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JURISDICTION OF COURTS

COURT OF APPEALS Original Jurisdiction Exclusive Original Jurisdiction
• Over actions for annulment of judgements of Regional Trial Courts.

Exclusive Appellate Jurisdiction
• • • over all final judgements, resolutions, orders or awards of Regional Trial Courts and quasi-judicial agencies, instrumentalities, boards or commission, including the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Social Security Commission, the Employees Compensation Commission and the Civil Service Commission,

Issue writs of mandamus, prohibition, certiorari, habeas corpus,and quo warranto, and auxiliary writs or processes, whether or not in aid of its appellate jurisdiction.

Except: those falling within the appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court in accordance with the Constitution, the Labor Code of the Philippines under Presidential Decree No. 442, as amended, the provisions of this Act, and of subparagraph (1) of the third paragraph and subparagraph 4 of the fourth paragraph of Section 17 of the Judiciary Act of 1948.

REGIONAL TRIAL COURT

One hundred thousand pesos (100. . damages of whatever kind. and In actions affecting ambassadors and other public ministers and consuls. In all cases not within the exclusive jurisdiction of any court. real property. In all actions in admiralty and maritime jurisdiction where he demand or claim exceeds: a. attorney's fees. mandamus. All criminal cases not within the exclusive jurisdiction of any court.00) Except: actions for forcible entry into and unlawful detainer of lands or buildings. Special Jurisdiction The Supreme Court may designate certain branches of the Regional Trial Courts to handle exclusively criminal cases. Exclusive Original Jurisdiction CIVIL CASES CRIMINAL CASES In all civil actions in which the subject of the litigation is incapable 1. tribunal.000. 3. 7. b. e In all civil actions which involve the title to. In all actions involving the contract of marriage and marital relations. In all matters of probate. Municipal Trial Courts. The decision of the Regional Trial Courts in such cases shall be appealable by petition for review to the Court of Appeals which may give it due course only when the petition shows prima facie that the lower court has committed an error of fact or law that will warrant a reversal or modification of the decision or judgment sought to be reviewed. where such the value exceeds Fifty thousand pesos (50. respective regions. (as amended by R. and/or such other special cases as the Supreme Court may determine in the interest of a speedy and efficient administration of justice. Twenty thousand pesos (P20. In all civil actions and special proceedings falling within the exclusive original jurisdiction of a Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court and of the Courts of Agrarian Relations as now provided by law.000. of pecuniary estimation. and habeas corpus and injunction which may Municipal Circuit Trial Courts in their be enforced in any part of their respective territorial jurisdictions. 1.00) or.A. 1.00). and costs or the value of the property in controversy exceeds: a. in probate matters in Metro Manila. both testate and intestate. b.1.00) or. in such other abovementioned items exceeds Two hundred thousand pesos (200. agrarian cases. All cases decided by Metropolitan Trial prohibition. in Metro Manila. One hundred thousand pesos (P100. or possession of. exclusive of interest. original jurisdiction over which is conferred upon Metropolitan Trial Courts.000. and 8. tribunal or body. where the assessed value of the property involved exceeds: a. One hundred thousand pesos (P100. litigation expenses. 2.00). 2. b. where the gross value of the estate exceeds: a. person or body exercising judicial or quasi-judicial functions. where such gross value exceeds Two hundred thousand pesos (200. Except: those now falling under the exclusive and concurrent jurisdiction of the Sandiganbayan which shall hereafter be exclusively taken cognizance of by the latter. 7691*) Original Jurisdiction Appellate Jurisdiction In the issuance of writs of certiorari. tribunal. 6. Such cases shall be decided on the basis of the entire record of the proceedings had in the court of origin and such memoranda and/or briefs as may be submitted by the parties or required by the Regional Trial Courts.00).000.000. 5. Municipal Trial Courts. quo warranto. urban land reform cases which do not fall under the jurisdiction of quasi-judicial bodies and agencies.000. No.000. for civil actions in Metro Manila. or any interest therein. and Municipal Circuit Trial Courts. Courts.00) or b. In all other cases in which the demand. person or body exercising jurisdiction or any court. 1. juvenile and domestic relations cases.000.00) or . where such demand or claim exceeds Two hundred thousand pesos (200. 4.

the issue of ownership shall be resolved only to determine the issue of possession. 7691) 2.00) exclusive of interest.00) or. in such cases. or amount of the demand does not exceed: a. the amount of which must be specifically alleged: Provided. attorney's fees. including the grant of provisional remedies in proper cases. AND MUNICIPAL CIRCUIT TRIAL COURTS Exclusive Original Jurisdiction 1. attorney's fees. b. in civil actions in Metro Manila. (as amended by R. That where there are several claims or causes of action between the same or different parties. No. Over civil actions and probate proceedings. embodied in the same complaint. litigation expenses.000. litigation expenses and costs: Provided.A. All civil actions which involve title to. 1. violations of the rental law. Special Jurisdiction in certain cases Summary procedures in special cases 1. b. the amount of the demand shall be the totality of the claims in all the causes of action. Their decisions in these cases shall be appealable in the same manner as decisions of the Regional Trial Courts. in Metro Manila where such personal property. or amount of the demand does not exceed Two hundred thousand pesos (P200. the defendant raises the question of ownership in his pleadings and the question of possession cannot be resolved without deciding the issue of ownership. That value of such property shall be determined by the assessed value of the adjacent lots.000. . any Metropolitan Trial Judge. No.METROPOLITAN TRIAL COURTS. MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURTS. real property. those involving violations of traffic laws. estate. and costs. testate and intestate. Twenty thousand pesos (P20. estate. Such simplified procedures may provide that affidavits and counteraffidavits may be admitted in lieu of oral testimony and that the periods for filing pleadings shall be nonextendible. The Supreme Court shall adopt special rules or procedures applicable to such cases in order to achieve an expeditious and inexpensive determination thereof without regard to technical rules.00). Municipal Trial Judge. In Metropolitan Trial Courts and Municipal Trial Courts with at least two branches. Municipal Circuit Trial Judge may hear and decide petitions for a writ of habeas corpus or applications for bail in criminal cases in the province or city where the absent Regional Trial Judges sit. rules and regulations. where such assessed value does not exceed Fifty thousand pesos (P50. such value to be ascertained by the affidavit of the claimant or by agreement of the respective claimants if there are more than one. (as amended by R. or contested lots the where the value of which does not exceed: a. and such other cases requiring summary disposition as the Supreme Court may determine. where the value of the personal property.00) exclusive of interest damages of whatever kind. or from the corresponding tax declaration of the real property.000.A. or possession of.000.00) or. damages of whatever kind. One hundred thousand pesos (P100. or any interest therein where the assessed value of the property or interest therein does not exceed: a. the Supreme Court may designate one or more branches thereof to try exclusively forcible entry and unlawful detainer cases.000. 7691) 3. Cases of forcible entry and unlawful detainer: Provided. That when. Delegated Jurisdiction in cadastral and land registration cases May be assigned by the Supreme Court to hear and determine cadastral or land registration cases covering lots where there is no controversy or opposition. 1. In the absence of all the Regional Trial Judges in a province or city. One hundred thousand pesos (P100. irrespective of whether the causes of action arose out of the same or different transactions.