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Knowledge Domain 1: TEST PRINCIPLES AND CONCEPTS

1. Name the causes from which most of the testing problems occur.

Ans : Failure to define Test Objectives.


Lack of support from Development Team.
Lack of Training.
Lack of use of effective techniques.

2. In Cost Effective situation, the cost of testing is less than the resultant loss from undetected
defects.

3. As the cost of testing _increases_, the number of undetected defects _decreases.


a) decreases ; decreases
b) increases ; increases
c) increases ; decreases
d) decreases ; remains same
e) remains constant ; decreases

4. Optimum___ point in a testing cost curve (cost-effectiveness of testing curve) separates the
___Over Testing__condition and __Under Testing. condition.

5. At the optimum point condition in a testing cost curve, the cost of testing to uncover defects
___less_or same_____ the losses from those defects.

6. Define cost-effective perspective in testing.


Cost Effective way of Testing is a way to achieve maximum advantage out of testing
which means that Cost of Conduction Testing is less than the loss due to undetected
defects.

7. Name the criteria involved in a testing policy.


Two main criteria are
Test Policy should be Organizations Policy.
Testers should be involved from the beginning of the project. Not directly in the
end. As quality can not be tested in build product.

8. Testing cost curve is a graph plotted between __Cost of Testing and _Loss due to
undetected Defects.

9. Draw the Testing Cost Curve and the Optimum Test (where it occurs).
Test Cost Curve

Untected Defects
120
Loss Due to

100
80 Loss Due to
60 Untected
40 Defect
20 Testing Cost
0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Testing Cost

10. What is The Domino Effect ?

11. Name the technological developments that caused organizations to revise their approach to
testing.

12. What is testing policy?


Testing Policy is Organizational Senior Management Policy towards Testing which should
has impact on overall Organization.

13. Name the two components of the testing strategy and define them.
a. Test Factor : The issue that needs to be addressed in Testing.
b. Test Phase : The SDLC phase in which the test will be conducted.

14. _d______________ method, which is a true organizational policy, is used to establish a


testing policy.
a) Management Directive
b) Information Services Consensus Policy
c) Users Meeting
d) All the three above
e) None of the above

15. Quality /Testing Policy_______ is an organizational responsibility.

16. Management Directive____method) is an economical and effective method to write a testing


policy.

17. Testing after coding is the only Big Bang Technique (??? I am not sure)_ technique used to
determine the adequacy of the system.
18. Mention the stages of a traditional software development life cycle.
a. Conception
b. Initiation
c. Requirement
d. Design
e. Testing
f. Implementation
g. Retirement

19. It is not unusual to hear of testing consuming 50% of the development budget. (True / False)

20. Studies have shown that the majority of system errors occur in the _Requirement_phase.
a) Requirements
b) Design
c) Code
d) Testing
e) Operation & Maintenance

21. Coding errors amount to _c.36% _ % of all detected system errors.


a) 20 b) 25 c) 36 d) 50 e) 64

22. Studies show that approximately two-thirds of all detected system errors can be attributed to
errors made during the design phase. (True / False)

23. Over __50% % of the life cycle costs of a software system are spent on maintenance.
a) 40 b) 50 c) 60 d) 30 e) None of the above

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