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main developments in European integration and Community policies in a second Community language Questions numbered from 41 to 80 Incorrect answers will not be penalised. Do not turn the page before the signal is given! 41. Co-decision is provided for in the Treaty of fue European Union and involves which of the following institutions of the EU? a) the Commission and the Council b) the Commission, Council and Parliament c) the Council and Parliament d) Parliament and the Commission 42. The President of the European Commission is appointed by: a) the Council b) the European Parliarnent c) rotation among the Member States d) the Heads of State and Government meeting as the European Council 43. Where the Council is required to act by a qualified majority, which ofthe following weightings is not correct? a) Spain 10 b) France 10 c) Germany 10 d) Italy 10
44 Which of the following bodies officially has neither a representative nor an observer at the European Convention?
a) the Commission
b) the parliament of each candidate country c) the Cornmittee ofthe Regions d) the Council of Europe 45. In preparation for the enlargement ofthe Union to 27 members, the Treaty of Nice will increase the number of members of the European Parliament to: a) 532 b) 732 c) 932 d) 1 132 46. For the purposes of policy formulation and budgetary nomenclature at EU level, research activities fall under: a) administration b) external action c) internal policies d) none of the above 47. The common agricultural policy (CAP) accounted for approximately 45% of the general budget ofthe European Union in 2002. What percentage of EU
employrnent did agriculture account for in 2000?
a) 2.8% b) 4.3% c) 9.6% d) 19.6%
48. Which one ofthe following criteria is not among the three main criteria used in the accession negotiations? a) upgrading of infrastructure in order to facilitate investment and economic development b) stability ofinstitutions guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, human rights and respect for and protection of minorities c) a functioning market economy and the capacity to cope with competitive pressures and market forces within the European Union d) the ability to take on the obligations of membership, including adherence to the objectives of political, economic and monetary union 49. In October 2002 the ERASMUS prograrnme, initiated in 1987, achieved an important milestone in the number of students carrying out a period of study abroad. How many? a) 100 000 b) 500 000 c) 1 000 000 d) 5 000 000 50. Which two Member States will retain the same number of seats in the European Parliament established by the Nice Treaty for the enlarged Europe as they have now? a) Germany and Luxembourg b) Finland and Spain c) Greece and Belgium d) Italy and Ireland 51. Which of the following is not a European Community agency? a) European Patent Office b) Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Market c) European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products d) European Training Foundation
52. Which Treaty expired in July 2002? a) the treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Cornmunity b) the treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Cornmunity c) the treaty establishing the European Economic Cornmunity d) the Single European Act 53. At the Lisbon European summit in March 2000, the Union set itself a new strategic objective for the forthcoming decade. What was it? a) to achieve a per capita GNP (gross national product) equal to that of the United States of America b) to launch new research prograrnmes on the genome to find cures for more diseases c)to become the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world d) to reform the common agricultural policy and make it more competitive 54. The annual budget ofthe European Cornmunities amounts to about: a) € 10 000 000 000 b) € 100 000 000 000 c) € 1 000 000 000 000 d) € 10 000 000 000 000 55. To prepare for the next intergovernmental conference in as broad and transparent a way as possible, the European Council convened a Convention chaired by Mr V. Giscard d’Estaing. The Convention is intended to: a) ensure a uniiform, effective and flexible transition to the euro b) determine the number of countries to be involved in the next enlargement c) consider the main questions raised by the future development of theUnion and identify the various possible responses d) settle the financial arrangements for the enlargement ofthe European Union
56. The Bologna process concems: a) the improvement ofvocational training in Europe b) the development ofknowledge in Europe c) the convergence of research policies in Europe d) the reform of higher education in Europe 57. The European Monetary lnstitute: a) was replaced by the European Central Bank b) cooperates with the European Investment Bank in financing regional development projects c) has its head office in Brussels d) is a United Nations body based in Geneva
58. A regulation, as a legal instrument of the European Cornmunities:
61. In the EU Treaty, which one ofthe following is not an objective of Cornmunity policy on the environment?
a) preserving, protecting and improving the quality of the environment b) protecting human health c) prudent and rational utilisation of natural resources d) preservation of biodiversity 62. The discharge procedure releases the Comrnission from its responsibility for management of a budget by marking the end ofthe budget exercise. The discharge is a decision taken by: a) the European Parliament b) the Council c) the President ofthe Cornmission d) the Court of Auditors
63. Which ofthe following groups of countries were all net contributors to the European Union budget in 2001 ?
a) must be approved by national parliarnents b) is directly applicable and binding in all EU Member States c) must be revised by the European Court of Justice before being applied d) concems only the cornmon agricultural policy
59. The Economic Cornmission for Europe:
a) The Netherlands, Germany, the United Kingdom, Sweden b) The Netherlands, Luxembourg, Denmark, Sweden c) The Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Sweden d) Luxembourg, Germany, the United Kingdom, Sweden 64. The sixth Cornmunity environment action prograrnme has a time scale of:
a) is another name for the Commission ofthe European Communities b) is a specialist cornmittee ofthe Council ofEurope c) ceased to exist after the Treaty ofMaastricht d) is a cornmission of the United Nations
60. Which one of the following statements conceming the European Convention is not correct?
a) 5 years b) 10 years c) 15 years d) 20 years 65. Which one of the following sets of two countries is scheduled to join the EU in 2004? a) Bulgaria and Romania b) Turkey and Latvia d) Latvia and Slovakia d) Bulgaria and Hungary
a) it was created following the Laeken European Council in 2001 b) it is a decision body on the ways of adapting and renovating Europe's institutional and political framework c) it is a reaction to the new challenges which are forcing the EU to rethink its role, improve its operations and explore new avenues for progress and democracy d) it brings together representatives of governments, national parliaments, the European Parliament and the European Comrnission
66. The 'Community method' is the expression used for fue institutional operating mode for the first pillar ofthe European Union. Which feature is not part of the
70. The Member States eligible under the Cohesion Fund have: a) joined the single currency b) a GNP of less than 90% of the Community average c) a national budget debt exceeding 100% of GNP d) an unemployment rate of more than 18% 71. The principle of 'subsidiarity' means that: a) the Member States are required to apply the regulations and decisions of the European Cornmunity b) the European Cornmunity is required to apply the decisions of the European Parliament and the European Council c) the European Cornmunity is required to apply the decisions of the Member States concerning regional policy d) the European Cornmunity intervenes only in those fields where action at European level is likely to yield better results 72. The individual members of the European Cornmission: a) may be dismissed from office by a decision of the European Parliament taken as part of the so-called 'discharge' procedure b) may be dismissed from office by a joint decision of the Court of Auditors and the European Parliament c) may be dismissed from office by the Court of Justice on application by the European Cornmission or the Council of the European Union d) may not be dismissed
a) Cornmission monopoly of the right of initiative b) general use of unanimous voting in fue Council c) an active role for fue European Parliament in co-legislating frequently with fue Council d) uniformity in the interpretation of Cornmunity law ensured by the Court of Justice 67. The European Cornmission's White Paper on Growth, Competitiveness and Employment of 1993: a) gave rise to substantial criticism of modern science b) proved for the first time that research and technological progress actually reduce employment opportunities c) cast doubt on the interest of European societies in technology investment d) emphasised fue importance of research, technology and telecommunications in nurturing industrial competitiveness 68. In which one of the following fields does the Council not generally act tt. unanimously? a) the common foreign and security policy b) procedural matters c) police and judicial cooperation d) tax provisions 69. A Community Directive is: a) a legal instrument which has general application, is binding on and directly applicable in all Member States b) a legal instrument that lays down binding objectives, leaving Member States the choice of implementation methods at the level of national legislation c) an individual instrument addressed to a state or a natural or legal person, binding in its entirety d) a pre-Iegislative instrument requiring use ofthe co-operation procedure
73. The general budget of fue European Union is drawn up by means of a procedure involving: a) the European Cornmission, the European Parliament and the European Court of Auditors b) the European Cornmission and the European Court of Auditors c) the European Cornmission, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union d) the European Cornmission, fue European Parliament, fue Council of the European Union and the European Court of Auditors
74) Agenda 2000: a) is a plan to prevent the effects of ‘Y2K’ computer bug b) comprises proposals on new accounting for firms to apply from 2000 c) is a Communication from the European Commission on the reform of Community research up to 2006 d) is an action programme to provide the European Union with a new financial framework for the period 2000-2006 75) What is the role of the European Ombudsman? a) to deal with complaints from any European citizen about Community maladministration b) to deal with conflicts between the candidates conutries and the European institutions c) to safeguard the interests of the Member States of the Euroepan Union d) to settle conflicts between the Euroepan institutions 76) Which of the following Institutions takes the final decision on the annual budget of the European Community? a) the Commission b) the Council c) the European Parliament d) the Council and the European Parliament 77) In January 2002, what ruel governed voting in the Council? a) 1 country 1 vote b) 2 votes for the country holding the presidency, 1 vote for the others c) weighting by population of the country d) no voting 78) Most plenary sessions of the European Parliament take place in: a) Luxembourg b) Strasbourg c) Brussels d) Frankfurt
79) The ‘Luxembourg compromise’ permitted: a) the ressumptions of negotiations among the Member States to relaunch the anlargement process in 1998 b) the enlargement of the European Community to include Spain and Portugal c) the return of the French government to the work of the Council of the European Communities after an absence of six months d) the introduction of a European Employment Strategy 80. Within the BU there is great diversity in the share ofR&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP. Two Member States have a significantly higher R&D intensity than all other Member States as well as the USA and Japan. These two countries are: a) Sweden and Finland b) Ireland and the United Kingdom c) Sweden and Ireland d) Finland and Germany
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