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Respiratory System

All animals need oxygen to live. Land animals get oxygen from the air. Without the oxygen in the air we cannot survive more than a few minutes. Breathing happens automatically, we do not have to even think about it. We breathe in order to take oxygen into our bodies and get rid of carbon dioxide. The oxygen is carried in the blood to all the body's cells. The air we breath out has 100 times more carbon dioxide than the air we breath in. What Are the Lungs and Respiratory System and What Do They Do?

Each day we breathe about 20,000 times. All of this breathing couldn't happen without help from the respiratory system, which includes the nose, throat, voice box, windpipe, and lungs. With each breath, you take in air through your nostrils and mouth, and your lungs fill up and empty out. As air is inhaled, the mucous membranes of the nose and mouth warm and humidify the air. Although we can't see it, the air we breathe is made up of several gases. Oxygen is the most important for keeping us alive because body cells need it for energy and growth. Without oxygen, the body's cells would die. Carbon dioxide is the waste gas that is produced when carbon is combined with oxygen as part of the body's energy-making processes. The lungs and respiratory system allow oxygen in the air to be taken into the body, while also enabling the body to get rid of carbon dioxide in the air breathed out. Respiration is the term for the exchange of oxygen from the environment for carbon dioxide from the body's cells. The process of taking air into the lungs is called inhalation or inspiration, and the process of breathing it out is called exhalation or expiration. Even if the air you breathe is dirty or polluted, your respiratory system filters out foreign matter and organisms that enter through the nose and mouth. Pollutants are breathed or coughed out, destroyed by digestive juices, or eaten by macrophages, a type of blood cell that patrols the body looking for germs to destroy.

Tiny hairs called cilia (pronounced: sih-lee-uh) protect the nasal passageways and other parts of the respiratory tract, filtering out dust and other particles that enter the nose with the breathed air. As air is inhaled, the cilia move back and forth, pushing any foreign matter (like dust) either toward the nostrils, where it is blown out, or toward the pharynx, where it travels through the digestive system and out with the rest of the body's waste. Respiratory System - Home Page The human body requires air to function. The heart pumps blood into the lungs, which are gas exchangers. Acting like a bellows, they absorb oxygen and give off carbon dioxide. The term "respiration" refers to this chemical process. We think of it as breathing. Our anatomical models are arranged across two pages. The first deals primarily with the overall function of the respiration system and the second emphasizes the lungs. There is overlap, so check them both out.

Cardiopulmonary System Fully three-dimensional and mounted on a hardwood base, the life-size unbreakable plastic anatomical model of the cardiopulmonary system includes lungs, trachea, heart, esophagus and complete larynx with vocal cords, all in the natural position. The right half of the larynx can be removed as well as the heart and half of the left lung which exposes the bifurcation off the trachea and bronchial tree, the pulmonary arteries and pulmonary veins. The heart itself splits in halves to shows its four chambers and valves, thus providing understanding of the directional blood flow there. Pulmonary circulation can also be easily traced and with major vessels of the

systematic circulation depicted, blood flow through the entire body can be demonstrated. 58 numbered structures are identified in the corresponding key. Overall dimensions are 17 x 11 x 6 inches