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# RIVER-BOAT CONCEPT

## FACULTY: MONI KAKATI

Vbr is the velocity of boat with respect to the river or velocity of river in still water, at an angle with the vertical (y-axis) Vb is the absolute velocity of the boat or actual velocity of boat relative to ground
r r r Vb = Vbr + Vr
Vbx = Vbrx + Vrx = Vbr sin + Vr

## Vby = Vbry + Vry = Vbr cos + 0

W (W: width of river) Vby Displacement along x-axis when boat reaches opposite bank (drift) W x = Vbx t = ( Vbr sin + Vr ) Vbr cos r Boat crossing the river in shortest time W W t= , for t min cos = 1 , t min = Vbr cos Vbr Time taken to cross the t=

## For zero drift

x = ( Vbr sin + Vr )

W =0 Vbr cos r
Vbr
If Vr > Vbr drift can never be zero.

Shortest Path

## S = W 2 + x 2 For S min , x should be mini

V Vr < Vbr , x = 0 and = sin 1 r V br dx =0 b) Vr > Vbr , For mini x, d W W 2 x min = Vr2 Vbr S min = Vr Vbr Vbr
a)
S min = W

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