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Dilwara

Temples [3

krns]

Mount Abu was an important Vaishnava and Shaivite pilgrim centre up to the 11th century AD. Today, it is recognized the world over for its magnificent Jain temples. No visit to Abu can be complete without a trip to the famed Delwara temples. These temples are the greatest draw of Abu, apart from its salubrious clime. Half hidden by mango groves, their sober exterior belies the wealth of their interior ornamentation. Wondrously carved in marble, the Delwara temples enshrine various Jain tirthankaras (saints). Built between the 11th and 13th century AD, they are famous for their superb carvings in marble. Vimal Vasahi, the oldest temple, built by Vimal Shah, Minister of a Solanki ruler of Gujarat in 1031 A.D., is dedicated to Adinath, the first of the Jain tirthankaras. Constructed out of white marble from Arasoori Hill, near Ambaji, 23 km from Abu Road, it is an outstanding example of Jain temple architecture. The central shrine has an image of Rishabhdev and a large courtyard with 52 small shrines, each housing a beautiful statue of a tirthankara with 48 elegantly carved pillars from the entrance to the courtyard. Gurushikhar(18 km)
The highest peak of the Aravali ranges (1722 mts above the sea level) allows a bird’s eye view of the sylvan surroundings of Mount Abu. A small shrine and a temple of Dattatreya standing on the shikhar(peak) are worth a visit.

Toad Rock (2 km) Overhanging the Nakki Lake, it is so called because of its likeness to gigantic toad about to leap into the lake.

Sunset Point (2.5 km) This point is south-west of Nakki lake, where the sun gradually sinks itself in the azure sky between the two mountain peaks. The steps lead up to a high terrace which offers an awe-inspiring view of the setting sun.

Parmars and Pratihars. above sea level is the highest in western India. he performed a yagya (sacrificial fire) from which emerged the Agnikula clan of the Rajputs comprising Chauhans. Solankis. it is so Rock called because of its likeness to (2 gigantic toad about to leap into the km) lake. Abu. Gaumukh Temple (Vashistha Ashram) (4 km) Many sages and seers had their retreats on Mt. .Nakki Lake (1 km) The lake is picturesquely set amidst hills and is believed to have been carved out by the gods with their nails. It is a popular spot for boating. The surrounding hills have several areas of interest. It is accessible by car or jeep up to 3 km. A natural spring that flows through a sculpted cow's head gives the shrine its name. Legend has it that. The artificial lake here which is 1200 mts. Thereafter a descent of 750 steps has to be covered on foot. Toad Overhanging the Nakki Lake. Nearby is the marble image of Nandi who is said to have been rescued by the mighty serpent 'Arbuda'. the most famous being sage Vashistha.

A steeply winding path leads up to the 15th century AD fortress and the temples that are located within the fortified walls. Thereafter a descent of 750 steps has to be covered on foot. The carved Jain temples are a ten minute climb known for their sculptures. The surrounding hills have several areas of interest.5 km) This point is south-west of Nakki lake. It is a popular spot for boating. Parmars and Pratihars. he performed a yagya (sacrificial fire) from which emerged the Agnikula clan of the Rajputs comprising Chauhans. who was responsible for building dozens of gigantic fortresses in southern Rajasthan. Nearly is the Achleshwar . where the sun gradually sinks itself in the azure sky between the two mountain peaks. Its location on a mountain peak makes it more imposing. A natural spring that flows through a sculpted cow's head gives the shrine its name. the Achalgarh fort was commissioned by Rana Kumbha. Solankis. Gaumukh Temple (Vashistha Ashram) (4 km) Many sages and seers had their retreats on Mt. above sea level is the highest in western India. Nakki Lake (1 km) The lake is picturesquely set amidst hills and is believed to have been carved out by the gods with their nails. The artificial lake here which is 1200 mts. Legend has it that. Abu.Sunset Point (2. Nearby is the marble image of Nandi who is said to have been rescued by the mighty serpent 'Arbuda'. the most famous being sage Vashistha. The walls are massive and battlemented. The steps lead up to a high terrace which offers an awe-inspiring view of the setting sun. Achalgarh(8 km) Medieval monument of Mt Abu. It is accessible by car or jeep up to 3 km.

in breadth. The pl ace is also rich in bryophytes and algae. The pleasant looking Mandakini Kund. 663 species are dicots while 157 species are monocots. at the foot to 1722 mt. The landscape of Sariska comprises of hills and narrow valleys of the Aravali hill range. dry deciduous forests. A natural Shivalinga with idols of crystallike stone looks opaque. in length and 5-8 km. It covers an area of 800 sq km in total. rocks and grasses. These forests consist of 112 plant families with 449 genera and 820 species. five metals . The Nandi weighs more than four tons. The south-west part of the sanctuary is rich in bamboo forests. Toad Rock in Mount Abu is one such example.e. There are large number of places for sight-seeing. for the climate here is variable as well as erratic. The area was declared a sanctuary in 1955 and became a National Park in 1979. It was declared as a wildlife sanctuary in 1960. The sanctuary is long and narrow but the top spreads out into a picturesque plateau which is about 19 km. Mount Abu has diverse vegetation starting with xenomorphic subtropical thorn forest at the foot of the hills to subtropical evergreen forest depending on the quantum of precipitation. Of these. silver. The sanctuary has great potential for Eco-tourism.Mahadev temple. some of which are quite rare have also been sighted from here. Three species of wild roses and 16 species of ferns. it sparkles like crystal. Although larger than Ranthambhor. The temple is believed to have been built in the 9th century AD around a toe print of lord Shiva. . The highest point of the Aravalis i. with a core area of approximately 500 sq km. Abu. with images of buffaloes is enclosed by rocky hills.gold. The rocks are igneous but have developed large cavities in many places due to the weathering. The topography of Sariska supports scrub-thorn arid forests. Mount Abu is the only place in Rajasthan where one can observe a variety of orchids.e. This park is situated only 200 km from Delhi and 107 kms from Jaipur. This feature is typical of the Aravali. The Northern Aravali Hills dominate the skyline with their mixture of sharp cliffs and long narrow valleys. copper. However when a burning candle is placed behind it. the highest peak of the Aravali Ranges. it is less commercialised and has less tigers but a similar topography. the Guru Shikhar falls in this sanctuary. particularly of Mt.The Aravalis. It has a Nandi(bull) said to be made of Panchadhatu i. brass and zinc. Its altitude varies from 300mt. The broad range of wildlife here is a wonderful example of ecological adoption and tolerance. at Guru Shikhar. Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary The sanctuary includes within its area some of the oldest parts of mountain ranges of India .

Three big lakes – Padam Talab (meaning Lake). At some of these watering holes it is possible to book ‘hides’ which are situated in prime spots for wildlife viewing. Jackal. lilies and lotus. Golden backed Woodpecker. but for wildlife viewing and your comfort it is best to visit from October to April. Grey Partridge. wildlife in Sariska heads towards the many water holes.1st July to 30th September Note:. Ranthambhor National Park.1st October to 30th June Visiting Shifts. the facilities on offer are superb. The nearby Kankwadi Fort has a long and turbulent history. jungle cat. Malik Talab and Raj Bagh – are similar turquoises studded in the vast forest that abounds with aquatic vegetation including duckweeds.It is located in the contemporary Alwar district and is the legacy of the Maharajas of Alwar. know the terrain and some even know the Latin names of most species. Nilgai. which litter the park. although it is the one park resident people come to see. thus providing the guests with their best chance of viewing game. Sand Grouse. once a princely game conserve is the scene where the celebrated Indian tigers are best seen. but on occasion evidence appears in the form of large numbers of skins and other body parts found on couriers. The scenery changes dramatically from gentle and steep slopes of the Vindhyas to the sharp and conical hills of the Aravali. hyena. In morning and evening.Morning and Afternoon trips Closed During. There are no accurate figures on how many tigers and poachers kill other species. Tree Pie. Park Season: Opened During. Bush Quail. It sprawls over a varying and undulating landscape. We were lucky to see several varieties of birds including these owlets peering through their burrows pictured here on the right and of course the ubiquitous langur monkey. bears and various species of deer. 12 villages within Ranthambhor National Park were resettled outside the designated park area with only a few people now residing in scattered hamlets within the park. The park is home to numerous carnivores including Leopard. . Safaris are provided by jeep. Chital. The tiger is not the only attraction at Ranthambhor. Sariska is also well known for its large population of Rhesus Monkeys. crested Serpent Eagle and The Great Indian horned Owl. Wild Dog. The avian world is also well represented with Peafowl. Ranthambhor is plagued by the typical problems encountered by all game reserves in India – people living in and around the parks and grazing by livestock! Between 1976-1979. Chausingha.Advance Reservations for Ranthambhore National Park Visit is available online on this portal till 30th June of corresponding season. meadows in valleys and luxuriant foliage around the canals make the jungle. The park is open almost whole year-round. Wild Boar and Langur. Pavilions and temples within Sariska are ruins that hint at past riches and glory. A tenth century fort also blends amicably with the background. The park is well staffed and the people who man the centres and the mandatory guides – one for every vehicle. The main food source for the tiger is the swamp deer like Barasinsga and on occasion the wild buffalo and also wild boar. marsh crocodiles. Other animals in the reserve include leopard. and Tiger. Of course poachers continue their activities with increasing demand from China for tiger parts. wild boar. caracal. These feed on species such as Sambar. Jungle Cat. Ranthambhor Tiger Reserve lies on the junction of Aravali and Vindhyas just 14 Kms from Sawai Madhopur in Eastern Rajasthan. jackal. If you wish to stay near the park. Civets Hyena. Pure sands of Dhok (Anogeissus pendula) interspersed with grasslands at the plateaus. which are found around Talvriksh.

The Rivers Chambal in the South and the Banas in the north bound the National Park. dotted by several lakes and rivers that are only made passable by rough roads built and maintained by the Forest Service. Hotels do supply packed lunches and you can get a bite at a canteen on the second gate and even at the Forest Lodge. today the Park is recognised as the most important breeding and feed grounds for the birds in the world. wild boar.Keoladeo Ghana National Park Click here to book online Climate&Access This magnificent bird haven in actual came into being paradoxically as a duck shooting preserve for Maharaja Suraj Mal of Bharatpur. the ecosystem at the park continues to be fragile due to pressures of tourism and need for water from surrounding villages. The park that was a hunting preserve for the Maharaja and the British continued to be so till 1964. the ubiquitous langur (monkey). leopard. Vehicles are permitted upto Shanti Kutir about 1. He transformed the shallow depression formed by the confluence of river Gambhir and river Banganga into a reservoir by damming the rainwater in monsoons. Visitors are advised to maintain low noise level and avoid littering the park. After this you can choose to walk. A variety of birds including owlets. caracal. However. bicycle. A significant geological feature within the park is the ‘Great Boundary Fault’ where the Vindhaya plateau meets the Aravali range. The rugged park terrain alternates between dry deciduous forest.7 kilometres inside at Rs 50 per vehicle. adds to its landscape. Flooding of water created shallow wetland ecosystem causing it to be a perfect habitat for an astounding variety of birds. A forestation policy of planting acacias was vigorously followed. after which hunting was banned. jungle cat. The park is dotted with steep rocky hills and the dominating architecture of Ranthambhor Fort (built in the 10th century). And. However. Some species are endangered. the environmentalists won the day in 1985 when UNESCO listed it as a World Heritage site and earlier in 1982 it was declared as National Park. The park opens from sunrise to sunset around the year. tonga or boat when the water level is high. marsh crocodiles. jackal. . hyena. open grassy meadow. The ticket is Rs 200 per foreign visitor and Rs 25 for Indian visitor. or go by cycle rickshaw. bears and various species of deer are the other attractions. The tiger is not the only attraction at Ranthambhor. The cycle rickshaw wallah’s displaying yellow plate meaning authorised double up as guides also carry binoculars.