You are on page 1of 1

RIVER-BOAT CONCEPT

FACULTY: MONI KAKATI

Vbr is the velocity of boat with respect to the river or velocity of river in still water, at an angle with the vertical (y-axis) Vb is the absolute velocity of the boat or actual velocity of boat relative to ground
r r r Vb = Vbr + Vr
Vbx = Vbrx + Vrx = Vbr sin + Vr

Vby = Vbry + Vry = Vbr cos + 0

W (W: width of river) Vby Displacement along x-axis when boat reaches opposite bank (drift) W x = Vbx t = ( Vbr sin + Vr ) Vbr cos r Boat crossing the river in shortest time W W t= , for t min cos = 1 , t min = Vbr cos Vbr Time taken to cross the t=

For zero drift

x = ( Vbr sin + Vr )

W =0 Vbr cos r
Vbr
If Vr > Vbr drift can never be zero.

( Vbr sin + Vr ) = 0 = sin 1 Vr

Shortest Path

S = W 2 + x 2 For S min , x should be mini


V Vr < Vbr , x = 0 and = sin 1 r V br dx =0 b) Vr > Vbr , For mini x, d W W 2 x min = Vr2 Vbr S min = Vr Vbr Vbr
a)
S min = W

Career Point, Guwahati Centre, G.S. Road, Bora Service Bye-Lane, Guwahati Ph | 0361-2466191 | 98643-42927 | 94351-01613
Challenges are what make life interesting; overcoming them is what makes life meaningful