1. Which of the following statements best conveys the complicated nature of pharmacology?

Answer

a. There are over 10,000 brand and generic varieties of drugs with many different names, interactions, side effects, and complex mechanisms of action. b. Many drugs may be prescribed for more than one disease and produce many different actions in the body. c. Drugs may elicit different responses, depending on factors such as sex, age, health status, body mass, and genetics. d. All of the above
4 points

Question 2
1.

Drugs are placed into therapeutic categories on the basis of:
Answer

a. How the drug therapy is applied b. Mechanism of action of the drug c. Therapeutic usefulness of the drug d. Pharmacologic focus of the drug
4 points

Question 3
1.

After being administered, a medication must then be absorbed to produce an effect. After the medication is absorbed, which phase of drug delivery is occuring?
Answer

a. pharmaceutical phase b. Pharmocokinetic phase c. Pharmacodynamic phase d. none of the above
4 points

Question 4
1.

The process of moving a drug from its site of administration across one or more membranes is called?
Answer

a. Absorption b. Distribution c. Metabolism d. Excretion
4 points

Question 5
1.

Antagonists:
Answer

a. Are sometimes referred to as facilitators of drug action b. Can prodcue an effect only by interacting with receptors c. Inhibit or block the action of agonist drugs d. Are all of the above
4 points

Question 6
1.

What are sympathomimetics also called?
Answer

a. Cholinergic drugs b. Adrenergic drugs c. Cholinergic blockers d. Adrenergic blockers
4 points

Question 7

1.

How does propranolol (Inderal) exert its effects?
Answer

a. Stimulates colinergic receptors b. Blocks cholinergic receptors c. Blocks beta receptors d. Stimulates alpha receptors
4 points

Question 8
1.

Which of the following categorizes is/are benzodiazepines?
Answer

a. Sedative b. Hypnotic c. Tranquilizer d. All of the above
4 points

Question 9
1.

Why are selective COX-2 inhibitors often prescribed over aspirin?
Answer

a. They are more effective at relieving severe pain b. They are more effective at relieving dull, throbbing pain c. They are less expensive d. They cause fewer side effects
4 points

Question 10
1.

The statins act by:
Answer

a. Binding bile acids b. Reducing bile synthesis in the liver c. Inhibiting HMG-CoA reductase d. Decreasing the absorption of dietary cholesterol
4 points

Question 11
1.

Vitamin K is an antidote for an overdose with:
Answer

a. Aspirin b. Heparin and LMWH c. Aminocaproic acid (Amicar) d. warfarin (Coumadin)
4 points

Question 12
1.

By causing venodilation, nitrates reduce the amount of blood returning to the heart, thus decreasing:
Answer

a. Heart rate b. Conduction velocity c. Blood pressure d. Cardiac output
4 points

Question 13
1.

Which drug class is NOT commonly used to treat hypertension?
Answer

a. Calcium channel blockers b. ACE inhibitors c. Direct-acting vasodilators d. Sodium Channel blockers
4 points

Question 14
1.

Which of the following drug classes was first derived from the common plant known as the purple foxglove?
Answer

a. Cardiac glycosides b. ACE inhibitors c. Phosphodiesterase inhibitors d. Beta-adrenergic blockers
4 points

Question 15
1.

Potassium channel blockers prevent dysrhythmias by:
Answer

a. Blocking beta -adrenergic receptors in the myocardium b. Reducing blood pressure c. Interfering with calcium ion channels d. Prolonging the refractory period of the heart
4 points

Question 16
1.

Glucocorticoids improves asthma symptoms by:
Answer

a. Causing bronchodialation b. Suppressing inflammation c. Blocking histamine release d. Drying bronchial secretions
4 points

Question 17
1.

A toxoid is best described as a:
Answer

a. Vaccine b. Immunosuppressant c. Anti-inflammatory agent d. Antigen
4 points

Question 18
1.

Bacteriocidal drugs are those that:
Answer

a. Have a high potency b. Have high effectiveness c. Kill the infectious agent d. Slow the growth of the infectious agent
4 points

Question 19
1.

Treatment of which of the following disorders does NOT usually include systemic antifungal drugs?

Answer

a. Extensive burns b. Cancer c. Organ transplant d. Influenza
4 points

Question 20
1.

Which of the following acts by changing the shape of DNA and preventing it from functioning normally?
Answer

a. Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan) b. Methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall) c. Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) d. Vincristine (Oncovin)
4 points

Question 21
1.

The healthcare pracitioner understands that negative feedback ensures endocrine homeostasis by doing which of the following?
Answer

a. Stimulating the release of a scondary hormone b. Stimulating the release of a primary hormone c. Inhibiting the action of a secondary hormone d. Inhibiting the action of a primary hormone
4 points

Question 22
1.

Methylphenidate (Ritalin) produces its effects by activating what portion of the brain?
Answer

a. Cerebellum b. Hypothalamus c. Pituitary d. Reticular activating system
4 points

Question 23
1.

An antibiotic with a broad spectrum is one that:
Answer

a. Produces a large number of side effects b. Is effective against a small number of organisms c. Is effective against a large numbr of organisims d. Has a high potency
4 points

Question 24
1.

Which of the following types of antibiotics are more likely to cause superinfections?
Answer

a. Narrow-spectrum antibiotics b. Broad-spectrum antibiotics c. The original pencillin d. Bacteriostatic drugs
4 points

Question 25
1.

For the treatment of allergies; the new antihistamines are an improvement over the older, more traditional antihistamines because they:
Answer

a. Are less sedating b. Are more effective c. Are more potent d. Cause less gastrointestinal (GI) irritation

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