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EMBRAER 145 TUTORI AL

Casabl anca GMMN t o Mal aga LEGM

Ver si on 1 – December 2009

© w w w . f l y t ut or i al . com




The Embr aer r egi onal j et s ar e dev el oped by
Feel t her e and Wi l co Publ i shi ng and av ai l abl e
f or pur chase at w w w . w i l copub. com



CONTENT 2
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Introduction.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3

Convention used in this tutorial ......................................................................................................................................................................................................4

Copyright and Licence usage.........................................................................................................................................................................................................5

Version notes .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................6

References and add-ons you may consider using .........................................................................................................................................................................7

FS and Aircraft Configuration.........................................................................................................................................................................................................8

Flight Preparation / route and chart analysis................................................................................................................................................................................11

Getting on board / powering on the Aircraft..................................................................................................................................................................................21

FMS Programming .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................28

Engine Start..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................41

Taxi and Take Off.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................45

Climbing .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................50

Cruise...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................54

Preparing Approach and Descent ................................................................................................................................................................................................58

Landing and Taxiing to the gates .................................................................................................................................................................................................67

Powering off the aircraft ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................72

Appendix ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................74

Glossary .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................87

I NTRODUCTI ON 3
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Welcome to this tutorial of the brand new Wilco/Feelthere Embraer 145 version 2!

This tutorial has been adapted from the previous version of the aircraft which is still available for download on www.flytutorial.com. It is targeted for experienced
users of flight simulation as it describes advanced functions and techniques of flight management. Beginners can however use this tutorial, as long as they refer
to the manual provided by the software publishing company.

The Embraer 145 is a fantastic regional jet that has been widely used throughout the world. Almost 1,000 aircraft based on the ERJ 145 platform have been
delivered, to over 860 airlines, logging over 10 million cumulative flight hours. Today the ERJ 145 Regional Jet family carries more than 150,000 passengers
every day in emerging and established markets around the world.

For more information about Embraer company, visit their website: http://www.embraercommercialjets.com

For the purpose of this tutorial, we will use the ERJ145 model to carry out a successful short flight from Casablanca, Morocco to Malaga, Spain.




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This tutorial is consistently divided into two parts, with the illustrations/screenshots on the left, and the instructions/references on the right.

When complex and long configuration is required, such as FMS programming, the starting point will be illustrated with a screenshot on the left of the first page,
the instructions will be explained on the right of the same page, and the results of these instructions will be displayed onto the next page with a new screenshot.
Please report any typing errors or mistakes to contact@flytutorial.com


Red boxes are pointing at highlights on a screenshot, for example on the EICAS
screen to see the result of any particular actions.

This sign is drawing your attention to a specific command / action to undertake.
For example open or close the doors, set the parking brake, click on a switch, etc.
O O O O Sequences of numbers also shown on screenshots are referring to a set of ordered
actions, for example to power up the aircraft.
EICAS Words or abbreviations appearing in bold, underlined and blue are referenced in the
glossary at the end of the tutorial.


HELLO
CAPTAIN!

This logo and font will be used every time the co-pilot is talking to us, for example
during Call! checklists or to announce speeds.


AURAL UNIT
OKAY!

This logo and font and colour will be used to refer to an aural message from our aircraft
computer system.

This icon illustrates a specific configuration / tweaking of the aircraft or the simulator to
get the desired result, for example configuring the EMB configuration utility.

This icon illustrates a warning or important step that requires special attention.


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This tutorial has been written and published for recreational usage for Microsoft Flight Simulator and should never be used for real flying situations.

This tutorial is freeware and thus free or charge for any private users who wishes to enhance their experience flying the Embraer Regional Jet Series from
Feelthere / Wilco Publishing.

This tutorial cannot be distributed, hosted, modified, and copied even partially without the agreement or consent of the author.

Please consult the readme.txt file included with this pdf document at the time of download.

If you think any part of this tutorial – text, images, references – is infringing existing copyright, please contact the author who will remove such material
immediately.

The author can be directly contacted at contact@flytutorial.com

Private users are highly encouraged to contribute to the work of the author on a volunteer donation basis using either Paypal accounts or the International Call
charge system available and explained on the website of the author www.flytutorial.com

Thank you!












Please contribute!



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This tutorial is version 1 – December 2009



This space reserved space for future version notes















Crossing the strait of Gibraltar

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Below is a list of configuration, references and add-ons that were used to complete this tutorial. You may want to use exactly the same
configuration to run though this tutorial or try your own settings. If you experience any technical issue, please check this forum first:
http://forum.iemit.com/Default.aspx?g=topics&f=22

I recommend running your PC under Windows XP Service Pack 3 especially if you use Flight Simulator 2004.

ESSENTIALS

Microsoft Flight Simulator 2004 with 9.1 patch www.microsoft.com/games/pc/flightsimulator.aspx

Embraer Regional Jets www.wilcopub.com / www.feelthere.com
FLIGHT PREPARATION TOOLS AND OTHERS

Route Finder: flight plan calculation http://rfinder.asalink.net/free

Fuel planner from Jetvision.de http://jetvision.de/index.shtml

AIRAC updates – this tutorial is using cycle 0911 www.navigraph.com
SCENERY AND ENVIRONMENT ENHANCEMENT

Casablanca scenery www.aerosoft.com (payware)

New Spanish Airports scenery including Malaga airport www.aerosoft.com (payware)

Airport Enhancement Services (optional) www.aerosoft.com (payware)
CHARTS

Casablanca chart package (partly included in this tutorial) www.sia-aviation.gov.ma/

Malaga chart package (partly included in this tutorial) www.vacc-austria.org
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Let’s start working!



The first step is to configure our aircraft using the Configurator tool available
from the Windows start button as illustrated here.

Click on Configuration to open the Configuration Panel. We will now review
the different tabs that require adjustments.


*

Load Manager tab

Click on the Load Manager tab. This is where most adjustments need to be
made for our flight:

Select the ERJ-145LR aircraft variation

Move the Passengers selector to 45 – 3.878 kilos

Move the Cargo selector to 75% - 766 kilos

Change the weight unit to Metric(KG)

_____________________________________________

This should give us a Zero Fuel Weight of 17.373 kilos.

Note : this tutorial is referring to the metric system. You can use Imperial
weight unit as well. You will just need to make the conversion from kilos
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Weight tab

Change the Weight section to display Kilogram.




Startup

To increase realism, change the option to Dark and Cold.


For the remaining tabs, leave the other options as default.

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The MCP Combo module from VRInsight


The RP48 Panel Module from GoFlight



The CDUII from Vrinsight

Additional modules

To enhance the flight simulation experience, you will be glad to hear that the
Embraer 145 is compatible with most hardware add-ons available on the
market. Here are a few examples of modules that can be used with this
aircraft.

The CDU II from Vrinsight is particularly useful and realistic and it simulates a
standard FMS with a full keyboard. It requires some adjustments though as it
does not work in full screen mode with FS9 and the screen needs to be
reworked to fit the EMB145 FMS.

For profile / .ini files / FSUIPC key configuration, make sure to check
www.flytutorial.com to get the latest updates.


















Check out www.goflightinc.com and
www.vrinsight.com for more information on these
modules.


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www.andalus.es

Welcome to the Briefing Room!

Before boarding the aircraft this morning, we are going to review the latest
airport information, departure and arrival procedures and charts as well as
specific details about our flight.

Today we are flying 45 PAX and 700 kilos of cargo from GMMN Casablanca –
Morocco to LEMG Malaga – Spain. A short flight of approximately 266 miles.


The airline

You are flying today for Andalus, a young Spanish airline originating from
Malaga, Andalucía which is a one of the largest autonomous community of
Spain. As you can see from the destination map, Andalus mostly fly from Spain
to Morocco located in Northern Africa. It also operates flight to the island of
Palma de Mallorca and Portugal. Andalus operates an exclusive fleet of
Embraer 145.

Today aircraft is EC-KXQ, flight number 6201. The route Casablanca –
Malaga has proven to be very popular for expats and families especially during
holiday times. It is also used by local businessmen who appreciate the fast
point to point connection between Spain and one of the most important city of
Morocco.

For more information about these regions, visit http://www.andalucia.org/ and
http://www.morocco.com/


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Fuel planning

Download and Install the excellent FlitePrep Suite from Jetvision.de.
This tool is great to calculate fuel quantities as well as Speed references for
take off and landing.

Run the program and enter the following values:

- Origin: GMMN
- Dest: LEMG
- Altn: LEGR (Granada is our alternate airport)
- Pax: 45
- Cgo: 766
- Outside External Temperature (OAT): Set to 10°C/50°F

The remaining values should be calculated automatically.

This is a giving us an estimated 2465 kilos

We will not use this tool during the flight, so we must now write down the
following values that will be needed to feed the FMS:

The tool is also providing us with the take-off and landing speeds but we will
use the table on the next page to do so.



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TAKE OFF
Phase
LANDING
SPD bug V1 VR V2 AP/V1 VR V2 AP
WEIGHTS
(tons)
V1 VR V2 VFS Vref5 Vga9 Target
14 113 122 128 142 114 137 124
14,5 113 122 127 145 115 140 125
15 113 121 126 147 117 142 127
15,5 113 121 126 150 118 143 128
16 114 121 125 152 120 145 130
16,5 116 123 127 154 121 147 131
17 119 126 129 156 123 149 133
17,5 122 128 131 158 124 151 134
18 124 130 133 160 126 153 136
18,5 127 132 135 163 127 154 137
19 129 134 137 165 128 156 138
19,5 132 136 138 167 130 158 140
20 134 138 140 169 131 160 140+
20,5 137 140 142 171 132 161 140+
21 139 142 144 173 134 162 140+
21,5 141 144 146 175 135 164 140+
22 143 146 148 177 136 166 140+
Speed reference table

Here is a condensed version of the speed table for the Embraer 145.

We will use the first four columns of speed for take-off and the last four for
landing, the one in the middle is therefore used for both sequence of flight.

Our take off weight today is expected to be 19.645 kilos or 19.6 tons. The
closest reference here is 19.5. The line colour has been changed to red for
better reading. We will adjust the speeds once fully loaded with fuel, passenger
and cargo cross checked.

Our landing weight is expected to be 18.555 kilos, so our closest reference
here is 18.5 tons. The line colour has been changed in blue for better reading.
If in doubt regarding our exact landing weight, we could also refer to the
speeds for 19 tons.

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Route planning


Connect to routefinder - http://rfinder.asalink.net/free/ and complete the
required information:

Departure : GMMN
Destination : LEGM

Database cycle : 0911

Tick the box 'Ease transitions'

Leave the other options and press Find Route – you should get your
computed route such as illustrated on the left. The important information we
will need is the line at the bottom containing the waypoints and routes we will
manually enter into the FMS of the aircraft.








AIRAC cycles change every month. What this means is
that you may end up with a different route for the
same departure and destination airports.
The good news is you can still fly this tutorial even if you
don’t have the latest cycle.
Just make sure you select the relevant cycle on
routefinder and then print or make a note of the route
result.

You only need the last line circled in red on the left.

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Weather forecasts

The latest weather bulletin available on Vroute is excellent. Although
a cold front is making its way towards Central Europe, no major
weather disturbance is of significant importance for our short haul
today.



Connect to www.vroute.net to get the latest
weather updates.







Airport information

Our parking stand at GMMN will be E9. It is facing the future terminal
2 which is currently being built. E9 does not require any push back so
the aircraft will be ready to go as soon as the passengers have
boarded and all procedures completed.








Review and download official Morocco PDF
charts from http://www.sia-aviation.gov.ma/

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Taxiing from our parking stand to runway 35R should be nice and easy. We will follow instructions from the tower.



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GMMN SID


GMMN SID AGDAL G5 TOLSI UG5 KORIS UL27 VJF STAR
LEMG

We expect a departure on runway 35R with a AGDAL 1D
SID to the north east to our first waypoint AGDAL. We will
fly east of Casablanca, with a nice view for those
passengers sitting on the left side of the cabin.



We will climb to NUA then right 40°to ARDOM. From
ARDOM, follow RDL 014°VOR/BRC until DME 40 BRC
then RDL 31° VOR/CBA to AGDAL. Flight level by
ATC.


Transition altitude is unusually low: 3300 feet!












Review and download official
Morocco PDF charts from
http://www.sia-aviation.gov.ma/

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En Route

GMMN SID AGDAL G5 TOLSI UG5 KORIS UL27 VJF STAR LEMG


From AGDAL, we will follow route G5 taking us to TOLSI, ROMSO,
KORIS and VEJER (VJF).



















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VEJER Arrival

From VEJER, we expect a runway 13 landing. We will
therefore follow STAR VJF1L or equivalent with MAR
transition.






Review and download full PDF charts
from Aena

www.aena.es
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ILS runway 13 landing

Should we land on runway 13, we must remember to set the ILS to a course of
134°and set the frequency to 109.50 GMM.

The area around Malaga is far from being flat, therefore our minimum
approach altitude coming from Vejer is 5500 feet.

Several speed restrictions are enforced:

- MAX 250 KT at or below FL120.
- Reduce to 210 KT at the beginning of final turn to intercept the ILS LOC
course, when ACFT is located within 20 NM of THR.
- 180 KT when crossing 12 NM from THR.
- 160 KT when crossing GM Locator.


At 22 DME ILS, we will reduce altitude to 5000 feet. At 17 DME ILS, down to
4200 feet. We will intercept the glide slope - in Approach mode - at 12 DME
ILS. This will take us down smoothly until the runway threshold.


Our briefing is now complete!









Review and download full PDF charts from Aena

www.aena.es

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Now the serious stuff begins!

Start Flight Simulator as usual then create a new flight.

Step 1 is selecting the aircraft – Choose Embraer – Feelthere and the
ERJ-145LR v2. Select the Andalus variation.





Step 2 is selecting the airport. Choose GMMN or Mohamed V located in
Casablanca city. Select Gate E9 – Gate Medium.

Remember it is recommended that you install the Aerosoft scenery of
Casablanca. If you don’t have this scenery installed, you may use the standard
FS scenery and choose an alternate parking stand.
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Step 3 is selecting the weather. We will fly this tutorial using the real-
world weather conditions which should give us a more realistic situation.
Make sure you have an Internet connection to use this weather mode;
otherwise you will get regular annoying error messages from Flight Simulator.

If you are not familiar with flying with potential bad condition or just want a
more calm flight, choose Fair Weather from the Weather Themes.

The real-world weather option is making the weather changing all the time,
especially the winds so bear in mind that your flight may not be exactly the
same as this one demonstrated in this tutorial.




Step 4 is Time and Season. This flight was made on the 7
th
of
November 2009 at 11:55 local time.

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Final result should look like this, with all 4 criteria populated, aircraft, location,
weather and time/season.

Review your options then press Fly Now! to start.





HELLO CAPTAIN!

OK, we are now sitting in the cockpit into the left captain seat!

The cockpit should be cold and dark, no noise and nothing lit. The first good
news is that you will find this cockpit easy to familiarize with, Embraer has
made life easy for you and unlike older birds such as the MD82 for example,
everything here is rational and information is kept to a minimum, the Embraer
170 cockpit is certainly not a Xmas tree!



First thing you should notice is the small click-spot panel located on the top
left part of the screen. We will mostly use the first four buttons: Thrust,
Pedestal, Overhead and FMS

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Make sure your parking brake is set. Open the Pedestal panel
and check the parking brake lever position (horizontal=parking brake is
set).

Open the PAX doors– Shift + E – and the cargo doors – Shift + E
+ 2

Switch to external view – S key - to take advantage of the very nice
textures of this new version! You can also visually check that both the
main door at the front and the cargo door at the rear are open.

OK, now it's time to get back to our cockpit and bring life to the aircraft !














Fl i ght 1 vi ew – a gr eat f r ee t ool !
ht t p: / / www. flight 1. com/ view. asp?page= library
This small module inst alls int o FS2004 and
supplies simple mouse- based movement s,
panning, and more, using t he cent re mouse
wheel/ but t on. You can also move past t he
default view limit s of FS2004 ( good for st rolling
t hrough virt ual cabins) . Aft er you download,
please make sure you read t he full inst ruct ions
included.
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Open the overhead panel by clicking the little spot.

Switch on the BATTERY by rotating the 2 knobs to AUTO O


AURAL UNIT OKAY!

Switch ON the AVIONICS by clicking on the two buttons (light
must go off) O

Arm the EMERGENCY LT by moving the switch to the ARM
middle position O

Turn the right FUEL knob to the ON position O

Start the APU by rotating the knob to the full right START
position O.Knob will return to the middle ON position upon release

Monitor for complete startup of the APU: indication must be 100%
on the EICAS.

Switch ON the ANTI-ICE by clicking of these two buttons –
light must go off O

Turn the AIR CONDITIONING ON by clicking on all lit
buttons – 4 of them – light must go off O

NO SMOKING and SEAT BELT signs must be ON O

Switch the NAVIGATION LIGHTS ON O

O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
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Once done, your upper panel should now look like this one
illustrated here: all lights are off -black panel logic – except the
GPU which light indicates that external power is available.




One thing to remember: DARK AND QUIET COCKPIT

The concept used to design and operate the airplane was based
on the assumption that while in flight, all systems are normal
when:
· Overhead, main, glare shield and control pedestal
panels have no lights on.
· No aural warnings are being issued.
· The selector knobs are positioned at twelve o’clock.
A white striped bar illuminates on any button to indicate that it is
not in its normal position.





Close the upper panel to return to the main panel.



Disable the audio alarm by clicking on the alert indicator
amber button


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At this stage, all systems are powering up and it may take a while before the aircraft is fully operational. Amongst other things, the IRS system will need some
time to align. Let’s take advantage of this time to quickly go through the main systems of our flight deck.




Systems not yet initialized: Systems initialized:

O PFD - Primary Flight Display - on which you can find
the EADI – Electronic Altitude Direction Indication –
on top and the EHSI – Electronic Horizontal Situation
Indicator – at the bottom.

O MFD - Multi Function Display

O RMU - Radio Management Unit

O EICAS - Engine Indication and Crew Alerting
System

O DCP : Display Control Panel

O FGC - Flight Guidance Control – on which you can
find the FD – flight director – the AP – Auto Pilot










Make sure all systems have been
properly initialized and IRS aligned,
before getting into any further action.
ATT Fail and HDG Fail red
indications on the PFD and MFD
should go off once all systems are
ready.



O
O
O
O O
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FMS Programming

It is now time to move to one of the most important phase of flight: FMS
programming. Basically, this consists of programming our route from our
departure to arrival, including SID and STAR procedures and determining
several parameters of flight such as performance, speeds, altitudes and
constraints.

Press the little FMS icon to open the Flight Management System

The Embraer 145 FMS is quite a simplified version compared to those
standard systems found on Boeing or Airbus for example. However, you
should quickly find your way round here if you are familiar with those.

In this tutorial, we will refer to 1L to 4L for keys to the left side, and 1R to 4R
for keys to the right side.

The scratchpad is the area where input text and numbers will be displayed

The Function keys will enable us to navigate between the major sections of
the FMS.

In case of typing mistakes, press CLR key at the bottom. The DEL key enables
to delete a whole line such as a navigation point – we will use this later on.



Next pages
reading order :

1

4
2

5
3 6

1L
2L
3L
4L
1R
2R
3R
scratchpad
4R
Function Keys

Keyboard
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This is the NAV IDENT page.
Here, you should check that all
information appears in Green.
Any information in RED means
the database is outdated. The
information in blue display the
current date and time of the
flight.

Press 4R POS INIT



This the ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
page. The origin or departure
airport is already populated which
is good.

We now need to enter the
destination.




Here, we need to confirm the
aircraft exact location. We will
use LAST POS. Any other
method can be used.

Press 1R LOAD



Using the FMS keyboard,
type LEMG and check it appears
in the scratchpad area.

Press 2R to load it.



Check that (LOADED) appears
on the screen.

Once the position is checked,
we can move to the flight plan.

Press 4R FLT PLAN



Check that LEMG appears as the
DESTination point in green.



Press 4L DEPARTURE to
select the runway and SID.

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We will use runway 35 right.

Press 3R 35R

Now we are back to our flight
plan. As you can from the top, it
is currently made of 4 pages.





GMMN SID AGDAL G5 TOLSI UG5
KORIS UL27 VJF STAR LEMG

Looking at our departure charts
and flight plan, we need to follow
SID AGDAL.

Press 2L AGL1D

Press

We are now on page 2. Note that
DSPLY appears on top of the
FMS. This indication will lit to let
us know we are not at the very
first page of the flightplan.



Press 4R ACTIVATE to
insert the SID into our flight plan.


Press

We are now on page 3 with some
avilable space under 2L to enter
the flight plan.


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GMMN SID AGDAL G5 TOLSI UG5
KORIS UL27 VJF STAR LEMG


Type G5.TOLSI then press
2L



As you can see, the flight plan
entries are all full on this page.

Press to move to
page 4.




Visually check that the waypoint
has been correctly added to the
flight plan.

Type UL27.VJF then press
2L



Type UG5.KORIS then press
3L

Finally, type LEMG then
press 3L

ALWAYS insert the
destination airport as the final
waypoint of your flight plan.
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The flight plan is now complete and
consists of 6 pages.

We still need to complete the
procedures but we will do this in
flight.

It's time to review the flight plan on the
MFD.
Return to the FMS and
press 6R PERF INIT
PERFORMANCE INIT section
consists of 5 pages.

Page 1 gives us general
information about the aircraft.

Press to move to
page 2.



There are 6 buttons at the bottom of
the screen, we will name them B – for
button – 1 to 6.

On the MFD, click on B2 - MFD
then B3 - JSTK.

Click on B2 - SKP to move to the
next waypoint. Click on B3 - RCL to
return to the previous waypoint.

Adjust the zoom by rotating the
knob as highlighted in red on the
bottom right corner.

Once everything reviewed, do not
forget to return to the first waypoint by
clicking several times on B3 – RCL.
Once achieved, click twice on B1 -
RTN to get back to the MFD initial
display

Page 2 gives indication on
speeds for climb, cruise
and descent. We will not
change these values for our
flight.

Press to move to
page 3.

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6
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Page 3 would enable us to
modify fuel reserve according to
various regulations. We will not
change anything here.

Press to move to
page 4.


Page 4 should look like this one
once both changes done.

Press to move to
page 5.




Two changes need to be made
on this page: Transition altitude
which is 3300 feet at GMMN and
Cruise altitude. We will fly today
at 26000 feet.
Type 3300 then press 1L


This is the weight page. Very
important!

We must input the passenger,
fuel, and cargo weight so that
the FMS can calculate the Gross
Weight of the aircraft.



Type 26000 then press 2L


Set the number of
passengers, type 45 then 1R

Check that the passenger weight
under 2R is calculated
automatically.

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Regarding fuel weight, we need to manually adjust the fuel quantity in Flight
Simulator, assuming the refuelling team on the ground has completed its job!




Go to Aircraft / Fuel and
payload menu then click on
Change Fuel.

Tick the box Display fuel
quantity as weight then enter
48% for both the left and right
tank. Click OK



The Fuel Gauge should now read
the current fuel load which 2480.



This should give us a fuel weight
of 2482 kilos which is just a bit
more than what we calculated
during the briefing – was 2465
kilos.

Click OK to return to the
simulator.



Type the fuel quantity as
indicated into brackets – here
2480 - then press 2L to enter the
value.



If you cannot see the
weight in kilos, you need to
adjust FS settings and choose
Metric (altimeter in feet) as
Units of measure from the
Settings / International option.



Finally, enter the cargo
weight which is 766 then press
3L.
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Once all values are completed,
the FMS is giving us a gross
weight of 19.820 kilos.

To confirm the weight
values, press 4R CONFIRM INIT.


Press to move to
page 3.
We could enter the cruise wind
direction and speed here to
refine the performance data but
we will leave the options as
default.



The FMS is now taking us to the
PERFORMANCE DATA section.
Note that we have a message at
the bottom of the screen asking
us to CHECK RESERVE FUEL.
We will deal with this later. On
page 1, we have an estimated 45
minutes to complete our flight –
in green- and 1.2 ton of fuel
required –in blue.





Press to move to
page 2. The distance to complete
the flight is indicated here in
green – 267 miles. Fuel
remaining and gross weight upon
landing are also indicated in blue
– 1.3 ton of fuel, GW 18.7 tons.



Press to move to
page 4
This page is giving us an
estimate of the distance we could
fly upon arrival with our fuel
reserve which is 200NM, more
than comfortable if case of a
diversion.

Press the key to
delete the FMS message now.

Press 4R TAKE OFF to
move to the next section

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Page 1 of the TAKEOFF section
is about Outside External
Temperature –OAT-, Winds and
airport elevation. According to
our flight plan, we need to
change 2 values: an estimated
temperature of 10°C and nil
winds.


Estimated time of climb is 13
minutes to reach 26.000 feet at
a speed of 240 knots.

Press 4R CRUISE.



Type 10 then press 2L

Type 0/0 then press 1R
Press to move to
page 2.



Cruise will take place at 26.000
feet. Optimal cruise is set at
37.000 fleet but this is way too
high for the short distance we
have to cover.

Press to move to
page 2.




We will not change anything
here.

Press 4R CLIMB.



We will travel 190 miles during
the cruise phase, taking around
25 minutes.

Press 4R DESCENT.

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Descent will occur at an angle of
3°and a speed of 250 knots.

Press 4R LANDING

On Page 6, we need to enter our
alternate airport which is
Granada.

Type LEMG then press 2R



We haven't completed the
arrival and landing information
yet, we will do this in flight.

Press 4R FLT PLAN



Check that the alternate airport
appear correctly under 2R.



We are now back to our
complete flight plan pages.


Press several times
until reaching page 6.

Our FMS programming is now
complete !

Close the FMS window.

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Before moving to the engine start-up sequence, we still need to perform 2 extra actions: set up the take off speeds and adjust the engine take off data.



























On the MFD, press B2 – MFD. MFD becomes SPDS.

press B2 – SPDS again.

We need to set up 4 speeds:

- V1 magenta is the ultimate speed at which we can decide to abort take off.
- VR blue is when we can rotate and take off.
- V2 white is when we reach our safety speed to take off,
- AP green is the speed at which flaps can be fully retracted.

Using the reference speed table on page 13, we now have the values matching
a take off weight of 19.5 tons: 132 / 136 / 138 /167

Click on B3 - V1 to select the first speed. A white frame must appear
around V1.

Rotate the jog dial as circled in orange to select V1 - 132 knots.

Repeat this operation for VR, V2 et AP by entering the right speed for
each value.

Check on the PFD that the speed tape is showing the reference speed as
illustrated here.

Once completed, press B1 - RTN to return to the initial page of the MFD.


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In order to set up the engine take off data, open the overhead panel.
Locate the take off data section and identify the Store button O and the Set
button O.

Press the store button once to select takeoff mode. Check on the MFD for
a little white triangle next to T/O MODE which means the line is now selected.

We will not change the T/O mode option for this flight.

Press the store button once again to move to REF TO TEMP. Here we
need to adjust our temperature to 10°C.

Rotate the set button O to the left to decrease temperature until correct
reading is displayed on the MFD.

Press the store button once again to move to REF A-ICE section. We will
not use anti ice for this flight so nothing to change here.

Finally, press the store button once again to validate the changes. You
know the sequence is complete when the little white triangle goes off.


We are now ready to start the engines. Before doing so:

Make sure your parking brake is still set.

Close all doors using Shift + E for main door and SHIFT + E + 2 for cargo.
Check the MFD: all doors must be green.


O
O
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¬


APU ............................................................ ON
EMERGENCY LIGHTS........................ARMED
AVIONICS MASTER ......................... TWO ON
FMS ............................................. INITIALIZED
SPEEDS ......................................... CHECKED
TRIMS........................................................SET
We are now going to run the first check list using the Call! facility provided with
the aircraft.

Click on the Call! spot to open the checklist window.

Press the DARK/COLD button that will lit in orange. Listen to your co-pilot
running through the checklist. When the checklist is complete, the light will turn
green.

At this stage, the checklist will run smoothly as we have already accomplished
most of the tasks except the final item. The co-pilot will pause until we set
the trims.

Raise the TRIM until the green arrow gets to the green zone as displayed
on the EICAS under the PITCH section. Use your joystick/yoke key
assignment to do so.

After correctly adjusting the trim, the dark & cold checklist will be automatically
completed.



We can now move to the next section which is Engine Start.

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FASTEN SEATBELT / NO SMOKING .................... ON
RED BEACON FUEL PUMP POWER............TWO ON
PNEUMATIC PANEL...................................CHECKED
EMERGENCY PARKING BRAKE........................... ON
STEARING............................................................INOP
DOORS .......................................................... CLOSED





Open the overhead panel

Turn the RED BEACON O ON to warn the ground staff that
we are about to start the engines.

Press the APU BLEED O button that should lit - you should
also hear the APU air flowing.

Check the Ignition Settings knobs that must be on AUTO O.

Turn the left fuel pump knob O to the ON position.

Press the ENG RDY TO START O button from the Call!
checklist. All steps should be completed automatically.

Right-click on engine n°2 protective cover O to open it and
move the knob to the START position. Right-click again to move
the protective cover back to the knob.

Engine n°2 is now starting automatically. Check on the EICAS the
% value of engine 2 : engine starts at 23% then stabilizes at 65%.

Repeat n°O to start engine n°1.

Once both engines started, switch the ELECTRIC PUMPS O
ON to the AUTO position.

Press APU BLEED switch O to turn it OFF then switch off the
APU completely by pressing the black STOP button O first then
move the knob to the OFF position.

O
O
O
O
O O
O
O
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ENGINE 1......... ON
ENGINE 2......... ON


Close the overhead panel.

Check on the MFD that the engine take off data is now displayed in cyan
blue.

Check also on the EICAS that no messages are present except END.

Press the ENGINE START UP Call! button to go through the checklist.
Again, no action is required at this stage except listening to the co-pilot.





Now the engines are running and the aircraft is fully powered, we are going to
check the main systems of the aircraft before taxiing.

Click on B1 – SYS then B3 – ECS-A/I to check the cabin and cockpit
temperature, the oxygen pressure and the bleed air temperature. Make
sure all values are within acceptable range before moving any further.
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Press B4 - FUEL to check the fuel level. TOTAL in kilos gives us the
remaining fuel. This information should be cross checked with the quantity of
fuel displayed on the FMS.




Do not press again B4 – FUEL while on the fuel page.
Pressing B4 again would activate the RESET function
This is causing a complete refuel of the tanks to 100%.
This is obviously not very realistic and is not something we want



Press B5 - HYD to check the hydraulic systems. Check that both SYS1
and SYS2 have acceptable pressure displayed. This page is also informing us
of the brake temperature. It can be a good idea to display this page before
landing.

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Finally, press B6 - ELEC to access the electric systems page. This page is
giving us information on the voltage available for Generator 1 and 2, APU,
GPU, as well as Batteries.

In this example, the Ground Power Unit is not connected, so GPU reads 0 volt.





Press B2 – T/O to return to the take off page, this is the page we want to
display until we take off.

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¬

Get clearance from FS9 ATC to taxi

Open the overhead panel and switch the taxi lights ON.

Open the pedestal, release the GUST LOCK O (click within
highlighted the red area) and the Parking Brake O (should be vertical)


Note: for the purpose of this tutorial; we will NOT use FS9 ATC except
for requesting taxi clearance from the ground, take off clearance from the
tower and landing permission at destination – FS9 ATC will therefore
consider our flight as being VFR.





Lower the flaps to 9° position and check their position on the
EICAS



HYDRAULIC ELECTRICAL PUMP... AUTO
EICAS..............................................BLANK
ICE PROTECTION ............................ AUTO
FLAPS....................................................... 9
THRUST RATING.................... TAKEOFF 1


Start the Call! TAXI checklist. All actions should be completed at
this stage.

Increase the throttles gently and start taxiing. Adjust thrust during
taxi to maintain low speed.

Do not over speed 15 KTS while taxi!

O
O
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Start the Call! FLIGHT ATTENDANT SAFETY video for the passengers.
There is no action required from the cockpit at this stage.


On the DCP, click on FMS button then rotate the two knobs to the FMS
position.



Take a look at the EHSI on the PFD. Information is now displayed in magenta,
which acknowledges that our FMS has been selected as our navigation
source. The first waypoint is displayed –ALT01- as well as its distance – 2.8
nautical miles. The ground speed is also displayed, --- KTS which means the
aircraft is not moving in this example.




On the FGC, rotate the altitude selection knob O to select 5,000 feet
(Right clicking on the wheel will change the altitude faster)

Check that CPL O is directed to you – Captain direction







Rotate the heading knob O to 348° which is the heading of the first
waypoint as indicated by the FMS. Check on the PFD that the heading cyan
bug is in line with the FMS magenta arrow.

Engage FD1 O– Flight Director 1

Press the TO/GA hidden spot O to activate Take off / Go Around mode.

Check the PFD : make sure the TO/GA mode is engaged: ROL + TO should
be displayed in green and the magenta horizontal bar goes up to 15° as
illustrated here.
O
O O
O O
O
ROL
lateral active mode
TO
vertical active mode
Pilot in command
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Open the pedestal and press the TO CONFIG black button.


TAKE OFF - OKAY !


In case you hear a different message,
follow the required action:

TAKE OFF - TRIM!
TAKE OFF - FLAPS!
TAKE OFF - BRAKES!




On the RMU, Press 4L twice to activate TCAS.

TA/RA indication is now displayed.

Change the RANGE of the TCAS if required by pressing 5L – set it to 20
nautical miles.

Press 6L to choose to display ABOVE which is normal procedure for take
off and climbing.

1R
2R


3R
4R

5R
6R
1L
2L


3L
4L

5L
6L
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Press B4 – TCAS anytime you want to display the surrounding traffic on
the MFD. Pressing B4 again will close the TCAS mini window.



Activate the weather radar by rotating the RADAR knob to the stby
position. The active WX position should only be used after take off. Check of
the MFD that a test rainbow is displayed and that WX indication is displayed.

The 0°indication in green just below is the tilt angle.



Listen to ATIS to check the pressure of the airport. Casablanca tower informs
us to set the altimeters to 30.02

Adjust both PFD and standby altimeters using the knobs highlighted here
to 3002.

Check the correct values displayed in cyan on the PFD and standby altimeters.

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Open the Thrust window, enabling to choose the FADEC engine
mode.

Press the T/O button to select takeoff thrust

Before entering the runway, switch OFF taxi lights O, switch ON
Strobe O and landing lights O, make sure the weather knob is to the
standby position.

Run the BEFORE TAKE OFF checklist from Call! O


EXTERIOR LIGHTS......................................ON
TRANSPONDER.................................. 1 TA/RA
FLIGHT CONTROLS ....................... CHECKED
RADAR .............................................STANDBY
TAKEOFF CONFIGURATION......... CHECKED





Align the aircraft to the middle of the runway.

We are ready to roll!

O O O
O
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THRUST CHECKED / SPEED ALIVE / 80 KNOTS / V1 /
ROTATE

Move the throttle to full thrust and maintain the aircraft aligned onto the
runway.

Check the engine thrust on the EICAS.

Listen to the co-pilot announcements. Monitor the speed tape of the PFD and
wait for Vr.






At Vr, rotate by gently pulling the yoke. Monitor your PFD and try to
maintain the magenta bar aligned as illustrated

As soon as airborne, retract the landing gears.

Press CLB thrust mode to reduce thrust. Check on the EICAS that CRZ
is displayed in cyan.




At 1500 feet, engage AP, NAV and FLC modes.





Check on the PFD that the modes are correctly engaged: LNAV and CLB
should be the active mode, ASEL is the vertical standby mode.

The aircraft is now flying by herself, except for speed.


Completely retract the flaps when passing the green AP speed which is
167 knots. Check on the EICAS that the Flap indicator reads 0.
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At 3.300 feet you will hear the co-pilot say "transition altitude"

Press the two STD buttons both on the PFD and the standby altimeter to
switch to standard pressure (2992). Check that 29.92 appear in cyan on both
displays.




Increase the altitude to 10000 feet when reaching 4000 feet by rotating the
ASEL knob.

Failure to increase altitude will cause the autopilot to disengage the
FLC when reaching the altitude indicated on the PFD. Remember to reengage
the FLC mode in case it disconnects, otherwise the aircraft will stop climbing.






Press B5 – WX O on the MFD to display the weather radar. Check that the
MAP mode is also selected.

Engage the weather radar by rotating the RADAR knob O to the WX
position. Adjust the TILT O either up or down accordingly. Check the tilting
angle value displayed on the MFD O. In case of turbulence, active the TRB
mode O to display them on the MFD.

To increase or decrease the map scale when the weather radar is active,
use the two arrow buttons O


If no weather is displayed on the MFD, adjust the radar tilt angle slightly up.

O
O O
O
O
O
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LANDING GEARS ..................... UP
FLAPS........................................ UP
THRUST RATING................ CLIMB
OVERHEAD PANEL......CHECKED
ALTIMETERS .......................... SET


Press the AFTER TAKEOFF checklist from Call! No action should be
performed at this stage.


The co pilot may pause at ALTIMETERS waiting for you to set the
altimeters to the current air pressure. Press B to automatically set
them in order to complete this step. Do not forget to reset both
altimeters to 29.92 standard afterwards


Passing ARDOM, you should be approaching 10.000 feet

Increase altitude to 26.000 feet so that the aircraft can carry on climbing.

Let's take a few minutes to analyze what the PFD is telling us at this stage:

The pink/magenta colour is telling us the active navigation mode is FMS. The
next waypoint BRC28 will be reached in 10.6 nm. Our ground speed is 261
knots. We are climbing to 26,000 feet at 2.400 feet/minute. The lateral active
navigation mode is LNAV, the vertical active navigation mode is CLB or climb.
The armed vertical mode is ASEL or Altitude Selection, which is 26.000 feet.
There is no armed lateral mode. The autopilot – AP- is ON, The Yaw Damper –
YD- is ON.



Passing 10.000 feet, switch the seat belt and landing lights OFF.



During climb, open the FMS, press then to go to page 2 to
monitor time remaining and distance before cruising.

In this example, we will reach Top of Climb –TOC- in 11 minutes or 36.4
nautical miles. The Top of Descent –TOD– will take place in 26 minutes or
148.8 nm which means that our cruise will be very short today: 15 minutes
only!


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¬



Between AGDAL and TOLSI, the indication TOC is visible on the MFD map
view.

Passing 25.000 feet, a buzz will be heard and the altitude indicator on the PFD
will turn yellow. This is to let us know that the Altitude SELection will be
reached in less than 1.000 feet.

The aircraft is going to level off automatically and maintain the altitude. The
vertical mode will switch from CLB to ALT. The altitude will de displayed in
cyan once reached.













Autopilot vertical modes: FLC and VS
In this type of aircraft, FLC mode is generally used for climbing
up to 10,000 feet. This mode automatically adjusts vertical
speed to maintain a maximum air speed of 250 kts. Passing
10,000 feet, FLC mode will adjust vertical speed to reach Mach
0.56. VS mode is used when constant vertical speed is required
- 2,000 feet / minute for example.
In case of turbulence, it is best to use VS instead of FLC
mode.


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Change thrust mode to CRUISE. EICAS should display CRZ





Rotate the speed SPD knob to read 75M in cyan on the PFD. Let the
aircraft accelerate and slightly reduce thrust when reached.




Change TCAS to NORMAL and range 40nm.






Adjust the weather radar range to 50 nm

Check the range on the MFD. 50 should be read. Here, we can also see that
the weather – WX- mode is active and the radar is tilted down 2.5 degrees.
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EHSI full / arc Mode

Press EHSI full /arc mode button of the DCP to change the display of
the EHSI on the PFD. The next button to its right (Ground speed / time to
go) enables to toggle display between ground speed (GSPD) and the
estimated time (ET) needed to reach our next waypoint.





Monitor the speed: it will still increase so adjust thrust manually and try to
maintain Mach .75.





To check the cruise speed, open the PERF page of the FMS :


Press 3R CRUISE

Speed reference appears under 2L

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Using the FMS while cruising

Press FPL to check the Flight Plan (no screenshot here)

Press PROG to monitor progress.

Page 1 of PROGRESS is indicating the next waypoint to reach –ROMSO- in
magenta colour at 2.1nm ahead which should be reached in less than 1 minute
– 00+00. Destination airport – LEMG- will be reached in 23 minutes at 132 nm
ahead.


Press to reach page 2.

We are flying at Mach .75 and 26.000 feet. TOC is passed –PAST- and TOD
will be reached in 6 minutes. Vertical Speed – VS- @TOD will be 2.400
feet/minute. Our current fuel quantity is 1760 kilos and gross weight 19.110
kilos.




Press to reach page 3.

Wind is 300T/31 and our Ground Speed –GS- is 432 knots.
CRUI SE 5 7
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Hide/Display navigation information on the MFD

Press B5 – DATA to display the waypoint names on the flight plan.
Pressing B5 again will hide the waypoint names in white, except the next
waypoint to be reached which appears in magenta.

Press B4 – NAV to add the navigation aids such as VORs or NDBs in
green.




Press B4 – APT to display the airports and their names in cyan.

Press B4 – NAV APT to display full information. This might be unreadable
though so pressing B4 or B5 again will hide some of the information.




Monitor progress during cruise
and also check systems regularly



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Refer to pages 19 and 20 for LEMG charts



Passing ROMSO, we can check
on the MFD that KORIS is our
next waypoint, then TOD, then
VJF.

It is high time to enter the arrival
data into the FMS !


Press 1L to choose runway
13.


Press FPL button on the
FMS to display Flight Plan.

Press 6L to display the
ARRIVAL pages.


We are expecting a runway 13
landing, using the ILS

Press 1L – I13


We are going to choose the
runway, the approach and the
STAR.

Press 1L RUNWAY

This is the TRANSITION Page.
Refer to chart on page 19 for
LEMG transitions. We need to
activate Transition MARTIN

Press 2L – MAR


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We now need to select the STAR.

There are 6 pages of STAR for
Malaga.
Press until reaching
page 6.

This is page 1 of the arrival
procedure. The speeds and
altitude will only be calculated
once the procedure is activated.

Press to go to page
2.



Select 1L - VJF2A

Page 2 is showing some
constraints regarding altitude.
Check with the LEMG ILS 13
chart that this is matching the
required altitude.

Press to go to page
3.


We have now completed the
ARRIVAL pages.

Select 3L – REVIEW to
review the procedure.


Press 3R – ACTIVATE to
insert the arrival procedure to the
flight plan.
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Before or after activation, it is
also good to check the arrival
procedure on the MFD

Press B2 – SKP and B3 –
RCL to move across the
flightplan.
On the FMS, the flight plan now
consists of 6 pages.

Press to go to page
2.



Visually check that there are no
errors on the arrival and that the
flight plan is consistent.



On this page, we can see that we
will fly the cruising altitude at
least until VJF, then start descent
to reach an estimate 8.267 feet at
MAR, then continue descending
to DME22 at 5.500 feet.

Press to go to page
3.




Once the flight plan checked, it is
important to return to the current
waypoint by pressing RTN
several times until the aircraft is
back to its current position.



Page 3 is in accordance and
consistent with the rest of the
flight plan, so we don’t need to
change the altitude levels here.

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Passing KORIS, the next waypoint VEJER is quite near, only 4 minutes
to get to it. From the MFD, we can see that the TOD will be reached just
after VEJER.



Turn the ASEL knob of the FGC to select 10.000 feet. Check the
ASEL value in blue on the PFD.


The aircraft will not descent before reaching the TOD.



In preparation for landing, rotate the Decision Height knob to set a
value of 500 feet. Check on the PFD that the value is correctly set.



Passing VEJER, the TOD is very close.

You can check the exact TOD moment by opening page 2 of the FMS
PROGRESS section.

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At TOD, a little pink triangle will appear on the PFD as illustrated here.

Run the BEFORE DESCEND check list from Call!


FMS/RMS SPEED SETTING .... ON






Press FLC on the FGC so that the aircraft start descending.

Check the active mode on the PFD: ALT should become DES. ASEL is the
armed mode. In this example, the aircraft will therefore descent until reaching
10.000 feet.

The little pink triangle should ideally stay in the middle of the vertical scale
area. If the triangle goes down, we are not descending fast enough, if it
goes up, we are descending too fast.


It may be useless to attempt to manually adjust
the vertical speed if the little pink triangle goes
out of range either up or down. For optimal
descent path, refer to speed calculation tables.



Set TCAS to BELOW mode for descent, with a range of 20 nautical miles
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We are now going to enter our approach and landing speeds, using the
estimated landing weight given by the FMS.

Open the FMS, press then 1L PERF DATA then and
check the GROSS WT value – 18.7 tons in our example.



Using the speed reference table on page 13, enter the approach speeds
on the MFD. Press B2 - MFD then press B2 - SPD

V1 = 127 / Optimal Approach Speed.
VR = 137 / Reference Speed for landing with flaps 45°.
V2 = 154 / TO/GA security speed with flaps 9°.
AP = 163 / Landing Speed Target



OVERSPEED! OVERSPEED!


While descending, continuously adjust throttles to avoid over speed aural
warnings.





In case the aircraft is not descending fast enough, press VS mode on the FGC
and increase the vertical speed by rotating the SPD button. In this example,
the vertical speed is set to 2,600 feet / minute.

Increasing the vertical speed will also increase the air speed of the
aircraft. Always compensate by reducing thrust if necessary to lower
speed.


PREPARI NG APPROACH AND DESCENT 6 4
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We are now going to set the ILS frequency for runway 13 in preparation for
landing. There are several ways to do this and we will use the FMS.

Open the FMS, press then 4R - TUNE




Type 109.50 which is the ILS frequency for LEMG Runway 13 then insert
it into NAV1 by pressing 3L.



Check on the RMU that 109.50 is active.

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Approaching MAR, reduce Altitude to 5.000 feet. Check that the active
vertical mode is still engaged – DES should be displayed in green on the
PFD.

The current altitude is 11.460 feet on this screenshot. At 10.000 feet, we
must not exceed 250 knots!

Start reducing the speed in advance by reducing the throttles





From the overhead panel, switch the Seat Belt and the Landing lights
ON

Turn the APU on by rotating the knob to the START position.



ALTIMETERS....................................... SET
PRESSURIZATION ................... CHECKED
APU ........................................................ON
FASTEN SEATBELT/NO SMOKING.....ON


At MAR, run the APPROACH CHECKLIST from Call!


PREPARI NG APPROACH AND DESCENT 6 6
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Use the active flight plan pages of the FMS to adjust speed and altitude
accordingly. At DME22, we should be reaching 5.500 feet. At DME17, 5.000
feet. At CF13, 4.200 feet which is the last manual reduction in altitude before
capturing the ILS glide slope.

Turn the ASEL knob of the FGC to select 4.200 feet.






Disengage the FMS navigation mode and engage the NAV mode by
pressing the NAV button. O

Engage the Approach mode by pressing the APR button. O

Check modes on the PFD: the navigation information O should now be
displayed in green instead of magenta. The active lateral mode should be
LOC. The glide slope – GS – should be armed in white. O

At D12.1 from GMM, the glide slope will be automatically captured and the
aircraft will start descending.


O
O
O
O
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At CF13, GS mode becomes active and the aircraft start descending.

Make sure to manually reduce thrust in order to achieve AP speed.

To help you reduce speed, lower the flaps progressively until reaching
45°

Lower the gears! – default FS key is G






Check on the EICAS that the landing gears are down –DN-, flaps set to 45 and
spoilers are closed - CLD

At 1.500 feet, disconnect the AUTOPILOT OFF by pressing the AP button
on the FGC.


AUTOPILOT !

Fly the aircraft manually while maintaining the appropriate speed.

LANDI NG AND TAXI TO THE GATES 6 8
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LANDING GEAR ..............................DOW
FLAPS .....................................................
AUTOPILOT .........................................OF

Upon disconnecting the autopilot, run the BEFORE LANDING checklist
from Call!


APPROACHING MINIMUMS

MINIMUMS MINIMUMS

We are now close to our decision height which is 500 feet






Upon touching ground, immediately engage the REVERSE thrust (F2 key
or yoke assignment) and slow down the aircraft to take the nearest exist to
the left. Make sure not to overheat the brakes! Check their temperature
using the MFD.







Speed brakes will automatically extend, no need to arm or deploy them
manually. They will also retract automatically once the aircraft has slowed
down.

Once reaching 80 KTS, cancel reverse thrust and apply the brakes to
reach approx. 20 KTS.



nice landing!
LANDI NG AND TAXI TO THE GATES 6 9
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Using AES help, taxi to the gates and stop the
aircraft at its exact parking stand.


¬


Set the parking brake on the pedestal and lock the
throttles using the gust lock.



LANDI NG AND TAXI TO THE GATES 7 0
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Switch the LANDING, NAV and STROBE LIGHTS OFF



Fully retract the FLAPS – 0 position

Raise the trim to position 7

On the RMU, Press 4L to read STANDBY on the
transponder.




Open the FMS and check the FLIGHT SUMMARY page.
This page will automatically load once the flight completed. This is
giving us details of our flight such the take off time, the landing
time, the enroute time – 51mins- as well as the fuel used.




EXTERIOR LIGHTS ............................. OFF
TRANSPONDER........................STANDBY
GUST LOCK...........................................ON
FLAPS/TRIMS...................... SEVEN/ZERO



Run the AFTER LANDING checklist from Call!
LANDI NG AND TAXI TO THE GATES 7 1
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Turn the weather radar to the STANDBY position


Connect to Ground Power Unit by pressing the GPU button
O. It is only available if the light is on.

Shut down the engines by moving the two knobs to the
STOP position O

Switch OFF the RED BEACON O

Switch OFF the SEAT BELT and NO SMOKING O signs.

Switch OFF the hydraulic pumps O.

Switch the APU OFF by pressing first the black STOP button
then moving the knob O to O..

Open the passengers door – SHIFT E – and cargo door –
SHIFT + E +2


FASTEN SEATBELT/NO SMOKING... OFF
HYDRAULIC ELECTRICAL PUMP...... OFF
RED BEACON...................................... OFF
APU ...................................................... OFF



Run the PARKING checklist from Call!

O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
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Close the FUEL PUMPS to the OFF position. O.

Switch the EMERGENCY LIGHTS. O. OFF


Switch the AVIONICS OFF by pressing both buttons that
should now lit. O

Switch off the BATTERIES by rotating the two knobs to OFF.
O.





FUEL PUMP POWER........................... OFF
EMERGENCY LIGHTS......................... OFF
BATTERY............................................. OFF



Run the PARKING and IF LEAVING THE AIRCRAFT
checklists from Call!


O
O
O
O
POWERI NG OFF THE AI RCRAFT 7 3
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Ronda spectacular village in Andalucía.
Congratulations! You landed safely into Malaga airport.

Now grab a cab and quickly head to the coast for a nice cerveza or explore
the wonderful backcountry of Andalucía.




Well done!











Check next pages for appendix






Check www.flytutorial.com for latest versions and other tutorials.
Thank you very much for using this tutorial. For any suggestions or
improvements, email contact@flytutorial.com or connect to
www.flytutorial.com

This tutorial is also available in French.
Your contribution is greatly appreciated!

David
December 2009
APPENDI X 7 4
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The appendix introduce the advanced features of the FMS.

The following pages are not directly referring to the flight of this tutorial. They have been taken from the previous version of the Emb 145 tutorial. However, they
can fully be adapted to any flight situations.


Appendix A – Saving a Flight Plan
Appendix B – Modifying a saved Flight Plan
Appendix C – Adding missing waypoints to the Nav. database
Appendix D – Creating a STAR procedure
Appendix E – Adding and flying HOLD procedures




APPENDI X A – Savi ng a Fl i ght Pl an 7 5
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In this example, we will create the following flight plan: Paris Orly LFPO -> Perpignan Rivesaltes LFMP

LFPO SID TURBO DCT BADAM UY27 SIJAN STAR LFMP



Open up the FMS and press 4R
– POS INIT

Press 1L – FPL LIST. Here is
the list of the saved flight plans. In
this case, SIDSIJAN is the only one
in the memory of our FMS.




Press 2R - LOAD


Type the name of the flight plan
we want to create, I suggest using
the names of the airports, eg LFPO-
LFMP:




Press


Press 1L to enter our flight plan.

APPENDI X A – Savi ng a Fl i ght Pl an 7 6
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Type in the different waypoints:
TURBO, BADAM and then
UY27.SIJAN. Refer to earlier pages
of the tutorial for full procedure on
how to type in waypoints.


Let’s check now that the flight
plan has been saved properly.

Press then 1L – FPL
LIST

You should see our new flight
plan listed as illustrated here.




Press 4R – FPL SEL







Press 1R - ACTIVATE

Our flight plan is now active.





APPENDI X B – Modi f yi ng a saved Fl i ght Pl an 7 7
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In this example, we are going to modify the LFPO-LFMP flight plan that we created earlier. We want to remove BADAM waypoint from it.

Start with displaying the flight plan list (refer to previous section for exact procedure).



Press 2L to select the flight plan
LFPO-LFMP then 1L to load it into
the FMS.

Press 4R - FPL SEL then 1R –
ACTIVATE




Press DEL on the
keyboard of the FMS then 3L-
BADAM.

BADAM waypoint is now deleted.


Press 4R - YES to save the
modifications or alternatively 4L - NO
to cancel the changes.


APPENDI X C – Addi ng mi ssi ng waypoi nt s t o t he Nav. dat abase 7 8
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You may have to manually add waypoints from time to time as not every one of them is stored in the Navdata file of the FMS, especially if you want to create SID
or STAR procedures. In this example, we want to add a new waypoint which location is:

North 42°46.55 - East 2°53.57



Open up the FMS then press
4R – POS INIT.


Press function key.




Press 2R - LOAD




Press 2L – WPT LIST


APPENDI X C – Addi ng mi ssi ng waypoi nt s t o t he Nav. dat abase 7 9
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In this example, several waypoints
have already been created.

Let’s give a name to the waypoint we
are now creating:

Type in FIX01 then press 1L



Press 4L to get back to the
waypoint list. Repeat this
procedure to add any extra
waypoint.




We now need to enter its location:

Type in exactly
N4246.5E00253.6 then press 2L

46.55 has been rounded to 46.5.
Same thing for 53.57 that has been
rounded to 53.6 – this is a
requirement for this FMS.




A new file is created every time
you add a new waypoint. These
small files are stored in the Flight
Simulator 9 / Feelthere /
CustomDB folder as illustrated
here.


It is best to backup these files in a safe place just in case you encounter a problem or overwriting of these files

APPENDI X D – Creat i ng a STAR procedure 8 0
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In this example, we are going to create the STAR SIJAN procedure for runway 33 of Perpignan Airport. At the time of writing this tutorial, this procedure does not
exist in the NavData so it’s a good example and can virtually be adapted to any other SID / STAR procedure you might want to create.

Important : you must read the appendix C in order to fully understand what’s coming next.



APPENDI X D – Creat i ng a STAR procedure 8 1
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1st step: Get the geographical location of STAR waypoints.

We will use FSNavigator – www.fsnavigator.com - to generate a flight plan from SIJAN waypoint to the STAR procedure for runway 33:



2
nd
step: Waypoint creation

Refer to the previous chapter to create the different waypoints that will enable
us to build up our STAR procedure. In this example, we will need to create the
following waypoints:

FSNavigator
name
FMS
Suggested
name
Location
FMS format to
type in
Fix01 SIJ01 N42°42.67
E003°04.57’
N4242.7E00304.6
Fix02 SIJ02 N42°41.50
E003°05.86’
N4241.5E00305.8
Fix03 SIJ03 N42°39.04
E003°05.52’
N4239E00305.5
Fix04 SIJ04 N42°37.57
E003°03.88’
N4237.6E00303.9
Fix05 SIJ05 N42°36.41
E003°00.31’
N4236.4E00300.3
Fix06 SIJ06 N42°39.26
E002°56.74’
N4239.3E00256.7



APPENDI X D – Creat i ng a STAR procedure 8 2
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Always name your waypoints in a sensible way so that you will find them easily when yo need them. Here I chose the first 3 letters of the name of SIJAN STAR
followed by an order number.

3rd step: STAR procedure construction using the flight plan saving facility.

We are now going to create a new flight plan that will not start and end with an airport name but instead navaids or waypoints.



Display the flight plan page (refer
to previous section on how to it).


Type in the first waypoint as
ORIGIN which is SIJAN.


Type in the name of the STAR -
STARSIJAN for exemple.


Press 1L




Press 1L




Type the arrival waypoint which
PL NDB and press 2R

APPENDI X D – Creat i ng a STAR procedure 8 3
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The FMS found 3 entries matching PL.


Press 2L again to copy SIJ01 into
the scratchpad.

Press CLR key once on the FMS
keyboard to delete the 1 and end with
SIJ0 then type in 2 to make it SIJ02



Press 1L to select Perpignan PL.




Press 3L to add SIJ02 to the flight
plan.

Repeat this procedure to type in all our
waypoints. You should get several
pages at the end.
Press 4R




Type in the name of the first
waypoint we created for this procedure
which is SIJ01

Press 2L






APPENDI X D – Creat i ng a STAR procedure 8 4
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Press 1L to AC TIVATE our
flight plan






The flight plan is now listed with
different colours.

Press NAV of the FMS then
1L – FLP LIST








Check the list of flight plans to
make sure that STARSIJAN we
have just created is listed.




APPENDI X E – Addi ng and f l yi ng HOLD procedures 8 5
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You can easily add a HOLD procedure to your flight plan. You can either do this on the ground while entering your flight plan or later while en route.

The procedure to follow is fairly simple. In this example, we will load the existing STARSIJAN flight plan that we created previously and we will add a HOLD
procedure at SIJ01 waypoint, which is FIX01 on FSnavigator map – see page 61 – and in real life close to LANET – see map page 60 – which is where aircrafts
hold at Perpignan airport





Open up the FMS and load our
flight plan STARSIJAN. Make sure
this flight plan is active into the
memory of the FMS before moving
ahead. Once activated, you should
get something like this.

Press key





Press 1L – HOLD

*HOLD* is now displayed in the
scratchpad area.




Press 4L – PATTERN




Press 2L – SIJ01 to add HOLD
to it


APPENDI X E – Addi ng and f l yi ng HOLD procedures 8 6
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Default Hold pattern turn is right (DIR=
Right TURN).
If you want to change its direction, you
must first input the CRS then the
direction such as: 189/L then press 3L
to replace the existing pattern.
If you change the length of the leg like
3NM below, the time leg will also
change – 0.7 minutes here, which is 42
seconds.


Should you decide to to remove the
Holding pattern:

Press

Press 4L - PATTERN

Press 1L – HOLD

Press 2L – SIJ01


Press 4R - ACTIVATE




Press 4L – CLEAR to cancel
HOLD.

H letter disappears from SIJ01
waypoint. Check that the holding
pattern has also disappeared on the
map.




H letter indicates where our Holding
pattern will take place.

Also check the holding pattern on the
map:






When flying, our aircraft will
automatically enter the holding pattern
when reaching the H waypoint. You
can cancel the holding pattern before
entering it.
In the following example, a HOLD pattern
was defined on SIJ05. As you reach the
previous waypoint -SIJ04 - EXIT HOLD
comes up under 4L. To cancel HOLD,
simply press 4L. If not the aircraft will enter
HOLD upon reaching SIJ05. EXIT HOLD
remains active until you decide to exit the
pattern by pressing 4L.

GLOSSARY 8 7
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This page contains all definitions for most abbreviations used in this tutorial.

Abbr. Definition
AIP
Aeronautical Information
Publication
AP Auto Pilot
APR Approach
APU Auxiliary Power Unit
ASEL Altitude SELection
ATC Air Trafic Control
CPL CouPLing
DCP Display Control Panel
EADI
Electronic Altitude Direction
Indicator
EHSI
Electronic Horizontal Situation
Indicator
EICAS
Engine Indication and Crew
Alerting System
ETE Estimated Time En route
Abbr. Definition
FADEC
Fully Automated Digital
Electronic Control
FD Flight Director
FGC Flight Guidance Control
FLC Flight level change
FMS Flight Management System
FPS Frames Per Second
GPU Ground Power Unit
GS Glide Slope
HDG Heading
ILS Instrument Landing System
LOC Localizer
OBS Omni Bearing Selector
MFD Multi Function Display
Abbr. Definition
PFD Primary Flight Display
RMU Radio Management Unit
SID Standard Instrument Departure
SPD Speed
STAR Standard Terminal Arrival Route
TCAS
Traffic alert and collision
avoidance system
TOC Top of climb
TOD Top Of Descent
VS Vertical Speed
YD Yaw Damper
ZFW Zero Fuel Weight

CONTENT
Introduction.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3 Convention used in this tutorial ......................................................................................................................................................................................................4 Copyright and Licence usage.........................................................................................................................................................................................................5 Version notes .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................6 References and add-ons you may consider using .........................................................................................................................................................................7 FS and Aircraft Configuration .........................................................................................................................................................................................................8 Flight Preparation / route and chart analysis................................................................................................................................................................................11 Getting on board / powering on the Aircraft..................................................................................................................................................................................21 FMS Programming .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................28 Engine Start..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................41 Taxi and Take Off.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................45 Climbing .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................50 Cruise ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................54 Preparing Approach and Descent ................................................................................................................................................................................................58 Landing and Taxiing to the gates .................................................................................................................................................................................................67 Powering off the aircraft ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................72 Appendix ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................74 Glossary .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................87

2

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INTRODUCTION
Welcome to this tutorial of the brand new Wilco/Feelthere Embraer 145 version 2!

3

This tutorial has been adapted from the previous version of the aircraft which is still available for download on www.flytutorial.com. It is targeted for experienced users of flight simulation as it describes advanced functions and techniques of flight management. Beginners can however use this tutorial, as long as they refer to the manual provided by the software publishing company. The Embraer 145 is a fantastic regional jet that has been widely used throughout the world. Almost 1,000 aircraft based on the ERJ 145 platform have been delivered, to over 860 airlines, logging over 10 million cumulative flight hours. Today the ERJ 145 Regional Jet family carries more than 150,000 passengers every day in emerging and established markets around the world. For more information about Embraer company, visit their website: http://www.embraercommercialjets.com For the purpose of this tutorial, we will use the ERJ145 model to carry out a successful short flight from Casablanca, Morocco to Malaga, Spain.

Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.2009

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CONVENTION USED
This tutorial is consistently divided into two parts, with the illustrations/screenshots on the left, and the instructions/references on the right.

4

When complex and long configuration is required, such as FMS programming, the starting point will be illustrated with a screenshot on the left of the first page, the instructions will be explained on the right of the same page, and the results of these instructions will be displayed onto the next page with a new screenshot. Please report any typing errors or mistakes to contact@flytutorial.com Red boxes are pointing at highlights on a screenshot, for example on the EICAS screen to see the result of any particular actions. This sign is drawing your attention to a specific command / action to undertake. For example open or close the doors, set the parking brake, click on a switch, etc.  Sequences of numbers also shown on screenshots are referring to a set of ordered actions, for example to power up the aircraft. Words or abbreviations appearing in bold, underlined and blue are referenced in the glossary at the end of the tutorial. HELLO CAPTAIN! AURAL UNIT OKAY! This logo and font will be used every time the co-pilot is talking to us, for example during Call! checklists or to announce speeds. This logo and font and colour will be used to refer to an aural message from our aircraft computer system. This icon illustrates a specific configuration / tweaking of the aircraft or the simulator to get the desired result, for example configuring the EMB configuration utility. This icon illustrates a warning or important step that requires special attention.

EICAS

Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.2009

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2009 5 / 87 www. images. 5 This tutorial is freeware and thus free or charge for any private users who wishes to enhance their experience flying the Embraer Regional Jet Series from Feelthere / Wilco Publishing.txt file included with this pdf document at the time of download.com . and copied even partially without the agreement or consent of the author.com Thank you! Please contribute! Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. references – is infringing existing copyright. The author can be directly contacted at contact@flytutorial.flytutorial.com Private users are highly encouraged to contribute to the work of the author on a volunteer donation basis using either Paypal accounts or the International Call charge system available and explained on the website of the author www. If you think any part of this tutorial – text. please contact the author who will remove such material immediately. modified. hosted. Please consult the readme.COPYRIGHT AND LICENCE USAGE This tutorial has been written and published for recreational usage for Microsoft Flight Simulator and should never be used for real flying situations.flytutorial. This tutorial cannot be distributed.

com .flytutorial.VERSION NOTES This tutorial is version 1 – December 2009 6 This space reserved space for future version notes … … … … Crossing the strait of Gibraltar Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.2009 6 / 87 www.

please check this forum first: http://forum.aerosoft.com / www.shtml www.com .wilcopub.aspx?g=topics&f=22 I recommend running your PC under Windows XP Service Pack 3 especially if you use Flight Simulator 2004.com (payware) www.aspx www.microsoft.org www.com (payware) www.com (payware) http://rfinder.net/free http://jetvision.vacc-austria.REFERENCES AND ADD-ONS 7 Below is a list of configuration.sia-aviation.com/games/pc/flightsimulator. You may want to use exactly the same configuration to run though this tutorial or try your own settings.com www.aerosoft.feelthere.asalink.gov.aerosoft.flytutorial.navigraph.de AIRAC updates – this tutorial is using cycle 0911 SCENERY AND ENVIRONMENT ENHANCEMENT Casablanca scenery New Spanish Airports scenery including Malaga airport Airport Enhancement Services (optional) CHARTS Casablanca chart package (partly included in this tutorial) Malaga chart package (partly included in this tutorial) www.com Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.iemit.2009 7 / 87 www.com/Default. If you experience any technical issue.1 patch Embraer Regional Jets FLIGHT PREPARATION TOOLS AND OTHERS Route Finder: flight plan calculation Fuel planner from Jetvision. references and add-ons that were used to complete this tutorial.ma/ www.de/index. ESSENTIALS Microsoft Flight Simulator 2004 with 9.

878 kilos Move the Cargo selector to 75% .flytutorial. We will now review the different tabs that require adjustments.373 kilos. This is where most adjustments need to be made for our flight: Select the ERJ-145LR aircraft variation Move the Passengers selector to 45 – 3. You will just need to make the conversion from kilos * Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.766 kilos Change the weight unit to Metric(KG) _____________________________________________ This should give us a Zero Fuel Weight of 17. Note : this tutorial is referring to the metric system. Click on Configuration to open the Configuration Panel.FS AND AIRCRAFT CONFIGURATION Let’s start working! 8 The first step is to configure our aircraft using the Configurator tool available from the Windows start button as illustrated here.2009 8 / 87 www.com . Load Manager tab Click on the Load Manager tab. You can use Imperial weight unit as well.

2009 9 / 87 www. leave the other options as default.com . For the remaining tabs. 9 Startup To increase realism. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. change the option to Dark and Cold.flytutorial.FS AND AIRCRAFT CONFIGURATION Weight tab Change the Weight section to display Kilogram.

goflightinc.flytutorial.ini files / FSUIPC key configuration. For profile / .com to get the latest updates. make sure to check www. Here are a few examples of modules that can be used with this aircraft.flytutorial. The CDU II from Vrinsight is particularly useful and realistic and it simulates a standard FMS with a full keyboard. It requires some adjustments though as it does not work in full screen mode with FS9 and the screen needs to be reworked to fit the EMB145 FMS. you will be glad to hear that the Embraer 145 is compatible with most hardware add-ons available on the market.com for more information on these modules.2009 10 / 87 www.com .com and www. The MCP Combo module from VRInsight The RP48 Panel Module from GoFlight The CDUII from Vrinsight Check out www.FS AND AIRCRAFT CONFIGURATION Additional modules 10 To enhance the flight simulation experience.vrinsight. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.

flight number 6201. For more information about these regions. Andalus mostly fly from Spain to Morocco located in Northern Africa. Andalus operates an exclusive fleet of Embraer 145.morocco.FLIGHT PREPARATION – THE BRIEFING ROOM Welcome to the Briefing Room! 11 Before boarding the aircraft this morning. visit http://www.org/ and http://www.andalus. Today aircraft is EC-KXQ. a young Spanish airline originating from Malaga. Today we are flying 45 PAX and 700 kilos of cargo from GMMN Casablanca – Morocco to LEMG Malaga – Spain. www. A short flight of approximately 266 miles.com/ Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. It is also used by local businessmen who appreciate the fast point to point connection between Spain and one of the most important city of Morocco. As you can see from the destination map. It also operates flight to the island of Palma de Mallorca and Portugal.es The airline You are flying today for Andalus. we are going to review the latest airport information. The route Casablanca – Malaga has proven to be very popular for expats and families especially during holiday times.flytutorial.2009 11 / 87 www.andalucia. departure and arrival procedures and charts as well as specific details about our flight.com . Andalucía which is a one of the largest autonomous community of Spain.

com .Outside External Temperature (OAT): Set to 10°C/50°F The remaining values should be calculated automatically.Pax: 45 .Altn: LEGR (Granada is our alternate airport) . This tool is great to calculate fuel quantities as well as Speed references for take off and landing.Dest: LEMG .FLIGHT PREPARATION – THE BRIEFING ROOM Fuel planning 12 Download and Install the excellent FlitePrep Suite from Jetvision. Run the program and enter the following values: . Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.2009 12 / 87 www.flytutorial. so we must now write down the following values that will be needed to feed the FMS: The tool is also providing us with the take-off and landing speeds but we will use the table on the next page to do so. This is a giving us an estimated 2465 kilos We will not use this tool during the flight.de.Origin: GMMN .Cgo: 766 .

We will adjust the speeds once fully loaded with fuel. The closest reference here is 19.6 tons.5 16 16.5. If in doubt regarding our exact landing weight.555 kilos. the one in the middle is therefore used for both sequence of flight. we could also refer to the speeds for 19 tons. passenger and cargo cross checked.5 20 20. Our take off weight today is expected to be 19.5 tons.2009 13 / 87 www.5 17 17.645 kilos or 19. The line colour has been changed in blue for better reading. so our closest reference here is 18.5 18 18.5 19 19.5 21 21.FLIGHT PREPARATION – THE BRIEFING ROOM Phase SPD bug WEIGHTS (tons) 14 14.5 15 15. We will use the first four columns of speed for take-off and the last four for landing.5 22 V1 V1 113 113 113 113 114 116 119 122 124 127 129 132 134 137 139 141 143 TAKE OFF LANDING VR VR 122 122 121 121 121 123 126 128 130 132 134 136 138 140 142 144 146 V2 V2 128 127 126 126 125 127 129 131 133 135 137 138 140 142 144 146 148 AP/V1 VFS 142 145 147 150 152 154 156 158 160 163 165 167 169 171 173 175 177 VR Vref5 114 115 117 118 120 121 123 124 126 127 128 130 131 132 134 135 136 V2 Vga9 137 140 142 143 145 147 149 151 153 154 156 158 160 161 162 164 166 AP Target 124 125 127 128 130 131 133 134 136 137 138 140 140+ 140+ 140+ 140+ 140+ 13 Speed reference table Here is a condensed version of the speed table for the Embraer 145.com .flytutorial. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. The line colour has been changed to red for better reading. Our landing weight is expected to be 18.

FLIGHT PREPARATION – THE BRIEFING ROOM Route planning 14 Connect to routefinder . The good news is you can still fly this tutorial even if you don’t have the latest cycle.2009 14 / 87 www. What this means is that you may end up with a different route for the same departure and destination airports. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. You only need the last line circled in red on the left.asalink. The important information we will need is the line at the bottom containing the waypoints and routes we will manually enter into the FMS of the aircraft.http://rfinder.com . Just make sure you select the relevant cycle on routefinder and then print or make a note of the route result. AIRAC cycles change every month.net/free/ required information: Departure : GMMN Destination : LEGM Database cycle : 0911 Tick the box 'Ease transitions' and complete the Leave the other options and press Find Route – you should get your computed route such as illustrated on the left.flytutorial.

com .ma/ Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. Review and download official Morocco PDF charts from http://www. Connect to www.net to get the latest weather updates.vroute. Although a cold front is making its way towards Central Europe.2009 15 / 87 www. no major weather disturbance is of significant importance for our short haul today.flytutorial. Airport information Our parking stand at GMMN will be E9. It is facing the future terminal 2 which is currently being built.FLIGHT PREPARATION – THE BRIEFING ROOM Weather forecasts 15 The latest weather bulletin available on Vroute is excellent. E9 does not require any push back so the aircraft will be ready to go as soon as the passengers have boarded and all procedures completed.gov.sia-aviation.

flytutorial. 16 Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.2009 16 / 87 www.com .FLIGHT PREPARATION – THE BRIEFING ROOM Taxiing from our parking stand to runway 35R should be nice and easy. We will follow instructions from the tower.

gov. Transition altitude is unusually low: 3300 feet! Review and download official Morocco PDF charts from http://www.2009 17 / 87 www. follow RDL 014° VOR/BRC until DME 40 BRC then RDL 31° VOR/CBA to AGDAL.FLIGHT PREPARATION – THE BRIEFING ROOM GMMN SID 17 GMMN SID AGDAL G5 TOLSI UG5 KORIS UL27 VJF STAR LEMG We expect a departure on runway 35R with a AGDAL 1D SID to the north east to our first waypoint AGDAL. We will climb to NUA then right 40°to ARDOM. We will fly east of Casablanca.flytutorial. Flight level by ATC.ma/ Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. with a nice view for those passengers sitting on the left side of the cabin. From ARDOM.sia-aviation.com .

ROMSO. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.flytutorial.2009 18 / 87 www.FLIGHT PREPARATION – THE BRIEFING ROOM En Route GMMN SID AGDAL G5 TOLSI UG5 KORIS UL27 VJF STAR LEMG 18 From AGDAL. KORIS and VEJER (VJF).com . we will follow route G5 taking us to TOLSI.

We will therefore follow STAR VJF1L or equivalent with MAR transition.2009 19 / 87 www. Review and download full PDF charts from Aena www.aena. we expect a runway 13 landing.es Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.flytutorial.com .FLIGHT PREPARATION – THE BRIEFING ROOM VEJER Arrival 19 From VEJER.

therefore our minimum approach altitude coming from Vejer is 5500 feet. we will reduce altitude to 5000 feet. At 22 DME ILS. The area around Malaga is far from being flat.com . when ACFT is located within 20 NM of THR.2009 20 / 87 www. .FLIGHT PREPARATION – THE BRIEFING ROOM ILS runway 13 landing 20 Should we land on runway 13.aena. . This will take us down smoothly until the runway threshold.es Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. We will intercept the glide slope .160 KT when crossing GM Locator.Reduce to 210 KT at the beginning of final turn to intercept the ILS LOC course.MAX 250 KT at or below FL120.flytutorial. Several speed restrictions are enforced: . we must remember to set the ILS to a course of 134° and set the frequency to 109.at 12 DME ILS. Our briefing is now complete! Review and download full PDF charts from Aena www.50 GMM. down to 4200 feet.in Approach mode . At 17 DME ILS. .180 KT when crossing 12 NM from THR.

Select Gate E9 – Gate Medium.GETTING ON BOARD! Now the serious stuff begins! Start Flight Simulator as usual then create a new flight. you may use the standard FS scenery and choose an alternate parking stand. 21 Step 1 is selecting the aircraft – Choose Embraer – Feelthere and the ERJ-145LR v2.com . Remember it is recommended that you install the Aerosoft scenery of Casablanca.flytutorial. If you don’t have this scenery installed. Step 2 is selecting the airport. Select the Andalus variation.2009 21 / 87 www. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. Choose GMMN or Mohamed V located in Casablanca city.

Step 4 is Time and Season. choose Fair Weather from the Weather Themes.GETTING ON BOARD! 22 Step 3 is selecting the weather. The real-world weather option is making the weather changing all the time. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.com . We will fly this tutorial using the realworld weather conditions which should give us a more realistic situation. otherwise you will get regular annoying error messages from Flight Simulator.2009 22 / 87 www. Make sure you have an Internet connection to use this weather mode.flytutorial. especially the winds so bear in mind that your flight may not be exactly the same as this one demonstrated in this tutorial. If you are not familiar with flying with potential bad condition or just want a more calm flight. This flight was made on the 7th of November 2009 at 11:55 local time.

weather and time/season. we are now sitting in the cockpit into the left captain seat! The cockpit should be cold and dark. Review your options then press Fly Now! to start. HELLO CAPTAIN! OK.flytutorial. with all 4 criteria populated. location. Embraer has made life easy for you and unlike older birds such as the MD82 for example. everything here is rational and information is kept to a minimum.GETTING ON BOARD! 23 Final result should look like this.2009 23 / 87 www. the Embraer 170 cockpit is certainly not a Xmas tree! First thing you should notice is the small click-spot panel located on the top left part of the screen. Overhead and FMS Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. The first good news is that you will find this cockpit easy to familiarize with. no noise and nothing lit. We will mostly use the first four buttons: Thrust.com . Pedestal. aircraft.

using the centre mouse wheel/button.asp?page=library This small module installs into FS2004 and supplies simple mouse-based movements.com/view. now it's time to get back to our cockpit and bring life to the aircraft ! Flight1 view – a great free tool! http://www.flytutorial.flight1. OK. Open the Pedestal panel and check the parking brake lever position (horizontal=parking brake is set). Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.GETTING ON BOARD! 24 Make sure your parking brake is set. After you download. You can also move past the default view limits of FS2004 (good for strolling through virtual cabins). and more. panning.to take advantage of the very nice textures of this new version! You can also visually check that both the main door at the front and the cargo door at the rear are open.com . Open the PAX doors– Shift + E – and the cargo doors – Shift + E +2 Switch to external view – S key .2009 24 / 87 www. please make sure you read the full instructions included.

Knob will return to the middle ON position upon release Monitor for complete startup of the APU: indication must be 100% on the EICAS. 25 Switch on the BATTERY by rotating the 2 knobs to AUTO    AURAL UNIT OKAY! Switch ON the AVIONICS by clicking on the two buttons (light must go off)     Arm the EMERGENCY LT by moving the switch to the ARM middle position  Turn the right FUEL knob to the ON position    Start the APU by rotating the knob to the full right START position .GETTING ON BOARD! Open the overhead panel by clicking the little spot.2009 25 / 87 www. Switch ON the ANTI-ICE by clicking of these two buttons – light must go off  Turn the AIR CONDITIONING ON by clicking on all lit buttons – 4 of them – light must go off  NO SMOKING and SEAT BELT signs must be ON  Switch the NAVIGATION LIGHTS ON  Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.flytutorial.com   .

main.2009 26 / 87 www.com .  No aural warnings are being issued.GETTING ON BOARD! 26 Once done. glare shield and control pedestal panels have no lights on. your upper panel should now look like this one illustrated here: all lights are off -black panel logic – except the GPU which light indicates that external power is available.  The selector knobs are positioned at twelve o’clock. all systems are normal when:  Overhead. One thing to remember: DARK AND QUIET COCKPIT The concept used to design and operate the airplane was based on the assumption that while in flight. Disable the audio alarm by clicking on the alert indicator amber button Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.flytutorial. A white striped bar illuminates on any button to indicate that it is not in its normal position. Close the upper panel to return to the main panel.

on which you can find the EADI – Electronic Altitude Direction Indication – on top and the EHSI – Electronic Horizontal Situation Indicator – at the bottom.GETTING ON BOARD! 27 At this stage. ATT Fail and HDG Fail red indications on the PFD and MFD should go off once all systems are ready.Multi Function Display  RMU . Amongst other things.com . before getting into any further action.Flight Guidance Control – on which you can find the FD – flight director – the AP – Auto Pilot   Systems not yet initialized: Systems initialized: Make sure all systems have been properly initialized and IRS aligned.Engine Indication and Crew Alerting System  DCP : Display Control Panel  FGC . all systems are powering up and it may take a while before the aircraft is fully operational. the IRS system will need some time to align.  MFD .flytutorial.  PFD .Radio Management Unit     EICAS . Let’s take advantage of this time to quickly go through the main systems of our flight deck.Primary Flight Display . Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.2009 27 / 87 www.

speeds. Press the little FMS icon to open the Flight Management System 1L 2L 3L 4L scratchpad Function Keys 1R 2R 3R 4R The Embraer 145 FMS is quite a simplified version compared to those standard systems found on Boeing or Airbus for example. The scratchpad is the area where input text and numbers will be displayed The Function keys will enable us to navigate between the major sections of the FMS.com . you should quickly find your way round here if you are familiar with those.FMS PROGRAMMING FMS Programming 28 It is now time to move to one of the most important phase of flight: FMS programming. In this tutorial. Keyboard 1 Next pages reading order : 4 2 5 3 Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. In case of typing mistakes. press CLR key at the bottom. However. Basically.flytutorial. and 1R to 4R for keys to the right side.2009 28 / 87 6 www. altitudes and constraints. including SID and STAR procedures and determining several parameters of flight such as performance. The DEL key enables to delete a whole line such as a navigation point – we will use this later on. this consists of programming our route from our departure to arrival. we will refer to 1L to 4L for keys to the left side.

The origin or departure airport is already populated which is good.FMS PROGRAMMING This is the NAV IDENT page. you should check that all information appears in Green. Any information in RED means the database is outdated. Press 2R to load it. Press 4R FLT PLAN Check that LEMG appears as the DESTination point in green. Any other method can be used. Press 4R POS INIT Here.com . we can move to the flight plan. We now need destination. The information in blue display the current date and time of the flight. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. Here. we need to confirm the aircraft exact location. Press 1R LOAD 29 This the ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN page. type LEMG and check it appears in the scratchpad area. We will use LAST POS. Check that (LOADED) appears on the screen.2009 29 / 87 www. Once the position is checked. Press 4L DEPARTURE to select the runway and SID.flytutorial. to enter the Using the FMS keyboard.

com . it is currently made of 4 pages. Press We are now on page 3 with some avilable space under 2L to enter the flight plan. Looking at our departure charts and flight plan.flytutorial. GMMN SID AGDAL G5 TOLSI UG5 KORIS UL27 VJF STAR LEMG Press We are now on page 2.FMS PROGRAMMING We will use runway 35 right. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. we need to follow SID AGDAL. Press 2L AGL1D Press 4R ACTIVATE to insert the SID into our flight plan. Note that DSPLY appears on top of the FMS. Press 3R 35R 30 Now we are back to our flight plan.2009 30 / 87 www. As you can from the top. This indication will lit to let us know we are not at the very first page of the flightplan.

com .FMS PROGRAMMING GMMN SID AGDAL G5 TOLSI UG5 KORIS UL27 VJF STAR LEMG 31 As you can see.2009 31 / 87 www. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. Type G5. Type UL27. the flight plan entries are all full on this page. press 3L type LEMG then ALWAYS insert the destination airport as the final waypoint of your flight plan.flytutorial.TOLSI then press 2L Press page 4. to move to Visually check that the waypoint has been correctly added to the flight plan.VJF then press 2L Type UG5.KORIS then press 3L Finally.

do not forget to return to the first waypoint by clicking several times on B3 – RCL. Page 1 gives us general information about the aircraft. It's time to review the flight plan on the MFD. We will not change these values for our flight. to move to Page 2 gives indication on speeds for climb.SKP to move to the next waypoint.FMS PROGRAMMING The flight plan is now complete and consists of 6 pages. click twice on B1 RTN to get back to the MFD initial display 32 Return to the FMS and press 6R PERF INIT PERFORMANCE INIT section consists of 5 pages.JSTK. Once achieved. On the MFD. Click on B2 .MFD then B3 .flytutorial.com . Once everything reviewed.2009 32 / 87 www. There are 6 buttons at the bottom of the screen. Click on B3 .RCL to return to the previous waypoint. cruise and descent. to move to B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. click on B2 . Press page 2. Adjust the zoom by rotating the knob as highlighted in red on the bottom right corner. Press page 3. We still need to complete the procedures but we will do this in flight. we will name them B – for button – 1 to 6.

We will fly today at 26000 feet. Type 3300 then press 1L This is the weight page. 33 Page 4 should look like this one once both changes done. Very important! We must input the passenger. and cargo weight so that the FMS can calculate the Gross Weight of the aircraft.com .FMS PROGRAMMING Page 3 would enable us to modify fuel reserve according to various regulations.flytutorial. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. to move to Press page 5. Type 26000 then press 2L Set the number passengers. to move to Two changes need to be made on this page: Transition altitude which is 3300 feet at GMMN and Cruise altitude. Press page 4. We will not change anything here. fuel.2009 33 / 87 www. type 45 then 1R of Check that the passenger weight under 2R is calculated automatically.

2009 34 / 87 www. If you cannot see the weight in kilos. Finally. Click OK to return to the simulator.then press 2L to enter the value.com .flytutorial. Tick the box Display fuel quantity as weight then enter 48% for both the left and right tank. This should give us a fuel weight of 2482 kilos which is just a bit more than what we calculated during the briefing – was 2465 kilos. Click OK 34 The Fuel Gauge should now read the current fuel load which 2480. enter the cargo weight which is 766 then press 3L. Type the fuel quantity as indicated into brackets – here 2480 . you need to adjust FS settings and choose Metric (altimeter in feet) as Units of measure from the Settings / International option. we need to manually adjust the fuel quantity in Flight Simulator. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.FMS PROGRAMMING Regarding fuel weight. assuming the refuelling team on the ground has completed its job! Go to Aircraft / Fuel and payload menu then click on Change Fuel.

we have an estimated 45 minutes to complete our flight – in green.3 ton of fuel. the FMS is giving us a gross weight of 19. Press the key to delete the FMS message now. Press 4R TAKE OFF to move to the next section Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. 35 Press to move to page 3.820 kilos. The distance to complete the flight is indicated here in green – 267 miles. Press to move to page 2. The FMS is now taking us to the PERFORMANCE DATA section. We could enter the cruise wind direction and speed here to refine the performance data but we will leave the options as default.2009 35 / 87 www. Fuel remaining and gross weight upon landing are also indicated in blue – 1. Press to move to page 4 This page is giving us an estimate of the distance we could fly upon arrival with our fuel reserve which is 200NM.2 ton of fuel required –in blue. GW 18. On page 1.7 tons.FMS PROGRAMMING Once all values are completed. To confirm the weight values.com . press 4R CONFIRM INIT. more than comfortable if case of a diversion. Note that we have a message at the bottom of the screen asking us to CHECK RESERVE FUEL.flytutorial.and 1. We will deal with this later.

we need to change 2 values: an estimated temperature of 10°C and nil winds. to move to We will not change anything here.000 fleet but this is way too high for the short distance we have to cover. 36 Estimated time of climb is 13 minutes to reach 26. taking around 25 minutes. Press 4R CLIMB.2009 36 / 87 www. Optimal cruise is set at 37.com . We will travel 190 miles during the cruise phase.FMS PROGRAMMING Page 1 of the TAKEOFF section is about Outside External Temperature –OAT-. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. Press page 2. Type 10 then press 2L Type 0/0 then press 1R Press page 2. Winds and airport elevation. According to our flight plan.000 feet at a speed of 240 knots.000 feet. to move to Cruise will take place at 26. Press 4R DESCENT. Press 4R CRUISE.flytutorial.

we need to enter our alternate airport which is Granada. Press 4R LANDING 37 On Page 6. we will do this in flight. We are now back to complete flight plan pages. our Our FMS programming is now complete ! Close the FMS window.2009 37 / 87 www. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.FMS PROGRAMMING Descent will occur at an angle of 3° and a speed of 250 knots. Press 4R FLT PLAN Check that the alternate airport appear correctly under 2R.com . Press several times until reaching page 6.flytutorial. Type LEMG then press 2R We haven't completed the arrival and landing information yet.

com . MFD becomes SPDS.FMS PROGRAMMING Before moving to the engine start-up sequence.V2 white is when we reach our safety speed to take off. press B1 . Using the reference speed table on page 13.V1 magenta is the ultimate speed at which we can decide to abort take off.VR blue is when we can rotate and take off. V2 et AP by entering the right speed for each value. On the MFD.V1 to select the first speed. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. A white frame must appear around V1. Once completed.AP green is the speed at which flaps can be fully retracted. Check on the PFD that the speed tape is showing the reference speed as illustrated here. press B2 – SPDS again. we now have the values matching a take off weight of 19. . We need to set up 4 speeds: 38 . . we still need to perform 2 extra actions: set up the take off speeds and adjust the engine take off data. Rotate the jog dial as circled in orange to select V1 . . Repeat this operation for VR.flytutorial.RTN to return to the initial page of the MFD.2009 38 / 87 www.5 tons: 132 / 136 / 138 /167 Click on B3 .132 knots. press B2 – MFD.

Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.com .   We are now ready to start the engines. Check on the MFD for a little white triangle next to T/O MODE which means the line is now selected.flytutorial. You know the sequence is complete when the little white triangle goes off. Press the store button once again to move to REF TO TEMP. Press the store button once again to move to REF A-ICE section. Here we need to adjust our temperature to 10°C. press the store button once again to validate the changes. Close all doors using Shift + E for main door and SHIFT + E + 2 for cargo. Before doing so: Make sure your parking brake is still set. Locate the take off data section and identify the Store button  and the Set button . Press the store button once to select takeoff mode. Finally.2009 39 / 87 www. Check the MFD: all doors must be green. open the overhead panel.FMS PROGRAMMING 39 In order to set up the engine take off data. Rotate the set button  to the left to decrease temperature until correct reading is displayed on the MFD. We will not use anti ice for this flight so nothing to change here. We will not change the T/O mode option for this flight.

. TWO ON FMS .............  APU .....com .............................ARMED AVIONICS MASTER ..... the checklist will run smoothly as we have already accomplished most of the tasks except the final item. CHECKED TRIMS.... Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec........ Use your joystick/yoke key assignment to do so................... Press the DARK/COLD button that will lit in orange........... the light will turn green..... At this stage...... We can now move to the next section which is Engine Start............................. Listen to your co-pilot running through the checklist... The co-pilot will pause until we set the trims.... Click on the Call! spot to open the checklist window.......SET Raise the TRIM until the green arrow gets to the green zone as displayed on the EICAS under the PITCH section... the dark & cold checklist will be automatically completed................................ ON EMERGENCY LIGHTS....................... INITIALIZED SPEEDS ... When the checklist is complete...... After correctly adjusting the trim..............2009 40 / 87 www.....flytutorial...............FMS PROGRAMMING 40 We are now going to run the first check list using the Call! facility provided with the aircraft..................

.........com ................ Right-click again to move the protective cover back to the knob.......ENGINE START         Open the overhead panel 41 Turn the RED BEACON  ON to warn the ground staff that we are about to start the engines.... Press APU BLEED switch  to turn it OFF then switch off the APU completely by pressing the black STOP button  first then move the knob to the OFF position....... switch the ELECTRIC PUMPS  ON to the AUTO position..................... Check the Ignition Settings knobs that must be on AUTO ................... CLOSED Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec................. ON STEARING. All steps should be completed automatically. ON RED BEACON FUEL PUMP POWER ...........................flytutorial...2009 41 / 87 www....... Engine n°2 is now starting automatically.............. Check on the EICAS the % value of engine 2 : engine starts at 23% then stabilizes at 65%.. Press the APU BLEED  button that should lit .you should also hear the APU air flowing.................. Right-click on engine n°2 protective cover  to open it and move the knob to the START position............... Press the ENG RDY TO START  button from the Call! checklist.... Repeat n°  to start engine n°1....TWO ON PNEUMATIC PANEL ..... Once both engines started.CHECKED EMERGENCY PARKING BRAKE ....... FASTEN SEATBELT / NO SMOKING ..INOP DOORS ................ Turn the left fuel pump knob  to the ON position...

2009 42 / 87 www. Click on B1 – SYS then B3 – ECS-A/I to check the cabin and cockpit temperature. ON ENGINE 2 . Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec... ON Now the engines are running and the aircraft is fully powered... 42 Check on the MFD that the engine take off data is now displayed in cyan blue. Press the ENGINE START UP Call! button to go through the checklist. Check also on the EICAS that no messages are present except END.flytutorial..ENGINE START Close the overhead panel...... the oxygen pressure and the bleed air temperature. ENGINE 1 . no action is required at this stage except listening to the co-pilot. we are going to check the main systems of the aircraft before taxiing.......com . Again. Make sure all values are within acceptable range before moving any further.

This page is also informing us of the brake temperature. This is obviously not very realistic and is not something we want Press B5 . This information should be cross checked with the quantity of fuel displayed on the FMS.FUEL to check the fuel level.ENGINE START 43 Press B4 .com .flytutorial. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.HYD to check the hydraulic systems.2009 43 / 87 www. It can be a good idea to display this page before landing. TOTAL in kilos gives us the remaining fuel. Pressing B4 again would activate the RESET function This is causing a complete refuel of the tanks to 100%. Check that both SYS1 and SYS2 have acceptable pressure displayed. Do not press again B4 – FUEL while on the fuel page.

so GPU reads 0 volt. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. press B6 . This page is giving us information on the voltage available for Generator 1 and 2. the Ground Power Unit is not connected.flytutorial. GPU. as well as Batteries. In this example. APU.2009 44 / 87 www. Press B2 – T/O to return to the take off page.ENGINE START 44 Finally. this is the page we want to display until we take off.ELEC to access the electric systems page.com .

.flytutorial....................BLANK ICE PROTECTION ... Adjust thrust during taxi to maintain low speed.... take off clearance from the tower and landing permission at destination – FS9 ATC will therefore consider our flight as being VFR. Increase the throttles gently and start taxiing... All actions should be completed at this stage..... Do not over speed 15 KTS while taxi! Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.................... AUTO EICAS .................. AUTO FLAPS .TAXI AND TAKE OFF Get clearance from FS9 ATC to taxi Open the overhead panel and switch the taxi lights ON.com .. we will NOT use FS9 ATC except for requesting taxi clearance from the ground..................................... 9 THRUST RATING... release the GUST LOCK  (click within highlighted the red area) and the Parking Brake  (should be vertical)   Note: for the purpose of this tutorial..... 45  Open the pedestal..........2009 45 / 87 www. Lower the flaps to 9° position and check their position on the EICAS HYDRAULIC ELECTRICAL PUMP. TAKEOFF 1 Start the Call! TAXI checklist.............................

The first waypoint is displayed –ALT01. Take a look at the EHSI on the PFD.KTS which means the aircraft is not moving in this example.com .flytutorial.000 feet (Right clicking on the wheel will change the altitude faster) Check that CPL  is directed to you – Captain direction Rotate the heading knob  to 348° which is the heading of the first waypoint as indicated by the FMS. click on FMS button then rotate the two knobs to the FMS position. --. which acknowledges that our FMS has been selected as our navigation source. Information is now displayed in magenta.8 nautical miles. Engage FD1 – Flight Director 1 Press the TO/GA hidden spot  to activate Take off / Go Around mode. On the DCP. There is no action required from the cockpit at this stage. The ground speed is also displayed.as well as its distance – 2.2009 46 / 87 www.TAXI AND TAKE OFF 46 Start the Call! FLIGHT ATTENDANT SAFETY video for the passengers.       On the FGC. rotate the altitude selection knob  to select 5. Check on the PFD that the heading cyan bug is in line with the FMS magenta arrow. ROL lateral active mode Pilot in command TO vertical active mode Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. Check the PFD : make sure the TO/GA mode is engaged: ROL  TO should be displayed in green and the magenta horizontal bar goes up to 15° as illustrated here.

Press 6L to choose to display ABOVE which is normal procedure for take off and climbing.2009 47 / 87 www.FLAPS! TAKE OFF .TAXI AND TAKE OFF Open the pedestal and press the TO CONFIG black button.OKAY ! 47 In case you hear a different message. TAKE OFF .flytutorial. 1L 2L 1R 2R TA/RA indication is now displayed. Change the RANGE of the TCAS if required by pressing 5L – set it to 20 nautical miles. Press 4L twice to activate TCAS. follow the required action: TAKE OFF .BRAKES! On the RMU. 3L 4L 5L 6L 3R 4R 5R 6R Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.com .TRIM! TAKE OFF .

Activate the weather radar by rotating the RADAR knob to the stby position.02 Adjust both PFD and standby altimeters using the knobs highlighted here to 3002. The active WX position should only be used after take off. Check the correct values displayed in cyan on the PFD and standby altimeters. Casablanca tower informs us to set the altimeters to 30.com . Check of the MFD that a test rainbow is displayed and that WX indication is displayed.flytutorial. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.2009 48 / 87 www. The 0° indication in green just below is the tilt angle. Listen to ATIS to check the pressure of the airport.TAXI AND TAKE OFF 48 Press B4 – TCAS anytime you want to display the surrounding traffic on the MFD. Pressing B4 again will close the TCAS mini window.

We are ready to roll! Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec......... make sure the weather knob is to the standby position.......... CHECKED    Align the aircraft to the middle of the runway..............STANDBY TAKEOFF CONFIGURATION ....TAXI AND TAKE OFF Open the Thrust window... CHECKED RADAR ... Press the T/O button to select takeoff thrust 49  Before entering the runway................. enabling to choose the FADEC engine mode..................2009 49 / 87 www.................................flytutorial..............ON TRANSPONDER... Run the BEFORE TAKE OFF checklist from Call!  EXTERIOR LIGHTS............. switch OFF taxi lights ..... switch ON Strobe  and landing lights ...... 1 TA/RA FLIGHT CONTROLS .......com .

Press CLB thrust mode to reduce thrust.2009 50 / 87 www. Check the engine thrust on the EICAS. At 1500 feet. ASEL is the vertical standby mode. THRUST CHECKED / SPEED ALIVE / 80 KNOTS / V1 / ROTATE Listen to the co-pilot announcements. retract the landing gears. The aircraft is now flying by herself. rotate by gently pulling the yoke. Monitor the speed tape of the PFD and wait for Vr. NAV and FLC modes. Check on the PFD that the modes are correctly engaged: LNAV and CLB should be the active mode. Check on the EICAS that the Flap indicator reads 0. Completely retract the flaps when passing the green AP speed which is 167 knots.CLIMBING 50 Move the throttle to full thrust and maintain the aircraft aligned onto the runway. Check on the EICAS that CRZ is displayed in cyan. except for speed.flytutorial. At Vr. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. engage AP. Monitor your PFD and try to maintain the magenta bar aligned as illustrated As soon as airborne.com .

otherwise the aircraft will stop climbing. If no weather is displayed on the MFD. Failure to increase altitude will cause the autopilot to disengage the FLC when reaching the altitude indicated on the PFD. Remember to reengage the FLC mode in case it disconnects. Check that 29. Check the tilting angle value displayed on the MFD .2009 51 / 87 www.300 feet you will hear the co-pilot say "transition altitude" 51 Press the two STD buttons both on the PFD and the standby altimeter to switch to standard pressure (2992).92 appear in cyan on both displays.flytutorial. Increase the altitude to 10000 feet when reaching 4000 feet by rotating the ASEL knob. adjust the radar tilt angle slightly up. In case of turbulence.CLIMBING At 3.com . use the two arrow buttons  Press B5 – WX  on the MFD to display the weather radar.  Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. Adjust the TILT  either up or down accordingly.     Engage the weather radar by rotating the RADAR knob  to the WX position. active the TRB mode  to display them on the MFD. Check that the MAP mode is also selected.  To increase or decrease the map scale when the weather radar is active.

2009 52 / 87 www.com ...8 nm which means that our cruise will be very short today: 15 minutes only! Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec...... CLIMB OVERHEAD PANEL . UP THRUST RATING .... UP FLAPS..000 feet at 2.......... Passing 10.4 nautical miles. switch the seat belt and landing lights OFF...... Our ground speed is 261 knots...... which is 26. There is no armed lateral mode. open the FMS..is ON.. The Yaw Damper – YD.......... The Top of Descent –TOD– will take place in 26 minutes or 148. to go to page 2 to In this example. the vertical active navigation mode is CLB or climb...flytutorial. The co pilot may pause at ALTIMETERS waiting for you to set the altimeters to the current air pressure... The autopilot – AP... SET 52 Press the AFTER TAKEOFF checklist from Call! No action should be performed at this stage....400 feet/minute.000 feet so that the aircraft can carry on climbing.000 feet.CLIMBING LANDING GEARS . Let's take a few minutes to analyze what the PFD is telling us at this stage: The pink/magenta colour is telling us the active navigation mode is FMS.. Press B to automatically set them in order to complete this step... The lateral active navigation mode is LNAV.000 feet Increase altitude to 26.... press then monitor time remaining and distance before cruising..000 feet..... The armed vertical mode is ASEL or Altitude Selection.......CHECKED ALTIMETERS .... We are climbing to 26... you should be approaching 10...... The next waypoint BRC28 will be reached in 10...... During climb.......... Do not forget to reset both altimeters to 29..6 nm..in 11 minutes or 36. we will reach Top of Climb –TOC...92 standard afterwards Passing ARDOM.......is ON....

In case of turbulence.com .2. The altitude will de displayed in cyan once reached. a buzz will be heard and the altitude indicator on the PFD will turn yellow.000 feet / minute for example. it is best to use VS instead of FLC mode. This is to let us know that the Altitude SELection will be reached in less than 1.2009 53 / 87 www.000 feet. The aircraft is going to level off automatically and maintain the altitude. FLC mode will adjust vertical speed to reach Mach 0.000 feet.flytutorial.56. Passing 10. FLC mode is generally used for climbing up to 10. The vertical mode will switch from CLB to ALT. This mode automatically adjusts vertical speed to maintain a maximum air speed of 250 kts.  Autopilot vertical modes: FLC and VS In this type of aircraft.000 feet. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.000 feet. Passing 25. VS mode is used when constant vertical speed is required . the indication TOC is visible on the MFD map view.CLIMBING 53 Between AGDAL and TOLSI.

flytutorial. Let the aircraft accelerate and slightly reduce thrust when reached.mode is active and the radar is tilted down 2.5 degrees. Here.2009 54 / 87 www. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.com . EICAS should display CRZ 54 Rotate the speed SPD knob to read 75M in cyan on the PFD. we can also see that the weather – WX.CRUISE Change thrust mode to CRUISE. Adjust the weather radar range to 50 nm Check the range on the MFD. Change TCAS to NORMAL and range 40nm. 50 should be read.

flytutorial.CRUISE EHSI full / arc Mode 55 Press EHSI full /arc mode button of the DCP to change the display of the EHSI on the PFD.75. The next button to its right (Ground speed / time to go) enables to toggle display between ground speed (GSPD) and the estimated time (ET) needed to reach our next waypoint.com . To check the cruise speed.2009 55 / 87 www. Monitor the speed: it will still increase so adjust thrust manually and try to maintain Mach . open the PERF page of the FMS : Press 3R CRUISE Speed reference appears under 2L Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.

Wind is 300T/31 and our Ground Speed –GS. Destination airport – LEMG.@TOD will be 2.flytutorial. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. Our current fuel quantity is 1760 kilos and gross weight 19. Press to reach page 3. We are flying at Mach .110 kilos. TOC is passed –PAST.75 and 26.400 feet/minute.1nm ahead which should be reached in less than 1 minute – 00+00. Press to reach page 2.000 feet.com .will be reached in 23 minutes at 132 nm ahead.in magenta colour at 2.CRUISE Using the FMS while cruising Press FPL to check the Flight Plan (no screenshot here) Press PROG to monitor progress. Vertical Speed – VS.and TOD will be reached in 6 minutes.2009 56 / 87 www.is 432 knots. 56 Page 1 of PROGRESS is indicating the next waypoint to reach –ROMSO.

Press B4 – NAV to add the navigation aids such as VORs or NDBs in green.CRUISE Hide/Display navigation information on the MFD 57 Press B5 – DATA to display the waypoint names on the flight plan.2009 57 / 87 www.flytutorial. This might be unreadable though so pressing B4 or B5 again will hide some of the information. Press B4 – NAV APT to display full information. Press B4 – APT to display the airports and their names in cyan.com . Pressing B5 again will hide the waypoint names in white. except the next waypoint to be reached which appears in magenta. Monitor progress during cruise and also check systems regularly Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.

the approach and the STAR.PREPARING APPROACH AND DESCENT Refer to pages 19 and 20 for LEMG charts Passing ROMSO. using the ILS Press 1L – I13 We are going to choose the runway. Press 1L RUNWAY This is the TRANSITION Page.com . display the We are expecting a runway 13 landing. We need to activate Transition MARTIN Press 2L – MAR Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. then TOD. Press FPL button on the FMS to display Flight Plan. Refer to chart on page 19 for LEMG transitions. It is high time to enter the arrival data into the FMS ! 58 Press 1L to choose runway 13.flytutorial. then VJF. we can check on the MFD that KORIS is our next waypoint.2009 58 / 87 www. Press 6L to ARRIVAL pages.

We have now completed the ARRIVAL pages.PREPARING APPROACH AND DESCENT We now need to select the STAR. to go to page Select 1L . There are 6 pages of STAR for Malaga. until reaching Press 2.VJF2A Page 2 is showing some constraints regarding altitude. The speeds and altitude will only be calculated once the procedure is activated.com . Press page 6. Select 3L – REVIEW review the procedure. 59 This is page 1 of the arrival procedure.2009 59 / 87 www. Check with the LEMG ILS 13 chart that this is matching the required altitude.flytutorial. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. to to go to page Press 3R – ACTIVATE to insert the arrival procedure to the flight plan. Press 3.

267 feet at MAR. Press 2. 60 On the FMS. to go to page Visually check that there are no errors on the arrival and that the flight plan is consistent.flytutorial. then start descent to reach an estimate 8. then continue descending to DME22 at 5. so we don’t need to change the altitude levels here. Press 3. it is important to return to the current waypoint by pressing RTN several times until the aircraft is back to its current position. Page 3 is in accordance and consistent with the rest of the flight plan. we can see that we will fly the cruising altitude at least until VJF.com .500 feet. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.2009 60 / 87 www.PREPARING APPROACH AND DESCENT Before or after activation. it is also good to check the arrival procedure on the MFD Press B2 – SKP and B3 – RCL to move across the flightplan. On this page. the flight plan now consists of 6 pages. to go to page Once the flight plan checked.

In preparation for landing. the next waypoint VEJER is quite near. From the MFD. the TOD is very close. Check on the PFD that the value is correctly set.flytutorial.000 feet. Check the ASEL value in blue on the PFD.com . rotate the Decision Height knob to set a value of 500 feet. Passing VEJER. You can check the exact TOD moment by opening page 2 of the FMS PROGRESS section. Turn the ASEL knob of the FGC to select 10.PREPARING APPROACH AND DESCENT 61 Passing KORIS. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.2009 61 / 87 www. we can see that the TOD will be reached just after VEJER. The aircraft will not descent before reaching the TOD. only 4 minutes to get to it.

if it goes up.flytutorial. the aircraft will therefore descent until reaching 10... Run the BEFORE DESCEND check list from Call! 62 FMS/RMS SPEED SETTING . we are not descending fast enough. ASEL is the armed mode. with a range of 20 nautical miles Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec..ON Press FLC on the FGC so that the aircraft start descending.000 feet. The little pink triangle should ideally stay in the middle of the vertical scale area. refer to speed calculation tables. If the triangle goes down. For optimal descent path. Check the active mode on the PFD: ALT should become DES.PREPARING APPROACH AND DESCENT At TOD. It may be useless to attempt to manually adjust the vertical speed if the little pink triangle goes out of range either up or down. In this example.2009 62 / 87 www. a little pink triangle will appear on the PFD as illustrated here. Set TCAS to BELOW mode for descent.com . we are descending too fast.

2009 63 / 87 www.flytutorial. the vertical speed is set to 2. In case the aircraft is not descending fast enough.7 tons in our example. Always compensate by reducing thrust if necessary to lower speed. continuously adjust throttles to avoid over speed aural warnings. enter the approach speeds on the MFD. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. V2 = 154 / TO/GA security speed with flaps 9°. AP = 163 / Landing Speed Target OVERSPEED! OVERSPEED! While descending. Open the FMS. press VS mode on the FGC and increase the vertical speed by rotating the SPD button. Press B2 .SPD V1 = 127 / Optimal Approach Speed.PREPARING APPROACH AND DESCENT 63 We are now going to enter our approach and landing speeds.600 feet / minute. VR = 137 / Reference Speed for landing with flaps 45°. In this example. and Using the speed reference table on page 13.MFD then press B2 . Increasing the vertical speed will also increase the air speed of the aircraft.com . using the estimated landing weight given by the FMS. press then 1L PERF DATA then check the GROSS WT value – 18.

Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. Check on the RMU that 109.2009 64 / 87 www. press then 4R .50 which is the ILS frequency for LEMG Runway 13 then insert it into NAV1 by pressing 3L.TUNE Type 109. There are several ways to do this and we will use the FMS.flytutorial.com . Open the FMS.PREPARING APPROACH AND DESCENT 64 We are now going to set the ILS frequency for runway 13 in preparation for landing.50 is active.

...flytutorial.................... Check that the active vertical mode is still engaged – DES should be displayed in green on the PFD.........com ... reduce Altitude to 5... At 10..000 feet.PREPARING APPROACH AND DESCENT 65 Approaching MAR.460 feet on this screenshot...ON Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec........ SET PRESSURIZATION . switch the Seat Belt and the Landing lights ON Turn the APU on by rotating the knob to the START position.. The current altitude is 11................... we must not exceed 250 knots! Start reducing the speed in advance by reducing the throttles From the overhead panel.........................ON FASTEN SEATBELT/NO SMOKING .000 feet.......... run the APPROACH CHECKLIST from Call! ALTIMETERS ..2009 65 / 87 www................ At MAR.... CHECKED APU .

4. The active lateral mode should be LOC. At DME22. 5. the glide slope will be automatically captured and the aircraft will start descending. At DME17.   Check modes on the PFD: the navigation information  should now be displayed in green instead of magenta.500 feet.2009 66 / 87 www. The glide slope – GS – should be armed in white. we should be reaching 5. Turn the ASEL knob of the FGC to select 4.PREPARING APPROACH AND DESCENT 66 Use the active flight plan pages of the FMS to adjust speed and altitude accordingly.com .200 feet.flytutorial.000 feet. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.  Engage the Approach mode by pressing the APR button.1 from GMM.200 feet which is the last manual reduction in altitude before capturing the ILS glide slope. At CF13.   Disengage the FMS navigation mode and engage the NAV mode by pressing the NAV button.   At D12.

flaps set to 45 and spoilers are closed .LANDING AND TAXI TO THE GATES At CF13. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.com .CLD At 1. 67 To help you reduce speed. Make sure to manually reduce thrust in order to achieve AP speed.2009 67 / 87 www. GS mode becomes active and the aircraft start descending. AUTOPILOT ! Fly the aircraft manually while maintaining the appropriate speed. disconnect the AUTOPILOT OFF by pressing the AP button on the FGC.flytutorial. lower the flaps progressively until reaching 45° Lower the gears! – default FS key is G Check on the EICAS that the landing gears are down –DN-.500 feet.

...........flytutorial...................... Once reaching 80 KTS..DOW FLAPS .................... They will also retract automatically once the aircraft has slowed down................ nice landing! Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. Make sure not to overheat the brakes! Check their temperature using the MFD............ Speed brakes will automatically extend. no need to arm or deploy them manually........ 20 KTS.........2009 68 / 87 www. cancel reverse thrust and apply the brakes to reach approx... run the BEFORE LANDING checklist from Call! LANDING GEAR .com .......LANDING AND TAXI TO THE GATES 68 Upon disconnecting the autopilot.....OF APPROACHING MINIMUMS MINIMUMS MINIMUMS We are now close to our decision height which is 500 feet Upon touching ground. immediately engage the REVERSE thrust (F2 key or yoke assignment) and slow down the aircraft to take the nearest exist to the left.. AUTOPILOT ................

2009 69 / 87 www.LANDING AND TAXI TO THE GATES Using AES help. 69 Set the parking brake on the pedestal and lock the throttles using the gust lock.flytutorial. taxi to the gates and stop the aircraft at its exact parking stand.com .  Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.

............ the enroute time – 51mins........................ This page will automatically load once the flight completed......2009 70 / 87 www. the landing time.com ......as well as the fuel used........ This is giving us details of our flight such the take off time.............. OFF TRANSPONDER ..LANDING AND TAXI TO THE GATES Switch the LANDING. Open the FMS and check the FLIGHT SUMMARY page. NAV and STROBE LIGHTS OFF 70 Fully retract the FLAPS – 0 position Raise the trim to position 7 On the RMU............. Press 4L to read STANDBY on the transponder. SEVEN/ZERO Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec...flytutorial........................... Run the AFTER LANDING checklist from Call! EXTERIOR LIGHTS .......ON FLAPS/TRIMS ...STANDBY GUST LOCK.

...................... OFF Run the PARKING checklist from Call! Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.. OFF HYDRAULIC ELECTRICAL PUMP... It is only available if the light is on....... Shut down the engines by moving the two knobs to the STOP position   Switch OFF the RED BEACON         Switch the APU OFF by pressing first the black STOP button then moving the knob  to ........flytutorial.....com ... OFF RED BEACON........... FASTEN SEATBELT/NO SMOKING ............ Open the passengers door – SHIFT E – and cargo door – SHIFT + E +2 Switch OFF the SEAT BELT and NO SMOKING  signs.........LANDING AND TAXI TO THE GATES Turn the weather radar to the STANDBY position 71  Connect to Ground Power Unit by pressing the GPU button .... Switch OFF the hydraulic pumps ..................... OFF APU ...2009 71 / 87 www.

..........2009 72 / 87 www.... OFF 72 Switch the AVIONICS OFF by pressing both buttons that should now lit.... OFF Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.......... OFF BATTERY ......... OFF EMERGENCY LIGHTS.   Switch off the BATTERIES by rotating the two knobs to OFF.....com .. ..    ............... ..... Run the PARKING and IF LEAVING THE AIRCRAFT checklists from Call! FUEL PUMP POWER......... Switch the EMERGENCY LIGHTS........................flytutorial.POWERING OFF THE AIRCRAFT Close the FUEL PUMPS to the OFF position.......

Your contribution is greatly appreciated! Check www.com or connect to www.com This tutorial is also available in French. 73 Now grab a cab and quickly head to the coast for a nice cerveza or explore the wonderful backcountry of Andalucía.com .2009 73 / 87 David December 2009 www.flytutorial. email contact@flytutorial.com for latest versions and other tutorials. Well done! Ronda spectacular village in Andalucía. For any suggestions or improvements. Check next pages for appendix Thank you very much for using this tutorial.flytutorial.POWERING OFF THE AIRCRAFT Congratulations! You landed safely into Malaga airport. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.flytutorial.

APPENDIX The appendix introduce the advanced features of the FMS.2009 74 / 87 www. Appendix A – Saving a Flight Plan Appendix B – Modifying a saved Flight Plan Appendix C – Adding missing waypoints to the Nav. database Appendix D – Creating a STAR procedure Appendix E – Adding and flying HOLD procedures Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.flytutorial. They have been taken from the previous version of the Emb 145 tutorial.com . 74 The following pages are not directly referring to the flight of this tutorial. they can fully be adapted to any flight situations. However.

I suggest using the names of the airports. Press 2R . SIDSIJAN is the only one in the memory of our FMS. In this case. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. Here is the list of the saved flight plans. we will create the following flight plan: Paris Orly LFPO -> Perpignan Rivesaltes LFMP LFPO SID TURBO DCT BADAM UY27 SIJAN STAR LFMP 75 Open up the FMS and press 4R – POS INIT Press 1L – FPL LIST.LOAD Type the name of the flight plan we want to create. eg LFPOLFMP: Press Press 1L to enter our flight plan.APPENDIX A – Saving a Flight Plan In this example.flytutorial.2009 75 / 87 www.com .

com . 76 Let’s check now that the flight plan has been saved properly.ACTIVATE Our flight plan is now active. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.2009 76 / 87 www.SIJAN. Press 4R – FPL SEL Press 1R . Press LIST then 1L – FPL You should see our new flight plan listed as illustrated here. BADAM and then UY27. Refer to earlier pages of the tutorial for full procedure on how to type in waypoints.APPENDIX A – Saving a Flight Plan Type in the different waypoints: TURBO.flytutorial.

we are going to modify the LFPO-LFMP flight plan that we created earlier.2009 77 / 87 www.APPENDIX B – Modifying a saved Flight Plan In this example. Press 4R . 77 Press 2L to select the flight plan LFPO-LFMP then 1L to load it into the FMS.YES to save the modifications or alternatively 4L .com . BADAM waypoint is now deleted. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. Press 4R .FPL SEL then 1R – ACTIVATE Press DEL on the keyboard of the FMS then 3LBADAM.flytutorial.NO to cancel the changes. Start with displaying the flight plan list (refer to previous section for exact procedure). We want to remove BADAM waypoint from it.

Press function key.flytutorial. Press 2R .55 .com .LOAD Press 2L – WPT LIST Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. database 78 You may have to manually add waypoints from time to time as not every one of them is stored in the Navdata file of the FMS. we want to add a new waypoint which location is: North 42° 46. In this example.57 Open up the FMS then press 4R – POS INIT. especially if you want to create SID or STAR procedures.APPENDIX C – Adding missing waypoints to the Nav.2009 78 / 87 www.East 2° 53.

Repeat this procedure to add any extra waypoint.57 that has been rounded to 53.6 – this is a requirement for this FMS. Let’s give a name to the waypoint we are now creating: Type in FIX01 then press 1L 79 Press 4L to get back to the waypoint list.flytutorial.5E00253. several waypoints have already been created.APPENDIX C – Adding missing waypoints to the Nav.6 then press 2L 46. It is best to backup these files in a safe place just in case you encounter a problem or overwriting of these files Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.55 has been rounded to 46. These small files are stored in the Flight Simulator 9 / Feelthere / CustomDB folder as illustrated here. Same thing for 53. We now need to enter its location: Type in exactly N4246.5. A new file is created every time you add a new waypoint. database In this example.com .2009 79 / 87 www.

we are going to create the STAR SIJAN procedure for runway 33 of Perpignan Airport.2009 80 / 87 www.flytutorial. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. Important : you must read the appendix C in order to fully understand what’s coming next. this procedure does not exist in the NavData so it’s a good example and can virtually be adapted to any other SID / STAR procedure you might want to create. At the time of writing this tutorial.com .APPENDIX D – Creating a STAR procedure 80 In this example.

5 N4237.5E00305.04 E003°05. In this example.74’ Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.50 E003°05.57’ N42°41.3 N4239.3E00256. we will need to create the following waypoints: FSNavigator name Fix01 Fix02 Fix03 Fix04 Fix05 Fix06 FMS Suggested name SIJ01 SIJ02 SIJ03 SIJ04 SIJ05 SIJ06 FMS format to type in N4242.86’ N42°39.9 N4236.67 E003°04.to generate a flight plan from SIJAN waypoint to the STAR procedure for runway 33: 81 2nd step: Waypoint creation Refer to the previous chapter to create the different waypoints that will enable us to build up our STAR procedure.6 N4241.88’ N42°36.31’ N42°39.4E00300.fsnavigator. We will use FSNavigator – www.com .52’ N42°37.2009 81 / 87 www.com .8 N4239E00305.7 Location N42°42.flytutorial.26 E002°56.57 E003°03.APPENDIX D – Creating a STAR procedure 1st step: Get the geographical location of STAR waypoints.41 E003°00.6E00303.7E00304.

APPENDIX D – Creating a STAR procedure

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Always name your waypoints in a sensible way so that you will find them easily when yo need them. Here I chose the first 3 letters of the name of SIJAN STAR followed by an order number. 3rd step: STAR procedure construction using the flight plan saving facility. We are now going to create a new flight plan that will not start and end with an airport name but instead navaids or waypoints. Display the flight plan page (refer to previous section on how to it). Type in the first waypoint as ORIGIN which is SIJAN.

Type in the name of the STAR STARSIJAN for exemple.

Press 1L

Press 1L

Type the arrival waypoint which PL NDB and press 2R

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APPENDIX D – Creating a STAR procedure
The FMS found 3 entries matching PL.

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Press 2L again to copy SIJ01 into the scratchpad. Press CLR key once on the FMS keyboard to delete the 1 and end with SIJ0 then type in 2 to make it SIJ02

Press 1L to select Perpignan PL.

Press 3L to add SIJ02 to the flight plan. Repeat this procedure to type in all our waypoints. You should get several pages at the end. Press 4R

Type in the name of the first waypoint we created for this procedure which is SIJ01 Press 2L

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APPENDIX D – Creating a STAR procedure
Press 1L to AC TIVATE our flight plan

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The flight plan is now listed with different colours. Press NAV of the FMS then 1L – FLP LIST

Check the list of flight plans to make sure that STARSIJAN we have just created is listed.

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A P P E N D I X E – A d d i n g a n d f l yi n g H O L D p r o c e d u r e s
You can easily add a HOLD procedure to your flight plan. You can either do this on the ground while entering your flight plan or later while en route.

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The procedure to follow is fairly simple. In this example, we will load the existing STARSIJAN flight plan that we created previously and we will add a HOLD procedure at SIJ01 waypoint, which is FIX01 on FSnavigator map – see page 61 – and in real life close to LANET – see map page 60 – which is where aircrafts hold at Perpignan airport

Open up the FMS and load our flight plan STARSIJAN. Make sure this flight plan is active into the memory of the FMS before moving ahead. Once activated, you should get something like this. Press key

Press 1L – HOLD *HOLD* is now displayed in the scratchpad area.

Press 4L – PATTERN to it

Press 2L – SIJ01 to add HOLD

Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.2009

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flytutorial. EXIT HOLD remains active until you decide to exit the pattern by pressing 4L. To cancel HOLD. If you change the length of the leg like 3NM below.ACTIVATE Press 4L – CLEAR to cancel HOLD. If you want to change its direction. In the following example. you must first input the CRS then the direction such as: 189/L then press 3L to replace the existing pattern. 86 Should you decide to to remove the Holding pattern: Press Press 4L . which is 42 seconds. As you reach the previous waypoint -SIJ04 . simply press 4L. Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec.EXIT HOLD comes up under 4L. H letter disappears from SIJ01 waypoint. the time leg will also change – 0.2009 86 / 87 www. a HOLD pattern was defined on SIJ05. If not the aircraft will enter HOLD upon reaching SIJ05. Check that the holding pattern has also disappeared on the map. H letter indicates where our Holding pattern will take place.PATTERN Press 1L – HOLD Press 2L – SIJ01 Press 4R .com . our aircraft will automatically enter the holding pattern when reaching the H waypoint. You can cancel the holding pattern before entering it.7 minutes here.A P P E N D I X E – A d d i n g a n d f l yi n g H O L D p r o c e d u r e s Default Hold pattern turn is right (DIR= Right TURN). Also check the holding pattern on the map: When flying.

2009 87 / 87 www.GLOSSARY This page contains all definitions for most abbreviations used in this tutorial.flytutorial. AIP AP APR APU ASEL ATC CPL DCP EADI Definition Aeronautical Information Publication Auto Pilot Approach Auxiliary Power Unit Altitude SELection Air Trafic Control CouPLing Display Control Panel Electronic Altitude Direction Indicator Electronic Horizontal Situation Indicator Engine Indication and Crew Alerting System Estimated Time En route Abbr. PFD RMU Definition Primary Flight Display Radio Management Unit 87 Standard Terminal Arrival Route EICAS Embraer 145v2 tutorial / version 1 Dec. FADEC FD FGC FLC FMS FPS GPU GS HDG ILS EHSI LOC OBS MFD ETE Definition Fully Automated Digital Electronic Control Flight Director SID Flight Guidance Control SPD Flight level change STAR Flight Management System Frames Per Second Ground Power Unit Glide Slope Heading Instrument Landing System Localizer Omni Bearing Selector Multi Function Display TCAS TOC TOD VS YD ZFW Traffic alert and collision avoidance system Top of climb Top Of Descent Vertical Speed Yaw Damper Zero Fuel Weight Speed Standard Instrument Departure Abbr. Abbr.com .