Mohammad Mohabbat Khan; Decentralization in Bangladesh; Myth or Reality; First Edition 2009; Published in Bangladesh by A H Development Publishing House

, 143, New Market, Dhaka-1205, Bangladesh; Distributor in India, Paragon Enterprise, 1, Meher Ali Road, (1st Floor), Kolkata-700017 (India); Page- 126. The decentralization of Bangladesh is a big issue. There are not so many books or literature regarding decentralization in Bangladesh. The author professor Dr. Mohammad Mohabbat Khan has tried to show courage to publish a book on it. And as I am a reviewer of this book I want to show the overview of the author’s research work on decentralization. At the preface of this book the author has made an over view of this book. The changes of concept and practice of decentralization has gone a sea change during a period of twenty five years. Bangladesh has experienced different models of decentralization process. The chapters of the book also have some repetitions to keep intact and to maintain internal coherence and logic of a particular chapter. All the chapters of the book describe the decentralization process, its concepts and its reality. At the acknowledgement part of this book the author has cited some names of the individuals and organizations those are important for this book to be published. All the successful efforts of him and those people the book has seen the light of the day. The author professor Mohammad Mohabbat Khan is the senior-most Professor at the University of Dhaka in the Department of Public Administration. He has authored 15 books and 8 monographs and contributed over one hundred and eighty articles in professional refereed journals and contributed chapters to edited books when this book was published. The first chapter is introductory chapter. It provides an overview of decentralization’s relationship with democracy, development, public administration and good governance. This chapter also sets up the base of the book. He says it is not an easy process and needs to be nurtured by constant, gradual and careful experimentation over many years. The process of decentralization during the 80’s is the second chapter of this book. It includes the critical analysis of those processes. He includes past efforts at institutionalizing decentralization and popular participation at the local level, the
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forms of decentralization. Findings of CARR. the administrative approach.process of decentralization in Bangladesh. the nature of the access problem in the thana and finally the conclusion. The author has shared his experience about experiences with administrative decentralization. Author has discussed about the decentralize access in chapter four. ensuring delegation. 1982 and resolution on Re-organization of Thana administration. devolution. delegation. And finally a critique of the decentralization efforts and conclusion finishes this chapter. administrative decentralization in Bangladesh. the concept of decentralization. approaches to the study of decentralization. deconcentration. forms of decentralization. delegation. transfer to nongovernment institutions. Page 2 of 4 . the political approach. decentralization and access in decentralized local administration in Bangladesh: the case of a thana. The local government Thana Parishad and Thana Administration Reorganization ordinance. the system of financial allocation and management for the upgraded thanas and also the other mechanisms. The other concepts are the concept of access. access structure: interaction between bureaucrats and applicants. myths. access encounters: the experience of villages. Khaleda’s ‘U-Turn’ and ‘Present’ crisis. appointment of Committee for Administrative Reorganization/ Reform (CARR). deconcentration. He also discussed about the mechanisms of decentralization. The author has discussed in this chapter about decentralization and access: A theoretical framework. devolution. All this concepts in this chapter has been discussed on the experience from Bangladesh. Here theoretical framework and Bangladesh experience with Mohammad Habibur Rahman is the base. Hasina’s promise for democratic decentralization. context of administrative decentralization in Bangladesh. In this chapter the author has discussed about the rationale for decentralization. the public choice approach and the Marxist approach. Bangladesh at the new millennium is the third chapter of this book. ministry-corporation relationship. realities of ministry-corporation relationship. constitution of National Implementation Committee for Administrative Reorganization/ Reform (NICAR). experience in decentralization in Bangladesh: A historical perspective. Recommendations of CARR. models and the mockery of decentralization in post-independence Bangladesh. spatial accessibility and communication gap. Ministry-Department relationship. illusion of decentralization during British and Pakistan periods. realities of ministry-department relationship. privatization and deregulation.

methodology. and the follower of these disciplines will get help from the book. It is based on recent field-based research work. role of the commission. population and unit of analysis. It includes the constitution of the commission. Zia and Ershad regim. Page 3 of 4 . Mughal. sampling and sample size. British and Pakistan Period. T. study area. method of data collection and analysis. Finally this book attempts to critically analyze decentralization effort in Bangladesh. Reorganization efforts during Mujib government. At last I want to say that the reader of decentralization in Bangladesh. The book also includes discussion on the last caretaker government’s endeavor to reorganize the local government system. limitations. He the author has made a study on the functions. rationale. limitations and the findings of the survey. participation. and also the reader of its process and practice. structure of local government. He has made a formal research and in includes the objectives of the research. reorganization and central-local relations are the focus of Bangladesh. critical issues in local governance. functional jurisdiction of local councils. financial authority. central-local relations. actions of the last caretaker government and their outcome pertaining to “strengthening” of the local government system in Bangladesh. special purpose authorities (SPAs). It has given special emphasis major decentralization efforts and their impact on the country’s local government system. M. management of local affairs. special government bodies (SGBs). direct government control.With A. The postscript describes and to some extent evaluates. details the legal and practical constraints that impede the effective functioning of the union parishad (UP). municipal government. Obaidullah the author has discussed about LG in Bangladesh in chapter five. The legal and practical constraints of functioning of local government are chapter six. state of urban local government. role of members of parliament (MP). the lowest tier of local government in Bangladesh. finance. The author also made some recommendations and finally the concluding remarks. ancient period. The evolution. Khaleda Zia and Sheikh Hasina Government. institutional framework of urban local government. The main concepts of this chapter are origin and evolution of local government. and the recommendations. personnel management by an independent commission and at the end the concluding remarks of the author about this chapter. elections. special development authorities (SDAs).

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