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Steel Wire Ropes

Handling | Classification | Security Factors | Uses and Recomendations

Steel Wire Ropes

Rope are made up of steel wires, generally braided in a helix (spiral) forming the units known as strands. The strands in the wire rope can vary in accordance with desired properties.

Wires
Wires are produced by reducing the diameter of the base wire, after passing through dies or matrices all the while having an axial force applied to it. The wire´s properties depend on chemical composition, microstructures, inclusion level, grain size, segregations and process conditions. Wires must comply with the required ASTM A 1007, JIS G 3525, API 9 A, RRW 410 F and ISO 2232 standards.

Dimensions and Tolerances
The cable diameter complies with the tolerances established in the following table:
TABLE 1
Wire rope Diameter in mm or in. ≤ 10 (3/8”) >10 (3/8”) % Tolerance No Load +6 +2 +5 +2 5% MBL +5 +1 +4 +1 10% MBL +4 0 +3 0

Strands
Strands are formed by wires of the same or different diameters, twisted over a central core.

Core
The core or nucleus is the central axis of the wire rope, around which strands are wrapped. We use various cores, including steel, natural fiber or synthetic.

Diameter Measurement

Wire Rope
Group of strands twisted helicoidally around a core or nucleus.
CORRECT METHOD INCORRECT METHOD

The wire rope and its Components: • Wire • Strand • Core

• Correct Method: Place the measurement device on the widest part of the wire rope. • Incorrect Method: This is not the wire rope’s widest diameter.

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These can also be rolled to the left or right.Steel Wire Ropes Lay length The lay of a steel wire rope is determined by the form in which the strands are rolled in the wire rope and the way the wires are rolled in the strands. The length of lay of a steel wire rope is the linear measured distance. from one point of the strand to another point on the same strand after completing a pass around the core of the wire rope (360°). ray can be to the right or the left. According to the direction of the wires in the strands and the rolling of these over the core. Wires diagonal to the wire ropes’ axis PASO LANG IZQUIERDO Strands in diagonal towards the left 3 www. well balanced and with excellent stability. This type of configuration allows the wire rope to be compact.com . Lang Lay: The position of the wires in the strands is provides the same as the direction of their strands in the wire rope. Regular Lay: The position of the wires in the strands is opposite to the direction of the wire rope. These have excellent fatigue resistance as well as resistance to abrasion damage. see following figures. PASO REGULAR IZQUIERDO PASO REGULAR DERECHO RIGHT REGULAR LAY Wires parallel to the wire ropes’ axis Strands in diagonal towards the right LEFT REGULAR LAY Wires parallel to the wire ropes’ axis Strands in diagonal towards the left RIGHT LANG LAY Wires diagonal to the wire rope’ axis PASO LANG DERECHO Strands in diagonal towards the right LEFT LANG LAY. According to the direction of the strands over the core. the wire rope can be of two types: regular lay or lang lay.emcocables.

The terminals and/or accessories cannot be removed or installed without making sure that the twist is maintained. The frequency of lubrication depends on the following factors: • Retained lubrication from the manufacturing process • Elevator use • Security factor and working temperature 4 www. Turning or rotating the free end of the wire rope can cause the de-braiding of the wire rope. The wire ropes should not be stored in places that emit corrosive vapors and should not be in contact with the floor. this should be rectified with new ones matching the profile and diameter of the new wire rope. The inspection should always include the settling up of the terminals. noted defects and incidents related to the degradation of the wire rope.Steel Wire Rope Handling 1 INSTALLATION To install the wire rope in the winch or drum. 3 STORAGE 2 TRANSpORT 4 MAINTENANCE This transportation operation should be performed in such a way as to completely avoid any possible of contact of between the wire rope and loading equipment. registering of adjustments. lubrication.com . cleaning with regular frequency. it’s advisable to follow the following instructions: Before installing a new wire rope. When degradation is found in the pulley and/or drums. Maintenance should be composed of inspections. the pulleys and drums should be check to make sure they have no degradation or defects. wires and of the wire rope against the pulleys.emcocables. 5 LUBRICATION An adequate lubrication prolongs the useful life of a wire rope because it reduces corrosion and the abrasion caused by the friction of the strands. with emphasis on the point of entry.

Steel Wire Rope Handling 6 MANIpULATION INCORRECT FORM CORRECT FORM 5 www.emcocables.com .

SIMpLE CAp COMMON STRAND TORON 1X25 This strand is characterized by having an exterior cap formed by wires of two different diameters.Steel Wire Ropes Classification Steel Wire Ropes are classified by diameter. 5. alternating their position in the crown. 6 www. WARRINGTON STRAND The types of strands in wire ropes are: 1. number of strands. These are taken using the ASTM 1023 standard. SEALE STRAND TORON 1X36 This is a combination of the previous two strands and combines their best qualities: The conjunction of fine interior wires allows for flexibility. The most common composition is 1+6/6+12=25. This type of strand is used when a large metallic section wire ropes is required with a good overwhelm resistance. The most common composition is 1+6=7.com . while the exterior cap of wider diameter wires. The most common composition is 1+9+9=19. type of core and construction. Most Common Wire Rope Constructions The physical and mechanical properties of the different constructions that EMCOCABLES® manufactures are detailed in the following tables. 4. The most common construction is 1+7+7/7+14=36 TORON 1X19 Construction in which the last cap contains the larger diameter wires than the interior lay. gives resistance to abrasion. It has a central wire and six wires of the same diameter that revolves around it. 3.emcocables. The type of strand most commonly used is 1+6+6/6=19 TORON 1X7 The most common example of simple lay strand construction is comprised of seven wires. WARRINGTON SEALE STRAND 2. giving the strand more resistance to abrasion. FILLER STRAND TORON 1X26 6x26 steel cable combines resistance to flexion and abrasion. given good behavior during usage 1+5+(5+5)+10=26 TORON 1X26 This strand is distinguished by having fine threads that fill the existing spaces between two wire layers.

075 510 1.705 1.102 1.45 0.181 1.345 0.024 1.23 0.1 0.883 0.866 0.28 0.328 41.72 84.788 260 0.248 0.787 0.459 93.438 0.7 1.433 0. Multiply by 1.426 7.315 0.537 128 0.33 0.7 0.125 1.7 397 461 54.221 0.276 0.488 7 www.8 67.3 115 14.com .2 2.09 0.6 6.169 0.656 167 0.37 0.279 0.375 0.500 0.0 2.93 0.9 0.37 3.15 1.34 1.15 0.19 0.7 1.8 338 43.3 0.748 0.413 78.313 666 1.919 375 0.497 0.252 22.139 2.9072 Diameter Range 1960 kN Min (in) Max (in) 23.118 0.394 0.323 1.050 440 1.51 37.11 0.39 0.4 762 94.556 10.704 13.7 0.380 1.817 49.21 0.313 5.08 0.000 1.6 0.3 150 190 212 25.58 0.2 EIPS = Extra Improved Plow Steel Minimun Break Load 1770 kN EIP Tons 21.6 47.551 0.4 0.8 71.354 0.8 2.444 843 1.313 0.500 1.289 0.630 0.704 30.591 0.0 0.226 39.478 61.10 0.869 15.750 0.57 2.3 99.372 0./Mt.50 2.563 0.208 73.583 0.263 31.875 0.84 1.217 4.260 1.909 0.89 2.00 4.emcocables.744 235 0.1 602 80.575 For Kg.525 110 0.0 235 284 33.12 1.661 211 0.8 For Ton/Met.236 0.75 1.86 0.250 0.6 11.82 2.84 1.709 0.472 0.1 8.417 1.992 1.34 3.670 1.29 0.Classification 6x7 FibeR CoRe (FC) Wire Rope Construction Item Strands External Strands Strand Cap CABLE 6X7 ALMA DE FIBRA (AF) Strand Construction Item Wires External Wires Layer Wires Quanitity 5 to 9 4 to 8 1 6 6 1 Quantity Wires 30 to 54 TABLE 2 Diameter in 1/4 7 5/16 8 9 3/8 10 11 7/16 12 1/2 13 14 9/16 5/8 16 18 19 3/4 20 22 7/8 24 1 26 28 1 1/8 1 1/4 32 1 3/8 36 1 1/2 IPS = Improved Plow Steel mm 6 Approx Weight lb/ft kg/m IPS Tons 0.45 58.245 0.7 0.417 0.157 1.394 65.124 0.93 1.8 4.533 2.455 0.90 28.7 0.331 52.375 1.9 0.1 3.008 86.676 0.827 315 0.15 0.785 0.488 1.496 0.83 4.512 0.471 3.332 1.625 0.64 0.47 0.945 0.987 1.37 5.579 0. Multiply by 0.250 1.59 0.

6 824 92.73 1.71 kg/m 0. Multiply by 0.0 70.400 0.24 0.806 721 912 EIPS = Extra Improved Plow Steel For Kg.87 0.196 0.69 0.488 8 www.024 1.4 254 308 33.354 0.265 0.488 1.9072 86.676 0.45 0./Mt.157 1.13 0.5 6.600 1.313 1.748 0.575 2.250 0.304 2.324 0.8 12.33 1.459 0.785 0.438 0.181 1.08 1.97 0.744 0.096 4.33 0.1 107 125 14.579 0.433 0.625 0.161 0.0 366 42.17 0.008 1.472 0.0 17.375 0.184 5.7 102 For Ton/Met.645 0.372 0.919 0.256 0.500 0.5 58.709 0.494 0.260 1.17 0.413 0.2 47.296 1.48 3.331 0.866 0.496 0.3 34.82 2.30 1.1 4.7 51.136 3.788 0.41 40.909 0.236 0.6 651 78.8 15.787 0.444 1.5 65.28 3.576 0.Classification 6x7 Steel CoRe (SC) Cable Construction Item Strands External Strands Strand Cap Wires Approx Weight mm CABLE 6X7 ALMA DE ACERO (AA) Quantity 6 6 1 30 to 54 Minimun Break Load IPS Tons 1770 kN EIP Tons Strand Construction Quanitity 5 to 9 Wires 4 to 8 External Wires 1 Layers Wire Item TABLE 3 Diameter Range 1960 kN Min (in) Max (in) Diameter in 6 1/4 7 5/16 8 9 3/8 10 11 7/16 12 1/2 13 14 9/16 5/8 16 18 19 3/4 20 22 7/8 24 1 26 28 1 1/8 1 1/4 32 1 3/8 36 1 1/2 IPS = Improved Plow Steel lb/ft 0.704 3.656 0.4 18.394 0.9 8.144 0.3 26.417 1.512 0.33 0.5 45.43 0.331 0.484 0.9 2.537 0.1 163 206 229 24.563 0.1 101 119 138 180 228 254 281 341 405 476 552 0.0 57.323 1.37 6.93 4.817 1.98 1.55 1.591 0.com .5 76.661 0.53 0. Multiply by 1.000 1.250 0.551 0.945 1.313 0.27 0.55 0.363 0.455 0.630 0.125 1.276 0.5 11.500 0.827 0.750 0.032 22.024 1.0 36.266 4.075 1.992 1.2 9.11 2.525 0.050 1.9 72.375 1.292 0.936 1.581 2.444 1.19 2.39 0.90 4.30 63.7 430 498 53.252 0.85 3.emcocables.68 0.394 0.11 0.4 85.10 0.12 25.784 0.84 31.52 91.879 5.22 0.315 0.75 3.250 1.452 1.875 0.976 2.102 1.

567 39.159 12.294 12.689 23.480 37.587 117.977 61.982 1.057 195.399 1.437 101.752 81.676 30.238 0. Weight (kg/m) 0.535 7.256 8.714 57.263 141.625 6.17 3.431 9.875 18.416 13.254 6.360 94.231 26.195 175.386 0.625 0.709 12.703 13.5 3.918 Steel Core Break Load in Kgf IpS 2.331 109.086 8.609 107.506 70.032 35.520 0.684 199.006 46.476 0.551 91.730 176.405 73.873 22.Classification 6x19 AND 6x26 (FC – SC) Cable Construction Strands External Strands Strand Cap Wires Item Quantity 6 6 1 90 to 154 CABLE 6X7 ALMA DE ACERO (AA) CABLE 6X7 ALMA DE FIBRA (AF) Strand Construction Item Quanitity Wires 15 to 26 External Wires 7 to 12 Layers Wire 2 to 3 TYpICAL ExAMpLES Wire Ropes 6 X 19 S 6 X 21 F 6 X 26 WS 6 X 19 W 6 X 25 F Strands 1-9-9 1-5-5F-10 1-5-(5+5)-10 1-6-(6+6) 1-6-6F-12 Total 54 60 60 72 72 NUMBER OF ExTERNAL WIRES Per Strand 9 10 10 12 12 TABLE 4 Fiber Core Diametro (in) 1/4 5/16 3/8 7/16 1/2 9/16 5/8 3/4 7/8 1 1 1/8 1 1/4 1 3/8 1 1/2 1 5/8 1 3/4 1 7/8 2 2 1/8 2 1/4 Approx.025 11.988 12.589 159.142 68.637 178.75 3.913 4.864 10.515 16.662 6.603 4.794 10.109 41.517 64.485 3.011 4.380 169.832 87.172 0.490 77.791 14.154 21.476 EIpS 3.546 Approx.571 7.750 124.029 123.240 152.663 6x19 Seale (1+9+9) Break Load in Kgf IpS 2.728 49.594 6x26 Warrington Seale (1+5+5/5+10) 9 www.070 1.250 15.007 135.074 11.789 0.684 0.149 0.680 117.267 0.com .29 5.723 52.658 84.732 5.877 1.614 190.676 9.emcocables.530 57.663 8.466 158.504 9.805 7.730 4.479 4.18 7.92 2.764 32.870 EIpS 2.043 28.147 154.913 134.789 15.898 100.667 10.193 45.356 140.465 218.357 0.865 5.20 6. Weight (kg/m) 0.054 5.111 2.254 10.546 2.

788 9.317 27.431 9.416 13.238 66.095 9.667 10.240 20.350 0.267 0.684 0.111 2.197 85.984 142. is 10% less than the values listed in this table 10 www.383 4.918 Break Load in kgf 2.609 106.918 2.471 126.575 8.41 1.20 6.172 0.475 0.242 18.161 11.99 11.60 7.988 55.183 Steel Core Approx.485 78.866 112.167 3.520 0. Weight (kg/m) 0.com .28 12.070 1.988 12.288 41.243 0.668 33.624 0.859 73.877 1.91 4.75 3.122 121.961 153.62 6.256 8.215 7.338 61.571 10.957 25.730 91.428 Wire Ropes produced in accordance with RR-W-410E Standards The break loads for galvanized wire ropes.403 159.736 44. Weight (kg/m) 0.18 7.519 14.Classification 6x36 (FC – SC) Typical Examples Wire Ropes 6 X 31 WS 6 X 36 WS 6 X 41 WS 6 X 41 SF CABLE 6X36 ALMA DE ACERO (AA) Number of External Wires Strands Total 72 84 96 96 96 108 Per Strand 12 14 16 16 16 18 1-6-(6+6)-12 1-7-(7+7)-14 1-8-(8+8)-16 1-8-8-8F-16 1-8-8-(8+8)-16 1-9-(9+9)-18 CABLE 6X36 ALMA DE FIBRA (AF) 6 X 49 SWS 6 X 46 WS TABLE 5 Fiber Core Diameter (in) 1/4” 5/16” 3/8” 7/16” 1/2” 9/16” 5/8” 3/4” 7/8” 1” 1 1/8” 1 1/4” 1 3/8” 1 1/2” 1 5/8” 1 3/4” 1 7/8” 2” 2 1/8” 2 1/4” Approx.728 5.479 4.546 2.793 13.98 1.287 171.emcocables.482 35.814 51.156 0.386 0.541 136.498 3.6 Break Load in kgf 2.340 3.170 98.646 5.29 5.788 0.186 3.852 6.658 8.

9 62.6 133 187 251 11 www.9 41 57.8 125 168 kg/100m 21.2 74.8 122 164 Synthetic Fiber 1570 N/mm2 simple tension.2 51.emcocables.7 33. Break Load corresponding to the nominal tension grade Ro of the wires: kN 1770 N/mm2 Simple Tension 28.7 42 58. Mass Nominal Diameter Fiber Core Natural Fiber mm (in) kg/100m 5/16” 10 11 13 16 19 22 22.8 87.3 86.com .Classification 8x19 AND 8x25 Cable Construction Item Quantity Strands External Strands Strand Cap Wires in Cable CABLE 8X19 ALMA DE ACERO (AA) Strand Construction Item Quanitity Wires External Wires Layers Wire 15 to 26 7 to 12 2 to 3 CABLE 8X25 ALMA DE ACERO (AA) 8 8 1 120 to 232 TYpICAL ExAMpLES Wire Ropes 8 X 19 S 8 X 21 F 8 X 26 WS 8 X 19 W 8 X 25 F Strands 1-9-9 1-5-5F-10 1-5-(5+5)-10 1-6-(6+6) 1-6-6F-12 72 80 80 96 96 NUMBER OF ExTERNAL WIRES Total Per Strand 9 10 10 12 12 pHYSICAL AND MECHANICAL pROpERTIES OF 8x19 pARALLEL LAYERS Approx. Both are calculated using a simple tension of 1500 N/mm2 TABLE 6 Min.3 113 159 213 33.6 88.2 34.1 44 53. 1370/1770 N/mm2. Double Tension.

890 1.827 372 0.159 305 1.35 3.551 8.750 0.91 10.94 0.563 0.125 1.88 5.474 98.03 3.124 17.8 43.97 1.292 0.5 7.7 56.203 34.625 1.37 0.440 83.2 5.59 0.6 118 137 16.945 0.09 1.0 0.405 6.812 133 6.446 63.394 0.9 87.0 106 904 114 125 1116 132 146 1351 153 169 174 192 1608 198 217 1887 221 243 2188 247 272 2512 274 301 For Ton/Met.315 0.394 76.5 79.285 40.07 4.7 0.375 2.5 3.80 7.27 44.12 0.9 2.30 69.9 0.610 227 1.909 0.260 1.969 1772 1.4 32.910 14.219 30.77 1.654 1.9 715 96.361 51.40 34.2 11.619 25.331 62.250 0.785 0.250 2.100 2079 2.075 603 1.438 0.276 1452 7.642 56.496 69.36 0.5 0. Multiply by 0.417 1. is 10% less than the values listed in this table 12 www.488 3/8 7/16 1/2 9/16 5/8 3/4 16 18 19 20 22 24 26 28 7/8 1 1’1/8 1’1/4 1’3/8 1’1/2 1 5/8 1 3/4 1 7/8 2 2 1/8 2 1/4 32 36 40 44 48 52 56 60 2 1/2 IPS = Improved Plow Steel Wire Ropes produced in accordance with RR-W-410E Standards The break loads for galvanized finish wire ropes.060 1704 8.265 37.5 0.27 0.7 0.2 100 13.2 0.250 1.19 0.0 0.7 56.276 0.4 279 338 39.363 2768 2.236 0.706 1489 1.48 0.250 0.24 0.8 84.11 0.76 1.567 645 3.488 1.575 1.7 0.1 3.591 0.315 2.496 0.8 18.750 1.459 111 0.313 787 1.51 0.056 2268 10.7 0.444 997 1.10 12.494 For Kg.510 172 8.35 6.567 215 10.354 0.780 817 4.45 3.205 2.9 4.40 13.55 8.919 443 0.0 0.9 472 547 65.598 115 5.73 12.050 520 1.45 2.537 151 0.180 2.73 2.993 192 9.6 1.015 426 2.181 1.73 11.732 1.569 363 1.Classification TABLE 7 Diameter in 1/4 5/16 mm 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Approx Weight 1770 kN lb/ft kg/m IPS Tons 0.9072 Diameter Range 2160 kN Min (in) Max (in) 27.984 2.61 0.15 0.087 1976 9.8 402 51.56 0. Multiply by 1.0 71.161 22.877 44.744 278 0.656 197 0.66 5.625 0./Mt.000 1.emcocables.455 0.748 0.91 16.313 0.331 49.02 4.281 4.7 179 226 252 29.150 2.89 0.142 161 0.5 20.136 1008 5.445 204 1.497 494 2.992 1.231 2411 2.754 106 0.540 76.047 2.19 0.642 90.472 0.000 2.323 1.80 8.79 16.3 0.93 2.79 14.48 2.3 0.512 0.874 124 0.500 0.866 0.787 0.20 1.08 1.11 7.9 0.630 0.58 0.362 2.230 239 EIPS = Extra Improved Plow Steel Minumun Break Load EIP Tons EIP Tons 1960 kN 25.92 8.433 0.784 252 1.480 2.575 1230 1.4 10.375 1.5 3.788 308 0.30 0.4 3.838 1.116 152 6.375 0.com .875 1.709 0.3 14.500 1.024 1.551 0.80 10.579 0.157 1.525 130 0.43 0.6 22.7 0.661 249 0.102 1.819 1.413 93.875 0.2 0.635 1220 5.125 2.719 11.372 0.6 1.

Classification 18x7 AND 19x7 FibeR CoRe (FC) Cable Construction Item Strands External Strands Strand Cap Wires Quantity 17 to 18 10 to 13 2 85 to 126 Item Wires External Wires Layers Wire Strand Construction Quantity 5 to 7 4 to 6 1 CABLE 18 x7 ALMA DE FIBRA (AF) TYpICAL ExAMpLES Wire Ropes 8 X 19 S 8 X 21 F 8 X 26 WS 8 X 19 W 8 X 25 F Strands 1-9-9 1-5-5F-10 1-5-(5+5)-10 1-6-(6+6) 1-6-6F-12 Total 72 80 80 96 96 NUMBER OF ExTERNAL WIRES Per Strand 9 10 10 12 12 13 www.emcocables.com .

6 9.157 1.459 0.35 0.43 3.9 Approx Weight lb/ft 0.313 0.14 0.3 752 84.421 4.144 0.57 0.36 1.53 0.488 Wire Ropes produced in accordance with RR-W-410E Standards The break loads for galvanized finish wire ropes.2 435 504 32.02 1.563 0.1 658 42.394 0.331 0.821 0.45 0.525 0.313 1.90 2.3 392 455 48.27 3.8 109 126 8.41 0.39 1.55 0.97 0.8 232 281 29.024 1.440 1.8 165 208 232 10.77 28.792 IPS Tons 0.782 0.867 5.250 1.455 0.814 1.102 1.748 0.85 98.448 1.444 1.1 65.521 1.419 0.493 0.10 0.1 31.65 4.082 EIPS = Extra Improved Plow Steel For Kg.26 0.28 0.0 257 311 13.603 0.276 0.4 15.8 4.788 0.676 2.58 83.056 1.97 1.224 4.13 1.30 41.24 0.47 3.258 4.87 0.086 4.34 0.18 0.17 0.575 0.236 0.919 0.875 0.413 0.6 16.500 0.362 0.021 1.27 0.591 0.161 0.02 1.196 0.89 kg/m 0.48 0.251 0.21 2.82 1.971 2.181 1.661 0. Multiply by 0.750 0.260 1.71 0.emcocables.931 1.339 0.512 0.909 0.625 0.022 4.513 1.4 For Ton/Met.1 114 12.285 3.1 70.050 1.11 0.22 0.472 0.551 0.15 64.90 37.676 0.81 2.5 334 38.2 594 71.708 0.785 0.111 5.Classification 18x7 AND 19x7 Steel CoRe (SC) Diameter in 1/4 7 5/16 8 9 3/8 10 11 7/16 12 1/2 13 14 9/16 5/8 16 18 19 3/4 20 22 7/8 24 1 26 28 1 1/8 1 1/4 32 1 3/8 36 1 1/2 IPS = Improved Plow Steel mm 6 TABLE 8 Minumun Break Load Diameter Range EIP Tons 2.255 0.55 0.128 3.537 0.5 370 24.0 5.4 833 53.674 0.394 0.263 0.315 0.380 0.070 2.33 92.992 1.827 0.248 0.328 0.2 59.68 0./Mt.073 1.84 2.73 1.289 0.323 1.59 58.483 0.4 3.293 1.703 2.30 2.2 7.507 0.656 0.574 2.39 0.2 47.417 1.30 1.1 Min (in) 0.358 1.433 0.171 5.3 77.945 1.787 0.028 2.3 149 188 210 21.54 1.517 0.32 1.006 1.18 0.9072 92.630 0.33 0.298 2.19 2.644 0.496 0.17 0.697 3.07 1.10 2.75 3.5 2160 kN 23.23 0.832 3.51 1960 kN 20.596 1.6 6.com .372 0.88 3.205 0.13 0.11 0.10 0.45 0.744 0.32 0.375 0.70 2.075 1.000 1.438 0.250 0.399 0.8 78.579 0.866 0.709 0.151 0.375 1.291 5.413 2.62 1.575 EIP Tons 2.69 0. 14 www.430 6.354 0.09 1770 kN 0.72 0.855 1. Multiply by 1.268 0.1 52.323 0.169 0.43 0.500 Max (in) 0. is 10% less than the values listed in this table.488 1.91 1.264 0.125 1.

0 13.Classification 8x36 Steel CoRe (SC) Typical Constructions Wire Ropes 8 X 31 WS-IWRC 8 X 36 WS-IWRC CABLE 8X36 ALMA DE ACERO (AA) Strands 1-6-6+6+12 1-7-7+7-14 1-8-8+8-16 8 X 41 WS-IWRC TABLE 9 Diameter in/mm 1.2 1.0 3/64 1/16 1/16 5/64 5/64 1/8 1/8 1.58 2.0 19. Weight g/m 4.17 3.4 41 47.com .0 12.6 1.0 3.6 6.emcocables. Break Load Kgf 95 105 180 180 239 239 538 750 Approx.5 COMMON AppLICATIONS Sector Construction 6X7 MINNING 6 X 19 8X7 6 X 26 6 X 19 pETROLEUM 6 X 21 6 X 36 6 X 26 FISHING CRANES LIFTING Sector Construction 8 X 19 8 X 25 8 X 36 8 X 19 8 X 25 8 X 36 6X7 6 X 19 6 X 26 15 www.17 Construction 1X7 GIP 1X12 GIP 1X12 GIP 1X19 GIP 1X12 GIP 1X19 GIP 1X32 GIP 1X19 GIP 210 230 400 400 525 525 1200 1653 Min.0 2.0 19.

The following is a list of conditions and precautions that should be observed in order to use the non-turning wire rope: • The diameters of the drum and pulleys used for 18x7 or 19x7 wire ropes should not be less that 40 times the diameter of the wire rope. differs in respect to all other conventional constructions. The use of staples. (rotational impedance) Specific Precautions and Installation: Due to its particular design. the slipping of the exterior laces (strands) over the core. • The 18x9 non-turning wire rope should be used with pulleys and drums whose diameter should not be less that 25 times the diameter of the wire rope. • Pulley diameter. use and in the selection of maintenance equipment. with the crashes and straps. originating hernias in the wire rope and in its interior. It is not recommended to use non-turning wire rope when the load is guided. 16 www. The variables that help determine this are: • Lift height. • It is recommended that the ties on the end of the non-turning wire rope be made of cast Zinc or any other joining of low fusion point.emcocables. • The entry angle of the wire rope into a pulley should not be greater than 1°30´. A diameter equal to 54 times the diameter of the wire rope or greater is recommended. it is important to consider the experience obtained with wire rope previously used for the same installation and gear. distortion will condition will reduce the useful life of the wire rope. Recommendations for Installation and Use Non-turning wire ropes are very delicate and thus require special care during mounting. • Turning or spinning the load should be avoided because that torsion. • Non-turning wire ropes should always be submitted to tension.Security Factors This is the relation that results by dividing the maximum load (assumed as break load) of a wire rope to the established workload. The form in which they behave. • Pulley disposition. due to the fact that more branches cannot be used. non-turning wire rope presents differences in comparison to 6 lace wire rope. A diameter 36 or more times greater is recommended.17 4-8 The most common use of these wire ropes is in cranes in order to lift guided loads.5 .5 5-7 5-9 8 . RECOMMENDED SECURITY FACTORS Suspension Bridges Wire Rope for Cableway Tractor Wire Rope Hoisting Wire Rope Wire Rope for Passenger Transport Inclines Wire Rope Wire Ropes for oil-field service Lift Wire Ropes Winches Wire Ropes 3-4 3. degrade and break. • Number of Lines. Selection of Non-Turning Wire Ropes There are no exist precise rules for determinning when to utilize non-turning wire ropes. thus it is necessary to install a hook or counterweight in order to maintain the wire rope taught even when there is no load. is not a good practice because they allow. • If the non-turning wire ropes are to be mounted on a hoisting tackle. in this case. • Wire Rope diameter.12 5-8 8 . In the first instance. it is prudent to limit the branches to only two. • Specific torque of the wire rope.12 8 .com .

it should be cleaned with a brush. 5. If the wire rope is to get covered in dirt. can be cause for the change of the entire wire rope. 6. Mud. Threading with a rotating type clamp Is recommended when a worn wire rope is going to be replaced by a new one. such as dirt. Line changes and cut Its good practice during a line change to suspend the flying block. Cleaning The use of solvents can cause damage to the wire rope. 5.emcocables. Falling The roll should be allowed to fall from the truck or platform.Wire Ropes for the petroleum Industry 1 REEL HANDLING 1. Use of Bars When bars are used to move the roll. 2. mud or ash. from the crown. 4. for a short period after installation. Putting staves on the roll in order to ease mobility. this is because the formation of a bend. these should be leveraged against the edge of the roll. There should be enough tension in the wire rope in order to assure a good pull and accommodation. 2 HANDLING DURING INSTALLATION 1. sand or any other contaminating material. This tends to limit the amount of 8. Excess of wire rope or dead caps The number of dead caps or excess wire rope should be maintained in accordance with the equipment manufacturer’s standards. 2. also to diminish the formation of coils. the use of a clamp to attach the new wire rope to the old one.com . not the wire rope itself 3. Use of Sling or Chains When it is necessary to manipulate the wire rope reel with slings or chains. New Wire Rope When possible. Tension Tension should be maintained from the moment the wire rope is removed from the roll in order to restrict its movement. It should not be welded onto the used wire rope in order to pull it through the system. or a section. Dirt. Twisting There should be the utmost attention paid in order to avoid the twisting of the wire rope. rubbing over the guards or spacers. This practice is also very effective in the cutting procedure. under loads and speeds. 17 www. This allows the wire rope to settle into the work environment. Thread Block The blocks should threaded without wearing against the slot in the pulley 7. wood blocks should be used between the wire rope and the element used (to lift the roll) in order to prevent damage to the wires or distortion to the strands in the wire rope. 3. Ashes The roll should not be rolled over anything foreign to steel. in a single line. Sharp objects The Roll should not roll on fall on hard or sharp objects in such a way that can cause damage to the wire rope. as well as protect against wire rope damage. the new wire rope should be carefully controlled and monitored. this can damage the wire rope or break the roll. 4.

but to strict oversight during each one of the manufacturing processes. as well as the great power developed by these ships today. uniform and resistant to seawater. connection or grip • Improper transfer between roll and drum • Blows to equipment • Utilization of nails or other objects between the strands • Overly compressed wire rope • Poor rolling on the spool • Jumping pulleys • Operation over small diameter pulleys • Pulling out on the wire rope when its loose and in line caused by being too open or too stretched • Lifting the wire rope with a pointed object without protection • Poor rolling on the roll lack of lubrication • Poor rolling on the roll • Broken rolls • Poor rolling on the roll fluids or corrosive atmosphere • Squashing on the roll By Use • Momentary compression force in the wire rope which pushes the strands • Colliding with fluid in a well at high velocity • Rolling on small diameter drums • Improper work. resistant to tension and heavily galvanized. Excessive Abrasion • Poorly aligned pulleys. or unions located in the area Spaces in the Weave Mounted Strands 18 www. It is dense. these factors make our wire ropes resistant to corrosion. long life wire ropes. All of the wires in our fishing wire ropes are strong. stranding and closing processes. It is thanks to this attetion to detail that we produce fishing cables of unbeatable quality. accessories. thus giving the SUPER B fishing wire ropes magnificent physical properties. It has the best characteristics of natural fiber core strands but none of the disadvantages. an important requirement in this type of wire ropes.emcocables.Wire Ropes for Fishing The EMCOCABLES® manufactured SUPER B SHRIMP and SUPER B FISH galvanized steel wire ropes for fishing have been designed according to the heavy work loads fishing ships carry out. abrasion. DIAGNOSTIC CHART FOR FAULTS IN WIRE ROpES AND ITS CAUSES Fault By Shipping Symptom Squashing of the Wire Rope Bending and Coils Mold Bending and Coils • Excessive amount of wire rope on one roll to dispatch • Roll drum open • Rolling the wire rope over the roll in a loose manner • Deficient Storage • Improper braking or elevation of the roll • Improper transfer of wire rope from roll to spool • Throwing or dragging the cable around a post or sharp point Possible Cause • Another transported roll hitting the cable • Falling of roll off of truck By Installation Excessive Abrasion High or Mounted Strands Squashing of Wire Rope Bends or Coils Corrosion or Wet Exploded Core • Improper functioning of friction caused by the equipment itself or other equipment nearby or in front • Improper weave. Presence of abrasive material • Sliding over a worn surface • Vibrations caused by defected rollings • Corrugated pulleys Broken Wires • Fatigue by excessive turns over small diameter pulleys or contrary inclination • Formation of martensite caused by heating (friction with an object that causes sparks) • Damaged core caused by overloading • Little wire rope mobility cause by stretch-throat pulleys • Excessive wire rope velocity • Broken pulleys or rolls • Load suddenly dropped • Cut sharp elements. Our high quality thoroughly meets the demands of the modern fisherman’s most important work tool. high resistance. The production of our fishing wire ropes is meticulously monitored during the drawing. Tight or adjusted pulley mouth. The polypropylene center is specifically designed for our fishing wire ropes. The individual diameter of the wires and the geometric design of the strands have been technically and carefully calculated. galvanization. The most rigid international standards are set for the production of fishing wire ropes. squashing and yet still maintain a great flexibility. Together. Our quality control is not just limited to approving final wires ropes.com .

The wire rope is worn by filing and produces grooves in the pulley. If the previous wire rope had left an impression on the bottom of the throat. deforming it and eventually destroying. A Notch can destroy thewire rope. The wire rope wears out due to the slidings and the inertia of the pulley. if a new wire rope is mounted. and acts as a grinder against the exterior wires. it will be too loose in the pulley and brush the sides of the pulley. Test alignment Replace or rectify Observations Replace the pulley. this can have a filing effect on the exterior wires of the wire rope. The diameter of the throat section results small.com . The wire rope. when isn´t tensioned. A flat spot on a point on the pulley creates a bump in the wire rope each pulley revolution. Change Wire Rope Normal Pulley Used Too Small 19 www. Provokes an oscillation and the cable whips around thus reducing its useful life. The wearing of the axis tends to cause a false rotation in the pulley and the wire rope fatigue. The strands of the wire rope attack the pulley and draw a spiral print. A convenient pulley should have a relation of 120 to 140° and the borders should have an inclination of 40 to 50° Overly Wide Throat Throats Signaled by a Print Throats Signaled by a Side Poorly Rectified Throats Used Pulley Bearing or Axis of Broken Pulley Normal Normal Normal Replace the bearing or remount the axis Poorly Rounded or Coated Pulleys Stiff Pulley Notched Pulley Undulated Pulley Overly Heavy Pulleys Normal Normal Normal Has a moment of inertia such that its movement doesn’t adjust to the wire rope.Wire Ropes for Fishing pROBLEMS THAT CAN ARISE WITH pULLEYS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS Pulley Too Small Throat Wire Rope Normal Incidents. New The wire rope eliminates old impressions and wears quickly. of a false throat. Re-grease the axes of the pulleys and make sure they spin freely Change Wire Rope Rectify the pulley or replace it well. and fatigues prematurely due to abrasion. generally tends to flatten. generally around the connection. Causes The wire rope fatigues rapidly becouse of brunt folds. The cumulative effects of this cause a constant fatigue on the exterior strands and engenders a vibration. Due to continuous excessive rubbing at a great deflection angle or a defective pulley – drum alignment. causing rapid wear. then it deforms and eventually destroys.emcocables. The wire rope also whips around and the damaged face can remove itself from use or at least rub together against the live edge. which caused the outer strands to deteriorate quickly.

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