DEBATE PRESENTATION IT IS IMPERATIVE THAT WE AS A TEAM….

● Think about what you want out of it -To be able to hold an academic argument? -Public speaking? -Better at research? ● work together ● Dive into a real debate as soon as possible -Mess up big time then figure out what you did wrong -Get over fear of screwing up ● Learn lessons every time you debate -Immediate evaluation of own performance afterward -Learn from competitor  glean their ideas, be open -Learn from Regional/national level events  expand experience ● Realize that debate is competitive like a sport

GENERAL DEBATE INFO
● Have more notes than you need, its easy to cancel stuff if you don’t need it ● There is a huge advantage to speed  makes it harder for other side to take notes, easier for them to fall into your trap -But too fast for judges to understand=warning, in which they will just say “Speed” -Warn you 3 times and you’re out ● Pieces of evidence are called “cards” ● Lincoln-Douglas is a Values Debate. What does that mean? -Can justify your side using things like Morality, Social Contract -can bring in Religion only all-encompassing principles -i.e. Behavioral code and punishments/consequences for misbehavior ● Have to put aside your own personal opinions, Act like a lawyer ● Not wise to qualify your position b/c that opens doors for opponents…you NEVER WANT TO HELP THE OTHER SIDE ● Good career prep for lawyer, any public speaking job

AT THE DEBATE…
DRESS CODE ● Dress up, but be comfortable and conservative ● Never judge an opponent by their dress/appearance

TAKING NOTES -Legal pad REQUIRED -Column note taking format -Can use computer, but hard FLOW – 7 PARTS ●Arguments can change over Rounds ● Each part is called a “speech” 1.) Affirmative Constructive Statement 2.) Cross Examination 3.) Negative Constructive 4.) Cross examination 5.) Affirmative Rebuttal 6.) Negative Rebuttal 7.) Affirmative Rebuttal too

~~~~MORE INFO ON EACH SPEECH~~~~

1.) AFFIRMATIVE CONSTRUCTIVE STATEMENT
● Purpose=construct the tenets of your argument -Prepared statement, read ● Subheadings ● History ● Definitions (i.e. Merriam Webster 2011 says ‘Justice’ is….) ● Why do these things? In order from someone to disprove your point, you have to be clear/specific about YOUR point. -i.e. “Animals” defined: Humans are distinguished from animals. -If animals defined as not distinguished from humans  leaves door open for opponent ● Introduce as many new ideas as possible…BOMBARD opponents  they’ll have to refute every single one -Balloon metaphor: each argument is a balloon the other side has to pop DURING, NEGATIVE SIDE NEEDS TO: ● Take vigorous notes, don’t miss a single one of their contributions NOTE TAKING FORMAT: Contributions 1. idea/argument a. b. 2. idea/argument a. b. c.

2.) CROSS X (NEGATIVE)
● Purpose=Verify exactly what their Argument is ● Clarify  supplement your notes ● Can use this part to set up “traps” -i.e. original positive argument=Animals do important jobs for us Cross x=so we need to protect anything that does jobs for us? Positive= …yes Cross x later: -attack- so you’re saying we need to protect computers and chairs? ● Ask these questions FAST, bury controversial questions in a series of questions/in the middle of “fluffy” questions

~~~~TWO MINUTE BREAK (FOR NEG TO CONSOLIDATE INFO)~~~~

3.) NEGATIVE CONSTRUCTION
● Purpose=Response to AC ● Intro – free form (written during Cross X/break), in order to immediately refute a few points. ● Construct own points of argument

4.) CROSS X (AFFIRMATIVE)
● Same as #2, but with Affirmative questioning the negative side this time

~~~~TWO MINUTE BREAK (FOR AFF TO CONSOLIDATE INFO)~~~~

5.) AFFIRMATIVE REBUTTAL
● Cannot make a new argument/point here ● Used to point out flaws in their argument -i.e. they failed to address a point from your original argument “You didn’t address my point b/c YOU AGREE WITH ME”

6.) NEGATIVE REBUTTAL
● has to respond to Affirmative Rebuttal -i.e. just say “yeah I blew it…here’s the reason why” ● If it fails the outcome is pretty much told here

7.) AFFIRMATIVE REBUTTAL 2
● Bring back and reemphasize certain/strongest points

WHAT WE SHOULD DO AT MEETINGS
TOPIC Negative ● ● ● ● Affirmative ● ● ● ● Mrs. Hamilton’s Board

1.) Brainstorm points for both sides ( + definitions) -definitions can be multiple, non-conventional/radical (confuse the other side, work to your advantage) 2. ) Separately think for a bit, then bring together ideas a group 3.) Big/best points—Really talk about together—make them specific 4.) Assign individuals to find evidence on 1 of those points -evidence includes research + articles, especially current events USEFUL SITES
● Look up L-D Debates on Youtube -don’t get intimidated, these ppl are professionals ● National Forensics League ● http://www.debate-central.ncpa.org ●http://www.cross-x.com/ ● http://www.planetdebate.com/