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Cand veti termina de studiat acest volum veti putea sa:

Formulati pluralul substantivelor si sa detectati genul cuvintelor. Folositi corect principalele timpuri verbale. Explicati de ce engleza pe care o vorbiti va fi cu atat mai interesanta cu cat veti putea folosi mai multe cuvinte descriptive.

CUPRINS
SELECTION 1 SELECTION 2 METODE DE STUDIU Citire, ascultare, scriere CUVINTE 3 5

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Singularul si pluralul Genul cuvintelor Acum, mai tarziu sau saptamana trecuta Cuvinte descriptive Cuvinte pentru indicarea cantitatii UNIT 1 REVISION: Plurals. Gender of Words. Now, Yesterday or Tomorrow? Present Simple Descriptive Words The Future Tense-Simple Future Present Perfect Simple Present Continous And Simple Past Continous Present perfect Continous 15 19 21 25

UNIT 2 UNIT 3 UNIT 4 UNIT 5

UNIT 6

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METODE DE STUDIU
STUDIEREA CURSULUI Studiul 3

va verificati pas cu pas cunostintele acumulate. In acest fel. Veti vedea ca in aceste volume preliminare . Dupa ce veti fi studiat cu atentie aceste trei volume. In aproape fiecare casa se afla un dictionar englez – roman si orice student care nu are acasa unul poate face rost.Acesta este primul din cele trei volume de studiu “Telemarketing Promotion” care ofera o introducere facila in folosirea limbii engleze . care constituie o parte importanta a studiului dumneavoastra. fara a va solicita sa invatati prea multi termeni de specialitate. lucrand fiecare set de verificari. veti fi invatat suficient pentru a va exprima corect si clar in limba engleza. pe masura ce ajungeti la ele in timplul studierii cursului. Este de asemenea un excelent curs de recapitulare pentru cei care au terminat scoala cu multi ani in urma si care au uitat multe din cunostintele acumulate. Fiecare test trebuie rezolvat integral in scris si trimis spre corectare indrumatorului personal. pentru cei fara prea multe cunostinte in domeniu. Fiecare mapa de curs contine un numar de 10 teste. Tineti dictionarul langa dumneavoastra in timp ce studiati sau cititi. 4 . in majoritatea exemplelor date sunt folosite numai cuvinte simple. Gramatica este de asemenea explicata intr-un mod simplu .

ori de cate ori este posibil. Este foarte important sa cititi: cititi articole din ziare si reviste – chiar si reclame. In sfarsit. dar aici exista in cele mai multe tari o dificultate. intru-cat nu toti oamenii pronunta la fel. Dumneavoastra trebuie sa invatati sa scrieti si sa vorbiti engleza standard. In timp ce cititi. oamenii fac greseli in vorbirea englezei. A asculta si a sta de vorba cu alte persoane este un alt exercitiu. engleza vorbita si cea scrisa nu sunt absolut identice. Faceti din ascultarea limbii engleze. mai familiar decat scriem. o parte a studiului dumneavoastra. Astfel. cum sa le legati intre ele si cum sa le pronuntati corect. adica acea forma a englezei care nu prezinta variatii regionale. dar dumneavoastra trebuie sa invatati sa scrieti si sa vorbiti engleza standard. diferentele depinzand in primul rand de zona de origine a persoanelor in cauza. Cand vorbim familiar. putem vorbi mai liber. nu numai perioadele de studiu. desi acestea nu sunt totdeauna un ghid de incredere pentru o engleza mai buna. capacitatea dumneavoastra de a intelege engleza creste.Folositi-va si timpul liber pentru a citi. folosim probabil cuvinte specifice zonei in care traim. 5 . astfel incat sa nu le repetati. veti invata mai multe cuvinte. invatati cuvintele noi si modul in care ele se inlantuie in fraze. Daca ascultati la radio sau la televizor. De asemenea. Nu exista in engleza standard cuvinte sau structuri gramaticale care sa nu fie folosite in tarile unde se vorbeste engleza ca limba nativa. trebuie sa invatati sa depistati aceste greseli.

ascultand si vorbind puteti invata nu numai cuvinte. Ar fi inutil sa invatati cum se scrie sau cum suna un cuvant. dar este chiar mai important sa exersati folosind aceste cuvinte pentru a va exprima propriile idei. daca nu stiti si ce inseamna: in aceasta consta ajutorul dictionarului. ci si cum sa le folositi in fraze. SINGULARUL SI PLURALUL 6 . Trebuie sa fiti pregatiti pentru o munca grea si constanta.Citind. dar asigurati-va ca stiti intelesul fiecarui cuvant nou si in acest fel veti putea sa-l folositi corect. Incercati sa folositi cuvintele noi pe care le auziti sau le cititi si curand va veti da seama ca puteti sa va scrieti propriile ganduri.

Ce sunt cuvintele? Cuvantul este reprezentat de un sunet sau un grup de sunete Prin care toti membrii unui grup inteleg acelas lucru. folosim litere pentru a nota sunetele cuvintelor.numeral 7 . Cand scriem. si cel mai simplu mod de a face acest lucru este sa adaugam litere. UNU SAU MAI MULT DE UNU? Deseori dorim sa vorbim sau sa scriem despre mai mult de o persoana sau un lucru. Tot asa. mai de graba decat obiectul propriu-zis. Prin repetitie. In timp desenele au ajuns sa reprezinte lucruri asociate cuvintelor. desenele s-ar fi simplificat din ce in ce mai mult. Astfel un soare desenat putea insemna caldura sau lumina. ajungand in cele din urma sa arate ca literele alfabetului scris. Limba reprezinta totalitatea cuvintelor. aceste simboluri ar fi ajuns sa reprezinte sunete independente( probabil sunetele initiale ale obiectelor) si nu obiecte sau idei. Fiecare sunet existent intr-o limba poate fi reprezentat de o anumita litera sau de un grup de litere. se pare ca oamenii comunicau unul cu altul prin desene. La inceput. ca in exemplele urmatoare: Singular A dog Un caine The dog Cainele Plural Two dogs Doi caini Some dogs Niste caini Several dogs Mai multi caini One dog Un caine. Scrierea s-a dezvoltat probabil intr-un mod similar limbii vorbite.

in vreme ce plural inseamna mai mult de unul. 1. Exemplu : Bed (pat) House (casa) Picture (tablou) Building (constructie) Boat (barca) River (rau) Tree (copac) Plant (planta) Flower (floare) Girl (fata) Boy (baiat) Ship (vapor) Ball (minge) Ocean (ocean) Mountain (munte) Forest (padure) Lion (leu) Bird (pasare) Room (camera) beds Houses Pictures Buildings Boats Rivers Trees Plants Flowers Girls Boys Ships Balls Oceans Mountains Forests Lions Birds Rooms Exista cateva moduri de a forma pluralul cuvintelor. Plurals : Solve the following exercises but do not send theam to Another Life Services. Write down the singular form of these words: Geese 8 . Acestea vor fi explicate in cele ce urmeaza.Termenii singular si plural sunt destul de expliciti : Singular inseamna numai unul.

but when there is a vowel before the “o” just add “s”. “sh”. Radio Studio And also : Photo Piano photos pianos radios studios Nous ending in “ss”. “x” form their plural by adding an “es” Class Church Brush Box classes churches brushes boxes THE GENDER OF NOUNS : Masculine Male Feminine female 9 Common both sexes . “ch”. Write down the plural of the following words : Street Bus Woman Tooth Nouns ending in “o” Volcano Tomato volcanoes tomatoes Most words ending in “o” add “es” for plural.Feets Mices Sheeps 2.

baby Spouse Monarch Person The ending “ess” is one of the ways of forming the feminine of a masculine word : 1. Write down the feminine of the follwing words : Prince Dog Baron 2.Actor Boy Husband king Lion Man Master Steward Actress Girl Wife Queen Lioness Women Mistress stewardees Child. TOMORROW. LATER OR LAST WEEK ? TODAY. YESTERDAY “I” and the action Tense Aspect SIMPLE Present I eat Past I eat yesterday Future I shall eat tomorrow 10 . Write down the masculine of the following words : Lady Women Cow NOW .

She. but there are also verbs wich have two forms for the past : these are called irregular verbs ( see Appendix 2 in the Preliminary Course ) Exemple: “He. It” and the Action PRESENT He eats He is eating She eats PAST He eat He was eating She eat FUTURE He will eat He will be eating She will eat REMEMBER For the 3rd person singular. the Perfect – an action covering an interval of time. Regular verbs from the Past by adding –ed at the end. add “s” at the end of the verb! The Present Tense of the Verb “ to like” 11 .The Continuous suggests a preogressive kind of action. as opposed to a moment ( as it is with the Simple Aspect ).that last one being a combination of the previous two.CONTINUOUS PERFECT PERFECT + CONTINUOUS I am eating I have eaten I have been Eating I was eating I had eaten I had been Eating I shall be eating I shall have eaten I shall have been eating Note that each Tense has four aspects.

AFFIRMATIVE SINGULAR I like You like He She likes It PLURAL we like you like they like Verbs ending in “s”.”ch”.ve He’s She’s It’s We’ve You’ve 12 INTERROGATIVE Have I? Have you? Has he? Has she? Has it? Have we? Have you? . “o”. “z”.he crosses buzz-it buzzes push-she pushes do-he does go-she goes See also Appendix 3. “sh”. “ss” . add “es” for the the 3rd person singular: To To To To To cross. The Present of the Verb TO HAVE AFFIRMATIVE 1 I have You have He has She has It has We have You have AFIRMATIVE 2 I’ve You.

They have They’ve Have they? NEGATIVE 1 I have not You have not He has not She has not It has not We have not You have not They have not NEGATIVE 2 I’ve not You’ve not He’s not She’s not It’s not We’ve not You’ve you haven’t They’not NEGATIVE INTEROGARTIVE 3 1 I’haven’t Have I not? You haven’t? Have you not? He hasn’t? She hasn’t? It hasn’t? We haven’t? You haven’t They haven’t? He Has she not? it Have we not? Have you not? Have they not? NEGATIVE 2 Haven’t I? Haven’t you? He Haven’t she? It Haven’t we? Haven’t you? Haven’t they? Affirmative: I have=I’ve Present Tense of the Verb TO SEE AFFIRMATIVE I see You see INTERROGATIVE Do I see? do you see? NEGATIVE 1 I do not see You do not see? NEGATIVE 2 I don’t see? You don’t see? INTERROGATIVE NEGATIVE Do I not see? Don’t I see? Do you not see? Don’t you see? 13 .

He see She sees It see Does he see? Does she see? Does It see? We see you see They see Do we see? Do you see? Do they see? He does not see She does not see It does not see We do not see You do not see They do not see He doesn’t see? She doesn’t see? It doesn’t see? We don’t see? You don’t see? They don’t see? Doesn’t He see? Doesn’t she see? Doesn’t It see? Do we not see? Don’t we see? Do you not see? Don’t you see? Do they not see? Don’t they see? Present Tense of the Verb TO READ AFFIRMATIVE I read You read INTERROGATIVE Do I read? Do you read? NEGATIVE 1 I do not read You do not read 14 NEGATIVE 2 I don’t read? You don’t read? INTERROGATIVE NEGATIVE Do I not read? Don’t I read? Do you not read? Don’t you read? .

15 . shape and size . the feautures of the things we speak about.He reads She reads It reads Does he read? Does she read Does it read? He does not read She does not read It does not read We do not read You do not read They do not read He doesn’t read? She doesn’t read? It doesn’t read? We don’t read? You don’t read? They don’t read? Doesn’t he read? Doesn’t she read? Doesn’t it read? We read Do we read? Do we not read? Don’t we read? Do you not read? Don’t you read? Do they not read? Don’t they read? You read They read Do you read? Do they read? DESCRIPTIVE WORD What kind of? Person or thing? The way we speak would be very boring without using various descriptive word to help us express ( and explain ) the colour.

nice books. some nice people. EXERCISE: 16 . kind and size and add them to the ones given here. Look in the dictionary for their meaning and write it down in the coumms bellow. a nice soup. nice movies. As you have probably noticed. an enjoyable holiday”. Try to avoid this and learn as many descriptive word as you can. Red White Green Black COLOUR Yellow Purple Blue Pink Orange Brown Square Straight SHAPE Oval Flat Round Curved Triangular Excellent Kind Pleasant Generous CHARACTERISTICS Delicious Friendly + Beautiful Helpful Nice Happy Unpleasant Mean CHARACTERISTICS Awful Miserable Ugly Nasty Big Gigantic Enormous Huge High Little SIZE Large Long Medium Minute Small Tall Tiny Vast Try to find other words that express shape.Here you have some adjectives. characteristics ( good or bad ). rather than saying: “ a nice evening . there are people using a word or a couple of word very often.

You are given the first two letters of the word... de………………….. the number of letters of the whole word and its meaning... mi…………………… mi…………………….. ex……………….... ch…………………. en………………… . 8 letters 8 letters 9 letters 9 letters 8 letters 9 letters 9 letters 6 letters 6 letters 9 letters shaped like a circle bright and lively lovely to look at tasting very pleasant stirring stimulating which gives pleasure or joy very good indeed neither large nor small very small indeed very sad and depressed WORD TO SHOW QUANTITY “How much” and “How many”? Fiind in the dictionary the meaning of the words: About Any 17 . ex…………………. Use a dictionary to identify the following word.....Answer the following questions but do not send them to ANOTHER LIFE SERVICES..... me………………….. ci... .. be………………….....

Few Little Much Many None Several Some Compare Womens Objects Cups of coffee Oil Water coffee Many BUT Much The Future Tense-Simple Future The Simple Future of the Verb “TO WATCH” AFFIRMATIVE 1 AFFIRMATIVE 2 18 TRADUCERE .

I shall watch You will watch He will watch She will watch It will watch We shall watch You will watch They will watch I’ll watch You’ll watch He’ll watch She’ll watch It’ll watch We’ll watch You’ll watch They’ll watch Voi privi Vei privi Va privi Vom privi Veti privi Vor privi NEGATIVE 1 I shall not watch You will not watch He will not watch She will not watch It will not watch We shall not watch You will not watch They will not watch NEGATIVE 2 I shan’t watch You won’t watch He won’t watch She won’t watch It won’t watch We won’t watch You won’t watch They won’t watch INTERROGATIVE Shall I watch Will you watch Will he watch Will she watch Will it watch Shall we watch Will you watch Will they watch INTERROGATIVE NEGATIVE 1 Shall I not watch? Will you not watch? Will he not watch? Will she not watch? Will it not watch? Shall we not watch? Will you not watch? Will they not watch? INTERROGATIVE NEGATIVE 2 Shan’t I watch? Won’t you watch? Won’t he watch? Won’t she watch? won’t il watch? Won’t we watch? Won’t you watch? Won’t they watch? 19 .

The Present Perfect Tense The Present Perfect of the Verb “TO PLAY” 20 .

AFFIRMATIVE 1 I have played You have played He has played She has played It has played We have played You have played They have played AFFIRMATIVE 2 I’ve played You’ve played He’s played She’s played It’s played We’ve played You’ve played They’ve played INTERROGATIVE Have I played? Have you played? Has he played? Has she played? Has it played? Have we played? Have you played? Have they played? NEGATIVE 1 I have not played You have not played He has not played She has not played It has not played We have not played You have not played They have not played NEGATIVE 2 I’ve not played You’ve played He’s not played She’s not played It’s not played We’ve not played You’ve not played They’ve not played INTERROGATIVE NEGATIVE 1 Have I not played? Have you not played? Has he not played? Has she not played? Has it not played? Have we not played? Have you not played? Have they not played? 21 INTERROGATIVE NEGATIVE 2 Haven’t I played? Haven’t you played? Hans’t he played? Hans’t she played? Hans’t it played? Haven’t we played? Haven’t you played? Haven’t they played? .

The Present Perfect of the Verb “ TO DO” AFFIRMATIVE 1 I have done You have done He has done She has done It has done We have done You have done They have done AFFIRMATIVE 2 I’ve done You’ve done He’s done She’s done It’s done We’ve done You’ve done They’ve done INTERROGATIVE Have I done? Have you done? Has he done? Has she done? Has it done? Have we done? Have you done? Have they done? NEGATIVE 1 I have not done You have not done He has not done She has not done It has not done We have not done You have note done They have not done NEGATIVE 2 I’ve not done You’ve not done He’s not done She’s not done It’s not done We’ve not done You’ve not done They’ve not done 22 .

INTERROGATIVE NEGATIVE 1 Have I not done? Have you not done? Has he not done? Has she not done? Has it not done? Have we not done? Have you not done? Have they not done? INTERROGATIVE NEGATIVE 2 Haven’t I done? Haven’t you done? Hasn’t he done? Hasn’t she done? Hasn’t it done? Haven’t we done? Haven’t you done? Haven’t they done? THE SIMPLE PRESENT CONTINUOUS AND THE SIMPLE PAST CONTINOUS The Present Continous of the verb “TO SMILE” Affirmative 1 I am smiling You are smiling Affirmative 2 I’msmiling You’re smiling 23 Interrogative Am I smiling? Are you smiling? .

He is smiling She is smiling We are smiling You are smiling They are smiling He’s smiling She’s smiling We’re smiling You’re smiling Ther’re smiling Is he smiling? Is he smiling? Are we smiling? Are you smiling? Are they smiling? NEGATIVE 1 I am not smiling You are not smiling He is not smiling She is not smiling It is not smiling We are not smiling You are not smiling They are not smiling NEGATIVE 2 I’m not smiling You’re not smiling He’s not smiling She’s not smiling It’s not smiling We’re not smiling You’re not smiling They’re not smiling INTERROGATIVE NEGATIVE 1 Am I not smiling? Are you not smiling? Is he not smiling? Is she not smiling? Is it not smiling? Are we not smiling? Are you not smiling? Are they not smiling? INTERROGATIVE NEGATIVE 2 Aren’t I smiling? Aren’t you smiling? Isn’t he smiling? Isn’t she smiling? Isn’t it smiling? Aren’t we smiling? Aren’t you smiling? Aren’t they smiling? 24 .

Simple Past Continous of the Verb “TO SMILE” AFFIRMATIVE I was smiling You were smiling He was smiling She was smiling It was smiling We were smiling You were smiling 25 .

They were smiling INTERROGATIVE Was I smiling? Were you smiling? Was he smiling? Was she smiling? Was it smiling? Were we smiling? Were you smiling? Were they smiling? NEGATIVE 1 I was not smiling You not were smiling He was not smiling She was not smiling It was not smiling We were not smiling You were not smiling They were not smiling NEGATIVE 2 I wasn’t smiling You weren’t smiling He wasn’t smiling She wasn’t smiling It wasn’t smiling We weren’t smiling You weren’t smiling They weren’t smiling INTERROGATIVE NEGATIVE 1 Was I not smiling? Were you not smiling? Was he not smiling? Was she not smiling? Was it not smiling? Were we not smiling? Were you not smiling? Were they not smiling? INTERROGATIVE NEGATIVE 2 Wasn’t I smiling? Weren’t you smiling? Wasn’t he smiling? Wasn’t she smiling? Wasn’t it smiling? Weren’t we smiling? Weren’t you smiling? Weren’t they smiling? 26 .

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINOUSLY Present Perfect Continuous of the Verb “TO PLAY” AFFIRMATIVE 1 AFFIRMATIVE 2 INTERROGATIVE 27 .

I have been playing You have been playing He has been playing She has been playing It has been playing We have been playing You have been playing They have been playing I’ve have been playing You’re have been playing He’s have been playing She’s have been playing It’s have been playing We’re have been playing You’re have been playing They’re have been playing Have I been playing? Have you been playing? Has he been playing? Has she been playing? Has it been playing? Have we been playing? Have you been playing? Have they been playing? NEGATIVE 1 I have not been playing You have not been playing He has not been playing She has not been playing It has not been playing We have not been playing You have not been playing They have not been playing NEGATIVE 1 I’ve not been playing You’ve not been playing He’s not been playing She’s not been playing It’s not been playing We’ve not been playing You’ve not been playing They’ve not been playing INTERROGATIVE NEGATIVE 1 Have I not been playing? Have you not been playing? Has he not been playing? Has she not been playing? Has it not been playing? Have we not been playing? Have you not been playing? Have they not been playing? 28 INTERROGATIVE NEGATIVE 2 Haven’t I been playing? Haven’t you been playing? Hans’t he been playing? Hans’t she been playing? Hans’t it been playing? Haven’t we been playing? Haven’t you been playing? Haven’t they been playing? .

progresiv ( Continous ). pefect ( Perfect ) si perfect progresiv ( Perfect Continous ). Fiecare 29 .Aspectele verbului in limba engleza Verbele in limba engleza pot avea patru aspecte: simplu ( Simple ).

Aspectele progresiv si perfect le corespunde cate un “ verb auxiliar” ( cu care se formeaza ). Transformarea timpurilor verbale in trecerea de la vorbire directa la cea indirecta 30 . trecut ( Past ) si viitor ( Future ). care preia timpul si persoana verbului de conjugat .dintre aceste aspecte poate aparea la oricare dintre cele trei timpuri: present (Present ). Astfel: “ Continous Tense” se formeaza cu auxiliarul “ to be” : “ to be” + infinitivul verbului de conjugat + “ing” ( la timpul si persoana verbului conjugat ) “Perfect Tense” se formeaza cu auxiliarul “to have” : ” to have” ( la timpul si persoana verbului de conjugat ) + forma a 3 a verbului conjugat “ Perfect Continous Tense” se formeaza cu ambele auziliare.” to be” si “to have”: To have + been + infinitivul de conjugat + “ing”. aspectul progresiv perfect se formeaza prin combinarea celor doua auxiliare .

DIRECT SPEECH Present Continuous Present Simple Present Perfect Past Perfect Past Simple Past Continuous Shall/will Can Must Could Ought to May INDIRECT SPEECH Past Continuous Past Simple Past Perfect No change Past Perfect No change Would No change Could No change No change Might 31 .