately they are both slightly unreliable as it is easy to confuse the order of images or forget images from a sequence. for example. You can then associate these with the things you want to remember using striking images. in such a way that you can tell if items are missing. Both techniques are very simple to learn. The Journey System – Remembering Long Lists The journey method is a powerful.  The Number/Rhyme Mnemonic – Remembering Ordered Lists The Number/Rhyme technique is a very simple way of remembering lists in order. At a more advanced level it can be used. as gaps in information are immediately obvious. This helps to keep events in a logical order and can improve your ability to remember information if you forget the sequence of images. be your journey to work in the morning. The Alphabet Technique – Remembering Middle Length Lists The Alphabet system is a peg memory technique similar to. The Number/Shape Mnemonic – Remembering Ordered Lists The Number/Shape system is very similar to the Number/Rhyme system. It is an example of a peg system using – a system where information is 'pegged' to a known sequence (here the numbers one to ten) to create pegwords. to code lists of experiments to be recalled in a science exam.9. It works by associating images representing letters of the alphabet with images you create for the things to be remembered. Memory Building Techniques The story technique is very similar. for example. At a simple level you can use it to remember things such as a list of English Kings or American Presidents in their precise order. the route you use to get to the front door when you get up. This could. flexible and effective mnemonic based around the idea of remembering landmarks on a well-known journey. It is another example of a peg system based on pegword images. It links these images together into a story. It is a good method for remembering longer lists of items in a specific order. the Number/Rhyme system. You use the Journey Method by associating information with landmarks on a journey that you know well. and apply these. It also makes remembering images easier as you always know part of the mnemonic images. in which the numbers are represented by images shaped like the number. Once you are familiar with the technique you may be able to create imaginary journeys that fix in your mind. It is a very simple and effective way of remembering a list in a specific order. By doing this you ensure that you do not forget any facts. The technique works by helping you to build up pictures in your mind. or a tour around a holiday destination.

simply take a tour around the room in your mind. almost magical. Green vegetables. The following tips also help:Healthy Diet "A healthy mind lives in a healthy body" Fruits. Within the room are objects. To recall information. and linking images into sequences. These sequences can be very complex and detailed. Avoid Mental Strain Sleep is a Natural Energy booster. but once learned is very powerful. office or classroom. memory feats performed by stage magicians and memory performers. The technique often forms the basis of some of the extraordinary. Memory Building Techniques  The Roman Room System – Remembering Grouped Information The Roman Room technique. nouns into images.9. Associate images representing the information you want to remember with the objects in the room. Yoga and Regular Exercise Helps to increase concentration and focus. imagine a room that you know. visualizing the known objects and their associated images. Pursue one's hobby. The system works by converting number sequences into nouns. To use the technique.  PRACTISE ASSIGNMENTS / EXERCISE / MODIFICATIONS: 1) The Link Method and Story Method  Give a list of things or places or words  Explain the link method or story method to remember the list 42 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . is an ancient and effective way of remembering information where its structure is not important. bedroom. The Major System – Remembering Very Long Numbers The Major Memory System is one of the most powerful memory systems available. Act as per the set up body-clock. As an example. juices etc. it serves as the basis of one of the powerful mnemonic systems used to learn languages. Meditation. also known as the Method of Loci. It takes a lot of time to master. such as your sitting room.7-8 hours of sleep rejuvenates and replenishes one's morale as well as energy.

Devon. putting one on top of the other. Example: You may want to remember this list of counties in the South of England: Avon. use a similar word that will remind you of that word. Taking the first image. linking items together with a memorable story featuring them. How to Use the Tools: It is quite possible to remember lists of words using association only. Somerset. Given the fluid structure of this mnemonic (compared with the peg systems explained later in this section) it is important that the images stored in your mind are as vivid as possible. You could do this with two approaches.) Then move on through the list linking each item with the next. Gloucestershire. Dorset. or suchlike. The flow of the story and the strength of the images give you the cues for retrieval.9. create a connection between it and the next item (perhaps in your mind smashing them together. However it is often best to fit the associations into a story: Otherwise by forgetting just one association you can lose the whole of the rest of the list. the Link Method and the Story Method: Remembering with the Link Method This would rely on a series of images coding information: An AVON (Avon) lady knocking on a heavy oak DOoR (Dorset) The DOoR opening to show a beautiful SuMmER landscape with a SETting sun (Somerset) 43 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . Hampshire. Wiltshire. linking them with a vivid image containing the items. and Surrey. Where a word you want to remember does not trigger strong images. The Story Method is very similar. Cornwall. Memory Building Techniques   Ask students to form their own links or story to remember the list Ask students tell the list in order in front of the whole batch Explanation: The Link Method and Story Method Remembering a Simple List The Link Method is one of the easiest mnemonic techniques available. You use it by making simple associations between items in a list.

2) The Roman Room System  Ask students to make a list of information they want to remember  Explain the Roman Room System Method  Ask students to form images and remember the list  Ask students to present it in front of the whole batch 44 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . the Avon lady screams 'SoRRY' (Surrey). On the DEVil's horn a woman has impaled a GLOSsy (Gloucestershire) HAM (Hampshire) when she hit him over the head with it Now the Devil feels SoRRY (Surrey) he bothered her. Panicked by seeing the Devil. In the background she can see a kitchen in which a servant is smearing honey on a HAM (Hampshire).9. making it GLOSsy (Gloucestershire) and gleam in bright sunlight streaming in through a window. Both techniques are very simple to learn. Beside the path someone has planted giant CORN in a WALL (Cornwall). Note that there need not be any reason or underlying plot to the sequence of images: only images and the links between images are important. It links these images together into a story. Remembering with the Story Method: Alternatively you could code this information by imaging the following story vividly: An AVON lady is walking up a path towards a strange house. and is very easy to understand and use. which is opened by the DEVil (Devon). This helps to keep events in a logical order and can improve your ability to remember information if you forget the sequence of images. She knocks on the DOoR (Dorset). It works by coding information to be remembered into images and then linking these images together The story technique is very similar. Key points: The Link Method is probably the most basic memory technique. but it's beginning to WILT (Wiltshire) in the heat. She is hot and sweating slightly in the heat of high SUMMER (Somerset). Memory Building Techniques The setting sun shines down onto a field of CORN (Cornwall) The CORN is so dry it is beginning to WILT (Wiltshire) The WILTing stalks slowly droop onto the tail of the sleeping DEVil (Devon). and dashes back down the path.

DVD player. chair. You can use other rooms to store other categories of information. is an ancient and effective way of remembering information where its structure is not important. it serves as the basis of one of the powerful mnemonic systems used to learn languages. television. Chesterton. The Roman Room technique is just one way of representing your cognitive map of the information in an easily accessible way. I may want to remember a list of World War I war poets: Rupert Brooke. telephone. There is no need to restrict this information to rooms: you could use a landscape or a town you know well.B. imagine a room that you know. bedroom. small bookcase. Walter de la Mare. G. Robert Graves. The technique can be expanded by going into more detail. sofa. etc. and populate it with memory images. How to Use the Tool: To use the technique. Memory Building Techniques Explanation: The Roman Room System Remembering Grouped Information The Roman Room technique. large bookcase. and fill them with objects that would logically be there. Yates 45 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . such as your sitting room. Rudyard Kipling. mirror. As an example. Associate images representing the information you want to remember with the objects in the room. As you need them. Wilfred Owen.K. simply take a tour around the room in your mind. Alternatively you can open doors from your room into other rooms and use the objects in them as well. CD rack. To recall information. In this room I have the following objects: Table. black and white photographs. Siegfried Sassoon. and keying information to be remembered to smaller objects. you can build extensions to your rooms in your imagination. visualizing the known objects and their associated images. Within the room are objects. Example: I can use my sitting room as a basis for the technique. W. lamp. also known as the Method of Loci. office or classroom.9.

Key points: The Roman Room technique is most effective for storing lists of unlinked information 46 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . I walk into the sitting room. Within this image. The lamp has a small statuette of a brick WALL over which a female horse (MARE) is jumping. and some cake has been left on the top (K=Cake). and look at the table. Some jeans (Alphabet System: G=Jeans) are hanging out of one drawer. Memory Building Techniques I could visualize walking through my front door. This codes for Walter de la Mare.9. someone has painted a picture on it showing a scene from the Battle of the Somme. This codes for G K Chesterton. In the center of the picture is a man sitting in a trench writing in a dirty exercise book. On the top is RUPERT the Bear sitting in a small BROOK (we do not need to worry about where the water goes in our imagination!) This code for Rupert Brooke. Someone seems to have done some moving: a CHEST has been left on the sofa.

3. 6. Organize Debates on Current Affairs.To Develop General Knowledge & Aptitude .10. Current events and updating news. Aptitude building. Select the odd one (a) January (b) February (c) Wednesday (d) November 2. 9.75 yards of cloth. Last month of an year (a) January (b) February (c) December (d) November 6. General Knowledge and Aptitude Development Exercises AIM:. (Mathematical. Find the antonym of autumn (a) Spring (b) Winter (c) Summer (d) None of the above 4. 8. Building general awareness. (a) same (b) contradictory (c) no relation 47 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . Motivate Students to participate in various competitions & tests. One skirt requires 3. Select the antonym of capture from the following (a) attack (b) Release (c) condemn (d) None of the above 3. 2. 10. Logical Reasoning etc. How many skirts you can make from 45 yards? Ans: 12 skirts 5. Quiz based on General Knowledge. Conducting Aptitude Tests. Mock Personal Interviews Sample Aptitude Test 1. Special tips should be given. 5.) 7. OBJECTIVES: Students should learn how to Build general awareness & aptitude PRACTICE ASSIGNMENTS:1. 4. Is the meaning of Client and Customer.

(a) 0. day? Ans: 1/30 =0. (a) 1/4 (b) 1/3 (c) 1/6 (d) 1/18 11.5. 0. Is the meaning of Ingenious and Ingenuous. how long it will cover in 10 seconds? Ans: 3000m = 3km 16. what is the sister's age after two years? Ans: 14 Yrs. Select the least from the following.0625 13. 1.333 12. Select the odd one out. 0.25. then number of fishes caught by X? Ans: 8 15. if the boy is four years old.0333$ 14.99 (b) 1 (c) 81 (d) 0.10. Is the meaning of Canvas and Canvass. If a train covers 600m in 0. Is the meaning of Credible and Credulous.5 seconds. Y catches 5 times more fishes than X. General Knowledge and Aptitude Development Exercises 7. (a) same (b) contradictory (c) no relation 10. If the brother's age is six. (a) same (b) contradictory (c) no relation 9. 48 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . Sister's age is twice than that of the brother. After four years the age of the girl is Ans: 12 years 17. If total number of fishes caught by One do llar is saved in one month. Find the next number in the series. Then how much dollar is saved in one X and Y is 48. The girl's age is twice that of boy.125 Ans: 0. (a) same (b) contradictory (c) no relation 8. 0.

Statement A: All great men are ridiculous.10. What is the In 6 seconds a light flashes once. A invests $12000. flash? Ans: 601 times 25. Statement B: I am ridiculous . 3125 26. Then one and a half dozen cost Ans: 90 cents 19.9 seconds 20. General Knowledge and Aptitude Development Exercises 18. Two lemons cost 10 cents. (a) True (b) False (c) Not clear 22. Statement A: A & B have same age. Next number in the series 1. Statement: Normal children are active. Inference : I am a great man. 1/4. Inference: All children are active. C invests $6000 and they got a profit of $1200. (a) True (b) False (c) Uncertain 23. In one hour how many times it will actual price? Ans: Rs. At 20% discount. Inference : A is younger than C. Opposite of Remote? (a) Far (b) Near (c) Huge (d) Village 21. 1/8 ? Ans: 1/16 24. 1/2. a cycle is sold at a selling price of 2500 Rs. Statement B: B is younger than C. Then how much will it be late in 1 day? Ans: 2. (a) True (b) False (c) Uncertain 27. A clock is late by 1 minute 27 seconds in a month. How much share A got more than B and C? Ans: 2/13 and 3/13 49 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . B invests $8000.

Embrace . Solicit 18.stubborn 24. Belated 17.liberate 17.close examination 23. Meager . Acumen . Whet . Lethargy - transient scope to pile (collect) tenacious diverge (turn) agree (accept) wane (drop) reject linger (stay close) serene (calm) usurp (reprove) estrange (isolate) dissipate (dismiss) conviction crave (desire) too late beseech (seek) border reveal obstruct whim (impulse) to deserve suffocate stupor (lazy) 50 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT .scanty 6. Latitude 3. Lament . Latent . Annihilate . Obstinate . Enounce 9. Instigate 14.distress 18.coax. Cargo . To merit 23. Subside 8. Incentive . Momentary 2. Caprice 22. Pretentious . Adhesive 5. Tranquil 11.stealthy (secret) 2. Belief 15.potential 15.prudence 5. Cajole . Veer 6. Confiscate . Efface . Misery . Concur 7. Baffle .friendly 12. Furtive . Hover 10. Metamorphosis . Admonish 12. Brim 19. Fuse .remorse (regret) 11.frustrate 8. Stifle (smother) 24.ostentatious (affected) 3. Alienate 13.exactness 21.to destroy 20.appropriate (to take charge) 16. Divulge 20.10.hug (hold-cuddle) 14.mourn 10. Emancipate .transform 22. General Knowledge and Aptitude Development Exercises 1. Amiable .sharpen 1.freight (load) 7.obliterate (wipe out) 9.provocation 4.combine 25. Tamper 21. Scrutiny . flatter 13. Compunction . Covet 16. Discretion . Heap 4.

mislead 51 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . collection connotation = suggest or implied meaning of expression discretion = prudence compunction = remorse (regret) amiable = friendly cajole = coax (wheedle – sweet talk) incentive = provocation embrace = hug (hold-cuddle) latent = potential confiscate = appropriate (to take charge) emancipate = liberate lament = mourn confiscate = appropriate obstinate = stubborn acumen = exactness metamorphosis = transform scrutiny = close examination annihilate = to destroy whet = sharpen behest = request adage = proverb penitence = to repeat lethargy = stupor (lazy) volume = quantity furtive = stealthy (secret) meager = scanty cargo = freight(load) baffle = frustrate pretentious = ostentatious(affected) volatile = ever changing expedite = hasten surplus = excessive affinity = strong liking fluctuation = wavering empirical = experimental retrospective = review fallible = liable to error egregious = bad truncate = shorten by cutting decomposition = rotten equivocate = lie. General Knowledge and Aptitude Development Exercises admonish = usurp (reprove) merry = gay alienate = estrange (isolate) instigate = incite dispel = dissipate (dismiss) belief = conviction covet = crave (desire) belated = too late solicit = beseech (seek) brim = border subside = wane (drop) renounce = reject hover = linger (stay close) divulge = reveal heap = to pile (collect) adhesive = tenacious veer = diverge (turn) hamper = obstruct caprice = whim (impulse) to merit = to deserve stifle = suffocate (smother) inert = passive latitude = scope momentary = transient tranquil = serene (calm) admonish = cautious efface = obliterate(wipe out) conciliation= make less angry or more friendly intermittent = stopping and then starting preponderant= superiority of power or quality vacillate = undecided or dilemma deprecate = feel and express disapproval assess = determine the amount or value litigation = engaging in a law suit negotiate = discuss or bargain expedient = fitting proper.10. desirable conglomeration = group.

opposite 16] Agrarian = related to agriculture 17] Vacillate = undecided or dilemma 18] Simulate = produce artificially resembling an existing one 20] Access = to approach 21] Compensation= salary 22] Truncate = shorten by cutting 23] Adherence = stick 24] Heterogeneous = non-similar things 25] Surplus = excessive 26] Assess = determine the amount or value 27] Cognizance = knowledge 28] Retrospective = review 29] Naive = innocent .10. approachable 40] Decomposable = rotten 41] Egregious = especially bad 42] Conglomeration = group 43] Aberration = deviation 44] Erudite = wise. depression. quality of being credible 52 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . devaluation 2] Deprecate = feel and express disapproval 3] Incentive = thing one encourages one to do 4] Echelon = level of authority or responsibility 5] Innovation = make changes or introduce new things 6] Intermittent = externally stopping and then starting 7] Detrimental = harmful 8] Conciliation = make less angry or more friendly 9] Orthodox = conventional or superstitious 10] Fallible = liable to errors 12] Volatile = ever changing 13] Manifestation = clear or obvious 14] Connotation = idea 15] Reciprocal = reverse. rustic 30] Equivocate = tallying on both sides 31] Postulate = frame a theory 32] Latent = potential 33] Fluctuate = wavering 34] Eliminate = to reduce 35] Affinity = strong liking 36] Expedite = hasten 37] Console = to show sympathy 38] Adversary = opposition 39] Affable = lovable. profound 45] Augury = prediction 46] Credibility = ability to common belief. General Knowledge and Aptitude Development Exercises 1] Depreciation = deflation.

1. Admonish= usurp 2. Alienate = estrange 3. Belief = conviction 4. Baffle = puzzle 5. Brim = edge 6. Covet = to desire 7. Caprice = whim 8. Concur = agree 9. Confiscate = appropriate 10. Cargo = load, luggage 11. Dispel = scatter 12. Divulge = reveal, make known, disclose 13. Discretion = prudence 14. Emancipate = liberate 15. Efface = obliterate 16. Embrace = hug, hold, cuddle 17. Furtive = stealthy 18. Hamper = obstruct 19. Heap = to pile 20. Hover = linger

21. Incentive = spur 22. Instigate = incite 23. Inert = passive 24. Latitude = freedom from narrow limitations 25. Lament = wail 26. Momentary = for small time 27. Merit = to deserve 28. Miserable = unhappy, sad 29. Obstinate = stubborn 30. Overt = obvious, clear, explicit, open 31. Pretentious = ostentatious 32. Potential = latent 33. Renounce= give up, reject 34. Solicit = Humble, urge 35. Subside = settle down, descend 36. Stifle = suppress, extinguish 37. Tranquil = calm, silent, serene 38. To merit = to deserve 39. Volume = quantity 40. Veer = change in direction

Choose the word or phrase that is most nearly similar in meaning to the word in capital letters. 11. Rife (1) direct (2) scant

(3) peaceful

(4) grim

(5) mature

12. APOCALYPTIC (1) insular (2) complaisant 13. CAVIL (1) starry (2) criticize 14. BLAND (1) caustic (2) meager 15 CORROBORATE (1) confirm (2) orate 16. JAUNTY (1) youthful (2) ruddy

(3) crass (4) prophetic (5) false

(3) cold

(4) fundamental

(5) porous

(3) soft

(4) uncooked

(5) helpless

(3) disturb

(4) apply

(5) whisper

(3) strong

(4) untraveled

(5) sedate
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Communication Language Lab

SCOEIT

10. General Knowledge and Aptitude Development Exercises

17. BOISTEROUS (1) successful (2) democratic (3) noisy

(4) ambitious

(5) lamentable

18.TENUOUS (1) vital (2) thin (3) careful (4) dangerous (5) necessary 19. ALIMENTARY (1) nourishing (2) prior

(3) exterior

(4) private (5) cautious

20.DELETERIOUS (1) delaying (2) experimental (3) harmful (4) graduating (5) glorious Sample interview Question Answers:1.) How much salary You r Expecting? Answer1: I would expect a salary which reflects the experience and qualifications that I bring to the role. Answer 2: I’ve got a strong background in this industry and my skills are a perfect match for this role. I would expect my compensation to be at the upper end of the position’s salary band. Answer 3: Based on the information I have about the position, a salary in the range 15,000 - 18,000 would reflect the experience and expertise that I would bring to the role. 2.) Why did you take HR as a specialization? Basically i am a peoples person and enjoy interacting with different levels of people which is a basic requisite for any HR Personnel.Even i belive i can excel in people management too and hence for me HR is the right field where i can utilise my skills 3.) What kind of person would you refuse to work with? This is a very tricky question to test your attitude to others. So you must start the answer in a positive note.Eg., Well, I am a person, who can work with all kinds of people. However, I feel bit uncomfortable to work with persons of selfish and ingratitude in nature. 4.) What have you done to improve your knowledge in the last year? Every should learn from his mistake. I always try to consult my mistakes with my kith and kin especially with elderly and experienced person.

54 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT

10. General Knowledge and Aptitude Development Exercises

5.) What is more important to you: the money or the work? Money and work both are like siblings. But I believe when you work hard; money will flow to you. So work is more important than money. Only hard work can help you put another feather in your success cap. 6.) Why do you want to join in industry?

Industry is a place where the graduates have the opportunity to apply their skills n knowledge which they learn from their respective institutions. so feel industry is a best way for a person to applying their practical knowledge. 7.) Are you a team player? While answering this question, try to keep yourself on both sides. For example, if the interviewer asks if you prefer to work alone or on a team, he may be trying to get you to say you are one way or the other. But you don't have to play this game. The reality is that most jobs require us to work both independently and in teams. Your response to this question should show that you have been successful in both situations or (In case you don’t find yourself comfy with team work say this) - I believe in individual work recognition [this would not put your weakness in front of others that strongly, Remember people who take interviews are super masters, do not fool them] 1. Tell me about yourself 2. What are your greatest strengths? 3. What are your greatest weaknesses? 4. Tell me about something U did-or failed to do-that U now feel a little ashamed of. 5. Why are you leaving (or did you leave) this position? 6. The “Silent Treatment” 7. Why should I hire you? 8. Aren’t you overqualified for this position? 9. Where do you see yourself 5 years from now? 10. Describe your ideal company, location and job. 11. Why do you want to work at our company? 12. What are your career options right now? 13. Why have you been out of work so long? 14. Tell me honestly about the strong points and weak points of your boss (company, management team,...) 15. What good books have you read lately? 16. Tell me about a situation when your work was criticized.

55 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT

. Looking back. General Knowledge and Aptitude Development Exercises 17. Where could you use some improvement? 45. Why have you had so many jobs? 36. What changes would you make if you came on board? 31. How do you feel abt reporting to a younger person (minority. How do you feel about working nights and weekends? 33. Can you work under pressure? 24. Would you lie for the company? 21. What do you see as the proper role/mission of… 37. I’m concerned that you don’t have as much experience as we’d like in… 32. Could you have done better in your last job? 23. woman. 29. What are your outside interests? 18. Have you been absent from work more than a few days in any previous position? 30. Have you consider starting your own business? 56 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . what would you do if he still did not change his ways? 41. Do you have the stomach to fire people? Have you had experience firing many people? 35. Why aren’t you earning more money at this stage of your career? 26. What would you say to your boss if he’s crazy about an idea. What would you do if a fellow executive on your own corporate level wasn’t pulling his/her weight…and this was hurting your department? 40. Give me an example of your creativity 44. What was the toughest challenge you’ve ever faced? 50. Are you willing to relocate or travel? 34. Who has inspired you in your life and why? 27. May I contact your present employer for a reference? 43.. What do you worry about? 46. what would you do differently in your life? 22. What makes you angry? 25. How could you have improved your career progress? 39. What’s the most difficult part of being a (job title)? 48.)? 20. How many hours a week do you normally work? 47. but you think it stinks? 38.10. Tell me about the most boring job you’ve ever had. You’ve been with your firm a long time. The “Fatal Flaw” question 19. What was the toughest decision you ever had to make? 28. The “Hypothetical Problem” 49. 42.

General Knowledge and Aptitude Development Exercises 51. have you done your best work? 62. 57 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . rate me as an interviewer. The Illegal Question 56. “The Salary Question” – How much money do you want? 55. How do u define success & how do u measure up to ur own definition? 59. Why should I hire you from the outside when I could promote someone from within? 63. What was the toughest part of your last job? 58. What are your goals? 52. The “Secret” Illegal Question 57. would you still work? 61.. If you won $10 million lottery. Tell me something negative you’ve heard about our company 64. On a scale of one to ten. Sell me this stapler.. 54. Looking back on your last position. What do you for when you hire people? 53. “The Opinion Question” 60.10.

Outline • Meeting Management – A Leadership Responsibility • Why Effective Meetings? • Elements of an Effective Meeting • Types of Meetings • The Meeting – Before the Meeting  Agenda  Group Dynamics Personality Types – During the Meeting  Parliamentary Procedures  Meeting Room Arrangements  Roles: Chair. Secretary.11. Members in General  How to Deal with Disruptive Members – After the Meeting Additional Thoughts Meeting Management – A Leadership Responsibility 58 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . Meetings & procedures AIM : To Learn the procedure & purpose of meetings OBJECTIVE: To make students understand & learn o how to conduct an effective meeting o how to manage it well o Leaderrship responsibilities THEORY: Preliminary Thoughts Who likes a meeting… • Without a clearly defined agenda • That seems to drag-on forever • That rambles from topic-to-topic • That ends without any apparent result? These types of meetings are • Frustrating A waste of one of the most valuable resources of any organization – time.

00/hour – $240.00 Total – $440. elevated.00 • Not-for-profit or professional society environment • volunteers do not want their time wasted in-effective meetings cause discontent Meetings Characteristics of negative meetings†:  83% – drift from the subject  77% – poor preparation  74% – questionable effectiveness  68% – lack of listening  62% – verbose participants  60% – length 51% – lack of participation • Effective Meetings • What people are looking for in effective meetings‡:  88% – participation  66% – define the meeting’s purpose  62% – address each item on the agenda  59% – assign follow-up action  47% – record discussion  46% – invite essential personnel 59 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . Meetings & procedures Many people are promoted. or elected into leadership positions without receiving any formal training or education on how to run an effective meeting.00 engineers: $ 60.11.00/hour – $200. Why Effective Meetings? • Time: a critical resource • Opportunity Costs • For-profit environment. example: a one-hour meeting with 2 managers and 4 engineers: manager: $100.

Meetings & procedures 36% – publish an agenda PRACTISE ASSIGNMENTS / EXERCISE / MODIFICATIONS:    To make the student conduct meetings by giving some scinarios Give them opportunity to become a leader Make them write minutes of meeting 60 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT .11.

The course aims at enabling students to revise. It maximizes study time by focusing on essential language and skills and developing effective learning strategies. speaking. Phonetics etc.  Broadcasting facility could be utilised for conducting both reading and listening comprehension  One to one as well as one to many conversation facility in the software may be utilised for making corrections. Vocabulary. Practical: 2 hrs / week Marks Examination Term work: 50 Learning Objectives         Provide a sound grammatical and functional framework and systematic practice of key language Present language in relevant and realistic situations Develop an essential Business English vocabulary Integrate pronunciation practice with the main language points Build confidence by developing tactics to help learners control conversations and avoid communication breakdowns Motivate learners with activities to check their progress Encourage learners to talk about their own jobs and experiences Raise awareness of the cultural aspects of business communication Overview This course is designed for students with a limited knowledge of English who now want to communicate simply and confidently in a range of job-related situations. reading and writing skills with exposure to Business English. Teaching methodology in a Language Lab  Teaching with one to one and one to many control with the teacher. It will allow systematic coverage of Grammar & Vocabulary through natural recycling of language. The course will enable students to speak and write simple English in a range of everyday situations as well as communicate effectively in business environment. Writing Skills. Students learn listening. It will also focus on remedial teaching. remedial teaching and discussions with students 61 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT .Appendix A. University Syllabus 214445 COMMUNICATIONS AND LANGUAGE LABORATORY Teaching Scheme scheme Lectures: 1hr/week. This facility may be utilised for teaching topics like Grammar. consolidate and extend their command of English grammar and vocabulary.

interpretation of the information. Extempore. register. Listening Comprehension and Discussions based on Listening sessions in groups of 10. business idioms. General phonetics exercises in language laboratory. formation of correct sentences in various situations. PPT 7: Meeting Purpose. Planning. Group Discussion. delivery and assessment of activities like: Public Speaking. Body Language. Covering Letters. Communication barriers. Physical arrangements 62 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT . Comprehension with various purposes such as finding precise information. Minutes of meeting. vowels. Presentation Skills.          Conference grouping could be used for conducting GDs Word chatting Pairing discussion may be used for conducting various activities to improve communication skills Students demonstration Class tests Student monitoring by teacher Audio recording Audio on demand (by students) Video on demand (by students) Material upload ( by teacher for upgradation of teaching material) 1: Vocabulary building: Vocabulary building expressions used in day to day situations. Expressing agreement or disagreement politely. Pronunciation practice. business expressions. common mistakes and how to avoid them. E-mail Etiquettes. Resume. British and American English 2: Phonetics Consonants. Practice in language laboratory. minutes of meeting. polite requests.) Technical Reports 6: Communication Skills Formality and politeness. understanding the gist 5: Writing Skills Business Correspondence: Business Letters. telephone language. participation. preparation. the tense: structure and use. 3: Grammar Functional Grammar. brochures etc. Telephone etiquettes. word stress. abbreviations. word & phrases useful in a professional context. Procedure. Reported speech and its use in spoken communication 4: Reading & Listening Skills Reading Comprehension. elementary intonation. Chairmanship. Technical Writing: Introduction to Technical Writing (Manuals. Interview Skills. auxiliary verbs and various ways in which each can be used.

Sound. Recognizing stress. video etc 10: Effective Stress Management Sources of stress. Organization. 9: Audio Visual aids Basic Principles and guidelines. Development of Power Point presentation on any technical or non technical topic with animation. Managing emotional and physical stress 63 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT .8: Group Discussion Group Dynamics. Group discussion for any 4 technical/non technical topics. types of aids and use. Purpose.

Assignment No. Assignment separator for the students journal.: Date: Title : Signature of Staff with Date: 64 Communication Language Lab SCOEIT .B.