KARACHI CIRCULAR RAILWAY

MSc Transportation Engineering Railway Engineering

28th November, 2007

Population (Million) 20 15 10 30 25 40 35 5 0 Tokyo New York Seoul Mexico City São Paulo Osaka Los Angeles Mumbai Cairo Jakarta Buenos Aires Kolkata Moscow New Delhi Manila Shanghai London Rio de Janeiro Karachi
Source: UN Data 2001 City With Mass Transit City Without Mass Transit

Status in Mega Cities
Most Populous Cities (More than Karachi)

Population (Million) 10 12 2 4 6 8 Karachi Istanbul Tehran Dhaka Paris Chicago Beijing Bogotá Washington Lima T'aipei Khartoum Lagos SanFrancisco Bangkok Hong Kong Chongqing Johannesburg Chennai Philadelphia Kinshasa Essen Lahore
Source: UN Data 2001 City With Mass Transit City Without Mass Transit

Status in Mega Cities
Most Populous Cities (Less Than Karachi)

Mass Transit Systems in Asia

?

Operational in 48 Cities Planned in 14 Cities
Karachi Does Not Figure in the Asian Transit Map!

Mass Transit Systems in Asia
Ankara, TURKEY Population: 3.4 M Length: ~15 km

Mass Transit Systems in Asia
Bangkok, THAILAND Population: 7.1 M Length: ~23 km

Mass Transit Systems in Asia
Beijing, CHINA Population: 8.6 M Length: ~54 km

Mass Transit Systems in Asia
Kolkata, INDIA Population: 13.4 M Length: ~17 km

Mass Transit Systems in Asia
Chennai, INDIA Population: 6.6 M Length: ~9 km

Mass Transit Systems in Asia
New Delhi, INDIA Population: 13.2 M Length: ~8 km

Mass Transit Systems in Asia
Hong Kong, CHINA Population: 6.8 M Length: ~78 km

Mass Transit Systems in Asia
Istanbul, TURKEY Population: 10.7 M Length: ~26 km

Mass Transit Systems in Asia
Izmir, TURKEY Population: 2.5 M Length: ~12 km

Mass Transit Systems in Asia
Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA Population: 2.3 M Length: ~72 km

Mass Transit Systems in Asia
Manila, PHILIPPINES Population: 12.8 M Length: 58 km

Mass Transit Systems in Asia
Mumbai, INDIA Population: 16.7 M Length: ~50 km

Mass Transit Systems in Asia
Pyongyang, NORTH KOREA Population: 3.6 M Length: ~22 km

Mass Transit Systems in Asia
Seoul, SOUTH KOREA Population: 20.4 M Length: ~160 km

Mass Transit Systems in Asia
Shenghai, CHINA Population: 12.0 M Length: ~70 km

Mass Transit Systems in Asia
SINGAPORE Population: 3.3 M Length: ~156 km

Mass Transit Systems in Asia

Tehran, IRAN Population: 10.7 M Length: ~59 km

Mass Transit Systems in Asia
Tokyo, JAPAN Population: 34.7 M Length: ~328 km

KARACHI AND IT’S TRANSPORT INFRASTUCTURE

Karachi – Our Largest City
Since 1947;
Area Increased from 100 sq km to 750 sq km Population increased from 1.0 mil to 10.95 mil Density increased from 10,000 to 14,600 persons per/sq km

Slow Pace of Development Inadequate Civic Infrastructure Leading to Multi-Dimensional Problems

Top 40 Asian Cities (Asiaweek)

Karachi – Our Largest City

Karachi - Travel Demand
Key Statistics from Studies (Year 2002) Trip Generation
Private Transport
(Car, motorcycle, taxis, etc.)

12 Million/Day
4.8 Million/Day 7.2 Million/Day

Public Transport (Buses)

Peak Public Transport (Buses)

0.7 Million/Hour

Source : KMTC

Present Situation

Past Transit Studies
1952: 1974: 1985: 1990: 1990: 1994: 1994: 1996: 1997: MRVP Masterplan Karachi Rapid Transit Study Karachi Transportation Masterplan Karachi Mass Transit Study KCR Improvement Study (JARTS) KMTS Priority Corridor 1 KMTS Priority Corridor 2 BOT Contract on Corridor 1 KMTA/NMTA Implementation Plans

Possible Scenarios

Do-Nothing Scenario
Population: 10.95 Million (2001) 18.50 Million (2015) Vehicles: 1.1 Million (2001) 1.98 Million (2015)

Do-Nothing Scenario
Presently, Traffic is +25% over KMTS forecasts for 2001. At M A Jinnah Road
1,100 buses (18 buses/minute) Double in 10 years; Triple in 15 years!

Travel time from 30 minutes to 90 minutes per trip over next 10-15 years.

Do-Nothing Scenario
Operational Buses ~ 8,747 Required Buses
In 2002 In 2010 Karachi Mumbai Hong Kong ~12,172 ~17,000 40 12 08

Average Person/Bus Seat

Do-Nothing Scenario
Increased Congestion Increased Noise/Air Pollution Increased Cost of Healthcare Increased Social Disorder Many Other Factors Leading to . . .

Do-Something Scenario
Increase Capacity of Existing Roads
Widening of Roads Parking Controls on Curb-Parking Develop Parking Lots

Improvement in Existing Mass Transit Modes
Expand Bus/Minibus Fleet High Capacity Buses

Revitalize KCR and Integrate with Overall Urban Transport System.

GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

Goals & Objectives
A Viable Improvement in Transport System
Revitalize KCR. Integrate it with Bus System.

Aim to Reduced Pollution and Congestion. Provide Comfortable and Affordable Service to Commuter. Optimize Cost-Effective and Safe Operation. Maximize Indigenous Resource Utilization (Locomotives, Rolling Stocks etc.) Expandable Urban Rail System. Attractive for Public-Private Partnership.

User Requirements
Integrated Transport System Affordable and Easy Access Minimum Commuting Time Improved Quality of Service
Convenient Efficient Safe

Why Urban Rail System?
One Train of 900 Passengers Replaces:
600 450 70 15 9

Objective: Increase Road Capacity by Ensuring a Shift in Preferred Mode of Commuting

Why Urban Rail System?
More Efficient Than Roads Reduced Cost of Road Construction/Parking Facilities Reduced Accidents Reduced Congestion Reduced Pollution (Air and Noise) Investment $1, Return $4 (indirect benefits) Increased Value of Property Utilization of Existing Corridors and Resources Many More Indirect Benefits (Intangible)

Urban Transit Statistics
Peak Passenger Flow
Lagos Jakarta Buenos Aires Mumbai (Central) Mumbai (West) Hong Kong Tunis Manila Kolkata Porto Algeres Pusan Singapore Santiago Rio de Jenero Cairo Sao Paulo Mexico City Hong Kong 0 10 20

Sub-Urban Rail Karachi: ~23,400/Hour (2001)
M A Jinnah Road (Peak Direction)

Light Rail Transit

Metro
30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Peak Passenger Flow ('000/Hour/Direction)

AN OVERVIEW OF THE KARACHI CIRCULAR RAILWAY SYSTEM

Peak Performance
104 Trains/day, BUT only 18,000 tickets sold/day

KCR – The Rise-and-Fall
1952 1964 1964-74 1975-85 KCR conceived KCR completed (30 km semi-circle) Excellent Performance Gradual Deterioration * Too many level crossings; * Increased travel times; * Reduced ridership; * Financial Discipline Beginning of the End Symbolic service only End of service Assets in shambles

1986 1996 2000 2002

KCR Statistics
Unit Broad Gauge Track Stations Level Crossing Trains km Nos. Nos. Nos. KCR 30 14 26 0 PR – Mainline 28 10 7 2

KCR – Causes of Failure
With Accelerated City Expansion (1972 onwards)
More Roads, More Level Crossings Increased Travel Time Reduced Ridership Increased Operational Cost With Falling Revenues Reduced Train Frequency Deteriorated Quality of Service

KCR – Causes of Failure
KCR is ONE of SEVERAL PR Projects. Shortfall of Funding for Maintaining KCR. No-Match with Growing Demands. Lack of Coordination between Owner/ Operator, and Planning Agencies. Obsolete Revenue Controls No Commercialization – Though Great Potential Exists Even Today!

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer: Get 4 months of Scribd and The New York Times for just $1.87 per week!

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times