Astrodynamics Applications of Dynamical Systems Theory

ASEN6519 - Fall 2007 Tuesday/Thursday 12:30 – 1:45 pm ECCR 1B08 Overview: The course will focus on applying dynamical systems tools to astrodynamics primarily within the context of the three-body problem. Some of the areas of concentration will include the computation of periodic orbits, differential correction, invariant manifolds, and stability techniques. The homework will emphasize the development of algorithms that incorporate these methods while learning about their mathematical basis. Research projects will be assigned in order to include current topics of interest. Grades will be based primarily on the homework and research projects. Instructors: Rodney L. Anderson Office: ECNT 414 Phone: 303-735-4490 Email: Rodney.Anderson@colorado.edu George H. Born Office: ECNT 316 Phone: 303-492-8638 Email: georgeb@colorado.edu Grading: Homework: Mid-term Project: Final Project: Outline: 1. Dynamical Systems Overview, Terminology, Sample Applications a. Nonlinearity b. Phase space trajectories c. Autonomous and non-autonomous systems d. Topology (see Marsden) 2. Flows on the line a. Fixed points and stability b. Thinking geometrically or qualitatively (Poincaré) 60% 15% 25%

Periodic and Quasi-Periodic Orbits i. Arnold) g. Symmetry g. Basic Periodic orbits Bifurcations (2D and greater) a. Lagrange points f. Multiple Shooting i. Classification of fixed points Phase Planes (nonlinear. Comparison with planar CRTBP d. 5. Existence and uniqueness proofs c. Hill’s Problem e. Lyapunov Orbits ii. Classifications of fixed points. Existence and uniqueness e. Constraints e. Extension of concepts to a Two-body example Bifurcations (1D) a. Bifurcation diagrams b. Applications within the CRTBP Additional Dynamical Systems Applications in the CRTBP a. N-Body Problem b. Stable and unstable manifolds c. Hamiltonian (see Landau and Lifshitz. Fixed points and linearization e. Lyapunov stability (proof) e. Level II iii. Phase portraits b. Variational Equations c. Three-Body Problem c. Saddle-node. Potential f. Invariant Manifolds g. 2D and in the CRTBP) a. Elliptic Restricted Three-Body Problem . Halo Orbits iii. Single Shooting d. applicability to higher order systems d. 7. c. Poincaré Maps Applications Within Additional Models (if time allows) a. Stability analysis d. Circular Restricted Three-Body Problem d. 8. transcritical. Properties of eigendirections f. Level I ii. 6. Lagrangian. Phase portraits in nonlinear systems b. Stability Techniques f. Lissajous Orbits b. and pitchfork bifurcations Linear Systems (2D) a. 4.3. Hopf bifurcations b.

Dover Publications. Dynamics and Mission Design Near Libration Points Vol. and J. Llibre. and G. Inc. [9] Meyer. K. Springer-Verlag. 1971. Adam Hilger. Wiley Series in Nonlinear Science. and Experimental Methods. New York. T. 1995. New York. R. Solar System Dynamics. New Jersey. H. F. 1992. 2nd Edition.f. 1992. J. Academic Press. Fundamentals of Astrodynamics and Applications. Freeman and Company. E. [12] Landau. Inc.. L. 1967. Ephemeris Models 9. Volume 1. [6] Roy. and E. 1988. New Jersey. O. 1994. M. Balachandran... New York. A. 3rd Edition. R. [14] Moulton. 1997. Mathematical Introduction to Celestial Mechanics. V. 1999. Cambridge University Press. New York. 1989.. [15] Pollard. H. A. D. Heteroclinic and Homoclinic Connections b. 2nd Edition.L. Orbital Motion. 1966. Jovian System Suggested Texts (Ordered roughly by how much they will be used in the course): [1] Strogatz. M. .C. I Fundamentals: The Case of Collinear Libration Points. Simó. A. Mueller. Hall. Space Technology Series. Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics. C. J. Cambridge. I. Mechanics: Course of Theoretical Physics. Englewood Cliffs. Genesis c. [8] Arnold. Continuation 10.. New York. Regularization c. [10] Bate.. R. United Kingdom.. Fundamentals of Celestial Mechanics. F. R.. New York. Other Dynamical Systems Tools in the CRTBP (if time allows) a. White. L.. Theory of Orbits: The Restricted Problem of Three Bodies. The MacGraw-Hill Companies. H. World Scientific.. Springer-Verlag. Prentice-Hall Inc. Earth-Moon System d. Introduction to Hamiltonian Dynamical Systems and the NBody Problem. 2001. Lifshitz. [16] Vallado. E. Computational. Chua. Willmann-Bell. The MacMillan Company. H. Elementary Classical Analysis. G. R.. [5] Parker. An Introduction to Celestial Mechanics. Perseus Books Publishing. S. New York.. and B. Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos. W. [13] Marsden. Fundamentals of Astrodynamics. [11] Danby. and S. D. [3] Szebehely.. [4] Murray. Volume 2 of World Scientific Monograph Series in Mathematics. Inc. V. New York.. and L. John Wiley & Sons. D. Philadelphia. 3rd Edition. E. Dermott. Comets in the Sun-Jupiter System e. 1914.. Practical Numerical Algorithms for Chaotic Systems. 1989.. Inc. Volume 60 of Graduate Texts in Mathematics. D. Pennsylvania. [7] Gómez. San Francisco. D. A. R.. M. Libration Point Missions b.. Examples of Possible Mission Design Applications (if time allows) a. Springer-Verlag. 1976. and C. Applied Nonlinear Dynamics: Analytical. Pergamon Press. 2nd Edition. 1974. [2] Nayfeh. J.

August 2. M. A. ” The Astronomical Journal..” Indiana University Mathematics Journal. May. [10] Dellnitz. L. Quebec City.” AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference. [4] Broucke. M. Springer. Princeton University Press. pp. New Jersey. [8] Conley. Paper AAS 01-326. D. Geometric Methods for Discrete Dynamical Systems. Number 2.” AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference. Pure Applied Math. W. Paper AAS 99-398. 2003. pp. L. Princeton. [15] Easton. and Efficient Simulation of Dynamical Systems. 2001. T. “On the Detection of Energetically Efficient Trajectories for Spacecraft. Volume 36. 1998.” Rendicoti del Circolo Matematico di Palermo.” SIAM Journal of Applied Math.. M. and O. Thiere. pp. 92–99. “Regularization of Vector Fields by Surgery. “Genesis Trajectory Design. 265–334. Volume 16.. [16] Easton. Suggested Papers and References (For research projects): [1] Bell.” Journal of Differential Equations. [3] Bray. Lo.” SIAM Journal of Applied Mathematics. R. pp. C. Volume 28. F. A.. and C. Wilson. Volume 12. The Analytical Foundations of Celestial Mechanics. [6] Conley. Volume 39. pp. 1968. “The algorithms behind GAIO – Set oriented numerical methods for dynamical systems. Volume 10. 1915. H. Lee. and R. Volume 158. and R. “Periodic Orbits in the Restricted Three-Body Problem With EarthMoon Masses.” The Astronomical Journal. S.. Quebec. R. R. [14] Easton. and B. “A Multiple Time Step Symplectic Algorithm for Integrating Close Encounters. pp. New York. [13] Easton. Girdwood. Introduction to Applied Nonlinear Dynamical Systems and Chaos. October. 145–174. Alaska.” Ergodic Theory.. 491–515. McGehee.. New York. 2001. 1998. Oxford University Press. Analysis. Volume 16. R. Number 2. C. “Homoclinic Phenomena for Orbits Doubly Asymptotic to an Invariant Three-Sphere. W. “The Retrograde Circular Solutions of the Restricted Three-Body Problem Via a Submanifold Convex to the Flow.” Journal of Differential Equations. J. [9] Dellnitz. July 30 . 1963.. Volume 116. “Isolated Invariant Sets and Isolating Blocks. [2] Birkhoff. 1971. and O. Jet Propulsion Laboratory. M. 1941. G. 1999. “On Some New Long Periodic Solutions of the Plane Restricted Three Body Problem. 211–240. W. R. “Low Energy Transit Orbits in the Restricted Three-Body Problem.” Technical Report 32-1168. 1967. Springer-Verlag. Levison. Edited by B.. pp.. Number 2. Junge. H. Lo. and M. pp. [11] Dellnitz. “On the Approximation of Complicated Dynamical Behavior. “The Topology of the Regularized Integral Surfaces of the 3-Body Problem. pp.. March. J. 1979. Easton. 1968. August 1619.. C. pp. 35–61. 1971. pp. “Doubly Symmetric Orbits about the Collinear Lagrangian Points. G. Number 3.” SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis. Volume 2 of Texts in Applied Mathematics. [12] Duncan. 361–384. Froyland. 620–625. [7] Conley. Goudas. 1972. . 1999. 202–213. and R.. Junge. February 15. July. 1968. Volume 72. 449–467.. M.. 732–746. S. Volume 16. [5] Conley. C.[17] Wiggins. M. Fiedler. Number 1.” Comm. pp. W. “The Restricted Problem of Three Bodies. A. C. O. 2nd Edition. W.” Transactions of the American Mathematical Society. Junge. [18] Wintner. 2067–2077.

493–520. J. Ph. E. 1993. [21] Farquhar. 1967. G. A. and Dynamics. 1985. 1998. Number 2. and H. Doedel. and C. and C. [22] Forest. 191–227. W.” Inventiones Mathematicae. and H. and Resonances. R. and H. Number 2. J. 1383–1384. C. “Stability and Resonances in the Restricted Problem. 458–473. Barden. R. D. Colorado. Some Homoclinic Orbits for the Restricted Three Body Problem. May. V.. “Triple Collision in the Collinear Three-Body Problem. [36] Paffenroth. Volume 7.. pp. “Geometric Mechanics and the Dynamics of Asteroid Pairs. 1973. ‘Halo’ Orbits. Heuberger.” AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference. 1970. D. pp. September. S. 1969. and A.. pp. [34] McGehee. pp.. W. July. 397–409. August 4-7. J. K. Volume 58. 1990. Muhonen. [23] Gómez. P. W. 1984. “Continuation of Periodic Orbits Around Lagrange Points and AUTO2000. C. Volume 1017. “Three-Dimensional.” AAS Science and Technology Series: Space Flight Mechanics Specialist Symposium.. 104–156.. 1997. Wilson. Volume 43.” Astronomy and Astrophysics. NASA. J. C.” Journal of Differential Equations. H. [25] Hénon. G.” Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets. T. C.[17] Farquhar. Barden. M. [32] Koon. Space Missions.” Journal of Guidance. 135–176. “ Trajectory Design Using a Dynamical Systems Approach with Application to GENESIS. “Numerical Determination of Lissajous Trajectories in the Restricted Three-Body Problem.. Madison. S. [29] Howell. Scheeres. and J. B. R. [19] Farquhar. “The Control and Use of Libration-Point Satellites. S. W. Control. Breakwell. Wisconsin. Volume 11. Lo. R. Simó. C. Ross. pp. V. Volume 45. “Fourth-Order Symplectic Integration.” Periodic Orbits. “Trajectories and Orbital Maneuvers for the First Libration-Point Satellite. R. B. Volume 46.” Technical Report R-346. 105–117.. E.” Astrodynamics. 223–238. pp. “Numerical Exploration of the Restricted Problem. J.. pp. [35] McGehee. AAS Paper 97-709. Volume 3. “Quasi-Periodic Orbits About the Translunar Libration Point. E. K. Volume 43. pp. and D. P. April-June. “ Study of the Transfer Between Halo Orbits.” AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist .” Celestial Mechanics. Volume 1. Volume 41. Number 1. A. W. W. November-December. Marsden. M. “Lunar Communications with Libration-Point Satellites. Volume 27. T. ” Celestial Mechanics. Number 6. “Transversality of the Invariant Manifolds Associated to the Lyapunov Family of Periodic Orbits Near L2 in the Restricted ThreeBody Problem. J. Martinez.” Celestal Mechanics. Denver. 1997. pp. 1974. “Application of Dynamical Systems Theory to Trajectory Design for a Libration Point Mission. R.D. and C. “Stationkeeping Method for Libration Point Trajectories. 1980. R. R. Dichmann. J. “Station-Keeping in the Vicinity of Collinear Libration Points with an Application to a Lunar Communications Problem. [30] Howell.. “Quasihalo Orbits Associated with Libration Points. 2004. K. 1970. 519– 535. W. and D. [28] Howell. Newman. [20] Farquhar. and R. Periodic. Jorba. ” Acta Astronautica. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. [31] Jefferys. [33] Llibre. 1969. Pernicka. W. R. Masdemont. [26] Howell. pp. January-February. and R. J..” Physica D Nonlinear Phenomena. February. Stability. Pernicka. S. and Chaos. April-June. J. Ruth. K. Masdemont. Volume 32. [24] Gómez.. 1988.” The Journal of Astronautical Sciences.. Volume 4. C. [18] Farquhar. pp. Simó. pp. Kamel. 151–159. 161–178. Lo. 549–554. K.. University of Wisconsin. Volume 16. 1998. C. October. pp. [27] Howell. ” Journal of the Astronautical Sciences. Thesis. and M.. Simó. R.” Journal of Guidance and Control. 1966.

[46] Sweetser. Martínez. 2002. Germany.” AIAA/AAS Spaceflight Mechanics Meeting. Volume 38.” Second International Symposium on Spacecraft Flight Dynamics. and R. The Numerical Determination of Nominal Libration Point Trajectories and Development of a Station-Keeping Strategy. May.” Rev. Volume 3. Volume 30. [39] Pernicka. [37] Pernicka. Mex. D. . H. Bahamas. ” International Symposium on Space Technology and Science. Llibre. February. J. “On the Optimal Station Keeping Control of Halo Orbits. Volume 22. J. pp. [38] Pernicka. European Space Agency. AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference. pp. Martínez. 1977. “A Uniformly Valid Solution for Motion About the Interior Libration Point of the Perturbed Elliptic-Restricted Problem. G. H. 1990. 1975. 2669–2671... 391– 397. 1990.. and N. J.” Journal of the Astronautical Sciences. Matsue. L. [41] Richardson. October. D. July 28-30. “A Note on a Lagrangian Formulation for Motion About the Collinear Points.. [48] Yamato. 1986. H. pp. and K. pp. V. Houston. May. [47] Szebehely. C. Thesis. December. H. Astron. Darmstadt.” Acta Astronautica. L. Howell. Llibre. “Sun-Earth Libration Point Trajectories that Avoid the Solar Exclusion Zone.D. “A Canonical Integration Technique. Rodríquez. 1980. July 30 . Spencer. pp. 1980. Paper AAS 01-303.. L. 1983. H. 2001. T.” Paper AAS 75-021. R. and R. TX. Volume 22.Conference. G. and D. ” Celestial Mechanics. Number 6.” IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science. pp. 91-101. [43] Ruth.. Japan. [45] Simó.. 231–236. Gómez. C. Number 3. Purdue University. [42] Richardson.. Master’s Thesis. D. C. “Analytic Construction of Periodic Orbits About the Collinear Points. Gómez.August 2. 1987. Quebec City. 1986. D. [40] Richardson. D. 1991. The Numerical Determination of Lissajous Orbits in the Circular Restricted Three-Body Problem. “Trajectory Design of Spacecraft Using Invariant Manifolds. “Stationkeeping of a Quasiperiodic Halo Orbit Using Invariant Manifolds. J. 269–288. J. 65–70. Ph. Cary. B. August. Nassau. ISTS 2002-s16. 241–253. ” Celestial Mechanics. “Review of the Dynamical Aspects of Triple Systems. Volume 15. “Estimate of the Global Minimum DV Needed for Earth-Moon Transfer. R. Quebec. [44] Simó... Astrofis.

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