Sulphuric Acid

HEALTH HAZARDS SKIN: Causes severe burns. EYES: Liquid contact can cause irritation, corneal burns, and conjunctivitis. May result in severe or permanent injury. May cause blindness. INHALATION: Inhalation of fumes or acid mist can cause irritation or corrosive burns to the upper respiratory system, including the nose, mouth and throat. May irritate the lungs. May cause pulmonary edema. INGESTION: Causes burns of the mouth, throat and stomach. May be fatal if swallowed. Hazards are also applicable to dilute solutions.

Nitric acid Health Effects
Primary Route(s) of Entry: Skin contact. Eye contact. Inhalation and Ingestion. Effects of Acute Exposure: May be fatal by ingestion, inhalation or skin absorption. Corrosive. LDLo: ORAN-human 430 mg/kg. Eyes: Causes severe eye burns and loss of vision. May cause permanent damage. Skin: May cause severe skin irritation. Causes skin burns. May cause deep, penetrating ulcers of the skin. Ingestion: Causes gastrointestinal tract burns. May cause perforation of the digestive tract. Burns in mouth, pharynx and gastrointestinal tract. Vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, kidney damage and death. Inhalation: May be fatal if inhaled. Effects may be delayed. May cause irritation of the respiratory tract with burning pain in the nose and throat, coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and pulmonary edema. Chemical pneumonitis, bronchitis, and possible death.

EMERGENCY OVERVIEW: Benzene is a colorless, flammable, toxic liquid with a characteristic aromatic odor. Benzene is a confirmed human carcinogen and a possible human mutagen. Inhalation of vapors of Benzene can cause serious, permanent damage to the blood system. Skin and eye contact can be irritating. This liquid is very flammable; vapors are heavier than air and may travel long distances to source of ignition and flashback. If involved in a fire Benzene will decompose to produce toxic gases (e.g., carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, irritating aldehydes and ketones). Persons responding to fires or emergencies involving Benzene must have adequate fire protection and wear personal protective equipment to protect against the significant health hazards posed by Benzene

Sodium Carbonate

Hazards Identification
Potential Acute Health Effects: Hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation (lung irritant). Corrosive to eyes and skin. The amount of tissue damage depends on length of contact. Eye contact can result in corneal damage or


or dermatitis. The substance may be toxic to upper respiratory tract. MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Not available. The substance may be toxic to heart. Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (permeator).blindness. of eye contact (irritant). CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available. Calcium Chloride Hazards Identification Potential Acute Health Effects: Hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant). of inhalation. Severe over-exposure can produce lung damage. unconsciousness or death. TERATOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available. of ingestion. DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Not available. skin. TERATOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available. eyes. Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Skin contact can produce inflammation and blistering. Potential Chronic Health Effects: Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant). DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Not available. cardiovascular system. Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage 2|Page . Mutagenic for bacteria and/or yeast. Repeated exposure of the eyes to a low level of dust can produce eye irritation. Repeated inhalation of dust can produce varying degree of respiratory irritation or lung damage. Repeated skin exposure can produce local skin destruction. choking. MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Mutagenic for mammalian somatic cells. Potential Chronic Health Effects: CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.