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INFRA RED REMOTE CONTROL

INTRODUCTION This project is based on VTU syllabus. The proposed system is based on ATMEL 89S52 µcontroller which is in our syllabus. For doing this project we use some of the software like • • • Embedded C for programming the application software to the microcontroller. Protel schematic software is used for designing the circuit diagram for this project. Express PCB software is used for designing the PCB for this project.

ABSTRACT: This project is mainly designed for communication between two systems using IR RAYS. Data transmission from one place to another is communication. Communication is two types one transmission is wired another is wireless communication. This project is wireless communication. Data transmission is done in IR medium. This is short distance communication. The data transmission in IR medium is does not any license from government. This is most required for modern life. It is also helpful for handicap person for whose switch is in out of reach. % OF SOFTWARE AND HARDWARE : • • Embedded ‘C’ Microcontroller and hardware 45% 55%

TECHNOLOGY BEHIND THIS PROJECT Infrared (IR) radiation is electromagnetic radiation whose wavelength is longer than that of visible light, but shorter than that of terahertz radiation and

COMPONENTS USED: • • • • • • Power Supply: µController: Buzzer: Relay: LCD: Sensor: Standard Type 5V DC and 12V DC AT89S52 Frequency range between 1Hz to 18 KHz [5V-12V] 12V 16 characters * 2 lines Infra Red (IR). WORKING PRINCIPLE: This project is mainly designed for communication between two systems using IR RAYS. Buzzer. The received signal is in light form. . Write the programmer for the main controller using embedded ‘c’ for 8051. This encoded value and transmit these signal IR medium. OUR CHALLANGING WORK IN THIS PROJECT: As embedded applications include more functionality. spanning three orders of magnitude. The IR transmitter gets signal from the keypad and encode this value. The remote sends the different key value. • • • • Design the hand held hardware with led switch. Here IR transmitter is inside the remote. IR receiver sends signal to Micro controller. Design the power supply selector circuit for peripheral and controller. Writing driver for LCD. This light signal is converted into electrical signal by using IR receiver. The micro controller decodes this value and drive the relay according the key value received.microwaves. LCD. Infrared radiation has wavelengths between about 750 nm and 1 mm. the challenge is making these functions accessible to the end user in a meaningful way. Just pressing button in Transmitter you can change operation in the receiver system. The IR receiver receives the signal which is transmitted by the IR transmitter.

BLOCK DIAGRAM: Power Suply Transformer Filter Regulator (7805) Transmitter Section Keypad IR Transmitter Rectifier RECEIVER SECTION Electrical Aplliance Relay driver LCD MODULE RF RECEIVER LCD DRIVER LCD DISPLAY Buzzer Buzzer Driver Buzzer Osc AT89S52 (Microcontroller) POWER SUPPLY Filter Transformer Regulator Rectifier COMPONENT APPLICATIONS: Power supply: .

Relay is electro mechanical switch it makes the switch ON and OFF of the appliances. Micro controller-AT89S52: The AT89S52 is a low-power. According to the signal received from microcontroller.5V Operating Range 256 x 8-bit Internal RAM 32 Programmable I/O Lines Full Duplex UART Serial Channel Fully Static Operation: 0 Hz to 33 MHz Vital role of microcontroller in ‘IR remote control’. It gets the signal from IR receiver and then decodes it. The device is manufactured using Atmel’s high-density nonvolatile memory technology and is compatible with the industry.0V to 5. The adapter output voltage will be 12V DC none regulated. Buzzer indicates the appliance switch is in out of order condition. According to the decoded value it sends the signal to the relay driver. The micro controller is the main part in this project. The 7805/7812 voltage regulators are used to convert 12 V to 5V/12V DC.standard 80C51 instruction set and pin out. high-performance CMOS 8-bit microcontroller with 8K bytes of in-system programmable Flash memory.The microcontroller and other devices get power supply from AC to Dc adapter through voltage regulator. AC/DC Adapter Regulator (7805) AC Power Filter DC Output Vital role of power supply in ‘IR remote control’. . Features: • • • • • • • 8K Bytes of In-System Programmable (ISP) Flash Memory Endurance: 1000 Write/Erase Cycles 4. The adapter output voltage will be 12V DC non regulated. The 7805 voltage regulators are used to convert 12 V to 5VDC.

The buzzer will sound when the signal coming into the driver is high. initializing the interface can be a problem and the displays themselves are expensive. This acts as load on the driver. This acts as load on the driver. When the input signal coming into the buzzer subsystem is low. The relay switches when the signal coming into the driver is high. Every line has 16 characters. Vital role of LCD in ‘IR remote control’. Buzzer: The buzzer subsystem produces a 2 KHz audible tone when powered.LCD has single line display. Using this interface is often not attempted by inexperienced designers and programmers because it is difficult to find good documentation on the interface. four line display. a potential difference across the relay coil causes current to flow. Darlington or transducer driver subsystem. The most common type of LCD controller is the Hitachi 44780 which provides a relatively simple interface between a processor and an LCD. Two-line display. Vital role of BUZZER in ‘IR remote control’ this is used indicate when the electrical appliances or any other part is not in under condition. It is this flow of current that causes the buzzer to sound. Relay: The relay subsystem is an electrically-operated switch. It must be connected to a transistor.LCD (LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY): LCD’s can add a lot to your application in terms of providing a useful interface for the user. a potential difference across the buzzer causes current to flow. debugging an application or just giving it a "professional" look. Supply relay (+V) and the input signal. It is this flow of current . This is used to display the operation of the system in written form. It must be connected to a Darlington or transducer driver subsystem. The buzzer is connected between the supply rail (+V) and the input signal. When the input signal coming into the relay subsystem is low.

Wire less communication. This is used to make switch on and off the electrical appliances. The emitting light is not visible in human eyes. Fully security (data trapping cannot happen). It converts electrical to light signal and then transmits. No hazards of shock.that causes contacts to switch. According to the signal received from microcontroller. IR Receiver: This receiver is used to receive the IR signal which is transmitted from IR transmitter. Low cost. electrical appliance and 230V supply. Microcontroller performs the operation according to the signal received from the IR receiver. This is central device between the Microcontroller.Relay is electro mechanical switch it makes the switch ON and OFF of the appliances. FEATURE: . APPLICATIONS: • • • • • • • Helpful handicap person. IR transmitter: This IR led is used to emit the infrared rays at particular frequency. The IR transmitter is inside the remote. Easy access. This converts light signal to electrical signal. Vital role of Relay in ‘IR remote control’ . This is electro mechanical device when it is turned ON then it switch is closed supplies the required voltage to the appliance. Personal access code.