(NCL) MESQUITE

1

mesquite

It is a small tree and member of the Pea Family. Grows to 30' in height. Has yellow-green leaves and blooms in April and often again in August. Its greenish-yellow flowers are followed by slender, brownish seed pods. Grows at elevations under 5,000' usually along washes or areas where the water table is high. Its roots can penetrate the ground up to 60' in search of water. The velvet mesquite restores nitrogen to the soil and its flowers are an excellent source of honey for bees and other insects. Seed pods are eaten by wild animals such as the Harris Ground Squirrel. Eighty percent of a coyote's diet in late summer and fall is composed of mesquite beans. Mesquite wood is also used for cabinet-making. For Native Americans of the desert regions, mesquite was not only relied on as a dietary staple, but as the most important economic plant of their culture. The Papago, Pima, Yuman, Cocopa, Mohave and Cahuilla peoples of Arizona and California utilized all parts of the mesquite: Bark - basketry, pottery, fabrics and medicine Trunk & Branches firewood, in the manufacture of bows, arrows, mortars and furniture Thorns - awls and for tattooing Leaves - making tea, used medicinally as an eyewash and for head and stomach aches Sap - as a snack, glue and dye. But it was the mesquite pod, with its nutritious, bittersweet pulp, that provided the greatest benefit to indigenous desert peoples. They collected pods each fall, often eating many of them green from the trees. The rest they dried in the sun and stored in large baskets for future use. Usually, the beans (pods and seeds) were ground into a coarse meal, then by adding water, were transformed into a gruel or a cake without cooking. Some cultures are said to have taken the seeds from the pods and ground them into a flour called pinole, from which a bread was actually baked. The pods of all 3 common species of mesquite -- Honey Mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa), Screwbean Mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa) and Velvet Mesquite (Prosopis velutina) -- are edible, although the Screwbean is less flavorful than the more widespread Honey Mesquite. from: Desert USA From: Mignonne Yield: 1 info file

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(NCL) MESQUITE -- A WONDER FOOD

1

mesquite

Mesquite -- A Wonder Food for the Twenty-First Century by Beverly Cox & Martin Jacobs More than half the foods in the world today are of American origin. If the Americas remained undiscovered, Italians would be eating their pasta and pizza without tomato sauce. Hungarians wouldn't be enjoying paprikash, and in England the national dish might well be fish with no chips. Imagine French pastries made without chocolate or vanilla, or a bland Szechwan cuisine without chilies and peanuts. Foods originating in the Americas-first cultivated or gathered by Native Americans-have changed forever the way people eat on every continent. The revolution continues with ancient foods such as quinoa, amaranth, and the sweet, nourishing pod of the mesquite tree being recognized as potential "new" wonder foods for the 21st Century. Mesquite grows well in desert areas from the southwestern United States to the Andean regions of South America. Traditionally, Native peoples in the Southwest depended on mesquite. It provided food, fuel, shelter, weapons, medicine, and cosmetics. As times changed, and as refined sugar and wheat flour became staples, the role of mesquite was diminished. Mesquite meal, made by grinding the seeds and pods, is rich in calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron, zinc, protein, and lysine. It has a pleasantly sweet molasses-like flavor with a hint of caramel. Traditionally, the meal was made into a porridge, but modern chefs see many other possibilities. Mesquite meal is a delicious seasoning or condiment. It may be combined with other flours in baked goods. Concern about health issues, particularly diabetes, has revived interest in mesquite within the Native American community. Mesquite meal is particularly helpful to diabetics because it is a very slow-to-digest protein. Until recently, there was no commercially available source for mesquite meal. This need is being answered through Friends of Pronatura, a non-profit conservation group from which PROMEZ, LLC was created to make mesquite available either directly, or through Native Seed/Search. PROMEZ, LLC Box 31235 Tucson, AZ 85705. Website: http://www.promez.com/ Native Seed/Search 2509 Campbell Avenue #325 Tucson, AZ 85719. From: Mignonne Yield: 1 info file

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(NCL) MESQUITE MEAL

1

mesquite meal

Collect mesquite pods in September and October, discard the light or hollow ones and retain the full or heavier ones. Dry in the sun, or in the oven on low heat, until pods are crumbly, then grind in blender or food processor. This can be difficult because the seeds are much harder than the pods. While it easier to grind the pods alone, nutritional value is lost and the flavor is somewhat different. (Native Americans used a metate, a flat stone with a concave surface on which nuts, grains or other food items can be ground using another stone.) If you cannot, or do not want to dry and process mesquite meal yourself, commercial products like as those sold at the DesertUSA Store, are also available. from: Desert USA From: Mignonne Yield: 1 info file

(NCL) MESQUITE MOLASSES

4 1

quart lb

water mesquite pods (washed)

Place water and pods in a covered crock pot and cook at low heat for 12 hours. Strain, then reduce by boiling to the consistency of thin syrup. Cool and serve the thick, bold syrup on hotcakes. from: Desert USA From: Mignonne Yield: 1 batch

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(NCL) MIGNONNE ON MESQUITE MEAL

1

mesquite meal

Collect mesquite pods in September and October, discard the light or hollow ones and retain the full or heavier ones. Dry in the sun, or in the oven on low heat, until pods are crumbly, then grind in blender or food processor. This can be difficult because the seeds are much harder than the pods. While it easier to grind the pods alone, nutritional value is lost and the flavor is somewhat different. (Native Americans used a metate, a flat stone with a concave surface on which nuts, grains or other food items can be ground using another stone.) If you cannot, or do not want to dry and process mesquite meal yourself, commercial products like as those sold at the DesertUSA Store, are also available. From: Mignonne <mignonne-Al@e...> Yield: 4 servings Date:

APPLE NUT MUFFINS

1

x

no ingredients

1/2 c PROMEZ mesquite meal 1 c chopped whole apple ( core removed :) 1/2 c whole wheat flour 1/2 cup all-purpose flour 1 t vanilla 2 t baking powder 21/4 t salt 5 T sugar 1/2 c evaporated milk 1/3 c oil 1/4 c chopped nuts 2 eggs + 1 egg yolk

* Preheat oven to 350 0F * Lightly grease 12 muffin cups * Combine mesquite meal, flours, baking powder, salt, sugar and apple in a large bowl * Beat eggs and yolk in separate bowl, add vanilla, evaporated milk and oil - mix * Add one-half of liquid to dry mix and combine; add remaining liquid and mix until just blended; do not beat * Pour into muffin cups and bake for 25 minutes or until toothpick inserted into muffin removes clean Yield: 12

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AUTUMN APPLE SQUARES
By: Promez 3/4 1/4 2-1/2 1/8 2 2/3 1/3 1/3 2 1 8 1/2 3 t oz chopped c c t t T c c c flour promez baking powder salt butter sugar brown sugar water eggs vanilla chopped dates pecans apples, cored and chopped

Spread in a I lxi 7" baking sheet. Bake 40-45 minutes at 300 degrees F Cool in pan Yield: 10 2” squares

BASIC YELLOW MESQUITE CAKE
By: Desert Tropicals 2 1/4 3/4 2 1/2 1/2 3/4 1 1/3 2 1 1/3 c. c. tsp. tbsp. c. c. tsp. c. flour mesquite flour baking powder salt oil or non-dairy margarine sugar vanilla extract milk

Mesquite flour will give a delicate and distinctive flavor to your cakes. Sift the flours, salt, and baking powder in a bowl Beat the sugar, vanilla, and oil or margarine in a separate bowl Mix slowly the content of the 2 bowls, and the milk. Beat until smooth. Pour the batter into 2 greased 9-inch round cake pans. Bake for 30 minutes in a pre-heated, 350 degrees F oven.

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BLUE CORN PANCAKES

1

x

no ingredients

(12 -3" pancakes) 1 c blue corn meal 1 t salt 1/2 c milk 2 T melted butter 1/2 cup flour

2-4 T PROMEZ mesquite meal (or 2-4 T applesauce) 1 1/4 c boiling water 1 egg 2 t baking powder

* Blend corn meal, salt and PROMEZ; add boiling water and let stand for five to ten minutes * Beat egg, milk, butter (or applesauce ), add to corn meal * Add sifted flour and baking powder, blend swiftly into mix * Cook on hot pancake griddle Yield: 12

BLUE CORN PANCAKES
By: Promez 1 1 2-4 1 1/4 1 1/2 2 1/2 2 c T c t c t T c blue corn meal salt promez boiling water egg milk melted butter (or 2-4 1 applesauce) flour baking powder

• Blend corn meal, salt and PROMEZ: add boiling water Let stand five to ten minutes • Beat egg, milk, butter (or applesauce), add to corn meal • Add sifted flour and baking powder, blend swiftly into mix • Cook on hot pancake griddle Yield: 12 3” pancakes

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BUTTERMILK PANCAKES
By: promez 3/4 1/4 1/3 3/4 1 c t c c baking mix baking soda promez meal buttermilk egg

• Sift dry ingredients together into a medium bowl • Beat egg in a small bowl, add buttermilk and beat and beat again • Add wet ingredients to dry ingredients and stir until just moistened • Drop according to desired size on hot griddle, turn once to brown other side NOTE: Use saguaro or maple syrup For waffles add it sugar and 1 T cooking oil Yield: 8 pancakes

CAROB CHIP ORANGE CAKE
By: Promez i c promez 3 1 1 1/2 3/4 2 112 2 1 1 1/2 1 1/2 1/2 t T t c c c c T T t c whole wheat flour baking soda baking powder cardamom carob chips i t cinnamon t vanilla eggs almond extract 2tcanolaoil honey orange zest juice one orange skim milk juice (apple, grape) yogurt

• Heat oven to 3500 F • Oil two large loaf pans • Mix dry ingredients in large bowl • Mix wet ingredients in large bowl • Blend wet and dry ingredients. Do not beat. • Fill loaf pans 2/3 full • Bake 30 minutes or until bread springs back. Note: Substitute carob chips for grated carrots, or add banana or toasted almonds or cardamom. Yield: serves 10

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CARROT-MESQUITE MUFFINS
By: Promez 2 21 1/2 1/4 1/2 1/4 1/2 c. g. c. c. t. c. c. grated carrot i t. cinnamon 1/2 t.; salt eggs 1-2/3 c. all purpose flour vegetable oil 1/4 c. oat bran molasses 1/4 c. granola & honey mixed 1/3 c. sugar vanilla 1/2 t. baking powder rice, soy or 1/2 c. raisins (option; al) dairy milk 1/3 c. promez granola for garnish (optional). • Preheat oven to 350” F. Oil 12 muffin tins. • Mix eggs, carrot, oil, sugar, molasses, vanilla and milk in a large mixing bowl. • in a separate bowl mix flour, mesquite meal, granola, bran, cinnamon, baking powder and salt. • Add di-~' ingredients to wet until just mixed. • Add raisins and stir in, leaving batter slightly lumpy. • Spoon batter into tins, filling about 1/3-1/2 full. • Sprinkle with granola and bake for about 2 0-25 minutes, or until knife comes out clean. Yield: 12 muff/ins

CHICKEN IN MESQUITE SAUCE

1 1 c chile powder, mild 1/4 c oil 1 onion, medium 1 garlic clove 2 t Sesame seeds 1/3 c chopped almonds 1 c chicken broth * Heat oven to 350F * Brown chicken breasts in oil

1 lbs. chicken breasts

2 oz chocolate, unsweetened 1 t honey (or brown sugar) 1/4 t wine vinegar 1 t cumine (comino) 1/4 c PROMEZ mesquite meal

* Toast sesame seeds and almonds in a dry pan and set aside * Saute onion and garlic * Mix mesquite meal with 1/3 cup chicken broth, * Add sesame, almonds, chile, chocolate, honey, vinegar, and cumin stirring to blend * Add remaining broth to achieve a paste-like consistency * Place chicken in an oven-proof dish, cover with the chile mixture * Bake at 350F for one hour

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Option: Peanut butter may be substituted for almonds Yield: 6

DESERT SCONES
By: Promez 1-1/2 1/2 2 1/2 1/2 1/4 1 8 1 1/3 oz t cup c c t t t cup flour promez baking powder baking soda salt butter eggyolk sour cream orange zest prickly bear balls

• Heat oven to 4000 F • In large mixing bowl stir the flours, baking powder, soda and salt • Using pastry blender, cut in butter until mixture is crumbly, add orange zest and prickly pear balls • In a small bowl stir sour cream and egg yolk; add to flour mixture, stir until combined as dry mixture • Turn out dough on lightly floured surface, knead dough quickly 10 or 12 strokes, roll out to 7” circle, cut into 12 wedges • Place wedges on ungreased baking sheet 1” apart • Bake for 10 - 12 minutes until lightly browned Glaze 1 c powdered sugar 3 t orange juice 1/4 t vanilla • stir ingredients together and drizzle on warm scones Prickly pear balls are made by combining freeze dried prickly pear powder with enough water to formed into balls the size of currants. Powder obtained from Arizona Cactus Ranch, Box 8 Green Valley, AZ 85622 Cut into squares Yield: 6 scones

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LEMON POPPY SEED SCONES
By: Promez 1/2 3/4 2 2 1/4 1 1/2 1 1/4 c. c. t. t. c. t. t. c. c. flour promez poppy seeds baking powder oil. baking soda salt lemon yogurt maple syrup or honey

• Mix flour through salt in mixing bowl. • Stir together yogurt, maple syrup and oil: add to dry ingredients. • Stir just until moistened. Knead on floured surface a few seconds to form into a ball. Roll out to 1/2” thick. • Cut into diamonds or squares (about 1-1/2 to 2”). • Bake 10 minutes at 425 degrees F on ungreased baking sheets. on wire rack. Will store one month in a covered container. Yield: 6 - 8 servings

MAPLE TOFU CHEESECAKE
By: Promez filling 1/3 2 1 2/3 1 1/2 2-3 Crust I graham crust shell, baked • Place orange juice in top of double boiler, sprinkle gelatin, stir until gelatin is dissolved. • Mix with all ingredients in a bowl and blend. • Pour into baked, cooled crust. • Refligerate 3 hours. Yield: 12 servings c c ripe c T t T orange juice mashed tofu banana promez unflavored gelatin vanilla lemon juice

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MARGARITA LIME PIE WITH SWEET MESQUITE CRUST
By: The Scottsdale Institute pie dough 1/4 2 1/4 1 1 1/4 1 2 14 4 8 2 1 1 cans oz. oz. each each t. oz. c. t. tsp. cup + 1tsp stick c. mesquite meal sugar salt a.p. flour unsalted butter ice water filling condensed milk fresh lime juice tequila egg yolks lemon zest cornstarch grand marnier

1. Place mesquite meal, sugar and flour in food processor. Pulse to blend. 2. Cut cold butter into pieces and add to running processor one at a time. Dough should form pea-sizes shapes. 3. With processor running, add ice water. Do not over mix. 4. Turn onto plastic and wrap forming a uniform ball. Refrigerate at least 15 minutes. 5. Roll out on a lightly floured board to fit a 10-inch pie pan and press to shape around edges. 6. Place parchment over crust, fill with beans and bake for 12 minutes at 425 degrees F.. 7. Remove beans and paper, prick dough with fork and finish pie crust at 350 degrees F.for 10 minutes. 1. Mix all ingredients except cornstarch in blender at high speed for 1 minute. 2. Pour mixture into a double boiler and whisk until it thickens slightly. 3. Make slurry with cornstarch and add to filling. 4. Continue to cook until moderately thick. 5. Remove from heat and pour into baked pie shell. 6. Refrigerate for 30 minutes.

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MESQUITE BEAN JELLY

half bushel mesquite beans 2 cups tart plum juice or 1 cup lemon juice 1 box jelling agent 7 1/2 cups sugar Pick half bushel of mesquite beans without bug holes. Select beans that are succulent, yet mature enough to have red tinge on the pods. Wash the beans and snap into small pieces. Add plum or lemon juices. Cook 1 hour in 3 to 4 quarts of water. Drain the juice and save. Place 5 cups of juice in a pan, bring to a boil and add jelling agent while stirring vigorously. Bring the mixture to a boil that cannot be stirred down; then add sugar and cook 5 more minutes. Pour into glasses and jars and allow to cool.

MESQUITE BEAN WINE

3 1 2-1/2 1-1/2 1/2 1

lbs cup lbs tsp tsp tsp

mesquite beans chopped golden raisins granulated sugar water to make up one gallon acid blend pectic enzyme yeast nutrient wine yeast

Wash the bean pods and break them into one-inch pieces. Put them into a large cooking pot and cover them with about 7 pints water. Simmer slowly for one hour, covered. Strain the beans off and discard. Pour the water into a primary and stir into it half the sugar. Stir well to dissolve the sugar, then add chopped raisins. Cover with cloth and set aside to cool. When at room temperature, add acid blend, yeast nutrient and pectic enzyme. Stir to dissolve these ingredients and set aside, recovered, for 12 hours. Add activated yeast and recover. Stir daily for 7 days. Strain off and discard the raisins, stir in remaining sugar until dissolved, transfer to secondary, top up, and fit airlock. Rack into clean secondary, top up and refit airlock every 30 days for next 4 months. Stabilize, bottle and allow to age one year before drinking. This wine will keep well, getting better as it ages. [Adapted from Dorothy Alatorre's Home Wines of North America]

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MESQUITE CORNBREAD

3/4 3/4 1/2 2 1/2 1/2 1 1 3 3

cup cup cup tsp tsp tsp cup tbs tbs

cornmeal white flour mesquite meal baking powder baking soda salt yogurt egg honey (or mesquite syrup) oil

Preheat oven to 340° F. Combine dry ingredients in a medium size bowl. Beat egg in small bowl and stir in wet ingredients. Mix wet ingredients with the dry ingredients and stir 1 minute. Pour into greased 8x8' pan and bake 20-25 minutes.

MESQUITE CORNBREAD
By: il 3/4 3/4 1/2 2 1/2 1/2 1 1 3 3 cup cup cup tsp tsp tsp cup pc tbl tbl corn meal white flour mesquite meal baking powder baking soda Salt yogurt egg honey or mesquite syrup oil

Preheat oven to 340° F. Combine dry ingredients in a medium size bowl. Beat egg in small bowl and stir in wet ingredients. Mix wet ingredients with the dry ingredients and stir 1 minute. Pour into greased 8x8' pan and bake 20-25 minutes.

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MESQUITE CORNBREAD

3/4 cup cornmeal 3/4 cup white flour 1/2 cup mesquite meal 2 tsp baking powder 1/2 tsp baking soda 1/2 tsp salt 1 cup yogurt 1 egg 3 Tbs honey (or mesquite syrup) 3 Tbs oil Preheat oven to 340° F. Combine dry ingredients in a medium size bowl. Beat egg in small bowl and stir in wet ingredients. Mix wet ingredients with the dry ingredients and stir 1 minute. Pour into greased 8x8" pan and bake 20-25 minutes. I make my mesquite meal every year when the beans ripen. It is a great addition to a lot of flours and to a lot of bread type stuffs.

MESQUITE CORNBREAD

3/4 3/4 1/2 2 1/2 1 1 2 3 1 3 3/4 1

cup cup cup tsp Tsp cup tbsp tbsp cup tbsp cup tbsp

cornmeal flour mesquite meal baking soda salt buttermilk or yogurt egg maple syrup or honey oil optional mix wityh dry ingredients fresh or frozen corn minced onion grated jack cheese chipotle flakes

Heat oven to 350 degrees F. Combine dry ingredients in medium-sized bowl. Combine the wet ingredients and stir into the dry ingredients just until combined. -Spread into greased 8” x 8” pan. Bake 20-25 minutes

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MESQUITE CRÊPES
By: Promez 3 1 1/8 1-1/4 1/4 1-3/4 2 4 8 1 1 1 t t c c c T T oz T T T eggs honey salt flour promez milk butter, melted butter filling cream cheese cilantro, minced parsley, minced garlic, minced

• Beat eggs until light, add honey, salt, pepper and flours • Add milk 1/4 c at a time, blend and add melted butter • Allow to rest for 2 hours; if need add milk to loosen batter • Preheat a 10” skillet or crepe pan over medium heat • Add 1/2 1 butter to pan and pour 1/4 c batter and tilt pan to spread batter • Cook I Or 2 minutes until bubbles form on crepc~ flip the crepe and cook until light brown • Stack crepes to cool. • Soften cream cheese in microwave • Add other ingredients and mix thoroughly • Spread 2 T on each crepe, roll and slice crepe crosswise, or at a bias, into equal piece. Yield: makes 12 crepes

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MESQUITE DINNER ROLLS
By: Promez i c. warm water 21 2 1 2 3-1/2 2 2 active t. c. t. to c. c. dry yeast sugar promez salt 4 c. white flour whole wheat flour. milk

• Soften yeast in warm water • Mix with sugar, salt, PROMEZ and 2 C. white flour. • Beat 2 minutes with whisk. • Add egg and 1 C. whole wheat flour. Whisk 1 minute. • Stir in rest of whole wheat flour and enough white flour to make stiff dough. • Knead 8-10 minutes on floured surface. • Cover and let rest 20 minutes. Punch down and divide in half. • Shape each half into 12 balls. • Place on 2 greased baking sheets. Let rice about 30 nlinutes. • Bake 25-30 minutes at 400 degrees F. Yield: 12 -14 rolls

MESQUITE FLOUR

info Pioneers used this flour as a stretcher when 'real' flour began to run out. For the original people, of course, it was flour. Use only tree-ripened beans, tan to reddish brown, (Important! Green Beans Don't Work and always check for bugs!) Sun dry or oven dry; or parch carefully. Rough-grind pieces (1-2 inches) in a muddle or on a similar stone surface. Mortar and pestle will do for small amounts. Regrind until a rough but uniform meal is produced. Sun dry or oven dry again (Important Step) Fine -grind to produce a flour roughly the consistency of cornmeal. Do not sift. Use as a substitute for flour or half and half in any recipe. Useful in flour tortillas, biscuits, bread, or mush. One may shape into small cakes and sun bake or oven bake, using only water (or milk if available) and a little oil or fat.

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MESQUITE FLOUR TORTILLAS

1-1/2 1/2 3 1/2 1/2

cup cup tbs tsp cup

white flour mesquite flour oil salt warm water

Mix together dry ingredients. Use a wooden spoon to stir in oil, then water, making a ball. Knead for 2 minutes, then cover and let sit 20 minutes. Divide into 12 balls, then flatten into 1/8' disks and cook in a dry skillet at medium temperature. When slightly brown (appx. 2 minutes), turn and cook the other side 1 minute. If you plan to use the cooked tortillas at a later time you can store them in a plastic bag.

MESQUITE FLOUR TORTILLAS
By: Lil 1/2 1 1/2 3 1/2 1/2 cup cup tbl tsp cup mesquite flour white flour oil Salt water; warm

Mix together dry ingredients. Use a wooden spoon to stir in oil, then water, making a ball. Knead for 2 minutes, then cover and let sit 20 minutes. Divide into 12 balls, then flatten into 1/8' disks and cook in a dry skillet at medium temperature. When slightly brown (appx. 2 minutes), turn and cook the other side 1 minute. If you plan to use the cooked tortillas at a later time you can store them in a plastic bag.

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MESQUITE FLOUR TORTILLAS
By: Promez 1-1/2 112 3 1/2 1/2 c. c. t. t. c. tmbleached flour promez canola oil salt warm water

• Mix together flour, meal and salt. • Drizzle on oil and stir with fork. • Stir in warm water and make into a ball. • Knead 2 minutes on floured board • Cover and let rest 20 minutes. • Divide into 12 balls. Roll each into 1/8' thick circle. • Cook in dry skillet over medium heat. • When slightly browned on one side (1 minute). flip to cook 10-15 seconds more. • Stack in plastic bag immediately and allow to steam. • Store at room temperature 2 to 3 days. For longer storage keep in refrigerator. Yield: 8-10 tortillas

MESQUITE GRANOLA
By: Promez 3 1/4 1/2 c. c. c. rolled oats 1 c. promez sesame seeds 1/3 c. oil each almonds. 2/3 c. honey dr roasted peanuts, 2/3 c peanut bu; tter Note: Coconut, sunflower seeds, sesame seeds, walnuts, raising, dates may be added. Add raisins or dates after removing from oven. Stir together oats, almonds, sesame seeds, and sunflower seeds in large pan and toast lightly. Bring oil, honey and peanut butter to a boil in a saucepan; combine the sauce with oat mixture, add dry roasted peanuts, coconut, and PROM EZ. Yield: 18 bars

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MESQUITE INFORMATION

info Mesquite Recipes Links * Desert USA * SW Harvest Recipes * Twin Cities Dining * Cocina de Vega * San Pedro Mesquite * Alans Kitchen * Hormel Foods * McCormick Q. How do you use Mesquite Meal? A. Add it to stir-fry’s, soups, just about anything. Use it as a flour substitute, as a condiment the versatility is truly limitless. Using Mesquite with other foods helps to lower the glycemic load of high carb foods. What this means to you is that you don’t get hungry so fast, it reduces the amount of sugar that is stored as fat, prevents blood sugar spikes, and it helps to liven up recipes that might need a little pizzazz. Use it on fish, meat, and poultry to add dietary fiber and great taste to your meals. Q. Why is low Carb important? A. Truly, low carb is sort of a misunderstanding. What we really know today is that there are “good” carbs and “bad” carbs. Limiting carbs that are high glycemic is really what’s important. In the late 1960’s America learned that fat in our diets was directly related to heart disease. Without understanding that only certain fats needed to be avoided we cut all fats to a minimum. The food industry replaced the fats with sugars in order to keep foods tasting good and it worked. Unfortunately, we did not know that the high carbohydrate diet the American Heart Association and others had recommended would cause the obesity problems of today. Q. Why is low fat important? A. Here too we find that low fat really means limited saturated fats and avoidance of partially hydrogenated fats. Mono and poly unsaturated fats are healthy and we need them. Q. What do you mean by “Low Glycemic?” A. Low glycemic means that the carbohydrates you eat will not significantly raise your blood sugar. If you eat, lets say, potatoes then you will increase your blood sugar to a level that calls for an insulin response from your body. Insulin enters your blood and stores the carbohydrates in the muscle and liver but just a little may be stored there so the rest is stored as fat. Low glycemic foods will not call for an insulin response and there fore no carbs will be stored as fat. Q. Why is Dietary Fiber important?

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A. Dietary fiber has been show to slow down digestion allowing carbs to be absorbed into the blood stream slowly. This too prevents a call for an insulin response allowing your body to utilize these “sugars” as they become available essentially burning them as needed. Dietary fiber also helps lower bad cholesterol and increase good cholesterol. In short, it’s very healthy for one to increase their intake of dietary fiber. Summary: Today we are very aware of our need to be careful of the foods we eat. We look to labels for information on the amount and type of fats, the amount and type of carbohydrates, and total calories per serving. Selecting high quality, low carbohydrate, low fat, low glycemic, high dietary fiber food is difficult, but now there is help. Mesquite meal is 100% natural, low in carbohydrates and fat, low glycemic, high in dietary fiber, and naturally sweet. You can sprinkle, shake, or mix mesquite meal into all of your everyday foods to create healthier and tastier dishes with very little effort. This traditional Native American food is produced by gathering ripened seed pods from the mesquite tree and grinding them into a high protein flour. Desert dwellers have used mesquite pods as a staple food for centuries and bartered with them to neighboring tribes. Mesquite meal is great for flavoring steaks, chicken, pork and fish. It can be added to vegetable stir-fries, scrambled eggs, biscuits, breads, soups, even ice cream. The list is endless. Mesquite meal can be used as either flour or a spice. As flour, it is generally used in combination with other flours using about 30% mesquite. As a spice, sprinkle generously then grill, fry, broil or add it to almost anything for a great mesquite flavor. It won't take long to adjust the amount to use for your personal taste. In addition to its great taste, the major benefits of mesquite meal include high dietary fiber content, high protein and a high lysine content. It's also a good source of manganese, potassium and zinc. The result is a food with the ability to stabilize your blood sugar level. This is very good news for diabetics, weight watchers and for those who want to eat healthier. For anyone who uses a meal replacement drink and finds they are hungry long before lunch time will love mesquite meal. Just add a tablespoon of mesquite meal to your drink. It will help you stave off hunger for about 4 to 6

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MESQUITE MEAL

1

x

no ingredients

USING MESQUITE MEAL Generally, mesquite meal may substitute up to 1/3 flour content in breads. The advantages to mesquite meal are high soluble fiber content, protein and fructose sugar. The result is a food which tends to stabilize the blood sugar Level. level.

MESQUITE MEAL TORTILLAS

1 1/2 1/2 3 1/2 1/2

cup cup tbsp tsp cup

unbleached flour mesquite meal canola or olive oil salt warmm water

-Mix together unbleached flour, mesquite meal and salt. -Drizzle on oil and stir with fork. Stir in warm water and make into a ball.? -Knead two minutes on floured board. -Cover and let rest 20 minutes. -Divide into 12 balls. Flatten into 1/8” thick disks. -Cook in dry skillet over medium heat. -When slightly browned on one side (1 minute), flip to cook 10-15 seconds more. -Stack in plastic bag and allow to steam. Store at room temperature 2 to 3 days. For longer storage, keep in refigerator.

MESQUITE MOLASSES

4 1

quarts lb

water mesquite pods (washed)

Place water and pods in a covered crock pot and cook at low heat for 12 hours. Strain, then reduce by boiling to the consistency of thin syrup. Cool and serve the thick, bold syrup on hotcakes or Texas Toast.

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MESQUITE MOLASSES

4 1

qrts lb

water mesquite pods; washed

Place water and pods in a covered crock pot and cook at low heat for 12 hours. Strain, then reduce by boiling to the consistency of thin syrup. Cool and serve the thick, bold syrup on hotcakes or Texas Toast

MESQUITE MOLASSES

4 1

quarts lb

water mesquite pods (washed)

Place water and pods in a covered crock pot and cook at low heat for 12 hours. Strain, then reduce by boiling to the consistency of thin syrup. Cool and serve the thick, bold syrup on pancakes or Texas Toast.

MESQUITE MOLASSES

1

x

no ingredients

4 quarts water> 1 lb Mesquite pods (washed) Place water and pods in a covered crock pot and cook at low heat for 12 hours. Strain, then reduce by boiling to the consistency of thin syrup. Cool and serve the thick, bold syrup on hotcakes or Texas Toast.

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MESQUITE MOUSSE
By: Promez 2 12 1/2 6 2 1/4 c c oz c T mesquite broth (see recipe on next page) evaporated milk water cornstarch eggs hazelnut liqueur

• Combine mesquite broth and milk in double boiler • In small bowl or cup combine and stir cornstarch and water • Add to broth and milk mixture • Cook over boiling water for four minutes • Cover and allow to sit for ten minutes • Beat eggs in a bowl, add one cup of PROMEZ mixture to eggs, stirring constantly • Add this mixture to the rest of the mixture • Cook and stir for four minutes over boiling water • Slowly stir in liqueur • Pour into rinsed 1 qt (or individual) mold(s) • Chill until set - about four hours Yield: 6 servings

MESQUITE PINOLE
By: il

Usuallythe beans (pods and seeds) were ground into a coarse meal, then by adding water, were transformed into a gruel or a cake without cooking. Some cultures are said to have taken the seeds from the pods and ground them into a flour called pinole, from which a bread was actually baked. The pods of all 3 common species of mesquite -- Honey Mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa), Screwbean Mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa) and Velvet Mesquite (Prosopis velutina) -- are edible, although the Screwbean is less flavorful than the more widespread Honey Mesquite. Add the authentic Southwest taste of mesquite to your meals by trying the following recipes, (I posted the recipes seperately) or simply sprinkle mesquite meal on meats and vegetables before grilling.

Page 24

MESQUITE TEA
By: Promez 8 1 mesquite quart pods of water

MOLASSES

4 none water 1 lb Mesquite pods (washed) Place

quar

ter and pods in a covered crock pot and cook at low heat for 12 hours. Strain, then reduce by boiling to the consistency of thin syrup. Cool and serve the thick, bold syrup on hotcakes or Texas Toast

Mesq

OIL FREE POT PIE CRUST
By: Promez 1 1 2 2/3 c. pkg. t. c. warm water. 1/4 c. promez active dry yeast 1/2 t. salt honey cornmeal unbleached whole wheat flo; ur , white flour

• Soften yeast in warm water, stir in honey. • Mix cornmeal, flours. PROMEZ and salt together. • Gradually stir into yeast mixture. • Place dough on floured board and knead lightly 1-2 minutes. • Roll out to 9xl 3 and place on pot pie filling. • Cut vent holes in. crust. • Bake 35-45 minutes at 375 degrees F or until bubbly and crust golden

Page 25

PASTEL DE CHOCLO (CORN PIE)
By: Promez 1 4 1/2 3/4 2 1/2 1 1/2 1 c c c T t t l5oz can each cream and whole kernel corn eggs milk sugar soft bread crumbs promez meal vanilla extract salt

• Preheat oven to 3750 F • Lightly beat eggs and blend all ingredients • Spoon into well greased 9” x 11” pan • Bake for 50 minutes or until browned on top • Cure two hours to five days • Serve with whipped cream Yield: 12 servings

PECAN PIE
By: Promez 2/3 2/3 2 1 4 1/8 3/4 1/4 3 2 c c T T eggs. c c c T c white sugar brown sugar promez meal whole wheat meal beaten maple syrup white karo syrup maple syrup or maple flavor margarine, melted pecans

• Preheat oven to 375 F • Mix first three ingredients in a bowl • Beat eggs and add to dry mixture • Blend all ingredients reserve 1/2 cup of pecans for topping • Pour into pre-baked pie shell, add whole pecans to surface. • Cover with aluminum foil and bake for 15 minutes; remove foil and reduce heat to 35O~, bake for additional 45 minutes. Pie should be bubbly. Allow pie to cool in oven Yield: 10 servings

Page 26

PINOLE - TRADITIONAL

1 1

tablespoon cup

mesquite flour 1tablespoon saguaro seed meal of water

Stir all together and drink before flour settles to the bottom. Milk can be used instead of water. Yield: serves one

PUMPKIN CHEESECAKE BARS
By: Promez 16 4 3 8 4 8 16 2 1/2 oz t oz oz T t oz T pound cake mix promez powder eggs soft cream cheese pumpkin spice mix sweet condensed milk pumpkin mix butter, melted salt i c chopped nuts • Preheat oven to 3500 F • In large bowl combine cake mix, 1 egg, butter, 2 t pumpkin spice, 2 T PROMEZ • Mix until crumbly • Press onto bottom of 15 x 10 inch jellyroll pan, set aside • In large bowl beat cream cheese until fluffy • Gradually beat in milk, eggs, pumpkin, rest of mesquite powder and spice mix, salt- mix • Pour over crust, sprinkle nuts on top • Bake 30 35 minutes until set • Cool, cut into bars - Refrigerate Yield: 24 3” bars

Page 27

RANCH GRANOLA
By: Promez 1/4 2 1/4 1/4 1/3 1/2 1/3 1/3 1 11 1/3 1/4 c c c c c c T t t tcanola promez meal oats bran wheat germ chopped almonds cinnamon cardamom ginger oil honey apple juice tvanilla zest 1/2 orange zest 1/2 lemon 1/4 1/4 1/4 c c t orange juice lemon juice almond extract

• Heat oven to 300 F • Mix dry ingredients • Heat wet ingredients • Blend thoroughly • Spread on baking sheet 1/3 inch thick • Bake until it is toasted (25 minutes) Note: Coconut, sunflower seeds, sesame seeds, walnuts, raisins, dates may be added. Add raisins or dates after removing from oven.

Page 28

SONORAN BAKLAVA
By: Promez 1 1/2 1 2 1/4 2 1/4 4 1 1/2 6 1 2 1 c c t t c t T c c t c c butter/margarine milk eggs, beaten promez flour salt baking powder pecans cinnamon sugar i c honey water sugar lemon juice

• Preheat oven to 3750 F. • Melt butter add milk, allow to cool • In large bowl sift meals, salt and baking meal • Add beaten eggs to milk and butter mixture. • Stir liquids into meals. Mixture will be stiff. • Combine pecans, cinnamon and 6T sugar. Knead into batter • Lightly grease 11” x 15” pan. Spread batter evenly. • Bake at 375” F for 20 minutes, lower temperature to 3500 and bake additional 20 minutes or until done. • In a sauce pan combine honey, water, 2 c sugar, and lemon juice. Boil for 5 minutes, allow to cool. • Remove baklava from oven and cut into diamond shapes while hot. • Pour cooled syrup over hot baklava. Cool before serving. Yield: 10 servings

SONORAN COOKIES
By: Promez 2 1 2 1/2 1/2 c c t t c whole wheat flour mesquite meal 2 eggs baking powder 1 cup oil baking soda sugar

• Preheat oven to 375 F • Blend dry ingredients in medium bowl • Beat eggs lightly in another bowl, add oil and blend • Combine all ingredients until well mixed • Drop on ungreased cookie sheet • Bake by rounded teaspoons for 35 minutes or until lightly browned Yield: 24 cookie

Page 29

SONORAN COOKIES II
By: Promez 2 1/2 2 2 1 1 1 2 c t c c t t c corn tortilla mix promez baking meal baking soda sugar egg butter or margarine vanilla

• Heatovento375F. • Melt butter, add sugar. egg and vanilla. • Mix until well blended, add dry ingredients and beat until mixture is smooth. • Roll into 2” balls, press onto cookie sheet. • Bake 15 to 20 minutes or until done. Do not overbake. Yield: 24 cookies

SONORAN OATMEAL COOKIES

2 c whole wheat flour 1 c sugar 1/2 c PROMEZ mesquite meal 2 eggs 1 c oats 1 cup margarine or butter 2 t baking soda 1/2 cup chopped nuts 2 t baking powder * Preheat oven to 400 0F * Blend first five dry ingredients (flour, meal, oats, soda and baking powder ) in medium bowl * Blend margarine ( or butter ) and sugar, add eggs * Combine all ingredients until well blended * Drop on un-greased cookie sheet * Bake by rounded teaspoons for 25 minutes or until lightly browned

Page 30

SOUR CREAM ZUCCHINI BREAD
By: Promez 2 1 1/2 1 1 3 1 2 3/4 3/4 1/2 2 t t c c c cups c c t t whole wheat flour promez l-l/2t gluten baking powder baking soda salt i c sugar eggs vanilla cinnamon i c oil diced mango chopped walnuts sour cream grated zucchini

• Preheat oven to 3500 F • Grease and flour two 8” x 4” pans • Sift flours, baking powder, soda and salt • Add sugar, cinnamon and nuts to mixture • Beat eggs and all ingredients to flour mixture • Mix thoroughly • Bake for 1 1/4 hour until done, cool. Yield: 16 slices

Page 31

SOUTHWEST FOCACCIA
By: Promez 1 1 2 3/4 1/2 1/3 2-1/2 3-4 1-2 1/4 pkg. c. t. t. c. c. cloves t. c. active dry yeast warm water sugar salt olive oil promez 3 c. unbleached flour garlic, minced chipotle flakes grated parmesan

• Heat 1/4 C. olive oil in small pan and sauté garlic until soft and golden. • Stir in chipotle flakes and set aside to cool. • Combine yeasL and water in a large bowl, let stand 5 minutes. • Stir in sugar, salt and 1/4 C. oil. • Add 1 C. flour and beat with a wire whisk or spoon 2-3 minutes. • Stir in PROMEZ and enough flour to make a soft dough. • Knead on floured surface 8-10 minutes. • Covcr and lct rcst 20 minutes. Punch down and roll out to fit a well-greased 10x15' baking pan. • After placing on pan, pierce dough at 1” intervals. • Drizzle with garlic-chile mixture, and sprinkle with cheese, • Let rise until puffy (10-15 minutes). • Bake 15-18 minutes at 400 degrees F. or until golden brown. Yield: 12 servings

Page 32

SPOONBREAD

30 2 1/3 1 1 2 1 1/4 1/4 2 1/2 3

oz cup sml clove oz tsp cup cup oz tsp cups

creamed corn eggs oil onion garlic (or more) black olives baking powder cornmeal mesquite meal chopped green onions cumin grated sharp cheddar cheese

-Heat oven to 375 F. Grease 9” round pan or 7” x 11” dish. -Combine corn, eggs, oil, onion, minced garlic, olives and chiles in a bowl. -Sift together baking powder, corn, mesquite meal and cumin together in another bowl. -Mix dry and wet ingredients and 1 cup of cheese until well combined. -Pour into prepared pan. Top with remaining 1 cup of cheese. -Bake for 50 minutes until lightly browned.

STUFFING
By: Promez 3 1/2 1 1 4 T c small ~ T butter chopped celery onion, chopped commercial stuffing mix promez

• Sauté celery and onion lightly in butter in a small pan • Blend PROMEZ meal into dry commercial dressing in a large bowl • Add sautéed vegetables, • Add liquid recommended in dressing stir until combined • Transfer to oven proof casserole • Bake 3500 F for 45 minutes Yield: 6 - 8 servings

Page 33

VEGETABLE POT PIE
By: Promez 4 4 2 1 16 3/4 4 1 4-5 2 0.1 rounded recipe c. t. c. med.. med. t. large potatoes, cubed carrots, sliced vegetable oil onion, chopped oz, firm tofu, drained cut into 1/2; ” cubes vegetable broth light soy sauce frozen or fresh peas green-chiles, roasted peeled & chop; ped (optional) t. flour pot pie crust.

• Place potatoes and carrots in large pot with water to just cover veggies. • Cover and cook just until tender. • Sauté onion in oil 3 minutes. Add tofu and brown slightly. • Sprinkle with flour. • Add broth and soy sauce, stirring well. • Add to potatoes and carrots (undrained) and simmer stew until slightly thickened. Add peas and chiles. (May refrigerate overnight) • Pour into 9x13 inch pan and top with crust. • Bake 35-45 minutes at 375 degrees F or until bubbly and crust golden Yield: serves 8

WALNUT PIE
By: Promez 3/4 2 1 1 3 1/2 3 1/4 t T large lb. T t c maple syrup tbutter cinnamon promez eggs chopped walnuts it grated orange zest fresh orange juice salt whipped cream w/ orange peel zest • Whisk syrup, butter, cinnamon, PROMEZ, eggs, zest, juice, and salt until smooth. • Pour into shell and bake at 4500 F for 10 mm. • Reduce heat to 350” F bake for 30 minutes more. • Cool, garnish with orange zest and add whipped cream. Yield: serves 10

Page 34

WILD HONEY CAKE AND WOJAPI

1

x

no ingredients

Blueberry Wojapi 5 cups blueberries water to cover 1 cup sugar 1/2 cup corstarch (mixed with water) 2 tbl lemon juice add sugar and water to blueberries, cover and simmer until cooked. Add corstarch water mixture slowly while stiring until thick. Add lemon juice. Cool and blend with a blender until smooth. Wild Honey Cake 1 cup water 1/3 cup wild honey 1/3 cup oil 3 eggs 1 box Duncan Hines yellow cake mix 1/3 cup mesquite flour 2 tbl flour (add only at high altitude) Glaze 1/4 cup wild honey 1/4 cup orange juice 1/4 cup sun flower seeds Mix first four ingreadients then add cakemix, mesquite and flour (if needed). Mix slowly until smooth then beat 2 minutes at medium speed. Pour into cupcake pans and bake at 375F, about 15 -18 minutes. Mix glaze and use while cupcakes are hot and spinkle with sunflower seeds. To assemble dessert (all served cold). On a dessert dish make a design with wojapi using a squeeze bottle place one cupcake in middle of design, top with a little whip cream and a sprig of mint

WOJAPI AND WILD HONEY CAKE

1

x

no ingredients

Blueberry Wojapi 5 cups blueberries water to cover 1 cup sugar 1/2 cup corstarch (mixed with water) 2 tbl lemon juice add sugar and water to blueberries, cover and simmer until cooked. Add corstarch water mixture slowly while stiring until thick. Add lemon juice. Cool and blend with a blender until smooth.

Page 35

ZUCCHINI FINGER FOOD
By: Recipes courtesy of Promez 3 1/2 1/3 1/4 1/2 2 4 cup cup cup cup cup cloves grated zucchini chopped onion bacon bits ¾ cup bakingmix mesquite meal oil ½ cup parmesan garlic, minced eggs ½ tsp gluten salt and pepper ~Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. -In large bowl beat eggs and blend in all ingredients. ~Pour into 7” x 11” baking dish. Bake for 25 minutes until lightly browned. -Cool and cut into strips. Recipe makes approximately 25 pieces.

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