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Part One Official Journal

This first part describes the customary practice and presentation particular to the Official Journal. It should be read together with parts three and four as well as with the annexes, which also apply to texts published in the Official Journal. The guidelines contained in part one should also apply to publications other than those published in the Official Journal.
Part one has been updated in June 2006 (rev. 2). !!! This update is still a draft!!!

History 1. Publication procedure 2. Reference works 3. Structure of the Official Journal

History
1952 Following the entry into force of the ECSC Treaty, an official journal is created for the publishing of notices, decisions, etc. The Official Journal makes its first appearance on 30 December. From 1952 to 19 April 1958, its title is the equivalent of Official Journal of the European Coal and Steel Community, the official languages being Dutch, French, German and Italian. 1958 Following the entry into force of the two additional treaties, the EEC Treaty and the Euratom Treaty, the Official Journal is modified and its title becomes Official Journal of the European Communities. The new Official Journal makes its first appearance on 20 April. 1968 The L and C series are created in January. The first issue of the L series is published on 3 January. The first issue of the C series is published on 12 January. 1978 The first issue of the S series appears on 7 January. Calls for tenders and European Development Fund notices, for example, were published previously in the L series (until the end of 1974) and in the C series (until the end of 1977) respectively. 1981 The CELEX (Communitatis Europaeae Lex) database an interinstitutional automated multilingual documentation system for Community law becomes available to the public. Distributed through the Commission, CELEX is available online and on magnetic tape.

1986 The S series becomes available in electronic form (tenders electronic daily (TED) database). 1987 The L and C series become available in microfiche form. 1989 The ABEL data bank provides access to L series tables of contents (this system no longer exists). 1992 In October, the management of CELEX is transferred from the Commission to the Publications Office. 1997 The S series becomes available in CD-ROM form. 1998 The L and C series become available on the EUR-Lex site on the Internet. As of 1 July, the S series is no longer published in a paper version but only in CD-ROM form and on the Internet (TED database). 1999 As of 31 August the new C ... E series is published in electronic form (E = electronic) in all 11 languages. 2001 The L and C series become available on CD-ROM. 2002 Access to Eur-Lex becomes free of charge as of 1 January. 2003 As of 1 February, the Official Journal is renamed Official Journal of the European Union (Treaty of Nice). 2004 As of 1 May, the Official Journal is published in 20 languages because of the enlargement. According to Council Regulation (EC) No 930/2004 an exception is made for the Maltese edition of the OJ for three years (1.5.2004 to 1.5.2007) the institutions are obliged to publish only legislation adopted jointly by the European Parliament and the Council in Maltese. The colour strip on the spine of the cover of the OJ is suppressed as of 1 May and the linguistic versions are identified by an ISO code on the front and back covers. As of 1 May, the CELEX and EUR-Lex databases are loaded with all 20 languages. As of 1 July CELEX becomes free of charge. The last paper edition of the Directory of Community legislation in force is published in July. Thereafter, the Directory is to be found in EUR-Lex. As of 1 November, the entries of the CELEX database are integrated into the EUR-Lex database and as of 31 December Celex is no longer updated.

1. Publication procedure
Texts for publication in the Official Journal must exist in all the official languages of the Community institutions: a request for publication will be refused unless all language versions are available.
NB: An exception has been made for Maltese for a three-year period (1.5.2004 to 1.5.2007) the institutions are obliged to publish only legislation adopted jointly by the European Parliament and the Council in this language (Council Regulation (EC) No 930/2004). As of 1 January 2007 Irish will be a working language of the European Union. For a five-year period (1.1.2007 to 1.1.2012) the same exception as for Maltese will apply (Council Regulation (EC) No 920/2005).

1.1. Author services of the institutions, bodies and agencies


Currently, most texts are sent by electronic mail. Voluminous texts are supplied on CD-ROM. European Parliament (Brussels, Luxembourg, Strasbourg) The publishing division is responsible for dispatching copy to the office. Council (Brussels) Texts from the various units are sent via the General Secretariat. Commission (Brussels, Luxembourg) The Secretariat-General is responsible for dispatching Commission texts to be published in the Official Journal, namely, binding legal acts (L series), Commission proposals, information and notices (C series), and notices of calls for tenders and European Development Fund notices (S series). Court of Justice (Luxembourg) The registry of the Court of Justice and the registry of the Court of First Instance are responsible for providing the texts. Court of Auditors (Luxembourg) The Audit development and reports service (ADAR) is responsible for sending texts to the Official Journal.

European Economic and Social Committee (Brussels) Texts from the various units are sent via the Secretariat-General. Committee of the Regions (Brussels) Texts from the various units are sent via the General Secretariat. European Investment Bank (Luxembourg) Texts are provided by the various authors. European Central Bank (Frankfurt am Main) Texts are provided by the Directorate-General for Secretariat and Language Services. European Ombudsman and European Data Protection Supervisor (Strasbourg) Texts are sent through via the Secretariat-General of the Commission. Agencies (decentralised organisations) For a list of agencies, see Section 9.5.3.

For a multilingual list of the institutions, bodies, interinstitutional services, agencies (decentralised organisations) and executive agencies, see Annex A8.

1.2. LegisWrite
LegisWrite is a computer tool for the creation, revision and exchange of official documents between the institutions, whether or not of a legislative nature. This tool standardises the structure and presentation of the texts. More information may be obtained from the LegisWrite IntraComm (en, fr; internal links for
employees of the European institutions).

2. Reference works
The main reference works for texts to be published in the Official Journal are the following: (a) for spelling problems and matters of a linguistic nature: the Concise Oxford Dictionary (Oxford University Press), the Oxford Dictionary for Writers and Editors (Oxford University Press), Harts Rules for Compositors and Readers (Oxford University Press), English style guide (Translation Service, European Commission) (b) for matters concerning legislative drafting: Manual of precedents for acts established within the Council of the European Union (Council), Legislative drafting a Commission manual (1), Joint Practical Guide for the drafting of Community legislation (1) (c) for acronyms and abbreviations: European Communities glossary (Council), IATE (1) (a terminology database system for the collection, dissemination and shared management of terminology between the institutions, agencies and other bodies of the European Union) (d) for checking the titles, contents, last amendments etc. of acts: EUR-Lex (provides access to European Union law. The OJ can be consulted as well as, among others, the treaties, case-law and legislative proposals). Moreover, certain editions of the Official Journal serve as standing references in areas such as agriculture, fisheries, trade agreements, the Combined Nomenclature, agreements with third countries, etc.
(1) Internal link for employees of the European institutions.

3. Structure of the Official Journal


3.1. 3.2. General structure
3.1.1. Series 3.1.2. References to the Official Journal

Numbering of documents
3.2.1. Numbering in the L series 3.2.2. Numbering in the C series 3.2.3. Numbering in the S series 3.2.4. Summary tables

3.3. 3.4.

Basic structure of legislative acts Rules on drafting documents


3.4.1. Citations and recitals (preamble) 3.4.2. Concluding formulas 3.4.3. References to acts 3.4.4. References to subdivisions of acts 3.4.5. References to annexes 3.4.6. References to amendments/last amendments 3.4.7. Definition of an expression or a word 3.4.8. Order of citation 3.4.9. Listing 3.4.10. Committees and other bodies 3.4.11. Abbreviations, contractions and acronyms 3.4.12. Addresses

3.5.

Analysis of an act

3.1. General structure


3.1.1. Series
The Official Journal of the European Union consists of three series: L series: Legislation, C series: Information and notices, S series: Supplement to the Official Journal of the European Union. The L and C series are published daily. In addition, separate issues are published according to size, urgency and importance: in the L series, different types of act from various institutions or bodies can appear in the same Official Journal, in the C series, they contain only one type of text originating from one institution or body. L series The L series contains the following items: conventions signed between Member States, acts whose publication is obligatory (L I), acts whose publication is not obligatory (L II), acts adopted pursuant to Title V of the Treaty on European Union (common foreign and security policy (CFSP)) and certain acts adopted pursuant to Title VI of that Treaty (police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters (JHA)), corrigenda. See also Section 3.2.1, numbering in the L series. C series The C series contains the following items: acts adopted pursuant to Title V of the Treaty on European Union (CFSP) and Title VI (JHA) which are not published in the L series, information (C I), preparatory acts (C II) and preparatory acts pursuant to Titles V and VI of the EC Treaty (C II),

notices (C III), corrigenda. See also Section 3.2.2, numbering in the C series. The C series is supplemented by the C ... A and C ... E series. The ellipses represent the daily C series edition number of the same day.
Examples: OJ C C 111, 11.5.2005 OJ C C 111 A, 11.5.2005 OJ C C 111 E, 11.5.2005

C ... A series (A = Annex) This series is dedicated to the publication of open competitions, vacancy notices and common catalogues (varieties of agricultural species, etc.). C ... E series (E = electronic) This series is dedicated to the publication of certain longer texts. They are available on the EUR-Lex site and on the monthly CD-ROM. Given the number of different acts published in the C series, there is a greater variety of form (typographical presentations) than in the L series, but the rules to be complied with are the same for both.
NB: There will, for a period, be an L ... M series and a C ... M series where texts in Maltese other than legislation adopted jointly by the European Parliament and the Council will be published.

S series (S = supplement) Notices of calls for tenders for public contracts are published in the S series, which provides information on: public works, supply and service contracts from all EU Member States, supply contracts (for the water, energy, transport and telecommunications sectors), public contracts of the EU institutions, European Development Fund contracts (ACP countries), Phare, Tacis and other contracts from central and eastern Europe, projects funded by the European Investment Bank (EIB), European Central Bank (ECB) and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), contracts from the European Economic Area (Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway), contracts in accordance with the Government Procurement Agreement (GPA) concluded with Japan, Switzerland and the United States of America, within the framework of GATT/World Trade Organisation (WTO), foundations of European economic interest groupings (EEIG),

public contracts for food aid, public contracts for flight services. From 1 July 1998, this series has only been available on CD-ROM and on the Internet TED database.
For further information, see the website of the Publications Office (http://publications.europa.eu/index_en.html).

3.1.2. References to the Official Journal


Forms The long form must be written as follows: Official Journal of the European Union (i) in the text; (ii) in the formula for the entry into force of an act; (iii) in corrigenda as a reference to the original Official Journal concerned (see also under abbreviated forms).
NB: For publications up to and including 31 January 2003, reference should be made to the Official Journal of the European Communities.

The short form must be written as follows: Official Journal (i) in footnotes as follows:
(1) See page ... of this Official Journal. (2) Not yet published in the Official Journal.

(ii) in less formal texts.

The abbreviated forms must be written as follows: OJ L OJ C OJ C ... A OJ C ... E (i) in all other footnotes:
(1) OJ L 99, 10.4.2001, p. 1. (1) OJ C 48 A, 24.2.2005 (published in all the official languages of the European Union).

(ii) in tables:
OJ L 99, 10.4.2001, p. 4.

(iii) in corrigenda, the abbreviated form in brackets is used in the table of contents on the cover (see also under long form).
NB: The practice of inserting references to the OJ, e.g. (OJ L 230, 28.8.2002, p. 7), within text should be avoided.

References References to the Official Journal appear as follows: before 1 July 1967, pagination is continuous and is followed by the last two figures of the year:
OJ 106, 30.10.1962, p. 2553/62.

from 1 July 1967, every Official Journal begins at page 1:


OJ 174, 31.7.1967, p. 1.

on 1 January 1968, the L and C series are created:


OJ L 32, 6.2.1968, p. 6. OJ C 76, 1.8.1968, p. 1.

on 1 January 1978, the S series is created:


OJ S 1, 3.1.1978, p. 1.

at the beginning of 1991, the C ... A series is created:


OJ C 291 A, 8.11.1991, p. 1.

on 31 August 1999, the C ... E series is created:


OJ C 247 E, 31.8.1999, p. 28.

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3.2. Numbering of documents


3.2.1. Numbering in the L series
In the L series, legislative acts are numbered according to year and in sequence. The Publications Office provides the numbering (except in the case of directives, which have been numbered by the General Secretariat of the Council since 1 January 1992). This number consists of a reference to the year, the sequential number and the initials of the Treaty on which the act is based (EC and/or Euratom).
NB: On 1 November 1993, date of the entry into force of the Treaty on European Union, the European Economic Community (EEC) became the European Community (EC). This change came into effect between Regulations (EEC) No 3030/93 and (EC) No 3031/93 (except for Regulations (EEC) No 3089/93, (EEC) No 3118/93 and (EEC) No 3696/93, which were published from 1 November 1993, but were adopted before that date). For directives and decisions, for which the publication delay is often somewhat longer, it is best to check the date of adoption case by case. Since 1 January 1999, in the numbering of acts, the year is written using four digits (e.g. Regulation (EC) No 2729/1999). Since 24 July 2002, (ECSC) is no longer used (date of expiration of the ECSC Treaty). It may happen that an act is not attributed a number, e.g. Practice Directions relating to direct actions and appeals of the Court of Justice.

In the acts published pursuant to the Treaty on European Union, there may be further initials: CFSP (Title V), JHA (Title VI) and CMS (Conventions signed between Member States). The order of year, number and initials can change according to the act cited. In the numbering of legislative acts: the contraction No is used when the sequential number precedes the year:
(EC) No 817/97

the contraction No is not used when the year precedes the sequential number:
96/257/EC

since 1 January 1999, the year is expressed in four digits:


(EC) No 232/1999 2005/359/EC

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(a)
In the L series the acts are listed under the following headings: Conventions signed between Member States (CMS) These Conventions are cited as follows:
2000/677/CMS: Decision No 1/2000 of 31 October 2000 of the Committee set up in accordance with Article 18 of the Dublin Convention concerning the transfer of responsibility for family members in accordance with Article 3(4) and Article 9 of that Convention.

Acts whose publication is obligatory (L I) The legal acts are listed according to the order of protocol, that is European Parliament and Council, then European Parliament, Council, Commission, Court of Justice, Court of Auditors, European Central Bank etc. Directives always come last, but still in order of protocol. These acts are as follows: regulations and, as of 1 November 1993, regulations, decisions and directives of the European Parliament and of the Council adopted in accordance with the procedure of Article 251 of the EC Treaty (co-decision) and finally directives addressed to all the Member States. Decisions of the European Parliament and of the Council are, like regulations, numbered consecutively (Regulation (EC) No 718/96, Decision No 719/96/EC). Directives have the same numbering system as acts whose publication is not obligatory (see Section 3.2.1(b)) and are always put last. Reference to these acts is as follows: Regulations from 1952 to 31 December 1962:
Regulation No 17

from 1 January 1963 to 31 December 1967 (the reference to the relevant treaty/treaties is added to the citation):
Regulation No 1009/67/EEC

since 1 January 1968 (the position of the treaty reference is changed):


Regulation (EEC) No 1470/68 Regulation (ECSC, EEC, Euratom) No 300/76

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since 1 November 1993 (the initials of the treaty are modified following the adoption of the Treaty on European Union (Maastricht Treaty)):
Regulation (EC) No 3031/93

since 1 January 1999 (the year is expressed in four digits):


Regulation (EC) No 232/1999 NB: Regulations in Hungarian follow the style 1963 to 1967, that is having the reference to the Treaty put after number and year: 872/2005/EK rendelet.

Decisions of the European Parliament and of the Council Decisions of the European Parliament and of the Council (since the entry into force of the Treaty on European Union):
Decision No 2239/2004/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council Decision No 593/2004/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council NB: Up to 24 July 2002, expiry date of the ECSC Treaty, Commission decisions and recommendations concerning the ECSC: Decision No 2730/2000/ECSC Recommendation No 2129/83/ECSC

Directives Directives of the European Parliament and of the Council (since the entry into force of the Treaty on European Union):
Directive 95/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council Directive 2004/107/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council

Directives of the Council or of the Commission addressed to all Member States:


Council Directive 96/72/EC Council Directive 97/43/Euratom Commission Directive 2005/28/EC

Directives always come last in the list of acts whose publication is obligatory. Since 1 January 1992, directives are given their numbers by the General Secretariat of the Council. These directives are attributed a number on adoption, contrary to other acts which are attributed a number on publication.
NB: Some older directives have an ordinal number in the title: First Council Directive 73/239/EEC of ... (and not First Council Directive (73/239/EEC) of ...)

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(b)
Acts whose publication is not obligatory (L II) This section of the OJ has subheadings. These subheadings divide the acts into subsections according to the order of protocol (Conference of the Representatives of the Governments of the Member States, European Parliament and Council, European Parliament, Council, Commission (including yet another subtitle: Administrative Commission of the European Communities on social security for migrant workers), Court of Justice, etc.). Under each subheading there may be a subdivision according to committee, council etc. and last (possibly) a subdivision according to type of act. The last subheadings in the order of protocol are the subheadings under the heading European Economic Area. These are not attributed a number by the Publications Office, since they have no reference to a Treaty. These acts are, among others, as follows: decisions as well as directives addressed to one or more but not all Member States, companies and the like, decisions sui generis (except those jointly adopted by Parliament and Council), EC and Euratom recommendations, opinions, guidelines as well as as acts issued by bodies of the European Economic Area and the European Free Trade Association (EEA Joint Committee, EEA Council and EFTA Surveillance Authority), acts of the European Investment Bank, acts of the European Central Bank (except its regulations) and internal Rules of Procedure of all the institutions. These acts are cited as follows: Decisions, directives, recommendations, opinions and guidelines On the contents page the number of the act precedes the title:
2006/53/EC: Council Decision of 23 January amending Decision 90/424/EEC on expenditure in the veterinary field

Within the Official Journal the number is present under the title and possible subtitles:
COMMISSION DECISION of 8 September 2004 concerning the aid scheme which Belgium is proposing to implement for coordination centres (notified under document number C(2004) 3348) (Only the Dutch and French texts are authentic) (Text with EEA relevance) (2005/378/EC) NB: When more than one language is authentic, the languages are put in alphabetical order.

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In references the number is put next to the type of act:


Decision 2005/266/EC Decision 1999/451/ECSC Decision 96/671/Euratom Decision 2005/252/EC, Euratom Directive 2005/27/EC Recommendation 2005/253/EC Opinion 93/245/EEC Guideline 2005/326/EC of the European Central Bank NB: (a) The number of an act of the European Central Bank is followed by the initials EC and not ECB in accordance with the EC Treaty. The number allotted by the ECB appears in bold italics at the end of the title and in the contents. When cited in a text: the European Central Bank refers to the ECB number, and the Commission refers to the EC number. (b) No number is given to Agreements, Conventions, Protocols and Additional Protocols attached not annexed (as mentioned in article 1 in the Decision in question) to a Decision Notices, since they have no reference to a Treaty Information, since these items have no reference to a Treaty Resolutions of the European Parliament Rules of Procedure texts concerning the European Economic Area, since they have no reference to a Treaty.

Certain acts of the customs cooperation or association committees and acts of the Administrative Commission on Social Security for Migrant Workers have their own serial numbers in their title:
2004/647/EC: Decision No 2/2004 of the ACP-EC Council of Ministers of 30 June 2004 on the revision of the terms and conditions of financing for short-term fluctuations in export earnings (Annex II to the ACP-EC Partnership Agreement signed in Cotonou) 2005/324/EC: Decision No 200 of 15 December 2004 concerning the methods of operation and the composition of the Technical Commission on Data Processing of the Administrative Commission on Social Security for Migrant Workers

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EEA decisions, EFTA decisions and recommendations Decisions adopted within the framework of the European Economic Area (EEA):
Decision of the EEA Joint Committee 140/2005 (in the title and contents and text) NB: In the body of the text, amendments must be cited as follows: the following point shall be inserted after point 32dd the following point shall be added in point 32dd the following indent shall be added to point 32dd

Acts adopted within the framework of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA):
EFTA Surveillance Authority Decision No 371/04/COL (in the title and in the text) EFTA Surveillance Authority Recommendation No 65/04/COL (in the title and in the text) Decision of the Standing Committee of the EFTA States No 5/2004/SC NB: Please note that the year in acts from the EFTA Surveillance Authority from 2000 only contain two digits, e.g. No 72/00/COL.

(c)
Acts adopted pursuant to Title V of the Treaty on European Union These acts concern common foreign and security policy and are cited as follows: Joint actions, common positions, decisions, common strategies Acts adopted pursuant to Article 12 of the Treaty on European Union:
Common Strategy 2000/458/CFSP of the European Council Joint Action 2005/355/CFSP Common Position 2005/340/CFSP Decision 2005/365/CFSP Political and Security Commission Decision EUPAT/1/2005 of 7 December 2005 concerning the appointment of the Head of the EU Advisory Team Mission in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (fYROM), EUPAT NB: Decisions from political and security committees are attributed a CFSP number in brackets under the title like L II Decisions, in the above case 2005/957/CFSP.

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Acts adopted pursuant to Title VI of the Treaty on European Union These acts concern police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters and are cited as follows: Common positions, decisions, framework decisions Acts adopted pursuant to Article 34(2) of the Treaty on European Union:
Common Position 2005/69/JHA Framework Decision 2005/214/JHA Decision 2005/387/JHA

Numbering of acts pursuant to Titles V and VI From 1 January 2003, the numbers of acts pursuant to Titles V or VI are found in the first line of the title and no longer in parentheses below. Until 31 December 2002 COUNCIL DECISION of 21 October 2002 concerning the implementation of Joint Action 2002/589/CFSP with a view to a European Union contribution to combating the destabilising accumulation and spread of small arms and light weapons in south-east Europe (2002/842/CFSP) After 1 January 2003 COUNCIL DECISION 2005/221/CFSP of 14 March 2005 implementing Article 2(3) of Regulation (EC) No 2580/2001 on specific restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities with a view to combating terrorism and repealing Decision 2004/306/EC

NB: Normally, acts are pursuant to either Title V or to Title VI but on rare occasions an act can be pursuant to both titles, for example Council Decision 2005/296/CFSP, JHA of 24 January 2005 concerning the conclusion of the Agreement between the European Union and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia on the security procedures for the exchange of classified information.

Corrigenda Corrigenda always come last since they may differ from linguistic version to linguistic version. Corrigenda are not attributed a number.

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3.2.2. Numbering in the C series


Daily or separate editions of the Official Journal In the daily editions of the Official Journal, information, preparatory acts and notices from the following institutions or organisations are published in the following order: European Parliament, Council, Commission, Court of Justice, European Central Bank, European Investment Bank, Ombudsman, Data Protection Supervisor, agencies, European Economic Area. Under the heading European Economic Area, the documents of the European Free Trade Area are published in the following order: EEA Joint Committee, EFTA Surveillance Authority, Standing Committee of the EFTA States, EEA Consultative Committee, EFTA Court. Separate editions of the Official Journal contain notices, preparatory acts, information and acts pursuant to Titles V and VI of the Treaty on European Union from the following institutions and bodies: European Parliament, Council, Commission, Court of Justice, Court of Auditors, European Economic and Social Committee, Committee of the Regions, European Ombudsman, ACP-EC Joint Assembly. Acts adopted pursuant to Titles V and VI of the Treaty on European Union Texts in accordance with Articles 12 and 34(2) of the Treaty on European Union, e.g. Conventions established by the Council in accordance with Article 34 of the Treaty on European Union, Annual Reports, common military lists, Rules of Procedure and draft budgets. Information (C I) Information, notices, euro exchange rates, notifications of concentrations, State aid, opinions, communications, conclusions, resolutions, guidelines, recommendations, minutes of sittings, declarations, final accounts, decisions from institutions, final reports of the Hearing Officer, lists, judgments of the Court of Justice, strategies, activity reports, COM documents other than legislative proposals, applications for registration, information procedures, special reports of the Court of Auditors, summaries of Community decisions on marketing authorisations, documents of the European Free Trade Area, etc. Some C I texts are assembled in the C ... E series. These are: Common Positions of the Council, minutes of sittings of the European Parliament and reports from the Commission.

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Preparatory acts/preparatory acts pursuant to Titles V and VI of the Treaty on European Union (C II) Member States initiatives, legislative proposals adopted by the Commission, opinions of the European Economic and Social Committee and of the Committee of the Regions. Notices (C III) Calls for proposals, decisions of the European Parliament, notices of invitation to tender, results of sales of wine alcohol, invitations to tender issued by Member States, notices of selection procedures, reserve lists (open competitions), members of selection boards, work programmes, etc. Some notices are assembled in the C ... A series. These are: common catalogue of vegetable species, common catalogue of varieties of agricultural plant species, reserve lists (open competitions), publication of vacancies and notices of open competitions. For those institutions that request it, a notice concerning the organisation of competitions is published in the Official Journal of that day. Corrigenda Corrigenda always come last since they may differ from linguistic version to linguistic version. They are attributed a notice number.

(a)
Numbering of documents in the C series Notice number The titles of documents are followed by a notice number provided by the Publications Office. The number is placed below the title, centred and in brackets:
(97/C 1/01) (2000/C 1/01)

This number contains: the year of publication: (i) until 31 December 1998, the last two digits, (ii) since 1 January 1999, all four digits,

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the Official Journal number, a two-digit sequential number indicating the order of publication in the Official Journal. In the contents, this number appears without brackets in the margin.

(b)
Special numbering Certain documents contain their own numbering in the title: written questions of the European Parliament:
Written question E-1817/95 Written question P-3645/01

assents of the Council (until 24 July 2002, expiry date of the ECSC Treaty):
Assent No 22/96 Assent No 4/2000

common positions:
Common Position (EC) No 61/96 Common Position (EC) No 14/2005 (published in the C ... E series)

State aid:
Aid C 5/05 (ex NN 70/04) Care with numbering: C 55/99, C 55/2000, C 55/01 (four digits only for the year 2000)

invitations to tender for the public sales of alcohol:


invitation to tender 20/2003 EC NB: The numbering of these notices also appears in regulations concerning the sale of wine alcohol.

cases of the Court of Justice or of the Court of First Instance:


Case 84/81 Since 15 November 1989: Case C-36/89 (Court of Justice), Case T-193/00 (Court of First Instance) Case C-209/03

special reports and opinions of the Court of Auditors:


No 3/96 No 10/2004 No 3/2005

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cases of the EFTA Court:


Case E-5/96 Case E-4/03

notices of open competitions (C ... A series):


EPSO/AD/4/04 EPSO/AST/2/04

notifications of concentrations:
Case COMP/M.3804

3.2.3. Numbering in the S series


The S series contains all calls for tenders relating to public contracts as well as information concerning the European Development Fund and other institutions, bodies or organisations. It is available in electronic form (TED database) and on CD-ROM. Up until 30 June 1998 date of the last paper edition the document number appeared as follows:
in the contents: in the title: 96/S 245-144451 (96/S 245-144451/IT)

At present, the document number appears as follows:


in the result list: 110759-2005 in the title: 2005/S 111-110759

The number in the title contains: the year of publication: (i) until 31 December 1998, the last two digits; (ii) since 1 January 1999, all four digits; the Supplement to the Official Journal of the European Union number, the contract notice number (and, until 30 June 1998, the source language).

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3.2.4. Summary tables


Content of the series
C (1) S Other acts adopted pursuant Public contracts (call for tenders): works, to Title V or to Title VI of supplies, services (open, restricted, the Treaty on European accelerated procedures) Union Acts whose publication is not Notices (call for tenders) of the institutions, obligatory (L II) bodies, organisations and Community Information (C I) programmes (e.g. European Investment Fund, Acts adopted pursuant to Title V of European Investment Bank, etc.) the Treaty on European Union and Preparatory acts (C II) certain acts adopted pursuant to Title VI of that Treaty Notices (C III) L Acts whose publication is obligatory (L I) (1) Series supplemented by the C ... A series (see Section 3.1.1, C series) and the C ... E series.

Numbering of Official Journals (1)


Date and year From 1952 until 30.6.1967 (pagination for a whole year and year included) 1.7.1967 (each number starts with page 1) 1968 (OJ L and C created) 1978 (OJ S created) 31.8.1999 (OJ C ... E created) (1) See also Section 3.1.2. Number OJ 106, 30.12.1962, p. 2553/62 OJ 174, 31.7.1967, p. 1 OJ L 76, 28.3.1968, p. 1 OJ C 108, 19.10.1968, p. 1 OJ S 99, 5.5.1978, p. 1 OJ C 56 E, 29.2.2000, p. 1

Numbering of acts
Regulations Date and year From 1952 to 31.12.1962 1.1.1963 to 31.12.1967 1.1.1968 to 31.10.1993 1.11.1993 to 31.12.1998 Since 1.1.1999 Number Regulation No 17 Regulation No 1009/67/EEC Regulation (EEC) No 1470/68 Regulation (EC) No 3031/93 Regulation (EC) No 302/1999 Decisions, recommendations, directives, opinions, guidelines Acts LI L II Decision No 818/95/EC 96/257/EC Recommendation 96/694/ECSC Directive 96/72/EC 96/52/EC Opinion 93/245/EEC Guideline 2005/331/EC

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Joint actions, common positions, decisions, framework decisions, common strategies (Titles V and VI of the EU Treaty) Acts CFSP JHA Joint action 2005/561/CFSP (no JHA Joint actions since 1999) Common 2003/897/CFSP strategy Common 2005/304/CFSP 2005/69/JHA position Decision 2005/805/CFSP 2005/511/JHA Framework 2005/222/JHA decision

EEA decisions, EFTA decisions, recommendations Acts L II Decision of the EEA Joint No 56/95 Committee No 56/2000 Recommendation of the EFTA No 167/97/COL Surveillance Authority Decision of the EFTA Surveillance No 78/00/COL Authority

Other documents OJ C documents OJ S documents Notice numbers: 97/C 1/01 Calls for tenders: 2005/S 111Special numbering (see Section 110759 3.2.2(b))

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3.3. Basic structure of legislative acts


This diagram shows the basic elements of a document. Titles, subtitles, chapters and sections may be used in the document depending on the complexity of the text.

(a)
Basic subdivisions
Subdivisions Preamble Citation (1) Unnumbered recital (only if a sole recital) (1) in the first citation in the recital (before 7.2.2000 when recitals were unnumbered: in the first, second recital) (1), (2) in recital 1 Numbering ACTS Reference in the text

Numbered recital (1)

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Enacting terms Article (2) Numbered paragraph Unnumbered paragraph (3) Subparagraph (4) Point (a), (b) 1., 2. (or (1), (2), etc.) (i), (ii), (iii), (iv) Sole Article Article 1, 2 1., 2. in the Sole Article in Article 1, 2 in paragraph 1, 2 in the first, second, third paragraph in the first, second, third subparagraph in point (a), (b) in point 1, 2 (or (1) or (2)) in point (i), (ii), (iii), (iv) in the first, second indent

Indent (3) Annex Annex I, II (or A, B)

annexed in Annex I, II (or A, B)

Appendix Appendix Appendix 1, 2 Other subdivisions Part Part I, II (or Part One, Part Two) in Part I, II (or the first part, the second part) in Appendix 1, 2 (of the Annex)

Title Chapter

Title I, II Chapter 1, 2 (or I, II) (and not First Chapter) Section 1, 2 (and not First Section) I, II (or letter or title A, B) I. (or A. or 1.)

in Title I, II in Chapter 1, 2 (or I, II) in Section 1, 2 in point I, II (letter or title A, B) in point I (A, 1) (and not under)

Section Point (in annexes or agreements)

(1) See Section 3.4.1. (2) When articles are inserted in the enacting terms of an act which has already been adopted, the letters a, b, c, etc. are placed after the number of the article: for example, articles inserted after Article 1 become Article 1a, Article 1b, etc. In the treaties, inserted articles have an added A, B, C (in upper case) with a space, becoming Article 43 A, Article 43 B. 3 ( ) These subdivisions have no figure nor other sign of identification; an ordinal number is used to refer to them. 4 ( ) Subdivisions of a numbered paragraph.

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3.4. Rules on drafting documents


3.4.1. Citations and recitals (preamble)
Citations Citations (visa) give the legal basis, that is Treaties, Accession Acts, Agreements, Protocols, Conventions, etc. These primary acts and international acts are quoted in short form and without a footnote:
Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community,

Further citations give the full title of the secondary acts concerned and there is a footnote giving the OJ-reference as well as (last) amendments:
Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 297/95 of 10 February 1995 on fees payable to the European Agency for the Evaluation of Medical Products (1)
(1) OJ L 35, 15.2.1995, p. 1. Regulation as last amended by Commission Regulation (EC) No 494/2003 (OJ L 73, 19.3.2003, p. 6).

At the end there may be citations concerning opinions etc. given by the European Parliament, the Commission and/or bodies like the Committee of the Regions. These may or may not have a footnote:
Having regard to the proposal from the Commission, Having regard to the opinion of the European Parliament (2),
(2) Not yet published in the Official Journal.

Recitals Recitals (considrants) give the reasons for the contents of the enacting terms (i.e. the articles). Until 6 February 2000 (1) Recitals were structured as follows:
Whereas the Commission ; (for the first and subsequent recitals) Whereas the opinion , (for the concluding recital) NB: Since recitals normally were not numbered, they were referred to as the first, second and third recital, etc

This method of laying out recitals is still used in certain Council acts.

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(2) In some texts (notably those concerning anti-dumping), the recitals were introduced by the formula Whereas:, the recitals were numbered and every recital had a capital letter at the beginning and a full stop at the end (which has become the general practice).
NB: There was a transitional period between December 1998 and 6 February 2000 where both ways of structuring the recitals were accepted.

Since 7 February 2000 Recitals are numbered and introduced in the following way:
Whereas: (1) Regulation (EC) No 1623/2000 fixing the ... (2) It should be noted ... NB: The concluding recital still has a comma at the end of the phrase.
in June 2006 (

In the text, they are cited as follows (figures without brackets):


recital 1, recital 2, etc.

Punctuation in recitals

Each recital begins with a capital letter and concludes with a full stop. If a recital contains more than one sentence, they each conclude with a full stop. The last sentence of the concluding recital ends with a comma. Certain acts do not have recitals. The presentation described in point 1 under Until 6 February 2000 is still used in certain Council acts: these recitals start with an initial capital letter and end with a semicolon. In cases where there is only a single recital, there is no indentation or numbering. The recital is set to full measure and concludes with a comma: Whereas a members seat on the European Economic and Social Committee has fallen vacant, following the resignation of Mr Thierry UHLMANN, of which the Council was informed on 28 November 2004,

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3.4.2. Concluding formulas


Applicability of regulations In regulations, the last article is followed by one of the following sentences:
This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States. or This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States in accordance with the Treaty establishing the European Community. (This is used in any cases in which an act is not applicable to, and in, all Member States only in Council texts.)

Addressees of directives and decisions Directives The form used in the final article is as follows:
This Directive is addressed to the Member States. or This Directive is addressed to the Member States in accordance with the Treaty establishing the European Community. (In any cases in which an act is not applicable to, and in, all Member States only in Council texts.)

Decisions The form used in the final article is as follows: Decisions addressed to all Member States:
This Decision is addressed to the Member States. or This Decision is addressed to the Member States in accordance with the Treaty establishing the European Community. (In any cases in which an act is not applicable to, and in, all Member States only in Council texts.)

Decisions addressed to particular Member States:


This Decision is addressed to (the full (official) name of the Member State(s)).

Decisions addressed to particular parties:


This Decision is addressed to (full name and address of party).

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Decisions (sui generis) Sui generis decisions do not give an addressee in the last article. Place and date In secondary legislation, the place and date shall be presented as follows:
Done at Luxembourg, 5 July 2002.

the date being that on which the act was signed. In treaties, agreements, etc. the full date is written in words:
Done at Brussels on the nineteenth day of October in the year two thousand and five.

Signatures (list not exhaustive) in secondary legislation:


For the European Parliament The President ...
(Initial(s) and full family name)

For the Council The President ...


(Initial(s) and full family name)

For the Commission The President ...


(full name)

NB: A few languages use the order: For the (institution)


(name)

The President For the Commission ...


(full name)

For the Commission ...


(full name)

For the EEA Joint Committee The President ...


(full name)

Vice-President

Member of the Commission

in agreements, protocols, conventions, etc.:


For the Member States (signature) For the European Community (signature) For the European Communities (signature)

in agreements in the form of an exchange of letters:


On behalf of the Council of the European Union For the European Community

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3.4.3. References to acts


Strict rules exist for referring to an act published in the Official Journal. The different parts of the full title of an act are: author, type of act, number, date and subject:
Commission Regulation (EC) No 1637/2005 of 6 October 2005 on the issuing of export licences for wine-sector products

NB: In English, these parts of the full title are not separated by commas. The order of author, type of act and number changes when the author is more than one institution: Regulation (EC) No 266/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 February establishing accompanying measures for Sugar Protocol countries affected by the reform of the EU sugar regime

A title can, under specific circumstances, be cited with its short title, consisting of (author), type of act and number:
(Commission) Regulation (EC) No 1637/2005

The full title is used when the act to which it refers occurs for the first time in a citation. It may also be used when the first occurrence is in a recital. In both cases the full title is followed by a footnote reference: Having regard to Commission Regulation (EC) No 3223/94 of 21 December 1994 on detailed rules for the application of the import arrangements for fruit and vegetables (1), The short title (with mention of the author) is used when the act to which it refers occurs for the first time in an article. It may also be used when this first occurrence is in a recital. In both cases the short title is followed by a footnote reference: (1) By Commission Regulation (EC) No 1725/2003 (2) certain international standards ... The short title without mention of the author is used in all subsequent references and is not followed by a footnote reference: (7) Regulation (EC) No 1725/2003 should therefore be amended accordingly.

More detailed rules are described below. In a title In the title of an act there is never a reference to the full title of another act, and there is never a footnote reference connected to the title of the other act. The author of the act referred to is only mentioned in case of a difference in author.

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Short title This is the most commonly used way to put a reference to a title:
Commission Regulation (EC) No 1715/2005 of 19 October 2005 fixing representative prices in the poultrymeat and egg sectors and for egg albumin, and amending Regulation (EC) No 1484/95

Short title + modified subject of title/reference to content The reference to the short title can be extended by mentioning relevant details from the subject of the act referred to or its content:
Directive 2005/33/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2005 amending Directive 1999/32/EC as regards the sulphur content of marine fuels Commission Regulation (EC) No 1688/2005 of 14 October 2005 implementing Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards special guarantees concerning salmonella for consignments to Finland and Sweden of certain meat and eggs Imposition of a public service obligation pursuant to Council Regulation (EEC) No 2408/92 for scheduled air services within Germany

Short title + full subject of title The full subject of the act referred to is added when it is relevant for the contents of the new act:
Commission Regulation (EC) No 1665/2005 of 12 October 2005 amending Regulation (EC) No 314/2002 laying down detailed rules for the application of the quota system in the sugar sector

NB: The date is never mentioned. An exception to this is when an act has not been published in the L-series and it therefore has no number in its short title: (2005/169/EC) Council Decision of 24 February 2005 amending the Decision of 27 March 2000 authorising the Director of Europol to enter into negotiations on agreements with third States and non-EU related bodies (2005/769/EC) Commission Decision of 27 October 2005 laying down rules for the procurement of food aid by NGOs authorised by the Commission to purchase and mobilise products to be supplied under Council Regulation (EC) No 1292/96 and repealing its Decision of 3 September 1998

In a citation In a citation the full title of a secondary legislation act is always given and is followed by a footnote reference:
Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 2799/98 of 15 December 1998 establishing agrimonetary arrangements for the euro (1),

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The only exceptions to this rule are primary legislation acts, that is Treaties as well as Accession Acts, and international acts where the Community(ies) and the Member States are signing parties, i.e. Agreements, Conventions, etc. These are given in short form and without footnote reference:
Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Article 310 in conjunction with the second sentence of Article 300(2), first subparagraph, and the second subparagraph of Article 300(3) thereof, Having regard to the 2003 Act of Accession, and in particular Article 6(2) thereof, Having regard to the Agreement on Mutual Recognition between the European Community and the United States of America, and in particular Articles 7 and 14,

In a recital In a recital the title of a secondary legislation act can at its first occurrence be cited as the full title or the short title, in both cases followed by a footnote reference:
(1) Council Regulation (EC) No 27/2005 of 22 December 2004 fixing for 2005 the fishing opportunities and associated conditions for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks, applicable in Community waters and, for Community vessels, in waters where catch limitations are required (3), lays down quotas for 2005. (1) Commission Regulation (EC) No 2366/98 (3) lays down detailed rules for applying the system of production aid for olive oil ...

There do not seem to be fixed rules obliging the author to choose the full or the short title.
NB: In acts from the Council and from the European Parliament and the Council, more detailed rules are laid down about the first reference to an act in a recital as for instance the author may be left out, and the full title may not necessarily include the entire subject. Cf. Manual of precedents for acts established within the Council of the European Union.
Further references to titles already referred to in a citation or earlier in the recitals are always put as short title without mention of the author and without a footnote reference.

In an article Ideally, no new references to acts appear in the enacting terms, i.e. in the articles. Yet, should an act have a first reference in an article, it is only referred to in its short title, with mention of author:
1. Notwithstanding Article 23(1) of Commission Regulation (EC) No 1291/2000 (1), export licences issued ...
(1) OJ L 152, 24.6.2000, p. 1.

The footnote only contains the actual OJ reference and no mention of later amendments.

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NB: In acts from the Council as well as from the European Parliament and the Council other types of first references in articles exist, as both short (with or without mention of author) as well as full title can be used. The footnote may contain the OJ reference, the last amendment and the full title of the act as well as any variation of the three possibilities.

In an annex Normally, few first references occur in an annex. Should it happen, the normal procedure is followed, i.e. full or short title and a footnote reference:
(k) emissions to air ... without prejudice to Directive 97/68/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 1997 on the apporoximation of the laws of the Member States relating to measures against the emission of gaseous and particulate pollutants from internal combustion engines to be installed in non-road mobile machinery (1);
(1) OJ L 59, 27.2.1998, p. 1.Directive as last amended by Directive 2004/26/EC (OJ L 146, 30.4.2004, p. 1).

See also Section 3.4.6, references to amendments/last amendments.

3.4.4. References to subdivisions of acts


1. The various parts of a reference, if numbered, are cited in descending order; they are not separated by commas or spaces:
Article 1(2)(a) of Regulation ... Article 2(3) and Article 3 provide that ... (article subdivisions appear in brackets if numbered in the text) NB: Note that in English there is no obvious way to know whether Article 1(2)refers to Article 1, paragraph 2 or Article 1, point 2.

When unnumbered parts of a reference are cited, these are written out in full and usually precede the numbered part:
Article 2 and the second paragraph of Article 3 provide that ... (article subdivisions are written out in words if not numbered in the text) The second subparagraph of Article 2(1) and Article 3 provide that ...

2. When subdivisions of the same type are mentioned, the name is not repeated:
Chapters I and II Articles 1, 4 and 9 the first and third indents

Where several articles, paragraphs or subparagraphs are mentioned, which are consecutively numbered, the following forms may be used: Articles 4, 5 and 6 or Article 5(a) to (d).

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3. When reference is made to subdivisions of the same type of which one or more are accompanied by subdivisions of a lower level, the subdivision in question is mentioned each time:
Article 2 and Article 3(1) of Regulation ... Article 2, Article 5(2) and (3) and Articles 6 to 9 of Regulation ... (and not Articles 2, 5(2) and (3) and 6 to 9)

4. Repetition of the word point should be avoided:


in point 2(a) in point 2(a)(i) in Title A, point 2(a)(i), of Regulation ... (and not in point 2, point (a), point (i), of Regulation ...)

3.4.5. References to annexes


This shall be as follows:
This text appears in the Annex [to this Regulation] (and not of this Regulation). ... catches of the stock referred to in the Annex to this Regulation ... Annex I is replaced by the text in Annex I to this Decision.

Autonomous acts, for instance agreements, protocols, etc., are not referred to as annexes:
The text of the Agreement is attached to this Decision (please note the word attached, not annexed)

3.4.6. References to amendments/last amendments


References to amendments are placed in the footnote connected to the first occurrence of a title of an act, after the OJ reference:
Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 384/96 of 22 December 1995 on protection against dumped imports from countries not members of the European Community (1), ...
(1) OJ L 56, 6.3.1996, p. 1. Regulation as last amended by Regulation (EC) No 461/2004 (OJ L 77, 13.3.2004, p. 12).

Since primary law has no footnote reference, an eventual (last) amendment reference is placed in the text:
Having regard to Protocol 4 on cotton, annexed to the Act of Accession of Greece, as last amended by Council Regulation (EC) No 1050/2001 (1),

Where an amendment contains specific information relevant to the new act, it may be placed in the text:
... and which comply with the restrictions and/or specifications provided for in Section A of Annex III to Directive 2002/72/EC as amended by Directive 2004/19/EC, may continue ...

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The amendment reference contains only the short title, with or without mention of the author according to the general rules. as amended by is used when there is only one amendment. as last amended by is used when it has been amended more than once. Parts being amended in an act If an article is replaced in an amending act, the new text (article and number preceded by an opening quotation mark) begins at the left margin:
Article 3 of Decision 2001/689/EC is replaced by the following: Article 3 The ecological criteria for the product group dishwashers, as well as the related assessment and verification requirements, shall be valid until 28 August 2007. NB: Since only one modification is being made in this example no punctuation follows the closing quotation mark at the end of the new article.

Where a subdivision of an article is amended (paragraph, subparagraph, point, etc.) the new text commences with an opening quotation mark followed by the number of the paragraph, subparagraph and point, etc.:
Joint Action 2002/921/CFSP is hereby amended as follows: 1. Article 2(2)(a) is replaced by the following: (a) ...; 2. Article 3(3) shall read: 3. The ....; NB: Where more than one modification is being made, the modifications are numbered and each numbered text ends with a semicolon.

3.4.7. Definition of an expression or a word


When defining an expression or word it is placed within single inverted commas (double when already within inverted commas):
The Commission notes that according to the Shipbuilding Regulation, shipbuilding means building of self-propelled seagoing commercial vessels.

When dealing with a list, the expression or the word is placed within single inverted commas and is followed by a colon:
For the purposes of this Regulation, the following definitions shall apply: (a) programming: the process of organisation, decision-taking and financing in several stages intended to implement ... the joint action ... to achieve the priority goals of the EAFRD; (b)region: territorial unit ...;

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3.4.8. Order of citation


Treaties The order in which the Treaties are cited since the Treaty on European Union (in particular in citations) is as follows: Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community (expired on 24 July 2002), Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community. Having regard to the Treaty on European Union, (this Treaty often comes last, but may come first) Until the end of 1997, the order in which the Communities were cited in the numbers of acts varied each year according to the following scheme: E(E)C, Euratom, ECSC: 1968, 1971, 1974, 1977, 1980, 1983, 1986, 1989, 1992, 1995, Euratom, ECSC, E(E)C: 1969, 1972, 1975, 1978, 1981, 1984, 1987, 1990, 1993, 1996, ECSC, E(E)C, Euratom: 1970, 1973, 1976, 1979, 1982, 1985, 1988, 1991, 1994, 1997. From 1998 until 23 July 2002, the order was invariable as follows: EC, ECSC, Euratom Since 24 July 2002 the Communities are cited as follows: EC, Euratom The terms European Economic Community and European Community are used as follows: European Economic Community or EEC: for acts adopted before 1 November 1993, European Community or EC: for acts adopted since 1 November 1993.

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Renumbering of the EC Treaty as of 1 May 1999 On 1 May 1999 the Amsterdam Treaty entered into force. With this Treaty the Articles of the EC Treaty and the EU Treaty were renumbered. With regard to the Court of Justice and the Court of First Instance, where a reference is made to an article of a treaty from 1 May 1999, the number of the article is immediately followed by the two letters indicating the Treaty applicable: EU for the Treaty on European Union EC for the EC Treaty CS for the ECSC Treaty EA for the Euratom Treaty As an example, Article 234 EC refers to the treaty in force since 1 May 1999. Other institutions use the traditional form: Article 234 of the EC Treaty.

Community institutions and bodies The order followed is that in which these institutions and bodies appear in the part of the treaties relating to the institutions, namely: for the ECSC (until 23 July 2002): Commission, European Parliament, Council, Court of Justice, Court of Auditors, for the EC and Euratom: European Parliament, Council, Commission, Court of Justice, Court of Auditors, European Economic and Social Committee, Committee of the Regions, European Central Bank, European Investment Bank. For the official names of institutions and bodies, see Section 9.5.
Different names for the Commission Commission of the European Communities: full official name. European Commission: to be used in non-legal texts, addresses and legal documents concerning agreements and conventions with third countries. Commission: used generally.

Countries For the names, abbreviations and order in which countries are listed, see Section 7.1 and Annexes A5 and A6. For the current names of States, see Annex A5.
NB: In references to agreements, arrangements, protocols of agreements, etc., for a State whose name has been changed, it is vital that the name in force at the time of signing the aforesaid acts is used and not replaced by the new name.

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Languages and multilingual texts For the names, abbreviations and order in which languages and language versions appear, see Section 7.2. Currencies For the names, abbreviations and order in which currencies appear, see Section 7.3 and Annex A7. A currency is written in full when the text is about the actual currency:
The euro came into use on 1 January 2002 NB: The euro is referred to as such and is never pluralised to euros.

When dealing with amounts, the ISO code is used and placed before the amount:
EUR 25 000 millions

3.4.9. Listing
Listed points punctuation 1. If the various points of a list are preceded by an introductory phrase, this ends in a colon, even if the introductory phrase introduces another introductory phrase:
Regulation (EC) No 1623/2000 is amended as follows: 1. Article 92 is amended as follows: (a) paragraph 2 is amended as follows: (i) point (c) is replaced by the following: (c) the place of establishment ...

2. If the listed points are preceded by a figure or a letter, a semicolon separates the points:
The following, in particular, shall not be covered by the 12th indent of Article 9(2)(e) of Directive 77/388/EEC: 1. radio and television broadcasting services as referred to in the 11th indent of Article 9(2)(e) of Directive 77/388/EEC; 2. telecommunications services ...; 3. supplies of the following goods and services: (a) goods, where the order and processing is done electronically; (b) CD-ROMs, floppy disks ...;

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3. If the listed points are preceded by a dash, a comma separates these points:
The reduction of 1 % per working day provided for in paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 21 of Regulation (EC) No 796/2004 shall not apply to single applications or amendments thereto submitted until: 6 June 2005 to the competent authorities for French Guiana, 19 June ...,

4. In tables, lists or annexes, punctuation may or may not be used after the listed points.

(a)
Listing of acts When listing regulations, the abbreviation of the treaty/treaties is repeated before each number, as it is an integral part of the number of the act:
Council Regulation (EC) No 1913/2005 of 23 November 2005 amending Regulations (EEC) No 2759/75, (EEC) No 2771/75, (EEC) No 2777/75, (EC) No 1254/1999, (EC) No 1255/1999 and (EC) No 2529/2001 as regards exceptional market support measures NB: Hungarian does not have the abbreviation for the Treaty in brackets in front of the number like the rest of the languages. After the number Hungarian has a slash and then the abbreviation for the Treaty: 3858/93/EK.

Similarly, when listing directives, decisions, recommendations, etc., the abbreviation is repeated at each number:
Directives 94/35/EC and 94/36/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council

3.4.10. Committees and other bodies


Commission management committees, committees and groups A list of Commission management committees, committees and groups (coordination, experts) is published every year in the edition of the Official Journal devoted to the European Unions general budget. Initial capitals are used (e.g. the Management Committee for Milk and Milk Products). Other bodies For use of capitals and lower case, see Section 10.5.

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3.4.11. Abbreviations, contractions and acronyms


Abbreviations are only used in annexes and tables. In the body of the text full forms are used (see also Annex A3). Contractions and acronyms are acceptable in the body of a text provided that on first occurrence the full form precedes the acronym (see Section 10.8 and Annex A4).

3.4.12. Addresses
(See Section 7.1.3.)

3.5. Analysis of an act


Under preparation!!

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