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Loud and Clear
1. Look at the statements. Face to face communication minimizes the risk of misunderstanding. Consequently, the video phone will be a huge asset to society. Mobile phones are a public nuisance and should be banned. Do you agree with their views expressed? 2. Do you think we have become better communicators with all the high-the aids we have today? Give reasons for your answer.
How good a listener are you? Which of these could apply to you during a typical
conversation? Tick and then compare your results with another student. Do you hear what I’m saying? Day-dreaming about something completely unrelated. Losing interest in what another person is saying. Finishing off sentences for slow or boring speakers Misinterpreting, either deliberately or by accident Filtering the message – hearing what you want Butting in before you have heard all the facts Trying to change the subject prematurely Fidgeting and causing other distractions to the speaker EXERCISE 2. Noun
___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________
The following words are all to do with qualities a good listener may have. Can _______ restraint _______
you provide the related adjectives or nouns? alertness
Tricia Aspinall & Annette Capel, Advanced Masterclass CAE, Student’s Book, Oxford University Press, 2006, p. 9-10
timing yourself as you read. Oxford University Press. show him the ___________ he deserves. 6. this won’t take long to explain. John is a particularly v interviewer and gives the impression that he is very interested in what people are saying. Janet was very ___________ in the meeting today – she picked up a lot of mistakes in the accountant’s report! 2. Find out who bought each phone and who pays the bill. X believes… Changing the subject a little. 3. She showed a lot of ___________ in staying calm during such a confrontation. Even if you find what he says boring. X is also … Moving on to another of X’s … On the other hand. X’s ambition is to … Last but not least. referring to your notes if necessary. 2 Tricia Aspinall. 5. 2006. 1. Aim to speak for about 30 seconds. Anette Capel. I thought you were very ___________ just now – I would have told them to shut up and mind their own business! 4. choosing suitable nouns or adjectives from those above. If you pay ___________. 4-6 2 . Advanced Masterclasss CAE Workbook. Another very interesting side to X is his/ her … In addition to ….Adjective _______ attentive _______ respectful Complete the sentences about good listeners. p. How could you improve the fluency of your introduction and avoid repeating yourself? Look at these conversation linkers and use some of them in a revised introduction. Read the whole of this text about mobile phones quickly. Ask another student questions about the following topics: ● something they really hate doing ● something unusual they would like to do their current job or studies their favourite free-time activity Make notes of the answers to your questions an then introduce that person to another pair. Speaking • • 1. 2. X… Reading2 1. x is a … One more thong needs to be said about X … Finally.
2. 5. My parents were dead against it at first. They’ve all got used to them now. 1. Calls are free at weekend so she’s able to have a good gossip to her mates then. 3 . but when they realised it wasn’t a status symbol.’ Daughter Louisa (17) ‘I was delighted when I got it but scared of taking it out in case it got pinched. 7. It’s a real security blanket. especially living in London. An example is given. as long as their use is strictly limited. Although I never thought I would say. I’ve come around to the idea of teenagers having them.’ Josée ‘Vanessa’s dad Terence and I were worried of keeping rack of her when she was out with friends. That hasn’t happened yet – so many of Louisa’s friends have got their own anyway.’ Daughter Vanessa (15) ‘My phone was an early 15th birthday present. Barbara (47) ‘I sometimes worry that the mobile will get passed around and I’ll run up a huge bill without even realizing it. Her safety was a big concern. 6. and I feel much more confident with it. but they were very much toys to begin with. We wanted to know where she was at any time. Vanessa is not allowed to take it to school and she pays her bills out of her savings. 8. Out of all my friends. 3. We didn’t want her to have one to begin with. __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ 3. especially if I’m out late.’ 2. mothers and daughters say what a mobile means to them. Find these words and phrases in the text and then give more formal equivalents. Now read the text again and match these statements to the four people. It’s handy – once a friend of mine had a serious medical problem and it meant we could get help quickly. Here. I never take it to school although loads of girls do – the teachers get furious when they ring in class. 4. only about five haven’t got one. The text is in informal spoken English. She can chat to her friends without it costing a fortune. I feel safer having it with me at night. I worry about not being in control of it. they think it’s very glamorous.These days it seems that every other teenager is walking down the street with a mobile phone glued to their ear. Teenagers seem to need constant communication and when the phone rings as they’re walking down the street. I always call Mum if I’m late. I worried about it being stolen at first. Teenagers see having a mobile phone as a status symbol. they agreed. A mobile phone is useful in an emergency.
4. Remember that the related forms may not be constructive entries. Use a dictionary to complete these sets of related words. They encountered a blanket of silence and endless faces when they entered the room. run up 1. Vocabulary While using this course. an adjective or a verb.0. Many airlines now enforce a blanket ban on smoking. something that gives her a feeling of safety. 1. A layer of mist blanketed the hills and it was impossible to find our way. 1. dead against __accumulate__ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ 4. load of 6. gossip 4. handy 3. There was blanket coverage of the scandal in the press. mates 5. Freddy’s such a wet blanket – he wouldn’t even come for a drink with us last night. Here are some ways for recording vocabulary. 2. pinched 2. keep a separate notebook for vocabulary and try to look back at it regularly. Say which part of speech it is in each of these examples and explain the meaning. Write down the vocabulary you learn in ways that is meaningful to you. NOUN evasion restraint ___________ distraction ___________ strategy ___________ ___________ jerk ___________ 4 ___________ ADJECTIVE evasive ___________ VERB evade ___________ misinterpret ___________ interrupt . Vanessa describes her mobile phone as a real security blanket. The word ‘blanket’ can be a noun. Related parts of speech. 5. 3.
describing qualities c.___________ ___________ evaluate 2. describing something bad e. give reasons for outstanding effective efficient (b) e 5 . disadvantage or problem b. doubt d. Meaning clouds. Then chose a description that matches your choice. Think about the meaning of the words below and put there related words into each meaning cloud. outstanding explain nuisance unpleasant distasteful convince pitfall justify harsh suspicion distrust efficient effective snag cynicism a.
faced _____________________. Suggest phrasal verbs which have a similar meaning to these verbs. Register Remember to note down any usage restrictions when you list new vocabulary and record informal and more formal equivalents together. a. defer ____hang on ____ _____________________ _____________________ 6 . big-headed open-minded stony-faced short-tempered light-hearted _____________________ . avoid 2. 0. hardhitting. high-tech b. tailor made d. Collocation Look at dictionary examples to find some frequent collocates for words you have learnt. the adjective harsh is often used with the following nouns: harsh weather a harsh voice a harsh judgement harsh facts/ the harsh truth Now write down some noun collocation foe each of these adjectives. tactless _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ 4. far-reaching e.tempered _____________________. Add any you know to this list. foe example.3.minded _____________________ .tempered _____________________.hearted _____________________. Extension This lesson looked at compound adjectives ending in –ing. An example is given. For example.headed _____________________ . wait 1. direct f.hearted 5.faced _____________________. monotonous c. Many compound adjectives end with –ed.minded _____________________.headed _____________________ .
incomplete success 2. Which people might use doublespeak? The World of Doublespeak3 Farmers o longer have cows. The (8) _____________________ reality is that I’ve (9) _____________________ you down.S. Discuss your interpretation of their meaning with 3. reprimand 4. p. Oxford University Press. Advanced Masterclass CAE. 1. real counterfeit diamonds How would you describe this type of language? 2. Love Rachel Reading another student. I know you will find this (7) _____________________ as a reason. 2006. timing yourself as you read. or other animals on their farms: according to U. chickens.3. Department of Agriculture. specify _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ Writing Chose suitable words to complete this note to a friend. 13-14 7 . Read the article once. increase 5. Look at these phrases. pigs. farmers have grain-consuming animal units. I can only tell you again how (10) _____________________ I feel and hope that you’ll forgive me. excuses unconvincing pretend let tactless sorry guilty upset harsh splendid Dear Kate I am so (1) _____________________ that I forgot to come to your wedding last week. Attentive observers of the 3 Tricia Aspinall & Annette Capel. Student’s Book. I can’t give any (4) _____________________for this (5) _____________________ behaviour – even if I (6) _____________________ to you that I am busy at work. I feel really (2) _____________________ about it. genuine imitation leather 4. particularly as you sent me such a (3) _____________________ invitation. economically non-affluent people 1.
or at least tolerable. and that President Reagan wasn’t really unconscious while he underwent minor surgery. or your car is stolen or destroyed in an accident. But who would guess that a volume-related production schedule adjustment means closing an entire factory in the doublespeak of General Motors. unpleasant. Indeed. they just have uncontrolled contact with the ground. can at times be doublespeak. But the euphemism can also be a tactful word or phrase. We know that a toothbrush is still a toothbrush even if the advertisement on television call it a home plague remove instrument. accident. in legal jargon. or condemnation. 8 . becomes doublespeak. suffered an involuntary conversion of your property. Lawyers and tax accountants speak of an involuntary conversion of property when discussing the loss or destruction of property through theft. or denies responsibility. that airplanes don’t crash. obscure. Jargon. you have. for example “passed away” functions not just to protect the feelings of another person but also to express our concern for another’s grief. A euphemism used mislead or deceive. But it can also be doublespeak – pretentious. language which is at variance with its real meaning. the specialized language of a trade or profession. if your house burns down. and esoteric terminology used to make the simple appear complex. or that energetic disassembly means an explosion in a nuclear power plant in the doublespeak of the nuclear power industry? The euphemism. it is a mark of membership to be able to use and understand the group’s jargon. So. It is language which avoids. and even that nutritional avoidance therapy means a diet. however. shifts. allows colleagues to communicate with each other clearly.English language also learned recently that multibillion dollar stock market crash of 1987 was simply a forth quarter equity retreat. the negative appear positive. or distasteful reality. and quickly. he was just in a non-decision-making form. efficiently. doublespeak continues to spread as the official language of public communication. an inoffensive or positive word or phrase designed to avoid a harsh. Doublespeak is a blanket term for language which pretends to communicate but doesn’t. and not to express but impress. In other words. language that makes the bad look good. the unpleasant attractive.
non-decision-making form. The article mentions these different kinds of doublespeak: the euphemism correct. For example. it is really laying off 5000 workers. grocery checkouts clerks career associate scanning professionals. Indeed. grain-consuming 1. When a company initiates a career alternative enhacement program. mouth-watering 8. Such language is highly strategic. 4. good-looking 6. Compound adjectives such as these are formed with the present participle. (350 words) 3. For example. a negative patient care outcome means that the patient died. far-reaching smooth-talking a b c d e f g h off-putting convenient interminable outstanding extensive durable attractive direct appetizing Match each compound adjective in 1-8 to an adjective in a-h with a similar meaning. cynicism. If we really believe that we understand doublespeak and think that it communicates. hard-wearing 2. hard-hitting 5. distrust and. elevator operators members of the vertical transportation corps. never-ending 7. Some of the italic phrases in the article contain compound adjectives ending in –ing. grain-consuming animal units. and it breeds suspicion. jargon inflated language Can you define each term in your own words? Look back at the article to see if your definitions were 9 . record-breaking 3. labour-saving 4. ultimately. These last examples should make it clear that doublespeak is not the product of careless language or sloppy thinking. Car mechanics may be called automotive internists. serious doublespeak is carefully designed and constructed to appear to communicate but in fact to mislead. we are in deep trouble.A final kind of doublespeak is simply inflated language. hostility.
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