This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Employee Health & Safety Health & Safety Inspection Report on Laxmi Narayan Temple
Professor: GEET RAMSAMOOJ
Submitted By: Hemant dani Amandeep Singh Hayer Arshpreet Kaur Muhammad Sohail Saddique Lisa Maxam
Health & Safety Inspection for Laxmi Narayan Temple, Scarborough 2
Part One: Executive Summary : The purpose of the report is to identify health & safety hazards and the risks associated with them in an organization so as to suggest appropriate control measures. Organizations have a legal responsibility to ensure the health and safety of its employees and the people affected by it. Poor health and safety leads to illness and accidents and significant costs for the organization. Effective health and safety practices pay for themselves. They also improve the organizations’ reputation with customers, regulators and its own employees. Most employees also have the expectation that their workplace will offer a safe environment in which to do work. For the purpose of the assignment we conducted the health and safety assessment at Laxmi Narayan Hindu Temple, Scarborough. We went to the temple for a pre-inspection to get an idea about the layout of the temple. It helped us in deciding our route for inspection. After identifying the hazards, they were assessed and accordingly control measures recommended. The employees were educated about the importance of following safe work practices and how to identify and prevent hazards. The main methods used for conducting the inspection are – group discussions on the route to be taken, what strategy to use etc; Observations – most of the hazards were identified through close and thorough observation and Interviewing – the head priest, the president and the fire safety technician were interviewed to gather information about previous health & safety inspections conducted, their results and future plans of introducing and fixing the hazards.
Health & Safety Inspection for Laxmi Narayan Temple, Scarborough 3
The main hazard identified during the inspection: 1. Burner left ON and unattended 2. hot plate with no indicator 3. knifes not being stored properly 4. Fire sprinkler blocked by stacked vessels 5. Fire safety plan and escape route not displayed on bulletin board 6. Un-mounted fire extinguisher lying in the main hall 7. Inspection details missing on fire extinguishers 8. The entrance gate had bricks as stopper 9. Poor lightening 10. 11. excessive workload on the employees No designated storage area for cleaning agents.
After assessing the hazards, we recommended a safety training programme for employees because we realized that most of the hazards were associated with unsafe work practices. The training wouldn’t cost the organization more than $100.00 per person. We also suggested replacing bulbs in walkways to have proper lightening to avoid accidents and injuries that could be associated with moving in dark places. The bulbs would cost the organization approximately $20.00-30.00. We also recommended that the organization make a one-time investment of approximately $2000.00 in buying a hot plate which would indicate if its hot. We recommended this investment keeping in mind that the hot plate is not only used by the employees(priests) but also volunteers
Health & Safety Inspection for Laxmi Narayan Temple, Scarborough 4 and the organization could be held liable for any injury caused to volunteers as a result of the temple’s negligence.
Part Two: Workplace H&S Pre-inspection overview: Our team conducted the Health & Safety Inspection at Laxmi Narayan Hindu Temple, Scarborough. The person contacted was the President of the temple Mr. Raghubir Dogra and the Head Priest Mr. Nand Raj Sharma. Mr. Sharma for the building and the kitchen. The kitchen is used to cook food that is served to around 100 worshippers everyday. Mr. Sharma is assisted by volunteer cooks and assistants to serve the food.
Health & Safety Inspection report of the latest inspection conducted was obtained from the temple’s Fire Safety Technician. P. K. Electrical Co. Inc. is the contractor who conducts inspections in the temple. The certificates obtained from him are attached to this report. The temple did not have Joint Health & Safety Committee or Representative since most of the employees were volunteer workers. When asked about the use of fire extinguishers and the fire safety plan, the priest said that he did not receive training to operate the fire extinguishers and did not know where the fire safety plan was in the building.
Our team used the following tools for conducting the Inspection: 1. Walkthrough Inspection Instructions 2. Inspection checklist 3. Camera to capture hazards
Health & Safety Inspection for Laxmi Narayan Temple, Scarborough 5 4. An interview with the President Mr.Dogra, Head priest ‘Nand Raj Sharma’ and the Fire safety technician regarding safe work practices and their policies. Mr.Dogra can be reached at 416 671 7653, Mr. Sharma can be reached at 416 284 6282 and the safety contactor can be reached at 416 904 7308.
We also reviewed the government statistics for the accident and injury cases in cultural tourism sector and food & beverage industry and found that on a five year average between 2003 and 2007, 24% claims were made for injuries due to struck by object, 14% due to contact with temperature extremes, 13% due to overexertion, 2% due to repetitive motion and 3% due to falls.
The Inspection was conducted on November 17, 2010 between 5:30pm and 7:00pm. The approval for Inspection was taken from priest Nand Raj Sharma on November 12, 2010. The temple is located at 1 Morningview Trail, Scarborough M1B 5A8.
Part Three: Major Findings 1. S1: Energy/Fire Hazard: Burner was left ON and unattended The kitchen in the temple had three burners. There was a hot plate on one side of the burners and a sink on the other side. When we entered the kitchen for inspection, the middle burner was left ON and was unattended. It was not being used for cooking. The burner had a very low flame. The burner was attached to a gasoline supply. This posed a class “A” potential hazard. The low flame from the burner could lead to an explosion in the kitchen since gasoline is highly explosive and flammable. There was a lot of grease
Health & Safety Inspection for Laxmi Narayan Temple, Scarborough 6 and dirt on the burners too. The vents on the burners seemed clogged. This meant that the vents may not properly light up and other vents on the burner will spew out more gas as a result. A spark in the kitchen could easily lead to an explosion.
2. S2: Energy/FireHazard: Hot Plate with no Indicator The hot plate was located in the kitchen next to the burners. As we went closer to the hot plate to inspect it, we realized that it was very hot. There was no indicator of nay kind to indicate that the hot plate was hot or cold. The hot plate had no lid to cover it making people working in the kitchen more prone to burns and injuries. Long hours of working at the hot plate could also lead to heat stress during summer. To add to it, there were no ventilators. Such hot environment can overwhelm the body's coping mechanisms leading to a variety of serious and possibly fatal conditions.
3. S3: Work Practice hazard: Knives not stored properly During our inspection we found that knives were lying around on worktops in the kitchen and main hall at various places. Even the knives that were stored were stored with rolling pins in a basket under the worktop. The temple is a public place and patrons often visit temple with their kids. Kids are naturally curious about things do not perceive the danger a knife can cause. There is a great risk that kids could easily access these knives and may hurt themselves or others. Even for the people working in kitchen, they could easily cut their hand or finger when trying to take the rolling pin out.
Health & Safety Inspection for Laxmi Narayan Temple, Scarborough 7
4. S4: Work Practice/Fire Hazard: Fire Sprinkler blocked by Vessels A fire sprinkler is the part of a fire sprinkler system that discharges water when the effects of a fire have been detected, such as when a predetermined temperature has been reached. One of the sprinklers on the ceiling of the kitchen drew our attention. It was right above the shelf where huge utensils/vessels were stored. The distance between the sprinkler and the utensils was small. Such practice blocks the sprinkler’s effective range. According to OHSA no items within 18" of the ceiling in buildings with automatic fire sprinklers should be stored, except along a wall. This is particularly important when sprinklers are located near shelving units. The employees were unaware of its danger. If the sprinkler is too close, it would not work when it first detects the effects of fire, thus leading to greater damage. If fire breaks out, the flames would spread in no time. Even if fire claims no lives, it can still be devastating. According to research a sprinkler adds about 1 percent to the cost of a building but (fitted alongside a smoke alarm) can reduce the risk of death in a home fire by 82 percent. Therefore every possible attempt should be made to maintain the effective working of the sprinkler.
5. H1: Biological Hazard: Cleaning agents & Sanitizers not stored properly During the course of Health & Safety inspection it was observed that the cleaning detergents and sanitizers were placed right below the sink in the kitchen which was very close to the burners too. Most of the cleaning agents are corrosive, flammable and reactive. They contain ammonia and chlorine solutions which can cause skin, eye, and nose irritations. There was a bleach container underneath the sink which when
Health & Safety Inspection for Laxmi Narayan Temple, Scarborough 8 combined with ammonia (as a result of spillage, not being closed, transfer etc) can form toxic chloramines gas which can be fatal. No Personal Protective Equipment was used while washing or doing dishes. There were no automated detergent dispensers. Since workers were not cautious about using appropriate PPE, they were at high risk. There were no gloves, goggles, aprons, proper footwear etc for the workers. It can be seen from the pictures that there was no designated covered storage area. Detergents and sprays being flammable and combustible could increase the potential risk of fire including spontaneous combustion.
H2:Ergonomic Hazard: Poor Lightening
As we walked through the entrance towards the kitchen, we found that the ramp was dark. This ramp was also the only way to get to washrooms on the lower floor. At the same time the floor was steep. Poor lighting obstructs one’s view. Therefore, in order to respond to a problem, things should be visible otherwise employees’ and visitor’s exposure to a dark environment may lead to slips, trips, falls, and other possible injuries. It was very risky especially for old people and kids. Therefore, lighting should be replaced immediately to prevent tripping or slipping due to a change in floor condition (uneven stairs and floor) etc. Poor lightening is also a health hazard from an ergonomic point of view. Too little light strains eyes and may cause eye discomfort (burning, etc.) and headaches.
Health & Safety Inspection for Laxmi Narayan Temple, Scarborough 9 7. S5: Work Practice Hazard: Fire Safety Plan not displayed
The Fire and Safety Plan box and bulletin board were located near the entrance door. To our surprise, fire safety plan was inside a box that was locked. A fire safety plan contains all the important information regarding the process through which the potential hazards can be located and controlled. It outlines any possible structural hazards and gives the knowledge of where we are in the building. It also displays the emergency fire escape route. Moreover there were no emergency services numbers displayed on bulletin board nor emergency evacuation plan in case of fire, power failure, gas leak, chemical spill etc. It was also important to note that there was no automated external defibrillator in the entire building which was a clear violation of law stating that all organizations having access to public must install AEDs.
S6: Work Practice/Fire/Chemical Hazard: Un-mounted Fire Extinguisher
One of the fire extinguishers on the second floor in the main hall was lying on the floor near the wall which could be extremely dangerous if it comes in to contact with kids who aren’t aware of the repercussion of mishandling such equipment. According to the research if human beings are exposed to low concentrations (less than 4 percent) of carbon dioxide for up to 30 minutes then dilation of cerebral blood vessels, increased pulmonary ventilation, increased oxygen delivery to the tissues and impaired brain function may occur. (Gibbs et al. 1943, Patterson et al. 1955). It is a fact to be noted that to prevent fire extinguishers from being moved or damaged, they should be mounted on brackets or in wall cabinets with the carrying handle placed 3-1/2 to 5 feet
Health & Safety Inspection for Laxmi Narayan Temple, Scarborough 10 above the floor. According to the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA), fire extinguishers should be 3.5 to 5 feet above the floor.
S7: Work Practice Hazard: Bricks used as gate/door stopper
At the entrance of the temple, there was a huge gate. One half of the gate had a stopper that was holding it right in its place. The other half of the gate was being stopped in its place by huge bricks instead of a stopper. The entrance is the way for patrons to get into the temple and it also leads to parking. Bricks holding a huge gate pose a great danger. Firstly anyone could trip over, fall and may even hurt his head. It could cause fatal damage. Secondly, strong winds could swing the gate away and it could strike someone entering the temple or a car or vehicle entering the parking lot. The damage can be life threatening.
S8: Work Practice Hazard: Missing Inspection details on Fire Extinguishers
During the course of inspection it was found that all of the fire extinguishers, which were installed in the premises, did not have any inspection details which made it impossible to determine their last inspection date and functionality. The inspection sheets attached to the extinguishers were completely blank. No last or first date of inspection was printed on the inspection cards. We did check whether the fire extinguishers were at operating pressure by checking the round pressure gauge situated at the top part of the extinguisher. The current employee’s were not properly trained to respond in an emergency situation. Even they were not aware how to use the fire extinguishers. The
Health & Safety Inspection for Laxmi Narayan Temple, Scarborough 11
improper use of a portable fire extinguisher can transmute small fires to huge ones. Due to lack of adequate training and knowledge it was seen that workers were unable to distinguish between the different fire extinguishers used for different purposes.
11. H3: Psycho-social Hazard: Work Load According to the World Health Organization (WHO), work-related stress is ‘the response people may experience when presented with work demands and pressures that are not matched to their knowledge and abilities and which challenge their ability to cope. While inspecting the Temple we found a single person working in isolation in the kitchen. The worker during the interview the told that at many times there are no volunteers to help him, moreover he felt stressed, strained and stagnant. He was the only person working for longer hours and was responsible to cook food for 100 people every day. Job stress and working for long hours could lead to physical and mental health issues caused by the nature of the work. Many injuries or stress-related illnesses associated with work are developed slowly with the passage of time. For instance, repetitive motions affect workers' health and safety at risk. We observed that the worker was rapidly moving his hand and wrist while cutting, chopping and cooking which may lead pain that can be extended into Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Minor injuries were frequent as there was a general lack of information for safety to the employee’s. Moreover we found that worker was very much stressful, dejected and frustrated. All hazards and their assessment are summarized in a table on next page.
Health & Safety Inspection for Laxmi Narayan Temple, Scarborough 12 Best Practices: Industry best practices emphasize on employee occupational health and safety orientation programs when someone first joins an organization. For preventing slips and falls especially in kitchens, slip resistant shoes from “shoes for crews’ at $30.00 per pair are being considered by most organizations. Another best practice is making safety a priority by regularly sending messages to employees, updating bulletin boards, training employees etc. The importance of Internal Responsibility System is being highlighted where everyone in the workplace will do their part to keep the workplace safe and healthy.
Laws found being violated in the findings: 1. Occupational health and safety act section 25 , s (1) 2. Occupational health and safety act section 38 , s (1) (a) 3. Fire protection and prevention act 1997 section 12 , s (b) (c) (e)
Health & Safety Inspection for Laxmi Narayan Temple, Scarborough 13
Workplace Hazard Assessment & Inspection Form
1. Work Area/Flow 2. Hazard Category 3. Identified Hazards 4. Assessment (see definitions below) 1. Severity (0-6) 2. Frequency (1-3) 3. Probability (-1 to +1) 4. Hazard Class (A, B, or C)
Energy / Fire Hazard Kitchen (Cooking Area) Energy/ Fire Hazard Work Practice Hazard Work Practice/ Fire Hazard
Burner left ON and unattended
Hot Plate with no Indicator Knifes not stored properly Fire Sprinkler blocked by stacked vessels Cleaning agents & Sanitizers not stored properly Poor Lightening Fire safety plan locked & not displayed Un-mounted Fire extinguisher Bricks being used as a gate stopper Fire extinguishers did not have any inspection details Work Load
Ergonomic Work Practice Hazard Chemical / Work Practice / Fire Hazard Safety /Work Practice Hazard
Main Hall, Kitchen & Walkways Employee
Chemical / Work Practice Hazard Psychosocial
Health & Safety Inspection for Laxmi Narayan Temple, Scarborough 14 Part Four: Recommendations to control /minimize risk of the hazard • Burner left ON and unattended: The employees need safety training on safe work practices. They need to be made aware of the dangers and risks of leaving the burner ON in the kitchen. • Hot Plate with No Indicator: The management of the temple should invest in a new hot plate that comes with indicators if the hot plate is hot. Volunteers besides the priest often use the kitchen. The temple could be held liable for injury to the volunteers because of defective equipment. • Knifes not stored properly: Employees should be trained on proper use and storage of knifes. Making them aware of the dangers associated with leaving knifes anywhere could save potential incidents from occurring. • Fire Sprinkler blocked by stacked vessels: Employees need to be trained on safety measures in the temple. They should be given training on how sprinklers work and how effective they are. Understanding the importance of sprinklers could make them use safe working practices. • Storage of cleaning agents and Sanitizers: Because of the flammable and combustible nature of the cleaning agents, their proper storage needs to be emphasized. The safety training wouldn’t cost much to the organization but could avert major accidents. • Display of Fire Safety Plan: It is very important for organization of any size to display the emergency evacuation plan. Especially in public places, visitors and patrons who do not know the place well need to be aware of the locations and
Health & Safety Inspection for Laxmi Narayan Temple, Scarborough 15 where to go in emergency situations. The Ministry of Labour for endangering public safety could fine the organization. • Un-mounted Fire Extinguisher: It should be mounted at appropriate height as required by OHSA for safety and legal compliance. • Bricks being used as gate stopper: proper gate stopper should be installed according to the height and weight of the gate. • Poor lighting: Proper lights and bulbs must be installed in the building to make sure enough light is there in the building. • Excessive workload: More employees should be hired either full time or part time to ensure enough people are there to work on busy hours. • Inspection: Inspection of fire extinguishers should be done periodically from time to time. Most of the hazards are also related to Unsafe working practices. A safety awareness campaign or training could help educate employees or volunteers on safe working practices to avoid illnesses, injuries and accidents. Moreover visible reminders or posters could be put in the kitchen reminding employees of risks associated with unsafe work practices. Bulletin boards can also be updated regularly with safety messages, hazards etc and should also display fire safety plan. Management support is definitely required in all these initiatives. Safe work practices are not only a good practice but also a legal requirement under most health & safety legislation.
Health & Safety Inspection for Laxmi Narayan Temple, Scarborough 16 Summary of Recommendations
Work Area / Location Identified Hazard Hazard Category Recommendations: Action Burning Stove left Unattended Energy /Fire Hazard Safety Awareness/ installation of carbon monoxide detector Purchasing new equipment Safety training Type of Control Administrativ e Control/ Engineering control Engineering Control Administrativ e control Est. Cost $100.00 per month / $35.00 one time investment $2,000.00 one time investment $100.00 per month P R I M E Managema nt & employee Due Date Follow-up Actions Required/Tim ing / Primes Follow up inspection, random checks my management Follow up inspection by org Inspector Regular checks by management
Within 24 hrs (Nov 18th, 2010) Within 24 hrs Within a week/ Nov 24,201 0 Within a week Within a week
Hot Oven with no Indicator Knifes not stored properly
Energy/Fire Hazard Work Practice Hazard
Manageme nt Employee
Passage Bulletin Board Main Hall
Fire Sprinkler blocked by stacked utensils Cleaning agents & Sanitizers not stored properly Lightening Fire safety plan locked Un-mounted Fire extinguisher Bricks being used as a gate stopper Fire extinguishers did not have any inspection details Work Load
Work Practice Hazard Biological Hazard
Safety awareness Storage cabinet purchase
Administrativ e control Engineering control
$100.00 per month $150.00 one time investment $20.00 $100.00 per month $100.00 per month $100.00 per month
Regular checks by management Further inspection by temple inspector Temple inspector managemnt checks with 2 days Inspection by temple inspector (contractor) management & inspector checks Management checks to make sure future details are mentioned management investment
Manageme nt & Employee Manageme nt Manageme nt & employee Manageme nt Manageme nt & Employee Manageme nt & employee
Ergonomic Work Practice Hazard Chemical/ FireHazard Work practice Hazard Work Practice Hazard
Replacing bulbs Fire plan should be displayed Awareness of Laws /safety awareness Safety awareness
Engineering control Administrativ e control Administrativ e control Administrativ e control
Within a week With 24 hrs Within 24 hrs Wth 24 hrs
Main Hall, Kitchen, Walkway & Shoe Rack area Employe e
Administrativ e control
$100.00 per month
With 1 weeks/ By Nov 24, 2010 With a week
Hiring more employees
Health & Safety Inspection for Laxmi Narayan Temple, Scarborough 17 Conclusion: The importance of health and safety in any organization, any sector, any industry cannot be ignored. It's everyone's right to know that they will be returned home safely to the most important people in their life. Health and safety is an investment in the organization and the adage, “Prevention is better than cure” is apt in this case. Accidents happen and it is imperative for organizations to strive towards a ‘zero’ rate because they can prove very expensive if the organization is deemed liable. The money spent in hazard identification - risk assessment procedure, installation of new equipment or training is an investment rather than a loss. Accidents never happen they are always caused. Therefore, the first step towards attaining a safe and accident free workplace is promoting a responsible attitude by staff and management towards health and safety and prevention of accidents, illnesses and danger to the persons working in the organization. Its been rightly said “Better a thousand time careful than once dead”.
Health & Safety Inspection for Laxmi Narayan Temple, Scarborough 18 Part Five: Works Cited • • • • • • • • • http://www.authorsden.com/categories/article_top.asp?catid=23&id=43764 http://www.businessknowhow.com/manage/safety.htm www.ccohs.ca www.iapa.on.ca www.oshforevryone.org http://www.mhsao.com/ http://www.ossa.com/ http://safety-council.org/index.html www.wsib.on.ca
Health & Safety Inspection for Laxmi Narayan Temple, Scarborough 19 Part Six: Appendices 1. Floor Layout (Kitchen and Main Hall) 2. Pictures of Hazards 3. Inspection Checklist 4. P.K Electrical co. Inspection Report & Certificate of temple
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.