Unit V Golf Course Management

Lesson 2

Lesson 2. Career Opportunities in the Golf Industry
A Challenging and Rewarding Career Terms
assistant superintendent: an assistant to a superintendent, serving as superintendent when the superintendent is absent: This position usually attracts a recent college graduate majoring in golf course management or related areas with experience in golf course management. golf course management crew: a team of three to several dozens of people with special training to maintain a golf course including mowing, irrigating, fertilizing, pest control, ground maintenance, tournament preparation, and other aspects to keep the golf course's playability. golf course management: the science and art used to maintain a golf course for golfers: It includes turfgrass management, financial management, human resource management, and environmental management. golf course superintendent: the supervisor and leader of the golf course management crew. A superintendent is usually required to have a college degree or training in golf course management, turfgrass management, or related areas and skills in financial management and human resource management. It usually takes a person 2 to 3 years in a position as assistant superintendent to become a superintendent. irrigation technician: a trained specialist responsible for maintenance of the irrigation systems on a golf course mechanic: a trained specialist responsible for repairing and maintaining equipment including mowers, sprayers, and related machines pesticide technician: a trained specialist responsible for pest management and application of pesticides with a pesticide license student interns: college students working on a golf course majoring in golf course management or related areas to meet course credit requirements for a college degree turfgrass management: the science and art of studying turfgrasses and their uses for different purposes including golf course turf, lawns, sports turf, and utility turf workers: people who work on a golf course including qualified high school students: These workers have skills
National Science Education Standards, Grades 9-12 Unifying Concepts and Processes: Systems, order, and organization Evidence, models and explanation Science as Inquiry: Understanding about scientific inquiry Abilities to do scientific inquiry Life Science: Interdependence of organisms Matter, energy, and organization in living systems Behavior of organisms History and Nature of Science: Science as human endeavor Nature of scientific knowledge Mathematical Skills

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Unit V Golf Course Management

Lesson 2

in communication and equipment operation and a general knowledge of golf course management.

Performance Objectives
The student will • • • • list five jobs and their responsibilities in golf course management. describe the purpose and training of a college intern working on a golf course. list three major training areas required to be a qualified superintendent. visit a local golf course and interview the golf course maintenance crew. use the web sites: www.gcsaa.org and www.turfnet.com to print out one job announcement for golf course superintendent (optional).

Materials Needed
For the class a school bus for travel to a local golf course a camera For each small group of students a camera (optional) For each student the student sheet

Background Information
Golf course management is a complicated task and it deals mainly with four major areas: turfgrass management, human resource management, financial management, and environmental enhancement. Maintaining a golf course to its playability requires multiple personnel involvement. A golf course superintendent is a leader of his/her crew. They maintain the golf course at a level that allows the golfers to enjoy the game on a daily basis. There are more than 16,365 golf courses in the U.S. and more than 26,000 golf courses in the world. Therefore, there must be 26,000 golf course superintendents to manage the people working on all the golf courses. Since 1800, golf has become a popular game and sport in American life and now there are 25 to 30 million regular golfers in the U.S. To serve these American golfers, well-trained superintendents and crew are required. The Golf Course Superintendents Association of America (GCSAA), founded in 1928, is the largest golf course management related professional association in the world. There are 160,000 to 250,000 employees directly working on golf courses in the U.S. There are some successful superintendents with less than a high school diploma. However, it is now generally agreed that a post-secondary diploma is required. There are many superintendents who have Bachelor's and Master's

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Unit V Golf Course Management

Lesson 2

degrees in turfgrass science or related fields. According to a recent survey conducted by GCSAA, about 85% of the superintendents have formal training in the turfgrass science area or related fields. It normally requires two to three years' experience as an assistant superintendent to become a superintendent. The general trend shows that a golf course superintendent is one of the favorite positions in the green industry. It is also a highly demanding position. Assistant golf course superintendents, mechanics, pesticide technicians, and irrigation technicians are professionals trained in different areas. It is very common for these professionals to have a college degree or post-secondary training. For all employees working on golf courses, knowledge of turfgrass management, golf rules, and equipment operation are essential. Continuing training and education in these areas are required to keep up with the profession. Thousands of college and high school students have worked on golf courses as part-time employees. Students also can earn course credits to work on golf courses as interns. In North America, there are more than 100 institutions that have golf course management programs leading to a college degree.

Teacher Preparation
• • • Visit the GCSAA web site: www.gcsaa.org and www.turfnet.com for information about the golf industry. Get a current issue of Golf Course Management and read the articles. Contact a local golf course superintendent and arrange a visit for the class. Get the school bus and camera ready for the field trip.

Procedure
Before the visit to the golf course (10 to 15 minutes) 1. Explain the terms listed at the beginning of the lesson. 2. Ask students to describe the job responsibilities of golf course maintenance workers. 3. Ask the students to review the questions on the student sheet and prepare to ask these questions during the visit. During the visit to the golf course (30 to 45 minutes) 1. Ask the superintendent or the assistant superintendent to give a 10 to 15 minute presentation on the job responsibilities of the golf course management crew. 2. Divide the students into small groups to interview the pesticide technician, the irrigation technician, or the mechanic for 10 minutes and record their findings on the student sheet. 3. Ask each student to write down the interview information on the student sheet. 4. Take a tour of a complete hole.

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Unit V Golf Course Management

Lesson 2

After the visit 1. Review the notes and photos taken during the visit. 2. Share the interview results from the small groups among the students. 3. Discuss the career opportunities in the golf industry. 4. Ask the students to finish the student sheet. 5. Conduct optional lab projects: Ø Organize a poster competition based on the visit to the golf course Ø Ask the students to write an essay to describe and discuss a typical day of a golf course superintendent Ø Ask the students to write an essay to describe and discuss the state golf course industry and local golf course industry

Ø Organize a debate among students on issues such as golf courses and the
environment, golf courses and job opportunities, and golf courses and public perceptions.

6. Send a thank you note to the superintendent within 4 days after the visit.

Reflection
What are the career opportunities in golf course management? What training and skills are needed to be a golf course superintendent? List the duties of a golf course worker. What are the advantages and disadvantages of working on a golf course in the summer?

Enhancement
• • • Visit more turf related web sites (appendices) Visit additional golf courses and make comparisons Ask a college student majoring in golf course management to give a talk to the class

• Ask a college turf professor to give a talk to the class Assessment
Determine the students' performance based on • • • the degree of accomplishment on the student sheet. the performance during the class or the field trip. the participation in the discussion and the reflection questions. the degree of accomplishment on the "Scoring Rubric".

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Unit V Golf Course Management STUDENT FACT SHEET

Lesson 2 Student ________________ Date____________

CAREER OPPORTUNITIES IN THE GOLF INDUSTRY
1. There are more than 16,365 golf courses in the United States. 2. There are more than 160,000 employees working on these golf courses. 3. A college degree in turfgrass science and management is highly recommended to pursue a career in the golf industry. 4. A golf course superintendent should have knowledge and training in the following aspects: turfgrass management, human resource management, financial management, and environmental management. 5. Knowledge of turfgrass management, golf rules, and equipment operation is essential for all employees working on golf courses. 6. In North America, there are more than 100 institutions providing formal training in golf course management.

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Unit V Golf Course Management STUDENT SHEET

Lesson 2 Student ________________ Date____________

CAREER OPPORTUNITIES IN THE GOLF INDUSTRY
1. Write the definition:

assistant superintendent: golf course management crew: golf course management: golf course superintendent: irrigation technician: mechanic: pesticide technician: student interns: turfgrass management: workers: working on golf course based on a part-time schedule including qualified high school students. These workers have skills in communication
and equipment operation and a general knowledge of golf course management. 1. Answer the following questions: 1) List at least five golf course jobs and their responsibilities

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Unit V Golf Course Management

Lesson 2

2)

Why are internships on golf courses beneficial for college students?

3)

What are the three major areas of knowledge and the skills required to be a successful golf course superintendent?

2. Based on the visit to a local golf course, try to answer the following questions 1). Define the responsibilities of a golf course superintendent, and list things he/she was doing on the day you visited _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________ 2). Define the responsibilities of a golf course assistant superintendent, and list things he/she was doing on the day you visited _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________

3. Answer the following questions based on what you have learned from the golf course crew. 1). 2). 3). 4). 5). How many holes does the golf course have? _____________ Is the golf course a public or private golf course? _______ How many people are working on the golf course? ___________ What is the operational budget for the golf course per year? _______ How many rounds of golf per year are played on the golf course? _____________

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Unit V Golf Course Management

Lesson 2

6). What is the total square footage of the total putting green area of the golf course? ________________ 7). 8). 9). 10). 11). 12). What turfgrass is used for the putting greens? _______________ What is the total fairway area in acres? ___________________ What turfgrass is used for fairways? _______________________ What is the total square footage of tees? _____________________ What turfgrass is used for tees? __________________________ What are the current maintenance tasks for the greens, fairways, and tees?

_____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

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Unit V Golf Course Management

Lesson 2

A SCORING RUBRIC

Name ________________Date _____________

CAREER OPPORTUNITIES IN THE GOLF INDUSTRY
The purpose of this lesson was

The main method(s) or procedure(s) we learned was (were)

The best example(s) that I can use to describe the content of this lesson Subjects or courses that I can relate this lesson to

The information of this lesson can be applied to

In summary, what I learned

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Unit V Golf Course Management

Lesson 2

A Typical Golf Course Job Announcement
Assistant Superintendent

Job Title: Club Name: Address: City: State/Prov: Zip/Postal: Contact Name: Contact Address: Phone: Fax: E-mail:

Assistant Superintendent Collier's Reserve C.C. 11700 Collier's Reserve Drive Naples FL 34110 Bill Davidson same 941-597-7063 941-597-7520 colliercc@hotmail.com

Requirements and Qualifications Educational Requirements: Turf degree or minimum of five years experience Experience Required: Chemical application, irrigation repair and maintenance Special Requirements: Must be professional, able to deal with employees tactfully, extremely self-motivated, and thinks outside the box to solve issues Salary: $28,000 - $30,000 Benefits: Truck, medical, dental and life insurance, lunches, uniforms, and golf privileges Date Posted: 2/15/2001 Date Available: May 1, 2001 Comment: We are an 18-hole upscale course built in '93. We were the first Audubon Signature Course in the world and are looking for a highly motivated person to help sustain our level of maintenance.

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Unit V Golf Course Management

Lesson 2

A Typical Summer Intern Position Announcement
College Student Summer Intern Position Job Title: Club Name: Address: City: State/Prov: Zip/Postal: Contact Name : Phone: Fax: e-mail: Summer Intern Whitemarsh Valley CC 815 Thomas Road Lafayette Hill PA 19444 Tony Gustaitis CGCS 215-233-3906 215-233-0180 wvcc@hotmail.com

Educational Requirements: Enrolled in Turfgrass Management program. Experience Required: Basic golf course experience. We will teach the intern all the different aspects of golf course management. Special Requirements: None Salary: $ 10 per hour Benefits: meals ,golf ,uniforms Date Posted: 4/10/01 Date Available: immediately Comment: Whitemarsh Valley CC is a George Thomas Jr. designed golf course. We are going through a golf course renovation project to get us back to the early 1900's look.

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Unit V Golf Course Management

Lesson 2

Career Profile

Golf Course Superintendent

A golf course superintendent supervises the maintenance crew for daily operations of a golf course to the desired playability. A golf course superintendent's skills and knowledge include three major aspects: people management, turfgrass management, and business and financial management. A golf course superintendent is required to have sound training in these three areas plus communication skills. Most superintendents have a college degree in turfgrass science and management or related areas. It is very common that a superintendent also has formal training in human resources and business areas. Most golf course superintendents have had experience as an assistant golf course superintendent before they become superintendents. Similar to many other professionals, the golf course superintendents have their own associations and organizations. The national organization is called the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America (GCSAA, http://www.gcsaa.org). It is the largest international organization with more than 20,000 members. In the last 70 years, GCSAA has provided its members with education, conferences, trade shows, and many other activities to promote their profession. After several examinations and evaluations by the GCSAA Certification Program, an experienced golf course superintendent with five-year's experience is qualified to apply to be a Certified Golf Course Superintendent (CGCS). In the USA, about 15% of the golf course superintendents are certified superintendents. There are more than 16,365 golf courses in our country and more than 26,000 in the world, so there is a need for at least 26,000 golf course superintendents in the world. They practice their profession on a daily basis and work hard with their crews to maintain the best playing conditions for the golf game, which provides fun and a challenge to golfers, enhances our life's quality and enjoyment, and attracts millions of young people.

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