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The austenitic chromium-nickel stainless steels are cold formed (bent

,
drawn, shaped) and the cold forming imparts a higher strength than for the
original starting annealed condition. It is not typical to heat these
stainless steels for forming as is often done with carbon steel. The
following are the designations of cold worked tempers as defined by ASTM
A 666, Standard Specification for Austenitic Stainless Steel, Sheet,
Strip, Plate & Flat Bar.
1/4 Hard, 1/2 Hard, 3/4 Hard, Full Hard
Reheating the cold worked austenitic stainless steels at temperatures
below 370C (700F) increases the tensile strength. Reheating above 425C
(900F) lowers the strength and increases the ductility.
Cold working increases the fatigue strength of the austenitic stainless
steels. However, the fatigue strength of these cold worked alloys is
reduced by notches, as compared to notched fatigue strength in the
annealed condition.
Fatigue Strength (Endurance Limits) of Cold Worked Stainless Steels:
AISI Type

Temper

301
302
303
304
304
304
347

Full Hard
Full Hard
1/4 Hard
Annealed
1/2 Hard
3/4 Hard
3/4 Hard

Endurance Limit - ksi
80
75
48
35
70
92
88

Minimum Tensile Strength of Cold Rolled Sheet & Strip for 304
The other common 300 series alloys are similar.
Temper

Tensile ksi

1/4 Hard
1/2 Hard
3/4 Hard
Full Hard
Extra Full Hard

125
150
175
185
200

Rockwell C
Elong. % Hardness

Yield ksi
75
110
135
140
-

23
16
11
8
-

25
32
37
41
45

Tensile Strength of Cold Drawn Cr-Ni Stainless Steel Wire
Diameter Range of 0.126 - 0.375"
AISI TYPE
302

TEMPER

YIELD-ksi

1/4 hard
1/2 hard
3/4 hard
* Full hard

90-125
120-150
150-180
180-220

TENSILE-ksi ELONG.%
120-140
145-176
170-200
190-230

15-25
10-17
5-10
2-5

* Typical of wires used in making stranded wire rope
304

1/4 hard

90-110

120-140

20-30

1/2 hard 3/4 hard Full hard 120-140 140-170 170-210 130-170 170-200 200-240 10-18 5-10 2-5 309S 1/4 hard 1/2 hard 3/4 hard Full hard 80-90 105-125 125-150 150-185 110-130 125-155 140-180 160-190 15-25 10-11 8-12 4-8 310S 1/4 hard 1/2 hard 3/4 hard Full hard 80-90 105-125 125-150 150-185 110-130 125-155 140-180 160-195 15-25 10-11 8-12 4-8 316 1/4 hard 1/2 hard 3/4 hard Full hard 80-100 105-125 135-165 155-185 110-130 135-155 165-195 185-215 20-30 12-20 8-12 3-6 321 1/4 hard 1/2 hard 3/4 hard Full Hard 90-110 120-140 140-170 170-210 120-140 150-170 170-200 200-240 20-30 10-18 5-10 2-5 347 1/4 hard 1/2 hard 3/4 hard Full hard 85-105 110-130 140-170 160-190 115-135 140-160 170-200 190-220 15-25 10-13 5-10 3-6 TENSILE PROPERTIES OF AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEELS FOR VARIOUS AMOUNTS OF COLD WORKING ALLOY 0 STRENGTH IN ksi for % COLD REDUCTION SHOWN 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 301 Tensile 120 Yield 40 Elong. 63% 47% 125 148 171 196 - 29% 19% 15% 12% - 304 Tensile 86 Yield 34 Elong. 75% 150 87 58% 168 120 42% 184 148 32% 198 170 22% 210 185 15% 222 202 6% 302 Tensile 93 Yield 37 Elong. 67% 108 91 42% 122 107 30% 138 120 20% 152 134 15% 168 147 10% 180 160 6% 303 Tensile 91 106 Yield No data Elong. 53% 98 69 36% 113 97 25% 130 120 16% 146 135 13% 158 145 10% 169 152 6% 304L Tensile 83 Yield 32 106 72 122 97 138 120 154 138 170 152 - .

Elong. 50% 105 78 33% 122 109 12% 144 128 8% 159 138 7% 168 143 6% 173 149 5% . 55% 87 57 45% 98 82 30% 115 102 14% 135 122 9% 151 140 5% 165 153 3% 310S Tensile 86 Yield 45 Elong. 45% 108 67 29% 126 97 15% 140 125 8% 153 140 6% 166 148 5% 174 152 5% 316 Tensile 85 Yield 38 Elong. 55% 100 70 45% 115 100 26% 135 120 13% 150 134 8% 160 142 5% 168 145 4% 347 Tensile 96 Yield 40 Elong. 60% 95 70 40% 110 98 21% 130 118 12% 142 128 8% 150 137 6% 169 148 5% 321 Tensile 88 Yield 32 Elong. 57% 35% 23% 15% 10% 5% - 309S Tensile 80 Yield 37 Elong.