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Coal Seam Gas

Alternative sources of energy are concerned most developed countries, in order to reduce pollution sources, find new sources and support energy demand in the future. Coal seam gas project is one of these new sources which provides reasonable amount of gas for domestic use, but does this kind of project achieve sustainability standards? This essay will argue that Coal seam gas project has negative impact in our environment such as damaging underground water source and using fertility lands. Furthermore, it should not be considered as a cleaner alternative to coal or oil. Coal seam gas operation has phased in many steps which use process of hydraulic fracturing. Fracturing consists of injection a solution made up of water, sand and a cocktail of chemicals into the coal seam. As a result, this process is concerning farmers and green activist groups, especially the impact on aquifers. Damaging underground water sources is the most dangerous problem leading to unexpected consequences. Furthermore, it will affect in agriculture sector and cattle. Tackling these kinds of devastating require many hundreds of years after operations cease (Klan, 2011). Coal seam gas projects are using fertility lands in Australia, especially in Queensland. Even though the proportion of fertility lands in Australia is limited, so this will affect in growing crops and fruits. According to The Sunday Morning Herald (June 18, 2011), Moree ranked as Australias second richest agricultural area then Toowoomba in 2006 agricultural census (Fertile plains under frack attack , 2011). Consequently, the amount of fertility lands will shrink because of coal seam gas projects expansiveness (Tozer & Cubby, 2010). Consequently, it is impossible to consider coal seam gas as a cleaner source which can be replaced instead of oil. Toxic spills from coal seam gas could pollute the air, soil and water by the use of chemicals. In addition, this process is used BTEX chemicals in the drilling stage of hydraulic fracturing and these chemicals could leak into ground water aquifers or volatilize into air. As a result, people maybe exposure to these fatal chemicals by drinking contaminated water or breathing contaminated air. All these impacts give reasonable reason to consider it is not a cleaner source (Lloyd-Smith & Senjen, 2011).

Coal Seam Gas


In conclusion, it is clear that coal seam gas have negative impacts in our environment which lead to harm humans health. In balance, coal seam gas projects should be banned until revise the process to be friendly to the environment.

Bibliography
Fertile plains under frack attack . (2011, June 18). Retrieved September 26, 2011, from The Sunday Morning Herald: http://m.smh.com.au/business/fertile-plains-under-frack-attack-20110617-1g7sj.html Klan, A. (2011, September 24). Is coal-seam gas worth the risk? Retrieved September 25, 2011, from The Australian: http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/features/is-coal-seam-gas-worth-the-risk/storye6frg6z6-1226144884827 Lloyd-Smith, M., & Senjen, R. (2011, February). Hydraulic Fracturing in Coal Seam Gas Mining:The Risks to Our Health, Communities, Environment and Climate. Retrieved September 26, 2011, from National Toxics Network: http://ntn.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/NTN-Fracking-Briefing-Paper-2011.pdf Tozer, J., & Cubby, B. (2010, October 19). List reveals toxic chemicals used in coal seam mining. Retrieved September 26, 2011, from The Sunday Morning Herald: http://www.smh.com.au/environment/listreveals-toxic-chemicals-used-in-coal-seam-mining-20101019-16s26.html