GERUND/ INFINITIVE/ BARE INFINITIVE 1. Leila stopped to say hello to her friends.

/ Leila stopped saying hello to her friends. (Leila was walking around or riding a bike when she saw her friends and stopped to greet them. Leila used to say "Hello!" to her friends, but now she stopped doing that. She no longer greets them because of something. It could be a quarrel or whatever. That's none our business) 2. He remembered telling her the news. 3. He remembered to tell her the news. 4. I tried to tell her the news, but she refused to listen. 5. I tried telling her but in vain. When you come to the crossroads - stop there. • Remember to stop at the crossroads. • Remember crossroads. stopping at the

I was talking to Marc. But when my boyfriend came in, I could not talk to Marc anymore. • I stopped to talk to him. • I stopped talking to him.

I wanted to write a letter, but I didn't know what to write. (So in the end, I didn't write one.) • I tried to write a letter. • I tried writing a letter.

I am sorry now for something I said earlier on. • I regret to say this. • I regret saying this.

She read the text. Then she stopped. Now I want her to continue with the text. • Go on to read. • Go on reading.

You think your computer does not work, but you just haven't switched on the monitor yet. • • Your computer does not work? Try to switch on the monitor. Your computer does not work? Try switching on the monitor.

The joke was so funny, that he burst out in laughter. • He started to laugh. • He started laughing.

Yesterday I remembered that last year I got sick on your carpet. • I remembered to get sick on your carpet. • I remembered getting sick on your carpet.

I can't go on working like this . continue.) • • Don't forget to buy some eggs! (= Please think about it and then do it. you could try doing some yoga before you go to bed. Go on + to-infinitive means to do the next action. the gerund refers to an action that happened earlier: • I remember locking the door (= I remember now.) We regret to announce the late arrival of the 12.' 'Have you tried e-mailing him?' Try + to-infinitive means to make an effort to do something. and I interrupted what I was doing in order to eat. (= he regretted at some time in the past. John Smith worked in local government for five years.) • It's difficult to concentrate on what you are doing if you have to stop to answer the phone every five minutes. or later: • I remembered to lock the door (= I thought about it. or travelling. or you could try drinking some warm milk. • If you have problems sleeping. so the infinitive is used to express a purpose: • I stopped to have lunch. It may be something very difficult or even impossible: • The surgeons tried to save his life but he died on the operating table. (= We feel sorry before we tell you this bad news. then I did it. (= I was working. I locked the door earlier) • He regretted speaking so rudely. Stop tickling me! Stop + to-infinitive means to interrupt an activity in order to do something else. Try: Try + gerund means to experiment with an action that might be a solution to your problem.I'm exhausted. then went on to become a Member of Parliament.Gerund or Infinitive? Verbs where there is a clear difference in meaning: Verbs marked with an asterisk* can also be followed by a that-clause. = The agency continued to promote the product. When these verbs are followed by a to-infinitive. the infinitive refers to an action happening at the same time. • • We'll try to phone at 6 o'clock. Stop: Stop + gerund means to finish an action in progress: • I stopped working for them because the wages were so low. regret and remember regret* remember* stop try When these verbs are followed by a gerund.45 from Paddington. which is often the next stage in a process: After introducing her proposal. start + gerund/ infintive • The agency continued promoting the product. intend. Elephants and mice have to try to live together in harmony. but it might be hard to find a public telephone.) Go on: Go on + gerund means to continue with an action: He went on speaking for two hours. he had spoken rudely at some earlier time in the past. Both Gerund and Infinitive without any difference in meaning after: begin. . bother. • 'I can't get in touch with Carl. forget* go on Forget. she went on to explain the benefits for the company.) Forget is frequently used with 'never' in the simple future form: • I'll never forget meeting the Queen.

. Be keen on .. | Would you mind mailing this letter for me. They suggested travelling by bus. | Her car needed repainting.GERUND: Bear in mind that: Only the gerund is used after these expressions: • • • • • • • • • • • • • It's no use. | I'm looking forward to seeing you soon... Have difficulty with It’s no good There’s no point As well as after these verbs: o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o admit avoid consider deny enjoy finish forget imagine include involve justify keep need postpone quit reconsider affairs. | She is busy doing her homework right now. He can't justify being late for school everyday. The treaty includes not interfering with the others' inner problems. Be busy .... | I feel like having a cold drink now. Get/be used to .. | She finally reconsidered involving the authorities in her own He eventually regretted damaging the window. | | Other verbs that are followed by a gerund are: . | The film is actually worth viewing. The contract involves building a fence.. | "It's no use crying over spilt milk" proverb Look forward to .. | I remembered sweeping the floor before I came here. | When I met her. | The clerk kept shouting at everybody like a madman. regret remember stop suggest | | | | | | | | | | | | He admitted breaking the window pane. He imagined being able to impress them. please? How / what about . She enjoys making fun of everybody. Worth ... We postponed organising the party... The manager considered phoning the police He denied breaking into the office. They finished doing their work very early. I forgot sending you the catalogue. | He stopped teasing his sister after her mother shouted at him.. I couldn't help hugging her tightly.. | It was hard for her to quit smoking. Feel like .. | She's keen on singing pop songs Couldn't help . She always avoid talking to him about the problem. | How about inviting your grandmother for the party.. Sorry. | I'm used to drinking a cup of coffee after lunch.. Would you mind ...

risk. to. tolerate and watch. mention. after. refer.. justify. object. see. => She’s glad about receiving the award. | They went on playing tennis despite the rain.No smoking! . | She apologizes for making noise. anticipate. delay. resume (возобновлять). mind. notice. | They tried to cope with working in cold weather. hear. | She blames me for damaging her CD player. hate. She just carried on typing the letter. . miss. resent. | She puts off meeting us until next week.. We were all happy about celebrating the new year in Paris. include. describe. feel. Before. . without. detest (ненавидеть). like. I’m sick of eating burgers everyday.Take this medicine after warming it. recall. The students seem interested in doing quizzes. dislike. observe. They are excited about attending the scientist’s lecture. I’m tired of repeating the same thing all the time. And after some "phrasal verbs" and after verbs + prepositions like: Carry on Go on Give up Cope with Apologize for Complain about Keep on Put off Insist on Blame for Succeed in time.adore. She’s sorry about breaking the vase unintentionally. | She insisted on doing the task herself. report. recommend. escape. | She kept on complaining. sense. practise. | She succeeds in keeping the children busy for a longer | We are thinking of moving to a bigger city. She’s afraid of being wrong. He’s worried about letting her go abroad alone. Her children are fond of eating dates in the morning. No: The gerund is mostly applicable after ‘before’ and ‘after’ Examples . | They worry about losing their jobs.She ran away without looking behind. What about adjectives + prepositions then? We also use the gerund after the following:              Be Be Be Be Be Be Be Be Be Be Be Be Be proud of tired of afraid of fond of sick of worried about happy about glad about angry about crazy about excited about sorry about interested in => => => => => => => => => => => => They’re proud of participating in that humanitarian project.You have to train before doing any sport. They are angry about staying under the rain for hours. | She wanted him to give up nagging at her. She’s crazy about singing in the bathroom. propose. fancy. perceive. contemplate (обозревать.  Think of  Worry about  etc            | She didn't even look at me. размышлять). discuss. listen to. | She continues to complain about keeping the door wide open. appreciate. . give.

decide. trust. they decided to rent the apartment. After some adjectives like: Important Easy Difficult | It is important to surf the net for more lessons. expect. At last. train. way . use. refusal. arrange. threaten. learn. hate (сожалеть. They agreed to pay the bills cash. unable. I’d like to stay at home this afternoon. etc As you notice. Apart from the cases in which both gerund and infinitive are usable. forget. permit. chance. help. refuse. offer. there are cases in which only the use of the whole infinitive (to + verb) is accurate such as the case above. lead.Infinitive: The infinitive is known in terms of "to + verb" and this is the base verb. need. when two verbs are successive the second is forced into the infinitive with "to" of course. tell. want After certain verbs + object: • (I urge you to think carefully) Advise. | It is not easy to learn a language without practising it regularly. teach. prepared. bound. ask. willing. likely. invite. enable. due. unlikely. | It seems difficult to know everything about the topic in one session. warn After certain nouns: Ability. liable. plan. expect. They'd prefer to take a taxi. choose. amazed. attempt. need. failure. like. Yet the verb without its particle (to) is also a verb but it is bare. allow. agree. attempt. effort. train. manage. opportunity. promise. surprised. volunteer. disappointed. urge. I guess. isn't it? Whole Infinitive {to + verb} This is compulsory after conjugated verbs        I wanted to buy that car but unfortunately it was very expensive for me. is not witty at all because the verb without "to" is also imposing in some circumstances. Etc (able. fail. Language is sometimes too much demanding. hope. seem. demand. reason. This information. persuade. prepare. cause. remind. tend. She advises me to see a doctor as soon as possible. aim. unwilling) After certain verbs: • (They have decided not to come) Afford. неудобно).

should. They will build a new hospital in town. She'd better get married before it is too late. etc          You can do it easily. must. People should take care of the environment. It may rain this evening. These verbs are: to help.Bare Infinitive = [without "to"]: Now let me insist on the fact that some verbs require to be followed by the bare infinitive (verb without ‘to’).  Her jokes were so funny that they made me laugh all day long. She could do all the work alone. She might arrive at any time. He would come if you invited him. may.  She didn't let me go out at night. could. to let and to make:  My mother helped me do my homework. You ought to be punctual. after Modal verbs like: can. You must respect the elderly. might. of course.   And. ought to. As well as after "would rather" and "had better" I'd rather read the book than watch the film. Gerund and Infinitive (no difference in meaning) .

Do you hate working on Saturdays? Do you hate to work on Saturdays? I like swimming. They encourage doing the test. They start to sing. They encourage us to do the test. advise allow encourage permit We use the following structures with the word recommend: recommend They recommend walking to town. Pat prefers walking home. begin continue hate like love prefer start We use the Gerund or the Infinitive after the following verbs. . They continue smoking.We use the Gerund or the Infinitive after the following verbs: He began talking. They do not permit us to smoke here. He began to talk. Gerund: verb + -ing Infinitive: verb + person + to-infinitive They advise walking to town. They continue to smoke. I like to swim. They do not allow us to smoke here. Pat prefers to walk home. She loves painting. They recommend that we walk to town. They do not allow smoking here. There are two possible structures after these verbs. They start singing. They do not permit smoking here. They advise us to walk to town. She loves to paint.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful