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Worksheet.

Conditionals (0,1,2)

Conditional 0 IF
If

14.10.11

conditions that are always true


condition

result

present simple

present simple

it rains

she .always stays at home

I am late for work if I miss the 8 oclock bus.


My boss gets angry if I am late for work.

Conditional 1 - there is a real possibility that the condition will happen.


IF
If

condition

result

present simple

WILL + base verb

it rains

I will stay at home.

Sometimes, we use can or may instead of will, for example:


If you are good today, you can watch TV tonight.
NOTE

unless = 'if ... not'. In other words, '...unless he hurries up.' = '...if he doesn't hurry up.'.
If it rains, we will stay at home.
He will arrive late unless he hurries up.
Peter will buy a new car, if he gets his raise.

Conditional 2
IF
If

- there is an unreal possibility that the condition will happen


condition
result

past simple

WOULD + base verb

it didnt rain

I wouldnt be at home now.

Sometimes, we use could or might instead of would, for example:


If I won a million dollars, I could stop working.
NOTE
The verb 'to be', when used in the 2nd conditional, is always conjugated as 'were'.
If he studied more, he would pass the exam.
I would lower taxes if I were the President.
They would buy a new house if they had more money.

1. as long as (= only if, on condition


that)
2. As soon as (=immediately after)
3. provided / providing (that) (= only
if, on condition that)
4. on condition (that) (=provided)
5. when

1. You can borrow my camera as long as you promise to


take care.

2. As soon as she comes, I will call you.


3. You can visit me any time provided / providing (that)
you call me in advance.
4. On condition (that) she passes her exam, her parents
will let her go to Italy for the holidays.
5. When I whine, she immediately comes to me.

Exercise 1. Zero Conditional: Create zero conditional sentences based on the words (You can
use if or when).

Example: You / not / eat / you / die = If you don't eat, you die.
1. My daughter / eat / too much chocolate / she /get / sick
____________________________________________________________________________________________
2. If / no / rain / the grass / not / grow
____________________________________________________________________________________________
3. If / it / hot / shops / sell / more ice cream
____________________________________________________________________________________________
4. you / mix / blue and yellow / you / get / green
____________________________________________________________________________________________
5. I / watch / television late at night / I / fall / asleep
____________________________________________________________________________________________
6. Sandra / have / a party / the neighbours / get / angry

____________________________________________________________________________________________
7. you / lose / weight / you / not eat
____________________________________________________________________________________________
8. the weather /be / nice / Peter / walk / to work
____________________________________________________________________________________________
9. you / add / salt / the food / taste /better
____________________________________________________________________________________________
10. my son / get / sick / he /eat / too many sweets
____________________________________________________________________________________________
11. my mother / have / a headache / she / take / an aspirin
___________________________________________________________________________________________
12. you / heat / ice / it / melt
____________________________________________________________________________________________
13. it / snow / children / make / snowmen
____________________________________________________________________________________________
14. I / miss / the 7 oclock bus / I / be / late for work
____________________________________________________________________________________________
15. Janet / not sleep /she / drink / coffee
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Exercise 2. Write the verbs in brackets into the gaps in Conditional I. Use the will-future in the
main clause
Example:

If I __ (to go) to the cinema, I ________ (to watch) an interesting film.

Answer:

If I go to the cinema, I will watch an interesting film.

a) If I ___________(to learn), I _____________(to pass) the exams.


b) We _____________ (not/to swim) if the weather _________________ (to be) bad.
c) If he ______________ (to have) a temperature, he _______________(to see) the doctor.
d) I _________________(to be) very happy if my friends __________________(to come).
e) If I _______________(to earn) a lot of money, I __________________ (to fly) to New York.
f) If we _________________ (not/to come) home in time, we _______________(to miss) the film.
g) The teacher ______________ (not/to be) happy if I ____________(to forget) my homework again.
h) If our class _________________(to go) to England, I _______________ (to visit) the Tower of London.
i) If they __________ (not get) an umbrella, they __________ (get) wet.
Exercise 3. Write the verbs in brackets into the gaps in Conditional II.
Example: If I ____ (to go) to the cinema, I _________ (to watch) an interesting film.
Answer: If I went to the cinema, I would watch an interesting film.
a) If they ____________(to have) enough money, they _____________(to buy) a new car.
b) If he _____________ (to be) my friend, I _____________ (to invite) him.
c) The Smiths _____________ (to go) on holiday if they _____________ (to have) time.
d) If Susan _____________ (to learn) more, she _____________ (to be) better at school.
e) We _____________ (to call) the police if we _____________ (to see) a burglar.
f) If the pupils _____________ (to have) no school, they _____________ (to play) football.
g) If I _____________ (to come) home early, my father _____________ (not/to be) angry.
h) If I _____________ (to be) you, I _____________ (not/to go) to the party.
i) If you __________ (see) a terror film, ______ you ______ (be) frightened?
j) If Sheila __________ (not be) so rude, people __________ (like) her.
k) If your mother __________ (not like) your present, what ______ you ______ (do)?
Exercise 4. Make questions with the words in prompts, then write your own answers. You have
the type in brackets.
1. How / you / feel / if / you / win / a prize / ? (Second)
________________________________________________________________________________________
2. If / you / go / to a desert island / what / you / take / with you / ? (Second)
________________________________________________________________________________________
3. What / you / eat / if / you / be / very hungry / ? (Zero)
________________________________________________________________________________________
4. If / you / find / a wallet in the street yesterday / what / you / do / ? (Second)
________________________________________________________________________________________
5. If / you / go out / next weekend / where / you / go / ?(First)
________________________________________________________________________________________
6. What / you / do / if / you /see / an UFO / ? (Second)
________________________________________________________________________________________
7. Who / you / invite / if / you / have / a party / ? (First)
________________________________________________________________________________________

Exercise 5. Put the correct conditional type (0,1,2)


1. I (bring) _____________ you some food if I (know)____________ that you were hungry.
2. I (not buy)_______________ these things if I (be)__________ you.
3. I (can)_______________ repair the roof myself if I (have)_______________ a longer ladder. But I dont have
one.
4. (go)_________________ with us if there (be)_________________ a ticket left?
5. I( get lost)__________________ if you (not go)____________________ with me. Come with me please!
6. If he (be)____________________ there he (answer)_______________ the phone. I am sure.
7. Provided that he (finish)______________ this book, he (can)___________________ to go for a walk!
8. If someone (offer)________________ to buy you one of those cars, which one (you
choose)__________________?
9. If you (read) _________________the article carefully, you (find)_______________ all the answers.
10. If you (wear)_______________ this coat, nobody (recognize)___________ you. Why dont you want to try it
on?
11. If you go to London, where (you usually stay)________________________?
12. If we (pass)_____________ the exam, we (celebrate)______________ it. This is our tradition.
13. If you (shake)_____________________ the bottle, gas (come out)_______________________.
14. If you (be)_____________________ unemployed, what (you do)____________________?
15. She (not have) _______________accidents if she (practice)________________ more.
16. Someone (steal)_______________ your glasses if you (leave)_______________ them there.
17. Unless you (turn)______________ that music down, I (go)____________________ mad.
18. We( have to) ________________walk if we (run out) _________________of petrol here.
19. What (you do)______________ if you (hear) the alarm? Just imagine.
Exercise 6. Find the mistakes in the quotations and correct them:

1.

We would accomplish many more things if we do not think of them as impossible.

2.

Never work before breakfast. If you had to work before breakfast, get your breakfast first. - American

Humorist

3.

My warning: If you don't drive your business you would be driven out of business. - B. C. Forbes, American

Publisher

4.

If youth would know; if age could. - HENRI ESTIENNE

5.

If you won't program yourself, life will program you! - LES BROWN, American Speaker

6.

If you think your boss is stupid, remember: you won't have a job if he was any smarter. - American

Businessman

7.

If you will have to ask how much it costs, you can't afford it. - JOHN PIERPONT MORGAN, American Banker

8.

If you can counted your money, then you're not a rich man. - J. PAUL GETTY, American Oil Tycoon

9.

If the blind lead the blind, both would fall into the ditch. BIBLE

10. If you build a better mousetrap, you would caught better mice. - GEORGE GOBEL
Exercise 7. Rewrite these sentences using unless or if not.
1. He will break his leg if he doesnt skate carefully.
________________________________________________________________________________________
2. If you dont take the dog for a walk, it will bark at night.
________________________________________________________________________________________
3. She will break the bottle unless she is careful.
________________________________________________________________________________________
4. If I dont have any money, I cant go on holiday.
________________________________________________________________________________________
5. Unless he phones now, we wont wait for him.
________________________________________________________________________________________
6. If Kelly doesnt drive slowly in the rain, she will have an accident.

________________________________________________________________________________________
7. They will be very disappointed if you dont go to the party.
________________________________________________________________________________________
8. Unless you stop eating lots of sweets, you will put on weight.
________________________________________________________________________________________
9. He will lose his job unless he works harder.
________________________________________________________________________________________
Exercise 8. Circle the correct clause:
1. You can borrow my car (unless/as long as) you promise not to drive too fast.
2. I'm playing tennis tomorrow (unless/providing) it rains.
3. I'm playing tennis tomorrow (unless/providing) it doesn't rain
4. I don't mind if you come home late (unless/as long as) you come in quietly.
5. I'm going now (unless/provided) you want me to stay.
6. I watch TV (unless/as long as) I've got nothing else to do.
7. Children are allowed to use the swimming pool (unless/provided) they are with an adult
8. (Unless/Provided) they are with an adult, children are not allowed to use the swimming pool.
9. We can sit here in the corner (unless/as long as) you dont mind.
10. You won't pass the exam (unless/as long as) you try a bit harder.
Exercise 9. Put as long as, provided that or unless:
1. She's a sweet person __________that you don't contradict her.
2. You can't borrow my camera _________you're prepared to buy me a new one if you break it.
3. Camping is fun ____________as you don't forgot the torch and the can-opener.
4. I refuse to go________________you come with me.
5. A great white shark will be nice to you___________as you don't strike its nose.
6. ___________ that the weather is good, we'll spend the day in the mountains.
7. I refuse to watch Channel Two, _____________ they show less adverts.
8. _____________ I can find a cheaper one, I 'll have to buy that monitor.
9. ____________ as you wear a bullet-proof jacket, being a president is a safe job.
10. ____________ you're prepared to work very hard .you will never be a doctor.
Video part
Video exercise 1.
How Chocolate is Made
Watch the video and open the brackets to make right conditional
sentences.
1. If you ________________ (want/see) how chocolate grows, _______________
(look) for cocoa trees.
2. If you cocoa fruit _______________ (turn) yellow, orange or red, it
_____________ (be) ripe.
3. When you ________________ (harvest) cocoa pod , you ______________ (cut) it
by hand.
4. If you ______________ (open)the cacao pod, you ______________ (find) between
20 to 50 seeds there, which are the cacao beans.
5. If you _______________ (process) the cacao beans, the _________________ (taste) like chocolate.
6. If you _____________ (grain) the seeds, you _______________ (get) cocoa powder.
7. After you _____________ (add) hot water to the powder, _____________ (mix) it with a special mixer stick.
8. If chocolate __________________ (not/be) tasty, it __________________ (not/spread) all over the world.
9. If we ______________ (take) ground cocoa beans and ______________ (melt) them, we ______________ (be
able/make) a chocolate bar.
10. After you _____________ (put) chocolate into the forms, let it dry for a little bit.
Video exercise 2.
Please, put the following sentences into 2nd Condition. Then watch
and check.
1. If that _________ (be) a movie, I _____________ (go) see it.
2. _____________ (it/be) totally weird if I ___________ (use) your shower?
3. If you _____________ (have) your own game character, we ___________
(can/hang out).
4. If I _____________ (be/ask) Leslie Winkle out, it ______________ (just/be) for
dinner.
5. If you _______________(be) a robot and I ____________ (know) you didn't,
____________ (want) me to tell you?
6. If I ever _______________ (perfect) a time machine, I ____________ (just/go)
into the past and give it to myself.

7. If you just _______________________ (apologize) to Gabelhouser, he ____________ (give) you your job back.
8. If he _______________ (be) any bigger, he _____________ (have) moons orbiting him.
9. If all guys __________________ (be) like me, the human race _______________ (cannot/survive).
10. If I _____________ (can/afford) the rent, I _____________ (ask) you to leave.
11. Who _________________ (not/recognize) true genius if it ____________ (stand) in front of them giving a
speech.
12. It _____________ (be) so much easier if I ____________ (be) a violent sociopath.
13. If cats _____________ (can/sing) they ______________ (hate) it too.

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