OFDM Baseband Modulation Technology based on VHDL
Lin Lin
Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine
Mechanics and Physics, Chinese
Academy of Sciences
Graduate School of the Chinese
Academy of Sciences
Changchun China; Beijing China
linlinat0218@yahoo.com.cn
Yanfeng Qiao
Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine
Mechanics and Physics, Chinese
Academy of Sciences
Changchun China
qiaoyf@ciomp.ac.cn
Wanxin Su
Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine
Mechanics and Physics, Chinese
Academy of Sciences
Changchun China
swx123456@mail.jl.cn
Abstract—In order to improve the transmission velocity in
mulitipath fading wireless channel, the high speed OFDM
technology receives increasing attentions in mobile
communication. Modulation programs are designed with
VHDL based on the principle of OFDM in the paper. First,
after OFDM fundamental is introduced; two main advantages
are obtained via discussing spectrum utilization ratio of OFDM.
Then, from the results of VHDL simulation, the realization of
baseband operations, such as interleaver, subcarrier
modulation, IFFT and adding CP, are presented. Finally,
implemented programs are validated on the actual implement
system. Experimental results indicate that setup time
corresponding to transmission velocity is only 71.05μs and
steady time is approximately 6 times as setup time, that is, not
only achieving the high speed transmission, but also supplying
adequate modulation time.
Keywords: OFDM; VHDL; Baseband Modulation
I. INTRODUCTION
The growth of mobile communications and wireless
internet access has produced a strong demand for advanced
wireless techniques. The challenges for wireless
communication designs come from the detrimental
characteristics of wireless environments, such as multipath
fading, Doppler Effect, cochannel interference, and
intentional jamming in military communications. The
objective of this paper is to provide an approach to solve the
problem of transmission velocity of multipath fading by
means of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing
(OFDM) [1][2].
OFDM is a special form of multicarrier modulation,
which was originally used in high frequency military radio.
An efficient way to implement OFDM by means of a discrete
Fourier transform (DFT) was found by Weinstein in 1971.
The computational complexity could be further reduced by a
fast Fourier transform (FFT). However, OFDM was not
popular at that time because the implementation of largesize
FFTs was still too expensive. Recent advances in VLSI
technologies have enabled cheap and fast implementation of
FFTs and IFFTs. In the 1980s, Cimini first investigated the
use of OFDM for mobile communications. Since then,
OFDM has become popular. In the 1990s, OFDM was
adopted in the standards of digital audio broadcasting (DAB),
9781424458486/10/$26.00 ©2010 IEEE
digital video broadcasting (DVB), asymmetric digital
subscriber line (ADSL), and IEEE802.11a. OFDM is also
considered in the new fixed broadband wireless access
system specifications [3] [4].
II. ALGORITHM BEHAVIOR
A. OFDM fundamental
Supposing N subchannels in OFDM system, one
subchannel uses one subcarrier
( ) ( )
k k k k
t f B t x ¢ t + = 2 cos ) 1 , , 1 , 0 ( ÷ = N k
(1)
where B
k
is amplitude of the kth subcarrier which decides
input code; f
k
is frequency of the kth subcarrier; φ
k
is initial
phase of the kth subcarrier [5]. The sum of N subcarriers is
provided
( ) ( )
_
÷
=
+ =
1
0
2 cos
N
k
k k k
t f B t s ¢ t (2)
Rewriting (2) in complex field
( )
k k
t f j
N
k
k
e B t s
¢ t +
÷
=
_
=
2
1
0
&
(3)
where
k
B
&
is complex input of the kth subcarrier.
If frequency interval of adjacent subcarrier is Af = 1/T
and ) 2 /( ) ( T m k f
k
+ = ) 2 , 1 , 0 ( = m , arbitrary two
subcarriers is orthogonal in code duration T, that is
( ) ( )
)
= + +
T
i i k k
dt t f t f
0
0 2 cos 2 cos ¢ t ¢ t
(4)
where T n f f
i k
/ = ÷ ) 2 , 1 , 0 ( = n
and orthogonality is
independent of φ
k
and φ
i
. So this multicarrier system is
called orthogonal frequency division multiplexing.
Spectrum density of single subcarrier is showed as Fig.1.
Figure 1: Spectrum density of single subcarrier
f
fk+1/T
fk
2
Figure 2: Spectrum density of complex subcarriers
Because frequency interval of adjacent subcarrier is Af
= 1/T, spectrum density of complex subcarriers is showed as
Fig. 2.
There are two main advantages of the method: one is
that signal could make the most of frequency band; the other
is the flexibility of modulation of subcarriers.
B. OFDM spectrum utilization ratio
Supposing that N is the number of subcarriers, T is code
duration and M is modulated Msystem of every subcarrier.
Frequency band width is
T
N
B
OFDM
1 +
= (5)
Utilization ratio of frequency band is transmitted bit
ratio of unit bandwidth
M
N
N
B T
M N
OFDM
BOFDM 2
2
log
1
1 log
+
= = q
(6)
when N converges at Ğ, M
BOFDM 2
log ~ q [6].
If a subcarrier adopts Msystem code to transmit, in
order to obtain the same transmission velocity, utilization
ratio of frequency band is expressed by
M
N
T
T
M N
BM 2
2
log
2
1
2
log
= = q (7)
Comparing (6) and (7), OFDM technology makes
utilization ratio of frequency band approximately increase
twice times.
III. VHDL IMPLEMENT
VHDL is a hardware description language that describes
electron circuitry and systemic behaves. Based on the
description and interrelated software tools, one can gain
anticipant circuitry or system. In the article, ISE9.2i achieves
various operations of Virtex5 FPGA such as program,
synthesis, implement, restriction and simulation.
Figure 3: Simulation results of time sequence of interleaver
Inverse discrete Fourier transform (IDFT) is used to
modulate signal, since the expression of OFDM symbol is
like that of IDFT
1
(2 )
0
1
( ) ( )
K
j K nk
n
s k S n e
K
t
÷
=
=
_
(8)
where k = 0, 1Ă K1. Using K input codes in (2) to
substitute into K disperse values S(n), s(k) becomes s(t) of (2)
and φ
k
= 0.
This section presents VHDL implement results of
interleaver, subcarrier modulation, IFFT and adding CP.
Next, these will be discussed respectively.
A. Interleaver
Interleaver is to disperse lost information to decrease
error bit rate, in other words, when user information bits are
lost among transmission process, lost information is part bits
of some users, not all bits of one user and original
information can be recovered by the remaining information
[7]. The process of interleaver is that data are read from the
RAM where grouping data are stored, according to some rule.
Here data are across read with equal interval, and the interval
is 4. Simulation results are showed as Fig.3.
B. Subcarrier modulation
Subcarrier modulation mostly uses three modes that are
FSK (Frequency Shift Keying), PSK (Phase Shift Keying)
and MQAM (Multiple Quadrature Amplitude Modulation)
[8]. In the article employ BFSK (Binary Frequency Shift
Keying), QPSK (QuadriPhase Shift Keying) and 16QAM
(16system QAM). Pilot modulation usually adopts BFSK
that f1 and f2 correspond to "0" and "1" in Fig.4. For QPSK,
phase 0, π/4, π/2 and 3π/4 are denoted by code "00", "01",
"10" and "11", respectively, and simulation results of time
sequence are showed as Fig.5 (Maker region is the
waveforms of four phases). Frequency division and phase
shift of QPSK are realized by taking count of system clock.
MQAM is amplitude and phase keying system where
amplitude and phase are synchronously modulated as two
independent parameters. The kth code is denoted as
( ) ( ) ( )T k t kT t A t s
k k k
1 cos
0
+ s < + = u e
(9)
Figure 4: Simulation results of time sequence of BFSK
3
Figure 5: Simulation results of time sequence of QPSK
where k = 0,1,2,3Ă, Ak and θk can choose different
discrete values. When θk is 0 or π/2 and Ak is +A or –A,
MQAM becomes QPSK, so QPSK is the simplest MQAM.
In vectorgraph, every spot expresses amplitude and phase of
one code, and MQAM signal is composed of two orthogonal
vectors as Fig.6. The real and imaginary part of the spot
express signal value has been modulated. Fig.7 shows
simulation plot of time sequence of 16QAM where relevant
spot is denoted by wellregulated combination of four values
 "0000100000" (32), "0001100000" (96), "1111011111" (
33) and "1110011111" (97).
C. Realization of IFFT
Inverse fast Fourier transform (IFFT) is a fast realization
of IDFT and employs here. After mapping, data must be
from frequency domain to time domain via IFFT, and
synchronously accomplish OFDM modulation. The number
of spots is 256. Data of frequency domain have been on
corresponding subcarriers before IFFT. 256 subcarriers are
192 data subcarriers, 8 pilot subcarriers and 56 empty
subcarriers including 28 protective subcarriers in low
frequency region, 27 protective subcarriers in high frequency
region and one DC (Direct Current) subcarrier. Indexes of 8
pilot subcarriers are 88ˈ63ˈ38ˈ13, 13, 38, 63, 88 [9].
Data subcarriers map according to arrowhead direction
from negative frequency to positive frequency as Fig.8. In
implement process, sequence number of IFFT module is 0̚
255, so subcarrier 128̚127 transform subcarrier 0̚255
based on periodicity of IFFT, where 0̚127 and 128̚255
are positive and negative frequency region, respectively.
The plot is showed as Fig. 9.
Figure 6: Vectorgraph of 16QAMand 64QAM
Figure 7: Simulation results of time sequence of 16QAM
128
Ă
101
100
Ă
89
88
87
Ă
64
63
62
Ă
39
38
37
Ă
14
13
12
Ă
1
0
1
Ă
12
13
13
Ă
37
38
39
Ă
62
63
64
Ă
87
88
89
Ă
100
101
Ă
127
data subcarriers mapping direction 128 127
Figure 8: OFDMsubcarriers mapping
0
1
Ă
12
13
14
Ă
37
38
39
Ă
62
63
64
Ă
87
88
89
Ă
100
101
Ă
127
128
Ă
155
156
Ă
167
168
169
Ă
192
193
194
Ă
217
218
64
Ă
87
219
Ă
242
243
244
Ă
255
data subcarriers mapping direction
0 255
positive frequency
region
negative frequency
region
Figure 9: Regulated OFDM subcarriers mapping
Figure 10: Simulation results of time sequence of adding CP (GI = 4)
Realization of IFFT makes use of Fast Fourier Transform
v5.0 that is an IP core of Xilinx ISE. Xilinx Co. supplies
partly free IP cores for users which can be used via setting
correlative parameters or making little modifications to save
logic resources of mapping, operate steadily and shorten
design period. Here FWD_INV = 0, FWD_INV_WE = 1,
NFFT = 64, 16, NFFT_WE = 1 and the others adopt defaults.
D. Adding CP
In OFDM systems, the entire channel is divided into N
narrow subchannels and the highrate data are transmitted in
parallel through the subchannels at the same time. Therefore,
the symbol duration is N times longer than that of single
carrier systems and the intersymbol interference (ISI) is
reduced by N times. Through adding a cyclic prefix (CP)
ahead of each OFDM symbol, the ISI can be totally
suppressed as long as the length of CP T
g
is longer than the
maximum channel delay τ
max
. Usually the length of CP is
much smaller than the symbol duration; therefore, the
spectrum efficiency decrease is negligible. To preserve the
orthogonality, the subchannel spacing satisfies f = 1/ T
s
,
where T
s
is the OFDM symbol duration [10] [11].
However, introduced guard interval (GI) brings loss of
power and information velocity. The loss of power is
defined as


.

\

+ = 1 log 10
10
FFT
g
guard
T
T
v
(10)
where T
g
is the length of sample GIˈT
FFT
is the symbol
length of OFDM after FFT without GI. From (10), when GI
occupies 20%, the loss of power is no more than 1 dB, but
Ak
uk
4
the loss of power could achieve 20%. The cost is worthy
because of eliminated ISI. Simulation results of time
sequence of adding CP is showed as Fig.10.
IV. EXPERIMENT RESULTS
Fig.11 shows the actual implement system. The
implement results enumerated in Table 1 indicate that the
movement of programs is normal. Experiment conditions are
data transmission rate  25Mb/s, mobile velocity  400 km/h,
sampling frequency  12.5MHz, FFT period  3.84μs, and CP
length  0.96μs. Noted, the mix of Table 1 is the combine of
16QAM, QPSK and BPSK.
When the modulation modes alternately use to adapt
channel change, setup and steady time is 71.05μs and
440.03μs respectively, in other words, implement system has
enough time to accomplish various baseband works and
operation velocity satisfies the request of high speed.
Moreover, memory resources consumed are only 7.6% and
CFOs (carrier frequency offsets) error is also accurate within
1% of the subcarrier spacing.
V. CONCLUSION
OFDM Baseband Modulation Technology mentioned in
the article, using VHDL as realization foundation reduces
setup time and increases steady time which make
complicated baseband works be accomplished well, and
whose validity and feasibility are proved through the ISE
simulation results and running on the actual implement
system, respectively. It is exhibited that setup time
corresponding to operation velocity is between 10 and 230μs
improving approximately one order of magnitude and steady
time can arrives at 65.53 ̚1223.65μs. Next, much less
CFOs error will be researched with higher mobile velocity.
Figure 11: Implement system
TABLE I. EXPERIMENT RESULTS
modulation setup time
(μs)
steady
time (μs)
memory
resources (%)
CFOs
error
64QAM 213.23 1223.65 10.5% 0.00987
16QAM 55.74 381.77 7.8% 0.00966
QPSK 20.65 108.26 4.2% 0.00792
BPSK 12.33 65.53 2.0% 0.00654
mix 71.05
(average)
440.03
(average)
7.6%
(average)
0.00971
(average)
ACKNOWLEDGMENT
This work is supposed by the National High Technology
Research and Development Program of China (863, No.
2008AA7034320B), and here thanks for constant guidance
of my advisors, Dr. Yanfeng Qiao and Wanxin Su and
opportunity supplied by conference organizers.
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Bk cos2Sf k t M k .
1.. φk is initial phase of the kth subcarrier [5]. fk is frequency of the kth subcarrier. (k 0. The sum of N subcarriers is provided st . N 1) (1) where Bk is amplitude of the kth subcarrier which decides input code.
¦B k 0 N 1 k cos2Sf k t M k .
OFDM is a special form of multicarrier modulation. and intentional jamming in military communications. 9781424458486/10/$26. Cimini first investigated the use of OFDM for mobile communications. In the 1980s. The challenges for wireless communication designs come from the detrimental characteristics of wireless environments. OFDM has become popular. Rewriting (2) in complex field N 1 & s t . INTRODUCTION The growth of mobile communications and wireless internet access has produced a strong demand for advanced wireless techniques. In the 1990s. which was originally used in high frequency military radio. (2) I. cochannel interference. Doppler Effect. such as multipath fading. Since then.00 ©2010 IEEE 1 & where Bk is complex input of the kth subcarrier. The objective of this paper is to provide an approach to solve the problem of transmission velocity of multipath fading by means of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) [1][2]. OFDM was not popular at that time because the implementation of largesize FFTs was still too expensive. The computational complexity could be further reduced by a fast Fourier transform (FFT). An efficient way to implement OFDM by means of a discrete Fourier transform (DFT) was found by Weinstein in 1971. OFDM was adopted in the standards of digital audio broadcasting (DAB). Recent advances in VLSI technologies have enabled cheap and fast implementation of FFTs and IFFTs. However.
1.2) . ¦ Bk e j 2Sf k t M k k 0 (3) If frequency interval of adjacent subcarrier is 'f = 1/T (m 0. arbitrary two and f k (k m) /(2 T ) subcarriers is orthogonal in code duration T. that is ³ T 0 cos2Sf k t M k .
cos2Sf i t M i .
So this multicarrier system is called orthogonal frequency division multiplexing. Spectrum density of single subcarrier is showed as Fig.2) and orthogonality is where independent of φk and φi . fk+1/T f fk Figure 1: Spectrum density of single subcarrier .1.1.dt 0 (4) f k f i n / T (n 0.
4. 2. and the interval is 4. The kth code is denoted as sk t . Frequency division and phase shift of QPSK are realized by taking count of system clock. these will be discussed respectively.Inverse discrete Fourier transform (IDFT) is used to modulate signal. Using K input codes in (2) to substitute into K disperse values S(n). There are two main advantages of the method: one is that signal could make the most of frequency band. Pilot modulation usually adopts BFSK that f1 and f2 correspond to "0" and "1" in Fig. π/4. lost information is part bits of some users. 1 K1. Here data are across read with equal interval. phase 0. according to some rule. when user information bits are lost among transmission process. A. In the article employ BFSK (Binary Frequency Shift Keying). The process of interleaver is that data are read from the RAM where grouping data are stored. Simulation results are showed as Fig.3. PSK (Phase Shift Keying) and MQAM (Multiple Quadrature Amplitude Modulation) [8]. Next. QPSK (QuadriPhase Shift Keying) and 16QAM (16system QAM). For QPSK. OFDM spectrum utilization ratio Supposing that N is the number of subcarriers. Interleaver Interleaver is to disperse lost information to decrease error bit rate. the other is the flexibility of modulation of subcarriers.5 (Maker region is the waveforms of four phases). not all bits of one user and original information can be recovered by the remaining information [7]. B. MQAM is amplitude and phase keying system where amplitude and phase are synchronously modulated as two independent parameters. This section presents VHDL implement results of interleaver. T is code duration and M is modulated Msystem of every subcarrier. s(k) becomes s(t) of (2) and φk = 0. in other words. respectively. π/2 and 3π/4 are denoted by code "00". since the expression of OFDM symbol is like that of IDFT s(k ) 1 K ¦ S ( n )e n 0 K 1 j (2S K ) nk Figure 2: Spectrum density of complex subcarriers Because frequency interval of adjacent subcarrier is 'f = 1/T. Frequency band width is BOFDM N 1 T (8) where k = 0. "10" and "11". and simulation results of time sequence are showed as Fig. spectrum density of complex subcarriers is showed as Fig. subcarrier modulation. Subcarrier modulation Subcarrier modulation mostly uses three modes that are FSK (Frequency Shift Keying). IFFT and adding CP. B. "01".
Ak cosZ0 t T k .
kT t d k 1.
utilization ratio of frequency band is expressed by K BM N log 2 M T T 2N 1 log 2 M 2 (7) Comparing (6) and (7). Figure 4: Simulation results of time sequence of BFSK Figure 3: Simulation results of time sequence of interleaver 2 . one can gain anticipant circuitry or system. K BOFDM  log 2 M [6]. In the article. If a subcarrier adopts Msystem code to transmit. synthesis. VHDL IMPLEMENT VHDL is a hardware description language that describes electron circuitry and systemic behaves. III.T (9) (5) Utilization ratio of frequency band is transmitted bit ratio of unit bandwidth K BOFDM N log 2 M 1 T BOFDM N log 2 M N 1 (6) when N converges at . ISE9. Based on the description and interrelated software tools. implement.2i achieves various operations of Virtex5 FPGA such as program. in order to obtain the same transmission velocity. restriction and simulation. OFDM technology makes utilization ratio of frequency band approximately increase twice times.
MQAM becomes QPSK. Usually the length of CP is much smaller than the symbol duration. the ISI can be totally suppressed as long as the length of CP Tg is longer than the maximum channel delay τmax. From (10).2. the entire channel is divided into N narrow subchannels and the highrate data are transmitted in parallel through the subchannels at the same time. In vectorgraph. NFFT_WE = 1 and the others adopt defaults. Xilinx Co. Data of frequency domain have been on corresponding subcarriers before IFFT. respectively. Realization of IFFT Inverse fast Fourier transform (IFFT) is a fast realization of IDFT and employs here. In implement process. Adding CP In OFDM systems.7 shows simulation plot of time sequence of 16QAM where relevant spot is denoted by wellregulated combination of four values . and MQAM signal is composed of two orthogonal vectors as Fig. so subcarrier 128 127 transform subcarrier 0 255 based on periodicity of IFFT. Fig. when GI occupies 20%. the subchannel spacing satisfies f = 1/ Ts.1. the loss of power is no more than 1 dB. The number of spots is 256. Ak and θk can choose different discrete values. Here FWD_INV = 0.Figure 7: Simulation results of time sequence of 16QAM 128 data subcarriers mapping direction 127 128 100 88 87 63 64 62 38 39 37 13 14 12 0 1 1 13 12 13 38 37 39 63 62 64 88 87 89 101 101 89 100 127 Figure 8: OFDM subcarriers mapping Figure 5: Simulation results of time sequence of QPSK data subcarriers mapping direction where k = 0. 0 positive frequency region negative frequency region 255 1 0 12 13 14 38 37 39 63 62 64 88 87 89 101 128 156 168 169 193 192 194 218 217 64 219 243 244 100 127 155 167 87 242 255 Figure 9: Regulated OFDM subcarriers mapping Figure 10: Simulation results of time sequence of adding CP (GI = 4) Realization of IFFT makes use of Fast Fourier Transform v5. The loss of power is defined as Q guard · § Tg 10 log 10 ¨ 1¸ ¸ ¨T ¹ © FFT Ak Tk Figure 6: Vectorgraph of 16QAM and 64QAM (10) where Tg is the length of sample GI TFFT is the symbol length of OFDM after FFT without GI. Through adding a cyclic prefix (CP) ahead of each OFDM symbol. After mapping. 63. the spectrum efficiency decrease is negligible. every spot expresses amplitude and phase of one code. "1111011111" (33) and "1110011111" (97). When θk is 0 or π/2 and Ak is +A or –A. Therefore. sequence number of IFFT module is 0 255. D. 16. where Ts is the OFDM symbol duration [10] [11]. FWD_INV_WE = 1. so QPSK is the simplest MQAM. The plot is showed as Fig. C. NFFT = 64. therefore. operate steadily and shorten design period. where 0 127 and 128 255 are positive and negative frequency region. To preserve the orthogonality. 256 subcarriers are 192 data subcarriers. 13. 9. 88 [9]. Indexes of 8 pilot subcarriers are 88 63 38 13. However. 38. supplies partly free IP cores for users which can be used via setting correlative parameters or making little modifications to save logic resources of mapping. The real and imaginary part of the spot express signal value has been modulated. "0001100000" (96). 8 pilot subcarriers and 56 empty subcarriers including 28 protective subcarriers in low frequency region. Data subcarriers map according to arrowhead direction from negative frequency to positive frequency as Fig.0 that is an IP core of Xilinx ISE.3 .8. data must be from frequency domain to time domain via IFFT."0000100000" (32). and synchronously accomplish OFDM modulation.6. introduced guard interval (GI) brings loss of power and information velocity. but 3 . the symbol duration is N times longer than that of singlecarrier systems and the intersymbol interference (ISI) is reduced by N times. 27 protective subcarriers in high frequency region and one DC (Direct Current) subcarrier.
“Iterative (turbo) estimation and detection techniques for frequencyselective channels with multiple frequency offsets. pp. pp.6% (average) 0.77 108. Experiment conditions are data transmission rate . 11821188. “A fast motion estimation algorithm with adaptive threshold. 717727.” IEEE Trans. 2002. The cost is worthy because of eliminated ISI. 236239.. memory resources consumed are only 7.” IEEE Trans. D. MARSELLI.. HOU. and here thanks for constant guidance of my advisors. Noted.” IEEE Trans. vol. 55.8% 4. ZEIDLER. It is exhibited that setup time corresponding to operation velocity is between 10 and 230μs improving approximately one order of magnitude and steady time can arrives at 65. H.400 km/h. “Interference analysis of filtered multitone modulation over timevarying frequencyselective fading channels. YU. vol.96μs.05μs and 440. [8] “Air Interface for Fixed and Mobile Broadband Wireless Access Systems. and S. KOIVUNEN. V. FFT period . 24. [11] J. R. Technol. Simulation results of time sequence of adding CP is showed as Fig. 2003.53 440. SANDELL. VISURI.. VAN DE BEEK.00971 (average) 4 . TSAI. 18001805. pp. H. Y.. ROMAN.00792 0. vol. 2007. WANG. Signal Process. 54. REGGIANNINI. PROAKIS.0.65μs. modulation setup time (μs) EXPERIMENT RESULTS steady time (μs) memory resources (%) CFOs error 64QAM 16QAM QPSK BPSK mix 213. and V. and CP length .65 12. 605609. and S.74 20. 2005. 50.5% 7. “ML estimation of time and frequency offset in OFDM systems.” in Proc. 2008AA7034320B). [1] Fig. When the modulation modes alternately use to adapt channel change. 2007. much less CFOs error will be researched with higher mobile velocity. 211223. Advances in Wireless Commun.00966 0. pp. 2008. Yanfeng Qiao and Wanxin Su and opportunity supplied by conference organizers. Lett. M. implement system has enough time to accomplish various baseband works and operation velocity satisfies the request of high speed. [10] Q. EXPERIMENT RESULTS ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work is supposed by the National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (863. respectively.10. Veh. G. Dr. [4] W. The implement results enumerated in Table 1 indicate that the movement of programs is normal.23 55. and whose validity and feasibility are proved through the ISE simulation results and running on the actual implement system. 21582167. “Interference analysis of filtered multitone modulation over timevarying frequencyselective fading channels. 802.53 1223. in other words. ROMAN. “Joint weighted leastsquares estimation of carrierfrequency offset and timing offset for OFDM systems over multipath fading channels. “Iterative methods for cancellation of intercarrier interference in OFDM systems. [7] T. Veh.03μs respectively. and T. ENESCU. Commun. MOLISCH. BÖRJESSON. M. vol.00987 0. IEEE Workshop on Signal Process. Moreover..” Journal of Optoelectronics Laser. setup and steady time is 71. No.26 65. 54. and J. and P. 2007. IV. VERMANI. vol. QPSK and BPSK. pp. Signal Process. using VHDL as realization foundation reduces setup time and increases steady time which make complicated baseband works be accomplished well. [6] A.65 381. 717727. KAND..05 (average) 1223. pp. S. KOIVUNEN. “Lowcomplexity blind carrier frequency recovery for OFDM signals over frequencyselective radio channels. vol. vol. 1997.” IEEE Signal Process. O.. Next. the mix of Table 1 is the combine of 16QAM. vol.. sampling frequency . F. TOELTSCH. J G PROAKIS. 2006. J R ZEIDLER. 14.0% 7. 2005. M.6% and CFOs (carrier frequency offsets) error is also accurate within 1% of the subcarrier spacing. V. LUISE. CHIUEH.3. J.03 (average) 10.” IEEE Std.” IEEE Trans. Y. vol. 55.00654 0. LAMBOTHARAN.25Mb/s. “Joint timedomain tracking of channel and frequency offset for OFDM systems. 2007.16e. pp.” IEEE Trans. [3] P. and R. [2] T. CONCLUSION OFDM Baseband Modulation Technology mentioned in the article.11 shows the actual implement system. and Z. REFERENCES T WANG. vol. pp. mobile velocity . 18(10).. 45. J. WEI. “Blind frequency synchronization in OFDM via diagonality criterion. Commun. pp.2% 2. Technol. Figure 11: Implement system TABLE I. Commun. (in Chinese) [5] T. 11431146.12.the loss of power could achieve 20%.33 71. 56. pp.5MHz.” IEEE Trans. 31253135. [9] M. M.” IEEE Trans.84μs.