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Server 9th grade Literature, 1st period 10 October 2011 The Cold War ―The United States and the Soviet Union shared a mutual distrust that existed years before the onset of the Cold War‖ (Cold War). After World War II, the expansion of the Soviet Union was a threat to the western powers, while the Soviet Union feared that the western powers would overthrow their communist regime (Cold War). That was how the Cold War began (Cold War). The Berlin Wall was one of the events in the Cold War (Berlin Wall). Germany was split into two sides and the border was the Berlin Wall (Berlin Wall). On the west side is the Western Powers and on the East side of the wall is the Soviet Union (Berlin Wall). Since 1958 the Soviet Union wanted the Western Powers to leave all their occupation rights to the Berlin left over from the WWII; when Kennedy became president on 1961, the Soviet leader stepped up his demands and the United States pulled out (Berlin Wall). ―The Soviets promptly threatened to sign a separate peace with East Germany, thus in their eyes ending Allied occupation rights in Berlin‖ (Berlin Wall). ―Sensing that the dispute was going to drag on, and unwilling to risk a nuclear war over Berlin, Kennedy took steps to ensure that the United States had sufficient troops in the city so that the Soviets could drive them out only at great cost‖ (Berlin Wall). The leaders tried to end the dispute, but neither would cooperate (Berlin Wall). So the dispute just dragged on (Berlin Wall). ―On 13 August 1961 East Germany began erecting around West Berlin a nine-foot-wall—topped with barbed wire and guarded by soldiers—to keep

starting the Korean War (Cold War). it’s the Space Race (Grant 20). the United States helped establish the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization and provided neutral Asian nations tremendous military support. The new colonies had a really hard time choosing which side (Grant 20). the Soviet Union maintained a lead in space exploration in the early 1960’s‖ (Grant 20). The Soviet Union negotiated an alliance with Communist North Korea and attacked South Korea. On October 3rd. The war lasted for three years. Laos.S. Another event was the Korean War. though guerrilla warfare persisted‖ (Cold War). the Americans started to desperately try to catch up (Grant 20). astronauts on the moon in July 1969 allowed the Americans to claim credibly to have won the space race‖ (Grant 20). from 1950-1953 (Cold War). and Vietnam. ―The landing of U. There was a lot of tension between the two superpowers. Families and friends reunited with one another (Berlin Wall). There was also a race between the two superpowers. The Americans tried to fight back with as many new ways to get to the moon (Grant 20). ―Although the United States soon launched its own first satellite. Many Americans was proud of winning the race (Grant 20). When the Soviet Union had the first man to orbit the Earth. ―Communist China supported guerrillas in Cambodia. It shows that the western technology was more enhanced than the Soviet Union’s. 1990 west and east sides of Germany reunited as one again (Berlin Wall).East Germans from crossing into West Berlin and defecting to the West‖ (Berlin Wall). Many Americans were upset about this (Grant 20). knowing . In response. Many people fear of what would happen next (Berlin Wall). but when Mikhail Gorbachev took control in Moscow. ―The contest for prestige between the two superpowers was crucial in a world in which many newly independent former colonies were choosing between the capitalist and communist ideologies and economic system‖ (Grant 20). There was joy on people’s faces again (Berlin Wall). A lot of aircrafts flew over the Berlin Wall and dropped food and supplies for the needed (Berlin Wall).

and democracy within Communist bloc countries (Cold War). .that the Soviet’s economy is failing. openness. he tried to reform economic restructures. Then in 1990 Gorbachev polices and Soviet Union’s economy fail overthrew the communist governments in many countries (Cold War). ―The downfall of the Soviet Union officially ended the Cold War‖ (Cold War).

Web. Thomas Carson and Mary Bonk. Gale Encyclopedia of U. Ed. 1999. 5 Oct. Web. 1999.G. Grant. ©2008.S. The Cold War. Gale Encyclopedia of U. Detroit: Gale. ―Cold War‖. R. Minnesota s6001. Economic History. 2011. 4. 1957‖. Arcturus Publishing Limited. Gale Biography In Context. Thomas Carson and Mary Bonk. ―First Sputnik Launch – Oct.―Cold War‖. Detroit: Gale. Mankato. Economic History. Gale Biography In Context. . Ed. 7 Oct.S. 2011.