AHMADIYYAT REALITY OR METAPHORE Non-Ahmadi religious commentators tend to insist on adherence to strict-literal interpretation of the prophecies

in the Holy Qur’an and Hadith regarding the advent of the Promised Messiah, Imam Mahdi, Dajjal (Anti-Christ), Yajooj Majooj (Gog Megog) and certain other latter day events. They do so while refusing to consider the richer and deeper meanings of such prophecies. In particular, these commentators insist that the prophecies relating to “second advent of Jesus” will be literally fulfilled by Jesus himself. Further, based on a literal reading of the Holy Qur’an and Hadith, they insist that Jesus Christ “ascended” to the heavens in his physical form. As a result, they believe that, presently, Jesus is alive and shall return descend physically from the sky to earth in the latter days in literal fulfillment of the prophecies regarding his second advent. In another example, these commentators predict that the dajjal (anti-Christ) shall possess divine attributes as he will have the power to resurrect the dead. They also predict that, according to prophecy, the sun will, one day, rise from the west. These strict and literal interpretations of prophecy are against the teachings of the Holy Qur’an. These commentators claim that others can possess God’s attributes and they predict events which will defy the laws of nature as described in the Holy Qur’an. The Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam does not deny the authenticity of such prophecies. However, the Ahmadi view is that an interpretation of them which conflicts with the Holy Qur’an and Sunnah cannot be valid. Therefore, Ahmadies prefer to interpret

such prophecies in light of the teachings of the Holy Qur’an and Hadith and strive to discover the hidden and deeper meaning within these prophecies. Some prophecies can and will be fulfilled literally, but other prophecies refer to events metaphorically. Below are some examples of the use of metaphors in Islamic teachings.

In Hadith the descent of “Son of Mary” (‫ )ابن مریم‬has been prophesied. The non-Ahmadi Muslim scholars insist that as Jesus Christ is son of Mary, so it is he himself who shall descend in later days. Nobody else can be termed as “son of Mary”. However, the Holy Qur’an, Hadith and Arab customs about names and nicknames tell us a different story. Few examples are quoted here: Jesus Christ has been likened to Adam
(3:60) Surely the case of Jesus is like the case of Adam.

Prophet Joseph was termed as an “angel”.
[12:32] And when they saw him they found him to be a person of great dignity and in their amazement cut their hands, and said, Allah be glorified! This is not a human being; this is but a noble angel.'

Traveler is called “son of path”
[2: 216] Whatever of good and abundant wealth you spend should be for parents and near relatives and orphans and the needy and the wayfarer.

An uncle of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) is called “father of fire”.
[111:2] perish the two hands of Abu Lahab, and perish he!

The actions and incidents of the Jews of the time of Moses are reminded to the Jews of the time of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) as if they happened to them.
[2:50] And remember the time when We delivered you from Pharaoh's people who afflicted you with grievous torment, slaying your sons and sparing your women; and in that was a great trial for you from your Lord. [2:51] And remember also the time when We divided the sea for you and saved you and drowned Pharaoh's people while you looked on.

The scholars who do not practice what they preach are resembled to donkeys who, carry loads of books but do not know what is written therein.
[62:6] The likeness of those who were charged with the Law of Torah, but did not carry out its commandments, is as the likeness of an ass carrying a load of books. Evil is the likeness of the people who reject the Signs of Allah. And Allah guides not the wrongdoing people.

The disbelievers are termed as cattle rather worse than them
[25:45] Dost thou think that most of them hear or understand? They are like cattle - nay, they are worst than cattle in their behavior.

Those who reject divine message are called deaf, dumb and blind, though physically they were not deaf, dumb and blind.
[2:19] They are deaf, dumb and blind; so they will not return.

They are also called “dead” though they were physically alive
[43:41] Canst thou, then, make the deaf hear, or guide the blind and him who is in manifest error?

Those who believe and die while fighting in the cause of Allah are called “alive”; rather the Muslims are prohibited to call them deceased.

[2:155] And say not of those who are slain in the way of Allah that they are dead; nay they are living, only you perceive not.

The Muslims are advised to become like the disciples of Jesus Christ
[61:15] O ye who believe! be helpers of Allah, as said Jesus, son of Mary, to his disciples, 'Who are my helpers in the cause of Allah?' The disciples said, 'We are helpers of Allah.' METAPHORES IN HADITH

The Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) has also mentioned many analogies which cannot be literally interpreted. He is quoted s saying:
“I am city of knowledge and Ali is its gate.” (Tirmdhi and Hakim)

Obviously, these terms, city and its gate, cannot be taken on their face value. It denotes a person who encompasses the knowledge and a person who is the source to achieve this knowledge, respectively. The Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) resembled himself to Moses and Hadhrat Ali to Aaron. (Bukhari Kitab-ul-Anbia, vol-, p-482) Abi Kabsha was a monotheist person in Makka, before the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him). Due to his similarity of beliefs about unity of God, the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) was called by the Makkans as “Ibn-e-Abi Kabsha” (Son of Abi Kabsha). A companion of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) is called “father of cats”

One of the signs of the Promised Messiah is that he will break the cross and kill the swine. All non-Ahmadi Muslim scholars do not take it literally and say that it is a metaphor which means to end the power of Christianity. These quotations from Qur’an and Hadith clearly prove that prophecies are metaphorical, especially those wherein the coming of someone is foretold. It does not necessarily mean that the same person shall come whose name is being mentioned rather another person of similar qualities and task is most commonly meant. This is what the famous saying, “history repeats itself” means. The characteristics of earlier people emerge in different personalities but same persons playing those characters do not come again.

The Holy Qur’an states, in reference to the Holy Prophet (s.a.) as the “Messenger”, that his advent was foretold in the Bible:
[7:158]"... Those who follow the Messenger, the Immaculate One, whom they find mentioned in the Torah and the Gospel which are with them."

Regarding such prophecies, all non-Ahmadi Muslim commentators agree that the reference contained in such prophecies are metaphoric and are not to be interpreted literally. For example, the Old Testament states:
"And he said, the Lord came form Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from Mount Paran, and he came with ten thousand saints; from right hand went a fiery law for them." (Deuteronomy 33:2)

In this prophecy, the “Lord” came from 3 places; Sinai, Seir and Mount Paran. All Muslim commentators interpret this verse to refer to Moses, Jesus and the Holy Prophet (s.a.) respectively. In this instance, non-Ahmadi Muslim commentators have no issue with rejecting a strict literal interpretation. In another example, the New Testament makes reference to “the Comforter” and “the Holy Ghost” as follows:
But the comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you. (John 14-26)

Once again, both non-Ahmadi and Ahmadi Muslim commentators agree that the references to “the Comforter” and “the Holy Ghost” are metaphoric and are to the Holy Prophet (s.a.).


In the New Testament, Jesus himself provides an example of interpreting prophecy metaphorically when he stated that the second advent of Elias was not fulfilled literally but by John the Baptist. According to the Jews, it has been prophesied in the Bible that the Prophet Elijah, who went up bodily to the heavens shall come back before the coming of Messiah.
“And it came to pass, as they still went on,, and talked that, behold, there appeared a chariot of fire, and horses of fire, and parted them both asunder; and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven.” (2 KINGS 2:11) “Behold, I will send you Elijah the Prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord.” (MALACHI 4:5)

When Jesus was questioned regarding it, he stated that it had been fulfilled by John the Baptist.
“And if ye will receive it, this is Elias, which was for to come.” (MATTHEW 11:14) “And his disciples asked him, saying, why then say the scribes that Elias must first come? And Jesus answered and said unto them, Elias truly shall come first, and restore all things. But I say unto you, that Elias is come already, and they knew him not, but have done unto him whatsoever they listed. Likewise shall also the Son of man suffer of them.” (MATTHEW 17:10-12)

Jesus demonstrated that he did not interpret prophecies regarding second advents literally. Ironically, despite Jesus’ own words, prophecies relating to his second advent are interpreted literally by both Christians and non-Ahmadi Muslims. The foregoing examples from the Holy Qur’an, Hadith and the Bible manifestly prove that the prophecies regarding latter-day events, especially regarding second coming of Jesus are not to be fulfilled literally but have metaphoric meanings.

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