MEKANIKA TEKNIK I

PENDAHULUAN

Apa itu Mekanika?
Cabang ilmu fisika yang berbicara tentang keadaan diam atau geraknya benda-benda yang mengalami kerja atau aksi gaya
Mechanics

Rigid Bodies (Things that do not change shape)

Deformable Bodies (Things that do change shape)

Fluids

Statics

Dynamics

Incompressible

Compressible

Buku apa yang dipakai?
• R. C. Hibbeler, Engineering Mechanics, 7th - 10th Edition, Person Prentice-Hall • F. P. Beer and E. R. Johnston Jr., Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics, SI Metric Edition, Mcgraw-hill, 3rd Edition • R. C. Hibbeler, Mechanics of Material, 3th Edition, Person Prentice-Hall • dll

Bagaimana evaluasinya ? • Tugas-Kuis : 25 % • UTS : 30 % • UAS : 45 % Tidak mentolerir segala bentuk kecurangan Tapi tetap boleh cross check .

Penjelasan TUGAS • Dikerjakan pada kertas A4 • Tulis nama dan NIM di sebelah kanan atas. serta tanggal dan tugas ke berapa .

Apa saja yang dipelajari? • Keseimbangan partikel • Keseimbangan benda tegar • Diagram gaya normal. diagram gaya geser. dan diagram momen • Konsep tegangan • Momen inersia dan momen polar • Teori kegagalan statis .

Apa pentingnya mekanika (statik) / keseimbangan ? .

Apa perbedaan partikel dan benda tegar? • Particle: A very small amount of matter which may be assumed to occupy a single point in space. . • Rigid body: A combination of a large number of particles occupying fixed position with respect to each other.

sehingga geometri benda tidak akan terlibat dalam analisis masalah Benda Tegar: Kombinasi sejumlah partikel yang mana semua partikel berada pada suatu jarak tetap terhadap satu dengan yang lain .Apa perbedaan Partikel dan Benda Tegar ? Partikel: Mempunyai suatu massa namun ukurannya dapat diabaikan.

Contoh Partikel .

Contoh Benda Tegar .

Force. Length. Mass. • We will work with two unit systems in static’s: SI & US Customary. Time. Bagaimana konversi dari SI ke US atau sebaliknya ? .Review Sistem Satuan • Four fundamental physical quantities.

coba pikirkan cara lain untuk menyelesaikan soal tersebut. . Baca soal dengan cermat 2. Pelajari jawaban dengan akal sehat. Tuliskan prinsip dasar / persamaan yang relevan dengan soal 4. masuk akal atau tidak 6.Apa yang harus dilakukan supaya Mekanika Teknik menjadi mudah ? Banyak dan sering menyelesaikan soal-soal Prosedur mengerjakan soal: 1. Buat free body diagram dan tabulasikan data soal 3. Selesaikan persamaan se-praktis mungkin sehingga didapat hasil yang signifikan dan jangan lupa disertai sistem satuan 5. Jika ada waktu.

Why ? .It helps you write the equations of equilibrium used to solve for the unknowns (usually forces or angles). .THE WHAT. What ? .It is a drawing that shows all external forces acting on the particle. WHY AND HOW OF A FREE BODY DIAGRAM (FBD) Free Body Diagrams are one of the most important things for you to know how to draw and use.

Identify each force and show all known magnitudes and directions.How ? 1. A Note : Engine mass = 250 Kg FBD at A . Imagine the particle to be isolated or cut free from its surroundings. 2. 3. Active forces: They want to move the particle. Reactive forces: They tend to resist the motion. Show all unknown magnitudes and / or directions as variables . Show all the forces that act on the particle.

Fundamental Principles • The parallelogram law for the addition of forces: Two forces acting on a particle can be replaced by a single force. called resultant. obtained by drawing the diagonal of the parallelogram which has sides equal to the given forces f1+f2 f2 f1 • Parallelogram Law .

• Principle of Transmissibility .Fundamental Principles (cont’) • The principle of transmissibility: A force acting at a point of a rigid body can be replaced by a force of the the same magnitude and same direction. but acting on at a different point on the line of action f2 f1 f1 and f2 are equivalent if their magnitudes are the same and the object is rigid.

How do you determine the resultant force acting on the bracket ? .APPLICATION OF VECTOR ADDITION There are four concurrent cable forces acting on the bracket.

sin A sin B sin C   Q R A • Vector addition is commutative.Addition of Vectors • Trapezoid rule for vector addition • Triangle rule for vector addition C B C • Law of cosines. R 2  P 2  Q 2  2 PQ cos B    R  PQ B • Law of sines.     PQ  Q P • Vector subtraction .

Sample Problem SOLUTION: • Trigonometric solution . . The two forces act on a bolt at A. Determine their resultant.use the triangle rule for vector addition in conjunction with the law of cosines and law of sines to find the resultant.

04   20  A   35. R 2  P 2  Q 2  2 PQ cos B  40 N 2  60 N 2  240 N 60 N  cos155 R  97.04 .Apply the triangle rule.Sample Problem (cont’) • Trigonometric solution . sin A sin B  Q R sin A  sin B Q R 60 N 97.73N From the Law of Sines.73N  sin 155 A  15. From the Law of Cosines.

• Step 3 is to find the magnitude and angle of the resultant vector.ADDITION OF SEVERAL VECTORS • Step 1 is to resolve each force into its components • Step 2 is to add all the x components together and add all the y components together. . These two totals become the resultant vector.

Example of this process. .

.You can also represent a 2-D vector with a magnitude and angle.

c) Find magnitude and angle from the resultant components.EXAMPLE Given: Three concurrent forces acting on a bracket. . b) Add the respective components to get the resultant vector. Find: The magnitude and angle of the resultant force. Plan: a) Resolve the forces in their x-y components.

18 i – 18 j } kN .49 j } kN F2 = { -(12/13)26 i + (5/13)26 j } kN = { -24 i + 10 j } kN F3 = { 36 cos 30° i – 36 sin 30° j } kN = { 31.642 i + 11.EXAMPLE (continued) F1 = { 15 sin 40° i + 15 cos 40° j } kN = { 9.

49 j } kN y FR = ((16.82 i + 3. we get.2 kN  = tan-1(3.18) i + (11.642 – 24 + 31.82) = 11.7°  x FR .EXAMPLE (continued) Summing up all the i and j components respectively.82)2 + (3. FR = { (9.49)2)1/2 = 17.49 + 10 – 18) j } kN = { 16.49/16.

Determine the resultant of the force on the bolt. . Four forces act on bolt A as shown.Sample Problem SOLUTION: • Resolve each force into rectangular components. • Determine the components of the resultant by adding the corresponding force components. • Calculate the magnitude and direction of the resultant.

0 F3 110 0   96. • Calculate the magnitude and direction.1 R y  14.Sample Problem (cont’) SOLUTION: • Resolve each force into rectangular components.4  75.6  25. R y 14.3 N R  . force mag x  comp y  comp   129.2 F2 80   110.1   4.1 N 14.9  75.6 N 199 sin  .3 N tan      4.9 F4 100 Rx  199.0 F1 150   27.1 Rx 199.3 • Determine the components of the resultant by adding the corresponding force components.

The subject of mechanics deals with what happens to a body when ______ is / are applied to it. A) magnetic field D) neutrons B) heat E) lasers C) forces 2.READING QUIZ 1. ________________ still remains the basis of most of today’s engineering sciences. A) Newtonian Mechanics B) Relativistic Mechanics C) Euclidean Mechanics C) Greek Mechanics .

READING QUIZ 3. A) Newton’s Second B) the arithmetic C) Pascal’s D) the parallelogram . Which one of the following is a scalar quantity? A) Force B) Position C) Mass D) Velocity 4. For vector addition you have to use ______ law.

. C) Yes. and 120°)? A) Yes. 60. uniquely. which are not at 90° to each other? A) Yes. uniquely. but not uniquely. but not uniquely. C) Yes. B) No. 6.CONCEPT QUIZ 5. B) No. Can you resolve a 2-D vector along two directions. Can you resolve a 2-D vector along three directions (say at 0.

80 cos (30°) j D) 80 cos (30°) i + 80 sin (30°) j 30° F = 80 N x 8. F = { ___________ } N y A) 80 cos (30°) i .ATTENTION QUIZ 7. A) 30 N D) 60 N B) 40 N E) 70 N C) 50 N . Resolve F along x and y axes and write it in vector form. Determine the magnitude of the resultant (F1 + F2) force in N when F1 = { 10 i + 20 j } N and F2 = { 20 i + 20 j } N .80 sin (30°) j B) 80 sin (30°) i + 80 cos (30°) j C) 80 sin (30°) i .