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THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME
THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME
LILIAN BAYLISS GREEN
Formerly Editor Little House Department
DRAWINGS AND PHOTOGRAPHS
ROBERT M. McBRIDE & COMPANY;
Copyright, 1917, by Robert M. McBride & Co.
MAR i5 JSI7
Published February, 1917
TO MY HUSBAND THE AMIABLE VICTIM OF MY HOME-MAKING EXPERIMENTS .
IV I II III IV I Furnished Our New House Introduction to Part II Suggestions for Furnishing Lighting Fixtures The Hanging of Curtains Floor Coverings How 34 51 . 3 II The Rented House Things That May Be Done to ImAND Impossible Type of 13 III prove It A Practical Plan for the ried Newly Mar24 . .CONTENTS CHAFTEB I PAGE Introduction to Part I Training the Child's Sense of Beauty i . . 57 75 79 89 V VI VII VIII Tableware and Silver Pictures and Other Ornaments . .. .117 Plants^ Flowers and Fruits in House 122 Decoration 133 Appendix I 145 Appendix II Recipes and Suggestions 185 Bibliography 189 Index .. .. 94 103 IX Ill System in the Household Ugly Things Improved or the Art of Making Use of What Is at Hand .
29 40 41 41 > 58 58 58 Furniture painted at home A washable slip cover for a wing chair A bathroom which contains a linen closet Iron bedsteads . 59 84 A A day bed that conceals another A kitchen 30 x 40 inches Two Ivy used for wall decoration made sightly by chintz coverings corner cupboard made from old window blinds bed by its 84 85 valance 118 118 views of an ingeniously made closet 119 124 . 28 A buffet both sides of which are utilized A hall and a dining-room entrance A symmetrical arrangement for a dining-room A simple and attractive guest room A buffet made from a kitchen cabinet A Hepplewhite sideboard ..THE ILLUSTRATIONS IN HALF-TONE A An living-room which contains expensive and inexpensive furnishings Frontispiece .. FACING PAGE English style suburban house of stucco .. 6 A A Colonial house restored 6 7 7 room improved by redecorating furniture against a background of gray Mahogany walls Two views of a well planned kitchen .
36 66 81 A plate rack easily serving table made that can be used above a Different types of doors require different curtain treatment Effective curtaining for the old-fashioned type of high window .. 81 .. The primary use of portieres is to insure privacy . . the motif of the architect and express the owner's individuality 4 7 The main section of the Colonial house after restoration . home . used as a sup- A house that was easily made livable . . Curtaining which does not keep out the light 82 Three types of over curtains Decorative windows should have plain curtains Regulate light from high casement windows by Dutch or double curtains Curtains of thick materials hung on rings take the place of shades at casement windows . 124 125 ^ 125 v A A plate rack that obviates dish wiping IN LINE PAGE Colonial homestead whose gardens carry out.. .. partition 15 15 side of the cupboard. A home evolved from a doctor's offices A cupboard built to cover an unsightly The bathroom ply closet .. .18 26 35 .. .14 . .THE ILLUSTRATIONS FACINa PAGE ^ A corner effectively arranged Flowers on a window sill . Designs that show what can be accomplished with two rooms and a bath The ground plan The second floor of a nine-roomed suburban of the nine-roomed house . 83 84 86 86 87 . . .
. 96 109 Mantel treatment house in sleeping room of old Colonial chiffo- Showing what can be done with an ugly oak nier 121 The lights in the window on Christmas Eve .127 ISO Candle brackets . . Sedgi plates of the same shade of green and figured cruets give variety to the meal .THE ILLUSTRATIONS PAOIi A salad bowl of plain green pottery.
THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME .
specializing in different phases of efficiency. is In the Bibliography given a list of books. and money. to my mind. which will be of service to those who wish to . energy." A Ranchman's Epitaph. but never more so than in its application to the Effective Small Home. one that affords which inspires high ideals. houseis keeping. both esthetically and ethically. and afterwards in the community. there must be a definite plan whereby required results may be obtained with the least possible expenditure of time. In order that the small home may be effec- an environment for family life tive.PART I INTRODUCTION "Life don't consist in holding a good hand. which only one factor in home-making. Such a home is. to be practiced first in the home. but in playing a poor hand well. that is. must be efficient. The ranchman's philosophy has always appealed to me.
So many efficiency experts have minds that think in terms of proteids and calories. and charming arrangement." to come upon is naive ending to her chapter on "Small for the kitchen Apartments": another story. when reading Elsie DeWolfe's delightful and valuable book. but — . with- out including the very important terms of form. it is my aim to show that charm the home is quite as important as efficiency. sentials —that impossible to go into that will find the es- And anyway you supplied for you by the landlord. and that one need not be obtained at the expense of the other. color." It is very evident that her book was not meant for the vast majority of women. form and arrangement exclusively. Other writers on the subject of Interior Decorating go to the other extreme. and write in terms of color.ii INTRODUCTION In in perfect the machinery of the household. subject. this book. who not only do their own decorating. I was immensely amused. You won't need my advice when you need a broom or a coffee-pot or a sauce-pan you'll go buy it. steps and hand movements. dollars and cents. *'The this House in Good "As It is Taste.
but what would happen to a pretty kitchen with the average maid in it?" This is what would probably happen: The be all average kitchen maid when that is first introduced to a "the prettiest room in the house" is apt to look rather glum. Since this book of mine is meant primarily for people of moderate means. instead of ignoring the kitchen. convenient kitchen comes first in the equipment of the home of which she is high priestess. I go so far as to urge every woman to see to it that an attractive. for used to spending her time in a dark room with ugly utensils. performing each day the solemn rite of preparing the food which is to insure the health of those most dear to her. I can hear skeptical readers say: ''That may very well for the woman who does her own work. She does not feel altogether at home in it at first. where nothing matters so long as she does certain routine things in an indifferent sort of way. By the end of a week in my kitchen a maid has developed a pride in her surroundings: because things are "pretty" she takes better care of them: because they are arranged conveniently she finishes her work more quickly and is eager to she is .INTRODUCTION their iii housework as well.
They are therefore less apt than their houses with in- are rich people to harmonious and undesirable things. now that the find that the and common things. necessary to make sacrifices. Fewer rather . schools are giving attention to these art students are and more and more en- tering the field of interior decoration. particularly along lines that will help them to make what little money they have is go as far as possible. are the ones who are most eager for education. to take her friends into never ashamed never ashamed to take It may be too much to hope that within the present generation one may go at random into people's houses my kitchen and I am my friends into hers. so they cannot afford to fill make mistakes. sew. fundamental principles of decorating have been observed. write letters or entertain her friends. The They greatest scope of improvement in do- mestic art Hes with people of moderate means. Almost every house needs an overhauling several times a year to prevent an accumulation of unnecessary things. but the prospect is encouraging. In order to have even it the really essential things.iv INTRODUCTION and be back again She is dress for the afternoon in her pretty room to read.
Part I of Acknowledgment is due to The Curtis Publishing Company. eye decide what may The best decorators as know the value of space opposed to meaningless things. New York. from the present high standard of decorating.INTRODUCTION v than more things are needed in most houses. is not and color how much it contains but this how little. 1916. and with a fresh and be eliminated or so changed as to be more useful or more beaucritical tiful. which fitted me for the editorial work explained in Part II. . for permission to reprint in this volume material which has already been used by The Ladies' Home Journal. Lilian Bayliss Green. September. and fortunate is the person who has the gift of being able to look at a room in his own house in a detached way. so that the test of an effective home. book is a narrative of personal experiences in home-making.
PART ONE .
furnished with enchanting *'sets" that a clever older cousin used to cut for us out of rather stiff paper. usually small houses. my whole life has been spent in decorating one thing or anFirst came paper doll-houses. When my mother asked me why I was doing that." thus famil- .THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME CHAPTER I Training the Child's Sense of Beauty AT the age of three. I said I was "decowating." That is the only one of my childish remarks that was ever remembered. and has just occurred to me that an children to older person could very easily teach make their paper furniture after designs of the different "periods. In time we were able to it cut for ourselves. and that one probably because other. I was one day dis- covered pasting the colored picture of a lion to the leg of the piano.
so that in the was a mass of pale pink spring beauties. with broad gabled roofs and pil- : yjo roc A Colonial homestead whose gardens carry out the motif of the architect and express the owner's personality lared porches. which I was born. looked as if it belonged in some New in The house England village. with green shutters. the bed spring it . it stood in the center of a large yard full of shrubs and trees.4 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME them at iarizing an early age with what is really the best in house furnishings. with violets and anemones showing here and there. My mother had one side of the yard planted with sod brought from the woods. for it was Colonial in design and painted white. though out in Ohio. Low and rambling. Besides the rose garden.
jack-in-thepulpits. as would have been done in New England. filled as it was with lilies of the valley. and the 5 row of poet's narcissus and jonquils that blossomed each spring at the foot of a terrace.Victorian furniture covered with black haircloth. to counteract the gloom of the furnishings. oil paintings in heavy gilt frames. fig- ured Brussels carpets. and made it homelike in spite of them. columbines. lace curtains. and other woodsy things that made the setting for tion. my mother's buoyant.TRAINING THE SENSE OF BEAUTY of perennials. maidenhair fern. shady rockery: a fairyland to a small child. and white and gold Fortunately for us children. many a flight of a childish imagina- mother's garden was very expressive of her personality. so the rest of her life had to be spent with mid. happy nature and her music with which she enlivened the house did much china. she was influenced as so many brides are by the fashions of the day. day lilies. I remember vividly the cool. but when she furnished the in* side of the house. black marble mantels. stereotyped bric-a-brac. An influence even then at work in forming . instead of carrying the simple My charm of the architect's idea into the furnishings.
making the hall seem much wider than when it had dark paper on the walls. who. has done things to it that have completely transformed the interior. and I have always preferred a small picturesque house to a large pretentious one. A part of the old house was torn down many years ago. the colors. were the pictures by Kate Greenaway and Walter Crane with which my father kept me supplied. Unconsciously I preferred their cheerful pleasant rooms. That influence has lasted all through my life. which brings out detail that was quite lost before. gay chintz curtains. but the and is main part has been restored now occupied by a woman of taste. recognizing the possibilities of the house. plain walls and symmetrical arrangement of which. When I was recently taken into our old "parlor" it was difficult to realize that in the the center of this very room had once stood marble-topped table that held a vase of wax flowers covered with a glass globe. On the walls is a landscape paper in tones of gray and gray-green. The ugly grained woodwork in the hall has been painted a cream white.6 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME taste. all appealed to me and made me love their books. simple my furnishings. Not a .
The coloring and general character of this English stucco house are carried into the treatment of the interior The main part of which IS the Colonial house the plan of shown on page seven .
All ugly rooDi tro)isforined by changing the zvalls to from red white A sunny room ivith mahogany furniture admits of gray walls plain .
r X mLmtsmmm The main section of the Colonial house after restoration chintz for summer use in a fascinating design of birds and flowers.Victorian ugliness remains. al- though the mantel is the same one of black marble that has always been there. The walls are plain cream color paneled. The floors and woodwork have been painted black to harmonize with the mantel. but jars of flowers about the room. the hangings and lamp shades are of rose color to harmonize with the principal tone in the rugs. but the rest of the furniture sofas is all Colonial. few really good old portraits in dull gold frames are the only A wall decoration. the and chairs having slip covers of glazed P i3 P ^ o p n \ RT m I- BsdRjohH Popoi ^1^ r. the piano too is black.TRAINING THE SENSE OF BEAUTY 7 vestige of mid. and glimpses of neighboring gardens .
my father took me by the hand and led me down the hall past the *'arch room" where my mother had slept and where my crib had always stood. prevent the effect from being too restrained. When I was seven years old my mother died and I was taken to spend several weeks with my grandmother. The old center chandelier has been removed." My father and brothers had planned it all as a surprise for me. It must have been a very ugly httle mirror above and in a . and I was the proudest little girl in the world at that moment. row along the wall were all of my dolls. and at night lighted by candles and lamps. My father opened the door. the room was brightly lighted. There was a single bed. the room is one of the pleasantest living-rooms I have ever seen.8 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME through the windows. It was like having a dream come true. on to what had been a storeroom. a small chest of drawers with a it. a little chair. one of them asleep in a canopied cradle that my mother had fitted up for me. and I didn't have to be told that this was "My Room. My brothers were behind us and everything was very mysterious. The night I came home from my visit. I was the youngest of five children. and the only girl.
the chintz curtains at the window and closet door differed in design from the walls. one of my friends was allowed to have a miniature iron range in her playhouse. and I shall never forget the thrill of seeing the steam come out of the spout of the tiny tea- At last . school. for the wallpaper was dark and figured. and for reason I suppose I always loved the chapter called *Tatty Men. and the carpet too was figured with a design different from this either the walls or the chintz. Instead of the wonderful game of "Patty Pans" that Daisy had. I did my first cooking on a stove that I made out of bricks in the back yard. I had to play alone when I was at home.TRAINING THE SENSE OF BEAUTY 9 room when analyzed from a decorator's point of view." for Pans" in "Little I had great sympathy for Daisy. mind my From twelve. let not only because the boys wouldn't of her play with them. the time I was eight until I was most of waking hours when not in I spent with little girls who were so my fortunate as to have playhouses out of doors. and from those days of burnt fingers and smoky concoctions. cooking has always been to me a delightsimilar to ful exercise of the imagination. but because she had a domestic turn own.
down with our on that dolls to wonderful meals prepared small stove. cusof her soup and cocoa in . for the lessons will never be forgotten.10 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME and the fun of sitting kettle. is The rooms with souvenirs of all kinds. I was constantly receiving letters from girls and boys asking me what to do with their collections of to clutter their . will be time well spent. no one to give them object lesnatural inclination at this sons in interior decorating as applied to their own age rooms. make junket. tard. fact. may easily be taught to prepare for The same thing applies to other branches of housework. how to sweep and dust and wash dishes. This is the age at which the simple rudiments of cooking should be taught to children. many own meals she herself. little girl of five and six may A be taught to coddle an egg. In my early teens I passed through the stage there is that nearly all when young persons go through. They are enthusiastic and impressionable and so eager to learn to do what they see older persons doing. In my editorial work. and a little time spent in showing a child how to make her dolls' beds properly.
for decorating our senior class parlor. fess that the decoration of My apparent love of decorating led to the frequent demand for hall plays my services in the staging of I was put on the committee and in preparations for all sorts of festive occasions. I knew that they had an instinctive feeling that those crude colors hung together in the same room gave anything but a pleasing effect. in the open. and used in that way. Fate had a hand removing this defect. H I had to them as sight. and the colors had to be vivid and crude. and throughout my four years of college life I con- my rooms was of vastly more concern to me than my scholarship. in order to carry. suspended from in a central chandelier by a satin covered tube. they were very effective.TRAINING THE SENSE OF BEAUTY college pennants. so I explained that pennants were designed to be used in masses on athletic fields. is The one a drop light of cut glass. collections but to them to retain keep them out of tell From the fact that they wrote to ask me about them. At seventeen I started for Vassar. I look now at and as the picture of that room I am is surprised to see that there blot nothing about it that has not stood the test of time. distinguished bishop came to spend a half hour A .
the table tipped. . in the senior parlor The floor was waxed. he inadvertently leaned against the table that held the glass lamp. and the one eyesore of an otherwise lovely room had been removed. and down went the bishop amid a shower of glass. Absorbed in a good story that he was telling to a group of the girls. Only his dignity was hurt.12 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME one Sunday after service.
my One room had three windows to the north. My and my father was living with one of them. I spent several years studying art in in New York and Paris. low rental. so I decided to have a In an apartment house just across the street from where some of my family lived I discovered a suite of rooms with a private entrance. just the light I needed for painting. and a gas grate. the other was a larger room with a closet. leaving college. running water. at the end of that time I went west to order to be near brothers were all married studio of my family.CHAPTER II The Impossible Type of Rented House and Things That May Be Done to Improve It AFTER live. The walls in this room were covered with a dark green paper with large 13 . It had been designed as a doctor's suite. but as no doctor had taken it the proprietor was glad to let me have it at a very own.
of the pine studio. and tried their best to discourage me. For this room I designed most of the furniture. In the studio the paper was brown with red and green figures. This the landlord permitted me to do. It consisted of a long narrow table with four little benches to match it exactly. I woodwork For the used an oyster white ingrain paper. and had it made by an ordinary carpenter at a very small expense. For the larger room I selected a grasscloth paper as nearly the color as possible. there was also a cupboard . No wonder that my friends thought it a nightmare. but I knew that the essentials were there and that changing the papers alone would do much toward making the place habitable. allowing me twenty cents A a roll for home evolved from a doctor's offices the papers.14 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME gold figures.
IMPROVING THE RENTED HOUSE 15 .
if at washed off any time one wishes to get back to the easily tiles. a few pictures. chintz curtains at the five windows. the windows being on a level with the heads of passers-by.16 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME time acted as a screen. A . a table and a really beautiful old mahogany desk that I had years before picked up for a song down in Maryland. original color of the My finish landlord also gave me permission to paint the metal of the grate and chandeliers a dull black. being is rather thick coats of alabastine. In my larger room. I changed the hideous. in both The floors green. an electric lamp. : They were the cheapest sort of imitation copper with splashes of black. completed the furnishings of this room. the same chintz used as cushions for the chairs. first rooms I painted a dark gray- In my larger room I improvised my kitchenette by having a shelf on the level with the top of the washstand where there was running water. Around it I had a screen cov- ered with denim the same color as the walls. potted plants on the window sills. of the mantel to harmonize with mottled tiles the yellow walls by going over them with two This. a water color preparation. few small rugs on the floor.
Houses for rent were scarce. After spending three years in this little apartment. He couldn't see anything except the wall papers. and of the horrors real happiness without spending as much money as it had cost her to board. an unmarried woman who had spent many dreary for myself without spending hours in the hall bedroom of a boarding-house." He . Two or three young women can live together in this way very economically and have a wonderful time doing it.IMPROVING THE RENTED HOUSE It 17 was a surprise to my friends when they saw what a complete little home I had made much of anything except thought and time. comfort. he was not in the least enthusiastic about it. proceeded to hunt a similar establishment for herself where she afterwards had independence. One of them. but one day when out by myself I discovered a little white house with green It shutters that appealed to me very much. When I took my husband to see it. I was married and went to live in a small neighboring town. was on a good corner and faced in such a way that all the rooms were sunny. seeing that I had succeeded in removing most from spinsterhood. which were indeed enough to give one "the horrors.
our wedding presmade for us a very comfortable and . and we had the things sent out to from my own we put small apartall ment. the fumi- A house that was easily made livable ture into one room. The woodwork was if already painted white.18 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME sufficient evidence of had not yet had ity to my abil- make a home "out when convinced it it of a pine cone" to be able to visualize the place as I did in eye. Except bedroom things. For the time being. but my mind's satis- of my genuine faction with he succumbed. which with the first double student lamp. chairs here also. so the green curtains and furniture from designed for this my studio looked quite as room. we kept the desk and the Canton ent. the walls of which we had changed from a hideous purplish red to a white paper with an indistinct white lattice design.
something did so after we were married. To this board I tacked a valance. As we were married very quietly. letting us. selection of the first of which was in the a rug for our dining- wool rug in a shade of green that went beautifully with the green furniture. we were spared the usual conventional wedding presThose who really wanted to give us ents. select what we needed to conform to what we already had. above the board on the wall I hung a mirror with a white frame. I decided that a rug with a small indistinct figure was the only kind to have in a dining-room. My new sewing-machine did duty as a dressing table for this room by having a board cut to fit the top of it. but we soon found that on selected a very pretty Scotch We account of the plain center every spot and crumb showed on it. Even room.IMPROVING THE RENTED HOUSE attractive 19 combination living- and dining- room. we put the couch that had been in the apartment. the paper of which happened to be white with a design of a single rosebud. After spending much money in having it cleaned. . so we made mistakes. In our tiny guest room. as a rule.
made an excellent bed. the same hair is always good. to my mind. and a mattress made of hard black South American horsehair. If it is necessary to practice economy. for although the mattress must be renovated from time to time. with woven wire springs. let it be in regard to the bedstead.20 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME in front of this dressing table stood a and spindle-backed chair also painted white. The springs sag and the felt gets hard in the center. allowed ourselves to be persuaded that a felt mattress of good make. is one with an upholstered box spring. A this rug and some simple curtains completed room. Our living-room a while. none too good. Even this combination is expensive. but at we left perfectly bare for length we had on hand a coUec- . but after a year or so of use it is most unsatisfactory. the mattress and springs of the bed upon which one spends a third of one's life are of first impor- From We • tance in furnishing a house. Certainly. This is a good investment. and the best bed. our next purchase I also learned a valuable lesson which I here pass along to the inexperienced housewife. rather than to the mattress and best is The springs.
there to arrange the rugs and furniture. we stopped at the paper hanger's and supply of found a light gray fabric paper samples. and I lost no time in getting so that that up the chintz curtains. all of 21 able them suitcompanions for the old desk which was our starting point in the equipment of this room. that we both felt would be lovely in our sunny room with the mahogany furniture. and even my husband in spite of his doubts in the beginning had to admit that the house was all He helped me then and that I had dreamed. The man said he was not busy that afternoon. very evening we used this room for been well a promous to anleave the time and decided that it had worth waiting for. One day on our way out to the club to play golf. figures that looked like crawling crabs was gone.IMPROVING THE RENTED HOUSE tion of really choice things. the first We . so we gave him the key to the house and when we returned home that night our living-room had doubled The dark olive green paper with huge in size. and in its place this plain gray paper eflooked over his rather limited We fected a most astonishing transformation. In less than a year from this time tion in my husband's business took hated to other town to live.
" That "oak trim" was ture. We tion. so as to forget the ugly oak woodwork as much as possible. by doing it in a color scheme of browns and tones of yellow. To most people it would have seemed palatial compared with my own little apartment or with the little house we had just left. we called ironically "the sun parlor" because no ray of sunlight ever entered it. chose one at length because of It faced a very pretty park. The walls were a golden brown car- . Rather than assume that expense ourselves.22 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME happy months had but we had to go. and once more befirst its pretty house where our been spent. gan the hunt for a house. In addition to that fact it had been papered with dark green expensive paper which the landlord refused to change. because this house had hardwood floors and "oak trim. we made the most of the other room on the first floor. for nothing could be worse as a setting for mahogany furni- In the dining-room we continued to use our green furniture with white walls and the green curtains. not knowing how long we should be in the house. loca- and certain important rooms got the sun. but the main room of the house. which was supposed to be used as a livingroom. my greatest objection to it.
and ornaments of brass. was our living-room. I admit. dered. He and went simply looked bewilaway thinking we were have been queer. but our real living-room In the front of the house overlooking the park. in showing him the *'sun parlor" and then making him come upstairs to upstairs. we found ourselves living . queer. so we had gray paper put on the walls. so I got hangings of sunf ast terial to 23 mablue match the walls. and in it we used all of our choicest things. pictures in tones of brown and of this a gold. It was meant for a bedroom of course. made room suitable to use in receiving casual acquaintances. flowers. but we had enough bedrooms without it. and getting the sun nearly all day was a really pretty room with white woodwork. willow chairs.IMPROVING THE RENTED HOUSE tridge paper. The mottled rid of and yellow tiles I got them with cream-colored by covering Several alabastine. but to show that we had also been wise in not even trying to transform that dark grotto of a room at our We may own expense. It was an unconventional thing to do. in the course of another year in Boston. and we took evil delight one day when a very conventional friend called on us.
must be willing to do a certain amount of housework each day. She will have girl 24 The . and rents proportionately high. is it strange that the young man who earns a moderate salary should look upon establishing a home of his own as a formidable undertaking? What is to be done WITH Are young people going to continue to enter upon long engagements and live in that unnatural state until enough money can be about it? saved to start housekeeping in the conventional way? Or are they going to start out in their life together on a very small scale. but those who care more care for unenlightened public opinion. and with no hope that they will be any lower.CHAPTER III A Practical Plan for the Newly Married eggs at sixty cents a dozen. butter fifty cents a pound. regardless of what their more fortunate or it less sensible friends are doing? I think I have found a applies only to for one another than they solution to this problem.
as many good things are. of course. good closets and an open fireplace. It is. but by following less pitfalls plan she will avoid the countwhich her friends who start out my with false standards are sure to encounter. The plan of the little apartment shows that we had plenty of light and ventilation. so we took an apartment of two rooms and bath Although we in a desirable neighborhood. Little by little we took more and more of our meals in our tiny dining-room. her heart 25 and her hands. important to . were given housekeeping privileges we started by having all but our breakfast out. wanted our time to be as free as possible. and when our year was up we were too comfortably established to desire anything better for some time to come. The solution I have to offer was arrived at by accident. three comfortable chairs. We were regularly keeping house in the two rooms which a year before we had looked upon as merely a temporary expedient. Of our furniture two single beds. Being perfect strangers in Boston we decided to spend a year looking for a place to Meanwhile we build our permanent home.PRACTICAL HOUSEKEEPING to use her head. a roomy table and a double student lamp were quite the essentials.
desk and chest of drawers all in one. so placed as to get the best light from the windows in the daytime. This we did by using a secretary. which is not only a very attractive piece of furniture but is also bookcase. This provided a place for each of us to write and keep personal be- Against the east wall between the two deepset windows we had our long. Just opposite the table on the west wall were . and from the lamp in the center of the table at night. Balancing it in color Designs that show what can be accomplished with two rooms and a bath and shape I had another chest of drawers on an- the opposite side of the fireplace. longings.26 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME have plenty of drawer space. and still other combination desk and chest of drawers against the north wall. but if it is possible to combine several pieces of furniture in one so much the better. a winged chair at either end. narrow green table.
Our landlord had a small sink put into one corner. having it built high. that being the background for which our green furniture was originally designed. although I had been interested in cooking. winged lace cur- with green Scotch rug. tains drawn tight across the window. We had it pa- pered in a striped white paper. the other room was small and of very awkward shape. I had never given the convenient arrangement of my kitchen any special thought." filet Two chair. wicker chairs. completed the furnishings of this combination living. and wash- able chintz overhanging that served us in our other houses. gave the appearance of what has come to be called a "day bed. at my request. the lower one being drawn out into the room at night. few shelves and a two-burner gas stove with an adjustable oven A completed our kitchen equipment. Up to this time. the green cover and valance that were used. another large. As the plan shows. In our other two houses we had had . so that I need not stoop over when washing dishes.PRACTICAL HOUSEKEEPING 27 our two beds one above the other in the daytime.and sleeping-room. The wooden frame painted green.
Here in this tiny apartment. but in the end it approached perfection. This served as a table under the plate rack that hung on the wall midway between the kitchen and dining-room end of this small." but was inconvenient also started without when we found I ourselves having all of our meals at home. but ended by getting one about a yard long with a flat top. they were too large and most inconvenient. which brought all of my powers of invention into play how to make a complete kitchen in a space that could not measure more than thirty by forty inches outside the stove and sink. I painted the ice-chest a blue green. To match the rest of the furniture. As I think of them now. I had not noticed the unnecessary steps that had to be taken in the course of a day. I started out with a two-plate gas-stove with an adjustable oven. This kitchen went through many stages during the next few years. As I always kept a maid.28 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME the regulation kitchens. odd-shaped room. and thus transformed a commercial object of grained brown paint into an ornamental piece of fur- . which did very well for ''light-housekeeping. I was therefore confronted with an : entirely new problem. which I took as a matter of course. an ice-chest.
Note the shelf beside the stove and the telephone beyond The sink and stoz'e are plaeed to receive the best light .
The two sides of a buffet that serves as a screen between the dining-room and kitchen ends of the same room .
Under when it the sink a galvanized pail acted as kitchen waste basket.PRACTICAL HOUSEKEEPING niture. drug supplies. The space measuring was inclosed on one side thirty by forty by a high green kitchen cabinet. Then there was a small garbage can into which I fitted a newspaper every morning. that fitted into the general 29 scheme of inches the room. As the can was emptied each night by the janitor and boiled out each week with soda. it never smelled badly. etc. tools. Over the sink white canisters contained sugar. except on cleaning days. under it stood my white enameled bread-box. papers. tea and salt. did duty as scrub-bucket. also painted green. The back I had painted white. On top of it stood all the plates and bowls I used. and on it hung my matchbox. Seasonings stood on a tiny shelf near the stove. Cov- . aprons and holders. coffee. The fourth side of the minute kitchen was formed by a chiffonier. and having it so near saved many steps. flour for sauces. The drawers were used for linen. which acted as a screen between the kitchen and dining-room and afforded a shelf and a space on the kitchen side for hanging the numerous cooking utensils.
it. and appealed to me very strongly is because in doing my own cooking. I may have all sorts of attractive cooking utensils. often had . there was no need to do The reason this all I did every bit of my own cooking. ered canisters on the shelves contained cereals So it was possible for me to prepare a meal without moving from one spot. cereals and fish. preferably one or two at a time. We had guests very often. Fish was impossible until I adopted paper-bag cooking. after that we aside articles any baking. using very little canned food. But from these and it was impossible to detect any odor from it while it was cooking. eggs. which I love to do. fresh meat. and delivered French rolls and English muffins in time for breakfast. It was better to plan simple meals but that did not do away with having guests. but all the year round fresh. green vegetables. As there was an excellent bakery near by where they made delicious whole-wheat bread. .30 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME flour. and they seemed to enjoy getting away from their stereotyped routine and always seemed to envy us our cozy little place. and to put it steaming hot on our dining-table less than four feet away in the same room.
All the rest of our miniature establishment was easily managed. The good strong woman
did our laundry
ings each week, her duties being to keep the
windows and bathroom clean. She changed the beds, polished all of the brass, copper and silver, boiled out the garbage pail, and cleaned the enameled sink and the zinc under the stove. The floor of the smaller room was scrubbed twice a week, so it was always
All of this, including the laundry work, was done for a fixed and very reasonable price each week. My own paii; of the work took about two hours each day. While we were eating breakAfter the dishes fast the beds were airing. were washed I made the beds and arranged the room so that it became a living-room once more, with no suggestion of a sleeping-room about
the lamp, did the dusting,
out menus for the day, did any ordering that was necessary and my housework was done,
except the preparation for our two simple The meals, which took but very little time.
rest of the
day I had with a perfectly free mind for occupations that had no connection what-
ever with housework.
THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME
There are certain temperamental
There must be a desire on both sides for simplicity and for order. It must also be borne well in mind that a home of two rooms is no place for unpleasant moods, so they may not
frequently be indulged
the other hand, housekeeping in miniafirst
year of married Hfe has tremendous value as a preparation for housekeeping on a larger scale. It is a period
ture for at least the
which two persons may gradually learn to cooperate in keeping accounts and in developing a system of management for use all through
The single fact of having such a limited amount of room teaches the futility of accumulating unnecessary things.
away should be
reference in case of urgent need.
for they only
hate the sight of useless objects about a room,
to one's care without con-
tributing either to beauty or comfort.
too, there is
nothing like doing one's work for a time, to help one later in planning work for servants. One comes to know how long it
takes to do things thoroughly and avoids exacting of a maid more than she can do.
the whole I feel sure that
starting out in this
always have reaex-
son to look back with delight to their
perimental year together, particularly if they have spent it in planning what they really want their permanent home to be, in developing
in establishing their
individuality, instead of drifting along with
and being like everybody else. It was while we were living in this small apartment that Mr. Bok, the editor of the Ladies' Home Journal, came to see us. He had heard that I had a genius for making a complete home on the smallest possible scale, When I had so he came to see for himself. showed him everything, ending with my little kitchen, he laughed and said, " Well, if you can do this for yourselves, you are just the one to do the same sort of thing for the hundreds Thus of women who write to us for advice." began my editorial experience, practically from that moment.
FOR four years my husband and I very comfortably apartment.
in the winter, but as soon as spring
in the air
for a garden.
of our holidays were spent in search of the
right place to build
an all-the-year home, and
evenings in making plans for a house
which we wanted simple, comfortable, con-
and individual and to face so that each room would have sunlight at some
time of the day.
Just a year ago, in answer to an especially urgent call of the country, we seem almost to have been led to a site so exactly right in every way as to admit of no further doubts. selected an architect who has a strong feeling for the picturesque, combined, curiously enough, with an ability for planning conveniences. The result is a nine-roomed house of
rough, cream-colored stucco, distinctly
the little front stoop.FURNISHING THE lish in character. while the paths. and others with bluish-green shutters. are also painted with its EI DtNn^G-Poot-t ITAt-x- 7^\ ^ OrncE cdlit. numerous casement windows that open outward. The outside doors and the gate. because by it was de- . built-in chimneys topped by red chimneypots. I have described the general character of the outside of the house. which repeats the red of the chimney-pots. porch which opens out from the living-room are all of ordinary red brick. All and the floor of the of our own ideas were carefully incorporated is into the plans. which opens through a stucco wall.aife The ground plan of a nine-roomed suburban home green. so the result thoroughly satis- factory to us. NEW HOUSE 35 long sloping roof lines.
36 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME For example : termined in a large measure the treatment of the interior. hexagonal tiles to match the front door as nearly as possible. from the is and as a curtain for this door there a panel of creamfilet lace. by having walls. arates the vestibule A glass door sephall. but as a wall decoration there is a Delia Robbia lunette of brightly colored porcelain. colored crepe. there is a tiny ves- keep out the east winds in the winter. This vestibule is too small to contain any furniture. with insertions of . but since the front door is usually open in warm weather the vestibule is made a continuation of the outside of the house. the floor being tiled with bluishgreen. ceiling and woodwork painted tibule which helps to pORCK GoeStJ^om GvxsTRjon Bed Room \ IsJ The second floor of the nine-roomed house cream white.
the mirror and shadow-boxes above in the lower tile it.FURNISHING THE NEW HOUSE is 37 merely a passageway. there is always some sort of plants or bulbs the white pottery jar that stands on the landing of the stairs also usually contains either a plant. in As —the gayest little design im- There are enough touches of black the design to make it possible to have the hand-rail of the banisters. flowers. On the ledge of this window . swimming ducks and flying birds. vases of flowers. sunf ast material. painted a deep cream which are only seven and a . not a room in which one ever spends much time. all on a white background the hall in our house shot with silver aginable. as well as the electric fixtures. color. all in black lacquer. or green things from the woods. The runners and upper halls are alike. of a Chinese design of darkest blue on a neutral groimd. we decided to have on the walls a decorative paper in a Chinese design showing wee islands with bluish-green willow trees. tiny pagodas. the hft-leaf table. the ceilings. in the hall. The large case- ment window halfway up the stairs has cur- tains of cream-colored crepe close to the glass with over-curtains of rose-colored. as in all of the is The woodwork downstairs rooms.
room are in burnished brass. On the floor there are only two oriental rugs in tones of deep blue and rose color. The electric fixtures. the left of the door as one enters the it and opening from is by a pair of French This room faces the living-room. are tinted a cream white. andirons. and the dull red bricks. polished. south and west. waxed and hall. half feet high all through the house. A and of the other rooms of our house. are the shelves for plants. which harmonizes well with the mahogany furniture. Close to the glass in as at the all the windows.38 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME The floors are of oak. as well French doors that open onto the porch. I have draw-curtains of thin unbleached muslin. Nearly of these shelves are six inches wide. but in the bay the east end of the living-room the window at shelf is much . and other small furnishings of feature of the living-room. east. The over-curtains are of a rather heavy silky material in a dull grayish rose color. and hearth-tiles of the fireplace. fire this irons. so on the walls I have used a grayish-tan fabric paper with a glint of gold in it. edged with a narrow cream fringe. window which we had made for all all of the windows. To doors.
with- out the use of center ceiling lights.FURNISHING THE wider than this. The open shelves bring the books on the level of the eye. in which to we used burn oil. There are only a few pictures in this room. always so unbecoming and so undesirable for ordinary use. thus making them an im- . when candles wax it possible to light entertaining. In the center of the is floor is a plug to which attached our double student lamp. for daytime reading. The sun pours into this window the greater part of the day. but for books and magazines as well. two side lights besides the ones in the bay window. Two other base plugs for lamps. NEW HOUSE 39 used not only for plants and bulbs. so we have two large winged chairs here with their backs to the hght. Over the back of each chair is an electric side-wall light. mainly Japanese prints that repeat the colors in the rugs and other furnishings. so that one may read at night without changing the position of is and the chairs. and four wall sconces holding twelve the make room brilliantly. The only piece of built-in furniture is a bookcase extend- ing to the ceiling and occupying a space that could not be used for any other piece of furniture.
The curtains . ways filled with plants or bulbs. On the west side of the room there are three casement windows to- gether. THE DINING-ROOM A small impressionist painting of which we are very fond determined the treatment of our dining-room. all painted alike with many coats of oil paint in a very deep cream color.40 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME portant part of the decoration of the room. projecting out about a foot. with touches of rose. enclosed by drop doors. The colors in the picture are tones of greenish blue and cream color. The two pairs of French doors opening into the hall and dining-room have curtains of cream-colored crepe gathered between rods placed at top and bottom of the glass. hung and as a living- room cannot be too restrained in treatment we felt that the dining-room would be the best place to have it. A twelveis al- inch shelf placed beneath the windows. Beneath the open shelves are three shelves for magazines. as well as the moldings set on to panel the wall spaces and ceiling. the woodwork. so as a background for it we had the rough plaster of the walls and ceiling. picture We wanted for once to have this alone in a room.
This syiiniictrical arrangeinent is not too restrained for a dining-rooni Decorated rag rugs and French prints hung add color to this room zvith ribbon .
For general use our dishes are of the plain green Sedgi ware. is of mahogany in the Hepplewhite design. very similar in character to the use no rug. . service plates and plates for special courses having a design of birds. and at either side of them is a small shelf holding a pot of English The furniture of this room ivy on a trellis. Four candles in silver candlesticks are used on the table at night. design of the hall paper. French doors curtained with the same material as the window hangings. and which really gives a more pleassilver service We ing effect. the shield-back chairs having seats covered with bluish-green leather. Some of this same Chinese silk gauze is used on the table between meals.FURNISHING THE : NEW HOUSE 41 are very simple merely two side strips of bluish-green sunfast material joined by a narrow valance run onto the same rod between them. The four side-wall lights are finished in silver to harmonize with the old which ornaments the sideboard. merely a polished floor which is very easily kept clean. The panels at either side of the windows have as a decoration strips of Chinese embroidery mounted on bluish-green gauze. with a centerpiece of fruit or Opposite the windows is a pair of flowers.
As we and drain-boards are of white enamel. First of all. Directly above the sink are two large casement windows and an electric fixture. we have a white kitchen that is. and I think that is because I thoroughly enjoy arranging a kitchen. not only for dishwashing and the preparation of food. the light falling over one's left shoulder stove. I like to make everything as convenient as possible.42 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME THE KITCHEN Of all the rooms in our house the kitchen seems to make the most general appeal. the walls and woodwork are painted white. country and have an allgas stove. sink but for the actual cooking as well. While I do not want this room to be cluttered with a lot of meanI like to the ingless things. as so many kitchens do. when at the At the left of the sink and hanging above . and then room as picturesque and amusing as possible. which give light in the daytime and after dark. The live in the . I to make do feel that it is legitimate have a few purely decorative objects which have no other purpose than to make the kitchen smile at one instead of frowning.
heavy all supplies pots for occasional use are kept. On this same bench I keep the enameled dish pan and the drainer. even though they are duplicated in other parts of the room. Matches. and on it are canisters containing salt. large dresser A contains shelves. are within easy reach. I find it convenient to have a low bench near the sink on which to keep an enameled pail with a cover. spoons. coffee pot. . skewers. tea strainer. tea. eggbeater. while below. in on the ample cupboards. plate-scraper. a spatula. so that the ordinary seasonings are never out of reach. At the right of the stove I have a shelf. A shelf that is a part of the stove holds a salt shaker. cocoa. and a bottle of paprika. soap shaker. lemon squeezer. such as a mop. bottle brush and soap dish. Small sauce pans. and canisters that are normally used near the sink. sieves. sugar. while on the right are metal and glass measuring cups. and flour for sauces.FURNISHING THE dish NEW HOUSE 43 the drain-board I have the utensils. pepper grinder. which is used for waste and emptied once a day into the garbage can in the yard. holders. quite low. and other utensils that one needs when working at the stove are right at hand. then scalded. grater.
a chintzlined tray hanging on the wall. pots of bright red geraniums on the window sills. and opening out onto a back porch. and bluishgreen chairs with roses painted on the backs. THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME curtains at the The windows are made of un- bleached linen crash. all help to make the kitchen a jolly place in which to work. and below it hang copper dishes and Painted canisters for cakes and pies.44. This rail is edged with narrow blue and white lace paper. with all utensils needed near it hanging on hooks. The telephone is in the hall only a few feet from the center of the kitchen though Brittany bowls. even the ice chest and the bucket for the ice cream freezer having received a coat of the s^me . separated from it by two doors. Bright-colored in the German transparencies hang windows above the sink. and on a narrow rail all around the room is a row of decorative plates and other pieces of gaily colored china. or placed on shelves conveniently near. with borders of Russian darned work. Just back of the kitchen. in a block design. is a little room where the ice chest is kept. In this room the woodwork is all painted a bluish green like the outside door. a painted clock with weights.
all have cross stitch designs of baskets of flowers. cream. as well as the cover to the bedside stand and the Italian linen towels. ceiling. woodwork. so that even in this NEW HOUSE 45 most utihtarian room pic- the colors harmonize ture. The pictures are all French prints in tones of greenish blue. is the guest room. The walls. . toilet articles The on the dressing table are of ivory which has taken on a rich color like the walls. framed in dull gilt and suspended from the molding by turquoise blue ribbon. which I particularly enjoyed furnishing.FURNISHING THE paint. colors in this border are repeated in the oval braided rugs. and rose color. and thus complete the ONE OF THE GUEST ROOMS Directly over the dining-room. and furniture of this room are deep cream color. The dressing table cover. and having a western exposure. At top and bottom of the wall there is a very narrow border of The turquoise blue ribbon and pink roses. which I quoise blue made from strips of tur- and cream-colored rags. The four-post bed has a coverlet of turquoise blue and cream in a quaint design of roses and leaves.
a bonnet box covered with paper like that on the walls. with overcurtains and valance of blue and white Japathere nese toweling. held back with bands of faded chintz. are of white enamel. while the washstand set being of clear glass matched the room exactly. At the windows. is At the win- dow a white sash curtain. has walls and woodwork painted with white oil paint.46 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME if it too. The blue is repeated in a rag . even those of the elec- tric lights. with over-curtains of turquoise blue linen. are the small furnishings for this room which distinguish it from the other sleeping rooms. besides dark green shades that looks as are used only at night. Salmon pink geraniums on the window sills. and trimmed with the same little ribbon borders. THE BATHROOM The bathroom. the fixtures. I have Dutch or double sash curtains of unbleached muslin edged with cream fringe. and a door knocker of green bronze in the shape of a charming angel figure with long tapering wings. The electric fixtures at either side of the dress- ing table are finished in cream white enamel. which is at the head of the stairs. The floor is of white hexagonal tiles.
THE maid's room The woodit On the third floor there is a pretty room with sloping sides and dormer windows. which does not open into any other room and which to all of them. and it is in this welllighted room that I did my work for the Jour- . having a ceiling paper with a tiny conventional design in yellow on a white ground used on walls and ceiling both. there is an extra room. THE OFFICE On the first floor of our house. is in brown also. at the same time is accessible It has one window to the east and two to the north.FURNISHING THE rug on the tion: floor. carried out a yellow . help to make the maid's room as inviting as any room in the house. NEW HOUSE 47 and in a single wall decoraa porcelain "Bambino." white on a bright blue ground. The rugs are in two tones of brown the furniture. yellow. and green. so in I and white color scheme. Several pictures in tones of brown. The curtains are of chintz in a design of small yellow roses and green leaves. work is the natural pine varnished. with the exception of the plain white iron bed.
THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME Here I had my samples. everything so my my typewriter. with the hope that I had succeeded in helping other women to get an atmosphere of simple beauty and comfort into theirs. as not to have the "office" atmosphere reach any other part of the house.48 not. Each day after I had finished telhng my correspondents what to do with their houses. I closed the door of my office room. and passed out into my own dear home. files. that I needed to do my work comfortably. my reference books. .
PABT TWO .
walls. but too often the knowledge of the easiest way to go about the work. lighting fixtures. may not be generally known that less than ten per cent. and the countless other afford to who can things that require much thought in the equip- ment It of every house. upholster their furniture. but when their houses are to be equipped they must use inexpensive furnishings and do the actual work of finishing the woodwork.INTRODUCTION The average book on those the subject of house is furnishing and decoration of use only to employ experts to decorate their walls. Their home-loving instinct gives them enough strength and enthusiasm for this work. prepare their floors and woodwork. pictures. and give advice on the selection of rugs. not only do all or most of their own housework. of the women in the United States can afford to keep even one servant. and furniture themselves. floors. The other ninety per cent. hangings. as well as the im51 .
I was brought into intimate touch with the home-making problems of many who. all of which I answered personally. Even their pur- chases had to be logues.: 52 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME agination necessary for a really charming result. but the writers House'* lived in such isolated places that sible to it was imposcata- get professional help. Through the thousands of letters that came to me from women in all parts of the world. My Little eyes were opened to these facts during the years in which I served as editor of "The department of the Ladies' Home Journal. made from samples and extracts The following some of "I from answers that my letters of advice called forth. had no way of getting much-needed advice." like a differ- "I have continued to use the old walnut set . is lacking. Often the question of money was not involved. speak for themselves going to follow your ideas almost to the letter as you seem to have caught the spirit of am my real need. except for this free service." "I have already arranged the furniture as you suggested and the room looks ent place.
most charming nur- sery imaginable.INTRODUCTION gested for the walls and the room 53 but have used the chintz and the color you sugis lovely. picture it tell so quickly what the color scheme in the is when I here to room could not a mystery." "I have already started on curtains my dining-room and can close my eyes and see that pretty room as it will look in a few weeks. My ugly fireplace is a thing of the past. You gave me so many new ideas. How you. can should be. dear lady. I followed your advice had tables made of pine. due. to your kind helpfulness. and . used the Japa- nese toweling for curtains and covers." "Your letter quite transformed my whole vision of the nursery about which I wrote you." my satisfaction. looks. and the than ten dollars. as I followed your advice and it worked in beautifully. so far away." From a bride who married a poor man. "You would be trouble could well rewarded for your you see how attractive our din- ing-room closely ." "I feel I am indebted to you for life." "You have fect selected just the colors for per- harmony my room. I shall follow every suggestion. and I know the less whole thing cost result will be the prettiest.
My husband's salary will be $75 a month. I finally put them into concrete . *'Your personal experience helps me a lot. and kitchen utensils that will be to be a real I want necessary for a five-roomed house?" After making out numerous lists of equip- ment in accordance with salaries of from $50 a month upward. were unable to help her with advice as to how to live in her small quarters. linen.54 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME from a large house went to live in a few rooms. it home. so for is her benefit I quote a letter which typical of hundreds I received: "I am about to be married. Could you send me a list of furniture. and I dare say I shall become so wedded to few rooms that I shall be pitying my less fortunate sisters. and having worked in an office ever since I left school I have had httle chance to learn much about a house. Her sisters. china. Now that I am to have one of my own." Should sort book fall into the hands of the of person from whom I frequently rethis ceived letters no object" —she —the person to whom "money will probably be struck is by the obviousness of much that I have to say. who had both married men with money. so I turn to you for advice.
the thing which gives a house charm is its individuality. By giving attention to line. nished with the cottage furniture will be in as good taste as one furnished in the most expensive way." the amplified substance of which I give in Book II of this volume. the simplest furnishings will produce delightful results. The prices given will enable you to adjust your A house furselections to your own circumstances. not to be governed by prevailing fashions nor by what your friends or neighbors are using in their homes. color and comfortable arrangement. As each house is a law unto itself. The following letter contained in each pamphlet expresses its purpose THE LADIES' HOME JOURNAL INDEPENDENCE SQUARE PHILADELPHIA EDITORIAL ROOMS Dear Madam: In answer to your request for suggestions booklet is this sent to you. you will be wise. The important thing is to have your home honest. to explain the uses of the va- rious rooms of a small house and to give a list of appropriate furnishings for those rooms. After all. called "The Little House.: INTRODUCTION 55 form. . Do not select cheap imitations of expensive furnishings. when selecting its equipment. in a loose-leafed pamphlet.
56 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME it so do not feel that the outset. The Little House Editor. within Lilian Bayliss Green. that in the life lived end it may it. be an expression of the family Cordially yours. . Let it must be completely furnished at grow with your needs.
a rug. in addition to the abovefloor should and the named article.CHAPTER I Suggestions for Furnishing the vestibule THE color. The furnishings of the hall should. therefore. a small table or chair and a mirror. The walls oil should be painted with paint in some warm be tiled or covered with inlaid linoleum in tile or mosaic design. THE HALL Through the front door one gets one's first impression of the occupants of a house. 57 . carefully chosen. only furniture necessary in a vestibule is a rack for umbrellas. The if walls may be done in a landscape paper one wishes to make the room appear larger. be It is a passageway rather little than a room and requires very furniture. If the vestibule serves also as the only hall it should contain. or in plain Colonial yellow if a bright effect is desired.
75 6.00 6. J2 O^ « 0-2 r^TS"'' P 3 r^^ PI'S ^o. It is better to have comforta- . .. .40 5..00 9.50 60... Furniture El ^ « g eS go r^.. 60. This room should represent the tastes which the members of the family have in common. Avoid color.75 13.50 16. 5 Table Mirror Straight chair Chest .^ . preferably the using rocking-chairs in the living-room.50 19.50 $9.50 13... liv- gray-gi^een or gray itself in a very bright ing-room. .00 6.75 3.50 op...75 3..75 22.50 Sofa Grandfather's clock Settle .00 18.. They give a restless look and take up more than their share of space.00 4... that is Tan or cream good in a room inclined to be dark. is better than a figured rug for this room.- $3. One large rug in two tones of one same color as the walls.. .. ..Sm rt-s-^ si ft o'sog Oftft© rPao $6..00 18. .50 8. Telephone stand ..25 3.58 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME ..T5 3..75 $8.75 THE LIVING-ROOM In houses or apartments of but five or six rooms there is usually but one living-room.00 2.a o.25 27.. The first requisite of such a room is that it should be restful... . It is therefore advisable to use a wall is covering that is plain in effect..
. " \ The this silver service zvell zvith harmonizes Heppleivhite side- board Attractive furniture can be made by a carpenter and painted at home .A buffet made from the top of a kitchen •ahinet and a kitchen table .
a writing desk or table.25 7.00 100.00 22. Plants are always appropriate to use in sunny windows. all a sofa.75 O P C8 Table Chair $4.00 . a sewing table and a piano are appropriate furnishings for this room.00 2. $17.75 11.O $15.00 1.50 2.00 35.50 17.00 1. Bookcase Sewing table Tea table .75 9.50 3.00 15.SUGGESTIONS FOR FURNISHING or willow chairs with cushions of chintz.00 250.75 8.00 Sofa Armchair Desk chair Desk .75 9. and pictures of common interest.00 17.00 5.75 19.00 55. 59 ble armchairs. if this used as curtains. Furniture (O s® el w o S tic I w •f o o I— CS t> w ^ 03 X a> 0) e] O. while open book-shelves. .00 38.25 6.00 25.50 9.00 5.00 5.S o.00 6. Footstool 2.50 20.St3 OP.75 21.00 28.00 $50. Use very little bric-a-brac. Nothing which does not actually contribute to the beauty of the room should be allowed to find place there.00 450.00 3.00 6.00 Wood box or rack 200.75 5. framed in polished wood or dull gilt frames.00 6.00 45.00 . Piano Music cabinet 6. upholstered in plain material. help to make the living-room attractive. with a good reading lamp on material is A it roomy is table essential.25 .00 90.
60 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME .
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURNISHING . The walls should be light in color. with small floor. One set of draw plain. curtains. and the wood- work white if possible. rag rugs on the makes a charming bedroom. THE BEDROOM The first requisite in the furnishing of this room is that it be fresh and clean. In the dining-room figure. without having them just chintz. of figured chintz if the walls are and of plain-colored material if the walls have a small figure. Unless the room must be used as a study or sitting-room in the daytime the furniture should be reduced as much as possible. alike. it is best to use a rug with a small the hangings should be of a plain color to em- phasize the predominating color in the living- room This brings the two rooms into perfect harmony. although dull-finished mahogany in Colonial designs. and to the usual bedroom furniture should be added furnishings of a girl's The young . 61 darker than the walls the hangings and chair covers since may be of chintz. The furniture may also be white. is enough for each window. bedroom should be carried out in her favorite color.
hangings. .00 12. do his studying and develop his hobbies. a chiffonier. work table and bookshelves.00 20.00 2. ^°u $16. bookshelves.00 16.. writing and one or two small rugs will complete the furnishings of the boy's bedroom. . should be very boy usually has a collection of trophies which need the plainest sort of a background in order to prevent the room from looking cluttered.00 ^2-sS $18..50 16.. et cetera. Mattress Box spring Crib (iron) Crib mattress Pillows (pair) .00 20. .00 ..75 16. The bedroom for a growing boy should be his own sitting-room and study as well: a place where he may entertain his friends... to be used as a couch.. table an armchair.00 20.00 12. $9.75 3. .. lamp. r.25 to 25.75 9. Instead of the usual bed he should have an iron-framed couch.00 20.62 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME a desk..00 2.10 .00 12.00 12. . couch cover.10 to 25.10 5 2-sS $21.. The walls.75 9. which in the daytime may be made up with a plain dark as a cover with cushions.35 to 16. .00 2.75 3.75 9.00 to 25. plain.75 1. Furniture fa O O V ^ Bai Bed .
Home-made 4..00 6. .00 75.75 27.75 7.50 U P Franklin grate or andirons wood or coal .25 15.. .00 11..75 2.50 6..00 60.. (no Chair Rocking-chair Waist box Desk Armchair Couch Bookshelves Cheval glass Stoves Gas.00 2.00 9 88 >t OB a C3 e3 (U ea eS b ° .00 10.00 12.00 36.00 12.50 10. .. 20..00 36..00 18.25 op. ..S« o*^® 22.75 14.00 6.50 16.50 9.00 4.25 67.00 2.00 20.50 3.75 2.57 12.50 9.00 9.00 Coal.75 .00 coal $15.25 5.00 100.75 9. 5.00 5.00 39.50 2. 55. ft 5 ^ u Ph a O P< <3 (U Bureau Washstand Dressing Chiffenier table .00 20.50 15.. 17.00 $30. . Wood Wood or . .00 26..75 9.75 3..00 48.50 12.00 (High Boy) .50 9.00 .75 13.75 1.75 16. $ 5. $35.00 5.00 Box spring Crib (iron) Crib mattress Pillows (pair) Bureau Washstand Dressing table Chiffonier (no mirror) r.50 11.75 25.00 8.00 (iron frame) (box) Home-made 9.25 7.50 .50 25.75 6.00 36.75 4.25 50.1 . Mattress $55. mirror) .00 12. .2 !=• ^ c8 °*i'^ p] »- OP Bed .50 (enamel iron) .75 8.50 6.25 14. .SUGGESTIONS FOR FURNISHING © « 63 ^u t^vO V tog p) o mc3M el o^ So'* 'Ot:!-* tS'd'^ « 3 a> «> o. 10.00 $56. .
50 6.50 25.00 8.50 25. shoehorn.25 4.00 24. brush. small powder-box.00 6.50 7. CORRECT ARTICLES FOR WASHSTAND In addition to regular crystal this is toilet set of china or the place for bottles of toilet water.50 16. stud-box. tooth powder.64 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME Chair Rocking-chair Waist box Desk Armchair Couch Bookshelves Cheval glass 10.50 28. These may shell. THE SEWESTG-ROOM Even in a small house there is extra room which may be fitted sometimes an up as a sewing- . pintray. medicine. tortoise ivory or Parisian ivory. comb.00 20.00 8.00 60. buttonhook.00 (built in) 50. pic- ture frames.00 20.50 Correct Articles to Use on a Bureau or Dressing Table Mirror.00 21. etc. be of silver. ebony. talcum powder. powder-box.00 50.00 9. hair-receiver.00 13.00 8. nailfile.00 60. clock.
Furniture Sewing machine with table flat top to be used as a dressing $20.25 Chair Box couch Chiffonier Mirror against a door Low rocking-chair without arras 13.25 1. Because there is so much lovely blue-andwhite china in use many persons feel that they want dining-rooms with blue walls. . one has an almost ideal arrangement.00 1.SUGGESTIONS FOR FURNISHING 65 room in such a way as to be very convenient and practical. with hangings. box underneath.38 Cutting table. a settle Clothespole THE DINING-ROOM which the family assembles several times each day to enjoy its meals together should be the most cheerful room in the house.50 Tilt top to be used as 6.75 3. This is usually a mistake. and at the same time so attractive as to serve as an extra bedroom occasionally.00 11. in The room particularly on dark days and at night.25 9. By using Colonial yellow on the walls. rug and decorative china in blue and white. as blue used in large quantities absorbs the light and makes a room gloomy. This room should be kept as light as possible and should be so furnished that it may be easily kept clean.
50 6.^•2 .2 <=> CIS i 0) ^Table Chair .00 4. dcn -. Furniture to * So© '5^ >. .P< o . It is better to use a simple flat molding or paneling than to crowd a plate full of inharmonious objects.66 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME There are many charming landscape and foliage papers on the market which.00 2.50 8. Plate racks will always be a solution for reducing the apparent height of an overrail high ceiling. « O >4 P.50 $1 2.2 — o. but with bulbs or plants blooming on the windowsills and with of hangings semi- plain transparent col- ored material.50 7.00 6.s o o S ftp. used without pictures against them. . A plate rack easily made that can be used above a serving table rails or make mOSt .75 8.>^ rt .s a * ® c? OftO $30. la .75 12. .50 5.ja w o a .00 .75 10. u ^ O S 3 es cs f3 *co ^ cs. light I ul rooms.75 9. •.75 9.® 5..75 . Serving table $9. Armchair .95 $10.
50 Stoves Gas. Wood or High chair 18...00 15...00 $15...00 16...00 Coal.. .SUGGESTIONS FOR FURNISHING u 67 sis It pi u ^ o « Mid ffi'S <» tJ _ OS Buffet China closet Serving table on wheels Screen . Wood.75 2. $ 5.75 3.50 coal 25..50 .. . . 17.
00. .68 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME ting for one of the finest arts ery.10 1. double boiler .35 .00 10.15 .00. stand .00 . $11.35 Small glass washboard . .00 (drop leaf) . $1.00 Small Table Chair electric ...45 .20 . .00 49. .60 square yard..00 scrub 30 Small covered pail garbage 35 .50 2-gallon kerosene can . printed. 1.87.. Kitchen cabinet $38. Rack 6 1 for dish towels large canisters .50 Q pie plates enameled .. $9. inlaid $2. $40.30 Broom and 1 quart freezer brushes ice-cream Roller for towel . copper. $15..75 . wood.10 .25 56. .00. Chopping machine Large saucepan . Furniture stoves— Gas Blue-flame kerosene Coal. $6. $10.50.10 1.60 . INITIAL SUPPLY OF SMALL FURNISHINGS Small-sized ironing- board $0.30 clock .00.10 . 3 ..25 (white enamel on steel) $1. graduated enameled or nickelhandled dishes 2 covered earthenware enameled casseor foles . gas Coal and wood $2. or cov- ered with washable material.20 Small bread board . .10 Bread box 50 . .60 Wire bottle Small rolling washer pin . $30. square yard. —the art of cookin color.15 Clothesline and pins holder and 2 irons.10. Galvanized-iron $1. Alarm pail Wooden 1 iron skillet .. the The woodwork should be hght walls should be painted with oil paint.00 (white enamel on steel) Linoleum 60c.00 (white enamel) . salt .75 Ice chest $7.75 33. . this also in a light color. . 1.10 . .25 Dish drainer 2 dishmops Scrubbing brush . $39.10 .70 . box .
gray. or gray-green.40 .45 graduated small saucepans Glass butter jar 6 popover or custard cups Soapdish . that it is not as neces- The floor should be bare. as it would be unreasonable to suppose that the average small house would have rooms enough to provide both a day and a that has to be used room night nursery which. etc. however. .10 . but that sary as the sun. to make the room dark without keeping out the air. The walls should be painted with oil may paint if possible. . egg beatcorkscrew. 69 30 . . . so .35 . forks. Soap shaker MuflBn tins Vegetable brush Granite soup kettle .15 . with outside blinds which for the daytime nap may be closed.and dressingroom as well. lemon er.20 . . squeezer. Such a room should have one or more sunny windows.05 .SUGGESTIONS FOR FURNISHING 4 small canisters . is the ideal ar- rangement where possible. If possible there should be a fireplace.25 . in some light. Plate scraper . . I shall confine myself to a by the children both as a playroom and as a sleeping. be kept free from dust small rugs may be provided when the children wish to sit on the floor.50 THE NURSERY In describing the requisites of the nursery of a small house.50 3 3 sheet-iron pans to use as roasting pans Dishpan (fiber) . at- tractive shade of cream. 5. 30 25 Knives.
If there is a little wall space left near the floor. chiffonier with plenty of drawers completes the necessary movable furniture. and one that a "grown-up" will appre- when visiting the nursery. Such a stationary blackboard is A a source of endless delight in early attempts at drawing. will be required. and enclosed by a molding. For the chil- dren. made of plain oiled wood preferably. with a slip cover of gay flowered chintz. and if the children are to be taught to put things away after they have finished using them. A comfortable winged chair. as it may be made up with a dark cover to be used in the daytime as a comfortable sofa. a low table. but it is quite all right to leave the windows in this room free from hangings if preferred. but every nursery should have low shelves and cupboards built for toys and books. ciate is a picturesque addition to this room. of chintz or of some plain-colored washable material. instead of a permanent . may be necessary to soften the light. it is well to select a "day-bed" for this room. figure and letter making. if the room is to be kept neat. After the crib stage has been passed. and a chair apiece. it should be blackened.70 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME Simple draw-curtains of plain white. As a wall decoration.
to be may be pasted kept as souvenirs of childhood. I suggest having parallel moldings about ten inches apart placed across at least one wall space. the higher of which should have grooves cut at regular intervals to admit the insertion of pictures. and after serving this purpose they in cambric scrap-books. and marked in much the same way. On this stick a comparative record of growth may be kept. which a child will in time outgrow.SUGGESTIONS FOR FURNISHING frieze of * 71 'Mother Goose" or "Alice in Wonderland" pictures. and the stick should hang on a door casing by means of a hole bored into the top. These pictures may then be selected to suit the age of the child as well as the season of the year. At the top of each stick should be the initials and age date of the child. This space should be covered with glass between the moldings. It is such things as this which give a homelike at- mosphere to the family dwelling. and if the family moves away these interesting records little may be taken along. For each child there should be a ''growing stick": a piece of wood twice the width and more than twice the length of an ordinary yard stick. . or passed along to other children for use in their nurseries. burned into the wood.
figured rugs and figured hang- Don't use ings in the are plain. One . but in tea rooms and club rooms as well. or the other should be plain. same room. even though the walls on a wall with a dishave few ornaments and very pictures Don't hang tinct figure. Don't use figured "glass" curtains and fig- ured overcurtains at the same window. Don't use figured hangings in a room with figured walls.72 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME SOME "DON'ts" for THE AMATEUE DECORATOR On seeing the same mistakes repeated again and again. not only in the decoration of houses. Don't use more than one design in the of cretonne same room." Don't have too many figured walls in the same house. Don't have figured walls in two adjoining rooms unless they are treated as one room and the same figure is used in both. it is evident that the mind of the amateur decorator needs to be impressed with a few important "Don'ts. plain ones in such a room.
and by having decorative china on a plate rack in the kitchen. 73 large figure in a Don't use many different colors or figures on the walls of a small house or apartment. with a simple molding to match the rest of the woodwork. An effect of space will be obtained by having the walls in all the rooms done alike in some The rooms may be made plain light color. Don't use the walls of a striped or large figured paper on room with sloping ceilings. a plain or small figured paper on walls and ceiling both. having a symmetrical arrangement of pictures in the hall. by using narrow borders in the bedrooms. having neither molding nor border. for example. where walls and ceiling meet. never on the walls of a north room. Use instead. .SUGGESTIONS FOR FURNISHING Don't use paper with a small room. Don't use blue in large quantities. Don't use a drop ceiling or a wide border in a room that is nine feet or less in height. by having the walls of living-room and diningroom paneled. distinctive by. In such a room the best treatment is to have the walls plain up to the angle of the ceiling.
74 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME Don't use much mission furniture in a house. . Stationary pieces such as desks and bookcases are the least objectionable but pieces of furni- ture that must be lighter weight moved less about. should be of and clumsy to handle.
over-decorated brass fixtures are the rule. The cheaper as a rule. the following suggestions as to the placing of them in accordance with the requirements of each room may be of use to those thought. inverted bowls. the fixture. and flimsy. so placed that the light from them the is not only most unbecoming. Ghastly domes. Besides selecting fixtures as simple and inconspicuous as possible. but in houses built to rent. the ignorance and lack of is taste displayed in the lighting fixtures appalling. more ornate it is. who have given the subject little In the vestibule it is correct to have either a The hall is an side-wall or an overhead light. 75 .CHAPTER II Lighting Fixtures WHEN ings in each fixture is planning one's own home it is comparatively easy to select and place the lighting fixtures to conform to the furnish- room and to the use to which the to be put. but practically useless.
it is a lantern gives a softened well to have side lights in addition. light. in Overhead hghts except room night.76 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME appropriate place for a decorative lantern of a design to harmonize with the general scheme of the room. As especially at the head and foot of the stairs. there should be baseboard and floor plugs for lamps to be placed conveniently on tables. and one above and at the left of the stove. The most attractive way to light the diningroom. is to have side-wall lights for general lighting. with candles on the table at dinner at The is kitchen is the one is room in a house in which a strong light desirable at all times. and even in high rooms they are seldom used except when entertaining in a formal way. library or music-room. or on the piano. Side-wall lights are usually sufficient for the general lighting of the rooms with very high ceilings. There should be a strong light directly above the sink. One of the most important things is to have plenty of light where it is needed and when it is needed. and everything here should be thought out in such a way as to f acihtate work. desks. There should be another in . are not needed. In a living-room. It a laboratory.
Where electricity is used. In a bathroom. There are some places in which this serves an admirable purpose.LIGHTING FIXTURES 77 front of the ice chest and one in front of the supply cupboard. there should be a light in each closet. used to conceal the light and to reflect from the ceiling down into the room. while in bedrooms there should be a light at either side of each dressing table or bureau. it lighting of a private house. lighted. as for example in stores. and too much of coming . and where an In the illusion of daylight is to be desired. Light is it stimu- lating to the nerves. as well as a candle or lamp on a bedside table. and hotel corridors. a hght at either side of the mirror above the washstand is all that is required. banks. railway stations. we are now in the midst of an epidemic of inverted alabaster bowls. there are other things of greater importance than merely hav- ing as much hght as possible. Needless to say every flight of steps in the house should be well Having passed through a period in which leaded glass domes were rampant above the dining-room tables in nearly all rented houses and apartments. where it is necessary to use light in the daytime.
. or the table on which our meal served. with the the page light directed eyes and focused on the away from the book we are reading. if we allow ourselves in this respect to be governed by nature. by using low lights after sun- We down. we is are writing.78 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME dilates the pupils of the eyes from above and produces anything but the restful effect desired shall make no mistake at the end of a day.
the manufacturers see to it that fashions in curtain fabrics change as often as possible. which means that new and unfamiliar types of windows are used. Good if taste is governed by 79 suitability. for there are always women cri. who from are unhappy unless everything they have is clothes to curtains the dernier Some one has aptly said that the difference be- tween having things in good taste and having them fashionable is that if they are in good taste one will not be ashamed of them next year. I is am led to believe that the cur- one of the most puzzling to women who are furnishing their homes. This is due partly to a change in architecture. Then. too. so that the newest things in curtain materials hap- .CHAPTER The Hanging III of Curtains FROM the tain problem fact that fully a quarter of the letters that come to the Ladies^ Home Journal decorating department are in reference to curtains.
first. way as to let in as much light On the other hand. The question of suitability depends upon the height of the window. so long as the charm of the interior is not sacrificed. and is not a thing to be decked out like an over-dressed child. as those who . they should be used. the view. is A light window designed primarily to let in and air. The important consideration is how to get just the desired amount of light and air from each window in the daytime. and that is right to a certain extent. It usually contains the only it window to the front hall. so should be cur- tained in such a as possible. the opens. and the way it way the windows in adjoining rooms are curtained. the glass in the front door of a house. Some persons consider the outside appearance of the house when choosing their curtains. why they should not be selected but so long as they are service- and not be discarded simply because something newer is on the marable. and how to screen the room adequately at night. Let us consider. ket.80 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME to be right for the is pen windows in question there not the slightest reason . in layer upon layer of ruffles and lace.
voile. These considerations have led to the use of very thin materials such as scrim. the curtain should match the one used in the front door. If there is a vestibule door with glass in it. thin China silk. This is the one place where a rather elaborate curtain is permissible. filet lace is sometimes stretched across the glass. it is very important to be able to see who is at the door without being seen from the outside. . A L Effective curtaining for the old-fashioned type of high window with insertions of filet lace. or a panel charmingly wrought of coarse linen.THE HANGING OF CURTAINS 81 do their own work know only too well. r r r r "1 r r r r r r_ L Diff'erent types of doors require different curtain treatment or net. gathered tightly between rods placed at flat panel of top and bottom of the glass.
above the used.01 the wmdow. tarlton. a lower look may always a question to be determined by the person who is doing the decoratvalance always makes a window look ing." close to the ances should be used to produce it. voile. unless Dutch curtains are used. then valcurtains. batiste. shorter and broader. and consequently the windows. Shades are almost a necessity. and if the windows are nar- row be obtained by the use of overcurtains and deep valances. cheesecloth. the ceihngs. hang Lhi are usually hung from a rod. if a shade is The materials for these curtains are muslin. because it is trying on the eyes to have light coming from above. theatrical scrim. . fixtures of Curtaining which does not keep out the light which are plaCCd iu the rUU „ . scrim. net. If that is the desired effect. casement cloth.82 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME built from twenty to forty years ago. . lower appearof fashion : it is A ance. are apt to be very high. The use of a valance is never a matter as well as high. thin hnen. the . shade. The "glass m i: p? those that I glass. and a number of them used give to a high room a cozier. . either ruffled or plain. Such windows In houses require a special treatment. un- .
or they may be drawn apart. but they may either hang straight down. 83 There many ways of hanging these curtains. Three types of over curtains with or without a narrow heading at each end.THE HANGING OF CURTAINS bleached cotton and plain China are silk. The usual way to hang them is to have the fix- tures placed in the center of the corner of the . or they may be hung as over-curtains are hung. and caught back or not as preferred. with the material stretched between the two rods. while another way is to have a rod at top and bottom. used to help furnish a room by adding color and variety to the side walls. as well as to soften the light. any of the ways just described may be used. They usually reach only to the sill. to act as shades and when drawn together at night. Over curtains are. as a rule. When but one set of curtains is used at a window. Sometimes they are caught back in the center with bands of the same material. drawn together across the glass.
The curtains may be run onto the rod by means of a narrow hem at the top. should be run onto a separate rod.84 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME The rod should be large to hold the curtains with- upper outer casing. or they may it be suspended from brass by means of small placed about If it is rings three inches apart. if one is used. Otherwise the valance may be set in between the two side curtains on the same Sunfast materials suitable to use for over- rod. The fixtures should be as inconspicuous as pos- sible. or tacked to a narrow board alSixed to the top of the casing. desirable to draw these cur- tains together at any time. but for the ordinary window and with the an inch thick is sort of fabrics used now- adays a sohd brass rod about three quarters of usually all that is required. and strong enough out sagging in the center. Decorative loindows should have 'plain curtains a valance. curtains are now to be found in a great variety .
.One of features bathroom closet the best this of is the clothes hamper and linen supplies for Plain iro)i bedsteads made sightly by covers of chintz that match the ivindoiv hanging <.
"t: •^ c: iv j^ ^ .
Linen. cottons. Java and India cloth. velvet. and after fre^ quent washings. plain or figured. weaves. and countless novelty fabrics. silk. On the other hand I have English chintz that has been in constant use for ten years. denim. chambray. and weights. as they are very wide. and. for even before they are washed. made to draw together by having small brass rings at the top. velour. their suitability depending upon the room in which monk's they are to be used. if colored material is to be used. I have tried inexpensive domestic chintzes and it is like throwing money away. one-half the width is usually enough for each For sunny windows it pays to side curtain. buy the best.THE HANGING OF CURTAINS of colors. unbleached . pensive. rep. 85 ex- The more imported ones really do resist the action of the sun. cretonne. they have faded so that the room looks shabby and colorless. are used for over-curtains. DUTCH CURTAINS These are simply a separate pair of sash curtains at each sash of each window. Suitable materials for these charming little curtains are English casement cloth. the color is as bright as the day it was bought.
86 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME Over-curtains of plain-colored material muslin or linen. cheesecloth or English net. so that they may easily be drawn together. Casement windows much used nowadays give much that are so Regulate trouble on account of light in high case- ment windows by Dutch or double curtains their very simphcity. . used in every window of the house. This sort of curtains takes the place of shades and gives a very harmonious efor of figured chintz fect if may be used. scrim. that shades may hard to believe be dispensed with and that one It is is set of curtains is all that really required. If the window opens outward. and Curtains of thick material hung on rings take the place of shades with casement windows thus take the place of shades. but if the window opens into the room. They should be hung by small brass rings. the fixtures for the curtain rods should be placed on the casing above the window.
stretched tightly between rods placed at top and bottom of the glass. In this case. in which case the curtains for them correspond to the curtains of the windows in the same room. and sufficiently closely . not only as outside doors. so when the window is opened. but they are by no means essential. it is really necessary to have portieres in order to inIf there is The 'primary use of portieres is to insure privacy sure privacy at times. the curtain comes with it. stands to reason that the material used for the purpose should be of sufficient weight. As it that is the chief reason for using portieres.THE HANGING OF CURTAINS that 87 the fixtures should be attached to the sash. it is customary to have curtains of thin material. PORTIERES an open space between rooms. French doors with small panes of glass are being used more and more. but between rooms as well. Portieres are sometimes used at either side of the doors.
but I have been in towns where such things are shown at the "general store" as be- ing the "latest thing out. denim.: 88 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME woven. monk's cloth. It is hard for the enlightened to believe that some people still use rope portieres. velour." . to act as a complete screen. The materials that are best for these door curtains are rep. heavy linen. and the sunfast fabrics that go under various trade names.
.CHAPTER IV Floor Coverings floor coverings IN selecting considerations. Hand-woven rag .00 9. 3 by 6 feet Rag . A small therefore. $1.00 6. machine made. 3 by 6 feet Brussels rug. Scotch wool rug. .75 7. East India drugget.00 35. .00 LIVING-ROOM In a living-room the floor covering will be worn all over equally. the quality should be good. 3 by 6 feet . there are several The design and important quality should be governed by the treatment the rug will necessarily have. 3 by 6 feet .. two tones of one color or in several harmonizing colors will show dust and wear less than a plain surface would all-over symmetrical design in do. 3 by 6 feet Saxony. 3 by 6 feet rug. . .00 8. . .00 9. rug. HALL A hall rug or carpet will receive hard wear..50 4. Since there is always a 89 . 3 by 6 feet Oriental rug. 3 by 6 feet Hand-woven wool rug.
9 'by 12 feet 200.00 . A There is crumbs and spots too no objection to having a din- ing-room floor quite bare. If several domestic rugs are used in the same room they should be exactly alike in design and color. . indefinite figure. particularly if the walls or hangings are figured. Rag .50 rugs.90 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME and forms in a living-room it variety of colors is well to keep the floor covering as plain as pos- sible.00 Scotch wool rug. . . 9 by 12 feet 36. but they should be as nearly as possible in the same tone. be selected in as good quality as one can afford. 9 by 12 feet 43.00 to 45. . It should. the rug or carpet may have a small. It is not well to have a perfectly plain rug in a dining-room.50 to 25.00 Hand-woven wool rug. differ in design. If small Oriental rugs are used they will. .00 East India drugget. 9 by 12 feet $8.00 up DINING-ROOM dining-room rug gets very hard wear in spots. if the floor is well fin- . . Oriental. Good Living-room Rugs Crex or grass rug. . . of course. . . If they are plain. A rug with a plain center and a darker is border of the same color excellent in this room.75 Brussels. 9 by 12 feet $10. 9 by 12 feet 50. therefore. 9 by 12 feet $14.00 32. as a plain surface shows readily. 9 by 12 feet Saxony.
..00 . The best coverings for this room are $8. Plain Chinese mataccount of the lint On ting makes a clean floor covering when the boards are not in good condition.75 Brussels. 3 by 6 feet East India drugget. 9 by 12 feet $10. Oriental. 3 by 6 feet Oval braided rag rugs. 3 by 6 feet .00 35. 3 by 6 feet Oval rag rugs have become very popular lately. 3 by 6 feet Saxony. 91 excellent Inlaid linoleum also makes an floor covering for a dining-room that receives very hard usage. 9 by 12 feet 36..00 Oriental. . Small rugs laid where most needed are more hygienic in sleeping-rooms than are large rugs and carpets. 9 by 12 feet 32. . . . and when carefully designed and made .50 8.00 8. Although it is in good taste to use a carpet or one large rug in a bedroom. 9 by 12 feet 200.00 the following Small rag rugs. . so that it may be dusted every day. 9 by 12 feet Saxony..00 East India drugget. .50 Crex ingrain rug. .: : FLOOR COVERINGS ished. 9 by 12 feet 50.00 Rag rug.. .75 2..00 to 45. BEDROOM which accumulates in bedrooms it is a good plan to keep the space under the beds bare. the preference lies among $1.
This left a strip one-half inch wide. with the rough side kept underneath when as I braiding. bathrooms. and to make tiny ones for her dolls' house. In this rug. working the colors in to carry out the design I have in mind. 92 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME artistic.. then pressed with a hot iron. and braided enough to form the oval center. par- ticularly those furnished with Colonial furniture. cut in one-inch strips the may width of the material. One of the chief recommend them is the fact that they may be made at home without the use of a loom even be easily taught to do certain processes of the work. I began with the blue. The rug in the lower photograph facing page 41. washable. of either woolen or cotton rags in fast colors. In simple houses. and kitchens of any house. I made of deep cream and turquoise a child blue cotton rags. living-room and dining-room. these rugs are often used even in the hall. Each strip I folded under a half inch on each side. the size being governed to things to suit the need. sewing the sides of the braid together with linen thread on the wrong . and suitable to use in bedrooms. so I always join mine go along. they are serviceable. It is easier to braid if the strands are not too long.
the third strand of blue was left out. The center and the outer stripe ought to be the same color. After carrying this around the rug. After going around the rug once more. . the whole process was reversed. I decorated it with roses and green leaves made of strands of cotton crepe in two shades of pink and two of gray green.FLOOR COVERINGS side. was used. I left out one strand of blue. then another strand of blue was omitted. and the braid became solid cream color. going round once. When my rug was done. until solid blue was reached again. and substituted one of cream. 93 and holding the work rather loose. enough. and so on back to cream. so as to avoid unevenness when the rug is laid out on As soon as the blue center was large the floor. until the rug was the required size. and a second of cream.
I will omit. and these I select from an open stock pattern that may always be found. but in starting out.CHAPTER V Tableware and Silver have SO many things the sideration in to be taken into con- selection of tableware. which . in dishes. I do not advise getting a whole set of one pattern. silver 94 and glass. one of the charms of a meal is to have a variety in the dishes from which the different courses are served. there are many things. I will give a is of my own of tableware that differ so adequate. for there are certain things which must of necessity match exactly. list To be specific. mind. My way in the long run will not be any more expensive. as each person's requirements much. The numbers each. To my For this reason. when it is necessary to replace anything that is broken. that in giving lists of what seem to me the essential things to buy at the outset I will at the same time tell my reasons for choosing as I do.
hot milk jug. and cups and saucers in Indian Tree design. omeThese are the only open stock dishes I have. to be used also for chocolate.TABLEWARE AND SILVER may as lots. to be used alone or under glass plates. luncheon plates (used also for breakfast and salad). eggs. or other breakfast dishes. Soup plates of decorated German ware. Coalport teapot. Three casseroles of plain green Chinese pottery with covers. in white and green. 95 well be bought in half dozen as in dozen Plain green Sedgi ware: Dinner plates. to be used also for cereals. salad bowl of plain Italian potcruets of Vinegar and china. At first glance I may seem to have a hetero- geneous assortment of makes and designs in . a small platter to be used for lettes. Desert plates of Doulton semi-porcelain. bread and butter plates. oil French decorated After-dinner coffee cups of Minton ware. Design of birds and flowers. coffee cups and saucers. Bouillon cups of Limoges in white and green. Deep green tery.
no two designs ever appear on the table at the same time. The modern little cut glass that one usually sees. using my A salad bowl of plain green pottery. but when in use. Italian GLASSWARE The excellent reproductions in pressed glass of Colonial designs. glass that is make it possible to use rather heavy and very inexpensive. has to recom- . For example. as a substitute for china.96 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME my dishes. and the figured oil and vinegar cruets simply give a variety which is pleasing after the main course that was served from all green and silver dishes. while any one of the figured dishes looks well with the plain green ware. Sedgi plates of the same shade of green and figured cruets give variety to the meal bowl of plain green pottery. I like to make it on the table. The Sedgi plates are the same shade of green. when I serve salad.
GLASS. butter... In fact. to use commonly. there are other articles of daily use . so is pressed glass really to be preferred to cut one is so fortunate as to have some of the genuine old English glass which was cut This would be too precious in simple designs. so long as the design is good and the plate is heavy enough to give good service. 97 mend this for the designs are poor as a rule. etc Pepper shakers for use in making salad 1/3 dozen coasters to be used under iced tea glasses . SIL\^RWARE no objection to the use of plated silver. COLONIAL PRESSED % 1/2 1/2 sherbet glasses dessert plates finger bowls 1/2 Sugar bowl and cream pitcher Disn for lemons Dish for nuts dozen dozen dozen dozen tumblers Pitcher Candlesticks Vinegar and Berry dish oil cruets % l^ 1 1 dozen iced tea glasses dozen individual salt cellars large plate large cream pitcher 3 plates for cheese. the pressed glass would be desirable for everyday use.. TABLEWARE AND SILVER it. so that even by these fortuglass.. unless nate ones. even though it is thought best to get solid is There flat silver.
. pie. lemon.. lunch. Candlesticks In addition tain little to the lists given. .. salad..... . bonbons.. - PLATED VTARE Covered vegetable dish (cover dish by removing handle) Platter Pitcher Coffee pot Toast rack Small tray Sandwich plate Silver may be used as a <... fruit.. ... to select in plated silver at the outset. t.. in the saving from breakage alone. . etc. . . there are cer- things that may be used on the table . Sugar tongs ... . .•. etc 1/2 dozen after-dinner coffee spoons 1/2 dozen bouillon spoons 1/2 dozen butter spreaders 1 gravy ladle Saltspoon .. : Tea strainer . . ..98 that THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME it seems to me wise.) knives 1/2 dozen dessert 1/3 dozen table knives with steel blades and ivoroid handles Carving set to match steel knives 14 dozen table forks 3 fancy spoons for jellies.. . having the design conform to that of the flat silver. etc '2 fancy forks for olives. . bowl Egg steamer Bread or fruit tray . . 1 1/^ dozen teaspoons dozen dessertspoons (used for soup also) tablespoons dozen dessert . 4 1 forks (used also for breakfast..
which he is sure to apa useful as well as preciate. . they are done to a turn. For ex- ample.TABLEWARE AND SILVER for the sake of variety 99 and diversion. and bis- I like to use an oval wicker basket with a napkin in it. rolls. For serving French muffins. is to be seasoned. Teakwood stands are stead of tiles attractive to use in- for holding a hot tea or coffee pot. as well as to hold a bowl of flowers in the center of the table. for after pouring boiling water over the eggs. An egg coddler of Britannia ware or plate is an ornamental device. during which time one may attend to toast. For fruit in the center of the table I sometimes use a charming oval basket of wood. and may then be opened by the man of the house by the use of an egg opener. painted white and sparingly decorated with green. bone spoons for eggs will not tarnish as silver ones will. they are placed in the coddler onto the table where after about five minutes. grinders may be used in order that the pepper may be obtained by grinding the pepper corns directly onto the real flavor of black food that cuit. and other things with a free mind. Then instead of pepper shakers.
It is well to have at least two of them in reserve. and I prefer a cream to a staring white background for most of my table arrangements. ture. but for everyday use I like better small cloths of creamy unbleached linen. . and absolute cleanli- A bare table of plain wood. heavy but rather coarse in tex- Arranging a table is to me like painting a picture. for general use. It is the tendency nowadays for table decorations to be more individual and less stereotyped and conventional than formerly.100 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME of the chief delights in visiting One friends. set with crude pottery dishes and coarse unbleached linen will be picturesque and inviting if things are spotlessly clean and symmetrically ar- ranged. for there are times when nothing else does so well. TABLE LINEN This brings me to the consideration of linen for use on the table. Here I take exception to the use of large tablecloths of pure white damask. without departing from the only hide-bound requisites: those of order ness. my and also in traveling in foreign coun- tries is to see the ways others have devised to make their tables interesting and individual.
Table Linen 2 dozen 22-inch napkins. such as one buys for dish towels. No list has been given for kitchen linens. Floor cloths.TABLEWARE AND SILVER LINEN 101 Many young women wish to know the necessary amount of table and bed linen to provide when preparing for their first housekeeping. runners and napkins are to be made by hand of unbleached linen. The list given is meant for persons with aver- age incomes. at $4.25 a yard Two-yard square asbestos or cotton flannel pad for table 1/^ dozen square teacloths dozen table runners for breakfast 1 dozen white fringed napkins 4 tray covers 1 dozen finger-bowl doilies % 1 dozen plate doilies . durable and easy to launder.50 a dozen (Luncheon napkins at $1. With insets of imitation filet lace these are very attractive. The quality should be the best The breakfast that one can possibly afford. at $1.00 a dozen 2 dozen 12-inch luncheon napkins. at $3. but it is well to have a supply of linen tea towels and roller towels. pot holders and cheesecloth dusters should also be provided in abundance.00 a dozen if made by hand of coarse linen) 2 two-yard-square tablecloths.
with one extra one in the house 9 spreads for each bed.102 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME Bed Linen 4 sheets (extra long) for each bed 4 pillow cases for each pillow 1 mattress protector for each bed. 1 down or lamb's-wool comforter for each bed 1 pair of blankets for each bed. with 2 extra pairs in the house 14 dozen plain huckaback towels for each person 3 bath towels for each person 1/2 dozen washcloths for each person 1 bath mat in the bathroom. 2 in reserve .
or singly if the space A 103 small picture may be suspended by a brass ring screwed into the center of the top of frame or by an invisible wire. and yet there is nothing that can so easily detract from is THERE the beauty of a room as pictures that are un- wisely selected or badly hung. in groups if is They may be hung is the wall space small. large.CHAPTER VI Pictures and Other Ornaments no subject pertaining to the house upon which it is so difficult to give suggestions as the subject of pictures. . The wires should be as near the color of the wall as possible. the hanging of pictures Large lel pictures should be wires from the picture hung by two paralmolding. Small pictures should be hung somewhat lower than larger ones. The cenon the level of the ter of the picture should be average eye.
Some dealers will even send pictures on approval to those who can furnish some satisfactory business reference. etchings. no excuse for using any but good pictures nowadays. will send illustrated catalogues of their pictures from which selections may be made. reproductions of woodcuts or of blackand-white drawings. for a small sum. There is. rThere are a number ers who.104 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME it In either case hangs from a tack driven into of Eastern picture deal- the wall. colored architec- tural drawings or Japanese prints. Color reproductions are now within the reach of the most modest purse and in selecting reproductions of paintings it is better to have them in color than in black and white. If one especially prefers black-and-white pictures it is better to get photographs of good specimens of architecture. have pictures such good decorative portraits. In a hall with plain walls. sculpture or scenery. a few general suggestions may as prove helpful. If the . While a list it would be useless to attempt to give of suitable pictures to use in the different rooms of a house. therefore.
women or Reprochildren are apt to prove satisfactory.PICTURES AND OTHER ORNAMENTS hall has a figured 105 paper it is best to have a mirror and possibly a good plaster cast in ivory finish as the only wall decoration. ductions of landscapes. will be sacrificed. The bedroom is the right place for personal things such as photographs. restraint In the hving-room the greatest must be exercised or the restfulness. religious pictures and family . or mural decorations are also good. family will be likely to tire. While it is correct to hang pictures in a diningroom it is well to make this room distinctive by using on the walls decorative china. If the wall spaces really need a decorative treatment select pictures of which no member of the Reproductions in color of famous portraits of men. brass. diplomas. senti- mental pictures. so impor- tant to that room. allegorical pictures. copper or pewter and by having the windows filled with growing bulbs or flowering plants. The frames may be in dull gold or plain wood to correspond with the woodwork or furniture of the room. the din- ing-room is an excellent place for them. aside from association. If one has family portraits which have real artistic merit.
On the table have also a pencil and a leather-covered hall pad. The hall lantern or wall sconces may also be selected in harmony with other furnishings and have distinct decorative value. Carved oak frames are also good when they harmonize with the other furnishings. rative value. On the hall table have a brass card tray if the hardware is in brass. It will cost no more than an ordinary wooden umbrella rack.106 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME which have associations but no deco- portraits. for bric-a-brac is a thing of the Select the necessary small furnishings to beauty as well as utilwill be needed. a silver one if the hardware is nickel or black iron. . of a ity home with an eye and few other ornaments HALL For umbrellas select a plain pottery jar to harmonize with the color scheme. The frame mental. for the hall mirror may be orna- Colonial designs are good as are also hand-carved frames done in dull gold. ORNAMENTS The rage past.
Waste-basket. bronze. Dull pottery vases for flowers. . Wall sconces or electric sidelight^. Book ends for made of wood. Clock in a simple. found tapestry and to be Library shears and paper-cutter in a double sheath of leather or brass.PICTURES AND OTHER ORNAMENTS LIVING-ROOM 107 In the living-room the following articles are indispensable and each one should be carefullyselected : reading lamp high enough to throw the The best light properly when one is reading. French Matchbox. the table are now brass. Terra-cotta window-boxes for plants. with plain sage green glass shades and duplex A good lamp can be made by using any piece of pottery of the right shape and size fitted with an oil font or electric burner and with a shade of plain silk or of Japanese rice paper. gilt or leather. plain design of wood. is A a double student lamp in brass. reading lamp burners. plaster. crystal. Desk appointments.
lie A handsome portfolio for music may MANTEL ORNAMENTS There is no fixed way for arranging ornaments on a mantelpiece. Woodbox Andirons. and should be made of the same material as the table-cover. but if any are used they should be low and heavy so that they will not shake when the instrument is played. Sewing-box or basket. No ments are required on a piano. The orna- piano is to be treated as a musical instrument rather than as a piece of furniture. but it is well to have the arrangement as dignified and symmetrical as possible. candlestick at either end with A . but if a cover is used for an upright piano it should fit the top of the piano exactly. The piano may be left bare. velours or sunfast fabric in plain color. Table-cover in Hnen. Cushions. on the piano with a low jar of flowers at either end of the top of the piano in case it is an upright. the edges bound with old gold gimp.108 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME or basket. rep. Fire irons. brocade. Ash receiver.
although there using a pair of is no objection to I- ^ <S) (i) .PICTURES AND OTHER ORNAMENTS a simple clock or vase in the center is 109 a good ar- rangement.
a waste-basket. shining copper pots or pans. fruit or flowers for the center of the dining-table. KITCHEN Decorative china. there are necessary in bedtoilet articles. BEDROOMS Very few ornaments rooms. There should also be a water pitcher and drinking-glass on a tray on the bedside table. and linoleum in attractive design are the ornaments of a well-planned kitchen.110 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME other china and glass in the pantry ex- Keep cept at mealtime. enameled kitchen utensils. Plant. a desk set. something green growing in the windows. Plants or bulbs growing in the windows. a lamp and candlesticks. should . Candlesticks in glass or silver to be used on the table at night and kept on the serving-table or buffet during the day. a sewingbasket. curtains of figured chintz. Besides the regular always be a matchbox conveniently placed. Silver for the sideboard.
she will do well expert. Each member he is given some part of the daily routine for which held responsible. but he should be considerate in not making work for another to do. in order that the does her woman who own work may do it well and yet have time left for other things.CHAPTER VII System in the Household system of housekeeping is good that does not take into consideration the habits of the family in question. After doing all she can to perfect her to consult a own system. therefore the best way to do is for each housekeeper to make out a system of her own to fit conditions which it is NO impossible to change. in book written by a housekeeping order to compare notes and get of the household should be added suggestions. This is where good breeding and character count for much. Some one has said that the test of a Christian 111 . Not only should each one assume some definite part of the work.
towels folded or put into a hamper if soiled. et cetera. plain white paper napkins. open the windows and leave their rooms in good order. When school. assorted nails. but they may be hang up their night clothes. In a drawer. in as neat a condition as when tub and basin clean. There should be a shelf somewhere with a roll of wrapping paper on it and a ball of stout twine near at hand. and each person after using should leave he found it . screws. . to air their bed clothes. THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME way he leaves the washstand after using The bathroom should be put in good order it it the once a day. paper plates and cups in readiness for an impromptu picnic lunch. screw-hooks. it is well to keep supplies such as paraffin paper. picture hooks. It should contain a hammer. tire children have to go very early to it is not possible for them to take en- charge of their rooms. hatchet. A tool chest may easily be improvised from a shallow box and hung against the wall in a convenient place. early taught to Conveniences should be provided at the outset to make it possible for each one to do his part with the least possible confusion. picture-wire.112 is it. screw-driver. tacks.
dust- pan. there should always be a supply of safety matches and ash trays kept in a convenient place. brush. so that even a guest may consult it conveniently. It will be found very convenient to have a place on the second floor to keep a broom. a clean blotter and a well-apclear space on which to write. bottles is 113 A large bottle of ink should be kept on hand may be filled when Library paste easily made and a quantity of that.SYSTEM IN THE HOUSEHOLD from which smaller needed. in each house A . Above where all. If the house is in the country where trains and street cars have to be used. too. it As pins are constantly being needed. is convenient to have a pincushion in every room. Near the telephone there should always be a pad and pencil for taking messages. it is well to have a schedule posted somewhere. should there be a place some- where one may always find writing materials. dusters and cleaning fluids. to save having to carry them up and downstairs. In every living-room there should be something provided for newspapers when not being read. If there are smokers in the family. should be kept on the sup- ply shelf.
clean blotters. it is important to go through the work often enough to standardize each process. so as to know how long it takes. pen tray containing both pointed and stub pens. Whether a woman does all of her work or employs a servant to do it. a writing pad with envelopes to match. the same person making herself responsible for keeping magazines in order on the table and for disposing of them along with newspapers after they have been used. a calendar A and a book of stamps. before making out a definite schedule to be followed each day. It should be some one's regular duty to see that such a writing always in order. smoothly running home may be the result. These may seem like trivial things. are the only requirements.114 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME is pointed desk the ideal thing. orderly. a little co-operatable is tion on the part of the various members of is the family necessary in order that all details may be so looked after that a pleasant. Such a schedule should then be typewritten and framed under glass to be hung in a convenient place on the kitchen wall for reference. but failing that. but in the house with no servant. a table will do very well so long as the chair on which the writer sits is a proper height. .
115 WORK FOR Wash SPECIAL DAYS M. Set table for lunch 1 p.30 P.SYSTEM IN THE HOUSEHOLD (sample) schedule WORK FOR EVERY DAY 6 A. M. Rest scald dishes and put away SATURDAY Baking Preparations for Sunday . Get up Dress Air bedroom Put living-room room in order Set table MONDAY clothes Scrub kitchen. Serve lunch Clear table THURSDAY table if Brush under necessary Clean silver. M. M. Set table FRIDAY General cleaning Clean one room thoroughly each week Prepare dinner 6. WEDNESDAY Mend and put away Sew clothes Do 12. brasses. work for the day M.30 special p. mirrors Prepare vegetables and dessert for dinner and windows Wash dishes Scald dishes Empty kitchen garbage pail Scald garbage pail Put away dishes Sweep kitchen Rest Dress for the afternoon 6 P. laundry. M. Serve breakfast Clear table Wash and Make out menus scald dishes for the TUESDAY day Iron clothes Do ordering Make beds Clean bathroom Dust rooms Empty waste baskets Water plants Put away dishes Arrange kitchen 9.30 A. Serve dinner Clear table Wash. M.30 A. bathroom and cellar stairs and dining- Dampen and fold clothes Prepare breakfast 7.
A calendar and a clock on this same wall will concentrate all information as to what is to be done and when.116 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME side of this schedule should hang a pad with cord and pencil attached upon which may be written the needed supplies. a hook for supply slips and a scale with which to verify weights At one are conveniences that all kitchens should have. A shelf for cook books and card catalogue. . and at the other side should be hung the menus for the day.
unsightly chair of which the padding is good but the surface worn and faded may be concealed by a slip cover of washable material which need not be expensive. sew on the machine.CHAPTER VIII Ugly Things Improved or the Art of Making Use of What Is at Hand BY An using imagination and ingenuity. may be slipped off Baste or pin the edges together. then cut close to the seam. allowing plenty of the material around the seat and arms to tuck in so that the cover easily. many things about the house may be so transas to be not only formed more useful but really good-looking as well. Now turn on the right side and make a French seam around all of the edges. This strength117 . These slip covers are not difficult to make simply : lay the material on the different surfaces of the chair with the pattern wrong side out. but so placed that the design best suits the spaces.
To hide this rod narrow ruffle of the chintz was tacked to the edge of the board. Below the waists. a . there was room for several small packing boxes.118 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME The al- ens them and acts as a finish as well. On top of the shelf were two as well as the rings of the curtain. whole cover should be made rather loose to low for shrinking. a curtain of chintz was suspended by brass rings from a brass rod placed under the front edge of the board. In a bedroom which lacked a closet. and coats were hung. a very roomy one was improvised by having a board placed across an otherwise useless space. and there should be a valance of the same around the exposed sides of the bed. Chintz or any plain washable material that harmonizes with the room may be used. skirts. Between the cleats a pole was placed from which innumerable waists. It rested on wooden cleats placed six feet above the floor. To hide all this. The spread should be of the same material as the slip covers. so long as it has sufficient body to conceal the frame of the bed. The same method of making slip covers may be applied in making them for the ends of iron beds that have become scuffed from hard usage.
A day bed that takes up little space and conceals another single bed by its valance wlk A complete kitchen that measures 30x40 inches. board covers the stove at the left A white .
of a roo)ny closet that utilises otherwise useless The dress and hat boxes on the shelf are covered witJi the same cJiintz as the curtains are made of .Two views space.
these I From For wood made designs which a carpenter readily carried out for me at a very small cost. A similar space to that described above. The two long shutters made paneled doors for it and at the top I had a simple . In this way two beds were made to occupy the space of one during the daytime when this room was used as a sittingroom. placed high enough to allow a low cot on castors to be run underneath. there was a valance of material to match the day cover of the upper bed. the comer space I had seven triangles of cut to form the top and six shelves of a little cupboard. I asked permission of the landlord to use two of the long and six of the short shutters.ADAPTING WHAT YOU HAVE dress boxes 119 and two hat boxes. These were held by wooden braces. the fronts of but which were covered with the chintz. in the adjoining room. The valance was run onto a brass curtain rod which fitted into fixtures at either end. Old white inside shutters that were about to be removed suggested to me a way of using a very small corner in our apartment. To hide the lower bed. was utihzed in this way: being a six-foot space it held comfortably the springs and mattress of a single bed.
The flimsy handles were reglass and with the ugly ornaments removed. moved and simple The mirror. too. ugly mission magazine stand. tiny dining-room. kodak books. was hung on the wall above painted. Two of the short blinds I used to enclose the lower shelves of our open bookcase. and pamphlets. and giving it several coats of ivory colored paint. Here they protected glass and china that were in everyday use from dust. There was space on top for the light and a glass of water. Colonial ornament of This afforded space enough for glass. and which I used occasionally when entertaining in this room. made it an attractive bedside table for the guest room. . while below there were still other into shelves behind a little door. The other four short shutters I used to enclose shelves under a deep-set window in our silver. On these enclosed shelves we kept magazines. Removing the upper shelf from a rather high.120 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME wood as a finish. was ones used instead. the next shelf had room for books. china. An ugly oak chiffonier became a charming it piece of furniture after was painted ivory white and decorated with baskets of gaily col- ored flowers.
ADAPTING WHAT YOU HAVE 121 a dressing table made by placing a board of the right length on top of the sewing machine. which concealed the sewing machine completely when A not in use. but I hope I have given enough examples to illusso one could And %> fjnS^S * S^^X Showing what can be done with an ugly oak chifonier trate the point which I in this book: that am so brains may anxious to make be made to take the place of money. cut after the . and that the result of using them in connection with what one already has gives as a rule a home with individuality all and charm which those that are same pattern lack utterly. valance was tacked around the board. go on indefinitely.
flowers. and for those who enjoy flowers but do not care to spend much time over them. It lends itself delightfully to all sorts of ar- rangements. trained over a but is especially good when Bulbs also give excellent results. is or fruit for house decoration portion to the investment. Flowers and Fruits in House Decoration THE money thing is return in pleasure for a very out of all little spent for plants. The only care they need 13 trellis.CHAPTER IX Plants. The bulbs cost only thirty cents a dozen and even three placed in a bowl with enough pebbles to hold them straight and firm will give a charming result. English ivy it is a satisfactory thing to use as little inexpensive. 122 . to be will give the pro- The important on the lookout for something that touch to a room that corresponds is to the high light in a picture. bulbs. requires care and no sun. nothing is so desirable as paper white narcissus.
so that those who have no means of visiting greenhouses are not on that account barred from really beautiful things for decorative purposes. potted plants. and pale pink Murillo tulips are lovely. as In the fall autumn leaves. there are the ries. too. Geraniums. as for cyclamen. which are decorative Of and satisfactory. and colored ber- well as various kinds of evergreen. in I usually use bright red ones in the kitchen and salmon pink ones bedrooms where the color is right. are good for simple houses. as are pussy wil- and wild fruit blossoms in the spring. jonquils. but they are usually grown in pots of earth which to brought to the in and require a cold dark room form their roots before being light. I have always been very fond of old-fashioned fuchsias. that is about the best of all. When taking a walk in the country. Hyacinths. Bay- berry and laurel are lovely. In the woods it is possible at all times of the year to find things that will last a long time as house decorations.GROWING THINGS AS DECORATIONS 123 to have water about half the depth of the bulb. inits cluding juniper with lows. blue berries. for it blooms incessantly from fall till spring. I was . Chinese primroses are also good for certain rooms.
Cutting some of the black branches. where they were indeed just right between two silhouettes. . but the rest of the room all black and white. For a table decoration. I hurried home with them. and take the place of fresh Among flowers during the winter months. I had been on the lookout for something decorative for the mantelpiece of my room. The shape as well as the colors must be right. and the iridescent pods of "honesty" which are very Japanese in effect. themselves silhouetted against the plain white of the paneling. for there is nothing more fascinating than to arrange a basket with differently colored fruits. the hangings of which were of a gaily flowered chintz. just as if one were weaving a tapestry or a design in cross-stitch. eager to get them into a tall white vase and on the mantel.124 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME one day excited on seeing a low tree with very black scraggly branches and black berries. As a thanksgiving decoration. helichrysum. these are rodanthe. Some artists make a point of having in their gardens certain flowers which when dried will keep indefinitely. and exactly right for certain rooms. nothing is so symbolic as such a basket of fruit on the table. fruit has always ap- pealed to me strongly.
trained on a gives color and design to a plain wall Ivy trellis The panel under the ivindow at the right. forms the diningtable . zuhcn raised level zvith the sill.
from the full grown ones orations. electric bulbs of white frosted glass are the ornaments to be distributed through the branches. full. and stuck to the needles to give the illusion of a recent snowfall. the sticky kind that may be placed in around the stem of the tree. that will keep it firm and straight. Next comes the artificial asbestos snow. I have finally developed a system of procedure which simplifies the process and gives a really exquisite result. and silver. symmetrical tree with a standard of wood. or of iron. it 125 after the manner of Delia Robbia used appropriately on the wall or over HOW TO TRIM THE CHRISTMAS TREE MOST EFFECTIVELY After trimming Christmas trees for many years. If electricity is available. to the tiny ones used as table dec- I keep the colors all white.GROWING THINGS AS DECORATIONS with garlands of a mantel. The same method may be applied to any sized tree. To complete the first illusion. hang clear glass icicles from the tips . is and have nothing on the tree that to be re- moved until the tree is entirely dismantled. The first thing is to select a good. green.
held by small white should be put on rosebuds such as are sold for birthday cakes. is is called *'Engellocken" or Angels' Hair. to cover the ends of the Lametta and Engellocken.126 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME Then the silver orna- of some of the branches. fairy-like a mysterious. It made tip of and when hung from the it the tree. like frosted appearance that looks If candles last. cobwebs. they and for small trees I use the tiny white wax ones. tree is balls and the From now suspended a shimmering veil of *'Lametta. The latest discovery I have made and the thing which distinguishes apex of the my trees from any I have ever seen. a white Santa Claus. may be placed at the apex." which is made of thin strands of silver thread. and on it sheet should be spread A should be laid all of the presents that can be done up in white paper. tinsel ments are hung. Over everything there should be a generous sprinkling of mica snowflakes. To finish the top of the tree. of spun glass. around the base of the tree to cover the standard. and spread out as thinly gives to it as possible over the entire tree. are to be used. the strings of small being hung perpendicularly. holding a white candle. .
. i" " i ' J — I » i .GROWING THINGS AS DECORATIONS WINDOW-LIGHTING ON CHRISTMAS EVE 127 Having described the way to trim the Christmas tree. I cannot end this book without deceremony which I first saw while living on Beacon Hill in Boston. the place where this impressive old-world custom was first introduced. Like the municipal scribing also the ^T^F"^ ^ I „.
Before night it Not startled realizing that it was so late. the great wet flakes clinging to the branches of the trees. In one window was a Delia Robbia cast of the madonna and child in colored porcelain. every window of every house was lighted with candles. I was by the sound of children's voices outside. making a wonderful setting for what we were about to see. were three little girls singing "The First Noel. every window of which held a . or drawn well back tains are either taken and carefully watched.128 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME down. and as we walked we found the hill deserted and absolutely still. candle burning at either side of hill it." As far as we could see up the hill. a full moon and brilliant stars showing in a deep blue sky. At the top of the Bullfinch we stopped to admire an old house. but a picture to remember always the lights from thousands of candles reflected by the snowy street. turned much colder. a tall We simply had to see more. Standing in the snow beneath the lighted windows of the quaint old brick house opposite. for it began to snow hard the morning before Christmas. Conditions were perfect the first time I saw the window-lighting.
129 candle stick with tall wax Off in the distance we could hear a group of men and girls singing that lovely old carol. We then passed through Walnut Street and down into Chestnut. the doors with their fan-lights were outlined with ropes of laurel. Each house had an individual arrangement of candles. but no matter how simple or how elaborate the grouping. the air was vibrating with carols rung out by the bells in the Church of the Advent. leaving us thrilled by their simple music." On they came trudging past us through the snow. . come to listen to the carollers who made a quaint pic- ture reading their words by the light of pierced brass lanterns. Let Nothing Ye Dismay. **Come Rest Ye Merry Gentlemen. The streets were filling with people. the effect was always charming.GROWING THINGS AS DECORATIONS three-branched tapers. bunches of holly or wreaths of it hanging from the brass knockers. on either side of which the windows stripped of their draperies gave fascinating glimpses of Colonial interiors. Outside. As we turned back into Mount Vernon Street. where the snow-laden branches of the trees formed an archway across that picturesque thoroughfare.
^ . after the rush of shopping. the "Adeste Fideles. could get back to the real meaning of Christmas by placing lighted candles in their windows. I couldn't help thinking how sweet it would be if every one. Hi g: ^^3 o .(»'. the frenzied lastminute gift making. £ ^'^ * ." the Sisters in their black robes looking down from behind rows of hghted candles.. as a symbol of the of the if life One whose birthday none ever forgets: everywhere on that one night of all the year people could meet in the quiet. friendly way they met that night on the Hill.•. singing in Latin. all alike affected by the universal language of music and beauty.130 THE EFFECTIVE SMALL HOME In Louisberg Square they stood beneath the windows of Saint Margaret's Hospital. the sending off of packages.
A brass bed should be cleaned in this way. If the metal is solid brass same treatment as that given above. Rub off the oil with a soft cloth and polish with a dry duster. the rest may be removed with wood alcohol or any commercial paint and varnish it will re- mover.APPENDIX To Clean Porcelain Rub the inside of I the bath tub. instead of white shellac a "Brass 133 require the . covering every bit of the surface. bright and dry. To Clean Lacquered Brass article to be cleaned. dissolved in water. sink or basin with For bad stains. with a soft brush apply a thin coat of white shellac. but if the metal proves to be iron. then. Dust the To Relacquer a Brass Bedstead When some of the lacquer has rubbed off of a brass bedstead. rub with sweet oil. a cloth dampened with kerosene. quickly as shellac dries almost immediately. ornaments or hardware made of brass may be kept permanently bright by first having them clean. The work must be done Candlesticks. To Lacquer Brass sconces. use chloride of lime.
entire ceiling with this even be applied with a pad of flannel.134 Lacquer" if APPENDIX will original finish. Go over the though only a small portion of it seems to be black. then brush it off. but will not take the place of the thorfire. Dry salt. To Clean Chimneys Sprinkle two ounces of powdered sulphur on a bright This will remove much of the soot from the chimney. damp tea leaves or pieces of paper wrung out of ammonia water may also be used for the same purpose. it is possible to sweep without raising much dust if the broom is dipped in hot water into which a little turpentine or ammonia has been poured. To Clean Smoky Mix starch and water to a paste. have to be used in order to give the In any case the work will be easier the metal is heated slightly before the lacquer is applied. . cover over with a dampened sheet. To Remove Wax from Candlesticks re- Plunge them into hot water and allow them to main until the wax is soft. will then beat it and the dust Ceilings adhere to the sheet. Leave it until it The paste must is perfectly dry. it When obliged it to beat upholstered furniture without removing to the out of doors. ough cleaning that is required from time to time. How to Lay the Dust When Sweeping Carpets or Rugs or Beating Furniture Lacking a vacuum cleaner.
To Clean Curtain Rings and HooTcs Made of Metal If very much discolored. for five minutes. Rinse in cold water and dry in a room where there is neither fire nor sunshine. the safest dry bran rubbed well into the surface is with a flannel. the matting yellow. Iron on the wrong side. . then hang on a line in the sun until perfectly dry. To Prepare a Cloth for Polishing Silver Boil soft cotton or linen cloths in milk in which an ounce of hartshorn powder has been added.. 135 Take out of doors on a fine day remove the dust wash with bran water. To Wash Cretonnes and Chintzes Use lukewarm water in which a little bran has been steeped no soap. wring out well and dry as quickly as possible. To Clean Chintz. using no soap as that turns Rinse with cold water. Cretonne and Tapestry the covering is When thing to use not to be removed. dry as thoroughly as possible with dry cloths. APPENDIX To Clean Plain China Matting . Rinse in cold water and dry. Remove the cloths : plunge them into sil- cold water. To Run a Brass Rod Easily Through the Kern of a Curtain Place a thimble on the end of the rod. These cloths may be used for keeping it ver bright without cleaning very often. boil in a mixture of one part water to two of vinegar. .
fish glue. the floor may be marked off in tiles. Place in a covered tin box for twenty-four hours. A Good Furniture Polish Put linseed into a bottle equal parts of turpentine. Remove the articles. boiled oil and cider vinegar. . Go . Add a very little water. then paint over the surface with one or two coats of deck paint. and let them cool gradually. three-inch squares with black paint. . Glassware and Lamp ChwiPlace them when new in a kettle of cold water.136 APPENDIX neys from Breaking Easily To Keep Earthenware. Before with a coat of thick flour paste let using the varnish. Bring the water to a boil very gradually. To Clean Linoleum Add a little kerosene to the water with which it is washed: it helps to preserve the linoleum besides giving it a slight polish. either plain burlap or old brussels carpet wrong side up. then stretch over and tack down securely. Home-made Linoleum it Cover the floor with newspapers. finishing with a coat of good varnish. Keep well corked. To Make a Dampen Bustle ss Duster a square of cheesecloth with kerosene. to look like Home-made Glue Get sheets of for Use in Upholstering Furniture and melt it after breaking it into small pieces into the top of a double boiler. over this dry repeat. By that time the oil will be evenly distributed.
repeating the process until the spot disappears. Apply a little on a soft cloth. To Restore the Surface to Leather equal parts of boiled linseed oil Mix shellac. and to Restore Its Surface Equal parts of warm water and vinegar may be used to clean leather. or TexFabrics Cover the spots thickly with French chalk. To Remove White 1. Alcohol off. Apply with a sponge and dry with a soft cloth. and run a warm iron across it. a cloth out of boiling water. Place on the spot for an instant remove and rub till dry with a soft dry cloth. : Wring 3. to any plain or varnished furniture or woodwork. from Varnished Surfaces Apply olive oil and salt. To Remove tile Grease Stains from Wall Paper. Place a clean piece of blotting paper over it. . soda Scrub well with a solution of unslaked and water. Stains Made by Heat or Water. then wipe dry with a soft cloth. Polish. Leather: to Clean. or camphor applied quickly. Leave for half an hour. and white Apply very quickly with a soft brush. then rubbed To Remove Grease Spots from Plain Floor Boards lime. ^.APPENDIX 137 Shake well before using.
Etc. Put them into a pail of water. When peat several times. Oil To Remove Hard To Remove Fly from Glass stone. Chandeliers. Dry gently.138 APPENDIX sparingly with the white of an with a teaspoonful of turpentine. strain and apply to the woodwork with flannel. Qgg mixed To Polish Leather Rub the surface To Clean the Mica Linings of Candleshades slightly diluted with water. Let stand half an hour. For white woodwork and mirrors use whiting in the waPeel. Use vinegar If very black soak them for a while in the solution. go over the black part of the stove with kerosene. . To Clean Fainted Woodwork wash and grate a half dozen potatoes. Recold. Dissolve an ounce of borax in a pint of boiling water. sponge the soiled places with the using only enough to moisten the spots. liquid. ter. To Remove Rust from About once in Stoves two weeks. doing the work at night so as to get rid of the odor before morning. Use powdered pumice Specks from Gilt Picture Frames. ^ To Remove Use sal Paint from Glass soda dissolved in hot water.
This will keep a long time. Rinse the silver in warm water and polish with a dry flannel or chamois.APPENDIX 139 To Remove Tarnish from Nickel Make a paste of powdered pumice stone and sweet oil. Dry. To Clean Windows and Mirrors little A To wood alcohol added to cold water gives a brilliant polish without the use of soap. form a jelly. a poison chil- To Tint Cotton Fabrics Ecru or Cream Color Try with small pieces of the material dipped weak shade solution of is in a coff^ee. dip the material into the coff'ee solution. Soak the article over night in this solu- blues. tion. To Make a Good Silver Polish Shred a bar of good soap. and polish with a soft cloth. Set Colors in Cotton Fabrics Dissolve one ounce of sugar of lead in eight quarts of water. and when the proper dry. Add water and heat When cool it will slowly until the soap is dissolved. To this add enough whiting to make a cream. and should be emptied down a drain. As the sugar of lead it should be kept out of reach of dren. Rub the nickel with this. is It has a tendency to darken reds. obtained. yellows and and to lighten greens. and may be used on a flannel for polishing silver. Wring out and .
S. and a few drops of Have a half pint of boiling water in fire. in the sun. never be no- To Make Library of water. and paste will them over the spots. that is loose. Sift Paste Dissolve a teaspoonful of powdered alum in a quart through the fingers into the water enough a saltspoonful of powdered oil flour to give the consistency of cream. brush off the loose lime. and give the walls a thin coat of glue sizing. To Repair Wall Paper When papering a room. To Prepare Whitewashed Papering or Calcimined Walls for When Brush the walls with a weak solution of vinegar. a saucepan on the mixture. Remove from the and put away in covered jars. . so that they ticed. To Clean Piano Keys 1. and let it save some of the paper it fade slightly by putting spots show on the wall. and pull or scrape it off. When marred sible to it is then pos- tear off pieces of the reserve paper. resin Add of cloves. fire must not boil. alcohol. repeating the operation as often as is necessary.140 APPENDIX Walls all To Remove Old Paper from Pull off Saturate the rest with warm water. and stir It it Into it this. dry. strain is the above it until it like a thick gruel. Rub them with Rub them with split lemon followed by salt.
Mix three pounds of quicklime slaked in water with one pound of pearl ash. Pour a strong Let it remain until the stain disappears. 1 A Polish for Furniture. so this must be restored by the use of a stain before the polish is applied. To Keep When time. paint so that it may be scraped off.: APPENDIX To Remove Old Paint 141 There are many paint and varnish removers on the market. When this mixture is of the consistency of cream it may be applied with a brush and allowed to remain a day. 2. the follow- ing recipes for making them are given 1. Paint Brushes Clean brushes are being used from day to day. Floors and Marble . The acid will also remove the color from the wood. when finished with them for a wash them with strong soap and warm water and rinse them in kerosene. One pound of beeswax one pint of turpentine. To Remove Black Stains Caused by Water from a Hardwood Floor solution of oxalic acid on the spot. . The old paint One pound of sal soda dissolved in a gallon of boiling water and applied with a brush will soften As both of these mixtures are very caustic. may then be readily scraped off. but as they are expensive. Encaustic No. gloves and old clothes should be worn when doing the work. Melt the wax over gentle heat in a water bath. stand them in water.
marbles and bricks.142 APPENDIX soft. Sweep and wipe the floor free from dust. then add soda and remove from the fire. Polish a Floor Choose a clear day for the work. 5 quarts of boiling water 4 ounces laundry soap 2 ounces sal soda 1 pound beeswax Cut soap and wax fine. If a high polish is desired. When To remove from the fire and beat in the turpentine. Encaustic No. use in cleaning and polishing a floor at the same It floors as it must not be used on stained would remove the color. Stir often until dissolved. It will also remove ink from varnished surfaces. Have the encaustic warm and soft. varnished or waxed floors. Let the encaustic remain on the floor for at least an hour. Now polish with a weighted brush until a soft luster comes. put them into the water and place on the stove. Do not put it on thick. 2 To time. tiles. . Stir until cool. Dip a cloth into it and go over the entire floor with it. This method may be used with stained. This polish when heated and mixed with its own volume of turpentine may be used on floors. pin a piece of old carpet or flannel cloth to the bottom of the brush and go over the floor with this. then put away in a covered vessel. renewing the cloth when necessary.
Polish the oiled surface with a dry woolen cloth so that no surface oil Rub remains. this. the it will oil will be evaporated from the surface and become faded in well. Treatment of Furniture That Has Been Faded by Exposure to Sun or Hot Air If a piece of furniture stands near a window. oil the surit face with boiled linseed eral applications ble is rubbing Sev- may be necessary before the trouPieces of furniture thus entirely overcome. let . Javelle Water This may be purchased at a drug store. and full of fine lines. then rinsing clear water. but it may be made at home by dissolving a quarter of a pound of chloride of lime in a quart of water. with the grain of the wood. Dampen a woolen cloth with a good quality of boiled linseed oil mixed with one third its volume of turpentine. If the floors are new. and this may be done by dipping the material into it in Javelle water. 143 Floors Froperly the Have room free from dust. To Bleach Fabrics is It often an advantage to remove the color and design from some cotton material which has faded.APPENDIX To on 1. 3. exposed should have this treatment now and then to avoid this result. 2. To remedy oil. register or other heating apparatus. put the mixture on hot so that the boards will become saturated with it.
adding a tablespoonful to a boiler of waclothes by ter. Add to this a pint of liquid soda. .144 it settle. then put into botThis is used for whitening tles for future use. APPENDIX and pour off the clear liquid. It is also good for cleaning the sink. Let cool. When the water boils the soda will be dissolved. Liquid Soda Put a pound of sal soda and a quart of water in a saucepan on the fire.
Many of them are taken wholly or in part from the very reliable cook book the name of which is given — in the bibliography.APPENDIX T I II RECIPES AND SUGGESTIONS IHE X following pages of recipes and suggestions are for the use of those who are inexperienced and to whom a comprehensive cook book seems formidable. The table 145 . it would be possible to live for a long time and have plenty of variety without using in cooking. cake. either by themselves or as a basis for other things. easy to make. given. palatable. People of the greatest refinement live in such a simple way each day. When these things have been thoroughly mastered. it will be time enough to consult a good cook book for directions for more complicated things such as bread. By buying bread. are in the main economical. They require few utensils. and the other branches of housework have also been reduced to their simplest form. pastry and elaborate desserts. that they are not embarrassed by the arrival of an unexpected guest. I have selected only things which from personal experience are most frequently used. anything except the things for which recipes are here These recipes are by no means original. nourishing and attractive.
fussed-up cooking is avoided. but it is well to know how to make a few simple sauces which bring out the delicate flavor of certain things that would taste rather flat without them. which some one dresses on the table. I do not say that the way I give is the only way nor the best way.146 APPENDIX is set with as great care for a simple family meal of two courses. In each case I give what seems to me the easiest way to accomplish the desired result. but except for that nothing is needed to improve the looks of a piece of meat that is properly roasted or broiled. Most things are best when allowed to retain their own individual flavors. A deep bowl containing a generous quantity of crisp lettuce leaves. It is a good plan to keep on hand something green. The easiest way to entertain is to invite people to late in the come very informally for a cup of tea . Even when entertaining. and which looks like the colored pictures one sees in illustrated household magazines. as it would be for an elaborate dinner. a housewife may keep her family well provided without resorting to delicatessen shops for ready-prepared foods that are always very high in price and seldom as good as home-made things that are properly prepared. water cress or lettuce. By learning how to make the things here given. is far more suitable than a salad that has been fearfully and wonderfully made beforehand. except when time and money are things that must be considered. such as parsley. with which to garnish a platter of meat or fish.
coffee. a plate with slices of lemon. cinnamon toast. While comes readyground in a tin container. it is still better to have a coffee grinder and grind the bean just before using it. Another way to entertain that is unique. cups. only a few at a time to late Sunday morning breakfast. sugar and cream. a plate of thin slices of bread and butter. sausages. waffles and honey or maple sirup. giving them grapefruit. delightful means by which one who has to economize most strictly may repay her social obligations. as it is possible for every one to buy an enameled coffee pot in which excellent boiled coffee may be made. or dainty sandwiches and a plate containing sweet wafers. is in the saucers.APPENDIX afternoon. spoons winter to invite people. Important things to remember are: to keep the lid of the coffee pot open when not in use so that it may air well. to measure the water accurately each time it is — as well as the coffee itself. I give but one way. meringues or any other simSuch a tea costs but little and affords a ple cakes. While this is coming to a boil. 147 only preparations necessary are a tray containing a pot of tea. The and small tea napkins should be in readiness. a jug of hot water. Coffee There are countless ways of making coffee but as each way calls for a special kind of coffee pot. possible to get coffee that good To make good Put plus boiled coffee into the coffee pot as many cups of cold water one cup as there are persons to be served. measure the same .
always put the sugar and cream pot. pint of freshly boiled water in an enameled Remove from the fire and when the water . and mix it in a bowl with a little cold water and a whole egg shell and all. If coninto venient have the cups warmed. Let stand for stirring the grounds once or twice. the cup before the coffee is poured in. and even persons prefer tea for breakfast instead of coffee drinkers like it now and then as a change. — three minutes after it is done to settle. toasted English muffins and orange marmalade. particularly when served as an accom- paniment of coddled eggs. Stop up the spout of the coffee pot with paper. Breakfast tea is usually made somewhat stronger than that served in the afternoon. before pouring into it from the enameled In serving. tea To make good Have a sauce-pan. to provide a jug of hot water with which to dilute the tea to the desired strength. and allow to simmer for five minutes. as it is usually taken with cream. Tea Many coffee. English Breakfast tea or any good Ceylon tea is usually used. When the water boils put in the coffee and egg mixture.148 APPENDIX number of heaping tablespoons ful of medium-ground coffee as you have cups of water. whereas afternoon tea is quite as often taken clear or with lemon and tastes better when not so strong. Have the pot heated from which the coffee is to be served on the table. It is always well whenever serving it.
Add remaining water and boil one minute . For iced tea use one more teaspoonful of tea for the same amount of water. Batter for Waffles. particularly in cold weather. allowing it to cool before adding ice. To make Cocoa cocoa is a good drink for children. Strain into a heated china or silver tea pot and serve at once. diluted with a quarter of a cup of boiling water. Cover and let stand for five minutes. Griddle Calces and Muffins 2 eggs 1 pint buttermilk or sour milk or cream 1 tablespoon melted butter 1 pint flour % teaspoon salt % teaspoon soda dissolved in a little boiling water . turn into scalded milk and beat for one minute with a Dover egg beater. but make in the same way. % tablespoonful of cocoa 1 tablespoonful of sugar 1 cupful of boiling water 1 cupful of milk Small pinch of salt Scald milk . that is. sugar and salt milk will be scalded. put it in the top of the double When the water boils the boiler over cold water. Mix the cocoa.APPENDIX stops boilingj put into it 149 three level teaspoons of tea. to a smooth paste.
150 APPENDIX Separate the eggs. split. When it is not possible to secure pure maple sirup a very good substitute may be made by boiling light brown sugar with water to the proper consistency. and placed in a buttered casserole. then baked. and milk and beat Griddle cakes. Add butter and soda. Sausage is good to serve with waffles or griddle cakes. Pour onto the griddle or waffle iron from a pitcher. To vary this dish. Beat the whites of the eggs to a stiff froth and add at the last minute. The muffins are baked for minutes in the oven in muffin tins. Any superfluous grease should be poured off before placing the casserole on the table. The best way to cook it is to bake it in the oven in a covered earthenware casserole. Griddle cakes may be baked on a flat greased or soapstone — griddle. are also delicious served with waffles. slices of bacon or fresh mushrooms or both may be baked with the kidneys. For this purpose a round brush with a wooden handle is best. Grease should be applied with a brush used only for this purpose. Lambs' kidneys. add the yolks to the flour. dipped in flour that has been well seasoned with salt and pepper. salt until well mixed and free from lumps. waffles and muffins fifteen may be made with the same batter. while waffles require a waffle iron which should be kept at the right temperature throughout the process of baking. the irons being greased on both sides for each waffle. When hot . They should be served at once on a hot plate.
Add a dozen Fard cut in quarters. All cereals such as wheatena. cooking one day and warming it over in time for breakfast the next day. one cup of sweet milk. Beat well all together with Dover egg beater. Custard cups. Oatmeal or Rolled Oats Let cool. % . Fill them level full of the batter and set into a moderate oven to bake half an hour. hominy. one cup of flour. puffed wheat. that falls.APPENDIX add a few drops of Mapleine. of this on hand. dry cereals such as shredded wheat. 151 Keep some Add meal. For use in the summer. well greased and heated. The rest may be kept covered in the ice-chest until needed. not runs from the spoon. teaspoon of salt. Have oblong gem pans greased and smoking hot. These are all good winter cereals. dates Two Popovers One Qgg. Whole Wheat Gems cups of whole wheat flour mixed with just enough cold water to make a very thick batter. Cook enough to serve twice. cream of wheat and farina are best when cooked in the same manner as that described for oatmeal. corn and rice are very palatable when dried thoroughly in the oven and eaten with fruits and berries in season. four parts of salted water to one part of oat- Cook for three hours over water in a double boiler.
cover and set aside. and practically hollow. turning frequently so that it does not burn. Remove to a piece of absorbent paper until grease is absorbed. Watch it carefully. With a spoon lower the eggs into the water. To Cook Bacon To hake Place on a rack over a pan containing a little hot water. then serve at once on a hot plate. Eggs Coddled Eggs Have water At boiling in a saucepan.152 should be filled APPENDIX half full. the end of four minutes they will be ready for those who like very soft boiled eggs. . It will require thirty min- utes in a moderate oven to bake them. crisp They should be twice the height of the cup when done —brown. Bacon The most economical way to buy bacon is by the strip. Set in the oven and let bake until it is transparent and crisp without being in the least burned. With a sharp knife it may be cut as needed into very thin slices. To fry Place in a skillet on the stove. At the end of six minutes they will be deliciously jellied. . When thoroughly cooked. remove to a sheet of paper serve when dry and crisp.
mash through a sieve the yolks of the ter. oven until the eggs are glazed over the top. pepper. at once in the same dish. let When all is cooked. Vermicelli Serve Eggs Separate the whites from the yolks of hard boiled eggs. eggs and serve at once. ing over the thin layers of the mixture that cooks on the bottom of the pan letting the thin part run — — over the bottom to be cooked. Have milk for each egg. with Chop the whites of the eggs and mix one extra. Chopped should parsley. turn over to brown on the other side and The whole process serve at once on a hot platter. chives chopped meat may be mixed with the eggs ^jelly or marmalade may be added after it — — is done. garnished with points of buttered toast. adding a tablespoon of to mix the yolks and whites Season with salt. allowing one for each person to be served. Break one or two eggs into each sprinkle with salt and pepper and set into the and heated. rather thick white sauce. brown. — — — With a flexible spatula. and pour over them with a small pieces of buttered toast arranged on a hot platOver all.APPENDIX Shirred 153 Eggs porcelain dish for shirring eggs well but- Have tered dish. keep foldomelet mixture. Turn in the butter in an iron skillet sizzling hot. French Omelette Break eggs into a bowl as many as there are perBreak eggs with a fork enough sons to be served. not take more than a few moments. . according to the taste.
add water and let stand for thirty minutes. and heat gradually to the boiling point. Place over a slow fire. Add it to white Serve on small slices of sauce made without salt. % cup each. buttered toast. celery. and cut the lean meat into inch cubes. broken into half-inch pieces Salt Pepper . Put remaining two-thirds with bone and fat into soup kettle. strain and cool as quickly as possible. APPENDIX Creamed Dried Beef Tear dried beef into small pieces. Brown Soup Stock 6 lbs. add browned meat. shin of beef 3 quarts cold water teaspoon peppercorns 6 whole cloves % % bay leaf 2 sprigs parsley Carrot. onion.154. As scum rises it should be removed. turnip. keeping just below the boiling point. cut in Wipe beef. cook one and onehalf hours. Brown one-third of meat in hot frying-pan in marrow from a marrow-bone. off the fat that rises and hardens on top when Macaroni Soup 1 quart Brown Soup Stock % cup macaroni. Skim cold. dice. Cover and cook slowly six hours. Add vegetables.
vermicelli or other Italian soup pastes may be substi- tuted for macaroni. heated to boiling point. White Soup Stock The water white stock. skimming frequently. Asparagus Soup 3 cups white stock 1 can asparagus . remove from bone. bone. Put meat. Simmer four or five hours and strain through double thickness of cheesecloth. water and seasonings in kettle. Add two tablespoons each of cooked peas and string beans. in which fowl or chicken is cooked makes White Soup Stock II 4 lbs. Drain and add to stock. knuckle of veal ^ quarts boiling water 1 tablespoon salt % teaspoon peppercorns 1 onion 2 stalks celery Wipe meat.APPENDIX 155 Cook macaroni in boiling salted water until soft. Heat gradually to boiling point. Julienne Soup To one quart Brown Soup Stock add one-fourth each of carrot and turnip cut in thin strips one and one-half inches long. Season with salt and pepper. Spaghetti. Heat to boiling point. previously cooked in boiling salted water. cut in small pieces. noodles.
156 APPENDIX 2 cups cold water 1 slice onion % cup butter 1/4 cup flour 2 cups scalded milk Salt and pepper Drain and rinse asparagus. pepper. thinned with white soup stock and flavored with any desirable vegetable put through a sieve and mixed with the Canned soups. All cream soups may be made similar to the above. boil five minutes. particularly the clear soups. are no longer absolutely necessary to go through the long process of soup making unless one prefers to do so. add . milk and tips. stalks to cold water. Pick over the oysters. liquid. tips. reserve liquor and heat it to the boiling point strain through double cheesecloth. excellent. so it is Oyster Stew 1 quart oysters 4 cups scalded milk cup butter tablespoon salt tablespoon black pepper % % % Clean oysters by placing in a colander and pouring over them three-fourths cup of cold water. drain. Add salt. reserve . —cooked. . using a very thick white sauce. Add add stock and onions boil thirty minutes. run through sieve and bind with butter and flour that have been cooked together.
This is best when cream is used in making the white sauce. and cut with scissors into Wash. 157 plump with curled Remove oysters with a skimmer. Ways of Cooking Salt and Canned Fish Creamed Salt Codfish Pick salt codfish in pieces and soak in lukewarm water until soft. Add butter. Drain. Cook fish and potatoes in boiling water^ to cover until potatoes are soft. liquor. Serve very hot. beaten egg and pepper. Serve with crisp oyster crackers.— APPENDIX oysters and cook until they are edges. salt and pepper. Remove from fire. Drain and add to one cup of thin. put into a tureen with butter. Beat with fork. Drop by spoonfuls into deep fat. white sauce. Good with baked potatoes. pare and soak potatoes. allowing four to each frying. Drain on paper. return to kettle and mash thoroughly. Codfish Balls cup salt codfish 2 heaping cups potatoes 1 egg 1 1 tablespoon butter % teaspoon pepper Wash fish in cold water very small pieces. and until the greater part of the salt has been removed. and milk. — . Add salt if necessary. cutting into pieces of uniform size before measuring. strained Add oyster a second time. Add one egg well beaten just before serving.
Salt. sprinkle with salt and pepper. spread with butter. Add seasoning. sirloin and : cross-cut of rump steaks. thick will take six minutes to cook if liked rare. remove from the fire. Grind the meat at home in a chopper. add juice of one-half lemon and the yolk of one egg well beaten. Serve with Maitre d'Hotel Butter. . pour off to heat slowly. — . Shape in balls not too hard. To Broil Steak Place on broiler . liquid.158 APPENDIX Baked Finnan Haddie Put fish in dripping pan surround with milk and water in equal proportions place on back of range Let stand half an hour. spread with butter. Break up meat in small pieces and add to a thick white sauce. This is good served in a ring of rice. Just before serving. Creamed Salmon or Tuna Fish Remove bones and skin from a can of salmon or Tuna fish. Eight or ten minutes if liked well done. Remove to hot platter. pepper and onion juice (if 1 liked). . Meats Best cuts for broiling are porterhouse. Broil. and bake for half an hour. Hamburg Steak pound top of the round beef. turn several times during the first two minutes so that the meat will be seared on the Steak II/2 inches outside and the juices kept in.
Allow from twelve to fifteen minutes to the pound. The former is best for a small family . with seasonings and less water than half covers the meat. Beef over with salt and dredge meat and pan with Place in a hot oven so that surface may be After flour in pan is browned. Remove When brown and Fillet of of the right consistency. strain into table. Have bowl of milk thickened with Pour this flour and seasoned with salt and pepper. a gravy bowl to pass at Beef the whole tenderloin and though more expensive than other roasts there is no waste to it and it makes a very good cut to use when entertaining. It should be larded. This is Pot Roast Put a four-pound piece of beef cut from the round into a covered pot or kettle. the latter for a large family. reduce heat and baste every fifteen minutes.APPENDIX Roast Beef 159 Best cuts for roasting are tip or middle of sirloin. To maJce good gravy all but about two tablespoons of grease from the pan. and roasted for from twenty to It is best when served with broiled thirty minutes. into the pan and place on top of the stove to boil. back of rump or first three ribs. : To Roast Rub flour. accordquickly seared. fresh mushrooms or with mushroom sauce. ing to whether the meat is desired rare or well done. Let it cook four .
Dredge with and fry in bacon Serve garnished with . Parboil the tongue for five minutes. Sprin- kle each slice with salt and pepper. Add gradually four cups of water in which the tongue was cooked. turning after the first hour. Place in deep pan and surround with one cup each of carrot. is while hot. Brown one-fourth cup of butter. Spinach Serve at once. fat. Horseradish sauce Boiled is good served with Pot Roast. Season with salt and pepper and add one teaspoonful of Worcestershire Sauce. Cover closely and bake two hours. then pour over four cups of sauce. onion and celery cut in dice. Take tongue from water and remove skin and roots. Liver and Bacon Have flour calves' liver cut one-half inch thick. and one sprig of parsley. cover with boiling water and cook slowly two hours. keeping the liquor below the boiling point. companiment of smoked tongue. Serve on a platter with sauce strained around the tongue. Thicken the liquor to serve as a gravy. Smoked Tongue water. Sauce. add onefourth cup of flour and stir together until well browned. a good ac- Braised Fresh Tongue Put fresh tongue in kettle.160 APPENDIX hours. One and one-half cups of stewed and strained tomatoes may be used instead of some of the water. Pour off the Cover with boiling water and let cook for Remove outer skin several hours or until tender.
Fold and turn onto a hot platter. Strain liquor. put into a hot buttered fryskin. 161 the crisp slices of bacon which have been drained of Braised Liver Have upper side of a calf's liver larded. Corned Beef Hash and most of the fat from cooked or canned corned beef.. Season with salt and pepper. moisten with milk or cream. Place in or water. Roast Lamb Follow directions for roasting beef. nish the platter with the vegetables. . of vegeta- —or with a mixture such as carrot. and serve with fried apple rings. uncovering the last twenty minutes. Cover closely bake for two hours. but garmelted together. Add to one and one-half tablespoon of butter and two tablespoons of flour Serve sauce separately. spread evenly and place on a part of the stove where it may brown slowly underneath. Garnish with parsley. APPENDIX grease on a sheet of paper. It will require about an hour and three quarters to roast a leg of lamb. Chop and mix with an equal quantity of chopped boiled potatoes. stir until well mixed. Lamb and Mutton Chops To broil see directions — for broiling beefsteak. Remove gristle ing-pan. deep pan with two cups of brown stock Surround with onions bles. onion and celery.
. two stalks of celery. and cover with boiling water. and cook slowly for about two hours or until After the first hour. add four cups of potatoes cut in quarter-inch slices.162 Irish APPENDIX Stew cut in pieces three pounds lamb from the Wipe and fore-quarter. and fry cooked. tender. dredge with flour and fry in pork fat. Pork Chops Sprinkle with salt and pepper. Thicken with one-fourth cup of flour mixed to a thin paste with cold water. Fifteen minutes before serving. in drippings or butter. add one small onion. Veal Cutlets and Veal Chops Dredge with flour Fry slowly and keep Season with salt and pepper. add one-half cup each of carrot and turnip cut into one-half inch cubes. previously parboiled five minutes in boiling water. so that the meat may be thoroughly Fricassee of Veal Wipe two pounds of sliced veal cut from the loin. and six slices of carrot. cover with boiling water. Strain liquor thicken with flour and pour around the veal when serving. Season with salt and pepper. sprinkle with salt and pepper. and one onion sliced. well covered. Remove meat. place in a hot frying pan on top of the stove and cook slowly until ten- . Put in kettle. and serve in an earthenware casserole which has been warmed. Cook slowly until meat is tender.
sprinkle with sugar and fine cracker Remove crumbs. remove outside skin. Bake in a moderate oven three or four hours. in a slow oven. Garnish platter with rings of apples cut one-half inch thick and fried. skin side down. Cook slowly until tender. kettle from range and set aside that the ham may partially cool . cover end of bone. sprinkle with salt and pepper. trim off hard skin near kettle. Stick with cloves one-half inch apart. dot with butter. Serve hot or cold. place on a rack in a dripping pan and dredge meat and bottom of the pan with flour. Drain. wipe and broil for five minutes. Boiled Ham in cold water to Soak several hours or over night cover. Roast Pork Sprinkle with salt and pepper. Bake one hour thinly sliced. Let the apples bake with the pork and serve as a garnish and as a substitute for a green vegetable. Wash thoroughly. After the first hour surround the roast with tart apples that have been cored and stuck with several whole cloves. Poultry Best way to hroil a chicken Place in dripping pan. put in a with cold water and heat to boiling point. and bake fif- . take from the water.APPENDIX 163 der and brown. Broiled Ham Soak a slice of ham one hour in lukewarm water.
Serve all on a platter. Add salt the last hour.164 APPENDIX Finish cooking on a teen minutes in a hot oven. Boiled Fowl Tie a four-pound fowl neatly together. cover with boiling water. Chicken Fricassee Dress. A variation of a plain baked po- . half surround it with boiling water. Thicken the remainder with milk and flour mixed to a smooth paste and seasoned. the pieces of chicken being carefully arranged and the gravy poured over them. sprinkle with salt . der. and bake twenty minutes hot oven. and cook slowly until ten- water when chicken is about half done. white of egg and crumbs in a well-greased dripping-pan. Bake forty minutes Select smooth. cover and cook slowly until tender. Put in a kettle. basting after first five minutes with one-third cup of melted butter. Pour off some of the stock to keep for soup. and pepper. place in a hot oven. clean and cut up a fowl. After washing. and place Place on a wire rack in the in a piece of cheesecloth. Arrange on platter and pour over two cups of white sauce made with cream. adding salt to Maryland Chicken Cut up two chickens. bottom of a kettle. Potatoes Baked Potatoes medium-sized potatoes. place in a dip in flour. and serve at once. broiler to brown.
Add cream or milk. Cut potato in half. Mashed Potatoes Boil as above until softer than if Drain. 2. angles on one side of the potato sized piece of butter. Boiled Potatoes Wash. vegetable dish. serving boiled. 1.APPENDIX tato is 165 cuts at right in a to roll it until soft . Fold over and serve on a hot platter. salt. mash with a wooden masher until free from lumps. butter and salt. mash well . Reheat and pile lightly in a hot dish. browned butter or a white sauce. salt open put good and a generous sprinkling of paprika. Beat with a fork until creamy. pepper and chopped parsHeap into the potato skin and place in the oven ley. Creamed Potatoes Cover in top of double boiler with a thin white sauce made with cream Cut boiled potatoes in dice. Hashed Brown Potatoes Cut cold boiled potatoes into tiny cubes. Have Put the pobutter or drippings hot in frying pan. then spread out over the pan to brown underneath. season well with salt and pepper. to brown slightly. melted butter. make two . tatoes in. scoop out the inside. turn frequently until all are hot. . Drain and serve in open Select potatoes of uniform size. . mix with butter. Cook in boiling salted water until soft. pare and drop at once into cold water to soak. with chopped parsley on top.
with white or Hollandaise sauce. way in an earthen- ware casserole and served Green Vegetables All green vegetables should be washed in cold water and cooked until tender in boiling salted water. Tie in a bunch. Serve on that the tips may cook with the steam. possible Let heat until a thick creamy mass. and boiled three minutes. Their color will be kept better if a pinch of soda added just before putting them into the water and the lid is left is if off the kettle. sirup. Boiled Sweet Potatoes Cook twenty minutes Glazed Sweet Potatoes in boiling salted water.166 if APPENDIX and well seasoned. and put in a buttered pan. them with a sirup made with one-half cup of light brown sugar. stand up in lower part of double boiler. Asparagus Wash well. medium-sized potatoes. cut in halves Brush over lengthwise. Cook ten Drain. basting them with the remaining Pare and boil minutes in boiling salted water. They are good made in this it. the ends out Cover with upper part of boiler so of the water. toast with melted butter poured over it. . Cut off hard ends. Baked Sweet Potatoes Bake as white potatoes. fifteen minutes. four tablespoons of water and one of Bake the potatoes butter.
It is good served with white sauce. head down. It will take from thirty minutes to one hour. Cauliflower Soak in salted water. Cook water until tender. . Wax Bean^ String and cut crosswise in half-inch pieces. string. pepper and salt or with a thin white sauce. Drain and serve. . Boiled Beets Wash and soft ter. Leave a few of the tender green leaves on. Lima Beans Remove young lima beans from in boiling salted the pods. cook for one-half hour in boiling salted water to which a pinch of soda has been added. sliced thin before Boiled Cabbage Cut a solid head of cabbage into quarters and remove the tough stalk. Mix with butter. Drain. Serve with white sauce thinned and mixed with the beans. Cook as green string beans until tender. Cook in uncovered vessel in boiling salted water to which one-fourth teaspoon of soda has been added. cook young beets in boiling water until it will take at least an hour. cut with scissors aslant of the bean in half-inch pieces.APPENDIX Green String Beams 167 If tender. Drain . for thirty minutes. add but- pepper and salt. They may be seasoning is added if preferred.
or cut from cob and heat with butter. adding salt and a little sugar the last fifteen minutes. cover with cold water and let Cook until tender in a small stand one-half hour. Celery Cut in one-half inch pieces. APPENDIX for twenty minutes in boiling salted whole with white sauce poured over. pepper and salt. Serve water. Creamed Onions Cook as above and cover with a white sauce made with cream. season with butter. and again cover with boiling salted water. salt and pepper. Drain. with a napkin folded around it. and remove the skins Drain. quantity of boiling water. put in saucepan and cover with boiling salted water. Hollandaise sauce may be served with cauliflower. Drain off any water . Boiled Onions Put onions in cold water while under water. cook five minutes. add a little milk. Cook one hour or until tender. Drain and mix with white sauce. Corn Green corn should have husks and silk removed before being plunged into a kettle of boiling water. Serve It should cook from ten to fifteen minutes. Green Peas Remove from pods. drain. Boil in salted water for twenty minutes or until tender.168 Cook head up. boil five minutes.
then skin. put in a stew pan in which some cubes of bread have been fried in butter until a golden brown. . and cover with boiling water .APPENDIX that is 169 left. cut in one-half inch slices and serve with a French dressing — with or without lettuce leaves. salt and pepper. Allow to heat gradually and cook twenty-five minutes in its own juices. sugar. Add butter. stand one Chill thoroughly. minute. roots. egg and crumbs again. place in a well buttered broiler and broil six to eight minutes. Season with chopped onion. cut in pieces. reheat and season salted water. Season with salt and pepper. Sprinkle with salt and pepper. If it is old it should be cooked as other vegetables in boiling Drain. Broiled Tomatoes Cut in halves crosswise and cut off a thin slice from rounding part of each half. Remove Tomatoes Sliced Tomatoes let Wipe. Put into a stew pan with a pinch of soda. Boiled Spi/nach Pick over carefully and wash in several waters until very clean. salt. Stewed Tomatoes Wipe. Garnish with slices of hard boiled egg. pare. with butter. chop fine. pepper and butter and let cook slowly for twenty minutes. dip in crumbs.
Add oil gradually. having the top covered with the crumbs and dots of butter. Put into a colander. add egg yolks and when well mixed add one-half teaspoon of vinegar. It Mayonnaise Dressing 1 teaspoon dry mustard 1 teaspoon salt teaspoon powdered sugar Dash of cayenne Yolks 2 eggs S tablespoons lemon juice 2 tablespoons vinegar 1% cups olive oil % Mix dry ingredients. As mixture thick-i . drop by drop at first. pour over it a pint of boiling salted water and stand the colander in a very slow oven so that the rice may dry and become very flaky. Into it not let will take about twenty minutes for the rice to be thoroughly cooked.170 APPENDIX first Scalloped Tomatoes Canned or fresh tomatoes may be stewed and then put into a baking dish with alternate layers of bread or cracker crumbs. Serve as a vegetable with butter or as a cereal with sugar and cream. Do gradually a cup of the water stop boiling. How to cook rice Have washed three pints of boiling salted water in a sprinkle sauce-pan. Bake until the crumbs on top are quite brown. rice.
The bowl may be rubbed with onion or garlic before the salad vegetable is put into it. one tablespoon at a time. 171 Alternate with oil should be as cold as possible. moment as it A small quantity may be made very quickly by putting proportionate ingredients into a jelly glass and using a small sized Dover egg beater. . Everything and in the end the maenough to hold its shape. yonnaise should be stiff Do not add to salad until the last quickly melts. Russian Dressing cup of French Dressing cup of Mayonnaise Dressing cup tomato catsup 2 tablespoons chopped green pepper 1 teaspoon powdered sugar % % % French Dressing teaspoon salt teaspoon pepper Dash of cayenne Generous sprinkling of paprika 1 tablespoon of plain and tarragon vinegar together 4 tablespoons olive oil % % Mix dry the ingredients with the vinegar. then add oil. stirring constantly. Tartare sauce for fish and crabs is made. By addding chopped sour pickle to this. until all are used.APPENDIX ens add vinegar or lemon juice.
white grapes Sliced oranges and Bermuda onion Hawaiian pineapple Orange Grapefruit Use BoUed Dressing for: Potato salad with hard boiled eg^ and cucumber Salmon or Tuna fish Whole tomato with lettuce . cucumbers. onion and green pepper Sliced tomatoes alone Sliced cucumber alone Shaved young cabbage Combination of grapefruit. Use French Dressing with: Plain Lettuce Romaine Endive Chicory Combination of any of the above with tomatoes. celery. Stir constantly Mix in top of double boiler over boiling water.172 APPENDIX tablespoon salt Boiled Cream Dressing % % % 2% tablespoon mustard tablespoon sugar 1 2gg slightly beaten tablespoons melted butter % % cup mild vinegar cup sweet or sour cream ingredients in order given.
the bread before cutting it both with the butter and with orange marmalade or with whatever soft mixHave a very sharp carving knife ture you desire. asparagus salad. If prepared beforehand they should be lightly covered with a damp napkin or paraffin paper as they dry very quickly on account of being so thin. Green vegetable salads. Spread the slice is largest. crust from Cut the loaf in two Egg and Green Pepper Sandwich 1 medium sized green pepper 1 hard boiled egg . the entire loaf. and cut even slices as thin as possible.% cup boiled dressing . pea salad. and arrange in a neat pile on a plate. Cut off all the and begin cutting slices in the center of the loaf where Have butter creamed. Use Russian Salad Dressing with: Hearts of lettuce cut Plain Romaine in halves or in quarters Sandwiches Suitable for Lunch or Afternoon Tea Rolled Sandwiches Have a large loaf of fresh bread. then roll. such as string bean salad.APPENDIX Chicken Cold slaw Stuffed eggs 173 Use Mayonnaise Dressing for: Whole tomatoes stuffed with chopped cucumber. celery salad.
thin slice of tomato. spread with butter with a filling of cream cheese seasoned with cayenne and paprika. and toast on top. white meat of chicken. Mix with the dressing and use as a filling between slices Cut any desired shape. oil Mix with mayonnaise. This sandwich is more suitable for luncheon or late supper than afterin Cut toast diamond shape. and use as a of buttered white bread. Brown Bread and Cream Cheese Use brown bread that has been baked in a halfpound Baking Powder tin. a lettuce leaf. Club Sandwich Butter and have a layer of crisp bacon. mayonnaise. mayonnaise dressing. Cut slices thin. Celery Mayonnaise Sandwich Put slices celery through the fine blade of a chopper.1T4 APPENDIX Put pepper and egg through a chopper. . filling between Tomato Sandwich Remove skin from tomato. slices. of buttered white bread. noon tea. Cut slices very thin of white bread in Onion Sandwich Very thin slices of Bermuda onion dipped in French Dressing ^may be used as a filling for sand- — — wiches of white bread. salt and put between thin and butter.
work until creamy with wooden spoon. Mint Sauce % % 1 cup finely chopped mint leaves cup white vinegar tablespoon powdered sugar Add sugar to vinegar. pepper and parsley and lemon juice very slowly. Add salt. It may stand in the top of the double boiler over hot water until needed. when dissolved pour over mint and let stand thirty minutes on back of range. Cream Sauce Same as above. Add flour and stir until well blended. Butter % % % % % cup butter teaspoon salt teaspoon pepper tablespoon finely chopped parsley tablespoon of lemon juice Put butter in a bowl. using cream instead of Matt re d' Hotel milk.APPENDIX Sauces 175 Thm White Sauce tablespoons flour 2 tablespoons butter cup scalded milk teaspoon salt Pepper or paprika % 1% 1% Melt butter with seasoning in sauce pan. . Add milk gradually and stir until thick.
Cranberry Sauce Pick over and wash three cups cranberries. The water must not be hot enough to cook the egg ^just warm enough to melt the butter. Leave seeds in but cut out all that is not good. Cook until soft. Feuit Sauces Apple Sauce Wash apples well. Put in a saucepan. artichokes or asparagus. Have butter divided into small pieces on a plate. Add cinnamon or nutmeg if liked or sprinkle on top. Mash through a colander. Add gradually the lemon juice and serve at once. Add sugar if necessary. cauliflower. with Put egg warm water^ — — fish. Put in a saucepan with a little water and sugar. salt Cayenne boiler over and cayenne in top of double away from the fire. — Rhubarb Sauce Cut rhubarb with a little if Put into a saucepan water and sugar. Add one piece at a time until all are melted with the egg yolk. in inch pieces. and let cook slowly until soft. add one and one-fourth cups sugar .176 Hollandaise Satbce APPENDIX cup butter Yolk of one egg Juice of Salt % % lemon yolk. Add sugar required. quarter them without paring.
Stick into each one three whole cloves. Cover. 177 boil ten min- Cranberry Jelly Pick over and wash four cups of cranberries. stir well. basting now and then with the liquid. vanilla and wine. Rub through a sieve. and Do not let them boil over.APPENDIX and one cup boiling water. Qgg and beat until foamy. or maple . add two cups Turn into one large sugar. Sweet Sauces for Desserts Foamy Sauce Half cup butter 1 cup powdered sugar 1 teaspoon vanilla 2 tablespoons wine or fruit juice cup boiling water White of one egg beaten stiff if desired % Cream butter add sugar. utes. Just before serving add the boiling water. Put in a saucepan with a cup of boiling water and let boil twenty minutes. wine. add . Put into a baking dish with water in the bottom. Hard Sauce % cup butter 1 cup powdered or soft light brown sugar Flavor with vanilla. Fill cavities Bake in a hot oven until of the apples with sugar. Baked Apples Wash and core as many Baldwin apples as needed. and cook five minutes. soft. or individual molds.
Flavor with vanilla. Instead of Cake Meringues Beat the whites of two eggs to a stiff foam. They should dry entirely before being allowed to brown. Add chopped pecan or walnut meats and heap on Saratoga wafers. Hickorynut or Pecan Wafers 1 1 % 1 cup nut meats cup sugar cup flour Qgg well Mix Bake in together and drop on buttered a moderate oven until brown. . Marguerites Beat the white of one ^gg to a stiff foam. APPENDIX the butter . add sugar and flavoring gradu- Do not chill. Drop in spoonfuls on a greased tin and place in a very slow oven to dry for about an hour.178 Cream ally. tins. The color should be very pale. Custard Sauce Same as boiled custard. add gradually thick maple sirup that has been boiled until it threads. Add gradually two cups of powdered sugar. Place in a slow oven until the mixture is dry and slightly browned.
With a Dover egg beater beat yolks. It miLst not boil. Simple Desseets Junket for two persons % pint of milk 1 tablespoon of sugar % junket tablet % teaspoon vanilla Grated nutmeg Dissolve sugar in milk in an enameled saucepan lukewarm. Drop into buttered tins for drop cakes. when they should be placed over a low flame. sifted. then add the junket. They must not be disturbed until then. ally Fold in the whites of the eggs beaten very stiff. Sprinkle powdered sugar over the tops. until Leave . Bake for about twenty minutes in a moderate oven. Add vanilla to the milk. Add lemon rind and vanilla.— APPENDIX Little 179 Sponge Cakes Weigh 2 eggs Weigh same weight of powdered sugar same weight of flour Weigh % Juice and grated rind of one lemon to Little vanilla. Add graduthe flour. Dissolve junket by crushing it in a few drops of cold water in the bottom of a sherbet glass. five eggs Separate the eggs. Mix well and quickly pour into two sherbet glasses to remain in a warm room until set. lemon juice and sugar together.
of the Qgg island. An agreeable departure from this is to use grated maple sugar for sweetening and to have is a piece of maple sugar in the bottom of each cup before adding the mixture. ver knife. then add the vanilla and turn The white into glasses from which it is to be served. .180 where it is cold. it heaped on top of the custard. and salt m Add to the milk which a bowl. sugar beater. constantly until the mixture coats the spoon. Custard for two persons Yolk of Pinch of Vanilla 1 Ggg 1 tablespoon of granulated sugar salt % pint of milk Mix an Qgg the egg yolk. and after adding the flavoring turn at once into custard Cup custards The above cups and set into a hot oven in a pan of water that It will require fifjust below the boiling point. Test by inserting a silteen minutes to bake them." may be beaten at the last will moment and. make a "floating recipe may be used in making baked custards by simply adding the ^gg^ sugar and salt mixture to the milk after it has been scalded. let cool. Re- move at once. APPENDIX Grate nutmeg over the top of each glass just before serving. using is placed in Stir the top of the double boiler over boiling water.
Serve very cold. figs. peaches or Creamy Rice Pudding 1 quart milk 1 tablespoonful of 1/^ washed rice teaspoon salt cup sugar 1 teaspoon vanilla % Mix ingredients and pour into buttered puddinghour to keep Seeded raisins may be added at hour if desired. first dish. plums. add sugar. — currants. salt and flavoring. Let cook until rather thick. . set aside until cool. stirring every fifteen minutes during the rice from settling. bake three hours in very slow oven. adding a very little water and enough sugar to keep them from being too tart.APPENDIX 181 Compote of Fruit Served with custard sauce Stew any fruit such as strawberries. When thoroughly chilled serve with a custard sauce. the end of the first Bread Pudding 2 cups stale bread crumbs 1 quart scalded milk y^ cup sugar 14 cup melted butter 2 eggs 1/2 teaspoon salt 1 teaspoon vanilla Soak bread crumbs in milk. gooseberries. bake one hour in buttered baking dish in a slow oven serve hot with hard sauce. green gages. eggs slightly beaten. . butter.
Fill ^ Fruit Salad grapefruit Shredded pineapple. Pile lightly on buttered pudding-dish. Apple Meringue a pudding-dish half full of apple sauce. Serve very cold. add prunes when cold. remove stones and mash through a strainer. Pare and cut out the but the core remains. Beat whites of eggs untn very stiff. — To Shred Pineapple eyes. and lemon juice. add sugar and cook five minutes. with cream or custard sauce made from the yolks of the eggs. bake twenty minutes in a slow oven. Spread the sauce with a meringue made of the whites cup of of two eggs into which has been beaten powdered sugar. cook in same water until soft. With a silver fork pull off small pieces of the soft part until nothing .182 Prune Whip APPENDIX 1 cup of prune pulp Whites of five eggs cup sugar 1/2 tablespoon lemon juice % Pick over and wash prunes. Set into a slow oven until the meringue is quite hard on top and a very pale brown. then soak several hours in cold water. Flavor with vanilla. sliced oranges and sliced arranged in alternate layers and sprinkled with powdered sugar. Serve cold with boiled custard.
Ambrosia Sections of orange. Chill and serve with custard sauce. lemon juice and thin slices of outside rind. in the cold water. Orange Jelly 1 tablespoon granulated gelatine % % % cup cold water cups boiling water cup sugar cup orange juice 1% tablespoons lemon juice Make same as lemon jelly. powdered sugar and shredded cocoanut served in sherbet glasses. With a sharp knife cut out the sections. ^4: Wine Jelly Same as orange. Strain into a mold that has been wet with cold water. leaving the white skin that separates them. Remove all seeds. Dis- add sugar. add % cup cooking Sherry. . Lemon Jelly 1 tablespoon granulated gelatine ^ cup cold water 1^ cups boiling water % cup sugar 14 cup lemon juice Soak gelatine ten minutes solve in the boiling water.APPENDIX To slice 183 oranges and grapefruit off the outer Pare and the white skin.
1 tablespoon granulated gelatine
cup cold water cup boiling water 2 tablespoons sugar 1 cup boiled coffee
as lemon jelly.
Serve with sugar and
The House in Good Taste The Charm of the Antique
The Practical Book of Period Furniture
Wolfe and Elizabeth
Harold Donald Eberlein and Abbott McLure
Planning and Furnishing
House of Good
Taste The Furniture
Esther Singleton Louise Brigham
Furnishing and Decoration The Efficient Kitchen Boston Cooking School
McClure and Eberlein Georgie Boynton Child
Cook Book The Small Family Cook Book The New Housekeeping How to Cook in Casserole
Fanny M. Farmer
Pretlow Christine Frederick
The Craft Rugs
The Small House Moderate Income
Caroline French Benton
Men ( Chapter called Pattypans) >
Charmingly Illustrated Books Containing Ideas for Interior Decorating
Our Old Nursery Rhymes Little Songs of Long Ago The Children's Corner
House and Garden The House Beautiful
The Craftsman Vogue
to clean mica lining of. 86 Casseroles. 45 Cabbage. 112 Carols. 61. 102 Bedroom. lima. creamed dried. 154 Beets. 177. buying. 143 Bok. 167 Cakes. boiled. 122 174 Bacon. 37 Black handrail. 183 Andirons. 43 wax. 91 Built-in bookcase. arof. 167 189 . 129. 39 Bulbs. 37 Black and white reproductions. green string. Bed linen. roast. 138 Canisters. 47 Bathroom. orna110. 134. for Christmas decorations. 133. 23 Beef. 62. 111 Brown bread and cheese. 159. 90. 179 Calendar. 38 Antique cut glass. 95 Cauliflower. 33. 12 Black furniture. baked. 89. 77. 76. 128. 181 Breeding. 127. 46 Brass. 129 Casement windows. boiled. ments. 167 Bishop and glass lamp. in the dining-room. 39 Bonnet box. baking. 128. Candle shades. liver and. 152. served on toast with buttered sauce. fillet of. 182. 29. 97 Apples. in the bedroom. soup. to remove wax from. 22 Brussels carpets. meringue. 167 Beans. rug. 105. of Laddies* Journal. 63. 116 Candles. to clean. to lacquer. 33 Home Books as decorations. 159. pictures. 126. 176 Asparagus. 133 Bread pudding.INDEX of living on a small scale. 64. corned. 155. little sponge.. 77 Ambrosia. 104 Care of children's rooms. sauce. Mr. 160 Bambino. 166 Advantages Bleaching fabrics. 33 Alabaster bowls. 91. 161. 46 Bed cover. Brown color scheme. frying. 130 Candlesticks. used as living- rangement room because sunny.
15 Curtains. 90 Dishes. 85. 88. bathroom. Java cotton. 180. 86. sunfast materials. 123 Chintz. 111 clean. 66. 88. linen. 177 Crane. 36. 149 Codfish. Walter.190 Ceilings. boiled. 83. 184 179. India cotton. glass. of bedroom. silk. 86. 82. 46. 85. tures. INDEX cloth. over curtains.* 82. portieres. vestibule. tarlton. sewing-room. 85. 82. 125. 57 Desserts. 84. 67. 125. Batiste. 18^. 112 Cook books. 4. China silk. 66. 88. 84. 46. chambray. 65. valances. to set color 139 Conveniences. 64. 82f. to tint. 135 Custard. net. 86. 39 Celery. 82. cheesein. 58. 88. 116 Closet made of jut in wall. chintz. 135 Chops. 16 Character. re- 81. casement cloth. Delia Robbia. 85. 85. 88. 6 Cupboard covering partition window. 85. 37. 82. 88. for two. velour. 85. fix- Chickens. 82. velvet. living-room. 67. sauce. unbleached cotton. 87. 83. guest room. 83. 80. 80. cretonne. hall. 161 Christian. balls. Dutch curtains. 61. 59. 86. 7 Cotton fabrics. 36. 118 Cocoa. broiled. 85. 67. 57. 40. 94. jeUy. 104 Decorated china. 85. 95 Decoration of Colonial rooms. 82. 44. 68. denim. 178 Cyclamen. kitchen. monk's cloth. 180. 69 . 14 . to clean. 164 Chimneys. 57. 87. 63. fricassee. lamb and mutton. 62. vestibule door. 128 Descriptions and price lists. 168 Cranberry. 82. 123 stored. 176. 81. 88. 126 Clock. 19. 64. 96 Doctor's suite. 134 Chinese embroidered strips. 41. 147. Dining-room. 183. 163. 11 Colonial homestead. sauce. 84. 58. rug for. 157 Coffee. 82 Curtain rings. 111. 85. creamed salt. kitchen. 85. to clean. 181. rep. 82. 65. 168 Chandeliers and metal work painted. to clean. 82. voile. height of. 95. suitability of. filet lace. primroses. dining-room. Maryland. cup. 85. 85. 164. nursery. center lights from. 116 Corn. 82. front door. 112 Christmas tree. to 134. muslin. jelly. 85. 85. 60. casement window. 184 College pennants. rope. French door. 41. 81. theatrical scrim. 6 Colored reproductions of pictures. scrim.
Earthenware. 21 Eggs. 137 Greenaway. coddled. 43 fly Encaustic. 91. 141. 38. 157 Floors. mayonnaise. Oriental. 91. 46 Gilt. 124 Dust. 183 Gravy. 89. 73 Finnan haddie. 73. 182. 139 Glass door. 173. 89. 38. 54 Geraniums. linoleum. 40 English ivy. cut glass. 142 97. 136 Good taste. list. to oil. 90. 89. 136 East India drugget. 90. bedroom. 29. 89. 142 Enclosed shelves. 34 Extracts received by "Little House" Editor. 89. 136 Floor coverings. 141. 90. 39. livingroom. to keep from breaking. 75 Garbage pail. 90. in house decoration. 79 Figured paper. 172. 89. Brussels. modern. 40. 159 Grease stains. 91. compote of. to keep from breaking. to lay when sweeping. 52. 138 specks Glass. shirred. 143. Family portraits. 90. 90. 122 Essential features in the choice of a home. 122 Fowl. Kate. rag rugs.INDEX Don'ts for 191 amateur decora- tor. ways of cooking. sauces. dustless. 124 Fuchsias. 90. to slice. 92. 89. 30. 143 Electric fixtures. 45 90. salad. polish. machine made. 158 Fire-irons. 105 Fashions. hall. 91. Scotch wool rug. 46. 41. 89. 38. French omelette. Russian. 176. 46 Dressing. 73. 153. Fruit. 171. to remove. 164 French doors. domestic rugs. 136. 91. 134 Duster. to clean. 89. 136 Glue. Saxony. antique. 72. 153. to remove from. 37. 92. 90. 91. 138. 41. 22. 96. 38 Fish. 42. 79 Grapefruit:. 97. 141. 53. 55. 36 Glassware. 96. French. 89. oval rag rugs. 41. pressed Colonial. for washstand. 181. hand-woven. Editor's letter "The Little 89. to polish. dining-room. 173 Dried flowers and pods for winter decoration. boiled cream. 153 let. 91. boiled. 91 contained in House" book- 56 Effect of plain light paper as opposed to dark figured paper. vermicelli. East India drugget. 89. 46 see lighting. treatment for faded. 6 . 170. 57. 171. 87 French prints. 152. 90 Flowers in house decoration. hand-woven wool rug. baked. 91. 74 Door knocker. 90. 123 Furniture.
149 •'My Room. roast. 137 Lamb Lamp Lemon jelly. 101. 179 Jut in wall. 75. 77. 104. 75. to clean. used as closet. livingroom. 140 Lighting fixtures. 163 Handrail. orange. Newspapers 113. 41. 57. 178 Matches and ash trays. 107 Lanterns. bedroom. 161. A>5 Guest room. cranberry. 31. 108 Marguerites. 38. 37 Hash. 37. 31 Housekeeping for children. 40 Muffins. bathroom.Victorian furnishings. 161 for living-room. ornaments. home-made. occupied by two beds. 184 Juniper.192 Griddlecakes. to clean. 29. 123 Ice chest painted furniture. 178 Hook for provision slips. 183. 160. floor coverings. 77. 101 Linoleum. 76. 45 Japanese prints. dining-room. 43 . 30 x 40 inches. 42. 16. 91. Hall." 8 177. corned beef. 161 Hepplewhite furniture. 113 Matting. 28. 28. lemon. linens. hall. 76 Large pictures. 105. 46 Maid's room. 40 Individualty in house decoration. 113. 184. 46. 44 to match Impressionistic painting. polish and restore surface of. 115. 119 Kitchen. 42. 10 Housework. 143 Jelly. 75 Lighting theory. selection and placing of. 76. 27. 135 Mattress. 75. 78 Linen list. 47 Javelle water. 38. chops. 149 INDEX 19. utensils. 77 Leather. lighting fixtures. 111 Hyacinths. 118. on stairs. 77. vestibule. 183. 144 Bacon. library and musicroom. coffee. to hang. 75. 183 Library paste. 76 broiled. schedule for. 77. system in. 114 and Magazines. and Liver braised. 123 Junket for two persons. 136 Liquid soda. 44. Magazine stand. toweling. to clean. 41 Hickory nut wafers. 116 Hour work for cleaning woman. Ham. 55 Irish stew. 20 Meringues. 161 Living-room. 178 Mid. 89. 108 Italian fringed towels. 76. boiled. 120 Mantel ornaments. 169 76. 58. wine. 5 Moldings. 136. 107. 103 Leaded domes. 57. kitchen.
23 to improve. 129 Oval braided rugs. 18. 183 Oriental rugs. 168 Open stock china. library. 19. 141 Paint brushes. 182 Plated silver. creamed. 141 14. fruit. "Oak trim" not good with mahogany. 76 Oyster stew. 3 Paper white narcissus. to keep clean. 182 Pussy willow. egg green pepper. 9 for Polish. 89. boiled. baked sweet. 165 Prune whip. 174. 41 Popovers. 98 Playhouses. 133 Pork. 163 Portieres. 176 Rice. 103. creamed. 105 Rented apartments how and Pad and pencil. celery mayon174. 113 Pineapple. glazed sweet. 162. boUed sweet. Nine-roomed suburban home. 181. place for. 16. 90. 182 who do Salmon. Rep. 120 Onions. 105. 166. 164. 91. 85. 166. 178 Percentage of women their own work. how to cook. furniture. to clean. 13. chops. to remove. hashed brown. 21. Paint. 97. 35. 89. 106 Outside decoration of houses. roast. 22 Oatmeal. 165. 141. that repeat color of rest of room. for silver. 45 Overhead lights. 183. 151 Porcelain.INDEX Nickel. 139 40. 15. 39 36 Oak 120 chiflfonier transformed. 47 Old inside blinds. 22. 51 Pictures. 17. 136. 87 Potatoes. 20. club. 94 Orange jelly. Rhubarb sauce. naise. 122 Paste. 113. Piano keys. 88 Salad. 40 Paper furniture. what can be done with. af- and 174. how to slice. 119. 123 Rag rugs. to shred. 140 "Patty Pans'" 9 Peas. creamy pudding. to clean. mashed. . fecting treatment of room. baked. 99 Office. second floor. to 193 remove tarnish from. 158 Sandwiches. creamed. boiled. 92 Religious pictures. 88 Paneled walls. brown bread and cheese. 90. 165. 151 Odd pieces of tableware. 139 Polished floor without rug. 166. green. first floor. 170 Rope portieres. 91 Ornaments. 140 104. 165. 168 Pecan wafers. Christmas Eve. 173. 156 Pincushion. 116 houses.
fricassee of. lighting shelves on for Christplants. 115 Scotch wool rugs. 149 Wall paper. 139 Silverware. stock. 177. 137. 19. 97 Sink built high. 38. 166 Vestibule. to- Tomatoes. 100 Tableware. 174 INDEX Toilet articles. for meats and vegetables. 46 Table cloths. 174. 140 Washstand set of clear glass. 114. 27 Two-roomed apartment. 117 Soup. 148 Telephone. 94 Tapestry. 158. 82. mas Eve. 154. 94. 119. to repair. 36 Waffles. 27 Slip covers for bed ends. 140. to Steak. braised fresh. 112 Train and street car schedules. macaroni. Sauces. broiled. 90. 19. 118. 162 Vegetables. 88. 89. how to cook green. 36. 169 Stains. boiled smoked. chops. 178. 91 Scales. 137. fruit. 17fi. 140 Walls. for desserts. 123 Window Window 38. 169. 89. 121 Shades. 37. 117.194 mato. 169. 176 Sausage. 46. 175. 100 Table linen. 84. 135. 120. 141 Hamburg. 116 Schedules of work. stewed. 169 Tongue. boiled. 158 Stoves. to remove. 45 onion. to remove rust from. 113 Veal. 154. broil. scalloped. 173. 46 Writing materials and 113 table. for chairs. cloth for polishing. colored tine. 86 Silver. 113 Two beds occupying space of one. polish. 155 Spinach. 127 40 Temperamental requisites for living in small quarters. 90 Sewing machine as dressing table. 121 Upstairs broom closet. 41. 155. 32 Tiles. 184 Woodwork. 138 Sunfast material. 160. to remove. cutlets. rolled. asparagus. 135 Tea. 151 Wild fruit blossoms. 44 Whole wheat gems. 155. with alabas- 23 H 35 85 t^ . 170. 150 Saxony carpets and rugs. to remove stains from. Julienne. 16. 26 Ugly things improved. Wine jelly. sliced. to prepare for papering. 174. 160 Tool chest. sandwiches. 118. to clean.
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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 022 052 513 2 .
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